Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 15, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 15, 1848 Page 2
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/ ket I* lnfFTtor. 1 > quoted for former. 2 a '-** for I latter. The high pricta of erade fauper k.epa til* Psmpanga aundried. for N S Walea. at $3\ Demand for coffee trifling; Uto aalaefood TV ? T*< per picul. C if are -No 1 *14 per 1000, No - ft>: No 3 (0 76 K.xehauge on Lonon at 6 ma bills, last eale at 4s 4J p.-r dollar. Bank Rilla, at 30 da eight. 4? 2d THE VERY LATEST NEWS FROM ALL PARTS OF EUROPE. RF< KP.Ttr BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH A\l) SPECIAL EXPRESS. AND TELEGRAPHIC FROM BOSTON. Li* r arooi , July 29. Saturday Er'g, t) o'olock. France. We are in poaaeaaion of our advices from Paris. of yeaterday evening. from which we glean the following items of intelligence :? There are at present confined in the priaona of Taria. Implicated in the insurrection of June lent. 8 990 human beings, of whom 8,815 are men. and 175 women Of these. .'> 0 man, and 13 women. are ill, and laid up n hospitals. M Maguin had given notice of a motion on the subject of the foreign policy of the republic ; the dej hate thereon aai fixed for Monday next, July 31st. The Committee on Foreign Affairs appointed, on Thursday last, the following representatives, to prepare reports on the principal questions which at this moment occupy public opinion in K.urope :? M. Pre. * n de l.uhys is to treat the Spanish micstiou; M. p'Aia&on the affairs of Italy; M. Xaviir Purritn aill undertake thorn of Rnssia; M. Ed mend Lafayette, Moldavia and Wailachia; M. Jebec, Austria at d ti e St-lave countries; U. Passer, the German Confederation ; h. 4e W osin, the past; M. Ilcckeren, Prussia and Pruisian Poland; and VI. i'unugur, Egypt. The bill for regulating the clubs of Paris. Stc., root gnixed four descriptions of associations, each to be differently dealt with. Clubs, properly so called, are to be public, and to be placed under the inspection of a magistrate. Secret aasociations are simply forbidden. Associations not public, and not having any political objeot, are merely 41 required to make a declaration of their existence to the municipal authorities; and finally, associations not public, but in which political subjects are discufsed, will in future be obliged to obtain permission to meet, from the authorities. The paper* favorable to republican principles, express dissatisfaction at the measure, because of its constituting, as they con celve, a permanent check vpon liberty. In this opinion, they seem justified from the fact that there can be no society without an express declaration of its otrjects to the magistracy, and magisterial sanction. The committee of legislation considered, on Thursday, the important question of arrest for debt. The committee decided, that as the question was of a pressing nature, they would confine themselves to recommending simply that the decree of the Provisional Government, abolishing arrest for debt, should be revoked. Sfmln. We have letterB from Madrid to the 23dinet., inclu. elve. They state that the t^ueen has so far rec overed from the incommiditic attendaut on her disease, as to be able to grant an audience to the Tope's nuncio, Monseignenr Brannelli, for the purpose of prosenting his credentials. Italy* We have late acoounts from Italy, which state that the King of Naples has published a formal protest against the Act of Parliament, which calls the Dake of Genoa to the throne of Sicily. 20.000 men are said to he in process of equipment at Turin, and to be in a state cf forwardness to commence the campaign. Supplies of muskets had been received from abroad, and the foundries were busy easting pieces of cannon, iinssla. St. Petersburg advices inform us that the Cholera was beginning to diminish that city. On the 14th> there remained 3.792 patients under care : the same day there were 526 new cases. 218 recoveries, and 312 deaths. Austria. The last accounts from Innspruck, state that the emperor and the royal family, were to leave that place on the 24th or 25th ult.. and were to reach Schoen Irun on the 28th. Germany. Advices from Frankfort of the 23d, state that Gen. Cuvaignac had, in an amicable letter, appealed to the governments of Germany no longer to give a passage through their territories to the Poles who wished to go to France, in order not to augment the elements of anarchy at Paris. l?iijflan<l. Losuon. Saturday Noow. , The Ccfflander- in-Chief is very busily engaged in issu- j 'ng orders for the dispatch of every available soldier j wnicn ran De spared from ail the depot*, to Ireland. A large number was sent off from London last night, and are are leaving by several trains, to-day. From the Weedon Barracks several companies are leaving, for the same destination. Before the close of the week, it is said that 60.000 soldiers will be on duty in that conntry More ships, with ordnance stores, are ordered immediately to sail for Cork. Just before the departure of the steamer, a gentleman of the European Timea office arrived from a journey through the principal agricultural oounties of England, who found, from personal inquiry and observation, that the failure of the potato crop exists to a considerable extent, and, in many districts, the owners are gathering them up for immediate sale, to prevent the entire loss, which is anticipated from their appearance. A Cabinet oounell was held at the Foreign office this morning. All the Ministers were present. The evening papers say warrants have been Issued this morning to arrest several of the London Chartist leaders. Ireland. The Royal mail steamer Banshee, which sailed from Kingstown this morning, states that Dublin continues quiet. Mr. J. F. Lalor has been arrested at Ballynahone, and was on his way to Nenagh jail when the mail left. The ha test Market Reports. Losdow Monvy Market. (Saturday July 2f.?The money matket to-day has Imen steady, and prices have advanced. Console fir account opened at he.1, lo K>V and cloaed at to for money. The opening quotations were 86', to 86'n, and the last quotations Btjj to the value of 3'4 percent oek is 84^ to Kftj; cichequer bids 36s to 'SJs premium. The Miart nam. t is steady at yesterday splices. Mason remi. Saturday Evening.?Our goods aad yarn market to-day la hettsr, and there la evidently a fee lln* in the trade.? Corn it u> letter request, and prices have an upward tendency. Law Intelligence. OiantL Sxesioaa. Aug 14?Before Judge Daly and Aldermen Croliua and elevens. John NcKeon, Ksq . Mietrtet Attorney. Catherine dtrtcn and Catherine Jeffrie! were Loth pat forward on trial, charged with having robbed a tailor In the U. 8. service, named Alexander Miller, of f i>6 The former eat found guilty of the theft, and tbelattir on the charge of having received stilen good*. Both, it appeared, lived in a house of ill-fame iu Water street. Tliey were remanded for sentence. Chat In f'tr gttmn was put upon trial, on a charge of burglariously attempting to break open the desk in exchange office No ho West Broadway, belonging to J. Warren, on the ifith June The jury found the prisoaer guilty. The ('curt sentenced film to two ycaiW' imprisonment. William Jahmon was put upon trial, charged with stealing 46ft from W Brirkhaui. at the Walton House, on 4?h