Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 17, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 17, 1848 Page 2
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TT hap rrtitled hunt If it* lastmg gratitude al UiC r<p^fp| haaiaa rtphte, sad of the treat eause of fnr ik'moervr. After a few word* from Mr Suriio C. Pain-irp, of Mam Mr Dt'Dter Fiklu. of New Vork w?< requested to speak but declined sal ing it wu too late He would a<14 however, in the language of the noh]e?! of Kngllsti feeu "New jp ib. winter of ear discontent. Wade florioop euaueer be the e a of Vork, An' ail the el. ud> that lo.ered upon our in.uae I u the deep hufum of the > o? aa buried " t t'haara) lie would add further, before moving an adjournment, that Aey had that day laid their platform and >h ed their standard and respecting it, he would repeat the words of one of our own poets " r? over that itaudard si ctt, it b? i? breathes the fee. but hi' before 1 s," With freedom's son U'neath our feet. AmI iircdnm ? tanner waving o'er ua." haying this he moved an adjeurnment. which was earned Al d thus terminated the proceedings of this memorable convention NEW YORK HERALD. Somth-VY eat Corner of h'ulton and IVaaaau at a. J d.UhS UOUIXIN UKSMlWr, . ''' DSnDDIPTAC snccui NOTICE TO T1IE WORJ.-D. DAILY HERALD?Three edition* furry day, tu>o cent* per the mornino edYtion udutk buted before breakout; fVjirif EVK.vJ.ND EDITION can be hadot the ncwtboyi at I o'clock; the tecond EVENING M)lTHIS at 3 o'clock. WEEKLY HERALD? Every Saturday, for circulation on the American Continent?6}+ ccuti per copy. %3 VIper annum. Eve rg ilea m p.icket day /or European circulation; t ubtcrtpHon $6 per annum, to include the pott ape. The European edition unit be printed in the French and English language!. ALL EDITIONS to contain newt received ft- the moment of f mat to prett. ADVERTISEMENTS (renewed every morning, andto be pubJuW in the morning and enrning edition*,) at reatonable pricet; to be written in a plain, legible manuer; the proprietor not rttpontihU for error* in manuicrt/A. PRINTING of nil kindt executed beautifully and with despatch. Order received at the Office, corner of Pnlton and Naesauitroets. ALL LETTERS by mail, for tulacriptior:*, or with advertisement*, to be pott paid, or the pottage will be deducted from the money remitted. VOLUNTARY correspondence, containing import ant new, toHrited/rom any quarter of the oarld; if used will be liberally paid for. NO NOTICE taken of anonymov* communications. Whatever i? intended for irurrtwn mutt be authenticated bp the name and addrett of the writer; not nccettarily for publication, buI at a guaranty of hit good faith, li'e cannot return rejected communication* ALL PAYMENTS to be made in advance. AMU-EMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY TUEATKE. Bowery.?-Cinderella?La FlevB UK ( HAMT?C'RIMAUN CaiMKA. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chutiuun fyuiire.?Spectre Bridegroom?Aioitkd Oru.b-Oi.e Bill. VIBLOE A-STOB PLACE.?Ali ine Maui?King and the Comedian?Lost Letter. BURTON's THEATRE, Ch*mber? ? Domjiky and Son?Lvcv Did Shaji-Amour. CASTLE GARDEN, Batteiy,?Mibical Soul ye. SOCIETY LIBRARY, Broadway, corner of Leonard street? Camfkki.i.'s Minmtrei.s?Ethiopia.?: Singing, kc. MELOBEON, Ilowory- Virginia Minstrels?Ethiopian Singing. kc. PANORAMA IIALL, Broadway, near TIonBton.?E-antard'* Panorama or thi Mississippi anh Miasovrl. MINERVA ROOMS, Brosdway.?Panorama or Genfraa Tailor's Mexican Campaign. PANORAMA HALL, corner Broadway and Walker street.? IIarington's Sacred Dioramas or the Creation and Pf look. Now York, I'lmrailay, An^nat 17, 1848, Artunl Circulation of the Herald, a up. 16, Wednesday 21,408 copies The publication of the Morning Edition of the Herald com, menccd yesterday at 10 minutes Kfore 4 o'clock, and finished at 10 mluutca just 7 o'clock; the tint Afternoon Edition commenced at 10 minutes pas; 1 o'claek, and finished at 10 minutes past 2 o'clock; the second at S, and finished at 10 minutes past 3 o'clock. The State of Mexico?The Prospect Ahead. By recent intelligence from Mexico, we learn that the revolution, of which the celebrated Paredes and the notorious Father Jarauta were theorigina fcjrr, iiae utrcii euj?jjir?acu nnu uui muc xubo u? life, as is usual in Mexican revolutions, and that interna! peace prevails in that country at present. Very f?w of our readers, we are confident, will regret the manner in which that graceless scainp, Jarnuta, was punished when he was captured by the government forces under < Teneral Bustamente. A great villain has in his case been removed from the world ; and it is a singular fact, that although clergyman as h? was, or at least had been, even in Catholic Mexico, his death by execution gave universal satisfaction. As much from the recent x ar with that country, as from her contiguity to our own territory, the Mexican republic will be always regarded with interest by the people and press of the United Stat- s. We got into a war with her, as much through the over-weening vanity and folly of her statesmen and generals, as any thing else. We soundly thrarhed her, and have got paid for th expense which her drubbing cost us. The opinion and prejudices of her leading men have been changed by ihe results of the contest; and here after, if thatcountry will but settle down and behave itself, the relations between it and the United States will be of a more intimate and friendly character than they ever have been. Now that the resolution has been effectually suppressed, we hope that Mexican statesmen will devote all their | energy to the resuscitation ot iheir country From internal discord, they are, according to present > appearances, sale; and there is a man ut the head of the government who can, we think, justly lay claim to be more honest and patriotic than any that has ruled the destinies of that country since the first subversion of the government. Herrera has always acted as a patriot. He saw the folly of Mexico engaging in a war with this powerful republic, and sought to avert it, knowing that it could end in nothing but misfortune to his country. His peace counsels, however, did not prevail, and for entertaining them, and showing a desire to prevent hostilities, he was rudely hurled from the Presidential chair. The result of tha* war has shown to the Mexican people the wisdom of his opinions; and now, after the termination of hostilities, we find him again in power. With such a man, Mexico may yet hold up her head among the nations, and cut a more respectable figure in the world than she has done since her independence of If pain was achieved. With the annual payment of five millions of dollars from the T'nited States, and with the revenues of Mexico. Herrera can strengthen his position, and, perhicps, lay the foundation of a permanent and stable government, for years to come, in that country. There can be no doubt that if this be accomplished, foreign enterprise and foreign capital will make its way there, the rich mineral and agricultural resources of the soil will be developed, and where now there is nothing but stagnation, the busy hum of industry will be heatd, and the people will be improved. Such, we would fain have Mexico, and a few yters of such prosperity as would flow from good and permanent government in that country, would iimke it on> of the most favored in the world. Willi our ex|>erience of it. however, and the la- j Hu nt ble spectacle which she haspresi nted for a number of years past, serious doubts mid mis- ! may well be entertained whether she ; Mill ever rire xliovc I , r >r..c..nt lev,.I Iriaeer. i.nil that the more anarchy there may he there. In* more the likelihood of it- being swallowed | til by the 1 nited States of the North. The New sit hieitn Mail Contract.?The j tavorite steamer Southerner, Caption Herry,hoists j ave Iohnson's banner on her next trip to Charles- ' ton. 