Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 28, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 28, 1848 Page 1
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TH ? ? ? NO. 5199. hie bh'iils nr the news RECEIVED DY TUK STEAMSHIP BRITANNIA AT BOSTON. UAl'i tIEifi'Jk'S BUM UK* OF TIIR UPHEAVIKGS IN THE OLD WORLD. THE EVENTS 0? IRELAND. IMPORTANT FROM ITALY. &c Air. &C. Our Europe a i) despatches and parcels reached the A', to York Herald office early yesterday moraine. We are much indebted to Capt. Stone, of the fine ateamer Cornelius \ uoderoilt, lor his kindness to oui'-ines-sengf r. Such attentions to the public are em ugh to make uuy man popular. Annexed ore the details of the news from our files, and from one or two ot our letters:? Our lilan Cor>c*fM>n<lciicc. . August XI, 1848. Svpi'imiuii vj the Insxirrection?Trial of the Iuturgents, <Jr., ifr. The past week lata been a moat momentous one for the hi b iusurg' nts. l'h.-ir General litis been captured) and thtir leaders are now ruing for their lives, whilst arrest are being made in all parts, so that the iusurrectWri. I way safely ray,is nuiv at an end. Mr. W S ?Brit u was urresleo in i'huries ou Saturday evening at hall-past eight o'clock, lie went to that station f ir thepvrpoee of procuring n ticket to pats him by railway to Limerick, intt cdtng to take refuge amongst hi8 friend) there On the platform there were sixteen or fevenut n constables, in colored clothes, who did not know l.iin ; but a guard belonging to the Great Southern ai d Western Hallway. named Holme, an (englishman. det.titled hiui aim tapping him on the shoulder, told h in lie wts tie liu. t u a prisoner A strong escort of police >?tis iiLinediutrly procured, and Mr. O'Uriouwas In It..),... I.. .. o??i.l ?I t- ? ... ?.v?u > sp.v.n.1 umu, WJiUlt UCWUS lorthv i'h conveyed to Kilmainbaui jail. No one lias been c owed to visit li in but Lis wife and his uncle. Ti e formerappears very much depressed, weeping continual.y. It is au extraordinary fact, tbat he slept at Thurl. - several times .-luce his affair with the police at Ballingarry The other leaders*, who are supposed to heiotie Kipper mountains, in Tipperary, proposed, through a clergyman, who is intimately coun c ed with Lir. Kennedy, Kouiuu Catholic Bishop of Killaloe, to soil en der if a heir lives should be spared; but, as yet, lio government have refused to come to any terms with lie m. Indeed, the pursuit afur them is so clo e, and ll. arrangement- for their arrest so effectual, that it is in possible to see how they can avoid arrest for any tin e. bince the circumstances of Mr. O'Brien's arrest became known, the other persons implicated have either been arrested or escaped to America, so that the extreme excitement which last week filled cho minds < f the persons in the vicinity of the scenes which have been enacted, are now in a great measure cooled down Amongst those ur.ested during the past we?k, are the following, who look a leading part in the confeu- ration for s me time. Mr. Lie Conroy Young. Vice-President of the Polytechnic (dub. Dublin ; Dr. West and Mr. Kennedy, presidi nts of two of the club*. S. J. Meany and Mr. i .Breninu. sub-editors of the Felon [tie we paper. They have ml been committed under the charge of high treason it is expected that a special commission will t be issi uat the close of this month, fur the trial of all the political, except these in custody before the psssing of the lute uct. On .Saturduy last, the up and down Limerick mails were i oppi d and robbed ; the entire of the mail bags were i utried off I regret very much to have to inform you that the bligbi u the potatoes is becoming more apparent and more extensive ; it is now. 1 rr.ny say, general throughout the country Some persons recommend cutting off sue sunns. anowing nm mot ts 10 remain in the ground, and planting greens or sowing turnipe over thorn Tho ether crops, notwithstanding the very wet weather we have hud lately, look exceedingly veil. The Koyai St. Geoige Yacht Club regatta, com- i me need la t Tuesday ; the scene has been very anninin ai d Kingstow u harbour is crowded with vessels of all descriptions. There arc not loss than n war Sleannrsct various sizes in the harbour. Ibe grand jury of the County Clare, have adopted s reiLousliunce to both houses of Parliament, protest- | Jug apuimit the operation of the poor law eu.ctaiant in its present form On Tuesday last, at the sitting of the grand jury, they f< uud true hills against Mr. Dully, late editor of j tteNvlion newspaper; and at half-past three o'clock, i he ws- nrraigni d at the bar, tho commission of Oyer and 1 < rniiui 1 having commenced, the Clerk of the ('row n read the sub-i.vuceuf an indictment com tain- ( tng a i reat number of couuts. charging the prisoner , with h felonious altt nipt to deprive ibe Queen of her loyal style, crown, and dignity, and to advise and per. coade I0.1 Mrjesty's subject! to fulfil and bring to effect hi.' felonious compassing*, imaginings, devices, and intentions Tho felony ascribed to tim prisoner, , consisted in ccitain articles published in thu Xatinn newspaper,on the loth. 17 th, and 'i it it of J ur.u, "22d and iil'th Juty, Uc .which wire headed." Iroland'sCapaciiy , to as.ert her Indepeudence," - A .Month's Detay," 1 ' The Value of sn Irish Harvest," ' The Business of To-doy ' The Practical Instructor," " Great Guns," ] "The Tocsin of Ireland." "Trees of I nton." &tc. 'When lite Clerk of llie crown called upon the prisoner to plead, hi- attorney made a.sign to him not to do so. 1 Sir t olntau C'Leughiin then applied to the Court to require the Clerk ot the Crown to read the indict- , lnent slowly, in order that a note of it might bedakon liy a sh< r> hand writer, us >va done at the trial of John 1 Mltchel, the Court havlmc ruled that the Crown were , not bound to furnish acupy ifthe document. Mr. Baldwin, Q. C , said ho could not depart from -the piecedrnt in 1)10 loiinur case, in the absence of the Attorney-General Sir 1 olinau O't-oiighlin stated that it would take a was the u lute in ilie day, the opposite eiilu would consult with tb? Attorney General upon the subject of giving h copy of the iuuiccmcnt, which the Court approved of Tiuo bills wore found against John Martin, of the Irith I ihm. On Wednesday. Rfter several case? of no importance ! hail loen disposed of. Kevin 1/. J O'Doherty, and i itichaid Dnlton V\ 1Uind?k the joint proprietors of the ! iritli 'J'rilunr newspaper, were placed at the bar, and 1 separably indicti d for having published in the above I , ncwrt upor certain articles, with felouiou* intent, &c. j The jri-ouerspioaded notiruiliy sir Column O'Lough- ' lin su ! d that it win his intention to apply for a po -tpon< *i ent of the trials of both prisoners, together with .' icasrs. Dutfy sml Martin, till another ooinuris- [ nlon. i Uieh the Court In* since granted, on the ground that tl.e prisoners could not have uu impartial trial during the present excited state of the public mind. | Aifslrs In Ireland. ARREST tip SMITH o'llRIEN. [f rom the Dublin livening Mali.] Tin, Saturday night ?Mr. Smith O" linen , was at rested here at half past right o'clock this ?venn p, under the to.lowing circumstances:?He twin t? eii hy n policeman named I Inline, in the e*j>lc\ oi the Great Southern and Western llnil wuy ( (iinpany, p issing through the Yrmrket place, Iming dressed at the tun" in a brown overcoat,buttoned up to the thn et, nnd a pair of thick grey trous is, the ends of which were turned up. lie stojn (, limine, ami naked him the way to the ruil wny lion, which lie pointed out to luni. llulme sent i soldier (or leinforcements, and without "waitit > their arrival, followed nt once, for the purpose <i muking the arrest. Mr. O'Brien, on entering ihe railway station, asked for a second class ticket to Limerick, which was given to him. In pa) ing tor hia fare, the clerk observed a great tremor in his hand,and an excitement in his manner, rtiirui. (] m n urf suspicion. i tie money ncn was pi^? n hint wm sixpence more than suf ient, but so : ? nt w>? Mr. O'Brien's agitation, that he neglect-tl to take it up, and was recalled by the clerk (. r tliiit purpose. On Ins return, he asked which us the right platform, and being told, he Ciotset! l!u rail\\ .ij, . nil proceeded to ti spnne of croun-: adjoining, to prevent observation. There he we- it one tik?