Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 18, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 18, 1848 Page 1
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r 1 1 -mranm."" i W'' iiWQi?W^??agMKMWMn?.uuw??Jt ?-*c.rr.. ^ Til IIO. 5187. Ol'R FOREIGN IIESPYN IIES. 8otrni/oieoN, July 28, 1818. The Retaliatory Postage Hill?Coronation Dinner ? Speech of the U.S. Consul?Mexican li wilt alders?Spain utirt Portugal?Continental Matters?Pirates in the Mediterranean?Inilui and China?Potato Disease?I'eland?Markets, 4*c. By the steamer Britannia, which reached Liver pool on tlie 19th inftunt, the British government received intelligence, that the post-ollice authorities, in New York, had received ollicial instructions to levy n portage of 2.? cents, or twelve pence halfpenny Stirling, on eviry letter not exceeding half an ounce in weight, mailed for transmission to (treat Britain, by the liritish steamers ; and a rate of four oents, or two pence sterling,on every newspaper so mailed, as well as a similar rate of postage on letters and newspapers received by the steamers from hiugland. Through the medium of the press, these important announcements were speedily made known to the public, and produced no little excitement and rexa- , *ion amongst all parties, whether British or American, who are eDgaged in, or connected with, trude to the Vnited States. I can state with confidence, that the unanimous feeling is, that the- government of the ! United States, in deciding upjn this course, has ! acted with a due regard to its own interests, and in a dignified and proper spirit of retaliation, for the unjust and prohibitory postage levied by the post oflloe here,up- [ on letters and newspapers rece.ved by theAmerican line ol steamships. It is known that the American minister, j Mr. Bancroft, in negotiating, last year, with the English government, in reference to this postage, question, used every argument and endeavor to place tbo matter fairly before the powers that be; and it is Inexplicable why Lord Pulmerston should have allowed extreme measures to be udopted on the other side of the Atlantic, which must prove so prejudicial to the interests of the manufacturing and mercantile classes. Ju the House of Commons, Mr Brown, the member for Liverpool, promptly addressed some interpellations to the Minister for Foreign \Hairs, inquiring the reason why the British government bad permitted the retaliatory measure to take place. Lord Pi Imcrston. however. would not give any specific reply on the subject, and it now remains in Wa(u f/tto. It is considered that. ere long, negotiations will be resumed, ami that the j transatlantic postage question will he urraDged on a system of reciprocity. One shilling sterling per letter is a postage quite high enough, and the Knglish postcflico will soon find its reveuuo seriously diminished if its illiberal policy is continued. The United States poet-nfiiee, on the other band, will derive a large proHt, which, if continued, will make up for the dedciency that must exist between the amount of the contract money paid to the Washington and Hermann steamers, and the i mall amount that has hitherto been received for letters conveyed by those ships. Should the .American steamers continue to make such good voyages as lati ly made by the United States" and " Hermann," there is no doubt the correspondence addressed to go by them would be greatly increased, and there would be little reason to suppose but that the govirnment would be reimbursed in excess for the amount paid to the Ocean Steam Navigation Company, under the stipulations of the mail contract. Already, the performances of both the United States and the Hermann bare made a favorable impression on the public in Kngland, as instauced by the nuthber of passengers and quantity of freight taken by each ship ; and. if other steamers could be immediately put on between New York and Southampton, and they proved successful. 1 prognosticate that the Oceau Steam Navigation Company would become a prosperous enterprise, and that the government would derive a considerable revenue from postages. In connection with the establishment of tile line of steamers here, I would mention a gratifying tact. On the anniversary of the coronation of the K.uglish vtueeu, a grnnu uauquei was given oy inv Mayor ot Southampton, to the Aldermen, Councillors, and cthirs Mr. J. R. Croskey, the agent of the O. S. N. Co.. was present by invitation; and to show your numerous readers the kind reception ho met with, I extract from the Hampshire rfdcertiser a report of his speech, kc. After the customary healths of the Queen and royal family had been drunk, The Mayor, of Southampton, next proposed the health of a gentleman on his right, J.It. Croskey, Ksq.. Consul of the United Sta> es, in connection with the Ocean Steam Navigation Company. That gentleman had been the means of bringing to this port a portion ofthe trade of America, and of making them more intimately acquainted with their transatlantio brethren, f tin at applause ) Mr. Croskey, on rising, was received with great and repeated cheering, and begged to return his most sincere thanks for the high compliment tbey had just paid to his country, to himself, and to the interests he represented, in these days of progress, it was no email compliment to have onself associated in a toast with the giant power of steam?the mighty civilixer of the world?whether as applied to the weaving of Athrics for the comforts of mankind, or to the interweaving of the web of amity between nations?(cheers) ?but when their courtesy had chosen to wish success to the Ocean Steam Navigation Company?a company stili in its infancy, before toasting the older and more powtiful companies that have exercised so important an influence over the d'stinies of the port of South- < ampton, he felt the compliment be so muoh enhanced, that he could find no words adequate to ex- ' press his appreciation of their kindness. It would be workof supererogation to wish sucoess to the already guoevssful companies he had'alluded te. They stood < before the world amongst the greatest achievements of the present age, and his most sanguine wishes would be realised were the Ocean Steam Navigation Company to attain an equal degree of perfection and prosperity. Their company had had many difficulties ! to encounter?difficulties always attendant upon a 1 new enterprise; but be was happy to announce that 1 these difficulties, if not altogether overcome, are fast | disappearing. The kind wishes of their friends, as on Che present occasion, would cheer them in tho prosecution of their enterprise to a successful issue. He I would request permission to make a few remarks with | reference to the object for which tbey had met that i : evening?the celebration of the coronation of her Mmesty the Queen: and let him assure them that, 1 Although an American, and of conseaueuoe a re- I publican, he could, nevertheless, appreciate and applaud the feeling which so unanimously pervaded that meeting?the feeling of loyalty to their Sovereign. (Repeated cheering.) In the United States they hold that man to he the best citisen who is most zealous in his obedience to the laws. Of the many thousand Europeans who annually take up their residenoe amongst them, they always find those to become the most worthy citizens who have been good and loyal subjects under their own form of government. From their earliest Infancy they had been taught to consider the feeling of loyalty to be as essential to the character of a true American, as it is held in this country to be essential to the character of a true Englishman. (Cheers.) With Americans, loyalty was more of an abstraction?it was confined to an implicit obedience to the will of the majority. With Englishmen there was a charm, a poetical halo thrown around the feeling by its being identified with a sense of attachment to the person of their Sovereign. Andthrice happy were they lor being blessed with one, who unites in her person all the virtues of divine woman, with the attributes of a Queen. (Repeated cheering ) They would believe him when he said that he was proud of being an American. America was the land of his birth, where first " bis careless childhood strayed, a stranger