Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 29, 1848 Page 1
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T H fto. 5200. tIKW W MTAIltS IN EUROPE, BY THE SPECIAL CORRESPONDENTS OK THE NEW YORK HERALD. Our l^ondon Correfipo tide nee. London- August 11, 1848. Stair of Ireland?The Spirit of Disloyalty Jllive yet? The Potato Rot?Slate of England?The Prospect l/tfore her?Jirietocratic Corruption?The Duke of Evrkinghatn?Vote by Ballot. Notwithstanding tin* capture of Mr. Smith O'Drien all tbe elements of discontent and revolt still remain in Ireland ; and It would be futile to hope for any favorable change whilst the present system of government continues. As may be naturally supposed, the arrest of so distinguished a leader has been hailed with great delight t>y what ore termed the friends of Ireland, or, in other words, the friends of things as they are. It is far from probable, however, that it will in the least tend to the country's pacification ;?indeed, opinions are very prevalent that the cause of insurrection will be strengthened, by the leadership being assumed by some man of greater talent and sternness of purpose. It must hav-* been evident to the majority of persons who have paid attention to the detuils of the insurrection, that Mr. O'Brien has not figured in that dignified manner that the world generally expeotsof a man bent on the deli Verance of bis country. The accounts furnished to the London press^respectiug tbisgentlemen, by reporters, who were evidently disposed to throw odium and ridicule on the movement, must be admitted to contain some show of truth, Inasmuch as his movements have been very erratic, and his whole courso of action appearing to be rather the desire of producing a melodramatic effect, than a devotednesa to matters of more ital importance, it will now be seen th&ttho prompt deportation of John Mitchel evinfted the correct judgment of government?that in him they saw all the requisites for a determined leader for the present crisis , and it is mere than probable that bad he stood in the position (,f Mr. O'Brien, the whole country at this moment nuuiu uutu KCU 111 a MH.II 01 successful revolt. 30 I?r, the occasion appearB to be lost; uod it only now remains to be seen if what is left of it will throw to th > surface a befitting leader. In England there appears great repugnancy evinced as to dignifying the present struggle With the name of a rebellion ; and also a strong disposition to falsify facts as to its strength ; but this applies, snore or lees, to every attempt to revolutionize a country. As regards rebellions, the maxim as to their being justifiable or not, depends entirely upon their success or Otherwise, for. if successful, few dispute their propriety. The person of Air O'Brien has scarcely been lodged in prison till the metropolitan press begin to speculate as to his probable fate ; and the Times, ever true to old nature. anU predictions of a lovo of blood, points ( out and revels in the prospect of an ignomious death ; ' and it is very probable that, were it as powerful as it i? vicious, it would prescribe the ancient form of j proceidings in cases of treason, being carried I into (fleet, by diawing and quartering. If any desire exist to couumute the wounded and irritated feelings of the Irish people, it is to he hoped that justice will he tempered with mercy, in dealing with those who are dear to them, and have proved the : sincerity of their inlentions. by placing their lives at I stake for their countly'b good To imagine that the execution of the rebi-Ulous chiefs, and the sternest co- | ercion can effect a permanent and quiet submission 1 to tfcg.ii'.'.d is a mockery and a delusion which no per- ! eon outside of a mad bouse believes, notwithstanding ! the sapient assertions ol English journalists The co- I ercion recommended by these political lire-brands, may keep the people under for a time; but what will .' iH'"!'1 FrtrS"h intervention in Italy lead to a gemral European wurlare, in which England must cither taken pait. or be content to sink to b?r rapidly approaching position,a second rate power In such a day. when England pays the penalty of her guilty misrule, then may Ireland rise and effect her own deliverance. or receive with open anna on her shore a trench ally, between whom and herself a long and ardent sympathy has existed, whilst on the other hand, time may unveil that it is not in France alone that it may assume a practical form, hut that Aine Tic* may chum with that country a.joint honor In her dellvi ruuce. There appears no further room to doubt the general ' existence of the potato disease, which will be felt at \ thin i veuttul crisis with a double severity, both by the | government and the people. Neither the politics | or the tinaneial position of Kngland is such at this 1 moment, an not to cause additional alarm at the ap- I peaiacce of such a calamity. as there is no doubt the < i mperial Iteasury must attain belaid under contribu- 1 tion for the famishing Irish. Whilst foreign supplies of corn are being procured, the necessary exportation of bullion will again shake, and probably give the finishing blow to the alreudy tottering condition of the llnglisli exchequer, liurk a.-are many of the future pro'pects ot Kngland ut this time, no subject seems to ntrike the public mind with more general alarm than . the rapid approach of the Asiatic cholera, which seems to pic', ure to the imuginatinu the presence of this awful pestilence, to share tn the spread of desolation, or give the climax to the horrors caused by civil war and famine. The numerous an est s af chartist agitators that have been latterly made, indicate iu seine measure the tears and weakness of government, who hope to strike tenor into the minds of the working classes by such proceedings Lutterly no movement of conse- , , qui nee bus been attempted by this body; but their union with the lri.-h confederates, for offensive and deitntive puiposes, is a fact, that is not attempted j to be concealed, i'ublic meetings are now in a ; great measure abandoned by persons of respectability as ihe expression of opinion at them is accompanied with considerable danger, arising from a liability to a { forced construction being put upon them?not always from the notes of the reporter, but quite as frequently the magistrate acts upon the ipse dij.it of the ignorant polio man; the nete book, iu fact, being deemed quite eupeilluous. It may afford some idea of the present Social slate ot Kngland. when it is notorious that phoals of detective policemen1 pervade the whole mass of the community, who insinuate themselves into the pteamboat, the railway carriage, and places of publio lesoit, initiating themselves tirst into the conversa- , tion and opinions, and then into the confidence, of the unwary traveller; and if he commit himself, pouncing upon liiin, Wlieu he had suflluiently entangled himself in the meshes of the net that has been spread for him. The fear entertained by the aristocracy of French propagandisui was amply proved by the tepid passage into law of the recent alien act; and with the view of carrying its provisions the more fully into ellect, an accomplished and well-paid staff of detectives pass an agreeable time on board the channel ?toamers, and also on the railway leading from them to .London, to make the acquaintance of CouMnental visiters Jt is not to the subjects of the Continent alone that tl-ese attentions are paid, as a slight retro- j apecl of the Knglish journals will show that all the arrivals troiii America have been anxiously anticipated i fry these social blood-hounds; ami no sooner did a vessel arrive, than it was polluted by their presence. ( There is no doubt that many of the chartist leaders in ; i y.ugland have used language of the most unjustifiable hind; urging private U3.-HSMnation, incendiarism, and other < in it geous deeds, which no one would attempt to palliate; but. in many cases, it is to be hoped that the utu rauce of such language arose from a lack of suitable expression wherewith to clothe their ideas, when their minds were smarting under the recollection of post wrongs and the prospect of a gloomy future. 