Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 27, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 27, 1848 Page 1
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^ , HP i I - 1 fi I pr ~ ~ NO. 5198. SHIi CLOBIIV a SBIAILS OF TIIK EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE xib.1 r.iv bu n j THE STEAMER CAMBRIA LA&T W K K It . Our Paris Correspondence. Paris, Aug. 1, 1848. Stench Flttl and Aimy in the Adriatic?The Demand of the Poj>e u/iim France?Alliance of France and England?Circular of Russia to Prussia and Denmark. Notwithstanding the guarded manner in which the government attempts to keep its own secrets, it is believed that instructions have been given to the French navy and army to send an expedition into the Adriatic Sea, and upon the request of the Pojie of Rome to this effect. That t .e Pope has brought his mind to make war on Austria, there seems to be little doubt; and it is said that his despatches, of the nature referred to, have been received, and res|?oiided to, by the government of France. There is also another strange reason, and that is, that England and France are now u|K>n sucn goou terms as 10 nive eniereu into an arinngement, by w!ii(h ilicy nr?- to insist upon Austria's discontinuing the war in Iialy ; and that this demand i- to be sustained by the fleets of both nations. This piesents an entire new view of the subject, itud a much more favorable one thun any other that lias been sugite-ted, tor Austria Mould listen?gladly listen, undoubtedly?lor the Archduke John is not a tj rant, like Metternich, and would, doubtless, be glad of a f 1 ir opportunity to withdraw from a war which is so contrary to the present sentiment ol Europe, and ot the feeling which has given existence to the empire ot which he is the chiet At the same time, it would leave him more ieisure and means to arrange the "serious difficulties that are rending asunder Austria herself The Court ot Kussia has just addressed an lmpoitant circular to its agents in Germany ; in which, after reviewing its friendly policy towards Germany for the last 40 years, and , the ri rent causes of complaint which it has against Gem any, declares that its armament is solely for the purpose ol defenc?that it bus no idea of invading Germany, and never has had?that all the allegations of ine Geiman press, public bodies, and members, to that efleet,aie wholly untrue, and that iI is to undi-eeivs the well intended spirits that rlii.s declaration is m de?that in the midst of the present convu sions of Europe, Russia teels the nect saiy of being i-i? pitied; hut that so Ion" as she it- not disturbed, nor tiie old arrangements uisturbei , to her detriment, she will remain on y upon tl,? defensive? the.t the di-positiou of the Emperor is peaceable, and hut for that he had ample justitit ution lor a war attainst Germany, in four distil ct particulars, win. h the circular points out? and that his agents are instructed to lay a copy theieol before each ol the German courts. The circular adds, that although the Emperor has not much faith in the new ex|ieriments ot western Europe, lie has no dispo.-itiou to interfere with them as long as they uie not attempted to be imposed upon him, and are limited to other nations than Russia. The document is both dignified and picilic as to western Europe, lie says nothing cl hisQui'entioiis in the East, nor does he give any pledge beyond western Europe. Th" armistice between Piuseiu and Denmark has been definitely ruptured, and jet, I believe, there are to be some lunher attempts to form a new one; but this difficulty seems to be a most ob stw&te one. While the que Hi on pending is not veiy ifiq ortnnt, both patties ap|>ei'r 10 want to settle ii in the field, and 1 tun inclined to think it will be settled there, aCleast some further preliminaries of it. OusKKVBa. Paris, August 2, 1843. JLatrr News from Italy?Less Favorable?These /.'ay*' Fighting?Condition of Austria. The victory reported by the Italians, turns out to be rather a defeat. There has been hard fighting for three days, and the Italians appear to have behaved bravely; but the Austrians were in force beyond their ex|>ectutions, and soon forced the Italians from their positions, and relieved Verona and Mantua, and forced the Italians firat back to Villafranca, and tkance *to Gioto. The prestige and tin.Tale of the issue appear, I think, to be with the Austrians. An Austrian despatch claims a complete victory, and says their left wing has advanced to Cremona, and retaken Rivoli. The Austrians were evidently in possession of the {righthunk of the Miticio, ana are acting upon the oflensive. While this success is attending the Austtiun arms upon the field of buttle, their affairs at home are vastly improved. The election of the Archduke John to the head of the German j Empire, connected with his appointment of Lieutenant General of Austria, has given a great im- j pulse to Austrian power, and dnue much towards strengthening the government, und arriving at ad- , heston and character at home and al|roaa. The difficulty with Hungary appears to be in a train of adiustment. and to have so far succeeded that Hungary has raised a large army to be sent into j Italy; it was in preparation lor marching at the latestdates, and ere this is undoubtedly upon the road. In connection with this Austrian movement, and the divisions among the Italian councils, and at Home, ana the i treachery ot the King of Naples, and the indolence, or incapacity, or treachery, of Charles Al- | bert?under these circumstances, the face of Italian affairs wears a sombre aspect at this mo- 1 ment. The Bourse at Paris was seriously affected 'by the news ot yesterday; stocks tell very much; and little business was done. The speculators anticipated that the cause of the Italians was gelting to he extremely critical, ll not desperate; and that it would involve France, injure the eleciion of the Archduke John to the head ot the German empire, if ihe empire succeeds in sustaining the power* which it claims, and of commanding the armies of the several States, as giving Austria a controlling influence in the affairs of Germany, and a very powerful influence in those ol Euro|>e; and very likely it will enable her to adjust and to control the difficulties, by negi tiatiou mid lorce, in the interior of her own dominions. This {State, recently so divided and so powerless, may yet become a mighty power, by the strength which she will absorb irom the oiher Germanic States, through the influence ot the head of that empire. This would be nn unforeseen event to Europe; and should Austria thus be enabled to bring the power of G'imany into the Italian war. even France will find a competitor, upon the Acbge, Po and Minno, worthy of her gallantry, hih! her glory. Such may be the mutations in political affairs. OnsrsnvKR. Paris, July 17. 1D48. JEletiion of the Archduke John?It it CemttquenctM? France, Italy a in I Germany, in* l'ranklort Assembly hHve m?