Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 17, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 17, 1848 Page 1
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' I , T II HO. 5186. (II li l illti:il.\ BESTITCHES. Our l''reiicli t'?rre?pr>ii<lenee. r.utis, July 27, 1818. Reflections upon the Attach of Thiers upon the Government. The socialists will willingly forgive Genera' Cavaignac for the numbers of them which he has slain behind the barricades, and his punishmen1 of the living, as well us his denunciations of tlieir doctrines in the name of the government and the Assembly, tor the bold and direct manner in which lie demolished Thiers yesterday, in the Assembly. In a former letter 1 hare given tlm facts and the debate itself, and will now add that this is the first de" monstratiou of an attack from that quarter upon General C. M. Thiers wanted to go into the cabinet of the general, but wisely, in the present state of the public sentiment. General C- judged it to be inexpedient; and since that time there have been severa' attempts to force Thiers' friends into the cabinetBut General Cavaignac has declined to identify his administration with that of Louis I'hilippe's, so i far as these appointments would liavu a tendency to do. He has avoided both extremes, and appointed able and powerful men to his ministry. Thiers has formed a club, which is very strong in number and tulents; and he has been gaining very fast In power und influence in the Assembly. His paper, the Constitulinnnel, threatened'the administration in case it persisted in refusing to make some such appointments as they demanded?said if the present ministry was selected from considerations of the peculiar fitness of individuals, which they were not j disposed to deny, they would not feel injured ; but that their lrienus could not be longer treated with neglect with impunity. Thiers' is the first assault ? | fatal, indeed, for the assailant Such mutters alloct men here very differently from our people. All such cases are looked upon as mortal encounters?a duel, where one of the parties full Jules Kavre. following the developement of the two prosecuting officers in the casu of Lewis Bltinc, killed the Minister of Justice and the old F.xecutive so dead that one resigned the next day. and the others were driven out by a unanimous vote a few days after. In one encounter, he thrust them through and through. M. Thiers is a great man?a great tactician?has been thus far very useful?generally his positions have been excellent, and he has done the country great service. For a few weeks ho hold no office, and therefore is not in a position to be drawn into resignation; but yet, General C.. iu his defence against an attack so wanton, so unparliamentary, so wanting in respect to thogovernment. and the other committee, has dealt him mortal blows?for the present, at least. The practice has required the government to prepare the projects of the laws, and to submit them to the Assembly, who refer tbem to a committee, before whom the government and all other persons are heard, and then me committee manes its report, wnen i nters, merefore. denounced the project of a law submitted to another committee, he committed a great indignity upon the government,the Assembly, and the other committee, besides being charged with agreeing to strike out the objectionable matter, by a member of his own committee, before he made his report. I now consider the Wench republic more firmly scatI ed in power, and capable ot making more resistance, I than any government in Kurope?that of England and 1 Russia not excepted. The republic has passed the ' crisis which both of those governments have sooner or i later to go through. The continent is in favor of republics. France has explored the channel which has [ led her to a safe harbor. Her government at this moI ment is infinitely stronger than at any moment since the inauguration of Louis Philippe. It has conquered both monarchy and anarchy?is now based upon the [ will of the people?the laws triumphant?the regimo severe?the order perfect throughout the country? , and powerful men are at the head of the administration. an! confidence restored. OBSERVKK. I Paris, July 27, 1848. jit tack of Thiers upon the Government?Its Consci/uences, fyc. I Yesterday was a day of thrillinp interest in the chamber of the National Assembly, produced by the report of M. Thiers upon the proposition of M. Proudhon, to seize one-third of the means of all men in France, to be divided equally between the State and the poor. This report was received with unlimited approbation, and was terribly severe upon the proposition ; and had M. Thiers limit ?U AJUUBVU iu \uo buujouv irgiumoicij unuio iud v.uiu- . ixiittce, of which he was the organ, his triumph would j have been complete; but he stepped aside, to attack a measure of the government, submitted to another , committee for their consideration, and which had, al that time, the subject under their consideration. A member of the committee of which M. Thiers was the organ, rose to this point, and stated, that in committee he pointed out the impropriety to M. Thiers, and that he agreed to strike out the whole matter. This Thiers denied, and said he only agreed to change one word. This produced assertion and denial raiterated, which was proceeding, wlienOen. Cavaignac rose and i said. '' That the Assembly would comprehend, that it , is with hesitation, and not without regret, that he toek any part in the incident: but as President of the Counoil, be thougiit he ought to say something | 1 upon the passage of the report, whieh expressed an opinion contrary to a law, ine consideration of which was not before the Committee of Finances. It is possible that I have not yet sufficient experience of parliamentary proprieties; but it appears to me to be inconvenient. that a committee should give an opinion, in advance, upon the project of a law submitted to another committee, for their examination; and, in my position, it appears to me to be my duty to protest against this species of reprobation, with which a project of the government has been struck, with out any discussion. I agree end give adhesion to the report of M. Thiers upon the subject matter submitted [ t? him. and to his reprobation of certain doctrines ; but I regret that, when he was upon so good ground, he should have thought it necessary to attack, in the jam esevere reprobation, a project of the governmentM. Thiers replied, that he thonght it was the right of the committee to express an opinion, and that in doing so. they had not been contrary to proprieties. The K'ukmdest shiu. inn ne was iree irom saying that the Hon. M. Thiers had b?en wanting in proprieties. On the contrary, he spoke of his inexperience. It belonged rather to the President than to 1 the poet to give lessons ; but he yet thought it to be his dnty to point out the unpopularity of a report upon the project of a government submitted to another communion, who had no part in this report ? This would be to provoke a discussion upon a question ffbioh had not been sufficiently considered ; but for bis report generally, he thankod M. Thiers, in the name of the government and the country entire : but he had felt it to be his duty to point out what appeared to him to be irregular. The approbation of the Assembly was most decided, and the agitation ro great, that the President of the Assembly adjourned the session for the excitement to abate. Thiers will be as severely punished for this (tideway attack upon Oen. C., as was Lamartine for his sldeway attacks upon I.nuis Napoleon. Jealousy and envy lies at the bottom of both. This is the first check which Thiers has experienced, In his progress to power, In the Assembly, He mistook the strength of the ('resident in debate, as well as in tho field, where he was as signally overthrown as were the insurgents behind the barricades. Both were wrong, and no one knew it better than M. Thiers. The Assembly were terriblv severe upon him. by their expressions OBSERVER. 