yet to pain;" where first he learned to lisp the English language?the language of his country and of theirs, lie loved her institutions; he felt plea silfe In contemplating the happiness of her people, and to read In her future destiny the mai vcllous workings of the hand of Providence. But were he an Englishman, he should equally well love his country; he should glory In her past history, and point exultingly to the mighty Influenoe she exercises, happily for the good of mankind, amongst the nations of the earth; and he would feel It his first duty to uphold her glorious oon stitutlon. and thereby to prove himself a loyal subject to bis ifueen. (Repeated! cheering followed this admirable address ) The West India steamer Forth arrived here on Monday last from Mexico, .New Orleans, and tbe West Indies. She brought about f. 1.300000 in specie, principally on mercnants' account, from Vera Crut and Tampico Thero were, however, no remittances from the Mexican government to pay the dividends on Mexican bonds. Tho holders of these securities on Ihe London Bourse are beginning to bestir themselves, so as to be able to get hold of some of the indemnity money to be paid under the treaty of poaoe by the United States and Meaico. I wish they may get It; 1 hut 1 am constrained to say the prospect appears to 1 he a most doubtful one. Hopes are entertained that ' Lord ralmcrston's interference may be obtained, and 1 that his influence will be used in the Mexican capital ; to lnduco tbe government of Mexico to set aside a portion of tbe money, so soon as it may be received, in satisfaction of the cluiins of the creditors of Msxico. The accounts received from Mexiao by the Forth, and also via New York by the Cambria, certainly bad us to suppose that there Is refy little ' power really In the hands of tbe executive govern- 1 mont. and that to such an extent Is the disorga- j titration of the country proceeding, that anything like 1 a firm government, for a eotisiderablo time to corns, is <.ul of the question ; in fact, thero appears to lie no real government existing ; and the open and undisguised hostility of Tarndes and his party is regarded with distrust iii this country for the future tranquillity of the republic. The only actual hopes that the bondholders now have. Is the fart that the revenues of theVera Ctu* and Tampico custom houses are assigned to lliclr agents In the city of Mexioo (Messrs. Manning and Macintosh), and those gentlemen write by the present packet to say, that as the custom house receipts are to be surrendered by the United States commissioners, they hope ere long to be in funds to 1AM, Iheittamer MontroM ratne in here on tlie 2"ith, with late ndviOel from Spain and Portugal. The account* from the former country relative to thet war now cxlatirg are rery mutilating. The llnaUn f Madrid lire through thleU ami thin anil maintain* that the f arltiti have been only in imell nuraberi. iml that they hare been beaten and diftperned at all point* There ie reaaon. howerer. to believa that the eantriry la the rare, and that uo daolaira auceeiiei hare been gained by either party ; but it U certain j E NE MORNING that on one occasion the government troops got the with of it, aud were forced to retire with considerable loss. Tbe traders of the ( artist faction are said to be at their wits1 end. in consequence of their movements not being so generally responded to in the province* as they had reason to expect. The people, however, arc desirous to gw in the harvest before they join the insurgents ; and this precaution would sreui to be a very natural one. There is another consideration councotcd with the ('arlist insurrection, which should be borue in mind The rarliet, chiefs evidently counted uponsuppott. tub , ota, from (irent Britain; and immediately the Spanish dispute occurred, aud the representatives of Kngland and Spain were expelled from the respective capitals, determintd to try their luck in rising on the northern frontiers of Spain, it is understood that, although the Kuglleh government would have no objection whatever to the sucesa ot the Car ist plans, uutl the consequent overthrow of the Queeu and hi r existing administration, yet no understanding lias been agreed upon between Lord t'almerston and the parties who are at the head of the movement. All the Carlists want is money; and as the Kaglisli exchequer, you are aware, is not very full at present, this and other influences have kept Lord I'almerston lrc m giving that taugible support to the Carlists which they so foudly anticipated. The natural consequence of this state of tilings is, that a damper is put upou the uirair for the present and the operations are contlued to mere guerilla warfare carried on in the usual Spanish, bull dog, blood thirsty faihiou, almost every prisoner tuken, on each side, particularly officers, being immediately shot, much to the delight of the aforesaid Jleiide in official purlaure, we are Informed that the Queen Of Spain has disappointed the hopes of her subjects of a successor to the throne, by a miscarriage. 'The Spanish pupers care very little about the matter ; the chief subject of discussion at Mudtid, since her Majesty was pronounced tnctinle, being, " Who was the father of tiie expected heir?" It is shrewdly surmised that the Queen was never enceinte, at ail, but that the report was got up to cause a little confidence, on the part of the Spanish nation in the King Consort Many circumstances connected with the affair would lead to such a supposition; and the hurried trip of the royal psrty into the country is said to have been a pretext for enabling the ministers to get up the report of a mi.-carriage. The advices from Portugal, by the Montrose, represent that country to be in a statu of tranquillity. The disaffected, or i'atulea party, is, however, a strong one, aud is only waiting a good cbauce for a rise. The newbank note and currency bill had passed into law. anil the discount on bank notes had declined, in consequence, to the more favorable quotation of 40 to 4.1, discount. The exchange on London, dO days sight, was 02)2 per 1000 rs ; al 00 days date. 02\, on New Yoi k. no quotation. Trade very dull, both at Lisbon and Oporto. The insurrections and disturbances on the continent ntiliear to benefit the t'nirliuh mm mu ?iil'?? turers. 'J he steamer Kuxine sailed hence yesterday, ttr Constantinople aud .Malta; a portion of bar cargo comprised 30 tons measurement of muskets, in casus, to be lauded at Malta Several steamers from this port, touching at Malta, have takeu out large quantities ot muskets : aud it may be estimated, that during the last six weeks, not less than 40 000 stand of arms have been shipped from Southampton for Gibraltar und Malta. The latter island is quite a receptacle for warlike stores, aud the dealers there keep great stocks of muskets, carbines, pistols, swords, gunpowder. Sic. which they sell to the Italians. Calabriuus. Sicilians kS. The steamer Pacha. which is to leave here for Genoa, to-moriow, 1 understand, has a large freight of cases of firearms. . liy an arrival yesterday, it is reported that pirates have appeared in the Mediterranean ; a large Knglish nierchuul ship was taken and scuttled by two Greek pilule vessels, in sight of uuutber vessel, the captain of which, having no arms on board, was afraid to interfere. The overland India and China mail arrived iu London on the '25th, with dates from Calcutta to the 1st June: Bombav. June 2d; Madras. Junel'tb. The Intellurun/... S-miffh I 1m i 1 - > ? ..p.. luvicnvm^ auu rcuuul lu mr luicrfl o! British India. inasmuch n> a cumpuigu against the rebel ehicls of Moultau must ensue. A eouspiiacy. of an ulainiing character, had also been discovered in Lahoie. and it does not require much knowledge ol Oriental affairs, to predict that the whole of the northern frontier of British India is disaffected and will be the theatre of bloodshed. The Bombay government bad deternnnid that no military operations should be commenced till October next. This course has been much commented upon in England. because it is argued that the delay will permit a formidable organization amongst the rebel chiefs, and that their defeat will prove very expensive auu difficult On the other hand, it must be