Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 12, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 12, 1848 Page 1
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I /'.?y f "-^ . -! -- ' '?4?M ,.|"X ' ':.! .'tl u II -1 > ' l iiiif"b* "df %< luf )MI1! .iiw ib *1 I ? ban ilti/nm ni l "'tyHP'H"1 * Mt ' M ' ' < H r H' V. * ?if "B Ifc- I'll i ilVi^Hfj il l 1>:ii JHll MU "i'l m . . -B? HL_ T-' o'/ .11 .:uit* vliil In ili' ill o'i .utrtol . bus ,0t!l<i| ii unlit ?dl el bniloa .lantl ibualliuo'I ?i. 11'fV. i nr..I in" :. Itidl I'Jl mm '3UfcL ~ If' "JfT\}f, T nr.? ^T' tyft~"T iftirj'ft 'M< t till NO. 5181. -?iKV Hnii>' b millliulw* baa utijiim In Humo inoi ,,1. I,, in 11111. , ii mil hiil i il I ii , ' :? rr''.' mt Ml mm sirt mumum' OUR REPORTS FROM BUFFALO li.u ,| ,ii>"Dn'WiT*'fl?Wii ',TfiM"|"|'' liubiillini mi Tlir drsnuizHlioB of the free ttoi! ('ontfiiliim. 1 nin ensc KnthUfelisit), Sjwi . In ,, i\ml lUnatw. i Xc. Sir. At. 1 .J(.i 'I,. ..fjrr'i'- * tew i ,.i -I i il! tllw ,1 .ibniv."* illi ?il "^liiiiii) ili Himtl " il "ill thi: 1M KST r?A ; itoKNINU SESSION. |i ""Brri'Ai.oj'Xugust,9? 1848. The city of fttifftlfr?di?c<!>mnhMicia\ metropolis of the West?is thjfliijprnjn^inaa^eaf'cm^vic)tion and coiilniirin which I nave'hardly ever seen equalled in any Aim tit an city. Thousands of StrangeW are parading the streets, with banners and bands of mS^tc?tiibushnds of (hern are gather- ' eddtethe-victnitf isHhb'ltoi'e'te-^atid at tl vfrTJ 4*krfj^ " hour th is morn ins; (nine o'ctooh? other thousands of them wseiiihfed under the-immense-awning in the city Tack, to IhAvn to the arguments o| the ffieiids of ^Ir,vVtyt Uuren,. who k*4 auficipa- fi; ted the meeting of tliecon-ijenjion, and wlip were anxious to prepare fneir minds tor the proposition in fav'6r of the' notwirtrttiori of Marf'ln Van Buren, which they designed "fo mafce tot the convention. 1 Tha 'arguments of- the friends of Mr. Van Buren in favor of his nomination, are very sagacious and profound. They called this a self-sacrificing convention of the pehplt>:! thfy hifettdd- fhatl this was consecrated ground, and they appealed to the dele- 1 gated Uojtn other Stshtf rodsN^i|iar^!<te>OT?l"ined{}.' to bury old prejudices. All these arguments were received hy the inures with great-goad feeling, n The piorning was (c;le^ ajid beftigiiul, though at litrfe too we fin for comfort j the mercury rjiftchfig i, a point'aliove eighty degrees. Dunne the morning , hour, from eight o'clock till twelve, (the hour at | which the conventioW assembled,) thousands of strangers were collected in and about the Park;' '1 these(grangers wgrp, harangued, from different points >ni the Park, by the friends of Mr. \ran Bu- -h} ren from tl)$s .State, by Ohioans, Ptiuisylvanians, ! Africans. Virginians, ahd.jn tact, by citizens from ' every iree stale in uje bin 011. in? scene in and about the Park before ttie organization of tlie con-, [ vention. was really animating and amusing. Some half tliflercnl sionds were'erected,'and-rhe* I people were addressed from all litest- pointy witty ' iremeiidoue energy and dbqUeiice; and. SOilar .as , the abolitionists -were concerned, with terriblei f> passion.- Among the audiences who gathered 1 about lii?se stugdsA jafid,, vyliw ll^eaedi-to titer; speeches with iritwi>r tpterest, we observed a large -1 spritikhng of negroes, widi their wives. V'^d-Tick i.'( Douglo'the handsome narcologist, occupied a ' prominent position in the midst of one of these r groups; he was fre?iuently complimented tyy, the spenders,' and his ColbrVd friends res'po'ttded to j, these happy allusions by Loud cheer*, and clapping of hands and laughter of the real Christy quality. These I colored groups caused the audience to present a varie- I < gated appearance, like a bouquet of rare flowers, or (ike the atrt aks of white atad blaoh upon 1m aides Of a manof-war ' At half past eleven o'clock the scone presented in the int^riojof the I'ark was imposing and picturesque. | : A spaCe comprising seWral af-res was literally packed by men audJwomeD, who stood shoulder to shouMer, as I J compactly as it is possible for human beings to stand. I 1 At the west side of the awning a temporary stand was I 1 erected, upon which was seated the reporters of the public press ; the portion of the stand designed for the ! i officers of the meeting was occupied by delegates and I'; citizens why claimed a preemptive right to the pre- j ' mises. A member of the Ohio delegation bore in his i hand a beaMtiful banner with the word " Liberty1''In- ! ] scribed uiion it. Below was a nietur* of H?*?nlva with I i bis club, and a dead serpent lying at bin feat. I'pon < tbe left wao a female slave, kneeling with upraised 1 hands, her wrists being manacled. Hercules, with a 1 blow of his club had sni?ered the chains which con- i fined her ancles, and was about to tear them from her 1 wrists. All the leading newspapers in the 1'nion were i represented upon the stand, including spme of the ; < wild abolition papers ; the editor'of the Washington . < A'aHnvat Era was present Other rcpo?t?? were pre- I sent from Augusta, Me . New York. Cincinnati, Richmond end from all tho newspaper offices in this vicinity i i At 12 o'clock, M., Judge Stevens, of Indiana, called the convention to order. He asked nrSt If Mr Sawyer, of Obk). was present. He inquired nest for Pfeston 1 King ol St. Lawrence. There were no responses. 1 i Judge Si? vfjss made several appeals for order,and | then proposed Nathaniel Sawyer, of Onto, as temporary j r>re?pieut of the convention. '1 be motion of Mr. Stevens was adopted by asolama- I lion. ( onsiderablo confusion prevailed among the aur i lience, and it was almost impossible for Mr Sawyer to : reach a position upon tbe main stand, whioh was barricsdtd by the bodies of hundreds of men, who were as | immovable as tbe hills of the Granite State. Every , man-in the immense throng seemed to be eager to eatoh overy word which Ml from the lipe of the speakers. Mr SAWvxn, having gained a position upon the'] c-tand, proceeded to address the assembly. * Fellow cttisens?The first thing we must have is 6r- ! der. (t ries of " order!" " hate off !" and great confusion.) If you will be still now for a few minutes, we . ehall be able to proceed to business without delay. (Continued confusion ) It has been considered necessary, before business is proceeded with, that we should ' have tbis stage clear; and when that is done, we shall | immediately proceed to organize the meeting. (Loud cries of" clear tbe Stage !" "clear the stand''' Several minstM pUomm! before the stand was cleared and order secured When this was accomplished, the banner, to I which we have referred, was brought forward andplaoed on the right of the President, amid the tremendous eheors of the neembly. The President the* resumed:) Gentlemen, it wlli be necessary, in tbo first plaoe, that I we should appoint Secretaries ; and 1 shall bo glad to . Tecelte the names of any gentlemen who may be eligible for that office. 1 A delegate here suggested the name of Charles B, . Well^pf Illinois, j The rR*iio?hr?Vou have heard the name of Mr. Wells proposed, gentlemen. All you who are of opinion i that the gentleman should be appointed as Secretary, pV "W thpiU say aye. (it was carried unanimously.) 1 The Copunittee of the Connecticut Delegation, are desirous that a gentleman from their State, should be i appointed as an additional secretary, and they have suggested the name of Mr, Phllleo for the office. All who arehf opinion that he should he etooted, will say ' aye. (Carried unanimously.) You have now your I secretaries, gentlemen, so we shall proceed to husinesa. Mr. Prestos King, of Now Yortr, will now make a mo* tjon. . , <> "Mr. kino then eanaa forward, and was received with loud ?lifters. He said, fellow citiieas: f have been delegated hp a number of delegates to this convention, to appear before yon at thia early stage of the proceedings. (Ubaers ) A number of the delggatos mm the different Statue. wi,0 arrived at au earlier period than tho reft. held a meeting for the purpose of adopting mca<unM for facilitating the fs*rfiaeting of the bus:- ' nets of the convention: - At the ecgeeitlofi at S targe number of the delegates, it was proposed to call this preliminary committee, whiob met in proportion tothe respective 'Diluenco of their eloetoral dietriote. and the i object or.dt>aa, to ascertain bow the general feeling < rati in reference to .the great ijuesUon whtoh brought t this conventiun together, ( Khali not go at proeeut into particulars I shall only impress upon you the neoesSity of uniting together, In ordes to scootnpiish, and carry to a successful Issue, the great principles for which we have assert WW here this day. (Ohears.) This was the desire of the committee, all of whom entertain a confident hope that due single patriotic impulse will move tbo hearts of this vast assembly (Cheers. i The committee adopted various ptop jsltlons. which were submitted to them from the fifteen States which WpCh rcnrcM#?ntn(1 I hullo rn (h?f ia fhn matnHnm* but we thaUaoou be hUd U> m< octaln the exact number. Ike following tie tho n notations which hate Ih-.'p eyrced upon by (hat Oommiltre. (Mr. Kljug hero .ittenipted to read the fvfolutlora, but In consequence (if Ihoweaknena of hie Voice, Mr Sawyer read thorn ) Bcm'\ ci, Tha t it is the tlufe p? .the Hetiaiai Ofernmont to rcu 'vc itnlf from all re?.outirim'y for the ixialeooo er boo- t tinunmo af alacerv, *'h*res*?r (fiat Kuvernment priifiuaea oaa- < I titut anal autbec.ty to iHtfriatc <a thetauViert, ata it thus rcepon ibi" frr it" exletmei". ' lUanhrd, Thnt the Statea within v hkh,?la?Hy tuaataaro alone ntponeili'.ef'ir the exiMMM oreAnUintakee w*?tavfr}' ifthin the t mit-.or ufh ttatoi; and (he Kurieralflt.iernnicnt haa neither .