'J'he contract completed recently by the I'oat ? 'ffic? I lepartment.with the owners of the splendid ste?m-i>?< ketg Northerner and Southerner, takes 'fleet on Saturday next. This is an excellent ar- i langeinetit a- far us it goes and will g<ve us the rreat Southern mail,due on Wednesday, one day earlier. 1 he steamers invariable arrive on Tues- ' day morning, and hut for the miserable quarentine regulations, their at the dock would b< reported from about hi to 12 o'clock each Monday evening. The Steamer Clem knt City, hence, arrived at New'trleans "n 'he morning of the 10th instant, ^ having stopped at Havana. She will not be laid up in September, as was proposed, but will be despatched again on tiie 1st proximo. Sam inu oi mt America.?The Hritish mai' steamerAmeiica,sailed at !2o'clock yesterday, for Halifax and l-ner|>ool. She carried out forty-two passengers for Liverpool and eight for Halifax. Among the latter we notiee the name of Bishop Hughe-, of New < rh 1! r si *< ;c !i*t amounts tc only fl.Wb Pa sty Estimates or th* Presidential Election.?The following table shows the calculations of the respective friends of Gen. Taylor, as the whig candidate lor the Presidency, and those of 1 Gen, Cass, as the democratic candidate for the same. We present these estimates in this form, that it may be seen, at one view, how, or in what manner, reasonable men of each party expect to elect their candidates. 'While, however, the feelings of the democrats are rather those of hope than confidence, the whig friends of Gen. Taylor, apparently, entertain no doubt ot success:? ivmu Calculation. 1H-m. Calculation. Taylor. C-u. Taylor. Cass. Maine 9 .. 9 New Hampshire 6 .. 8 I f'ermant. . ., 6 .. 6 .. If as sue hust Its 12 .. 12 .. Hhodi Island 4 ,. 4 ,, New York 36 .. 36 Pennsylvania 26 .. .. 26 ! New Je) sty 7 .. 7 .. Delaware 3 .. 3 ,, j Maryland 8 8 .. | Virginia 17 .. 17 North Carolina..,. 11 .. .. 11 Si utb Carolina 9 .. 9 ' Geoigia 10 .. . . 10 i Florida 3 .. 3 : Alabama 9 .. 9 ; Louisiana 6 .. .. 6 Texas 4 . . 4 I Mississippi 6 .. 6 , Arkansas 3 . . 3 I Tennessee .,,.,..,13 .. 13 ., , Kentucky.. 12 .. 12 01,to 23 .. . . 23 ! Indiana 12 .. .. 12 j Illinois 9 . . 9 ' Missouri 7 .. 7 Michigan..... 5 .. 5 Iowa 4 .. .. 4 ' Wisconsin 4 .. .. 4 Total 206 84 110 180 The eleven States in italics voted tor Mr. Clay in 1S4-4, giving hint 105 electoral votes; fifteen Stntes, with 170 votes, voted lor Polk ; and four States, viz Florida, Texas. Iowa, and Wisconsin, with 15 electoral votes, have since been admitted into the Union. ! It will be noticed that neither the whigs nor the democrats consider the electoral vote of New York as necessary to elect their respective candtdates ; nor do either of the two national parties i admit the probability ot Van Buren receiving a ' single electoral vote in the Union. As a matter of curiosity, however, we give the following | "Ireesoil" calculation:? The Cincinnati Herald gives the following revised calculation of the result of the next Presidential election :? Free Soil. Cast. Taylor. Massachusetts 12 Mississippi 8 i New Jersey .. 7 , Maine 0 . . j Illinois 0 Delaware .. G New Hampshire 6 I Missouri 7 Maryland .. 8 | Pennsylvania. 28 .. .. Arkansas 3 Nnrth rurnlinn 11 j Rhode Island 4 ! Texas 4 South Carolina .. 9 j Connecticut 6 I Georgia 10 Vermont 6 I Virginia .. 17 New York 36 Alabama .. 9 I Ohio 23 | Florida .. 3 | Indiana 12 .. I Louisiana .. 6 ' Wisconsin 4 Kentucky .. 12 Michigan 6 .. Tennessee .. 13 Iowa 4 163 29 108 The last calculation, the editor of the Iff raid observes. may appear to many too strong for free soil ; yet it was made on due consideration, and by men of | sound judgment, who have no personal interest in the 1 result. The great contest appears to be between Van I Buren and Taylor. Cass is out of the way. Present appearances, however, indicate that the election will 1 go into the House of Representatives. Whs will be chosen there, no one can now predict, with any certainty. There is one gratifying view to take of these estimates, namely, that each of the " three great parties" is satisfied. But the free soilers are the most modest in their calculations. German Correspondence.?It is somewhat singular, that on two or three occasions recently, the foreign correspondence of several of the American papers, dated from Berlin, has been identically the same. < ?ne paper would publish a letter from " its own correspondent" in that place, giving a view; of German j>o!itics, and another one would do the same on that day or the next; and tf happened on each occasion, that the letters of these correspondents were near copies of each other. The readers of the correspondence in question, have, we suppose, remarked the coincidence, and have doubtless wondered at it. A few words will sullice to explain the matter. Three or four parties in Berlin have formed a company, hired an office, which they style the Bureau di Correspondence, and have written specimen letters|to many of the .American papers, with the hope of being engaged permanently by them as their llerlin correspondents. They lithograph their letters, and of course, assail are the same, .i . __ .i:/r. .i.? ...i..... ?..i.i.Di, uirrr is uu umcicuuc vciwcc;ii iiiciti wucu j-uuiioiied in print. We shall not have any tiling to do with this opeation. We prefer employing our own correspondents?gentlemen who write for the Herald exclusively. It is more expensive to Ho so, hut it is more satisfactory. Enlistments ano the Ha he as Corits.?1 reuders cannot have failed to remark the number of discharges that have been made rt cently by our judges, under the habeas corpus, of minors who have enlisted in the naval and military service of the United States. It is but a short time since the United States frigate Cumberland arrived in this port; yet, on every day since she came into our waters, the time and attention of our judges have been occupied in granting discharges under the baby, act, as it is called?the I>arties seeking to be discharged having eniisted while under age. Every one of those recruits costs the I nited States government more or Less, according to the period of time that has elapsed from the enlistment to the discharge. It was only a day or two since that a minor was discharged, whose expense to the government was over one hundred dollars in pay, ration?, and money expended in teaching him music. We cannot but think that there is a laxity in the recruiting service, nnd that the sooner it is corrected the better. We are certain that any recruiting officer, of ordinaay perception, can tell at a glancejwhether a recruit is under age or not, in a majority of instances. Surely it is but seldom that a man of common sagacity cannot pronounce whether an individual is seventean, eighteen, or twenty-one years ot age; and if the recruiting offi- ; cer lihve any scruples on t'ie point, why not authorize him to require proof that the applicant j for enlistment is ot lull age, other than the party's 1 own asseveration to the fact ! We much tear lliat (lie payment ot two dollars, i for each recruit enlisted, is at the bottom of the evil. It it is, it ought to be abolished. fllnrfnc Affairs. A' rhai. o? tmk (iiLtriToit.?Thl? steamer. under command of Capt. Crane arrived last night from New Orleans, having left on the afternoon of the 8th lost. She comes here, as is usual at this season, to be overhauled and repaired The nasrengers held a meetimr on hoar.I 11,. following resolution* were passed: ? (( solved. That in parting with < nptain John R Crane. of the steamer tialveston, we deem it a pleasure and a duty to gitc expression of our opinion of hi* eondtict as ft gentleman and a commander, on the delightful trip whirh i* about terminating During the rapid voyage in the strong, swift, and well formed vi i el undo his eomviand. not a circumstance has ccurred which could elicit the len?t complaint Ample ii< cemuiodatlons. abundant fares attentive offl. i rs and 4< mcstics have combined to make the voyage tie most a<:iee?hle which we have ever enjoyed. (iesoUid. 