Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 25, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 25, 1848 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

) TH r~. - "T NO. 5196. ; OUR FRENCH LETTERS. Paws, Aug tl, 1841*. th(at Debate?Array of Parties?Holland for War?Taxation m France. The great debate upon the finance question was terminated, in a vote favorable to the government ?878too2.() This question was confined exclusively to the imposition of a tax of one per cent upon nn my loaned upon mortgage, from the re- j venues upon which the government expect to realise .550,000,<tflO, and is a part of a system of measures to be soon after produced, intended to carry taxa- | ..it .u.. _ -i 1 - ? iiua iv uu mm species cu propenv wincil escaped taxation under the monarchy. Upon being questioned. ust before the vote was taken, whether the government made this a question ot the portfolio, the minister replied that it did not this isolated qtippt'on, fait would do so the series of measures wtiich it would soon propose. The truth is, that Gen. Cayaigoac intends that tiie moneylenders, the rich men in the country, shall no longer escape taxation, but shall contribute their fair proportion to the expenses ot the government. This raises a terrible storm among that portion of the representatives who are directly interested in this question, us many of them are ; and nil the wealth (t Paris has been made to bear against this jnea&iirf, which wus dragged in by Thiers, and denounced as a companion of Proudhou's proposition. When 'liners was called upon to point out the sources from whence to derive the revenue t? meet the deficiency of two hundred and fifty millions ill 1*!!), he admitted there were none, and said they must borrow; and cited the examples under the monarchy. The minister told him he would not go iO the monarchy for lessons in liuunce ?" that he wished the sy.-tem of finance under the republic to differ from iliat under the monarchy; and therelore, perhaps, lie met with the oppositicfe of the Hon. Thiers " The minister was aroused, and cut loose from the old dynasty and its friends, fully aud squarely ; and her- after, parties in the Assembly w ill be more fully developed. General Cava ii mac intends to make France meet her expenses, and to keep down ike debt, and to make the wealth of France, the halt of which the minister said, had escaped taxation up to this tune, hereafter bear some iryiuwii vi un. i./tii 111i n iii uir rAj?rn?trs. i imre will be a terrific outcry, I presume, in the English press upon this subject, because there are a good many mortgages which will affect the pockets of Queen Victoria's subjects. After the developements ol yesterday, in the minister's speech, and those of a day or two before, Thiers and his followers may be regarded hs openly in the opposition. 1 presume the government thought it best to bring their opponents out to the public view, and there meet them, that all might take their posi tions more understundtngly. M. M. Thiers and Berryer sustained the opposition?the minister the government: there were some flying corps; but how lay the strength. Forgrave considerations as is announced, the report of the Committee of Enquiry was not made yesterday, as was expected, and a tremendous ru-h of people were disappointed. This mutter agitates the public nund. Holland has decided not to jield to the demands of the German" empire upon Limbourg, and will appeal to force to resist any invasion of her alleged rights. She has sent M. l.iclitenfield to Maistricht, fully authonsed by the king to concert measures with the authorities of that city, to pre, pare to defend themselves against the empire. I presume England comes in for a share in this arrangement ; for Holland is under her S|K'cial protection. The empire has hitherto been so successful that this appears like a small difficulty, compared with those which have already been overcome ; but, like Sclilerwig, and the Wilinot proviso, Liinbourg may rise ur> into a matter |of great consequence, ana draw the attention of the world to it. The President of the Assembly will move into his new mansion?here called hotel? this week. Obsk#ek. Paris, August 1, 1848. Interrogations to the Minister of Foreign Affairs? The Debate? (ten. Cavnignetc again. Yesterday the promised interrogations to the Minister of Foreign Affairs took place, and produced little information, or little else than a debate, which in* some respects was interesting. The minister said, that some days past there had been a conversation in presence of the committee of foreign aflairs, and notwithstanding the injunction of secresy, there had many prejudicial and absurd rumors got abroad, and that he thought there would be a grave danger in a public discussion touching the foreign relations of France, which j had been already recommended, by whit took place in the secrecy of the commission ; and that j he thought, at a moment of so much agitation and change of circumstances in motives, that it would 1 l>e unpardonable in him to make an rxposi which would be inimical to the interests and alliances i projected of France. We are happy, said the mi- i nistej, to see iferniany occupying herself with the J principles of fraternity and union, and other na- , tions place their hope in us. We are in an excel- ! lenl position to choose our alliunces. When the ; events permit us to make known our views and intentions we shall hasten to do so, hut I respect ' Iou too much, citizens, to speak before you when have nothing to say, and 1 have too strongly the j sentiment of my duty to pronounce words which might be regarded us un engagement, when the moment ior an engagement nas not yet arrivea. M. Muugiiiu, who |preferred tlie interpellations, was not satisfied with this response, and insisted that the government was hound to declare itself before tne Assembly, and he declared that the policy pursued by the government would lead to a general war, whereas he was for peace, lie was called ti|?on to explain himself, and he branched off into his theories, by n review of the history of events since 17!)0t and accused the government of double dealing, ol sending out a circular containing one set ol principles, and private agents to act upon a different set. Having proceeded to explain, he said the government sent agents into Germany and into Naples to play a double hand, nnd that France required u policy frank nnd legal. This brought Gen. Cttvnignac upon his leet, and he remarked, ' that under a monarchy these interrogations were not of an importance so immediate us under a republic; that, without any doubt, a minister would reserve Ins right to respond or not to a member who represented only his own opinion ; but if the minister answers, it may happen that his answer, in the debate which it may provoke, will produce an injurious effect upon our foreign relations, that this point of view we ought not to lose sight of; but the reproaches of the hon. minister of double dealing lie could not accept, and lie called upon him to specify, and the president of the Assembly told him be was at liberty to name perrons if lie could." The minister then asked if an ntrent had not been sent into I'tedinont, and another into Naples, with private instructions dilferent from the public instructions ? To the pledge being negatived hy Gen. Cavuignac, he said lie meant hy the foimer administration. M. llastide, who was minister then as now, then took the floor, and said that an agent had been