Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 30, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 30, 1848 Page 1
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_ T H NO. 5201. THE FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE or THS NEW YORK HERALD. Our Paris ton t apondeiicc . I'tnu. Aun. 10. 1848. Grand Felt >'? Paris?Description and Incidents?Report of the Insurrection Committee? Trouble Anticipated?Hopes of the Regency Party?Conviction of the Insurgents?It-lion jlffairs Within the last week, two or three events have occurred here which have excited much public interest. The first of there was a grand file given in the new hotel of the Presidency of the Assembly, on the evening of Thursday last. This celebration was ushered *n with much previous noise and truinpetings; various were the rumors of the wonders and delights prepared by M. Armand Marrast for this oiree; three hundred Workmen had been employed in the preparation; ten maitres d hotel had ordered the dinner and were to preside at the collations In the evening; 4,000 guests had been invited; vocal and instrumental oonoerts of the first celebreties had been organized, who were to give the chefs d'auvre of Mozart, Rossini, Weber, fee. All the luxury, all the harmony, all the pomp, ail the elegancies of the most paoific times and of the first of capitals, were to be there pre-eminent. It was, as it were, to be a resurrection of a world of arts and of enjoyments, which for six months had disappeared in the tumult of intestine struggles?the first smile o ' reviving confidence?the restoration of the salon afte.the violences and tyranny of the streets. The file did not belie these promises; It was brilliant, animated, and numerously attended. Open a corner in this immense city, by which a glimpse may be caught of amusement or enjoyment, and immediately the whole of r&ris will flock to it. Paris Is an Athenian city. It is in vain that barbarians endeavor to makt of it a desert?Athens will survive. At nine o'clock, the magnificent hotel, besieged by an impatient crowd, offered a spectaole unseen since the 24th of February. There were hands with dress gloves, varnished boots, white shirts?not a single Began flor paving stone, nor barricade; the linen was irre proftofcablo; crosses and orders shone on the breast, ribbons adorned the button holes, women in gauze and lace, women perfumed?a race one might have have fancied to hare been extinct, were seen again wielding the fun. and breathing the odors of a lovely bouquet. The jtatitiinne?that is grace, affability, and elegance?can no more perish, than Paris itself. The salons were of a richness and taste unexceptionable; brilliant wi*h the light of dazzling lustres, gilded walls and ridings, and resplendent with paintings. Flowers and evergreens refreshed with their beauty ' and verdure the staircases and the vestibules. This delightful hotel, commenced under the royalty of .Louis Philippe, with all the luxury of pure monarchies, was destined to be?who would have believed it??inaugurated by the republic. Onejwould have said it was destined to Louis XIV. or the Kegent and it serves as a residence for the President of the Assembly, born on the 24th of February. However, the republicans of the vtillt were not more embarrassed withjthese monarchical decorations than the republicans of the lenJrmain; they very philosophically reconciled th m selves to th< m, aud, we may suppose, witbon much audacity, that the tenants of the lendem a that the palaces of the vtillt suit them admi: From a spirit of conciliation, fraternity, and bar: which deserve praise. M. Armand Marrast invited of all parties and shades of opinion to this brill soiree. The principal part of the gathering nato consisted of the Chamber of Representatives; the tagne elbowed the Plainej the Provisional Gov ment jostled M. Dupin. nine, and iM.Duvergier de;Hauraune. Litera ure, arts, the National Guard, the academy, our intrepid army. had also their envoys, without forgetting the Garde Mobile; and it was not the least ourious and least significant spectacle to see these children of the people, recently decorated for their bravery, mixed up with the brilliant crowd, besieging the buffets, expediting ices, and devouring 1... , V... ?... -? ??. 1-11 _I.U ,U_ vaacD uu'ici iuc u*o u* tuouunino, niiu cur nttuiu tan% froid that they attacked the criminal insurrection bf the 24th of Jnne, under the fire of the barricades. The guests sought out the men who hare made themselves a name, and played a part in the last six months, which hare been more fertile in erents than years. General Caraignac, especially, attracted all looks; erery one, In his resolred, intelligent, and honest physiognomy, in which intrepidity is united to a cast of melancholy, sought and endearsred todlrine the secret and last word of the future. General Caraignac wore a simple black coat, and the ribbon of Commander of the Legion of Honor, round his neck. He conrersed for a longtime with tne Ambassador of England, Lord Normanby. M. Armand Marrast exercised this first republican hospitality with good grace and taste. The republicans who do not lore Athene, "Will accuse him, without doubt; for ourselres, we willingly congratulate him on this Attic penchant, eren should it be a pretext of accusation and reproach against him: and we will confess that we prefer the republic which circulates gold among the people by fetes, to that which dries it up by insurrection; the republic which softens the mind and disarms passions ' by arts, to that which irritates and enrenoius them by hatred and enry; the republio singing the airs of Rossini, to the republic thundering murder and pillage. TLe second great erent was the voluminous and most importsut report of the Commission of the As- | sembly on the insurrection. As you will, howerer, j hare at your disposition a very complete translation of this, which appeared in the Daily London I iournal. it is net necessary for me, here, to give you -any off its details. You wfll have perceived bjr it that | four members of the Assembly?M. M. Ledru Kolliu, Caussidlere. Louis Blanc, and rroudhon ? belonging to ' that Eection railed the Mountain. and celebrated for ultra-democratic tendencies, are inculpated by the report, with being more or leas privy to. and concern- 1 ?d in, the vaiious insurrectionary movements which have taken piece here since the 124th February. Several scenes, characterised by the greatest violence, have taken place in the Chamber, in consequence of this. Ho debate, however, has yet been held on the sub- i jeet of the repoVt, in consequence of the documents ' and evidence on which it is founded not being yet , printed. These documents, which are most voiuml- | nous, are now in the press; and It is said that they will inculpate the above members, much more seriously than is expressed in the report ; indeed, the greatest alarm is felt for the consequences of the approaching : discussion. and many parties are most anxious, if possible, to avoid it altogether, it is feared that it will ; produce a schism in the Chamber, and civil war in the streets During the present week, I am informed 1 that negotiations have been opened between the mo- i derates and the republicans?the party of the Hue de ] Poitiers, as they are sailed, and the party of the Club of the Institute, which have for their otycot to put | aside the di Lute altogether A proposal is understood to bare been made to efTect this, that the question of j the report should be dropped, and that no debate should take p.ace, but that leave should be given to the public prosecutor to bring Caussldiere and Louis Blane before the tribunals. The embarrassment of the government lies here The report and the evidence before the Committee leave no doubt that at least