Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 23, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 23, 1848 Page 1
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V - ' TH NO. 5194. our^peciaT. despatches from tdk EUROPEAN CONTINENT, Paris, August 3,1843. 7Jie fyOtct' New*. The municipal elections in France are jus1 clobing, and they have excited a good deal of interest, as ttiey are very important, and it is the first experiment of the kind which ever took place in France. Il lias Keen destructive fn the insnrurentH and the party of insurgents : and probably the tm. pressions of th recent offences in Paris have driven the voters' 1o 6elect almost the most rigid men, in many instances, against free institutions. The Girondist journals declare tiiat those elect, ed are monarchists; but I suppose the truth is,that they are substantial men, who were monarchists before the revolution, but who have fallen in with the new order of things. When radicalism degenerates into anurchy i.nd insurrection, it will drive men into the ranks of their opponents. The press is generally very much dissatisfied with the vote ot the Assembly, which still maintains the injunction upon the eleven suppressed journals,and do not seem willing to have the removal of the injunction postponed till the new law shall have been enacted. They regard the responsibility ae now changed from Gen. Cavaignuc to the Assembly, and a body ot the printers have waited upon the members who espoused their cause in the Assembly, to thank them. Galignani's journal of to-day, in noticing the translation of your article, into French, in the Constitutional, says the invention of your machine is of French origin, and has Deen aaopica ?y you. i give you mis lntortnation that you may put him and his renders right upon the subject. J believe the English are more jealous ol Americans than of tire French, if possible. After the English have spent some $">,000,000 in fitting our their armament of 70,000 men for Ireland, they say that u constable and-50 men fired upon and whipped the whole Irish force, an army of 4,000 or 5,000. If this is so, they got horribly frightened for nothing, and have spent a good deal of money that they need. The truth is, that little is generally known of the actual transactions, because the English press are all concerned to repeat the same story to keep down the rebellion at nome ; hut yet there is little doubt that there lias been an utter failure lo accomplish any grand purirose, or to make any firm resistance to their Kngish oppressor; and there never will he, till the Irish adopt a system ot action commensurate with the work they have to accomplish. With the exception of one or two small matters, there have been no disturbances in France during: the municipal elections; und there has generally been a pretty full vote. Provisions are plenty and cheap, comparatively?dear, compared with our cpuntry ?and the new crop is bounteous Nothing is iieuru now ?> me ucn'ci 01 uiseuse in potatoes, 11 appears, in Ireland. All the foreign news will be found in my former letters, giving facts as they exist down to the latest moment of news in Paris. Observer. Paris, August 3,1818. The JV Movement in Hungary?Proclamation of the King of Prussia?ItiEf ects. There is no longer any doubt that Hungary may loin in fully to the support of Austria in the Italian war. and that 10,000 to r>0,000 troops are now on their march to strengthen Radetzky. What considerations have changed the purposes of Hungary do not fully appear; but it is said that Austria stimulated the Sdave to fight the Hungarians,and that Hungary, to buy her peace against insurrec. tion, has consented to forward her troops to Italy. When the I'ussians were concentrating their forces upon the Prulh, the Hungarian minister, M. de Kossuth, called upon the country for troops, and an army of 300,000 men was grunted by a spontaneous movement ot the people and the autho ities. J tut Hungary is situated between the mlluences of 1Tm?I1 sad Vienna, and with the Croatians and {Servianspressing thein, under the countenance of both Itussiaand Vienna, probably the Hungarians iound their situation very critical, and upon an agreement to disarm the insurrection, Hungary ? has quite probably ngreed to assist Vienna in Italy. Hungary is tending to liberal principles, and has been in favor ot tue independence ot Italy; and this new movement has created a great deal of surprise and sorrow among the J.tiropean republicans, because it adds gr-utly' to the Italian struggle, Hiid renders almost certain her subjugation or ihe interference of foreign powers. The King of Piussia has published the following proclamation to the army and the people:? ' The actual direction" of tue uflitir? of Germany l ave been con tided to a man of the empire, to fortify the unity cf the common country. I have pronounced In f:i>ur of His Highness, the Arch-Duke John not only because tbis ptincewaHmy personal friend but become 1 e bad acquired a name gloriou) in war and in peace Prussia knows that the peace of Germany in its ? wii peace; Prussia knows how much influence Germany has in the proved valor of the j Prussian troops. It knows that the destinies of Germany depend principally upon its faithful sword. In congruence, it will pledge its power to protect eftica- \ ciougly and < nevgetically, with all of its brothers in | Germany, the liberty and independence of the German nation Tor the purposes common to Germany. Soldiers, whenever the Prussian troops will come to I act for the German cause, and submit, acoording to my order, to His Koyal Highness, the Arch-Duke I John, you will preserve intact the glory of Prussian I valor and discipline. FREDERIC WILLIAM." j As the Prussian king is still on his throne, j 1 think this proclamation setjles the question of | power. It notv appeals not improbable to me, that the king entered into the armistice with Den- | mark, with the understanding that his general should refuse 10 si<m it, nod that the whole matter should be referred to the German empire, and that that power should reject the terms of the armistice, ana assume the war, and probably protect the king ajgainst his own subjects, and secure to him his tnrnne. It is incredicle that the king would acquiesce in the disobedience of orders, and defiance of his general, much less join linn in the position he has taken, unless there had been an understanding. Resides, why did the king enter into an armistice, if he had no power to render it binding, or to compel his generals to obey his order . It is all a gnnir, as is the whole diplomacy of Europe, in which falsehood and treachery are among the prominent characteristics. Observer Paris, Aug. 2, 1HI8. (Ireat Financial Debate?Capitalists cfeiire to escape Taxation?Sj'itch of the Minister. Yesterday, an important debate was fully opened upon a ineusure most vital for France?to wit, its revenues, and the sources thereof; and the Minister performed his duty nhly, in maintaining the project of the government: it was the same project which Thiers referred to and denounced ia his rci?ort upon the p osition of M. l'roudhon, and whieli drew down upon him tiie response of General Cnvnignac. Among other resonrces for revenue, the government proj>oscs to tax money, due on mortgages, which here draws an interest ?f five per cent, and which, in the French technicalities, is called *')>r?tri hv/>othiraim." The committee to whom thi x proposition was submitted, has reported sixteen to fourteen against the measure; and the wealth of both France and England (the latter having loans in France n,-on mortgages) have urrf-t: d thi me;,.