Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 19, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 19, 1848 Page 1
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TP H isarrwr 110.5188. AIViIm in Our New Territory. San Francisco, Alio California, April 1, 1848. lutes e sting Narrative of the Voyage to California, by u J\r<.i" I*<// ? Volunteer?Commodore Stockton ? Cmcra! Kearny?Colonel Fremont?Sun Francisco? Cnstomi?Religion.? Cuttle?Produce? Press?Inhabitants, fyc., $-c. lleing a subscriber to and constant reader of your invaluable paper in New York, and from its vast circulation, its love of truth, its political independence, und generally the first to give publicity to foreign and important news, 1 take the jiberty of addressing you these lines, which, if not I Mint ill !int fit vnn will Iip uq f iuf:?r*it\r\r 1 n laui'vavuM* .v. j v", aa^ J aaaa..a.. .c of your subscribers, who have friends in this fardistant clime. We sailed from New lork in October, 1816, in the Thomas II. Perkins, ns one of the 1st rcginr ut New York volunteers; and on the 6th March, 18-17, came to anchor in San I'inneisco t>av,for, what wusa called tlie Hay of Sir Francis Drake, in tli Pacific, in north latitude 37 47. On our arrival here, the regiment was di- j vtded up and down the coast?two companies remaining here, one about CO miles north, at a town culled Sonoma, three to Monterey, distant 12tJ miles from here, two to Santa lUrbara, further south, und the residue further south still, to Puehla> de los Angelas, 1 being attached to one ot the-" companies stationed here as hospital steward, under Assistant Surgeon 11. C. Parker, with whom I had lived in Centre street, New York, for some lime previous to our departure On making in- ' quiry after landing, we learned to our regret that the fighting in the two Culifornius was over?that i there had been some well-contested skirmishes ; and battles fought only a few weeks previous to i our landing, between the Mexicans (or Culifor- j niuns, rather) and Commodore Stockton and his men, he having commanded personullv in the ' c?u i i i... ,i?. i.... i'_ jiciu, niiu ivjuiunTu uy uriiiciuiiriiis unaer u-ene- i ral Kearny and Fremont: and from the united j bravery aiid skill of the o(tieris, together with the j hardiness and intrepidity of the volunteers and I marines, the enemy was completely defeated; and i since that time the Californias remained tranquil, until about a month since, when some of our men j hail a few skirmishes at La Paz and l'uebla de los Angelas, one of our men, belonging to company 15, 1 being killed, and two wounded?the enemy not j daring to encounter them in lair fie'd fighting, but j kept up a c ontinual firing at the little gallant band j in the town for two days and upwards; however, ! they were dispersed and scattered from their hi- ! ding places, their flag captured, nnd many of them killed and wounded, and now we arc again in j tranquillity. To give you any account of the war i and movements of the army is useless, us the j greater putt of our information is derived from T nited States papers, -as the communication by ! Mazatlnn is uncertain and difficult, and by I'an.i- \ ma tedious; howi ver, we learned last night i by private information, that a proposal has beetj j made by the Mexican government to Gen. Scott, | to surrender to the Americans the Californias, New Mexico, and some other places of value, on con- I dition that he would protect the tottering govern- ^ znent for a ftw years, till the intestine wars and t sanguinary partie s would be extirpated; which, we I understand, is likely to meet the approbation of our government in Washington, us their object is j not to annihilate the government of Mexico, but i conquer a peace. Tins portion of the globe may in a future time become valuable in mercantile af- j fairs, as Well us the immense wealth which com- | ltterce, industry, and speculation may reap from I lhe mines of gold, silver, quicksilver, saltpetre, coal. A'c., Arc., which abound in these districts. If the roads were in such state as to afford emigrants the means of travelling with facility, and with more 'despatch, so as to uvoid the hardships some encounter in travelling over snow?as has been experienced by the unfortunate sufferers hist year, when some 11 them subsisted for a number V>f days on hides and venison flesh?(hen would this country be worth contending lor. The bay of San Francisco is one of the best harbors in America, or perlr ; in the world; tlw entrance is good and safe, and tnr icle a deep, wide bay, extending upwards of 100 miles, sheltered from all winds, I an excellent unchorjtgo, and us healthy as j any port of the 1'nion. The town of San Francisco (formerly 41 Yeiba LJucna ") had only a few shantces or camp-like cabins when we -arrived with the exception of half a dozen houses built of' adobes or sun baked brick, now exhibits a pleasing prospect?upwards of 150 houses, some of-which Vie with our AmencanTcitiesfor elegance and accommodation. Town lots which cost only $)<?, are now filing for 8100 to 8200, and some at $(,00. Wharves n. e building, streets formed clear over the hills, and great' taste c,Tin?eu ,B 1 '* 1"a provements. We have an ex^>,lent ,^a,Tic adjoining is the custom house, unudirection cf Captain Fulsom, Quarte.. There are two excellent ^hotels, billiard took-*' and an extensive lumber yard. Lumber is vefy i dear, $50 p< r INI. for boards, Arc , on account of the , distance they are brought; hut now we receive a 1 supply from Oregon of lumber, as well as wheat j ana dry goods, which tend to lower the prices, i All kind cf merchandise were exceedingly dear ' when we first landed, and until lately: but now the place is well supplied, and instead of :KX) per j cent profit, they arc now content to sell at cent | j>er cent over New York prices current. The UUg oairiUf", ui j.wniun, v t jiiuciUj id iiuw i discharging a valuable cargo Irom Boston, and we i have many arrivals front the Sandwich Islands, ! China. and southern ports, as well as from the , United States. We are accumulating a revenue; | goods of all kinds, lumber excepted, pays a duty of ?0 per cent on the valuation here, l.tquor sells dear. Brandy, gin, rum, and aguadente are sold at tl 50 j>er bottle, and retailed at one ri tl per glass. Vine the same; they have some Caltfornian wines that they sell cheaper, but it is of rather in- I ferior ouality. Boots are AS to $10 per pair; shoes $3. Black and blue cloths very dear, as well as ready made clothing?tailors' work being very high. Tea Irom :?1 to $2 per lb., that is, good | souchong, or preen; but the inferior kind is cheap. Butter is fonr rials or half a dollar per lb., j notwithstanding the vast number of cows; hut j the Califbrniuns. who own the principal part, are j too indolent to milk or churn. Cows are Large, i and good milchcrs, and sell from $12 to $16 each. Horses ore very numerous, but not very large, a few exceptions only, and sell from to $50each. You can get a serviceable mare forfS. and a horse for $r5. hut they are very skittish, and till broken down, difficult for Americans to catch, j The Mexicans, however, have no difficulty, it being their chief employment, lassoing and laming wild horses. Most of our men have purchased horses; their saddle, bridle and spurs are all different front ours, strong and heavy; their enormous lonp spurs rattle like chains, and some hove little bells attached. The natives never ride without the riata, or row hide rope or lasso, and at which they are very expert: they will throw the noose on n horse's head or neck, at the distance of twenty yards, ut full s|ieed, and the pummel of their saddles are so fashioned as to take a turn of the riata round it and bring up a wild horse, cow or ox. The men are generally lazy, fond of riding, dancing and gambling. Their chief game is called luonte ; it is a mere gittnc of chance, and it is not unuaal to see $200 staked on the turn up o a single card. The women will gamble as well m uic uirn. i lie men are mostly addicted to liquor. The women are, or may