sent to Naples to obtain Hn indemnity, that his conduct had been most honorable, and that, utter effecting his purpose, he had resigned, for causes w Inch it was not necessary to explain to the Assembly. And here this debate, important and interesting in many respects, terminated, without any further indication of the future policy of France in her foreign relations. General C'uvatgnuc intends to keep his own counsels. Observer. I'aris, August I, 1HI8. Suterh of iff. Provdhmt. <nul the I'n/r?Commit he > [ Inquiry?Search for Arms. M. Proudhon, yesterday, made his reply to the report of the committee upon his proposition, nnd the Assembly must Imvc credit for hearing him to the end. or i,early so, tit hn^t, for I believe the indignation grt w so high tlint he was nt Inst compelled to leuve the tribune. Ilis whole discourse w iis an attac k upon government?order, social and political, and the greatest violation ot the rules of p'opriefy thr,t has probably ever been witnessed. The Assembly, by a vote of (iftl to 2, passed to the order of the day, founded u)>on the following propositions :?' Considering that the pronosilion of Citizen I'roiidhou us tin mid icious attars upon the principle s ol public morality; that it violates property : that it encourages delation; makes an appeal to the w orst passion*, and con-ideriDg, moreover, that the author lias c diimniuted the revolution of February, in attempting to rendet it an accoinplice of the thiones w lucii he has develojted. the As- litbly pusses to the order of the day. i !>-re is ii ol (?! ;> mendi re, which would h-.ive w me thirty ie i ol li ving voted?tc r what rea?on J alii not i: form .a vary probably about, forth.' E NE MORNING ] M ini>i?-r of Finance rose and left the ehamVer, declaring to the Assembly t''at lie would not be pr'tsent to listen to such language and sentiments. There was a general burst of indignation. M. Thiers came to the tribune to place himself at the disposition of ths Assembly; but they would not permit liirn to reply, declaring that hut one sentiment, that of indignation, filled the Assembly. Upon the vote, the dtvisivn was called for, and tne result sut h as has been described. Suoli is the fate of this insurgent socialism, which hu3 been ustd by different agents and instruments to cause so much blood to flow in Paris, and which is far morp destructive to the existence of society than any other disease known to the country. The small pox and yellow fever kill only individuals? this insurgent socialism strikes a mortal blow at the existence of whole communities and nations f t annihilates government?property?family?civi lizbtion? and leaves only anarchy, civil war, and degradation. Among other Quixotic spirits, was that ol Monsieur Owen, from the United States, who proposed to demonstrate how labor could he provided for all, and the millennium be brought about, by the adoption .if some of his theories; 1 but the committee declined to hear him; and the prrss, which recited the history of his views and tflorts in America and luigland, intimated that as he had not been very successful in either ot those countries, it was hardiv worth while to make the attempt in France. The commission of enquiry has not yet reported, and, according to the number of arrests still taking place daily, there seems to be an uncertainty "when they can make their report. They have been now more than one month actively engaged in taking testimony, all of which, it is said, is to be published. The search for arms still is pursued with great vigor and success, and they are found concealed in every ingenious manner. Ousbrveu. Paris, July 31, 1848. Grand Battle in Italy?Twelve Thousand Prisoners?Prussia Refuses to Obey. The news from Italy is very important, and seems sustained in such a mannerthat it is here received as true, beyond any reasonable doubt. According to it, a battle has been fought between the Italians and Austrians, in which the former, ac coming 10 one accounr, nave maae u,uuu prison- era and taken 52 cannon, and killed and wounded 13,000 men; and according to another account, the j prisoners amount to 12,1)00; the cannon to 59, and nothing is said of the number killed and wounded- 1 We had before been informed of the sortie of the t Austrian? from Verona, and of their march upon ! Villafrnnca, in the night, amidst a thunder storm, ( by which they captured that village and commit- ted some devastations; and that afterwards, and | after the retreat of some small bodies ol the Italian ] forces, u more considerable force attacked the < Austrian?, and with very considerable success, t Subsequently a battle took place between Oosto- ( see and SoMM Guinpana, under the command * of General flaval, on the part of the kalians, who ' was sent to cut off the retreat of the Austrian? to ^ Verona, who, the day before, had advanced and , attacked the frontiers of it ivoli, and alternated the i passage of the Mincto. This counter attack on the 1 part ot the Italians appears to have been quite successful, in which tney made COO prisoners, and captured one cannon. This information comes to us under date of tire 24th of July, in an official foim. But under date of the 26th, from Milan, and r the 28th. from Switzerland, we haye received the r news ot the grand battle before referred to. which isnlso confirmed by the private correspondence in this city, and which the relative position of the two armies, at our latest anterior dates, renders probable. The last correspondent says the bulletin is in press, which will furnish the details; but that the principal (hcis are beyond a question. Should this prove to he true, ii will change the aspect of Italian allairs in upper Italy, whtch have been ant- I ficicntly sorrowful for the"last four or five weeks, i when disaster after disaster had left a dark shade I upon the future prospects of Italy* and upon the incapacity or treachery of the King ot Sardinia. 1 According to the Gazette dc Brtmc, which came to hand this morning, the Prussian Minister of i War, Schreckcnftein, has writien to the Minister of Wat of the German Empire, M. Penken, that i Prussin will not place her army under the orders ' of the Vicar General, nor swear allegiance to the German Empire, according to the order which had been issued to it from the French fleet. If this hi true, 1 do not believe the accounts which brought the news, that the Prussian King, in his counsel of ministers, had recognized the right of the Vicar to command, and the duty of kings and his ministers to obey. The two pieces of news are inconsistent and neutralize each other. A few days must furnish the public with the truth ; in the meantime, the combinations upon the chess board of the German States will put all anticipation at defiance. A war exists in Germany, but upon what side Prussia will be found, now appears to be as uticer-' tain as ever. Observer. Paris, July 30,184S. The Address of the Romans against tltc Russian Invasion?General Oudinot?Armand Marrast. The Russian army have entered into Valluclna, and arrived at Foskchan, and the provisional government having retired into the mountains, have issued a proclamation, which 1 translate as follows :? " Roman Brothers?Notwithstanding."nil our sacred rights, recognised and guaranteed by all the foreign iiuwtrp, inr iiupninu at uij uon arnveu nb ruMiruiiu ? Vou lmve proclaimed that the crosi should be your arms of defence. It is the cross ef justice. 