Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 31, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 31, 1848 Page 1
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T H ? - . ~ NO. 5202. THE FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE OP THB NEW YORK HERALD. Our Southampton Correspondence. South ii amp to* , August 11, 1848. West Indian Intelligence? Slave Imurrection in Cuba ...?J ?>-- /.i- "-o.J v, ... ?. ^ f 4. u tv rtm vj i nc i/nifcu States?Influx of Specie from Turkey?The Spanish Question?Mexican Bondholders?The Postage Question? I'rench Jljfuirs. <j c >J'CYVehav* bad several foreign arrivals here during the ?fk, which deserve notice. The West India ' steamer Dee dropped anchor here with the usual mails on Friday last, and brought eoine news of importance; fche bs 1 $.'00,000 in specie or freight, a valuable cargo, and e xty.eight passengns, ainonst whom were His Excellency. General Von Scholten, from St. Thomas, the Governor of the Danihh West India settlements ; also, His Kxcellency. Governor Shortlaud, the British Governor of Nevis You will, perhaps, have learned the particulars of the insurrection in the Island of St. Croix, which began on the 2d July, by.the slaves rising, en mine, and oonmencii g to burn and destroy the property of the planter". His excellency, the Governor, M. If on Sehlo. ten, was sent for from St. Thomas, and proceeded to the Island of St. Croix, whero?finding the insurrection a general one, and conceiving that he was in personal danger, and in the power of the rebels; after ( quiring of the slaves what they wanted, and being informt d that they required their freedom, and that if it wtio not granted they would plunder and destroy everyt) ing?the worthy governor immediately nro Claimed their unconditional freedom from thut day, and al. o the freedom of the slaves iu the adjoining island. This ounce; sion seemed to satisfy them for a fewds;.-; but shortly after*ards they broke out into ' open insurrection, with a view of taking possession of the country and establishing an independent government. In this juncture the nourageof the Danish governor forsook him, and be is aco <sed of acting with indecision nearly fatal to the lives and property of the respectable inhabitants. Determined, however, that their I roperty should be preserved, some of the principal planters and others, Insisted that the Governor General should resign his authority; this he did. and a commission of public safety was formed, and strong measures were undertaken to repress the aggressions of the n? groes; reinforcements were obtained from St Thorn: - and from Puerto llico, and a good deal of fighting took place and a number ofthe insurgents were phot and taken prisoners,^ud the island coinpa-ativelv quieted. The Governor General resigned and came home iu the Dee. Thus, in a few days, slave emancipation * as declared in tile Danish West India Colonies; end it is affirmed the change w.ll ruin the islands and their trade. We a';o received news lrom Jamaica that some disturbat (es amcust the emancipated blacks were prohableiu that island, partly arising from the inability of the planters to give employniout, and from a vague Jtar un rgsl t&H negroes that they would agaiu be enslav I The governor had concentrated some strong i^stra 1 d!r* of police in and around the disaffected district < . it wii' likewise stated that Puerto Rico eras likely soon to be ti e theatre of bloodshed and war between the African end European races. Also, that Cuba was ripe for r> bullion Witt- the exception of the Spanish West Indian Colonies, d ivery may now be said to be abolished in the <whoie 11 the West India Island". It is broadly stated in Kngisr.d that the negroes of Cuba will soon rise | and tli w off the yoke of shivery This, 1 need scarcely tell yo . would be looked upon with muoh aatisfiiotlon, not on'.y by the Exeter Hall philautrnpists. but by all the n tenants connected with the ^Intisb Antilles. Thaab tuition of slavery in Cuba, would be the ruin of that Ifliiud, as a sugar producing colony, in the same "ratio Hat slave emancipation has ruined fainaica. or as slave emancipation will ruin Martinique Go*laloupe. St Croix, St Thomas, kc if the llritisb West India planters could only manage to get rid of the -competition of slave grow, sugar from Cuba, all would go well with them, and they might hope for something like a revival of prosperity, and, therefore, anything, like a i evolution in Cuba, is looked upon with a very favora' !e eye as being ouu of the most fortunate circumstances that oould happen for the interest of the ytuSerii g British Colonies in the west A of i tain portion of the Hi itieh pi-ess is figctting -itself a great deal about the designs of the United I States on the Island of Cuba and it is broadly asserted that the American government is lending it-elf to in trignes with the discontented inhabitants of the Island Vfltb a view to bring about a severance front Spain. ' and ac nexation to the United States. I needscarce'y Otell yo-t that, amongst well informed Britishers, thi? Idea d"-a not very strongly cxi-t. and it is not believed that the United Status government is detirous to become immediate possessors of Cuba It is known that a great many of the inhabitants of Cuba are dissatisfied. and very justly dissatisfied, with the way they are ruled by Spain; that the surplus revenue of the 'Island, amounting to several millions of dollars does not go. as It should do, to improve its internal condition, hut is annually remitted to Spain, for the support of a brutally, corrupt, tottering, and emasculated administration; and it is thought that a portion of the inhabitants would gladly throw off the Spanish yoke, and would prefe- the Detection or the Star Spangled Banner, to the grinding oppression of Spanish misrule, but still; the impression in England is, that the Spaniaid3 generally iu Cnha would prefer establishing an independent republi: in their island, and it is expected that this is not far distant I was speaking the other day'with an employee of the Foreign Office in Downing street, who has a good opportunity of learning what the views really entertained by some of the ministers inreference to Cuba, and I ama-suredthat England would not object to a severance of Cuba from Spain, and the establishment of