remembered, that the marching of troops during the hot months would be very destructive, and that perhaps, more men would be lost by sickness than by lighting Considering, therefore,that the English generally manage to be the conquerors in India. it is not too much to say, that possibly the suspension of operations during the beats is a wise one. Time will prove; at all events, there will be warm work during the cool season. All round the neighborhood of Southampton, the potato disease has appeared, and has committed great havoc amougst the orop. There is a great breadth o land sown with this esculent, and present appearances certainly indicate that almost a general failure may be anticipated. The weather, for the last fortnight, has been very unfavorable for the wheat harvest?cold winds and heavy rains having prevailed. Grain has. in consequence, advanced in price at Mark Lane and in the provinces, and some uneasiness has been manifested on the Stock Exchange, as fears are entertained that in the event of a deficiency in the crops, large importations of American grain, wheat, flour, he., will be required, and that an adverse turn in the exchanges will cause another pressure on the money market. I'nder any circumstances, it is, however, gratifying to know that the United States can supply any deficiency of European produce; and a stringent money market would be preferable to scarcity of food. Three weeks fine warm sunny weather, such as is generally experienced in England during August and September, wouia aispei an uouois ior uie aDunaancy 01 me narVCSt. The Havre cotton market ban been very active, and tbe tales of tbat staple bave latterly very much increared, from tbe circumstances of perfeot order being restored. The sales in Havre now amount to from 1400 to 1700 bales perdiem, and the purchases have been made with mush spirit and confidence. I have not touched upon the Irish question, because you will receive the very latest news from Liverpool direct. Notwithstanding the fact, that up the 27th no lighting had actually taken place, yet the present condition ef Ireland is a fearful oqe?and that there will be serious disturbances and much bloodshed, no one oan doubt. Large bodies of troops are being continually moved to Ireland, and every movement and every aocount made public, leads to the belief that the English government expects a formidable struggle to be made by the insurgents, for Insurgents the mob must now be called. The government are said to be well prepared to put down with a strong band any and every disturbance ; and it is currently said, that an anxiety exists for the rebellion to come to a crisis, in order that it may be at once nipped in the bud. The next fortnight will probably tell a fearful tale for the Green Isle. There cannot, however, be any doubt, but that the government troops will be successful against the undisciplined mob. General Catakinac.?General Cavaignao, now chief of the executive power in France, was born in Paris, the 15th of October, 1802. He is son of Jean Baptists Cavaignao. who was one of the Deputies of the Convention, during tbe revolution df '93. Eugene Cavaignac, after having taken his degree at the college of Sainte Bar be, one of the highest schools in Paris, was received at the Polyteohnio School. He fkoti mottl ?afk<i wekr.Al a/ A wwlLelUw a# with the till* of aub-lieutenant of O-enre : and entered, In 18*24. the 2d regiment of that title. Cavaignac gradueted afterward as second lieutenant, the 1st of Ootober, 1820 ; as first lieutenant, the 12th of January, 1827 ; and went, in 1828, in Morce, (Oreeia.) during the campaign of the French army in that country. On the 1st of October, 1828. he was named captain in the same regiment. He was then only twenty-seven years old. Returned from Orecia, Captain Cavaignac was, in 1831, in garrison at Metz The project of a " National Association,'' which he signed, and whieh was considered by Louis Fhilippe as an act of opposition, put him into official disgrace ; be was, consequently, withdrawn from active service. Recalled to the service in 1882, Captain Cavaignac was sent to Algiers. There he exhibited a rare energy, and a great intellect, in regard to that country aud war. Cavaignac had the command of the weak garrison of Tlemcen, amidst the most hostile and bravest tribes of Kabyles. In suoh a difficult and dangerous position, he displayed the greatest talent of strategy, united to unequalled intrepidity and firmness. Notwithstanding, it was only ot. the 4th of April, 1837, that he obtained the rank of ohief of battalion. The 21st of June. 1840, be was named lieutenant colonel of the Znvaprx regiment; and the 10th of April, 1841, he received the command of the division of Tlemcen. with the rank of marshal of camp After the revolution of February. (Jenoral Cavaignac was named general (f division, and called to the government of Algiers. Having been named repreienfanl of the National Assembly, he accepted the ministry of war, which he had previously refused The events of June elevated him to that eminent and uneqnallnd position, in which the cause of order owes to him so many great services tleneral < araignac is rather above middling stature, his face, browned by the African sun. Is decorated With R hmre oalr of uuiat?cl><ni anil liears as well as hla perron, a martial character. which in not bellsd by hi* nets. [Haa ing personally known General avatgnae, we can assure our readers that tlm facta above written are a a trtie as the description of hia appearance la exact ? A'd JhralH] J it A t u or Hon. Ki:t;?i;N Booth.-?New Haven |)H|kih tit Wetlnestluy uiitiouiiee, with regret, the tl? t ? use ot Hon Itetiben Booth, Lie itenanM ?o\ernor ot the Nete irom 1HI4 to 1H46. Mi . Month war welly prv/edin private as well an in pnhltc lite, and HttBlftined nn cnvinhle reputation wherever he wns knov n He {(radurited at Val# College hi 1 "l<?, and wa . obout frfi year* of age, at the time of his death W T c EDITION?NEW TO] TIIK WATERING PLACES. MOVEMENTS IN FASHIONABLE L.IFK. Amongst the multitude of those fashionable and healthful resorts, which are every season multiplying) from Cat skill to Coney Island in the North, and from Cape May to California in the South, there is one spot of which little has been Faid. and less has been known, so immediately within our precincts as require us to remind the public of its progress on the road to fu. ture celebrity. That spot Is Brattleborn. Vermont. Wr yesterday received the names of some of those who are now enjoying the mountain breeze." and the water cure formalities. Amongst them we find he Comto de Mons. Chamberlain, deS. A. S.; Mons. le Due Iteginnnt de Nasuu; Major McClintock, U. S. A.; Lieut. Uenkwith. do; llev. Dr. AVarts, Ohio; Dudley Persse, Ksq., New Vork, Itev Mr. Sliaw, Boston; Dr. Sickles, Louisiana; Ma" 1 dame Arnot, Opera House; P. Meyer, do; Thomas WcKlrnth. New York, and some seventy or eighty others. BiUTTCKiiono, Aug. 14, 184S. ?//</?milages of Living in Bi atlleboi o?'1'he li'ater Curt ? Scenery, <$c.?Distinguished Guests. I do not remember to have Been in the Herald any account of this beautiful village. 1 had heard frequently of its hydropathic Institution, uhder the direction of Dr. Wesselhoeft, but did not suppose that so many fasliionablo valetudinarians wero availing themselves of his peculiar treatment. It was with emprise, then, that 1 saw crowds of picturesque looking ladies and dashing gentlemen promenading the streets of a place which, three years ago, was but a resting place of the passing traveller. Within the above space, claret und champagne have driven their uncourtly relations, whiskey, and its fiery brethren, lroiu the field; and the music of Strauss and Weipert is now heard in halls which whilom echoed only to primitive " Money Musk" or ' Yankee l)oodlo.:' Now and then some sturdy farmer, whose business calls him but seldom to town, turns to gaze with astnui-limeut on the hitherto unseen biped, whose patent leather and superfluity of " bur" bespeak hiui an exotic from llroadway; but, ordinarily, city fashions and city people attract little attention. The scenery about the village is superb, and if "u thing of beauty be a joy for ever," none who have ever visited liratlleboro, will fail to derive happiness from retrospection. There are about MO guests at what is called the " establishment." The many patients prefer lodging in the villuge propt r The efficacy of the treatment is astonishing, though perhaps not so much so, when we consider the splendid scenery, brisk exercise, careful diet, and pure mountain air, of the place. One cannot help feeling a sort of sadness at the conviction, that in one or two years, when the railroad from Greenfield shall he completed, there will be a most thorough revolution in the whole face of things, as they at present appear, and that llrattloboro will become a mere fashionable watering place, to all intents and purposes. Amoug the effects of civilization I may as well mention tho tact that the Herald is here road und appreciated. 