Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 23, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 23, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. SeetM-Weet Oereer at Fulton and Hmmmm its* JAJUKB OOHUOH BIM!WR, PROPRIETOR. ?f EC1AL NOTICE TO THE WORLD. THt OAXLV Ht.RAU) Three (.'MM every 4a|, two mt on~E7 ? ?r ..nm T*? VUR.VJMi tbiTVJS a , . uf/..Ard at 1 o'cAhk. it dUtribuiod btforo brook/ait; the *r?I KI'RNlN'ti i'D/r/ON < <?? tr l"t of l/a neiMbuve at I , aV-rk, Iidrw .aro?t RVKXtS* KDITKjNat 9 eVlorfc. THK H'KKKL V H&RAl.D? Kerry Saturday. for ctrrutaMm. m fJW dmrrtenn CmJ??*!??>4 rente per repy, |3 13^/er <nikt?, Ketrf tteam parkrt Jay .-or Euoipran rirrutatwn; . <* >ar a anea. to inriud* tin po*tapt. Tbt F.urcptaa td*UM will brertetnt (nf*e Frnckan. 1 Lay fa* fdneuupre. ALI. LDlTH>Stt to contain neu< rrceineE ti? tAr n.omntt of i.inito prree. AJ.t. Lt n KKS by mn!,for tubrcrtptioa, or mth advrrrmrmr*it. to bt yort patd, or l/upmt.iyr 'J*U b* drdvrttd from \ vie wo -t-v remitted. VuLVXTAR Y COKKESPOXDKyCE, roijwri newt, /rom .jriy ^u.irUr j/fAe evridi if uted m kberallu paid for. AOVKU nMlttiUiTt(renewed every morning, and to be pub tUhed in the morning and event'>y rditKiu.) eft reasonable price*; to bo toritten ma plain, legible manner; the proprietor M reipon'ibU for error* 1,1* PRfNTISQ of all kind* eieeuted beatJi/uUy and with He Mt<i Or.leri received at the itflc*. earner of PulUm and Sa*iau*tr**t*. KO bUTKS token of <:nenpmou* communication*. Whatever it intended fm iinert.en he authenticated bp the name and addreii of the irrlTer; net necetiarily for publication, but ae a guaranty ef hie pood faith. WV cannot return rejected eommunirjttor.i el I ye YMKXTS to be made in AMI'sEUXNTS THIS EVENING. BOWERV TriKAVkR. B--?ery.?La Ba vipt *e-Kv Fai^ i/m c.'J* i-Kof.nmMacajre. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham Street.?R- Rot-Litti Nvti?Lui or thk Ljon*. BORTOVS THEaTRB, Chamber* itrvct?Do "c est am ' on?Lvov did Sham Aaova. WIBIAVS. ASTOR PLACE.?Com riv ?. Errcrp-Naiob ok am Uovn. CASTLE GARDEN, BaCjcrj,?M sjcal Entertainment* ?cosmo hamas. fcc. MILOBKON, BcR-cry--Yim?isiA Mnstklla?Ethicftan Singing, kc. panorama HALL, broadway, tear noon?*.?bxntake'* Panorama or the Mi.v:s?ippi and 14iv-cv n:. MINERVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or Cnaai Mexican Camtajsn, PANORAMA IIALL, c^rro Broad wry ar.d Walker Itreet? Hanincton s Uccu Dioramas or the Creation a.vd Dai.vge. SOCIETY LIBRARY?Iammeij.'* Minstrllj-Etkiofian mncinc?liobi.r..?ui'K Dancing, kc. New York, Wfilnrnlay, Anjput '4,1, 1848, Actual Circulation of tlx* Herald. kngnet 23, Tnesday 22,12-1 cojies TVe publication ofube Morning Euition f tbe Herald com" Mcnesc yesterday at 1U minutes past 3 o'clock, and finished at 15 miuotes jast 7 o'clockj the first Afternoon Edition ooin*1 9A ?ntn?tA. l.iore t' and finished at 10 miuuTefl ant 2 *'tl(K)k; wcond at minutei |a-t 3 o'clock, and flanked at 20 rain-'.** )?ct 3 ?'clock. The < nnailas?Tl?e Preparation* lor tlic Knlnrc. "VVc find, alter all, that a lew words relative to Canada, and oi the i ovemeni- oi a few ludividuals iu re^..rd to that province, are rather necessary. The symptoms of rebellion in Ireland, have given fun impetus, among certain circles, to the hitherto agitated question of aid from the Irish adopted citizens, and the returned Mexican volunteers, to a portion of the Canadian people, in their efforts to live without the aid of England. It is asserted to be the part of the policy of the Irish everywhere, to distract the British government, and divert their attention from the head carters of disturbance; and Canada, in this regard, may be deemed the most important quarter through which to assail England. Our present Presidential contest, involving questions of local importance, growing out oi the acquisition of southern territory, is looked upon as favorable to this object. The tone and temper of the articles published in the Canadian journals, indicate that the people in theKe provinces are evidently a little excited at the threatened invasion from America, ar.d they look for an " Irish Brigade," in the event of the Insurrection tn Ireland as becoming serious. They pcihnjw need not be too much alarmed. It is said by the agitators, thnt indications of local dis,i,;, nninm, ? ill 1*I?C5 iviuii; npj'utvuv) U4ia tuau lliese .have been al-o manifested in several ways Sympathy meetings have been called to collec: funds to aid Ireland m her present etniggle; bu . mor" s:i iking -ymptoms of a disposition to shike nfi all allegiance to I In-Iand, are apparent among the French and Irish, from the fact that the cannon . re reported to have been recently spiked on Wolfe's Lattery, in ifuebec, and several organized clu." daily practise ri '-.-shooting and drill. We learn that there is a determination on the par: of a portion of the Canadian population te avail th-mselve? of the spirit of the age, and proclaim their independence, with .a view to .annexation to these I niled Slates. This will be oniy fulfilling a destiny, which sooner or later will be accomplished in the case of Canada ? and :hrse agitator- tliiuk that now is the proper .me for its consiminiatior, when i-ingland's military resources have a prospect of remaining necessarily crippled for so long a period ; as successful, or unsuccessful, in the case of Ireland, it will take most of her troo,.s, lor a long time to come, to ateni the tide oi dianlteotion among the mr.!;cs, not alone of Ireland, but of lingluud, Scotland and Wales. We have heard it privately but confidently asserted a: the recent meetings, that with a force of ten thousand well cpipped troops, distinguished military men .re ready, incur very city, to run very risk nnd cross the frontiers to < 'anuria: ami, ndced, we should not b<> at all surprised, for we are not surprised at anything now it-days, to hear of sue . a movement bcior many d..ys. The jirojector- pro in' tc b< tvcli \-r.sed in the rc<uinowledg of, and allegiance due to, the laws ci these h.'t- J ; tat'. --,and ti. y intend, i' is said, . avoid tie: ligiite-: in:;icg'-ui' at thereof, by open fidistmci.t for the purpose. They u'.-o feel deep confidence in tin <!:?) c-dtiou "t the present llxecuuve a: Washington, judging font the past, in the cr.-co- ot the "rcgon. Mexinn, and other ouestionr. Th< y look, too, with r ual conlidence, to n simi, , lar disposition on the part ot one of the Presidential vf*\ candidate*, and the iiv moryot the past, as regards , MartinVan lluren, tilth ease of the Canadian revolutionists, they assert, will have it- due weight with the adopted citizens in the Presidential out' st now iieijiiinu: so that \\o should not wonder to soon learn of active steps being taken on the pax: of the friend* of Ireland here, on this very subject of aid to the Canada-, and make that province "free soil." There upt>cur.- to be less of that idle vaunting d.splayed than has hitherto marked the agitation ot Ireland, in this city and elsewhere, and that he special ol>eetis tocollect "the sinewsol war,"' which have llowed in, and still continue to (low lrc? ly to their coffers, in all -oris of wuys and by all sorts ot means. These sums will not be forwarded at a risk to Ireland if they cannot he made available for the purposes for which they are de" signed by the contributors: and as the Irish at home will have abundance of food and have not the nufnri-jl nr tlfllf*. .list DOW. for ! il.l n 111 ;l#?t IIP I n t < inns, mere money cannot bo ol much availability. -)ui.h is the prevailing opinion of those who are ?uj lor a grand national ".lark. ' We giv?* the above nfc it came to U.-. It may b< true. What th?