an independent government either republican or monarchical, but as a nine qua non the emancipation of the slaves would be insisted on; and.moreover, I am assured that England would not greatly object to the island ot Cuba falling Into the hands of the United States, but the same proviso of slave emancipation would be required, iu fact, to get rid of the competition of slave grown sugar from Cuba, the British government would not hesitate to permit its being alienated from Spain in any way most ? leasing to the population Whether full relianoe I to be plaeed on these statements I can hardly tell von; but 1 am clearon one bead, that there is not any fear whatever of England herretf taking possession of Cuba. She has West India colonies enough, aud is onlv anxious that they should be put on a fair footing with other colonies in respect to their productions. The next West India packet will bring us an account of the reception in Jamaica of Lord John llus ell's proposition for relief, as propounded in the House of Commons on 16th June last. I prognosticate that the West Indians, both planters and merchants, will t>e disfatisfled with it, as well they may. It is like a morsel of sop to a hungry roan, aad it may possibly increase the discontent. What however, the British government cannot or will not do tor the West Indians, appears likely *o be accomplished by the mere course or events?i menu ine tranuiii nomuinn 01 islarery in the Danish. French, and Spanish Antilles, to which 1 have before alluded, and which.by leaseuing the quantity of sugar produced, and increasing the Cost of production, will certainly he a great help to the planter* of Jamaica. Barbados*, Trinidad, tec , and render the competition of the dreaded Havana and Puerto Kico sugar not half so formidable in the British market. Financially speaking, the British "West India Islands are in a horrible plight. Jamaica, for instance, is bankrupt, and the treasury exhausted, the receiver general having 10 Issue a notice that there feeing no money iu his hands he could not pay the quarter's salaries due Jubh doth, and it was very doubtful if the September payments could be met, there being a deficiency of $70 OOtt. The Chamber of Commerce, I understand, had held a meeting advising a great induction of official salaries, and actually reoommet,d>'d that all supplies, tor the present, should be Stopped I have given you *11 these details about the West Indies, because I perceive the subject occupies a good deal of attention in the New \ ork papersThe Mesmer Sultan arrived hen- a few days slnoe from Ccristantlnople; she brought 450 boxes specievalue $1 1.10.000 A form>r packet, the F.tixine, brought from the same city 513 packages value $1,300,COO Theso large remittances from Turkey wxoite lome surprise, and lead to the beifef that the balance of trade with Constantinople Is much In favor of Kngland, and that immense quantities of Briti h manufactured goods must be exported to Turkey We have an Instance of that here?the Peninsular Company's steamers to Constantinople always go out I nil to overflowing and no grout i> the demand for freight accommodation, that short time since upwards of 2 000 tons of freight room were applied for by merchants, in a vessel, (the Kuxine) that had only room for -1<HJ tons of goods.? The Influx of specie into Southampton for transmission to the Bsnk of Kngland ts very great It comes from all quarters of the world. <>n?tanf inopte, Alexandria, Italy. (Jibraltar. Spain and Portugal, South America, Mexico, West Indies &c (so It Is computed Dint from $4 000 000 to $6 000.000 are received here every month on an average Nntwith-Lau ling these large importations of specie I notice thai the stock of fetlllWn In the Bank of F.uitland ha beeu gradually dltnlnlrblt s dmlng the past f?w week* la t week for instance, ih>ro wan n decrta-e of Hourly .?l.'iO000 sterling '1 hip I* enured by *onie financial operation* raid to bp polntr on between Kntnerhilds mi I the Mis trlan note' ument, by which const lerahle oj 11? u tt tie a of ?tld base Iippu transmitted to Vienna tor deppitoh to hi- urmy in Italy also by h demand for it >ld an I pilfer In Franco, tinv. that iitr?ii* t>a?e begun to wear a more pet tied aspect, and likewise from the fan tlia' a great dial of ppeile was forward'- I t.i |rrlaint for the me of the troops durine the thren'eiied rebellion; and al?o to ptrrngthi n the banks In f^ir of a i u n for gold, wbiih It Itipiare partlnllv took plaee The atnauiphtp Ma irtil srrlred on the ffth Inrt , from Clrela Vecrhia. I uh on Henna and H bra-tar Slie l-n light a lillle bullion and a l?r?e u.electIon of rain* able goods. principally work" ol nrt from Inly, also Captain CaJdlurk n iiioiandcr of ttie Is e steamship >rt?l wreck- <1 on ti e \ h1 ill Vol o c t off i, - .'nrii Ktery exert i n aa* made to- ive the itiei v pt-aoier of war was tent to bat MeiPlan ie, aud just irh.-n It ??B?aw????Mcy E NE MOENING I war probable the eifortx wade *->ulU be attended with hucci ha. n Tioleut irale of wind oame on mad the ship went to piece*. Tho Madrid bring* home her and commander, IIItcwise all the cargo and store* eared from the Ariel. The new steamship Malta arrived here on Saturday from Liverpool, having been out Ave day* in the Day of Biscay on a trial trip. Thi* steamer i* constructed of iron. *he i* 1140 ton* burthen, and 500 horse power, of a very fine model, and brig rigged. She helongM to the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, and wa* built by Me**re. Cairn 8t Co. Oreenonk; tho .. v :i k. Ik.. \t I to >? -O? >us sugxc uuu uvnmr ?J uj? .iirarnn rawcvu, I runVIIn h. Co.. Liverpool. Her perform anon on the trial trip ; vm considered very satisfactory by a numerous party | on board. The Malta is intended to leave Southampton about the 20th, for India, where she will take her station in carrying the mails between Point de Ualle Ceylon, and the British settlement of Hong Kong, in China. During the present week we have hid no arrivals from the coasts of Spain or Portugal, aud I have, tbure; fore, no direct intelligence to communicate to you from those parts. With regard to Spaiu. it is believed that a great desire exists on the part of the Spanish cabinet to resume diplomatic relations with the court of St. James's. Already it is stated that the Duke of Sotomagos is