Cautsidiere and Louis i Blanr were as deeply implicated iu the affair of the l&th May as were Barb<' *. Albert. Blanqui, and the others who nre now shut up in Vlneenncs. On what principle of common justice, then, can the former be permitted to go at large, and escape with impunity, I while the otb< is are shut up in a fortress, and visited with the penalties of the law Kitlier the prisoners of Vincenncs must be liberated, or Caussidiere and I Louis Blane must be prosecuted. There is absolutely no alternative The necessity of publishing the deoumenta and depositions, is. however, paramount. Justico to the ; Ccmmlttre r? quires this ; justice to the accused, whether guilty or innocent, demands it ; but, above all. justice to the country will imperiously exact it. Society in France hns been assailed by an oceu t | fower. from time to time, at almost regulated ntervols. since February The partisans of rocialism ?nd cmmunismbave been, through the secret ; agency Of their leaders, the anthors of these. The system mutt be uumssked. whoever may sufTnr by W This is universally felt, and accordingly, in the Natio. | nal Assembly yesterday, it was decided that the entira mass or f Vluence. wneiuor personal or uocumenrary, should be published without reserve, exception, or curtailment. For several days. there had been front 20 to 30 clerks < ntployed In copying It for the press, and several printing olllcee are now engaged in printing It; it Is announced that It will be ready for distribution thedayofttr to-uiorrow. 1 think that, however, it is scarcely possible. I shall, however, l?e in a condition to tend you, in my next letter, a rtiumi of its chief points. It will form a curious commentary on the history of events In France since the 2ith February last. Meanwhile, wlint is most interesting at this moment is the debate in the Assembly wbtcn will follow the publication of these documents It will be a conlliot of perrons and parties truly formidable; the most serious apprehensions are entertained respecting it The wore timid are leaving the capital; I happen to know that the Minister of the Interior recommended some friends of Ms. a fow days ago. to make an excursion flrrm I'aris for a fortnight, or three weeks. I have been assured to-day, that the present distracted state of patties, and the feeble minority which exists in France really favorable to a republic, has inspired the regency pnrtv witli strong hopes It is said that Marshal nop and and M Thiers have had conferences with the friends of the Duchess of Orleans, and that the slightest Incident wh'rli would shake down the frail fabric ef the present government, would ho seised as the oeca ion of establishing a constitutional monarchy under the nominal sovereignty of the ('orate do t Ifsris, wilh a regency. Meanwhile, this great capital resembles a vast bar- I E NE MORNING : rack-the military literal! j xwarm in it. We have in the Bois de Vincennea, upon the plain of St. Maur, nearly 20 000 men encamped. The northern fortifications are fringed with a camp of nearly the name extent. and cannon are planted in all the baationa : wibuiu IUI' IIM'U. U|>UU mc upcii npubB uii vuu north bank of the river, known by the name of the He Louviers, celebrated in the novels of Kugene Sue. another extensive camp is planted. The detached forte which lie outside the fortification*, brie tie with bayonet*. Considerable progress hoe been made by the military commission in the trial of the insurgents. Up to the 7th instant, they had decided 2,718 cases, of which 1.306 bad been set at liberty, 1,200 ordered for transportation, and 110 ordered for trial by oourt mar tial Of those ordered for transportation, upwards of 600 have already been sent from Paris, and are new distributed between Brest, 1.'Orient and Cherbourg, waitiig the ultimate decision as to their destination. They were sent away without any previous notice, and could hardly believe it possible that they were actually not deceived by their senses. When they saw the sea, some wept, others cursed; some were indifferent, others daring; aDd one man boasted that he himself iiad shot at least 30 National (luards. So soon as they nave aniviid at their point of destination, their wires and families will be allowed to follow them. P. S ?Since writing the above, we have received the following news from Italy, which will probably be more reoent in date than what yon will have received from your Italian correspondents. This is the tnore likely, inasmuch as all direot communication with Milan has been suspended for several days, owing, as is supposed, to that city being invested by the Austrians. A letter from Turin, dated the 4th, says. ' The news spreading at this moment (three o'clock in the afternoon) respecting our army is rather disquieting, and we wish to believe that it is not well founded This morning, we learned from Vercelll, that in the morning the noise of cannon was heard there. A soldier, arrived this instant from Milan, announces that the two armies were engaged uear that city. The enemy's army is said to be greatly superior in number, and it is added that some of ours, being demoralised, had tpken to Sight. The gonerul opinion here is, tbat our army, of more than 43,000 regular troops, reinforced by tbe numerous Lombard population, whohave p'aied themselves at the disposal of tbe provhional govern """I iioiuiiou>ij "ie tiuciujr, cuuipnillllg them, if not to retrograde, at least to stop Milan in bristling with fortifications and innumerable barricades. us hope !" We have received from Milan an evening paper of the 3d, and a morning paper of the 4th. From these it appears that at that date the Committee of Publio Defence was still in power, since they published a notice on the 3d, calling on every man. not doing duty as a National Guard, to work at the fortifications. Every workman was to receive three lire a day No mention is made of the Austria us. or even of the expectation of a battle for the next day. The Puisferu Italiano of Genoa, of the 6th, states in a postscript, that at noon intelligence had urrived there of the Auatrians having entered Pavia, which was almost completely deserted on the morning of the 4th. The bridge of the To had been cut by the Piedmontcse, who were on the other side of the Po, under the command of General Trotti. The prevailing subject of conversation here to-day is the intervention which has been resolved upon by France and England for the pacification of Italy. The following facts, connected with that, are authentic.? The Sardinian government has pent the Marquis do * i * - -i.- 1. government. The first was. what France would do in case i'itdmont should be invaded by Marshal lladetsky; the second was. as to the formal demand of the intervention of France. The answer of Lord l'almerston also embraces these two different points. As to the eventuality of an invasion of Fiedmont by Austria, the F.nglish cabinet participates in the opinion of France, that it must be opposed by all possible means, and that the representatives of I*ranee and Kngland. M. de Keizet and Sir R. Abercromby, should be furnished with ev< ry rt |Uisite authority for imposing an aruiistir lit al Iladetsky until the cabinet of Vienna hall have givt n rd answer to the offer of mediation about be mad'- to it in the names of France and Great Britain As to t he bases of the arrangement to be proposed for the conclusion of a peace between Austria and King Charltt Albert, we know from good authority that the French government wished that at least a proposal should be made to Austria to evacuate Italy entirely, on being guaranteed a pecuniary indemnity for the territories given up which had belonged to the ci-devant Lombardo- Venetian kingdom On this point, Lord ralmerston ob.