be generally considered handsome, with dark, I iscinating eyes and pood features : die better kind very courteous, but, in general, indolent ; they dr^es rich and cosily, are addicted to fandangoing and gallantry, but not much coqnetiy ; Sociable, kind, and good-natured, beautiful and extravagant, and c hiefly overkind ; but of the- 1 ant no judge. Hoth males and females are not so religious as the French. They are fond ef ceremony, but the dreadful intestine feuds, and tyranny exercised by die military commanders nnd despotic rulers over the lower class, render thein generally revenge lul and irreligious. The missions owned by the clergy in former times were mostly .ransack* d previous to the present war, and clerical % influence at present is on the decline. They will in no wise, i oron any account, embrace any other religion. although they do not strict.y adhere to any of the mips <>l their own. There is only one ('atholie | priest in all there upi?er districts, hall Indian, but a very zralott > preacher, and, they sry, a good (Jhnstain. The lands in California are mostly used lor crazing. and arc vnri d. in large tracts, fioui three league: square to fifty leagues. Some men own 20,QOO head of cattle, but the mountains and lulls ate not fit for agriculture, on account of the want of rain?ve have scarcely any from April to December?but the valb ) s and low grounds, particularly where they c m be irrcgated,produce abundant Iv. M.Luther Van Melvrti?. on the river Saera mcnto, rnifft) nnr.uullv twelve to twenty thousand bushels ol wheat, wliiV It he gels entirely rca rd by ilie Indians, Central \ ullyo, and his brother, in Sonoma, own moat all the good lands northward I'rom here, end we expect, its soon as this country i is tinder American liw, that taxation wi'l ean-e k thenr to soil their lands in firms or qnuititiea to to suit emtgiunts, which will be the first step to1/ words improving ihiscountrv. Almost all the luxlines of nature, u? respects the vegetable kingdom, f E ME MORNING I ' thrive In re. Potatoes ai - i\u < d only tiy a f.-w; as yet they sell for fix rials the nrobe of 23 His.; nor ran they boast of much fruit as yet in l,owrer Gahloinin. At the mission they raise apples, pears, Arc?they cost us here a dollar the hundred. Beef is the only or principal sustenance of man; it is sold i t 2.1 to " cents per lb., but it is cheaper to pureliai-e the creature. Too. hide will sell for one and 1 n linli dollar, tind then the meat will cost no more than one c< lit per lb.; it is seldom better. Flour is p< Id at ^12 per barrel, but it will be in the decline. We hove pot a first outline of American law here. Each district has an Alcaide or chief magistrate, or two topether, with a town council?but like every new colony, for want of better, we are obliged to have some men whose first object is self-protection. We have two weekly newspapers here, who print the conduct of public officers in their true colors, but without much effect. ()ne paper, edited by Mr. Buck lew, is called the Cah frrniiin\ the other is un: derMormon influence, called ifie Star, but it is not supposed to pparkle very brightly, p irticularly in summer weather. We have, as yet, 110 higher court for the trial of criminal offences, than the court niurtiuh and tins, like every new colony, populated by i eople of a roving, beaastroM? disposition. renders muiders frequent. Mostly nil carry pistols end dirk knives. Ilorse stealing is quite common, also, on the mountains. The Indians are not very hostile here. A few o{ them are located on earn r. m h or farm. Jiving in hum. and work for their Jood and u little clothing. vThc wild Indians frequent the mountains, go almost naked, use hows and arrows, and sometimes are brought in by their governor to work for the season, and return in the winter. They are not over fastidious in respect to dress, a small fmteh of skin in front only, and sometimes u little patch between the shoulders. The I iiggor tribe being next us here, are the most abject, loathsome creatures in the world. They are revengeful and lazy, and are kept in a kind of slave) y and bondage hy the rancheros, and often flogged and punished. Their performing all the drudgery and heavy labor, leaves but little demand tor laborers of white complexion: and, besides, there are numbers of Conyackers or Sandwich Islanders, here, who work reasonably.(^Mechanics here, I however, get good wages; three dollars per day.? Board here is pretty dear: $>f? per month in the taverns, and four times that much in the hotels. Young women are very scarce here?very few Americans. There are a few Mormons. Some of our countrymen, however, get married to Californians 01 Mexicans. Having given you a hnsty outline of the army, the geography, iVc., of California, I overlooked a few farts which may be somewhat interesting to you, viz.: respecting the imports and export? of tliis country, together with the mineral kingdom and shipping, beverul mines have lately been discover^ in this country ; one at Santa Clara, on tins bay, belonging to Messrs. Forbes, with the labor of fifteen hands, in three weeks, yielded 11.200 lbs. of quicksilver, worth in Mexico two dollars per pound. Two silver mines have lately been discovered ; also, one about three miles from Sonoma, on the lands of Mr. lllig, ami another on the lands 01 J. F. Heed, Esq., about four miles from the Put 61a de San.Tose, which is supposed to be very rich, and the enterprising proprietor lias already (Commenced operations. Iam credibly informed that a quantity of gold, worih ill value. $3(1, was lucked up lately in the bed of a stream of the Sacramento. There are also numerous mines of coal, and some of copper discovered in this neighborhood, to the Southward and Northward. Two immense caves arc known to exist in the vicinity of Clear Lake, North of tins bay, and about 112 miles from Sonoma; one containing inexhaustible quantities of saltpetre, the other abounding in sull bur, and both said to lie pi the purest quality.? There are immense beds of Conner ore, lately discovered: m the vicinity of said lake. Little, however, is known in relation to mineral coal, in C difornia, as yet; however there are diflerent reports of its having been discovered in various places?Santa Cruz mountains, San Luis Obirbo, San Diego, and Todos los Santos. There is another discovery, cf a copious fountain of semi-fluid asphaltum, near Santa Barbara, running into the sea, and impregnating the atmosphere for several mile*. 1 his substance becoiiies hunL so as to break like rosin, when exposed to the cold air, and is highly combustible. it lias been already exported, to be used in the aits, in Peru, and has been used as fuel in ncawDoais in i 11111. ixear me lower x'ueuio 10s Ang< h s, there are extensive fields where it is continually boiling uufrom the earth. This is believed to be the asplialtum petroleum, or "mineral tar" of commerce. At present it is used in covering the flat earthen roofs ot California houses, to render them impervious to rain Perhaps ilus may be the asphaltum of the ancients, so much spoken of by .Tosephus, in his "Wars of thoJews."' Limestone lias been found in abundance, and already all the lime necessury to be mixed with the quicksilver ore, in the extensive mine near Santa Clam, can be procured in the vicinity. Several soda springs are interspersed in all parts of this country, particularly in thamountains. There is one near Sonoma, and another near the above ascribed quicksilver mines, which are considered i " ludgt-o 10 he equal to Saratoga or Balston water* i,'id similiu" 1? ,he Congress water. We have received information late.;, ,hat a.',flHrg\^lotion from China iI5ay be soon expect. ' . * i j already two or three "Celestials" among u?,' have found ready employment. We were yesterday shown a specimen of salt, taken from a large bowl spring, twelve miles west of the Sacramento, which is of fine quality. The gold mine discovered in l.)eccnibcY last, on the south branch of the American fork, in u range of low hills forming t he base of the Sierra Nevada, distant thirty miles from New Helvetia, is only three feet below the surface, in a strata of soft sand rock, from explorations south twelve miles, and north five miles, the sontinuance of this strata is reoorted, and the mineral said to be equally abundant, and from twelve to eighteen feet in thickness; so that, without allowing any golden hopes to puzzle my prophetic vision of the future, I would predict for California, a Peruvian harvest of the precious metals, as soon as a sufficiency of miners. Arc., can he obtained.. Number of Vessel* arrived at this Port, from April 1st, 1847, to Ajnil 1 st, 1848.?From New York, 2; Sandwich Islands, 14 :< >regon, 8: San Pedro, 4; Monterey, 16; Bedega.3; Santa Cruz. 5; San Pedro, 4; Chili, 3; North-West Coast. I; Southern Coast, 2; New Bedford, 6: New Loudon. 