1 he pressure froui without upon government is beginning to have its effect, as may be seen by the small amount of the treasury balances; whilst there is an enormous outlay, consequent on the maintenance and pirpi tool movement of so large a military and naval force in Ireland it is probable, with this increased expenditure, the machinery of stale would, ere this, have com* to a stand-still, had it not been curtailed fry the select committee appointed by I'arltament to revise the ministerial estimates of expenditure. Corrupt and servile as i'anisiiient is to the will of the ministry, it Is opposed by the middle elns'es, who ait invincible in resisting the imposition of any .turtle r (axuliuu and If is consequently evident that the mi nil try have no other alternative than that of adapting their expenditure to their resources. The more i quitalile adjustment of the taxation of the country is 11 subject winch still seems a remote one; and, till that is accomplished, no hopes remain for anything like a i tep toward modetate expenditures? nothing, la fact, hut mine sudden :evulsion, producing an imperial in ' lveiicy.will change the present order of tilings. The Vicissitudes of human life, as regards temporal Iillftjr?, M'tuiuu i-fncii n rr.iiih.HUi iun iH'Piwum. j, ? .v llic pic nt rat meat git, ..mot tiiftt, a* iv general rule, it 11-- exception in the care of the Dufcoof Buckioghnlit whore property )r now being Mid by the aliotiolieev (or tic benefit of lit* creditor*. A* the subject UcoDm clcd vvitli what njity be hoped to be the putting political ryrteui of the country, it may not lie unint.ri rMng to note, that the dew||full of till* nobleman bar not I'n 11 owing re much to t he failure of any tradtig rp*coJullon. or luiprovldeuee, but rather to the allure i f a political i | roolation The time waa, and In a en tain dcg.ee U atlil ia. to measure political iiiflii. in imtl i nit real with the miuUtry of the day, by the nuinlii r of voter hel l in the i onnnon*; and the orlj way l *lieoling rueh u purpose, wa* liy the aoifiilsition et f.- ritory in rut li loealltlea a* secured a pre. pi tnl. ra: t: , .ntei? . t in . mail bornagha; and whore, aa , in the pit lit care, flic ct.iailaa property of the family dill not c i.iinnnd (tlch to Itie t v cut required. It wa* accouijli. atu by pnrrb.i..,. n.* k. nc. o r on a rgrandigfW'ht fit lite public txptnie mam large ao lition* to hi* I alriuionial property, not paying, however, for MUt.e in money, hut n curing the pca-essinii only ^ILb a mortgage deed, exacting probably 4 or 6 per | ; me introduction or a hill Into the House. for the pur' pose of legalizing this mode of taking the suffrage* of the elector*, ha* been carried, contrary to the general expectation. This, however, must be attributed to the absence of the supporters of the ministry, who, wearied out, as they allege, by the labors of a protracted ' session, have sought, at an inconvenient season, to recruit their health and energies in the more agreeable and bealtbtul duties Imposed by a country life.? | The majority of o out of a bouse of 107. merely founds a resolution whereon to legislate, and has not authori ised Its adoption as a law. which, it is superlluous to say, will be defeated by a large majority. The debate uflorded Lord John Russell an opportunity of gratifying a morbid spleen at the expense of the United States, when he declared, that under the imagined secrecy which the hnllot box afforded. the most liagrant and extensive bribery and corruption existed Among the many speculative rumors of the day, none are more prevalent than the changes of ministries ; and in relation to events of this kind, the John Hull, Sunday newspaper may. as being the property of the Duke of Richmond, and the index of conservative politic*, be regarded as seme authority for saying that. Sir Robert Peel is not indisposed to assist in the formation of a Ministry, having for its head the Karl of Aberdeen, which it is a?serte.1 her Majepty views favorably. This statement has been met indirectly in the columns of an evening paper by a virulent torrent of abuse, impugning the political character and integrity of this nobleman in the contemptible question of the Spanish marriages. It is probably no libel to attribute this attack to the pen of Lord I'almerston. who cannot brook the existence of any political rivalry or the bare contemplation of quitting office It is owing to the recent revelations of the Hevue Helrosntctire, that the public are enlightened as to the fact that Lord Aberdeen promoted the views and interests of Louis Phiilipe more than bis colleagues subsequently approved and more, it is alleged, than English interests warranted: and it is urged by the journal in question, that he has wholly incspacited himself for any further service of his Queen. The public would be more likely to appreciate such an opinion, did it owe its origin to another source? indeed, they are now becoming more alive to the fact that both whig and tory are not (.so, much hostile to any injury arising to public, but to their own individual, interests It appears oortain that the present Ministry caDnot last much longer, for if its incfticicney is taken iu its total incapacity to grapple successfully with mutters of finance, it reduces it to the humiliating admission made to Lord (ieorge Bentinck in the House, that the recent sugar bill cootained no fewer than 20 arithmetical blunders, a fact, said this noble lord, that would incapacitate the Chancellor of tke Exchequer, its propounded for the proper fulfilment vi mi- uunes vi me uuuitien cierssnip in me ollloe of a city merchant. The latest accounts from Ireland indicate a general subsidence of the late insurrection, and it appears from the public accounts.that Mr. Meagher is begging tor mercy ut the hand of Lord Clarendon, through the instrumentality of a Catholic priest, who can obtain no further response from his lordship than the requirement of an unconditional surrender. The last railway tiaiu that arrived at Dublin from the south, did not contain one passenger Misgivings have been expressed in London as to the accuracy of the accounts given of Irish affairs, and it may give some color to strengthen the belief that n circumstance "wholly unprecedented, should have occurred at the present moment. Krom the Iri'h press, in its present letten d condition, with all the horrors of the suspension of the hahcas enrput act hanging over their head, it is net wonderful that they should be silent, even if infoimed The suppression of information evidently l.as for its object the prevention of simultaneous outbreaks in Knglnnd. and probably Scotiand. and it is certainly within the rarge of possibilit y that the train . n ay have purposely have anticipated its usual hour of departure to delay some important intelligence. In conform!'.y with the orders of the commander of the district. In the meantime however, appearances indicate n speedy suppression of the outbreak. The climax of Italian alfairs has for the present been given by Marshal Raditzky's entry, by capitulation, into Milan at noon on the 5th. The preliminary to this occupation was a battle under the wails of the city, in which the Duke of Savoy headed his troops, and bad the misfortune to behold a I'iedmontese division of fOOO men cut to pieces, only eight officers escaping. The movements of messengers are freouent nnd rapid, at this moment, between London and I'aris. and it appears agreed by the two governments that tbe l>ssis ot the proposed intervention will preset ve to Austria the \ enetian provinces, as far as the left bank of the Adige. whilst the independence of Lombardy will be declared on her assuming a part of the national debt The Krench ministry desired that the independence of the whole of Italy should depend on a pecuniary recompense to Austria for a loss of territory; but to this the English cabinet dissented. M. Auguste de Beaumont, the companion of M. de Tocqueville in America, in 1831, has arrived here as the diplomatic agent of his country, to receive the official recognition of the Krench republic, in all its integrity and formality, which has long been shuffled oil by Lord John, till be saw tbe