of July last. The jury found the prisoner guilty, awd he was remanded for sentence. The t'ouri adjonrned over to this forenoon at 11 o'clock fsMtws Pi.itae? Decisions in Banco?August 13th? JamttJ flrfte impleaded. ad> ThrPruultMotion to vacate judgment, on recognisance, in this cause, grantad ow payment of costs. Jaattt y hair, tl all. adt. IV?. Harrii. el ah ? Motion 1 that nlaintifl nrrulueM n/iteriel seal denied : defendant i Bi; r??f? Pilrr Mmttrr\an. at ah. ads. Jiuguttt tiiraud?Mo tioa for judgment, a* in case of a non- suit granted, wi?k liberty to plaintiff to stipulate for neat terin ; defendant's casta of term to abide the event Mirkaal Bract) aid William llaw.?Motion granted that plaintiff credits on the execution, in this cause, the amount paid into the Marine Court, by the defendant, on the judgment in that court Strpken Wetka. tt ah JUnundu H /fen tie, et ah.? Motion for injunction denied, without roats. Jahn It Lord. ada. Tkr Ptaplt, tfc. -Motion to set aside judgment on recog niaano-. denied without costs. UaiTrt) Starrs Duisrcr < oi st. Before Judge Belts ? The court sat, to-day, and after bearing a few motions to extend reeognisances adjourned Gboixwy or CmciitHATi.?' nder our ollice windows a vault is being dug. As it was determined to go down to the gravel, jt is dug very deep. After digging throngli various kinds of soil, chieily clay, at 36 feet in depth, the workmen reached a stratum of blue clay, which is one of the characteristics of this region, llut at 49 feet in depth they reached a log ol wood, of 30 inches in diameter. As this was several feet below the stratum of blue clay, it seems chat this could hardly have been on the surface at any tune since the memory of the white settlers. A tree, at 60 iect below tne top of the boiJ, indicates that the whole of that depth has been made by deposites. Jiut how long since 1? Cin Chroniaf I NEW YORK HERALD. Soulh-VVfit Corner of Kulton and Nuuu its. JADIKti tiOHUON BKNNKTT, PROPRIETOR. SPECIAL .NOUCL lUTUk WORL*D. DAILY HERALD?Thrce edition* every day. two vends per I copy $7 Viper annum. The MORNINO EDITH >N u distn luted before breakfast; the first EVRyISO EDITION can I'* ' hod of the new boy* ,u I o'clock; the secoud E YES ISO EDI ! THIN at 3 o'clock. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday, for circulation on the American Continent?6>? ceuti per copy $3 per annum. I-rtru steam packet day for European circuLstum; sub- *. tion ocr iijitmm, to inrltule the postage. The Kurvpvss isriw will he printed in the French and English languages. ALL EDITIONS to contain new* received ti' the mvsnvt of ' going to greet. AD I EK TISEMENTS (renewed every morning, and to he pub. lished in the morning and evening edition.) at reaeonable pi ires; to be written in a plain, legible manner; the proprietor not responsible for errors ?n manuscript. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully end with do 'patch. Orders received at the Office, corner of Fulton and -Nassau streets. ALL LETTERS by mail, .for subscrrptums, or with advertisements, to be poet paid, or the postage will be deducted from the money remitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing import ant newe, solicited from any quarter of the world; if used will be liberallyvaid for. NO NOTK'E taken of anonymous communications. Whatever u intended for insertion must be authenticated hp the name and address of the writer; not necessarily for publication, bu I ms a guaranty of his good faith. We cannot return rejected communications ALL FA YMENTS to be made in advance. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY TIIEATKE Bowery. CindbRblxa?Magic I 1'm'tb? Nix thi Cabman. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chathim S?marc ?Natuhf ani Piiu.onorHY?Chardis 2i>?Lady or the Lions?Ma rried ^ Rake. Bl7RTON'8 THEATRE, Chamber* ?tT?et.?Valentine and Orson?Blue Dev. is? Old Gi aru?Lucy did Sham-Amour. : niisl.o's. a8tor place.?ii a is not a miss?ladies biware?sentinel. I CASTLE GARDEN, Battery.?Musical Entertainmentcosmoramas, fcc. SO'lETY LIRRART, Broadway, corner of Leonard street? | I'amhhij.'s Minstrels?Ethiopian Singing, Ac. PANORAMA HAI.L. Broadway, near Houston.?II any art's j Panorama or the Missouri and Mississippi Rivera MINEKVa ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or General Cayi or's Mexican Campaign. MKLOBEON, Bowery?Virginia Sir evader a. PANORAMA IIALL, corner Broadway and Walker street.? IIam.noton's Saoped Dioramas. New York, Tuestlay, August 15, 18U, Actual Circulation of tke Herald, Aug. It. Monday 21981 copies The publiention of the Menuug Edition of the Herald commenced ye,'erday at 15 minutes |<ut d o'clock, and tiuished at 5 niiutiie, before 7 o'clock; the first Afternoon Edition commcnocd at 10 minutes pa*' 1 o'clock, and finished at 5 minutes of 2 o'clock ; the second at 20 minutes past 3. and finished at '<)>? o'clock. ' The Koreign News. We give, in our columns to-day, some further interesting intelligence from Ireland, France and | other parts of Europe, as well as our special priI vate telegraphic despatch, made up at the lastmoment jrevious to the sailing of the steamship. Our nurrution of the news by the telegraph, from Boston, on Sunday evening last, was so very full and complete, that we have but little to add to it; at least, we see but little worth extracting .from the few papers which we received last evening How it occurred that the mails did not arrive last evening, we are at a loss to divine. The Acadia arrived at Boston, a distince of two hundred miles from New York, on Sunday about noon, and her mails will not arrive here until this, Tuesday, morning. And jet, we are credibly informed that they reached Boston, from the 6teamship, fifteen minutes previous to the departure of the New Haven train yesterday, and no measures were taken to forward them to their respective destinations. To us the delay has been a matter of much inconvenience?to merchants it has not only been an annoyance, for it leaves them but a short time to receive and reply to their correspondence, but a positive detiimeat. Instead of being enabled to place belore our readers, this morning, a full account of the foreign news, and our copious correspondence from all parts of Europe; we can but give them a meagre synopsis, and even the telegraphic summary of foreign news which we publish to-day, had to be opened in Boston and transmitted to us over the wires. This is really very annoying, and we hope we shall not be called U]>on ( to record another insiance of the kind. The mails, however, will, with good luck, ar- ( rive to-dny, and with them our foreign files and letters from the continent. We shall endeavor to ^ publish us much as possible of both, to-morrow, ^ as well as some in the afternoon ed.tions of the f Ihrald to-day. | > Adjournment of Congress. a The first session of the thirtieth Congress of t the I'nifed States adjourned, sine die, pursuant to f resolution, yesterday at twelve o'clock, for which c act ofineicy we are duly thankful. t The session just passed has been of longer dura- 1 tion than any that has been held in this country t since the formation of our government. Through?