1 . Snr. 1 V.fL? 1 . C..ll?? 1. Boston. 1 ; United States. 2. Men-of-War?I . S. tliips l're^le. Congress. Columbus, and sloop Dale. (>1 the above, sixteen were whalers: so that you will ]>err<'ive this is destined to be a place of great trade before long. I will give you an abridged sketch of the imports and e.\|iorts, obtained through the politeness of Capt. I* ulsom. U.S. Army, and collector of this port, for the three months ending December Hist. 1847:?Total value of exports for the <iuarler. $49,597 68. Of this amount, $30,353 85 were Ot of the produce of California, and shipped as fol-* lows $320 to the Sandwich Island", $*1,448 35 to lVrtl. $5fc0 to Mazntlun. (.Mexico.) $7,295 50 to Kubjinn America, (Sitka.) $700 to Tahiti; $19,313 (IS were of the produce of foreign countries, and -hipped as follows:?$2.000 to the United States, $12,142 18 to the Sandwich Islands, (of which $11,310 were coined gold und silver,) and $1,810 50 to Ma/atlan. Mexico. The total value of imports for the same period was $53.5*9 73. (>f this amount $(i,7!K) 54 came from the I'nited States, $7.7ul 59 from < 'regon, $3.(i7t? 4t from Chili, $31,710 73 from the Sandwich Islands, $2,171 59 from Sitka, Russian Amerien, $402 57 from Bremen, and $56(> 54 and $1(0 from Mexico. This shows a large balance against us ns vet, and has occasioned u heavy drain of cash to meet the balance. The principal exports, as yet, are hides and tallow: but when our mines mid forests come into o|>eralion, we expect to turn tlie scale. At present the duty on American merchandise is 20 percent, which must be borne by the inhabitants. This is shameful, Th^liniate is delightful and healthy. In San Francisco the wind blows mostly rom the west. We < xpect to be disbanded next lall, many of the regiment not relishing the country. 1 have not space to give you the market prices, but hope ere long to be able to forward them. Mllitniy Movement*. Major Q?n. Wool, accompanied by Lieut*. Moi.enn bthI Totten, Aldee-de-Camp. arrived yesterday, from tho South, and occupy apartment* at the Astor Hou** 111iftv purpose leaving line morning. i ir Troy, escorted by tn* Troy Citisen's Corps, under the command of Copt, Pierce. who were expected to arrive lrst night. Amongst the numerous arrival* at tiro Aster, we found the names of Capt. Forrest. ISA; 'I he lions Messrs. Marsh and Holmes, of Louisiana At the Howard. Colonel It T I fart, Kentucky ; ('apt Mrjrick. New Kngland ; and Oov. S. S. Barry, Mlchtghanf ItllHei'llsnrons, At Amherst Colli go commencement last week, the degree of I) I), was conferred upon Kev Mr. Brainard, of Philadelphia, and of I L l> upon C C. Kelton. of llurTsrd L nivi rsity. and Hon Hulus Cho.ite of Boston Professor Bc'a B P.dwards was elected one of the Ttustees, In plane of Dr. Nelson, resigned. \ islero'aj a rnonsirous large has, ens caught near the (iliidr> House, at Cohas-et The fish weighed h#! tennsl-ti and eevvnt" pounds. ? 7 | .7i g 17. i W Y C sbrnoN?new your Pollvv Intelligence. Jealousy av.cng l'olicimtn ?tor some time past. n gnat jeah uejr hus existed among the memlx rs of the police di pun in* nt, in consequence of Mayor llnveiiieyer, who i* the bead of that department, showing favors to some, nnd denying the fame privileges to others. The principal complaint is?allot Ing the favored few to truusact business In nud out of the omic, ami mill uiaw mcir pay iroin in# city, while other policemen, applying f r the taut favors, hare their pay stopped ; others, attain arc refused a permit to rt ceive rewards, while the favored few are never questioned uttb'iugh the reward be for the lik 1 services. Again, some policemen nre permitted to keep grog shops, boat shops carpenters' chops, boardiri;houses, and various other trades, all In no'ive operation; while other poor devils, who have not the i ir of the chief or tin- Mayor to sanction their proceedings, are told, "lou must be a policed in. and not attend to other duties." Now. all this is decidedly wrong, and tends only to create a very envious and bad feeiing amongst tos men, and. beyond oil, should nsvsr emanate iroin the head of the department, srii >se impartial administration, we have a'.wu.v.- been led to believe was correct, uutll vre hear th< div atiefactl >n expressed by the policemen generally. The Mayor, who is the hi ad, anil therefore, the great regulator of all the Imperfections of the police. ou*ht never toallow a favor to ouet hat he wotud not allow to another policemen, under the same circumstances; for in doing eo, he at once create? a feeling of favoritism and jc ilousy, which is detrimental to the discipline of the d pai'.uieut. Such partiality and favors as abovenanied, we are sorry to acknowledge exist, and under the administration, too, of Mr. Haveineyer, which is still more remarkable, as he has ever prided hiin-eif on his impartial manuer in governing the police department. These acts, although Mr. Haveineyer may not be aware J of the fact,he may possibly he sanction upon representations inadc by other parties iu power, who practice a fittle deception, or at least keep hack information which would, if given, materially alter the affair, and open the eyes of the Mayor, who would decide, in serve cases, adverse to the application. Improvement of the Police Syltem?Under ft recent decision of liis Honor Mayor Huveraeyer, ho holds that a policeman can, wiih propriety, lay aside his star of authority for a short period, break the head of any individual against whom he hue gome malicious : feeling, and tlun resume his position again, as if ! nothing had happened ?thereby instituting, iu a great measure, peace-breakers instead of peace-makers. Veslfrday, one of these curious affairs came off ou the long dock foot of Harrison street, in which policeman Vaugban. of the Fifth ward, figured to nearly the fullest extent of the Mayor's legal liberty. It appears from the fuctsand nfiidavits already made, that Huben Travis, an industrious man, of about forty years of age, whose business it is to furnish shipping with ballast, wus ( mploji d on the above pier, with several of his men. when officer Vaughun came on the dock, and informed Travis that he would not allow any more dirt to he thrown on the pier until they had removed the dii t already there, as he was dock master, audivouhl not permit it. Travis replied that he supposed if he had given n $j bill, ns some others hail done, it would be all right, and no notice taken. This reply raised the lie of the policeman, who, fei ling his integrity touched In being suspected that his would be guilty of taking an outside " nip"' of a V, commenced at once to use language towards Travis, such as ' you ore a d?d liar," '-and U?n you, I'll lick youd'xo., with many other embellishments iu the same strain, quite unfit forthe dignity and self-respect of a mem un vi u.t: uepni immi, until, letting nis passion overcome his better judgment, the policeman threw t(T I his crat ou the (lock. containing his star, (do doubt, | bearing in mind the Mayor s latest decision on that point.) and challenged Tiavis to light, at the satno time xclaimiug. " G?d d? n you, I am no police ofliccr flow," "aDd I'll lick you like h?11rilling Travis to come nod light, This Travis refused to do but told him his language and actions were any