Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 22, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 22, 1848 Page 2
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KWIW? t NNMumMM w. ijuvn ?ojuwn iBravrr, FBOPRIKTC*. nrsciAL notice to thi wo*lo. TUK BAIL T HEJLaLD rv>? fAlim rrvrj- 4n k. 'irecr-if w -ft ?T V ?rr a a nan. TW JtfONMMJ EDtTlOX it , fkNUU ; 3 ? . .ark, j --i i? 4w(> .--WJ ktfort troukjmt, IV , V.I KVM*W*i KV1TIOS rtm L, iiJ of IV vntra <vC i I ootork, a*d(V xnoi KVKSISQ KUiriOXat 3 feltck. THE WEEKLY HKKJLD? Erv-ry Cafureo^for rircuUi Va ?a IV Jmerumn Co*twJ?6kt tonto per ropp, $3 L2W jrr wn, Eprry ilun pirfcrf ?"? /?r E?r?pr?a circ"%/<i?ie?; j M f?r *? *%?v it MiluV IV poofter. Tm rdit?m wtil V p't'jod m Utt Frmthttd Empluh lanfuatr*. ALL EDrTKlKH to ?<"? now < c nwl f w IV niwxl ?/ "SinS/nSEJaLXTHimtttotd #t*r? w?rmuf, and It V rr?V Htktd IV moroinp and nxmonf iditiort.) .a 'mwwit.i* prot?; ft ht mtMm inn fJa?, IrfibU nattier, IV proprietor teA rtoftfMr for rrrort tn ?anutcrwt. PJUr/TIXfi of alt ktiuie oireatMI br<mtifulty ? ^ wait V oftHK. Orden rtenvoi at tv Oflw, iwirr < / Piwloa o.mI J(iM0% VffMtl. LKTTLR S f>y :r\aU,/or i . Vrr^fVu, ?r kV* odvrrmtomeot?,tt be ftot paid, or Dm porta f will I* tieducUd from dk money retailed. VllUATitV rtflRNEXPO.VMLVTK. rorfa. | f nneo. n-ttritod trom .toy yuurfef ?/.'*? irvrU, 1/ utfd utU h Bkrrail* patd for. HO NOlTL'li tukrn of amooymm? eonmu itontiono. orur w litIr-.dtd toi iiinrtioo nmt kr outOotUientod bo too namo ?nd nddrni of the wrttrr; >u>t ftoettiartlf /or yiMicatton, kui poo r a 'rfy of kio i/ood fa UK Wo comtot ritum rtjecUd *mj?TT>AY1l?HTS to bo outdo it ndmneo. AMl'HAMENTB THIS KVKN1NU. BCW1XT THXATKE, Bcwctj.? *IM or Riga-Jenny kkt-Ksili MiTIONil/ THEATRE, CUthtgi Stm',?The King imd I -fiuiri?v in the M ood? Lutli Nvv. CKTCV9 THEATRE, ChMobtrf itreet?Downrv and V?-lvo did Shah Am?vi. HIBLOR ACTOR FLACX-Rjf Van Winhie-HIS Laut Ima CAri LM GARTEN, Bitt?ij,-J(r?CAi Entertain me nto ? CAmor aha a Ac. MXLOAETN, Bowery?Virginia Minftrei.s?Ethmfian ? Shfwno, Ac. ^I-jLNCRaJIA HALL, Bmiwi;, newt HooitoR.?Bantarp'i INKMVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Parorama Or Gitnu Itrui'i Mnicii CAMrsie>. fAJiOKAMA BALL, corner Broadway ?nd Walker street? ai>ir?tor's Sacraii Dioramas or thk Creation arc Hlosa SWUTV LIBRARY?.'asiiiu'i Mirsthria?ETMioriAR SlR?.lR#? B- BLIPOVB Da.RCIRG, Re. Hew York, Tuesday, August *i, 1848? ActusU Circulation or the Herald. j lapnt Monday 21,tW copies { The publication of the Moraine Edition of tb? HrraUi com- | Mmeeuyesterday at 10 minutes before 2 o'clock, and finished at , <1 e'eloof; the first Afternoon Edition commenced at 5 minutes esrt I o'clock, and finished at 10 minutes before 2 o'clock; the | eeend at 3 e clock, and finished at 15 minutes fast 3 o'clock. Mailt for Europe. The steamship Acadia.. Captain Stone, trill Icrto Bosten to-morrow, for Halifax and Liverpool. Her letter hags will close in this city, at half-past 3 o'clock, hhie afternoon. The Weekly Herald for European ircvuatx'n will le pubiisnta hi iz o ciocK to-uay Slug)* copies, in wrappers, sixpence. Another Irish Uexuoii stmt Ion. There was another Irish demonstration at Vau.x- I hall last evening. It was, as usual, an enthusiastic affair, and the contributions poured into the treasury. See the report in another .columnIt is to be hoped that no unfair means will be v.srd, and no incorrect reports spreadjbetore the , public, to induce the lovers of freedom to subscribe their money in aid of the cause of Ireland. There should be lair dealing in patriotism ; no deception ; no gross fabrication of news. The news from Ireland by the Cambria, did not, m our judgment, warrant the gloomy comments which several of our cotemporar es have though1 fit to indulge in. It would be strange, indeed, if the coming crisis which has been so much talked about?so long promised, and so zealously and persevering!)' labored tor?should end in a scrim, mage with some hundreds of the peasantry and forty policemen. Yet, if we are to believe some of the sagacious, " best possible instructors " of this city, who form thoir judgment of such affaire from the ! mercenary and corrupt press of Kngland, the rebel- | lion is completely suppressed, and the movement of a great people to shake off the galling oppression of centuries, resolves itself into a game of "hide and go seek " in the mountains 01 Tipperarv. Any one, however, who has carefully perused the able letters of our correspondents from Dublin, Liverpool, Southampton, and London, will not re?;uire to be informed that the chuckling of the English press on the result of the Ballingarry allair, only powerfully betrays the feelings of apprehension with which they regard the state of Ireland, and that this is in no way decisive of the grand isme. But it suits the niann uvnng of the com DiissionCrs of police in Dublin, and of the govern- J ment and press of England, to magnify this aflray into exaggerated importance, and to elevate into a - ? i ?j:?, U,,. ? JClCttl tjiiuiv wnni ?, as in icom; i/ui a |>wu<,c squabble. And if we could get at the real facts of J ihe case, it is by no means improbable but it would assume an entirely different complexion. If, how- 1 ever, the danger be all over?if thesa forty policemen have completely put down the insurrection?where is the need to inundate Jreland with the enormous military force tha' is continually being poured into that country! Where is the necessity for surrounding the coast of Ireland with the naval forces of Kngland, if Smith O'Brien, as we are told, could only rally under ilia standard a few hundred followers! If sub-in- I spector Tranr was able, with Ins band of forty po- I Jice, to put to route one thousand men, and anniln- j late the[ hopes of Ireland, why, in the nanie|of common sense, was Lord Ilardinge, one of the heroes of Waterloo, and late conqueror of the Sikhs of India, sent over to quell this abortion of a revolution T We confess we cannot reconcile the discrepancy that appears to us to exist between the statements the English press and government make with respect to the suppression of the insurrection, and the alarm and consternation, and formidable military demonstrations, that they are making in every part of Ireland. Either they must be laboring under a ridiculous misconception w ith regard to ihe 1 ?oi-piita a re in nr<irfV-?i /mi sittir ui uciauu, vi ticv v.w ... , | of developement there which will l?c as gratifying , to ihe lovera ol freedom, all over the world, as they w ill be fatal to the oppressive tyranny which has hept that beautiful country so lone enslaved We see that the " Directory lor Ireland *' have published a card, in which they caution the lriends f Ireland here not to credit the intelligence which comes through the linglish press; and the >>n- j flicting statements lately received trotn this source are cjuite sufficient to warrant a -u*picion as to their correctness, and the propriety of such a caution In the mean time, the demonstrations on behalt of Ireland are continued with increasing enthusiasm and a*,oni8hing determination?led, | no matt> r how. Th< met ting last night, in Vaux- j hall' >ardt n, was a monster one, which, in numbers, j ? xciterm nt, and intense feeling, tar e\< ceded any assemblage that has lately been ln-ld on 'las continent, Tin flamt ot sympathy bflrns with moofierceness, if possible, than vt r: and w- qu< " ion it Tara of the hills. nrMuIlaghinast, vi rwnn<... d such a denionstra'.on ol earnest, energette, and enthusiastic patriots as were encircletl la-t night j by tin walls ol Vaux hall''arden. We shall barn hy tip next steamer 01 wiiat ' muII the irish are made We shall learn ? hetlp r or not ihey an get up a revolution. Meanwhile, ! let u* li?'