- agitutors are to do, unless some ill ng el this kind is started, is more thun wc cai iel'. Ttie age is pregnant with revolutions, and w< nmat not be behind the age. Free anil, free speech and tree labor, nr?' the three points laid down a HufTa!o. Liberty, e .utility, and fraternity, are tin three points laid down in I'aris. 110 watel and see to what tiiey will lead. A d for Alius*.? \J?out ten thousand dollar) tiave already been snbsct;bed for the sufferers ii \lbanv. ' 'f this, i|100 only has been ?ent from tliii city. There is to be a meeting, however, at tin Mayor'* office 'lit* afternoon, to tec jvhat tan l?< ' f*. ?0? r i''ni?ii Tifij. of Philip*, M? , >" ! j. t? s*j fcornmg l??t. la a fit of don m. >. ?.?. ,?r??..) ??.? %* Mi 'up V*a aa eiooll*.^ W* ft*. ? I* ^haheti'l Nmcilict.?We this monia|, follow u op an article published yesterday, in which we 11 stated the immense sum paid by the city lor fr lighting the streets with oil, and the useless u| waste of money in this department. We shall le now speak of the remissness of the Corpora* ii fion .n having the laws, which they in s< their serious, sober moments, pass without h any intention on their par: to enforce, viz: ti those pertaining to lighting certain streets with ti gas, which it is acknowledged can be done for at b least thirty-three per cent less than by oil. tl We have examined the records of the proceed- 11 ings ol the Common Council u|>on this subject, to: p the years 184ti and 1&47, and lind that something tl like two hundred resolutions lor lighting streets tl with gas have passed, and received the sanction p of the Mayor; and discover, that in nineteen out n of twenty cases, the gas companies have paid no a regard whatever to these resolutions. Not more than three or lour streets have been attended to ; where there are no stores or public buildings call ing upon them for gas, the poor pedestrian is left ^ in the dark. The following are the names ot some of the ? streets which have come under our own observation, and they are but a few in comparison with the great number which have been provided for, 60 far as the Corporation resolutions are concerned:? Beaeb. Varicfc. I eight. Orange, Centrr. Charlton, < | Wooster, Allan, Columbia, ; HnmmerslfT, Chryatie. .Sullivan, ' j Hubert, Grove, < liuton. r ' North Moore, Cornelia, Oliver, _ j Attorney, Greenwich Lane, W. Wash'n. Place. LispenarJ, Liberty, Sheriff, I I Essex, Cannon. Laurens, r Mercer, Greene. James. Spruce. We have here thirty-one streets, the people residing in which, two years ago, prayed the Cor- ] poration to light with gas, and for the sake of satisfying them, resolutions to that effect were pre- i eented and passed. 1 Among those named, will be found Orange j - ? *1-- a a r ?I. _ T? ...U .I eircei?me gicai ucmrc ui mr rivcruiuis?wucic j there is a greater necessity for good and clear j light, than any other street in the whole city, in consequence of the v ill any which is constantly 1 i carried on in those miserable dens ot thieves and 1 , pickpockets with which it abounds. And there is ; another, Centre street, through which the railroad cars are passing until twelve o'clock at night, attended with great danger to life, in consequence of the drivers being unnble to see; yet, though two years have elapsed since the law was passed authorizing the superintendent of that department to attend to the matter fortwith, nothing has been done. Such is not the case where business is actively earned on. No sooner are the resolutions passed, than the companies catch at them and the ! | mains are at once laid down, tfacb conduct is j I base, and it is the duty of the Corporation to ! | comjiel them to obey its resolutions. It is a part of the contract to light the streets when called upon, and for which they are fully ; paid, without consulting their own views, and | complying with only such as will prove of inaj niense profit to themselves, without any material j advantage to the city. Let the members of the Common Council see to this "matter; and when they ngain enter upon thefr duties, fresh from the ' scenes of pleasure, adopt sack measures as will ! bring the gas companies to their senses, if ] is very like other city improvements, in which the ; people interested are taxed, pjy the amount imi posed upon them, and then left to whistle for the j cb;ect. There are many streets for the lighting | of which resolutions have been passed by the present Common Council, and they, too, are un_ j heeded. The Fouith avenue was to be lighted as , far up as Thirty-s-cond street, and the mains laid; but when they got as tar as Twenty-third street, | | thev stopped putting lip the lamp-posts, and the | j result is, all above that point is left in darkness j I there being no stores above that point requiring | the services of the gas companies; and Fifth street ! where there are few houses except private resi! j dences, has been totally neglected. It is useless to | pass laws, if there is no intention on the part o i those passing them to have them carried out in | good faith. j SwiNI L'NCi PllXCTK ED ITOJt E.MIORAN1 S.?We j have read a paragraph under this heading in the Liverpool Mercury, and we would like to transfer 1 it to our columns, that the public may be put on their guard against the unprincipled men who, in t this city and elsewhere, are preying upon the poor t ' emigrants whom they can entrap in their infamous I i I toils. We know nothing of the firm of this city ] j mentioned in the Mercury; but if there be such a i liim in existence, we have no hesitation in saying 1 that the commissioners of emigration are guilty of a grots dereliction ol duty if they do not institute j an enquiry into the matter, and should they find ! the facts to be as stated, take immediate mea- | sures to brim: the perpetrators of so heartless and infamous a piece of swindling to condign punishment. Xotwithctanding all the efforts that have been ! , made of late to ]?re vent impositions and frauds upon : the poor emigrants, who seek a shelter and a home i in this land of freedom?notwithstanding the feeling ol indignation that each case ot this kind has i naturally excited in the public 'nd, frequent in- I stancesttill occur here, and elscvrt* re, to show that ! emigration agents, crimps, runners, and lodging- j house keepers, still continue tiieir infamous traffic ' with impunity, and contrive to evade tlte laws that have been enacted against them. There are, of rourre, some honorable exceptions in this line of business?men who would not take advantage of the ignorance and inexperience of poor emigrants; but the number of this clues is comparatively few, while the number of those who are lying in wait lor the " Sam irays,'" and have their man-catchers prowling about in all directions, like tigers, seekire whom they may seize upon, is legion. Mr. l!u*hton,of Liverpool, is entitled to the gratitude of every lover of justice, and of every ' man who revolts against the oppression of the poor, for the noble stand he has taken in Liverpool against these heartless swindlers. We should like veiy much to see the same magisterial vigilance I und energy used against them here ; for the imposition that is continually being practiced with impunity would seem to warrant the belief that no steps had recently been token to repress this cry; ing evil. Wc are well aware how difficult it is to j meet the ever varying plans of this organised bund j of plunderers?assuming, as they do, every imagt! noble uuise to entrap the unwary and unsuspect| ing; but this should be an incentive to the executive power to proceed against them with nddiI tional energy, and to redouble their exertions for ; iiic protection 01 iees< aciuucu victims. We liave much pleasure in bearing testimony to the valuable services which the Irish and the Knglisli emigration societies, in this city, have rendered to their respective countrymen. But we think that more effective steps shoidd have l?een taken by them to give publicity in lingland and in Ireland to the fact of their existence, and of the philanthropic objects they have in view. Hail this been the case?had every Cutholic clergyman in 1 Ireland, for instance, received a circular announcing the existence and the objects of such a society ' as the Irish emigration society, with a request tlm* ' he would have it tested tip on the doors of his L church, or have it read to his congregation?