1'aris, July 27, 1W8. The Monty Market. '1 he general tendency of the market was to h lull for some days after my last report. This was, in some measure, produced by the unfavorable , position of our financial affairs, and by the fear 1 .i . i _i ?1. inai II liirgc HHIUUIH Ul mutu nxuiu ire uiivnn wu the market by the conversion of the treasury bons, and the delivery of stock to the depositors of the savings' banks. The necessity of a new loan was universally felt to place our financial situation on anything like a solid basts: nnd the various projects for this purpose that under the ministry of M. Duclerc could only bare been and weru received with distrust and incredulity, and which, under the direction of any 'ess eaperienced person than tho present minister of finance, would have been admitted with considerable hesitation, were, on its being understood at the Bourse that M. (ioudohaux intended to propose a loan, again the subject of conversation. So many difficulties lay ' in the way of the adoption of any one of them, that it was generally supposed that he would altogether abandon the plans of his predecessor; and. accordingly, the reports that lie was about to prepare a new loan and adopt an entirely different system of finance, were received at the Bourse with much favor, and the universal feeling of the market was. that, proposed on sound principles, a loan could easily beeffected These reports were prevalent on Saturday; but It was little exported that M. Uoudohaux hail maturtMl hi* plana, and was about, on that very day. to apply to the Assembly to authorize a loan In all hia operation* dnee he haa been in office, he ha* adopted an admirable plnn to prevent jobbing : he keep* hi* intention* profoundly secret until be goes to the Aaaembly. and then demand* the immediate passage of hi* uieaaurea. Thl* wo* preoisely the course he took on Saturday. He went down to the Assembly and demanded a loan of Jt'i-.OOO.OOO, to be negotiated In the fi per cent*, but at a rnte to be flxed on a futtire day; thus shutting out all speculation at the llourso; and he proposed to continue the taxes on salt and potable liquors, which had been remitted l?y the provisional government: and thus be prr poM'd to provide for ei|iialtllng the income and , \pi nil.lore :o isl'i and pinvliliu- tor the present ncctis'i .art tin state. Thl* pr position va? very favn| rab'y ri cplvcd at the Bonne, but etiil the cocret. a? to i (lu? ink e* ai'K?UiUou the loan, vh kept, and It m I E NE MORNING I not uutil after the Bourse of Mouday, that M Ooud- I cbitux declared that he nronosed to fix it at 75 25. A decree to thin eff'ot wan published in the Vonitriir of Tun day by which the treaty for the loan of 250.0u0.000, which wbh contracted before the revolution of February. on which, on the happening of that event, the subscribers did not continue to make payment of the investments, wan declared void; but an inducement was in this decree held out to the subscribersofthe former lapse loan to take the loan now proposed, by allowing them to pay up purl of their subscriptions to the new loan, in the event of their subscribing to it. iu the certificates or receipts for their payments actually made on the former loan, and which amount to 10 per cent., thus affording them an advantage to that amouut on taking the new lean. This has brought into the market these certificates or receipts, which have since been selling at prices commencing with 1500 francs, since beiDg done at 0500 and yesterday quoted, at the closing. at 42u0. These certificates will not. received in part payment after the 12th August. The Munittur of Tuesday contained a notice, that all subscribers to the new loan, who should be desirous of paying up the whole of their instalments at once, should be at liberty so to do. and should at oucu receive the stocks subscribed for. This has occasioned a considerable fall in all securities ; since from the large amount of unemployed capital. It is supposed large amounts of stock will be paid for in full, aud to some considerable extent brought on the market.? Fives fell yest^day. 2.50 leaving off at 70; and Three's 1.75, closing at 45 25. One cause assigned for this fall, whs. that sales of stock had been made to a large 'amount, oy parlies desirous of subscribing to the new loan, and thus providing themselves with funds. The 11*oh of P rance 1mssubscribed for twenty-live millions, being the same amount it took in the old loan. Bank of Krunce shares are at 1020 francs. Its situation is a little improved, having, to a small amount, increased its stock of bullion ; but the protested bills held by it and the lately fused branches, amount still to a very formidable sum Treasury bous are at 18 per cent, discount. Railways are generally firm, but there is little doing in them. I subjoin a statement of the prices of the funds for the last week :? Three Five Hunk Teens'y lier cent*, percent*, khiirc*. bun*. July 21 48 ? 77 60 1658 ? 17 16% disc. 22 18 ? 77 ? 1650 ? 16% 17 " 2 4 46 25 77 26 1600 ? 17 16 " 25 .. 47 ? 76 50 1(570 ? 17 ? " 26 45 25 73 ? 1620 ? 18 ? " 27 48 75 73 ? 1660 ? ? ? Our Uciman Correspondence. Sti'ttoakt, July 24, 1848. The New Government of Germany. Our new " Keichsverweser," ( he executive of the provisional government.) Archduke John, of Austria, has at length, after a vast deal of trouble, and by the aid of the indefatigable president of the National Parliament, von Gagern, succeeded in drumming up a sort of a cabinet for the future go vernment of the glorious German empire?glorious, indeed, if we are to take the word of the Roichsverweser or his minister* for it. And oh, how glorious ! I (your humble correspondent) am a German by birth, and 1 take pride in acknowledging that 1 belong to the nation that once produced a Hermann, the Cherusker who beat back the invading Romans from the German soil, after they had conquered all the world ; that pi educed a Goethe, a Schiller?glowing patriots and apostles of liberty?who trembled not to preclaim the rights of man to the tyrants on the throne ; but my pride is fast being humbled, in reviewing the events of the last few months. Just emerged from a universal revolution, whose offspring the pajliament is. this body creates for the government of the "glorious'' and " unanimous'' German empire, an executive ofltcer, entirely independent and irresponsible, not only of the " sovereign" people, but also of the " sovereign" National Assembly, thus giving us "sovereignty" with a vengeunce ; more, indeed, than the people bargained for. We are now much better off than before the outbreak of the troubles i i March, (one can hardly call them a revolution now;) then we bud but one sovereign master, the bundeslai;. of happy memory ; but out tf its ashes have arisen two, equally sovereign, thus eclipsing the fabled pbu-nix. whose remains can but produce one new hir<l at h.??t How these two sovereign machines will work together the future must show ; one thing, however, is certain, viz . we are to be blessed with quite an original set of cabinet ministers. Archduke John seemed to have been in a great quandary, wben appointing bis ministers. C'amphkUi-en, the ex-minister of Prussia, was his first choice, and he nominated him as president of the cabinet. '1 his < ntnphausen. whose inability, (I hud nearly said imbecility.) whose wavering state o( mind and want of erergy had compelled him to resign his seat in the Prussian cabinet; this man, who was rejected for his want of talents and deoisive action in emergencies by the inferior State, was to become the leading member of the cabinet of the glorious empire ! Fortunately, however, (but 1 suppose very delriinen tally to the " glory" of the government,) the appointed minister vas either too timid to accept the oflice, or too conscientious in regard to the interests of the people, to force himself into their service ; he declined the profferi d honor?a new cause of trouble to the illustrious Archduke. He mustered the whole list of public names that occurred to him?Beckeratb, Mathy, Duckwitz, Hergenbabn, Wydunbrugk?none of these would do ; 1 weighty objections to each and all of them, rendered 1 them unavailable. At last, after President von CJagem 1 put his shoulder to the wheel, the laboring mountain 1 brought forth the beautiful (not a mouse, but some- 1 thing very similar) triumvirate?Schiaerling, lleckscht rand. Pewker. Sohroerltng is an Austrian, and was little known, even by