Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 20, 1848 Page 2
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Court intrigues and squabbles are, a* ubomI, the 1 <i prevailing topics <1 the day. , Li> Poiitigal ull is quiet: the lust dates from Lib- < bon are to the 29th ult. The newa from Morocco it that the people are aga n rising in in>urrertion. l/etten> from Roue, ol the 24th July, contradict ! the statement that a provisional government had been formed. The accounts from Algiers represent that colony t* be in a etate ol confusion. The colonists are breaking up their establishments and returning to France; and in the course of a short time there | will only be left the French army and the native population, who are waiting an opportunity for a general rising. The Pana iwpera announce the death ol General i Dameemc on Saturday. Our Ijoirdon Correspondence. London. Friday Evening, August 4. Tht Statt of Europe?Ortat BattU in Italy?Dt- \ [tat of the Sardinian Army?Tht J*ong Pending CrtH* Approaching. Wr have now arrived at that point in the march f events in Europe where a halt must be made. | From the very first it was evident to me that events inst lead to a European war; the undercurrents ' have been all along (though not apparently to all,) , flowing in that direction?they have now come ' suddenly forth to daylight, and startled Europe is astounded at the size of the stream. Charles Albert of Sardinia, has been beaten m a series of battles, which lasted Irom the night ot the 22d to 4he 25th July. He has been driven from all his positions by the Austnans. He fought bke aking, or better, a man?contending each loot of ground. His two gallant sons, the Dukes o Genoa and Savoy, where everywhere in the hot teat ot the battle, una tor a moment victory seemed to smile on the Italian cause; but Kndetzkysud oenly advanced with a reserve o< 20,000 tresh troops, and the Sardinian monarch saw hitnsel, | relncatntly compelled to relinquish all his former conquests. He retired, however, in good order. The result ol this is, that he has solicited the inter- ' venttm of sixty thousand Fiench troiys. Venice has done the same. The two envoys, Guerrieri 1 and Rioci, are ht this moment in Paris, and the ; P ace ot Europe is now in the handset General Oavaienuc. He hesitates; but France pledged her j wiri that Italy shoulo be free. The popular voice I will swell the sails of the French fleet; many will ! be glad ot the opening to redeem on the battle field the share they have taken in the late insurrec- ] tion of June. It will direct Franee from her own s d position: and her tu:bulent citizens being c?,ied with a foreign enemy, will ccaaj figh lug among themselves And what will Ger- j many do with ner standing army of 900,000 men? An ArehdiiKe ot Austria is Emperor of Germany?Trieste and Venice have been declared Carts of the German empire?Italy has thrown erself reluctantly into the arms of France, to avoid the detested embraces of ttie Tedesco; and the offspring ot this ill-assorted marriage will be civil strife ind bloodshed. Tne King of Naples has no idea of relinquishing Sicily to the second j . son ot Carlo Alberto, and will join Austria in the struggle. What will hpgland del Will Russia actl Lord Palnierston, with his protesting mania, 1 will protest?protest?and protest ! till drawn into j the vortex, England will be whirled round like thereat I enclose you a curious document, issued by the Emperor Nicholas to his Ambassadors at the German Courts ; it breathes peace, j but the Czar evidently is acting on the principle? | St vis parent para bclfum. The German Parliament assembled at Frank- j fort, has offlrially announced that the nepot ations lor pease with Denmark having failed, thtwru to bt carritd on with rigor, and each German State is to send itscontingi nt. Denmark has d tetnuned to fight it out; and Sweden, and probably Russia, will side eventually with th- hrickred Dane. German shipping will be the sufferer, ' and commerce in general. Altogether, Euro -e ! is in a fix. A few days must now der ide. The ; advices received to-dav from Paris, a-ty that Ca- ! aignac is averu to intervention in Italy, and that France will act in common with England in set- j fine this question; but this is scarcely possible. Carlo Albeito has demanded a truce from Radetzkv, w huh he ottered to give on the condition that the King should give up every place he holds, and also the .Sardinian fortress of Alexandria,? terms which the chivalrous King spurned with disdain, and notified his intention of dying, with his sons, at the head of his army, sooner than accent of them. J he Lnglish tunas have fallen, in consequence , of the new s from Italy. The Washington snile?l from New York on the 1 20th, at I P. M , and has therefore performed the i voyage in thirteen days and a half, beating her i | >v?.ipool coni|>etitor, (the Caledonia,) by twelve ' kNM. u intrigue to upset M. Narvaez, has been die- J covered in fspuin. Gonzales Hravo is banished to ' the Philippines The I>uke of Sotoma vor hds resigned. Se nor Pidal has joined the Ministry. The committee of inqmryfjnto the causes leading to the affair of the 15th of May in Paris, and p the insurrection of June, has given in its refiort , 2 to the Assembly. With respect to this report, the b Union says:? d "It appear* certain after what ha* transpired of h the deliberation* of the committee of investigation I into the affair* of May and Jnne.that three representative*. M. Ledru Rollin. M l.ouis Blane. and M. ' Cauesidiere, are gravely inculpated They, it is said. ' took a part moie or lees active in the events which f prepured and facilitated the invasion of the Na'ional c Assembly on the 14th of May. and tae sanguinary t jcumits of June It is even said that M de Latnsr- i tine is also politically compromised, together with a i dozen representative*. The oomtDittee. yesterday. 1 deliberated whether it should propose the crcusation 1 *f the representative* who. by the in realisation are inculpated, or whether it should leave the iuitlative T of that measure to the Assembly. We are assured r that the committee decided for the latter. It will indicate the motives of the charges which we'gh on ti earh. without making them a text of accusation '' 11 This report tomes under discussion on Thnrs- * oay. ii ib shla xnai Leoru riouin, >. lusioiere. ana Louis Blanc will bo arre-ted A report will be found, in another column, oi the sitting ot the Assembly. Oar Italian Cormpondeww. The War in /-omfcarrfy?The Great Battle Bctuxen the Austrians and Piedmonttte. Milan, July 28, 1848. The last week haa been pregnant with events which unfortunately portend serious consequences to Italy, and even, perhaps, to Europe. You will raeollect that, at the date of my last letter, the theatrc of war was the tract of country included between the Adige and the Mmcio, having at its four angles the fortresses of Verona, Peschiera, t' antua, and Leguano?fortresses almost uuparalh'le i lor 1 their strength, and all of thein celebrate i in his o j ry. The Austrians occupied three of the e; Verona, ' Legoano, mod Mantua?while the Picdmontesc possessed Peschiera The Piedmontefee army manarurered attalD the quadrangle lietacen these four, and the war , was conducted by sorties from time to time made by tha Anrtriaas from the opposite angles of Verona and ' Vtaalua Latter!T. Charier Albert has ordered Mantua to be eempletely inverted, with h view. apparently of reducing that place to rnrrander before attacking Ve- ^ rona. wbere the main body of the timtriao* wae eob ^ leated While he ti? tbur engaged however. Mar-taa j Itadetaky obtained strong reinforcements at Verona f by summoning 4j*n?ral I)' Vspre trom the Venetian w I rovinee* to