Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 21, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 21, 1848 Page 2
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' tod by tbe ftitrtl outcry There wait no a rod of I muskets be raid, aa chemical mat -he* would d? (to Mt tre to tbo eity ) 1 bo report then woat on to allude to a letter written by M (.roudm. 'inil to a friend at Anger*. which bad I b?? n seiaeJ aud which recommended, on the part of | Marc t'nnssidlere. a quantity of bom In to be fabricated. ] to bo sent directly to Pari*. The report then speaks Mho event* of April 10, and gave ti e evidence of a high functionary ot the police, which declared what wtep* had been taken by the insurrectionary party, principally represented by tbe club* and their leader*, to armr at power. He showed that it had boon arranged to change the goreruuient. Raspail, Blanqui Sobrier, Hocon. and Ledru RoHin, were to form the acnimittee of public safety This list could not be agreed to, as lta>pail retu?ed to act with Ledru Rollin, and Ledro Rollin refused to act with Bkanqui. whom he did ant consider an honest man (.Laughter ) It was afterwards decided that the parties should be arbea. Blanqui. aud Ledru Rollin?the lust to be dictator Nothing was said of the re?ult of those negotiations Tbe report then gave the evidence of .\1 de Lamartfne, who stated that he had been roused up on the morning of that day by a fiiend, who informed him that tbe clubs had been in permanence all the night. and that a regular plot had been rormea iu umthrow the government Ho was on the point of going at. when Ledrn Kollin arrived, and confirmed the statement. informing him at the ?amo time of proposition* which had been mode to him by tho elulis. and which be had refuaed to accept M. de Lamarti ae said to him that, a* he waa Minister of tho I ntorior. he ought to prepare for the peril, and that what waa host to )>e done wa* to l>eat the rapprland call out tho National (iuard. Thie M Ledrn Kollin promised to do forthwith; hut M. de l.amartine. feeling uneasy went out. and proceeded to tho Hotel do Ville. where he met tieneraf Cbangarniei. who informed him that, finding nothing bad been done to ward off the peril, ho had dictated the order to beat the rappel to M. Mnrrast. who had behaved admirably throughout, aud it was in consequence of that act. and not front any proceeding on tbv part of M. Ledtu Kollin. that the National <iuard appeared in the streets, and saved the government and the couutry. The report then proceeded to speak of the clubs The ( lub dee t lube, founded by Sobrier. and the Club des Droits del'Hotnme. stood in the first rank, and were hi constant communication with the members of the (iovernment. The Club des Clubs had its seat at It) Hue de Kivoli. and was a veritable fortress. Two muskets and 30 000 cartridges were scut there by M Cauasldicrc. The men were allowed lOf a day. paid from the funds of the state. The papers found in that building proved that their intentions toward* the member* of the Assembly ware of the most di struct We description. Agents were sent from that and other clubs into the provinces, at the cost of the members of the government to work men's minds: and particularly to the garrisons, to turn the soldiers against their oflicers. particularly the higher ones. The Club des Droits del'Homme was just as dangerous, and was. in particular, remarkable for the manufacture of arms and ammunition Factories of arms were at work in various parts of the capital, all of which were known to Canssidiere and the government. Meanwhile, the national workshops were increasing in numbers, were gradually becoming better organized, and all the orders came from the clubs Several papers are given in the report, to prove this fact, as well as the measures to be adopted in case the National Guards presumed to act against the people, and. above all, to fire; these measures were to be of exceeding cruefty. The report then gives the testimony of one of Sobrier's household, named Longepied- showing that the convention between certain members ofthe government and Sobrier's club never ceased to the last moment, when the house in the Rue de Itivoli was forced. The report then referred to the attack of the Assembly on May 16. It showed that on the day before, Cauesidicre, though aware of what was about to take place, had not done anything to prevent it. No communication whatever bad been made by bim to the government, or from the government to him, on that day. though part ofthe government were aware of what was in contemplation. This appeared from Caussidii' re's own admission, when interrogated: it appeared that he was playing fast and loose with both parties. Caussidii' re's evidence is fiven at considerable length, and, in it, he appears to ave endeavored to impart the same impression to the committee w be nau aireaay attempted to give to tee Assembly. Thin, however, was contradicted by other witnesses, who deposed that Cauasidii're had declared to them that he was quite ready and anxious to throw the Aasembly out of the window. Another declared that ('aussidiire and Louis Blane were constantly in council together, and that the former had used most violent language. The same witness added, that he understood it to be decided, that, if the attempt of May 15 had succeeded, the Me ntegnards would have been the chief troops of the capital. On the day of the attack itself, t'aussidii re remained at the 1'refecture of t'olice, where he had got all the grenades to be brought from Vincennes. (Agitation.) He refused to admit any one ; hut at the end of the day. after having consented to admit three persons belonging to one of the members of the government, he seemed to torn to the side of order. The report gives a characteristic saying of General Curtais on that day. on the authority of :t representative A Voter?Name the denunciator. (Agitation ) M. B avciiart went on?The General said, ' We are not very sutc of Caussidicre. but he has consented to do this?to give ns twenty-four hours' notice before he turns." The report then goes on to say that the committee did not think it its duty to reter to the representatives of the people engaged in the affair of May 15, and who were now in prison Nor would it refer to others who had been already spoken of be. fore the Assembly. But there was one whose conduct could not be passed over without serious notice, as it appeared beyond a doubt that he was engaged in the affair of May 15. (Sensation.) In addition to his frequent meetings with Caussidicre. a large meeting of persons had taken place at his apartment, and many of these had been proved to hare taken an active part, the day after, in the attack on the Assembly. The morning of the day itself, not less than 70 persens assembled at his house, and held council together under his presidentship: and after their depar nre . he went [out. directing his steps towards the Bastile. M. Lor is Blanc?It is not true. ( Agitation.) M Bat-chart went on?Louis Blanc never was able to account satisfactorily for the employment of his time at that period of the day.; and his assertion, that he went out to breakfast with Barb Is and Albert was not borne out by any proof on his part. It was proved, however, that one body at the men who attacked the Assembly had gone by his lodging at a later part of the day. and had been applauded by him in their passage. The report then gives the depositions of a great number of witnesses as to his con duet duringtbe time tlmt tbe Assembly was in pox. session of ilie mob. They give a very different vercicn of his demeanor and conduct from that already made known, when the application to arrest him bad been brought before the Assembly. They represent him as encouraging, with bis voice and gesture, the proceedings, particularly when not at the hall of meeting They brought forward a number of phrases uttered by him during that day's proceedings, tending to show that