80 fear nothing ; for if the Russians tread under foot the croaa of the evangelists, Ood liaa arma more poirerful than 1 their'a ; arma, with which he haa protected the Romans for IHuo years, against all their enemiea?arma, with which we hare conquered our libertiea in tbeao houra. Romans, the croaa ia the fear of our enemiea : and the croaa, sign of redemption, and arm of Ood. will be our protection, if we have confidence in it, and our ' sacred rights, which, hereafter, no force can take from ua. Nevertheless, the government which you hare named, sveing that the difficult manner with which you have humored tliem, haa not yet terminated?haa addressed an appeal to all the foreign powers who have etten lent their aid to ua. We have sent our agents, to demand auxiliary troops ; and, in order to be able 1 to negotiate with those powers, and to protest with arma in our hands, we liaTe thought it to be eur duty, to retire to the mountains, and to reat there upon the summit of Mount Krapuoks, which ia our sole asylum. 1 Romans, in the name of our sufferings for eighteen centuries ; in the namo of that liberty which you havo conquered forever?wo adjure you not to quit your mourning, before Rome shall be delivered. Preserve this love of country which you havo evinced to the whole world?preserve your courage and your contl! deuce, in your force, and as to the end, as you have dono up to this time, and Ood will be with ua. Romans. t lie Israelites were forty years in the wilderness, 1 and Ood was with them, while they had confidence? thus you can. Let us give tho fraternal kiss, and swear with us to preserve the country In our hearts, and not to lay down the arms of a warrior, nor the stall of a pilgrim, before we shall be able to give each other the kiss of regeneration." These men will light?and their nppcal to Europe and the world, ought not, und probably will not be mnde in vain. The reat of Europe will not be willing to sec Russia making her way to the Danube, Rosphorus nnd Constantinople, and swallowing up this 8 to 12,000,000 ol people the descendants ol antiquity, in the bowels of despotism. This address is quaint, but beautiful?it manifests the highest degree of faith ; at the same time appears to be strongly confirmed with the efficacy of means,?both of which are exceedingly important in a war among those people. They will fight for tlicir cross and their country,?and in such battles, men seek death, rather than avoid it. Let the Irish go to work in the spirit and the pow; erof the simple-minded people who Imve issued this address trom the mountains of the Danube, and (lie Hluck Nea, and their independence will he secured before the annual revolution of another , ma. Let them cease to talk, and begin to act. 1 i 11(1 uirjr ? in iiirj'i11- tviiiiurutx hiiumi- iiiriimnia, ntul the respect of other countries. It in riprctcntcd, that the news from Vallachia and Italy, tins produced a strong agitation in the Fr? nch iissenibly, and rumor nownssigne to General Oudinof, h destination in the Mediterranean, wheie he chii give Ills support to the Pope, against Austria, and even against his own people, if npecsMiiy?to this hitter idea, I do not attach much im| ottance, but it helps make up the budget, which intitule* Paris. 'J he President oi the Assembly is giving large soirci -, and hiring u number of boxes at the tlieatrer. Ior_ which he distributes bis tickets among the Ministers. Ousruvrk. Paris, July IT, ihis. / 'migration to the United States?Tf'P Condition r f the A'migrantt?Biciiv and her N>n> /Ting? Hinalutinrx of the German Umpire?Yvratan? Unglanil. Twenty thou and persons in Birmingham, England, it is estimated, are desirous of finding a passage to the United Nates All who can. among this class, are making their avaugementa accord W 1 * EDITION?NEW YOI ingly; md, it ia to bo hoped, that they will lind th< hospitality for which our country in so justly renown ed. The emigration thin ypar, and for years, peril ipi to come will be limited only by the means which thr poor bare to procure a passage. Let our people and our country bid them welcome?welcome to a land ol plenty, of liberty, and of glory, where all the indus trious and sober ran bo well fed and well clothed, with the proceeds of their own earning*. I think some ol the Luropenn governments may adopt the principle ol living aid to such emigration. Unless Kurope is to be involved in war, und men are needed for that purpose, it would be an arbitrary and wanton act to rextraiu them. We spread our empire over the Western world, tarry peace uud a good government wherever no go, ?nd provide territory and a government for the protection of famished, starving, oppressed and king-ridden Kurope. Our coui[Ueata and acquisitions are appropriated to those whose governments, perhaps, revile us. tie it to?the people are not to blame; they become incorporated with our soil, country and govornment, and .heir descendants become American citizens. Ah, shata title and a name -at this moment the sdiniru lion of the Old World?at this hour, and. for the re. mainder of the century, its exemplar. The people ol Kurope rush Into our arms, and none ever return. Krorn 400,000, the number would at onee amount to n Million. aunually, could the means hut be found for :ransportation. What a benevolent act would be the brmution of a charitable society in the city of New fork to receive und provide for. momentarily, the starring poor who reach that city in a state of destitution, ind strangers in a strange land. How much iafnrmadon. and direction for employment and settlement, ould be given to them, worth to them more than gold, l'lie road to the Kar West could bo pointed cut to :bcm, and the wanderers from this country secured gainst imposition. Let an American, that has h heart, jut see the condition of n imrtlnn of the i'iin??..n lulution, and he will never utter bo hoard to rs his roicesgitiust opening our country, fur arid wide. to rive them u home; and their oppres-icn at home will Leake them love and upprcciate, mora fully than wo ;?u, the value of free institutions. Sicily Iiuh chosen the Duke of Genoa, the second son )f Charles Albert, for her king Thus huTo tile Siciians severed themselves completely from the treaeher>us Ferdinand of Naples, The German Empire has resolved to offer to mediate between Austria and Italy, and a resolution has been ranted touching the question of alliances, offensive tnd defensive, and also one in reference to the United states?but what is the tenor of either has not been levoloped. England is preparing the public mind to sei/.a upon i'ucalan 1 say arize, because, under her condition, V'ucatan can only surrender herself into the arms ol :ome power. The United States ought not. It appears lo me. to adopt such a course as to tiring this ab nit. We can and we ought to give protection to Yucatan, ind to prevent Euglaud from possessing herself of that jountry. Let that question be pressed home by the !he people upon Congruss, President Polk, and the new Presidential candidates. The French press is discussing the subject, referring to the course of the English (overnnicnt an 1 press, und expressing surprise that America should leave Yucatuu and England to bring ibout Mich an arrangement. Yucatan has appealed ;o our gavanUMat, and if it be not responded to, she :ias a right to go to England. who will be glad of the opportunity to respond, and to receive her usury therefor, by swallowing up the principal by the rate )f interest. But of this we cannot complain, if we re'use. Do our people want to be bounded on the North ind