join hitn 'I hue strengthened. and the fvidmoDteso forces tedng. a* 1 observed. withdrawn to ^ Mantua, Radutitky deWrunned on making ft formidable nrtle from V?runa He wu? tbe m-ir-- iieoirifed to lhi>, inasmuch xr besides the large f>rce* collected by , j tbe rUdmontrro r< und Mantua the remainder of the Nne ?n* spread ovei a tract of great leiJ|{ h. est ndla| froni Rlvoli and Vontebaldo along the extensive line of the Miueio to Mantua all points ? being weakened by this extension. Ou Saturday r' and bnndoy the 2t!d and lidd, the aortie war made , by the Anstrlani and two aitsck* ninde. one on '. tbe Hedmontese. at Kivoli, aud the other, near 1 the venire of tbe lire, at Sounna-''impugn* The *' tret fw inecsssfiU the left wing of ihe livdm outers being driven back from lllT'di on IVscheira; * in lb* icwid, tb' fuc?i!M> wax nut ro prompt? . Tbe HonDDk-( ampagDM w*t taken by tb* Austrian*. ( but limutdiaUly afterward* re taken ami the line of , bright* which form it became the tlieatto i f n In g- ^ prntrae etl and bloody atruggle. A dlrlrlon of the lue- | t trian* approached tbe Mineio. r.roeaing that river by a lying bTidire, lietwev n <lotto and Pe-ehbra A body of i I ?>Wi troope on tbe right bank, fled In dinerder. i ( and anme kiodeneae are reported, after iuu.-d*riu< their : f general, a baroyard. to have dew-fted to the Auatrlana. 1 However after lour day*' fighting the re<uit w*? that j t although a ronaiderablr number of priaouere had Injun taken by < harlea Albrrt. he wa* comiielled to retire , with all bia force* from the trart I hare a'r-aiy de- | . *?rtb?4, between tbe two rir< r*. to the Mineio. which be croaxa at ttoita , and at the tine j write, the tbeatre of war haa been tranrferred from the or Vene- . ttan bank of the Mineio. to the right or Lombard > bank of that rlrrr In other word*, the liberating ar- J ni.r br* b?en repelled froui the Venetian territory, 1 and obliged to retire on that of Lombardy. while a ?on?lder?l>le body of tbe Vu?trfau force* hare aire an- j a tetrd l.ombardy and held a pomtion betweeu Pea- ' j biera where tbe left winy of the Piedmonte*e army ia j Matienvd and Ooiu. whieh wat ita oantre, and may | 1 nwwbe aonndered it* right wlug I . An affair took glare at Rtaffolo. on the 24th. in ( ' wblah tbe Aaatrtan* auaiamed a lorn of 1200 priaonera, ineiadlng M offlrara, Tbe enemy had a great number killed On tbd2?th. en Kara formed a fr. ab c niblual ion promieed ] tbr moat brilliant raauit The ?b?r(atir. tbugh abort UU IK* of ik e enemy. In an *ie*iier.l |> within, ga?e i mon to believe that if hi* force* were nut superior o cur's. thev uot exceed Ihclr'n much. HrilbtlkU rrnalction ihr brga c Aosta. on the morning of the ii'tb. advanced d.sretly tos ards Vahgglo The division of the Duke of Savoy. frem the heights nlm? SUflalo ? a.- t? go oti obliquely following the declivities of th* hill*. The fourth division eotnintnti J by I th* Duke of Genoa. was to iriHrch from Sounua Cam psgua to Oliosi. to attach forthwith the bruise which the Austrian* had canned to be thrown oyer the Mlnrioat KaJlisure. DnriuiT t he above operation*, the general aho commanded the second corps d'armie was to attack Valleggio on the left bank ol th? Miocio.? Our forces liav.-not yet lost a victory over tne Austrians ; but the two divisions of the Dulse of Genoa and the Duke of Savoy were attacked with such violence as to be unable to reach the p dnt where they were to act in co-operation with the brigade Simula riva at the attack of Vaieggio The assistance of the gentral commanding the second corps H'armit was ol no avail what-vt r. as Ins force* were completely exbauatcd by th? fatigues of the preceding days, On aeciug such dieadi aotages. which it wan .impossible to foiMi*, the kin?r commanded his troops to withdraw to Villafranca This retreat was effected in such perfect order that the enemy scurcely ventured to (ire off a a few shots upon their-rear. The obstiaate resistance we had to support yesterday, without being able, despite the great valor displayed by our troops, to carry off the lenat advantage has proved to the king that Unforced of the enemy had increased to such a point, as torenderit impossible tomaintain the advened position of Villafranca The king then ordervd the whole army to effect ita retreat upon the right qank of the Mincin, concentrating Itself at Goito where the king fixed hie headquarters This movement was elTi-eted this morning in the greatest order The enemy, in the neighborhood, close to our right flank and behind our retiring columns, merely tired off a fow shots which did not. in the least, impede our march. The number of ourlcsses during this day end in the preceding o iubiits we have sustained, is as yet unknown, only I trust 1 shall have to inform you that it Is very small. tVe have to deplore the death of Majnr-General d'Aviernon at Santa; Guistina commanding the brigade of the cavalry of Savoy as well as that of several other d-stiugiiishe'd officers The Chevalier Boy!. Major General and commander of the brigade of Cuneo; the i bevalier Guislinlana. major in the royal corps of the general staff, have been slightly wounded On the other baud, the provisional government of iriiinii. jmiMirm'U bUV lUHUWlUg [lUlirilU e x ira or Ji nitry on tbe 27th : ? On the day of the 2.ith. while tho riedmontese artillery was hurling deaih upon the enemy from the height* of Kunna ( ampagn*. a fresh hotly of Austriiir f. ct wiiratided by Kadetrki. issuing from Verona, where it had quartered on leaving Legnagio and Vioenra, assailed the Italian army. The danger of maintaining position* thus exposed and *o extensive, bi coming evident, tho Piedmnnteae army withdrew to Villafrnnca. It continued It* retreat during the whole night, leading away 2500 prieoner*, aad waa in nowise annoyed by the enemy a* far a* Oo'ito. where it i*to*topand rest from the fatigue* of three days' fighting, and then join the body of reserve upon the line of the Mineio. Teschiera is bravely defended by the right wing oi the army, under the order* of Gen. Senna*. The new* of the reverse* sustained by the Piedmon- { tea* has produced great agitation and excitement in all the Slates of Italy, but more especially here. An envoy ha* been sent to Pari* for the purpose, it i* said, of soliciting French intervention. The Provisional Government has been compelled to appoint a commit- j tee of defence, and the persons of whom it is composed, I though known to be favorable to republican principles, nave, we believe, embraced the cause of Charles Albert Tbe Duke of Genoa, who, as I informed you, has Wen elected King of Sicily, has not yet decided whether he will accept the 'crown. The report to day is, that he postpones his decision until the close of the war. ilt is stated that the King of Naples has proposed to ^the princial Kuropean Towers his second son fa* the King of Sicily, undertaking to cede that Crown to him the alternative beinghi* callIno in thfl aiii nf A ?* !?? ??