he was in favor of the attack: they described his conduct after the attack; and several witnesses of respectability, and amongst the rest, a Lieutenant-Colonel of the National Assembly, proved eiearly. that Louis Blanc had been at the Hotel de Ville with Barb> s and tbe rest. M. Louis Bi avc?It is an Infamous falsehood [great uproar]. M. Baui-iiast went on?A letter was in the hand* f the committee, written by a person who had been with Louis Blanc that day. declaring that "the Assembly was overthrown; that he was with Louis Blanc and Barbcs; that they were to hold a sitting that night at the Luxembourg lie wrote that note to prevent his friend (to whom the letter was addressed), from being uneasy The report quoted several othe' testimonies of a similar character, amidst the constant interruption of M. Louis Blanc. The report came to the conclusion, from all the Information it had received, that M. Louis Blanc was decidedly implicated, in person, in the alTair of May 15. The report th"n proceeded to speak of tbo insurrection of June, and the causes which bad iu particular oontributed to its coming to a head.? These were principally tbe same as those which had brought about -the attack of May 1".?with the additional stimulus -of the improved organisation of tbe national workshops. The principal clubs, though dissolved, still worked secretly 1h ougb sg< nts, particularly amongst the working classes. Kvery man having been armed by the provisional yorernment. there was hot little difficulty in procuring the mean i of combat. The report alludes to the inflammatory placards which were posted up previously to the outbrcai ?one in particular. recommending Marc Cae sidl.-re as the only man able to save th" country The report traced the ntDm r in which On- national wot <'bop* wire organised. and declared that the brigadier* wlic paid the men ware the principal iii*tigators It allowed that the ln*urrertion.bad been prepared Lang befot it broke oot. and adduced the testimony of neicral military men. Colonel Allnrd. and others, to prove this; the number of the barricade*, the lUant'.ty 01 a-jitnunitioc. the printed proclamation* preaching up pill&gv. incendiarism and other extreme and dreadful meant of action. The report then referred to tbecenduet of several eminent and political person*. enraged more or less in the insurr< etiuu The report had just mentioned the uaroe of >J t.oui-s Ulan *vh?n posthsur arriv M -(Left speaking.) 7 he report, ot which the above ia merely an analysis, written scaoi* fciianfc a< M. Beauehart rend on bad laated then two hour* and r. ha!;', when oar reporter daft the Chamts r The sitting bad been fiispended twice, to allow t.;e reader to tag* a little rest >!. Lcdm Boll In. M. do Lamartlne. M Anigo. and M. ii'ifrnter Pages were present. The attendance of at* raher* wm exceedingly Urge, and the putiic tribune ? wep crowded to axcesa. Important ltnMltn LMplouiaai. 1>hiim>h( relative to the Affair* of Ktiropc. [From the Dutch pa)>er*. Atignut 1 ' The following is the circular which the govern uaent of St Petereburgh lias u>t addre*tedtvtil its diplomatic agents In Germany ; ? ''Let na hope that this manifesto, by re-assuring the friends of peace and <jueK;ng the audacity of those impredent men who long for war. will obviate a catastrophe which the anarnbilt* if every country are endeavoring to bung about, and which, without th. atranuou" effort* of all wise men. it will be impossible* even fot those State* which are animated by the uiost pacific Intention*, ultimately to avert from i'.urope. Tha German press. whose auiiaclty against Kusala appeared to have relaxed for a moment. has lately recommenced busying Itself about us mid those uteaaures. wbleh prndenee for own security has forced us to adopt on our frontier*, have given rise to the iu ?t unwarranted napposition and eoniiu-nhjii ill* laofu#p* lu-ia on tuia outlet 1M tj.. > ?ilie? of < irrmany though l?e.i ltnuiotlt r. t? a n.i !. ?? p.,. attic*. neverthete** bears the h'.?ik|. of tli? >. mc *urmlaoo. Mf prooaillnK i-omunnioation on the sulyact if th<! kn ) mllitm v position Of the rmperor. Ion. Bl \4o /on ?nffl',l*utly ( ^uaiutcj with the actual inifll Horn of bl? Majocty to render it uaiwifsiiu} tor m.> to wi\>* J1*-'" fioih >i*tail* on thi* ruliJeet. yen .v* aware, air. that aineo the origin of the ?*ent* w M'h ban- rhaken (be centre of Lurnpo. the I.Mporor il??u for h'tjiaelf a line of conduct from which he hat 4* ?r?n in ? InMiUKo that of not Interfering In uy manner whatever in the Internal affaire of the countries which desire to modify their organisation. of leaving the nations perfectly free, to give themselves np withuat interference on hie pert, to the adoption of political and sound experiments. not to attack any power which shall not in the first instance hare attacked him, but at the same time resolutely to rep*l every attempt upon bie own internal security, if this territorial equilibrium should be broken or modified in any part. Such has been for four months the system udopted by the Emperor? such is his system, to which he still adheres But while his Majesty confine- himself to this pa-sire and expectant system, he cannot voluntarily close his eyes to all those eventualities which may ho in embryo in the numerous and sudden mutations introduced into the order of things which has hitherto obtained in Europe, nor wore especially to that spirit of hostility which, in the delirium of change, has recently Qjsntft-sted itself against us throughout the whole of Germany. In fact, that great country had seareely stated tho terms of the problem of its unity. when its first thought was an extension of the limits of the conledration?its first note the note of war. In the preparatory meetings of tho National German Parliament at Frankfort. in the clubs, in the pamphlets and public journals, war against Russia has been proclaimed as one of the inevitable necessities of the epoch. To make war, an alliance of peace and defensive of Germany with France has bseu publicly propounded. we naio even Dren menaced mat our Baltic provinces shall be engulphed in the Herman nationality. That the ancient kingdom of Poland shall be re established in its limits of 1772, in order to serve as the eternal barrier of Europe, against what it called the common enemy. To all these provocations and many other*, which I shad pass over in silence, have been added direct acta of hostility. I need only refer to the welcome given to the Tilish refugees, and the gratuitous passage given : on the railway, at the expense of the Herman government themselves, to those bauds which arrived from France, with the avowed design of carrying devatutlon and insurrection into our territories, j If it had been our object, effectively, to seek for a pretext for aggression, would not this have been a most favorable oue ' A war deeply to be regretted, has been made upon a Northern monarchy, whose iutegrity we have guarantied, and the maintenance of which is indispensable to the tquilibrium of Europe, which, by the complication to whirh it may easily give rise, and by njcas <)i maritime iimuiuuu wiui wuirupopular opinion invests it. menaces nn attack upon the general peace and the interests of the lateral powers of the Baltic. | At the same time the insurrection in the irand Duchy : of Posen and the State of Gallicia. may seriously endanger the internal trau<|uallity of our own provinces. 