-eapoiHiiiiJity.or eaiotitktitMtl authority ite *e4tthfl?>fv>?Hfe > the e- teiiiltm of eltveiy VIttu4(* thf *t?ta?wlie?? eiavery aiwea.' I Wt ftobedt That the true. atff, l? the jddpajfcf 'it {IjlifcMnRt '. ion. <h?anltiMlfcaneai a-*p'aveiitlWr (hepKto-atlbn or/tSVhW.; tnto t r.itwjfe af.the baited Stehe^ihow f?tel,- ?Vtt awtfWtfW11 eatoteiKc mail awti termaty hftlaht tewttfeaiia " the form t?r Irffy. ,...r Urol' > data of; plot The iwtotiooe wane irnnd OWer thTe* Mi***, thitt 1 oTcrylowmWt^fiaiy uwUretonU thean tfceVwto'dAtl' received,*** .repU'riueWxcitnamtlan. but the1 aetsrfrtif, " which wakiuef witb k>*4 nriewof ? Wrf :ea?'l attlbtf thn." ' we cah't ao that.1' by a targe wn?*l>W or Ihe' Cltpcrty ?mm?. Thoy wwMhaII carried, hewerer, with the f rea t .et nsoUnmttonMr In c'MitiauatAot.ieahd Uint thrt rwAeiottoo*' 1 wi re not to bn-aoneiderp-UAftp adaptepi ibythe haiyyt-w- > tion. thdMLh Me had ?o rtotibVUtejr wtni'M 'W Af? t>Wl- , inatclv. (iThoered i'hey wrreinerrly y roach fed that the seeinbitfiW^l^kt haa#1 ?n obpoKtutilty W Judging efHHe "TinctnlaR ifp ythiob it i?aae detlntfuwdry eiiroild' outer ntc t Uia opuflafttieo, andataniniwg to the eamu'ebh- 1 .-Inelom aii|tbajti?Ud ia t hi*, total neaoltHIOtmey ttlneatL1 that wifimiat i?Ufieti W>b?mr.t*ge?ier Afp|i?hini*k%Vetely vtrfMlght? wA.ttotrM" llhw liitain****' altin '< ippoit^tod t)?f? ,ofltce*a .for thcwtdhipohwy'ofyrafiron- ' tion ojf tjpfi umatiiia, td wiU.pwt. howwrhtn aotMtfratr> ihe u< ^tfnaiioo,of lhat:snt?rHitti-iv bdt rrwb (toareiulla i>y moving. (JinA a co?ateltitar.r??<ui*ttag ofhoWe WdcC.1 ale Irom ooeU Stifte. ami (tat> Thorn the Dl-trlcf bt t o.' lumlpli. 1 e now appointed to prepare apian for the I <o tnau< tit ot atiniv.Htion of the roiirenti-m. I'lti vmriT- 1 tut lmrr no* hcurJ th" tuytou gea fcdai&ii nL JJ HjiTW'L' 'jrfl .<1 Jfl'-ibiu ii<|?Ti daT) #..? :'! <? >* I taw him ();:?.hoqiu!air ??> tiionihtieirm Ih..<?:>? ntt r TT^a -m t 4^l?)l'lill# MORNING I tl?U4?*n. AM who wrujjf opinion that it should Ixiagrred to ill v?y aye. (( arrive) unanimously. A'prdjidritio n ?>* here made from the left wTng of meet In* for an amendment to the motion; tent, a* It proceeded from misunderstanding on the part of tho proposer It was withdrawn.,, To* States Were thrn'called ovet bjr fiame. and the fotlMriafrgautluaMd wet*appointed ^ " r Moipe,, .,...... W|P>/-. ,Jubo* C, Woodman. New Hampshire. 1K.. . .George C. I'oiLg. Vermont . 7.'E D ftnrber .Vaeeuohusetts. . e>i . . v."iv'o. Wu Jaekeoh ' ' ' : ' 1 Ithodo Wand. . ,?o. . , ?oW, G. Hammond. Connecneut Thaddeu* Welle. New Vork Preston King. ' Naar Jeiwoji. ?i.. ,iui.'jv . ;nl I . H. KV Conger. 1 ;ii PewnSjdr*nia Joeepfe'NeWe Ohio ('hate Miohigon, ???.*.<,,? .J.'.ww'.. . <Ieaac P ChrlstfomsOf. Wisoooaih Hans t'meker. Illinois..... .'j. ???-*.'?ii*. igii ;..(s4?o> N Arnold lDw*.t.yi .1. . 4:. ^ iWih. Ml'ler. 1 Indiana, i .. .. . 4JI .u. ..... Joseph L. Jerrivgnn. lfelaware Jacob Purcy. Maryland. ., Wiuu Robinson i Virginia Obo Csatg. i l)iatrlot of Colombia, ...? Win Noble. Mr, Stephen C. Phillip# was alao proposed for MaasaQhuictts, but Mr. Jank.w>? was eleeted Mr. Haniblin and Mr. Yaughan war# .also propound, when Ohio was named over, and there were loud call# fbrMiv OMd1bp,btd'Mr. Chard was elected.' Mr. LbVejoywt* proposed,with Mr. Arnbld,for Michigan,bntthat n|entlein#n declined the honor,and Mr, Arnold,was elect. ?&.r Irhdhf' kVntraeky was called the chalrtnah ?ald it ria# stated by Mr.Vaugban thata delegation wM ott it# Way from tba^t State to khi^Cppvention and would prpbably be herein the COhrse of the day. Some wag then Sopo^d Henry Olay, Which was received tilth' great ughtwf, TbeStat*#, of Missouri, T>nne?.?i?e. South Carolina. and'North Carolina, were also called over, bubyaa miplrt bwve been expected.' fliete we're too dele1 <ul oi inailib * t 1 ?? . The C it airman theri announced,in reply to a gentleman in the meeting that tile cbmmittee woiild'nieet in t ip| poayt-^puae in febo yard, and would repair thither aa rood aepoesibie. A Oknt here observed that Mr. Chare, who had faleen appointed *s the > delegate from Ohio, yu too much' eugatred to he'able to glVe hie ' attention to that LI'IMMUXOVC* auu nugponiAJU tum ?UI1V Wl? ??P HDUUIU DO 1 appointed in hl? stead. i .. , , , Mtv'E S. Tfamhlln ana Mr. \augb>n were then named; liut the letter was elected. ! I The following committee of five were then appointed tn enter into arrangements fAr allocating the sitting Hccoj^ruodatione for the delegatus from the' different States Messrs. $. R. fjt. John. WD. Larimer, I 1). T<Hinp'liart, R7 Fafnsworth. S. D.' Hogeboom. Sm weio to weH on the stand immediately after the .fcpruurunt of the njeetiog Hi :>. ? < .1 ,it ml " This having concluded the preliminary part of the business. thoConventiomnt being now la'cfovhiVad-, jout-ried trtt 3 ov3lfW, T ,l() | - I) ill' ' > " < ; d ivflf|t.V,>. HI NW9N ' .11, ' .1 ' The iMimep^?f^se*ftf ,faee,aoil iuen were very prampe id return ink to the I'aVk this 'nfjWijnttofi' at' thiee b'irfltick.jKe Iipiir named tor the neassetnbhng ;of the Convention. Long belore the arrival of thuthotir, the area iri the centre of the I'sitk \yasl dfrtaety drok-.dedy lCwus reafly astQaishJlig to wiL hfeVjme CJlthubUo-m exhibited biy these men, mid tile eogefness with which they listened to the advocates and defenders of the , gjeat principle.- of 1'reeddfA and soeipl ^ipulgdmation upon wluch the new port^ft* panj; fiais been .formed, liaring1 the interval since the elvsyof the morning session, the MUQinnk,.^t.o A~\ I... J I. -..7 1.. ._ .1 uuiL,sauuii HOU UiV'U|?lll 111 II1UII aqd sueptihtieil litem benenth the awning. Upon one of {lug* wps a paiotipg, of a btun in (lathed*; and above the burning barn was insoribod the tetters. !' Far oobhcicnoe sake, let it burn." The rord ' conscience" wqs printed in capitals, Showing that it traa the banner of the conscience whigs" of Mayseoliuectta. Upon another bannor, from l,ynn, Mass.. WW- inscribed the words. " Kree soil, free labor. (Voe speech, opposition. strengthen ua.Upon a third' biinn?fry was iuocnbtd the word " Fraternity ' At three o'clock,. P. M.,a cast, and oountlese and Impenetrable throng. numbering, in the opinion of your reporter, from thirty to forty thousand people, were gathered in the Park. At several points, speak- , erg wore engaged in addressing knots or groups of the people. On the re assembling of the convention, it was found impossible to bring this mass of people to order ; the consequenoe was. that persons standing within a short distance from the stand, were unable to bear the speakers. A committee appointed to provide 'eats for the delegates from the several States, found themselves unable tp discbarge that duty, the Santa being all occupied by tbe sovereign people. At three 9'cloek. a Hamnedc occurred in front of * ?