-n mtocictody by Hulme, who, having culled on him in the Queen's name to surrender hit-. II, seized him by the. right arm. .lie wat- irnmediaie|y m-sisted by head constable Hanoiver, D wh ted the warrant lor bis afreet. Mr o'Hrii tiV buck was turned when Hulme seized him, and aid?4 Ve i are Mr. O'Brien, and you are prisoner;' Air. Ilunntver then seized Mr. O'Brien by the arm ml sntd--41 have a warrant tor your in test,' at the same time presenting a ristol, and adding, 4il ) oil stir, I'll shoot you.' ITiiime nnrl Ih univrr w it mi the act of removing Mr. 0']5rirnt u)m t> . (-t the eon.-iulcilar), who hap* petted to tie in t e ':!< ! nood, arrived' ind as jut* cd in coiiv. y i ' i n'Brten towards the Bridewell. C n tin i ae-t'he military under the -command . I t. mtld, and the police under the comm .: i .-inspector Bracken. The prisoner, tin. .! ' forthwith transmitted to the Bnd< v i', v In h remained about two hours. The mti liiire" i t his m>prehension spread like wihKii i!:r. ' '' *"wn. (.roups of |ieopl?* coll. (ted ii- t!u o -mi i wan evident that a moment's (i. !i'\ wnuM h.ive produced such n terinent us u . ,..i b v 'hunt s.-rious con sequencet " atd .1- . to the disco-lion oi govemitv .ji i mi . ,'ir i en. getie und experienced an ohic r hs( n.-ral Mnei'.unald.any change | E NE MORNING ol tin attempt at a re scut* was avoided by the <lr tpatchund completeness ol his arrangements. Th ttrei it. and the railway station was at once clear ol the 14>i ulaee hy strona patrols ot police mid ch valiy. Tin* old veteran himself went Irom doort door. insistiiH' that tllev should tie rinsed unit ilts the inmates should retire. So complete wasthe sue ecu- attendant on ihet e decisive measures, that Mr O'Brien *vaa bi ought to the railway through thede Her led streets, and without a shadow nt opposition A strong body of infantry guarded the entrance ti (lie railway, and ihe prisoner was conducted then on a car, whereon Gen. Macdonald, Captain Fitz mautice, R. M , and Mr. Gore Jones, 1{. M , wen also sealed. He was surrounded on every side b] the armed constabulary and the troops of the line On entering ihe carriage. Mr. O'Hrien was placei in the centre seat, and in the same compartmen with him were Lieutenant Alexander Macdonald Snh-lnspector Bracken, Head-Constable llanniver and tour constables Mr. O'Brien was told b] Lieutenant Macdonald that he must not move o I speak, at the peril ot his life. Mr. O'Brien, before starting, inquiredofthe Gene I ral whether it was by hisdirection* that he wai ordered not to speak } the Geneial replied that i wan, and added,41 wish, Mr O'Brien, to treat yoi with all the respect due to your station in society and to your misfortunes; bull have n duty toper lotm, and my orders must be obeyed.' Mr. O'Brien replied, ' I have played the gam* and loet Had 1 won, mv power would have beer unlimited, and 1 am ready to pay the penalty o: having tailed. 1 hope,' he added, 'those wht accompanied ine may be dealt wnh in clemency I caie not what happens to myself.' lie said that as he was enjoined to keep silent he would try to sleep ; hut he did not succeed ir the attempt, and though his manner was composed throughout the journey, he moved nboul restlessly in his seat." Mi. O'Brien had a pistol in his possession when captured. On the arrival c.f the special train at Dublin, soon after midnight, he was at once conveyed to the royal barracks, where, having seen hitn safely deposited, Lieut. Macdonald proceeded with despatch! s from Ins father, the General, to the Vicei regal Lodge Mr. O'Brien continued to walk foi about half un hour in the square of thp barrack, , until the arrival ot Town Major White; after which the prisoner was conducted by the lion. J. Macdonald, A. D. C , to his royal highness Prince (leorge, of Cambridge, intended by Town Major White, and by the constabulary force, without the intervention of the military, and safely lodged in ; Kilmatiilium. ANOTHER ACCOUNT. [From the Freeman's Journal 1 Mr. O'Brien whs arrested last ni^ht (Siturday) in the town of Thurles, at about eight o'clock, and was immediately transmitted underastrong escort by special train to Dublin, where he arrived about two o'clock this morning. From the terminus oi ?lie railroad he was taken | to the royal burincks, which are in the immediate vicinity ot the station. We understand that Prince ; Ot urge or Cambridge who was at once apprised [ oi the arrival oi the distinguished prisoner, had him brought into Ins presence. Mr. O'Brien was | shortly ntn r transmitted to Kilmainhnm jail, under an escort ot lancers, headed by Town Major White, wtiere he at present lies. Mr. O'Brien was arrested under the following circumstances : On Saturday evening, at about halt-paft seveu o'clock, Mr. O'Brien entered the railway station at Thurles, and was in the act of purchasing a ticket, it is said, for Limarick, when lie was recognised by one of the guards, who, laying ins hands on lus shoulder, said?" You aie Mr. O'Brien ; you are the Queen's prisoner." Mr. O'Brien made no reply ; and the guard at once ? nt for the police, thirty-seven of whom, under hub-Inspector Bracken, arrived within a few minntes. The engine, which was in readiness to convey the Dublin mail truin, was instantly put in requisition ; two carriages and a van were attached, and Mr. O'Brien was sent express to Dublin, accompanied by hub-Inspector Bracken and the i above number of police. Mr. O'Brien having been taken to the Royal Biti lacks, and thence to Kilniainham, as we already mentioned, w?.-t placed under the charge of the governor of that prison. On reaching, lie expressed an anxiety to retire to rest, as he was a good deal fatigued, "having,' In* said, " walked a considerable distance," al luc ing, we presume, to his wallgto Thurles. Huviug been supplied with some lea, he shortly after r< tired to bed, and we are informed tiiat he soon h II into a proHuind sleep. Permission has been given by the Lord Lieutenant to the Governor to admit Mrs. O'Brien, her children, and Mr. French, uncle to Mrs. O'Brien, to see the prii-oner. reported rising of tiie people. It was reported in Dublin on Monday, that accounts had reached the quarters of the general commanding, that disturbances had broken out in the Limerick direction. The 75th regiment broke up their encampment hear Thurles, by a sudden order, and before 8 o'clock on Monday, were murehing cm rc/ute for Limerick. A letter written at Thurles, on Monday last, dated ihree o'clock, says: "At one o'clock, P. M., tiiis day, the light division (or dying column, as they are termed,) which have been scouring the country for the last ten days, under General Macdomtid, consisting of two light six-pounders royal artillery, one company ol sappers and miners, the Willi rifles, nnd the 85ih light infantry, received iijurjo ?w c 11 11\ *r iirii 19 (iiiu wiugcru uy inw>yny 11/ Dimenck, tn route to the couniy of Clare, wnere a ricin^; is expected. The tents were struck, baggage loaded, and the men oir the ground in one hour alteiwards. The 74th regiment proceeded to Tipperary. The 85lh light infantry escorted Fmnh O'Brien to the railway yesterday evening. The men have been provided with canteens and blankets as on service, and have suffered from the rain and damp of the ground in camp, but are, notwithstanding, very healthy, and in greatspirits. The 75th region nt are under canvass at Ballinpairy, county of Tipperary, vacated by General Macdonald." t1ik REliEL LEADERS. A correspondent of the Times, writing from Dublin on Tuesday, says: " A gentleman from the neighborhood of Golden told me that 011 Friday night last, Meagher, O'Gor1111111, and Dillon, called at a tanner's house in Clonoulty, iniplorinn food and shelter. They were in a most miserafde condition?wet, cold, and starving The farmer, however, would not receive them, and reminded them of the cautionary proclamation that was everywhere through the country Dillon said he could hold out no longer, and would give himself up at once if he ami Id rest nowhere. Altogether they were in a wretchod plight." The following is a copy of some wntten placards which were posted about Cashel, on the 2d instant. We do not, for one moment, suppose it originated with any of the unfortunate madmen whose nanu s uie attached; in Dillon's signature there is internal evidence to the contrary?the signature licng B. Dillon, whereas it should have been .T. If Dillon "X 1.000 reward FOR the HKA1) OS' CLARENDON, dead or alive. "Now, we, the undersigned, do hereby offer the aforesaid rew ard to any person or persons who sIihII, within nine months from this date, bring the said head to any one of us. "(Signed)?William Smith O'Brien, Thomas Francis Meagher, B. Dillon, Michael Doheny. " August 1, 1C48, the lirat year of the Irish Re1,nihil u 11 ii Ti IMMIIMMl mki's ill I i lie-."