*'. i the first part of it, Washington was extremely dull, e For a long time there was nothing to disturb the t gei oral rnnut which prevailed, but the ratification t of the treaty concluded by Nicholas P. Trist, on t his own hook, in the freest, easiest, and most in- i < dej>erident manner possible, and for which nierito- I t rious act. he returned a orisoner to the 1'nited r States. Ry and by, the members became excited j on the question of extending slavery to the newly acquired territories of New Mexico and California, as well as to Oregon ; which, after a long and exciting discussion, as regards the two first named regions, ended in an abortion, in every point of view. Rut if Congress was dull in the commencement, and lagged a little in the middle, the members made up lor lost time towards the conclusion. The last few days ol the session made amends, in excitement, for the languor of the first part. Our readers will find in to-day's Herald the concluding scenes of the session, which we received by telegraph and mail last evening, and which are deeply and painfully interesting. Among the last acts which received the sanction of the representatives of the people, was the House bill, extending teiritorial jurisdiction over Oregon, and containing a provision excluding for ever the institution of slavery therein. No sooner had this bill passed, than the Senate confirmed the nomination of General Shields as Governor of Oregon, and that of the President's nominees for the offices of Secretary and Judges. During the last day's proceedings, an episode of a rather disagreeable nature occurred, and which, notwithstanding the report that the parties concerned in it are to meet in deadly combat, we hope will go no further. It appears, ironi our report of the affair in our columns to-day, that it difficulty occurred between Senators lien ton and Butler, in relation to something which ap|?eared in the Neu> York Herald, and that, in consequence of the language used by Mr. Benton on the occasion, he was challenged by Mr. Bull r of South Carolina. Now this is an extremely silly termination of the matter. Noone disputes the courage or gallantry of either of the honorable gentlemen ; but if they rescrt to that relic of barbaiibiii, tiie code of duelling, to settle a difficulty wfiirh we have no doubt a few words on boih sides, uttered in a fair hiuI honorable manner, would set at rest, we certainly think that there will be ground on which to dispute their iiossession of common sense. We hope and trust that a little culm reflection will have ilir efi'^ct to convince belli ol tlie Honorable Senator* ot the lolly of resorting to extremities in this ease. , Our reports ol the proceeding* contain Mr. 1 Webeter's speech on the Oregon bill, and a pretty lull sketch of the debates in the Senate on that 1 subject, together with a daguerreotype view < 1 the proceedings ol the session of twenty-three hours on Saturday and Sunday morning last, being the longest sitting that ever wns held. From Mkxkxi Dinner.?The 17. S. steamer Massachusetts, Capt. Wood, arrived last night, in a passage of 18 days, fVom Vera Crux. Capt. W. states that the city of Vera ( niz, the forts, snd cas tie were transferred to the Mexican authorities on the 1st instant. The Massachusetts has on hoard three companies of the 1st regiment of artillery, under command of Capt. John 4. Hathaway, in all 238, embracing non-commissioned officers and privates. I-ist of names of the officers will be found under the passenger head, in another column. Cuba and Canada.?These two places seem to be connected in some mysterious way with each other, and with the United .States. As soon M ' 1 the word Cuba is mentioned, or the attention is ^ directed towards it, the mind turns immediately ^ to Canada. Thus, it is, Cuba and Canada?Canadu and Cuba, and ultimately, Canada, Cuba, and , the United States. i It is not unnatural that such a connection should < exist between these three countries, nor that their ] ultimate annexation to, or absorption by the < United States should is* looked for, as a matter of certainty, at tome ;>eriod of tune, remote or near. Although Canada does not present any great inducements to us, yet it appears our destiny, as well as hers, that she should, hereafter, lorni part of ? this great republic. She is owned hy a distant government; the majority of her inhabitants cordially detest the mother power, und show a spirit of restlessness and discontent, which may sooner than most |>eople are aware of, break out in revolution anil independence. There has been a great change in the opinions of even the upper Canadians within a few years. The loyal subjects of the crown, who hitherto sneered at and affected to de- , opise me uiuieu oiaies, now admire 11?us power, 1 strength and energy, and begin to discuss the ques- 1 tion, whether or not annexation to the United ] States would be judicious. The newspaper press, 1 too, are less loyal, and prate less about Queen, 1 Lords, and Commons, than they did, and above 1 all, the intercourse, social and commercial, be- , tween the two countries has wonderfully increas- 1 eJ of late years. The effect of this is, the dissipa- ' tion of the prejudice which they inherited from i England, and the animosity which, towards th? ' United States, was instilled into them on the other ] side of the water. The fruits of this state of things j will be developed before many years. In relation to Cuba, our information from that quarter is exceedingly unsatisfactory and i contradictory. The island has evidently been j ripe for revolution for sometime past, but i whether or mt some overt and determined attempt has been made to shake off the the ] Spanish yoke, we sannot learn. A rieid cen 1 sort-hip is exercised over the press, and it is in ] vain that we look over our files for a contradic- ( tion or a confirmation of the various rumors that < are floating in relation to the outbreak against the 1 government in Havana. Whether sucn a crisis | has actually arrived there or not, we therefore 1 cannot tell; but it is evident to the most careless < observer, that matters cannot mueh longer remain \ in a quiescent state there. Many of the most influential residents, planters and merchants, are avowedly in favor of annexation to the United States, and seem to count with certainty on the time when their island will be annexed to this country. The wonder is that that island has so ( long remained in possession of Spain. Situated at so great a distance from the parent government, rich and fertile as she is, and that government so ( weak and imbecile, it is certainly strange that it ' has not long before this achieved its inde(>endence, and ridded itself of the burdens which are 1 imposed upon it. The elements of revolution and < separation, however, are at work. The final shock ' that will sever its connection with Spain, may j be delayed a week, a month, or a year; but it is ?i morally certain that the day is not very distant ] { when the inhabitants of Cuba will treat Spain as i we treat Great Britain?in peace, friends?in war? I 1 enemies. Thus it is,Cuba, Canada, and the United States. | The subject of a union of the three is now daily ! speculated upon. Ere long it will be a reality. The Barnhvrners and the Vote of New | York?Since the adjournment of the Free Soil Convention at Buffalo, there is much speculation indulged in as to the way in which New York will vote at the next election for President and Vice President. Our own