-can 1 any one believe that the many frauds lately practiced upon the jHior Irish emigrants, would liavc occurred ? J low the greater bulk ol the poor Irish, resii dent among us,could think of sendingmoncythrocgh i firms of such a character, appears incredible to us, ' unless on the presumption tlmt they were wholly ignorant of the existence of the Irish i.migration ' .Society, or of honest men in the community. We would, therefore, reaj>eetfully urge upon f these benevolent societies, the propriety of giving - themselves more extended publicity, both here * and in their rr,pfcvve countries, that th^machi ations of the vampires tad man-eatchsrs, who He i wait for the poor and the oppressed, may be ust rated. We would at the same time impress J pon the Commisaioners of Emigration, and the gal authorities, the necessity of watching with icreased vigilance, and punishing with increased sventy, the heartless gang of swindlers who ave devoted themselves to these infamous pracces, which can onl^ be paralleled by the manrapping traffic of their prototypes of Africa. We | elieve their conduct worse, for the business ot tie latter is conducted in a straightforward, open tanner, and by avowed enemies; while the former receed under false pretences; semetimea under lie mark of friendship; and not unfrecuently make tie identity ot their country and their religion, a lea with the poor emigrant?, in order that they nay the more effectually win their confidence, nd make them their victims. Tim Police System?To the general plan ypon rhich the police is orgamied, we do not object; re believe it to be about the best that has as yet een devised for the protection of the lives and roperty of the citizens; but, in some of its details, t is sadly defective. Mayor Havemeyer, in his nessage of May last, alluded to these defects, and uiuciutuiy iu mc >ciy mwuicvvwo ui ayminting policemen.' The appointment of the police of each district s virtually vested in the Alderman and Assistant ?f the ward. The Mayor's interference in this lepartment amounts to no more than this: he may efuse to ratify the nomination of the Alderman ind Assistant, keep the nomination in his pocke1 or twenty-one days, and if they do not make a lew appointment in the mean time, then he hinr <elf may appoint; but this is a contingency that las not yet happened, nor i9 it likely, from the naure of things, that it ever will, unless in the rhird ward. The Alderman and Assistant have oo great an interest in the matter to be caught lapping: they send in new names, and, if he reects these, they send in others, until they tire lim out, and, in the end, he isa obliged to field. Now, the question is, do these functionaries make good selections! Do they nominate men for their qualifications and fitness for office only, or do they nominate them as politicians and partizans? We apprehend it will be found that political parttzanship is the moving cause with the Alderman and Assistant in the city, in their appointments to this- very important department ol the city government: and why? lleeause these gen tie men are generally men or n<ne m meir warns ; aspirants to State and city honors, and not unfrequently to Concessional distinctions also. They are the nucleus of little Knots of city politicians, through whose instrumentality they are fore rer strengthening and extending their influence and interest, from their relations both parties have a mutual dependance on each other, and each are equally interested in cheating the public. The clii/ue sends its patrons to the State Legislature? to the halls of Congress, or enable them to procure some lucrative employment under the State or city governments ; while, on the other hand, the patrons lose no opportunity of adding to the public burdens for the benefit of their retainers, by creating new offices, increasing the expenses of eld ones, and, though last not least, causing confusion and disorder in .ill the departments, by turning out old officers, who, from experience and length of service, have become familiar with the routine of office, and capable of discharging its various duties with advantage to the public; and then placing some noisy parti/.ans. without taste or discretion, or any other qualification, except that of active politician?, in their places. Now, if any one department of the public ser- I vice, more than another, requires its members to be men with cool heads,of sound judgment, large 1 experience, and. above all, to have a thorough li nntuL-ilim rsf r n tiiVA i? ia Vi n nnlinA .la partment. We ask then whether, under the present system, men having all these requirements are likely to be selected I We answer no. Our experience of many of the appointments which have been made under the present system, has warranted us in coming to this conclusion. Those who have spent their days and nights in making speeches at publ'c meetings, and in public houses, canvassing for this, that, and the other candidate, can receive those appointments. We, therefore, suggest that the mode and term of iippointment be changed. Let one, two or three commissioners as far removed from political influences is nature of circumstances will admit, be appointed by the Legislature, in whom the power of appointment ahull be vested. Let there be some test drawn up, by which the efficiency of applicants may be tested; and when approved of, let them be appointed during good behavior, and not as now, for , two years. We would also add, let their duties be specifically defined and pointed out, and the eyes of the public be kept continuully upon them. With these amendments, we think the present system would work well, and the police would be an effective and useful body of men. The Hehislh of -New Granada.?On looking over some files of Bogota papers, we found the following law published, as having passed the houses of C ongress, and been approved by the .iw, ifitu ? jricriucm, vu iuo iuui ui ITIUIUII lift&le ll IS P??IIWTwhat an important law for foreigners residing in that country. " No foreigner., from the mere fact of being a for" eigner. ran bring any claim against thu legitimate go vcrnment of tbe republic, for idemniiicatlon or reftnbureement for damages or losses which his interests may sustain, in consequence of political commotions, when such damages or lostes shall have been caused by other than the legitimate authorities. Always, however, it is understood that tbe right to proceed against a third party for every kind of indemniQcatlon is, by no meana interfered with, but will always be preserved in accordance with the usual laws for such proceedings provided." By this it will be perceived that in future, foreigners in New Granada, will be as much interested in preserving order as any one else. This, we think, is a good law; it will prevent the iaterference of unnaturalized foreigners with the affairs of the country. This has always been a great source of annoyance, and,indeed, danger to the Colombian republics, particularly in the case of the English residents. Now, however, 'hat 'heir pockets are likely to be touched, they will not be so ready lo get up intrigues and pronunciamentos. * Mni'lne Affairs, Tur. Pit tsr.statio* or Ti.nm to Cast. Williams. ?We have received the following correspondence, which we take pleasure in publiFhing. It speaka for Itself , _ Ni w York, August 2_M, IMA To Ciptaim J. 0. Williams, ship Gladiator: bear Sir,?W'c, the undemgu'd, cabin passengers from London to New York, cannot think of separating bruin yen and yuur chip. without tirst evpresting to y?n onr unfeigned approI lotion of your talents as a perfect seaman, and of your conduct j its a genthman, durin^thc whole of the time wo nave been on ....... n in mount ni *fiu mace we loft London, w? rave, with the exception of ahont four daya, experienced nothing but almost dead < a)ma, or winda (ooane not very gentle ooea) directly against na : and nothing, we foal oonlldent, but your unwearied diligence, and the lerPv-t knowledge of your pTofce-i"n, could have an soon accomplished tho arduona (ark yon have performed. We therefore (finerrely hoping thia exprraaion of our aentimeata may be agreeable to you) reqneat your acceptance thereof, as alao of the accompanviag piece of plate, u a amall memento of our eatoem, and 'alao of our united and fcoat cordial wiitica that happincaa and proaptrity may ever attend yon. Signed t 'HARl.F.S MIDDMSTON, TIIOMAA Illrkt'K8USOW, BEN J. T.ROATII. Il lelialf of all the cabin paaeongeta. N? w Vork, Angnat 22, I*!