to be permitted to resign his post of minister of foreign affairs, on the plea of ill health, but doubtlets with the Intention of propitiating Lord Palmerston. The two couutrles, Kugland and Spain, are in | the position of two lovers who have quarrelled, and are . in a state of ''tiff." as it is called here; neither one liking tospeak first, but both desiring to be friends. I question, however, if the British government cares much about making it up with the existing Spanish government, as the idea is prevalent that a great and startling change will, ere long, take place in Spain,and that the present administration only exlstson the sufferance of the mudrralot and prugnessn'a parties ? Meantime, the flarlist insurrection does not seem to be gaining ground so fast as was anticipated, and it is feared that the struggle will be postponed till the ensuing year, only to bo resumed with that ferocity oommon to the Spanish civil wars Some sensation has been excited on the London I stock exchange, particularly amongst the holders of iiji-xicbu i-uuiis. iu conecqiiencu oi wii'publication or a letter from SVnor. bis excellency Don Joeo Luis M. Mora, the minister plenipotentiary from the Mexican republic to England, in reference to the dividends now due on bends representing the foreign public debt of Mexico, in which it is stated that the bond holders have coright to expect any portion of the first instalment of i3.000,COO of the indemnity to ho paid by the I I'nited States. The appearanco of this dooument caused a fall of 1 to IX per cent in the quotation for Mexican stock.and it is now marked only 16?.( instead ?f 18. as before. I send you the subjoined copy of the documeut in question, as it will be most interesting to American readers as illustrating tbe probable tendency of Mexican finance :? Mux can Lkoation at the Conrt of lierBritannic Majesty.) London, July Ztf, ISid. ' { By inatmetiers received at thin legation from t!io government of tbe Mexican Republic, I ain to inako known to tie publio tint the government now in power is resolved honorably to fulfil t ie obligations oor.tractid with 'e.-peet to the foreign debt of the rspublic, as far as the means of the treasury will pinnit. The last conversion mudc without the authority of the government?the advantages ct which in its favor, and that ofthe bondholders, have I ecu so atrougl.v ipiostiunoJ?is definitively aooepvd by the g vcrnuientof the repuhtio. The obligation) contracted thereby arc accepted, and w ill l e f lfillcd as far as the Material sources will penult; but it will i oi contract, nor will it accept new ones; whatever may lie the remote titles upon which they may bo founded. As already said, that these o dig itlons ought to be rationally understood, nnd that a country only just freed from ft foreign invat.on, in which all toe -ouroes of its revenue have been exhausted?derived aimoet entirely fesa ite mantuue cestootlioutes?an invasion tiiut lias disorganized its g ivernment, aud wlileh hns left upon it the heavy weight of the filiating debt to all Its rmjiloytri for the space of more thsn two years?is hound to tc-orgunine and satisfy the extraordinary and urgent necessities by widen it is surrounded; to obtain which, it cann it place much reliance on tho immediate pn-cecdsuf die maritime customhouses, as the country being already profusely supplied by tho iin purtations made during the occupation of its ports by the American fotees, it is neither presumable nor probable that these proceeds will lie great fur toe li.st y-nr. Thus it cu , only, for the picsent ,c' unt upon the ingress to the treasury of the sums which it has to receivo tor the indemnity agreed upon, being th price of the ecdcd teiritory, according to ihu late treaty of peaoe. There is no right to demand, nor is it Convenient t> grant, the application of the said sums to the payinent of the dividends, aud to the amortization of the public d bu Nut the first, because it was a clause and sped il condition of the last cunv rsioii, agreed to by ti:o bondholders, to renounoe tho mortgaged territory vhiub previously existed lor th piymentvf its ered-t ir-; u >r the aecund, hvcaiise the pissduiit/o.' p.yuious arises from toe very cxiatviicc of tbe government, and ila solidity; and neither the ore nor the other cuuld Is- rationally exp otei from au ax .-mated treasury, incs|i<ible of inalntain-tig in it the vital prindple and the conditions of iu existence. Moreover, tho means of navment and the guarantees ?f the Mime exist aud are stipulated fir, in i the bonds is-ued ; and amongst them mention is not made, nor could ho made, of au iudeiunitiuutiun winch did not and was not likely t" exifct. I li?ve to re i'iest you will have the goojiioas to publish this ' couimunieatiun, miJ receive from mp the a-aursace of particular eitcem. f-i^ne 1) JUS* LUIS M. MORA. To tl e Mexican Con?ui iu l?> niton. This communication is not at all understood on the stock exchange, particularly as the statements are in direct contradiction to the advises received per last Mexican mail, by the committee o Spanish Americau bondholders, from .Messrs. Mi nning Si Macintosh, the agents in Mexico. Those gentlemea represented that they had had a satisfactory conference with the Mexican goveviment, on the subject of overdue dividends, a d they hoped by the next packet to advise that a portion of the indemnity money would be set apart for remittance to England on dividend account, it is, I therefore, thought curious that the Mexican government should assure the agents in Mexico of a desire to settle satisfactorily with the English bondholders, and by the same packet send over different Instruotions to their minister in London. Don Jose Mora's letter is thought to be suspicious, from the faot that it wt.i only published on the 7th of August, when the last Mexican packet arrived on the '24th of July, and it is stated to be only a move of his Excellency's to keep down the advanrory price of the bonds, as he is supposed to be a great ''bear" in them, and is known to have expressed himself that he would take care the stock should not improve much. The British government has made an arrangement with an incorporated company, called the India and Australia Mail Steam Paoket Company, for the conveyance of the English mails from Singapore to Sidney Mails, passengers, and