(lo the Archduke John comprehend, that the two offices of Vicarot I he German Empire and Lieutenant of the Emperor of Austria, are incompatible, and they have drawn from hi in a warm declaration of direction to the empire, and a renunciation of the agency with which the Emperor of Austria clothed him. This sustains the views wl.lrh I hart presented, that the empire Is to command, if It has any power, nnd the Slates are to oboy. I n other words, there is to be reserved to the thirty-*,,Ten Gorman States just so much power a* the German Kmpire does not arrogate to itself or render Incompatible bjf Its organic laws, or its sets passed in pursuance of these law*. How long then will the question of peaoe ?r war with Italy, b permitted to rest in ihe hands of Austria? Se soon as a constitution is formed, tf not be fore, the adjustment of that question must be transferred to Krankfort. and. of oour*e, takeu trout Vienna France hss laid dowu two Important prim-lp'os? peacewith Germsny under all eircutustanees; sud sooond, an espoUtal of the cause of llal; spatnet \u trla, whenever the former net d- It to procure her independence. Now, if the German Kuiplro adopt end prosecute this war auainst I tiny h>I the German State* become Involved hi it. It may proceed at ihe expense of Austria, or ot tiis routed, tat Ion h lattai has not yet a treasury. I believe tiiirinnnitiy nurha-tlin treasury and the ammo ol tin * v. r*l .state- ever resolved to tie at her dlipoeal And then hrniice, if she takes sides with Italy * ill he in dlree . oonBiot with Germany She will be obliged to rho en tw I ween her wills me wiili Germsny nod lot sba imminent of Italy. After the course ? hi h ( hsr es Alls-it It v-a inpi-d. and the strong mnr,n. i. uli.eh the fth p r f prance ha* been reput ed b? Italy i cannot think that there will he * much of Gist freer te-sl to a *1 Italy, a* enistid in.to ?l -lei f ir tlv sin nation tf Louis Phi I tp t-e I is,, i i. Ill not tyk),i t. . pi ami. e Charles All)'.rt, for lno. t I . > I in s d lia- -li wn tlie pslfishnets and treachery of a lloarhoii, and ha* E NE NEW Italy and hla own kligd'in now into iminl neot danger H would be but just to him. thai he should lose all ha baa won. and hi* own kingdom beaide*; for be baa shown hlmaelf willing to abandon a part of Italy, for tbe sake of securing the reat of Upper Italy to hiuiaelf, free from d*i>t tbat be would not agiee to pay. And Venice having no option left, but to fall into tbe power of Auatria. or to throw herBell in'o the arm* of Charles Aib.rt. ahe haa chosen tbe latter, to wbicb the treachery of this Bourbon king haa reduoed ber. Perhaps the Italians may yet be notorious, and relieve France from the pnaition in whioh a failure would place her Latnartin?. in his late addresa before the Committee of the Chamber, reaffirmed tbe coriectueas of bin foreign policy, and declared. that he had nod' ubt that General Caraignao's administration was disp<a d to preserve it; and General Ouduot waa examined aa to tbe condition of the Italian*, the kreuch army he . ail which lookastrongly | towards coming to the aid of tbe Italians, in oasc of necessity. Tbe French may. and probably will, distinguish between tbe king and the people; and if tbey geinto Italy, tbe kingdom <f( harlea Albert may have oDly a momentary existence followed byarepublio. | France will not tlgbt to build up a mouarcby for a Bourbon, aa their next neighbor, because tbey now have no more confidence iu Charles Albert than In Louis rhilippe OBSLKVF.lt. Paris, July 16, 1B4S. j The Mini iter of Finance and the Railroads. The Minister of Finance has notified the Ah uciiiuiy uiat me government win not seize upon ! cither the railroads or the iusurauce companies; 1 and, therefore, those agitating questions are definitely settled, and, in my opinion, settled as they should be. The grounds assumed for seizing them were, first, to give employment to workmen; second, to obtain additional meuns to replenish tbe treasury; and tbird, beoau?e the oompanies were not able to continue their existence and their operations. The companies relisted this appropriation, and denied the least obligation. As to labor, it would have furnished but little additional; and would have given very little employment, if it had any; so tboso who are now idle, for two reasons, first, because most of those who are idle are so from choioe; and eeoondly. those who are not, could not have been employed upon tbe railroads; they are not capable; and men in this couutiy have never been but one thing?they are like pieces of mach uery in this respect; there are no Jack-at-sll-trades here. The treasury would net have been benefitted, for this simple reason, that they would have coet the State more than the amount of thuir income; and in the tbiid place. my imprc.?niuti i*. that the companion are quite a* likely to complete them a.- would be the government la it* preseut infant state Krance bus enough tor the government to attend to, without making and running railroads No man, who has not eeen with his own eyes, can bo made to believe the difference which exists in the capacity of the French and the American people, to accomplish. There is no estimating the differenoo, but 1 consider it one half, perhaps more. It appears in ail conditions of life. Their system is to make men cper ate like machinery, turn inthesaine circle a whole life; and everything has to go through so mauy hands, fi llow just such a trade, and take so uiueh time; and because their lathers did so. the sous mu-t follow the example. I give you an example?A customer enters the shop to purchase the value of a franc; one clerk takes him a long distance to the place of the article, there he finds another behind the counter; the first waits perhaps till the customer is suited, to take him back again; if uot. when the purchase is made, the clerk behind the counter attends him back to the place of payment, and then mentions te the accountress (a woman generally) each item sold and the price, which she enters down at full leDgth upou her journal, and adds up the amount the clerk wailing all the time; and if the customer has purchssed of different clerks in the different parts of the store, two. three, or four cltiks. return wi:h the customer, aud each waits tor his turn to give the lady an account of his sales. One of our clerks, uuder our system, will perform the labor ot three. I think, under tne system here. I can look out of one of my back windows and seo the jatd where the horses of the Duchess d'Orlenns that was. aro now kept by the government; there are about twenty and each horse has a servant; and there arc three or four ovcrseors boddes, who confine thvniselvea to that business exclusively. A bouse andfurniture for all their servants and their families are provided by the State. And that of the laboring men, except when they build barricades, is much upon the same system. Consult cur people who haTc been in Mexico ss tethc capacity of the Mexicans and our people to accomplish. The difference is not so great between Frenchmen and Americans as between Spaniards and Americans. In old countries, with an overflowing population, old nystemsand old ideas oxist; and tliero is a gieat want of enterprise. OUSERVfcill. The Defence of l?.de l.mnnrilnc and the Provisional Govt i unit lit. [From Gaiignani's MeswOgvr. July 31 ] The littn Public, which, as our readers know, has the reputation o! being ihe organ of M. de Lan.inline, devotes the greater part of s page of its number of this day to a defence of that geuilemtin and the Provisional Government. The article is foundtd on some remarks made by members of the National Assembly, and contains a general [ charge of ingratitude against that body and against the public at laige. The Bien Public says:? i "We have already given expression 10 the sidness til our impression from ihe sitting of the Nat;onui Assembly on Saturday. It was only an impression. We must to-day stale the real serious cause of our sadness?it is resumed in one word? Ingratitude! There was ingratitude, in fact, in being so economical of money to a corps which had been to prodigal of its blcod. There was ingratitude in accusing the Provisional Government ol irregularity in ilo creation of the Garde Mobile, when the irregularity was only an inspiration of patriotism which saved the country. There was ingratitude also in the words ol M. Lacro.