unpleasant tarn 1 renrh intervention might take, when he bowed obse- g quiourly and unasked to tbe Gallic republic. Weil he c might, for Italy is the battle ground whereon will be I fought the fight for human progress and civilisation. a The quiet settlement of the affairs of Italy is promised through tbe joint intervention of France and England, und though this arrangement may possess the elements of a speedy solution, it by no means argues in favor of a satisfactory one to the cause of Italian independence. It is evident that General CavaigDac has been actuated by powerful motives to accede ( to this arrangement, as it Is naturally to be presumed that any arrangement that can prove beneficial to the wishes and interests of England and its aristocracy, must prove wholly repugnant to the wishes of the French people. The succession of rapid defeats sustained by Charles Albert, at the hands of the Austrian Marshal, has been illicitly followed up by his re-occupation of Milan; ihera probably to concert measures for the Immediate c invasion of Ifiedmont. ( It has been frequently asserted during the present t Rtruffgle, tlifti me i.oniDaramna nave Known an apathy j and luke warmnessin espousing what might have been assumed to be the popular cause as no disposition was g shown to rally round the standard of the prince, who v volunteered his services and means in their cause. 1 The penetration, however, of the Milanese, was suffl- r ciently deep to discover that his assumed patriotism i and haste to rush into battle were not unaccompanied p with some desire to suppress the spreading feeling in d favor of republicanism, as well as a oraving after an c increase of territory. j Circumstances that develope interestasa prompting c and a guiding motive in a patriot who assumes the eon- c duct of public allairs, seldom escape detection, and ]: toon experience all the humiliations that attend any v reverse of fortune ; he finds no sympathy expressed, ii no resolves of renewed resistance and future determl- c nation, but an apathy which.as regards the Lombards, J seems to resolve into the consideration whether Sar- c dinian or Austrian rule will eventually be the lesser p of two evils. It Is under this light the conduct of a prince Charles Albert is viewed, and It is under these * rircumstanees that apathy exists; and it may be cond* o dently asked whether the question of Its form of go- t vernment might not have been solved with greater pro- g priety and delicacy as regarded the claims of this n prince to the crown, after he had driven the last Aus- j trian over the front!' r. Few persons can do otherwise t than admit the ill-timed avidity with which he tested p the opinion of the country, with a view to the re&liza- d tion of his ambitious views At the present early stage a of the negotiat1ons.lt will be seen that only an indlf- I ferent compromise Is to be effected In favor of Italy, p should Austria even listen to the terms. That France t will be satisfied to relinquish to Austria the Venetian l provinces. and only to receive a conditional acknow- j fi dgment of the independence of l.nmbardy, Is doubt- 1 ful; and It will require all the energies that OenerAl ji Cainlgnac ran summon, to resist the torrent of oppro- t brium that such an arrangement would excite. At t the present moment It certainly augurs ill for the \ popular cause, that France hssroiv'on to study so much i what the world will property attribute to s.ngiiah lnte- | rests In a cause which nnriont association make* It j more especially her own to effect the purposes of a po- 5 litieal deliverance. and a regeneration of the country. ^ lit must be ?Tlde nt, on reflection, that a feeling some- ( what akin to lmniiliation in net pervade the mind* of p the t rench public, at the consciousness that to tho internnl dlicord of her own people may principally lie {, nl trlhutcd the postponement of one of the dearest of v I heir purposes. In other respeot*, circumstance* may, f at the t recent moment, operate to only a temporary p settlement- temporary, because France will accede to 0 teims otherwise Inadmissible, by thi requirement of ? her own at ilia for the maintenance of order amongst p her own communist popnlatli n and Kngland will p ciinally require lier'a for asimilar service, both In Kngland and Ireland, to overawe the confedirate* and ,, chartist* I nth r such ctrcuniHtHnccs.lt does not ie- J quire any elaboiate process of reasoning to arrive at v the conclusion that, friends In miifortuue, as these t two countries are. they may hy a system of mutual ? coneeeston, bring a bent an arrnngeuieat which will j] only rrmaln binding till cancelled hy events that r cannot be dhtant. and which will ewe their birth to h the implacable hatred that Has taken so llrm a root in p the I talis 11 ml nd against their Austrian rulers. - 1 Much allowance ought to he tiiwde for General t'a- n saipnao; he it no doubt actuated by motive- that , necessarily must bo unknown to the world, and olB- c E NE MORNING cent interest, whilst the rental only yielded 2% or at most 3 per cent. The Ions thus sustained w?? not only to be made good, but an ample return for the outlay also. out of the national wealth, in a variety of shapes, which it in superfluous to enumerate, aa the price of political apoetacy. Unfoitunately for the Duke, an increasing public vigilance over the custody of the Eubllc purse has so far disconcerted his plans, that he as latterly moved from the incipient state of temporary embarrassment, at a rapid rate, till he has had realized on his estate and in his mansions, all the sad and humiliating realities which the presence of the sheriS s oBlrer and the auctioneer inspire. An entniled property still remains to him. but it is far from probable that any competency will appease a mind that 411 uri> uc in iii rani wmi useir. i.>r naving, in nis mmcultles. induced the young Mur<|iiU of Chandos. hie son and heir, to perpetrate a deliberate act of perjury, with the view of defrauding the creditors who had 1 claims on the estnte The tribunals of the country have already been occupied with the investigation of the charge, which in the meantime has been delayed by the removal of the friaPto a superior oourt. He now sits, through his father's influence, in the British House of Parliament, as one of the representatives of what ought to be a great, a free, and a virtuous people Mr. Berkeley's motion in favor of a resolution for W YC 0 EDITION?-NEW YOB cial restraint interposes a powerful barrier to the immediate appreciation ot hix determinations; and in the meantime, it is satisfactory to know that in him the French people have a true republican, a talented and brave general, and as otrcumatances have unfortunately required him lately to prove, astaunch friend of order. Our Irtati Correspondence. Watekkord, Aug 8,1848. True Picture of Ireland?Correct Version of the Ilallingarray Jiff'air. 4"cBefore sending away the mail, I have visited Waterford ; and. all the way from Tlpperary, signs were exhibited of deep disaffection to the government. Detachments of soldiers and police were stationed in every large town, and are generally encamped outside, so afraid are they that the people inside will butoher them. Strong parties of police are p >sted in the towns of Casliel, Tipperary, Clonmel. Farrick, and Waterford. In Tipperary, as I came through, there was a small military camp, outside the town, of about 300 men, and a few police inside ; but the fact is, that mi-re in do sucn ining as a formidable force. The day I was there, a landlord, outside the town, tookgthe law into hia own hands, and was about to qjeot some tenants ; they would not go out, when he shot them down. In the town of Tipperary, too, there was a party of the soldiers who got drunk, and went through the town, crying " Down with the pope and popery," when they were driven into the barracks by the people, and are now laid up. In Charleville, oounty Cork, there were no soldiers?nothing left but a few police, who confine themselves to barracks. In Itilmallock, the place is even more deserted, and the police have been taken out of it ; the loyal inhabitants complain thatthey are left without means of protection In Limeiick. the soldiery and police are continually under arms and cannot rest ; in fact the defence- there are nothing, and they have issued a report that, in case of disturbance or insurrection, the y will blow down the city. Of course, this is all gammon, and gotten up to frighten the inhaliltnnts. In Water ford, there are two ships of war opposite the ijuays. ar.d a few soldiery, commanded liy Col O'Donnell, above the town. Tney say here, slso, that, in case of a disturbance, tbey will also blow up Waterford ; but this is all stuff, too. The soldiery of Waterford is also encamped outside the city, and they say that they have a few pieces of cannon upon the hill above the river. 