his countrymen (you Amerieans are. perhaps, not aware that we have thirty-two or thirty-four different nationalities, and each one calls only tho citizens of his own State, though it contain but (10,000 inhabitants, his countrymen), until he was appointed President of the old Bundestag The astonishment of the people will not be small, when they are told that this Schmerling was appointed Minister of the lute hi* appointment was made known to him, alter gen- 1 teelly'pulling out a nice white pocket kerchief, and dc- i I ositing therein, with Rome audible ceremony, some- 1 thing which mupt be nearly related to hie brain, that I he would Racriflce himself wholly for the full and per- < feet liberty; that pelf-denial, and sacrifice in the strug- i gle for liberty, bare always been his aim, and would ever be his sole object. Liwrty. full liberty. Order, < perfect order. Only by means of liberty and order, the German nation may be made happy. Well, this is certainly true. It only depends upon what he considers liberty and order. Over the guard-houses and ; police prisons of Louis Philippe the device ' Liberie, , Ordre Puhliijur," was painted In great letters. Froba- ' bly Mr. Schmerling will favor the German people with I like liberty," and with similar ' public order." The second member of the cabinet is Hekscber.from Hamburg. He was a member of the celebrated " Committee of Kitty." and belonged to the extreme right; but in the National Parliament, being embittered by the memorial of Lcpel, in the Bundestag, he. at first, took sides with the left, until the vote upon the provisional central power, and the base and unmanly means he made use of to defeat the measures of the opposition in the Parliament, showed him in his true colors again. The Deutiche Reichtzeitung contains the following humorous sketch of this gentleman:? " llecksher is in favor of the untramelled sovereignty of the people, but?he will not act without the sanction pf the princes; he wishes unanimity in the National Parliament, but?he does all in his power to createidissension and defeat a conciliation in regard to the vote upon the central power, and his amendments were calculated to diffuse feelings of the severest animosity; he wishes to vindicate the honor and glory of the German nation, but?he disputes the right of the Germans to Scbleswig, and its union with Holstein is not sanctioned by him; he is a German, but?he is also a citisen of Hamburg. Hockscher is a republican in prinoiple, but?he is in favor of constitutional monarchy; he wishes the central power to emanate solely from the National Parliament, but?he demands that the princes nominate the Reichsverweser. In short, Heckscher has all sorts of principles, hut he alwavs carries out the contraries of them " It excited general astonishment when the President of the Parliament appointed this man. who had thrown a tire-brand into the peaceful Assembly at Frankfort, by hie violent and ur measured attaok upon the righta of the minoriry, and by a refusal to yield to the majority himself, to the committee that was to apprise his Highness the Archduke John of his election to the office of Reichsverweser. But this astonishment was greatly increased when it was known that he was appointed cabinet minister, probably to repay the services rendered the State in giving a glowing account Of the many dishes and plates, the meats and wines, the white-clad virgins and smiling matrons, the tiring of cannons and ringing of bells, and other utanifestations of joy, with which the committee was greeted on their way to Vienna. This was, indeed, thought sur prilling; but our agt> seems to bo tho age of impossibilities. Minister Heckscher will probably give us an administration of justice in principle, but?the old police system in reality. Mr I'ewker, the third minister. is, up yet, rery little known and. conpei|uently, little Is paid of him Thepe are all the minipterp that his Highness the Archduke RelchPTerweper could drum up; the balance of the cabinet will be completed on hip return from Vienna. Where hie Highness's presence was necessary, to open the Austrian Reichstag, being, de facto, the Kmperor of Austria, as a substitute of hip Imperial Highness (I believe it is necessary to say Majesty) Kmperor Francis, who is not quite well just now It remains to be seen how far these gentlemen will carry out the principles of the revolution; a fair specimen of their future conduct, however, is the circumstanoe that in Stuttgart. Heidelberg, and numerous other places, the deinocialic clubs, formed under the solemnly warranted ' tight c f meeting" and right of free discussion, intmi dlately alter the revolution, have been dissolved by royal edicts, without meeting with any aid or protection from the cabinet ministers. This violent, antidemocratic. not to say anil republican (the Idea of n republic growing out of ft:e late disturbances, has conic to be quite ridiculous) measure, Is thus sanctionid hy the Itelrh verweser and his cabinet, who were appointed by the ' sovereign" NutionalJPsrliaineiit. to guard and protect the newly gained " rights," the undisputed " sovereignty," of the people ! Wo live, indeed, ia a glorlou time and in a glorious country. Liberty of speech, and the right of association, are coolly ..uppri. J by the pf'-tj' governments; and the prese fettered more eeoure'y than ever Still we are a I W I c 5DITI0N?NEW YOR] ' free, sovereign, and independent'' people ! And the " sovereign '' representatives of this free people seem to be quite aware of the fact, and exult in the success of their labors One tblng|' nly see roe to be forgotten by the National Parliament and the lleichsverweser with hie cabinet ae well ae by the ruling princes and dynasties, via: the small oiroumstance that a string may be tightened so long that it will break. The lethargy and drowsiness of the German people, prover 01*1 as h is. may on uiMurnm. uua, wnen u is again wakened into itction, the result may be more terrille, and their anger lee* easy to appease. than wan the case on former occasion*. J. * * Our Italian Correspondence., July 20, 184*. The JVar in Italy. Although we have as yet had no decided en. gagement with the Austrian*, some small affairs have occurred, in which the Sardinian army has had its usual brilliant success. One in particular deserves to he mentioned. If you look into any good map, you will see that the River Mincio? flowing out of the Lago di Oarda, passes due south to Muntuu, a little below which it falls into the Po, near a village called Governolo, where it is crossed by a draw-bridge. The Mincio and the Po here form a tongue of land, and, a little above the con. tluence the To is crossed by a bridge, at a place called Borgo Porto. A few days ago, a division of Austrian* marched on Ferrara. and, for 'a moment, rather unceremoniously occupied the town. Charles Albert being informed of this, despatched^General Bava with his division, who crossed the Po to intercept the Austrians ; but on learning that they had taken flight from Kerrara?which they did on the mere announcement of his approach?the Uenural recrossed the Po at Borgo Porte. A sortie had been, meanwhile, made by the Austrian* from Mantua, on the roads leading to the Po. which they were encouraged to do by the absence of General Bava, who, on recronsing the Po, unexpectedly encountered them. A conflict took place on tho left bank of the Po, in the tongue of land formed by the confluence of the Po and the Mincio. The Austrians were driven in precipitate flight from Borgo Porte to Governolo. An attempt to defend the draw-bridge wan iunuf ny me .vusirians i lit' oriuge una mi" village were, however, soon carrieil by the Picdmontese. and the Anstriana were sent (lying in confusion to Mantua. After this, the division of General Bitva resumed its position round Mantua, and that place became completely invested. The following are the details of the aflair. communicated in a letter from head quarters at Murmirolo : ? " hkadquaittkiu of Marmikoi.0, ) "July 19,1K48. $ "I wrote my last under the impression just produced by the excursion of the Auatrians beyond the Po, and fear I led you to believe this event was more important than it really is. I hasten to inform you that, once