-erved that, after the confidential overtures ho had received through Baron lluinelauer. the envoy ad hor sent to London by the Austrian government, he was convinced that Austria would ntver, at any price, consent to give up her Italian provinces, and tLc more so, as she could rely upon the support of the German parliament of Frankfort inretaiuing possession of the line of the Adige, which, in strategy, is considered to be the bulwark of South Germany. This is why Lord l'almerston is of opinion that for entering upon sorious negotiations with the cabinet of Vienna it is necessary to recur to the proposals for peace which Austria was, two months ago. me nm 10 maseiame government 01 i.omoaruy. These propositions are sufllciently known. Austria, preserving the Venetian provinces up to the left bank oftho Adfge, would acknowledge the political independerce of Lombardy. stipulating for an engagement from this last, that it would take upon itself a part of the debt of the imperial treasury Although these propositions were put iorward by Austria under conditions muoh more unfavorablefor her?that is to say,at a period when theSardinian army threatened to force the line of the Adige. and when most of the Venetian towns were enfranchised from the Imperial Government?Lord Palmerston strongly urged the cabinet of Vienna to accept the mediation of France and England, if our government would consent to adopt the line of the Adige as the basis of negotiations to be opened for the conclusion of a treaty of peace between King Charles Albert and Marshal Kadetski. At the same time as the answer of Lord Palrnerston arrived at Paris, a telegraphic dispatch was received, announcing that, on the 5th, the remains of the Piedniontese army, rallied under the command of the Duke of Savoy, have sustained a defeat under the very walls of Milan. Whatever may have been the heroic resistance of the inhabitants of Milan, it is to be feared that the capital of Lombardy will fall ere long, if the conclusion of the armistice be not pressed. But Marshal Kadetski. emboldened by success, will not consent to an armistice as long as ho shall feel a conviction that the propositions made to bis government by France and England have been favorably received at Vienna. Consequently, the council of ministers, which was held yesterday under the presidency of General Cavalgnac, resolved that it was urgent that the arrangement proposed by Lord Palmcrston should be adopted, and according to which the line of tbe Adige should bo guaranteed to Austria if she consents to abandon Lombardy. It was to this effect that instructions were sent last night to our agents at Vienna and Turin, in order to induce tbe belligerent parties to accept us prompiy as possible the Franco-English mediation.'1 There is now no doubt that Milan has surrendered to the Austrians. A letter was received yesterday, from that city, dated the 5th. and put into the post ofliceof Omo, announcing that, after a capitulation, Milan had buen occupied the same day, at Ave in the morning, by the Austrian amy. It added that the capitulation gave 48 hours to the Sardinian army, which had fallen back on Milan, to evacuate the Lombard territory. It is said that tho Sardinian army was cut in two by Marsbal Kadetzky: that one portion retired to Alexandria, and that which had fallen back on Milan, commanded by the King in person, recteved on the 4th a very decided check. The King, it was said, in operating this movement to cover, by a last effort, the capital of Lombardy, declared that he was fully aware that he was committing a military fault, but that he wished to prove to the Milanese, that they had judged him unfavorably. All announce, besides, that the Austrian General ln-< hief does not think of pursuing his adrantoges on the Tiedmontese territory. INVESTIGATOR. Our Milan Correspondence. Milan, August 8, 1848. The Italian War?Stirring Incidents and Ecents? Battles and Victories?English Mediation. Since the date of my last, the tide of war has turned against the cause of Italian independence; and it is probable, if not morally certain, that before this despatch sails from Liverpool,theAustrian eagle will soar over this capital of Lombardy, and the brave Sardinian army will have retired within Its own frontiers. Let me, however, go hack and give you the events, as they have occurred from day to day, during the last most inauspicious week. 1 have little to communicate hut a series of reverses. Overpowered by numbers, our army has been obliged to retreat from one position to another, until, at last, they entered this oity on the 3d, not, I am sorry to ray, in any thing like order, but with all the precipitation of a flight. July 28?The Tiedmontese army was encamped on the two banks of the Oglio. between Bossolo and Cremona. This position was convenient,_ and, for the moment, a good military position, from whence the Vine could march to the succor of Milan bv Pixxlirlet tone and I.odl and eonld watch the two bank* of the I'o. The lone of the line of the Mlnclo putting him thenceforward on the defenaire, and obliging him to form another line, he wax obliged to arrange hie movements on those of Radetzky. The marshal had not yet taken any forward movement, either on Brescia or on the road to Milan. Ills first operations hare succeeded. but his troops, like those of the I'ledinontese army, seemed worn out with fatigue, by four days of seTere conflicts. Charles Albert addressed the following proclamation to the army IlKAi-QrARTKKsor Bozzoi,, July 28, 1X18. 801,mens?The admirable proofs of courage and fortitude which von have evinced on the Held of hattle, and amidst privations of all kinds have deeply touched mo. The enemy has dearly pirchierd his new posit nns. We have led "IT in nnr retroat two thousand prisoners of his troops, and ho cannot boast of hav ing carried ofl a single trophy. In ordtr to afford some roliel to your sufferings, and to allow you tome rest, and not to leave U>mnardy open to the Incurelors of the barbarians I determined upon demanding a truce ; but it was offered on such conditions as wo should linve all blushed to accent. The honor 'I the army of Italy ohiuea fright in the ryosof ail Kurope, and your king will ever belts most jealous defender. Inafewdayi we shall agaiu attack that onoroy we have so W YC EDITION?NEW YOKK oft wen to tiy before ua. shall make liim repent ot hie audacity. Let th m few soldier* who have dear red r-turu to their Colo-'.'. I trust in you, well beloved aom of my countrv in you who have shed your blood for her defence. Natives if Upper Italy, af'i-r several conflicts in which our army, not'vithstanding the i ifcriority of our numb' ra. har oft been sttcceaaful, we hare hc?n compelled, through want of provisions, fat into and exeatsive heat to abandon the positions we had retaken from the enemy along the Jlincio concentrated in the vioinity of Ooito, it was reduoed to thatterriblo crisis in which a supreme effort generally oocaei -us the moti dreadful maasaciea In such aerioua oircumatanrea which grieved me to the heart, totii as king, and as leader of my well beloved army, after having consulted my council of war, we endeavored tj put a etop to tltoll lit/iAilu U'nrfari. Kir ilumanelimi wurtn . Kn f tfia annilil, .na i Hired by the enemy w are mob, 1* we could nut rtoop lo discuss, convinced that it wasour duly to submit to the direst estreuii ties, rmtiier tlian expose the honor ot the ration. Italians, to arms! and let that energy which gains freshstrength from the danger it eneouuters, be the remedy to the evils we dread : you would prefer the greatest aaorilioe to the loss of your honor and independence. The army, supported by the lore of the country it defends, is r.'ady to shed its last drop of blood, and I hope Almighty PNsidMM w 11 not abandon us, in th? defence of that holy cause to