small packages will be conveyed as heretofore, by the vessels of the Peninsular aud Oriental Steam Navigation Company, via Southampton, Alexandria, Sues, Aden, and Ceylon toSingapore ? the voyage from Southampton to Singapore ooeupies forty-two days; the distance between Singapore, by steamer, is estimated at twenty-two days, so that by this route the colony of Australia will be brought to a distance ox nine orer two muniu* inrai ?treat nritain j The advantage* of the measure to India. China, and the commerce of ?he Kastern Archipelago. can hardly be too highly estimated, while in Its bearings at the present time on the mutual prosperity of Kngland and Australia, it is likely to prove more important and mere in harmony with public opinion than any other step which could have been devised. The British government, in addition to the above. has granted a sum of f>25 000 per annum, for ten years, to encourage steam communication between Kngiaiid and the Cape of Good Hope. 1 do not. however, henr of any company having yet been formed to accept this grant and carry the projeot into execution. 1 have heard a whisper of a company on the tapis to run via Gibraltar and Madeira, or the Cape d? Verde Islands, to the Cape of Good Hope, with a branch to Mauritua, Southampton to be the depot; but at present there would appear to be very little disposition amongst capitalists to embark in the enterprise. 1 have just heard of the Ws hlngton's safe arrival at Bremen. She left Cowes' roads, on the 4th instant, at 7 a.m.. and arrived off the VVeser in the afternoon ot the &th, thus accomplishing the distance ot 480 miles in 32 hours, and having attained a speed of 13 to 13)^ miles per hour. The present trip of the Washington to Lurope may be reckoned to be her most successful voyage.?from New York to Bremen, including six hours detention oil Cowes. to land mails and passengers, has only occupied 1& days 2 hours, or. say 14da>s 6 hours uuder steam, performing a distance from New York to Bremen of 3,t>3o miles. 1 understand she will be full of passengers and freight on the homeward voyage, and is expected here from Bremen on the 17th,to leaTe for New York on the 20th. The remarks made in the A'rie Ynrk Hrre'rf, of July OO .... 11,., I.UII.U nllALtlAn hin hn... tV,? ??k'?>.1 nt much attention here, and the article ha* been alluded to and copied by some of the Knglish paper*. On the 7th inrt . in the House of Onmnton*. Mr. Lardwell asked Lord I'almeraion for copie* of the correspondence that had passed between him and Mr Bancroft since 2l*t February last, to which his lordship replied. "that the communications between the two governments had not concluded; and that he was about to make another communication to the American minister, and that therefore, it would be inconrenient. and contrary to the usual practice, to produce the correspondence in an incomplete form " The Chancellor of the Kxchequer further stated, in answer to other questions, "that no formal oommunioation had been made, by the F'oreign Office, on the postage dispute to Mr. Bancroft, since F'ebruary; but that the F.nglish postmaster general had been in correspondence with him since. It is very evident therefore, that formal negotiations, which had been broken off. have now bean resinned, and as the question is warmly taken up by the mercantile int Test, and continually brought before the notice of the llnuse of Parliament I think I am not far wrong in assuring you that much, time will not elapse, ere a settlement, one way or the other, will be come to 'Tie a perfect farce that two great nations (professing to be the greatest mercantile nations) should quarrel about the postage of a letter ; a question which if two men of business had met to arrange, would have been put on a satisfactory footing in five minutes Vet such is diplomacy. I do not ssy much to you on F'rench affairs, as your Tarls correspondent will, of course keep you well in formed of all tha' is parsing It may, however, be well for me fo remark on the perfect eordiality that exists at Ihe present moment between the F'reuch republic nod the British government; this is appar. nt in the nflairs of llsly, as you will learn that the representatives < f both governments are earnestly endeavoring to mediate for a pacific solution of the difficult and linrord us Italian Question. In a nustaerim to thl? letter I rhall (tire you th. fullest and latent n?w* I can olitnin front Parte and Italy At the moment I write, 1 nni deply fearful for the laeue of the mediatli.n. i" it will evidently arrive ton late, and Juet when Held Martial Radet*ky, the Auatrlan commander-inchief la a victorlotie conqueror at Milan and Indiepi red to accept the proffered mediation on 'he bavin mid to br aurm d upon beta* en Knglaud and Kranoe. There a|'|ienia to be bat a shout of a ohanoa for a fi tlUno ni of tlie Sol leewlfi-llolatela alTalr, and It appi ere bnetilitl. a '*111 be renewed with rlitor. Alto getlirr, the preservation or utabllvhmi'nt of peace in bi-c-irTM,rT? a, ,, m W YC IDITION?NEW YOEK I'.UlOpe m-fllln lu 0? Mrt) UUIWU4IU aliU lul{ir>< A few days may, however, alter the aspect of affair*. If France engages in a foreign war, aha will be mined for a long time, both financially an<l commercially; and if the present administration to fir loses it< way eft to go to war with Austria on tbe Italian question, as it now stand*, it will be a false, fatal, and irrecoverable step for t rance, and one that will lead to ruin and desoiatior. to all Europe. God grant, for the interests of humanity, and for the good of the several European nations, that war may be avoided. The weather here has been very unsettled, with much rain, and unfavorable for harvest operations. If such weather continues muoh longer, there will be a considerable rise in the prices of grain, and supplies will be wanted from the United State. POSTSCRIPT. It appears, by tho most recent accounts, that Milan has actually capitulated toKadetxky and the Austrian forces. It Is, therefore, evident that Krenoh and English mediation will arrive too late, as it is hardly possible that the Austrian commauder-in-chief will oonscnt to evacuate Milan and give up Lombardy, just to please the French in their ideas of Italian liberty The peace of Europe now hangs on & thread, and it Is hard to tell how the