- re, and hrouplit all their power to l>' r upon :he government nnd Assembly in opposing it. T.sno is taxed, and yet. in rents or culture, it will not average more than iliree per cent. It is opposed upon the ground that it is an attack upon property?that it oppresses capital?thnt in opp.essing capital, it injures property?and that in the oppression of capital nnd property, the rctourers of labor and consumption are diminished, and the poor sulTt.r. This is the argument. To tine the Minister of f inance re, plied?"thai the law proposed had been violently assailed: and lor that reaeon, lie should the more lirmJv deiend it; nnd thnt lie would make known fully to the Assembly his pe?=ent and inlure intentions. This law difters essentially tirm ary former one proved," si id the Minister. "and wc have hem told that the TepnhiK* would kill property, or property, the republic (proposition of M J'roudhon); hut that he wished to establish the republic upon a rmpectlfor property ; that it live simply, and that it shall not resemble the monarchy ; that he woald never ultnch a grand importance to forms, and had not learned all his lessons of finance since the ' 24th of February : that the present disarrangement was the nc tCsSary i t suit of the great changes in the goverriurnt, nod the condition in which the retmblie found the'treasury; thnt tlic budget for 1949 would reach all the capital which hud escaped taxation 1141 to th:s tim-; that he had the j E NE' MORNING EDr unhappiness to inform the Assembly that lie should maintain the old and the new imposts in p with the expectation of dating thein thereafter; that he had proposed to assess one per cent upon the 5 per cent income, and that, after 1849, he expected to derive 50,000,000f. from one-half of the c ! wealth of Trance, which, at that moment, did 1 I not pay one sous?((treat movement and approbation from the left) ; that he intended to bring for- l' ward some measures of imposts upon salt and n fish, and aorne u|*on labor, and which the agita- j tion had hitherto prevented; t. at he would not have obtained a loan, nor appealed to credit, if he v had not thought that the impost would be voted, C i ..?A ik?? tko. A ?.11.. i.j _II ...L: I. -I.. nuU tuai. UIC Aooriliui/ WUUIU ttt'l'UIU aii WHICH UIC p situation of the country demanded ; that far from | thinking of modifying their mitosis, they had an ' existing deficiency to supply, and that it was ne- jj cepsary fo supply, or to foresee ; and that they had " nothing to expect, in this respect, from the ordi- ? nary sources of revenue. A deficit has been spoKen of; but with the loans received and con- " tracted for, there would l?e no deficit, only upon e llie day when you, the Assembly, make it; that r by adopting the measures proposed, and to be proposed, there would be no longer any financial difli- J' culty in France, and that, after 1840, they could be 1 modified, and some withdrawn." This is bold * language, nnd to the point. Many say Gen. C. is .' Minister of Finance, in fact; but if lie is at the lj head, he has a good minister and a bold one. OBSERVER. " Paris, August 2, 1SI8. ? Interpolationt vj>on the Prets?The Debate. I Yesterday there was a grnud debate upon the f suppression of the press by the government, and {* the imprisonment of Kmile dc Girardin, growing P out of interpolations addressed by M. Latouche to I the government. This gentleman maintained that 0 the government had exceeded its power, and that j, the only authority which a state of siege gave a o commanding general, was to transfer to him all 11 the powers which the civil authorities possessed? j] that it did not create a dictator; and lie declared that n the legal bureau of Paris had giveii an opinion to g this effect upon the demand of Emile de Girardin. jl He, therefore, denied the right of the government to j| suppress the journals, and l o imprison the editors, p This view was sustained by MM. Volette, Verin, 81 lhipont de Bassae, Germain Samot, and Victor \ llugor, the latter distinguishing between the powers of Gen. Cavaignac L?etween his four days H of dictatorship, and his powers as President of j, the Council since that time. To these gentlemen, s1 M. Marie, the Minister of Justice, replied that he ,] had a great respect for the bureau ; but that they w had but poorly understood the question?that he j, hod no doubt about the powers or the duties of ,| Gen. ('., under the authority with which the a Assembly clothed him. and the exigency of the e case then before him?that on the 25th of June A Gen. C. suppressed the eleven presses, and imprisoned Km lie de Girardin, and four days ulter that he resigned his dictatorial powers lo the A?- t] eembly. who, with a full knowledge of what he had l( done, voted unanimously to approve his acts, arid that he merited well of the country; that the go- a vernment would act upon the ancient laws until j,, the nine provisions were adopted ; and that no powers had bedh abused which had been confided jt to the government. Victor Hugo paittcularly in- ni terrogatpd the President, and told him that the ,j liberty of the press existed before htm, and that it js would exist after htm. v: Gen. C. responded, "that much had been said w in the disrussion of dictation, and dictator; and w that much had been said, of a like character, some cj weeks past, under circumstances to winch it was sl not necessary for him to refer. They had addressed him without, and upon the threshold of this Assembly; mid the honorable members to whom 1 refer know how 1 received their questions and their interpolation ?! do not wish to say, their counsels and their insinuations. (Trftbien.) The 1 jipprmmy Knows, 100. n mere ntis wen dictation; with what haste, ton, I rnsigued it. I will not enter into the details of the i|uestion belore the dssemblv, nor defend myself from the charge of having abused the powers conlided to me. I will ti be accused or defended by a vote of the Assembly." Upon a motion being made by a member to pass a resolution expressly to that effect, the Gene- c< ral opposed it, and said that the usual proceeding tc to the order of the day was all he desired. This m vote was adopted by a great majority. 1 suppose . that the Gcnernl referred to some of the members who advised him to assume the powers of dictator, tc which he is known to have spurned; and who now w complain of the mnnner in which lie has controlled rj the press. What knaves some politicians can he! . and how distressing1! disagreeable it is to behold, when they cannot create a new insurrection. Gen. 1 C. will not be dictator?he will not succumb to te fear?he will preserve order. It is distressing. ni Observer. o' Paris, August 1,18-13. ^ The Enptisli Press, and General Cavaigncc?New ? Events in Prussia?Net'' Combinations Pro a bablc. ? The Lnghsh press have announced that Gene- J? ral Cavaignac was becoming so unpopular that pi He could not long continue at the head of affairs; t< and this it has done in the same breath that it ^ accords him great praise. It says of him, that r. like Napoleon, he studies and decides in his $] closet; but not like Napoleon,he does not go to war b< without a cause. Hut it says, no man can long maintain himself at the head of affairs in Francs who will not, like Thiers, play into the hands of h the republicans and the family of Orleans, at the lr same time; but says that lieneral Cavuignac is ji too honest to do this. One hardly knows whether ci it was folly, prejudice, or malice, that dictated c' such nonsense and facts commingled together.? ^ That General Cavaignac is an honest and brave [< man there is no doubt, and that the English v fear