|-e that the whole atlair will nni ? na in comimtBtsm, a* nun* indicate. W?- have hail tury-imi enough in France: let ii*ho|>e t1ih( it wil| not extend to Ireland i /ri.iiN Lorimer < Ikaiiam.? imoiig the recent promotions in the army we notice thai of l.ornner f.raliam l >c , of tine city, who ha? received the appointment of captain, by brevet, in the l?t dra?<cDe, to which lie wa? transferred from the JOtii infantry. Mr Graham, while connected with the infantry, w as promoted to a first lieutenancy, tor Valiant and meritorious conduct in an afiair with the ?r< my at Mil Florea, in which lie preserved tbe life ?>l l.ieutenant llannlion, aid to General **tt. lui captaincy ? ma reaaiu 01 in> oodaiuci *i C'burubur* o, where he wu severely wounded. C'?ru?n \xt Cikoboiv?Among chelates which will br vigorously contested for the electoral *ote, are North Carolina and t.ieorgia, both ol which are confidently ela.m'dby whig* and democrat*. North Carolina, * will be remembered, gave her electoral vote to Mr. Clay in IbOl, by a mojcrity of 39-15; and in 1N0, to Gen Harrison by 12,.'>94 maKiriry. !a the State went for Van Puren by about 2COO ma. erity, a most unexpected result, as the whig candidate lor governor, I?udiey, had been elected in August of the same year by a large ina-onty, and Judge iVhite, of Tennessee, who 0_. P.?wl-n) u? n...-. .. re 11 rri j ? an I'nicn, nas a iiaiiYC of North Carolina. The result at the pres.dentiaj election of INki, w at- caused by a singular apathy on the part oi the wings, some thousandsot whom went to sleep after the August election, and on waking up, found the electoral vote had been given to Van 13uren by a diminished number of \0te9 jolled. The present year, the whigs have elected their governor by the small majority of about HOO, in a popular vote of HO.OOO in the State, and if they are caught napping m November, a similar result to I that which took place in 183bmay be expected, and ! the vote of the tState be given to Cass and Butler ; It is expected, however, that the name of Taylor ; will have a tendency to keep the wings awake, and that some democrats will be found to swell the wing voie on me i residential eiecuon. ivoiu parses laihc Mate are sanguine of success, with the chances rathe/in favor of the whigs. With regard to Georgia, the State election, last ! year, showed a democratic majority tor < Governor j of 12K?, and a whig majority of seven on joint ; ballot in the Legislature. At the last Congres| sional election, four whigs and four democrats were c hosen. In 1844, Polk's majority overClay, for President, was 2047 ; but, in 1845, the whig Governor, Crawford. was re-elected by 1751 majority. The following has been die vote of the State at difierent periods.?? President. 1840?Harrison 40.261 Van Burex 31,921 Whig majority 8.340 1844?roth 44,147 Clay 42,100 Democratic majority 2,047 Governor. 1M6?Crawford, (whig) 41.514 McAllister, (democrat) 39,763 Whig majority 1,751 1847?Towna. (democrat) 43,320 Clinch, (whig) 41,931 Democratic majority 1.289 Ii will be noticed that the democrats, in two instanqgp, namely, in 1844 and 1847, polled a larger vote in (lie State than has ever been reached by the whigs, on a general ticket ; and, judging from | this circumstance, supposing, also, that there has been no material ehange in parties in Georgia since last year, we should say that the chances are in favor of the democrats for the electoral vote. On the other hand, there are. it is believed, many Calhoun democrats who prefer Taylor to Cass ; and, considering that the power and patronage of the State is in the hands of the whigs at present, with the exception of] the Governor, who lias bui little; also, that the popularity of Taylor has not been tested in the State, we know of no electoral vote in the Cnion more doubtful than that of Georgia. Om Dark Streits?The Lami- Department.? mow inat me streets nave been let out hy contract to be cleaned, we hope that something will be done by the Committee on Lamps and Gas?we believe that is the proper title of it?towards retrenchment in the matter of lamp-lighting. The people of this city sutler more for want of system in their municipal government than probably any other people in the Union ; and it is high time that some plan were devised whereby they could j obtain a little relief from the tremendous rate of ! taxation with which they are burthened. Mem- ! bers of the Common Council, as a general thing, j fancy that they are elected merely to distribute j the spoils of office, and to set in their legislative rooms to vote invay the people's money, by making j appropriations for various objects; but as there is no general rule without some exceptions, we have better hopes of the present city fathers, be- j cause they have already shown a desire to make I themselves useful. We now return to the lamps. The expenditure during the last year, for lighting the streets and public buildings, was $1H2,81-); and the cost of 1 supplying oil and lighting was $12 1?) per lamp, , ^ exclusive of other expenses. Tor the year 18M>, it was $10 43 per lamp; and that, certainly, is enough for such light as they have given us. If our readers with to know with what kind ol light we have been furnished heretofore, let them remember how the Park looked when " lighted up with oil lamps betore gaslights were introduced there, and then they can form some idea ot the swindle which the patient, kind hearted, and benevolent people of this city have been suffering under for so many years. The cost of lighting this city is thus accounted for :?For oil, $55,170 b*: lor lighting oil latnps, $41,700 50 (') ; for supplying, lighting, and exiin- , guislnng gas Jamps, y'.i-'f,7b0 30: and for supplying markets, station houses, iVc., with gas, $12,7b2 00. The remainder of the $102,^15 was tor contingent exi?enses, salaries, ,Ve. Now, who imagines, that it an individual had tlie control of this department, it would co?t *00,000 10 purchase oil, or *12,000 to ligli the oil :amps alonel A lamplighter can do all the work in a district of lamps in about two hours, and fog j this he receives ten shillings?which is ti\ shillings an hour, or thereabouts. Who does not believe that it can be done a great deal cheni^r. and that oil can be obtained at a much lower rate than it js at present! tfive the work to individuals !