1 think, from what I can see. that Waterford men are great rebels. In passing t hrough some of their towns. I astonished all the inha muu? iui hip urunia neat up ana officers kept running to and fro. and dispatches were flying about; and I laughed in my tit-eves heartily ut them, and no tually went up to one of their officers, and asked him \ did the people of the town think I was a cannibal? It j is my opinion that the government have got into a , bad fix. and that a revolutionary war will be the re- t suit, which will terminate in the overthrow of British f dominancy. Trade, of every description, is prostrate, j and the whole talk Is war! war! The government j build up their hopes on the fact that the people have 110 leaders, and they will be able to massacre them ; and, for this purpose, they are arresting all the leaders they can. But there are some < f them who they never will arrest; I am certain of it. from the way they act. ' The clergy, In some parts of the country, do not countenance the dif-afleoted; in other places, they do. Our old fiieud S. is wanted here much among his old friends; they talk much about him. The Irish people look up to your favored country, to save them from starvation, ruin, and misery. ? As a sign of the loyalty of the people to the British government, as soon as the latter put up thoirprocla- " nations, the people tear them down, and the police a itnd soldiery ore junking with fear. The government j] are selecting for their rendezvous places where food ran be had. The people of Tipperary refuse food to the soldo ry. and will net sell ouy to them I assure p you thing.- are in an awful state and every prospector 8; aorse coming. The government are driving the , people to rebellion. They nre taking away all the Irish soldiery from arncngst them, and placing iu their d =tead Fuch regiments as are hostile to the Irish.? p They are getting up the no-Popery cry. to extits Protestant against Catholic. They have de- 11 ective police, dressed up in various costumes, a it every corner, watching every man's actions, pi noting down every man's looks; they are sta- c Liontd ut all the principal hotels, are probing into j f, every man's secrets, and, like bad and bloody-minded j B mfbrmers, would self each of their countrymen's lives , a Tor a guinea. I bleed for Ireland. Although an Ame- }f rican cilizen. n.y blood boils at the position of this un- , g Fortunate land, which is fi.led with paupers and slaves. | Y No man can talk to his friend?distrust exists in evory r, quarter?for no man can tell who he talks to. The n best press of the country is proscribed?Ireland's best y] men are denominated felons? men are dragged from j-, .heir beds to jails, and put in confinement, without j aaTing couiii ittcd a crime, without being conscious of a til nfll.fioe hnf llltf nf Inrltiff *... 1? ... . V-UUUV1J 1.U13 U?- ! d >eat> corpus act is suspended?the magna charta is a j p 1< ?d letter. The tcry press of the country denomi i ti Bate the contest which exists between the "people aud I m :be government, as a servile war?as much as to say , fj bat the Irish are slaves, and will attack their slave- | H] Irivers Smith O'Brien has offered Jl'l.OOO reward for m >rd Clarendon's head. Lord Clarendon has offered q I'SCO reward for Smith O'Brien and Meagher, with the c, 'emaind'r of the leaders On passing through the tc treets of Waterford. I find that Meagher's proclama- C1 ions to th? people are up and standing, ca ling upon p hem to prepare for the contest, and winds up the ti iroclamution by ' God save the people;" while the R ;overnment's proclamations are torn down, winding t] ip with " (iod save the Queen." c, I thall herald events as I pass along, and let you mow the state of public feeling, as It exists here, it n nust make every Irish heart, and every friend of Ire- [, and, bleed at the course events have taken here. It M nust inflame them still more with a hatred for British (] ule and British tyranny. The tery papers here taunt fl he Americans with giving the Irish food. They raise ip the cry that they are children of the same family; p, bat they have plenty of room, and that is the reason rby they have not starvation. ti I passed by demesnes here, and parks, and pleasure ti ;rounds, that would support Cve times the population >f Ireland, but the fact is the lord and the vassal exist a, lere in just as perfect a state as they did in the feudal p gee. yet they cry out emigrate, as much as to say, jj tt the best, the wisest, the moBt sensible of our popula- w ion, go away out of the country, and those that re- gj uain behind, are of course not fit to be any better than u laves, and tbey will be the slaves of the aristocracy. 0j reland is literally an English garrison. Public opinion )( ? cioseu in me nearis of men, who, if they apeak, only p. >o ho fearfully. You have spiea among you at New <; i ork. A correspondent of the Chronicle has a letter, (| fhlch appears in the papers, announciug that they f? leard it asserted that the Protestants of Ireland were p, o be butchered ; that the estates of those who would ,|, tot join the people were to be confiscated; and that n, liglity acres of land was to be given to every man who n) volunteered to go to Ireland; that, besides, $800,000 p ras to be the surplus remaining on hand to oarry p, in the republic. Of course the author is a rabid P| Drangtman, as he emplores the protestants of Ireland o stand out and invoke the memory of the Boyne and 0| lushlre to wipe all the Catholics out of Ireland. g, 1 herewith send you some of the stirring intelli- Hl ;ence which appeared in the Limerick Iirpo'ter, and n rhich has been also issued from the whole press. r) They are very conflicting and contradictory. One j>, eport goes to state that Smith O'Brien was in the leighborhood of Ballingarry, on the borders of Tipierary, 12 miles from the city of Kilkenny, on Mon- w lay. the 31st of July, when a policeman, by the name Ul >f Carroll, encountered him; and it is stated that he ras about to give himself up. A large foree was sent i p, iuj of Kilkenny to take him Reports go, that several p, >f the people are killed and wounded, among whom, , t was thought, was Mr. Dillon. Three hundred men iy| Fere said to be with Smith O'Brien; and it seems jp t was only the interference of some Catholic lergymen that prevented the police from being killed. ^ nspeotor Trant (a police inspector, i suppose) was ^ lose to Smith O'Brien, with forty polioe. Another arty of police came up, and. joining Trent's, opposed p; nd fired upon the people, killing four, it is said, and t| rounding twelve. Accounts say, that the shots i 0f f the peasantry took no effect; and the rest of jj he people dispersed It was here believed that u mitn O'Brien was about to give himself up. The ; pf text news we heard of him, was that he was in|tbe colliery f listrict of Slavenemon. and General Macdonald at his g, ICUIB. I'll 1 Ull-UKJ 1HM ui; H?H HI IVIIlenaUie, In com- I HI any with Messrs. Dillou and Stephana. On Thura- jj lay. a troop 6f the 8th !lu*aara, about 45, were aeen to u pproach the villhk?. when the alarm waa given; the .ells rung. and the people assembled in great num- n, lira. Three barricades were erected in leu* than ten gj uinutea, behind which appeared about four or five lundrcd men. When Smith O'Brien heard the alarm, tf le put on a cap with a gold lace band, seized two j,, oaded pistols, aud, accompanied by hia friends, riessrs. Olllon and Stephens. advanced toward* the ()| rnop; and having naked for and being ahown the tn lllcer in command, npproached that gentleman, and, ,j| loldinga pistol in cither hand, demanded whether he ()l lad a warrant for hi* (O'B.'s) arreat. The officer said m i* had not; upon which O'Brien ordered the people jn oescort him out of the town From Thursday till ?] :aturUay he was in the neighborhood of Killenaule, ( j rhere wero large bodies of police, from various ijuar- ?t ers. Kilkenny. Asehel, Tburlea, Sio , Mr. O'lirien lo ad then ab.ut 500 persona with him; he aproaclied a body of policemen; they entered a slate cure, he demanded a surrender of their arms, which a* about to be done, when some of the people flung jtones at the police, when the latter tired, it Is said hatO'Brien mounted the police officer's horse and rode 11. The people here have made up their minds not to How him to be taken. On Friday O'Brien was at llr- ea ngford in the county Kilkenny, where he addressed bo people and railed upon them to rescue him in the