him, and would like to be rid of liirn as the rj head of the French government, there is as little donfaf; that while they nraise lumthey would like ' to prejudice the Frencli against him, is equally j; probable; because, so long as he is at the head of M the republic, theie are no hopes of creating confu- ri sion in the affairs of Frnnce, at home or abroad; r that there is a party furious for war, a foreign c war, in France, is trtie; and that they will be dis- " satisfied if they cannot make France adopt their j' immediate views, is probable; bur so far from . there being any decrease in the popularity of General C'avaignacj as the English allege, lie andhif J1 government are gaining a hold upon France such as no man or government has held since the days *j of Napoleon: and he has so much weight of cha- J] racter, bravery, personal and moral, so much good sense, and i? fo able in and out of the Assembly, J* that be has n belter prospect for permanancy than ' ! any oilier man; but the Kngligh say lie will not j intiigtie, and;does not forestall events, and that is I one secret of streng h. The public rully around f | liirn; what he 6ays they believe; and as tliey know hint to be honest, brave, and ra|wblc, there is j' j n<> need of any intrigue toMttnun himself; he I is mueli stronger without it. Re demolishes | f'roudlmn and Thiers, at the same blow ; and does it only in the discharge of a duty and self-defence; _ nnd bs tlic National said ol the e\ent, shows how 'j straightforward integrity and dignity can overcome ihr most supple cunning and clever talent. I would not fny thai i think the position of General da- ' tnignacmay not he overthrown in the whirlpool '' ol events and elections; but at present there is no ' ground to apprehend tt, nor any thing in the pros prct which Indicates it. The King 01 Prussia is still represented as insisting upon the right ol the German 1-impiteto govern, 4 and tne constituency ol Prussia are now represented jj as the active agent* opposed to it. There is said, ? alsr. to he some jietittons lielore the Assembly, at 4 nrrlin. upon thp subject, praying that tlir qttestion may be given to the people to vote upon. That ^ there is a strong opposition in the arnty appears to he pretty clearly indicated, and that it may yet become u Question full ol clanger to Prussia is not impossible. But Prussia must yield, or the tier- ai man Umpire w ill be overthrown. War may yet f) soring tip between the two powcre. Some of the ,, I ruasjan aristocracy call for the abdication of the Prussian king, on account ol his position upon ?u this question. Prussia declared war with Den- ?? inaik; now she want* peace, but llie emperor w ill not permit it. Prussia and Denmark may yet ally, , and fight the empire upon two questions nt the ** same tune; or the empire and Prussia may settle n ' their differences and ally and fight Denmark on the 81 < nc question. It is intimated, and I think with a truth, that England had an influence in the pelec- B tien o' the second son of Charles Albert for King , fiftieth. if so, she may co-operate with Franco i'ii the Italian duration. Well may M. Itaaude af- . turn that the time haa not arrived tor France to >i i hoo. ' her allies. Pluropo never was in a condi- II fionw hi-n sdnanc^n for the fitnrc were so uoeer- ti tain. A eligl f etiunge of r.cn's will produce, en- I* tirnly n?w eomoiatuona. U wnB /sn. * (V IO TION?NEW YORK, 1 J'AKis, July *21, 1HW. fnc Court Etiquette ?? Paris?JVashm^on a( Versailles. I have informed you of the receptions which Gen. avaignac has given; 1 should have mentioned tha' e was received in a citizen's dress, of black, and, mt this style of receiving the officers, civil and lilitury, of France, lias created quite a sensation. ,ouis Philippe always received in epauletts, and nth a sword; but the court style of President lavaignac has been adjudged singularly approbate for the republic, and very marked in a galint ofTicerof the line. The French ure much inuenced by such incidents, and they regard it as ecoiating their republic with a civil, rather than military wreath. Washington's example, in ' his respect, has not been lost upon Gen. C. I ! rust that Gen. C. is endeavoring to imitate the , xample of Washington, in the first days of our rpublic; and if he can but succeed, lie will fill the ] korld with his glory. Washington lives in lurope as vitally as in our own country, and 1 Ingluiul claims a share in his glory, because lie 1 /as of English descent. In the picture gallery at j 'crsailles, 1 found full length portraits of Wash- J ngton, and in less dimensions, those of Hamilton, J elierson, Frnnklin, Marshall, Jay, and Adams ; , ut what a limited number, compared with the i rent men who have adorned our country, and i villi those of France, England, Germany, Spain, < taly, and, indeed, nearly every nation in Europe ! ' hir country does not appreciate the importance of iMtionml picture gallery, filled with the porraits ot our great men, and historic with the great , vents, of which our country has been the theatre. ( ft fhp mpn nnd ihp bppiiph nf mir rennl.iilnn ur second war with England, of the early settle- i lent of otir country, and their manners, dress, abits, ire., Arc.; of our great works, our ships, 1 ur arts, and our industry.?ah! let our coun- 1 y s|>euk out in a national picture gallery, and it nil do for America what painting and statuary ave done for France. This representation is as nportant for the reputation of the country, as the reat men and deeds themselves; it gives us cha- 1 icter at home and abroad, but more particularly I broad. We excel all Europe, and all the world, ( i the useful, the practical, and the grand. Let us ut these things and our history in painting and tatuary, and we shall give a character to our ' ountry abroad, equal to its grandeur and its glory, i Without this aid ofart we cannot do it. Go into le immense rooms in the gallery at Versailles, 1 nd their high walls are entirely tilled with the 1 istoric deeds of the empire only. No one can i land there, and not feel the greatness, the glory, , le immortality of France. Von can there see hat youliave only before heard of, and remember ' idisnm try. The enure history of France may be j ius seen in other immense galleries; her men nd her deeds of glory are before you ; and your 5 yes. even when shut, do not exclude the image. 1 'II her kings arc there ; their births, marriages, umlics, ana important eras an; events in their ' ves;?there, too, are their deaths ;?the country, 1 le great events, are before your eyes. England, 1 >o, is there; all her great men are speaking to on ; them you see also. But, except Washington, J merica is'there only in miniature. The stranger , amis surrounded by the nations of the earth?all | efore him, America excepted. She has not nut > in the power of other nations to see our great i ien, our deeds, and our country: and we are icrefore forgotten, or, if searched for, our country ' i not there. Could the hundreds of thousands who 1 isit these galleries yearly, see our great men, they ' ould know that we had such, and that our people I ere not hlack. France, even in the m dst of her ivil wars, and with a destitute treasury, votes a atuo, in some form, to every great man who falls j -all are immortalized in statuary and painting, ; ad the country is thereby honored. Observer. Paris, July 31, 184*. 