1'nder present contingencies, and. especially, j under such circumstances, the most common prudence 1 calls for preparation. We have, therefore, concentrated our army on the frontier, in order to ward off those dangers which may arise suddenly from the present, and at all times precarious, state of Kurope. Our system, however; has been purely one of del'enoe and precaution. We apprehend that it never had, and that it has not itt this moment, any other character. Instead of regarding it in this point of view, and ol acknowledging, that if we have been obliged to arm. the principal cause was owing to the repeated provocation whicn had been offered to us?the democratic 1 opinion loves to prefer the change of ideas?of aggression. The German press daily teems with the most i ah-urd rumors, and the most odious calumnies have j been laid to our charge. More than once these jour' nals have stated that our troops have passed the 1 frontiers, although they have not left their canton; ments. There is no insidious design but what is attributed to us?no emtute. no sedition, neither in Ger many or Scalvonia, which we do not provide underhand, either by our money or our agents. The hos| tility which we are supposed to entertain against Ger ; many, is precisely on a level with what Is felt, orrathei j what is attempted to impose against us in Germany If. imtcad of attributing to us sentiments of hatrei 1 which we do not cherish; and of forming conjectun on our pretended design which are without founda | tion. men would form a more just and true idea o j the present, they would see that this enemy whirl ' they so gratuitously conjure up, which they deligh j in holding up as a phantom, and against whicn f nntlnnnl wnr in snirl tn Kit iniliqn*n?tnVtl<t Viaaavor honn 1 and is at this moment, if Germany only wishes, ani 1 mated with sentiments of benevolence and disinte restedness towards her. When, indeed, has German] I had cause Ui oomplain of us ? when have we formec I projects against her independence when have we ever menaced an invasion ! What part of hei ' teritory have we taken, or even coveted? Daring ! the whole time that the continent was groaning under the domination of an oppressive conqueror : Russia shed her blood to assist Germany in th< maintenance of her integrity and her independence 1 The Russian territory had been free for a long perioc when she continued to follow and sustain her Germai | allies on all the battle-fields of Kurope. More recently ! in 1S40. when war appeared for a moment on the eve o 1 breaking out on the Rhine, we placed our naval am military at their disposal. During this long peaee o I thirty-three years, the benefits of whlca are so ligbtl; | set aside by the volatile spirit of the present genera' tion. we have never ceased to recommend and to main ; tain in Germany concord and unity, not indeed tha | material unity which is now the day. dream of a demo I orotic spirit of levelling and aggrandisement, am I which, if it were possible to realize it as conceived b; ambitious theorists, would infallibly, eooner or latei plunge Germany into war with all her neighbors; bu that moral unity, that sincere accord of views and in tentions in all political questions, which the German! confederation formerly treated of. It is the maintenance of this union, it is the consol . dation of the bonds which unite the German govert incuts together, which has ever been our sole aim, bi cause we desire the peace of Kurope; and in our opinio the surest guaranty of this peaoe has ever been Ldge in the intimate union of all the governments whic j constitute the Germanic confederation AVhat was desired at that time we desire at the nre tent day. I Notwithstanding all the defiance and outrage w | has been impossible to change ou die position. Amid these mad declamations we knoi I how to distinguish between deliberate and hot-headei men. between simple credulity and perfidious malice We are sensible of the intoxication and momentary ex I citement brought on by events so unexpected, so sud | den^o far beyond all expectations or surmise. At this time, as hitherte. far from desiring trouble 1 far from seeking to sow divisions, we desire nothing ; less for Germany than harmony between the governments end the people?harmony so essential to pre1 serve the complications which may ari-e from abroad, 1 as well as to avert the imminent danger which may pro| ceed from her internal position. We may have our deubts and our apprehensions af to the results of that great experiment which she at| tempts at this moment for gaining to her nationality ' a greater force and cohesion; hut these doubts anc ; these apprehensions have never transpired beyond th< J limits ot onr internal and private opinions. We desire nothing in<>ru than to be speedily reas 1 sured; and if in truth Gernirny succeeds in solving the problem of its organization without prejudice ti I its internal tranmlity, without causing the nev | forms impressed on her nationality to be of such i nature as to disturb the repose of other kingdoms, wi ! shall sincerely congratulate ourselves on the sami motives which made us desire to see her powerful ani united under her ancient political forms. Such being our dispositions of peace and concilia tion, we ounnot but deplore that they are responded to by sentiments so adverse Had we merely to repel the imputations of the dema r,.,faotinn slinulil not trouble ourselves aboil' them, nor should we attach more importance t< tbs-m than they merit. The ascertained intentioi of this factien is to refuse a priori to see any good in | tuition whatever on our part, at all hazards to embroi the country with us. in order by war to excite a con fusion, from which it hopes to reap advantages for it own anarchical designs. As this party is determined to refuse us justice, ant as it is useless to attempt to convince those who wil not be convinced, had we no other adversaries thai those, we should content ourselves with meeting then in silence, having it to time to show the fallacy of al the false reports and all the calumnies which the; spread, hut side by side with these demagogues ar men ot good faith, who, from ignorance or eredulitj receive without mistrust or examination all the fals impression* which are given them, and thus, withou intending it. act the part of revolutionists, h acting upon these imagination*, by nourishing thes suspicious, by raising theii fears, it has hope to phinge them into a war, which, in regard t their own interest?to say the truth?is a inon sironity and would precipitate them, as happen j but t o frequently, into an abyss of real war, I order to escape an impending evil. This i i the dssiro of the ultna-domoeratio party, and up t I this poin; it will, if it be possible, persevere, it if there! .is. indispensable that ths government, in thei | diplomatic relations with us, should be made acquaint e i with-our true intentions ; It-has become the duty o Alt) t tiligh.ent d member* of assemblies and legislafiv I chambers, of all those, in fact, who combine with tb ! d- trine? of reform the desire cf preserving to thi If j'.jntry "ii blessings of public order and monarchies principles to u?e all the legitimate influents for en deavorirg to redress on the part of Russia ti e charac Uer of pi Idle opinion, and to prer-nt it go ng a?id into a pa1h which, sooner or later, must lead to incal cuhtblc evibt. 'J he I nqeji^r barges ytm exprotsly. sir, to mak tie-Bi -ensibb .* Ibis necessity, in-rnrkini: upssa thei ii.m linn tie preceding considerations and reflec tfous. 'JVli then: and make known to all m-n of sens with whom you v.*y come into ooDtuot. either la >iu*i j nnii? >t 1 lut'.ieour*e. that the iotrntion* U th Kuiperor in re.arf to itermuny. at:, end remain, pjre ly j aitlftc ; that our armament* have hitherto haf i strictly (lefeunire d .'tinatiun, that of bo'.iig prepu>>< to tner-t cue of tb" U.iouF.iud unloafcrl-for.iMe* whirl it i* impo**ible tor at y <>ne to forem* in tbejirovlriom. tiato into which t|? recent oii'uU Lt -uddcnlj dunged world that iu regard to tUrtnany ii po.rli t.Ur. >tiu?u>ueh ,i- ch? doer not attack -u*. in a* Jjfli ?< the confederation, whatever jj.-w furiv it iii*; pit; ? to tat p. rhall reej?ict the Dcighbug'no kingdom* a lid not Htt- iupt forcibly to extend ita territorial cir m.,*. i iptic ng or it* legitimate competency beyond tfa< bonn t'iriei" unsigned to it by existing treaties. the Km pt-rtr vill itiro reepect her internal Indi peftdcooe. mi will not deviate from the petition which he hi.