>v contract, and the light department will not only cost far less than it does now. but we shall have much better light; for, as contracts can be made for a term of only one year, competitors would constantly ,-tand bv to furnish better light at a cheaper rate than the person holding the contract. I onsf'iuenily, the contractor would always endeavor to out-lnne all competition; and thus our street lamps, instead of looking like solitury lightning-butr- t roost, would blaze up like g.;s lights. W'e have before, in mentioning this matter, -Rid, that a -aving of thirty or forty thousand dollars might he annually made, by putting tins department to the tew ot the < ontract system; and , we believe now that a vast deal more than that can he saved. Tiie lathers of the city have an oppnr- ! rniiitv now <?t immortali/in? themselves, l?y adopting measures oi economy, and if tliev will go to work and devi*< mean* to lighten the burden their c < p-titnanf? now utoan under, tiicy will red tee tin rate Of taxation far below what it is at pre* | -ent, and receive the thank* and good wialie* ot j ?x i \ man, woiuan and r-lnId xx lio know* any* | thing adorn excessive taxation orthe remedy for it. I'm ,*,i r > . i.r. Hermans soiled punctually at 11 o'clock y< *u riiay morning, tor Southampton and Jfreuien ~li*? > arrien out but twenty-two pa*, senders, Yv i..?The 1 -v frigate Krandywine, Commodore .'Sorer, was to have sailed from l.'iode lanetro lor lVrnBinbutn, on the 1,1th of Jul v. The hr g 1'crry, Captain Tillon, armed at Kio on the 1'2'h tilt., from the river. ""*Mn. t?.i v Movi. i.xts.?Major ' cncral 1 ame* returned to tin- city yesterday, from tlie South accompanied by Mr*. < fames, and occupies apartments at the New Vork Hotel. The Maior'ienerhl in in rude health and vigor, and resume* his t cciuuafit! ci d,c Liutcrn L'iiUitt, of which New Vork ic bit bead-fxiartfrt. Mixkxa;* Wiaith or rUupoaNu ? Accord, ing to .ndicatjono which hare recently come lo light, there is every prospect that m the ! accession of California, the United States have I made a very valuable acquisition. We have, en a i former occasion, dwelt upon the ccvniaerei 1 and agricultural resources of that . ountry, but, great as they are, they sink nearly into insignifkance when compared with the immense mineral wealth of that fgion. By a ccounts recently received front there, mines I ot quicksilver of extraordinary wealth b?.ve been discovered, the richness of which >s almost incredible. In one mine, owned by an Unglish house in Mexico, named Banron, Forbes A Co, a few workmen, wiih the rudest description of mining implements, and at an expense very trifling indeed, have been tor some tune past procuring quicksilver to the value of three hundred dollars i .1... ? ;?..i I ?l.l-?... I I? ? UUJ. r? u | ivj" i uiij-u ni'. iiiB onu niai.Hiii' i/. which have been contracted tor in England, shall have arrived, this company expect to produce ^iniense quantities of this valuable metal. As it is at present, they cannot work to advantage. A few pickaxes, crow bars, and a small lot of common pots, constitute all the implements at work. Vet, with these rude and imperfect means, they produce wealth to the amount of three hundred dolhus per day. Now that this valuable territory has been annexed tothe Inited States, we may look for an early development of these great mineral resources of California. American skill and ingenuity will soon manifest their presence there, and when direct" d to the^e immense mines, will, no doubt, reap th'irdue reward. As it is, the ice lias already been broken; lor we perceive that an association of enterprizing Americans, known as the .^unta Clara Mining Company, have purchased a mine of great richness, which they purpose to work as soon as they can have their machinery completed and transported thither. An accredited agent of the company is now in New York, making the necessary preparations for commencing the enter- ] prise. This mine, we understand, is extremely ' prolific, and is most admirably located. It is 1 within thirteen miles of the Buy of San Francisco, and six of the village of Puebia Jose de Oauda- , lupe, with abundance of fuel in the immediate neighborhood, nnd a straight and perfectly level , road tuns from the mine to the main avenue [that connects Monterey with San Francisco. The ore has been tested on the spot, in an exceedingly primitive manner, viz : by placing it in a musket bar- ] rel, and applying fire to it; but even with this im- , perfect test, it yields thirty per cent of its weight ] in pure met.:l. This is the first blow that American enterprise i has made ai the mineral wealth of California; but | it, no doubt, will be followed up, until the re- ( sources of that part of our territory shall have lieen tally developed, and quicksilver as regularly exported front there, as breadstulis and cotton are sent front the Atlantic cities. Indeed, judging front the accounts that we have received of the mineral wealth of California, quicksilver is as easily mined there, and is as abundant in the mine of this Antejican company, and in that of the English company, as coal is in Pennsylvania. Mexico, we suppose, will be the best market for the products. The gold and silver mines of that country will herealter, no doubt, be more extensively worked than ever; and as quicksilver is an indispensable agent in the businesss, there will he a constant and steady demand for it. This American mine is so rich, we are informed, that the gentlemen who surveyed it, under the directions ol the'govemment, was so much afiected by salivation, that his mouth was sore for a period often days alter he had concluded the survey. We believe that Thomas <>. I.arkin, Esq., the United States Consul at San Francisco, was the first American who appreciated the value of the mineral resources of California, and he is the secretary ot this new Santa Clara Mining Company. We further learn, that specimens of the ore from this -mine are in the hands of a scientific chemist of this city for analyzation. 1 1 It therefore appears that, in acquiring California, , 1 .1. _ o.-. l - i 1 -r __ I I me i unru omics uu^c utiujutr j?ussrM5tru ui an ; extremely valuable acquisition. What with the I splendid harbor ol San Francisco, and the agri- f cultural and mineral resources of that country, ( aliforma promises to be the most valuable portion of our territory. 'ii \ew < iranadi.vn Aitaiks.?We annex a con. 1 " Jensed account of an itneule which occurred in 1 # Bogota, tin-capital ol New (iranada, on the Ittili j lune last, which, it wjll be seen, was quickly pul J down. The Presidential election, however, is c such an exciting topic there at present, that we 1 presume this disturbance merely amounts to some ] electioneering intrigues, and the probability is c that when the election is over, the country will { again resume that ]>eaceful and orderly condition s for which it has now for several years been pre- j eminent among the Colombian republics. ' c c For some time pa-t. the attention of the government. g re.