* - ? >uc nrui Ul LU? UOU-HCceptxnce ol his proposal, and bis declaring war against l harks Albert. We have received the [following particulars of the last operations:? In the afternoon of the 27th. at 2 o'clock, the army of Charles Albert, 45.000 strong, was encamped around Gcita. Charles Albert, in taking up his centre in this position, had for his aim to force the Austrians ta an engagement Goita. which had been twice fatal to the Austrians. might again become the theatre of their defeat. The latter, on their side, had collected on the banks of the Po. Walde'n having raised the investment of Venice, had hastened to join them with all his forces It was supposed they intended to fall upon Modena. Parma, and Placenza. to take the I'iedmon tese by surprise, on the road to Cremoua and to cut < 11 tbeir retreat should the fate of arms prove unfavorable to them. The Piedmontese troops werp in want of provisions. < bey requested to be led to the enemy. Anions the meet ardent were those of General Sounaz. till tbeu erupted in protecting Peschiera. and which amse que ntly had not. as yet. taken a share in any engagement. Charles Albert, willing to avail himself of their good will, sent them on the evening the 26th. in the direction of Volta. General Sounaz was requested to ascertain the situation of the Austrian forties, then masters of that position, and if their numbers were uot too disproportionate, to attack them resolutely ? If otherwise, be was not to give battle now. The following was written by an eye-witness on the 27th. 4 r M.: "General Sounsx has attacked the enemy in the course of the evening, and after a most obstinate hattie. during the whole of which the Piedmontese displayed the most heroic valor, be became on the 27th, the master of Volta. Having been again attack d by D?rnsmy >ng?st mtmhers he ha? evacuated the position of Volta. and has directed his troops towards the general quarters of the enemy. They were In want [>l provision*, as all arrivals had been intercepted by the enemy on both sides. A council of Generals and Commanders has been h'Id. in order to discuss the ulterior m?t< uients of the army The King has order d bis hindquarters to be transported to Bosolo. with he sounded and tbe baggage At the present monent. the King is still at Gotto \ few hours after, a letter from tbe same point, adds { be following details :? " Nike P. M ?The King is still with his whole army j etwrm Goitoand Volta. Up to the present moment, o'clock P M , he has not been engaged in another i attle Provisions are coming in in abundance. Or- j era have been sent to Cremona and its environs, to < iave ail the troops assembled which are in those I arts." A piece of intelligence it now in circulation, which re consider as very uncertain ; but whinh if true, rould amply compensate such sad reverses. It is tated that the Duke of Savoy, availing himself of the I Irparlure of the Austrian* from Verona, has attacked j bat e ty and taken possession of it. This intelligence j s too pood, says the Gazette d' Milan, and must be conIrmed It is certain that tbe nstrians must have ett but few troops at Verona, as they sent an immense 1 lumber t? Campngna. The particulars whirh are given. excite our greatest ; lity f r the sufferings of the cities exposed to the horore of war The Anstrians hare .larked Valeggio Saunua-Campegna, lost by the Pledmontese, then re ken by them, ha* been again lost ; It i* a prey to the am** The enemy haa likewise endeavored to set larmielolo and Roverhella on fire. It apt ear* that the Auatrian* apread destruction, fire, j rid pillage, wherever they pas*. We have already said, that now it in. Italy requires ho?e heroic effort*, that convulsive fury, which naion* exhibit when they wish to live free or to die. It s now that the youth of Milan, surprised for an intent by the first a?poct of danger, must return to the lattle with the steady resolution of hiding in the blood f the Austrian, that shame of an unpardonable fault. I be most energetic appeals haTe been ad lre?sej to hem. As soon as the danger of the country was mown, the Provisional Government of Milan has fielded, necessarily, to a more energetle and coacenrated authority An extraordinary Committee of Jetenee bad been named, composed of M M Varo*e, iresa and Correnti But the people. di**aM*fle<l with hat combination, designated M. M. Maestir. Fortl. and I lernetti. as being able to restore its former vigor to ' he insurrection of Lombard/. On his part. Col. Garibaldi has addressed a procla- ; lation to the youth of Milan, of which we subjoin the < tiiuiencemeut. '1 be war becomes more complieated. the perils in rea-e. the country is in need of alt her sons. He who ddrrsses you. has fought In distant countries, to onoT the name of an Italian to the utmost, extent of ; ?1* ftl'ffhi * I10 }l*afpnd fdom VlnnfurM?? - K.-A i ill of brave men to contribute to the vict'-ry of bin nnntry. or to die on the noil of Italy. Tome on. young 1 nen ' Italy want* JO or 12,000 volunteer*. Let n* tuTrh ' To the Alp*.' i,et us show Italy that we in- j end to conquer. and we shall prove viot..rious.'' Italiif del I'npoln which publishes thi* document, | a* added a few turning line*, signed by OiiU?eppi- . 'srtini. a soldier in the legion of (iarlbeldi. Thus j he eloquent journalist had drotiped tbe ppn. and houldired the musket. This is a noble example, and 1 re truet it will be imitated The journals of Turin betray great agitation, which I r. very natural in such pressing arid unforeseen cir j un stiilire* This i* in fact reported ; but we have t -rein d no authentic information on that subject? i hat the pei pie have pronounced most disrespectful r'i s again*t the babbler*" of the t bamber; that the ew mini-try. which was but just named. n?? been rerthrown and that Charts* Albert, resolved upon niinuing the war in person, even were he to fall pi n the held of battle, ha* left to other* the care of rovlding for the affair* of hi* govirnm?nt. II* I* in M right. If he tM nk* and a-t* thu*. for. at present, i.e erj alone should be heard in Italy? To arm* !' I? i profession ah ne sh"i;li'. be followed, that of the Illdier And b. sides If the Pieilmonteae bamber lis* period it well deserved its f.te And everv one will be fi' nt i pin>.-n. when t,.|d that at the fitting of tba 7.1b wbei. the -t'ate of military *fT'i!rs was laid bef ire t ? law of orir ne.y. demanded by th" new ministry, c. i iiabie tb> m to eonti ue tl a war. we* voted only by i I majority of live voices- Op against 72 ' The Of.-rlnre glses the latest new* from the thestre .f * af dati d the 27th. 7'A A. \t thing* were in the >ire sit nation a* Oil the eve. The iMtnek rf Volta will proved soerisefnl pnt ('buries Albert had -Inoe bought It necesrary to atiandon that position, and to oncs t.lrafe hi* troops at Goito to go therefrom to leryolo ^Ty th'e march he will. In a very few daya. '[ he blorkarte ??f Trieste m f?r *? reniirdji nil mer. hniit vn-relr of i ?. rjr nation, IneliidinK thoac of Aut in. 1>? Inn inici d by lht> Sardinian llort That port f tberefi tv open to cntnr ?rrn. Im)M>rfan< IVnm Italy. Arivirts from I'aris, d*te<i last evening, represent tin condition of the nlPum of I\iiil' Churl'-a Ubcri na most desperate, it is affirmed that tic ad demanded an armistice from Marshal Rad'-tzijr. Inii that officer hud r? fused it, except on terms other than except which, the King hud declared hut he would fall, with his sone, at the head of he army. It was added that 'assist ice Irani ''ranee was hopeletr, except on condition of Copland joining ift the intervention. The Pi. dmodtese unny trtrc tt l?cito by the Lie t-t accounts, in sttrngth 40,000 men, and in |K-rfect order. The oflensive would be assumed us focn at* possible. A tilting of the deputies at Turin, on the 2(hli ult., on the occasion of presenting a hill tor a loan ol 100 millions of livreB. hud been a in est tumultuous one, the people declaring that if the deputies did not perfom tin ir duty, they would drive dm out and take their places. The following important revolution was agreed te in the Turin Chamber of Deputies.on the 20th July:? ' In ooDKiuuence of the urgent necessity that intact power ehould be exercised for the di fence of the State. b> nteen* the moet prompt and efficacious. the l han hrr resolves that the government of the King I rhall he invested. during the war of iudependeuce I iilth >11 m??p leoiklotivi. iinil executive: it shall at onn- by royal decrem, and under mlni^ttrlal responsibility (the constitutional Institutions excepted) nmk?