? dlnnmrl C'lirotiiclr. l.OUBKKY OF THK MMKllICK AM) DTT1UY MAII.S. " Kxaminkr. Office, Tkai.kk, Saturday Evening.?The up and down mails between Tralee nntl Dublin were this morning stopped by a large, well-Htnu d body ol the peasantry, at a short ilifctimce outetdr Abbeyfeale, on the I\i rry aide, (at the time and place where both coaches usually luce ) and the guards coni|>elled to surrender the mail-bags There van no violence attempted to be oil: ri d to the pawergera, the objects of the asst*lisnts being, as themselves stated, to intercept 1 oil ccrnriuHii.-otioP, and put 11 atop to proi lumations. The party retired up the mountnins with the bigs We arc, thou fore, without news from Dublin today." ali.kckd : roiivar: or tiii: conic ma'T,. A report was ciiculated iu Dublin, on Tuesday, that the mail which left Dmk lor Dublin on the previous day, ? a* et-pperl by a body ol peasantry, )ome 1 f?0 in number, ( nine of whom were nrrrvd.) en tlie rond n< ;,r Clcnbower t is Minted that two or three ol the armed party rmhrdtn the leaders' heath-, caught hold of the i.-iiis, and succeeded in slc|l tup. the couch, win lot others c died loudly' on tin guard and parrengris to alight. Others again, ot the iissaiIhiiu- were in lrniniinr to scramble oh tincom li. when ill* puurit prom nti d ins oarhiue at the putties vbi lu Id tlu leaders' heads, and called oil tin ri. to let go, i i h>' won1'! fire on ihern. One or lv I I "to-n! ' p -eei'gerM Well aimed With pinole, i (i iliey rt t <t< d lo liav- eflcfinnliy intiniaiaiof i' i I * "i gelling on i u- conch On 1, i.i . ev i 1 i .:bn ' i tin men wiio tieai iiu is ti < v lei go, ami teh Iiica. The c. acliiiiuii veil nis d oi: me Iioim-s, .hi.! tlie eo<ti i I hi ; pa ageia .-iu?ii got out oi the n of danger. ji'Hi " ?wfj "? 'W*?. ,W V fl ] V EDITION?NEW YOR ARRESTS. c The following parties have been arrested:?In i| Dublin, Mr. West, an apothecary, living on Sumi meihill; Dr. M. Carson, late of America; John o Lawless, of Sandymount; Francis Ilanley, North t Eurl street. In Thurles, ?? Nolan, an American - sympathizer; Fitzpatriek, and about twen'y others of interior note. In < lort, Mr. 8. J. Meany, of the Irith Tribttnr, and Mr J. Brennan, of the In*h Frlav In Cionmel, Dr Ryan. In Wexford, 3 Thomas Whitty, of Macmine. In Waterford, s eight or nine of the leading clubmen have heen arrested, amongst whom are?Supple, u glover; b Strange ; Condon, a blacksmith ; Fogarty, brother|r in-law of Su|iple, and Sheridan, a merchant's clvik. Dr. West, Dr. M. Carson, of America, Mr. j Stephen J. Meany, and Mr. J. Brenuan.have been t fully committed lor high treason. It ts understood , that the trials for high treason will not take place t curing me commission which opened on Tuesday. Y Mr. Hergen, ol .New York, and Mr. Mirroii, r editor of the JJioRhedit Argus, have been lodged in Newgate under the Habeas Corpus Suspension - Act. Mr. llergen is a ship-broker, whs arrived in a Ireland only a lew days ago?he has, we undert siHnd, forwarded a complaint to the American j consul in Dublin on the subject. , Dr. McCarron, surgeon of one of the American liners, just arrived in Liverpool, who went over to Dublin to pay a visit of sympathy to Mr. Dully, in Newgate, was committed on Friday to the same i prison himself. Dr. McCarron is the brother-inf law of Mr Duffy. > Mr. O'DonnelI,chairman of the late meeting of confederates at Klievenamon, has been arrested. Mr. J. Kennedy, 11 person connected with the , mercantile club, was arrested at Ktllaloe, couuty 1 Clate, on Tuesday. CLONMHI. GARRISON, t This garrison is being strengthened everv day, and now amounts to nearly 1,500 men, ineludinar t the local pensioners, who are under arms. All the constabulary from the surrounding country are 1 concentrated here, and number nearly 200. I MUTINY OF CONVICTS AT CI.ONMEI, GAOr.. On Thursday week, the convicts now lying in Clonniel gaol under sentence of transportation, 56 in number, attempted to overpower the turnkeys, ' and escape from prison. A scuffle ensued, the , turnkeys were driven into a corner, and an attempt 1 made to disarm them ; fearing which, the turnkeys had to use their bayonets, and evertil of the cons victs were wounded, two of them it is feared mortally, and six others so dangerously that they had s to be immediately convoyed to hospital. 1 Mr. Jeremiah Lalor (brother of the felon Lalor) who had just returned h orn America, has been detained 011 a charge of treason, in the gaol of Nenagh. AMERICAN SYMPATHISERS. ' We learn thut warrants nre out for the apprehension of more than one American sympathiser, of which class we understand it is known that there are several specimens now in Ireland. These vagabonds, generally ex-Mexican volun1 teers, are most of them Irish, either by birth or parentage. We have heard that some of them nave been discovered to have considerable mimo of money at their command.? Dublin Mail. 1 sxmuax ok asms. A gunsmith's shop, on Ormond-quay, Dublin, was searched by the police, on Friday, and the arms seized by tne government. A seizure of arms and ammunition was made on the same day near J Besborough-terrace, north Circular-road: some seizures have also been made 111 the neighborhood j of Slievenninon. A vast quantity of pikes is said to have been taken at Carrick-on-Suir. On the i other hand, th peasantry of the county of Dime- ] rick, are busily plundering privnte houses for sake of their arms. * THE POLITICAL riUBOKKRS IN NEWGATE AND KILMA1N- ] 11A.M. A solicitor having made application in the pro- l l>er quarter for permission to see Ins client, one of the prisoners now confined in Kilmainham, under a charge of being concerned in " treasonable prac- 1 tices," received the following reply :? 1 " llis Excellency cannot, at present, order your admission as the prisoner's solicitor, but Mr. , shall have ample time to prepare for his defence j against any charge on which the .crown muy proceed agoinst him. < (Signtd) " T. N. Redington." The subjoined is a copy of tlm general warrant , under which the prisoners charged with " treasonable practices" have been committed :? 1 " Bv George William Frederick, Earl of Claren- . don, Lord Lieutenant General and General Gover- < nor of Ireland. ' "Whereas information has been received, that lute of? ?, in the city of Dublin, hath J been concerned in treasonable practices, these are . in fier Majesty's name to charge and command you, hihI every of you. to detain the hodv ot I in wife ciibtody. until ho shall be disohitrttod by c due course.of law; and lor so doing, this shall be your uffieient warrant. t ? Given under my hand and seal this , &c. " Clarendon. ' "Tothe Governors of Newgate, Kilmuinham, &c." ' INQT'ESTS ON TWO IN8T RGENTS AT BALL1NGARHY. , An iu<jiie.