present difficult and delicate position will terminate. Marshal Uadetzky will in out certainly tell the British and Krenoh envoys, that negotiation* for peace are of no use, because peace has actually been obtained through his re-oonquering the ltaliau States, which had revolted; and the necessity for war no longer exists, now that the King ef Sardinia has beeu driven back into his own territories. The French government would be going too far in sending an army to drive the AUstrntns out of Milan; because, as matters stand, it would be an act of French aggression on Austrian territory, rather than interference to fiut a stop to hostilities. The British government is ikewise In a very onrious and perplexing predicament. Before the overwhelming success of the Auatrians was apparent, the British government coalesced with j France, to effect a peaoeable mediation, with a view to a a suspension of hostilities in Italy, and a settlement o the matters in dispute between Austria and Klngt'harles Albert. Tbe object of Lord Palinerston'a coalition with theKrenrh government,wasevidently to prevent France froui marching an army over tbe Alps, to the assist* 1 auce of the Italians While, however, these arrange- | ments were going on. the Austrian commander was i following up his successess with surprising rapidity, and actually outstripping the negotiations in Paris and London, for an amicable arrangement and probable partition of Lombardy, bv (as it would appear) taking possession of the whole country by force of arms. Supposing Francs now undertakes a war with Austria, to make that power give np a territory which has belonged to her for many years, and which she lias just reconquered. Kngland could not, on any consideration. be a party to the war ; because the possession of these very states has been guaranteed to Austria by England, in the treaty of Vienna. If, therefore, France is so blind as to fight Austria, she will break the treaty of Vienna, and bring down upon her head the ire of tbe whole German confederation, with Russia; and. it is supposed, that France could scarcely be prepared to fight, single-handed, Austria. Prussia and Russia By telegraph to Liverpool to-morrow, you will no doubt get a little later news than 1 can give you in reference to this all important question If it should turn out that Milan has not capitulated and that the representatives of Kngland and France have been enabled to reach the headquarters of Marshal RadeU* ky before be has retaken Milan, and have euooeeded in prevailing upon him to stop hostilities, to pave the way for an armistice, then tbe aspect of the matter will be changed and it will have been more easy of a favorable solution. You will read in tbe Euglisli papers full accounts of the Italian war, and of the rapid progress of the victorious Austrlnns towards Milan Vou will also see that Sir Robert Abereromble.the British minister at Turin, went to the Austrian commander at Cremona and requested six days' armistice; b*.t Itadetz- 1 ky's reply was. unt one hour till I have entered Milan a.* a conqueror. You may judge b7 this what hopes may be entertained of the success of French and English interference. Alas for the cause of Italian Independence. Ouly a European war. or a diplomatic no<rr.ti.tl/,., tritK f ? vI.lu t.r.?u 1... rationally-expect?d from a victorious and conquering ] power.-win rave Lombarily from the grinding iluipoti?m of Austria Let us, howovor, hope tbat if the latter power is permitted to retain po-sessi- n of the north of Italy, that free institutions will be gr wired, auil tliat the cllers made by Austria to the Italian! in the event of their returning to their allegiance, will he honestly and properly cavied out. If this be dono then Austrian rule would not even now be Impossible or unpalatable in Italy ANGLO-AMERICAN. , Our Berlin Correspondence. BfrI.tn, July 17, 184R. Archduke John?His Position?Important Proceedings of the National Assembly?Prussian National Assembly?Stocks. If it ever was the lot of one man to be called to fill two cflices at the same time, equally important, peihaps, and certainly equally responsible, that nihil is the Archduke John, of Austria. The German people, in electing the Archduke as governor sf the empire, have entrusted him with the highest i degree of confidence that a people ever placed in a man, who, though of well known integrity of character and line personal qualities, had given, usyct, no proof that he possessed that measure of talent and capability, which is necessary for the head of a great and newly established^ State, situated R3 Germany is, without any firm unity among its people, and in the midst of the present political aud social revolution of Europe. The German princes, the majority of whom have sanctioned the election of the Archduke, have done so wholly guided by the confidence that their power will be more successful I v maintained through the author ity of an imperial governor, who is himself a prince. The difficulty of the position of the Archduke, as Governor of Germany, is obvious; but his position as the imperial representative in Austria, is not less difficult. Here, serious quarrels between the different Sclavonic nations must he adjusted?a unity between the Sclavonic and German subjects "of Austria established, and a constitution for the whole empire, suitable to all these different nations, framed Thus the duties devolving on the Archduke in his double capacitv, as the Imperial Governor of Germany and the Imperial Representative in Austria, are more than any mortal could perform in the present time; and it remains to be seen how he will be able to fulfill his task to the satisfaction of all. On the 15th inst. the Archduke 1-ft Frankfort, after he had been installed in due form as the Imperial Governor of Germany. lie will open the Austrian Parliament on the lSih inst., at Vienna. As ministers for Germany, only three have been appointed yet: V. Schmerling, from Vienna, as Minister of the Interior and of Foreign Affairs; F.G. Hecksher, from Hamburg, Minister of Justice; E. V. Peucker, from .Schmtedeberar, Minister of War. Before his depnrture from Frankfort, the Archduke issued a proclamation to the German people, in which he admonishes to order and quiet, I and promises to do all in his power to restgre a state of peace and tranquillity