the South by Kngland's possessions? Do they vant Kngland botwecn/us and the Isthmus of Panama? iVliat becomes of the declarations of our Presidents, ind responded to by the people, if this be permitted' 'rauce sees the importance of the question to us. and et not party politics blind ua to it. OBSERVER. Tilt' Position of Beneral Carnlgnne, [From the London Examiner. July 1>0 ] The multitude of reproaches which each day, vith greater vehemence, and in greater number, issail General Cavaignac, it is amusing to listen o. Cavaignae is a man of firm principles, and of he calmest energy. He was bred arid has lived n republican principles, and has no idea of modiying them, lie is attached to certain friends, and iscd to certain politicians ; he will not abandon htm.L Though a soldier, he refuses to go to war; hough a victor in civil strife, he refuses to aspire to empire; though he has conquered the red republic and communism, he refuses to exterminate, otto torture the fallen. CavaiVnac is, in short, as honest as he is liruve, as noble as he is simple. And numbers of his countrymen accordingly cry out agniiist him as a nullity. He is already beginning to share the fate of Lafayette, whom the court detested and calumniated as a liberal, and whom the Jacobins abhorred, and would have sacrificed as a moderate. It is quite evident that General Cavaignae will not long be head of the French Executive. M. Flocon, in the Kcforme, accuses him of wanting the courage of his position. The republic hasbcencvidentjy beaten back at the hustings of France, and in the streets of ? i ~i??i i una. i uicj^u uviu|ucoir, uiiu giuiiuuo u< iuc ??i buttle abroad, could ulone re-erect it. "March into Italy, send lleets to the Baltic and the Black Sea," exclaim the partisans of the military movement. The impassible Cavaignac merely shrugs his shoulders, lie studies the map of Italy in his closet with all the earnestness of Napoleon; hut, unlike Napoleon, he refuses to give the order foi marching without a cause. Scarcely has he escaped from the exhortations of the fanatics of war than Cavaignac is assailed on the other side b) the fanatics ot order. It is nothing, they exclaim to have overthrown the dragon of anarchy, if yot do not crush it and tread it into the dust. " Thest 10,000 prisoners; surely you do not intend to le them loose. Society will never be safe whils they exist. Send them to the Pacific." "I have neither ships nor money for such wholesale trans portation." " Slay them, fetter them," rejoin the itnjnlui/aUcs. Ilere again Cavaignac shrugs hi' shoulders, and replies, that though he may mce thousands in battle, he cannot send thousands t<. the scaffold or the galleys. The fanatics lor orde instantly set down (ien. Cavaignac as a man with out resolution or lotty ideas. The assaults made upon the President ol the new government by the friends at his side, are no less urgent and extrava gunt than those made by his opponents. " Whj net have a little ambition," plead those advisers " for your own sake, at least f Some one mus be elected President ; whv not make the efforts that Lamartu.e did, that Thiers does 1 Why no conciliate parties?(latter, make a cant on Ipgisla lion, or on war, ana men lay oiaim 10 tne nigi post that naturally awaits you!" To this, as K other exhortations, the unambitious and simple Cavaignac replies with the usual si.rug. lie n ready to accept honor thrust upon hiin ; but to in trgne, struggle, or lie tor it, such is not his nature The golden opportunity 19 lying before him, or day by day passing, and Cavaignac disdains 10 gras| it", acting on the principle ot htissez faire. let (vinenuns, lint upon this mood still treats anolhei tempter, who whispers, " General, if you have noi the ambition to strive lor yourself, why not lend your elforts to the restoration of a throne 1 Since you neglect to make yourself the lirst man in France for a time, seize the opportunity of making yourself the second personage in all France, not foi atime, hut permanently. He Monk,if yon will not be Napoleon. To this the reply is not merely a shrug but an indignant frown and gesture, calculated t< preclude forever the slightest repetition of such 11 proffer. And with such kinds of answers as thesi to all parties, Cavaignac is getting decidedly 1111 popular. Simultaneously, in both Times anc Chronicle, we see the outhifsting complaints o the republicansr/w ten ihiiuiin against the General who is accused ot being ridiculously true to his ole friends, instead of politically adopting new ones Cavaignac is accused of not giving office to mode rates, Hnd of acting under the friends of M Thiers. The truth is. he offered a fair shun of power to the friends of M Thiers, lie gav? ministerial offices to Lamoriei'ere, to lledeau he displaced Carnot, nnd turned his friend Has tide out of the foreign office, in order to pleas* uit- jmiiv ui ivi. j nirrt*. i>ui an mis wan ciime u vain ; the party of M. Thiers was not conciliated The CuvxtitvtHmncl continued as rancorous a ever against the republican. And M. Thiers friends, notably General Ik-deau, withdrew fron the cabinet, and forced the general to lling liiinsel back upon theexclusive support of the republicans The teunination of the struggle will no doubt bi the ejection of ("avaipnac from power, and the ele vation of Thiers to trie Presidency rite difficul ty in France, however, is not to obtain high office but to keep there. It is indeed impossible for air one to even aim at the Presidency of the Frencl executive, without his altempiing to win the sup port of \ annus and conflicting parties. It is seces siiry for him to give hopes at once to the repuhli cans und the Orleanists, for no one party has th majority. Even if this could lie done honestly how can it be done without exciting fearful di appointments, animosities, and difficulties 1 8' that, after all, ('av,iig?nc's 111 ty be the best hiv most honorable policy; to dolus duly, sliek to hi principles, court no party, and tm*$ez (aire lr* rr nmiens. IrrcBFASK si TttAvn, tiirotjoh tiik Fhanoonr Notch?8evt n years ago six horses and a sum coscb or covered wagon, were sultlrlciit to furnish or < onnuotlat :on* for all tlio stage travel between th town of Plymouth, N. II., and the Notch of the Kran conla mountain* Now, there are at least sixty hnr?e fully ployed, ami two nine passenger coaches tlail earn way, besides n srly nu <'<|tial number of eatr con -hes; and during the travelling season, It is not a unu rial thing to have half a huntlnul pass over th ?it! rv route to ami from the Notch to PI month, in tiay ?IhtUn T- ."il'tr, 23. >RK I IK, FRIDAY, AUGUST TIM* Trials for Hrillllon In Irrlamfi [From the l.onilon Time*. Auk. l.| What remains to be done ! There are said to be several cargoes of sympathizers, with money and j ' nrins, on their way from tfie States. They will, , I probably, discover their i ill l ike before they comr nut themselves further, and return home with no j other loss than llieir time. The result is a sufficient reproof; so we need not stop to ask what the 1 Yankees would have said if we had given sympi thy, money,arms, and men to independent Mexico, when they were wantonly invading it.? Another more serious <|uestion occurs. There are certain prisoners whose trials are to come on in Dublin this day week. The club men, though tliey have proved their aversion to the open liefa,