-t was la-Id at llallingarry. on Monday, 31st , July, by Thomas O'Meara, Ksq., Loulailulf, coroner, and a jury of farmers of the locality, on view of the bo- , dies of Patrick M'Bride and Thomas Walsh, the two men who were fbot dead by the party of police, on j Saturday, the 29th of July, In the alfray between the j ; police and the insurgents assembled on the commons | , of lloulagh. The inquest waa attended by one of the , local magistrates, Mr. Going. of Rallyphillip, by Mr. | ; Kitzmaurice, H. M., as well as by General Macdonald, , , and the officers of his staff. The jury returned a ver- ] diet in both cases, that death ensued from gun-shot wounds, inflicted by some of the police, who had re- ] tired to the widow Cormack's house, and fired in self- , defence. I.ORD HARPINOE's PEI'ARTT RK FROM DUPLIN. Lord Ilsrdlnge left Dublin, with his statD on Mon- i day morning, for Kilkenny. As llentenaht-general, ) the noble and gallant viscount takes command of the t southern division of Ireland. General Macdonald continues in the command of the moveable column. Colonel Clark, late of the Scots Greys, and Colonel t Pennefather, have beon appointed to the stair of Ire- 1 land. MILITARY MOVEMENTS, The out-pensioners of this district have been placed under arms during the week, and are at present on { daily duty, very few of the regular troops being in bar- | j rack here, the most of the depot being drafted to out- i t stations. The greatest tranquillity prevails here, al- j J tuuuiiu i? in Iirucidlj UC1IFTFU IHRI, II ID? magistrates c Were iu n position to enter and search private house*, , many arms would bo found ; as the disaffected In this : p quarto* were silently and successfully carrying on { their operations?at the same time, not unknown to ] the authorities. This may account for the sudden j departure of some of the tribe ?Drrry Sentinel. The out-peneloners of this district have been called in. and placed under arms; and the large store oppo site the soldiers'barracks, in Oortmore. cleared out. ' and rented for their accommodation ?Tyrone Con- ' otitulion. ' ARRIVAL OK WAR STEAMERS. ] 1 KiaosTOwa, Aug 4?Arrived at 8 A .iVT . this day, f II M. steam frigate Mragon, lion Cspt. Hastings, with J coast-guard men to man the Cyclops, of which ship 1 he is t? take the command on her return from Bel- 1 fast. H. M. steam transport, Birkenhead, returned > from Waterford. having landed the marines there. j STATE OK THE POTATO CROP. ! ] tVe l ave hithei to refrnined from noticing the reports t wliicli iiave been circulated respecting the re-appear- , ant e of the pota'o disease. We were aware that many t of the statements which had been published were grossly exaggerated; and we therefore resolved before 1 addressing our readers on this subject to mako a careful examination of the condition of the crop over ad extensive district From the result of this examination, we rearet that it is our duty to state, that, it is probable that this unfortunate country will this year also f suiter a considerable loss of that crop, which, despite j 'i the warnings of the past seasons of suffering, is still, ( in many psrts of Ireland, the chief dependence of the fa'tntr ? Northern Whig. Helfant V e have nt ver boon alarmists, but have ever, to tho c beet i f our belief, laid before our readers the plain and s simple truth. We regret to say that our present duty r Is to give rather an unfavorable account of the potato | crop, upon wbioh the hopes of this unhappy country a are now desperately set. In many districts of the ? soulh the direare has assumed an apparently vlrulant J form, while In other districts the disease seems to have l een checked, Howevt r. one tiling seems at this moment t no st painfully probable that the crop on which so i nine* (It'iii nde If, to Fay the leant. In danger Thia Ik the opinion that we are compelled to arrive at by com- J inn iiient ions from cnrrorpondcnta on whose acouracy and credit we can rely.? Cork Examiner. TIIK STATU TRIALS. The game of brag etill g< e< hand in hand with the pane of delay. In the battle-field and in the hall of jUFtice the fame courae la pursued in the one. the valiant foe shrinks front the combat, and la to be found nowhere;?In the other, the braggart pen (men and tciignt sitirn evoke all the quirks and impediment* f la* to poet pone the iptue which they so often Invited. To-day. Sir ( oln>an O'i.oghlen applied to pnFtpnnn the trials < f Martin, Pohcrtj. lirennan. and oth>ra, till 11 e next con mission; but the tillldavlt* on which eounm 1 wn? to rely. not being ready , the consideration of the qurrttoii itande overtrt to-morrowmornin? What tl e n ftilt ii ?y be we cannot aay; but we understand tt at '1 the i "'b n be FlicreFeful a aimilar application | ti be made en behalf of C. M. Duffy. ? Ihihl n Mail i f fl>dnttHiiy (>i 'lltuifday another cnnver?atlon took place he. I * i en 'be law ? fHeera Ol the croWn and t he (lot) nael for l i 'laveT-crF iti the eopree of wbleh Sir I olntaii ()'I. 1 n ?n d, 'I think it rig't to mention to die Alt'r, e<in n c i el. tint it tH i or Intention to npply for it i | i tpom ivent ot nil the tiials. The affidavit* are all i a..\ to be Fworu, and wa intend to fitrniah oopiea of >RR I K, MONDAY, AUGUST them to the cown, unit to make the motion to-morrow morn'rg ' Ultimately, the question of poatponeweut wan adjourned until yesterday. THE GOVERNMENT REWARD FOR THE ARREST OP I SMITH n'HKIKN. On Tuesday, Hulmu. the guard on the Limerick and Thurlea train, wax paid the ?500 reward offered hy thu government for the a.reat of Mr William Smith O Brien Holme hat ri aigned hia situation aa guard cn the great Southern ami Western railway, aud id about to leave for hid native country? Kngland. MK. W. SMITH o'lllUEN. This gentleman compliiiua bitterly of the treatment i he had received from bin follower*. Kveu the Frtr*u?n'? , Journal attributea to him thu utterance of auch rent!- i menta as thu following :?*1 entered upon tny course with my eyea open to all the eonaeijuenoea; but those whom I expected to sustain me fo~ the aake of the country did not do so I know I shall he hanged, ho It ro. 1 am ready?and ]1 have only to aay, i have done my pait for Ireland. AMERIC AN AND FRENCH SYMPATHIZERS. The govei nment having received information to thn effect that large supplied of arms, ammunition, and food, intended lor the use of the rebel ariny in Ireland, had been shipped from America and Krauce, have tukeu effectual measures to prevent the landing -of tlnxe mischievous consignments. In addition to the HeetatCovo and the eteam frigates, nine aloopa of 11 war have received order* to cruise off the Iriiih coast. It i right to state 1 hat the governmerits of the reap etive countries from which these supplies are coming, are in nowise connected with the proceeding:. These warlike cargoes are the substantial tributes of private sympathy We learn that tho Ilritish Ambassador has apprised the American government that all persons, whether subjecte r.f the States or otherwise, taken in

the attempt to aid the insurgents by such supplies, will be torlhwith hanged by the Ilritish authorities MILITARY CONTROL. The Timet correspondent says the south of Ireland is ut this moment under military control. It is divided into distiivts, each of which is commanded by an ofilcer of distinction, whose name is already known to the world as having "done tho StRte service." General Napier is at Limerick, Sir ('. O'Donnoli at WaterIV rd, Sir C Napier and Major General Turner at Cork. These are the established military districts, by which the south of Ireland is held in contr< 1?l>y which its rebelliousness is overawed, and tho peoplo reminded , that there still exist such things as the crown and government of the land To connect the south with Dublin, General Mucdonnld has under his command about 2 MO men, who form a moving column ready to be concentrated ou any point where their services may be required. They occupy the district between 1 Thurles and Kilkenny, and are thus available for the suppression of disturbances at any one of the three fixed districts. The manner in which they have dis- i charged their harassing duties is already before tho public. In addition to these formidable and well organised arangenient*. Viscount Hardinge is, I am informed. now on a tour of inspection throughout the disturbed districts. His lordship was expected yesterday at Kilkenny, whither General Maedonald and his aid-do camp went to meet him. It is most sincerely to be hoped that the vigorous measures thus adopted may not soon be relinquished. The turbulence which has so long been rampant in Ireland cannot be otherwise : controlled ; and controlled it must be before the pros- j peiity of the country can be effectually restored. ! A reward of i.'300 has been offered for the apprchen- j siou of lticbard O'Gorman. The Latcat front Irolni d Kuhopkan Maii. Office, ) 0 Saturday Mohmnij, August 12. { 0 The news lVom Ireland HiJUit nothing of importance n to that contained in our first edition. At tlie Commission Court, Dublin, yesterday, the trial of Mr. . O'Dogherty was proceeded with. The evidence was soncluded, but the jury had not agreed upon their rerdict. J"' Rumors were current in Dublin that Meagher and u Doheny had succeeded in eiTuoting an escape. Four persons, said to be Americans, hare been ar- J' rested at Clontarf, and were brought to Dublin on Friday. Dublin, Thursday evening. Aug 10. P' The Lord-Lieutenant has issued a proclamation. offering a reward of $.''00 for the apprehension of 1! Richard O'Gorman. accused of high treason. kl O'tioimun, yesterday, crossed the Shannon in a P1 joat. and is now supposed to be in ( lore. ' A cargo of gunpowder lias L>ood seized in Uungarvan " Tbe trial of O'Doherty,of the Tribune, commenced J' n the Commission Court to-day ; the Crown closed, '' ind the trial will be resumed to-morrow. Dublin, Thursday evening, August 10. c; This day Mr. Mahony, of Capel struct, was arrested j1' under the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act, and oom ! !' mitied to Mewgnte. 