tiling but o(Tle?i-lil>e. Vaugban not ilnding Travis willing to roceivethe challenge, pursued him up tlie dock, struck him snre'-al Mows iu the face, cutting li is eye and lip. tearing bin sliirt. and otherwise nbusing him until separated ' by several men on the dook, who came to the assis- I ti'.nco of poor Travis, who was not a match forVaughan, ' being a much older and weaker man. When separated. ! Mr. Vaughr.n resumed his coat, and star again, as if i nothing had happened, clearly showing that bo felt ! jusllft d in the act of stepping from the ofiicinl station ' cf n policeman for a few minutes, merely to gratify a j passionate temper and violent disposition, which un- ' dcr the late decision of his honor the Mayor, docs not ; cunllu t with any of the rules laid don a iu tlie hoik of police regulations. No doubt the officer fscla justified . in what bo did, as he relinquished the office f ir the tin e being, whipped bis man. and tben resumed his i tsr for protection. Surely this is afitony system, ! and sb ws conth /lu ly 1?ow dungerous it is to'matte ' llesli of one und fowl of another, especially iu the go- ' vernment of !00 policemen. Charge of J-'orgrry?Officers Norton and falmerly. of the.till ward, arrested yesterday a young man by the name of < barlcs (5. Thompson, on a charge of j f< iging a promissory note, purporting to be signed by ' bis father, Horace Thompson, residing in New Haven. f'ODni cticut, for the sum of $heO; swbich note, young Thompson, the necu-ed. passed to Cruig and Teal, grocers, No. ";>2 Washington street, for a bill of liquors; bi ton the note becoming due. as a matter of course it was pretested for non-payment, and on application to Mr Thompson, in New liaien, he pronounced the signature to be a forgery. It seems that this hopeful son has already forged two similar notes ou his father, which the old gentleman paid in order to save his son frcm dlsgrate, and this being the third, the father don't fet 1 disposed Ufliqutdate, supposing that more are yet coming 'flic accused bits been located for some months past with a female of disrepute, at No. 4" Leonatd street, where he was arrested hy the officers. 1 On being brought to the police office. he bccatp.e much I alarmed, and wrote out a few lines to'?g sent on by teb graph to bis father in Mew llaven. begging hitn for I God's sake to come down immediately and settle the he is now in the Tombs. Justice Lothrop ' locked bint up for a further bearing. Jlrirrl on Suspicion ? OfficersCroeett and Stephens cf the lower police, arre sted yesterday a hackman by ' the name of John McFearlin on suspicion of stealing M watch, valued at $100. belonging to Giles Martin, "it ai.e-"a" t!1*t th2. "coused drove Mr. Martin i around in bis haw Thur^diiy night until he bocame so intoxicated lie anew not where fe? was, until j be found himself in the Cth ward station bouse, one ! of the policvmen of that ward having found him in a stupitled state on the side wnlk 'n Chambers street, ' minus his watch, that having been cut from his neck, ' and a portion of his guard chain left behind. It is ' supposed that the h.p'kman turnrd him out of the j cab, roMfed him. and left him on the side walk. Justice Lothrop locked him up for a further hearing. ' Violent .'luault on I'oticemrn.?Two rowdy billows called Alexander Iloblnson and Timothy J. Kellogg, were arrested yesterday on u charge of violently assaulting officer (ilnss. of tlie lst ward, with intent to kill, beating him severely with a stone, almost break- ; inghisarm. Justice Lothrop committed them both < lor trial. The Latest Cnrtnrilnn View of the t illicit States uikI the IrUli ttacstloii. [From the Quebec Mercury, August 11.] li'poiii nrp?n?nt nnritiaranoun U km *.v !/!.>>*? 1 aC I r- ?vwU) mm *ww? 'u?Uk ?.*aC lUB'C'P VI the I' nlted States, nvailing themselves of the excitement created in the I'nion by the several parties canTft'piDp for the rrosidential election, in faror of the present movement among the Irish, contemplate n prospect of again embroiling Kngland with the neighboring government, on some such cause as the burning of the Caroline. The many movements recently made in the Northern States, avowedly in favor of '-suffering Ireland." sufficiently demonstrate an intention of the I kind, or at least a desire to breed mischief. The efforts < of the individuals Implicated in these demonstrations ! are inaigniQaant enough, and the position of the parties connected with them as little worthy of notice But there are exceptions to the standing and social position of some few individuals who hare lent their influence to the work. In one or two cities of some note. 1 the meetings convened have been presided over by the Mayor, thus reseiving Irom his ofllciul character a species of prestige which, considering the position of the I'nlted States towards Kngland. it would have been seemly, to say the least of it. on their part, to have i withheld. The anomaly of the I'nlted States government, in its | power of interference with a foreign State, was Cully . exemplified in the late Canadian rebellion. Kxcesses were committed under its eve?the State arsenal^ fur- ; niched the implements of aggression to the " sympathizers."' and in reply to official remonstrances from our government, evasive or unsatisfactory communion- I tfona were trnnsmttted. until the two powers were well | ntgh at war. for the culpabilit y or Indifference of the | l otted States authorities But the people of Canada wi re " tip and at them" -the loaflng barnburners"? and brought them to a deadly reckonlug They will do so again. A safe bullet ami short shrift was given to some-a strong rope toothers. Such will be the fate of the utw bauds, if they reuew the game of invasion. Whatever may he the opinion of Irishmen in their native land, in this, the soil of their adoption, or those r> di nt in the I nltrd States, as regards ?h.- ?r Ireland, and the means to be adopted to uttain her ?nn iteration. and that consummation of prosperity which tliey patriotically de-ire to ace her enjoying, no Justification can be advanced by the American governtncDt for the toleration of conspiracies against a nation with which they are on terms of amity. In this view wo concur with our contomporary of the Caztttr :? ' We also (rive an account, by telegraph, of a gr, r,t sj nr)j%thi/inp meeting in New \ ork It'that account he true we trust tlmt prompt nnil effective means will he 1ah> n to convince the peopln of the I ulted States, and thtir government. if there lie one, that they cannot. with Impunity, nl'ow an outrag" upon the laws of nations, tn trie shape of a eons piracy against n friendly power, in an organized irruption in its capital or t rrrftoiies ; and, in particular, tlint we colonists have a right. 1 y a proper demonstration on New ^ ork or Bosti n. to be prott cted from the menaced attempt-, by reckless and Insane incendiaries, to 'burn all the houses in Montreal."" SrHANUOAT Kxi'l.OSIOM ASfTS GREAT IjOMOF liir*. ?The Pittsburg Joumtl pulilishes the following correspondence, dated at St. Louts, Aug. 14th.?1" At an early hnnr yesterday morning, tho flue of a boiler of tbe steamer' Kdward Bates, (a now boat, built at <"Iticlnnati, and owned In St. Louis.) coi!ap?ed near Hambu'g. riinole. billing tifty deok pn?sengers and some oftliecrow Several persons wi re wounded who were brouri.t to t' is place. The dea l were hurled at Ilarn . bun i SATURDAY, AUGUS: i 'I lii' Lninmi'iii I'vni'tif r.i* f nllowv. On, Saturday, August 12th, the examination of college classes fv as t. ni-ht <J?one of the must strict old Vale ever underwent. No le?s lint# sixteen of tho riming scnirr cluss. who rrer t xumluod fur their degrees, were condition*U, and some. too, b>< heavily that they will jirobab'v gr.-.dnate a year in advance of their class-mates. Ou Sabbath uftcrnoon, l'iof. Fitch dolivcnd the Baccalaureate I: rnion, from Pror. X'AIII. ( 2!id : "Tell not the truth It was a rtry good specinrn of his solid, energetic at .vie. In his concluding remarks he revetted very feelii gly to the death., of hock- ] wood, Ctly. and Hawley of the class of '18; "all of ' whom died in the faith " I On Monday and Tn -day cameo ! the examination 1 of tlmfe recking admittance to college. Wc, under- 1