opinion, based on figures, compiled with much care and exactness is, that General Taylor will carry the State by a considerable majority over the candidates of the barnburn- k :rs and old hunkers. J| It will be recollected, that it was in the year 11 1847 that the barnburners of this State left the camp if the old hunkers, and dissolved partnership with pi hem. At that election, the number of democratic ^ otes was one hundred and forty thousand, while t the presidential election of 1844, it amounted to 11 w.? hundred and thirty-seven thousand. The dif- tl erence between these two sums may be said to ; onstitute the strength of the barnburners in the gl lection of 1847. Since that time, this new party I ins gained many converts and adherents from ^ he whigs, as well as from the abolitionists, and > L ilthough we have no means of ascertaining the j g xact addition from these sources, we think it safe j v o estimate it at thirty thousand. This will give I ? he barnburners a force of one hundred and twen- | V y-seven thousand, and the old hunkers a force of ? >ne hundred and forty thousand. The strength of : he whigs, after deducting fifteen thousand aB an 8 8timate of those of that party who have joined H he barnburners, will be two hundred and seven- i s een thousand, which is a majority of seventy- J j,. even thousand over the old hunkers, and of ninety j (' housand over the barnburners. ^ This, we think, is a tolerably accurate estimate ni it the vote that will be cast in this State on the t( eventh of November next; and if this should be gi he result, General Taylor will secure the State L nost triumphantly. Even leaving a margin of ten n, housand either way, and the result will be the ti ame. The State of New York may, therefore, ^ te set down as all right for Old Zack next No- < ember ^ Railway Accidents?Arsvaa andRocheiter Rail- ml ioad ?On Saturday night last, as one of our reporters ran returning from the Buffalo Convention, one of the at ail* of the Auburn and Rochester Railroad, which from el ontinual friction was almost reduced to scrap iron, tarted from its place, about ten miles on this side of tl lochester. and the snake's head, as it is commonly " ermed, ran into the rack of the engine. The engine ras consequently thrown off the line, and several feet if rail, writh a few of the sleepers, were torn up by It in U course, with great violence It happened most for- t( unattly. that the part of the line where this occurred ras a dead level, for bad it been otherwise?bad there WU, IUI IIIPWV0. au riiiunuivuiruv (.ijrrv, Pimitir Ml 0j bore a lew miles further on, ths most dreadful catas- I pi rophe must have happened. In all probability, ersry & >assrnger would hare met with a premature death. As \ J|. t was, the passengers, particularly tbe ladles, were tl brown into a ptateof great excitement; but no person 'I sas injured; and with the exception of ibe annoyance n >i lbe uelay of four hours, iu tbe middle of the night, '> ypored to tbe moisture and dew of a forest atmosphere, w tery one felt rejoiced at the escape they had. There j ft sbs, l-.owe?er. a universal burst of Indignation pourwd ' w ut upon the heads of the directors, in consequence of ibe inefficient slate of the road, nail the remissness ai which ihey hud shown In repairing it. This feeling b was considerably incressed. when it was ascertained A I hat another accident bad occurred on the aawie linn, I ' an tbe same stternoon. occasioned by the jornnl of nn ; ixle. in another car. baring broken. The wheel whteh " ass thus let loose, ran up through the bottoms of sereml ei tars tearing them to piecesin Its course, and dreadfully 3 lareiating the foot end anele of one of ^be passengers. P No language, howerer. could describe the general con- ft sternation and affright when it became known that on the eastern train, which came up shortly afterwards, one of tbe carriages slso went off tbe line, thus making, ' In the spare often hours, three accidents, any one of tf vhirb might liarf wciMi'tifd the (lentil of number a of p people. Many of the paaeenger* felt reluctant to pro- p ce?o further, and had there been any place to repair i| to except the foreat, which aklrted both aide* of the j r< ad, there can be no doubt but aeveral would not i again bare run the rlak of endangering their Uvea on tbla line. It la bnt juatlce. however, to the proprletora, " to tay that they are at preaent aubetltutlng what la called the T rail for the flat one. at preaent laid down. d But thia ought to hare been done long aince. The ri pieaent rail waa laid down, we tinderatand, In l&flf, I and it Ibat be ?, no one need wonder that accident! a muft occur upon it, conaidering the grinding it haa ,] aince received from the immenae paaaenger and good! ? tikffir conatantiy running upon it, aa well aa ita com- , oai alive inferiority in point ot aafety. It lathe great " high way to the far Weat, and the tranrtt. not only for J the produce of that quarter, but for the lakea and looa- v litlia through which It rnna. It ia the more aurprlaing, a therefore, that the directora of auch a flouriahing concern ahould have permitted thia line to become ao Inefficient; fora final) annual appropriation of their great >' pri flta would accompliah all that la neceeaary. In tha r mean time, we can aaaure them that it will be long are * they win back the public eonfldanea; and If the pre- B rent aerap-lron rain and rotten aleepere are permitted d to remain to endanger the public aafety. it muetand 4 ought to operate very aanafbly upon their dividend* The trials Meftliif at VauxKall Garden. AeesrdlDg to aotioo previously given, a meeting of be friends of Ireland was held at Vauxhall Garden, art evening. It was a tremendous gathering ; and, if >he same enthusiasm which exhibited itself there pretails in the Emerald Island, and if all the promises made by the orators at Vauxhall are fulfilled, there need be no apprehension conoerning the ultimate result of the present struggle in Ireland. The meeting *as called for 8 o'clock, but long before that time the large hall in which the meetings are held was densely crowded. At a quarter past 8 the meeting was organised by appointing Mr Charles O'Conor, Chairman, and Mess is Kichurd Emmet, Charles Shea, Charles Davles, and F. Met arty, Secretaries. On taking the chair, Mr O'Co.ior mailt) a fair happy remark* upuu the nature of the business which called the meeting together, and then proceeded to read a list of contribution!) whioh bad been handed in eince the laqf meeting The amoult of cash thus reported ami unteil to about $4,000. An amount m^re than equal to thin watt collected during the evening, ao that the fundi) in the hand* of the directory are increased more than $8 000 since the last meeting took place. Among the contributions of last evening was one of $600 irom Bishop Hughes, who accompanied his donation with a speech The sit sons of Robert Ummet gave $26 each. The amount of $1,500 was received Irom Philadelphia, through the hands of Robert Tyler. The HI be anion Benevolent Society sent $500, and the H. B. C" ttocMaj $500 more, and tne balance was made up of cttnt*flfctioriH varying in aniuunt Irom $300 to half a (lime. As these different returns were read, they were received with tremendous cheering by the assembled crowd. As Mr. O'Conor read the names iif the six sons