'J bat the above resolution be communicated to apt. t ranc. and the proceedings of this meeting lie publbhed in the New Vork and Now Orleans papers. Signed. A. MONl'A vyE. Chairman Theatrical and Maalcal. Bewsav Thiatbx.?Vhis bouse wan well filled last aing by a highly respectable audience, who all i evinced much delight at the man tier in which the various performances went oil.' The first piece played, waa the opera of " Cinderella,'' with Miss Taylor as the charming Cinderella herself; Mr. Dnnn as the Prince Dandlni, Mr. Warden; Stevens a? the worthy old Tompolino. These performers all did remarkably well, indeed Mies Taylor's execution of the really difficult music in her part, showed, that beauty of voice in her is also accompanied with a scientific knowledge of music. Seldom, Indeed, has an actress acquired so much popularity, in such a comparatively short space i t time, as Miss T. has; and it is that kind of popularit V which will an it la fnnnHu.l n*i trnm marit I Mrs Phillips and Miss Barber played the parts of the shrewish sisters, with much vivacity and humor ; Stevens' I'onipelino was excellent; Mr. S is certainly a most versatile and excellent actor, and is a most valua- ! ble member of the company, both as actor and stage ! manager. Messrs. Dunn and Warden performed the | partsof the I'rince and Dandini. very cleverly, much more so than we thought they would Altogether, the ( opera went off in excellent style, and every one was well satisfied. The grand drama of ' Nick of the Woods," concluded the performances. This is a very favorite drama, and always well received. To-niglit, " Cinderella" will be repeated with the same cast. After it. the ballet of ' I.a Kleur de Champ" will be produced. and Miss Julia Turnbull and Mr. O. W. Smith will take the principal parts. All the unpleasant feelings which were unfortunately displayed the other evening, on the occasion of these performers' appearance, have subsided. and all will now go '-merry as a marriage bell." The farce of ' Crimson Crimes" will conclude the performances. Xihi.o's Tiicahhk, Astor Tuct.?If the legitimate drama have no resting-place in England, and if opera and ballet be the only drawing attractions all over the continent of Europe, it is some consolation to us to find that poor Sbakspeare. like every other exile, finds a I refuge and a home in glorious America, and may here I laugh to scorn, like every other victim of oppression. 1 the pUDy attempts of his persecutors, and the bad | taste of those who are incapable of appreciating his : beauties. '-The Merry Wives of Windsor" was reI peated here last night, for the?we can scarcely calculate the number of times? and to judge from the array of beauff and fashion which crowded the houso j last night, every successive representation of this I beautiful comedy appears more attractive than the preceding ono. and to he wituessed by a larger and a more fa-hionable audience. Having so frequently expressed our opinion on the relative merits of the performers [ vum^urc vlll'It u 111 I ril If 1*1 l-?Sl <>I IIIIS piece ?l .XIO- I lo's. it is unnecessary to say more than that the come- I ] dy went oil most brilliantly. VondenbofT. HaekeU. and | . Miss R. Telbin. drew down loud and prolonged apI plause. and the subordinate parts were sustained very ! creditably. If. however, we might venture to hint a j fault or hesitate dislike. '' we would suggest the propriety of introducing a greater variety in the performances at this establishment, for it is quite possible to have a surieit of even a ( ood thing ; and the old proverb of " too rnueh of a good thing."' he., Is as applicable to one of Sbakspere's faithful delineations of character and of nature, with regard to the mental appetite, as a continual feast of turtle and Tesison would be to ! , the grosser cravings of our nature. Wo may, howe- | ver. express ouly our own feelings and judgment on I this desire for greater variety, and indeed it would apI pear so. if crowded houses and fashionable audiences he the test by which the matter is to be decided National Thf.atiik ?A numerous and fashionable audience filled this beautiful house last evening. Those who say theatricals are declining, had better visit this establishment once, and satisfy thumselves that here, at least, they are flourishing in full vigor* Last night. Mr. J. R. Scott appeared in his favorite character of Rolla. in the tragedy of '-Pizarro." Mr. , Scott has achieved for himself a name and reputation { as a powerful tragedian, of the most eminent rank Shortly after his return from Kurope, (where his sue- I I cess was great.) he was unfortunately seized with a hoarseness and difficulty about hit voice, which, of 1 course, somewhat detracted from his acting. Heat, however, has completely and permanently restored I him ; and be never acted and spoke better than at the I present time. His performanee of Rolla. tho noble Peruvian, was a most elegant piece of acting, and elicited great applause. We have never seen an audience more universally satisfied, than was that at the National last evening. The other parts were also well ! sustained ; and the other pieces went ofT with much < eclal. To-night, two most laughable farces and an in- 1 teres ting drama will be nlaved. In the Me I Burke. who has already become an immense favorite with the audience, will take the principal parts. Mr. ' Burke is a most excellent comedian; no unknown actor is he ; his long and successful career in New ' York has gained him hundreds and hundreds of friends, and. with his really comical talents.' he will retain the favor of the public as long as he is on the stage. Mr. Scott will also appear as Michael, in the ! ! drama of ' The Adopted Child;" he perforins this I part admirably. The house will doubtless be filled, 1 | when snch an invitiBg bill is set forth. Burton's Theatre.?" Dombey and Son" was perj formed here, with additional strength, laat evening, and with an array of talent which was most judiciously cast, and which made the representation of this po| pular drama highly effective. The house was full, and ' evinced, by frequent applause, a just appreciation of . the admirable manner in which the piece was got out. j Mr. Burton, as Captain Cuttle, displayed the qualities of the jolly tar, with all his bluntness, honesty, benevolence, and originality, so as to draw down repeated bursts of applause. Indeed, he is a host in himself. Mr. Brougham, as Major Joe Bag-took, was lich in the extreme, and kept the house convulsed with laughter throughout his performance. Mrs. Skewton. by Mrs. Vernon, was sustained with much , comic-ability. and she w%f repeatedly applauded in the j course of the performance. The entire east acquitted ! themselves in a highly creditable manner; and the style in which the drama lias been got out, in point of high professional talent and scenic display, reflects the highest credit upon the enterprising management cf this popular place of recreation. The entertainment passed oil 11?ost creditably; and Domboy and Son, it will be seen on reference to the bills of the day. will be repeated this evening. The house will bo crowded to exress Castle Gasmen.?The benefit of Mr. Holland, which took place last evening, was well attended by Ills numerous friends, and the admirers of his excellent comicability. This evening, the harmonious band engaged at this establishment will