more, the army of the king, as it always has been since the commencement of hostilities, has gained the day ; and that the arms of Savoy have acquired more lustre than ever in the last combat. However, I will relate the manner in which the things took place. " Having been informed from several quarters, that a column of the enemy, from 0000 to 7000 strong, had passed the Po, and was making the people they met on the road believe they were going to take possession of the forme; duchy of Modenu; the king, after having taken every necessary measure for the operation between Verona and Mantua not to be interrupted, ordered Lieutenant General llava to follow immediately the traces of the enemy, to impede his march, and to force him to an engagement. " As soon as the Austrians heard of our movement, and knew we were marching to meet them, they thought it high time to make a hasty retreat, and by passing through bye-roads, they succeeded in reaching their fortresses; but were compelled to abandon a great part ol tneir baggage on the way. " General Bavn, who. despite the great activity of his march, had merely fallen in with some stragglers on this road, whom he immediately took prisoners, and who bad heard that the enemy had left Kerrara, and that all the positions beyond the Po were occupied for the time, likewise ordered his men to return to their former quarters. When he reached the heights of Governolo, he was apprised that the enemy had just taken up their position therein. Kully convinced that this position wus of the highest importance for us. as it would enable us to complete the investment of Mantua, he resolved upon carrying it Karly in the morniDgof the 18th instant, his corps, composed of the brigade of the queen's infantry, of a regiment of cavalry, of a company of sliarp-sbooters, and of two batteries, most vigorously attacked the enemy, to the cry of ' Long Ttve the kiDg!'' l< Italian iud pendence forever !" The combat was most obstinate; great valor was displayed on both sides; hut at la?t the position of Governolo was carried by our troops, and the Austrians were completely routed.? The fire of our artillery and sharpshooters told seriously on them; the charges of our cavalry were most fortunate ; we have taken 400 prisoners, among whom are a major and several officers; in short, two colors and four cannons were taken from them by the bayonet. We lost but two officers, ami but very few soldiers. The preliminary preparations for the siege of Mantua are continued with great, activity, and as soon as some defensive works are completed, which are about being finished under the cannon of the place and the personal inspection of the king, this fortress is to be surrounded by our troops it is then our offensive operations can be pursued, and not till then ; but be convinced wo shall push them on with the greatest vigor. ' The forts still stand the'r ground at Venice.and by able sorties, the Venetian* have, till now, succeeded in keeeing the enemy at a great distance, and in causing them to suffer great Inns whenever they have attacked us. The defences of the town, commanded by the brave General Tepe. are most formidable, and it is well garrisoned, especially since the arrival of the troops we have just sent thither. >(lnene word, our army is animated with the best spirit; it has carried the day in all the combats It has had to encounter up to the present time ; it is more than ever convinced that Austria has forever lost her old possessions In Italy. Then be convinced. In your turn, that there is not to be found in Italy a Mass of citizens blind enough to imagine that liberty can be grounded upon any other basis than that of Italian independence and nationality, from Mount Cenis to lsonao," Naples, July 17, 1848. Some serious events have occurred here since the date of my last. Immediately on the nrrivul liere of the news of the election of the Duke of fienoa to the crown of Sicily, the king, in a transport of rage, resolved upon collecting all his available forces, for the invasion of that island. 30,000 troops have been recalled from Calabria, where the insurrection has, for the present, been quelled; about 8,000 troops can be spared from here, and there are about 5,000 locked up in the citadel of Messina. This total effective of 38,000, is Intended to make an immediate descent on Sicily, and to land, it is said, at Syracuse. All the steam vessels of every kind in this harbor, are UUW BVWTCIJ piopwi?"IS ?vi vuo k!MUD)iui? VI nir uwnjjn and munitions, and an embargo has been laid on ail the trading vessels, without exception, for the same purpose. The government appears to be in downright earnest in this alTair. As the son of the King of Sardinia is now King of Sicily, it is presumed that King Charles Albert will support him against Naples, and in that event, it is not impossible that Naples would call in the aid of Austria, and thus the germ of a general war would be created. It is expected that the embarkation of the troops will take place on the 20th, so that by the next mair 1 shall have something definite to communicate. Our Spanish Correspondence. * Madrid, July 22,1848. Affair* in Spain. The only event of importance which has occurred here, since the date of my last, is an accident, which has, for the present, deprived the country of the hopes of a direct succession to the throne. The Queen, owing to some personal imprudence, miscarried, a day or two since, at La Granja. The Carlist insurrection in the northern provinces has failed. Our finances are, as usual, in the worst conceivable condition; the Three per Cents having, in a few weeks' fallen from 30 to 20, and appear likely to fall still lower. The diplomatic quarrel with England remains still unarranged; we have no English minister here, nor any minister of ours at London. War, however, as yet has not ensued, nor, indeed, is it feared. It is not impossible, nevertheless, that Lord Palmerston, may make a peremptory demand for the payment of our debt to England, and enforoe it by the presence of some British ships of the line in our harbors Since writing the above, 1 find that the Three s today are quoted at 19',. I subjoin the prioes of funds since the date of my last: ? Hank of 3 per f> per I'as- San PerDate, Cento, Cento, Coupons. aires. <iinon<i. July 17 20.*, 11 7X 4* 70 IN 20 5-16 11 7K 4'* 74 1 9 20 10 ? 4 70 2 0 20 10'* ? 4 70 M.'.'."'. IP'., 10 7 3', 50 A great number of persons went, on the titli. from Madrid to La (Jrnnja, where the ceremony of kissing the Queen's hand took place, in honor of the birthday of Maria Christina. 'i he most absurd reports have been cirrulstel r- .i live to disturbances having occurred at (Jranjn It was said a conflict had taken place between soldiers of different arms. The fact was most erroneous the greatest tranquillity prevailed at the departure of the last courier and preparations were going forward fjr the appn aching,/(le>. '1 he Minis er of Mercy anil Jl. tica uaa published a circular, addressed to the archbishops bishops, scc'c.