- 1111 laws necermry for the safety of the country and its Institutions." From Turin, a telegraphic dispatch announces that the provisional government having been broken up, Charles Albert, by the wish of the people, had been proclaimed Dictator A slight engagement had again taken place, between the Austrians and Pledmontese. 1 on the *7thJuly, in whioh the Italians wore at first successful in recovering their former positions j but. owing to reinforcements arriving to their enemy, they were obliged to abandon them. Liverpool, Aug. 5, 10:45 A. M.?The weather is hazy, with a light wind from the S. E. Aa is usual on Saturday; there is no telegraphic communication with Holyhead. Glass slightly falling. 1 look for the Niagara's arrival early to-morrow morning or even to-night. Kruncc. There is some doubt about France interfering in the Italian question, though it is said two regiments have already left Lyons for that purpose.? The Minister of War had given orders for the immediate formation ot a camp at Marseilles, of from 15,OOOto 20,000 men. Envoys from Sardinia and Venice hud arrived in Paris. Goudchaux's hill for a tax on mortgages had been carried by 378 to 339. It is now said that the result of the interview between the Envoys from Italy and General Cavaignac is that France will endeavor to come to ! an understanding with England, in the first instance, to oiler the joint mediation of both countries to Charles Albert and Austria. The National Assembly, at its sitting on the 3rd instant, was ocsupied in considering the report of the Committee on the Insurrections. By that report the afliiir of the 1st of March is characterized as a manifestation ; that of the b'th of April as a 1 conspiracy; that of the 15th of May as an overt i act of treason ; and that ol June as civil war.? , Ltdru Rcllin is inculpated in April and May; i Louis Blanc and Caussidere, the latter very se riously, in nil, and M. Proudhon,in June. It is is supposed that these parties will be taken into custody. Lnniuitine is not compromised many of the outbreaaks. The celebrated bulletin of the Republic, No. 16, is cited in the commencement of the report, ana Madame Georges band stigmatised as the author. After the report was read. Ledru-Rojlin mounted the tribune, and defended himself with feverish animation, but without producing any fact. The Mountain cheered him iuriously. M. Louis Blanc next spoke, with still more embarrassment than Ledru-Rollin. The first part took about an hour in the delivery, and at the close of it the session was suspended for a short time. Certain passages in thjs strongly inculpated MM. Ledrn-Rollin. Louis Blanc, and Caussidiere, and the reading of them elicited from these individuals severally most violent reclamations, and drew from M. Caussidiere, more especially, epithets, in reference to the report, which poiite ears do not delight in. Before the reading of the report commenced the President of the As6? mbly called attention to the great importance of the document they were about to hear, and to the possible necessity of arresta- J Hons arising out of the disclosures about to be i made. This announcement was received by the I AOOllUUi; TV I ill (HV1VU1IU rillUlltlll. lie rm any. In the sitting of the German Parliament on the 81st, Schmerling, the Minister for Home and Fo- \ reign A Hairs, informed the House that allnegoci- | ations with Denmark with reference to a more per- ; manent armistice were at an end The war was to be immediately and energetically continued by Germauy, the costs to be defrayed from the Imperial Treasury. Peucker, the Minister of War, said that due measures had been taken for sending large reinlorcements to General Wrangel. fclach German state was to furnish its contingent. Russia. The Stitnbtrgtr Corrmpondrnt hsfl receivedIntelligence from Russian Poland which is asserted to be authentic. The whole of the reserves have been called in and enrolled in their regiments. 121)0 young men i from the military schools have received their commissions as officers All young physicians are pressed into the sanitary department of the army. There are ??nw in ih, klr edom ruiaud 80.000 foot, 6000 borne, j artillery sufficient for an army of 180.000 men, and > above 4000 sappers and miners Markets. London Money Makxkt. August 4, two o'clock ? ' The piobability or improbability of French interven- j ticn in Italy is now the leading subject of interest in i the City circles engaged in monetary affairs. There is do difference of opinion as to the policy which should be pursued lor the interest of Franoe, but nobody attemps to predicate that that course will be adopted when they look back on the events ef the last four months. The market for public securities was tranquil In the early part of the morning; Consols being quoted at the opening at 80*? to ?i, they remained fur some time alternately bnyers and sellers at un'il tbc late editions of the morning papers appealed with the intelligence of yesterday evening from Tarls. holding out the idea that the de Jacto government will not be rash in interfering in Italy. This intelligence bad an immediate effect on the price, which went up to 87,'?, which is now the quotation. The price for money has been from WJ? to 7.1%, the Three per Cents Reduced 86,4t the Three and a (quarter ptr Cents. 87 to }$. Bank Stock 198. the June Kxchequtr bills 36 38. the March 39, and India Bonds 30 to 34. 7'bere has been a considerable increase In the number ol transactions in Foreign Securities. m mm* ivii11*. aj numrw iu>r>?t wih urn. is me eariy part ot the morning, hut the upward movement in | ( oueols ha* bad the effect of partially Improving come i ot tbe price*. (Jvarts.h acront: Three.?Console for Account. ! 87>i K. I.oMiov Co?s Market, Ang. 4?No change occurred this week in the dutie* on foreign corn Although tbe weather during tbe week baa been unsettled, thla morning proving line had it* usual influence, and the wheat trade ruled dull anil tbe turn cheaper. Indian corn offered 1* lower, but few traneactiona reported. Earley. malt, peaa, and bean* are offered at our previous curtency. but only a retail trade In either article. Fine tiesh oat* met a fair demand; but little passing in other deacriptiona Ltanoa TaaD? Kr.eoaT, Thursday. Aug. 3?The market baa generally worn a dull appearance; the Importeieof sugars Lave been free sellers, and in some instances submitted to a slight decline 730 hbda of West India sold by private contract; 600 boxes Havana sold iu public sale at a decliue of fully 6d. 38s fid to 41s; also f>000 bags of China, which were withdrawn at 31s. and rrpcrted sold at 30s to 30s 'id by private con tract; refined has been Inactive. standard quality. 