1 have not time, at present, for a lengthened description, but several of us who have been in Switzerland pronounce the scenery to be, in most respects, i-.ji.m iu luni ui iucliimuiij iii bur Yinnny in weneva. We have representatives from eve y State in the I nion. The hero ofeonlrerM, liuena Vista and other hard fought fields, may be seen with brouzed eheek and fierce mustache in close confab with the humble Quaker of Philadelphia, lawyers, clergymen, and happily lew snobs are to be found here?old sinners endeavoring to wash out the effects of. if not the vices themselves which have stained their youth?young maidens who are getting up a complexion for next winter's triumphs, and genuine invalids who are rapidly being made over for a fresh experiment in living. The careful supervision of the proprietor leaves nothing to be desired by In- guests; so well drilled are the members of the corps domestiyue that every one is as well served as if still a denizen ot his own splendid home on the Fifth avenue. Among the destini/ties at present here are Judge li?n, ol Florida. Major Mo., of Florida, four Mr. i'?s, of boston. Mrs. St?t. of Washington, Mrs. K?y and Miss Mo., of New York. Miss Br?n, of Florida. Count De i M?sand suit, of Havana, and u host of others If you wish it, at no distant day. I will give you a detailed account of the process ot the " water cure." in the menu time those who wish to unite the utile cum Juice - to gaze on beauty without pretension?to attain ' renewed health without the aid of nauseating drugs and to mark a brief space of theirexistence with a white stone, should lose no time in visiting Brattleboro. r. Oceav House, Newport. Aug. 10.1848. tlrrivals of Visiters, if-c.. <f-c. Since the grand fancy ball at Saratoga came off, the arrivals at this hotel have been great, and are fast increasing. The most important was. yesterday, that o Mrs. I.e Vest, the belle of Saratoga, destined to be the belle of Newport also. She was received on arrival by a ctrtegc of gallant gentlemen, and all Newport Is on 41 .....' ....... ?l,lu i k..~>ir..i IUO t/lll '!> ?nv? lady, of whom report, farand wide, speaks in such glowing terms. The former part of the " season " haa been dull; but we shall now more than make amends, and many have just arrived, and many are expected to arrive this week, who will form not enly an addition but an acquisition to the gay throng already here. We are all preparing for the fancy ball?resolved not to be outdone by Saratoga. Nothing like competition in trade or fashion. The mail is just closing. PHLO. Trknton Falls, (near Utlca.) Aug. 14, 1848. Description of Trenton Falls?Scenery?Rocks?H'aler Falls?4*., 4*c. Having repaired to this delightful spot, and being oonfldent that many thousands of your readers are unaoqualnted with this superb " soenery of nature," I will give you a short description of it. The falls are situated about fourteen miles north of Utioa, and quite easy of access ; as those wishing to visit them, can take the railroad at Albany for Utlca, and by stopping at the Averell House, or Bag^s' Hotel, they will always find elegant carriages in attendance to convey them to the " Falls." It is about two and a half hour's drive. There is one excellent hotel here, looated on the hill, a short dletanee from the steps which lead j down to the romantic and magnificent variety of | rocky chasms. This hotel can acoommodate ? large number of visiters, and is kept in a style not to be surpassed by any, either in Saratoga or Niagara. The gentlemanly proprietor, Mr. Moore, assisted by Mr Hubbell, the attentive and polite barkeeper, use every ! exertion for the comfort of their visiter*. After re- j viewing the elegant garden, the woods, and the many curiosities there to be seen, we come to the steps, which descend about 160 feet, where you land upon a broad pavement, level with the water's edgo, a furious rapid beiDg in front: you then take the path, (which has been so fixed as to be perfectly safe.) and proceed about twenty rods, when there is a fuli view of the first fall of water, which is about 80 feet, and between this and the highest fall there are many others, ranging from 20 to 60 feet high. After passing these, you come to the highest one to be seen, where the water falls about 160 feet, and near this is a dark basin of water, which is said to be 40 feet deep. After leaving this basin and going a short distance, we come to a spot where the rocks prqject over the visiter some six or eight feet, and there is a beautiful stream of water, which has forced its way through the rocks, and falls about 30 feet This is used by many as a shower bath. The length of the scenery is about one and a half miles, and has a good pat h built, so as to render it easy to walk the whole length. This place may justly bo denominated the Alhambra of nature; at the extremity of it, is obe of the roost interesting scenes imaginable? a scene that no pen can describe to one who is not on the spot, and where every landscape painter always drops his pencil. It is. however, far too much for art to Imitate, or fer eloquence to represent. The scene ! is a cracked rock. 60 feet high, reaching gradually forward from the mid distance. From the top descends a perpetual rill, that forms a natural shower bath, similar to the one spoken of in the former part of this.? After getting to the end of this beautiful scenery, you turn and walk through a most beautiful forest, until you again reach the hotel. There are quite a number of regular boarders here throughout the summer monlns. and a great many visiters are coming and going every day. I noticed on the register of arrivals quite a number of gentlemen, ladies and families from New Orleans, Charleston, Mobile, and many other southern cities i understand that this hotel, next year, will bo greatly enlarged, and many other improvements made at these Falls . and no doubt, when the beauties of this place are more generally known, It will command a largo share of those who visit wntering places. W.H.C. Sharon 8rnil?i.?, Fawiion, August 11, 1848 Matter* an J Thing/tat Sharon? Ureal Amount of Beauty?Diitinguiihli Gunta, g-r. Having observed In your paper, of this season. but meagre accounts in regaTd to the state of lora. religion, and poetry, in this prince of watering places, I bare thought it nothing more than a bare act of justice to its agr< cable character, to send you a few of the nu st interesting details, as suggested while writing ' fin ri file f nlatna." (if course, a general account, would embrace a space that the columns of jour paper, devoted to letter writing. would hardly admit. It will be, therefore, my aim to (b?eMC.the " multum in pamo " rule. In relation to all my topics The situation of the Pavilion itself, is one of no common beauty ; with an elevation of many liunuti J feet aboYW water level, we are enabled to enjoy a climate of delightful toolneee and salnbrlty, Lesldes engulplnng fetid sulphur water. With these dull preliminaries, I roll up my sleeves for it ilMh at the ladies, (only with a pen, dear render ) This, I . i unt on petting me rofrly through, end suppose it will prove the only agreeable or redeemable feature of this communication. I can assure you, sir. that fir a person more eompeteut than myself, there is rich and