-l IRK 1 K, THURSDAY, AUGU a-tical governors. uud presidents of the superior tribunals. requesting them to make known, at as early a period as possible. the most urgent necessities of theii respective churches. The government trusts that the bishops and prelates will endeavor to inculcate, and projiegate among the faithful, a spirit of peace and reconciliation-the natural attribute of their evangelical mission ; and by so doing, they may contribute to the consolidation of tranquillity, and will cement the harmony between church and state. The government, on its side, will take into consideration the establishment of seminaries for the instruction cf the clergy. The bulletins of Vlttoria are favorable to the cause of constitutional order. One of the factions of Na varre hh? been routed by the brigadier Ki|Uilau, in the mountains of \nrin. The faction of Navarre ia now considered as being entirely dispersed ami lost. The Mi ntinioliiilst bauds have suffered such losses on dilferent points, as to be forced to return to France. A company tlie 27th line.and a part of the National Guard of the Aldudea. are on the look out on the mountains of Crepal. ready to receive the fugitives on the frontier ; but the mayor of tbe Aldudes, not considering these forces to be sufficient, sent a courier to St, Jean-Pied-de-Port, to demund a fresh supply of troops ; and in fact a compuuy of grenadiers lias just arrived. Officer* of all ranks arc daily returning to France, who complain that they have been completely deceived relative to the spirit of the inhabitants of Catalonia. They expected to tiuda population ready to rise en matte : and they have met. on all sides, with the most perfect indifference for a cuuse which is alriady considered as lost. No one can discover what has become of Cabrera The Carlist Field Marshal, D. Bias Ilogd, is in the country, ne r the environs of Badajoz. Troops have been despatched to take him The government has decided on not doing anything with respeot to the marriage of the Infanta Dona Josefa. with M. Guell y Rente; and a letter from La < iranja of the 20th announces Hint that gentle ,-aan had visited that place to thank the President of tlio Council, and had subsequently left for \ alladolid. One of the journals adds that his wife had become reconciled to liitn. and that they were to leave for Krance. a passport baling been granted them as "M. and Mine. (Jo ell y Itentc " According to a letter from Valladolid, Don rrancisoo de Paula having been invited by the government to leave the kingdom, had chosen to go to Portugal. Our Austrian Corres poiule lice. Vienna, July 22, 1*4S. Speech of the Arch Duke. The Austrian Diet was opened with the greatest pomp to-day, and the Archduke John, now the guardian of the empire, delivered the following speech:? Charged by His Majesty, our constitutional Emperor, wil'h the opening of the Diet, I come to perform this agreeable duty, and salute you ail fromuiy heart?you, geutlenien. who are called upon to finish the work of the revival of the country. The consolidation of the liberty we have conquered, audjour future well-being, rtquireyour frank and independent co-operation for the establishment of the constitution. All the nationalities of the Austrian monarchy are equally near the heart of llis Majesty, and all interests find a solid basis in the tree fraternization of the nationalities in equality of the rights of all, aud in the close union of (Jerniuny. The heart of His Majesty has been deeply iitllieted. by seeing that the plenitude of all the advan mgra wmcii iiu.ibi iiittuuuuur. """J ?..unui.nciru, ordinal iiy insure, cannot bout once granted. Ilis.Majesty partakes with a lively sympathy in all the sufferings of bis people. As eoucerus Hun.ary and the accessory countries, we are permitted to expect, from the generosity and spirit of justice of the people, a pacific und satisfactory settlement of the questions which remain to be solved. The war in Italy is not directed against the liberties of the people ol that country?its real object is to maintain the honor of the Austrian arms in presence of the Italian powers, reenguizlng their nationality, and to support the most important interests of the State. The benevolent desire to terminate pacifically unhappy dissensions having been without effect, it has become the task of our iirave army to conquer an honorubie peace. (Applause.) The friendly relation.- of Austria witli all tile Other powers have not undergone any cbutige Those with Spain, so long interrupted, are re-established In consequence of financial operations and the concurrence of extrnirdlnary events, the finances of the State are in a condition which require prompt and extraordinary masures. The ministry will present to you the in ccssury laws with full explanations. It is the province of the representatives of the people to deliberate upon the general interests, in which are vested the . surest guianty for the developement of the intellectual and material interests of Austria. Therefore, I gentlemen. Ills Majesty charges me to salute you In his name, as well as the whole natlou. and to give you assuranees of his cordial good will. The Constituent ' Assembly is opened. | Movements of the Cliartlsts and R<-|M-nler*. Koinhukoh ?A meeting of the chartists of Kdinburgh was held on Monday last, on the C'aiton Hill, for the purpose of sympathising in the present condition of Ireland. At eight o'clock there might have been about 600 persons present ; hut before the proceedings terminated the numbers were considerably increased. The chnir wm taken by Mr. Walker, who introduced Mr. S. Macdonald. ah the proposer of the resolution which had to be submitted to the meeting. '1 he resolution was to the effect that the chartists and repealers of Kdinburgh viewed with indignation the ; conduct of government towards Ireland, which, in their opinion, was base, unprincipled, aud cowardly? first, as to the repeated ucts of injustice which the law sustained; seeond. as end. avoring to provoke her into a premature rebellion ; third, on account of the suspension of the habeas corpus act there ; and that they considered the people of Ireland perfectly justified in | resisting, even unto the death, the wrongs which were attempted to be inflicted on her. The speaker remarked, that the present meeting should tiave the ef- I feet of organization, seeing that, without placard or any public announcement whatever, such a numerous meeting had been convened He then hinted, that it wns time to be up and doing, and concluded by saying, that there were 180.000 fighting men in Ireland, and that it was quite impossible for government to put them down if they were united. Mr. Peter Duncan succeeded, and, in seconding the resolution, said that there had been many noble patriots, but none more so than the Illustrious Irishman, John : Mitchel. (Cheers.) The speaker then made a direct j allusion to the late insurrection in Paris, which he i characterised as a laborer's war. The workmen there J had been betrayed by priestcraft andforeign gold,and | France would never be quiet till the rights of labor I were granted. It was the same thing in Ireland, and the sooner the battle began the better Monarchy was tumbling dow n in all all the kingdoms of Kuropc. and republicanism advancing with such giant strides, ard with such irresistible strength, that it was impossible to arrest its progress The chartists of this country must , give something more than sympathy to Ireland ; they must evince their determination to do something. The resolution was then submitted to the meeting, and [ carried with acclamation. Mr. Kankine followed, and strongly recommended organization He said that a irreat many clubs existed in Kdinbumh. and mentioned among others the Gerald Club, the Kmmett Club, the : Faugh a-Ballagh (clear the way) Club, the Muir Club, the Haird and Hardie Club, the Wallace Club, and Washington Club, which already were in operation. The plan to be pursued in them was in accordance with wlat had been resolved in Londe n, to make the clubs consist of 100 men, divided into ten companies each with ill leader, and In that means they would be enI ahled to meet together at an hour's notice. After au j exhortation to order and quietness from the chairman, the meeting quietly separated. [From the Liverpool Journal. July 29 ] Liverpool was, but is no longer, in danger. The vigi1 lance and energy of the Mayor and magistrates hnve provided most effectually for our sa-nrity; and their endeavors have been eagerly seconded by alt the re, spectable and orderly portion of the inhabitants. I Nearly 20.000 special constables have been enrolled. and among them are most of the merchants and ' tradesmen of the town?men having property to defend. and discretion to protect it in the most desirable way. The police have been augmented to 1300 constables; the pensioners are put on permanent duty, and the tents for an encampment of 1000 military at F.verton were rising rapidly yesterday On Tuesday, the first tent was pitched; and during the week the "Ulcers have been busy securing lodgings for their families in the neighborhood. Arms in large quantities have arrived from Chester, and the specials will, of course, ore fer warlike weapon* to a stunted turned piece of rotten wood. The military are further strengthened by artillery and dragoon*, and the whole Cheshire Veomanry Cavalry are instantly available It i* no idle boa?t. therefore, to