*,in conwi >>? *?? "* detrgstr uaVing had his wallet at>itraoted from bis pocket by a < htvalter d'induit' ie, After a long delay, during which it appeared that the convention would never be able to commence business, Mr. S. P Chase, of Ohio, took the chair, in ihe absence of the temporary president (Mr Sawyer), amid continued uproar and confusion, andcries of " silenoe tho music"?a bund of music being located immediately behind the platform. Mr. Chasc said?Fellow citizens, there is so much disorder and confusion in this assembly that it is utterly, impossible to organize. There has been a committee appointed to provide seats, and it is obviously impossible that tbey can do their duty in the present stale of disorder and confusion. I, therefore, move that tbey be excused. (Criesof " No. no ") Mr. Kt Johk herd rose amid cries for "the New York delegation," and said that the committee who bad been appointed previous to the recess, were prepared to report through their chairman. Mr. I*resoott King. Mr. Sawvcr here came forward and resumed his place as regular chairman. Having mounted the stand amid general confusion and uproar in the great body of the meeting, he vehemently called them to order, when Mr. Kisro rose and said?Clentlemcn. tho committee on organization will now report, and take the question on each as we go along. (Hear, hear, and cries of ? Order, order .") The committee have unanimously chosen Cfcarlet Frauds Adams, ilsq , of Massachusetts, to act as President of this convention. (The cheering and applause with which the name of Mr. Adsms, son of the late illuetrlons and lamented John Qnlnoy Adams, was received Were enthusiastic.) A committee of two, cond.feting of Messrs. Chase, of Ohio, and Rathbt>h. of New York, were hereupon appointed to >ait on Mr. Adams, and fconduct him to the eb?Vr. The lollowing gentlemen were appointed OP1.!;erg of this convention:? Secretaries- Chas. B. Sedgwick, New York: Charles B. Dyer. jr., Illinois; Tbos. Bolton. Ohio; Haiph Butler, Maine; J E. Snodgraas. Maryland; Franklin Taylor Pennsylvania; A. M. Johnson, Mew Jersey. y,ce tfthdtMi?Win. Bradbury, Maine; Moses A. Cortland, New Hampshire, Lawrence Brainard, Vermont; John Mills, Massachusetts: A. M Collins, Connecticut) Walter H. Danforth. Rhode island; York Delegate* not yet a reed; David L. Roge^n. New Jersey; F.. D. Gar. cam, Pennsylvania; Nicholas Spindlrr, OTiio; 8 J. Lowe, Illinois; John W, Fright- ;B<y. ana; Byron Ktlbourne. ^TeoOn*'-. "Wm. Miller, Iowa; Robert 8, *"'.oon, Michigan; Robert Gardner. Maryland; George Croig, Virginia: . Kentucky: Alex. II. Dixon. Delaware; L. P.'Noble, Dietnot of Columbia* While the names of the officers were being announced, there was an alarm raised In the rast ciDwd, occasion by the cry of 41 pickpocket?my pocket has been picked." from some of the delegates; and tblsiuoldent pare cause far general laughter and Confusion. The supposed offender was unceremoniously dragged from the body of the meeting A Yeic*? Call on the New York delegation for. their hOminee as Vice-President, to represent that State in Convention (Cries of11 Oliver H Palmer." "Oliver H. Palmer."1) , . I It wan here announced by fome'one In the crowd, that the New Twk delegation iwd not as yet agreed Upon a Vice-President, and would meet fbr that purpose this evening. The committee who had been appointed for the pOlrpdre hereupon introduced The Paanoaav (Mr Adams), who was received with loud acclamation by the assembled thousands On taking the obair be said: " Fellow citizens, you wlU all agree, with me. i think, that the proceedings of thit great body abould flrst be eotmnenced with prayer. I would, therefore, beg of you to listen to a prayer, and 1 will Introduce to you the B-.v Mr Tucker, of this oity. for tnat purpose. ' The Rev Mr T< < at* here c-njn?r- forward, and delivered the fbllowlng prayer, with a deep and impressive > solemnity-Oh, God. out heavenly father, upon this very interesting occasion we Invoke thy spiritual Uses- > in# t<> rest upon this great multitude, assembled to deliberate upon n NUhtect of moffieptdhs interest,for the present and the futnbs peH-bMng of our country* Thou hast watched"bVer us, apd liast been a guardian n<l a pretwetnr rvtam the''Wjts fhaf tiBirsrsaUy #ur. round us.' Then bast gWen this land is pn. avium for tlhe wretched, who have tweu afflicted and downtrodden in the other nations of the earth, who find (his{country a home whMe,frmdumiunivwN?lly exists, 'onlyl for one dark and rpul stain that it upon our eeuu'try-fl tesHn the tlavagy Qf our fcUop mam.- itSuosae tlnn )" But We rejoice ih that,,!) vidsnoe which had 1 arSftubU'd the great masses hepc* to day, and that will <vrip?<drth4t foil I Wjtfn.hnd, blot MPon ntu.rouitttyv 'nod proclaim liberty and hp man right throughout aU the fciirtL .Wf mess tnee, that when our, fathers Wern unfcri-siHd In their own conntpy, tpou aided** them to find!i?n W this cquiUij?a Isnd that U deaoribed br itoets at the most beautiful and fertile that fvy* yPT"?? oyfbrtj'the rising er the setting ann?the Ki DorirfvCf humphfreedom, to whlchdestlny directed. fr?iop"td''o vessel, to fttapr,tol*y opetvtbc way, *** ib^hnndkCTdd ahd ncooiopiisbumiit of that free2*"' y?ftble? thoe. (hat in thesndays, when: bgTn. hpdt h* dynasties et the Old Affcrld Wte crumbll/jgto Wees* that then tnrnest their, *tt4 T#!U?1P.V*pd'iirBfKM thf*- 'hatiin the die Si??al of flft) great ^usetHn that Is t?i son* inbreathe , M fP1!* /5?P-TpWUvn?the(t aU mat' !!?. ^ i bfl. InW.aMdeiian.k tnat ths heavcurvitb iguld W .fctsj %g^bat|tta misdofueudips- , U.MI^,"A?Wh. i i Twr PaT"n?:w-. hereupon >Jdre?,e,l tli t meeti n>;,?, fellows: Fellow citizens It a matt, r of deep and heartfelt gratitude to me, that I have be?n selected as an unworthy Instrument to ptesid? ever the Jei'bf'i . ^ t?i ftmuiH HQi J ifi jW -JL Cj .k ii i>i t.'>>ia ?*rr _i ___ ryr .asTT^TTOnr: ?: ?~ EDITION.?NEW Y0R1 I '! tieue of tjiid great body, ( Applause., I wou.d apidn, glze for my own unfltuish lor it, only that 1 mo iu the multitude of rpenlcinp face# bi-fbtc me. and feel in the mart of *yiirpnth!r:iY>g hearts iMuml me. ton" (oidtjr/ that you wil| *11 coutriboto to make ray labors fight (Applause.) \ ou have all asseinblad her* to day out Of nure dpvution to principle?(itapturnus applause) ' s-tpat principle, clothed ns it i* in no technical terms Which do not express an ide?? and a? 1 ?c? rallied to it* ,, Knppcrt the immense multitude that I see before me, (bey glte mo asMtranee of the intelligence and th* ' virtue of the poop!*: V hich I nevdr doubted; (applause) . ntid without any necessity for long reasoning on the r s|ubjeetl-without need:of thou* elucidation* which are sl> often attempted4-1 am gratified to witness en determined a spirit prevail among the maaern. (cheer* ) when the worda of the Wilmot proviso went out to try 1 theft- instincts, (laughter) it told them that hnman Hfcertywas In danger A cry *ti raised against us and I they said we were abstractionists; that we did not j sj mpalni in this movement of the Wllroot proviso. (I.sugbter.) The answer is that tee'are bore. (Loud 1 applause and vociferous cheering.) ' Mr. A continued?We have been toid by those who do not uympothiee in this (movement, that the U'iimot proviso is nothing but an abstraction. (Laughter ) Well, to a certain extent, I am willing to say it is nothing but an abstraction; but I am willing to say a)so. what it is not. 1 sm wUiing to say that it la nut bread and butter. (Immoderate roars of laughter.) 1 n(n willing to say. that it is not roaat beef and two dollars a day, and a situation under the government. f(AppJfusc, and ories of l Tbai;s it," "Goit.") It is an abstraction such us was Magna Chartu?(renewed ' cheers)?yes. and sueh an abstraction as was the Declaration of Independenoe. (V ociferous cheering ) An abstraction such as is truth and justice, and the idea of a Gad (Applause.) It was this abstraction lunv ?Jmi in' vr*3U lUD IIV^UO) UUU WUIUU ClirrJ bUOUl UI1 in aid of tl?-- honor and glory of the country, (cheers.) in order to ) lace it in the proper position, from which it had wandered. For mine own port, I regard the Wilmot proviso art covering a great deal more ground than yon imagine! 