alieiidnnt material to work upon. Sharon, hy a rort of general declamation, in admitted to he the most exclusive watering place in the coiwutry, n? will he demonstrated anon, w hen 1 come to the catalogue of luminaries that have shed light 011 this once benighted portion of the rural world. New York is splendidly represented; yes, I repeat it. Hplondidly. Indetd, your imagination will easily uflix a correct social standard, when you arrive at my individual classifications I don't wirh to seem partial, but the reverse, and would, therefore, forewarn the reader to draw no conclusion of implied superiority, because they sen this or that name at tire head of the list. Let them beware, lest some very naughty person bliould sa.v. the first shall he last, and the lust first " The bell lias rung, the eurtain is up; now who is the first to tread the boards. First, the daughters of Gov. of New Jersey; piett/, musical, the soul of good feeling: they are more generally liked than any in the house. The eldrst, with her amber ringlets, and gentle manners?her sister, the ' child of song," so affable, aud with a suavity of manner that destroys all jealousy! as it admits of uo rivalry. New York sends from iloud street, her high bred .Miss K, aristocratic in rank, democratic iu sentiment, llow many who read this, will recall, when, spoil hound, they have dwelt on aud followed that, majestic figure, as it glided through waltz and polka, to ravish and captivate, when au occasional glance was permitted them of a tiny and well dressed foot lluppy he whose lot has cast him hithorward! MissG., of Bond street?the original Miss G.?breezy [ and flesh us morning inceuse. and as pure as it How 1 cunningly the matronly cap assorts with the suuey und , I buoyant features of youth; and thiHa dear little aprons, with such coquettish bows, that are only out of place because they are numerically inferior to her hmii.i j ilium*. i.nso xj.. ui oiu w mi nan t? Mill gruiiemeii mil Mich taking ways, and whose dancing is only approached by Mies K., of Bleseker street, 'i'lie beat dancers of the house are the Misses MoT., of Lafayette I'luoe, over whose maturer graces are thrown the fascinations of gentle reserve and uuobtrusi venoss. i The Misses C., of Bond street, blonde and brunette, j exquisite tyjiea of these two olasses of beauty. From | tlie attention of our ' gallant beaux." it is hardly pos- i sible to say which style is most preferred. Tito Misses \ 11 , of New Jersey, pretty, fresh, and charming. How many aching hearts will their separation oreatel The i Missi s M . of Chelsea, with cheeks like the first roses of j spring. How must they contribute to (llliug up this I little bouquet of beauty I send you ! The Misses B., of Leroy I'iace, direct coutrasts. to be sure, in manner. i size, and complexion. The connoisseur hesitates on which to Ox his choice. The vivacity of manner, and faultless proportions, of the eldest, enchain all hearts; I while distraction seizes those to whom Heaven has given the opportunity to look on the neck of dazzling sm w, the arm so strangely beautifnl, that belongs to the younger sister, with her cbaruii ng naivete. That arm we all swear by. How many other sweet flowers might i botanize over, that were never ' born j to blush unseen," did time and space permit. And { then there are the happy prides, smiling and affectionate. as become all brides. Mrs K. of Baltimore; sirs, j L. and Mrs. S., of New Vork? ladies all, and ' altogether perfect;'' their husbands perfect patterns, both , of husbands and gentlemen. Lucky dogs!?happy i And contented, as become nil husbands 1 close this desultory epistle by devotiug its residue i to the young gentlemen, who, as always, make themselves both useful and ornamental First, for example, is Mr. S . of New V ork; quiet and gentlemanly, he , is (letoid both of affectation and presumption, t?u qualities upon which many have based what few virtues they possessed. There are 110 two opinions of his dancing?it is A No. 1. Mr. P. of New Jersey the late Governor's sou. his father's image, with a laugh that invalids cherish and emulate?a royal good fellow. The handsome A L, the galiantt, the brave Lie.'.t. O. (with laurels fresh from Mexico), the inte resting Mr. II . Lieut. O n, Mr S., of Westchester, ' a young politician and coadjutor of Mr. Van Buren ! 'I hire are many, many more, to whom a passing tribute is owing; but i shall give them into the keeping of those who. now the subject lias been onened. will , come forward. I trust, in so ample a field, to operate profitably, and to ynir further edification. The proprietors of the Pavilion having secured, by recent purchases, an exclusive right and title to all these tor- 1 ritories, contemplate improvements, which, if earned I uul, wffl ruafce Sharon renowned indeed. I wish them i sucoess. Very trulv yours, SULPHURETTED HYDROGEN. Cosgrks? Ham.. Saratoga Spring*. '( August 12, 1K4V . ) | The Ball?Contemplations?The Virtues of the Waters, fc. Well, I went to the fancy ball, after all ! Thomas | procured for me an extra large slipper for my gouty J toe, around which i wound an immense blanket shawl, ! and made my entrance as an East India nabob; thus : saving five dollars by going in costume. I believe the spirit of old Touchwood inspired me somewhat, for I felt like keeping up a sort of benevolent grumbling all the evening. The ball, all things considered, was a pretty ofTair: but what was it to me. who had seen the celebrated uhuls iiiasi/uis'' of the OraaiUan court, where gold dust and diamonds are matters of home manufacture' Speaking of diamonds, I saw the Countess Anzolottanti sport at a fancy ball, in brazil, brilliants which were valued at half a million. Then, again, your Turk and your Greek, last evening, were really passable; but to one who had ploughed the Thrucian Bosphorus so often, who had bowed reverently towards Mecoa at the mosque of the holy Sophia, the illusion could not vory well be kept up. The throng of mere fancy flummery got off better, for as no one could ti 11 what the deuce they did represent, so no one could say they were out of character. I observed one little child, some twelve or thirteen years old, decked out as a "Pompadour." The representation struck me as decidedly the best thing I saw during the eveuing. The form was padded into a perfect miniature woman?not one of the developements of maturity was omitted?the dress, the arrangement of the hair, the little black patohes on the face, the swelling bosom, the tempting embonpoint of figure. were all admirably got up. There waa at the ball the usual amount of allow and shadow?of the gaudy and the gosaimery, enlivened here and there with sparks of real humour which served to make the pseudo witticisms still more vapid. I remarked, as 1 sat in my arm chair while the throng passed in lively show before me. that there were very many jackdaws who had borrowed or stolen the peacock's feathers, aud very many peacocks who had feathers, and nothing else. But the petty tlusterings and swellings of fashionable strife is too common place a subject for the Herald; I wish 1 could give you something piquant, but this toe of mine plays tne mischief with me. I will mend, by and by, perhaps; so take courage and have patience. What a magnificent spa is here ! It would seem that the good God. taking pity upon poor humanity in its drugged, and blistered, and tortured state, had opened these sanitary fountains and bid the people "Come, and be healed.'1 I have boiled my ewn dinner at the Gelslen; I have drunk at all the brunnens ol Germany, from the bubbles of the fountain near the "Merde Glace'1 to the old seltzer of Nassau; I have sported at Bath and at Cheltenham; I Lave tried hot springs and cold springs, the world over: and I declare to you, sitting in my easy ohair, with gout enough in my foot to make my conscience tender, that the Congress Spring at Saratoga bubbles without a rival. I have said it. "Thomas, bring me another pitcher fresh I'1 I leave for bake George next week. Deo voleule. Adieu. 