53a Gd to 64s Coffer?The public sales of coffee bare again been rather large, and good consuming descriptions only sold at previous rates; other sorts snowed a slight decline, and a large portion bought Id Cocoa steady: T rinidad sold st 38* fid to 44s Rice sold steadily, and the article has become very Arm; Madras In bond, low quality, sold at 10s; white Bengal lis to lit. Cochineal has declined 2d to 3d per lb in public sale. Tallow dull at 44s fid to 45s. Cotton steady, but inactive; 200 bales only sold. Tea steady Tenang nutmegs sold at 2s 5d to 2s I'd. Honduras sarsaparllla bought in Is Id. KKlluc bought iu 43s East ln<l'a ebony bought In 4.10 Deer borns sold 37s fid to 38s. Safllower bought in 4 5 to 40 16s I.inseed bought in 30s. In other artie'er. no alteration Monday, July 31.?Our market was liberally supplied with wheat this miming, by land-carriage -amples , from Ks-ex, Hi nt and Suffolk, and the trade opened at 1 an advance of Is to 2s per or upon the quotations of )? ? Mends); but the weather proving flue d if ring rerrket 1.ours the d-rustd slackened and the qtiotaiii n* of that day were wiih difficulty exceeded by la per <;r. benign wheat was held tirmly for a like Inrtesse in tab.e. which was not generally compiled with, ar d previous qu itations mnst be repeated Grinding bnrle) was in request at fid to Is beyond the rates of t liis day ee i uigbt. (tats were not a brisk sale at the advance quoted on Kriday. of fid per qr. Beans and ] peas sere each fully as dear as last week T uesday, Aug. 1.?The display of fine samples at this day 's market was l.mlted. and in all cases higher I tiriiis sere siiadilv required; the general runs of ' h nglieli Irish, and foreign, therefore, commanded lid to 3d, and prluie qualities of each 3d to 4d per 70 lbs. ale\e the rates ot Tuesday last, at which a fair amount of business was transacted. Upon a tolerable demaud, . home-made and Irish Hour fully maintained the advai cc of kriday, and States as well as Canadian ob la in d an improve ment of fid to Is tier harrel. Barley I ri d mult were in alow iate price*. Rutai Hid pea*. attracting little notice, were both the turn <-b<ai>r. ()?i? tiflnii ir?rc?. and meeting R H"?d inquiry. leallici d a further amendment. by which oar ,|ii< tation* are inrreaaed 2d 46 lb*. above the currency > of tine day ae'nnight. Oatmeal being likewiee more Fiilt able, ear la per loud dearer. The demand for In- i dian corn having abated, the operation* therein to- ! day *i re limited, and all dercriplion* receded Ad to la . perqr Corn meal wan ulao taken apart ngly, and a da- ! cline of Cd per barrel wa* conceded. l.naarooi. Cotton Miaair, August 4 ?Thar* haa not Inn a large bualneaa done In our cotton markat rintirg the peat week; atlll price* remain unchanged fr< in our laat quotation*, and indeed we might be Infill" d to quote enm* i light advance In the ordinary ilrerr'ptten* of A mrrican which are. from the continned Ihqnlry. becoming scare*, cotton now under .'iHd per lb being an tnf*rinr article. Ilraa'l cotton* have been In route demand for esport. but there and all oiber dercriptlosa nre urchanged in price* 2T00 An.*)Iran ntid IPO Maeeioa have hean taken on apacalation. *nd i/HO American. 200 fiurat. and 000 Pernatn* for ? xport The an lea of the week are 31,M0 bale*. l.r ? rrooi. fur* I've naeor,' Friday. Aug 4.--TH* Mippllva of gre.ln t*? cOaatwiae and from Ireland, * a me f. re.rd eery ilowly. hot the arrival of foreign v L' k'. * rati - r Ih'jo atne* Tueiday, upward* of ld.ftW i qnarttrs I eing icpoited from Od. hh* anil the Baltic I situ. 'Ike market tbin morning wan quirt and dull. M heat and flour were considered rather easier than on Tues day. 1 rrilan rorn wan in limited request, and I fully Is per quarter cheaper, and Indian meal 6d |#r barrelliew. Oats supported late rate*, the stocks here being eery low, but eery few aeeui to be wanted. Beans declined (id per quarter. Barley and peas were without change LivKHt'oot Prick* Cuiirkrt, Friday, August 4 ? Sugar? There In a moderate demand for B P., aud 400 bl.ds sold at rather lower prices, except for good grocery descriptions There lias again been a Large business in Fast India aud the sales are 13 000 bags chiefly by auction; middling and fair white Ueural at 30h to 41s Od. together with 1600 bags Madras at 33s to 33s tier owl briny nearly on a riar with nreviouH nri vate sales. Foreign?There i" rather more business doing. though still chiefly in duty pa J parcels; the sales amount to 4( 0 casks. 00 brls I'orto Rico and Cuba \lusco v a do. tOO bag a and b> la Venezuela, 00 cases and 000 haga brown au>i white i'ernambuco, and a small lot of g< od yellow Havana Holder" have again given way in the prices of molasses, and 200 puns have been sold, Cuba at 18s Od. and Antigua at 18s fid. both Que quality. from the quay being a decline of (id per cwt. Cofi fee?The business of the week is quite unimportant, bei og limiti d to 8 tcs Jamaica. 60 bags plantation Ceylon, and 10 bales Mocha at last week's prices; 200 bigs pimento bnugbi 3*?d to 4d, 000 bugs black pepper 25fd per lb, 400 bags bengal ginger at 17s, and 100 bags Para cocoa 28 r to COs Od per cwt. 200 tcs arolina rice sold at 18s to 22r und 10.000 bags Kast India, at 10s for Madras, and 0s (3d to 13s for low broken to fine white Bengal, in boud There has been a fair inquiry for rum, and about 300 puns have been sold. Jamaica at 3r 3d to 3s 4d. Demerara at Is 7dfor proof to 2s 7d for 33 per cent O. P., with a good mark at 3s per gallon, cloudy Kast India nt Is 7(1, and fine. inbrls,at Is 8J.,'d, to Is 8J^d per proof gallon. Tea?The market is firm, and a fair business has been done in black teas, at full rates; in green there is not much doing. For Kast India drysaltery articles the domand continues very limited. Guano?Ouly a moderate demand continues for this article, without obange. L)y e Woods?The sales oonsist of 300 tons Cain peachy logwood at ?5 10s to ?d ; small parcels of sapan wood iffered. and withdrawn for want of demand. The inquiry fur turpentine ha* improved, and for 800 to 900 bbls the advanced price of 7s 2d to 7s 7d has been given. Nothing done In tar. Montreal pot ashes are lower. Hides continue steady. Only a moderate demand has appeared for brimstone, at previous prices. Sicily sumac has beoome scarce: the sales moderate, at lis to lis 3d per owt for best sorts. About 20 casks tartar, various sorts, sold, with a few casks of Oporto argols. at 20s 0d per owt. by auction. 10 oasks tisg annatto brought G}?d per lb. 160 bales Turkey roots brought 38s to 39s. according to quality ; in other descriptions of madder, no sales reported There has been a good demand for olive oil, and 60 to 00 tuns sold at full prices. About 130 tuns seal oil said at ?23 10s to ?23 16s per tun for pale, and colored at proportionate rates 0 tuns American whale oil reported at 26s per tun. Small sales of linBeed and rape oil at the quotations. Nothing doing worthy of notice in British or American spirits of turpentine. The sales of palm oil have been limited to small parcels. at ?30 to ?31 per tun : about 40 tuns damaged sold briskly, at auction, at ?28 17s 6d to ?29 per tun. 200 bales Manilla hemp realized ?30. and 100 bales jute ?17 16s to ?17 17s 6d per ton for middling quality. Paris Bourse, Thursday, August 3?The alarm at Ihe prospect of an intervention in Italy appears to have somewhat subsided to-day, and the Bourse has rallied a little from the depression of yesterday. Threes at the close were marked at 44f. 26c., and Fives at 71f. Bank of kraDce shares have advanced 25f. Railways? The railway share market has followed the upward movement of the Rentes, and most of the lines are marked higher than yesterday. NEW YORK HERALD. S.iiilli-Wtrt Corner of Fulton and Numo eta. JAMU8 UOKUON BKSNK1T, PROPRIETOR. SPECIAL NOTICE TO THE WORL'O. I) All. V HERALD?Three editions every dny.tioo cfiilt per copy-%7 26 per an num. The MORNING EDITION u distri butrd before breakfast; the fir tt EVEtelNfl EDITION can be had oj the newsboys at 1 o'clock; the eecond EVENING EDI TIONatS delink. WEEKLY ILt'RALD? Every Saturday. for circulation on the Awwrican Continent?6>^ cents per copy (3 12^per annum. Evcrp steam packet day for European circulation; subseription $6 per annum, to include the pottage. The European edition unit be printed in the French and English languages. ALL EDITIONS to contain nesoe re ceived to the moment of going to press. ADVERTISEMENTS (renewsd every morning, andto be published in the morning and evening editions,) at reasonable prices; to be written ina plain, legible manner; the proprietor not ropontibO for errors in manuscript. PRINTING of all kinds executed beautifully and with despatch. Orders received at the Office, corner of Fulton and Nassaustretts. i ALL LETTERS by mail, for subscriptions, or unth advertisements, So be yost paid, or the pottage will be dedmcted from the money remitted VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, contains^ important nru-s, eolieited from any quarter of the loorld; if need will be liberally paid for. ALL PAYMENTS to b? made in advance. AMUSEMENTS TO-MOHROW EVENING BOWERV THEATRE, Bowery.?Mi* a or Rici-Jinr Limb?Mid a*. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham Street.?Macbeth?Thb KIN<^ani> I. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chunben iuwk?Dornirr and Son? Lvcv did Sham Amovb. n'LBLO'r, aSTOU PLACE.?School fob Scandel. CA8TLK GARDEN, Battery,?Musical Entertainments ?OOSMOR AMAB, tiC. MKLOBEON, Bowery?Virginia Minstmua? Er>ounin Sveing, Be. PANORAMA HaLL, Broadway, near Booitoa.?Bantabd** Pahob am a or the Mississippi and Miasocbj. MJNERVa ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or Gen zeal Iavlob'b Mexican Campaign. PANORAMA HALL, corner Broadway and Walker struct.? Harington's Sacred Dioramas or tmb Cbxation and UtLroa WILLIAMSBURG GARDEN, L. 1.? ^amfreix's Ui\rrBiij ?Ethiopian Singing?Bobi.e*qvb Dancing, he. To-Ni?ht. CASTLE GARDEN, Battery.?Sacbkd Conoebt. New York, * unday, August 90, 18M, Actual Circulation of tile Herald. August 19, Saturday, Daily 27,t>W copies " Weekly 10,780 ^ The publication of the Morning Edition of the Htruld commences yeatcrday nt 2li minuiea past 3 o'clock, and finished al 90 minutes past6 o'clock; the first Afternoon Edition oom- , menoed at 2 o clack, and finished at 15 minutes before 3 o'olook; the second at 26 minutes be fire 4 o'clock, and finished nt 5 micotee before 4. The Great Fire In Albany. We give, to-day, further particulars of the disastrous conflagration which has, within a few | days, reduced fully one-eighth part of the city of Albany to ruins. The destruction is truly appalling | In addition to the loss of property, many ( families have had their all consumed, and are bereft of shelter as well as of property. Measures | for the relief of those unfortunates have been taken. A public meeting has been called to de- , viae means for their aid and assistance; and we ( are glad to see that Mayor Havemeyer, of New t York, has likewise taken the matter in hand, and ( has determined to call a meeting of our citizens for the accomplishment of a similar end. The meeting will be called, we are informed, for 2 1 o'clock to-morrow. c This will be as it ought to be. New York can- , not, with unconcern, contemplate the ruin that has overtaken our sister city. She will do some- * thing, and we are confident that this circular will ? be punctually responded to, and that relief for 1 the unfortunate and calamity-stricken people of p Albany will be promptly rendered from here. * Our foreign Correspondence, f We give only a small portion of our foreign cor- ( rcnpondence, received by the Cambria, in this a morning's Iltrald. To-morrow we shall continue * the publication, and give letters from London, * Paris, Madrid, Home, Herlin, Arc. c The intelligence from Kurope, by the Cambria, is of the greatest importance. There is every in- r dicution that a general war will soon breakout J on the Continent. France, Russia, Austria, and, > indeed, all Germany are making extensive pre. * paretic ns for the anticipated struggle. War already p exi: ts in Italy, and hostilities will soon recommcnc c in Denmark. t The policy of France appears, at present, to be j o; pon d to a wer; but circumstance-1 seem likely to lorct her into an intervention in the afTu.s of ? Italy. Tioops were rone titrating at the foot of the j] Al|* to int't t any emergency. We imi?t look not only to Ireland, but to all I till . < Inr nr?<:.t un?l htlinniV r If III s I" * r" " ? ?? 1 Pi ... ..... r Arrival ok iiik Wanhinbton at SofniAMP- 1 ton ?The American Meainer Washington arriv- ' .-(I hence at South nip ton on the 2d insl, in a put- j sage of twelve nnd a half days. Her accounts, ? which reached the 21?t July, were published simultanroutly in the London paper* with those ? brought hv the Caledonia, which vessel sailed ' front New York one day before tlie Washington, ] and nirivtdat Liverpool on the 2d. r _ i. Latf.h from Havana.?We have two daya later intelligence from Havana, via New Orleans. The r rains have been frequent, hut the heat intolerable ; J and we see accounts of death by lightning. Much disturbance has existed on the island, and numerr^is arrests have been, and continue to be, made f daily. n fbc foreign Rcn?< | The news from Ireland is disheartening, but there is yet a ray of hope. The government policy, thus far, has triumphed. It has presipilated matters / to a premature crisis, aud the consequence is a partial victory. This was tle-ir i>o!icy At former | times; but it cannot settle Ireland now. The iron has entered her soul, and her destiny proclaims that she will sooner or later be sepirated from i England. Never, within her history, have the 11 feelings of mistrust and hatred towards the Saxon } been stronger than they are now ; and although l tliey may be suppressed lor a while, they will H eventually breuk out, and the longer the eruption is l delayed, the bloodier will be the conflict that will | take place. v We do not, however, think that the movement J has commenced there in earnest. We have no- t .1 -- i u >. l *u..t ;> ko. mm*; uii wiutu iv uaac au u^iuivu iuai u noo. ^ Two or three clubs have, tube sure, been dissolved, v and an (meute between ?nuth O'Brien and a party ? of mounted police has occurred. But this canno* , be magnified into a revolution. The time has <1 not come. The harveBt is ungathered. and foolish J indeed would be the people of Ireland, if they allowed themselves to be entrapped in the snare which the government laid for them, and be forced | into hostilities before the signal was given, and an 1 announcement made that all Ireland was ready. ii This is strengthened by the fact that additional * counties have been proclaimed, and additional j regiments of troops ordered into that country. J There are now fifty thousand troops there. A g silence prevails throughout the country; but we think it is that calm which precedes the storm. J The next steamer may bring us news of the commencement of the reul Irish revolution. J As a general thing, we do not believe that the people of the United StateB are aware of what the * people of Ireland have beeu agitating for, for a number of years pust, and which they are at the * present time, perhaps struggling for at the cannon's e mouth. They have heard a great deal about the * repeal of the union; but why the Irish people should demand such a measure, and ceaselessly x agitate it for forty years, they cannot tell. {j We shall endeavor to give them some informa tion on this point. In the first place, the measure j was carried by the grossest artifice and corrup- I tion. In the words of Mr. Grattan, the threat J was proceeded on ; the peerage sold ; the caitiffs > of corruption were everywhere?in the lobby, in the streets, on the steps, and at the door of every ( parliamentary leader, oflering tittles to some, J office to others, corruption to all. Twenty-seven counties out of thirty-two petitioned against the i measure. t The number of signatures to petitions in favor t of the union, was 3000 ; against it, 707,000. Here, ^ then, is one reason why the union with England t should be repealed, and why the people demand ' tt. The original trickery and corruption by which ' the union was effected, might be overlooked at 1 the presentl day if Ireland had flourished under ( the connection. The reverse, however, is the ' case. f In 1801, the Irish nationat debt was ?23,009,000. t In 1817, it was ?112,009,000. 