'cur Editorial translated into French?State of the I'tcful sli ts in France?New Project for a Consit tution. The Conrtitutionnil of to-day contains a translnon of your article of the 11th, giving a descripon of your new press and its operation, and pre;des it by a compliment to your intelligence and enrprise.endsing with the remark that " the French lechanicians are behind the English, and very far ;hind the Americans, whom they would do well ' i attempt to imitate." Any person acquainted i illi the condition of the mechanic arts in Ameca, needs only the use of his eyes to sec the truth ) this remark, upon his first arrival in France. 1 have visited a specimen of nearly all of the dif- j rent manufactories and machine shops in France, | nd, in many respects, they compare well with our ) ivn, so far as I am a judge; but, upon tlii t point. 1 ave not the experience which would enable me to ronounce positively, ilul in nil the implements f husbandry, and of the irenerul nnrooscs of l?b?r nd fabricature, 1 am much better qualified to judge nd to perceive the immense difference which exits between the two countries. A half a century ill not give Frunce?Paris, even?the tools. 1111lements, and the useful and practical instruments > forward labor, and to enable men to accomplish . , which we possess. I wish a specimen of their ?ylhes, ploughs, hoes, axes, rakes, forks, yokes 1 >r oxen, anil harness for horses?their trowels, i lades, shovels, crowbars ? their carnages, for j nth business und pleasure, Arc., Ac, could be en in the I nited States : the northern part of it 1 mean? (for there is an immeasurable difference r etween the North and South in this respect.) Their ] arness in Paris is more nearly equal to that , l the United States than any thing else which have named ; but 1 have not seen a chaise in f aris which any gentleman would ride in, in any Ity upon the Atlantic, they are so heavy and so i lumsily built, and so badly constructed ; their \ (images lor two horses, are better ; but they are ( ct far inferior. I examined those particularly twinging to the Duchess d'Orleans, because they J ere regarded as the best specimens; they were ] ich, but heavy, unnecessarily so. and not in good , lyle. That an American shoulu dare to say that , le carnnges of the Duchess were not in good 1 lyle, is very daring, I am aware; but I do not link 1 have seen a truly well made, elegant carage, hi Paris. 1 have seen those that were very icn, and many of them carry the occupant very 1 asy, but they do not exhibit a high state of the aft f mechanism ; but this far exceeds the condition , I the genera! implements of industry and labor. >ne man,with anAmerican scythe, can accomplish i le work of two men with the French scytnes ; nd so of their ploughs, A-c.. A'c. Upon the condion of such implements of husbandry and utility, 1 ill depend the power of a nation to increase in - enlih and the comforts of life. In a country or tale where oxen are yoked and used by laying a traight or crooked pole across their necks, and i ing it to their horns, there cannot be a rapid winner in national or ^tate wealth, because the peo le nonoi Know novvroacrompusiiit: tlieir oiougns, urtf, implements. and instruments, will bo in a ko condition, when it will require two or three ten to perforin the labor of one hating proper sols'. A new project of a constitution, providing for a o Chambers*, has been laid before the committee, oth to be elected by universal suffrage : the upper > ne to he chosen for six years, hall to go out every iree years, and to be eligible at tV>; the lower > he chosen every three years in full?each branch i have a negative ; but in case of disagreement, Iter three months*, to unite in convention and vote pon the measure ; the oldest of the two presiding flice rs to he president iqion the occasion : to act r c onvention, upon the <|ue*iionsof peace or war i treaties. Members of the lower house to he eliihle at 23. There are some other provisions of otoil Tliifl nrntvnattinn m ill l.? ..ri?U 1 rent \igor before the Assembly, during the disunion. Ouserv er. j Paris, July lrt, 1H#m. i I Glom e al Europt?A CoUitian btticrn tht Grr- , man Empire mid Hanover. In a former letter I have given you the substance, j ud, 1 believe, the translation of the dispatch of ( le King of Hanoi er to the National Assembly at rank fort ; in response, I will now give you the ction of thnt Assembly, which is as follows:? The Assembly decrees, that the provisional ?ntral power will demand of the Minister of ^ lAte of the kingdom of Hanover the absolute recog- ' trance of this power, and of the laws enacted by it " 1 ticrt and sweet! Tho issue Is already raised ?Is the t ssembiy supreme T is tho topromo power cl the Ger- | an States swallowed upt I do not aee that the ; eetlen of the Arch duke is eontrmed beyond a s Dubt? that Is, bis Intention to resign his lieutenancy st unto the kropernr Here te a one# for him at oaae. ' he I'.mpire and one of the ft ate* are In estreats col- i eion upon a qurstiaa which Involve* the oilsteaee ef < i I ait Ire aud the nation*. iodi-peadeacs of the I itkr. H retrain* tc he seen wheth. r lowland or I uwla La? ?0t | uh d forward the King of Hemort* to i RE I # 4 WEDNESDAY, AUGUS take this stand, for both are unquestionably unfriendly to the Empire. I know not why Kngisnd should be so, unless she thinks it is the work of the people, will be too liberal, and an ally with France. Prince Mettrrnich has, perhaps, been engaged in his eld habits of intrigue ; and as he and Ouisot are rivals lur popularity in r.ngiauu, 111.1 soiiwiuciiib wuuiu lie received with great favor at London, upon thin new period In European diplomacy Austria and 1'rusaia ore strongly in favor of the German Umpire ; although the King of Frussia is, undoubtedly, in the hands of the kmperor of Russia. and relies upon him to restore to him the powers which his people have wrested from him. He in not lees treacherous and faithless than Ferdinand of Naples, and is an instrument to be used by Fngland or Russia, when the hour shall hare arrived. But, notwithstanding all these plots and eoun- 1 terplots, the people in Kurope are gaining ground; and they are daily becoming better informed as to their rights, and the manner of securing them, though it a ill take much more time to instruct them in this last particular than might be supposed by those who have always been accustomed to self-government, and institutions and society based upon that principle. Tlio change of a government from a monarchy into a republic breaks up sooiety, and it niUHt all be recoiuposed. and have time to grow aguin into consistency and adhesion, it throws to the bottom those who have been at the top; breaks up all establishments, public and private ; introduces new convictions, new Ideas, j new manners, new people, new regulations, new interests. new rivalries, new rulers ; and such a now order of things, as being nothing of the old, but a remnant here, aod a patch there It, of course, introduces a great deal of distress, suffering, and anguish among those who have been moving in the higher circles of society, and a terrible struggle in the formation of the new order : and there is no oountry in the