8HANBV. Sahatoi.a Sratnos, Tuesday morning. The Fancy Hall and Our Report?The Amende. The Herald was sought with great avidity this morning. Kvery one was om tiptoe to see your description of the fancy ball. The supply by the express train was exhausted in a twinkling, and many fair eyes were reluctantly oompelled to await the arrival of the mail train, which, fortunately, brought a number in some degree adequate to the clamorous demand. It was then highly interesting to watch the eagerness with which each fair one devoured the interesting article, and to hear the exclamations of delight when they found their several characters so well described. The report, as a whole, Is admirable, and remarkable for its truthfulness and spirit. gome errors, however, were doubtless unavoidable; and. if you hope for forgiveness, you will hasten to correct a grievous one in regard to the beautiful Miss C.. one of the gems of the ball Nothing could be in better keeping with her bright brunette complexion, mhrbief-loving. laughing eye. and her full, elastic, and Tiiuisitelv rounded tlirure. than the dashing neatlv fitting Cracovienne costume which *he adorned. K,baler herself would have envied her. Mi** C., the youngest and only unmarried of the four elegant Mater* a<> much distinguished in the fashionable ealons of New Vork and Washington. ia remarkable for cieTerneaa and a faacinatlng aprightlineaa of manner, which hare rendered her a deoided belle of the season You will, doubtleaa, make the amende honorable to the lady. and. In ao doing, gratify one of her numeroua admirer*. A BACHKLOR. Yellow Sraiaus Hotel, Auguat 8. 1H48, ]}etrription of Yellow Springe?trite there?Th- Hatht ? The Water?The Hauler Family. 4'CHaving left a great many anxious friend* In New York, and finding it impoaaible to write to every one in particular In theae dog-daya?and for the purpoae of diepelling the belief that the friendship had been all on their aid*?I take thia method to oommunieate with all of them through the thouaand-tongued Herald hailing them from the far-famed Yellow Spring*, where I am luxuriating undtr the beatlful shadowy prone*, inhaling the mountain air, and drinking the f IERA 1 18, 1848. delicious cool chrystal water* of the IMamon ! Springs uot that I am undergoing a course of water cure under the skilful hands of l?r. IJpren or l)r Charles IloiTendahl. under whoee mating, ment 1 hi extensive and elegant establishment is, nor that 1 have signed the tempers nee pledge ; hut that water is so pure so clear, and so delicious, that Katbor Mathew.wlth atl liia eloquence, is throwu far in the back ground with the mute appeal that it makes to the thirsty soul. Vou canuot understand, nohow, when drinking it ?you feel that it is nectar, a gift from the gods, which no other drink can equal, (live mo this water, and I will convert the whole I uited States in less than no time iuto staunch temperance people, Kor those who I V...I f,,- .^1,.1.1. ?,r., .... " ... ?. n.u^, or tor those who would desire a cool aud delightful retreat, I would recommend this plaoe. Thorn* who come here, laid up by disease and rheumatism. would toon hear that joyful henteuce. " (?o it. ye cripples." pronounced upon them. for general information, I will give you a short deacriptian of the place and our doing*. The fellow Springe are situated about seven lulled frotn Phienisville. ou the railroad between Philadelphia ahd | Heading. in u delightful valley, surrounded hy gently 1 eloping hilld, with very picturesque and roiumtic scenefy. The whole edtahlidhiiient. which comprises i pome thirty acre*, with some eight or ten building* for j visiters. id the property of Dr. i.lgnen and Dr. C. Iloffenduhl There ure now about 200 people here, mostly from Philadelphia. Boston, and Baltimore, of whom about tifty ladied and gentlemen arc going through all the manipulations of the water cure and. to judge j from uppearuucfd. with a good effect. I under,itaud i that the doctors have effected .some most miraculous cured. There are some springs here containing oxide of iron, leaving a yellow sediment. These, however, are net used tor the patients. The bath-house for the l ladies is in the middle of a garden; that tor the gen- j tlemen, in a park, nearly opposite the main building, | and contains each, a large squaru plunge, douohcn, i shower, aud seat hatha. The place is beautifully laid out and ornumented. and abounds in shady proiue nades, and contains a bowling alley, billiard room, i swings, and other amusements. The two front buildings are connected by a large j covered piazza which serves after dinner bh a promenn, 1m rtp ,lu netvt ,r hull fur otlrnosc it id i daily a band of music belonging to the establishment. is always ready to play the lively airs of Strauss or banner We have now a great many of the loveliest Indira here, who give themaelvea up to every innocent sport and enjoyment; waving for the preaent tile atrict rules of etiquette, and making the stranger welcome among them The amiable lady of Dr. H. was so kind as to introduce Die after dinner to all round, which made me immediately at home; I was treated by all present as an old friend. Some of our boarders feeing in the papers that the celebrated Mauser Family had arrived in Philadelphia from Tape May, wheie they had been eminently successful, concluded to add souie variety to our rural enjoyment, and proposed to the hoarders to invite the Mausers, which was accepted with acclamation. The same afternoon a committee of four gentlemen started, bearing an invitation from tin* whole company, whicli was duly accepted by the amiable family; aud true to their word they appeared the next day driving up in the elegant carriages sent for them l?y Mr. B. and Mr. b. Our ladies were all anxiously awaiting them, und had therefore assembled on the piazza. When they drovi up they were all very oordially saluted. particularly by some of our Bostoniaus. who had known tliem from their former visit to Boston. They received Miss Teresa with a warm, joyful embrace and a kiss. As we saw them all in such good hands, we retired to the large dining hall, aud commenced with right cheerful spirits to decorate the saloon appropriately with wreaths of Mowers. For the stage, we built a nice arbor from .a branches of trees, and in a few hours we had as hue a concert room us auy you can boast of In y.-ur city. Our ladies had prepared large green wreaths, which were filled up witli a variety of fragrant (lowers, showing the words ' Welcome to the Mausers " This attention seemed to affect the family tery much, particularly Miss Teresa, who tried in vain to repress a joyful pearly tear, which I saw glimmering in her soil blue eyes Mr. Seppa, the great master <-n : the zither, gained soon the favor of all present, with his good humor and open countenance In the evening w e had our concert, which was in every respect a grand affair, and passed off with a great deal of eclat. Almost every piece was encored. The Mausers, delighted with this reception, and elated by their success seemed to surpass themselves The zither is a delightful instrument, and Mr.Seppa called forth tones which vibratid on every chord of the heart, and earned great Slid repeat! d applause. I cannot give you a seieutillc criticism, but* one whioh nil felt to be true. By in..llirinir flit* l.iirlllv mllliintml mill uluuu ill Mm II I Low she ?ar pleased with the Mausers. she responded. I that she hud heard.a great many concerts by some of the greatest and most reputed artists in this country ! up well uh in Europe. but never before was she so much ; pleased and so pertectly delighted, us with the Mausers exquisite singing and chaste performances. Their tunes are lull o) melody, and the execution perfect. I easy, and elegant. They favored us with two concerts, after each of which we had a ball. at which the Ilausers danced, in their national costume, some of their native dances, which elicited a great deal of hilarity on account of their comic passes. Wo would like to have kept them here for ever, but they had to leave, to fulfil several engagements in Heading and I'ottsville. which their manager, Mr. A. Weyrauch from your city, had previously entered into. With new zeal we follow again our rural sports, wandering through the mountains, admiring nature in all her sublime beauty, for she seems to have chosen this spot to conoentrata all her richness, giving us mortals a paradise on earth. 