1 l our nun, said to bo Americans, wero srrested at J1 Clontarf,' this naming, and brought into the Castle. '' At four o'clock these men were discharged. ! J*, At Canagher, in the King's county, two brothers, : J: named Hopper, have been arrested. ' It is said That the Crown contemplates pending up 11 jills for high treason, against Charles Gavin Dully and lohn Martin. A special commission, to try Smith P 3'Brien and other iiallingarry rebels, in Tipperary, is 01 ipeken of. P1 This evening, a proclamation was issued, oiTering a ~ cward of A'StO for the apprehension of Mr. Richard 11 I'tiornian, jun., who is oharged with treasonable | I'; iractices. I h' state trials. n We have just received our Dublin correspondence f iflsstn'ght. jP The trial of Mr. Kevin O'Doherty was resumed in ! , .he CommiSMon Court this morning. Mr. Bi tt, (i. C., aduressed the jury on the part of 1 .he prisoner, at great length. 1 The Solicitor Ueneial replied on the part of the > J! stown. I :' Baron Pennefathf.r charged the jury, who retired j 11 it e quarter bt fore four o'clock, and are still closetted T at this hi ur (half past, five ) - bv .Mipcpriuu to vuaii biit'i v will uw 110 y?rHot 0 Denis IIoban. printer of the Tribune, was arraigned 'cr printing ami publishing certain seditious articles * ntbatpnptr. The prisoner submitted, and handed *| n iin affidavit in mitigation. Testimony was pro- ? luced as to his character; it was stated that his po- . itlcs differed from the views advocated in the Tribune, ' icd that he merely undertook to print the paper as a fC l atter of business. cl 'I he ATTonnEY-UKNRRAi. left tho matter to the Court. :Ie would Dot say a word which could I rail to tho supe sition that any excuse would tend to mitigate the iharge made against the prisoner. llaroo P?:.ssi:rtTiiCR.?Our feeling is, that we can- 8t lot hold that a person who even Incautiously allows 01 lis name to be made use of for suoh a purpose is en- ?' lrely free from blame. !'' The Cut ft promised to consider the matter. ' Attosssv-Oknkrai.. -I have to apply to your Cord- J* hips not to discharge the city grand jury to-day. I - 1 iave a few other bills to send up. s 5V ? Tutu Orrmc. / Ltvr.aruoi., Aug. 12?3 P. M. ) r; Our special express messenger, who left Dublin some rj wo hours after the despatch of the mail last night, ^ ias just arrived. He brings later intelligence of the f,, State Trials, informs no that about six o'clock yester- jp lay evening the Judges directed the sheriff to inquire if the jury If there was any chance of their agreeing to i verdict, when it was stated that tb"re was riot the lightest chance of an agreement. Their lordships hen ordered bailiffs to be sworn, and tin- Jury was * ochcd up for the night tta. 'r THE ESCAPE OF Mil. RICHARD OWhtMAV. ftl Accouuts have reached town that l|r. Ilichard O'- o ioruian has succeeded in effecting his escape from the c< iruntry. As I apprised you yesterday he crossed the Oisnnun on Wednesday in an open boat. On reach- c) ng Healer Castle a coast-guard station on the Shan- Wl ion. be was taken into custody by one of the const- pi ;uaids. who at once sent notice to the police that he iad seized a person whom he suspected to be O'Oor- ft. nan; but, on the arrival of the police, they found that j bt n the meantime. O'Oorman had persuaded tho coast- | t|i (uara tDai ne was a mere traveiiertrom Kerry to Clare \ 0, t appear* that Mr. O'Gorman got ?'f 'n a boat; that ,c le boarded a veftrel coming down the Shannon from j,T .Itni rlck, and bound for America, in which ha ha* '] 'reaped. The police at once gave tbii alarm, and a ()j var-rtearaer baa been despatched In search of the yes- w *1. ai TIE AKI!KST OF SMITH O'HRIKN?INCIDENTSCONNECTF.I) WITH INSOLENCE AND RUFFIANISM OF TUB SOI.- J1 1)1 I.I! Y . j' [Krom the Freeman* Journal, Augu?t 12.] ; We publich the following most interesting account, rem our special reporter, of the proceeding* in ,( 1 buries ccnaetiuent ou the arrest of William Smith I I'BrienJ' Thi atia. Tiunday. j A* I ok'eue that different version* of the paWcular* '' onnected with the arrert of Mr Smith O'ltrien have ppeared in ronie of the Dublin paper*, I think it ne- * ' i *>ary to state, that that which appeared in your or- J1' ine* edition of Sunday morning, w*a the only correct . iccount that I have aeen. except the more ample ami xceedingly accurate otic which appeared in the Cork , Etutaintr. I think it. howevrr, a* well for mo to narrate the parir ul I. IK ill a comr.lell. h I.. I .1 f,,rm na I alt, In I podtlon to do with the most perfect accuracy. A little before eight o'oloek on Saturday BTening, <i ilr O Ilrini came into tliia town on foot, from the di- p, i ction of Nioy ne, about tour mile* hence, lie walked hrouph the main atreet. paeiiDg the hotel where the (ll eneral and hia tall were quartered lie wai recng ,,, lifed by numbera of people, anme of whom w.irned him ? ipainat appearing mi publioiy, but he made no reply to p, lent. Amoig thoao who recogni-ed Mr O'Brien In he atreet, wiie Mr Hnlme, the railway guard who lmmdatily fillowed him to the atathn When hfucl id tlieie, l.v i n't rid the offlee. and a ked 1 >r a *' erot d claff ticket to I,in eriek, for which he handed ix fl ill'l ga to the olerk Itia manner eeenied uerroil* ''' Hid * xolted. and hu left a eltpenee. which ha waa to " aa chat go, on I lie counter The olerk called J" iin hack to lake It, and he then a-ked where be * a? . git to gel Into the train, and waa to:') tt cr > a lh" l r atlway to the opposite platf, rm lie did *o, aed waa l'1 II reel y i n it w l.t n he w made a prtsouer by liulinn, " i bo hail follow etl I in, all through a ml communicated '' ii tin interval with tin parly *ho htld the *;irnnt <r i r Mr O'liritnV arrett namely. Cnnatable Itnnav-r 1" 1 the M <li? ?i< n of the metropolitan p dice. urg it -f ij.t ill t? cllt e foiec Mianwhile a Moall pirty ?i ' p? I e led airlTid at the Ktntin and Mr " .'I,t;i n we maiel id willi ih.m bv hta eaplor.e, who *' il.d ,oi i t(i I i.-l o p e i; il ut htm to lh.- hrld well, r i b i.< i ear tlic Mali ^n i be intellig, nee of hi.'err-it w [ERA ' 28, 1848. Iimvii (i I.e. r < ninmnivati tl by the pollen to the reeidsnt Du gi.trate, Vr (lore .loan and to (leneral M'llnn tld, an < rderly K?f deepatehed to the ramp, it ml a regiment ?f Infantry rimn in within a quarter of an Colon-I ! ordyce ami Captain M'Kennie one of the genrral'r aide d.