-ponsible hp it is tor the peace anil well-being ot so- s ciety at large, has Ueen attracted towards the produc- | tions of the press, marked us they have been by dema- j gogical license and a spirit of anarchy wlich threatened i to lend to a dangerons state of things, from the disor- y ganining doctrines inculcated. Neither the .justice of j. the acts of government, its strict subjection to the laws. r or the spirit of tolerance which has marked its conduct. have been sufficient to contain the ,. excesses. ^ <>n the contrary, the insolence of the writers have in- 0 creased, progressively, with that of the moderation of p, the enTernmetit : and. when the Executive tc'lioverl it > necessary to have recourse to legal measure* to fulfil the sacred mission which has been entrusted to Ulm. ? the most grogs insults, the most shameless calumnies, were launched against the K.xecuthe, and the trial of ? tile offenders against the law. The writer then goes on , to state that certain demagogues raided a great hue ami j( <-ry against the passage of such law-, and finally a-sem- . bled in some fo:> e. and so intimidated. by threats of ' j death and violence, ihe court and,iury that were try- ' r, ing them, a- to force litem to give a verdi -t of acquit- ? tai. The i're.-idenl was not in hi* house during the time that all this was happening, as he, after the cabi- j net meeting, had gone out. accompnitied only by the ? Secretary of State, to take a walk on the Waineda On 0 lcturniu. to the palace, a crowd ot men preseuted themselves at the gate crying out I>e*tK to the ty- q rant Mosquer* III* Kxcellency without a moment's ' ? hesitation, called out the guard and. terming them in line marched at their head to the quarter-of battalion N", o. in order to take the proper step- to preserve the public peace, which had been thu* disturbed, vt the t, -ound of the alarm bell, which was ruDg. ail the military which were under arms made ready t march to the ?, Pla/.a Bolivar, and there assembled at the quarters of battalion \o 6. frit Dr. I'lorentino < .on. ale/, and bnrtly after The Secretary of War and various other J p partita who ail agreed that the/ii/cs and threats were | entirely limited to a few individuals o' no standing or ! influence whatever They calmed their seditious in- p tentions in the guard liOuses. and things remained in ( this condition: for. although a tew i and-edition- j, groups continued through the evening, the measure* adopted by the authoriticsand the lenity an 1 lnildue** p with which they were carried out pre*, rv. t the ttanqullity o: tlie city. , These were the occurrence- on the atteruoon of the 1 tli June, J1*** Though. from the universal -cnti- j ment expressed by the people, they have not been f?l- c lowed by any result, it is proof positive that the cue. > miesof ?ccie"ty are implacable and it behove* all good citizens who desire to sustain the institution* to keep ? a ?lose watch over them 'II.. r V...I t kr.r ,, kl? I. .1 _.,V. ,l? 1 I.t- i .irvuilir. iu4 . u v-v-^ vj . , v ? , , s " ui[>< rt: dtp of < bunging it? line of conduct. alwayv )( howeeer. keeping within the stri.-t oi it? leial t power*. wili adopt all nceetmry. energctic. and efficacious mean* requisite to pre?ei re tb? conititution in- > 'act. and guaranty to peaceable citizen* the ?ad*ty"f pi-r?&n and property whh h the deliberate pUn* of *? 3 dltlon threatened. There will no longer he any toleration altorded to the various abuse- that hare hitherto ? existed. inasmuch a? such a course see tin only to in- r crease and multiply them The nation will applaud the , .'ov. rnineot whieh know* tm* to p:e?er*e their nio-t precious right*, and. should it lie ttf|Uivile. will unite a and .-are t!? m \ ."Sefnor'ten/ale/, has published in essay on the * ,sotitli .Amcri' an llepublice, in which lie -dates that. ' ] in liis opinion, tlir pueifion ?( < ieneral ' 'bnnd",to whom attributed the death of t irneral ."Sucre, . i and the one ot the introduction ot the Jesuits, con- 1 irary to law, arc the ones wlu? h ought to be settled | j iniio dlately, in order to avoid any civil eommoioi) m New 'Iranadu : he also lays down the most ndicious incarw of selllinjf (hc-e e|nc?tions. What " heae means are, however, is not mentioned in the ^ .itide from which we have condensed this ac- ? :ount. "" Schooner 'ianay, oanaitadw ilunUi, a*n??l how i rrlwto, night of Mh alt , fat Aimm, J j tub frkb Sou. pabtk ANL THI ahtjut^I'IS. -The organ ot the fanatic J uhohtiemsts in New Fnginno, in an articie on the re<< nt nom.natisnp by the RuH&lo Convention, gives .n its aoiiesien, and that ot its party, to the free soil movement. Although it considers this party a.-tually a proslavery party, Uiause it wi.l not attac* the institution ot slavery in the old ^tttec, the existence of whi? h is guaranteed by the coniprom.ses ot the tonst-tntion, yet it will support it, because it :s the precursor of a new party?a great Northern p..rtv? that will, at some future time, carry the war into alrufl sn/1 trv il o UMP/IO , niMornmter.a anA everything cUe that stands in the way of the abolition of Slavery. We give the reason? that have induced the red abolitionists to .cm this free soil party :? The new party is net the r*rty that is to abolish slavery by, withdrawing from it the support of Northern bayonets and pulpits, ef the physical force and the I ubli*'sentiment ofth? free State- ; hut it will pre?>are the way for its advent. It is not the deliverer, but Us the messenger that goeth before his face. It is shorn of half its strength by its attempt to be a national, instead of a sectional, party. To be effective, it must be distinctively a sectional party. It must renounce forever the allurements of the Palilah of Union which has so often cheated the strong man of the North of his strength, and delivered him, bonnd. to the Philistines. The party, yet to he, which is to do this work, will be technically a Northern, or free State party. Its object will be, by the action of the free States alone, outside of the constitution, to free themselves, and the slaves from their guilty support of the system of slavery, while aeting under the constitution. This party will agitate within the free States for the formation of a new confederation of States, that shall have no part nyw 1 I? , 1.. . or.l .li.ll 1... e??m its despctir sway. It will go for a new constitution, for a union of freemen, free from the insidious element of tyranny, disguised in compromise. Its object will be the foundation and edifying of a true republic, where the people will choose their own magistrates, and make their own laws, and not merely register the edicts of a ruthless aristocracy, deriving its hereditary and prescriptive privileges from ownership in human beings The abolitionists, therefore.have joined Mr. Van Buren for the purpose of using him as an entering wedge for the splitting ot the constitution, and the ultimate abolition of the institution of alaveryin the Southern States. This state of things confirms the probable result ot the Presidential election, which we deduced, a few days since, from estimates and figures. _ Otr Kei-ations with Canaba.?Our readers