1 This is the place, far retired from all the turmoil and ; ' bustle of city--far from politics?far from your creditors or sheriffs, where you can unjoy life in happy dreams for the future, building castles in the air, or laying down in the shade of an oak which counts itk years by hundreds, and hearing of it the tales of bygone ages, and hopes and prospects for the future. .1 shall leave here In a few days, going through west- , eta Pennsylvania, when I will endeavor to give you a description of its coal mines, iron foundries, and other interesting matters. Yours, very respectfully, ARIEL FROM ABROAD. The Dead Sea Expedition. Jerusalem, May 3, 184?. J. O Bepcxett, Esq. ;? Since my last letter, nothing particular has occurred I in our city. We are only waiting for the passage|of I the Americans who form the exploring expedition sent by the United States to visit the Dead Sea. Several travellers, arrived from Bethhagla, have met the expe- i ditlon. and say that they have already begun their researches on the Sea. Captain Lynch, accompanied by fifteen persons, the most of whom were sailors, left the shjfl^ipply at St. Jean d'Acre, on their way to the of Tiberiade. The captain was received with perfdft kindness by the officers of government of St. Jean d'Acre. by whom he was supplied in a very kind manner with all the necessary provisions, and to whom they furnished guides, to reach in safety his destination. The only difficulty Captain Lynoh met with, was for the transport of the two iron boats destinated to navigate the Dead Sea. He was obliged 1 to have two carts, of a peculiar form, built, to which , were harnessed camels, beoause the Syrian horses were not strong enough to cross the Desert. In this state : of things, the expedition left the city for Tiberiade, where Captain Lynch and bis companions arrived , safely, enjoying very good health. After having travelled around the Lake of Tiberiade (( eneearetb). the expedition went towards the country along the Jordan, in order to arrive at the Dead ; Sea; and this mode of travelling would have been impossible, if the boats had not been made of metal. Along the river the expedition was accompanied by Arabs, attracted by the novelty of the sight, \ and who, without claiming any remuneration from the Americans, rendered to them services which made our countrymen remember the hospitable manner of the nomade tribes of the Desert. Captain Lynch and his companions speak in the most flattering terms of the officers governing the different places through which they travelled. They were treated by them in the kindeat manner, and provided with, even more than necessary, all things which could be useful to them. By the last accounts, Captain Lynch being abundantly furnished with all kinds of instruments and provisions, had already begun a navigation on the Dead Sea, which bad never been undertaken by anybody, and the results of which will undoubtedly be try interesting to the scientific world. The "Supply'' having landed at Jaffa, I have had the pleasure of seeing sevoral of Captain Lynch s officers. , who had taken this occasion for visiting Jerusalem. They departed yesterday, returning to Jairs , A numerous body of pilgrims are encamped at Beth- \ bagla. on the banks of the Jordan, bathing themselves , in the blessed waters of that river, amidst which the .Saviour received baptism. Men, women, children, old men, every body, arrives in baste flroin every part of the country to that pious render.-vous. The Jordan, named charia by the inhabitants, has its source in a small lake situated at the foot of Mount Kl-Cheik. in the Llban It passes first through the i lakrof Tiberiade. the waters of whioh are sweet and mil oi nan; men crooning me great vaney 01 r,i-n. iou, i it runs into the Asphaltlc l.ake. or the Dead Sea. Its total length is about lO.'i miles. The Dead Sea in about 60 mllee long, and it or 12 wide, lie eboree and its waters arc constantly covered with bitumen wbich rises from the bottom, and which 1? the object of a great commercial business for the neighbouring people. The waters of the Dead Sea are charged with salts, and eitremely bitter From this fact came the belief that they were motionless and fatal to the unfortunate who ' by chance fell into them Neither tish. shells, nor mollus'iues are found in its waters : theuce it has been named Dead Sea " The sulphuric emanation which arises from it kills the birds which tly over its surface. The specific weight of Its waters is about one-'ifili heavier than than that of distilled waters. This has caused people t# say that men could walk over it without goingin above tlicankle The fact is exaggerated; but it is certain that upon these watery, heavier than any ether, float bodies which would sink in others The waters are so clear, that one may see very distinct' ly, at a certain depth walls, houses, ruins, which did belong, undoubtedly, to thn?e unfortunate cities burned. as say the holy Scriptures, by lire from heaven, as a punishment for the crimes of tln ir inhabitant* Those cities bore the names of Sodom, ttomorrha. A<lnma Neboim, and Soger, and were rich ami nourishing The general opinion is, that the Dead Sea i* the crater of a volcano, In which the cities condemned by the Almighty were buried. The Arat? .all thai ?ea"B*hx-*t-Lotti,''(S*?o( lot.) Adi-i Mil . li D. i - # TWO CENTS. t'lty int< 11it- i,<) Mkuri holt Ka t i.koa i# Aocidrkt ?On* of th* most serious and me'ancholy accidents which it ha* etcr fallen upon th* press to record, occurred about a >iuarter before 10 o'clock on Wednesday morning, oa the Island Railroad, about four mil*s west of (ireenport. It appears that tho (JTeenport train left the ilenot. *1 nlanu h.lf.nnat nin. Brooklyn, and a very large excursion train, drawn by two locomotive*, left Jamaica, and there being a curve in the road at Southold, it was impossible for the engineer of either train to ace the other, until within a few feet of each other, and at this curve the collision took place. A* anon an the engineer of the Jamaica train discovered the other train approaching, he reveraed ilia engine*, and p&rLially atopped his train , hut the (Ireenport train came witi full force, crushing two of the locomotive*, two tender*, and two passenger car* The engineer of the (ireenport train was Hcalded to death by the collision, and Mr. Horner, the mail ngent, waa so seriously injured that no hope whatever was had for his recovery. There were four men standing on the platform of one of the cars, nil of whom were very seriously injured; but the engineer and fireman of the Jamaica train oa. i-a|Miu uj juiii|jiuk on uaiuru urn trams came together There wan a gentleman from \ aptauk, who wan very seriously injured, and several ladies are said to hare been hurt; hut their numee were not ascertained The following is the lint of name*, so far as ascertained Jacob Wilklns, engineer, killed; Mr. Horner, mail agent, severely injured, probably dead before this, Warner Higbie, of Springfield, leg broken; Hem. Sni deker, W. L. Hendricksou. of Springfield, eacty a foot crushed; Stephen lllllcmnn. ol Jamaica, foot orushed, and Samuel Klderd, slightly Injured The train net arriving at Brooklyn at the proper time, the superintendent started by special train to see what was the matter, und when he arrived, the scene, it Is said, beggars description; men. women, and children were in the greatest excitement, and the destruction of the trains would h.veledto the conclusion that many perrons had perished by the accident; but comparatively little lujury was sustained other than that before mentioned The loss to the company will probably exceed $30,000. The bourd of directors have determined to investigate the matter, and if there il blame, to throw it upon whom itjustly belongs. Hohaho'iNkw Hotel?This large granite edifice is fast approximating to completion. We learn that it will be cpen for guests early in September. Our readers will recollect that we noticed last Kebruory, that Mr. L> D. Howard had obtained a number of lots, comprising the whole front upon Broadway between Chambers and Iteade streets, a ndseveral lots down Chambers and liende streets.upon which to build a mammoth hotel Since the middle of April, Mr. Howard has erected a large pile of buildings of granite, which, being added to the former granite buildings on Broadway and Chambers street, (and which have been raised in height and handsomely embellished), makes one of the latgett buildings on