in Germany. In one of the latest sittings of the National Assembly, at Frankfort, the resolution was passed, that the King of Hanover, who had refused, ill , proclamation recently issued, to acknowledge the , supreme power of the German government, should he urged to do so forthwith. The debates were very lively, and the Assembly expressed its de- , termination to force the King of Hanover either to recognize the new German government, or to resign his crown. A feeling against England, which is growing stronger as the German nation is about to unite as one people, and to shake ofl the commercial dependency, in which England ] has held Germany, to the great disadvantage of the latter, for siirh a length of time?is eontri- j buting to render also more unpopular the King of Hanover, who has always been acting in the interest of England, and is stiH opposed against tlm establishment of unity in Germany. The great commercial questions relative to the future policy of trade of Germany with foreign countries, will not be settled till Germany will have obtained a more firm state of political unity, and until a custom-union will have been established throughout Germany In this city, no revolutionary disturbances have taken plaee lately. The Prussian national assembly continues to make hat little progress in thp course of its proceedings. The government here has been gaining strength since the Burgher-guard is assisted tiv military forces, ot wlnrh utmost I daily fresh arrive. The police lias now forbidden all political assemblies in the open air, for which permission has not been previously given. All stocks have lately risen here, and are now nearly 20 per cent, higher than Inejr were two months ago. The Prussian State stock, bearing 3$ per cent, interest, is now at 73 per cent. The crops of w heat are greater this year than they have hern in many years in Germany. The barrel of flour in Prussia can now he bought for four dollars. Thf Modei. Artists in Boston.?It will be seen by the proceedings of the Hoard of Aldermen yesterday, that the indecent and ridiculous exhibition, under the name of "Model Artists," !ihh been forbidden by the fathers of the city. We understand that the vote in the Hoard, against granting a license to the proprietor of this exhibition was unanimous. The exhibition is obviously indecent, and would be dangerously immoral, if its disgus'ing absurdity did not outweigh its pernicious tendency What can be more ridiculous than the idea of illustrating perfect art by an exhibition of deformed nature TrnvtHtr, Augwsf 29 iQt ? - ? -jrarrv. M'f v.?jM?rwv r. ?*? .;*. u n IRK I , THURSDAY, AUGUS' '1 III lllltix l.lltoM Ul l1 IttlHC III luo 1 Jl Uftly?VlrUK ur N.ilr LitmitrHnr

( Krom Osl>Knmnt'M Meanenger Aug S.J The Him Public (Lanwrlinr's organ) has hi article urging tb?* French government to loierv-ne in the affair of Italy. This is probably as a com.)!!mint to M . de Lamartine, who, although wh"ii in office, he expressed in the strongest terms his d?'- i sire that France should do her utmost to abstain from an interference with foreign States, which, leading to a war, might embarrass the French government in its endeavors at home to establish the rennlilie on a firm and hnnnrshle linui, <l..,.l?>-,.,I that, if Italy should be unable to accomplish he! , own independence and apply tor the aid of France, it would be given. It is to be borne in mind, however, that the present government of this country is not bound by any pledge given by a self-constrtuted power, which could only assume itself to he the representative of public feeling, and it would perhaps have been more prudent and more proper to have left the decision of the course to be pursued to a government chosen by the representa- I fives of the people, and which could alone have a 1 right to adopt a definite ^resolution on sq grave a i question. The Bien Public seems to assume that tnnt the eventuality named by M. de Camartinehas really occurred; whereas, nothing has transpired to prove that the intervention of France has been applied for by Charles Albert, who, since the annexation of Lnmbardy and Venice to his crown, is the only patson who can be recognized by the French government, unless it he intended to re-re volution ize Italy, and deprive Charles Albert of his new rights, in which case, Mislead of being the ally of France, he would become her enemy The accounts given of the various missions from 1'aly are so vague and contradictory, that, as yet, we are in the dark as to the real nature of the communications that have been made to the French government. We are told, on the one hand, that the provisional government of Milan has applied for absolute and immediate intervention, and that Charles Albert has asked only that the principle of intervention may be established as a sort of moral force, added to his own material means of operation, this tmpos- . tng upon Austria a conviction of ihe necessity of i negotiation whilst there is still an opportunity of negotiating with honor. We do not comprehend how the government of Milan, which has recognized Charles Albert as the sovereign of Loin- | bardy, and which has a commissioner as his representative, can have 111 ade an application to the French government, without the concurrence of that commissioner. If such an application has ' been made, it implies the intention of detaching Lorn hardy from the cause ol Piedmont; and this would he a complication of affairs which would { render the intervention of France, under such circumstances, not rr^rrely a declaration of war against Austria, hut also against the King of Sar- ! dfnia. The Bicn Public says Without any doubt, it would have tmen desirable (hat the Italians should have been able to suffice themselves for the holy work of their enfranchisement, i France then would not have been obliged to go to shed 1 her blood and spend her gold In Italy She would not I havo irritated the susceptibilities of Uermany, of which the alliance is precious, and she would not be led to engage in un enterprise which will give Russia greater facilities to cut out a path towards Constantinople but since, niter all and In epite of all, events appear to have imposed on France the sacred obligation of this Intervention, wo must accept it Once again, then, the Frenoh armies are about to pass the Alps?once again they are about to see those places illustiatrd by so inany victories, but at present, it is not the desire of conquest which will guirlo us but of deliverance Italy must, be freed from the foreign yoke, i She must, hoose herself a government which will sat- ! isfy her wants and desires, and be in accordance with I her political temperament If monarchic*! France i dared to pass the Pyrenees in 1821, in a dynastic in- 1 ferret, republican France must not fear to pass the a.ij>d iui m |iv'|)Uinr onunn. j fl TUc Insurrection In Pnria In April, Winy, unit June?1 he Invratlgatlun, <Uc. Ac, * NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. j C OS Til* U AT 10 S ?) ? THK SITTIMl Of fHUMOir. ?VOV IT 3. I The report then prooeeded to speak of tho insurree- , tion of Juuu. and the causes wbtoh hid in particular contributed to its coming toahead Between May 15 and June 23. fortunate uiodiUciili?