say that we are *afe?perfectly aerura against any outrage or conspiracy. No one need entertain the shade of a shadow of fear. But, nevertheless. vigilance must not be relaxed, and all honest inen will continue firm in their resolve to preserve the peace. The Army In Ireland. The following is an official return of the armt. with he stations of the regiment* : -First Dragoon (iuards. ( aliif: Sixth Dragoon (iuards. Dundalk; Second Dragoons, Athlone ; Fourth Light Dragoons N abridge; Sixth Ditto, Dublin , Seventh Hussars. Dublin ; F.ighth Hussars. UalUncolllg ; Twelfth 1.oncers. ( ork, Thirteenth Light Dragoous, Longford . Seventeenth Lan< era. Dublin ; Kirst Foot. Second Batalllou, Birr; Second Ditto. Dublin; Third. Belt*-t: Sixth. Second llattalii#i. \ ouglinl Thirteenth. Newry. Twenty-sixth, Cork, Thirty-first. Athlone; Fortieth, tin way Forty first Huttevant; Forty-third, Ti nnlemore; Forty sev.,nth, (lonmel; Forty-eighth. Dublin Forty-titnth, Dublin; Fifty fifth Dublin; Flit) -'in nth. l.nnlskillen, Fifty-ninth. Tomplemore Slxty-foui th, Limerick; Sixty eighth. Mulllngar, Seventieth ( ork, Seventy first' Dnblin. Seventy fo-ffth, Dublin, Seventy - fifth,Dublin, kighty third. Kilkenny, F.lgbty-flftb, Duhlin; Ninety-second, Limerick; the depot* companies of the Seventh l oot, Waterf -rd; Nineteenth.! aatlebar; Thirty fourth. Nenagh, Thirty, eighth itoy'e; Sixty-sixth Kin?ate Seventy third, Birr. Seventy seventh, F'ermoy, Seventy ninth, Mulllngar, Kighty-eighth Tralee; Ninety fifth, Lendoiideiry In addition to the preceding, there are detachment! of Artillery, Pensioners. Sappers and Miners, no., whiok, with thu aimed police, would ^iri' for.-a of about 45.000 men IN 1 ERA ST 17, 1848. 1'lie C.o?? ill tli? Priwrriliiitctol' (lis Km Noll l Convention at IIwII'mIo. IIi'fi ai.o, Thursday niyht, 12 o'clock. The convention re-assembled at M c 'clock, the time to which it had beo.i adjourned, for the purpose of hearing the report of the Conference Committee, which it was expected would be ready about this time. The committee, however, did not make their appearance lor un hour and a half afterwards. In the meantime, Mr Wm. Daw*, of Buffalo, uddressed the assembly, llo said, Mr. Chairman anil Kellow Citizens:?Allow me to state that I had not expected to address this urea1 u?.l nu.mhls This U Hi.. Ilvaf timu II.O 1 " " - - - - have ever hud an opportunity to address such a multitude. and, as a young man, i must feel that diffldonao which always attends a first attempt to address a meeting Hut I trust in the intelligence and the patriotism of the Convention to excuse me if I shall not be able to edify or instruct them. We have adopted a platform, and I trust we are now ready to carry out its glorious principles. What is the meaning of this vast assembly Who of the (.'ass and Taylor factions would dare to say that this is not a Convention worthy of the cliaracte of the American people, and ready to carry out every plan and purpose w hich the welfare of our couutry d?I mantis? We have been loid by ail parties that tills is uot the time for such a Convention as this. And why have we been thus told ? The South wauts a little more plunder, and the obedience for a longer lime of Northern dough-fuces. (That's It? givo 'em Jesse) This is our plan and purpose ? to give such nomi- ' initi o- to the people, as shull enable them to elevate and brighten, and edify the country and the government. (Applause) fellow Citizens this Convention seeks to carry out the great principles of human li- i berty proclaimed by our forefathers. We do not claim the power to abolish slavery in the several States, hut we do cla in the power and the right to say that it shall not be extended one foot further. We demand that the territory received under the jurisdiction of the American government, shall be placed under laws freeto blank ami white, which shall enable our kurilv pioneers to (in forth ami reclaim its soil, anil build up cities and village, and establish schools, which ahull gladdeu the heart ,aud conduce to tho prosperity of the citizens of that territory. (Applause.) Gentlemen, permit me, one moment, to ask every democrat in this assembly,on what grounds are we bound to support the nominees of tho Baltimore Convention! AVhere were New York's rightfully constituted delegates at that time? They were driven from tho Coni volition. Free soil is the spirit, the right and tho pur, pose of the great Umpire State. But we had no representation there, and wo refuse to support those nominations upon the same grounds that the American people refused to pay taxes to the British government, [ j because that people had no representation in the British Parliament. On the other band, why is an old ; fashioned, square sided whig bound to support tho nominees of the Philadelphia Convention? Is it upon the ground that a single whig principle or measure ' was there contended for At a State Convention of , the whigs at lltica, la;t fall, they went for the Wilmot I , proviso out and out. But at the Philade lphia Conven- , tion, convened for the purpose of pluciug before the i , American people exponents of Whig principles, they i , laid that resolution on the table Is that pure, una- y : dulternted, Henry ( lay whiggery!_ [] Is | that old genuine JefTersonian Democracy? [No, no, ] ! no] As we are told by the r emnants of the old demo, j , : cratic party, composed of the Postmasters. Clerks in ! , the Custom I louse, and various other retainers of the j \ government, that wo have forsaken democratic prin- ] , ciples, that we are bolters. Let not the conservatives , talk about bolters, win n they remember the political death of Silas Wrigh;, We are told, on the other : hand to vote for Gen. Taylor, and although a slave | holder, he will sign any bill that Congress may ' j pass limiting or abolishing slavery. But have you any ' J act, word or deed on the part of Gen Taylor, that he J : has ever adopted a single whig principle' That ho * will ever oppose any measure that the South may pro- ' pose? Is there anything in the life or character of ; " Gen. Taylor that entitles him to the support of the j 1 U(p?U "i? pouvipieH ui mis , j (ionvention?free eoil? [Cries of no, no, no ] Well, : tbeD. gentlemne, let us turn u deaf car to all these in- j f sinuations and protestations of our nppoiieuts. and 1 muting together upon the greut principles laid down v ! in our platform?march forward, undismayed?turning , neither to the right hand or to the left?hut keeping , our eye steadily fixed upon the great end which we f have so much at heart, and victory shall crown our el- ' \ forts ?[(treat applause ] [As Mr. Davis closed ids remarks, a man on the plat- j form said. " Well done, good boy Vou did not say : 1 any thing Against ( ass "J ' The Chairman then announced that .Mr. Bird, of Massachusetts, wished to say a few words to the con- 1 J veution. (Cries of Bird .' Bird, spreud yonr wings ! Soar high !) Mr Biro, having ascended the stand, spoke as fol- ' lows:?Gentlemen, J had not intended to make a speech. I am unexpectedly placed in the position ' which I now occupy. 1 ha\o only a few words to say, ' and that upon a point on whicli 1 have been reijuested to speak to this audience. They are matters of fact. . An effort is now making by the Taylor papers to prove | : tbat John (Juincy Adams spoke approvingly of the ex- ' ; pected nomination of (>en. Taylor?(I-ouder-jec can't j bear you)- and it was thought best to state a fbw facts J in relation to this matter, that they might reach the ' ' sooner all portions of the I'nion. than they would by I * the means which arc now being taken to place theui j 1 before the people of this country. No man. who knew 1 Mr. Adams, can suppose for one moment, that he could * ever have wished for the nomination of Gen. Taylor. 