will recollect an article from the Quebec Mercury, which we published in the Herald last week. It related to the interference of the American people in the affdiis of Ireland. According to this, and other articles, a portion of the Canada press are highly incensed at the movements that have been making in the United States, for some time past, towards relief for Ire* land, in case she should come to blows with the government of Kngland. They object very much to he mayors of our cities presiding at the Irish sympathy meetings, in New York and elsewhere, and jfter reading us a homily on the moral duties of nations, threaten to demolish each and every individual who may attempt 10 invade her .Majesty's provinces of Canada. We have a few words of advice to give our coleniporanes in Canada. We have no idea of invading Canada, for the very best of reasons, that it s not worth the powder. When we want more erritory, we shall make another draft on the South, and leave the aiiows and ices of Canada to melt and run into this Union without our aid and issistance. As to the conspiracy against < 'anada, pou need not let it trouble you. We know wha1 ve are about. In regard to the collections of money lor the aid >f the people of Ireland, the citizens of the United States will contribute as much a? they please, and jur mayors will preside at those meetings as often is they have a mind to do it, regardless entirely of whether it is pleasing or not to her Majesty's loyal subjects in Canada. We find that Canada cannot let us alone. We make some further extracts from the press of that province, which will be found in another column L?f this day's paper. The Albany Fire. The following facts, which we have gathered in reference, only, to the marine losses by the recent ire, will show to what extent this particular in erest suffered. The list of the vessels lost, and he amount of goods saved, is important to ship>ers in this vicinity. The presidents, secretaries, and agents, of the lifierent companies interested in the fire, held a neeting at Albany, on Saturday ciening last, when [ was deemed expedient to increase the rates of ' asnrance to nearly double the old standard. awuieuie l.ine. names a i. o.. agents, hare lost ire barges, three empty and two loaded, ready for de arture. one bound to New \ ork. and the other to ' be West. The barge Superior, bound West, which I eft New York last Tuesday, the 10th inst.. was totally j lestroyed. save the following, which were reshipped ind forwarded previous to the lire reaching the wharf | riz : Pomeroy X Dnrkeo. St. I.ouis, T boxes dry goods, L rase and 11 boxes; llarri x Williams, Marion. Ohio. 1 :aek. 4 hhds; Wright. Kisher x Co., Cincinnati, 1 box i ! nacbinery; H. S. Hubbard. Rochester, Michigan, 1 1 >bl rosin and 1 bbl oil; O. t'owles. Ulyria. Ohio. 1 hhd ugar: Abel Davis, Marion. Ohio. 1 crate: Smith. Ma- ) 1 onib it Co.. Warren. Ohio. 1 bbl and '! cases crockery; I I I. W. B. x Co., < hilicothe. 10 bbls fish and 70 bigs 1 i :offee; M. D. Wellman x Co., Clinton. Michigau. I ask and 2 bbls; Andrews x Co.. Illyria. Ohio. 'J hhds , ugar: Matthews X Bead). Pontiac. Michigan. 3 hhds , ugar; G. W. Kicsh. Napierville. Illinois. 1 small pkge; j i iuel x Co.. llolley. Wayne co.. N. Y., Gkegs nails; W I. McConnell. Grand Rapids. Michigan. 10 boxes axes; i ' )uel x Resdin. Grass Lake, MichigHn. 1 hhd sugar. 1 ilorris 1 Vesey. Sturgis. do. 1 box. 1 bale, and 1 case; W. Wheeler, Albion, do. 1 hhd sugar; M. Barnes x ( "o s warehouse was also destroyed. ^ The V Marvin, of the Swift,ure l.ine. bound to New j ork,Capt. Tickett. reports from memory, as having I . n boar. T'.O bbls (lour for I M. Hoyt x Son: 936 bbls j jr Dows x ("ary: and Sb bngs feathers for J. H. \ Jnyher. J i.rie Canal Line?K. M. Teal x Co., agents?have met 1 ith no loss. i K.vane's Transportation Line?lose about yj.">0 only. ( bich is insured at the West < Albany Canal Line?George Monteath. agent?No j ws. , People's Line Steamboats?i apt. Kord?All merehanize shipped by the above line, is forwarded by the , xilroad to the west on the morning of its arrival, J nd all the good< arrived by.the boats.hadbeen rc-ship- } ed previous to the fire. I Clinton Line?William Monteath. agent. ? Their I arehouse was destroyed, containing a small quantity t I wool and stoves. j ; New York and Indiana Line -il. B. Hewit. *_?nt? I wo boats oi this line were destroyed, but fortunately o merchandize was on board. Oswego Line?L. S. I.ittlejohn?< >ftice burnt, but has | >?t nothing else. New"Vork. I'tica and Oswego l.iui?K. B. Vandewa r?No boats or goods lost. I Hudson River Line?J. H. Maliory X < o.. agentslet with a small loss. ; r Atlantic Line?K. K. < urtia agent?No loss Kekfbrd Tow Boat l.ine?Green x Mather agents? t epoi t no loss. I Western Lake Boat Line. New Vork ami 'Jeneiee | I alley < ana! l.tue. New Vork and |renn Ian ' final ; 1 .im-.aud New 1 ork and Seneca 1-alls ' anal Line? ! n hamberlain 4. Olmstead. agent*?have lost but one i ' rge. having no merchandl/.e on board. r kckford Canal Line?Jt. A. Williams, agent.?No jj ).?? on boat* or merchandise. Merchants' Line and Miller"' Line?./. II. 1'enae -v r ?.. agents.?It en or t a small loss on merchandise. Syracuse and Owego Line?C. W. Goddard. agent. | 1 lave lost nothing by boats: warehouse was totally I c omunvd. containing a large amount of salt on sale. * set liturtd. c Troy and Michigan Luke Boat Line? I. Meh'huick, gent.?Keport no loss. j 9 ' commercial Tianspertation ' ompuny and Iron ( u i tea pi Pucket Company C. 1 ardley, agent.?Have ^ ret with a smell loss on merchandise, and lost one arge < ailed the Catharine, which was entirely oon- 1 vm< d. Insured in th> National Insurance ' ompanyv ' sew York. ' O?w?go Transportation Lint?W II Clarke k < o.. 1 gents Have lost four boats, two of whirh were i mpty. and the other two were loaded which were in- > ured at tlie agency of the i olumbus Insurance Commy o! Ohio. One empty caual boat was burned, of i shich P. A. Bowman of Broad i-treet. wa? ageet. I ticn l.iue?Show.agent ?Weresuccessful in taring ill the goods in their warehouse, they happening to iave two emyity canal boats alone side the wharf, into vhich they placed all the good*, and removed them to i place o| safety, except k swell quantity of white ead and 100 barrels of flour. Schuyler's I.ine?Schuyler k < o . agents?No loss. Cagle I.ine?< hapln. agent?Have met with a great oss. their two large barge*, vl/ Joshus Barker and ,ockp?vt were entirely ronsnmed.as, also, the Moating ran hsuee, Yhomas Schuyler The goods shipped by Jolt k Pease, from New York, were all totally lost. Ohio Traaeportatlon?Water* k o., agents?I,ost wo enipty barges. No insurance Western Transportation S <i.( bases Co, agent*? \ o loss. Thorns* Janieafc Co* Line?T. famesk Co.. agents? ['lie barge Kough and Heady, belonging to this line, raa burned, having on board ?i<)0 huahela oat*. '.' .Ob iU?hel* corn, 20 t.ale* wool, and some provision*. It. Osferhout. general agent and forwarder?No ?