can yet persecute, and perliui>8 assassinate. The j dagger bus superseded ?he pike in public estinia- | lion. It is saia the Dublin shopkeepers are threat- j Plied liv their own stmnm. n vi-itli ruin uT.rt .n death, il they do their duty in the jury box, und.tl- i low the prisoners to be convicted. The shopkeep- j ere find it u hard struggle between honesty and j ruin. But when, we MK, have not honest mn had j similar struggles to go through 1 Do the Dublin | bourgroi* wish, by yielding to club domination, to i see their city turned into another Darts'! It is j better to be ruined by honesty than by cowardice, , and better that now hihI then that twelve men be damaged than a metropolis destroyed. We usstire the tradesmen of Dublin it is their interest to do their duty. 11 they do not see this, let them listen to a noble appeal. The eyes of the world are upon them. All Europe watches th? course of events in this country, and is constrained to do homage to our tranquility, and to the regular and efficacious working ol our laws. Let it then not witness such a scandal as the submission of our boasted jury to the dictates of an angry rabble.. Luetics Fnnliloua fur angiist. [From the Ladies' Gazette of Fashion.] Wp tire now in that reason when Fashion used formerly to repose from her labors ; fur the summer months, once established, remained without any sort of change till the winter ones were brought in. We have now completely changed that; it is true, that they are alterations of an apparently slight degree that i do take place ; but though slight in appearance, they \ are not so in reality ; for they may lie highly advantageous, or quite the reverse, tr> Hue tiguro or features Of the wearer We in at present fortunate in so far that the little change that bus been made is of a gene- j rally becoming kind ; The great hi at of the weather has brought light ma- j terials. both for robes and pardeisui, much more forward than they have yet li eu, with the exception of travelling dresses, and those for the early morning walk. The materials and lornis of robes are the same for both, nankin, unbleached cambric, and striped ginghams : the two first are atwuys made iu the rtdingofe form, and in a very plain style : high, close corsages ; tlie sleeves, either long or tight, or of the small bishop form : the only trimmings adopted is a row of buttons, descending from the top of tile corsage down the fiont of the sxlrt. The ginghams are made cn I Tlst Oil ni'f {n O it mo inefnw Ana m?5?V? 7. / , ....u .. v.r.PUjn cituivuir. , Wo still sco, in public promenade and carriage ' dress, pi-kin and tuileta robes, but they are by no j means in n majority ; bareges, gazea dr laine, moussetinrs de sne. striped and printed mulius; Faun- halt' I transparent materials, a mixture of silk and wool, and white muslin, both jaconet and clear, are in very : great request. Wo must not forget a material composed of goats' liair ; it is half transparent, of a very i tine kind, and in beautiful patterns ; it is quite a I novelty with us, but was some years ago very f.shion- i able in Prance, where it is now nguin very much iu I vogue. | Prune rnoMKNAi>K|DnKss.? Hose-colorrd taflet* cha- ; peau. a round, very open shape; tho garniture iH com | posed of a wreath Of yellow flowers. A voil of pale i pink tulle, and rose.colored brides. Green grog d'etti j robe; tlio corsage, round at the bottom, tight to the . shape, high at the hack, aDd rutlier open on tire bo- I som; Cemi long sleeves. Under-sleeves and cliemi- i sette of clear muslin, trimmed with Valenciennes lace, 'l he skirt i> trimmed with a single deep flounce, bordered and headed with a lull ruche of the same; ceinturo of ribbon to correspond; silver buckle. Fichu | mantelet of the material of the dress, rathet deep and 1 rounded at the back, descending iu short-pointed ends 1 I before, open Oil the besom, aud trimmed all round i ! with u full ruche. j Evening Dress.?Ilend-dress of hair u la Madonna. 1 I decorated with a wreath of pink flowers, intermingled j with w hite ones in the tufts at tho ends. White talMa robe, a low and deeply pointed corsage, trimmed round j the top with white tulle liouilionm-e, ornamented in ; , the centre with tufts of ribbon of a novel form, very short tight sleeves, similarly decorated, l-.ach side of the skiit is decorated with tulle bouillon nee, the bouil- | ions formed by tufts of ribbon; one that terminates the boutllonnco is of a larger size, and with floating ends. Young Lady's Dress.?Blue silk frock; corsage half I high, squnro on the bosom, and bordered with two rows j of blnek velvet ribbon. Short open mnncberon. simi- I larly bordered, over niiuiin sleeves a three-quarter length, and deiiii large; the skirl is trimmed with three j very deep tucks, each headed with three rows of velvet. : Black lace mittens. niMir ?iup, iormeu or a round pieco of | tulle, enohcled by a row of blonde lace, put ou nearly j plain, and trimmed on eacti able with a clusVr of cogue* of ro.-o ribbon, ited lilac tafTeta robe; n low 1 corsage, and sUcve a three-quarter length, open to the i elbow, and tiinuued with two rows of black velvet ribr bou Muslin under aletves, the lower part ducorated with two deep fulls of lace English lace pckriue. ! From Sat.t Lake.?We learn from it young man who arrived last evening on the Cora, that in > coming from Kort Laramie to8t. Joseph, lie fell in with 1 a small party consisting of four or live families of Mor' mons, in four wagons, direct from the settlement at t the Salt Lake, which place they left on the 1st ot May. t Tlx y Informed him that there was a good deal ot suf> feting among the Mormons for want, of provisions. They were obliged to k'll their working cattle for food, and their stock of breadstults was nearly exhaust'd. Their wheat and barley crops had been entirety de' stroyed by crickets, which appeared in astonishing ' numbers, and, like the locusts, destroyed overy kind ot ' vegetation in their path. The Mormon emigrants, r consisting of about seven hundred wagons, in live companies, were met at Ash Hollcw. ou (Matte river, one hundred and twenty llvo mites this side of Kort Laramie. They were getting on well, and had plenty tf provisions.? SI Lotus Organ. ('<UMTS < tintsTi.? We leurii Iro.ii good authority , that Col. Kinney has made arrangements to ret open and deepen the channel through the fists near , Corpus Christi. Complete soundings huvo been taken, I m a it is certain that the channel will be made, prneticable for vessels drawing eight feet water, whence they can approach the town without difficulty. This work 1 has been undertaken by Col Kinney at his own ex' pense, sod when it is completed Corpus Cbristl will ! become tlie most important of the Gulf ports being l the nearest favorable point to central and northern Mexico, it must necessarily be the depot for all the trade of that section of country and also the point of reslilpmcnt for all public and private property going to 1'aso del Norte, which is destined to be a. great ceni tral mart.?Aetr Orleans Crescent, Jin 14. f Thk Western Hi vers.?The recent very hot [ and dry weather in the West lias had the effect of I ; drying up the rivers. The St Louis Hcpuhlimn of the ' i 1 fith inst , says: ' The upper .Mississippi and Missouri have readied quite a low stage. and navigation in 1 both in becoming difficult and hazardous. The last boits down from Keokuk report but twenty-two r inches on the Lower linpids. and scant four fert and a half thence to this city. Tho stage of water in the Missouri has been reduced to throe feet oti the princiJ pal bars above, nnd from three and a half to four