11 unless it should have been with a view to the accom- D plishmtyit of the very purpose which it lias brought *" about It may be that that far-seeing man anticipated. T in the first place, the nomination of Gen. Taylor, and. || as a consequence of that nomination, the breaking up . , of both of the old parties, and the bringing about this union of good men and true, of all political parties, which we see hi re to-day. It may be that .Mr. j" Adams spoke as the gentlemen, who says he did? 1 for tbey are men of honor?in such a manner that J his words ran be twisted into un approval of the j * support of Gen. Taylor. But there are men in Mas- i } pachusettfl who knew John Quincy Adams intimately, ; and they feel and know that he never would have ap- | P proved if the election of Gen. Taylor to the prexidenry J. of the 1' nited States. (, no.) The last 1 meeting that (he ' old man eloquent" ever attended, : " wan a meeting of ' conscience whig*.'' in Boaton, held ' I at the office of his only son. And he approved of the j ." ground taken by them. And it is known that the elder Adams approved moat cordially the oppoaition which ? Ins son has headed for the laxt six yeara. against the slave power. It ia hard, my friends, to prove a nega- * I tive. but those who knew Mr. Adams intimately, can ? not believe that that man who hid been battling for seventeen yeara against the alave power?oannot believe that he could, wilder any circumatancea, approve M of the nomination of a man who. if elected, will do " more than any other living, to aid the encroachments " of fliis power. I have nothing farther to say upon this ? point. I only wish to assure our friends here, that the ' facts in relation to this matter will be put right, and that whatever posthumous aid the Taylorites may ex- 8 pectto get from Mr. Adams they will be disappointed. (Applause) The audience here called loudly for Mr. Adams, but he begged to be excused, inasmuch as he 1 felt so exhausted by the labors of the day, that he bad ' no more voice left than would be necessary to perform ! the duties of his station. But he would introduce to the audience a gentleman from Ohio, who bad made 8 himself known to the country by his course In the 8 House of Kepresentatives upon the slave ijuestion, who might, indeed, be almost considered the father of the 8 Wilmot proviso. He would introduce to them Mr. r Brinekerhoof. . Mr Bhism kkhiiooi came forward amidst great cheering, and in a voice, every tone of which ? i rang 11k a bell, raid :?I am not a very promising subject (Ha ha , But I will make you one promiae, and that In. that I will bo brief. (Oh. no, giro us agood i speech ) So that, in cane I should be tedious. your 1 tortures will not be protracted. (Laughter and applause) I will, on another condition, make you another promise, and that to, that you shall be tolerably still?or, as Taddy said, " If you cannot be aisy, be as aisy as you can. ' (Laughter.) And I will make you hear, for I belieye I can do It. (Ha. ha! what a devil ol a voice.) When I was a small boy, and went : to school, I riad the Testament. (' Have you read it ! since," some one cried out). And one of the ques' tions there was " What went ye out into the wilderness to see?" Let me slightly paraphrase the question. and ask you. what come ye up here to see' (To fee Brinckerhoof) A man in soft raiment? (No.) A reed ,-haken by the wind? (No ) To see the mighty up turning of the great deep of public opinion?such as is stirring in the popular mind, such as the annals of this country give no account of To see such a demonstration or public sentiment in favor of free speech and free soil, as will make the advocates of slavery propagandism tremble? If you have, you will see It. V ou will see men by the side of liavld Wilmot, Hannibal llamltn and others under trials that make us sick for a week, but who held on, still having faith like unto a grain of mustard seed, that you, after your noses had been held to the grindstone till they were ground completely off. and the grinding had reached to your eyelids thst you would be aroused to a sense of your responsibility, and come to our aid. And now. thank tiod. you have been aroused, and have come up 10 HIU on in ni" struggle, anu you win, i 4oUDt not, reap tin* fruits of your doings What went ye out Into the wilder new to nee?" What came our enemlei" here to ree' They have prnphecied di< ensions and stril"; they have said that this < envention would be composed of such discordant element* that they could never he united, and they have lieen sneaking i around here, dny after day in the hopes of witnessing the fulfilment i f their prophecies Hut tboy have been I disappointed, and I glory in the torture they e*pe- ' rience under it. [Cheers ] We were not I can now ' speak authoritatively we were not such fools us to 1 quarrel for the erpcrttil gratification of the Presidential bakers. Thomas Ititchie V. Co [Laughter] We wore 1 not so very r.eiir what one of the Presidential candl- I dates would be If a letter of his name were omitted, * i [Ha, ha. liu ] as to full out by the way. We were not j so much dl-pctcd to rejoice the hearts of that pattern j i of all that is spa tilel-llke that prince of blatherskite^ I j f Ore at laughter,] Daniels. Dickinson, of New Vork. 1 I heard a Senator I he i ther day. from a Western State, pretending to represent one of the States blessed by | I the ordinance of 17*7. ill a company i f Southern m?n. 1 ray that he was arhnmed of his native State New i Vork I atn a native of New Vork. Whatever I am I I > owe to hor common schools, the product of her free soil i ' j anil I have never eeeo any thing In hoc to he Mhamed, t ' L D. TWO CENTS. of, except that ehe pave birth to him No, follow citi zen- we have not i|iiarelie<l. Wo will notquarrd for the especial gratification of those men The waters are inovlnir this ureal, multituilo. which no n..~ .... fiiu uuu i, YUlti iur unuotftl > lis*. VUaUgQll'r ) NIow, I have always been under the iinpres?ion ? the illy impression it may be?that democracy consisted not in mem?nor in orgnnizathns? but in principle* If the VVilmot provl*o ifc not democrncy, then Gen Lapp's democracy is entirely new. It 1* very green (Laughter ) For, not longer ago than one year, he aa* loud in hi* complaint* again-t John Davis for 'alklng sgainst time, and thu* preventing hiiu from having an opportunity for voting in it* favor. Lewis Lap* Ma* then no democrat, according to the logic of lip advoeatep. or else lie ha* Mopped over. (Laughter.) -hall I. therefore, turn. I am not made of xuch flexible material Why. the entire North, with the exseption of three vote*, went for that proviso Where ire they now f Gone oil after a mess of political pottage. Let them enjoy it. [It may poison them ] No eur. Nothing will injure them, except an infusion of "lonusty. Give me the joy wtiich arises from the sense if honor maintained, duty discharged, and freedom lefended. [Applause.] One year after that time I leard Gen. ( ass speak In the Senate of the I nlted (tales. He then professed to be in favor of the prindple. but said it was not the time to act upon it liut i short time before, ho thought it was both the time or action and expedient to art. Now I cannot turn rith him I defy Gen Cass to contradict this statelent. If be attempts it, I ran bring the testimony of ine men?every one of them as good as myself?to libelantiate what I have said, f We don't want them your word is sufficient ] lie knows it Is true, and enoe the expression in his letter, ' he thinks there as been a change coroiug on in the public mind, and n his own " [Great laughter [ I would respect Gen. ass's opinions, If 1 thought they were sincere. I repert the sincete opinions of any man. thouxh they sad to change, for I have experiened such myfl elf. But 1 believe that Gen. Lass thinks as I do list the proviso Is both expedient and constitutional believe that he put his hand in his bosom, and took ut his soul and laid it out in view of the devil, for the urpose of receiving a little temporary elevation. Laughter) Let the North repudiate him I believe be South will; and if they do. pffliaps there will be thers getting up parties te burn barns. (Laughter.) At this period of his speech, the honorable gentlelan's voice gave way, and he appeared completely ox ousted ] Gentlemen, I said 1 would be brief. (Go n. we like tlie way you talk ) I cannot go on?my calth is feeble?it has always been feeble, and nothing Ise, and thanking you for your kindness. I will relieve ou. (tireat applause, and three cheers for Hrinckaroff. amid which the honorable gentleman retired.) Mr. J. R. Dooi.itii.i, of Wyoming county, N. V., 'as then loudly