of Robert Rmmet. he remarked, " They tiave a pike a piece, and, the proper time and place affording an opportunity, they would no doubt do good lervice." The remark was hailed with shouts of ap[ilaute. A U.S. soldier was observed among the au11*.net* whn mhilo Ih. r.... Ul,,r Iho liftmen of contributors was going on, and, addressing the chairman and secretaries, said, *' My friends, 1 bare no money, but if you want me, d?d if I don't 1? ' Mr. John MrKnosbeing called for, came forward ind addressed the meeting in a short, but pertinent ipeech. He alluded to the recent news from Ireland, tud drew conclusions from the ideas suggested by the probability of en actual outbreak there. He spoke of ihe rewards offered for Smith O'Brien and Meagher, and in relation to their being out of the way, he said : 1 Don't believe that these men are sekulking. [Cheers.] rbey will be forthcoming when they are wanted." The following resolutions were offered, and passed unanimously :? Kesolved, That each of Die States be requested to noiniiiite an lonorary corresponding int mber, to confer with and aid the directory in this city, and to l? considered llie representative of lire directors in their respective States. Heroism, pursusnt to the nomination of the friends of (reland in Philhaelnhia, Tnat Robert Tyler. Esq., be honorary oarresponding member of the directory for the whole ot Pennsylvania. The following appeal was also read :? Phii.mis or Ireland! Now on Never ! 'J he hlow is struck; thecontest is now waging: it is now ten lays old. Smith O'Brien, dewiinced as a traitor, with a price '?t vpon bis capture, maintains an unequal war on the heights if Laliirmuyie; Duhcuey Is at Slievenamoue ; 0*Gormtn ia raising Limerick; liillun and Maher are st niggling for Watcrford. W liy ileeps the Irish blood in America.' Pieoious hours are king wasted; precious blood is flowing. The dying call for vengeance?the living hope of Ireland implore your aid. Lot us promptly answer the call. Awake to instnnt action ! Ask no picsuone, but rtinitfunds at once to Robert Kmmrtt, our '1'reaurtr. 'ini t to our seal, determination, and prudence, and iitit' cry ou tor Ireland shall lie disappointed. Rom:rt Emmkt, JamkkU' . White, Cham.i s O'Conor, Miciiaki. T. O'Connor, lion Acs: Grfju.ey, Thomas Haves, FeI.IX iNGOI.DSUY, RA RTl[OLIIMKW 0'CoNOOR, Directory of tlie Friend* of Ireland. New York, August 14, 1*48. While the meeting won going on in the hall there ?ere tome thousands who could not get inside the ioois, and they formed a meeting outside, having for ifflcete R Emmet Doyle, Chairman ; Richard Walsh ind Andrew Fallon, Secretaries. This meeting was iddresstd by Horace Greeley, Andrew Fallon, Eugene ['asserly, and Col. Brophy. and Mike Walsh, besides luite a number of amateur orators. At this stand nearly $200 were collected in small sums. There was a third stand, at which Edward McKlratb, m-sldtd, and J F. Casserly acted as Secretary. Stirring appeals were made to all, to induce them to sontrihute. To use the language of one of the shakers, 'If it were only ten cents, to buy the steel that would loint a pike, that might find its way to some bloody iritish bosom." This was the spirit of many of the leclainations. Many were ready, they said, to voluneer to-morrow, if the necessity should occur, and go o Ireland, for the sake of aiding in the extinguishr.ent of English rule on Irish soil. Besides the usual node of raising money at the table, a new mode was esorted to, via.:?that of passing round the hat, and t was successful to a great extent. After Mr. McKkon bad concluded his remarks in he saloon, the talking wan suspended for a time, and be work of subscription was vigorously prosecuted. The meeting was next addressed by Mr. Baai:a, who tss followed by The Right Rev. Dr. Hugiies,inaneloquentandpowrful address. In the course of his remarks, he was apturously applauded; and his beautiful appeal on w-nalf of Ireland, in the present hour of her difficulty icd peril, was eminently worthy of the divine and he philanthropist. At the conclusion of Bishop lughes' remarks, John McKeo.v, Esq., District Attorney, proposed be following resolution:? Res<lvtd, That we recognize ia Plus 1'th, the great leader of lie regenerating spirit ia Europe: and, that our thanks are endrally due to cur illustrious and venerated fellow citizen, the i*ht Rev. Bishop Hughes, for acting upoa the great example t heft re him by the Sovereign Pontiff: and giving countenance > that spirit in America, which sympathizes in the distreis of relsnd. Carried by acclamation. The supscription of Bishop Hughes, handed in exPCFfrlV to uhllV 1. (ihipld '' and ?hi<*h nmnnnfaH tr\ I ">00. wu received with the mogt vehement applause, hich lasted for several minute*. Mr. O'Brien, of Boeton, next addressed the meet'P Mr. Mookf.v next was loudly called for, and got upon le itand. He Raid the pre** of Britain endeavor* to epreeiate the number or the patriot*. He would read he rrturn of the rebel*, in the ten counties whiehthe overnment had proclaimed as rebel* Counlirt Ptpnlation. ork (county and city) 700.000 ippirary 350.000 imerick (county and city) 350,000 lare 200(000 ilkenny (county and oity) 280.000 I'sterford (county and city) 350,000 iDgs 200,000 leath 250,000 Ceetmeath 300.000 'ublln (county and city) 400,000 Total population 3,380 000 upposehalf of these are male* 1.690,000 lalf of these are from 16 to 45 845,000 ubtrast for the supposed enemie* of Ireland 145 000 ighting men in ten counties 700.000 Tremendous cheering ) Mr Mooney, after a happy lowing up of the straits to which the British governlent are redueed. when they patade in the press, the lovements of a few companies of soldier* from place > place, s?id he had proposed to a few or his Duntrymen in this over crowded city to form an emirstion society for Canada ! (Vehement cheering.) et them come to blm In the Sbakspeare Hotel, at the gn of the u Irish pike." (Cheers and laughter ) Each lan must have some money of his own; soma tan or venty dollars; to give earnest in the new farms, .heering ) The Canada Company and the British anada. and they might a* well get ready quickly. ;ries of " we're ready ! we're going with you ! I'll go. nd I too .") Tremendous excitement here prevailed mong the erowd. About >7.000 dollars were collected, nd the various frienda of Ireland are determined to trry on the agitation, until Ireland ia fully and aubantially free. The crowded state of the hall laat rening, kept aeveral outside who were neceaaarily bilged to attend the branch meeting* The Iriah. and lends of Ireland, who are many and influential in i**e United States, seem fully determined to carry >c war into Africa, and to attack the Kngllsh go rement in every vulnerable quarter. The meeting adurned about eleven o'clock. The Steamship America will leave this port, i-morrow noon, for Halifax and Liverpool. Police Intelligence. Taken from a Hovtt of Ill-fame-Captain Magne*, r the 6th ward police, arrested, yesterday, two very retty young girie, about 16 years of age, whom the ofeera found in a house of prostitution kept by harlotte Brown, in Church street. Both these iris, w* understand, are from Troy. One called her>:f Susan tiraham. and the name of the other iaCathan* Ccokfure. The parents of the latter have been in iuch trouble In consequence of her running away, ofctra having been sent from Troy in search or her hereabouts. Justice Lothrop. on seeing their youthil appearance, committed them both to prison, In rder that their friends might be notified Grand l.arctny?A fellow called John Carter, w a treated yeat rday on a charge of stealing a set cf doule carriage harness, valued at >iJ5, belonging to Mr. .rrhi-r. residing at West Farms Justice McCrath >cked him up for a further bearing. Car*/*** />? i < itig Jobn Clark, driver of a stage on be empire Line, was arrested yesterday on a charge of srelessly driving over a small Dutch girl about 10 tars of age, severely bruising, or breaking, the lower art of ber Up. The charge will be further invcstiga>d to-day. FrorrAQE of F.