'I regard it as tbo ilnal struggle between rijiht and wrong?between truth and falsehood /?between the principles of liberty and slavery. (Applause) Now fa the time, when we all come tpgethor, to uUite, so tint we shall be enabled to have a free government?that government, such as has been diverted from the national landmarks which our forefathers had laid down. Now is the time to right the ship which has been diverted from her course, (cheers.) and to try and puttier baek again. The question that cornea before us is one which involves the question whether we shall adhere to the solemn principles of the declaration of indspendence, er whether tee snail permit and sanction the extension of slavery ltt territories of the West. (Cries of " never, never?we shall have blood tifst;") This question rises above common lawit is a question involving natural law, for what is it hut the dictates of the law of Uod ' ,i(Applause.) No person has a right to sow the surds ol moral evil in n rising community, and the people of the United States, noVer contemplated creating a system of injustice by which this power 'can be derived from government. (Hear, hear.) Vet it is a faot that these solemn principles, which were established seventy years ago. have been now called in question jn high places of power; that they have been called, not only abstractions, but absolutely false. It is. therefore, highly incumbent on us to a man, to stand by what our fathers have told us < oil cert-) ?in the style of Locke, of Hampden, of Sydney. (Vociferous cheering, and continued applause ) Yes, such as would carry us back three hundred years to the time of Sir 11 and Dhi losopher Hobbe. [Applause.] The time has come when we arc to be tested on this question. I firmly believe that the world la about to know whether we ai^ really divided 'Pour of liberty?or governwent? upon thia whole continent, and at the dictation and rule of a few men who do nrt acknowledge cur principles, hut denounce them. (J I oar, bear.) We are obliged, under necessities which we oannot oodtrol, to denounce the organization of parties. who do not recognise the action of a free people. [Applause ] They have ahown by their notion no system of policy, except in fighting with each oiher. and they pursue that policy, and agitate it as the prize of the struggle. Dut they are united on one thing! and that is to put down the principles of liberty Which are rising on this continent. (Dries of?"They shan't do it?'They ean't come it.") We knew this, titod now when we sec what they are contending for, we desire you to coine forward, and show what a different spectacle is presented by those men who, looking Upon these solemn principles, turn their shoulders from the wheel, and do not wish to aid us. and see how they are to be carried out. We do not forget, too, that with our success wo mean to carry our principles with us. (t beers ) But 1 would r? mind you tnat tho eyes of the whole country are upon your action this day; and there are many ill disposed persons, that are gladly looking for some manifestations of distraction?of dissension?of division, which should succeed in dividing us. and prevent the success of our movement. ? Vnisv TW-..U ...M a ^uauguaelT) The I'axMbcfcT? Looking at the result of their owu movement, prosecuting nothing but dissension and division, they really suppose that we. who oome here, are just in the same position. (Laughter 1 They don't understand the difference between them and us, yet ; they do not understand that we are not fighting for expediency and expecting nothing but place. (Cries of ' bravo."V No. they do not understand that we only coine here with in earnestness and a desire, looking only for the truth, and ars called upon ana united together only in its support (Cheers.) They do not understand that we only have oome here to say | to the people, "Set up your standard of truth!" " Kverything for the cause and nothing for the man." | (Rapturous applause.) it is for this that we have come here: and, we feel a confidence in success, through the Dieino aid and rvlll" nam nuwuawnwinn annw/>U. rrU President hereupon cat down amid the most rapturous applause, which lasted for a considerable time. Here there was considerable interruption in the main body of the meeting, occasioned by loud calls for " (iiddings--Butler," and cries of" sit down.'"' order." Mr. Psbstox Kis?. hereupon came forward and submitted the following report : ' This Convention is assembled in pursuance of a recommendation of a couveution of the State of Ohio, held at Columbus, on the iiOth day of June last. That convention recommended the appointment of six delegates at large, for each State that should choose to be represented, and three delegates for each Congressional district. Several States harb followed that recommendation mm to the nuubfer of delegates, while in other' States, county and district meetings have appointed a much lafjjcr'number than that proposed, and in some, a smaller number. The copamitte<> appointed by the delegations of the several States, to confer upon the subject of organisation and representation, have had the subject under consideration, and beg leave to submit to the convention the following rules, to remedy, as far as practicable, the inequality that would arise from voting in TrA'^T'8: ?- ?y States. mil a r- -? *> entitled to six conferees, to bs com Py* .. ?tl delegates at large, if it havs them in suflicient num. ,?tt; if not, they shall be appointed by the delegacs in attend knee from said State. i Each Congressional district of a State represented shall be entitled to three coafsraes; the regular delegates (he districts shall be such conferees, if auough are in attendance; if not, the number may be supplied by the delegates from sold State ftom any persons attending from such State. 3. The aaid conferees shall constitute a committe'' of oonfoierce. and shall have full power to sit daring the sittings of the convention, nnd to enter tain Mid ii?M(iii dfeailw ... fcrrod by the convention, or nay question that anurw originated in eaid committee of conference, and shall bare full povier on the subject of repRMntation. 4. Any question in the convention shall be teferrod te raid committee lor its flnalnotion, upon the demand of one hundred members. Benjamin V. Butler hern came forward and mowed tlmt the committee who worn to be appointed for dr swing up the resolutions and report, should be selected, by nominating three from eaon State, and three from the District of Columbia, to be appointed by the chair. The Pruipent hereupon put the question, which was carried nets, con, and suggested that each of the delegations should appoint their own friends to represent them in committee, instead of tearing (bet duty with the President, (fries ef' no, no, ' the 1"resident." The duty of nominating the committee was left with tfte chair, The Hon. Joshim it- uiodinoa. of Ohio, was then loudly eailed for. tnd on presenting himself, was reseired with loud and long-continued cheers. When the applause subsided, be raid friends, countrymen, and fellow-cltlzens?1 know of no mora sublime spectacit that can be preeentedto the eyee of the:philanthropist the patriotic statesman, or the lore* of mankind, than to see a jeoplp assembled jw their <rcatnese and their poWdri, AV the purpose of asserting their, own inalienable rights before the World, and when my reriTewdfriend (the priest) bade allusions to him who ,U now no more (J. (4 Adams), and who shed Such a lustre on the historic page, of this country, 1 felt my heart rssnoudlrt to MS sentiment^, and inwardly appoint to Mas thai bestitifu) passage, f^ow,, Laid, let 1 thy latest depart Id peace, fof. mi eyes ha?e see* r'thy palTdtlen." (Cheers ) Te|{bw-oitl?enenthe wrsmt. nnd trail*oendawt 'subject, to nrbm,ote whicUi wehaee asmikiblM here this dip,' apdto cirry ojit vhicn w? are prepared to make erSty Aacrlllco consistent with the principles and bearih? of upHfj^pqd honest mew, ?vimi urn oi?uguv 10 mjr mint} oy toe o( th#iDit ,*bo pr?iid^ you on tro pfonent oeoMion.?r '(Chder*) After doing nil that a grant man and, a 'mou heart otnild prompt, fbf the purport* bf forwarding til* motetnbot, he has dephrted from among us, and line toft to another generatioh to carry lat? ; tffect th* '((rest principle* which he labored during his Whole life to establish. (Loud cheered It ru a 'lingular coincidence that the your on whloh the PUttb Mp landed hvt puwcnger* bn the ooaot of Sbbtjh Carolina, wan the name during which, ova '.bilirtmfMbf*# tftrf touched th* shore* of New Lngllfina. The principle* Which were tnen trnnnplnntod , to thin country. continued to increase in strength and "^Itiiltty from that day to the present; and while New KilKlnndhaaettV-ndbd the jprtncljpiek of liberty and: ' tie liigWity men' WWer^vV^|hc eitcnd,t4, 1 tpi i tales Of the Sbuth nave p tit (Hied the very opposite m; Viv? li 1 refer, the IP vh<' houM*bf rbV Mt? irf'r?M a?itig.n?T | '.W; ?g, w >,,9** wWt3H -IfWr'rfclWfnYa .(t on# MP e:t;o.?ia?t <Q, WaffM.ftTn wWh < * >i [ oliua p"t hiittdd t*a^ reduced couMYitici fruin year to * t li Inw tswtdl it lii.t.i mere brute I, -, at I ni otb ot r bit th? aiperlorHv of in'<