which my sons and I have devoted our lives. This noble, energetic, and frank proclamation will certainly re-assure public opinion in Italy, relative to the real nature of events, and kindle a fresh patriotism of the people. It does not dissemble the danger, but merely holds it forth as a reason to combat with double energy and courage. Ji i.v 30.?King Charles Albert, at the head of his army, was encamped near Cremona, where they were attacked early in the morning by an advancod body of the Austrlans. In truth, Charles Albert had not, at that moment, more than ao,000 men under nu orders, and he required at least two or three days rest to summon the detached corps which, scattered round him, might have then formed double the number. He thought he had time to elfect this junction, and in that case, his right placed towards Cremona, and his left near at Piznghettone, he Intended to attack Radetsky ubco bb>iu. ii, wu presumed mn not more loan iu,uuu Austrians had crossed the Ogllo ; but. alas ! it was an error; and on the 31st, at one o'clock in the morning, it was found necessary to evaouate Cremona, which the advanced guard of the army entered at about 8 o'clock, A. M. Charles Albert first directed his march towards the small fortress of Pizslghettone. At a later hour of the same day, he was desirous of taking up his position at Codogno. a rather important city between Cremona and Lodi. His project was evidently to array his army in that position, where ho oocupled the line of the Ada, having his first line on its left bank, from Creme to Piizighettone ; the seoond on its right bank, from Lodi to Codogno. But he was immediately compelled to abandon that position, and, as we have befere said, a hasty retreat has brought him beneath the walls of Milan. He was preceded, on the 2d August, by General Oliviero, who had come to take the direotion of political and militaiy affairs conjointly with the committee of defence. The city was in a state of groat agitation; the people crowding the public squares, uttering cries as clamorous as vain. In order to calm their uoeaslness, they were led to hope the French army was coming immediately to their assistance. We read au article, inserted in the .Ivvfvire d'Italia, to the following effect:?" The intervention of France is now a positive fact. The army, commanded by Gen. Ondinot. has, ] doubtless, at the moment wo are writing these lines, crossed the Alps." It was also announced, and with muoh greater probability, that Charles Albert was on his maroh,bither with 15,000 men, and his whole force of artillery. ' In a short time, the minds of all became more calm, and one and all set to work, so tnat In a short time the defence-works were finished, Uuder the direotion of military engineers. It appears that the Italian army has recruited, while affecting its retreat, by a numerous reinforcement of fresh 1'iedmontese troops. On the 2Cth, the king proposed a truce, but the marshal insisted upon the evacuation of Pesohiera, of the duchies of Parma and Modena, and. it is even said, upon the surrender of Venice. It was impossible to accept such conditions?the king could not but determine upon continuing the war with the utmost ener.... I of ahul will I. ? Ik.. V # I 1 ? ? - tsj *-"? urn uappvu, tun uuuui ui niiijf win remain unspotted. The command of Brescia has been entrusted to General Oriffini. The committee at Milan has just issued several very energetic decrees; a loan of 14 millions of franks is to be raised upon persons of every position of fortune, in a manner at once progressive and proportional. It is positively forbidden that any citizen should leave Lombardy, in order to avoid paying the public taxes and levies. It is likewise positively forbidden to publish any military news, except that which is officially announced by the authorities. All alarm- 1 ists. reporters of false intelligence, are to be brought before a court martial. The government of Milan, imitating the example of that of I'ledmont. has decreed pensions for the families of those who perish in the defence of the independence of I taly. Marshal Kndetzky has issued a proclamation addressed to the Milanese, requiring them to surrender, and by which he promises them every political liberty they can desire, and which Austria now enjoys. Duke Lltta. a member of the provisional government of Milan, has just left for Switzerland, in order to recruit a thousand men, whom he proposes to march into Milan at his o in expense. The proclamation of Charles Albert, expressive of such noble feelings and steadfastness, has produced great effect at Milan, and has gained him every heart. The republicans, till now so full of doubt, and so suspicious, nave ceased all opposition; taught by adversity, they are at last convinced that Charles Albert, and his , army, form the true bulwark of their country. Marshal Itadetzky has at his disposal an army, not of 00, nor of CO,000 men, as was at first stated, but of 80.000 men. it is said that he has in his army 10,000 auxiliary Bavarian troops, who have coma by Tyrol. Since the 22d July, he has daily received strong reinforcements. The troops sent from Austria and lllyria were conveyed in chariots seized for that purpose, and paid. It is thus that the troops of the mnrfihfil nn tho A illirn worn firm hi awl It. nnnuawz fhof the Piedmontese staff was completely ignorant of the force of, and preparations made by, the enemy The old marshal most actively turned to aooount his successes, and the superiority of bis numbers. At Milan, every means of defence Is in preparation The committee of defence has addressed a most energetic proclamation to the people of Lombardy. The cures are requested to excite the inhabitants to take up arms, from the pulpit. A permanent court-martial , is instituted, to try all trailers and the malevolent. ( Besides the forced loan of forty-five millions, the com- ! mittee of defence has put on sale the property of the state, to the amount of three millions. Milan is being ' fortified and barricaded. All the navigators who are not in arms, as well as all unemployed laborers, are set to work at the construction of a lortitW camp, upon the Ada. They are allowed If. 50 cents per diemtwelve hours' labor. All the chariots of Milan have becntaken and are employed in conveying food to the army. The females of all ranksand classes have been again called upon to make cartridges. In a word, the most lively feeling of patriotism prevails in every heart; and such a people well deserve to conquer their ind? pendence and l.berty. Afo. 2.?The Austrian army, from 80,005 to OO.OOO strong, is murching on towards Milan, In three corps: that of the centre, commanded by Marshal CO.000 strong, follows the Piedmontese army in its retreat : the body on the right, marches between Brescia aud Milan ; that on the left, advances alnng the right bank of the I'o, in the direction of Parma and Pincenxa. Notwithstanding the decree of political and military fusion between Piedmont and Lombardy, the Milanese have almost entirely isolated themselves from the king and his generals. The committee of public dc leuue, lunuvuuu ? wiutu oj iuu repuoncan party, ; issues nlone every measure in>! decree it deems urcesfary These measures are both energetic and useful ; but it Is to be regretted that a mutual harmony docs not exist between Turin and Milan, in such grave circumstances as the present. The levy, en masse, of the National Guard of l.ombardy. has been decreed Lieutenant-Marshal, Baron di I'erglas. commandant of a division of the Austrian army, passed the Po it Borgo Forte, near Mantua, having issued a proclamation to the Modenese, calling upon them to abandon the King of Sardinia, to form a legion under their old oolors. and to establish the ducal authority. The arrival of the king has rertored the ceurag of this city. When the news of his arrival was spread at midnight, every one got up. and the windows were s adorned with flags. The Tiedmontese infantry appear to have suffered much; it wants reinforcements. and a week's rest. It Is not the bravery of the soldiers, but the experience and skill of the generals, which has caused thedefeatof the army The heat, want of provisions, negligence of the purveyors, and the want of a good oommissarlat, have destroyed more troops than the Austrian bullets. I have just heard that the ambassadors of France and F.ngtandnre gone to the camp of, to insist upon au armistice. This news has produced a sensation I can hardly describe to you. It is said that these two powers will compel the belligerent parties to a compromise on mch a basis as shall be proposed to them. Affairs at Jrrrmik Morh ut.oudshri) ii\ thr Prksiiiknt.?A letter from Capt.Fales, ol schr. Mary Chilton, to the owners in this city, rejiorta his arrival at Kingston, Jamaica, from Jeremie, on the 22d ultimo, with twenty-one passengers, (among them the collector of Jeremie,) refugees from tne violence of President Soloque. The nassengers came