-campa. roWe up to t he railway nation, and t?eine ont* online with llwrti imi up, whleh was ah. ut starting for llallylirophy to liring up the Minerlok mail train, ordered the driver to remain and plane him M*lf at hie (Col Kordyce'al The n< ginamiin ( vulenny) a moat intelligent and steady offlner, Irnnired the rou.on for thin order, when one of it... military parly raid, " Wo arrest you, and thin engine, in the name of her moat (irnoioiiH Majesty Queen Victoria ; you arc to obey our orders ai the peril of your lifo and to bring thin i-mrinc and train safe to the King's I ridic Station. in Hublin Mulvany, who it appear*, exhibited much coolness and s-lf-po* esni in, replied. ' I will not stir one Inch out of this for yen or any other man ante** the proper officer of the company I seree come* here and tell* me to d > no " "You wont'" 'aid the ottlcer presenting a pair of pistol" at hiin I ilont care ale ut your pistole or your threat*." said \ ulvany ; 41 I'll do in y duty to the company" Tho flicer* ihen went 10 Mr Harden, the superintendent >f the locomotive department, and a*ked if they could i? t pet another man to drive the engine ? Mr Harden a d they could not; and they having used *im<lar Ian ;uage to him, that) e i-hould. on pain of death, despatch m engine to Dublin with a special train lie told Millany that he should go, and Mulvany said, that receiver that older from him, a* the officer of the Kailw*y ^mipanj, be wouid, of cour*e, obey it. but that ho hi uld gi t wait r for the engine before he could pro- j :eed " V Oil llnnt mint mn I -p " alii nm, I.fll,.. mllll.n. dlictrs, who milled tbat ' the driver should 00 on at he peril of big life." "I wont be put out of my way >y you," said .Vlulrany, " I must get water." The officer igain repeated hie command, but Mr. Harden interered. and declnred it was absolutely neoe*?ary that rater should be taken in to a low the engine to proe?d. 1 lie carriages having b<-en attached, the train I noted on as far a* the tank, which is about a mile rem the Thurlea station, and having stopped here, lulmo, who had, while at the bridewell, thrown off the ' Iress of the company, and assumed that of a policenan, jumped on the tank and attached the hose from i l to the engine. A supply of water having been taken I n, tlie train proceeded on to Dublin U bile this scene was occurring at the station, Mr J'fiiien had arrived at the bridewell, and upon onterng it he observed that ho was very much exhausted, md desired some relreshuieut. He was asked of what rind Ho said some tea or soup; that he was a teeolaller, and would not have any spirituous liquor, rInch, it would appear, some one present suggested le might make use of. Ho complained that his feet sere sore troui walking, and a police officer, Mr. Latelle, at once wentiuto the town and puichased a pair of tocks for him. for wbicli attention Mr. O'Brien xpn hsi d himself very thankful. He then requested jeimission to wiitesouio letters, which was acooided iiui. and he wrote one to Mrs O'Brien, and another o Mrs. Dobeny, requesting that his portmanteau might be sent alter him. Both letters were duly fcr*aided, and Mrs. O'Brien, accompanied by her father, Mdurman Joseph Oabbett, of Limerick, went up to Dublin by the lirst iratn yesterday morning Shortly utter Mr. O'Brien was lodged in tho brideveil, and while the train was being gut in readiness, v.sjor General McDonald, scoempuriied by Captain mi zniuuriee. R. M.. ariived there, and a conversation ( Oek place, in the course of which Mr. O'Brien, in re- j ily to a question as to what he wanted or desired in j he proceeding he had taken said? ' I wanted to be a , itizeu of a fiee couutry, and I desired that my fellow ( ountryuien ihould be lisppy and prosperous, instead , f living under such a tyiuuny as you are now ad- | lin .storing." I Gen. M'Donai n?And what would you have been ? , Mr O'Bkihv (jocosely)?Had I succeeded, I would Geu M'Uhnai i)?A general like me' I never wm a bel?1 kh ah-ays a true man ; 1 fought for iny king nil country ? u general like inc. indeed ! Some one of tlie officials vreeeul tbeu asked?" Did ou Dot wuntto be theKingof Munsterf"?to whioh Mr. ''linen replieu. ' No, it is u gross lie. 1 did not I lid no sucli desire or idea, and nothing has caused inn ioie pain and annoy unco .than the wretched false- i ood to that effect, nlncti was printed in u (iork newstper. It was a pure invention, and nothing of tinHid ever fell froui uie. I enter> d upon my course with y eyes opt n to all the, but those whom expected to em tain me. for the sake of the country, d not do so. 1 know I shall he banged ; be it bo i in rtady. and i have only to tay, 1 have done my part ?r Ireland.-' Shine futbhir convermtii n took place, in the course ! f w general observed, 1 had once the honor : f dining in your company, at your brother's house? ] it was an honor." Seting that his manner and ( inpu ,go bau hurt the feelings of his oaptive. the gene- i j si i hiher nuodt rated his tone, and said, " I don't wish ; , j annoy you. but I must do my duty and having I need Sir O'llr'cn In the custody of his son and < aptain f'iuinnurioe, to be convoyed to Dublin, he re- ! 1 red. lie then proceeded to the railway station, and ol linding ti e tiuin quite ready, he walked up to the :ution clerk, Mr Artiiur G'Leary, and, cooking his Isltil, he put the muxzle ol it close to his ear and ' ( riiered him. in th> most peremptory munner, to get a pec nl train m the three huudreth part of a minute t a iniher difficult operation. Air O'Leary told bim 1 would requiie some time to get the steam ap anil j lace 1 he engine on the proper line, and that he would , ive orders to tbe person in charge to do what was t qiiisite. lor which purpose he left the office but the / , , T, mo I?|>IU eiiuugu, ln-wed him.and presented big dawn sabre at Mr. ' Hgnell and Mr. Harden, commanding them to '-look ' isrp" about what be ordered. In the town ho or- j sri-d all persona to keep within doors on paiu of be- | ? in shot, and even threatened Mr. Cahill. the crown | u iiicitor ol Tipperary. with a like late if he did not re- ! tl to from where he then was standing, at the gate of ' ri is own rtnidence. To one of the otllcials at the railr.y station, who did not appear quite ns ' smart" as 11 0 desired, lie pointed significantly at the lamp-post, 1 aing language sufficiently clear as to leave no doubt I 0 s to his meaning. : 1 At ten o'clock, all being in readiness, Mr. O'Brien as removed on a car front the bridewell to the sta- j j on. The general sat on the same side with him, : t leisrs. (Jore Jones and Kitsuiaurice on the other. I here was a good number of people collected aloug 1 le way. "out no attempt was made to rescue the pri- v iner. The women cried bitterly, and several times i J iirsed the people for tbelr cowardice. One of tbera , tclsimed. ''Oh, good <iod, will anyone help me be- ,, >re we let him go." Mr. O'Brien, who seemed un- w orod before then, said, '-and has it come to this? f< ' there not even a word of sympathy from those who I e nie going a state prisoner.' I wanted to go to Liiu- " rick to see my lnmily if I could. They will hang mo, c, nd transport three or four others, and Ireland will w poos.e quiet again ; hut 1 have done my duty, and ill le people have not done theirs. I was told they ould come to me from Waterford, Kilkenny, Thurles, J| ssbel. (loninel snd all the country about; but that ,, is not been the case, I have been deserted. Let i lings now lake their course.'' On airiving at the ? alion Mr. O'Brien was placed in a brat class car- ii age, with Sub- In.-peotor llraaken. Captain Fitzmauce. the general's aid-de camp and two police con- 1 , ahles, and having been ordered not to speak or more 1 psiw of instant death, the train proceeded to Dub- i p n at a rapid speed. I t -SMITH O'BRIEN IN PRISON. 