play several of the most admired and popular airs?some from Strauss, whose waltzes and quadiilles are so delightful; others from the most celebrated Scotch composers: and lastly, a Selection of the most plaintive and touching Irish meio uicr, nin<.u mil ur CACUUini Willi UX'|U1H110 mUAlCal science, anil the greatest precision and harmony. If the purest uir. the inhaling of which must give strength to the debilitated, and the sweetest tones of instrumental music. which la always sure to give an inspiriting action to the mind, do not draw large audiences to Castle Garden, we will be much surpri?ed. Bamako's Paworama.?The Missouri and Minis' sippi riiers are Leconiing ns familiar to our citizen*as ( our on u Mi rlh and Ka-t Hirer*, an admirably are they ) delineati t in the splendid panorama of them which i Mr. llanvard. the talented nrtirt and proprietor, has been exhibiting no successfully, for so many month', in thin city. Visiter*, however, still flock in as thick eri r. and we d* not wonder; for it is truly a moat ( splendid exhibition, and worthy of a visit from every | one, ( ? The Virginia Serenades are proceed- j ing finely with their concerts,at this excellent house. i The promptrenn and celerity with which the perform auces succeed one another.|i* a most agreeable feature ] in the management of 'he Melodeon. Kvery thing is i over by ten o'clock: thvs families are not detained i until an unreasonable hour. Thin is a vast iniprsve- 1 n.ent. a? long intervals betwien performaneet are very t tedious. | articularly these lint evenings ( a urns 11."a MiMirr.u, at the Society Library, are ' ..... .?K j.mug uriun- lorm. i ne tasty manner 1 )n which they give their beautiful sung*. <tu??, he., ' i heir witticisms, dancing. he are all firi-t rate, nod. in ' fact, they are a mo.t accomplished and perfect bund of tingeis. ; liin pn. Tati.or's Mr.xic ii Cammii.i, an shown . in Sherman and Towsey'e Mammoth Panorama, is a , most pirfect tiling of its Kind The movements of the iiTD j Imm corpus < hristi to Monterey, are all ' delineati d with spirit and accuracy Those who hare any curio-.ty to see the manner in which our gallant ( rit./it.. ! : . i i teed their w?\ through Mexico, noder Old/.ark. rai eo it all delineated here, with the j (treete>t truth Kvery American citizen ought to , visit it. ! J Tin: So m il Diorama*, by Haniugton, are attract- i ,ng Li.lie 11 attention There i< iniieli ingenuity 'lis- ; t 'u)i d in tin- arrangement of the figure', lights, ho., I of this exhibition; and thn manner in which the various pba?is o| thn creation are pictured, shows tliat I the artist bud a proper appreciation of his sublime i mljrct. 1 t Haii.i:oah AccinwtT.?A collision took place yesterday afternoon on the Long Island railroad, J at ,v'oiithold, between the accommodation train t down from Greenport, and an excursion train j going tip from Jamaica. Several lives are reported ( to have been lor t. Among the dangerously wound* f ed, is Mr. ilotnnn, conductor of the Greenport 'rain. The passengers were conveyed to the city 1 by the next train down from Greenport, and nr- J rived here at one o'clock this morning. Mexican Claims.?Many bills have been hlii|ixvrecked during this session of Congress. A va- 4 ricty was lost in the 1 louse without being sent to v the .Senate. Several were smothered in the Se- , nate after having reached there. Among the |? list c lost, we believe, was the one constitution a board for settling the Mexican claims.? H'mhinuton t Union, Auk- If- ? e Navat.?The U. S, bomb brig Stromboli, Lieut. H Comtnaad'g Charles H. McBjair, arrived here yes- '' terday, from Laguna. The following is u list of J her ofhcejaLieut. Command'# Charles II. Mc- ' H Blair; Ass't Surgeon, Alex. .1. it ice ; Act'g Mas- B ler, Passed Mid'n Edw. T. Nichols; Act'g Midshipman, J. 1'. I'vfle. The I '. S. schooner falcon, h Lieut <ommand'g John S. filasson, from Cam- p Iteachv. also arrived yesterday.?Norfolk Beucnti, " Aug. 14th. 11 o IIavti.?Tbs schooner flarhadoes, from < ap* Haytisn, arrived at Beaten, reportR fifty-three priaonera at Ja- r remia.and that the Pr-sld-nt bad 7 or 'OOOtroors no 1 ' derbim. 1 *' City Intelligence. Wuran.-Tl'e weather, yestorday, was very like April, except it wan some thirty degree* warm-r. There were alternate showers during the whole of the forenoon, which, however, did not in the leant tend to decrease the excessive heat. Yefterday wae one of the warmest day* of the rummer, and though late in the evening, a fresh breeze sprung up from the South, there was very little probability of pleasant weather. shimifi'l ncolict.?There appears to be a very shameful neglect of duty on the part of the Commissioner* of emigration and the Alms House Commissioners; for. between the two, the poor and miserable eniigrants are absolutely permitted to starve in the public streets Yesterday, again, (and in fact it is almost an every day occurrence that the police have the trouble of taking charge of these poor creatures ) officer llulse, of the Third ward, brought to the Police Office a woman with four small children, the oldest about I) years old and the youngest >|iiite an Infant, whom the wncer iouiiu MltlDg lu ttit> public ureal, In almost a I*tying condition, where they had been since Monday niorniig. without scarcely a mouthful of food.? These poor creatures were unable to make themselves understood, speaking nothing but the Irish language, nor would their tale of wo been known had it not been for the kind heart of Justice Lothrop, who procured an interpreter. The Commissioners of kmlgration and also the Alms House were applied to. and not either would have anything to do with them, as the Commissioners said they belonged to the Alms House, -and the Alms House said they belonged to the Commissioners; and so. between tbem both, the starving emigrants must be allowed to perish. Such conduct is certainly outrageous, and should be investigated. Was this instance only one ease ? hut such cases are occurring almost daily. Here we have large subseriptions raised almost nightly for the aid of Irish liberty ; and in our public streets are found the Irtsh emigrants themselves. starving. Surely this emigrant commissioners' ofltce is a mere farce - a humbug What is done with all the surplus moneys ? These moneys were not intended to enrich those who have already plenty. No, it was intended to assist the poor starving emigrants. And yet, forsooth, because the unfortunate emigrant cannot s)ieak the language, so as to inform the agents of the vessel they came in. they must be abandoned and allowed to starve in the streets. The law was intended for relief, and not to create starvation. Who handles the greater portion of the money? Who furnishes the most of the large contracts? and what is done with the money ? Mkktihu of tiik Sk.ytoni?An adjourned meeting of the sextons of the city took place last night, in the lecture ?oom of the Rev. Dr. Sehroeder's chuich, on Fourth avenue, near F.ighth street The meeting was called to order by the chairman, Mr. C. S. Halleck, and Mr. J. II. Brown was appointed Secretary pro tern. The chairman wished to know if any of the gentlemen had anything to say for the consideration of thn meeting, or any unfinished business of the last meeting to be finished up. He then stated the object of the meeting was to discountenance the proceedings of the deputy ccroner in intermeddling with things which did not hi long to him. in sending for a certain undertaker In eases which fell into the hands of the coroner. Many of them then cited esses in which they had been wronged, as they expressed it; and the press wa3 pretty well jumped into, because, as they expressed it, of having been bought olT from a fair report of the proceedings at a previous meeting, as was also the