feet on those below Brunswick. The Illinois is also do, ' dining rapidly, nnd the last limits down report scant ! five feet on Naples and Beardstown bars. The river | I opposite this citv continues to recede slowly, with a I, channel depth of between seven and eight foot to t i l alro." j Nb\V SaI.T STRINGS AND THE S\t.T IhsINKSK ?A new salt sunny, yielding u good article of' brine, 1 has recently been put in connection with the salt works at Liverpool It is 100 feet deep, nnd is worked ^ to tho entire satisfaction of all the manufacturers. Another is now in process of being dug a few rods west of the old Syraeupe spring. Tlie pipe, seven inch ? bore, lias b'-en sunk to the depth of .11:! feet, with every prospect of finding an abundant supply of ? brine equal in quality to tho other springs. Tills will I soon be put in operation, which will make tile number of springs from which briuo is obtained for tho ^ manufacture of salt in this city and vlclulty as fol, lews: -Two at Liverpool, three at Salina. and three at Syracuse. The seven springs in operation now, it is J. estimated, will furnish 1,MO,000 gallous of water in ? iweuiy-iour ucurn wmrii win on uiorrjmi oy ill" now spring to nearly 2,000,000 gallons. Tho salt business, B unlike every other manufacturing enterprise, is rapidly increasing The aggregate amount of salt manufactured between the 1st of January and middle of August last year, is 1.078,804 bushels: and during the ' same period of time this year 2,002.1114 bushels, show^ ing an increase of .".S8,240 bushels. A ready market is 1 found for all that can be uinnufiietured. and the de' ii,and lor it increases ns its good qualities beoome i- known The manufacturers hare' cooled <own" in order to lake advantage of this extremely warm wea tber to clean their kettlea and other apparatus In the course of a few days these immense work shops ' will sgaln bo in active operation, as a prrsslng demand will not allow murh time for respite. We have spent 'j a few allernoona in travelling through the large (bids ' eovered witli suit blocks, and feel it no less a pleasure * than a duty to hear testimony ta the uniform good :- order In all tho departments of these largo and extensive manufacturing establishments. The great number of persons employed, not less than such excellent A arrangements experience has rendered perfect, im|] presses the visiter with some idea of the magnitude of the salt bu"inei^ Tho whole of those works are under a faithful superintendence, and are alike a source of !? revenue anil pride to the State of New York and its j central city.?St/roc v?? Journal j M n.iTAiiY?We leurn that two conipunies of ilia * 6th regiment were mustered out of service at Nown port. K I., on Tuesday, and that about 100 of thos? e who received their dlschaig" arrived in this city yes a terdsy. via the Provl IsrfV Hailroad.? llollsu f'ee'ir, 24 Jf X* T> A X JDi XV 95, 1848. Windham, Conn , August 21, IHI8. b Railroad JWiawi?77ic Prewdentuil Camping a? Politirt in Connecticut?The Herald and it* ? Corrttpondtncr. a Thp Yankees are enterprisiii" people, and in no 'I circumstances ran they he planed where they ire ' unable to turn their condition to good account. t, Their propensity to come down like n rat, ever ? "right side up," is recognised ami appreciated '' the world over. Nor was that man a lunatic who j I .U_. _ X- C 1 1 I' 1 -1- > J I snio nun a icn ijiipiauu 1 wuvre, cuumeii ucjwn ^ to a rock, would manage, either b> honk or crook, j to keep soul and body together. This Yankee go-n-headittveness is the life of n our glorious Union ; and though it not unlre- ? iiueiitly shipwrecks its tndivual possessor, it eel- " (loin fails to redound to the advantage of the pub- v he. The proposition is illustrated bv our railroad a system. There ure 111 the United States Home 1 A thousands of miles of railroad in active operation ; I n, one hundred various lines, connecting almost ! every considerable city, town and village through- " out the entire country. Yet of these hundred Jit- IV ferent lines, how few there are which have re- n| sponded to the expectations of those who have n lavished their wealth u ion their construction ! ()| One would imagine that the capitalist who |n watches the sales of stocks reported in the ILnihl, |M would hesitate long before investing his money in the visionary projects which are sturttng intu ! p existence, like mushrooms, all around its. i pi Such, however, is not the fact. With lite know- i n, ledge that $100 of railroad investment frequently |>< depreciates, in a few years, ten, twenty, forty, and , Ul sometimes seventy percent.?with the knowlege ! that many existing linen declare no dividends, or ' cc pay them with money borrowed for thai express ! w purpose, capitalists are still relaxing their purse- j in strings, and embarking their means upon an un- se known ocean. _ Let us not lie understood as ob- | pi jecting to all this. Success to the railroad system ! s< it is the same to the body politic as the arterial Ji arid veinous svBtems are to the body physical; II and though it is nursed by the riches ol the nio- R neyed aristocracy, such nursing is only a generous R yet involuntary contribution which wealth pays to b the necessities of the communi ty. _ pi The borough of Willimantic, in this town, is p| situated on a river of the same name as the bo- c rough itself, possessing great facilities for manu- g< facturing purposes, and surrounded by a fertile and h enchanting country. It has already some six or tf eight large mills in successful operation, and bids hi fan to become one of the most important villages ti in the State. Its central position and its great need In of belter means of transportation have attracted to ni it the attention of railroad men, and it is just now si beginning to feel assured that it is soon to be ar blessed with railroad facilities. No less than three he lines?the famous " air line" from New York to Boston, the Hartford and Providence, and the NewLondon.Willimanfieand JSp'ingfield?are laid out diree'ly through Willimantic ; and the last two will certainly be built. As for the "air line," or, as ',u it is familiarly staled here the "nir-tmht," it is a he project not destined soon to be consummated, of The Connecticut river, at Middletown, is an insa- <lii peruble obstacle to its construction. A low bridge, ?u even with an eishty-five feet draw, would scarcely lis permit the passage of such a stream as the noble l'i Connecticut; and it is, in our opinion, hardly n." questionable whether the courts would permit JjJ1 such n bridge to stand, in prejudice of the trade of a city likr Hartfoid, especially when a suspension, like that in progress of erection at Niugnra, or a of feny, as at Albany, would answer all the purposes bil of a low bridge. There is little doubt that Mid- Bi. dletown has been indulging the idea of killing c1' two birds with one stone?of connecting herself Mi with Boston and New York by railroad, and, at Nl the same time, diverting n portion of the trade ol ^ Hartford to her own wharves ^ Be this ns it may, we fear the " air line" scheme w ill prove an abortion ; for, beside the difficulty of raising the necessary means of con- Ii siruction, even with the aid of all the arts of all II the kinds of humhuggery and knavery imaginable, U the obstinacy w-iili which Hartford opposes the l'1 project would knock the brains out of any scheme having no better founded pretensions than the one ul 1/1 question. The cry of" repeal," which Hartford still continues, would fix the fate of the "airline" without auxiliary aid. _ But when she applies herself to the work of building a rival road from Connecticut river to Providence?thus supplying ; a convenient link in the line of road from Bostoi/ i Bi to New York?she effectually extinguishes that last j UJ faint spark of vitality which lias kept the "air- ' line" warm for the last year. ft( The construction of the Hartford and Proyidcnnce road is no longer problematical. The dis- oi tanee from Hartford to Willimantic, (some thirty hi miles,) is all under contract, ana ground has been w broken at vnrious points along the line. Workmen are also engaged upon the bridge at Hartford. and within fifteen months the road wijl lie in full ? operation to Willimantic. The extension to Pro- ^ vtdence will soon follow, and the business and ij, trade ol Kastern Connecticut will he diverted into | new channels. 