world in wbiob this would be so much felt as in Knglund, among the aristocracy, should a thorough rvrolutiou tako place in that country, followed, as it pro- | bably would be. by tbo repudiation of the whole public debt, upon the interest of which the rich livm and the ronflscation of all those private estates which had been derived from tbo national treasury, if it did not oxtond to the entiro nobility There is no further important news from Italy. The new.- indieates largo preparations for attacking Verona. and increasing reinforcements for the Austrians. OBSKR.VK.il. I'arw, July 18,1818. i The Frcwh Constitution M. Coiineniti was the president of the commission who drew up lite constitution, to the maid features of which he now adheres with great tenacity. The committees are drawing to a close their debates upon it, and are beginning to choose the reporters to make the reports of the amendments, which the eighteen ditl'erent bureaux will propose. After those reports shall have been named, the original committee will sit and act 1 upon these proposed amendments, and then make t final rcpoit to the Assembly. This will cause the ' vvnflf ? wwl rlnt.flh. WnwA <l>o m.klU 41.? ' MEU UU UUIUIIIi 1IIU.IV mvic (PUU.I1, UUU mc great contest for one or fur two chambers?for one or | ior three executive chiefs?for the election of these chiefs by the people or by the Assembly?aucl upon ; Ihe relative powers of the President and the Assembly. | These are anions the leading points that will occupy j their attention, and that of I'uris 'The trial by jury will be discussed. Some of the bureaus have s'truek out the four provisions engrafted for trial by jury in | civil suits. Where an American, acquainted with the ! operations of our institutions, foreseeing the necessity , of certain orgauio laws, looks on. and sees a people thus struggle among themselves, and contending about the very elementary principles ol a free consli- j ution, it makes him fee! as though lie would like to ipeak out, and give them a helping hill, but they mist learn for themselves, and in their own way. j Tliey are studying our organic laws, State and na- | lional, for the lirst time, in good faith and with great | teal, to understand them; and the leading members I come lorward. and acknowledge their wisdom and the I greatness of cur nation and our national glory. At I this moment. Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, and j the mighty dead of America, are speaking out in the language of wisdom from their graves to the French people, and, through them, to F.urope. And the example and the glory of their descendants are I invoked as examples for imitation by the powers of Kuropc. Still the idea that we derived our institu- j tions from the F.Dglish, and that there is a spiee of ; Biirteoraev about tl.ern, is bard to he eradicated from i the French mind. Their hatred of the F.nglish and thtir institutions is only exceeded by their regard for j us; and had not F.nglan'd a House of Fords, I have I no doubt that the French would readily adopt the idea of two chambers; but iu huropo. they see in the second chamber only the aristocracy of the nation. I full of j.ridc and privilege, and they associate these ideas w ith an upper house, but the argument of ex- | ample, drawn trom our country, is possessing thera with great power, end many are yielding to it. The majority is still against two chambers, and fo-. one ex- I ecutiTo chief, to ho chosen by (tie people. I think the Idea ot choosing a President by the Assembly, lor a I given period, and framing a constitution to liim, has struck the French mind, which can do almost any | thiDg in this hind of way. as a little extraordinary. ' J'lie commission of examination has not yet reported, some iniportaht arrests have boen made in the last i few days; and among others a desperate female, who , rought like a tigress, and appears to have commanded at one barricade. One Kussiau agent, of good stand- | ing. lias been arrested, nnd Is fully identified as fight- < ing among me insurgents. a sy-lem ter tree schools I ] baa been prepurid aud will be currinl into effect. | 1 ( rent attention and improvements in this respect will take place in France. The Assembly arc ardently engaged in preparing some system for the improverueiit of the condition of the poor people nnd m:i--cs In France. The prospect is now good for the republic. OBSF.RVKIl. Paris, July 18. 1848. The Condition of Pari* and France. The Reamer Hermann sails the 20th, anil all letera niuat be deposited to-day for this boat. Aa informed you, you might expect, <|iiiei lias exsled in Paris and France, and there ia no chance or anymore imutcs of any consequence for the resent; and before such an cflwit can be made, of nueh gravity, there must be a grcut change in pubic Stutiment, and an entire new organization of erce. All the arms and ammunition of the inurgent* have been seized. In Paris, Lyons, Kouen, Pcuion. and ail the other large places, the disarmament nas been complete, and those nouns to renew the cornLiat have been destroyed. To be sura the population iTcrturned the monarchy without arms, bul it was bc-ause the public mind was ripe for it. The Hoards sore disaffected towards the monarchy, nnd tin- King igitated. cowardly, and Incompetent to adopt any rololute and decided course. The Republic eannot he overthrown in the present state of public s< ntiment, by powers foreign or domestic, nrmed or unarmed. Frnnee is. at this moment, the strongest nation in l.urope. The youug Republic is already a giant in strength, while it yet remains only in a Provisional state. Tne Monitor reports the number, so far as as ccrtalncd to havo been killed, to hare been fourteen hundred, and the wounded at the hospitals, at about eleven hundred ; while the President slnted to llie Assembly a lew days ago, that the number at the hospitals was then lbUO. The truth is. ttie public will nevir know how many were killed uud wounded. All parties will concent to the extent of their power, hut 1 am inclined to think that the numbers first reported weio exaggerated, and that )>" ibfv the tvhoW number inay fall within ten thousand. Tlio Muni/or reports the prisoners at between 8 nnd 0000 men. and some women; others In official stations, have stated the number to be 14 to ttlOOO. which latter may be exaggerated. The Assembly have voted C'Q 000 francs to erect a monument to the Archbishop, to ho placid by the Noire Dainc. '1 here was much dUc.aa.sion in reference to Its location. Many desired it to bo placed on tho spot where ho tell?others said I hoy did not wish anything to perpetuate the memory of illcli sad events. Victor Hugo, the cluiiriuon of the committee charged with the arrangement and resuscitation of tho theatres, and the divsion of tin public money giv n to them, lias anuronrhi (cd tw t bird* to Ui? i-mi,loved ? ud one-third to thr director* wini't'ng tli" nice from mrcst for debts, And ba* informed th.i Affmllf that 10 WOO families are depend- ir. upon the operations of the theatre* in PorI.? for tlr * i'tcnee, mil licit the people are so dependent nj >tl then: tb:;t they stop ill ihrtoidat of a complete in-urr< otlon, end Kyii-M. llicir arms. for the menu nt to Alt )l(l a good ploy. The Assembly laughed at this picture of the churuotor of lliemstdTes, from one of their l>?