1 To show the disproportional increase between i the Irish and English debt, we give the latter for t the same period :? B English debt, in 1801, ?446,000,000; in 1817, 730,- 6 000,000. I * The British debt has therefore increased sixty- j four per cent, while that of Ireland increased three t hundred per cent. The lollowing table will show the increase of | Irish revenue tor forty years before the union :? Y*ar. R'vtnue. 1760. .?607 811 f 17S0 1.633.202 1708 2.002862 1800 3.446,718 In forty years, therefore, the revenue was more than five-fold. In forty-six years after the union, viz : in 1846, the revenue was only j?4,G92,463. This is another strong reason why the union should be repealed. Again, there is no landlord aud tenant law : there is an odious church establishment by which seven-eighths of the people are obliged to pay their substance towards the maintenance of a church which they do not believe. Ireland's commerce and manufactures have been ruined, and to snch * a miserable state has she been reduced, that her people are dependent on a single root] for subsistence. ? From year to year she has remonstrated against a continuance of this state of things. She has, ' over and over, petitioned for remedial measures. ?i She wanted equal representation; but it has been denied?she wanted taxes imposed on the property of absentees; but it has been denied?she wanted ' the church establishment abolished, but it has been denied. In a worH. him a??bi?rr l? __ ? gal remedies so long, and to no purpose, that she has at length come to the conclusion that Kngland c has no feeling in common with her, and that she is justified in taking up the sword nnd severing the connection existing between the two countries. a These are the wants of Ireland. These have led to the present struggle. What is to be the result of that struggle I Is the rebellion crushed I Are the Irish to be overpowered so easily I We shall soon see. We may know when the next iteamer arrives. She left on the 12th inst. The rth was fixed by the government as the latest day ,a or the surrender of the arms of the people, and on he Hth the trials of the patriots for sedition, wers * 0 begin. The next stetmier will bring us some Li iccount of these events. Meanwhil , read the in- J? elligence from that country published in this day's M is per. TtieatrtciU and Itlaecal. In consequence of tho great press of matter which he foreign news kiss thrown on our columns, we are gU ompelled to cnt very short our notices of the doings it the theatres last evening Bower* Theatric.?This house was crowded in * ( very'part. and the opera of "Cinderella" andjthe drama p, if the" Whistler," went off well, a* also did thedancing l 1 be crowded condition of the Bowery Theatre every ' vening during the past week, is a proof of tho favor It , held in by the public. New attraction* will be J rought forward to-morrow evening. . ' National Theatrx ?J. R. Scott performed last ' ' light to a very full bouse, and hU part of Captain Al /opp, in '< harles 2nd," was a eapital plsoaof acting, ^ i? was also bin 'Looney McTwolter. in the Revlsw." ' rlr Scott has played most, eucc essfully at the Nation Tgl 1, and as he will continue his per'nrmante* during ; ho coming week, we expect the house will be as t>v rrwdt d as ever. IU, Boston's Theatre.? ''Old Honesty," a most iuto- for ertiiig li ttle drama and the two burlee<ines of'-Lucy," f nd-'Valentineand Ort-on."composed the'amusemenU j It re, last night; and theexei llontarling of Ninktns- n, j-j, riiss ( hapman. Miss Sinclair Mr* Brougham, and thu y eriatlle Mr Brnujham was all capital. To-morrow jj? Toning the capit ?1 ? r-lon of Omnia y .v Son" will be p ilsye. Bgain. a? slso I-ucy." cr, Nist.o's.? Quito au array of talent will appear at his house lo-niortow evening Tim two i'laeidcs. J ; Henry and Tlioinas.) Messrs. VandeuhoiT, S?ft>n, j,v hiwenn. fco , Sheridan's inimitable comedy of "j 1 lie hchool for,Sea udai" will he perform-d. with such ( . rai-i u? is feld'im seen H Placide's Sir I'eter is perlaps the lasl tiling in- does, and supported by Van- 1 |e holf n d T. Placide. the p ay will* done admirably. ^ tilbl'- desi r*es mueh eredit h-r gettiui; up such e|eant entertainment*. j catti r oariiln The usual Sunday evaning "Con- 1 erl of Sacred Music" will be glten at this delightful j dare af reiort thi I evening No nioro pleasant place nT mi lie found to spend these warm evenings at *, Tar. i am pre i.i. Minsirpu will p.-rfoi in at Wit- lie iatnshuig to morrow nxnlng. They am the oldest -' riginul liand, ami i?|Unl in any in the i nlon. off Bir?iwni i n*k.'?i?n r>r<?tL.frri. Of til* r*- ' pet tMf . v > ( 1 i.rtn i. ,iti<l H'strrn >e.r- -t aUtiirr y> iiikii"! *1- uIiikmi. ?< . .ml iiiikIcI qu'lo n< pxrfi-iit ' lit rt now licit '] . IB 'J huuil' mi oil th"ir |iin?*?e to CP' lie I' hi'fd Ktatn in i he pm'kft rlnp I nU?p?nil?nc<\ I n U..- hintrxmio urt.thry an-mid to t><> much admired. w rid n* vorallnti idi| instrumental performer*. they rn t< |ii??rnti 'I to vitdorilliiHr; ibllltl?.? * >Vltfo the I.rr.4,.1 pvt irrt in tericitig ?n>l nottibat?they or arc) nny tulult actor that. hoe appro re <1 on the?tnne tuny country, mil. tf (.hoy mkuId the reputati in t hut hn prrcniid llinlr adwnt here, they canuot fall , c, o rrrat* in Immune erncallbii on their arrival In si f w Vnrk. ___________ tr' Cash a.yn JWlf.k Mkktin<?.?The p.nceedinga (Xl if the meeting held nt Tammany f ia.ll, Iqjjt eyelii'g, v.LU Ik found on the fourth page. I> " I T I 0 h . i' lRTK I RARS OK THK IFFALLIKG CONFLAGRATION IN ALBANY. [hu m the Albauy Journal. Aug. 18 J hire, though a good reliant. In indeed a fearful mailer. A nil 1* did this uiaJ elemeut rage yesteruy Our city in tier date! The ruiu in appalling ! ["be pint sinks and the heart, sickens in oontem? such irigl tlul h ,-i> such wide-spread rain. 'aiLlul n.o.-t painful, is the tusk of gathering up the flfctiug details. Most of tii? < < tnmticisi portion of the city, with (nen or twenty d> iisciy populated squares, is a i ark ami mioulun i . ruin k roui lleikuner street, there the tire broke out. to Columbia street, where it tan arretted, lit distance. ia more tlrau half a mile !? tud ull that work cf destruction was accomplished ia ire bourn! H ere could ttrerefere, bare been little ime to not teh pro petty from the rapacious Haines. Amid ail 'Ins ruiieriiig, there is much cause for gmtiudu. When the coutUgiution was at ita height? then IE ore than 1 alt the city was threatened, and tin u no human arm could save, a kind rroridenoe nterposed ' The wind suddenly changed from south o north in si and this change brought with it abunIkut und continued rain, hires that had extended to secret buildings in the vieiuity of the burnt distriot, re re providi ihihIIv extinguished by the rain. This great loss, superadded to the large sums swalowed up during the winter and spring, by kindred alamities. has impaired the fortunes of wealthy peo lit*. uupuvrriMiru uuiiurcun ui tue miuuiing CIMH, and itt?rly ruined hundreds of poor hard-working families. The tire ran over portions of the oity that had bees aid waste by recent cnutUgrations. and upon whieh tew buildings bad recently been finished. The Couinbiau Hotel and Fort Orange are again demolished, nr. S. K. Sliepard. who had erected new buildings and etumed burinese. is again burnt out. We are happy o li urn, however, that he saved about ?2,000 worth of ;o'ds. The steamboats Issue Newton and IUp Van Winkle (ere both en life, but both were got off into the river nd preserved. Kiev* n tow boats, between forty and sixty canal lOats, one small steamboat, one schooner, and two ioats. were destroyed. This disastrous lire originated in the stable of