V a.rtt fit Itpitiif t tl Vtill lutnw t\Y\ li'riilau U an tan 1 lint he who In i nlform. armed with pike and pie(.1 andertered tin ) ice barrack with 2000 men; It aa liete rumored tbe l>e had moved toward* Little- "I on. In 'i'hnrleh. ano ill parte of Tipperary the peo- ti le rtfuee <> eupply ll>- eoldleri with food, and they rl< n.\e to gel it troni otl-i i placee. The eoldiere of Llm- wl nek are continually on the alert, under anna, aa well th the polli e, ami the | > naionert, a < urioua lot of look- ol iig old men have been railed on and nut under arme ' i rhe police barrnck KHt'" I" cloeed ana eentrlee exlet ", bent it, the dlrpatTertii'ii hae not atall been euppreae- th d. hut buralu out ?orw and woree throughout the en ountiy, and prorlamaticna are now out for Kerry, pc >RR I lK, TUESDAY, AUGUS ( alwsy, Kantark, 8kibbereen, Skull, Castletown, Beerehavcn. Bantrv and Macroen. Wexlord, Carlow, Queen's county. County Kildare. Wicklow, King's county, County Westmeath. Louth. Cavan. Monnsghan Armali. Down It appears there la disaffection among tba aoldiery The Buff's, a regiment atationed at Waterford, cried out for repeal ; several of them were put in prison They have seized on the Irish League rooms and on all Its correspondence ; are arresting, and have arrested, numerous individuals; and warrants are out for the disaffected yet Procarnations were posted up throughout the country, i offering a reward for Smith O'Brien's arrest, with Meagher. Dillon, and Doheny ; and, as soon as they were Issued, they were tern down, or dirted over. The 74th liegiment left Dublin for Tipperary. and this regiment went by the road. Two more regiments arrived from Liverpool. Steamers are around ail the coast and in the ports. In Carrick.it appears, thera is a oertainty of an outbreak, and every preparation has been made by the government to put a stop to it. Kvery city in Ireland is thronged with beggars, and miserable rugged beings who scarcely have thu resemblance of human beings. I have come to the conclusion, that Ireland is the most impoverished, distressed, a nd aggrieved country in the world. 1 have 1 also come to the conclusion, that the slaves of our South, und the North American Indian, is better fed, better 1?< used, and better clolhed than the majority i of the Irish people. In the city of Dublin i have seen men dying of hunger ; and In passing through the v*'u mrjr. i i.rim re io you, inaiout or every nouse worn to be seen poor, emaciated, care-worn beings and wretched characters, of both men. women, and children. that were more like ghosts than human living beings. It appear* to me, that the government are thin-ting, witii their police and soldier*. to tuke away and cut off from the face of the earth those that remain in thia land, who have escaped the famine and pestlb rice. And.indeed.it would be a charity that they were dead. ' I met a great many old and warm-hearted friends. The journey lias been rather a fatiguing one for me; 1 must admit, and the only thing that 1 am proud of Is, that niv health has heen improved by it. I shall soon leave this country, and set rid of its most infernal scenes, which have sickened me to the death Societyis rotten; the social system is rotteu ; every thing is rotten to toe core. Liberty is all a humbug here. 1 The chains hnng heavily on the slavo ; slavery is ou lis neck, appears in his conversation, and is a necessary tiait in the character of the people. Only think, in passing through C&shel on business. I was arrested, ordered up to the station house, and told to strip off my clothes, and undergo an examination. while a dozen green-coated fellows were around nie. putting the most impertinent questions to me I 1 told tliini 1 was an American citizen, and showed my 1 passport ; a sort of a fellow, styling himself a magis- I Irate, came in and examined it. and tremblingly towk down the description therein given, and asked me my business, whleh I told them?'-going to see my friends " ' I had a uote-baofc in my possession, which had some notes of places I travelled through What do you ihlnk. they tore some of the leaves out. thinking t would lead them to the place where some of the ' eblswere; but they wei*e most awfully mistaken in I heir calculations, and. I suppose, marched hundreds >i mile*, to wnere. noonn could toll. I must close now 1 n time for the mail, but will lot you know occasionally low things go on. It K. It. ' Our Berlin Correspondence. Berlin, July 31, 1841. 1 le-action in Favor of Seprrale Stairs?Popular Demonstrations in Favor of Prussia?Negotiations with j Denmark?Prussia Determined to Hold her Position 1 ? The Hussion Circular. A new political crisis is at present preparing in tier- t iany A re-action has taken pUoB in favor of uphold- c ug the independence of the aeperate Herman States, . nd ol opposing the establishment of a union, by which j ie sovereign power of the dillerent States is given up | ' i a central government of Germany. Prussia, that ( roud State, with an army of 300,000 men, and ranking t mongst the greatest military powers of Kuropp, hag I ecome more and more disinclined to sacrifice her inepe.ndeuce and political importance in Kurope. for the urpose of aiding to establish a States'l ulon in Ger. iany. All the glory attached to the Prussian name nd won in many battles by the gallant armies of Prusa?all the greatness connected with the recollections i ^ I the time when Prussia bade defiance to the united f irces of l-'.nro]>e, and secured a victorious peace?all I iust he lost, it Prussia is to give up her sovereign power ' r nd become a province of the German empire. Such I l i the tenor of the remonstrances now made by the i reat majority of the Prussian people against a union (j rith the other German States. .All parties, except the 1 _ spublioans. who are for one united republic of Ger- ! any, join in manifesting publicly theirdislike toenter j " be union. 11. by doing so. Prussia is to sacrifice her n ink and power as a State of Kuropp. Numerous ad- j 1 resscs to tbe Prussian National Assembly from here , C ml from the provinces a multitude of protests of the a iflerent clubs and political societies, now existing in g, russia. and the expressions of public opinion through e ae press, all unite in condemning patriotism for Oer- <i aD> , which is willing to sacrifice Prussia. The de- .1 1 e to evinee their contempt lor such a patriotism, ad to appear as true Prussian patriots, has induced any totearlrom tluir huts the Herman cockade, com- c ioniy worn, and to fix the cockade ot the Prussian alors in its place. Nor is this all that has been done pi > prove the sentiments entertained in the Prussian h xuse. Somu have gone so far as to hoist the ,j rust-inn Hag trom their houses. Sucli demonstra- . ons have naturally roused the indignation of il whose patriotic feelings are not confined within '' lie boundaries of Prussia. The party commonly ;i ailed the ultras, or the republicans, has not been 1' aokwnrd on the present occasion, but has giveu a lanifestations of a true patriotism, by assembling i 1 crowds in the streets and singing German patriotic 1 ings?all other demonstrations being prohibited by le Prussian