coroner. who was very politely termed ' the Honorable the Coroner;" and it wm determined to appoint a committee to prepare a remonstronee. to be presented to that functionary .or a remedy for their complaints. Several of the members of the fraternity were called upon to act upon another committee, but they all begged to be excused, when it was determined that the committee should have power to add to their number, and resolved the house into a committee of the whole, to scour the country round and getsignersto the remonstrance. The following remonstrance was presented and carried:? To the Honorable the Coroner of the Citn and Cnnntn nf York. ' ' " The tinder igiiod, scxtous and undertaker* of New York, would respectfully beg leave to call your attention to the oourso pur i v.i d liy aame person or persnus in your office, in interfering w ith tiie business w tileh, by right, Menus in every case to '.lie relatives of deceated pernios who, by the dierennation* of Divine I'm fill em e, are brought to tlieir notice. They w on d most respectfnlly nik your lienor to prevent a recurrence of the dittioulty above ci mplained of, that the relations of deceased persona tnay enjoy their lights in these matters without interference on the part of thro in connection vv th your office. Respectfully, Sir, The remonstrance wan passed, and the seoretary rose to offer a paper which he held in bis hand. It read as follows :?'* Resolved. That the members of the New York press. In consideration of the aid they have generously acceded in this undertaking, be placed upon our free list, and tendered our professional hospitalities. N. B. Mahogany coffins and fixings." This seemed to meet with general approbation, with one exception, and he thought there were rather too many of tho corpse to bury them all free. Mr. John Mace thought it was too grave a subject for levity, and the lew slaug of the press had already been eut upon them, andoalled it by the name of " grave digging." He would have the matter oroperly presented. The resolution, however, met with favor, and there is a probability that the members of the press will have good cofllrs; but application will have to be made to the 'Committee of the Whole," or it will be impossible for tho resolution to havethe proposed effect, it was decidedly one of the most quiet and orderly meetings of the season?not a countenance changing, except when one of the members said something about acting for the good of posterity; and the legitimate object of the meeting being to make arrangements for all to have a chance at the dead, there was a slight disposition of levity manifested. The proceedings were most interesting; and it would be impossible for any one to appreciate its merits who was so unfortunate as not to be present. Business is on the waue Several talk of giving it up. Dreadful 1 Why don't the people die Pi* it lie Blii.uiscs.?John 11. Peters. Jr. is extending the Cost&r House, 63'J Broadway, to Mercer street. 200 feet, for a location of hisextunsive Chinese Museum, and embracing tho most splendid saloons iu the | cisy ior dhiis. concerts. lectures. anil other public | meetings. Palmer and Peters are erecting Kniekerbocker Hull, OS by l?"> feet, corner of 8th avenue and l!3d street. (Chelsea.) the second story for public meet- | ings. and the third story for Odd Fellows, itc. This Is ; very much needed, there being no nccommodatiuu of tb<- kind north of Canal street and west of Broad- ! way. Iarkivhs Driving. ?Coroner Walters held an inquest likewise at No. 103 Forsyth street, on the body ' of an infant eleven months of age, by the name of ' John Kiddle, who came to his death under the following circumstances: ?It appears that a boy of twelve ; years of age. by the name of Charles Melville, togo- | tlier with another boy younger, in the employ of E. R. j Terkins. of No. 113 Bowery, were driving Mr. Perkins's j horse and wagon along Broome street, at a very rapid rate. and. when near the corner of Forsyth and Broome, the sister of the deceased, a small girl of seven years,was carrying her littlo brother across the streets, when these thoughtless boys, driving the horse at a furious rate, struck the poor little girl, which knocked the i child from her arms, and the wheel of the wagon passed ' over its head, causing instant death. The little girl received seversl bruises, but luckily no bones broken. The jury rendered the following verdict: That the deceased child. John Riddle, came to his death from injuries received by being run over by a horse and wagon, driven at a rapid rate by Charles Melville, a boy, aged 12 years. F.kkkcti ok tiik Hfat-.?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday, at the 16th ward station house, on the body of Patrick Farley. 4U years of age. a native of \ Ireland, who came to his death. It appears the deceased was a laboring man. and was proceeding home from his work, and suddenly fell down In 2Kth street, i 1 mid dii d in les* than an hour afterwards : supposedffo , he through the effects of the heat and drinking cold i water. Verdict accordingly. ] Bathing at Conkv Island.?There have been two ! < mil of Into, in which persons were drowned, while i hulhin nt Coney Island ; since which time it has been iliscovtrtd that the under-current around the nnlnt . near which the hathing-i luce is. runs at the rate of ) live knots an hour, more than it is possible for the most xpeit sw miner to contend against. As this fact has I been discovtrtd. it would he well for those who bathe < ?t t) at jilai e. to choose some other part of the be ch, f mil at r.o ] lace to go too fer from tire shore, as there J sn cum ul running the whole length of the beach; < n il once in it. life is in imminent danger j < Kia? ?A tire broke out about 9 o'clock, on Tuesday t Dight in th" house No. 15 Korsyth street, which was i jut out with trilling damage. A fire broke out about j'clock. the same night, in the four story building t n the rear 'f <12 llobinson street, occupied by Messrs. j I tewsit i.nd Ahrens. cedar coopers, wlio sustaineda ; t n s (if nl'i ut JT50.upon which there was no insurance, s rhe building Is supposed to have taken fire from a 1 i soffee roasting establishment adjoining Several a irocden sheds. In the rear of Nos. !>2aud '.'4 Ilarolay 6 treat, and Nos 2?2. 214. 23fl. and 238 Washington | i drift, nnd the rear of No t'4 Itohinson street, were all i 1 >n file at < ne time ; but sustained very little damage. | c brough tbe prtmpt action of the firemen. Dhowmi -About half-past t*o o'clock yesterday i nornlng. one ot llie police of the Third ward neard a [ noise at tin' font of Chambers street, like that of some ' lie falling into the water, lie repaired to the spot, slid found upon the pier a hat, with the name ' S. S'ourse N' 72 Main street St bonis."written on the eather. 