-s, who declared (hat he could only approve one single act of (lie Provisional Government, which during three months devoted its breast, Us li e, its popularity to till ihe gulf o| emd by u revolution under the feet of society. There whi ingratitude, finaHy, in the odious accusation of which M.rle Lastevrie did not fear to mske himself the echo, and which imputed spoliation to men who had sufficient power, sufficient UfniUH. sufficient HeViitednews lr? protect every right, to p-ttiruin the had passions which raged in the streets, and to remit to the hands of the nation the republic pure ol the shedding o1 human blond and of attempts against persons and pro|?rtv. Yes, this is mgiatitude, or we know not what the word means. And it is not only ingratitude ot the mind?it is ingratitude of the heart. If the National Assembly, which represents at the same time the intelligence and the limit of France, and lor which we have such u profound veneration, should give wny to wretched malice, and insert he ingratitude on the tables o| the law, alter having therein uiacrihed gratitude by d< daring thai the provisional government had merited will ot the countiy, it would lessen itself, would lose its pmttge and its power, ami won Id make itsell little as a party, instead of being great as the people. What whs ih? n the solemn unanimous vote by which the National Assembly, inaugurating its labors, declared with one voice and heait that the provisional government had merited well of the country 1 Alt! it whs because then the rriiuhltcan sentiment had not been changed?it issuea strong and powerful ironi amidst the people, as the element of lite, ot new society. A I France had their eyes fixed on the Hotel de Ville? she clap|*'d her hands at the intrepidity of M. de Lamailine, standing alone on a balcony in presence of an atnty of bayonets, and with a gesture and a word putiing down the red flag ; she received with gratitud* the decree f< r the abolition of the |n-unity ?>I utrnin, as a piruge 01 niii.ince Between d< motrary and the Gospel; she admired nnd aipn< d with both hand the Manifesto to Europe, which kept turn uathe disasters ot war by souring us the alliance ol nations. by the propagation f pacific ideas; she applauded the formation of the Gaide Mobile, recruited with children, who were so soon to Income heroes; she reoeivrd every day dm in# two months as a good and a ho|a* the words whieh tell tn m the lipa of htm who, alter having been ihe trilnine of the struggles of dernooracy, set ined destined, by ihe i home ol Cod and (lie people, to become the legislator and the philosoi her of it; the had in a word accepted ihe republic rut-has it had just aitjteared, not as a fury hut naau idea, the republic of stauernen, not of ierrnlitts. the republic of conciliation, and not the reluhlirof exclusion. Much was the * nttmeut of France under the provisional government now ho ij|-treHt?d. This aenlinient diHidayed itMelf on the day tit the (lections by 2,(100,000 votes given to M tb Lnmuitine, by the nomination of all the memf'*is<il ibe pit>viskuihi gttvernment at ]'ai>s, even f>y those whose opinions and (M-rsoiial acta had rented t e rt pit bsiion ol tin country Hut ?ven foi tin ni ii m ein? d ihiil Fiance, in glutting them sn atiiiiesiy, tlius manifest'd lis will not to break tip tfie glom us la dy wlut-h during ttuee months I net b? Hi the buckler of society, The remembrance ot the tlitnlars md the spc'ibe* ol the I U*tn hotirg w? s f flared in the giititmtc dm to ! tf ote wl o buiutito the republic and ssved France tn m snaictiy " 'Jiie it 4* FtWir then recti lit to mil*] the inva- ! sill' ol ibt 1 i lei (|| \ ill! I'll lite bill to Apili by j an in na ist hotly td w oiknvrii, wrlittse d> leg.tiea I til li i.i'pt d li t pit I. t 'In tin ni nt the elecltttns for ' tlit Nhlioi'il Asstlti'l), t'-l the adder, to theoi ii M ii L to i" n w hicfi Ii s till. '? it y nit i i leTll I'd IIS' It t'' i (ilit'el til' lolllleiice ol , fi it < , it-I'H'i'ntii.i' ii I to -r /"t? hi/.? ot the en- I I t ip Fit ntli p. "ii. w iiitii ia ik i Paris, to declare ' W YO YORK, SUNDAY MO] it for three motifh>>. or n* month-*, iiem iv ij *.?' ih i Constitution, I will sa? to you?you shall n**t drag this v? l< from my breast until your balls ahall have pierced it." Our contemitoraty ands:? " When these souvenir* are so recent. whan they still *ibra'e in the b**art of ti e cuntry you dare, disowning yourselves to ea't Mane and in-ult on the pi>vniiuifnt and the men ah-m you illustrated a 111* titb ago b* the homage of the graLilude of the country, end from the hand* of whom you 1 t be K* public free pure from all violence, conquered by the pe* pie and blesaed of Uod! Ah! It is not only ingratitude? it Is madness !" It is rath* ra r? nmrkuble coincidence, if merely a coincidence, that on the snmc Hay *>n whicn this defence of M de Lamartine and the Provisional Government appears in the Bun Public, the Democratic Pacifiqvt, which is the oriran of the scot of socialists, of which M. Victor Considenuit is the chiel, should also devote a pane to hi) a|h>lopy for the same parti* s which here and iltere take all the character of a labored defence. Alter the long extract thit we have given from the Bint Pvhtir, it cannot be expected that we should lake a great deal from the Dtmnrratu. We give, b< wevcr, the concluding passages:? "M de Lamartine determined to rem tin the man of the Revolution of February ; he nobly sacrificed himself tti the cause of conciliation and nubile jieace. It was with a full knowledge that lie lice* mnlif-hed this sacrifice In asccndinc I lie tribune on the 10th May, to declare that he would nrt mter the Executive Committee it M. Ledru It ollm were set aside, M de Lamartine said to one cf his colleagues, 1 shall cause myself to lose : 200 votes* And in fact the votes only placed M. de Lnniartiiie in the fourth rank of the Executive Committee, and since that day he has been the object of the attacks of the party, which boasted of ha\ing oven him a lesson?of ingratitude, no doubt. He w--s rrproached for his relations with honest Cnusstdiere, and with all the men of the barricades; it h'ing forgotten what burning elem< n's it was necessary to employ to establish any organization whatever ufter February; and the programme imposed by events?establish order out of disorder?was incriminated. Still the Provisional Government? insufficient in manv respects 1 ? had at least the merit of being conciliatory, of j teaching patience and resignation to the people by hope, ofrjiaiiituining in a latent state the opposition i 1 of interests and classes, of preventng bloody struggles. The day on which, contrary to the sentiment 1 always conciliatory of Latnartine, members of the 1 National Assembly desired to employ force?on the 1 day on which the immediate dissolution of then/e- I lib? votiivavx was enacted, the collision adjourn- j ed by the policy of Lamartine, broke out. Paris 1 was plunged into mourning, and although ordcrob- 1 laitnd the victory, we know not who can rejoice 1 at liiumpbs purchased at such a price. On the 1 2-fih June, the government was concentrated in 1 the hands of the militaty authorities, and Lamar-. ' tine retned. But his lofty intellect and nolde I heait are not lost to the country. Lamartine is r.lll..