stand that ?)xt\-.-lx were entered, and nboot flity re- 1 ji cted. So it seeuisi tl at h ale if. in fort, putting oir * tbc " iron jacket." We saw many downhearted atrip- |. 1 hues alio bud hen told that they "couldn't uouie iu! ' " Never'.beli bb, although ft is grievous to a must evidently be asomco if delight to all of Bound ^ learning. and without doubt the oourse taken by 1'rer. V. ool:ey and bin coadjutors, will receive tho unuui- ' t .ou- approbation of the friend- of thia venerable in strtution. Many inire will probably be entered at ' Hi beginning of the nest term; so that, notviih- ' Blending their uuexumpied s'rlctnoss, the Fresh of ' nextyiur will he neither "faint-hearted nor few." ( <?n Tuesday evening, at en eurly hour, North > f'huich was jumtm d to overflowing, to listen to the a Cowrie ml Cm am. by I)r. Buahniikof ltartford. Subject-The l)iv ir ily of Christ. It wub o masterly and ' splend d elicit: hut we vary much doubt whether he ? hiii yet settled the question in a|| nfinds. whi ther or not he in a 1 nitarlnn. Mo certainly is not a f'niUri;in * in any sense in v bjch that word has heretofore been 'I u.-i d. neither is he nn old fashioned Trinitarian. Ilo ri is Dr. Bm< hn< II. and that in enough for one man. Ho '' has an idea of tho Trinity grand und sublime. Ida v own. !> d which.if clearly understood, would, w* think * add fresh tartri ls to hiH nlr ady thickly overt d brow. '' (>u odnesday at !i o'clock, tho Alumni of this nnd othi r colleges met in a tout, which had been fitted for fthai purpose, on the college ground. Prof Sdliuinu ? introduced to tho chair I.iout. Governor MacCurdy, : ^ cf Connecticut, ltev. Mr. button tlieu road u report ol these who bud diod during tho punt yc*r, am >ng '' which were numbered many i f Columbia'a noblest f pons. The Bev Mr. Hewitt ti.en introduced a motion of thanks to i'rof J. I., Rtngsiry and Herrick. p, Kn|S . fur thsir labor of love in furnishing materials ^ tor I be foregoing report, which was amended by I'rof. , c Silliinan by Inserting the name of ltev. Mr. Bobbins. 1 of Hertford; nnd furtlier amembdhy Mr. Bobbins, ; I by adding Mr. Klon G reason. of llurtford, printer. * 'j in u followed eloquent sp'eclies from eloi|Uent gen- i * tieinen. Hubbard, of B >ston. end Re v. Dr. l'ierce. of ' Brooklyn. Muss. lie told w ith gloat vividness and sir- ' dor the ''doings" of tilly years ago in old Harvard, when bo was Tutor. iiow that Judge Story and ( J Marshall always hud to pull off their hats vvhou come ' inlotlie college yard; and howr that tlie year John J .Adam* vena graduated tlie power ol' boxing the slu- I ' dents'care was taking away from the tutors, lie was , ' followed by Judge Jetsup, of Pennsylvania. tf tho < class ot 1 Slii, who spoke warmly for the support of J e. miuon schools. " 1 em no politician," said lie, -'liut ' 11 1 wcio to oiganlv.e a party on any one principle, i tl.iil. piincipie sboiiid be "Tho property of acouutry v ought to educate its children." Van Burea was I' louuly called for, ni he sat down; audio! John up- '' pt ar< u iiu ,-aiu lie hud no expectation of being culled upon to speak. lie would, howtver, say that, he hid. | v in his short career, frit tho great advantage of u good v college education, and that ton. from the want of one' , , He passt il high encomium* upon ex-President Day and rrofa Silliman und Kinpsh y, and said' 'twas none of , l( their fault." If he should live HU fifty years hcnoe he ; would tell them what they did in the class cf '28. In j ' conclusion, since Secretary Morgan bad been so kind as to call him up he desired to return the compliment, and hear from the hou gi ntlemuu. (Great cheer ng ) 'Jhe Hon. Cb'istopher Morgan, Secretary State of New V ork. on arising said : His fiiejid had remark- J1 i d that if he lived fifty years he would tell them how they managed in the class of t;8. Korhis part ho was s w now ready to ti ll them how some of them managed, one John Vim for instance. It was Monday ' morning?roll called?John \ an Huron'?here. M >n- 14 day. Tuesday, Wednesday. Thursday, Friday. Satur- j day and Sunday, ah- ut from prayers and recitations; ' what excuse ? Couidu't find my tools (Tremendous *' cheering) ! a shoi t . lohn w n? suspended and received '* bis drgrre by a special rote Vet," added he, " although n perfect lt'p Van Winkle lu college, l'ui glad * the llo.u has i t lewp*fc awokw." (Cheering.) T Hon Mr. Smith, late Minister from Texas to Great Britain, ar.d llov. Dr Beocher, of Cincinnati, followed, with pitby and w ell-timed remarks. A procession was 1 then formed, wh'eh marched to the North Church. '' where the Rev Dr. Bacon delivered a deeply learned j and interesting addres to the nhnnni of Old V ale.? ! ' Subject? of Christianity on tha World. ' 'J he. following beautiful h;, mu, compered for the occasion, was Fung :? ' Ourla'hc.'t Cod.' wc .irst willrai-r To 111us* our note of crutch 1 [ raise. As, one in heart, vc bow our heads 1'omul., these venerated shades. Next, Ut the mournful tear be abed. .1." t rough these Imlls. in vain, wega'} ; I'd friend s beloved iu happier duys. lilcst U ti e hour, and dour V,e place, ' That here unites, in lend embrace, < lasrmate to classmate, friend tofrend. And all i aleacia'a noble band. j Uuil, lion red Alma Mater, bail' Ne'er may thy dnti ous children fail, I ' m work* ana offering* meet, to rro\c, I * With heart and tongue, their 7cal, their love. Religion, learning, every grace, Here long shall hold theor dwelling place ; v And Troth, if driven from all her realm*, Fh&ll reign ' cneatn these sacred elm At two *n ^fr?oon. the theological commoner, merit una holder, ? ( lass?W. K. ratlin 8.A : v..? J ay' B A'\,M* ward W. Uiltnnn. M.A. ; D. S. n" Hobsnnes aul! " ?. Hoggins. M.A, ; VV. T. Itevnolds. 8.A. ; D. S. Kod- > j laau. and II. 1, Stanley. M.A. t, 'J he first speaker was N. P. Bailey, of New York city, I not of the graduating class. Subject?Earnestness in p, Preaching; himself quite a good example of his subject, viry easy, however, in his ronnuer. Inveighed ^ ngninst logic in preaching. It should be logic on tire. Our preachers too profound. The persuasive the must (l licceitary style of preaching. The preacher should be I j, the most eloquent man in the world. 2 Next followed?Moral Uses of Suffering, by J O. ? Butler, of Brooklyn, N. Y. The very opposite of the r preceding. Kssuy very well written. Main idea?Advi rslty de velopes and calls into action the powers of the p m iiI, and leads us to see our weakness and conquer M OniMttM. J ' The Tower of Primitive Christianity," by H. L. I Stanley, Munroe, Mich. Well written Description i j, tfa scene from Shakspearo?Primitive Christians saw I j what they testified. Their faith was sight. Ail was f fresh-all recent. Jesus seemed to be with them? comi loto separation then between church and world, p 1 hey Lad a vivid expectation of Christ's second com- ? inR Jlrquisites for F.clorclng Divine Truth,M by S. O. , Willard. Wilton, Ct Very energetic and very well regulated; one fault, however, very apparent, his piece f v\ as not fully committed; hence that mtehing along so * repulsive in any speaker. The enforcing of present . ti uth. Should he impressed wtlh the truth themselves. Must look on terrestrial objects as they really are. In j the minister, the lion and the lamb must blend. Must give strong reason for what he helteves. * " Oxfoidism no t'urefor Libers! Christianity," by O ?, A. Howard, of hfooklyn. N. V.; '-The Necessity of a well-regulated Conservatism." by W. K. Catlin, Au- j usista. Ill ; "The Signs of Promi-e." by l>. S. liodman, j, <t Stonington, Ct., and " Instructors Preaching the ? prmt I'.lenient of Success in the Pulpit." by W. S. Hugpins. of New Haven, t lu-n foltowed: but nsthe debating t socle ties held their jubilee at four o'clock, we left our p theological brethren " to work out their own salva- ( tlon Their parting tde was very tine. We