*'. Gi >ri.i ha :-| lag to n.knowledge yunr lunch catecuiod favor, reletting to our recent paring* in the ahlp Gladiator froao London. The generous acntlincnta exprraed therein toward myself ae a --a'CHn and aaa wiun, and the "u? |ui- oral mark of your appro' lion in |.i cam ting me a boautifr.l plero of plat", are token* aa iini xpeotea aa they are liatteiirg, and e cite within me tho vmmcet fealinga of gratltndc. I'e. line docjdy impreaafd with the friendly regard you have thm abewa me,'and rciproealiiig moat cordially towards inch one of yen tho faithful wtahce ywu have est.Tr aed tor me, and begginc you will ttndw to the ladies who a< ooinpaaicd us my lieai'Mlt acknowledgments?being th<y kindly eniled their trainable te?iai*aiee with your*, I nuain, gentlemen, your "bodioat ?arv?U' 1 To Messrs U.mlca Midolof n. i Sigaod, J. B. WILLI A MS. T. Biarkburrw. Bepj. T. Roa'b, [ Master of BMp Uladlatet. and the other cabin paarnngcra. > Eutf attxo Ferric metis.?It is stated that there are new in the primary school* of fiMtaa 4,421 children of foreign parents; or 44f per cent of the whole BPmfcer of scholar?. wbz? tovxo Miri RATIFICATION MEETING *T VuliiKtiii Parade Groaad. Pursuant to advertisement, the whig young men of the city and county of New York assembled in mass-meeting, on Washington Parade Ground, at 8 o'clock last night, for the purpose of responding to the nomination of Taylor and Fillmore. Long before the hour of meeting the space in front of the stand was occupied by a vast assemblage. whose numbers were variously estima ted to be from eight to ten thousand. The appearance of the ground, the shouts o( the multitude, the clanging of the trumpets, and the rolling of the drums, together with the incessant discharge of fire-arms on all sides, made the whole scene more like the triumphant close of the battle of liuena Vista, or some other of old " Rough and Ready's" glorious victories, than an assembly of calm and deliberate men, met to canvass the merits of the gallant old General, for the future Presidency. The committee of management are entitled to considerable credit lor the excellence of their arrangements. A stage for the accommodation of the press and the speakers, was elevated about lifteen feet from the ground. On the right of this stand, the American Hag flaunted in the breeze. In the centre was another large flag, on the middle of which was painted the American eagle, with the wotds "Tavlorand Fillmore" encirchne the top?"Rough and Ready" in the centre?and at the bottom, " Eighth Ward Eagle Association." On the right wus the inscription, "General, we can't be beat, while we all pull together;"' and on the left, " .* little more grape, Captain Bragg." There wa? another flag at the rear ot the speaker ; but we were too lar removed from it to make out the inscription. The semi-circle in front, as also the platform, was well lighted up with lamps: an excellent brass band played several beautiful and spirit-stirring airs before the meeting was organized. About 8 o'clock, the members of the committee appeared on the stand, and on the motion of John R. De Puy, the meeting was called to order, and S. W. Allen was nominated to the chair. A large number of vice presidents and secretaries were also appointed. The Chairman briefly opened the meeting, and announced that the lion. F. A. Talmadge would address tkeni. The Hon. Mr. Talmadoi- then presented himself, and was received with loud cheers. He said that the periodical return of the occasion on which the people of this country were called upon to exercise the highest functions of freemen, rendered a preliminary meeting like the present one of the deepest interest. When they took into consideration the fact that ere long thirty States and territories would assemble to exercise that high privilege which they enjoyed, he would ask them could a spectacle more magnificent or more cheering be presentud to those who approved of a republican form of government.' (Cheers.) While, then, they were convened for the purpore of selecting a suitable candidate for their suffrages at the next Prcsidentlal election, it was rigLt and proper that they should examine the principles of the refpective candidates who had boon nominated for the high office, and also the principles on which tbc government of their country had hitherto been carried on. (Cheers ) -What, i 111..v, w**r? t>-n nrinf?:r,Vs nf til?* titok.;C, (.rtr.-mmrtnt ' 1 for he considered it advisable that this should bo investigated, as they might rost assured that whatever they were, the same principles should still influence the government if General ' ass, who was one of the i candidates, wero elooted to the Presidency. To return bach, then. for two year-, he would call their attention to the courfe of proceeding adopted by Mr. Tolk ill 1843, when a difference of opinion existed between this country and Great Jiritain, with regard to the Oregon territcry. What was the cour-e he then pursued ' (The houorable gentleman wus hero interrupted by a band of music, who came up at this moment, and who

proposed and got three hearty cheers for the Eighth Wurd Club.) They would recollect, then?and he caine there as a plain man, to talk to them upon a plain subject ; for he w shed to deal practically with them?that at this time a treaty existed with respect to that territory, between them and Great Britain This treaty was not strictly fixed or determined; but it was understood that on tbo expiration ot' a year's notice on either side, it should bo considered at an end. Now what wa.- the course pursued by I.ewis < ass with regard to it Why, they might all remember the biilieofe, impracticable spirit wbiclt lie had evinced, and which had almost led to a bloody, ruinous, and most expen-ive war with England. At flr-t ho and his parti: aus cried cut, ' What! surrender a territory to which we have a just and equitable claim a far as 1 34 degrees -'O seconds And every good democrat \ echoed the cry, 34 degrees 44 seconds. (Laughter and j cheer- ) W lien they came, however, to examine the case more narrowly, it was found that without ; any compromise of the national honor or equitable claims, they could afford to come down to 49 degrees, and every good democrat cried out 49 de prces. (Laughter.) lie only mentioned tijis to show tbo principles tf tlio wen w U? appealed to tho suffrages of toe people to bu again placed in a position of power and responsibility. Ho then referred to the next charge of the Ave millions of dollars given to the Mexican government, nnd proceeded to say that the Mexican war bad been entered into and eoneluddd without any appeal having been made to the representatives of the'people. .