\< torikk.?The Newburyport fcrald states that the .lames Mill in that town will ike advantage ol the depression ol business at the resent tune, and stop lor a while, in order to r?air their machinery. The H<rald also remarks, ist "More than eight hundred hands have been inharg'd from the mills, under the agency of one ouse oT lioston. within the last fortnight, owing [i the impossibility of selling the goods on hand, r raising money to continue the manufacture." ^he factories, very generally, are suspending opeations, in whole or in part. The Middlesex, at Lowell, only rnns a tjuaiter part of the machinery: t Andover, some mills have stopped entirely, and he Sail*bury Company have stopoed hall their rorks ; and the I'errv Cotton Mill, at Newport, he Lewiston Falls Woollen Mills, the .Sabbattsllle Flannel Factory, and the woollen mills at Vare and Clapvi lie, nave likewise stopped, or are bout to stop, work. The COOtb anniversary of the ceremony of laying th? nundation stone of the Cathedral of Cologne, is to be elrbrated with extraordinary pomp on tne 14t:i, l&th nd 10th of August Inst., when the newly constructed ortions of the edifice will be consecrated. The Archukc John and the King of Prusela are expected, and here is a report of the Pope coming to assist on the ? ration. If?I ? llll ? III ? I 11W??? ???T Theatrical and Musical. Bo?> i> Theater.?The very crowded state o( our columns prevents our saying more of this house than that the same elegant bill of " Cinderella," the " Magic Flute," and " Nix the Cabman," will again be produced this evening 8ignora Cioeoa. Miss Taylor, Mrs. Phillips, and Mr G W Smith, will all appear tonight, presenting a great array of talent. Nino's Astoh Place.?The increasing popularity of this fashionable soene of rational entertainment, the interior comforts of the establishment, and the array of talent necessary to constitute all the requisites for the enjoyment of a retreat from the cares of busy life, have contributed to perpetuate the enterprising spirit of Niblo. Last night, the " Merry Wives of Windsor." where the amorous Knight was. to the letter, illustrated in Haokett, with the accomplished Vandenholf as Ford, and in which Miss Rose Telbin bore her portion of comio excellence, was performed, and. in conjunction with the other stock talent, performed with critical correctness. The pressure of foreign matter limits a more extended review of the host of talent engaged at this magnificent establishment. BrHTon's Theatre ?The new extravaganxa of "Valentine and Orson" was received last evening with great applause It is a laughable affair, full of local allusions and jokes. Miss Sinclair makes a beautiful Valentine, and frougham a funny Orson. Tonight it will be repeated. The entertainments for this evening are very varied, and we hope the house will be well filled, as it is John Dunn's benefit. National Theatre.?The opening evening at this house, last night, wan a perfect triumph : the bouse was crowded in every part, and the performances went off admirably. J. R. Scott performed Richelieu, one of his best parts. To-night, four amusing pieces will be produced, for which we refer to our list of amusements. Castle Garden.?The concerts, a la Afuisrd, given nightly at this beautiful summer retreat, are, we are glail to perceive, drawing large assemblages. The orchestra. un der the direction of Mr. Chubb, play some of the most beautiful Instrumental pieces.from various operas, and many ef Strauss's most admired walties. Wednesday evening, Mr. Holland receives his complimentary benefit. Besides the dramatio performances, there will be a splendid ball, which, no doubt, will attract a great crowd. Mr. Holland deserves a bumper, and we hope to see it realized to morrow evening. Barney Williams.?This celebrated representative cf Irish character, is engaged at Albany, and opens there on Thursday evening next. Campbell's Minstrels sing this evening at the Society Library, and will continue there throughout the week. They are a most popular and talented band. Luster from Mexico. [From the N. O. Delta. Aug. 0th.] The U. S. steamship Alabama. Capt. Baker, arrived here yesterday from VeraCrut, the 1st Instant, having on board a large number of passengers, among whom was our gallant fellow citizen, Gen. Persifer F. Smith, late Governor of that city. Vera Cruz, with the eastle of San Juan de Ulloa, was delivered up to the Mexican authorities, with the customary formalities, on the 1st instant, at 0 a. m. Salutes were exchanged on the final lowering of our flag and the hoisting of that of Mexico, and thus terminates now friendly territory of the republic. By this| arrival we have received El Monitor Rtpublicano, from the capital, to the 27th ult. inclusive, and El Jlrco bis. of Vera Cms, of the let inat. The Late Inbchrection.?Paredes is still at large, | although it seems almost Impossible for him to escape. We find in the Monitor of the 25th ult.. the offloial despatches of Gen. Bustainente, announcing his success, the occupation of Guanajuato, the flight of Paredes, and the pacification of that part of the country. After the rapture of Jarauta, the rebels were panicstricken, and offered no further resistance. The total j loss of the government troops, in the last operations, ! amounted to only three killed and eight wounded It was by mere chance that Jarauta was identified ; Col. Carrasco, who made him prisoner, did not know his person, but, fortunately, a native of the besieged city recognised and denounced him. He begged hard for bis life; and, in an interview with Gen. Minon, told the latter that his (M.'s) uncle was a prisoner in ; the bands of Paredes, and would suffer the same if he were shot. Minon replied that be knew it well, still ; nothing could be done for him. After Jarauta's capture. Bustamente addressed Paredes, summoning him to lay down his arms, and submit to the government; but the latter declined, alleging his honor, and that no security was offered for his and his followers' lives. It I is related, that notwithstanding this ostentatious display, his heart failed him; and. although Negrete and the rest wished to continue the struggle, he made off secretly, accompanied by three or four confidential friends. When this fact became known, there was a ' general flight; and Bustamente entered the city, without firing another shot. The most vigorous measures have been taken for the ureet of Paredes and his adherents. Circulars have been despatched by the secretaries for the home and war departments, to the governors and commandersin-chiet of the States, calling on them to be on the alert, and in the