hare rotm for only one verse, . c 1'xrefully. tenderly, p llero as w? part, Tlic farewell that lingors, . Ik hr Ml ed from tr.e l.eajt. ?' No plac - more be ltiiiv-, * Oh Iiudso of the 1.1 n lh re be it spokta? ' Ibat la*t prayerful word As wc were not omnipresent, we choose to give some ' description i f the meeting of the brothers lu 1 nity 's Hail, though we dare say those of the Linonian and D Caligppcan were likewise full of interest. The brothers' llall is the 'inest hall for literary purposes which we 01 ever entered, and we hesitate not to say, a liner does T not exist. The elegance of its furniture and embel j] lihlueut is perfect. His excellency, tlov. biesell. of .. ( onnictiout. was called to the chair, and Rev. Mr Klchaids. of Boston, appointed secretary. \lr. Ken- ir uedy then reported, in behalf of the acting members, fr the present state Of the seciety. They have a library of 111,40" volumes, and their acting members number lri los. t.ov, bissell made some very fitting remark*, in * comparison of the society now and when he was a tr member. Then they mi t In Holittle's Hall, over a pj joiner's shop, and ke( t their library in a bi d-room. In South College, with plenty of room f r t tie librarian's hi ?(1 seTcnty-six commecccments. sixty.three in H'?r- c| Taid. 11 ml but fourteen men were living who had graduated at Jlnrrard whoso comurncemi nt he had not * attended. el All thm joined In airging a beautiful littlo liymn, composed by one cf the members for the occasion. We glTc two Torses:? n IlMirred .-ire, where loots of enow. '1 1 rt ol toil and trial show ; 1 bet the heart's warm gcshin; flew In youth and tri nistoo 'i?r? Youthfol aspirant to fame, t) In ile joy a portion claim, n Shout we all the cherished name. ., Brothers In' ^ Rpv I)r. Barcitrn helm loudly culled tn arose. He JjJ CHmc to college in rained :<truight dow%?-wet as ( Htcpntinuou* shower could mnhe hiui ; whs mot a ? mile nnd a half out of town by throe brothers, wet as ? drowned rats; pot him down to enllc-te and electionoerod him of course for their society, f orty entered thatcln-s, I inonia got M and tlie Liri'hersP; but r, we made up in talent what wi lacked In number* ' ? (firrnt cheering) That e ear they made, a* they j thrnvM. ncriat lift to the! llbiar) they pnreUa ei tht 1) 1 ucyclop jcdl-e la> en he would h, r 19, 1848. give some uUvirt- to his younger brethren, frcegratls. tirnmhltg Never attempt to g > up atairs without stepping on the Brit stair. (i inniug ) J.itul <H'V M*r( i bid loll?? " ?*it Dr. Beecb"r's advice hud put him in tn.nd of an incident In bin own lile. He mm* onoe President of the Brothers. and happened to he when a new class was admitted. With what r. verelire did they bill old h in. lie himself felt the dignity of his Mati?>n. it way In hU power to confer one i Hint atone; that was that of freshman reader He looked over the lift of the Iresbmen ono name tiurk Mm ? ! y favorably. U hy was it The former part ol lh" same a great man liad borne : hut the latter was ' little und unknown II" ?-ked for him who ma*d the T.t'ine, and a little, eliin handsome-faced, i>.ark-eyed boy was pointed out to him Ilia appeartin e immediately prepossessed him in his favor, he apk luted biui reader, lie placed his feet upon the first 01 i.d ol the ladder. That boy hud since become a an, a great man Lis fame was filling the laud ; Now .Lgiuiid lie verily believed, would soon own no great r. Who, wl o was that little black-eyed boy ? It was lb'" dorr Dwiglit YVooisey! (Tremendous cheering ii.d applause.) or.Smith cfTexns. followed with some ao ount of t est l'l lot Military Schools. Its fitness to make sol tiers? its total inadrijiiacy to in .ke men of every day ife. Professor Sh.mman next arese His friend. Dr. I< rchtr. hud given some account of his entrance into h? brothers' Society, and how h" was electioneered, le was one that had the honor to electioneer him. ' Great applamc ) Gave some very line advice to his ; otinger brothers. In regard to conciseness, elegance nu lorce. Hev, \:r. Kk iiAHivi, of Boston. succeeded in .1 splenl(J speech of about ten minutes length and called up11 Iir I'ieree to ugaiu address the meeting. The old veteran again urose. and gave h most bean- ' iful and striking account of the college day of Web- I tcr Wo cannot do justice to it; 0110 must nee the idalor 's white locks Honing, his bright eye burning, is youthful, elastic manner, and hear his line, clear nice, he would know just how Webster acted, felt, 11U )<4*ed wtai n a boy: be felt the godduea Miuervu a his bruiti. At hull-psst icven o'clock, Prof H\m>oi a, of Dart ollspe. delivered it splendidly written oration on that Id subject. The Patriot Scholar, before the Phi lieta appa Society. (In Thursday the ootnnie necment exercises were held n ( entre Chuich. The followiug is the order ol the peakers. 'America, the Home of the World." by 11. M. Parous. Fast llitddaui. Conn. Showed want of practice ubject too laige for seven minutes. Ideas rather onmion-pluee. Lacked point and energy "'I lie only desirable Immortality," liy S. S. Spencer, yine. Conn Articulation poor, which, although inturnl. practice might have in some measure obviated, itlierwbe a line speaker. Well written. ' Virtue's lie only desirable immortality, lie dies in vain who ivte not. in virtue's cause '' ' The Progress of Republican Principles." by J. K. trillion, Lancaster Co., Pa A spleti.'id Imperial! iiicly written. One of the boat writer? iu the class. Too little dignity foe a public speaker. Altogether 10 much action, ' knowledge the very Alphabet of 1 .ibcrty." ' The Treaty of Peace of 178V'by (1. K. Baldwin. iVinckenduu, .Mass. I'laiu mutter of iact speech, iuite a good speaker. ' The Influence of Public Opinion." by B. LefTing< 11 of Clinton. Conn. Nothing original in his comosltion. t-'na i'0/ uli. mi /An." Finely spoken?beter than any that preceded it. ' Wilberforce," by S C. i'erkins. Philadelphia, Pa. [uite pompous, yet looks well upon the stage. Finely ritten and delivered 'The Causes of Revolution," by C. Condit. Orange .'.J. Not sparkling iu composition, yet tersely writ L'ngiud linely spoken. "{Teason,'' by C. ( 1 Barnwell < H.f X. < . | 'cry well spot.-n. Qi in un'i!" speech. "Firmness ot Purpos, i h,arlis I.miry. Southing11. Coni' v i> lerbin n : I. ' TheSct ' i Oration 011 theDrown,'" y K. I) b i. Stonington, Coi.u. \.iy tame. I n a subjei feeling. his manner might have j line biui b< in it wa'. wo think, Demosthenes l~ ill not tli'in r his selection "Robert f by J. K McKonty, Douglsssville. ?. Ibavri i.iryof the preceding A lino it- i rt.audueli ; by ot American foaling. 'The Respo:.Mbility of tho Scholar for tho We'fure of i le Present Ago.' by N. Shtpman, Jnwett City. Full , f striling thought, but delivery by fur too untrue tie | >t his calm diejiHS.-lonod passages. If ho would learn , o rhc and fall in feeling as big language and Ideas to mild or startling lie weald ho oo onlm j otU.r ri ?. he will be a deeleituor. "Can tie Mind Contemplate Itself?"' by S H. SolIon* hymr. Conn. Full of thoughtful argument. His nauuar most finely titled for Yii* subject. Written iid spoken in tho pure argumentative style Drew boattention of tliovbole audience. Hardly a whin- | ?er beard throughout the assembly. Decision in the ni gutive. 'J'he finest speech of the mi ruing. "The Celtic Race,'' by I) S. Calhouu, Coventry, j Conn, llardly a master of his subject, yet grandly ipoken. The Christian's Political Duty.'' by J. Howell, Ijjirimont, N. 11. Nothing remarkable any wny. Perfectortnodoxy?ought to hare come on yesterday ? must have been a mistake. The Study of the lleuutiful necessary to a Complete Lduciition ' by Theodore Winthrop, New Haven. Rather puerile?weak voice. Manner of deivery very easy anil natural. The Crusader*-at the Church of the Holy SelUlchre." by S. Fmerson. Andover, Mara., sou of*Prof. 1 Kmerson. A grandly written composition. Too much if atone. There Is nlso an tincouthness aL."ut Lis manner. Time and practice will wear oil that, how- j ;v<r. Poem?"Pocahontas," an heroic, by II. N. Dunning. IViksklll. N. \ . Too big a subject; in fuct, a subject in which a good poem never has and never will be initten. His description of Pocahontas, ' With chetV IP red < ue cculd not wish it white," I md of her father. Ifbeautiful In the extreme and hows that the poetry Is iH Mm. (??reat applause ) Adjourned to dinner. "7'ho Final Triumph of RepubUcaulstf' by .1. R. I [nrpff, of Apalnchlcola, Florida. Very well written; j alerably sp/'ken. "Pcsthnmou.