1 t?i The New London road, as far as Willimantic, 1 ly is also under contract, nnd the work is progressing j actively all along the line. By the terms of its I f charter, the company is required to expend the i ? sum of i|200,000 upon that part of the road between r( New London and Willimantic before the 18th of ; ^ June next; anil the work is evidently affected by ' w the stimulus of the requirement. Whether the ; 1< road will ever lie extended to meet the Western t road at Springfield or Palmer, is a problem which * time* alone can solve. j 4. These two roads, when completed, will doubt- j less be a great accommodation to all this section j of country. But whether they will accommodate i v, the fockets of the stockholders is quite another j question. They will most certaiuly he relieved of j ni any inconvenient surplus of cash they may chance I <> to have by them, nnd may also get their con- j Jl sciences quieted on the score of doing something ; *' for the public good. Further than this we deem i it a matter rf sheer speculation to inquire, and n shall leave it to other hands. We may add, how- tj ever, that the article in the Herald of the 18th inst , p relative to the Norwich and Worcester road, ad- r momshes us not to invest our funds in undertakings IN marvellously kindred to the one which the said article animadverted u|>on. ' The Presidential campaign has, at last, opened '' in.earnest. The several parties, with their several eI leaders, nave abandoned me eani|> and council ^ room, and taken to the open field. Anticipation is bafHcd in the attempt to calculate the result of the ec conflict. We only knoyv that the United States will have a new President on the 1th of next *? Marc h, provided the second ndventists sailer the world to stand so long. The democrats, as a party, with the saving ol a radical defection 111 the Empire State, seem to he pretty well united ; and 11 were it not for the question of slavery in the new di territories, < feneral Cass would get into the White c< House, without difficulty. But ihe very arguments I 'l1 that serve him lust at the North, operate directly Jf1 against him in the South. His success hangs (if V upon anything) upon ihe maintenance of ht? neu- J traliiy. Should he wink at the South, the North ni is lost. Should he smile upon the North, the , si South will kick out of the traces. " No legisla- ' pi lion lor Territories," is the only battle cry which 11 can lead htm to victory in November. ?( As lor (ieneral Taylor, had the election eonie off a year sooner, he, as a candidate, would have I JJJ routed the enemy, horse, foot and dragoons. p. fortunately for him, 11 thousand influences, during | f0 the last year, have insiduously, yet certainly, been i Ci undermining that great |iersonaI popul iriiy which ; $1 is his main dependence id the struggle. Should j b? he fail to lend the whigs to a regular Buena Vista , B triumph, that party may thank ilieirown folly and j *' madness for such a result. Ar<nt.< vtrrotu. " We make n<? pretensions to the power of second sight, or mesmeric prescience yet we venture to p predict that Mr. Van Buren will he found, after r< the 7th of November, where the race-course nogs I that ran against Eclipse were found?tuV/e/iVrf? ii nowhere. Allihe States in the Union, we believe, P or, at least, all the free States, choose electors by ^ gem nil ticket; and in all but Massachusetts, a 0 plurality elects. In what Northern State can the ? Kir.dernook juggler carry a plurality1? In our hum- ! hie opinion, a cut in . without claws, would I command move respect than Mr. Van Buren will rec? ivc at the hands of the electoral colleges of the North. I After all. it matters hut little to the country I whether C-J ?nor:?1 Taylor or ( General Cass in elect- , 1 cd ; either would, doubtless, guard flic best intc- (| rests of (he |iCoplc, and neither could disturb our j existing internal policy, or check the progress ot I w anti-slavery tendencies. The conflict is, itrfarto, ti a scramble lor the spoils, and "every man t??r himself" is the sentiment that actuates the leaders of tl euch of the parties. Connecticut will vote for?the Lord knows who. P Gen Cass'chances for carrying the State are an- j petlatively small?Geo. Taylor's comparatively J t-mnller, lind the Kiaderhook juggler's positively i p) smallest than all. As in other Stntea, the old whig pal: v | foper ? as thrown on its beamends by the )i action of the Philadelphia convention; and what- ti ever it (Iocs, is from caprice, not principle, still, * ' 'orrt'cut w. 1 count on- omevyhore, s.ii a -' > f' t 1 LD. TWO CENTS. hrpwdly guess thnt somewhe.'e will be fonnd in '( '?sh and Under" neighborhood. TTif Herald is read here with infinite relish. 'What a cunnintr dog that Vre 'lioctor' is"?said n old veteran to me the other day, a ? he rose from e perusal of your correspondent's letter of the "nil inst , on the last night in the So?ate, on the report lull. "It does me pood to read such letre," he continued?"thank htm for nm\ my boy, nd say an old man's blessing is on h'm b?r a ulf hour of pleasure gained." OnoLiiiir.-fca. t'AMimiDOE, Mass., Aug. 22, 1HI8. Iambi idftf College Commencement?Ftntndt.it ionof a S< initifir School, SfC. Perhaps you, Mr. Editor, and your numerot*? ^udera, would like occasionally to hear what i? omg on Ht this nnc.ient ho<1 revered college. It 8B the first college established in this country, nd bus always been looked ui>on as the first ill tnerica ; Yale, (icrhapfl, is us good ; but then 'I i? ot as well cared for us this. Just to think of the iHgniticent endowment made not long since, by Ir. A. Lawrence, of $100,000, for the foundation f a scientific school. That munificence is almsl without a parallel?he is one of the true ruea F the land,?the people would have honored him, id it not been for some of his friends at the Ptudelphia convention. A large brick house hus ?en erected, designed for the scientific srhool.? rofessor Agassis, as is well known, is one of the ofeseors in the school?a man, whose fame i? >t confined to this country: he is as well, if not tier, known in the scientific world o^fhe contint of Europe, as in Cambridge. A Inrge number of students are expected to he in illege next term, '/'lie number of freshnren who ill enter, is unusually great. Every department i college, will present great advantages to the eker alter knowledge. The law school will ben under more favorable auspices than it has for une terms back. There Hre two professors? idge l'urker, (formerly Chief Justice of New ampshire,) who commenced tils labors last term; Ir. I'arson's was