on hoard the Mary Chilton, and tne schooner got under weigh, but owing to strong head winds, was obliged to come to anchor. The President threatened to send a guard on hoard to search the schr., upon which the passengers all (led to the shore in diflerent disguises, and secreted themselves for the night; the next day, a nart of them returned, and the schr. immediately left for Kingston. Cantain l'ales says his lile was threatened by the brutal soldiers of Soloque, and that things were in the most /loitlnruliln utofn of Inmmin . kit* i* that the town was sacked or plundered, as had been reported. A general tetror prevailed, and it seems certain that the negroes, in these atrocities, are to a certain degree connived at, if not actually countenanced, by the President. Capt. Kales adus, that b< lias important news for our government, which he shall communicate as aoon as he returns. There is no American man-of-war at the island. Humanity demands that an efficient naval force should be promptly furnished by our government during this reign of anarchy. There is a strange remissness on this point in the naval dspartmsnt.?Boil. TravtUer, A** 28. IRK 1 , WEDNESDAY, AUG QUE. DESPATCHES rnuM TIIK SUMMER RETREATS OF FASHION. Movements at the Materia? Places. Unites Statks Ho+kl, i Saratoga Si-kings, Aug. 21, 1H4S. j Conferess Water. The peason has imsscd its meridian at Saratoga; but still there are sufficient guests at the hotels to make it comfortable. The quiet, steady, good old fashioned |>eople, who actually come here for the benefit of the congress water, are left, however, in a large majority. A numerous deputation of the Troy Baptist Sabbath schools, came up on a visit this morning. We find the Hon Mr. Holmes, of South Carolina, on the ground. Gen. Scott and family, came in to-day, and are quartered at this house. At this time, last year, he was before the walls of Mexico. We ex[>ect Mr. Senator Breese this afternoon. Green, the reformed gambler, lectures to-night. But the principal feature of the day ia the excursion on Saratoga lake this evening to the sulphur spring. We intend to join in with this expedition. We shall give you a more deliberate chapter to-morrow. The 1/oy Sabbath School procession, some four ot five hundred strong, headed by a brass band, are just now passing down to the spring. The weather is warming up a little ugain. We have a legitimate August temperature to-day. The Doctor. Headquarters, U. S. IIotei,, ) Saratoga Springs, Aug. 26, 1818. $ The Reception of Gen. Scott at Saratoga Springs. The reception of Gen. Scott, to-day, at the U. S. 1 !?#..! i... .u? ?r o . uwiri, I ly Itic Uliltciao UIIU Tiouria ui oaiUU'gU, was truly a beautiful and gratifying spectacle. The spacious saloon was thronged, for hours, by anxious groups, who had come with a spontaneous desire to shake the old chieftain by the hand, who led the invincible ten thousand from the shores of the Gull to El Palucio Nationalc of Im Rrjtublira Mexicana. The General received his friends cordially, forgetting, till completely exhausted, his feeble health, in the discharge of the agreeable duty imposed upon him. The parlor was crowded with elegantly dressed ladies, the family of the General-in-chief being also present. To all, including the little children around him, he hud n word to bay?a woid of kindness and congratulation. I lis towering figure loomed above the throng, as in the front of battle?firm, but softened by the pleasing scene. IMPROMPTU, BV the des/RE OF the COMPANY. Mr. F. L. Wa1)DEM., of Xew York, addressed the General as follows, in a clear and emphatic tone:? iM A JO H UfNEKAI. \V INflKI.Ll bCOTT ( Jlllod Upon blOSt unexpectedly. at n moment's notico. by the citizens and visitors of Saratoga, to welcome you to these fountains of health, after your perilous and glorious campaign into the heart of Mexico, we 'eel our heurts overflowing with a sense of pride and gratitude, which words are feeble to express. We sincerely regret that there should rest a shadow upon our joy in tbis meeting of our beloved chief?that he who has borne torward the ' star spangled banner," In the front of his Invincible legions, to the ancient city of the Aztecs, through so many flercely contested battles, unscathed amid the carnage and the iron storm of the terrible conflict at the cannon's mouth?that he, preserved amid the disasters of the shock of war. as with a "charmed life." when his gallant comrades so thickly fell around him, should return among us, onfet b'i (I in health There is a mingled sadness in our joy that he should return among us with an enfeebled frame, and with that eagle eye, which has so often gazed upon the sun of victory, dimmed by the bivouucks of the sultry clime of Mexico. Still, (ienoral, we hope, we doubt not, that the healing virtues of these unrivalled springs will restore your constitutional vigor, with a brief season of repose, and the enjoyment of the enlightened society- assembled here, to impart to you their congratulations. We welcome you to this central flowery region of beauty, taste, intelligence and fashion. The brave, the good, the beautiful, are here to honor bim who has shed upon our arms the honors of immortality ; and we hope that this warm expression of our regard, radiating hence to the extremes of the U nion, will be received all over the land as the true expression of the common sentiment of the American people. How glorious has been your career ! How signal your victories ! If wo look to the past, Chippewa and Bridgewatcr. and the whole of that memorable campaign of the North, are sufficient for the grateful remembrance of posterity; but thrilling as *re those deeds of glory, they " Pale their ineffectual fires" before your unexampled campaign of the South : that march from the captured castle, and the series of high achievements, leading ub on into the enemy'h capital. And here we may pause to shed the grateful tribute of a tear, who so cheerfully laid down their lives to vindicate their country'* honor. Many of them were personally dear to u*. Ringgold, once the charm of this social scene, one of the first to fall, and, under your immediate command, thero are Graham. Baxter, Butler, and a host of others, who died as soldiers love to die, in the charge, and amid the shouts of victory. Hallowed be their memorios . and shall we not oxult in the highest proepeet of their reward ?? " For Most; who in the battle dies Clod shall enshrine hiin in the skies." General, they loved you as their oommander and their comrade in arma?their glory and yours is Indivisible. Their fame can never die. Oft shall memory, pilgrim of the heart, visit the spot