#! ... ll... J .1-1 - ' f.i.Mi.v UK ."tiKM urgltr YV I III II1C IIB II (in d I Sen- | ' limrnt; he feels love for all great things, and the i literary glory which was for a long time an oh- j btucle to his |>oliticH| influence, has now become | an accessary which increases the prestige of his i most serious titles. Lamartine, in truth, is not a socialist?lie does not connect himself with res|>ect lo social orpan'safion, to the progriirnme of any sthool; but he is in heart with all ilmse who desire the annihilation of misery, the elevation of ail lo ttue libeity by physical welfare, as by intellectual and moral devoh pement. Never will progressive idea, which may present ilselT with a practical character, find an obstacle in Lanmrtine. M. de Lamartine is a predestined representative of the French character?he is called by Providence to r? ni er the most eminent services to the ! country, nod we arehapply to fulfil a duty by pre- 1 reeding wiih respect to inm the duy of a return of 1 popularity and national reparation. Aflslis on the Continent of Kumpe. [Krom tbc London Times, Any 4 ] W e have leceived a brief and perspicuous state- | . itu nt of the views entertained bv the cabinet of tha Hague with re'erence to'lie rfuehv of Limhurp; ai n this publication is understood to speak the official Benuments of the Dut< li government on a t|Ucation which has b rmne one of considerable j interist lo the iieace ol Europe. Our readers are aware that theie exists a conflict of jurisdiction in the pr? vince of Lmibuig, beiwet ii the German confedeiation. of which it forms a part, and the king of the Netherlands, in w hose dominions it isincor- j porabd. This conflict has heen brought to a decisive point b> the adoption in the National Assembly ol Frankfoit, of certain resolutions brought , forwaid by some of the German dt legates of Lim- I butg, lo th<- follow ing f fleet: ? "1 That the politic*I and ailmlniitrntiva union of ' Icmbiirg with the kingdom of the Netherlands in its " present cbnrneler. is incompatible with the Oerintu l<?tiiHtive constitution. 'I 1 bnt no part of tho eon- I stmition nhich the duchy of I.unburn demanded fir ' its, II should be contrary to the peueinl form <f oeDsti 1 tntion to be decreed for nil the reTerel State* comprised 1 , in the tioiuian confederation 3 That the question of n participation of Liuihurg in the national debt of { Holland should be rerommeuded to the Provisional Kl< cutive. f? r the purpo'e of arr ving at a fair nettle11 cut under condition ot a final sanction by the tier- , man parliaun nt." Tilth declaiatinn, which assumes the complete ai d indisputable authority ot the German b aera- , ti< u in Ltniburg, has been met by the publication ot the official pamphlet to which we have referred, i and by a proclamation of the governor of the pro- 1 vince, winch has Hppean-d under the direction of t the Dutch ininihter, M. de Lichtenveldt, who has 1 betnhtnt to Maastricht. The proclamation inti- ' mates, thht "it is erroneous to sup,use that the 1 sepaiatH n ot the Duchy Iront the Netherlands has I 1 at once been accomplished, by the decree of the j Frankfort Assembly ; that, on the contraiy, the King of Holland is hound by the fundamental law 1 of the realm, by his oath, and by treaties, to go- 1 J vein Limbing according to the laws of the coun- J try, and to presnve the integrity of the territory ot , Ins kingdom ; and that the legal condition of Lint- : 1 burg, which hus subsisted for the last eight years, can 01 ly be modified with the consent of the King ' and ilie Rppiobajiou of the Legislative " In short, ! the position which the Dutch government has tins ! announced its miration to defend and maintain, is . diametrically opposed to the pretensions of the tinman Federal Assembly, and in the present t< m|ier of that body, we shall not be aurprtsed if i ' tfuy summarily proceed to enforce their authority ' by an aimed occupation or invasion of the coun- 1 .... ,^.lT??? U.. .. /- : .1 1 ..J, u, Iiaapr, ujr B tJCIIIIHII insurrection, 1 1 gr t U|> against the Dutch government, among a ' 1 part of Hi*- inhabitants. Happily, the fortresses of 1 Marsincht and Venloo are well garrisoned with ' Dutch trooj*, and over them the German confede- i ration has no pretext of authority. The Dutch government contends that by virtue of the treaties which completed the separation o' j lblgtum and Iloiland, and es|iecially of that o* 19<h ot April, IK19, noauch State aa the . | Ltmbuig haa auy separate existence Hm ! province ot that name waa divided, orming part ! ot Ilollaud and part ol lielgium, not aa distinct principalities, hut aa integral portions ot each of 1 those kingdoms. The Dutch province ot Limburg ! is, therefore, governed to all intent* and purposes like any other part ot Holland. The same law ot ' succession (in the female aa well as male lute) J Iihs been established in it by the purchaae of the J rights of the male heirs, and its inhabitants participate in all the privib gea and burdens of Dutch I subjects. It is true that the Kin* Holland con- : , sentcd to join the German Confederation lor this 1 ( province o| Limburg, in exchange for the ceded , portion ot Luxemburg, reserving, at the same time, (be Dutch adiinuiiiistration ol the province: but at that time the obligations ot a member ol that cciiledeiHtion hardly extended beyond a oer- | tain t onli ibutiou of men and money to the military league ; and these contingents have been paid by ti e Dutch Htmy and the Dutch treasury. TheciBe of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg ts wholly dtfIt-lent, that bring a distinct .State, ol whirn the King (I Holland i? ihe sovereign, and to this State ol Luxemburg the province of Limburg has never been annexed at all, hut, on the contrary, to the kingdom ot the Netherlands. It follows, therefore, that Limburg is justly and fully liable to lu**r Its (bie portion ot the ll?:tloiixi debt ol Hull.tail hnd this consideration whm taken into account ' whi q the financial adjustment was made on the separation liom Jfrlgintii. A wish lias Ween nnn'ili'MnJ |?y a <frtn111 j><>ition of tin* inhabitants r of ) imhtire to disconnect tbetTiM lven from thi; * Net In il> in's; hut that Iims ansen t'ron* no sympathy i lit Column), Inn lather lot i>luiwn, arid above t nil Iri in n heme to i-l ?ke oil an om reus amount ( el taxation. All tire creditors of Holland have * iln It (mc n din el into let l in this <|ie-utii, lor if i l.ililniiL' wen loin* d* lac-lied from Holland, (lie i filialcial renaiin aid lie Mtlvrnc) of (Ire Hutch ] v? liment w onld be diminished to the extent ol li t- ii xt a levied on (hnt province. It must be rtiiC, fit w i vt r, that tin disnfli o?ion el lite pro- I viieeitft) i o means universal. W have be I ore |) nr st'dn hi ' Item the ( handlers ol Commerce ol n Mat 11<it l>i. V' nloo, and Ifoetmoitde, strongly e