' ' vt' f . " ' :b . j? - an J? i.??er IRK 1 K, SATURDAY, AUGl ii then the slaveholder to carry on his unhoty system to v Re tbe pistol and the bowie knife?the scouri ' sod llie whip ; but lend yourselves not to his"Iniquit p: rticipate not in bis guilt, and, as far as you ai > concerned be not parties with him in bla endeavors! extend hi tm farlous traffic to regions which at preset are undented by its aoeursed contamination. (Lou clivers.) John C. Calhoun is a man whose ability an deep read science enables him to see clearly how ui tenable is tbe position which he takes, that the syi torn U countenanced by the constitution. Tbe lat compromise bill was a deep-laid scheme, whose olyej was to (uphold the degradation, and to extend it t Mexico and the other Southern territories. Now. whi I ........I,- la 1V,U? It ?/.t n.l. ^ V,.. 11 I... > , - I ?w, ? -v? ???? UK C4WUUUU U | the north of Maion and DKoh'r line, but that It sha lw excluded from below it; and that In every part < thC gi eat republic the inalienable right** of uian an llie dignity of moT&llty shall be established. (ChetTrs If you eipeottobe Instructed by any remarks that have to make on this occasion. I fear "that you will I di-appointed. This Is not tho kind of assembly whlo 1 i.di accustomed to address I see around me an t>< lore me nc faces but those of frleuds. brothers, an oliilanthroplsts. In every direction. Now 1 really do p< 1 row how to meet such an assembly (Cheers and laugl ter.) 1 have Dot been accustomed to address such incui iugs (l augh ) 1 know not now togreetyou us brethrer and while! rejoice with yon, I can give no utterance t the sentiments which till my heart, as I survey this vat assembly, and know the feelings which animate il (Cheers!) Mixing, as 1 am in the habit Of doing, wit m< n whose entire public career is taken up with whs are worse than mere abstractions, mere conteiuptib! squabbles, when I see men whose best exertions ar devoted to extinguish the Mod given rights of ma and to perpetuate the degradation of slavery, I con fesi that I nave not learned the language suited to a audience whose sympathies and sentiments are mor iu accordance with my own. (Cheers, audlaughter.) know there are before me men of all political partie into which this country is divided. To you who sup port General Cass?though I suppose theio is no on here who ie a supporter iof bis, (laughter) howevei if there be any. such in this assembly, I would ask hit to look to the ordinance of 1770. imd to say how, t the face of that, he could give his support to a princl pie which stands out against it In direct antagonisn (Cheers.) 1 here are others here to whom wtieu 1 sc tb< m coming buck to this platform, I ca cordially extend the baud of friendship an fraternity, and regard them us patriots an men ready to make a sacrifice for the sal of their country. Of General Cass, however, I wi ,not speak. Of General Taylor I will say, that I novi found him enough of a friend to be able to but an* imn-j gooa 01 mm. (Liiii)[mor ) i i no incessant iai going oo in the immediate vicinity of tliu table i which wo wrote, which was kept up with very litt intermission, and With a complete disregard of the r< porters, presented us catching several sentenci which followed, as also several remarks and allusioi the conclusion of the speech. We undo stood the sp^kcr to. refer Iq his position in 1H44 During thnt period, the whig party made the slavei (|utstion a distinct issue in tho campaign. Hem Clay then pronounced the course which the whig pa ty pursued; and would to tiod that we had such Standard-bearer now. Henry Clay then declared tbi the extension of slavery was not in the power of ti constitution. At this ppriod your liberty men deuk it. hie repeated It. however, on the 2d Septeiube 1K44, und contended that the authority and respons biiity of slavery rested not with the constitution, hi witb'the particular States In which it existed (A cr of What about Van Bureu?" washere made by som one on the r!gbt of the speaker ) 1 will speak of bii directly. Now, gentlemen, you who support G< neral T ^ylor, hnve abandoned the platform o milieu yt?u muou id 10^4; nna you uare not no' Hij (but the principles which (hen met with yourcordii concurrence n nil support, are those which inliuenc your conduct now. Will any supporter of Oeneri Ta} lor say, that the same principles to which he ad bered when he supported Clay in 1844, are those b which he 1b now influenced? Those were the prlnc pies, however, wliioh Clay unfurled on his banner, au those were the principles which laid him low. He fb before the power which now seeks sgaln to obtain th ascendeuo) in this struggle, and against which we ar now met lure to contend. With regard to Mr. Vai Buren I sni not an advocate for his election to th Presidency. If, however, the fairly collected voiea o this sssembly shall be for his election to the Tresiden tial chair, then 1 shall support htm also (loud cheers) But if not,then 1 shall be against him If the voice ofthi Convention shall be for him, I will regard him as in; polilieal brother, and I will sustain him with all th' influence I can wield, f At this period the voice o the honorable gentleman gave way. and It was eviden that he could not proceed any longer.] 1 regret that csnnot continue my remarks at present on this sub jeet, but I will resume them on another occasion^ I ^ not hlwft,TlT to* iu vu4 mean time, I beg to introduce to you a gen tl< limn whose feelings are near akin to my own, am for whose honestly and soundness I can undertake t ouob. I beg leave to introduce to you the honorabl E. T. Culver, of Washington counv. (Mr. Gliding then resumed his seat amidst loud cheers.) Loud calls were tnen made for Butler and Culver which were eventually silenced by the latter irentle man presenting himself to the meeting. Mr. CvLtss then congrutulated the assembly 01 the enthusiasm which animated them. All parts c the country were thoroughly alive te the importano of the question which formed the great issue of thi struggle. Maine and Maryland, lthode Island ant Virginia, Ohio and Delaware, were all engaged In i holy rivalry to promote its success. (Cheers.) Whsl | was the boud which brought them together and pro< duced such a gushing of feelings of the heart as was to be witnessed at this assembly ? It was the determination to wipe away the stain from the standard oi this great republic, and to promote the liberty and welfare of man. (Cheers.) The,powerof the South had too long bsen submitted to, and be wai find to see that they had now something more that anks and tariffs and currency in their political con tests. This was not the first time, however, that he felt strongly on this subject, as Preston King, whi feared neither thunder nor Southern wind, could Us tify. (Laughter.) There were different political sec tlons. however.engaged in this one issue, and he hope( that however far ihcy might differ on some points they would all start off like thunder as far as the) 1 went together. (Laughter ) If they did. they mlgh rest assured that the South eould not resist their coin ! bined movement. (Cheers.) There was a class o i men who talked much <A the constitution 01 ' ibis question. John C. Calhoun, for instance, wa of opiuion that slave property was the onl; Firoperly which the constitution" really took unde ts special protectipn; and he said it with all the sen, fund of a Connecticut schoolmaster. (Laughter Now where, he would ask, would they find the constitu tlon saying that slavery ought to exist always? -f talk to it Virginian on this question, ons would ims gitic that the great deng- Pf restitution was t enable him to catch a runaway slave. (Laughter) H denied, however, that this was a fair construction o the constitution. The C^'tHution always spoke o the slaves as "persons." and never cou.