whore they fell, anil though a tear dim the eye, yet shall she exult in their blissful transition. We trace your Southern campaign from Hie strong fortress at Vera Cruz, and the walled city together deemed impregnable, to the extraordinary inarch which, on the leaf of history, shall remain a more endeuiing monument than the fame of the mailed conqueror of the Aztecs Cerro Gordo's rugged peaks, flanked by impenetrable chapparel; the occupation of I'eroteand I'uebla, the capture of Contreras. Cliurubusco, Cbapultepec, bloody Molino del ltey. and the garitas of the capital Vain for me to pourtrny the din of strife, the struggle, hand to hand, the ever onward march of our troops? " Still as ih# breeze, horrid front they form. Firm a- the rock, yet droadfu las the storm Regular* and volunteer*, a band of intrepid brothers) mingle in the dreadful fray. All this la left to abler hand* Knough tbat'they were led by you. To you, we Fay. tbrice welcome, warrior, chief, and friend. A grateful country anplands not only jour military prone**, but approvingly amiiea on your civil government, eFtablifhed in the conquered republic, so admirably entered on, and judloiously maintained.that the horror* of war were smoothed by the wise attribute* of mercy and law. tempered by adiaclplinc which oven tuuted in a pence satiefaotory to all. While we twine tbc olive branch around your invincible aword, we trust it may slumber in it* scabbard; but., should its meteoric splendors be called again to flash in the conflict, the foe will shrink before its victorious beams again. The flag of our oouotry triumphantly float* ever before you, and all hearts welcome you home. May " He who tempers the wind to the shorn lamb," restore you to health, eo that you only leave us full of years and of honor*. I have done. The delivery ot these remarks was frequently interrupted by a burst of applause; and the sincerity with which the sentiments they expressed were felt by those on whose behalf they were tittered, was attested by the team which suffused the eye* of all. Among oihera who were most deeply affected, was the accomplished lady of the distinguished veteran. The sensibilities of the oid hero himself were acutely touched, and more than once the expression of his face showed how sincerely he felt tlie pencrosity of the sentiments addressed to him, and the sympathy of those by whom he was surrounded, when the sensation produced by the remarks of Mr. Waddell hnd subsided, General Soott advanced a few steps, and, in a tremulous and subdued voice, addressed the uudience nearly as follows:? I.ADir.i aso (JKfiTi.r Mrs?My fair countrywomen and fellow citizens? I am wholly unable, in adequate term*, to thank you for this spontaneous and generous exrression of ycur kind consideration and respuct. When came among you, it was both my desire and purpose to avoid, ns lar as was becoming, all outward demonRtrations of the respect of my follow citizen*. I came here, as the gentleman who ha* just addrc**ed me on your behalf ns* observed. In pursuit sf health and repose. the necessity for which ha* been imposed upon me by the humble labor* to which such eloquent allusion ha* been made, llut my resolution in this rel,nq he ell overcome ht the warm in mi feel . tion by which I am surrounded, ami I am enabled only to give, in return for It, the expression of the sincere gratitude of an old soldier's heart.? It is now, my friends, more than forty years sinoe 1 entered the service of my country. I am not ?aln enough to suppose, that In my long continued services in her behalf, I have filled the measure of my own aspirations. or that I have entitled myself to tho eulogy which bas just been uttered, or that I have reached the point which I had marked out for myself, when 1 entered the publio service. It was and has ever been my aim to merit, by my course of public action, the kind remembrances and the sincere approbation;of my countrymen, for faithful and honest devotion to ray country's interests. The generous expression this day given, leads me to hope, that in some degree, at least. I have appioached the fulfillment of this purpose. You have, my fellow cltisens. touched my heart most deeply. This unexpected evidence of your attachment. I shall ever most warmly cherish In return for it, I most sincerely reciprocate the kind wishes which have been expressed towards myself. I am unused to the language of compliment or of ceremfWy?roy life has been one of well intended, If not well directed action, IE R A UST 30, 1848. and my first prayer ha* ever been, as my last shall be foi the bonor and prosperity of my eountry. 1 am toi inucb overwhelmed by this scene to say more. I give you, my friends my heart. I throw my heart among . you. An old soldier tenders you his warmest gratitude ! for your generous welcome, and his most earnest pray< ere for your individual happiness and prosperity. J (Cheers.) The i>eople applauded?the General was overwhelmed with congratulations ; and the shaking of hands was continued till the chieftain gave way I from exhaustion. We believe thisspontaneousactof reception was | the suggestion of Mr. Graham, of New York, and the happy manner in which the duty was performed by Mr. Waddell, reflects equal credit upon all 1 concerned. The General will remain some days. | He already feels the benefit of the Congress spring. Respectfully, The Doctor. United States Hotel, ) Saratoga SrRtNos, Aug. 26", IS 18. y The floating population of Saratoga to-day verges upon three thousand strong, of whom some five ( hundred arc quartered at this comprehensive and \ commodious caravansary of the Murvins. The j , evening hops are still pretty well sustained, and the ( | company, assembled nightly in the parlor and the , ball-room, embraces a fair proportion of intelligent < j and experienced, and beautiful and umbitious j daughters. ( Gen. Scott is the legitimate Leo Mexicano of the t village. Hon. John Wentworth was introduced to i j him yesterday; and, though the conqueror of the | Aztec Putacio JS'acionule is some six feet five or six . inches, the tall member from Chicago overreached ; him by two or three inches in altitude. General ' ] Scott remarked, "Yes, Mr. Wentworth, ho it is; | just as 1 find myself comfortably located, the gentleman from Illinois comes in to overstep . | ine. What I have done to merit this uai^enerous treatment, passes my ingenuity to discov1 er. At all events, sir, 1 hope your shadow will 7 never grow less." "General," replied the tall ' member from Chicugo, " you are from the valley of Mexico, which is 7,000 feet above the level of ^ the eea. Thai far do you stand above us poor civilians at Washington, whose highest duty was to vote you supplies. We did the Best we could. J and we nope you and your brave battalions had [. powder and salt junk enough to carry you through." j In this good-humored key the two tall public tunc- . nonaries continued talking for halt an hour, the crowd in the portico accumulating around them, a and gazing in wonder and admiration at the war- ^ worn visage of the general, and at the asniring j" physiognomy of the Western M. C. I The old Castilians, on the discovery of America, (( and for a hundred and fifty years thereafter, ' | were most absurdly superstitious regarding the unexplored gardens of Hesperides, witn ? which they supposed the new world to abound. Among other things, about the time of jj Hernando de Soto's invasion of Florida, .. from some Indian tradition, or some Spanish . j dream, they became impressed with the superb conviction, that there was a fountain somewhere ' umong the everglades, or the pine barrens of the Jsaid Florida, the waters ot which, even to old / age and decrepitude, imparted the blessing o? perpetual youth. That was some two htm- . dred years ago ; and the miraculous