police, which has taken the strictest men- I ires to keep order. The excitement of the past week has been prlncl- 8 ally caused by the summons of the minister of war of 1' le central government for Germany, to the troops of S le German states, to swear allegiance to the regent of B| le empire. The Prussian troops have, as yet, refused St 1 do so. and-have declared that they would regard it n< < a breach offaith to their king. The King of Prussia w ss. however, just issued a decree, in which he orders 1. is troops to swear allegiance to the Archduke, to r hose election, as the regent for Germany, he had . iven bis consent. The 6th of August is appointed as 0 le day on which ail the troops have to take the oath ' allegiance, and it is believed that they will now ail g' illow the royal command. The impression produced vv y this summons of the central government, to the gi erman troops, was the greater, because much aglta- m on existed already as to the position Prussia was to ? ;cut>vin (iermanv. after a central imenmuni ho.t - en established. The iiucstlon is now about being cided. as the representatives of Prussia, in the Geran National Assembly, who had heard of tbe exeiteent existing on this matter, and had returned to :< erlin, have just received instructions from tbe tl russinn government with regard to the future polioy ni f Prussia. It is certain now, that Prussia?though [,< e will be willing to consult the central government ,, ' Germany on all occasions relating to matters of a <r >mral national character, and be advised by the !. ime? means, nevertheless, to nphold her power and , aintain her position as an independent state. The l' >nFe<|Uonce of a separate state's policy, followed by b1 russla eonjointly with some of tbe other smaller 61 ates, must, however, under the present eircum- o! ances. lead to differences among the German states, hich will shortly cause another political crisis in Ger- l t any. ( The late Prussian minister, Mr. Cumphausen, has < ' >en entrusted by the king with the mission as am- Jf tstador to Frankfort. The difficulty of tbat post, at ic present moment, is obvious, but it is hoped that 1" r. < smpbausen will prove himself worthy of the con- w lence placed in him. All tbe governments of Ger- In any will send diplomatic agents to Frankfort as th leir representatives, with the central government of fH ib empire. (? In the last setting of the Prussian National Assemy. the prime minister reported, that the negotiaens lately carried on with Deuraark. for the purpose J*1, 'obtaining an armistice, bad been without result. i< was to be lamented that the war was now to be oon- nr nurd, and that the commerce of Pruasia had to sutler re i mueh injury from its being protracted so long. * he Interruption of the commerce of Prussia and Gerany is of serious injury to them, but of considerable ,.f Ivnntsgr to other Slates, like Kngland and the y nited States,who meanwhile oarry on tho trade with leir vessels. When thi< war will be brought to a ("' rniinaolon It is difficult to tell, In the present state bl things, but It is certain that Germany will now be w ixl to obtain peace, if terms can be airreed nnnn. hi A diplomatic communication sent from the minis- Hr r of Ion ian affair*, in Runaia, to all the Russian amlaaie* exu-tin..' in Germany, liaa lately attracted u uch attention in thla country. It oontaina the dor of the Kusaian government to all it* represan- , tive?at the difTerent court* of Germany, to contra- 'u ct tlie report that Russia bad any hoatile inten- at ana towards Germany, und waa moved by any other CI otivea than the exercise of measure* of precaution h< i fortifying her frontiers, and stationing her troopa pi here (lander to the empire wa? threatening. It de- (.r are* that Russia would not mix into the interior fair* of the State* of Germany, and would continue , follow thia policy with reapeot to that country. Our Florence Correspondence. Fi.onvivcr, August 2,1848. H< he Commotion! in Florence?The Ueiignation of the lx Mini it ry, 4. 4'''The new* of the war could not fall to excite, in ail the rilala of Italy, a lively popular movement This ha* 111 en the ease in our city. Scarcely were the sad wows ^ im the theatre of war made known bore, than the pH neral disquietude exhibited Itself in unequivoca' ex <ue. At 11 o'clockon the evening of the 30th nit., a ,V| l-eolored lianner, covered with black crape, was car* Hn ?d through the streets, by a considerable crowd 1,11 bieh Increased every minute?went to the palace of sn e Orand Huke-arrived in front of the gates of the co d palace, it haltered, and shouts were uttered of jg down with the ministry !" At the same time, the 1,^ gun*rait " was beats n in the streets, calling the nannal guard to arms, who assembled slowly and In ? nail numbeis, saying they would not lend their sup- "c >rt to a ministry held In detestation by popular opln IER A IT 29, 1848. ion The detachment* which arrived, little by little, were driven, with fhose who forced the general of the old palece, into the guard-house, by the mob Tho square wee then filled by crowd*. becoming more and more tumultuous, hntthe greater part were certainly only congregated by curiosity though dlsciu.sious were carried on everywhere. ?* to the danger* of the fituation of affairs. on the remedie* for tlieiu and the necessity of immediately taking up arm). Opinions varied but on two point*, the change of ministry and the rireparation for war?there was no dissent Tne leaders of the most violent profiting by the confusion and tumult, prepared a decree In the name of the people, proc laming the dethronement ofthe House of l.orraine, and a provisional government I will not give jou the names of this provisional government, as they were no parties to the movement Some new r?inforcements arrived, end cries were uttered against the national guard. Some of the rioters ?anl they were going to Are on the people At this time a handful of men went to the orisons and lUmstVilui th?. lit,. ration of the prisoners ; they were, however, kept la check by the guard. A violent storm now came on, j and the rain, which fell in torrenti for some time, dispersed the mob. At 4 o'clock the city was tolerably i quiet. The chamber of deputies went and declared itself In I pursuance, and appointed a meeting for the following j day, In order to take such measure" an the urgency of j the case demanded : but whilst they were deliberating, a crowd broke iuto the chamber At first tliey listened quietly to the addresses of certain members, who promised them that prompt and energetic resolutions should be come to on the morrow At this one shout | arose, "Not to-morrow !?not to-morrow '?this very day !" The President, unable to restore order, put on hie hat and dissolved the assembly, and the troops then caused the hall to l>e evacuated. At half past six, the u generate v was again beaten in the streets, the leaders of the ePtinte.'' again endeavoring to excite the people. A proclamation of the minister was issued, promising a law on the mobilisation of the national guurd and other important measures. Numerous groupes were formed again In the streets, but without any menacing character. Atit o'clock at night the Crand Duke arrived from I'lsa \t the same hour u mob broke into the house of the Uoufalonter, but were soon driven out by the troops. The rest of the evening passed without disturbance, and by midnight order w as rettort d. On the -'tlst parliament, met, and the ministry, in a body, tendered their resignation, after having pn-sen'ed two laws one for the raising 10 battalions, of 1.000 men each, und the ether authorizes retired soldiers to resume their former rank on condition of Immediate xiTiv*. mc uiiuirini ui war t'ouiuiuuicaiuu u> mo chamber that be had made a contract with the French sovernment for 15 000 muskets. The resignation of the ministry was accepted by the Grand Duke. Some arrests were made yesterday of the most violent of the rioters. A proclamation of the Grand Duke hap been posted lip. calling on the national punrd to maintain order. Much agitation prevailed yesterday morning. At 8 o'eiock the geniralt ?'?