* Influence," by C. S. Hal), Binghampon. N. Y.; ditto. . " v ergniaud." by G. White. Quincy, Mass, Finely f rittrn nnd finely spoken. (Applause ) "Inward Harmony with Outward Nature,'- by I). F. I lu!llv< r, Boston. Muss Uuite philosophical -spoken , n a corresponding style. "llichcleu, aa n Statesman," by S Webster, (iiliRnton. N. II. Drawn in bold lines and with intense | nrnestness. (Applause.) ' France, her Duty and Destiny," bv > B. Harrison, -eesburg. A'a. Not fitted for his subject, either aa repects his pen or manner of delivery. His sentences ell framed. "7 he Qld Age of the Scholar," by Henry Hitchcock, 'ashville. Tenn. Splendidly written; by manyennidered the best written of his class?by tuuuy. well poken. "The Proper Influence of Conservative Principles.-' i y C. G. Webster. Mobile. Ala. The most popular oan in his class; undoubted!v an orator. Deeply 1 -etnphorleal. and interspersed with strong thougnt. ) Applause ) I'oem?"I'ndine, the Birth of a Soul," by H. M. 'olton. Lockport, N. Y., brother of the lamented ditor of the *1mtrican Hecicw. A splendid and beuuifttl thing. (Applause ) "The Founders of the Federal Constitution." by T. i I. Porter, of Waterbury, Conn. A splendid effort. "Destiny nnd Duty,-' by H. Iilodget, Bueksport, I le. Very ftiff in his manners. Without doubt, a letter scholar than writer or speaker. "1 ho Scholar in the World," with valedictory adrese, by Dvigbt Foster. Worcester. Mass. All we say 4. be filled the august station of the day. and filled it re 11. On the whole, it was a orand scene But we must lot forget the Indie*. A whole world of beauty wm here if called upon for example* and proof, Miss .. of Hillhouia Avenue. wiu there, one of the most pletiuid beauties the sun ever shone r.pon; and her ou*ln. Mi** Jl . also; moreover, Mi** A . of Bridge- ; ort; the Mack-eyed heautv, Mb* H., of New Vork. t nd Ml** P-?r; likewise Sli*s II . of Boston, and a est more whom we thould "delight to honor.'1 Hut he mail close*. A. Bo row, Aug. 16. 1848. "I,i It a [In I o Kominationi?iiaiiachuietts Politics. 4 e People having had time to digest the Buffalo nomiation*. are beginning now to calculate the chances T their injuring the whig and democratic candidate* he general opinion appear* to be. that they increase re chances of the whig* in New Vork, Connecticut, crmont and Massachusetts; yet I do not find lead>g whig* In such good spirit* a* I had anticipated, cm their conversation previous to Van Buren's noination. the occurrence of which event they declared ; ould kill Cos* and Van both, and cause Taylor to be iumphantly elected. In spite of the asinine course ' the Buflalno*, they arc bluer than ever This I* to accounted for by the depressing intelligence from ;e West and South, which show* that the popularity ' fien Taylor lie* been over-estimated, nnd that it ould have been (julte as well to have stuck to Harry I 'the West, or even to lllnck Dan. They still clam | Mortli < srolloa for their candidate; but most of them re too intsll'gent not to tee that the gain of atwen tth j ar. of that made in North < aroliua. would give enn< *see tofien. Cn>* They know that If the demoia** ran contrive tohold their own from 1814. throwig New York a* de, and earry the three new States r Wisconsin Iowa. and Texas, tbey will eleet their en; and as T< nncscte I* now about certain forthem. ic bolting of south < isroHna would not materially rrsnge them Then there I* more chance of the doiticrat* car: f ii New .Jersey than of th?.u I nttlrlann or ci their not carrying Florid*. On the hole, thern i.* Rieet rea?on for the ecdote look* of tlie hlR* here ?otwlth?t*ndtnR the nonilnntlon of Van t.ri erent for which they prayed f rrently I'he nomination cf< K Adamx for the Vice Tre-tid-wey itherteok orr people by ?urpri?e,nnd frr a tltne wn* gardert a* a bona. I! th'x nomination w?? made for ir j tit|' e i>t correcting the blttei nexx ol the il?h t'ret a !?> a* l'uj i'o- a M>*t cf n tar and cream, to make 1 ? vopa'.ataV-. dtcoi *..<n c1 .'.owu ?alc'', w^i. .-a lUe LI). TWO CENTS. Homnrba of old whig* and orlginnl abolltioolata, It hM thua far failed of it* I ntended i lb rt in Mnvachuaetta A nioro unpopular n?n could not ha?e iwcd iml?ot*d for the place Among bl?old a*?o<jute? or both partle* for lie lina been a democrat - the character hn b <art iitbat <f an ov.tIh aring. arrogant inan. who will rule or atL nr.t in ruin *?i# rv nnHHrml nri*:anl*!Atlr?? *n ? Ki-w w mil) uttkch himself. 11b in wealthy. hi* father baring Itft a large properly. and Lis wife bring the 'laughter <d Peter l . Brooks, the richest man in New K ngUnd. Ilr ) rr. uirira tin hi* radical position, an I thereby rendu* him -Jf offenslre ; and, a* bis talents are in no respect ahovn mediocrity?und as, notwithstanding his li,iid pretentions to ronsclenliousneM, he I* neither better nor worse tban other politician*. he b-ui h?|>pily ccntiireii to make himself a nuisance in the whig party, whit h is glint t<> gel rid of him, though it would pi eft r losing him iu December to losing hi in now. A* a leader emong th? " censch nee'' whig*, he may o irry a thousand or two rotes to V in Huron ; but. as a oil, he has not onofollower. Mint the''conscience" fanatic# nod simpleton* none other than him to lead the**, tin y weulil ceam* to exist as a political organisation; the real and efficient lenders of that party being Judge Allen, S. Hoar. K. H. Hoar, llenry Wilson, and nu n of that olass. I um surprised that neither Samuel Hear nor Judge Allen were nominated lor the Vicn Presidency. Had either of them been elected,the bolting parly'a strength would hare been doubled, so far a* Massachusetts is concerned. At the time that tho wings refused to i-Uct J. 11. Adams l.nlted Stat?e Senator, but conferred tli- plane on John liavis. which . earned the ' great rejected ' to denounce them as "a ba.-e comix niidof Hartford Convention federalism and rojal arch inaeoury, and whose out}' bond of union w-as n hatred of better ux-u than themselves," Mr. C. V Adani? went over to the democra's, with whom ha acted for two or threo years, lie voted for Mr Van Jliiren In 1K30. In '37. when Van was really playing an heroic part, so fur as he would do any thing of tba kind, Mr C. F. .Adams " bolted," and wentover to tha whigs. witli whom he has acted until the last two months, having been conspicuous in the "honrra" made on the White House In '40. Perhaps. I ought to say that he has ucted again-t the wh<gs, while professedly acting with them For three y. ars past, he baa been doing his utmost to break up the whig party, because* a majority of its members have resolutely refused to permit him to play the part of its dictator lie would have acted the part he is now playing, had (Jen Taylor not beeu nominated. The course of the Philadelphia Convention was the occasion, but not the enure, of the present action of our " conscience'' whigs Had t lay or Webster been nominated, they would (I speak of the leaders) have l> bolted" ail the Fame Their hope, until Inst summer, wns to form a northern party, with Silas Wright for its chief; and If you will turn to a letter which I wrote you just after "the death of that illustrious man. you will find that 1 (herein indicated what were their intentions?intentions which came to nothing, because of his death. The l.tberty men are quiet, out individuals of the party declare that they will not support Mr. Van Bairn My opinion is, that If .Mr Halo should continue in the iirld, be will receive more votes in Massaohu>utts than Vim Huron. Should there be no fourth candidate in the Held, thou-ands of whigs and liberty men will remain at home on election