fountain has [1 not yet been discovered : and us for the peninsula i. itself, and all the waters it contains, let the Florida ' war speak for them. Let the niuu who believes e this life a humbug go into Florida after the search of that fountain of youth, and the malaria will soon put an end to his stupidity. Senator Westcott is a sensible man. lie remains during the 'j! u cess in Washington, having lost ull faith wi the | ! healing virtues of the mysterious fountain of j the everglades. It strikes us that that old super stition, or Spanish dream, mast have had _t reference to the. numerous mineral springs in ^ this valley of Saratoga, lor a fair experiment J> ot foity-eight hours, will induce the invalid to suppose Uiat these were originally the fountains ^ of perpetual youth of the elixir vita1, for which t( the ancient cavaliers of Jlispanisca so vainly ex! plored the live oak woods of Florida. And yet j we are amply satisfied that the fashionable dispui tations of the summer saturnalia at Saratoga far ^ more than counterbalance the efficacy of the wa- ^ ters in the restoration of health ; and that a half- ( dozen seasons or less, at these springs, followed ' out according to the usage of the first class passengers, are auite sufficient to send the most ro- n bus: soap boiler to Greenwood Cemetery or the lt dissecting room of some philanthropic school of ^ medicine. :i For the last two or three days there has been an ? increase of visters among us. The evenings, however, and the mornings, are cool. That pre- _ monitory dullness, indicattug the wane of the season is here, although the company, us yet, is suffi- ^ ciently numerous for a gay re-union at the United *. States. (j With Mr. Wentworth and lady, and Mr. Sena- n| tor llreese, we visited the lake yesterday, and ( crossed over it in the little steamer R.B. Coleman, 0j to the sulphur springs on the other side. The fountain sends forth a large volume of water, but j)( it is weak and diluted compared with the sulphurs of Western Virginia, which furnish about onetj>n111 ths* minntifv 'I'll#* :m<l iIssiirmniiriinira are soft and beautiful, while the distant blue mountains give an appropriate boundary of pietiireniueness to the landscape. There were but few visiters at the spring. Since the burning of the ^ hotel, the place has become unpopular. There ? were two little girls at the fountain waiting for customers. The elder, some eight years of age. said she was saving her pennies to uet herself ami sister a cloak for the winter. They dip up the w water, after the usual fashion, in tumblers set in a (u tin frame at the end of a staff. You drink, and from a penny to a sixpence is the established quid. 0j jirn into. ... . si We also visited the Indians in theirtents, in the woods, at the western extremity of the village.? ' There are several families there, of several tribes, engaged in making baskets, bows and arrows, tr bead reticules, tec., for sale, and they have been c| i driving a brisk business la their small wans, so |t ' that they keep but a small Btoek of goods on t( hand.. , _ tr Politics ure at a discount. Whigs, barnburners, w and bunkers, appear to be equally |>eri>lexed with ' the game. The position of Mr. Cilhoun gives [)( I (mnoiul wuflol nntinn fhoiiah nnhnHv nail m.iUr anv satisfactory estimates from it. We had desired j. to pass over to the juhilee, at Newport, hut the ^ hour lias ((one, and we must even resign the sport 0| of that carnival. Now, sir, it is theBe things which give zest to ^ the season at Saratoga. The locomotive has ^ ruled off the Carolina aristocrat, with his coach Sf and four, all the way from Charleston. He now ;r conies in witti the crowd in the cars, and the quantily of champagne consumed ai the dinner table ))( aflords him but a sorry equivalent for showing off. The Hhohtionists have placed an interdict upon his old time cerps of servants; so that, like the jj green grocer, who comes to s|>end two days a flue democratized locality, the cotton planter ap proaches the vestibule with his daughters and hi , trunks, and the head waiter can scarcely distinguish the retailer of peanuts from the I'euee aris , tocrat, with his negro quarters mustering a thou- N sand slaves The abolitionists have rendered t) them a contraband article, and the planter, with a the good grace of necessity, assents to the lepri- , C vation, and goes home, notwithstanding his con- tl 1 i;>.. :.a ?,;i.u ? MIlUlMlllfll IIICIIUQIIIJ y mill III' *CI J Ul/lliriMiHiUiC II opinion of the North on that account; while his I Northern brethren bid htm adien with the impres- j n sion that he is a gentleman, and perhaps a t'liris- a tian, witli a prospect that his soul will not inevi- a tably be damned because he is n slave holder; h concurring, to this extent, with Mr. Corwin, the al great nnti-slaveiy Taylor man of Ohio. II We sus|>end, for the present, these gpneral re- ir flections, tor a brief summing up of the current n record oi the day. ft It was gratifying to observe the heartfelt recep- u Hon of Gen. Scott yesterday, when he made his appearance in the front porch of this large establishment. A populous assemblage immediately ]' gathered round nim, to shake the great chieftain of the age by the hand. lie looks quite a differ- v ent character from the (fen. Scott that went down " to Mexico. That hard campaign, and the inex orahle chop-logic of Secretary Marcy, have broken him down, though his f ront still expresses )' the martial spirit of I.unoy's l.nne, and though li Ins air and carriage are erect and stately. He is 1 f feeble, and broken in heart and body. Before his menus couid an snaae nun ny mat nami which * ltd Ins 10,000 men from Vera Oniz to Mexico, he 1 n whs compelled to withdraw , from exhaustion. At twelve at nit;lit, he was serenaded by a hand cd ' music. We were engaged upon this letter at the time ; but as the band struck up " Sweet Home," i tf under the window of the old chief, across the w court, we unproi rinted the lullaby to our own ad- h vantage, and woke up in the night at our table. n. The great event, therefore, of the iftli August, at Saratoga, was the arrival and reception of Gen. Scott. The lake excursion was superceded, and w we did not go out. 01 Among our distinguished visitor.-. Mr. Senator cl Berrmn, of Georgia, n here j Mr \V cntworth, of t' , II1, .s, and lady, and Hon. Mr Stewart, ol Mi ? / LD. TWO CENTS. rliigan, in addition to thine in-nti< n-d ye^terdaf. Mr. Holmes, of South Carolina, is at C! mutes* Hall, the place of the ancient rtifimt to which he ijelonRH. We shall have something (urtjier to say tomorrow. Kespecifully, '1 nE Doctor The Next Irish flevemcnft [f rom the Manchester Kxaminer, Aug. I.] The authority of the Queen is triumphant in Ireland, and the rebellion has been suppressed (as a weekly journal, with a ministerial connection, phrases it) " with less loss of life than has been occasioned by tne explosion of a steam-boiler." Hut though Smith O'Brien has been secured, and the gaols are crammed with prisoners, the country is held only by military occupation ; and as no rational man can contemplate this as a permanent state of things, the general inquiry is?What is to be the next movement in Ireland 1 If the Momitig Chronicle is to be t iken. as affording any indication of the views of leading men in the political world, the next movement about Ireland it to he a jiarty one. In yesterday's paper, there is a long article, showing the stern necessity for something being done, but also laboring to prove that the wliigs are not the men to io it. We fear they are not; but while we have a strong opinion as to the consistency and the capacity of the members of the present government, ive have an equally strong horror of seeing I ream! once more the carcass over which political tunics are to tight their battles. _ It is all quite rue, as the Morning Chronicle points out, that the A-hi us tir?