event of any of the late insurgents being taken , that they be brought before a court martial and punished (i<hot. no doubt.) within twentyfour hours. The Monitor of the 2(>th announces that late the preceding night a despatch had been received from Guanajuato informing the government that twenty officers of the insurgents had been captured and shot. AouaImsalikktkb ?This is the only place besides j Guanajuato that was in the interest of the insurgents. : Supposing Paredee bad fled thither, a portion of Busta- j men tee army marched in pursuit, which so alarmed ' the Governor that he also took to flight. Chamber ok Deputies?This body commenced its sittings at the capital on the 22d uit A hill had been introduced by Senor Paino, outlawing all who may | hereafter take up arms against the constituted autho- | rities. This is in opposition to the bill, by Senor Na- i varro, abolishing capital punishment. Disaffection of the Battalion or Sam Patricio. A plot in which these worthies had been engaged, with their notorious commander Kiley. had been providentially nipped in the bud. It had been arranged that they should seize the President and the Ministers, and initiate another nronunciamtnto. Before their measures were ripe, Riley and some of his subordinates were seized and all wus frostated. The battalion was sent out of the city to Guadalnupe, where they mutinied; and the Commandant General of the capitol marched with four pieces of artillery, to reduce them to order. The mutineers fired on them, but were dispersed. '25 or 50 remaining prisoners in the Commandant's hands, who was pursuing the fugitives. The Uorrfr Uocjuk Miranda.?This miscreant, who was condemned to death for murder, he., has been saved by the interposition of the third chamber of the Supreme Court. All ranks of people in the capital had been utterly disgusted by this ill-timed clemency. The Germans, French, and other foreigners, serving in the National (juard, intend to renounce this occupation, since the highest legal tribunal thus sanctifies robbery, murder, he. The President has acted nobly on the occasion, and through the Minister of Justice peremptorily calls on the Supreme Court to furnish the government, within three days, the reasons on which they founded their judgment, in screening the criminal from the last punishment of the law. A subscription has been set on foot to present a testimonial ot approbation to the judge. Senor G. de la Pena. who condemned him. Tobacco Monofoi.y.?The State of Puebla has petitioned the government to open the tobacco trade to the public. On the other hand, the authorities, lt: is raid, have made a contract with Senor Ktcaudon, ior Km iiTnlnaiva fhornln Thf. Evacuation.?El Jlrco Iris, of the lit Inst., contains an order, published by the Mexican authorities. directing all the shops in Vera Crux to be closed, and business to be suspended, on the occasion of tha re-occupation, by the National Guard, of the city and fortress, and the hoisting of the Mexican flag. All who contravene the order irere to be fined, or otherwise punished. Sitrxmk Tribunal ok War.?By an order of the Government, all those members who did not follow the army to Queretaro, are to be excluded from seats in the Supreme Tribunal of War. Mr. Clifford.?El Monitor statos that Mr. Clifford visited the Supreme ?:ourt of Justice on the 23d ult., and was received with every mark of attention by the judges. Mikes in Texas.?We have received specimens of ores procured from the neighborhood of San Saba and an old mine on the Nueces. According to the Mexican traditions these mines were formerly worked by the Spaniards for silver; but no silver is contained in either of the specimens we have received. They are chiefly iron ore, and some of them contain bright particles of yellow mica, whish probably induced those who procured them to believe that they contained gold or silver. We have been informed by e gentleman who visited the mine on the Nueces that there is a shaft at this place sunk over sixty feet through a compact limestone, and there are relics of old furnaces and some mining tools near the shaft, indicating that many persons were once employed in working this mine; but whether I he excavations were made merely to discover a vein of precious ore, or to procure ore from a vein that had been discovered, seems quite doubtful. Certain it Is. that no specimens that have been yet found at the mine indicate that It contains any ore of silver or gold. It Is not improbable that the excavations were made to search for a silver mine. It is well known that the Spanish miners were so ignorant of geology that they often made extensive excavations to tearch for gold and silver in rocks that were as destitute of these metals as the forest trves that overshadowed them. If tha mines on the Kan Saba and Nueces had ever yielded any considerable quantity of the precious metals, some account of them would Lave been fountl in the old reoords of Bexar or the Presidio of Rio Grande. These records, however, we understand, do not furnish any evidence that valuable silver mines were ever worked on the San Saba or Nuecee. The missions established on the San Saba and at Kort del Altar on the Nueces, appear to have been formed rather as frontier posts, to cheek the incursions of Indians, or to form a part of the chain of milltarv posts connecting the Snanish possessions east of the Sabino with those west of the l(in(>rande. It is a lingular fact, that a Una of old dilapidated forte. or missionary stations. ean bo traced quite across th? country, from the I'ruldlo do Rio (irande to the Trinity. Tha remains of an old fort were discovered on the Trinity, far above tha present site of Dallaa. about four yean ago. by a party of our troopi, who were out on an excursion against the Indians. Shortly after tbie fort was discovered, a num ber of persona traversed the country for miles around it, in search of mines; but their searoh was fruitless; and such, we fear, will l>e the searoh tf those who are endeavoring to And valuable silver or gold mines on the San Saba and Nueces. There are, doubtless, very rich and valuable veins of lead ore In those sections, quite similar to the lead ores of Missouri and Illinois; but it Is very doubtful whether any valuable mine of silver or gold will ever be found In any portion of the country watered by the Nueces, Colorado. Craaos, or Trinity. In the country watered by the Puerca, and the tributaries of the Rio (Irande above the mouth of the Puereo -where flbe primitive rooks abound, we may reasonably expect that valuable gold and silver mines may be found.? 1/euefeti (Tease) Ttltgrnpk. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Hummary. By telegraph from Washington we have, at last, the closing proceedings of Congress, which concluded its session at 12 o'clock, M., yesterday. Cur correspondent has furnished an interesting sketch, commencing with the exciting incidents in the proceedings of the Senate on Saturday night and Sunday morning, and continued through the sitting of Monday forenoon. It will be seen that the bill providing for the government of the Territory of Oregon has become a law, with the ordinance of 1787, (embracing the principle of the Wilmot Proviso)j attached, notwithstanding the extraordinary efforts ofSouthern Senators and Representatives in opposition. General Shields has been appointed Governor of the Territory; and Messrs. Turney of Illinois, Brant of Indiana, and Burnett of Oregon, Territorial Judges. The controversy in the Senate between Col. Benton and Mr. Butler of South Carolina?arising from Mr. Butler's motion to go into Execu> t ve Session lor the purpose of inquiring into the manner in which certain proceedings ot the Senate in secret session (on the nomination ot Gen. Kearny) were made public?hud.itseems well nigh resulted in a hostile meeting of the honorable Senators outside the walls of the capitol. Our correspondent states that a challenge was sent to Col. B. by the hands of Messrs. Mangum and Foote; but that serious consequences were happily averted by the interference of the civil authorities?all the parties being held to bail to keep the peace. Full particulars of this difficulty will be found below. Further election returns, and sundry other interesting items of news, will nlso be found annexed. TBS CL03INQ SCZSXtfUS OF THIS First Session of the Thirtieth Congress* The sitting of the Senate, beginning at ten o'clook on Saturday, and continuing till near ten o'clock Sunday morning, watt the most extraordinory, and' perhaps, the most important since the adoption of the constitution. Except during the morning hour and the time occupied by Messrs. Webster and Reverdy Johnson, when our associate relieved us, your reporter was the witness the whole time, and wide awake. We have sent a rapidly written report by mail, which is full of interest. Mr. Webster made his speech between 0 and 10 o'cloek, P. M. ; Mr. Johnson, of Ga., followed; then Mr. Foote ; and then General Houston, in defence of his position in supporting, as a last alternative, the Wilmot proviso for Oregon. General Houston took occasion to pay a high eulogium to Honry Clay, as the great pacificator; and so eloquently did he speak, that the gallery gave him a round of three cheers. This was at 12, Saturday night, when Mr. Turney moved to adjourn, and that the hour be entered on the journal. The motion was rejected* The South were determined to fight the proviso to the death. If they could defeat Benton, they would the North. The motion to recede and pass the House bill was his motion. He planted himself upon that position. 1 Mr. Butler, referring to a nublication of a matter of secret session, to whiefe it appeared the 8enator from Missouri was a party, moved an executive session. Mr. Bheese raised a point of order. Mt. Beebian sustained the motion for an executive session. A debate ensued on the motion, involving the honor of Mr. Benton, in the course of it, Mr. B. said, and repeated several times, that any man who would charge him with dishonorable conduct would get the lie ; " ho wonld get the lie in his throat, sir. and he would have to swallow It." [Loud cries of order! order!" all around.] Mr. Bi tier, as we thought, made a movement to Mr. Benton, but was stopped. He afterwards explained that he was wholly responsible for his motion. There was no confederacy in it, and he still believed that the case required an executive session. After some time, the motion for an cxeoutive session was declared by the Chair to be out of order. Mr. M ason appealed from this decision, but the Chair was sustained by the Senate. Mr. Footk then appealed to the Senator of Missouri to withdraw his motion to recede from the amendment to the Oregon bill, so that a new committee of conference with the House might be had. Mr. Benton repudiated the idea of receding. He was ready to sit there from this time, one o'clock Sunday morning, till twelve o'clock Monday morning. Mr. Foote then undertook to talk down time, and continued for a long time speaking about anything in the world except the bill. He was also relieved in long explanation by Mr. Westcott and Mr. Atchison ; but ne was nnaiiy ruled out of order and compelled to take bin eeat. With frequent motion? to adjourn, the night paused through; and in the morning, Mr. Yuleegave notice that the South had agreed to let the rote be taken.? Then it was that Mr Calhoun. Mr. Butler, Mr^ Mangum, Mr. Koote, and Mr. Downs, delivered their funeral orations of the Union. To hear them, a stranger would have concluded that Washington elty had already been sacked and pillaged by the abolitionists, and that the Mississippi had commenced running up stream. The vote was taken, and, with the 8outhera votes of Benton and Houston, the Oregon bill, as passed by the House, was agreed to by the Senate?29 to 25. It being now half past nine o'clock,Sunday morning' the Senate adjourned. A detailed report of the proceedings of Saturday night and Sunday morning will be found undef the head of " Intelligence by the Mails." session of monday. The Senate met at 9 A. M. Amotion by Mr. Miller, to suspend the rules to let the Oregon bill go to the President, was taken up. Mr. Turney objected, and proceeded to make a speech. Mr. Webster called to order. The question was debated by Messrs. Calhoun and Tricir.v, who thought it proper to defeat the bill by talking down thesossien. Mr. WretTicn and Mr. Bsnton fought for the bill. Mr. Rl?k appealed, that, ae the South had dona everything in their power to defeat this Wllmot proviso, they should give way and let the rules be ausponded, because the army bill, the poat route, and forty other bills, were yet to go to the President, a* well as the Oregon bill. It was moved to amend Mr. Miller's resolution, so as to suspend the rules In reference to all bills on hand. Mr. Calhoun objected. Just at this moment, the very resolution wanted came in from the lionse. Mr Bvnton?We hava It now, sir. I move to lay down the Senate resolution and take up that of the House. Agreed to. and the resolution was carried tri. nmphantly, suspending t' rules upon all bills that had not been sent to the 1'rest ent The President was in the capitol waiting for them. After some other business, a message was received from the President; and, on motion, the Senate went into executive session at quarter before 18o'clock. When they came out, the long session of the 90th Congress was at an end. It was immediately announeed that the Oregon bill, with the proviso, was a law of the land?that Oen. Shields was Governor?that Messrs. Turney, of Illinois, Brant, of Indiana, and Blirrolf nt flrmtrnn ?ra ill (ires fee ' Ami tk?t All Ihs other DiTPRmrj federal office# were appointed and continued. ((.nick work. Mr. WiirtoTT, In the debate on Sunday morning, raid the President would sign the bill, but It wae hard to reconcile the Idea with the fear* of Southern Senator* that It muKt dissolve the Union. We are glad to learn to-day, that the Union li (till allre. The greateat confusion prevailed in the Honee thin morning. The various motion* made by none of the member*, *eemed to be with a view to waate time, la order that the Oregon bill might not become a law. A rnle which permitted bill* to be pre*ented to the President on the la*t day of the *e*alon, however, wa* suspended, to which tha Senate subsequently agreed, and the bill wa* signed shortly after by the President, who wa* in the Secretary's room. A message wae sent Into the House a few minutes mb**(iU*ntly, bat which w** not read, In eonseqoenea of gentlemen Insisting on|1he ayea and naye* on tha

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