*e Tray and Krie Lino, k uiiou Liua, 'i roy and O?wogo ! #?JEytilaaa, *gNo low aay Una. t Latol rtcu Bvi. 11, amu La PMra.?By the I very handsome and fast tiling bark kosina, Cap. ^ tain f?oty, wf are in receipt oi very late papers j from Rio Jo?ei?c, wi.ch port he left on the 14th c July, thus making an unconunor!y short passage. ' Our hies coexist of- she Jvrnal Uo Comrnio, to the !3:h u?i. Accounts had been received from Pcntambueo, to the 1st ult. \l that ciate, tranruilhty was completely restored, it appear* that the disturbances '.here, originated in a light between some ol the s'l.flen'.s of the college and certain Portuguese dealers in jerked beef. The quarrel, at first, was eonfined to one or two, but as both sides were joined by their respective friends, the fighting became more general, and finally ended in a most serious riot. Three or four ol the Portuguese were killed, and several wounded. The riot was finally cue lied by the police and military. Thia tnttiUt j haa, however, aroused a feeling between the ( Creoles ?i Pernambuco and the Portuguese real- j dents there, and petitions had been got up and . signed by all the leading Creoles, begging for a 1 change in the existing laws regulating the admis- j si on of emigrants Irom Portugal, and which give them various immunities and advantages over j .he Creoles or natives ol Brazil. 1 * r From Paraguay, accounts had been received to * the fith April. The greatest activity prevailed c throughout that republic. 1 ' Tbe victory of Ursulas OTer the Correntinos," says a letter from there, " places us under the necessity of 1 taking all means possible for our defence. Rosas, not- c withstanding his repeated promise that he will not , attack us, thinks to subjugate Paraguay by means of tbe blockaded condition in which he has us. He de- 0 ceives himself; as for his promises not to take hostilo " steps against us openly, we shall see how it is carried ' out after the intervention is finished. ' j ne ( resident win leaTe on tne luin, lor tee coast " of Parana, and afterwards Kncarnacion and t'ands- e laria " 1 It seems that they are almost as much troubled c with counterfeit bank notes in Brazil, as we are It here in the United States. In ihe msney article * of the Jornal do Comtrcio, of the 8th ult., we find j several new counterfeits noticed. The Senate wai ' in session, but on looking over their debates, we 4 do not see anything of interest, the debates being c entirely on local topics. ( The U. S. brig Perry arrived at Kio on the 12th 8 ult., from Montevideo, from which port she brought accounts to the 2?>th June. Nothing of ? importance had taken place there. . The Oriental government had resolved to aban" ? don Maldonado. Its garrison, composed of 600 t men, was to be incorporated with the force de- 4 fending Montevideo. 1 General Itosas refused to receive Mr. Ilood, jr., * in the character of English Consul General, het- a ters before us, says the Jornal, assure us that Com- d modore Herbert, and Mr. Gore, had used their ut- r most endeavors to change General Hosas'sdetermi- a nation on this point. The various troubles and * revolutions in Europe continue to afford the 1 Brazilian editors plenty of matter with which to 1 fill tip their papers, which, at the best of times, I contain bnt little news. Asron House, New York, ) j Aug. 21, 1*18. S ? A Putting Glance at the Long Session of the Thir- <1 tieth Congress. p The long session of the thirtieth Congress, be- v ginning on the first Monday in December, 1847. J and ending on Monday the 14th day of August, i 1848, has been especially distinguished for its e.\ c traordinary expenditure of gas, and speeches for 1 Buncombe. r The House commenced operations on the war ' with Mexico, with the reception of the Presi- t dent's message; and, as the speeches were intend- z ed for home consumption, the debate was pro- u longed for weeks and weeks. Indeed, from first * to last, from the alpha to the omega ot the alpha- * bet of this long and gassv session, the Mexican * war has been the inexhaustible theme for Bun- J* combe, and for specious arguments adapted to the ? great object of humbugging my constituents into j, the belief that I, the particular representative of a t< particular district, or the Senator of a partichlar party in the most patriotic State of the Union, sj know all about the subject, and have duly held h up in Congress the reputation of the people of my *) section of the country, as the most intelligent. c and, by all odds, the most pairiotic and most ge- 111 nerous people on the face of the globe. But your speech-makers are not the only men in Congress. There is another class * the workers in the committee rooms, those 5" ouvritrs who examine papers, evidence, and ci ^ucliers. and make un the bills ami r*nnrta e. upon them, and upon rejected cases. These men, generally have no more to say than is ne- P? cessary to the explanation and vindication of their reports. There is yet another class, those pract 1 tfcal fellows, who are always on hand to direc- oi the current of ihe proceedings to the business that tt is to be done; Colonel Benton belongs to this di class in the .Senate, and General McKay in the in House. And there is yet another tribe of M. C's, th that class of quiet and easy customers who are a!- * ways in their seats, but never have any thing to say. except the fflmula required in submitting a petition or the aye or no upon a vote: Mr. Stur- bt eon is at the head of this class in the Senate. je. He makes no speeches, he presents no reports, he puts in no directing voice in controlling the business of the day; but his vote always count-! one, and he always votes. Mr. Corwin uets generally the part of Mr.Sturgeon,he says nothing but aye or no; but when a great occasion demand? it. when it is required thai the tedious monotony of r thread- th bare discussion shall be broken up, and the merits , tli af the case, broad and deep, exposed, to the rocks, th -ea-weed, clam-shells, mud, and oysters, and old oins that lie at the bottom, Corwin is the man to Jo it. When lie rises even Webster and Caltonn prick up their cars; when he has finished. )? ?ven Calhoun and Webster have new matter to go ,\i ipon. sh But it is your talkers?your talkers for llun- tb ombe?and "my constituents," or for "(the Slate th vhicli I have the honor, in part, to represent," a- if bl i Senator, there being two, could only represent >art of a Stater it is tnis ?ect of statesmen, these lonie consumption men. these Tammany Ilall and Mbany regency pupils and professors, the ulumiu th ind graduates and (he sophomores of your politi- r<\ ?al president-making,place-regulating, phiiodemic toi locieties; ir is this most disinterested and lo iua- ">i nous school of patriots who have absorbed, i>or 1a|>p. uiiH'-tcnttiB oi the late elongated session of :!tl onsress, at eight dollars a day. The abuse {*' >t President Polk, the defence* of President p, 'oik, the glorification ol General Taylor, and ?i, he useless eflorts to get at the schedule of his po- wl itical platform, the Baltimore <'onvention, the ret 'hiludelphta Convention, Martin Van Buren and th ree soil, the rights of the ^outh, and the duties ot ?ri he North, the war and the treaty, and the acquits '" ions of the ireaty, abolitionism and the slnve , lade, slavery and the horrors, rertu> the blessings yc >f slavery, the