nailed for. He came forward, and commenced addressing the assembly, in a very eloquent ni forcible manner but wax cut shnct at the cnm. nencement by th? arrival of the Committee of Conerees. announcing the nominations After considerable delay, the conlerees obtained their eats; when tun SOMIfiTIOSI. Mr. S. I'. Chase, of Ohio, then announced, as chairnan of the Committee of Conferees, that after a full onsideration of the merits of the respective candilates that bad been submitted to them, the convention lad come to the unanimous resolution, without a disenting voire, that Martin Van Buren should be select* d as their candidate for President of the CnitedStates. rhis announcement was received with the most enthuiastic demonstrations. Cheer followed cheer for seveal minutes Mr. Chask then remarked that a letter from Mr. Van luren had been received, requesting that his nam* night not be allowed_to interfere with the aotion of he convention?declaring it to be the greatest conrention that had been held since the Congress of 1787. cheers). Mr. Chase continued?I am further inj tructed by the committee to present another name, as i candidate tor the Vice Presidency?a name honorable, not only for the actions of him who bears it, bat nore honored still by those of the -'old man eloquent,'' lis father. (Tremendous applause.) The convention las anticipated that name. And renders its announcement only a mere form?but a form which must be gone ihrough with. I present, therefore, as a candidate fot the Vice Presidenoy. the name at Charles Francis Adams, of Massachusetts. (Terrible cheering.) What iction will the convention take upon thsse recommendations ? The candidates were then formally put to the meeting. and were adopted with the same rapturous esala Limtiuii Uiab IIHU nircvnu viiv HUHOUnCPIDBni OI lH*ir rirws The tent was tilled to its utmost capacity Ml were cheering, swinging their hats and handker hiefj Scarcely had the report been made, when a land of music marched into tne tent, followed by persons bearing a splendid banner, on which the names if Van Buren and Adams were inscribed Also, at the same time, a beautiful banner appeared en the <tand with the inscription : 00000000<10000000000<100000000000< >0000000000 o o o 'JS and '!*> o o IF.KKEHSON no VAN HI HEN". 0 0 No Compromise O o e oooooooooeooooi >ooooooooeoooooooooooooooooo Mr. CHto:, of Ohio, then discharged the duties if the chair Mr. Nohi.k. of the District of Columbia, then moved that a committee?1 consisting of Benj K. Butler Mr. White and S I'. Chase, be appointed to inform the nominees of this convention of their nomination, and request their acceptance, which was adopted unani mouslv Mr. < liasc remarking tliat in snite af all that tfioir i'licrtilm ooulil do -and of their prediction* if strife and contention, the convention did every thing unanimously Mr. Wii.i.s, on behalf of the rennsylvauia delegation, lion <1 that John Van II ure u. berenuested to wntve ail lersonal considerations of delicacy and Invited to 'tump the State of Pennsylvania We want h.m In Sew I ork lie must stump Ohio they ne" I him in Hisslaidnpl. Let hint stump (he world ") The reeoutlon *>i finally passed inviting Mr Van Buren to 'tump the I'nited Slates generally Mr Winn followed, and mad# aoine remar k Mr OtTirH tiien moved tlie following resolution which was carried unanim I'rwlvrd. That John I* Mali ft New I* . i . ataawNMi-iityaadablltf) aaa"? o. tt? r. ii.v >ti n% CTi?tr Ir ? anj 1 ?tli i nil ? ill wm. . lie iul. n. ?.| s nmlf, |ho?jh already a J 14 umi ...a.*, k.? da* number which drib'* the power of Arithmetic, and *1' tin- power* of tl.r infernal world and John < Calhoun, to boot. | Laughter | cannot *top it. We the first martyrs in (hi* modern Wilmot proviso movement, were the anticipator* of this thing and we rejoice in this compromise of personal and party interests. The pea pie have not hold of it and will carry it on. I mentioned the name of John C. Calhoun I ain no admi rer of him, nor of the Satanic system of political philosophy of which lie is liie exponent. But I do agree with him that the country is in the midst of a crisis - an important a momentous crisis. [Cheers ] And it i-for you tiie people to decide the <|uestlon?the moat Important ever submitted to the deliberations of a free people since our own revolutionary era?whether or nntthe vast acquisitions which we have made upon the shores of tho Pacific?the foundations of mighty empires?the home of unborn millions which have been purchased, and cheaply, too, ley all the blood and treasure which have been expended for tliem?it is for you to decide whether they shall he the theatre of free labor?tiie home of tree mind?of enterprise ? of progressive civilisation?the laud of common schi ols?or whether they shall lie cursed with manacled labor?where enterprise (lies out of itself?where the common school is impossible - where labor is dishonorable.and therefore, unproductive?where the hot and liuruitig feet of the slave scorch its plains and hills, into bartenness. It is for you to decide this momentous question Shall it he decided in favor of freedom-man and humanity, or of slavary, injustice, oppression, villany. (By the crowd, freedom, freedom.) Well, my friends, upon you?you the people?the sovereign people, rests a fearful responsibility. Don't trust to politicians. Vou have trusted them too long already. Trust only yourselves -your own generous instincts?your own sagacious judgment?your own upright intensions uninfluenced by the hope of office. Trust to tbem, and attend to your own interests. Why. what difference dons it make to you who is President.' \ ou do not expect to h? appointed on a foreign mission, or to a seat in the cabinet, or to a clerkship in the post office. It makes no difference to you who ig President, liut it is of vast consequence to vou. individual!v. whether or not. won ?! ? honest vote. Ih it not of importance to you whether you give a vote which nhaU commend iteulf to your consciences, and upon which you nan look hack with satisfaction. not only in life, but in death. Aye, surely , it is. As that rislrg empire on the Pacific is moulded, so will it continue for all coming time. The ImppincFH or misery to be bestowed on the millions yet unborn, is to be decided by the mould into which you now cast their Institution)). Shall wo 10 act as that futnre generations shall rise up and call us blessed, or shall we make ourselves the lit otyecta of their curses, so that they will blush to name ua aa their ancestors ? I heard u remarkon thisstand to- day ?made innocently, no doubt?but being made without reflection, it did injustice to its subject. I heard the name of locofoco used with reproach. Now, gentlemen, i have gloried in that name. Who was tt that tirst gave thai name to any political organization ' ? William I.eggett. of the city of Now Vork ; and I sill ask your chairman if that man ever breathed who idvocated, with more intense zeal, witli more glowing locjuence. and in a style which genius might have toried. the cause of freedom, better than William beg jett ? (" No, no.") It is a fact. Would toGod that he vire alive now I He would be with ua?his voice, callup us to combat the influences of slavery, would be Heard, eloquent as of yore. I glory in the name of democrat?adopting the sentiments of Jefferson, who was :>ne of the most consistent advocates for tree soil iu the great Northwest ; and had he never done anything lse to merit the admiration of future ages, that alone would have rendered him " One of the lew, immortal mime? That were nut horn to die." lefTeraon a ud I.eggett were the apostles of American ibeity, and the tree soil gospel which they preached, s yet pure mid undcfilcd. anil it shall yet triumph, nlhcugh somo of its disciples have proved recreant to heir faitii. What if Judas did hang himself' Did it ffect? has it affected?can it ever affect?the docrines of his great master ? No ' And although the olitical Judases of our day shall hang themselves as dgh as Hainan?(' ha ! ha I")?they can never, for lie moment, retard the onward rush of our great novement. Some of my friends have said. " brinkirhoof, you are no democrat." Why' "Because

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