* nlfMi* ull u/?/?nnntol?la fV\r it-scat stale of things in Ireland. Theymade the .itrhfield (louse compact, l?y which O'Connell tept the whtgs in olfice, they giving him countelance, nnd he sanctioning their abandonment of he appropriation clause ; and though we are not o quick-sighted as our morning contemporary, vc dare say there nre indications of a disposition a pat onise a levival of the Conciliation (Tall norul-force agitation, as a substitute for the dnn;erous activity of the confederates. Moreover, ve quite agree with the Moiinng Chronicle, that ve cannot now afford to permit tin- old g tine to be ilnyed over again, with no other than the old remits ; and that?" If any net of politicians are so yeuk in resources of their own, that they d ire not lisjK-nse with the alliance of mercenary and hy ocritical demagogues, or so committed by their arty traditions, that consistency compels them to e complinien ary to agitators, they ought at once o abdicate a trust which they are morally disibled from performing." But contemptible as (he whig administration has hown itielf to be, we must whisper in the ear of he Morning Chronicle, that it will mot get (framni, Lincoln, .Sidney Herbert, and Card well, back r> office, by playing the old game of the whigs men in opposition. so nu as our teelings are onccrned. we would rather sec Sir Kobert Peel t the In-ad of allinrs than Fjord John IFussell, beause we have a lingering Faith in his business nerpy, and cannot give up the liali hope, that if te necessity lor it were driven home upon him. e would attempt something real and substantial s a remedy for the soeial evils of Ireland. And et, alter all, this may be a " fond delusion wo ai all our statesmen, the Peels no less than the lussells, cannot get beyond the spell oi hereditary nil aristocratic influences ; and it is because this oubt sways us, that we deprecate the attempt, on le uart ot any journal, to turn the wrongs of Ireinti once more into political capital, to serve the nds of any section of our legislators or " rising !atesnien. * No?we fear that all "movements" for Ire'and will id in nothing, until the wlwle yuettion of /ru'i inule is taken uj> by the English people themselves. s n business people, they ought to do it, lor it ineeras them mightily, ft they want peace, Irend is there to trouble them ; it economy, Ireland there to prevent it; wherever we turn, Ireland lares us in the face, heaping up our taxes, our uor rateB, pouring its j>aupers into all our towns, nci causing us to be evil spoken of throughout the hole world. The English people have no wish > |>erpetunte the evils of Ireland, because they ill on themselves as well as on the Irish ; but lese evils will be perpetuated, unless the Knglish pople speak to their legislators und their rulers in voice not to be mistaken, and tell thern that the jy has gone by for quackish tampering or small addling. Would that we saw indicutionsof such movement on the part of the English people ! The Sjjtctator throws out the following suggeson, which is not unworthy of consideration. It i true that the labors of "special commissions" re apt to terminate in the hog of a blue book; but it were possible to realise the suggested special commission of government," and if we ad the statesmen capable of traming it, and the en competent to form it, we might see our way ut of Irish darkness. " For example," says the );cct(itor, " it would he possible to frame a ecial cabinet ministry for the specific mission, r, to avoid every kind of party implication, it iglit be possible to intrust that task to a special immission of government for Ireland, composed persons selected without reference to party, und ith sole reference to fitness ; the commission to ? charged with deciding on the measures that re exjiedient, framing them mid administering iem, until Ireland should be fairly set going, uch a plan would not be usual?it is not to be mud in the routine of ollice; but it is not unwarmted by analogy or historical precedent. It ould not he, without an earnest will to rescue reland from her accursed circle of miseries; the int af ifn nHnntinn wmiltl Iip n rr.tfrn fhtif nt l?at imetlnng was to be done." One thing is certain, tliut if the suppressed Irish bellion was so extensively organised and so idely ramified, as government organs aUirm it i have been, then it is all the more necessary to *gin early; or if statesmen will stand in the way Irish regeneration, nothing remains for us but iberly to see if the repeal Of the union will not table us to get rid of an enormous nuisance. Bexar, Texas.? We rejoice to learn tint the adc of Bexar is rapidly reviving, and this anient town furnishes evidences that it may, ere >iig, pgain become pre-eminent among its sister iwns ol the beautiful West. A large number of aders have recently visited the town, from the 'ttlement.s west of the Kio Grande, and there is a respect that a lucrative trade will soon be opened r tween this town nrid the districts around Parrus nd Chihuahua. The route from Bexar to the ingle I'uss on the llio Grande, has been so much eaten by the numerous caravans that have passed ii it, that it resembles one of the largest roads m le vicinity of Houston. The lower route from exar to Laredo is also much worn, and indicates idt the travel in that section is increasing. The ttlements around the town are rapidly extendig, and the large number oi new buildings in the >wn indicate a degree of prosperity that it has not ;fore exhibited since the revolution. The cizens of Bexar expect that the main military deDt of the 3d regiment of dragoons|wilI be estabshed there. A market will thus be afforded to le neighboring farmers for their surplus corn, eet, pork, Arc.?Houston, (Tcras) Telegrajth, lugvst 3d. _ Opinion of Oknvral on tick Sierra. T.i?t. tmvii MftvpvirvTs?The members of ip Lmmet Club of St. Louis, guve Gen. Shields supi>cr. In reply to a complimentary sentiment, !en. S. made a ,s|ieecli. the substance of which is lus noticed by the Union " He referred to the lany current rumors with regard to his designs. Ie stated plainly that lie should have no conection with the buffalo hunt, nor engnge in ny other enterprise contrary to his duties as citizen of this republic, fie considered that is first duty was to his country, and that in II things he must abide by its laws and treaties. Ie reprobated, also, the idea of forming brigades i this country to invade Ireland. Other, and tore practicable modes of succoring struggling Tcdom there, could be used, and ought to be sed. mritdeu near St. Lor*is ?A German woman, ? ?1? ?i 1 I - ?e ILiiaotr rpairiintr nasr y mc name ui i icnoif i *?? a>^ ?uu, tie < iravoia road, about six miles from tlna city, ^as cruelly murdered on .Saturday night last. The nurderers nre supposed to be Hermans, as they poke that language to a boy in the house, who atempted to give the alarm. .They inflicted a seere wound upon him, striking him with a knite n the breast. The woman ran out of the house lying murder. The fiends pursued and overtook er, and with a knife cut her throat from ear to ar. A coroner's inquest, a brief notice in the ewspnpers, and this murder will be unlike othrs if it is not soon forgotten.?Ail. Louis Re/mban, ?fwg. 21. Potatoes.?The Calais (Me.) Advertiser states lat many of the potato fields 111 that virinity that ere struck witn the rust and seemed doomed, ave began to put forth new leaves, and look early as well as they did before they were struck. Senator Sam. Hot ston was robbed of hia gold 'atch and one hundred dollars in money, by some ne, who entered his berth and fobbed the artll?v while the boat upon which he came down the iverluy at the wharf, yesterday morning?Cm. titpntih, Au% 2T