French revolution, and the general 00 iptorning or EtIIOpe, 1'ope Pius and progressive no lemocracy, Secretary Walker anil the sub-treasu* ?n v, Lt. Col. Fremont and the California claims? y> ill. more or less, with a direct refereuce to the ?t ireiidential election ol November, and to the ofices which constitute the appendix of that Gee- f** ion, hw\e been the rich topics upon which your v,-, irolessional s|?eecli-makers have spun out their i-it nmphlcts of tustian for the retail business, Ph rnong " my intelligent constituents," or all over ad 'the [State which I have the honor, in part, to tb< epresent." or all over the I "nion. It is this sort of ne lusiness for which the .Secretary ot the Treasury j las had to pay some three lundred men, at the ' atio of eight dollars per diem, for about six M nonthe of the session. A single speech for Bun- ha ombe sometimes costs the people, in account l)i villi the expenses of f'ongress, several thousand 11 Inilnra mi By turning to the catalogue of the acts and re- nii olutions passed up to the adjournment, it will he Wl een that they are nearly all private cases, the vhole work upon which is generally clone in the *|0 lommittee rooms, excepting the mere form'8 of ,(0 epilation: so of the appropriation bills. But en ipon these, esjiecially upon the civil and diplo- to italic expenditures, the largest freedom of amend- Dc uents and -peeches, for Buncombe ancl party ll" tpryotfs, is exercised. Jj The only subject which legitftnately required a 'J* enptliened discussion was the question ol slavery n the territories: but even here the debate lias rei hot off into the opinions of < 'a?s and Taylor, and set he mysteries of the whig platform. The business-like action of the Senate upon of lie treaty of lion Nicholas P. Tri-t with the of Vlextcans, at the little village of Our Lady of Titndahtpe, intituled "Guadalupe Hidalgo," blendng in the name the saint and the hero together st" n a religious and patriotic venerution?the action if the Senate upon this treaty, nrompt and httsi- p0< less-like, stands out, amid the rubbish of the se*- gol ion, in redeeming importance to the country. But the strongest feature in it is, that the man to of vhoni we are indebted for this good act was reinlle d m disgrace lor doing it, while the labor of j*'1 lis hands, and his head, and his heart, (for we j ' elieve that bettor Trist employed all his faeulies in the work.) are accepted and adopted as y? lie only way c?l escape frnin a contest the honors mj >f which were exhausted, and the troubles of f51 ift.ii Welt jtof. btgil?,.i.g. ,- - c.l, he foresight, the sagacity, the Ubors, tad the U ? K ? I teal of Mr. ( to the object of ending the war, arc entitled u> lasting remembrance Finally, we believe dial six months of the File ong and windy session of Congress arc clearly -kargeable to the demagogues in Congress. ..tid o their persevering attempt to turn every thing o the advantage oi their personal and rar-y ends n the Tre-idcntial election of next November. Tul* Doctor, TU< nfrlcai ait<! .Huvlcat, T-ieai an ?Thera was ?i extrarrd canty trowded house here last evening; before e.gkt ('clock be boxes, ibetb lower and upper tiers, were f.Iiett n every part' the lobbies eTen were tilled, aau ctery oox-door had a crowd of beads peeping over one an itber; the pit whs erowded in such a way that it was ixtraordinary how,th*y could bear the pressure, and ill this immense audience presented every s go ot rreat excitement. and enthusiasm. The cause < f ?ll 'bit was the appearance of Miss Turubull and ?>gnora floeca, the demeutis, both of whom were ab?e iieei :o dance In the course of the evening. Aitt,* wa* he first time they have appeared on the same evenng since the night when the entente took p a re, of :ourte, the friends and admirers of both parties were* inxious to see their favorite do her best; ar. i m . inleed. each of them did. Mr. <>. W. Smith danced ith them both, and long, loud and continues* wan :he applause they all received; infaot.it was a most {ratifying circumstance to see all differences h- a>d, ind things go on .so orderly and well as th?y did. l"he drama of the "Mines of Itiga." was ite frst tiecd. The little Miss Pennine have parts n it; in act. it was written expressly for them, and they show ,o much advantage in it. The farce of Jenny .ind,'' and the new piece of " Midas." in both of vhich Miss 'i'ttylor acted and sung with her usaa) excellence. closed the evening's amusements. The same fill, dancing, and all will be repeated this evening. Nibi o's Tuf.A* tor Tl.vc k.?The parv?ct:eand loxes of this beautiful theatre were, last night, so rowdvtf that msny persons were obliged to take teatu n the gallery. Brinsley Sheridan's beautiful comedy if the " School for Scandal" was presented, with a powrful cast. Mr. 11. riacidc's personation of S r Peter feazlewas in keeping with his high reputation as a oincdian of the first rank ; indeed, it is almost faultess. His scene with Lady Teuzlc. where he acc..se- her if extravagauce and folly, was ably handled The .art of Moses, by T. I'lacide. was so well sustained hat cheers followed his truthful representation of the haractcr. throughout every scene. Charles Surface, >y Vandenbofi, was well received, and rsad with all he point and eli'octwhioh deep histrionic ability could ;ive to it. Yache, too. as Sir Oliver Surface, acted hie iart well; and Crabtree. by Mr. J. Selton, and Sir Benamin Backbite, by Dawson, were both sueta'aed in be best style of these accomplished actors. Sirs. Matter's Lady Tea alt was tinelv drawn. In Use every haracter in the piece was well done, and the audience ;ave frequent marks of their approbation, by reiterated ibeers. Niblo's Theatre is sure to go ahead, as the terling talent he has engaged will always insure rowded bouses Birtom'v Tih \ Dombey and Son"' and Lucy'' were performed last evening at this very iretty theatre, and both passed olT with as much eclat. ,s basattended each rrprusen'atlon from the first time bey were played. ''IDombey and Son" improves every ime that it ia played, and we must say tnat we have tcver seen a better adaptation of a novel on the stage. Surton has done more than any other manager in v'ew N ork, that,is. he has made his theatre, in h'amlers street, a most popular and favorite place of resort, s it is nightly crowded by highly respectable auliencee; the secret of this is that he started in the ight way, vi/ : by having every thing and every body .round him, the best that couid be found; and as he leeps on on the same plan, we doubt not that he wUl ong keep the run of patronage he has obtained. Tolight the same bill will be repealed. Several new local deces are in preparation, and every thing looke fair or burton's theatre. Nat sOsai. Tiikatjii:.?The tragedy of 'Macbeth,"witll . K. Soott as the thane, was performed before a crowd d house, and Scott was never more successful in his lelineation of this great oharacter of Sbakspcaro's* The tragedy was well got up; Mrs. McLean took the i&rtof I.ady Macbeth, and performed it well; it is a ery arduous part, and one which requires mu h