*mnlalca W*U iug any portion of the human race in perpetual boud age. (Cheers'.) Rut when so much is said of the oon stitution. be wondered if It ever occurnd to these gen tlemen. that the constitution guarantied a free press free speech, and the right of petition. When this las w?s questioned and was defended by that great man to whom reference had been made, (J. tj Adams.) the; micht remember that the South ihmni?n.s i? ! bini from the Legislature; but the old man atood Urn and erect against the warm of opposition that daahei 1 against him, and though they broke over him with rio lence, he remained undaunted and unshaken amid ai their fury. (Loud cheers.) When my friend froc Ohio. (Mr. Oiddinga.) made a similar stand, some tim ago. they took away his credentials and refused to re cognise hia right to a seat; manifested feelings whlol > stood out in Btrartge contrast with the new-born at tachment which they now so ardently professed fo the constitution. (Great laughter.) The* might al recollect the case of the editor who enueafored t establish a free press, about ten or eleven years ag< ' in one of the Southern States, and whose property wa ' demolished and thrown into the river, and four bullet iougf 4 'P h?s 9wa breast, fur the offence of doing wha I he had a perfect right 10 do in accordance with th constitution Vet the perpetratdfs Of this atrocloui murder, (and this is the moat infkmous part of th I proceeding.) are living to this day, unscathed and un ( punished. (Sensation.) Well tnsy they talk to U | about the constitution. The honorable gentlemai I then drew a shocking picture of slavery as It existed li the Southern States, end asked the audience If the; I would oensent to Incur the guilt Of Its eztensioi where it did not exist at present. An an instance c the ascendency which this aeetireed system had gala til at Washington, he referred to. the warm receptioi given to the pititionepreeonted there by the member of i he Soul hern States, and to one where it was sough to strike c II the fetters of home labor ; while those fror ' the North or free States, and one especially which b bad presented some time ago. frtr striking off th fdtteis off the slavey, were met by tea or a dosen mem hers of^ the ^Southern States getting up and movin Hint tney op mi a upon the table. Wm thi? righ or in accordance With the constitution? It pu him in mind of the atory.of a fellow from ConnecticUi Hid a preabyterlan deacon, in whose employ he wm Thin fellow did ntot much like the tin piloher tha usually contained the Water he got to drink ; and ou day rtumblod across a silver tankard, with tome deli clous cider. Me Immediately took a hearty swill frot the tankard, and the liquid taeted ?0 agreeable, that h displayed soma paine to dissever the maker's name, a the bottom of thd tankard. (Laughter.) The deacon wa perfectly astonished at hialznpudenoe, and said to him " Young man, where do you come from T>1 " I name.' said the boy. ' from where they all fare alike.'' (Urea jioghter.) Now that wm'the poeltion he (Mr. C.) wish ed to maintain with the Houtbern Statos and to that it tituel come at met. Tho honorable gontlpmeo pur rued the argument rtf fhe ftDanrdity of tjte advocat?| lif ilavfty appealing, tothe ConStWereq. whioh w?? a1 yihte rcyectedfehaTfteee it expose d'*?e We Inst 1 tution?ror Jnteieelaaf tWe-Knolhetrt Mutes':'q?d ffllow rd how impueoiMetikiwae metbohhre ?r?" Stnf r '(JUTertiig as they did in some of the nioed Impbftani ' enactments to hi' appileabla to any one sjiete or terri M^HdltTcieiLtiff: thri,al eboui.tbe diKfpiutiono yjie I itfen.(amfetflrtthftt tyittWh Mites wou) I b< "ft,, first tb rifuJut ttWl occWi.ttce : but ir .tioh wa* t< bVlhi prico ofitlmfe cnAekrort'fn prevent flic VVteh ' fifrn (f slavery. why ,et the I :ilon be dissolved '(then*.) In conclusion he would say. let them al pull ti gelbi r abolition t.? vhin* and harnbvirit el* km el on one plalfo'm In f V;s 'uomm. nt in I .r f ' n u1' fo >w thc'c ?* <n? (< V?-? 1 ;t thi "M " ? ?Li. I :u^s?sir* Ikia l? irunurl Hn //-ihu HERA -n ? m ? ; -v*. -*r - ~?rX~7~. _l.lJfcl.Z17' ?- 1 *_t ' FST J2, 1848. :' J ~ 1" T"~ J 3 - i_ .. _1I "T~. ' .< ? friend* of ti#y riinopibir, that thu um<> thing that <? killed their uihu. alio hlltid.our man,. (Van liurau ,) y, mid (hey wight expect thu Taylor whig* would, era re i longi b? found exclaim in#? "Hark! fr"m the (udiIx a delcful aonnd. miue ear atteoili therry it 1 < Taj lor vlilgacoutaview tlic groin. I where you must shortly lie.' (Loud cheers and laughter, amid which the honor* j hie gontlenwn retired ) * J" Mr. Culver having concluded hie speeoh, the Prusl." dent announced thu following committee on rexolu' tioraC ? I Oh'o.?8. P. Chase, W. A Rogers. E. S Hamblin Indiana? h- C, Stevens. K. A. llulf. bam no I Hoover ' Illinou- J. N. Arnold, Owen Lovejoy, Thomas Rich]. I inond ,? i IVffronai'n?J. (todding, H. Crocker, J. C. Mills 'J /rtu o-Wm. Miller. , Michigan? H. K. Clark, Dr. Ormsbuo, P. P. Mead, j Maine'?D. f arnsworth, Alfred Johnson. Jaber C. ? 'Woodman. New llaiiiftihire?J. G. H?yt,W. A. Marston, G. T. ,1 Fogg. , > t ; ... J Ma?sorhuttils? Stephen C. Phillips, Chorion Sedg, wick. Joshua Leavftt. j. Ithode Inland? Stephen Benedict, W G. Hammond, F. S. Underwood. i; Connecticut?Wm. H. Burleigh, C. W. Philleo, F. I'. ,o Tracy it Vtrmant?J. Poland. Asahel Peck. Daniel Roberta, t. New Vorfc?B. F. Butler, H. C. Stuuton, J. L. White, h New Jersey?Jonn W. Sloat. Win. Dunham, George it Of dike. ie J'ennsylvania?li. D. Gazsan, John A. Wills, J a e Dougherty. 0 Maryland? Kdwin Thomas. J. I'.. Snodgrass, Robert ' i Gardner. 11 Virginia?Geo. Craig. ? Dinrict of Columbia?L. P. Noble. 1 Delaware?Jacob Pusey, A. H. Dixon. . Mr. B. V. Butler, in compliance with the loud and ' importunate calls of the assembly, then ascended the platform. On presenting hiuisolf. he was received ' with loud cheers. He said that be was placed in an |t unfortunate position, in having to follow the eloquent i speakers who had preceded liiin. The last gentleman up had such a varied fund of knowledge, and so intl * matu an acquaintance with history, thaL under the in_ flueuce of his powerful eloquence, one wan entertained at-well as instructed. He had also an admirable fa^ cility of touching upon a variety of topios, and passed [e 1 " From grave to g?y, from lively to severe," 11 with such ease aud interest, that eaoh transition gave ;r additional charms to the eloquence with which he Ir- tieated the subject he took in hand For his own ik part, be could say nothing that would delight the it fancy, or tickle the imagination. He was perfectly le well aware, however, that he would reach the heart of e- that great audience, lie said so without any display es | of vitin egotism, hut from a consciousness of the is : great'power which truth possessed?a belief that the r- principles they were met there to affirm. would live } 1 forever; and a conviction that, whatever opposition y the cause of liberty might meet with, it was yet des y tiued to revolutionize the world, though that great r- < snd i iratio genius from the South (J. C. Calhoun, we a presume.) had pronounced it to he false. (Loud cheers it i nnd laughter.) When the people of Pari* raised the le I hsriiciidss against the Bourbons; when they drove out d i Charles the Xtb, there was one, who. though ho might r, not have broken his sword, (laughter.) shed his blood I- 1 In behalf of his country, and put hiiuself at the head It i of the people of Tsrls. That man was Louis Philippe ' y i lie was the iirst republican king the French people o ' ever had. and, in all likelihood, he would he the last, a He proclaimed the cburter granted by Louis the ?- | JKh. and which Charles the 10th promised to supn ; port, hut subsequently violated, to be a truth ; and w opoll that engagement did the confiding Parisians il elect him to a throne, it was found, however, that the e fsitii so plighted whs never intended to be kept, and ii nothing remained for the people c f I'uris but to re-erect L- | the barricades, and win baolc the power which hud been y so thamefuliy abused. They all knew what effect this i- hud produced throughout Kurope; and from what was .1 irrtiiiir on it. almost. u nneared as If the snirit had nnaxud ( 11 over to tin'tu (Cheers.) ft wan not, however, for tho | 0 purpcse of alluding to the laudations of this monarch a by General Case, that induced him to refer to this n subject. He might, indeed, overlook that. If it could e lie attributed only to bad taste, lie could overlook, 'f also, the bad taste which tbp General lately exhibited ut Washington, with regard to his hero.- and from whom he received the most oordial hospitality at tho s Chateau dNeuilly. He did believe, however, that Lewis y Cass ought not to be the first man to rejoice at the exe pulsion of the aged king from Kraucu ; the more espef cially, as be had bestowed such great encomiums on t i him when in the plentitudc of bis power, and had par1 | taken of hi* hospitality. (Cheers.) Ha alluded to the 1 >- rhcunistance. however. b> cause Louis Philippe had | I S^d,tj,e.vri.5ht"."uf l&lKmSfXof J ; ] good government rested not with any one man. i- ! (Cheers.) Now, he would ask. what was the path of 1 duty for them ? K.&ch of the gentlemen who had pre- ' 0 ceded him, had already spoken on that point with great e propriety and felicity of thought and language. Itaps ponied to him, that the circumstances under which tbey were met there as a convention, were of a remarkable nature. The convention was composed of delegates sent from fifteen States of the Union, some of them from a distance of thousands ? 