* nuin laised t? thie day. | In ctrqplyiBg vgitLt th> n- JU'otion*. yoc wjl! do w?l ' totfit.' i oopy of the present .J- 'patch to tU? cabinet I wjtore you-are accredited (Signed) NK.SShl.KftDK. Affhlrwlu Kruuee. I'rouj the Lonoon chronic!-*, Aug 4 ] M . Hieei. *n envoy from the King of Sardinia, ha.* arrlvi J in Pari* to demand the Immediate Intervention of frame. M. Amelfli. an agent from Vaniee. ha* arrived to make u similar demand. They have both been received by M. Ba-tfde. It i* thought that order* will he *ent oil immediately for the entry of the army tof th* Alp* into Piedmont. Some of the trooo* about f./oa* have beeu ordered to the frontier of Piedmont, and the remainder are kept in readine** to march Pari* i* ijuiet In the A**emMy ye*terd8y the Prut elaute of the hill imposing a tax upon mortgage* *a##?rried by i\ majority if 3J8 to 3UP 11k* Cholera. Jsmt, July 21. ?The c ho'era, after baring carried off bOOU victim* in this city, is on the decline Would that we could ?ay the same of Moldavia. According to the lost report, dated the 17th. the dally deaths were. In Bat tuse hen. 40; Koltie /erny, 17; in Piatra. 87; in Uaken. 18; in b'okechau, 16. In Ibraila and Galatx the cholera is said to be on the decline. St I'ktkesbi'atih, July 26.?On the 21st, there were 3 416 cholera patients under treatment In the course of the day 256 new cases occurred, 221 recovered. 169 died On the 22d of July. 3.272 cholera patients were under treatment. In the course of the day there were 2J0 new cases 261 recovered, and 131 died On the 23d. there were 3 116 cholera patients under treatment. On the 21st of July. .Major (ieneral Wuron/ow and Major teeners! Scotscbitowaki died of the cholera. On the 23d, Senator aud Privy Councillor MordwinolT died The cholera still assumes a very serious aspect in Moscow. In Okops, one of the Russian fVon tier towns, scarcely a li ii; ue from the (ittlltoien frontier, the cholera has appeared under a most virulent character; so much so. that the whole Russian territory bordering ou Kast Uallicia is now visited by that scourge. The Cora Trade of Euroor. |From the Mark Lane F.xpress, July 31 ] 1 The unsettled weather experienced iu the early part of the week, and minora of the spread of the potato disease, gave rise to a (treat deal of uneasiness in regard to the future, and piedictions of scarcity and high prices were freely circulated till within the last day or two. The auspicious change which has taken place in the weather since Wednesday has. however, had the effect of allayiDg the excitement. and a less gloomy view is already beginning to be taken of the probable result of the harvest. The principal cause of the recent rise in the value of wheat was undoubtedly the apprehension entertained in respect to potatoes; and we have consequently endeavored to obtain as accurate information as to the real state of that crop as possible To speak with certainty as to the extent of the probable loss by the disease, is of course out of the question; but after diligent inquiry, we have vome to the conclusion that the alarm naturally caused on the first discovery of the disorder taus occasioned the evil likely to result to be somewhat over-rated. That a considerable proportion of the orop may be lost is we fear, more than probable; hut there are several redeeming circumstances. The breadth planted was great; the produce ' *"> ?'*" ? CIUUIIUC. >? m "? J "'** I ?? late, or main crop, if not wholly free, ha* as yet bpen butTtry partially attacked; and. lastly, the disorder does not appear to be spreading so rapidly as was the case in 1840, aany fields which exhibited symptoms of the disease eight or ten days ago remaining in much the same state, the blight not having extended, and the plants which then appeared sound still wearing the same aspect. We are therefore induced to hope that the loss may not, after all, be so sciious as at the first blush was apprehended. Since the rain has ceased, the cutting of wheat has been commenced; and should there be no return of wet. reupiDg would be pretty general next week. We believe that what we ventured to say last week in regard to the probable yield in Kssex, Kent, and many of the southern and western counties, namely, that f the produce to the acre will fall matcrally |short of that of last year, will prove correct; but this will, we tbink. be compensated by a large return in many of the eastern and northern counties; and with a favorable time for harvesting the crop, we do not apprehend any material deficie;: cy. A great deal must still depend on the weather, both as regards grain and potatoes; and to speak positively as to the range of prices for even a week in advance, would be the height of folly. At all the markets held in the early part of the week, high prices were asked for Wheat; but subsequently, something like a check has been given to the upward movement, showing the effect of only a few days' sunshine. At Liverpool, on Tuesday, good qualities of Wheat brought 4d to 6d per 70lbs. more than on that day se'nuight, and other kinds of grain, as well as Flour and Meal, rose in value. On Friday, there was an evident unwillingness on the part of buyers to follow up their purchases : notwithstanding which, holders remained firm, and the advance above noted was supported. The rise in the price of Wheat has been more important in the markets in the agricultural districts than at the leading consuming towns. owiDg to the scanty manner in which fanners nave brought forward supplies. 1 hat they have still a j considerable portion of the last crop on hand is the I universal opinion; and should there be an appearance , of giving way about the trade, the growers would per. baps become more disposed to realize. Stocks are ge. nerally in the hands of parties capable of holding, and se long as much uncertainty attaches to the probable ' result ol the harvest, they will not, it may be presumed, J be inclined to sell freely ; hence, as already remarked, the weather will, for a time, regulate the markets. | By our Scotch letters, it appears that a good deal of t rain fell in that part of the kingdom, during the first three or four days of the week ; but the crops had not, f it was thought, received any material injury. The unI settled state of the feather, coupled with the animated f advices from the south, had, however, had the elYect of f causing a rise in quotations, and Wheat was quoted 2s. ' to 3s. per qr. higher, at Edinburgh, on Wednesday, than * on that day se:nnight; whilst Earley, Oats, &c., were , also held at enhanced terms. The general character of the account^ received from 1 Ireland, in reply to particular inquiry relative to the _ state of the potato crop, is not such as to create alarm ; In the neighborhood ol Limerick the disease appears to ? be rather prevalent, but from most other parts of the . island, the advices on the subject are of a decidedly ~ encouraging nature. Large supplies of the artiole were coming into market : the price was low. and the quality j. generally good ; hence, Indian Corn had been in less lm request, and the demand for Wheat has also been interfered with by the extra consumption of potatoes ^ The arrivals of Wheat coastwise into London have ,j net been by any meeus large, and the quantity exhijj bited at \Iaik Lane, by land-carriage samples from the neighboring counties, has been very small, the late rally In prices having hitherto failed to induce farmers to bring supplies forward more freely. e The tone of the trade has (as is usual it this time of r the year) been influenced by the state of the weather. w During the greater part of Wednesday, we had rain in ^ this neighborhood. The few samples displays d on the Essex and Kent stands were consequently held about 2s per qr. above previous rates; and though this had " the effect of somewhat checking the demand, the advance was paid by needy buyers. The weather having ! since assumed 9 somewhat more