'I he body has not jet been recovered. Si i i>i > Dsaiii. \ laboring man mimed f'atrlek 'ami. was taken suddenly III on Tnesday evening, n 2Mb ituet. near 7ih avenue, and died in about, an i< nr sftor. His death Is supposed to have ri ulted from llinking cold water wlieri overheated b'livnciAT ( oi i ntiov.?A eollislon took place at !?il (isle on Monday af'ernocn between the steamers Jay Ma'e and Vanderbilt. The C. V. sustained nine injury, but was at Stonington at lier usual hour. I',m. at Ps rtii Avion?A serious fire took plaeo lire on Tuesday night about 11 o'clock. Thehou-a, .ulbnlldlngs. ke . togifber with n large ijuantity of I a II tin 1 rot city ol Dr. filial las Kiinr. were entlrelv onfUlri <1 ( on?M.a'? Ikiji ?t at South A?ibov.?On Tueaday naming. an l.oglldhman l.y birth. ngeal about 40, J" tamad Kobett Kellett vha found drowned in the Ha- t Man. Verdict ancnrdii 'g'r < t Itnniri of Krtucntlon. ' S i a 11 ri Mi i i i.nii ?Robert Kelly, Kdc| . Preeideut, in V he chair?The minutes of the preceding meeting . rcie r' ml and apj roved. ' Hrioi it of hinanee Committee, in furor of nppropria- ' lug a lum of "H 178 08, for the ex penned of the schools ' f the 12th ward. Mr Hi t rcKK.a objected. He said that their propor- ' ion of the i ehool moneys wad appropriated to the comnidMonera and triidteen of the wnrd already, and he J! onld not coneeire how these gentlemen could goon nd spend $4000 more than tlielr fair proportion; It P rar entirely beyond his comprehension lie concluded CJ iy moving that it be dent back to the committee, to eport the number of scholars. the number of teachern. ?' nd the amount of their aalarlci. After a short discus- ! ton. the motion to refer back waa put and lost. ' The motion to accept the report waa then about to ' ie put. when Mr Canant i. rose and objected, on the J. round that the Board had no power to make granta inder the law nd it now atandd. for dervlcea not rot * erformed. This money waa aaked for In anticipation J. f expended not yet incurred. . Mr. Rnawnnin raid there might be a difficulty in ' ipard to new contracts under the existing law ; hut r .the appropriation askeal for wad to fulfil old coorae!' and t iny'T nrrear'ij"" for teacher*. h???w '' bo difficulty. But ho thoiwht It woold ho much bettor if the ward officer! would, at the time the tebool money* were apportioned to the different ward*, make their c*lrulati"ne so as to meet th* expense* for the ward school* lor the whole year, or at all events, to the end of the current quarter. lie thought, however, that the report should bo sent back to the committee, to report the amount of the present deficiency, and the cause, and concluded by a motion to that effect. Mr. Fellows objected to sending the report back. He said the appropriation was aotuaily at present needed, at leastseme part of it; that the money receired was fairly and judiciously expended, and that the deficiency was unavoidable. He would, therefore, vote against the motion to send the report back. Mr. Bo'swokth withdrew his motion, and The Commissioner frr the 12th ward offered a resolution that the Common Council be requested to deposit with the City Chamberlain, to the credit of the trustees of the 12th ward, the sum of 20. the amount of the actual deficiency at present existing. Mr. Bi.kkcskh objected, under existing circumstances. to grant one dollar of the public money, until they bed such a report from the committee as would enable them to act underetandlngly on the matter.? lie wanted to bare the number of scholar* in each school, the number of teachers, and the amount of their salaries. from under the signatures of tho committee. After pome further discussion, the resolution of the Cmimiesioner of the 12th ward was adopted. Eleventh Ward.?A report from the same committee, adverse to the application of the trustees of the Kleventh Ward, was laid on the table. Evening Free Srhoole.?Mr. Kkllows. from the Committee on Evening Free Scboals, offered two resolutions?one to establish an evening school in the Kighteenlh Ward, and another to appropriate a sum of $1.VOOO to establish evening free scbeols, for the use of mechanios, and others, engaged during the dsy. Adopted. Evening *1cademv.?A communication was received from Professor Webster, accepting the situation of principal of the free academy. The President then announced that he had received applications from various persons for employment in the institution.? Referred. 1 Fvurttenth Ward.?A resolution in favor of appropriation $1)60 76 to supply deflciences in Ule school expenses of the Fourteenth Ward. Adopted. Communications from the Clerk, station the expenses of the Board to the first instant. Referred to the Committee on Accounts. The Board then adjourned. Police Intelligence. Hunting a Tailor.?The police station housos are frequently the places where funny and comical scenes develope themselves, but too often on the tragical side of the question. However, one Sunday niglit wo witnessed one of the comical kind in the Sixth ward station house, located at the Tombs. The subject was a journey man tailor by the name of Thomas Mulloy, who resides at No. 1 Tike street. This young man was brought from a Dutch grocery on the Five Points, by otlicer Gallagher, who had him fas' by the collar, followed by a crowd of at least oOO, consisting principally of thieves and vagabonds, residents of that neighborhood. On being brought into the station home the poor tailor was as pale as n ghost, and could scarcely breathe front the effects of running rapidly, and fright besides; and take him altogether he was an object of pity. The officer bringing him before Captain Magnes. stated that ho beard the alarm of stop thief, and three or four hundred running in the street until they all stopped at a grocery store; when he pushed his way into the store and saw this young man (pointing at the tailor) behind the counter, begging of the Dutchman to save his life. Some in the crowd hollow ed out " He's stole a ring;" sojnn hoar i ng iiihi. i moufnt h nestto bring mm in. The i upturn then asked the prisoner the cause of his running so in the street, when ho related the following story -Myself and another young man (at every word he would ga'p for breath, making his story very funny) weDt into Anthony street this evening to? see a lady of our\ acquaintance, and my friend went up stairs, and while he was gone, one of the ladies came up to me and said I hud stolen one of her earrings. I told her I hadn't, and she said I had I then got frightened, and went out into the street and was goiDg away, when she caught me by the arm and Eulied me back by the door, and said if I didn't give er back her ring, or the price of it. she would hollow murder ; a big fellow then stepped up and said, " give the woman her ring; if you don't we'll have a muss." 1 thought then I was going to be murdered sure, and telt like death all over uie. and not feeling disposed to die easy, 1 was determined to kave a run for my life; so, do you see', I gave her a push whieh knocked her on one side, and away I ran for my life; some ono cried out stop ihief. and after running around several strecta, I got into a grocery store, nnd the crowd after ujc. i got under the counter and 1 am sure they would have murdered me, if it hadn't been for the policemen taking c it reel me. and that's all 1 did. I never took any ring at all. Captain Magncs said it was lucky for hiui that the policeman was near at hand, as the thieves would have knocked him down, beat him. and robbed liiiu of all the money he had ubout him. as that was their object of crying stop thief; the captain then enquired if any of the numerous siicctators had anv charge to make against him tor stealing. and on being answered in the negative, the frightened tailor was set ilowu on a bench for a -In rt time, to compose his nrrves. and then allowed to go home, expressing himself determined never to visit the ladies again in the vicinity of the Five Toints. Sockdologir Catc Disrnitstd.?We noticed, a few days ago. n complaint having been made before the magistrate, by Kdwtn Marsh, against Theodore K. Knj glebrecht, Robert U liale. and others, rospectiog the purchase of a patent right for the manufacture of S'ockdologer fish hooks, Cfter several days' investigation before the Justice, iu which th? whole testimony wn? fished up. wherein Mr. Kngl-brecht produced the patent right, as granted to him by the Patent office at Washington, this, together with other testimony, aullicriaed the Magistrate in fully discharging the accused parlies front the charge thus alleged against them. Maliciout Mttehirf.? Johr. Leonard, a hack driver, was arrested yesterday, on a charge of maliciously cutting the harness of Patrick M-.V lien