Mr. .'allaghan, whieh adjoiss that of Mr. Johnson. It is lot known how it originated. The ruins e ver an area of 200 acres; every foot of rhioh was densely covered with buildings. There r?re more buildings upon it than upon any other qual space in the city Four-fifths of the building* turned were brick?most of them large and substanlal; and many of them three or four stories in height. IJ ntil five o'clock It was feared that the flames could tot be checked south of State street ; bat about tfada icur the wind changed to the north, and gave new tope to those ready to despair. hut while this change of wind was of great servio* n the heart of the town, it proved expensive to the iroperty on and south of Lydius street, between* )uiuu? and Broadway and Lydius and Herkimer. All be property within these boundaries was destroyed ifter tbe wind changed. No fears of its destruction tere entertained previously. There have been several lives lost. Mr. Johnson, rife, daughter, and grand child, who lived next to the Columbian, were horrioly burned. The child and Mr. . are dead ; others are not expected to recover. We lbvr rumors of other deaths ; but cannot trace them. The firemen did as well as they oonld : but it seemed mpotent to attempt anything against the fury of th? lames ; no human power could stay them. Our neigh>ors from Greenbasb, West Troy and Troy, came to he assistance of our firemen, and did effloient service. At 1 o'clock, A. M.. the wooden buildings on fire in Union street, looked threatening and tho alarm wad >ouD?led. At this moment, the Cohoes Engine Co. tame into the city, having left their villiage at D i clock?dragging their engine all the Way by hand. 1'bey at once proceeded to the place of alarm, and by heir timely aid, the tire was ohecked. When it was ascertained that the engines were un? ible to cope with the flames, it was determined to blow ip some buildings in Hudson street and Broadway. aptain Stone, of the Orduauce Department, and now tationed at the Arsenoi, volunteered his servieee, and hree buildings were blown up. and the flames thud lent on the south side of Hudsou street. Not more than four or five buildings are left standug between Herkimer and Hamilton and Union street* itid tbe river. 1 be desolation is complete. Mr. Akia'd Luildings, sonth of Herkimer street and near Dalllna treet. are badly scotched ; but nothing was burned outh of that line. We have endeavored to gather the names of all the irlncipal sufferers.and where it was possible.the amount ost in the former we have been successful, in the alter not. It is quite out of the question, generally, ? get at figures. LOME* ON THE HER. Tbe buildings on the I'ier, from tbe Hamilton street (ridge to the eut at Maiden lane, which were all contracted of wood, were entirely destroyed. We give he occupants and losses, as far as could be ascertained* lommenclng at the cut Carpenter's shop. Loss not ascertained. Win. Coughtry's grocery store. Do. Albany and Canal Line. No loes. Oswego Line. L. 8. Littlejohn. No loss. Van Derwater ft Co. No loss. Evans' Transportation Line. Loss trifling. Clinton Line, Wtu. Monteath. No loss. Utiea Line Small loss. H. K. Meet h k Co. Small loss. Geo. E. Gay. Do. Jacobs. Total loss. L. O. ( base. No Iom. E.S.Prosser. l>o. C W Uodard k Co. Loan $2 000; no insurance. Cllinsc John MeCardel. Total loaa; no Iniuranee. Switt?ure Line office and People's Line. Porter House. (Jeorge Kreuder, boarding bouse. Total 1?M, not nown Peter Van Bramer. oyster house. "Win. Radeliff cooper Loss not known. A. L !.awrence, groeeTT store. Insured Lay k Craft, produce dealers. Insured $6000. wbiefc dll cover loss. A P. Vandenburgb. produce dealers. Insured?loM 6000. Allen k Read, produce dealers, insured $1000 ; loM mall. E. A. Benedict, produce dealer ; loss trifling. O. O. Terry, do ; fully insured. Read k Rawls. do ; Ins. $4000 in Lexington CO., Ky. J 3000 in N. Western Co , Oswego ; $3000 in Fireman's o.. Albany ; fully Insured. L P. Jones, do.; partially insured. E A. Durant k Co . do ; loss $10,000 ; insured $600# i Howard Ins Co , N. Y. Wing, Chipman k Co., do.; Insured $600; fully overt d. Mr. Crants, boarding house ; loss not known. Western Hotel, kept by Josiah L. Dow; loss$6000; isured $2000. The building below the bridge, occupied by the Troy nd People's line, was also destroyed ; loss not known. 1.1 TH( B1IIS. Scbr. Cotult. Barnstable : total loss. Scbr. Ellsa Matilda ; sligntly damaged. Towboats belonging to Swiftsure line, Wallace, EH art. A Marvin. Western. Superior, and the largo loat 100 tens merchandise burnt. Loss in boat! 80 000. T. James' loss : barge Rough and Ready and tho ,ke boat Josephine. Hudson River Line : large Float Lom $3000. Lagle Line : boata Lock port and Barber. Lom 12 000. Canal Boata : Maseppa, Chamberlain ft Olmstead? Dae $300 ; ins Henry Williama, 1 boat; loai $1000: r. T. T. Watera, 2 ; $2000 ; ao inanranee. W. H. arke k Co.. 4 ; no ina. Clinton Line, 2. H. T. each, 2, laden. E. S Prosser, 1. The amall towing at earner Wm. Seymour. Tbe Hamilton atreet bridge waa also destroyed. In Columbia atreet. the Washington Market was irned to the greund ; and two two story briek bolides north of it, belonging to C A. Ten F.yek, war* tied? nothing but the walls remain standing. qi'Al' STSKKT. No. (10. owned by Wm. Trotter, occupied by Oreen Mather. 18, owned by Kr. Bloodgood. ocoupied by Henry Wilms. 19 and 70, ditto, emigrant boarding house fl, owned by Mrs. Weed, occupied by L. k W. Martut 12, owned and occupied by J. B Sanders fe Co. >3. owned by John F. Townsend, occupied by Towns1 a. Loomis. '4 owned by Wm Jamas' estate, occupied by K. C. In. 'ft. owned by J. R. Bleeoker. occupied by Oranrttln ick?Insured $4 000. ft. owned by A. French, ocoupied by French k Ster.awn. 9, Corner Hamilton and Quay, 4 story briek, owned C Van Rensselaer, occupied by i*helps A Cuyler? iurrd on stock $10,000 in N. Y. Mutual and Hart I rninnantui 10, 4 etory, ownfd by Mrs. Van Kenaielaer. occuil by C. W. Bentiey ? In*, on utock $400 11. 4 etory. owned by Win Chapman, occupied by apnian & Bon. 12, 2 etcry wood, owned and occupied by Kdward Igor 13. 2 atory wood, owned by helra of Win. Caldwell, iuyifd by Patrick Toole. - . owned by P. < agger; Tweedle H Partington, and k Wing'e ei??d* '4. (i.1 end 00. 2atory wood, owned by WIHtaBi WoKaa. occupied by II. I,as>an. and C k O Buroaaka. 17. owned by Joel U Nott, oco by (I. L. Thornae. o>, do Ch* Cooper, do do 100. do Aire I onp?r, do J. Johnaon. inl, do do do J? Water*. 102. do J A Uflngaton do I). Whalen. lOii. do do do Jaoiea Lynch. 104, do llenry Maaon, do J. W. Burbankl. 106. do do do Mr*. Karly, 100. do d<> do H Small. 07 8. owned by heir* of Jamea Lagrange, occupied Jau'f* Bergeron . rtier Lydini anil Quay, owned by Chartee Van nibny wen. occupied by I atriok Maher. I.oaa $80J. tomb corner Quay ai.d l.ydlue. a one etory wooden re 112 two etory wood, owned by K. Humphrey, oeon <i ry itui 11 .iiurri.v itnu rraiiRM lion only, il tw<> rtory, owned by Cowall k Klahorty, inptirt nr n |>ro?if in itorn. i.rinr <tiiny wild ll'i-nker. inn otory brick front, n il by V\ in II r.nrkrr. occnplod by T Swttonoy Inbn <J Wblte'H i.inH |iou*v. on n*'durably Injured, irn-r t^uay winl !! ikiim r. owned by J. <*. Wbit*, > n|ilrd n* a yrr ci ry. Hit 0.11)11 ? V ICinttr lit HII.T0V?r.HT III DR. i in?rot ilauiitti'ii. owui'ii by H V in HitnmtnlMr, inpinl by Mom* < noney. I' dilman It DulYey. \t.< Ml'i :i17 owmm! by Me*. Van Roiiiii-laor. nnd ?i; ti il l y il I.aei 1" ownrdnml roti pled by O. K. Shopad. Now iUi<P|ii fnm lnir fi>'; In*. 11,600 1 > ? 1,100, ll I. im nt il by \ J K"l*lu, Not ft ndii'il. I nut rod C'.T, lv, a m! occU|ii?il ly L. B 'w, ai clothing J

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