settled appearance, the upward movement has been checked, and quota[ ; lions were not much higher at the close than in the , | beginnin/ of the week. The receipts of foreign wheat have been tiltllng; only [ , 4407 qrs. having been reported up to this (Saturday) I evening. Besides the purchasers made by millers, a , good many parcels of foreign wheat were bought on 1 Wedneednv to hold over, and altogether rather an ex r ' tensive business was done, at rates Is to 2s per qr. j higher than those current in the commencement of the 9 | week. On Friday, there was less inclination to buy. | but holders remained exceedingly firm, and the improvement noticed was generally insisted on. , The transactions in bonded wheat have been exteoj sive, and high prices have been paid, as well for parcels r i in granary as for cargoes to arrive. A parcel of Stralt . euud wheat, somewhat heated on the passage, sold on 9 Wednesday at 44s fid, and for really tine qualities of s ! red 48s. and even 60s per qr. was asked. On Friday, 1 ; these extreme rates were not obtainable, the disposition | to make speculative purchases having subsided. I The duty fell to 9s per qr. on Thursday; and will most t i likely continue to recede; few entries are. therefore, being made for home consumption, and the stock of - 1 free wheat is daily and rapidly diminishing. t The top quotation of flour has remained stationary; 3 ship samples have brought Is per sack, aud American

i 1 Is per bbl more than was obtainable on Monday. The - j quantity of foreign flour on the market is <(uite insig1 niflcant. and. according tothe most recent reports from the United States, very little was being shipped to 3 Great Britain. . The arrivals of home grown barley have been very | small, and from abroad only 7195 qrs. have come to 1 band. Meanwhile, we have experienced rather an ex1 tensive country demand, and the upward movement ! which commenced last week has continued. The total rise from the lowest poin of depression may be estima? ted at fully 2s to 3s per qr , good qualities of foreign r having been held at 2oh to 27s, and really fine heavy parcels at 28s per qr. The Increased demand for this . article lias no doubt been partly caused by the expectation of a large consumption of meal, should the po? tato crop prove as defective as apprehended, j Malt hns been held with much firmness, but no quo0 table alteration bas occurred in its value. Stocks are reported to be small, and higher prices are calculated g on. later in the year. n The market has been very indifferently supplied with |R F.nglish and Scotch oate. und though the receipts from n Ireland have somewhat increased, the foreign arrivals h.iliiii it Ihi. Ilm> f.ll.i, ..IT it.. t??.l Ko. r been mitt]I. The trade has not at any period of the 1_ week bu n lively, but the dealer* have manifested ,f ratber more disposition to get into stock, which has led f, to an advance of Od to Is per ?jr. on the currency of H Monday last. The bulk of the oats now on hand, s consists of inferior qualities; fine corn has become j teully scarce, and brings relatively higher prices than light, inferior sorts. There has been very little doing in English beans. ? and quotations have remained much the <no? as before The advance established on Kgyptian, on Monday last, bns caused a foiling oil in the demand, and c(.in|?iatively few parcels have changed hands. _ (Jf home-grown peas. harJly a sample has come forward, and attention has consequently been directed to foreign, of which there it still some uantity in " warehouse. Good boilers, were, on Wednesday, held at i'.ks per qr . but afterwards sellers became more ant* lous to realize. Holders of Indian corn havv raised their protonI sions materially, in anticipation of a demand from Ireland: meanwhile, the in-.uiry from thence has ] rather lallo i off than increased. and the terui- asked being above the limits of the orders which ha?e been rrceived, tie business actually done has been in '"n1 si dorn hie Vrom our 13a!tic advices, it appears ttmt u- ood deal ' ot rain fell o-utiie continent, about the same time that the trot weather was experienced here; hut the reports <,e to the probable resuit of the harvest, ur. ,cn the 8 whole, of tu encouraging character. Except from j It vllnnd and Belgium, very little is h ard of the p >tato da. ease, but in those countries, it seeia to he cjoro general, than with us. I (ttr Danzig letterj are of the tlil iuly The lc.:ig expected supplies of wheat down the Vl.tula had (X length been received, notwithstanding which, and UK HUH lU' ittmiuuvn ll'lUf mm -mi- u?u up II) ui?V Ullir been t? v dull.bolder* hud insisted on full term*, and a fair extent of buKinrxsJrad been done u.t price* m;uitl to 4I'd tid lo 44* per i^r. for fln? high mixed nailtie*. and o>-responding term* for otber *ort? Vessel* were ple0lif?.'; and fro^/lit to Ureat Jlritain lor -ay to 3a 4d per The advice* from linstock. strain in J and neighboring porta generally speak well of t*? crop*; but stock* living verywbere low full ttrm* rad been a*knd. tha price* demanded Loving been ei,ual to .Iks up to die per qr. (free ?n boarj), according ro quality. The report* of f be rl*" in our market; in tbe 14kh bad o'course iK't boea received ; bat tb at tele effect of lie advance at Ma rk" will bo to d; ire quotation* up materially all ovr the Baltic, oamiot bo doubted. "?r Hamburg latter'. ' 'J'i>e*d?y"e date inlet-1* < " that wheat had been In lively demand, and that It* Talna bad undrr;>iie a further riee, gx>d qualities being tbeo quoted 38* tid to 30b 6d, and fine Wahren 40? to 41* per qr . free on board. There had been no tfler* tn m outport*. few holders being anxious to sell. Krom the south of Europe the accounts respecting tbe wheat harre*t are not. altogether satisfactory, aud prices appear to have rallied a little. At Marseilles, on the 20th July, there was tome inquiry for wheat, and Polish Odessa, delirerable in Octobct aud December, was then worth equal to 37s per qr., free onboard. Our letters from Marseilles give no quotations of Indian corn At I.egborn. on the 10th inst , the article was worth 2tis to 28s perqr Since writing the ahive we have Hamburg letters of Valdsy's date. Wheat had further risen in value, and 44s to -16s per qr . free on board, had been paid fur heavy parcels of Wahren. THE VERY LATEST NEWS Received by Electric Telegraph & Special Express. FROM LONDON AND DUBLIN TO LZVB&FOO&, foh Tin: NEW YORK HERALD. LivKKrooL, Saturday, August 5?Noon. Ireland. Our special messengers from Dublin, the North and South of Ireland, have just arrive J. bringing the latest news from all parts of the island. Oar Dublin correspondents state that the trains which arrived from the South at that city, yesterday 5 report that a large force of constabulary had proceeded from different points at 12 o'clock on the night of tho 3d, and others at an early hour yesterday morning, so as to form a cordon in the direction of the Keeper Mountain, the main access to which is by a deep and sullen gorge, the summits of which, at each side, are surrounded with huge stones A body of some 1100 constabularly are said to be engaged in this movement, but none of the troops have been called on to take part in It. The latter are said, nevertheless, to be entirely cnt up by fatigue consequent upon their numerous and useless marchings and counter marchings. In the camp, outside Thurles. the poor fellows have to lie on their backs, with their ammuuition on their breasts, to keep it dry, the weight of the cartouche box being some seventeen pounds. The whole line of railway, from Dublin towards the South, is completely quiescent, and, says a correspondent who has travelled along it during the course of Friday, " nothing strikes one so much as the too visibleness of scantiness of population, effected by the threefold cause of famine, extermination, and immigration !" The twenty-three reputed rebels of Ballingavry^ who were brought into Dublin yesterday, and