\nd what were the terms on which it was concluded? tV'hy, indemnity for tho past and security for the future."' That was tho word which had been passed along, and every democrat fslt In duty bound lo cry out "indemnity for the past, j and security for the future.'' (Laughter ) That war, I however.had been conducted to a termination, and what had been the result' Thoy paw how the alY.iir went, and that the country was now involved in a debt, in consequence of the expenditure that h id been incurred, of one hundred millions of dollars, of tift<cu more to Mexico, andol from three to five millions moro by themselves. Now that WW the indemnity for the past. (Langht' r.) What about tbo security for the future.' Why, an inua ikh tract of land had becu acquire 1. and as if the boundIt ss extent of t 'regoii was not sufilcieiit. New Mexico and L'alift rnta had been superadded. If tho true motive. howt ver, was sought after for this lavish expenditure of blood and money, it would be found in the fact, that it gave additional strength to that Southern ascendancy in Comrrass, which tne prose nt/iocupant of the Presidential chair was so d"sirous of perpetuating: andas these new territories would bu completely littler slave iniluence. and would eacli send forward tw o Senators, and a propmtioDul number of member* to the IIo cse of Uopreaentativos, it re quired no groat or profound investigation to determine tho influences which had actuated those who took part in these proceedings. (Cheers.) IIo asked them, then, as freemen and citiieus of free States, liow long would they tolerate the existence of this state of things? If no chock was placed upon this sairit of 1 encroachment anil territorial extension, they'would not be satisfied till tbo isthmus terminated their possessions. He alluded to this cicumatance, liecau-e it formed one of the idudamental principles of the pres? nt GoTcrnment, and would b< certain to bo conj tinued In the one which succeeded. If Lewis Cass obI tained tb< Ir sulfra res for the Presidency. A short time ngn, they mi-Ail remember, tho bill for the terrij lorial -rovernment of and non-extension of slavery in \ Oregon bad passed the Senate; and the President, in the iness.v.-e he -ent to Congress, intimated that if it , had prohibited slavery below 10 .10, he would have felt It to be his duty to veto the measure. They would see, then, from that, what they might expect from a President slaveholder, and that ho would be >iuite ready to veto any bill that infringed upon tho Missouri connirombe. .Vow. what did Lewis ( ass say ? ; Why, from the fact of his adopting the platform of the llaltlrooro convention, he would also veto a similar ! bill, and throw overy obstacle he could to the progress I of freedom. Ho (Mr. T.) wished every man to resist ! this iniquitous policy to the utmost, anil to adopt for , his motto : Never surrender.'' (Loud cheers.) With 1 regard to the introduction of shivery Into a free territory, ho bad the honor of standing on tho lloor of the 1 House of llepresontatives and giving oxpres1 tdon to similar statements to those be now uttered before that assembly, and he again | repeat) d that siavery cannot, will not, and shall not eDter into free territory ?) Loud cheers.) Hut there ! was another principle to which he would refer. At the beginning of tho present session, the President, In one of bis messages, said that certain appropriations of the public money for harbors In the northern lakes were unconstitutional. Now if this doctrine ware good he would just like them to apply It among themselves. Just let him suppose an appropriation was asked lor the improvement of the harbor st the Iiattorr, or , of tbo navigation as far as Hell-Gate? What would be their surprise to lie told that tho appropriation could not be made, as it was unconstitutional' This would ! be a nice reply to a city which, from 1*1!) to 19-17, had I contrioutea to tiie natlonnl revenue no 1cm than four hundred nnd eighty-nine millions of the eight liuni dred and ninety million* which made thn sum total of I thn custom receipts during that period. (Cliocri.) As a clti/cn of New York, ho felt proud to mako such an announcement. (Cheers ) And during the last | ten years two- thirds of the revonue had been centri! luted by their exertions. and from their industry. 1 And vet they were told that a trifling appropriation for the improvement of her harbor, or their navigation, was unconstitutional, and would be doing an Injustice to the other States of the I'nion. It wna said that they might Impose a tonnage duty, but that experiment had been tried before in Baltimore! and from 1701 to 181.?, prospectively of I such a mcaauro had been In full operation. Now, what was tbo rate there? Why. the income In 1830, from this i source was ?600,000, and in 1*47, it had dwindled , down to <841.000 dollars. Ha was. therefore, opposed to a policy which resultf 1 in such Injurious conseqnencrs. , lie might read over a great quantity of statistics to show the extent ol the oommerce of this city, but he felt It unnecessary to do so. He might, however, state | that tb? commerce on that majestic river, the Hudson, I from the canals, lakes, and placet through wblob it ran, I was more than that of all the slave States put to| grtber (Cheers ) lie could occupy their tlmo with | the discussion of the principles of tbo present govern| moot much longer, hut, as there were other speakers , to addrcrs the in, he would not detain them longer. The bon. gentleman, after briefly referring to the tariff question, alluded to the claims of General Taylor to their suffrages. It was iiuito unnecessary for him to speak af the cbnraeter of Zachery Taylor. (Cheers) They might rest assured, however, theti if he were elented to the high dignity far whleh he wee proposed, hs wcgjd have the staunch est, the best, and the ablest mb of the whig portj 1b hi*eabiaet. Wo know tboro Blight ho MB* differences of opinion among thorn, bat ho thought they ahonld oil foal satisfied whoa tboy kaov that thot brighter still la tho Loot (Mr. Webster, wo presume) who woo on honor to hlo country and to hlo party, aad that brightest luminary otar of the West (Mr. Clay, we suppose) who waa not only an honor to hlo party, but tho pride of hlo oonntry, would, within a short time, both bo found endorsing tho nomination and extending to Zachory a hearty, cordial, and, ho trusted o most efficient support. (Loud cheers) Ho concluded by making on earnest and eloquent appeal to those who beard him, to put from them all dloeenslon, and to rally as one man, for the purpose of placing their candidate in the proud position which be should oooupy, and of contributing by this meana to the honor of their party and the glory of their country ;The honorable gentleman resumed his seat, amidst loud cheers, and the band immediately afterwards struck up tho air of the "Bold Soldier Boy." Mr. Bhooks hereupon being londly called for, came iorwara anu sua tie regrebkcu tiww uo ??uin turwaru on the oecviion with no labored preparation, and what he waa about to say sprang spontaneously from hia breast; but when the whig banner waa unfurled, and the whig eauae before them, he felt no heaitatlou in coming forward to addreaa them. There were those that told him that the whig party, aa it now atood, had no principles?that the party waa disbanded. He would tell them that the party waa not dlabanded. (Cheers.) No, they stood together then aa they atood for the laat twenty years, (continued cheering,) through prosperity and adTeraity, and nerer wonld the whig tlag be trailed In the dust?(renewed cheering)? never shall the whig party disband, while that tlag floats over their heads. No principles!! Who would tell them that they bad no principles??that they had taken and swallowed what had been doing for the laat twenty years?that they bad turned their eyes to the eistward, and marked Lake Krie, and then went to the Buffalo Convention? (Laughter and applause.) They had been opposed to Martin Van Buren for the last twenty years, and would not connect themselves with the hrokendown hacks of party; consisting of while, blaek. yellow, and such as had mingled in the Mosaic platform. (Hoars of laughter.) Whig principles were known from the days of the revolution. They were opposed to monarohial power, and were promulgated in accordance with the voice of the people- they proclaimed obedience to the voice of the people, and resisted toryism. It was from auoh principles that they derived the name of whig party. lie would next refer to their candidate?General Taylor, (immense cheering.)