prt tt un p eft : 'he |?ro|H'fM d M-paiafion, which I w o!r| in piivt iln ii tTfafiidwCturea and ilteiraeiirniieii i I il i sovi iitapi-a do j new derive from Me I r.lib cell i Oil fisde. Hint from n treaty of 11" i ol tut ei wit! liilpnm.. Co do ee i/rotinds, we In n 10 ('< efi ii il lo 1 Mitch gov' rnment will ' it fust to allow F.?ind>ui>: to l" included in #e Ger- f >RR I ilNING, AUGUST 27, m. d (Jon menial League, wincii lornieu uu |i?ii v li>.'ev? r < ( ihe oiiginal compart, and by which the Gein ana now hop* to extend their frontier to the heuse. In thib deciso n Holland will, of couif-e, he upheld by the other high contracting purlieu to the treaties for the separation of Belgium. Whatever may be thought in Germany of the merits of this question, it is an inconceivable act j ol imprudence on the purl of the National Asaem- : tly at'Fiankfort to Hgitale it at this moment To put foiwurd flesh claims to territories on the left bunk of the Rhine, in to invite France to do the eninr ; and although the French rovernment has hitherto acquiesced in territorial arrangements lounded on the treaties ot 1816, winch it hasceased to it-gard us funding, it probably would desire nothing betlei ihsii a pri text for a modification of ti o.-c arrangements justified by an encroachment or advance on the pait of Geimany. An armed d? monsti; t on on the Mni?e would, therefore, be viewed with great suspicion by Belgium, and probahly met bv some counter-demonstration by Fiance. If. thereloie, the German Ministers and the Fiaiikfoit A'.-enil>:y should lie so ill-advised us to brine this controversy to a downright qiiHiiel, it would complete the circle of their adM'lhinjt'S and ? mhroil ihein sinmltaneoiisly with evi ly i ne of tin- adjacent .states of Europe, except Fwiizerluiid Hie Ausiiiiins are already at war in Italy, and the tioops of the Confederation are brining on the /tdige and flie Mincio The Prussians and Kith Geiman r?rj>s d'armft are at war with Denmark, and since the mpture of the negotiations evi i^ihing indicates iliut the Swedes will ere h ng be brought into action, and Russia has pledged bersell to resist mi invasion of.FuiDnd To these' southern, northern, and eastern dangers, the qimriei wiiii uuiihiiii in tamtiurg will n<ld n storm in the west,and that on a subject l? winch lMgium and Fiance cannot be indifferent. Such ire the consequences10 winch h nation may he led when it la governed l>> impulse rather Pun by policy, and by phtiir.iic dech mation instead nl the resolutions oi statesmen. We, who moat earnestly desire to Bee iheGeni an nation united, prosi?erous and tree, de| lore these consequences because they can bchici ly l?ii to lead to bitter disappointment. No nation. however powerful, can carry on warsuccessfol'y at the lour points of the , ompass, Mnd | v itln ut allies; but Germany, least ol all, cun thus make Jo r power leit, because bhe is surrounded on : eveiy side hv tnihtHry neighbors, and her Iroutiers urt all equally open to attack. France has but to j rieleno the Itontierol the East and of the Pyrenees; | Russia has no enemy to leur save on her Euroiiean J boundary ; England is guarded by the sea; but Liei-many has no frontier which she chii leave unit f? t dec, and no neighbor whom she can crush with inipunity. ller political interest at thia time rtqntns tiie most amicable relations with Denmuik, Sweden, and Holland, in order tu be prepared lor danger on the 6tde of Russia or of Fiance; hut instead of cultivating the good will :>l there itrpoitant maritime allies, they nave been he liist tosufler from Iter pretensions, and consequently to detach themselves trom her cause. It ji'U barely lie doubted, tnerefore, that these minor ' jisputts v ill liuve a very unfortunate influence on tie consolidation ol Germany, and on the luiure Hilllical stale ol Europe. M??. Batii'*^ Fktk ciia.uri.Tnr.?Mrs. Baton (tare i magnificent Jite chamjictrt, yeaturilay. at her bouuti- 1 1.1 villa Kmi &1im u. v> Inch vim* bom red with the preonce of (heir Knval Highnesses the Liuke and liuohss of Cambridge, aud about HIM) leaning members of be aristocracy Their Ho j a I Highnesses arrived shortly before three 'clock attenoeo by the Lady Augn-ta (Janlogan und Mr. K. St. John Milduiay At the entrance of the vilia the illuttrioue guests were received by Mr. and Mrs. Bates. alio wi re assisted in the honors of the relation by their daughter aud son-lu law, IY1. und Madame V an lie W'ejt r. 'J he genu al company included all the distinguish>d foreign I r.noes at present in town, n.i well as the file f the fashionable world. The guests began to ur- j live shortly after two o clock. and before four the teautiful saloons of the villa were filled by a brilliant Lstemblage. At four, a grand concert, the programme of which tt Vri inl nil ibe most popular music of tbo best operas, mpported by the combined talents of .Madame (Trial, Mu'ie. Pauline Viardot, Mdilo Alboui, <signor Mario, i Siguor i olitli. Siguor Lablache, and Aldllo DeMendi, 1 was commenced in the principal saloon, under the di- | rectiouotlVl Bem-d ct. '1'he porf. rinauce went off ad- , musi ly. 1 he auoieure giving expression to their teeing I y fri quent and wclldeserv. d applause. At toe conclusion of the concert, a superb banquet ' sas s<ritd to the guests in ihu conservatory, which, i| ptosehnd from the villa by a colored corridor liued nit p uh and while fluted drap. ry, appeared a per'eci Scene ol enchantment. T wo immense tables ex- j ei dn.g through the length of ihia building, afforded ' eats for ueai ly 200 pi rsons, and the remainder ol the [tints vveie f- ast? d wlihiu the mansion. The uutavorabie member was ra'her sgaiast outloor amusements, but the soddened earth did not precut mat.y if the company from perambulating about Ihe grounds aud viewing the treasures of ait a ad uaLure whii'bsveiywbiic hliound In this deltghtlul spot. IheMaiquis ot Ayle-buiy was among those who ap peared < tp?daily interested in the pr-saut state of the vi Pa. probably tiom the fact of his lordship having some years since occupied this retreat. Atti-r the banquet, the conservatory was oonverted Into a union de lianse and hers the feslivilits were It' p' up with great spirit for several hours T be/Ire, altogether, was one of the most brilliant tbsl has taken place this season. T he Duke and Durhesa of Cambridge, while enjoyeg tl e hospitality of Mrs Batea. received, by special xpiesa Jrt m Germany, the gratifying Intelligence of the safe accoucbenu ui of her Koyal Highness the hereditary (.land Duchess of viecklenberg Strelua, who rave birth to a son and heir a few days since, and. sub the royal Infant, is happily progressing moat favorably.? London Mornint Pout Thk Destkuctiv* i*'i it k in AusirttN.?One of the most destructive fires which tins visited our city or several years (met occurred this morning. It yroke nut in u room over the hook afore of Henry J. Hull, and C. N.Tuttle, patent medicine agency, Jestic) inf; the entire building, and also consuming he next building east, occupied by Ashuei G. Munier tie a grocery store, and burning to the ground he extensive book-bindery, Ii0"k-Btorc und pub!rshtr.