> agai n beaten, and the national guard assembled in great numbers. After the decision of the chamber the crowd retired peaceably. The following list is handed about us being likely to 1 compose the new ministry :?Foreign VflTalrs and 1'resi- l lent of the ( ouucil, Corsierl; War, Mariano d'Ayala; Interior. Guerazxi ; Grace and Justice, Andruoacoi ; t Public Works, fasterlelli; Finances, Feuri; Public lutruction. Mali At I.eghorn i hear a popular demonstration has taken ' iluce; the populace calling out " Down with the min- 1 stry 1 Death to 1'idolti ! I.ong live Ouerazzt ! The levy a viatst The national club, sitting in pejrinalence had adopted extreme resolutions. A conscrip- ( ion ?f all men, between 11) and 3d years of age. withmt allowing any substitutes ; a forced loan on all the ich; a mobilization of the civic guard, without dN- I i notion of classes, and the dismissal of the ministry. On the 111st. the government having issued a procla- i nation, announcing that the insurrection here had j jeen suppressed, and the leaders arrested, and that j barles Albert was at the head of 45.000 men. ready igain to attack the Austriuus; comparative calm was estored. ' i The Watering Places. 1 Ocr.AN IIpdsk, Newport, Aug. 2(i, 1848. y Well, here we are at lust, with the roar of , Clugara still in our ears, the taste of i-birutoga 1 Congress water on ourtongues, and with old ocean 1 till in view. Travelling! Why, bless you, it is l leither more nor less than Hying. Only think of ? t?three weeks ago we were tottering and swing ' tig on ihe wire bridge at the great cataract; seven 1 lays later we were in the maze und magnificence ? 1 lancy-dressdom at the Springs, and now here 1 re we, domiciliated and already j>erfectly in liar- j 0 ess of " lile at Newjarn " Steamboats ana i a uilioads und electricity are only the fast things of [ 11 ommerce: but are not oue wlnt ahcuil ni th-.,,.....,1 i a ccomplished by the Fashic nubles and pleasure i J] eekere, who to the last hop of the season are as | J ager lor sport as they were when they lirst packed | '' beir trunkb and closed their window shutters in 1 ' be city.. But upon rriv word it is necessary for us r > be active bete, in order for us to keep ourselves !' omforUbly warm. 11 (>n airiving at the Ocean House we found a re- ^ alar winter's fire, a glowing grateful! ol anthracite L I the parlor, and it was by no means the least of ie coniloits of the house. We applied ourselves > its enjoyment for the night, a couch in the %.v utlor being the only accommodations we, as well di s our fellow passengers, could obtain, until the de ,r artures ot the next morning rendered vacant the B pnrtmenls which we (warned by our experience 1" n colonization at Saratoga) had pre-engaged, i " coking mound us in the morn ng we found our- I 11 elves surrounded by the same laces that we left at [' Saratoga on the morning of the 12th inst. They |> II scattered from that point, some lor Lake Cham- !' lain, some for Boston, sometora /lying visit to tiie 11 reat lakes; but they have nearly all concentrated n gain at this noint, and every arrival brings in the ragglers who have remained out of camp till ' ow. We have trally a brilliant array; lor what I11 ith the inmates of the " Ocean," " Atlantic," r< Bellevue" and "United States" hotels, we will rt irnisli forth the officers for a whole military l' ivision. heads ol families enough to i>eople a new H1 rntory, and belles, beaux and juveniles enoutrh to 61 natality the |*-rpetuitv of its population. We I ill ulbo furnish you with talent ana wit enough to ' 01 avern our imaginary colony, and keep ua all in a 1 ~ ?od humor. Nor shall we want for /aniea and I 'V itmies ot both sexes to furnish subjects tor the ? liithful sallies of those who find a pleasure in towing up grotesque humanity. ?' We have a large stock ot beauty on hand here, c' id the drawing room, or as we name it here, 'a ie su/on dc rtrevtion, is beginning to present a < i iost agreeable held of observation. There has el en some factional quibbling and exclusive-dis- nl nction-nonsense, working discord in this place r' ?r a few weeks pnst; but now the good sense of ie majority bus prevailed, and the cfn/ue who a irew the apple of discord in the midst ot the iherwise happy company, nre given to under- UI and that ttiey may retire into the exclusiveness f individual exclusion if they like, and that as ion as they like : or, it so they elect, they m>tv main, and like sensible people enjoy their full "J lare ot the general fund of pleasure, gaiety, sport, ohck, fun, or whatever else you choose to term y* e enjoyments of the place and season. It is not | 01 v intention to detail any of the occurrences i u liich aided in bringing about this change of af- I" irs : suffice it, tlut the sensible majority are in Jt e ascendant and ure not disposed to pay one hi rtlnnp for the countenance of upstart impudence, I unendorsed pretension. The present cool weather is propitious for the ' nJ ore aihletic enjoyments ot the gentlemen. 0 iiere is good snooting tor those who like it, and > [( e willing to rise early- enough to find their game adily ; and as for fishing, none who like to draw ' heavy line need go farther than the waters just I this coaat. f-ome gentlemen who went out ; iU Merday, returned in the evening with a wagon i (,t ad of fine bass, some of which weighed sixteen st' uinds each. For those who do not like to shoot 1 ids or fish, there are pieasunt rides, delightful I alks, gardens of (lowers to visit, bowling alleys, jn Iliard rooms, archery grounds, pistol galleries, id so on through the usual list, while nn excel- l'r nt bathing ground and safe shore, furnish to all Wl -ulthful Hiul agreeable exercise, and ail excellent 10 enns of killing time if it hangs lieavdy on the I ('j inds of the visitr-r. The comforts of our hotel pi e things to l>e eagerly sought nnd duly appre- j n? ated when once obtained. Mr. Weaver, our ' )?t, is unceasing in his endeavors to make his | 'u lests conifortMbTe. nnd Mr. White, his aid-de- w imp, whose excellent superintendence of affairs wgeneral is remurked by every body, moves w >oiit in the same quiet, orderly manner as ever, id causes all the machinery to be kept in the cl it working condition. His suavity and even '? wommodating disposition is remarked by all. fn uring tin past year an addition has been made \* the buildings of the Ocean llouae establishent. A new building has been erected, contain- ^ g on the two lower floors forty-three lodging *u cms, while the whole upper story (except two 11,1 mil ante-rooms) is converted into a dancing a" loon, which is also UBed for concerts and other . *t'1 lubitions. We lmve had within a few days the as evcrniarkisehe Hand, Dumbleton's Serenaders P.* u a ball, so that you can readily perceive of l?ow nt uch use is tins new saloon. This comparatively of lall edifice is called the "colony," and on ac- Jar tint of the ease with whichjhe rooms are reached, tw preferred liy bachelors as lodging location, to j go Iter furnislied apartments in the main building, un d "John," the reigning spirit of the colony, is j mi sought every day for rooms in his dominions. ctt Any circumstance which brings out the ladies of | LD. TWO CENTS. the house unhooded ?n<l unveil-d IH chronicled aa nn event,?und hence 1 mention that thts morning; there whh a prand v of fine jewelry in one oT the small parlors, which brought out nil tl?e Udiea, rnan mnn uid maidens Monsieur friiiUenjot, the owner of the jewelryhad previously given notice hi me exiiiDinon 01 ins merchandise, and at 12 oV'ock he w?s favored with as fair a company of customersas ever turned the head of a fortunate merchant. His were peine of real wort a, jewels of intrinsic value, and his -parkling diamonds and other rare and precious stones, set as they were, in the heat manner ami purest taste, proved irresistahle to some of the ladies, one of whom purchased a bracelet at $200, while he uudouhtedlv expects find in future h>s reward lor the trouble and expense of getting op the templing exhibition, which was principally interesting, hh it brought with it the prettier display ol beauties who visited it. dressed rn trr'g/igr, that most bewitching of all modes of dressing. The grand fancy dress