*t patnu re, but nodded assent and approbation of the ntimcnt, and Tot. d uuuuiinoutdy the 700,000 franc*. Tin arrangement of Victor Hugo, who is an artist and scholar, and a humorist, la exceedingly popular. The Committee on f oreign notation* are still engaged in hearing the orutor* Napoleon Bonaparte and others yesterday replied to I.nmartlne; but I shall not be able tofnrnsrd Ibeir arntiniente until the next boat, which i bcllcre will be ten day* afte- the Herniann The minister ol foreign Affairs was interrogated in reference to the action of Knssia, In Moldatifc. and although, he said that all the lnformot'on wu not definite, franco was (Irlng close attention to their proceeding* OBgKRVKR PARI1*, uly 17, I SIX. Spttchej of lAmartim and A'ajaaVon Ronupiirtr. Napoleon Bonaparte has attacked the policy of l.umarline before the Committee, and declared hat a badly copducted policy, with some renown, s better for France than a mere negative poaiion. J.amartine haa replied in defence ot his >olicyp which he aays ban given peace to liurope ind confidence in France ; that had France purwed an aggressive policy?nad ahe entered at mcc into the Italian war, without roforenoo to the niaietry, It would hare brought upon her the hostility :f all <*r?inanir rallied Austria and I'rusxia round iae thrones, end presented thu reTolutlems In those Stete#, end the nnihlh.tion of tho power* of their loser ign*, that had th y r?ToluV?n!apd Belgium, IE R A T 1848. there would have two partlna arisen, one for annexing it to France?the other for maintaining It* independence; that had France oppoeed the annexation, her 1 position in Belgium and at home would hare been worre than it ia ; and had the annexed it. it would bare brought on a war with Kngland and Holland, m and if with them, with Rueela and Ir.i-mia and probably K.urope entire Ah to Napoleou'e policy, I.amartine raid ' he udianced ail but two thinirx and . these were? hi* internal and bis external policy ; the former. he said, was anti-democratic, contrary to liberty. to the revolution, and to the age; the latter, ha said, consisted only in the cannon--tore to pieces the chart of the world, without even seeking to recompose it-with a blow of thesword.be mutilated all the nationalities and all the national alliances without oyer thinklna of the next day, and in the day of liquidation inetitable, for so much of Hoed and glory what Is left for France ? Nothing but his name." This is lnterertiDg, as evincing the views of the leaders of the I-rench ropuLlio in 1848. Without analyzing the truth and fiction, the fact and the poetry of this declaration, on looking at the different circumstances in which Napoleon, Franoennd Europe were then placed and the different polloy required both at home and abroad, the davelopeinent shows bow strongly are I.amartine'a prejudices against the only man that France r< members with adoration, and who did more for ; France?for liberty In Franca and Europe? did more to break up old despotic dynasties and inspire the people with a desire to bo free ?in a word, more lor the advancement of F'ranre and Europe. in all the nets which . noble a nation ami an individual, than all the crowned beads that erersat upon a European throne, and the present revolution and progress of ideas in F'.nrope. I.ainurtlne's own seat as a representative in Franca, under u republic, was aud is the fruit of , Napoleon's policy, foreign and domestic. Napoleon ploughed Europe planted II with the Mods of men's freedom ; and if he ploughed it with the sword, it was I because no instrument less pointed would penetrate 1 he mere surface that had been prepared for pit through J appeasing I he troubled waters, anil I think liis foreign policy nt tills moment had been well t.(inducted ; but his prejudice aguiust the Bonaparte family in exccseivi*? blinds bin judgment, and shows that his English ronnretionH have not made him any better frenchman?and that, in early life, when he first imbibed his prejudices against Napoleon, he hiiuxoir was not u republican ; that he was in prinoiple?what lie was in fact?a disciple of the royalist school, in which lie served long. I.amartlne is a noble man ?has a noblo heart?but he must forgot to derive his lessons from the counsels of Kngland or royallsm. and stifle his prejudices against Napoleon, or ho can have no permanent standing in Franco The name of Napoleon in F rance is too precious to he rudely dealt with by any Frenchman. All the republicans, in the old and now world, revere the memory of Napoleon, and despots arc his ro llers. I.auiartine might have boon replied to, that he reviled the very spirit which bud given him political existence at that moment? and tile very basis upon which the present republic stood Napoleon fought the battles of the present re. public?inspired Europe with a respect for the power of France that is not limited to one age. What would bftTI been the pre sent example to Europe, but for the foundation laid by Napoleon ? OBSERVER.. Tin Irl?!t i'nlrlots. The following is a description of the persons who e names appear In the Hue and Cry, charged with treasonable practices, William .Smith O'Brien?No occupation; forty-six years of ago ; six feet in height ; sandy hair ; "dark eyes; sallow long fsoe; he* a sneering smile constantly on liia fare; lull whiskers, aandy, a little gray; well set man. walks erect, dresses well. Thomas Francis Meagher?No occupation; twentylive years of age; live feet nine inches; dark, nearly black, Lair ; light blue eyes ; pale fa:e; high cheek bones ; peculiar expression about the eyes, cocked nose, no whiskers, well dressed. John 11. lullou, barrister; thirty-two years of age; five feet eleven inches in height: dark hair; dark eyes; thin sallow face; rather thin, black whiskers, dressed respectable, has bilious look. Michael Jfoheny, barrister; forty years of ago ; five feet i igbt inches in height ; snndy huir : grey eyes ; coarse red lace, like a man given to drink; liigb cheek bones, wants several of his teeth, very vulgar appearance, peculiar coarse, unpleasant voice, dr ss respectable small, short red whiskers. Michael ( lean, shopman at a slice shop; thirty-five yearB of age; five feet eight inches; lair or sandy lialr; gray eyes; full face; light whiskers, high forehead, well set person; dress, dark shooting frock or gray tweed, and gray tweed trowsers. J Ei a nets Morgan, solicitor; forty-three years of ago; five feet eight inohes in hi ight ; very dark hair ; dark eves; sallow, broad face; nose a little cocked; the upper Up turns out vbon speaking, rather stout, smart gait, black whiskers. ratriek James Smith, studying for the bar; twentynine years < f age; five feet nine inches in height; fair hair; eark eyes, tair, delicate face, and of weak appearance. Ioi g back, wt ak in his walk, small whiskers, j 1 riot hint* i ndifh rmt Ji hu Il? tbrrington Drutnrn, medical student; twen- | ly ji mtj cl spi : five fx t three inches in height ; very black find curly hair ; black eyes ; pale delicate face; I ru'hci thin person: delicate appearance; no whickers; sn a l face and note ; dressed respectably?Methodist. < Thomas P'Arcy McOee. connected with the S'alion j newspaper; twenty-three years of age ; five feet three I Inches In height ; black hair; dark face ; delicate, I pale, thin man ; drcascs generally in a black shooting uoat, plaid trowters. light vest. Joseph Brennn, nib-editor of the Frlon newspaper ; twenty-two years of ere ; live feet six inches in height, dark hair; dark cyeg ; pale, sallow face ; very stout ; r. unit shoulders; Cork accent; no whiskers; hair on the upper Hp; soft, sickly face; rather respectably dtessed; a little reduced Thomas Dovin Itcilly,subeditor of the Felon news- | paper; twenty-four year* of age; live feet seven Inches i in height ; randy, coarse hair; grey eyes; round,freck- I led face; head remarkably broad at the top; broad i shoulder*; well set; dresses well. Jehn Cantwell, shopman, at u grocer's ; thirty-live | year.