?of whom it was >aid that he bad no principles. He would call their attention to his Allison letter, in which he named three of the leading principles of the whig party, (cheering) principles such as were always reccgui/.ed by their illustrious leaders llenry Clay. (Vociferous and prolonged applause) Let no pian tell them that, by selecting such a candidate, they had abandoned their principles?such principles as they had always professed, when they bad cone abroad among the hostile ranks 01' the enemy. With such principles, ho would ask. were tbey to join and support the abandoned harlot of that party to which they had been so long and strenuously opposed ? (Laughter and applause) No! Then, why should not the free whig* rally round the whig banner, under which they hud no long fcuaht, and not become mere worshipers of stars and suns aud moons and new idols? (Laughter and applause.) There was no division among them, and there principles were the same that wero embroidered on the stars and stripes of their country's l!ag. (Cheers.) When he went to the Philadelphia Convention be acted for the principles of his party and not for the man?he acted for the honor of his country, aud forgot the man for the sake of the pric clpies. (t liiers ) liut be would ask. in selecting their candidate. hud they taken a man of doubtful prinel- | pies? ("No. no.") Who was General Taylor? His name was written in letters of gold upon every pago | of the modern history of his country. (T.oud cheering.) i Itftood illustrious in war, in glory and the honor that 1 kurrounded it? (cheers)?an.I more illustrious still, by \ his humanity and self-saoriflee?(cheering)? illustri- ; ous in following the high and honorable example of a Washington and a Madison. This was the sort of . man that was their candidate for the Presidency. (He newed applause ) It was said in the days of Harrison, whin he was put forward as a candidate for the Presidency, that he could not read or write: and that when he wan Furrounded by his committee, ne stood among them gabbling like n goose, because ho could not write. This wus soon found out to be a calumny. They say pretty much the same thing now of Taylor, that he can't write his own letters. Who, that had read his beautiful despatches from Hesaca de la Palms. Iluena Vista, and Monterey, that did not admire thum for their beautiful composition.' He. who had the ability to lead -0.000 In the Held, must nave talents: and he ! held it to be impossible for a man to be a great soldier, and a great leader, without great talents. (I heers.) No man could inspire courage to face the cannon that was not a man of talent; no man could do so, sitting ooolly as he had done upon a white horse, with a straw hat upon his head in the heat of action, that was not a great man and of h gh ability. (Cheers.) N'o sound whig would refuse to vote for such a man. If he hesitated to Telly round such a banner he would ask him where was he to go .' Would he go upon the Cass platform .' was he ready for Cuba .' was he ready for tho buffalo on Lake Krle, or the Kio Grande ' or was ho ready for Canada? As a white man he (Mr. B ) j nddre.v>cd them. and he would tt'k, would the man that I deserted the whig standurd be ready to join that party I of mingled specs of white, yellow and blank ' As n ' white luan he would ask them would they mingle their i I blood with yellow, black, and the blood of every couni try.' (No! no') If tliey were asked for their free soil . I platform, be would tell them this was their free soil | platform. (Cheers.) Would they go for Martin Van I Duren, who was known in the snugs of the day as a 1 used up man .* (Laughter ) Would they join the ono idea party?the one-eyed Polyphemus party (ltoars of laughter andcheering ) .Mr. lb. after again exhorting his friends to support General Taylor, concluded .Mr. Ravmoxo was next introduced and said?Fellow citizens, it would be highly improper in me to occupy much of your time, after the eloquent addresses which have been delivered by tbe two preceding speakers. I ! shall, therefore, merely echo tho sentiments which i have been already expressed. I rejoice exceedingly ! that tbe democratic young men of New \ ork?of j wbicli 1 am one?are up nud stirring, upon so mo- I ; mentous a question as the present. It is a common t : ,-aylng at each presidential election, that the selection : of a proper candidate is a most important matter; and : J unquestionably it is so. I fully concur with those who ; afliim this. The election of ('resident of the United ! Status of America, can never be otherwise than im- I j portant. and with tho freo soil mun it will become 1 doubly important in November next, lint what shall : , be the character of this contest.' This is the question i ! which agitates the public mind at the present mo- I 1 aisnt, and upon Its solution depends in a great mua- j j sure, tho Issue of tho forthcoming contest. Wo have I 1 three candidates before us?General (as*. Martin Van i lluren. and General Taylor; an I the prltn Iples which I they represent have been pretty freely canvassed ! Mr. Van Iluren comes forward with the principle of ; free soil No one can admire more than I do. the prinI oiplcs which are embodied i n the doctrine of those who advocate frie soil sentiments; but 1 mistrust the wls! dom of putting confidence in the nomination of Mr. i Van Huron, as the exponent of those principles. How ; do they who support him come to doline the object I which they have in view ' They wish to circumscribe j tie power vested inj the executive, contrary to the i constitution of |tlie United States. We have : now tho States equally divided?there are llft'eon i free, and fifteen slave States. Suppose the an j vexation of another State were proposed, and | the Senate equally divided as to whether it b.) free.' I n - this case who gives the casting vote.' Why the Vice ! President. Suppose Cass and Butler were elected.' for it is nseb s to lrasuine that Van Huron will t j Iii that case which way would the Vice President vote I nt such u time.' "XVill he not favor hi* friend < of the ! South.' Certainly. Mr Van Buron is undoubtedly j a talented man. and 1)8" rucceedod to eminence. But how did he io succeed f Was he not always a trickster. bending to artilices and mnanncis .' I'iJlieuot always betray the interests of the North?giving his fasting vote in l'avor of the South, and stooping even to give his veto against the wishes of the Senate Why, Martin Vun JJuren was dead and buried in 1834; was politically defunct; and how he has come forth sgaln tolled np as it wete upon freo soil?is si pti/zlo to some people, and it Is questionable whether ho would recognise himself or not in his free soil attire. (Laughter and oboorf.) This puts me in mind of an aneodctc I hnvo seen some time since. An old woman who went to market, had taken a drop too much on her way home ond dropped to slsep A wag who was r:i>slng hy cut Off some <f the old dame's -kirts. When she uwnlie she was in donht as to her Identity, and composed the following couplet " If Ihi- ' ? I. a* I do hepc It lie, I have a little <log at I, and f will know nr.." (I.ond laughter ) Now. gentlemen, whether Mr. Van iluren will be able to recognise himself. I know not; lint possibly he has a Ditto dog at home which may recognize him. since he is changed into atViesoil man; (laughter) but this meeting called him '(>ld wig." (I.oud cheers ) That was about 1840 and still