with a knife. The accused bad cot several parts of the hnruess. and was in the act of cutting (hrougb one of the traces, when be was detected. Justice I.othrop committed Leonard for trial. Silling Lottery Policiei.?A man by tho name of Win. M. Carter, waa arrested yesterday on a charge of selling lottery policies, at a little office situated in Orange street, near Chatham. Justice l.othrnn hul.l him to bail to answer the charge. Uw Intelligence. United States Circuit Cofrt. August 16.?A special term of the court for the southern district of New York, will be held at the City Ilall. on Tuesday, the 12th day of September next, pursuant to the act of Congress of the 4th July, 1840, by order of the Circuit Judge. The appeals in admiralty will be first taken up and disposed of. United States Commissioner's Office?Deforo Geo. W. Morton Esq.? Charge of Revolt?James Burnes, William Tucker, William Long, and Thomas Murphy, four of the crew of the sloop Gondar, were arrested on Tuesday evening, on a charge of having attempted to create a revolt. Upon examining into the matter to-day, they were discharged by the Commissioner Marine Court?Before Judge Watcrbury.? William Thicker r#., John Baritow and John Childi.?This was an action for assault and battery. The plaint ill' was a sailor on board the ship Gondor, of which the defendants are the captain and mate. It appeared in evidence that ( hilds. the mate, dragged the plaintiff while the latter was in a state of intoxication, out of the cabin, and struck him violently on the head several times. But the evidence did not satisfactorily (establish that the captain was aiding and abetting, and he was discharged. The Judge gavo judgment for $>10 igainst the mate, General Sessions, August 14. ?Before Judge Daly, ind Aldermen Stevens and Crollus.?Jonas B. Philips, Esq.. Assistant District Attorney. Assault with Intent to Murder.?James Driscoll, Kichird Tierse. and Catherine, his wife, were put forward >n trial, being severally indicted on a charge of as>ault and battery, with intent to kill, police officer VlcVettie. while in the discharge of his duty, on the !2d of July last The prisoners also stood implicated >n a similar charge in the case of others of the police, vho had been aiding officer McVettie on the occasion TV McVcttik, police officer, the principal proRecuc.r. being eworn, testified. that on the night of the :.M July last. he win on duty, and was Rtanding at he corner of Dower Rtrect, near No. lfi. whcro the prioner, Pierse. keeps a grog store, and heard a cry of ; unrder; he went to the house, and found three men ' ml a woman engaged in a squabble. On reaching the | lour, rierse sier.ed him by the collar and pulled him n doors. Mrs. Pierse aided on the occasion. The muse is one of bad repute. IJo (witness) was struck >u the forehead and was badly wounded by Pierse; le received several blows on the head also from itrse. Mrs. Pierse caught hold of him (witness) >y the back, and Driscoll kept the door closed, 'lorn! threatened to take his life, and told him ie had no business to cotnc near the house.? Jfficcrs Lynch and Powers were struck by )rt?coll, also. Officers Lynch and Powers wero worn, and testified in corroboration. T.ynch's teeti. nony, went to show that he lost his semes fr<?in the ITects of the beating he received. He had no less hnn eleven wounds on bis head, and had not been tie to resume his duties. Witnesses testified as to lie general row. Mrs. Pierse. the prisoner, win acUitted, on the ground of privileged right to aid the lUsband, under the statute The ease will he resumed his forenoon. The grand Jury wero dlschargid for he teim Sentmrfif.? Catherinr Anderson, and Catherine e(Tries, found guilty of lurcenv. were each sentenced 0 fix months Imprisonment thoCoirl adj .urncd to J o'clock thin forenoon. Col. II. 1.. Kinney vnp the New Reiu m.ic ok ukimm Maiire.? In alluding to the heroes " reumed from the war,-' the A'eie Orlroni Cmctnl, of lie "ih In^t., says:?" Among the arrival* yesterday, in ho New Orleans. we And the name of Colonel Kluney. rhe t;olooel has been with our army so long, as army gent, contractor, etc., thnt ho must be more or less nmiliar to all our readi r* For years before the war. he Colonel was on the frontier of Mexico, sometimes lie successful trader, from his well known rancho of orpus ( hrieti. and ngain a prisoner in the dungeon* f Monterey aDd Mateinoras. as n Texan spy. But he "lumplietl over every thlDg. and helped to storm those unseens in Monterey in which he had been incarce?ted. He Is now at the head of a bald enterprise ? lat of freeing from Mexican misrule the northern rovinccs or. more properly speaking, that section of puntry lying between the Hlo Grande del Norte and le Slerre Madre. The many capitalists who hare eniged In this business snugbt Colonel Kinney, as the alii end dnrlng spirit to work out the scheme of emanIpation so much desired by those who, having once isted the sweets of liberty, (though under an lnv?sr's banner ) aie loth ngain to submit themselves to le bad rule of their own misnamed republic. Colouel . has also advanced for this object a large proportion 1 his own piivate forture. and has shipped from Vera rit*. already, wagons, arras, ammunition, etc. In a *y or two we may give our readers >ome particular* n the subject; and at the same time, tell who were the al prcjr rt r? and originators of the republic of Sierra ladi?. TELECIHAPHM' INTELLIGENCE* Summary. Since the adjournment of Congress, and a tempera rv lull in other exciting matters, the telegraphic wires have enjoye 1 a little repose; still, they have breu. ht to us an investigation into the ulFair between Col. Benton and Mr. Butler, which, together with election news, market reports, etc., ! will be found below. The Alt'elr ol Mr. Uutler ami Col. Ilcnton^ The Case Carried Into Hie Criminal Court* W shisoton. August 16, 1848. In the matter of Senator Uutler vt. lientoo, Justice ! Marshall calleti on Cel. lieu ton at his bouse, laat evening, to t:et his bonds for ti e peaoe. Col. Benton de' clinedtogive security upon u ere hearsay evidenoet | and stood npon bis ct aracter as a peaceable eitlaen ; ' therefore, at bis in' tai oo, the matter was brought up j before Judge Crawford, ot the Criminal Court, to-day> at one o'clock. Mr. KadcliOe, for the United States* set forth tte ob < ct or the i xiuni nation Hon. J. B. Bowltn and .Mr. W. C. Jones appeared as counsel of the defendant. Mr. Bowlin rested the d< fence upon the absence of evidence to prove a design on the part of Col. Benton to commit a breach of the peace. Mr. Radclifke asked for Mr Man gum as a witness for the prosecution. He was not present, but wis sent for. Mr. O. B. Wallii was than sworn. He deposed to the scene In the Senate, on Saturday night last, as, in his judgment, warranting the idea of a hostile meeting, and to his agency in the arrest of the parties on Menday last. Cress Exumined.?Did not know, of his own knowledge, that a challenge had passed ; did not understand the language of Saturday night to be a direct challenge to a meeting elsewhere. Mr. Manoum, not appearing, the case was postponed till half past three o'clock ; but, as there is no evl deuce to be had of Col. Uenton's receiving or acoeptng a challenge, we conclud that he will be discharged without being required to give security. W. TIic Elections, NORTH CAROLINA. The whig candidate for Governor is elected by a majority of about 400. This is certain. The whigg have a majority, also, in the Legislature of two on joint ballot, wliioh secures the IT. 8. Senator to be elected. The popular vote for Governor is nearly the same in the State as in 1K44? the whig vote falling off, while the democratic vote has increased. INDIANA. Although r Legislature is democratic in both branches, the popular vote shows a whig gain, and the Indiana Slate Journal (whig) says there is no doubt the State will go for Taylor in November. ILLINOIS. We base no further returns from th's state today. Pugilism In Troy. Tkoy, August 16,1848. Yankee Sullivan was badly beaten, to-day, in this town, in a tight with a boatman, named James Hubbard, belonging to Whitehall. They hired a room, and had a fair tight. Kitenslve Fire In Philadelphia. Philadelphia Aug. lit, 1C)4 I'. M. Charles Alexander's printing ofllce, one of the larg est establishments in this city, was destroyed by Arc this evening. Markets. A i.n any, August 1C?Receipts within the past twentyfour hours:?Flour, 3500 bbls; oorn, 12.000 bushels There was no change in flour. Wheat?Sales of 2600 bushels of new were made at 120c. Corn?Sales of CC00 bushels were made at 68J?c for high mixed. Theiw was no change of moment in other articles. Bi s > alo, Aug. 16 ?Receipts within the past twenty four hours:?Klour. 