Broadway The hotel, at present occupies the whole block on Broadway, except 25 feet, which will be built up another year, to, in part, form one of the wing*. live stories in height ; the centre of the bnllding being six stories. This hotel will present one of the meat massive and chaate buildings in the city, and not surpassed for its extensive accommodations. The building will be completed this year.? Few hotels i n our country will aurpaaa it for luxury and comfort in every respect, and none for its internal elegance and liberality of construction. With Its spacious entrances, dining saloons, (bumjueting halls they might be properly styled, from tlieir extreme elegance) purlers, wide passages, stair-cases.well-ventilated rooms, ike., Uo . it can besurpassod by no hotel in the country It would seem ItiHt no improvement that u long trained mind, with immense experience in hotel keeping. could suggest, has been overlooked. The kitchens are beautifully constructed for convenience, coolness, and comfort, and ure, withal, tire proof. The large chimney into which all the fire flues ure carried under ground, is detached from the buildings, and will also serve for the manufacturing of gas Croton water is introduced in profusion for all desirable purposes throughout the bouse. A steam pump is constructed to pump water to the highest elevation, and cau be used in case of lire with wonderful effect; several hydrants are conveniently arranged, also to be used in case of aeoident, on each floor; in fact, every improvement to he thought of has been introduced that could add to the luxury, comfort, or safety of the guests. Mr. Howard. Tung known as one of our very best hotel keepers, is tbe sole projector of tills elegant acquisition to our city, and has driven this work with a rapidity, talent, and ingenuity, that have seldom been done before; and like Stewart, his opposite neighbor, has no bounds to his industrious and enterprising traits Long will our good citizens and strangers continue to appreciate tbem for the erection of two of the handsomest edifices in our city or country. A Strang Frkak.?On Wednesday afternoon, a man of very genteel appearance, about forty years of age. stopped at the Island City House, nt the eorner of Whitehall and South streets, and after taking a glass of soda water, made arrangements to stop there for a short time, and took a room. His manner was somewhat strange; but very little notice was taken of that bv those in the house. Without going to bis room he went into the street, took a stage, and went up town. He returned again in about an hour, apparently laboring under great excitement, and asked to be shown his room. He then retired; but pretty soon attracted the attention of a gentleman who occupied a room immediately under him, by breaking several panes of glass: and, upon looking out of the window, he discovered him twinging by bis hands to the siU of the window In another moment, he fell, and. catching upon the awning, succeeded in reaching the goound by descending one of the awning posts, the nails in which lacerated his hands very much. Going into the house,be atated. that he spent the night of Tuesday at the U. S. ilotel, but was unable to sleep, in consequence of being pursued by a man and woman who followed him, the former of whom bad a pistol, and the latter a dirk, declaring they would kill him; and he sought lodgings at the house he was then in. for the purpose of trying to evade them, but they still followed him, and his only resourse was to jump out of the window, that he might throw them off his track, knowing the awning would break his fall. He stated that he had made up his mind to give them battle, but knowing his life was in jeopardy, concluded to make his escape through the window. 11* could not account for It, but fearful that it might possibly arise from some mental disarrangement, he had determined to consult a physician upon the subject. Upon any other subject than that, he is apparently perfectly rational, and seems to be possessed of considerable intelligence. He was taken to the City Hospital. His name could not be ascertained, but it is said he is the commander of a vessel which arrived, a few days sinoe. from Charleston. Washiristor Markkt.?The shameful condition of this market should be noticed by the proper officers, and at least a degree of order and cleanliness preserved. in its present state, the stench Is almost snoh as to suffocate one ; and during the verv warm weather of late, the whole neighborhood nas been Impregnated with the effluvia arising from it. That portion occupied by the country people, is seldom or naver cleansed ; and they being allowed to take any position they please, there is not a single place left by whleh a passage may be safely made, without danger from being stamped upon by horses, or run over by carts. The regulations are decidedly the most inefficient of any market in the city ; and though numerous complaints have been made, no improvement has been, or is likely to be, made AsArKimi' Hokob.?There was considerable excitement yesterday morning, near the oorner of Centre and Chatham streets, In consequence of an attempt to settle a difficulty between two of the condnotors of the trains of the Harlem railroad. It appears that one of them became very indignant at the expression of the other, and, without saying a word in reply, repaired to the pistol store in < hatham street, and ordered a pair of pistols, regular duellers, to be ready when called for, loaded lie then returned to the place, and requeued the other to go around the corner with him. who. not supposing there *h any unpleasantness. of course accompanied him. and waa ushered into the aforesaid pistol store. and tendered a pistol. u the only " T 'f settling the difficulty. The one who had innocently ineulted his friend, and knowing him to hay been in Mexico, some time before the war with that country begun, aa a volunteer, declined accepting the weapon, and, aa the challenged party, thought be had a right to choose the weapon*, and accordingly squared off in a pugilistic attitude and told him to "some on." Thus the atlalr ended , the challenger would not fight in any such vulgar style L ampmimi Lamk.?It is astonishing how many lire* have occurred of late from the carelessness of thoae who use camphlnelamps Within the past week there have been five or six. which tend not only to destroy property, but endanger life The liquid t* of such a nature, that, if the lamp is not perfectly dry on the tube aud outside, the tlauie from the wick will go down to the body of the lamp. and. however tightly the top may be screwed on. that in the lamp will take lire, and the con -e.juence Is an explosion and fire Too much caution cannot be used with the article, as it la almost as dangeious as gunpowder, and many in this city have been suddenly swept off by carelessly attending to It I'siKvowsi Mas Dhow-hp - The Coroner held an inquest yesterday, at the foot of Jaines street, on the body of an unknown man. found floating in the river He appeared to l>e a sailor, about 'M vears of age. dark brown hair, with sandy whiskers and h?d on a menkey jacket. Tho jury rendered a verdict that the unknown man came to his death by drowning. Xit: Wkathei ? There was no abatement in the excessive heat of the weather yesterday, but, on the contrary an increase The thermometer stood as high as 02 degrees at noon and varied very little until nearly night i mi* ort >0* ? ? "* * rfmit ' { ri)U do. you will be obliged to 0*11 upon (ion rnorVilli Phvip. :>nd take n little of hi* old port and brandy |.'ii- A firo broke out on H'eduead*; night, m Ibe building No. 61 Mottou street the ro. f o' which Ir'ftp JiotroyeJ, mwih >"f No, '9 > iuppop?d to bo obout ?*> I i{ K I ElK, FRIDAY, AUGUST to which is added a prospect, that embraces soma of the in opt guperb landsrnpe eeenery that la to he found anywhere- and no where. I am confident, in any other of the watering plares iu this country. At the foot of the hill on which the Pavilion stand*. are two springs of sulphur and magnesia, both in high repute for their medicinal qualities These are at a nice walking distance from the house, and afford the lad es who fro<|U>nt them fine opportunities for doing something