1 [KromEtha Freeman's Journal. Aug 12] } On tha arrival of Mr. O'Brien with his escort at t ilniainbain jail, be was conducted at onoo into the J iterlor, and was shown into the registrar's room <j hilst arrangements were making for his reception, ' nd the usual entry made in the prison books. Mr. () "Brlen wa- received by the deputy governor with , j. urtesv and remect. When he reached the nrison. ? r. O'Brien was enveloped in a large double lined c <ik or travelling wrapper of dark I'reixe. This he 11 ore over his nsiml costume Some brief delay taking '' are. Mr. O'Brien t nquired how soon he would be '' lown the room be was to occupy; he expressed hiinIf us very iiiucli fatigued, and intimated his wish to I: > all< wed to take some rest He was at onoe con- ' v lctvd to s lock-up room, where a bed was placed, and, f i i? aching it. he proceeded to dii-poso himself to take " me repot*, a! let liis long journey by railway, and. r nlmbiy a fatiguing walk acrois the country to / hurh*. previous to his airest. The officer in charge l 'the pilsoii. however, deeming thai some refreshment * as necessary tor bis prisoner, had teu. Stc got ready, K id brought up to him Mr. O'Brien partook of it, anil aul- i d tiie officer for his opportune attention, lie t ion slept unlnlerruptedly until nine o'clock, when t s was served with breakfast. He breakfasted heart- ' y, and. as we could learn. appeared self-possessed and j leirful during the moming. In the course ufihe ? relioon several g> nllemen railed at the prison to ,, t contirmution of the still half-doubted fact of Mr, tllilen's apprthension. audtoubtain access to him, ?J possilile This latter was. however, found (as might * live been *xp< cted) entirely out of tbe question. The ti riclert orders liad been issued that no person what- t| ier. for any reason, or ou any pretence, should be ad- p lilted to reeor converse wltli .Mr O'Brien. Itappenrs <1 ml a genth man requested an Interview with him In " * eaily part <d yesterday, stating that he was Mr. | Tlrien s solicitor and wished to see him on business, , ut his requist was peremptorily refused. t v fit It PROSPECTS?AM1T1IKR l'AMINK. , [Prom the Kn-rman's Journal, \ug 12 ] < The g.-Terotuent have been so occupied directing Iiimiiix" nil.i ' Held liAltcrl.m" on th,. one 1 ?nd and preparing warrant.' anil indictment*, and j anrprrt chlpi nn the other, that they have n i time i ronaidi r the leer- niomrDtoua queaH >n of the t-ireat- ? ltd fi-u n e and the threatened j.e tiience. and the fi una id protecting the people from their now all it certain ravape*. | , Duiinp th> pa t month, we have had many "Vi- i j" ncea t f the tearful rprend of that blinht to which i f already i ? > I t,e lore ,.f wo m tny hundred' of thou . ,,, i dt of <?iii ft ll'-w-rt uiitryman I-rem an ini on.' - , aire to avoid pi ny nni i cer-ary al irm ?' rather j tj rtit-ati tl than a i twuiied the dany r ili-.t open ' jd ?hieh. from .he tiM'niony we h"tl I : * <1 little tl liht i?a- r ot < lilt surely hut l ipid y, f, each nj, 1 he cl aractcr of the I rm r I 'iolils tin if in oyrr pa t nd th'dr ?le?> liipnrcnt, yave a i'.pa that a farat le (I ai 1 e II the* iti ef the atiat-p'n re nud the hei cor U"ii i which the dire:- e ivheth"r ricbtly wrinyl' ? .** rihm. -l v i d produce a c rroa- n id i p . on i i if-1 yro ?lrg cr-i a'?l l?n-t stay, t.<t a.t.f t the ?ier . v wbl * ho.i attacked i. itnp'h 'ord l n'e 'n ?h'- h<-t,.? wo t,ar 1 t fi r:i ni i j i i taiatui ! h li \ ?' "h j , a in Ml-. . ' I t- ' '' -t ' ?U wh>v , a if f- tn-s <1 'fj>!* : d by tjie lev,- w?wki i I fine catlc vhtrh* r'e 'VprricuceJ jh&u' '.as xildirnf rrr ?? ii???i? ?ii?i mmmbmmi L D. TWO CENTS. July, ha* aeatimed a mora decide* and leatrilflHve form under the altered condition of the weather They wb? were hitherto ereptleal a* to the ?-*l?t*nce ofth* dieea?e?who cou'd not l?* at all injured to believe that the repltitlon of 'ha' Irijrhtful cOamtty *w hi* imminent? bare r.ow p'veu way to the evidence of fuel a, and feel a* convinced fn tbe unhappy peaeaut hinieeir ?h? ?e> e the fitiit of hi* hard toil melt away, cow for the third time before hts eyea Any attempt at concealment would he morn thao UFeleta?It would be a positive crime. 77>* potato 4-t rnsr hot set mi and move* forward u-ith rapid strides. We are aware that apeoulntion may, and will, take advantage Of thiaaad annuuooa roent Hut our duty la the isnie lf'? hare to put the rountry in posset Hon of lite furls, lit d warn the authorities in time that the fund '/ '** it dt aijit >?. if nut lost. ?nrf I hat early and es ten tit r ;a emulations must be made to enable the pro file to live Our i-oinfoii r<iiT?i|inn!lrnNi 1IIU WAlt IN liOMHAHOV?CAPI'l'iri.ATlOM OF MII.AN? tll'NKKA), 8TATK OF KIJROPK, I.oitnoN. Friday evening, Aug 11 1148 I sent you. In my last, copious details of the groat battles thut have been fought between the armies 0 Austria and Sardinia, in Italy. Tlia route of the Sardinians whs complete ; they fell hack from pluce to piece, closely followed by the Austrians, and on the evening of the IIJ, the Austrian army ? as once moro before Milan Th,> consternation In that city was unbounded?Ibe Provisional Government resinned ; General Oliviiri (. ardiniun) took the reigns of nor eminent in the name of the king. ami nrory prnpara tion was made to stand a siege. (in the 4th. a battle took place under the wrlU of Milan, in which the Italians were again d feated. The liuke of Savoy 's regiment is said to have been literally out to pieces. All communication being cut off, the scrotints are. as yet. vague. The Jenmaltdes Debate siiys :? Wc are still without direct correspondence witii the lio&d quarters ui Charles Alts-it; hut wo aic assured this ovuniaa that u in* una 1us <iy utlnlr o "U P'*' < in " " nour ,e ot ten Uh Insv, 61 tlit distance ui h lew lougues ftnm Milan, between the Pisdnictitetr army and tie uimy of Marshal Ku ictsky, In nonH'uuetice oi ihis tootle, wlneh was not very favorable to the Piodmni te?e, King Chart h Aider . Iiad retired to Milan, whore he was ei deavormg to tortify n maelf." Intelligence of the capitulation of Milan ho.s sine* l,i i u reaeived, (though not ollloirlly.) and then ail Ltmbardy is once more in the power ot Austria. It will eiuoly l>? understood on what a slender tbri ml Ibe peace of Europe ha* been suspended. Tha promise* ot t rance, made by Ledru Koiltu ani l.araortine. ( I drawing the sword In delenoe of Italian independence, might leau men to suppose that (reneraJ Oudiuol with bis army of the Alp#, would have immediately entered 11iily ami given battle to the Austrian*. '1 hi.- iias not bcra the oa-e Amidst these great disorilcis the love of peace seem# to have received addi tbnel vigor, and a military dictator advocate# peace, whilst the poet statesmen?the author of Harmonir* Jlellglf Uktl?sllollts tvsr ! A tiew eutrnl* < ordialf htl sprung up between the trench Republic and England; liie first ti sull* of which is the formal acknowledgment of the Republic of England. M. Oustave dc heiitimunt well known in America, having been formerly there on diplomatic business, a man >f talent and moderate principles, member of llir so called Dynastic Opposition in th? day# jf Louis I hilippe. has been accredited as ambassador to our court Civilitos aro duily interchanged between (evuignac and Palinerston, and a joint panlflo tin Ui.tiin tins been decided upon in theatfair# of Italy ?Some ot the organs of the French press are indlgDsni. the /.'e/oi me uml other ultra-repuiilican journal# idvocate war War Is, howevor, not out of the ques:iou yet. It is still to he si'en whether the victorious Austrian* will grant the same terms which flharlee divert indignantly refused but a few weeks since. ' ranee still speaks of gua'anteeing Italiau lodepenietice? viitlier a wide definition. A few days will tell Ou tlier Mars will carry tlie day. Tha following e*rai'ts throw additional light on the intermediation TI e Journal dr* Delia! j says : ? <> l,?v? ,?Si.. ?I VI? it - .?v.n rv..u?. " V 144*1. VIUl'iniUm iiiti of Fram e ar.d England have c??mo to a deiniuve under* iteming. in or cr to atop the effusion of human blood, to offer .h?ir < ? n mediation to the belligerent parlies in Italy. This a: ii accomplished fact. Hdr day uceurier from Losdon has oarried to Paris ths a?l* aettion of the tin el s?h cabinet to the banc* of the mediaticn ftlruitdy udoptcd by the Government ol the Republic. "An Cktnjitte won immediately sent off, who carries to Mr. AFeicrumby, the Ei glitdi ambnssndor in Sardinia, and to M. di Lei/c\ the charg'* d': JTuirea of Frauoe a, Turin, th* i?rd.?r to go t> tie 1 viid-ijiinrtfi. of King Charles Albert, and of Marshal Ka il< t/tky. and to notify to thun ofjioiully the offer of mediation mud#* by the two powers,and to negotiate a {nvisional aruiiatice. "A not her coot cr fr m the Ministry r f Foreign Aflait* has also darted this evoi lug frr V enna. Wo are :iufc' red that ho is tho -eater ol de jn ohes for the ambassadors of Franco and England n Austria* fi ring ihem instructions. in virtue ?f which they am o i ill r hi .