down to 1*41 lint now things have changed another way. But, gentlemen, lien, t'aylor repre tents the sovereignty of the people (Loud cheers.) Thei say he Is not a learned man?ati acknowledge hhn tohe a brave man, ono who has ever been ready to serve Ills oonntry?and is again when required, lie is n man of noble qualities; one who wi'.l do honor to those over whom ho shall proside. Who is most likely to deter war, Cass or Taylor.' ("Taylor," "Tayloi ") \Vh< re was (Jenernl Cass when < General Taylor was earning new fame and acquiring additional lanrels in the servico of his country.' Why lie was in the Sentao, easting Imputations upon his conduct.. When surrounded l>y Santa Anna with L'O.OOO troops, and advised by hN government and entreated 1>y his friends, to rotlrn or retreat. bo refused to do either; but tho expression of bla sympathy which ho evln-ed towards tho hardy fellows who worn with him. Is enough to commend hi* namo to all. (Loud cheers.) In conclusinn. gentlemen, I will only sav. can wo not trust auoh a man with tho government or our country.' November nest will decide the question: the honor and safety of our country will then bo entrusted in good bands. ' I have no doubt of the result: I rejotco to sen such an assemblage of the young whig party together, manifesting their approbation of the men whose claims we have been advocating. (Loud cheers.) feThe following resolutions were then presented by James T. M. Bleakly, Ks<|, and unanimously adopted:? Resolved, That holding it to tie a liigh |<oliIleal a* noil a* moral doty to cherish and sustain our eminent statesmen, whose live* and labors have been ardently devoted to the wi Ifnr. and true glory of onr common country, the whig young men of the Ity and county of Jftw York, as grateful and dutiful sons, rallied around their much loved and venerable elder, Henry Clay, end nare the first to present hie name to the whlgs or the Talon as their standard hearer In 'he approaching battle of c-euien with freemen. Aside from our warm and hearty aflhotlwn* tor l ha man whom wehavalovsd and admired irini our . cry childhood, no hold it to be a saered duly not to desert 1dm who I ad never deserted os. Wo looked with the urengei*. eoniidcnoe and I ha Drollest hopes that tho time had now come when ealumay bad qod all her shafts, and opposition had wearied In Its esmnlts; and that ha who had spout half a century la the swU" aai*IH? by common see aim wonld be placed In tits chair of WaAlagton. W# could lot If we would smother ear regrets, bordering upon Indignation, when the telegraph told u? that, by tha notnlaation of nauthor, lieary Clay Was oast aside hy u>? National Con* "laadri d, That after deliberately viewing the ^roumrtanoM is nlileb (ha whig aartr Is plaeedTsm dwW uftewffc swasiBUT 5 ittsr wa recognise our able a> <i fni hful Mlow dtiteu, tthesa I une and uloi.ta have hseo lone d-jvotsd to the nip . .rt of tba 1 root pmeiplea lor which ve have cateudad, and we oensider I in eroinenilv qushhod Oo poor do ovoc Um highest LegUlativo I an y of tie country and the world. I lUtelvid, Tint io Conor.i! Taylor we ?? a mam who* who's ife has been imuh> d with iui'gritv and honor, ofgrea* -tmpiicity 1 nid puiitv of cl at actor, with a ?tr atg. clear, <ii? ln-unhing I ttlnd ; ana aRhmiuh unused i itranryr of political contest, ho I las triumphantly a stained hinuoli under difficulties oi the 1 it oat trying and appalling clmracter on tha tlelil nf battle, ' vhore a com Welti' n "f groat faculties are indlspea-atle to tucWrs?and has eminently aided in eh v atlnjt the chart .'Vr of tho lountry among the nttWns of the aarth, by gallantry and content to which the annals i f war pre net no ptraUvl. Hawked. That in biaearly and 'rank dee aratiou tlutt h: warn rliig, we hare an avowal and a pledge that he will carry out the irinciplcs and measures on whiui the whig party ia baaed, mil for wboue ascendancy it lias always battled. Resolved, That In tho promise he haa given to the er.tnhrf t.i , rave tbo busincis ot legislation to tho people's dirar. rcpreieu;i lives, where it properly belongs, we have an aaautan c that tha xlinue anti- American one man i?wcr will no lonrer t purple boicath ita feet the popular will aa expressed by Courc-c, and that .1 u rivers and harbors of the great West wiil f?el tin lusts ring tid of tlie government in lmpioremcnts wlii< ta they re die. Resolved, That in thia sainc promise w? nave a injur tr thae lit care and protection ul nomnn liicriy win not no mien oy my i*rallcl of latitude, and that bo will unction and approvn tny act of Concuss up 11 the momen on* iuhj*et of free nil, vlethec the territory affected the North or South of 3d deg. SO mR'solved. That our cordial thanko ura due to the lit inters of 3?ngrcss who resitted the attempts f the Southern e> nfed-raoy ;i< extend Lh? dominion cf slat cry over our newly acquired poo 4-iiiono. and fan ten ita blighting euntc ui-on the ahorse of tho re< and farl'aoitic; and that our thinks lire esiieeiaity due to IIon. r. A. Tallinadge, the at le Reprs ntaiive in Cong'' oof t'i<j fth District, f r the ability and a-siduous attention which le ban discharged hi* official dutiee during the late protracted tcssionof that body. Resolved, That on the groat fundamental principle o! hostility :'i the extension of human slavery, the position or the wbigs of f w York was early taken and liae been unflinchingly maintained. and we point with confidence to the unanimous rotes of >ur whig mcmUrsof t'ongress on every ^uottion inrolr-agthis piinciplu as an earnest ef uur oonviotiuns nud our lirmnest; we ippeal to our whig liiethron to stand by those who have never tomprcmieed. never trafficked, tit ver betrayed the free spirit ofth? North, rather thau the noiry new converts to free soil aud frc? ribor, who never ceased to truckle to the South tin'"! the bad pureed them with contempt from her Cornells, i refused anger to lejmy subserviency oy offices and honors. Resdved. Thai nhile ve adhore to tho police of ' |-?*ce with ill countries, entangling alliances with uoue." st uicily laid town for uiby Washington, we nevcrtbole s rpjoiec iu .he uprisirg of nntions from ages of subjugation and t. r ! foil, and laving cordially welcomed the accos?i u of France to the r ilaxy >f republics, we -hall 1 oil with e pial gladness tho cou- niuiatlsu >f Itaiy'sind' [ cadence, of Germany's un on, aud tl r ration if behind to her nucknt l La c among tne tree na -rsoi me sartlu Mr BARNKTr,of Indiana, was then introducod to the meeting, who said: Gentlemen. as n mum : of the State of Indiana, it gives me pleasure to see so much respect shown to my State. We have, unfortunately, m our .state, given, of late, what is called a . 00 foco majority, but will be all right in the fail We arc told, in Indiana, that you people of Now York were a stampede set of politlolans, who cannot hold a political meeting, without a light ; but 1 never saw a more orderly meeting than this. We are told, too, that the friends of Clay are orgunlzcd, and that the Taylor party was a motly party ; but I think you arc very numerous to night. I have bcuu a whig ever since 1 was old enough to think on the subject. Though I have been an advocate of u bank, and other principles, they were insignificant. in OOtparlaOB with the great principles whi.-h lie at thu bittoai. 1 am a whig, not becaute of iny devotion to Clay, Adams. Webftir. or :iny one tlM, but from | i-in jlple, and, like Brutus, not that 1 loved thorn lc.