1 of miles, (A voice?Seventeen States.) and differing ,f as they all did?as they had done before, and engaged p as they bad been in serious and exciting conflicts of g the greatest magnitude?forgetting in this all the dis1 tinctions on which they formerly differed and cont tended? and agreeing on one of the greatest questions that could occupy-the. mind?this appeared to hiu to be a spectacle as pleasing and exhilarating as it was . strange and extraordinary. (Cheers I There thev | were, then, under those circumstances- 1 i. question I* then which they had to decide, was, wouil hey allow j the American Congress to plant the curse of human ( slavery over 4l>0 or 5UO square miles of the territory of , tliis I nion ? lie wished every democrat could hear t and answer that question. He would go first to the declaration of independence. That was the starting point, What did the Cramers of this great charter say , in 1T7G? They began with the great truth, that all men were 'born equal." Now,bavlngreferredtothat, | be would ask them to look to tha other great charter | of human liberty?the Bible, Would they not find there that from one blood all the nations of the earth I weie born? (Cheers, 1' As well might any reasonable t man attempt to iqsrfbrm the miracle of Joshua and stop the suf in his course, or to stay the torf runts of (.'no Niagara, as to resist the overwhelmj lug Pr,wer of these great truths. (Applause.) ? , The speaker here referred to the various settlements . and compromises, with the protracted negotiations ' that took place in the early history of this country, as j a distinct nation, for the purpose of showing that J ? compror^'^cs of that day wqre not lightly looked BpoU, ' r.wnft of them requiring from tbreu to four years to I complete. The greatest solemnity, oaution, and deli- | beration were used, and the people of the several JT States were appealed to before any tlnal decision was 1 ? agreed upon. At the present day, however, continued < lf Mr. Butler, instead of sending lne bualneH from | ,f congress to another, as tney aid then, and taking l the other step* which the importance of the case re- | . ?na De nam It with all respectto the Senator* I who lately brought in and passed the territorial bill? their proceedings were not characterized by the , same caution, solemnity, deliberation, or regard for ? the opinions of the people. (Cheers ) Let them, if , they wished, pass a plain, straight-forward bill, that j every one could understand, and not a|juggle. a delu' sion. a deception, and a fraud. In the name of all I a that is right, let us not remain any longer subjected J to the hissing, or be made a byword among the other ? nations of the earth. Let the House of Hepreeeataj tlves take the proper course, which is their bounden . duty to take on tnis matter. He honored the Tay, lor whigs for the course they had pursued; and 1 if a second attempt be made ef the same kind, he ^ hoped that they will again repeat the same conduct, ' and promptly and indignantly have the bill laid on 1 f the table, not by a majority of iifteen, but three timee U fifteen. (Cheers.) The honorable gentleman having 0 di posed, in the most eloquent terms,of the usual argu[ vents in favor of the extension of slavery to the new I. territories, which, with th e replies, are well known to , " our reader#, from the ample space we have lately t given in our columns to botn partiea? then referred to f the article which appeared in the Washington Union, : R with reference to him. He then alluded to the circumstances under whloh he aoeepte<l the situation he held _ ?a District Attorney, under the present cabinet, j The present question he considered as tho greatest now beiort'tbo congress of the minds of the world, it _ was a question as te whether they should prove false te the memory eftheif pilgrim fathers and their Chris- ; J tian independence, as fill M the sacred spirit of if liberty now traversing the woTld--"&c*her they should . contradict all the institutions and charter* Of their 0 country, and set themselves in opposition to the great j . Dievt uiertt now going on on the other side of the Atian- j t tie, breaking every chain, and emancipating every n mind?whether, in short, tbey would lend themselves. e in any shape, plan, or manner, to the extension and , Berwl notion of the deirradatloDof huuian slavert? that stain upon thin republic.and curse upon humanity, (l.pud cheer* ) It *a? atjuestion that concerned nil? _ those who HT*d on the ?oll, and thoW who rone from the oppressed nations of Knropc. to find here an asylum and a home. It wan. he believed, the uestion of questions It far exceeded, In Importance, the oppressions agaliug wbioh the trench, the Danes, and the Italian*-ay, even the Irleh, were struggling , and to the American people, It appealed with all the force of a domentic calamity, her hi* own part, he waa with them, heart and aoul; and while it continuedbi* cry would aver be, onward to victory. The people, however, should not pat their trust in principles or generals. It was by the action of the people themI seles, that the declaration of Independence was to he , made a truth. (Mr. Bntler here retired, and waa greeted with repeated demonstrations of. the wannest j applause.) The I'sasi nc* t tbeaannbitoedd that the Nutehftfson " family were on. the platfbnn, end. wotdd threw a little i TAfifltV 1 fir ft llin nrnoua<ltn>ea K?? -lw*?wlw??w aaanev Xlr [ Hu*chlDMH? then einiefutwird fthf writ! thathe fu f ' tbo onVj gu of th* family prrxont, bat th?r?w<T* I wo i :1 ?c<|ualnUncfK pre^nt who would aexlat him. Ho then . o tmtut a tow ftfrti eon*. wfetch whx not remarkable for I _ , tho olegftncw oftli* coaipniitefta, beniity Ot thft fttr, 4 , or the tfttta with which It km given .. but tber? w?r# , ! iome attempt* At'wit In ft. whfch had the <t*?1red effect Upon a IftgRe portiob of Hie aodlciicft I ^ * The convention then adjouracd till P o'clock next morning ' O?w? 0a Cahal.-We learn th?t the deep lock at t ulton it in ordor. ?nd that navigation U entirely un- 1 * obetructcd. The report* about thf conditio* Of thr , lock wert fttaU/ tUfpr?t{4l .. 1 A ! V Ml'*' ? ' !/ -if XI- M,w rffr*?V1 94) ! ?#. (f*t III ? It ' 1)-1 (l ,:?( lit/ fl)?' 11** fc-MTI fcfld IKI) . . ? i.I?? ?*t ?? i LD. TWO CENTS. Attempted Van Bur en Ratification Meeting. '.'''' v ./ OmriTIUN FROM THE CAS81TEH did* ?&<-., CM). The friends and adherent? of Martin Van Burea and the nn-rxtenaion of slavery to California and j N'-w Mexico, made an attempt to ratify the no munition oi that gentleman as the free-soil cts, didatr lor tin- Presidency, and of Ms. Adams as I the candid ate lor the Vice Presidency, last eve?I ing, in the Park. It was intended to be as imi jroinjttu, s|>oiitiineouM combustion meeting, by ,) which it was expected they would rally is tb* , ! Park an audience ol twenty or thirty thousand ; people; bnt the number who assembled fell far short of I that amount, and did not exceed threo hundred as4 | fifty-nine, all told, including men, women, boys children, and darkies. The meeting was oalled for eight o'clock, and bonfires of tar-barrels, and other attrnotions,. were held out to the Mend < of Van Huron to assemble; bnt it seemed d 1 go," for a larger assemblage than what we enu merated could not be coaxed together. Of this number, one half at least were ''ass and Butler men, I wmi, w. duvu ?.