^f establishment of l)erby, Miller Ac Co. The fire also communicated to the next molding west of Mr. Hull's, occupied below t?y Chapfel& Sittser, mid the post office. The loot and second story of this building were entirely burnt. I)erby, Miller iV Go. succeeded in removing niost. it not nil, i t their hooka and palters on tIn* first floor. Hut all their book-binding sppaiatum, stock, printed sheets, Acc . were coti sumed. Mr Hull aud Mr. Turtle hIho removed peuily nil their stock, us did Mr. M linger and I'haipel Ac Hittser. w ithout serious damage from ihe fire The AVie Era printing establishment riiusi i. -e oeenpreatJy dantHged, as the third story, ? v ti til was their power preaa and many other i iii.pg materiuls, was nearly burnt out. The c in le loss liy fire does not probably fall h< rt of $20,000. Hnd may reach $25,000 ? nearly all nsiiied. But for th miserable condition of the in se, the fire eould have been arrested in ten minutes alter being discovered, with not a hunJred dollars damage. It burst every five minutes, However ; aiifcthus precious time, us well as previous water, was lost. There was water enough | wasted by the hurs'ing and leaking of the hose to I luvr floated a small navy, hut it could not he got n tLc fin- in time to cheek IIm extensive rbnccre -Avlwn Ik*i V ArittrrtiHr, Ah% 2d Finr in Wimis<?k, Vt?Last evening, about 5 >'clock, ii flit* broke out in the heart of our vilnj'<. which. in one short hour, destroyed mix tentnintson Mnm street, nearly opposite the WtndK?r llouae, w ith teveanl bMCK buildings occupied im Hablr* and for the storage of heavy goods? i nmiencit'K with the teuement opposite the iVindsor Ihoiee, temporarily occupied by the \ cutney Lank, and proceeding south P M'ini? Id, bo? kbinder and fiookseller, D Read A: Co , to ti hunts, .1. E. Witt, tnilor, Mr. Hoynton's >ri?rr> ant! bowling ulley, and Hubbard At White, in rebuilt*, ;-re burnt?the fire having been nonpitred in Hint direction at the Morn of 8. W*rd,er Son All the buildings back of these. toP'lhci with the hihlib a of the Constitution House, ire destroyed. Loan tstimated at five or nix bousHiid dollars, moady insured.? JFrixritnr I*ttrr, Ai'g 22. CoMMKMntMFrrr at Hhi-nswick.?Tim cotnn< in oine nt will occur on Wednesday of w?ek it< i next, the fcth of Septtmber. We earn from lit Pt/rllo* <1 AiJrfrtiur, that the performance* beoie ibr litermy ncirtiea, will be asfoUowa:? ra'ii n fw lore the Peuonian Society, by Dr. Kd*etd Ileeeher, of Let too. on Tuesday afternoon ; alttr the A'beinan Society, by Rev. Mr Flake, I ltath; b< fine ihe 1'hi lieta Kappa, by Kev. Mr, 'alniir, of Bath. via im Wot;k Cki miration? We hear thnt the fftii ol October is the day fixed upon f?r the cleiiiilion of the introduction of Long Pond Water i to Lotion, and thai in< adores are already in proiess lo tenner (lie occasion woritiy of tfa" event to .e oi h braii 0, Moor Enow* ?At a meeting i*f Irishmen, in InhiaX, la. t uiik, al>< nt filOtiO wi re rutted lor I i i elite of Ireland. 'He 11, lit x papers Mate bet ih<- | tovlm "s ate to |? caiiV?.Mse<j for illrttier J up; lit a. IER A 1848. 1 I- t , .in); ?.?, i.>?J 7V(?/ a till tlic 'lYnju tw. Troy in in cp? iplete poufieflsion ol the Trojans. Thi? hhb been n great day lor Troy, unci for the . hero ol the Trojans, brave hs the warlike Hector ol the Iliad, and more than a match lor Achilles, the barbarian. We hud a fine run ii|t Hudson'* Inlet to-dny, in in*, mpiiivi ii> c..m i nima. r->i>irjr ui see im.c me steam engine of the Captain Kidd humbug has ceased to hiss the experiment in whicti it wan engaged 60 long and so auspiciously. What egregious slupi ity, to stop the work juat aa they were wiiliin reach of thirteen hundred ingota of silver und gold ! It appeared, also, that the railroad woikmen who are engaged in chiselling a passage for the Albany line through the Highlands, alongside the river, have spoiled St. Anthony's Nose? that umaintly nose, the reflection ol which was sufficient to kill a sturgeon The work of grading, chiselling, and opening the way through the heavy section of the Highlands, begins already to J give promise that the road will be built; nor do we apprehend that, when in operation, it will in- { jure me steamboats any more than the busiuess of ! the hrie ennal has been lessened by the railroad lines to Huflalo. The ruins of the great fire,along the water aide, in Albany, are still smoking. The destruction of the buildings within the area of the conflagration, is bs complete as if they hud been levelled by the bombarding engines of Gen. Scott Yet, with the 111 lit cn-niierMiiiin nf N?-iv Vnrli >1*-. J.. .? laud space may be re-occupied wdh massive warehouses before the return of the day of the disHHtt r. Indeed, wa exp? ct this to be done. Arnved in Troy, we found the Trojans all in commotion, nnd the little city alive with volunteer companies, in gay unttorms, and billowing several bines bands, which played away as fiercely as it niatcl.mg to the assault of another IVIolino del Key. All the country people were in town, excepting the old women and the children, und all the hotels did a great business to-day. It was a great dav for the Tiojati8. Senator Breeae, a most pleasant and intelligent travelling companion, found the Troy House too populous for u pros|iect of less than three in a bed, und so he passed on to Oohees, or Cohoee, (which is it, who knows!) where we ho|?e fie may hbve some of those nice blackberries w Inch we nnd lor sumier among the Trojans, at the Ilium House. At this hou*e, the horses which Achilles employed in dragging the dead body of the hero of Troy around the wails of the city? those very horses, more or less, are now engaged as attaches to the baggage wagon which firings up the passengers' trunks from me steamboat. The animals are not so fierce ns in Homer's time, hut they'll do. 'J he great occasion of all this glorification in Trey, to-day, was llie presentation of a sword, bv the Corporation, to Gen Wool, us a testimonial of the pride of his fellow-citizens, for Ins good services in Mexico, especially " On th?