-) of age; live feet ten inches In height; sandy hair; grey eyes; fair face; good looking; short whiskers; light; rather Flight person; dresses genteel; supposed n native of Dublin. Stephen J. Meaney. sub-editor of Irith Tribune newspamr; twenty-six years of age; five feet eleven indies In height; dark hair: full bluo eyes; dark I'aoe; small whiskers going under I be chin; smart appearance: was a constable of <1 division of police ; discharged for dirty habits; stout person; generally dressed in hlnck. liichard O'ttonnan. jun , barrister; thirty years of age ; fite feet eleven inches In height ; very dark hair : dark eyes; thin, long face; largo, dark whiskers; well made and active; walks upright, dress.black frock coat and tweod trowsers. The following account of Mr. O'llrlen and his fami- . ly will be rend with Interest, lie was born at Promo- | land, county of Clare, on the 17tlx of October. IKO.'l, | being the recond son of Sir Kdward O'llrlen, fourth baronet (who died in 1807.) by the daughter and co- 1 heiress of M". Smith, i sip of Cahirmoyle, county of | I.imcrick. The latter lady was a very rich heiress, j The issue of this marriage, in addition to the subject of our notice, consisted of eight other children, in- | eluding Sir l.ucius. the eldest son : Kdward. born In lfcl.'O, und married to the daughter of Massoy Pawson, ) Kfcp.lateM. P., n scion of the house of Crcmorne ; | llobert. born In 1 SOI', married to tlio daughter of Sir Aubrey de Yeie ; ltuv. II. O'Brien, married to the I daughter of J. Oodley, Ksi| : Grace, unmarried ; Anne, > married to Iter. A. Murtlneau; Harriet, married to ' Kev. C. Monsdl, a relative of Mr. Monsell, M. P. the | colli ague rf Mr. Smith O'Brien. In the representation of Limerick county ; Katherine l.wcla. married to I lion and ilev. Amvard Ilnrris, brother of the Karl of Maimer bury, one ot tnc Prebendaries of Salisbury, and Hector of Wilton. The present head of the house of O'Brien, or Bryen, ie the Marquis of Thomond, who I adopts the latter form of orthography, anil he deduces j lils descent from the royal lino cf Thomond. a race of ' princes wlileh sprang from the celebrated lliliernian 1 moraii h. Brian Borroime, or Born, who commenced 111." ivijiii iii IMW'. irrminaicu 11 Willi nia Hie near < Irtitnrf, in 1014. Should the prisent in:tr<(ti4w die without male l??ue. Sir Luclcs O'Brien, will succeed Llm ii Daren LtirhL|itin : but not to tho'higher tltlrii. ' which will b? come extinct. In reference totheexU tcnce of these titles.it inny be added that in 1WJ Miirtough O'Brien, the then head of the home, repaired to Knglnnd and resigned hi* sovereignty to id ward . V I. and war in recompense created Karl of Thooiond fcr life and Ilaron Lurh)>|Uin. The second holder of t lie baronetcy, Sir Kdwartl O'Brien, was n sen of the ILght lion . l.uolus O'Brien, who died during the lifetime of hi* father, tiy Catherine, daughter of Theuina Keightley, 1rn., of llarlingford. county of Ifertx, granddaughter of the tlrst Karl of C larendon, and first cousin of Queen* Mary and Anne In the utter points the records of tbo several families agree .Mr. O Brlen married about twelve years since the daughter of Joseph Oabbctt, Ksq. of Limerick, by whom he haa had Issue either six or seven children. Mr. O'Brien is a graduate of Trinity College, < aiubrid g? when Ur. t ri turned lor the t.uully borough of Knnis, in lsiid, .Mr. O'Brien wot a tory, and a* sueh opposed Mr. O't onnell In the case of tbo memorable Clare elec- i tiou. lb Mib e juuntiy became a whig, then a radical, ; and iu 1W:: ho first joined the repeal rank*. Since I JHu.l he lias npri sen ted the county of Limerick. On i the last occasion ho luoceeded in drfealing Mr. I alcb I'owi II the old Ireland candidate, by Z4 votes. .Mr. O'Brien tooght a duel with the late Mr. Thomas Steele, i having exchanged two shots with that gentleman ! Mr Lucius O'Brien, elder brother, in Lord Lieutenant j rl tbo county of Clare. The Dowager Lady O'Brien 1 is still living. huiI possesses a property of about t'iOOO I 1.1 r aum.in. to which her second son was always con- I shicitd to be the heir ; but In other respect than as Inir lu prospect, Mr O'Brien never was wealthy lie has. when in Ireland, taken up hl? residence at the seat of hi' mother miaociinncoii The stack yard of John Whitney. at 1 auteeir* HrUt^o, J>tl, with ite contents. ronalstlng of some :;oo buthti* ol unthreehed wheat and ou r CM' Su-hola of out', was destroyed by fire, on Sunday night, The lo** Is about $DOU. No irauranoe Tha schooner Spartan lolt lott Si'i'd'Or on the 1th. with uin'-ty tons ; the piepclhr Itiih pendi n a, with one hundred tons ; and the (ioUah with a large load of royp?r ore An Albino negro child ag J abt .it eight yeara, at- ' tached to Haymund * to '* menagerie, recently fell 1 fr in a fourth i-t ry window of a fu'j.lc h*co in t'fuln- ; cy. I.I . and wa* Instantly ! tiled. 'ft whole number of imrn'grarjt* whl h ar ?e t at | Jtot.-n riu-i ,i t ho w k ending Clat ! ??* , wr? of I wi'ch n.icbvr iJl pud hrvi ?vn-y - ' LD. TWO CENTS. City laMHMNi Tiir W*?Tiirn ?The weather > ontlnuei to be pliarunt during the day. though the night* are rather cool for the reason, hor several days part, at noon, the air waa balmy ax April, and gave evident sign* that the greater part of the warm weather had paraad, and fail was on its way Tnr Hour roa ths Kan-vin n? ?About three monthr since, the corner stone of a building, intended as an :>?ylumfor ruch female'aa bad wandered from till) nntha of rectitude, and who evince a derire to mend their ways, was laid on a lot in 30th itrwt, between Fourth and Madison avenue, through the exertions of n few benevolent ladies, who are known by the name of the 1 .Moral Heform Society.1' Since that timetiie workmen have been busily engaged, and now a capacious and elegunt building rears Its dome ovei the spot, where then there was only an excavation sufficient to lay the corner stone. The building la of hriek, four stories high, and about ninety feet deep by sixty feet wide. The interior is moat conveniently arranged mid well ventilated, and occupies a fine airy position The work will probably cost about >3000, < t! half of which was in hand before the building w s commenced. These humane ladles deserve great credit for their exertions, and it is to be hoped that tin ir most Hauguine anticipations may be realised, in restoring the wandering of their sex to the path* of" respectable nmt houorablelife. Tin ( iti Op.iros.?This beautifully uniformed and w< II disciplined corps, under command of Capt. MrArdle, left the city yesterdny afternoon for Albany, accompanied by IllQomfield's t'. 8 Hand, rrt route for Troy, to be pre .e?t at the presentation of a sword by the citizens of that city, to General Wool, which will take place to-day Ai ( Ihf.ixt.?About three n'olock vnsterday afternoon. a horse at tached to a cart in f hatham street, took fright, and ran off At the corner of Orange st , a small boy. crossing the street, was knocked down, and otic of the wheels pasted over his body, injuring liirn most seriously. lie whs taken up, when he stated (hut hia fntfiuP tras ? uli rwivi. n lr ??r livincr in (hn nnnnr jiart of the city ; sunn after which, the blood began to issue from his mouth and nose. The horse kept on up the flowery ; and it has not been ascertained whether any further damage was done, other than breaking one of the fore legs of another horse, which was attached to a cart, near the corucr of Catharine street. Drivers canuot he too careful, and should never, for a moment, leave their horses standing in the street, without having them secured. Asotiif*.?A very serious accident occurred at the Jersey City depot, about (1 o'clock on Monday evening, by a locomotive running over a man, injuring hint so much that his life was despaired of. CarTAiR Caiii i. The Scotch gentleman, who, a few days ago, made inquiry at the police office respecting the whereabout* of Captain Cnbel. and left his direction where he could be found, would confer a favor on the captain by calling upon Mr. Stewart, clerk of police. at the Tombs, and leave his direolion again, as the one he left before ha" been ueeidentully lost. St'icirir: nr Dbowmm;.?Coroner Walters, yesterdav, held an inquest No 56" Hudson street, on the body of John Stngg. a native of New t ork. and f>0 years of age. who came to his death by suiolde. It appears that the deceased has been under temporary fits of insanity for some time past, and early yesterday morning he left his residence, in Hudson street, and proceeded at ence to the North Itlver, foot of Clnrkson street, ai d jumped overboard into the river, where he was found tloating a short time afterwards unite dead, and the jury rendered a verdict that the deceased came to his death by suicide by drowning {while laboring under a temporary state of derangement. ,Si nnsim Death ?Tiic coroner likewise held an in(|Uest at No. l."