lodged in Kilmainham, are to be sent back to Tipperary, and tried by a special Commission for high treason. Some of these prisoners were wounded at the skirmish on Saturday last. More arrests have taken place at Dublin. At a late hour on Thursday night, the following persons were committed to Newgate, on the warrant of the Chief i/UiuujiBPiuiivr ui i uiict). vt& : unu^rt *?uiw, ittw cit?rk , Francis Hanvey, a Las llanney, do. ; Jame Edward O'Donohoe, do. ; and Andrew James Doyle, printer. The printers of the Xalion, who had been oommltted to Newgate, have been released, on bail, with the exception of three. A number of arrests have been made in the provinces, vir : at Cork, Galway. Roserea. Clonmel, Nenagh, fee. The commission of Oyer and Terminer opens in Dublin on Tuesday next. The state trials will be proceeded with. The summonses have already been served upon the jury. Mr. Hoban. the printer of the Tribune, intends to plead guilty, relying, under his peculiar circumstances, upon the clemency of the crown. Of the whereabouts of Mr. Smith O'Brien, and Messrs. Meagher and Doheny, nothing late is known. They succeeded, with wonderful success, in baffling the anxious wishes of many for theii capture. AVe should not feel surprised il they have actually made their escape, and fled to America?the land of the free. Out Belfast correspondent, in a letter dated yesterday evening, says that every succeeding day bring! with it still greater excitement on the part of the public. and especially of the repealers of Belfast, with regard to the state of the South and West. The Dublin day mail is every evening beseiged in a mannei with parties clamorous to obtain the latest informa tion from the headquarters of the insurgents. Th< club system has been completely abandoned in that town, and several of the leading confederates are nan ett. The neighborhood of Xewry ha? become much ex* ! cited from the imprudent and impolitic conduct of th? magistracy refusing to allow any person to act as a j special constable who is suspected of favoring repeal | principles. This is only arming one part of the population against the other?a course which the govern i ment must bitterly repent ere long. | The commercial intelligence from Dublin, dated last i nigbt. informs us that, on the stock exchange there, consols were yesterday sold for 86.'a 8e)^ ; and Tbreea#d-a-l;u?rter per Cent stock 86'; to 86)?. In breadstuff little was doing. Indian corn bad a retail demand at i tils, to 3f s. for white and yellow. United States flour I sweet, found buyers at 31s. to 32s. per barrel, and Ca1 nadian. 30s. to 31. Indian corn meal was quoted at 16s. to 17s. per barrel, for white and yellow. Affairs In Frances Our letters from the capital, dated last uigbt. hav? ; just arrived, by which we are informed that Paris con' ; tinued tranquil, notwithstanding some uneasinest | which was felt respecting the disclosures contained In the report of the committee appointed by the National i Assembly to consider the origin and intention of th? e/n< iifr? of April, May, and June last. The discussion : on tbe report had been postponed. The affairs ol May bad been declared against the National Assent' j My. That of June, Socialist MM. L. Blanc. L. Hoi" ! lin, and CaussidK re had protested in an excited, bul J ineffectual manner, against the report. Their arrest ' was hourly expected. The Bank of France returns for the past week pos | sess no feature worthy of comment. Interesting from Denmark. Our accounts state that General Hedama had ar ! elvu.l at. I nnnnliALfpn an Pruniilant. r?f tho Prmvt*il Von Krogt bad been commissioned, ad interim, tc assume the command of tbe Danish army. More German ships had been condemned. The Elbe is to be strictly blockaded for some time. Hopes were entertained at Copenhagen that the Prussian forces would not advance. Important from Germany. Great excitement prevailed at Berlin respecting the oath of allegiance. Many trades had struck work. Disturbances were hourly expected. The cholera had made its appearance at Berlin Frankfort advices, to July 31, announce that war ' was to be aetlTely recommenced with Denmark. Hpaln. Madrid letters of the latest date say that Narvaes i would dissolve the Chambers, and oall a new one, to ; meet in December next. The Latest Market Report. LirrnroOL Corn Maskkt, August ft?The tone of our grain trade is steady to-day Little doing, but I the full currency of yesterday is maintained for all articles. Liverpool Cotton Mi rkf.t, August 6. -The sales are estimated at 3000 to 4000 bales. Market is steady, without any \ariatlon as to price. An mnriTAL, Discovery ok an 1 .ndekoroi no Cot interfeitcks'1)i:n.?A strange discovery was accidentally made on Wednesday last, at an nucient hi ure in the town of Brighton, in tbe vicinity of the Worcester railroad ut the - Cambridge Crossing 'so called. As a Mr Il>>wnrd. the present occupant of the house, was at work in his cellar, the earth partially gave , way. aed brought to light a room of some twelve feet In depth, with plank sides and top. The roof of this 1 undi rgronnd den was about four feet below the surI (ace and was entered by a trap-door end a pair of steps This niucVT of the general appee ranee of things was ascertained and a ri moral of the earth, which has , caved in. wj'!. without doubt, bring to light more par. llculnrs f f this curious alTair Mr. Howard was enai hied, by a partial breaking way of the planking, to hook | out n reral keg.', from the room, one of wliieli was about ha f full of counterfeit \niericon half dollars, all ot i ?he date of 1H >3. Attached to the keg was what is *upI jiOMd to have bees a machine for polishing the coin. ' A nick. In which to dcpoelte toola wan iilao got out. i The houre has been visited by hundred", since the acI cidental devriopementa. The room I", we learn, to be I thoroughly examined Of nourse, there are a thotraand rumor* illo In the neighborhood, a* to thia wonderful { direr very. The bouue. nearly a century old. ha* long ! had the reputation (no doubt purposely produced by the eormtrrfrlterai of helng haunted. It wa* formerly I inhabited by a mariner mined (Inrwn. whose ship foundries at tea. and all on board perished. It i? also sta> ted that a bl eh man. a servant in the house, disap: peered many yearn ago. and i* support] to hare pceu ; Traced', r, 19, NEW YORK HERALD^ flouth-Weat Corner of Fniton aii<l Nwwta ata. J&HK8 UOKIIOII BKWKTT, WOPMIW. 8nsci.\L Ntmca IX) TUB WOWUD THE DAILY HERALD? Three editimu rt?-ry day, two crnti per jopf?ti 38 per The MUKNIMi EDTTIUN a published nt 1 o'clock, and is diit i ibutod before break/ lit; the Art! EVENING EDITIUS can be bad of l/u ietiocbau* at 1 tefnck. ar.d'he eerond RYESISU EDITION at 3 o'clock. THE WEEKLY HF.R.hLD?Every Siluraay. /or circuittin oi 'he American Continent?rente per copy, S3 TTri per arntm, finery eteum packet day for European circulation; $?> per nimum, to include Vie poetaye. Tie European edition unit be printed in ike French and hnplieh lanouayee. A 1.1. EDITIONR to contain netoe received tc the moment of point/to prree. AD l'?R TtSEMENTS (renewed every morning, and to be publie tied in the morning and eveniny editume,) at reasonable priree; to be written ui a plain, legible manner; the proprietor not res/wmible for errore in manuscript. f KlS TlSii of all kinde executed beautifully and with dotpatch OriDre received at the Office, corner of Fulton and maaMfiBa J ALL LETTERS by mail,/or uhirrqrfioru, or untA adver linmenlM. Po be yott paid, or the poetaye will be deducted from the money reeutted. VitLUSTAKY CURRE8PUNDKNVB, nmtmnint important new*, eolinted from any quarter of the world; if need will be liberally paid for. AI.L PA YMENT8 to he made in advance. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERV THEATRE, Bowery.?Mine or Riga-Jenny Lind?Vuai. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham Street?Macbeth?Tiie King and I. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamber* street?Domsey and Son?Lucy did Sham Amour. NIBLO'S, ASTOIl FLACE?School tor Scandel. CASTLE GARDEN, Battery,?Musical Entertainment* ?cosmohamas. kC. MELONEON, Bowery?Virginia Minstrel*?Ethiopian Singing, be. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, noar Houston.?Banyard'* Panorama or the Mississippi and Missouri. MINERVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama o* General Taylor's Mexican Campaign. PANORAMA nALL, corner Broadway and Walkor street? IIanington's Sacred Dioramas or the Creation and Delude. WILLIAMSBURG GARDEN. L. I.?Iampsril's Minstrels ?Ethiopian Singing?Burlepiiur Dancing, Bo. New York, Monday, Aufput HI, 1M8i Actual Circulation of the Herald. Aug. 13, Sunday AM-NI copies r 14, Monday 22,980 " " 1ft, Tuesday, 21, 408 " " lti. Wednesday 22,128 " " 17. lnnraday 21,221 " " 18, Friday 21,021 " " 19, Saturday, 27.<>4f> " Weekly 10,700 " 107 812 " " 20, Sunday 19,110 " The publication of the Herald commenced yesterday at 1 o'elock, and finished at 8 o'eloek. THE WEEKLY HERALD. MAILS FOR KlIROPK. The steamship Hermann. Captain Crabtree. will lcam this port at eleven o'elock thia morning, for Southampton and Bremen. Single copies of the Weekly Herald, published on Saturday last, and of this morning's Areu> Vork Unaid, containing news to the latest moment, can he had at the office, in wrappers, in time for the mails of this steamer, which close at the rost-offlce at 10 o'clock. We shall issue an edition of the Weekly Herald at 12 o'clock to-morrow, for the mails of the Acadia. The European News. Our foreign correspondence and extracts are full in this morning's Herald. It will be seen that the whole of Europe is in a state of fermentation. T'ksa frAiiklno in Tfolw onrl fKo ronoiva 1 nf lwkutill ties Tin Schlewig-Holstem, will probably lead to a general European war. After reading the news given yesterday, and that into to-day's paper, it is almost impossible to arrive at any other conclusion. r Tlie Presidential Klertlon?Vote of Pennsyli vaitla. Ill our statements of the estimate of the respective friends of Cass and Taylor, with re1 gard to the prospects of their candidates at the ensuing election, we gave the following as contested States, or those in which the electoral votes , are claimed by both parties, viz :?Pennsylvania' . 2H; North Carolina, 11; Georgia, 10; Louisiana, i (i; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 12; Iowa, 1; Wisconsin, 4. : Total, 96 electoral votes. i What are the prospects of each party in these States ? We will first look into the political complexion of Pennsylvania. It is well known that ' this State has always been considered a reliable | democratic State, giving her electoral vote three times to General Jackson, viz:?in 1824,1828,jmd 1832; to Van Iluren in 183b, and to Polk in 1844. In one instance?viz : in 1840?the State varied from the democratic line, by voting for Genera' Harrison?the majority on the popular vote, how ever, being only about 350. At the Presidentia 1 election in 1814, it was confidently expected by the whigs that the State would vote for Clay, par> ticularly as the election for Governor in October, of that year, showed a gain to the whigs in Philadelphia city, from the native American movement, of 5.621, compared with the vote of 1840. But this whig gain in Philadelphia county was overbalanced fey the democratic gains in ether parts of the State, and the following was the result of the elections for Governor and Presidential Electors in the State, in October and November, 1844: ocTonm. 1S44. Governor.?Shank, (democrat) 1G0.7M) Markle. (whig) 150.502 Democratic majority 4,307 lHJi Pretiirnt.?Polk lC7.-*i35 Clay. i It'll,'.203 Democratic majority 0,332 Abolition vote 3.138 It will be observed that the whig vote for Presr dent, in November, exceeds that of the democrats for Governor in the October preceding. It was believed that Clay would poll more votes than Mar' kle, and the democrats made their arrangements 1 accordingly, to provide for such a contingency, increasing their vote nearly seven thousand. In consequence of the dissalisration felt at the repeal of the tariff' of 18-12, the democrats were defeated at the congressional and other elections, in 1816, the whigs sweeping the State, and electing the Canal Commissioner, a majority of the Legislature, and sixteen of the twenty-four members of Congress. At the gubernatorial election, in 18-17, however, the democrats recovered the State, reelecting Governor Shunk by a large majority over other candidates, and carrying a majority of the members of the Legislature. The following was the vote for Governor:? Shunk, (democrat) 141,081 Irvin (whig) 128,149 Relgart. (native) 11,247 Lemoyne, (abolition) i 1.801 Total *. 287.337 Shunk's plurality over Irvin, (whig) 17.033 " majority over all 4.746 This shows that the state of parties in Pennsylvania, last year, was about the same as in 1841, in a vote less by 44,539, except that the whigs and natives, generally, in 1844, united their vote on Governor, and partially on President, while they lust year ran separate candidates. Taking into consideration that the whigs of Pennsylvania are now united on Gen. Taylor, with )>crliapH a few slight exceptions, and that the natives, and a larce number of independent demo crats, will also support tlic same ticket, while the democrats will lose ninny votes by the (ree soil electoral ticket, pledged to Vun Huren, we think the chances are more in favor of Taylor this time than th'-y were for Harrison in 1R10. Hut the well known tact, skill, and activity of ' (he democratic leaders in Pennsylvania may etiable thwin to change the aspect of affairs between this time and the coining elections in < >ctober and November. We shall watch and see. Vk:f. Consm, or Porti o w..?The President has recognised Cesar Henri.]un Stuart de la Klgantere as ten consul at Portugal for the port of Now York, for other parts of the State of Now York, and for Kast Joisejr. Thanksgiving in .New ilanipshlx* Jo appointed for thv lCtls of N'oTctnktr 1 ? Mr. Webstkr's Spkkch and Position.?The speech delivered by Mr. Webster, the other day, on the Oregon bill, developing his sentiments on the free soil question, is considered by business men, as one of the most eflective and remarkable speecheseverdelivered by that distinguished states, man. The speech is indeed a forcible one, but it acquires all its force, brilliancy, and point, from the remarkable condensation of ideas which characj terizes it. It is hardly a speech?it is an editona article, and Mr. Webster's ideas must have undergone the same process of condensation which good editorial articles undergo before they are given to the public. Why is Mr. Webster's spvech so effective 1 Because you see the results of a great mind, at a glance. Edwin Forrest is building a very beautiful Gothic castle on the banks of the Hudson river. It is picturesque and classic, and gives a fine eflect to the scenery on that point of the river* A traveller passing up in one o! our steamers, sees this beautiful structure, and pronounces it classic and beautiful, at once. If he had to examine every particular stone and brick, and go through all the processes of the work?that of the laborer, the mason, and the carpenter?before he could ascertain the general proportions and beauty of the building, it would be like the long process of going through one of those prosy speeches, delivered by one of the prosy members of Congress. Mr. Webster is an urttet. He gives you, not the details of brick and mortar, but the building at once, that startles the mind, und compels you to submit to the beauty and grandeur of the result. This is the true mode of making a great speech?to suppress all the raw materiul, and give only the fine proportions ut a glance. This ts the true mode, too, ?f writing editorials, as well as speeches. In regard to Mr. Webster's position, that is also a very important point. He takes the position assumed by the Buffalo Convention? the same position which Mr. Van Buren now occupies before the country. This will show Mr. Calhoun, and the Southern statesmen, that the North is waking up to a new idea; and unlesB there is harmony, good feeling, and moderation in the councils of the South, there is great danger of a crisis, at no distant day, that may be more disastrous than any that has yet takeR place. All parties in tliiB region of the country are gradually assuming the same ground that Mr. Webster has taken, that which Mr. Van Buren occupies, and that which the whigs of New York have endeavored to hold for several years past. The democrats of this region will be gradually driven into the same course. If, therefore, all parties in the North should unite in such sentiment, the result will be a direct collision between the North and the South; and in such collision, the North, possessing, as it does, all the commerce, all the a 1 ? 