1000 barrels; wheat. 6000 bushels; corn. 8000 bushels. There was no change in flour, and but light sales were making at previous rates. Wheat ? For good Ohio, 08c was asked, and 96c olfered. Corn was dull; buyers were offering 50c. Oats were dull. There was no change in whiskey. The Runaway Shaves.?Intelligence readied Maysville, on Wednesday, that the Fayette gang of slaves were in Mason county, Ky., having successfully resisted an attempt to apprehend them in Harrison. A large number of persons left Maysville on Wednesday, in pursuit of them, and will doubtless apprehend thcin. should tin y be found. Indeel, we can scarcely conceive it poseibi- that so largo e. number, in one body, could pass through Mason county without discovery and arrest. The Maysville Herald learns that a company of men from Harrison county, under the lend of Gen Desha, had arrived at Germantown, in pursuit of the runaways, and reported them as encamped on a ridge near Heed's Mill, on the North Fork, with two white men. We presume there is no doubt that ere this they have been captured. We do not remember to have before heard of so bold and daring an effort, on the part of Kentucky slaves, and hope that the scoundrels wno seem to be aiding them in the attempt to escape may meet with speedy and severe punishment. Wv learn that fourteen negroes and one white man, supposed to be conducting them, have been taken in the lower end of this county; and no doubt was entertained that others would be raptured last night and this morning. Strong hands of armed "Men were input-suit; and although the negroes had divided luio stuall parties, to prevent discovery, we think but few of them con escape the vigilance of tlicir pursuer* The river is patrolled for miles, and it wns generally believed that many of the runaways bad taken the back track. The young man that was wounded in Harrison county, in an attempt to arrest a poition of the fugitives, was not dead at the last accounts, though badly wounded. No doubt isentcrtained that the negroes had assistance from white men. and that their plan was to resist tothe death any attempt to arrest their progress to the ! river. They are armed with kuives. pistols, iic., and if it had not been for the prompt and resolute stand. I taken by our fellow-citizens residing in the lower part of Mason, and theupperend of Bracken counties, they would no dcubt ere this have reached a place of safety. ? Cincinnati Chronicle, Jtng. 12. The Lexington Obtervtr has the follow! ug:?'-A large number of slaves made their escape from their owners in this city and vicinity, on Saturday night last. The number is not cxnctly kuown, but it is stated that not less than from fifty to seventy-five have been ascertained to be missing. The plan lias, no doubt, beoa concocting for several weeks, under the direction and advice of abolitionist* from the free States. Several slaves are known, in fact, to bnve been approached by an abolitionist as long as two weeks ago. with propositions to take them to Ohio.'nnd thus procure ;for them their freedom, who refused bis kind offers in their behalf. The plan, as revealed to them, was to take each slave to a place of security lor Fib eaoh ; that they were to | be well aimed to resist any attempt to retake them, and to rendc/.vous at a given place on Saturday night week. The time was, however, changed ; doubtless in consequence of the heavy rains at that time, rendering it impossible to travel with expedition, but, mor? particularly, difficult to cross the small streams between this and the pi nee of their destination, whioh were very much swollen at the time. But a very large number were found more pliable tliau those to whom we refer." A private biographic despatch, l-eelvedat Louisville, on Thursday night, from Lexington, says ?u An expedition is starting from hero for Harrison, a r .n... I f,.- (1... -T I.H.. - > *??> |?M jiaru v/i inning P"un: mi.awHJ nrgroes and abolitionists, who urn surrounded there.? They have linj seveial battles. < barb s I ?ter rr?? killed, (treat excitement. Is manifest! d The following further particular* in relation to tile runaways, is troin the Lexington .lllai, c! the loth instant :? News having been received in thi* < : v jester day meruing. thnt the runaway negroes had bo n overta ken near the liin- oMIatri-on and Urn 'en, and a white man killed in an cltcnpt to arrest them, handbills were posted tlirot ::li the city, aniline i meeting at the oottrt-hi use yard at 8 o'clock, for t l e purpose of adopting etllciu^jt means to overtake ami -ecurn the runaways, their aiders and abettors. At th appointed hour, n latp.e crowd assembled In front of t' c court-house, and an informal on . ting wu? organised, by calling II. T. Duncan K-g . t) the choir, who read the following letter. r-eelr?d on Tn !iy night, at two o'clock, by express, fmm Cvnth'nnr ? (,'vm iiians, Aug. b. 0 P m.? Dear Sir Pi,is will inform jott 1 at your negroes ere now upp ed to be i urri-undi ! about the county line, betw-.n MarrlIO)i and Broaken. some fifteen nr elghti "n miles short o| the Ohio river 'llmv hate tak-a ?omo Dim or ten cf them hnve had sen rel bittles, and Ohailes II. Fowler was mortally wounded.? About, one hundred ot our citir."US hare been after tlieni since .Monday morning. They aru worn down, and it is ti i[io sled that you send a fresh set of men ilomi ciiatcly, say nit', orotic hundred men. well ?'m. t d. for it seems that t hey are determined^ I n light every IIL "I vri'Uiiu. as HifjT urn arinmi generally wini revol vers. commanded by a white man, or mire. They wore enrnmped and fortified lust night. and our < y uthiann boy* rhino upon about f >rty or more, anil a battle ensued. and Kowlor wan wounded, and tlio company carried him buck, and thou purauod; these with Kowlor heard firing for *omn distance We heir that ono dead rngro wa* found to-day Klllot Roberta la between them and tho rlrer, with a large company, and will not let them pa**, If it la p< aslble to prevent. Kowler I* atlll alive. Send nil yon ran, and apredlly, or all will be lost. Harrison will a?*Ul you to the uttermoat. Come. If you want any of your uegroc*. We have not time to *ay any moro. I\ WI1KRUITT. BENSON HOBBIITS, O. RKMM1NOTON. W. O 1IKUOKS, JOHN HIOHTEH. Kifty or sixty armed men wcro promptly raiaed, and left lor the arene of action, breathlng vengeance on the abolitionist*, and a fixed resolution to bring back the nrgioea, If they even have to follow them to the confine* of Canada Intenae excitement prevailed In the elly, r<|iial to that during the True .'Imrrican, ot August. 1.145. and we doubt not. if the negroea, anil white men said to be with thorn, are overtaken and arrested, fearful scene* will be witnessed, and popular vengeance wreaked upon them.

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