> Dover street, on the body of Alexander Jlingham. a native of Ireland, nnd 5" years of age, who came to his death by disease of the heart It appears that after he rctiredi to rest, a noise was beard in his room like a fall on the floor, but at the time no particular notice was taken ; hnt in the morning, finding that lie did not come down to his breakfast as early as usual, one of the inmates went to his room, and thura found the deceased flat on the floor, in his clothes, ijuito dead. The jury rendered a verdict that ths decased came to bis death by disease of the U -art Ovi n i. or Nation*! Kmc. In Ce , 67 Wall street, New York, 221 Aug 114M C. mmsrcisl Transportation Company and Iron Strati' Paoke* Ccni|nny?C. Y'ardly. agsnt?-bam moi witli a small U?? on mcrt l andlf"'. and lout tut barge, called tiio Cattiarinn which wow entirely cm Fumed. Injured in tho National lmmrauce Company. New York. Jamki Qoino.T Bcnnktii, K?4.--Dear Sir?have no insurances for either of the above named companies. either on boats or inerchnndlso, and you will much oblige by makiDg the necessary correction. Respectfully yours, Yc , W. O. KELLOGG, Secretary I'olltlcnl Intelligence. Fi:ir. Sou, Mkktjncj at F.v.nkcii. IIatx.?A greet life soil Hireling was to be held in Paneuil tkill, IJofton, Inst evening, 22d instant, to hear the report of the delegnles to the Uiilliilo Convention, and to ratify their doings. Ni.i-thai. Position or Mit. Clay*.?The following is from the Ohio Organ of the 21st in?tant, published at Cincinnati:? ' We were admitted the perusal of a private letter, the ether nay. from this distinguished statesman, to c no of oar leading citirens, in which he declares his determination not to take an active part in the present canvass ; but when the day of election comes, lie will go to the polls and vote according to the b"st light in his possession ut the time.' Army Intelligence. The Arkansas Inlelligtnctr, of the ,r>th inst., says ? The H company. 1st dragoons,'Lieut. Duford commanding. and Lieut. Sackett. left Port Gibson for 8unte Ke mi tin 11 in uiv. ftuuMi|ui'iit u> tueir uopanure, corlect information was received at Fort Gibson that about tight hundred Witchetaws and other prairie Indians had assembled in the upper Santa F? rout?? the one wbieh Ilnford had taken An express was sent out, and Bufoid took the lower route, and by this means will, no doubt escape the ambuscade. Two companies of the 8th infantry are ordered to Fort Smith, and two to Fort Gibson; and may be expected daily, ('apt Stein has been ordered to Jefferson Barracks, where be will take command of threw companies of tho 1st dragoons, and march to California Tut; DKPA*Tt?RK or Gx.v. Unongr.?General Drooke left the city Inst eveninp. on the steamer Illinois. forSt. Louis, whence he will proceed to Upper Mississippi, pursuant to orders, to establish posts upon the Crow Wiog rirer. We cannot but wish him a pleasant journey and an early return to his numerous fliends in New Orleans ? X. O. Pie. jhig.Vi. Tiik Cot stkufkitkits' Dknat IJrioiitoh.?The underground apartment, which, as we stated on Saturday, was accidently brought to light in the cellar of a house in Brighton, has been more thoroughly examiucd. It proved to bo a room some eight or teu ft i t deep, by eight feet square, planked at the sides, bottom, and top. which latter was from two or threw fc?t beneath the surface of the cellar tf the house No one was in thecellar at the time the earth caved in. anu me lamuy were nrsr. informed or the circumstance by the cracking of the rotten plank*. Mr. Howard, whet has occupied the bouse for about four month*, dun down partially, and found upon a shelf three kegs and some other articles Only fire counterfeit half dollars were found, all of the date of ll.'kf They are a well made counterfeit, though near somewhat rusted out. In the room were also found a sheet ol zinc, u keg with u turning or polishing machine, a pair of scales and weights, an anrll block, a piece of v the padding of a coat, ,Nc.; also a li Life of a ( ele- f hratcd Robber Some eight inenths since, Marshal Tukey, of this city, recelred information which leil him to visit this cellor at night, and dig for this very room, hut hp did not strike in the right spot. The house has been occupied of late years by a number of tenants, one of whom, named Hathaway, was, It i? stated, rirested in New Orleans, mid a quantity of counterfeit money found upon him lie was committed 1o liati n Rouge prison, but w ?* finally discharged ?ifntfori 1'ravrlltr, %/Iur. 121. Dukaiu'i i- Arrinsinr.?Jturkett's new flouring mill, about two miles north of Milton, Miami county, fell in with a tremendous crash on Tin s lay, the 141b inat., just as the workman, eight In number, had returned froui supper, and were on toe lower (1 ?r< of the building. Two of them, who were near the door, escaped, and the six others were caught in the ruina Two of them. DilTrii and Utile, extricated themselves without assistance: but the others were burled under the fallen timber* to the depth of ten feet, an J remained in that position two hours and u half. Davis ( orlis. a young man of alio,it twenty-two years of age. was taken out dr*d. Washington Deacon, miil-wright, badly hurt and not expected to lire; Mr. Gilbert scricusly injured, and his recovery doubtful; James Mlea. tlilgli broken and toes mashed; Henry Piffra and Thoa Uttle slightly wounded. The fall of the building was owing to tin-imperfect material and construction of the stone pillars in the entre These gave way. and the entire structure, except the walls, was instantly nrerlr,it?t,.il Into th. underground basement. These walls t 1j? (D6f'ir> - fell inn!' ut n year ago. but fortunately no one wan then Injured.?Dayton Journal. ( Kiwi Kioi m N\'Arniu.oo.?l!ej>oris were :n circulation yeaterdav, of it desperate riot at Waterloo, 111., on the day ct the election, between parties of Hermans and tmor'ran' The cause of the quarrel I* not stated, but it Is said that three Htrraan< aad two Americans wi re -o badly stoned an I bruised th it they < >nnot live. The Hermans then stoned the stores of the Americans, and itrore them cut of town We hope th' reports ore exaggerated.?At. f/?'< jf-f , -lug. 11. Tiik Wi.s4:o.nmis d >. mp.v.?Jn the First Circuit Kdward V. Whiton, of Hock, is electfd Judge. In the Second < lrcult. probably l.svl Kubbell, of Milwaukle. la the 'i'hlad < ircuit. Charles II. Larrat>ee. of Hedge In the Fourth. Alexander W. Stow of bond du Lar . an J In the Fifth, Mortimer M. Jackson, of Iowa, an supposed to be elected. In the Fifth there were tour InJep?':.d'at candidates in the Held U'mi nssisr. A . 1- - l ater returns from the Second ludic lal I'in net of Wl<cc n.-dn render It donbtfol ?rhatter Hin UobbeK It e.rctcd Tbr roto is rer> clasw between him and the regular loeofoco candidate. .^i kmyti>' Nati s.?W? undcrs'ar.d that it iw very sic*i> a Nat:.-* Si* perwem nr? reported to bar* died ons day last week Dr. Chamber died onSuadsy of dy ntery, which is the nr?eal'in^ tig, f stan 7Vsr?'*re, Jinf 11