>ns bud been made iu the minimis!ration, the trveps had re-entered J'aria, a law on attmupruienlt had been obtained, the public powers had showu r?ore vigilance. . How, then, was it , that there had been new disasters ' Was it true that disquietude was kept alive expressly to prevent coufi- i dence frotn returning, and to orgauise misery every- . where? The chiefs of the insurrection were in Vinc-nnes, but their spirit survived amoug the concoctors of Insurreetiou. At Belleville a olub cast bails, and the club of the Mentagnards covered the walls with incendiary proclamations; that body thereby revealing itselr, though, having been dismissed, it no longer legally existed Two placards insulting the representatives were stuck on the walls, and on 17th Juoe other placards, railing M. < nussidii re to the bead of the republic, and announcing the organisation of the ban quet at 25 centimes, were affixed The excitation ot the clubs, arcordi og to M Arago, had alons caused the civil war. A witness, placed at the bend of the administration ot n railway, had stated that in that company the engine drivers earned bUOOf and upwards a year, and yet that all these men bad joined in the insurrection of June 14. A letter was intercepted directed to Ulauqui at Vincennes, stating that a plot was in preparation; that fire and murder would lie had rur>niir?? in If ? ??? I : and that hi might be sure of biting net at liberty ? Mobs assembled every craning in the Rue St. Dennis and tbat neighborhood, and every thin/ announced that something wa.i about to be attempted. Kerry mau having been armed by the provisional government. there was hut little difficulty in procuring the means otj combat The report traoed the manner in which the national workshop/ were organised, and declared that the brigadiers who paid the men were the principal instigators, (agitation) Vet the police appeared to know nothing of what was going on! The 1 nMirrect ion had its manufactories of powder, its chiefs, its organization, and the police remained passive! ? Kven on June 23. the republican guards who had been previously dismissed, received their pay, and appeared the dayafter behind the barricades in May, M. Trouve Chaave). the Prefect of Police Informed the executive committee that the national workshops were the hotbed ; of the agitation, and the men of the Droits del Homme were the principal agitators. The report then, arrived at the day when the insurrection broke out, declares that the object of the movement was nominally a democratic and sooial republic; but in reality pillageit was, in fact, a savage war carried on with poisoned balls. (Movement.) To complete their task, the ootnmiltee would notice the political men found compromised in the insurrection M. Trelat, ou being examined by the committee, had declared that he considered M Louis Blanc ns the author of all the evil that occurred in June, as the insurrection was only an ap. plication of the theories professed by him at the Lux tuilx urn M. Trelat bad added that he had bean hia friend, but that since the areata he had not dared to speak to hioi. M. Louia Blanc had deolared to the committee that on the evening preceding the insurreotion he visited the workshop* of the tailora founded liim at CHchy fin pretended that thoae men were animated by the beat intention*, but a (treat number of them were found amongst the insurgents Aa to Si. I auasidtete, several witnesses declared that in m- i vera', groups of insurgents regret waa expreeeed at hia (ibn-ncr, and complaints were made that he had not sent hi* order*, aa it waa not known what to do without him. M. <'*t minimc said that if be had gone he ahould not hare returned. M Ba uosiast ? M. Mauvais, examined by the com mittne. stated that be had aeen M. Causaldlere go over it barricade in the Hue Saint Antolne, accompanied bv hia Montagnarda ; at lea*t he believed they were Montagnnrds, from their ill-looking faoea and accoutrement. M. Boson aaid that he aaw M. Cauaaidu re near the church of Saint Paul; he pai*ed near him. with Mauvais, to be quite aurethattt waa he. The committee bad endeavored to ascertain th" source of theae testimonies and why they bad come ao late. It learned that thpy had been oommuntcated to several per?ona who bad related them second-hand; hut the firat witnesses had protested their veracity. On the other hand, several reprea-ntativea had affirmed, In a certificate, that they aaw M Caiiseidii re at the Assembly during the days of the 13d, 24th. 2.1th. and 2tith June But it waa aaid that some of the signatures te the certificate had be?n obtained ? ?. , .....Ml 1-.. ? r .i. ? V) m ' .."""iu.no, w nn.u." ... III". .J....e?,f lieu, ? ' Gentlemen, it if pretended that I w*a aeen out of I aria. in a neighboring town, luring thi> daya of June?can you ?fflrra that i wuh in my place in the Aaaembly during th* four dayi of the lneurreetion?,> It certainly appeared from the Movitw, that on the % id. M. < auualdicre had uttered an exclamation interrupting a apeaker who waa in th* tribune The ahort hand writer. who waa employed at thr moment in taking down thr debate*, prorrd that hie turn of duty had not rome on until after two o'clock lienor it did not rigorously remit from that r. rtilh at<>, that M. Cauaaidi6re. though prearnt in the Aaamhly^ waa not alao in the Itue St. Antoine Another repreaentatlve, M. Proudhou, w?. alao signnlir.ed by aeveral witnesses On