< field of Angostura, In that hot and bloody fray." S|>eoking of Gen. Wool, the old hunkers, we understand, have it in contemplation to make him their candidate lor Governor Let the barnburner* and whigs look well to this idea. The Doctor. StKam Packet Saranac, ) Off Crown Point, Aug 18,18-18. $ Trip to Whitehall?Cursory Glance, En Passant? Steamboat Comforts. Ho! for a trump among the rough placet; o( the rough county of Kssex?not one of your lacka-daisical, whimsical, nonsensical, sentimental excursions set to moonlight, but a bold, right-footlorwaid march into the very wilds of the northern wilderness! Away goes my crutch out of the window?charge the broken gluss in the bill ? my boot goes on eusy, and no questions asked, l um?n: Yes, I am ofT. There is, not a hundred miles from here, a trout brook, which 1 visit once a year, and which, upon my honor, I believe is not known toa single New Yorker except mc, myself. And the tiout in that brook? no, the trout out of that brook, well caught,and well dressed, well cooked, and w. 11 served; and oh! how excellently well digested; do well repay a pilgrimage, which of itself, is to me a most agreeable relief from the worn out and dusty conventialisin of a worn out and dust* world! Put the trout brook; watch me as close as you please, you Bhali find out nothing oi its whereabouts: "In Troy there lies the scene." That's all I have to reveal on the subject. * * * * We are improving?we Yankees?in the coinfoit tacilities of travelling. Speed and comfort have been quarrelling for the mastery for the last ten years, and 1 hoja? soon to see them harmonize. On my route from New York, I found both "aid i-.nd conilort" on board the steamboat Trov, Capt. Frszer. (I vow that I will chronicle this, for 1 feel grateful on the subject ) The berths on board that boat are long and wide, and you can therein and thereby reef like a gentleman? gout and all. If you have any bowels o! mercy hi you,|iut that down. To Saraioga .Springs, there is now "comfort" over the Troy road. From Saratoga to Whitehall, there is nothing but discomfort oil the way. The road is bad, and the driving is worse. If your driver wishes to halt, he halts; he starts and he stops, he comes and he goes, just to suit himself; you are merely a passenger, and be d?d o you! Acroes the lake the boats are capital. The Saranac, although smaller than some others, has all the annliniices of a repnlur nnekef shin and b?r commander, Capt. Chapman, knows how to fit th? ee to the occasion. Hut we are (Missing round the Point. Shade of old Ethan, I a reel ye' It was Lord North, I think, who temiited Allen with the whole of Vermont if he would desert the fortunes ol his country, and join King George. (He was then a prisoner in l,endon.i "Youroffer," replied Ethan, "puts me in nund of what a personage, not indeed so famous as your lordship, offered to a personalis the most remarkable the world has known, in which all the kingdoms of the earth were to he made over upon one condition?nnd all the while" continued Ethan, (apparently waxing wsim at the outrage) "and all the while the miserable skunk who made the offer, did not own a square foot of the territory." Shandy. Lancastkk, Aug. 22, lftW. State of the Crept and Country about iMnriuter? Reading and the German Settleri?C'uriowj Cut- i tomt?Ffie Spring?The Jluuter Family?I.o- | cat Ixiwt?Libel Suit*?Pretty IVomen, $r., d*e. According to my promise, I send you again an I epistle of all that 1 found interesting, here, there, j and every where. You w^ll please follow me crossing the country from Heading to Lancaster. 1 Th?- country about here is rich and well cultivated; and though it abounds in corn fi<lds, wheat, rye nnd all kinda of vegetables, the absence of fruit orchards is striking. Those few trees you observe , here and there are rather diminutive , and of infe j Tins is little Germany, but thepeaceful l'ennf>lvnnia Gcimuny ; which has no piince to its head or tail; and their fine mansions and extensive faima show clearly that liny can get better nlong witkont them, being their own Mvvrrainrs on their manor. Every (arm I have foutid is settled w nh G< rmuns, of winch the greater part ere very rich The saying is that a great many have dug barrels Inllnt hard specie into the ? aril), w here it is likely to remain, till those old fashioned patriarch* have died Hway, and it comes into the hands of iheir hopeful heirs, who no doubt will find better use tor it Here about are some districts which are called th bush lands. Here live the most hospitable people on earth ; the weary wanderer is welcome, ami taken part of their nuals; and the oldest daughter goes even so fur | as to divide h? r hed with the stranger, This may sc? m incredible*, fan it is a fact ami custom which ' ||~ K<-||| II|| i?> inn liny; Kir which truths I (i|.-di?e [ yen my word, >.n<l il yon Mill doubt it, count here | lid c< iiviiirc yourself, as 1 have. This, however, j I do in'i H?y to throw the le;iet shadow on the vtllliecil the tsir Ihhsom ; tint the contrary?their vimu siui'de without rejin m h. They lurein their primitive simplicity and innocence, thinking of no libitti,not tfi in(t Miiy. And mighty (rood it is th it, eo It w, it s vet any, ol oui'city bucks trsvel through tliie |mit ol he country, or the inhabitants would k t li 11 utilised lor hulioe tble (food old custom to hrcthrr (in line, h* the Rr ilin gin mbrt-nrr would n y. NVc ate now come to Litu, * Moravian se|. th n Mil, iiiid h chniming nlace, ncMt and clean ir llo i >'l? me l in tact, I nave not seen a |iUre v huh n* mt ie etriku f ly idcaMng tit the first siijht II I II ll le little viliac , which eflect will |?'" mrni'id ly In iii i Hcqnsin'iiiice with ih inhilnhints; end il the Moravians or lorinerly llerrnhu =s LD." TWO CENTS. it i iii in Urilmuiy should be every where an industrious und tidy, it would lie well if we could count | them by thousands here in this country. It contains a large ladies seminary and a boarding school lor boys; and there ore about 130 young ladies and bojshere. The whole arr*ngenieut nhnwa good order where l< anting is combined wnh healthful exerri r. A Inrge hotel is now in progress of building; this in the more necessary, as every year more visiters eeme to tins place to sojourn here in tbe summer months: it ih also celebrated for its beautiful spring, which is lurge enough to furnish a whole city with water ; it is about three hundred 1 yard* front t^e village; the water bubble*out of the earth as thick as the size of a man, and with | such a force that it will throw back a I heavy atone thrown into it; it is lime stono | water of the purest kind, and deliciously ' and cool. A great tract ot land belongs to the community, the proceeds ol which are us?d for in proving the place, the line gardens, paying the school teachers and ministers, tec. The continuity is highly musical, as there is hardly a house without its instrument. The inhabitants assemble evety wet k in their Concert Hall, where they giv* freer concerts. This would be u good place for th? Hansel Family, as they would he, no doubt, well appreciated here ; and also lor those who are tired of city life, as the place invites to repose, self-contemplation and study, "'hough thin place is so in viting, 1 liear agHin th it terrible voice from tin* wandering Jew, " March, march, march;" and I again take my wanderingstafl", which is, however, in these modern times, a fine l.uggy and a sorrel horse, which brought me in about an hour to L?ucaatcr. The appearance is that of a lively, bustling cilv,handsome in appearance; the main street is lull of fine store* ; in fact, there are so many of them, that one would barely think the plaoe, which contains some 8,(X)0 inhabitants large enough to support them all ; hut this place has a large and rich back country, and all the tanner* coming here to trade. Lancaster is quite a handsome city, and the main street has somewhat the appearance of Ihoadway, except that it is not so dirty. It