ball which is to take place on the ttOth instant, is now getting t<> he the general topic of conversation, and costumes are discussed at table^ in the promenade, and in the bar room. It is said that the coming ball is to be, jwr rxetUmtt, the hall ol the season. T cannot express an opinion us vet The fancy bull at Saratoga whs a magnetic ut ull'-ir, and if the one here wins the pHlrii.it will, indeed,he a I tall worth attending, and will furnish a subject lor agreeable recollections. The costutiiers, r.oiffcnri and other aitists are on hand, and are fast filling up their order books. The experience of some ladies wtio were obliged, lust year, to have their heads dressed thirty-six hours before the hall took place, admonishes them to be in time this year; and hence Mcuara 1111 rL r TtJKl. .,ll> ..l ~riVT who are always on hand on these occasions, arc at present doing a good business; while Taylor and Dejonge are already letting many of their choice costumes; and the latter gentleman h iving been encaged to decorate the ball room, is busy in preparation for tliat duty. We have at the < >eenn House, Berth, the wellknown and Timnt, who is making most ol Ins time by giving lessons on the pianoforte. There is in town, the Model ot Jerusalem, and the magical p' rformanres of the Fakir of Ava; so that between the concerts and hops at the great hotels^ and these minor exhibitions, the evenings are pretty well provided for. You shall hear from me again soon. Mercthiy. Bedford Swings, Aug. 22, WIS. " Yoti are late, sir : the enrs are off," said sundry liackmen, leisurely returning from depositing their several charges at the depot, as we thundered along Pennsylvania A venue yesterday morning, in no very pleasant mood at the prospect of being ielt behind : the damp gloominess of the morning idding in no small measure to the annoyance ot he threatened disappointment. " We'll never give up till we know we're beat, it any rate," said our Iiish driver, encouraging lis horses to their best speed. "May it he the maxim ot yourcounfrym?*n," we ejaculated, 41 in their present struggle," and its wisdom was soon apparent, for we were just in time. A cpld breakfast awaited usat the lie lay House, len miles from Baltimore, where nt>..r' w..iti...r nail an hour, we got on hoard tin* ours for ('uuijerland There is nothing more exhiterating than a I u (I locomotion ; and for rapidity, as well as romfort, the Cumberland onrs contrast most f.i orubly Willi those between Philadelphia and Ihilliniore. The scenery lor most part of the .vay ih very grand, hut not sufficiently liversilied to be very pleasing. The road >vinds along the hank of the Potomac, which, int for the hilly chain that rises preeipi.ouslv from its very hi ink, would lie by no means w orthy of all the praise lavished upon it. The river itself, is for the must part a very ordinary 'tream, ol the color ol mud. At Harper's Ferry lie scenery is certainly very imposing, and it leserves, at least, quite half the grand things laid of it; but it does not strike one as more pleasngthan Cumberland, which is destined to become me of the most beautiful cities in the world, ft is t present only a large depot for Western travel? ruins ol cars are constantly arriving and departing; lid at all hours of the day and night, stages start n their todaoMe journey across the mountains, 'he town is built in a dell, iu the midst of many nils, which ri*e on every side around it, and rem the description of th walled city of Montecy, it must strongly resemble the latter, only wantrig the walls and palaces. At this point the river 3 very sluggish, the stagnation of its waters proucing, among those living on its hanks, bilious rid intermittent fevers. The cars arrived at Harper's Ferry nt half-past velve O'clock, und into a sort of large refectory, ith a bur attuched. the passengers were invited to inner, as on no otner part of the route would the ain stop long enough to procure that nteal. Mr. edinger lias celebrated the praises ot the Ffarer's terry eagle, (in nuhi/>u?.) but he should not uve omitted to laud the chickens of that interestr>ir locality. For toughness and vigor of muscle, i>r strength ol limb and for " pluck," they might e matched even against the aforesaid king of irds. In the pit thev must be indomitable, llavog, to the exceeding great peril of rather stout lasticators, essayed the demolition of a limb of ne of those interesting bipeds, and surmising that had probably stumbled on (lie fragments of some itrmrch of his breed, who bad been in his time a nowned* fighter, and had been sacrificed by the morseless cook, on an emergency, f tried anoler, hilt witli a similar result They were all the ime. Indeed, most of the animals whose remains coked amid a superfluity of grease on the table, emed to have acquired, before their involuntary voluntary demise?it was difficult to tell whtcti -an indurution of muscle which spoke volumes r the quality of the mountain air of those regions, itch was the dinner at Harper's Ferry. I have said the scenery is not sufficient diversitd to he very lnu resting. There are no grand liateaus, as in France?no villas with parks and whs, as in England?no grey towers or ruined istles as in Ireland, to relieve the eye from the ernul monotony ot that wall of fir covered grade which bounds the view, indeed, there is a miitkahle absence of comfortable dwelling jttses tin the whole route. Occasionally one sees log cabin, or a negro's hut, and that is all. At Cumberland the cars arrived at half-past five, id here we were obliged to remain all night, as ere was no cnnvevmwe in UnHI'm-d unfit iK.. n??i orning. Several times during the night one is ousedby the clanging of the bell, announcing r departure of the different stages, the stage lice being next door to the hotel This, to ther with the rumbling of the heavy vehicles rtr the badly paved streets, is enough to drive nervous man crazy. Doubtless, the Cumberland ople could not sleep without those pleasant ninds, which to them?as was to Virgil's shep*rd the murmuring of the bees?are incentives to umbers Front Cumberland to these Springs, ts but 29 iles, and yet we were on the road from eight clock this morning till five ihi* afternoon, 'fne aid is u shocking one : hut it ran be done in ill a day, by a good driver with good horses, he President and his party started from Cutnirland last Saturday, at the same hour, and rived here at noon ; but, except on extraordinary :ca-ions. the stage proprietors send their pis ngers in crazy coaches, with lazy, careless Ivera, and such wretched harks thai onr con* tnally exjiects to see them drop on the road, to one ot those crazy vehicles, called the " (food tent," which, like many other good intents, ovea a miserable thing when put to thi* proof, f were stowed with rive oilier wretches, doomed a similar hardship The road is a succession steep, rocky hills, the mud being in some aces hxle high. Of course, in common nnnnity to the wretched le asts, winch were e involuntary instruments of our multipled torres, all were compelled to get out and walk up veral steep eminences, at the bottom of whicri e would leave the struggling, lumbering thing, ith no expectation of seeing it at thn top. We opped at a place called the flalf-way {louse, to lunge carriage and horses, and get something eat. Dinner was rendy, we were told, and we t down to some slices ot half-cooked very fat uk, (misnamed by the landlord, h mi), and som? wis covered with a thick layer of reeking lard, "ith ap|ietites much provoked by compulsory nb mioueness Ironi this abominable fare, we got to a vehicle much more cra?y than the first; d, at length, to our inexpressible relief, were t down here about five o'clock, as much laded if we had walked twice the distance. Kor tting our .mints so mercilessly dislocated, our is almost stove in by the bumping and pitching th?? cnntniimioii nanoii m ml Ollf IIDf/nilS MVMf??in red to an iignniziug decree, we paid the sum of o dollars. No man in his senses would undersuch martyrdom, wittingly, for two hundred, less front necessity. Hut the bracing air and tgnifireiit scenery of this place, are tpnte fullint to repay one for the hardship of the access. Orris.