-nil tan ecus'y to (ho Impoifal Cabinet the c >mmon meliation of their rcsf ecu vo Governments." La Prtstt ia}H (La Pi esse is publibhed again bjr Uiraidin) 'I he courier so impatiently expected from liOtidon has atlengUi ir iv? l, with t' w uiiHv>er < t Lord 1 'ulruerston. The answer is not ntircly what was expected, for it receives to Austria a part of ^on.l ardy, and gave ri#e t* a cenf? rcure at tho often >f the Minis*r ol Foreign Affairs, at which Gnu nil Cavaignao and Lord Noruarb) were ficbnit. Three couriers were sent off this evening? he tint to Turin, the second to Vienna, av.d the third to London. K fourth courier was sent off to Corf <antinople, who carries to .ei.eral Aupieg the order to demand his nag-ports if within 34 tour* the French it-public bo not recognized hy the Ottoman \ rtf " T lie Li that h also sajs : ? We letrn this r veiling that M. Gostave do Jtaaumont starts toinjrnw for London* whero he U named F^uvov Extraordinary of ie French government <n thoplacoofM. de TaiJunay. It appears nt the Fret ch uovcnmifnt, Informed that England was going to vi pnise 1 fficially the republic, wished, by this nomination, to uiii'esti'H desire to establish fienoeforth official relations btseen the tw o c< unti on." '1 h? Soli oval <>l this day appears to fuel the diffloul-ty f th?-cafe, ai d it gets over it in French style. Aft*r mentioning the fall of Milan, it says :? In | resei ce of this fact, the French government nriat feol tho iecesi?y of acting withenergy. Italian independence mud not e a vain word ; and in re entering the capital of Lombard/, tbe tuMnnns have not acquired a right, they have profited >y the superiority of th ir forces, and that is all. That o. ....... |MC?ciuru tic Gccupauoil 01 M1IAU i oul?l (or tain l.v, have ([been desirable;, but it must not be for ottcn that at ti e limo our intervention wan formally demanded. I&detzk) va* aire >dy too far advanced f'.r our array to arrive in tuc to stop him in l is march. Hut, besides this, it ia not the i. t on to day. The important mutter ia that that liberty whioh on anjuired by the I al ans after Fobruirr should not honoc>ith he lost. It is ncceH.'ary that their judeper.denoe shcufd not p ut the mercy of ti e hazard of I u ties. To attain thin end, the i-distion of France and England will do more than hatalion*. me accepted hy the helligo<cnt parties, it draws with it as a nonary conclusion, annuo *1 convention, and 'irr.inge cnent* which ill be under the safeguard and under the guarantee of the raeating j*>w err." " VV c do not deny, wo wish to believe still in the possibility of race. VI c wish for no declaration ot hostilities, hut at the same nu we are ieudy, it n?<e*iaty, to accept war. Thai it oveuitally is, perhaps, war, and t he government ought to prepare for it, I its v. id l?e not listened to, if Austria, intoxicated with the ucitts of her aims, refuse to accept the conditions on whioh it is 1 ten did to trtu . wi h her, thin, indeed, let it be so, lot us draw he sword, snd let the republic saveltaly." Ia Prpiie of Thursday (yesterday) has the followng:? Hurried by the necessity for drawing off our Journal, we ha.1 nly time to notioe, at the end of our number of yesterday.'hat he answer of J,ord l aluo rston. so impa iontly expected, whs af list nrrivid. W e added that it was not altogether what was ex- ? ccttd, w hich cn pdtHdnt proves how incorrect the Journal dm kbatn wa:> in stating tl at the courier from Loudon had brought he adhesion of the English cabinet to tho bases of mediation laid ow n l-y the government of the republic. Vfo shall new etc to the icts from aiith ntic information, and complete our account of ic negotiations relating t the mediation offered by France and nglAi d for the pacification of Italy. In our article of yesterny vie remarked that the mission of the Mar pus di Rieoi to 'he reich government com priced two distinct questions. The tirxt ns what France w .uld do in care Piedmont should be invaded > Marshal Rndetxkv: the second wx? as to the formal demand of tie intervention of ?ranee The answer of Lord Palmers ton aUo ml luces three ?wo different poiirs. As to the eventuality ofaa nvasion of Piedmont hy Austria, the English cabinet particiate.-'in the opinion of Fi' nee, that it must l?c opposed by all oioil o meat s, and that the representatives of France aad Ifiugand, Reizct and Sir It. Aberoroinby, should W furnished nth carry requisite au'hority for imposing an armistice on Mnrhai had't,ky until the cahfaetof Vienna shall have given an nsw< r to thv i flbr ot mediation about to he made to it in the lautea of France and (ireat llritain. As to Uio bases of the arnngement to l>? proposed for the conclusion of a peace between instils and Ring t'liarlee Albert. we know from good authority lint the French government wis ed that at leant a proposal honlil he made to Austria to eracuato Italy entirely, ?u fving unranftcd a pecuniary indemnity for the territories g'vea ip, ?l ich had belt nged to the ci-dosrant Lnmbardn-Venetail Kingdom. On thin point, Lord t'almeriton observed hat, alter the confidential overtures he had revolved hri ogh lliron Ifittnellaiier, the envoy mi ho neat to L?non ly the Anntrian government, ho was convinced that im-trta would never, at any ptico, consent to givo no i t Italtsn province*,and the more so as she could rely ut?n Ike tf p rt of the C. rrntti I'arlismert of Frankfurt in retaining nog. teion i f tiio line of the Alige, which, in atratsty, is o>osi ie.-ed ' he the bulwark of South Germany. This is why Lord Falni?.on is of opinion 'ha*, for en'cring upon serious negotiations with e I al ititt of Vienna, it is necessary to reenr to the proposals r peace which Austria was, two months ago, the tirst to mass i the government of Lonihardy, These propositions arc stifSiently known. Austria, preferring the venitian provinces tip ? the li ft hsnk of the Adigc, would acknowledge the political ini pen item e of Lnmbardy, stipulating tor sn engagement from this let, that it would take upon itself a part of the 'totit of the imtrial treasury. Although these prepositions were put forward y Austria ut der conditions utnch mors nafavorahle lor her, that ' > to tav, at a period when the Sanlinlan army threat sued to tret tie lino if the Adigc. and when must of the Vent-Van town* i era vnfrniict >?cd from tf o Imperial government, Lord I'alraorton strongly urved II e colinet of Vieona to accept the mediation f France anil Knaland.if our government would consent * ? adopt l,u line of the Aaigo as the hasts ol negotiations to be opened for it loutiuiti it of a trvala of peace lotween King Charter Albert i d Mnr*l sl Radetsky. At the same time as thn answer of Lord 'nlnierston enved at Fat's, a telegraplih deepa'eh was received m - arcing that, on the 5th, the remains of the Fiedmoates" tn j, rslliid und r the command of the Tittke of Savoy, have a ill hat under the very wal's of Milan Whatever ma* :vi I ocn the hcroio resistance of the inhabitants of tj ; i lasted that the capital of Lombardy w ill fail, er? long, if t.'i? : < hi;inn <1 the armistice Le not pre red. lint Vara tal K? etrT y, em I < Met e.i hy success, will not i in *ent to an arm tgtlojt ?s Pgsshe shall fe l a o .nviotion that the propositions made a> n-rt ii.enr. t> inm. r,.i,n.ih.<, t. .in u?i , stsl v rs vid At V tenia. CoDl?<|UMth, t*.*? eouocit of miiiietere, wliiufi th hold ysu itiny eveiitng tinder the preiMlnO) of Oftieml Csi fti uo i>i tui U;?t it utvrni that the emittpunent pro. I IV rd rali nrati.ii alioiidt be lapMii, Ind aeinrdin* to l.iili the lipo of tf 10 Artec efinuM bo unarmtoed P> Ait'trtnif ?h? it-torU to alwndi n Lnrahardy to thl enH taat israelii na wrr- ??nt laet n'Aht to imr ipnin A" V onus and Tnrin, ord r to in tin' ii tho belliflorent paitie? to Accept .vi promptly 11 omit do ti ll Kranoo I nrheh me rition." Ill the ilnute on Tu??dnj, l.opfi I'A i ? ki.sti s, In answer to A 'lunation fmt by Mr. P ov ail), oi KOtd th*r her H.ycaty a fpiTerrimeiit were eentlbltl of c mil ' ot fetiac ii teriuiiiAttun put t . ihc nutorlu i?to n, ?l : v?o row deeo'AUne the pitlnco rib Italy Itii a mo m , t oi d to ej*i?U for An* otber ntnetit, but h? i-ted lii. I" ii' vllt AOMiie thell?nv,tl iwceiMMi , ?, i: pii od ?aa 0<|'tally itniied In l> tavernment ot i (ii?i Ivor J tier KnJeaiji'e uutrrnm ware about ta ! no | s indeed be ui Rht sly that tiiey tied i ly done ?o, in