pre] iaration, as well as tragic talent on the part of the actess, to fill it well. Mrs. McLean, hdwever, performed t well. The laughable farce of the " King and I" conlnded the evening's entertainments. The National heatre is, without doubt, one of the beet and moat espectably patronised houses in the city. Since 'hanfrau has had the management of it he has made complete change in its character, and It is now naronised by our most intelligent and respectable cltlens and their families. Those who go will be quite slighted with the really elegant manner in which very thing is got up, and the tasty and rich style in hich the house is arranged and decorated. To-night' first rate bill will be presented?two farces and a ruma?the Children in the Wood," in which Mr. cott will appear as Walter. Mr. Burke and Miae lestayer will also appear in the farces, and the en>rtainuiente will thus be of the most amusing charac r. Castii: Gaston.?For a delightful promenade, I plendid view, pleasant music, amusing and interest>g eofinuramie views, fine refreshments, and, in fact 11 film ailronfoivua ftf V> o mAtt nwAeU- : i. .... r. _ 1/1 mo wvn luivtuc wbtctlug pluv. astle Garden stands pre-eminent. The price of adilssion is but trifling, and is one of the best investlents that can be made of an evening. Campbell"- Minstrels.?The very great success hich has attended the concerts of these minstrels is roof positive of the merit of their performances.? hey are Indeed most admirable singers and musians. and will uo doubt have a very long and successtl time among our citizens. Mci.os>box.? In addition to the Virginia Serenadera* ;rformances, the famous Fire King has been engaged, id will this evening make one of his fiery repasts, e is a great curiosity. Mofamam Sim.ers?These accomplished vocalist*, ' whom report speaks in the highest terms, will makw teir firs: appearance at the Apollo Rooms, on Monty evening ne.xt, when a grand vocal and mstruental concert will be given. It we may judge from te reports given of their performances In Paris, Lon>n. and the other priccipal cities in Europe, there in be little doubt of their success throughout the ates. Charles Dibdin Pitt and Mrs. <-eorge Jones, have en engaged at the St. Charles Theatre, A ew Orsns. ( Ity Intelligence. Sympathy tor the Si'eeerkrs in Albany.?At the ggestion of some eight or ten gentlemen of this city, ajor llavemeyer called a meeting of the citizens, to 'held at his office at two o'clock, yesterday afternoon, t the appointed honr. seven gentlemen appeared for >e purpose of devising means to aid the sufferers by e late destructive conflagration in Albany. Beside* ose who were present to move in the matter of huanity, there were eight reporters, who had assented for the purpose of noting their proceedings. It i? range, that after the desolating conflagration* tiieh have laid waste sections of this city, and aid is been so clieerfiillv ren<li r?h hir ?li? h??i. .w Ibany. that in her hour of misfortune, New York ould tail in her duty. It is to be supposed, at least, at all who signed the letter to the Mayor, requesting e rail of the meeting of the citizens, would attend? it not more than half of those were present. It wu id many of those who would be most liberal, wer? it of town. True, many are out of town, who, If prent. would contribute laigcly: but it cannot be posjle that only eeTen were left who would be among e humane, out of the hundreds of thousands who side in this great metropolis. They seem to have rgotten the conflagrations of 1835, when twenty lllions of property were destroyed, and that of 1846. ten ten millions more weie swept away by the demoting element Hundreds of poor citizens were delved then of their little all?and without the mean." support themselves. How was it then' Did the ople < f Albany, or any other place, call a meeting of 1. end only seven attend? No: they went to work; th might and main, and the distresses of the suffers were relieved. What was the course pursued by e people of New York, immediately alter the conflaition in nttsburg.' A meeting was called at the ibcrnacle. and measures devised by which the sum. V.18.000 was raised for the relief ol the suflexors: d now. when one of the cities of the State of New irk is partially detroyed, seven persons assemble to ntribute to the relief of the suflcrcrs. This city had t then recovered from the blight of the fire of 1846; d yet aid wa-promptly administered to a city be nd the bounds of the State, and In the prosperity which very few of the contributors were interested, certainly speaks very little to the credit of the city, tother meeting has been called for Wednesday afteron. at the Mayor's office, and it is to be hoped that w York will not allow hpnelf to be behind her sister ies in her works of philanthropy and magnauimity. iladelphia. Baltimore. Boston, Pittsburg, and other iacent cities, arc waiting for New York to move in s matter: and it will redound to her shame. If she gleets to do her duty. \S0T?ir.a Futat KrrrrT imui Cawrm*r..?One Of use fatal r.ecid? ut?. from the incautious u>e of -.amine. v hich w. have hitherto endeavored to denounce o ...v.-- n.uii iuii- >;cu> ?< ..u.fivinui If! urCieSS nds. nccured oil Sunday night at the reside nee ot Much f 'aidwell. 508 Broadway. Between 10 and o'clock, after the family had retired to regt. the feilc gervgnt. Klunr.i Shcphfrd. in arranging the officeght lamp, poured the liquid into the lamp while the ck wan burning. v hlch produced a combustion that a inatnntly communicated to her dree* and person, d notwithstanding the immediate bursting of the or by pereon? pn?>ing hy and the presence of the ctor and bis family, the unfortunate sufferer was eloped In flame- that required the utmost exertion, control I pou examination of her injuries by Dr. idda and other medical gentlemen, it wag found that e fames had penetrated go deeply, a- to render her isteni e hop'less. She expired at IS o'clock yestery. her wounds rendering every exertion of her idical attendants unavailing. She was a young wain of Knglish birth, and her family are hfdi'jved to dde al ' herlton. Ilerethorne, near Sherborne. Dori'nr Wr. iTiira.?The weather yesterday, like that the day before, was delightful, being more like that April than J\ugust. The evening gave pnmi-eofa ntinuance. i'itv llft'rit.u., August 21. 1848. Wr. r.niTos?Whilst nagging through Washington est. near the market. I was accosted by a paroel of (Hans, who knocked me down and robbed m? of my cket-book, containing my discharge, and 4107 irr Id money. You will confer a great favor on a poor doted soldier, belonging to ( apt. Dubrow's company Louisiana cavalry, wishing you would be food ouph to insert in your journal the number or the charged, which ia 314, warning all brokers, and >se interested in the sale of soldiers rights from buy(the some, and will confer a groat favor, if preited. by stopping the man and discharge. I am unato leave the hospital and attend to the business 'self, in consequence of injuries received from thost Isles at t be I time. Yours, respectfully. LAV 111 B. TiIO-?rSON. gwpmt UU(tea# Cffitlft