-s, bat because I loved my country more. Our Hug is respected by every nation of the world ; and that is because of our patriotism ; at^d. from these and other c :usidorations. I am a whig, and will atteini-1 to tell you why. If vie stood where our fathers did, In the formation of fbe constitution, wo would feel differently from what we do. We should feel that we wished the people, und not u. party, to rule. 1 am a whig, and would go as far as any other whig in the country. And Xachary Taylor says, lot the people, and not a party rule. He bus looked upon the principle for forty years, a nd yet he is denounced aa a whig because he will u>,t submit to the vol -c of th? people through the'r representatives, without Uie inti r'erence of ihe executive. I was at the convention of 1S40, and there was no great embodiment of principles sptkon of. At that time the custom house officers of this city wore a collar ou their necVs with the name of Martin Van Buren stamped upon it, and they were taxed to support the party. (A vol" '? The devil take him.'') No, I cannot say that, the devil has him in this world, and let heaven have him In the next. The cry then was. that the power should be In tho hands of the people, and not in the executive, in consequence cl the abuse of power by tho udininU'ration. We have now James K. Polk, whose course i is been more corrupt than his predscossors : aud shall we now make General Cars his "ucaossor No, we will go for Taylor and Fillmore, for in them we -hall have such men as will restore the country to its former f rospcrOtM condition. Then l?t us forgot our personal preferences and go for the whig ticket?the only whig ticket -and not tar that miserable apology for a party, the Buffalo humbug; and when the time comes, hope y< u will tell Mr. Van Buren. by your votes, t- use a vulgar expression. ne can t ^oroe n. mr, iotired nmid the shouts of the whole u?B?m> iitjy. and the band struck up the soul-stirring of the Mar Spangled banner." Cha*. Ku'Dlk. K?<|. was next introduced, ouspoke 1 rh tly touching the political cast of the whigp; y, and exhorted the whig young men to adhere to the ticket which bad beeu proclaimed to them for their - Jppott, and treated of the leading topics of the whig . .u'ty.? His adhesion to Henry Clay was linn, butcouMuot forsake the nomination oi the party for which it had toiled during his whole political life, lie had c intern plated upon the proceedings of the Philadelphia avention.nnd came to the conclusion that in Zachcry Taylor we had a good whig and true patriot, and ou-who would administer tile goTcrumout with pruden -e aud fJiscrction. There are those who have proios?<:d to be whigs, who, because of being <lhappointed, went oil to lluiTalo. aud there professed to be an embodiment of filty thousand dollars, to aid in the electior of that little weazel-faced devil of hinderhook; but they had nothing like that amount for any previous struggle; and he very much doubted their ability to a it now. lie admired the man who woul l honestly and e mdidly < ppose him, but despised tho miserable aemug'g ,J who iK,k?d only for self-aggrandizemcut, without regard to the welfare of h:s country. Dr. "White, of Virginia, next addressed the a. eting. lie said it was a great pleasure to him to be present at this Hireling Jfe was unprepared to speak, ba would say that his heart and soul wore in the trusted in Clod that Virginia would be with then, in the coming glorious result. Tho hand Chen struck up the beautiful air of < '.irry mo back to old Virginny. ' T? ,. . liAitwnis.l trWfi rm.. , ! . f flViil I lit- uicrtiu^ kliv li U'JJ vU* U';V4 nnu IUO " f)vv?? feeliDg. Ttualrlonl niul 3In?lcali BowenvTHi.ATHK.-Thi house w?< again < . wJcd lost evening, and the utmost enthusiasm prevailed. The performances consisted of the interestic; drama of the " Mines of Riga,' in which tho Mis?e? 1'enln have parts. Mr. Wlnans. also, has a very fun iy part in it?of a faithful servant, who rescues his young charges, the boys, from the subterranean car rns of the mines of Riga, and a party of ferocion1-i adits. Mr. Jordan. likewise, has a comic part, and :b - entire drama is a most interesting one, set off u k ?as by the handsomo scenery, ho., of the Bowery. Alier thin piece came the dancing of Miss Turnbull .ant Mr. Smith, which was most rapturously applauded. Miss Turnbull has evidently made up lier mind tc '.) her very best during this engagement, and she doc ndeeA dauco most admiral ly. After the farce of ' an) Lind," in which Miss Taylor performs the par: >,l the Swedish nightingale so amusingly, came the J. icing, by Signora Ciocea and Mr. Smith. Signcrc *o: also applauded very much ; she is a most g ireful dancer and moguillcent woman, and well worthy the high reputation she bears ns n luntetne. Mr Smith danced very beautifully wltii both tho ladies, certainly the patrons of the Bowery have now no cause to complain of not having beautiful dancing ' uough. Tho successful and beautiful operatic pioce, Midas, with Miss Taylor as Apollo, concluded the ant rtsiiimcnts. Apollo was tho _od of beauty iu the hcatheni mythology, and with Ml * Taylor to appear .11 him he certainly has a befitting representative, for she 1 Hiked most beautiful, an<l noted and anno; with much spirit and grace We refer to our lint of am n--meats for thi? evening's bill. Nim.o's Tur.arnr. A?to* pm k.?A very'.?r -and highly respectable assemblage attended this b autiiul theatre last night, to sec Mr. Ha ;kott In the ch.iraotrr of Hip Van Winkle, and tO:*'al!aghnn on his ) ;?t legs; and if repeated cheers be anovidenco of good siting, we are prr?ua<led Mr. Hackett has every reason to lx? proud of his reoeptlon last evening In our opinion lie personated the character of old Kip to the very life.? Abraham Iligg in bottom. by Vacbu, was also well sustained, as was in fact every character In the piece. We are not surprised at this, as Nlblo has I tli? best actors of the day, and hence the great si:-: -ss attending his efforts a? u manager. The con 'tiding piece was "Hi* hast l.egs." In will h Hackett austalneil the Irishman of genius, In a style that gaTe general satisfaction, and \ ache, a Hirer', uo-|uitted I: mself well. This evening nil the leading talent of com1>any will appear, and when it is known that ; 1 two 'laeldeg will perform, together with Dawson, and other sterling ccmed'ans, we are certata many wli' lm? to tako seats in Ike gallery, the house will be so cr ?, led. N.tnovsi TiiKAinr.?The house was tie: I last ovenlng wllh a mo?t re?pcctib!e audience, snl th? variou-performances prise lob |*ith great >. I . Tha very laughable farce of the' king and I," le which Mr C. Burke i.< so comical, as rcrkyu Pfefiuch. w*a tha first piece played. It is one of the most la 1-viable eiTairs m have 'sen lor a loug limo, and the rc.?ated lillrfif ? fif lumhtar irKlott If <tanan.l amnno thp o I m nom flK^wtd bow woil it was appreciated. .Viler a diu 3 *>y law inline, th" rouiantia drama of the "C'bii l.-an in tbo Wood ' wa* played, Mr J R Scott taking the part of Walter. Wo have mien tbo eider Wallaclt in !.b <pnrt; It need to bo ono of hi- fatoritu onee, we believe. Mr. Scott, however, performed It equally on well. nr. 1 ?an much applauded. The farce of the'*I.itt'e N in'concluded tne entertainment*. The National Theatre la. jiolnp abrad In One stylo; It 1? onpperted by a tit -at respectable set of pa'rona, and la not Inferior to any btusclnthn cRy In aeromnioda'lon* for vial; >. ? or In tho excellence of the entertain incut* afforded them. To-night Mr. Scott will appear in llob Hoy whieh drama will he acted with great rpleuJor. For the reft of the bill we refer to the advertisement. Bt bios'* Tin ?rrit.?Dickon boa gained * ii\*ri? allownnco of repute!! >n by thr very clever adep'itlon of hi* la?t work. "Uombey h Hon." which 1* o ? Mnf performed at Durton'a Theatre. The adralra'i e man* ncT In whiib the Tai ions charae1 ri In thl* !t og novel are piraonated rendnra the play doubly aiu Ming; they rrem to be old friend* whom one haa kuo? r, *ad suddenly brought out in propria prrvona. ) h*ep nlanso every evening I* most TO' iferoua. and though Mr. TooUexclaim*, ever aooften, that It'e c* no coneeqtienee," tbe audleno* do th'nk both him an t lh* pt?c? alio of the freai?n ;caee.>^ffceJ if cn? can ^<t<l|* , i