day. The democrats appear to he as cheerful ai the whigs w ere eight years ago. Their gain In North Carolina la In id to demoDFtrate that tliey rip not to loso in the South : while the returns from the West give them rational grounds for believing licit they shall carry Ohio, beside keeping all the States they had therein i4. It must be implied, that. If Van's nomination is to them a bitter jpill, Providence has provided that it should be mnrvelfousiy well gilded, and accompanied it with n very pleasant umorent tf the most agreeable confectionery. This is the fourth Presidential election fliut I liavo witnessed in Massachusetts ; and in no other have I ever seen the democracy more confident of vietery. They talk of tin-ir suooeas s a settled tiling. <{?i i-ivra, vena, as the French say?who lives sbali si o, whieh I urove as an amendment to Fathfrr Kltchlo's everlasting nout rerront Mr Webster lias not yet made thnt derionstration in favor of Taylor, but he will make it. He left here for Washington, in very feeble health, against his own wishes, and at the earnest request otlntiuential whlga. I am sorry to learn, from quarters entitled to respect, lliut his health is in a Tery critical conditien Tin New Jutlcei of (lit* A waist mil .Justices' Cnut t. The delegation from this city, in the last Legislature, a few days previous to the lust charter election, procured the passage of a law abolishing the offices of the late As-istant Justices, and providing for the election of Justices of tb? Justine Courts, and dividing tlie ftii tllto I!re Jiididlelivl districts, whereof the 1st, lid. 3d and 6th wards formed one, and giving to the good people of that distiict the power to electa Justice for their especial benefit, the Coinmsn Council furnishing them witli a clerk, lu this sudden change it should at least he presumed ihat the conscientious intendment of the city delegation was to benefit their constituents to the g'entest possible extent, by faelli tutmg ana promoting Uie better una more speeuy aa111 i nisi ration of justice in these courts, which were originally established for the accommodation of the people, in petty cases, that the most speedy and least expensive uieaus might healforded them of " enforcing a light, or remedy tor a wrong.'' The law's delay." since the days of the Immortal Shnkspeare. had become so intolerable that the people of this State were determined to make a radical change. Hence the ndoption Of this new constitution, and the new code of practice, whloh will ho attended with the happiest effects, if carried out in good faith, with spirit und intent, by the judiciary. But in vain ate all laws, if those who are entrusted with their administration are derelict In their duty, or in them _ selves cause iiie delay which its ,aithful dis'.'?tr^".. would prevent; and that judge or justice who throws unnecessary Impediment In the way, or who absents himself from his court, a post of duty, violates his oath of office, and commits a deliberate fraud upon th?s community, ani not ou.j "J'. t'.V.m *> luelr respect, but should receive a speedy and just retribution at their hands. This remark will apply to other and higher branches of the judipiary, at the present time. Let any one go to the Assistant Justices' Court of the flrst judicial district to seek rcdresi for a wrong, or to enforce a right, and he will understand the truth of these observations. The functionary w hem the good people of that district, or a majority of Ihcni. have elected, and his clerk, are understood to lie absent from the city, and the court is closed, and has been so since the earlyapart of this month, and will not be open until the 1st of September. It is said the clerk has left some blank processes, signed, to be filled up by the constables who attend in the building; but no other business can be done, and parties having business at this court are denied the redress or the rights to which they are by law entitled; or de laycd, to tnelr prejudice, and must suffer, bream? the justice and bis ulerk. in violation of the law and their duty, have luft their official stations for their own j articular gratification and pleasure: while the humble citizen, who is compelled to toil at his dally labor from morning till night, through and cold, to earn his bread? who cannot afford the luxury of spending a duy in the country for his health and recreation?must have bis interests jeoparded and neglected when seeking to compel the payment of his h ,rd earned pittance from an unprincipled or bard employer, by the officers of justice placed in his district, and liberally paid from the public treasury, for his protection against wrong and outrage. Well and apposite may the quotation of ' Let tliii t nlprit hanir. Rather f lion eat his mutton cold." be applied. Nor are the people in this district the only parties that sulTer. The city treasury Is deprived of the monthly fees that would be received, which would probably amount to as mochas the monthly mlary of the justice?while the officers who attend the court are ul-o deprived of the fees to which they would be entitled, and upon which they are dependent for the support of themselves and families. This inconvenience does not affect the Justice or his clerk. They know that their pay will not stop, though in all honesty, they must be aware that they bare done lathing, while they were sbs-nt, to entitle them to It. These public servants should understand that they am s xpected to discharge their duties faithfully and honestly; if they do not, they will be brought to a speedy nccouut. If they cannot giro their time and attention to their offices, let them resign. If they will not, they must expect the consequences, which they bring upon their own heads. Political influence may give them the position, but it cannot shield them from derollo clerk* ?r<> absent from their pout*, they should hear tbi* wnrniDg voice from ONB OK TUB PBOPl.K. Polltlonl Intelligence, Wi cov-nx.?The election of judicial officers, under the new constitution, took place on the 7th Inst. in the first judicial district. Whiton, whig, i? probably t'lccted over Mr. Nogglc. democrat. He ba< majorities in Itoek and Racine counties of about if so. In the second district. there were two democratic candidate*. Jen. I.evl llubbell and Mr. Smith, and Mr. Randall, whig. In Milwaukie county tho vote atood lor Hubbell 1344, Smith 10041. Randall 1U.~>4. In Wallkesha county, all but two town*. llubbell 238. Smith 291, Knixiall 284. Dane and Jefferson remain to be heard from. The Mih-aukir llUcvntin, regard* the election of tlon. llut.bell a* probable Formerly of this State, he 1* one of til" ablest citizens of Wisconsin. and well qualified by legal experience and talent for the station Politically.' lien. H i? a prominent democrat, warmly in favor of Case and Butler, to whose nomination he contributed a* a delegate to Baltimore. ??4M*ny .Jrgtit,.}??. 17. Iij-ortant l.v entiopi.? \ working model of what is regarded a* a great improvement in steam machinery, has recently been exhibited in Vicksl>urg, Miss., as the invention of Mr. Jesse An.. - -f !.. . u. ...I... .? .?.,r?^nfe,l to have UrfWI", ?M 1111,1, nun in ir^ivr... . given many years to its perfection. It is designed to dispense with the crank, in all implications of itesm to machiuery, and is said to do away with a veiy large part of steam machinery, generally ; thus loving its cost, and obtaining for other u>es most of the room it now occupies in manufactories and steamboats. In Mr Andrews' machinery, instead of the crank, a strong chain ot particular construction is used, with suitable machinery to operate on the chain, which, it is said, produces all the motion that can possibly be produced by the crank. and that motion steady, smooth, and reular, entirely free from the tarring and shaking produced by the revolution o{ a crank, the power rtf II ft heir the same There are no dead I'C'iils in this machinery, and its simplicity is re>i< - rted \r" rr> ,t n n'i re?n?ct? -Pitts>*?ra let:;.

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