appointed this vacation, and also, Ir. ltexter, who supplies the place made vacant y the death of Mr. Wheaton?ne is not properly a rofeseor, but u lecturer. Commencement takes lace on the Sid. The city on that day is very rowded, and it is almost impossible foranvstran er to gain admittance into th? church; so if you nve any friends who are coming, tell them not to irry. if it were not for the college here, this vilige would not be of much importance; 1 suppose lat more than half of the houses in the place were u!t as lodging places for the staoeats: a great any are dependent t/pon the college tor their aubs fence. should these imperfect lines meet with iy kind of favor, it will he agreeable for you to ar from Harvard, occasionally. The Selection of IH4H. The Washington Union, in reply to a correspondent, ts forward the following statement, which must regarded as the official estimate of the friend* Generals Cass and Iiutler. it will be seen that it fers but slightly from our statement of what we rerded a* the democratic estimate, and whioh we publied in the llnnhi on the 17th inat. In adlition to e 143 votes claimed by the editor of the Union, we med North Carolina 11 ; Georgia. 10, and Loul:na 0. electoral votes?total ISO votes, as claimed by e friends of ( ass and Butler. But to the statement and remarks of the Union,? We have declared of late, that we regard theeleotioa Cass and Butler, as now safe in ail human probaity?our friends of course, still continuing to do sir duty. Our figures are as follows We positively lim the following States for Cass and Butler.? sine 0 Alabama 9 w Hampshire 0 Missouri T ? nnsylvunia 20 Arkansas 3 irginia 17 Michigan r> iuth Carolina 0 Iowa 4 bin 23 Texas 4 ississl|rpt 0 Wisconsin 4 idiana 12 ? linois l? Total 143 ring seven votes more than are necessary to elect a resident But, in addition to these States, we hold int Cass may now calculate with great confidence pon receiving the vote of? Georgia 10 Louisiana 6 .'Inri.lo a Total 19 We deem it proper to .'ay, that we hare not felt enrely confident of carrying all thine lant named State* ntil i|Ulte recently. We nre now. howeTer, in posseson of information :<s to the state of feeling in eanh of lira, upon which we fully rely; and this information. Jded to the result in Noith Carolina, and the spirit Isplsyed at UulTalo, leaves little reasonable doubt on jr mind that they will all three vote for Cass. He, awevtr, will, in all human probability, bo eleoted, as e have eaid. cren without one of their It) rotes. Of the remaining States we do not conceded to aylor:? tunncre l'S Maryland 9 innecticut ti North Carolina 11 cw Jersey 7 ? lawnre 3 Total 43 In i nch of these, as we think, the struggle is to be ry clo e anil doubtful, in Tennessee it wllioertainhe fo. i nters the best informed politicians are derived, Cars ha > full as good a chance for this State as aylor. in calling the remaining Are of these last miied States very doubtful we state our impressions nly. formed upon the best information within our ?ach. We do not profess to know as muoh about hem?especially New Jersey?as of the States whlob c hare named before. Delaware, in 1344, gate Clay iss than 300 majority; New Jersey, with near 80,000 otes, gavo < lay about 800 majority ; Maryland, 1th about 70,010 rotes, gave about 3,000 whig majortIr; while Tennessee, with 190.000 rotes, gave Clay isjority of 114. On the whole, then, we regard the ection of Cass and Duller a* sure; and we believe lat they are nuite as likely to receive 900 electoral jtes. as to receive less than 17ft " We think the editor of the Union weakens the force id effect of his statement by refusing to oonoede to en. Taylor, Florida, Tennessee. Connecticut, New frsey. Delaware, and Maryland, all of which States re now in possession of the whigs, by the last elecoi s, and all (except Florida, which was not then a ember of the Union) voted lor Mr Clav in 1844 As we have said before, we consider the following aa le contested States, or the battle ground where the residential election is to be decided, via ? ennsylvania 96 Louisiana 3 [orth Carolina 11 Iowa 4 eorgia 10 Wisconsin 4 bio 23 ? idiana 12 Total M To be elected, Cass and Butler must have (J2 of the cctoral votes of the nbove States, In addition to the i conceded to them by the whig- Taylor and Killore require 30 of these rotes, in addition to the 110 mreded to them by candid democrats. We shall continue our statements of public opinion id prospects in the coo tested States. liiviv Intelligence. Si'rit.Mi: < oi bt, August 24.? Mill ?/ Ilophrl vt. /!. 'nttirr?Tills is a suit under the new code, to reoorer umages for a breach of promise of marriage. The implainant states shortly.that the parties had beea acuaintxd for IS months; that, during ail that time, the pfvtidant bad been most assiduous in his attentions > the fair plaintifT, and requested her. at leaat a ozen times to merry him; that she consented to da <, and afterwards requested him to perform his proline; but that be then and them refused; wherefore le sustained damage to the amount of $1000, and rayed relief ike To this short and pithy statement, le plnintiiT filed an answer of which the tallowing is a )\>y rrrhat m ami 'ilrratim ?''Defendant denies that ij has promised A. Ilophrl to marry her; that she has remised and agreed to marry him. and that she has quested him to marry her. Therefore, and princtilly out of the reason that the plaintiff is not fit, as rthe stature. t<> marry and had no damages at ail.ahe in not be entitled to summon for a money demand of 1000 in the nature of pecuniary damages.the case may i opened, the witness to be reserved, and trial had at le city and county of New York -- August 22, 1848 --B. awser. It will be seen that Mr. Hawser by his pleadig. does not deny the soft impeachment, but very ilroitly raises a new Issue and a very new one Indeed.; >r it Is the first time we ever heard that a lady was recluded from coming Into a court of juatlos to seek sdress in consequence of being under site ; but Mr lawser lias distinctly raised the Issue. Here it i and principally out of the reason that the laintiir lf> not lit. :u" lor iu? nv?iur?, ui innrrj." 1 np ecieion In thin o?nse will bp most important, not nly to Miss llophel, but to the ladies In general, inaswch as It will determine whether eh* herself is of lifflcivut elaturo to marry or not; and a rule will, ouhtless. be made, by which ladles who may be simiirly circumstanced hereafter are to be measured, and heir riaet height in feet and inches ascertained, be>re they ran bring an action for a breach of promise r marriage against a faithless swain We shall, icrefore, watch this cause with the most intense nxiety, and report the proceedings in nfnto Svriaion Coi sr. August 21?At Chambers ? Before iidgc \ anderpcel Hmhrat Ci-rpui?C'athatine Walsh stained on lllarkwelt s Island under the ragrant act, as brought up and discharged, on the ground of error 1 the record of conrictlon. Isaac llilhcrt a I S soldier, was also discharged on ie ground of being a minor. I.ouIh Dsy, l.oula t Sampson, and aeraral others, art of >be crew of the frigate Cumberland wore rougbt before Chief Justice Oakley, and claimed leir discharge <>m. the ground of minority Tlrey ere remand, d. the eridenec not being deeeaicd raft lent CeMifos Ti.rss, August 21?At Chambers- Befors udge I'aiy Mary K?arney and Rixiost M'jsith, d?iJi i! rn ntacl'.WeH's Island under the TWjrsut act. i r- discherssd bect't'o of srr?r in tb*- reccr.U 9f *B1 ict'.cn