-* vury n?w ijjoic mi ku ue a meeting, thought it advisable to organise on their own hook, in immediate proximity to the others. and talk down, i and ohser down, if possible, tbe Van Huron men. The struggle was warm and animated, and uaoh party seemed determined te out-olieer the other, and theraby attract tho larger audience. This game was kept up for some time During the delivery of a speech or was Impossible to tell with certainty whioh party had the best of it, tly volume of the cheers being so equat. Soon, however, tbe Capites beoame impatient, and ull of theia seizing the opportunity of something good being said about the venerable inhabitant of Kinderhook. to^ give a prodigeousiy loud cheer, they did that same, and that cheer decided the battle and gave thein the viotory The last echo had not subsided, when the listeners to the Van Duron orators weut away, in Latches of. sir and ti dozen, to the camp of the cnernyg This lltUe cli cuiur tauce decided the fate of the rival parties, and the Cassltestuking advantage of it, concluded to sliilt their quarters, and adjourned to the steps of Tnmmnny Halt, where their orators held forth until fait nine o'olock. The free soil men, no what disoonctrted at the desortiou of their troops, pertiuaoiously held thelrgronnd. and fought away, and spoke away,as if their auditory numbered as many hundredsas they did apzens. There were no accommodation* (or the reporters, no seats, no tables, no light*, no nothing. Our reporters were, therefore, in the words of one of Christy's pathetic melodies, obliged to take "By de light oU do moon ' W<> could not ascertain the nanir of their tint speaker, but the gentleman was a determined foe to ( ass, had a repugnance to the mention of the Baltimore Convpr.tion, and sought every opportunity to show that Martin Van BurPn. of Kindeerhook, is the greatest man lor the negro and for the Irish on this side ot thu marshes and vast lakes in Now Mexioo. He said he thought it necessury to explain the object of lha meeting which he did; and to convince them that the lite soil men are the democratic party, the/ have entered this contest for the Presidency with their motto emblazoned on their flag, and that motto was victory or death, no surrender, no compromise. (Hurrah tor Cass and Butler from some one in the crowd.) ' lie was glad to hear that choer for General Cass, and if there was any one present who is insane enough to call on the ghost of that gentleman, ho Would have no objections to bit doing so, and to stop talking for ten minutes, while he woiBhipped him. (I-aughter, and cheers for Cass and Butler.) We hare men in our midst who have lodtho democratic party injtlmes past to victory; and although, in consequence of changes in the political world, nw. who is now the candidate of the free soil party, has been once defeated, we know he was defeated by that slave power which we are now contending against.? / Arirvlminaa Vint fnlnf \ llo ham Haassn afrinkrun diWn ha the South?by Intrigue ; but the strong arm of the people will lift him up again, higher then erer (Applause end shouts ) We hare acted In good faith throughout. When, in 1844, the South defeated the !??. p??ple ft? "^^iVrv^rgotTfoTthe' lime being, our prinoiplos, and helped to elect him ? But what did the State of New York get in return for this ??nothing but insult. We were treated aa an incumbrance, and be who sared the party waa cast aside, stabbed to the heart, and sent to an untimely grave, by the ingratitude of the party?the very men whom he had elevated in the political world; and he who had stood shoulder to shoulder with the great Tompkins, fell from their cowardly stabs. Yea we will abide by our candidate, through all emergencies. [Here the speaker paused for a while, as he oould not lie consequence of the cheering of the Cassitea whose numbers swelled to three or four hundred; and, during the interval, some man ejaculated, " Three cheers for t'ass and Butler "J And how la it with the whig party proper? Surely, if we are mourners, so are they; for, at the Philadelphia Convention, their party was disb >nded and a candidate. Dominated who dare not avow his priroiples. And how is this How is it that Mr Clay has (been abandoned? It Is that slavery shall have a retreat, it is that the South shall not lose their asoendency. whiohever way the battle may terminate. It is for tnis that Henry Clay has been thrown aside; that the South shall sustain their standing and inttuenee over the North. But the people of the United States say that this shall not be; they say that they are compelled to come forth now. and say, thus far and no farther shall the South go. They say, while we do not desire to interfere with the vested rights of the South, we shall not ullow any extension of slavery. We have waged and concluded a glorious war, in which thirty thousand valuable lives have been lost, and for what ' The South say we will step In and ext nd our institution of slavery U the new territory which we have acquired by thU War, in the prosecution of which the lives of so many American citizens have been lost on the battle field, and we insist upon our right to do so. Ttierofore, you soo, fellow-cjtiiiens, that this issue has beenforoed upon US. ftnd we cannot tight it out with any credit t? ->af_ selves, unless we repudiate U ?t the onipt of th? Contest (Applause ) We have, in the dohIM* we have taken. the platform of Jofferee- tn which iei broad enough for m ' Fra'nce, for Irel^d,' ay. for the whole of tlK, 0ld'World to rest on and rial ofC,"hee? (Applause, and the eoho of cheers from the opposition, with crlee of '-Cass and puv*'*^ 9 ,r* th?? p^jcmver* of liberty; (Yes. we are abu 7^ want office* too, from a man >?tto rest) and if there are any persons north of Mason and Dixon's, who want to truekle to the South on this question of slaverx. they must go South of Virginia to find assistants, for in that State and in Carolina we have a powerful party of freemen. (Applause and hisses.) They must go South, even of Soutn Carolina, for it is evident that John C. C alhoun and his organ, the Charlnton Mrrtury. are getting afraid of us (Hisses and echoes of cheers from the opposition.) Freedom cannot be confined, my friends. North of Mason's and Dixon's line; and If the people hare to for it. they will fight against the peculiar South, and her peculiar institution. (That's the talks and soma murmuring.) Now. let us go a step farther, and see bow the enemy carries on the warfare against freedom. You all rsooilect that when Arnold became a traitor to the cause of freedom, he took up with the enemies of his oountry, and so it is with there men of Southern principles who hare left the democratic party. Their cry is "Traitors,'' " Traitors ;" and when they behold Van Buren as the candidate of freedom, they cry out " Bugaboo," ' Bugaboo. ' (Laughter) Has it oome to this, my friends, that the blesaed name of freedom in the United State8 in known a* bugaboo, bugaboo. W?U. let them go on. \v? hare declared our creed. We ss.-ert that It It the dirty of the government to restrain slavery within ite present limit*. That wm tha doctrine <>f Jefferson, of Monroe, and of Jaokson, aa It If of Van Ouren ; but that doctrine baa been altered by John C. Calhoun, who*sara that man waa born without being oranted (Three ahaara far Cass.) Tha speaker proceeded to apeak of the threats of the HoUth about the dissolution of tha Union, wbieh he characterised as tbe great bug-bear which boa on former occasions intimidated tha North, and daalorad the unalterable determination of the free soli party to stand by Its principles, on tha ground that It la slafal to hold me? In bondage; and the party mean to prevent the eftension of slafary from the Kio Orade to the PnoifleWe bare bean charged, he said, with designs against the Unlon-. be* whan was there ever a threat of nulUflcatton fTom tha North Never; it always cornea from the South. (Hurrah for Cass and Butler.) Yes, you had bettar hurrah for <:?** and Bntler, for in a month flrom this time they will be dead, fcc., he. Mr. Bovlk was Introduced by the chairman, who said Cttisenf. whils the speaking bds bean going on, 1 hare been struck with tbe (juiatness which nas pre- i vailed?the want of enthusiasm which ha* bean aaaai festrd. Are wo aot free soil asan. and do we net deprecate the thought of tha eatenaloa af that great curse, slavery ' if so, then, why not eknrew ourselves* We are firmly bound together, ~n.itihafl il~ our beat to put a stop to slavery, it is iippOnwbUfoaths laboring while isan ever to raise himself wfella his labar In ? brought into competition With that of the slave, and If the free and independent North longtf, submits t* the dictation of tha Southern planters, tfho only desire to keep. Ute power in their own intfis that their son* may, hare efltoan in the army and narrt ami ' C other poets ad hnnov. to the fcatai ?r*?*uiU>o >f the' * ? North, hhe dempomry wfthe Northern State#, WHh- * ?? the whig*,-havecinitad, and are new IWaidM?|iy < wih battle for the principles of libtrty. The old perty > cliffyn iM??bavf basin thrown a?t<le. ao? wt now niw '?v rot free noil, freemen If Irishmen wg?o na *? >! > i'i bolln<I togistharaefrrwsailers w.thMtpyWiimw. ?? A try wouW him Muoa hay*b?n fywn; and M |ht< lirtifo : I meh i,t U.euuuiry would awpport th?-CM? m? tiafest rt wuukkftive imrwwrwgaiinint to Ifaiawd. liM make her > p?<pfe ** * deiermiaed to throw off thatr bondage ' . t>. trie aoM principle is spreading far and wida. eyy? i ir.oi^K th? a' a the watchword has been gieen 01.J th people hare hejnn to reflect They see the t ?i; anJ ure wi.iii.g to renii djr it. at ieaat so far a* i'< . f t .11 onceruol. ?1 the territories whish Si *r* hldl'St M ttf fh?