11 .U ~ a a 1 ~ .L .L^ iiiaiiuiuciuri'B, aim an ihc lurci^u iruuc ui me country, will have a manifest advantage over the Seuth, with its isolated productions, and peculiar institutions. Nothing but good sense and moderation, among the leading spirits of the present day, can save the country from a gradual verging to a disastrous crisis in its history. Calhoun and Webster, at the two ends oi the string, and on different grounds, are found voting in the same minority. Is not this a singular fact 1 What is to be done 1 Theatrical and Musical. Bowery Theatre.?The affairs at this house are going on in a most favorable condition, and every evening numerous and highly respectable audiences fill the various parts of the theatre. All difficulties and troubles among the dancers are happily settled, and for the future the only rivalry among them will be, as to who can dance the best ; and from such rivalry, of coarse, the audiences see them in their best steps. The ballet, however, does not occupy an exclusive pre-eminence at the Bowery, as opera is also given almost every night. Miss Taylor, from her thorough musical education, is well qualified to raise her sweet voice in the moit difficult operatio musie : and. as rrima Dona of the Bowery, gives great satisfaction. To-night, quite an interesting bill will be presented. Among the entertainments, will be the opera of u Midas." in which Miss Taylor will play the part of Apollo. All the dancers, vis : Signora Cioeca, Miss Turnbull. and Mr. G. W. Smith, will appear la the course of the evening, and a fine house maybe expected, from this array of talent and grace. Niblo's.?During the ooming week, we expect this elegant establishment will be thronged with the beauty and fashion of the city, as it is intended to present a series of most elegant entertainments. The two Flacides, those most popular and excellent comedians, G. Vandenhoff, Sefton, Dawson. Shaw, Vache, Chippendale. are among the list of performers that will appear; and among the lady performers, Miss rhlllips, MissTelbin. Mrs. Maeder and others. With such a. oompsn f, it will be readily conceded that most thorough representations can be given ; and, to eap tho climax. Mr. Hackeft is also engaged. Truly Mr. Slblo spares no pains or expense to mako the performances at his house worthy of the magnificent structure itself, for it is undoubtedly the most magnifieently fitted up theatre in the 1 nion. For to-night the "School for Scandal" is the play? II. Placide as Sir Peter. Vandenhoff as Charles Surface, and T. Tlaclde as Moses ; and the other parts, in the hands of Sefton, Dawson, Vache. ke , will present this elegant comedy in most excellent style. National Theatre.?J II. Scott has been performing at this house since its re-opening ; and, supported as be is, by tho excellent company, which includes several of the most favorite actors in New Vork, he has done well. Richelieu, Rolls. Captain Copp, Michael, Loony McTwolter, and various other parts, have been performed by him before crowded and fashionables, honsos. C. Burke, as the comic actor of the houso ban been very successful. and has already become an established favorite with the patrons of the National. The beautiful manner in which this house ban been, fitted up. and the enterprise of the proprietor, in continually producing new and attractive entertainments, will. doubt'ess. insure the National a prominent place in the theatrical race for publie favor, which is about taking place in New York. The house is not inferior to any, in point of amusement, gentility, and comfort J. K. Scott will continue to play a few evenings more, and the usual variety of farces, comediettas, he., will also be given. Bvrton's Theatre.?Dombey k Son has proved extraordinarily successful at this pretty theatre. It is undoubtedly one of the best adaptations for the stage ever got up in New York, as all who have read tho novel and seen the play will admit. Mr. Burton ha gathered around him a most excellent company, and the various characters, from the stiff Mr. Dombey down to Walter (lay, are all performed most inimitably ; but why was the -Chicken" left out? He would have made n capital figure on the stage, particularly in the scene where he proposes to Mr. Toots to " double up the stiff 'un nowever. tho present version is ao excellent and so well acted, that It must please every ono, ev-n though the " ' hicken" is not Introduced. " Lucy did Sham Amour" is another most successful burlesque ; its allusions to localities, inc., are all very funny, and much applauded every evening. Both these capital pieces will be played this evening. Caitli: (Iaruex.?At this delightful pineo of resort, most excellent musical entertainments are given every evening: and the splendid promenades, refreshments, cosmoraiuas. fro., in tho intervals of the music, enable one to pass the evening there with much satisfaction. Baxvard's r a xo a a m a Is still crowded every evening. It is ono of the most remarkable and pleasing exhibitions in the city. General Tavlor's Mexican Camhh.s. as represented In the panorama exhibiting at Minerva Rooms, Is a most Interesting exhibition. Kvnry one who takee the slightest interest in the achievements of American arms, ought to aes It. Thk Sacred Dioramas are visited by hundreds. anif the carious and ingenious manner in which the various pictures are got up is surprising. The sublime subject of these dioramris?vl/., the ore.-ition of the world and me deluge? hu been skilfully treated by the artist. PTCamphki l's Miksthki.r will perform this evening at the Williamsburgh Garden, in Williamsburgh, L.I. Our readers across the Sound may rest assured that this la a most excellent hand of Kthiopian singers ; in fact, tbey are equal to any band In the I'nioo, and the crowded audiences they attract In this city proves how much tbey are appreciated here. Mr.LODKojr.?The Virginia Minstrela, at this house, are going on in a most triumphant manner. Their singing, fcc., is most excellent. The Melodeon is a most admirably conducted establishment, and patronized by our most respectable oitisens. The Vicnsoue Chiidscs made their reappearance in (Quebec on the evening of the 14th Inst. Mr. and Mrs Skerrett, with a small company, appeared in two light Interludes, between the dances. Tun Hi nov Kimii.v have been performing at Cumberland. Md . to crowded houses. They play next at nttshurg. ('ilium' Mis-thkk,?This celebrated band have given the receipts o?' two nights' performances in Albany. tor th? benotltof the sufferers by the recent contl.igiat.ion and consequent loss of property. They perforin at Troy on Monday. Tuesday and Wednesday next, and on Thursday at Saratoga, after which they proceed to Utlca. I.ueinda Caine and George Shepard were oommitted to jail by the Coroner of Oswego rounty. a few days since, charged with infanticide. The infant was born on hoar 1 a canal boat, near Fulton, on the night of the 31*t of July, and immediately precipitated from the eabln window into the river by its unnatural 1 Ui'ohDf,