ia situated on the Susquchannah, which river ia here more handsome in scenery than it iH useful, as the water is too low to make it navigable, ana the river is filled up with hundreds of small islands?in some places so much so that one c*a almost cross it on foot. This water, however, ia dammed up to feed the canal, on wluck some small steamboats make excursions. We huve not only a great political excitement here, lor the election of delegates and settling the tickets, hut also another ufluir, which caused no less excib-nu nt. I allude to the arrest ot Mr. Weyrauch trom your city, the manager of the I lamer family, lor tefusing to pay the license of lie whs orougiitd? n>re me Mayor by tne High Sheriff, at night, ten o'clock, where he wus obliged to pay or go ?ojail. This no did under protest. Haying thiit this wits an unjiu-t taxation to which the Hausershud never been subjected,neither in ihiscouniry nor in hutlmrian and despotic Russia, Minor Aria, Arc , and that it was the custom of every civilized nation to protect and nourish the fine arts; nor would lie now submit to it for the honor of the people of Lancaster. The next day, appeal id, in the Union and Tribune u. very severe article, signed by Mr. W., wherein the Mavor, tin Common Council, hut particularly the High bherifl, got a very rough handling This induced the sheriff'to enter a libel suit against Mr. W. This little incident is now all the city talk?and tha sympathy is altogether in favor of the Haiisers? the people liking tin- manly stand Mr. W. iiaa taken, bince this affair their concerts are nigtiliy crowded; und though they intended to give but three concerts here, thiy have already given their scvtnih. The people would uot let them go, and they were obliged to postpone some conceris in Columbia. I have heard them now every night since 1 have been here, and 1 must add my humble tribute ol commendation 1 had read a great deal about them, but never before had I such a fortunate opportuuity to hear then*. This plate has, for its size, more pretty women than I have ever seen before; and to judge from their elegant toilets, which lliey displayed at the Usurers concert, tlif-y are, in taste, not behind you New Yorkers; they huve all a liesh and blooming complexion, and happy, good count*wliete I will give you a |**ep behind tne curtain, nances. Ariki. from Aiiuoad. Hartford, August 12, 1S48. The Rrrejilion of Lieut. Colonel Stymnur and Coyt. Webb?Pali fie*?Rowfth utul Ready Club. This day has been a glorious one for old Hartford. Iler citizens turned out en tnnue to welcome bark Colonel Seymour and Captain Webb upon their return from the Mexican war. Tw? more gallant and brnve officers cannot be found. They have in this war proved themsolvea worthy descendants of their sires, and of the State that gave them birth and a rearage. The Hartford Light Guard?a corps which has not its superior, il its equal, in the.se U. S., and one which has always been Col. Seymour's prid<?turned out in all their glory to welcome back their father. Also, ihe past officers and members of this corps, in blue coats and while pants, made a goodly show. Then came the Odd Fellows, amongst whom Col. S. and Capt. W. had been brothers nnd friends indeed, and past ofiicers; then the firemen in strong array, in uniform; then followed oureirizensbv hundreds, aye, I might say thousands. These officer* were n reived by a committee at the cars, at 124 P. M., and escorted to the front of the depot, where they were received by shout upon Bhout from the assembled multitude, and conducted to a carriage. The line of marcn wus then taken up Mulberry stye 11 to Main, up Ma ill to the North Church, thease hark to Mate House, where the formal reception took place. The streets were decorated with flags suspended across tfp ni? and between ihe Stale House and Phornix Hank,a triumphal arch wnserrcted, uisin which was inscribed, in letters as large as life, " WF.I.rOMIT Mnfclf " The WPLlilinn a.ieeoh made by W. J llamcrslry, Ksq t in which he alluded to the several battles in which Col. Seymour and Cant. Webb bad borne ho gallant a part?and especially the former. in striking down the Mexican flag from Chapultepec heights. Alan to "the fact that the Hartford Light Guard, only thirty two in rank and file, had funnahed six officers and one private to this war. Col. S. feplied in a neat and a fleet'tig speech?in fact hia feelings so overcame him that it waa almost impoasible for him to give utterance to hia thoughts. lie said that thudaf would be remembered by him to the last day of hie existence, aa having exhibited friendships towards hint that he never before had realized. And thai of all the places be had ever seen and visited, he knew of none in which he could desire to live and die, equal to this city. After Col S. and Cant. "W. had shaken bands with their old comrades, the line of march was taken, down Mam itreet to Charter street?thence up Coles street, to the residence of the mother of Col. S Here wo will leave him, und not obtrude upon the privacy of their interview Front thence the line of in area was up Sheldon, Elm and Bliss streets, to the residence of the mother of Capt. Webb. From thence the line returned to the State House, viai College urwl \1uin Kfrpotii fn fhp 14mia? .? dismissed. Politic* are in a confused state, hut arc witling down in the onuiual party Imea. Many whiga, lilx?it> ilea, Hnd democrats in thia State are going for Van r>ur?n and Adama. How the former can, I do no' ace I shall believe henceforth that ihn leopard can change Ins spot# and the Ethiopian his sKin. The ITariford Hough and Ready Club drag* heavily. It was started wrong end firat. and oflicned by penttlity too much, to go down even in Hnitford- In fael.it is a sort of niflle shirt nfiiiu?with which the masses of Tayloritea da ntu ejmpalhise. If General Taylor doaa not have more rfflcient friend* to take h"M of his cause in ih?fi city on election dsy, he will come off rainua ht reabouts. Arrrstio for Mf*nan in Indiana.?On the 9th wet., four (creons were arreated for the doinmi#non of the horrid murder of Louisa, wife o' Alfred GnfTin. in Scott county, Indiana, hii account of whicli we gave some lnne Mince. The names of thi individuals arrested are Samuel Clark, Wiley Baker, Wm. Baker iind Be a son. The following facte, elicited on their examination, we copy fiiiri the Minimi ti (Ind.) Binitr:? Ah< ul R o'clock on Sunda) night. the M Inst.. Samuel ( lark and William Wnkir went to Alfred's h ^ase and asked If he was there I.?ul-a answerad ttaa ha * as not and hesgxllhem f.r'ted's sake to a* away a seyl a.svt k.,.? k. . . . ..kildewn A iftfin u f'lanlr he* id h< r cni?rr he A red tbrotmh the door thrw tidal with rifle Ore i>t the bull* *upr"#ed to he the flrnt, I e? m d through hi r arm end (>? netr*tln* ioto the lett bienat, lodged in the apine. hll'lrg her I n*t*"*?i?eO' My. f'larfc then broke oren the dnnr. drugged ttie *i ran by ber beet' from the bed on ? tiieti *he lay, nut i II the perch end there left her w?< f'?n< In that pneltbn tn the m-ming. lit earn ?n?l Wiley tl?krr "ere nc<jii I, W II* |.er *** permitted tn become Stolen . i.l<-t?ee ; an I I l?rk wee eonin'ttid to jetl to n*?iri,i? trial *t the neat term < ' the I ireuit I'nurt.