the 'iftth luor, he w*a aeon on the Place de la Baatille, and waa met on the other aide of the harrlcadea by two of hi* colleagues M Troudhon had given no other explanation ol the employment of hia time, than that he had remaiued two hours in admiration of the sublime horror of the cannonade (" Oh. oh" and laughter). When interrogated aa to bis preaenre in the faubourg. M I'roudhnn had answered that the tmeulr waa aooialiat, but that ha had condemned it aa Inopportune A deputy alao bad heard M Proudhon take the defence of the lusui gents M PaounHoe aald that that deputy had not apnken the truth. M BaucuaRT expreaaedcenaure on the conduct of a man who, amidat the horrora of civil war. could go to a combat aa to a apectaole. f VI Proudhon struck hia bureau violently, which drew forth crier of1- ord?r"' Irem ail parte| The honorable reporter then announced that tnc are ret aaaoctationa formed at Part*, and their connections In the departmenta, would form the subject of another report. " Before terrolnatlu< , ?*&.? ??a? ?y?i? IERA T 31, 1848. iu?e ofc.nfui rt?onr?i oi uut civiltiu*t*ii<uofia, lii? n.n<l in conclusion, " let it be p-rmlttcl to u* to repeat the words of hope, ths last pronounced l>y t glorious ni ?rtyr. 1 May try hlood be the last shed" Yes, let the wish of the botf archbishop dead at the foot of a bar rirade. be grnntcsd, and let his blood be the last poured forth In civil *?! l.et those who substitute J violence for the expression of the national will know that they were nif?lod by fatal counsels -and that auch conduct, instead of serving the Kepubllc, wtml I lose It. Who was the workman who wonl't not consider it misfortune to bare on his blouse a drop of the blood of General Bros. or of the heroic Archbisli p of Parla* Thongh." added Hie reporter, ' the committee j has made a distinction between the attempt of the 15th May ami that of the month of June, it r< eviil-ut that both had the same cause, 4h? same origin. Th" 17th Mnroh, the 16th April, the 16th May, au I She 23d June were connected together, and resembled each other?they were warfares aguinst order and against the National Assembly. The government hn I ktsowti how to establish order ; the committee hopes that It wllfknow how to maintain It ; and that thus our great ! country may accomplish Its noble-destinies (Great movement for sotno time ) The rraKsiuKNT?The report shall be printed arret distributed. Numerous Voters?And the doeumsir's. All the documents whlsh suppo-t it. [Loud erles of'-Yes, yes," from all parts of the Chamber J Mr Ouiuon Bsrsot, the President of the committee, g&ld?It appears to me Impossible, that when a report of so much importance Is published any hesitation oan for a moment be felt as to publish!tK the documents that are connected with it. That follows ai < a matter of course (Hear ] The documents were then also ordered to be printed 1 and distributed. The ParsiDEinT?The tribune is to M. Ledru Rollin, for a fait personnel. t M Ijkdhu Rbllik?I Khali demand that an early day 1 nay be fixed for the discussion of this report If 1 stake thin request it is out of rexpeot to the precedent* 0 )f the Chamber; but if you oonxlder that it ia not tossible for a representative to remain under the y volght of insinuation* eueh as are contained in the u report, I shall demand to be heard immediately [Mur- fl mure.] 1 L The Pa*?ior.*t?The discussion of the report can- j c not be talked of at this time. M. Ledru llollin has )Dlv to apeak to a fact uorionnri. s M. Lxoetr Roi.i.in?We wish to hare the documents | irintcd it is not for myself that I ask it. i have ' r Seen onoe interrogated; not one of the charges h wrought against me is well founded. I affirm this on 1 h ny honor?let me give the loud lie, if I do not say the '.ruth.1 Movement ] a M. Lou it Bi.asc?It is infamous. (Cries of "order,") w M. Laoau Rollih?I appeal to men ot all shades of >pinion. I say that the Assembly xhould ho filled eith consternation (yes, yes) at the introduction of s iuch a precedent into a legislative chamber In the I S lrst revolution men were not aceused by name, a atlg- ' t lta was not flung on such or such a name. Once only I n the report of Lecointe, after Tbermidor. did such a ! p .king ooour. and it was well known how that report ens branded with reprobration of history Shall I y ipeak of the revolutionary tribunal' There, certainly, t man told his name, and was so condemned but chat was the situation then? Factious were ripe in .he country, and they then had the great courage to tli leplore that a revolution existed; that biood wis H?w- ti. ng in torrents, and that it was necessary, in such a h< losition, in order to defend the country, to place one's ai klf above the Isw Hut such wax not the ease at pre-* ent. What Lave you done? You have accused some, ou have struck others, nd you have not confronted ; al hem with a single witness You have had no proem , t trbul, and you toy. "oh. that is nothing for the courts ( justice will interfere at a later period"? yes, here- | B fter, when public opinion shall have oondi-mned us. ! tt )ld 1 not know on the 24th February, that I eh >uld I tl in? day have to reckon with the enemies of the \ epnblto' (Agitation.) No. you cannot deny me > ? he right to d?fend myi<< If immediately, for, I tt ejwat, 1 cannot remain under the load of such I fa m Recusation for three months every uDirt has to wen made to kill mc morally. But, through respect I wl or the revolution. I kept silence. and now I am, fur- m ooth, still to wait for some days. No, you must all >w I netoeptak without waiting for documents. I shall I of >e brief; the concluding words of the report invite ; fit ne to concord ; I shall defend me sell without passion ge ind without anger. I am accused of three facts i \ hr trued an incendiary hul'etin But in what, a situs- *i ion was the country I was organising the National hi Juard. that is a million ot men 1 was preparing <f julversal sulfrago. I whs watching over the safety of M Paris ; and'when, at a moment when all my time "was ct jeeupied, a bulletin was issued. I am accused of send- | <J< ng out a document contrary to justice Justioe ' th V\ hy it ia that which I he.ve always uphold, for which 1 re 1 am ready to die The bulletin wan uot written by me f have a'ready said so , end the i nm?n-e occu- w! nations which overwhelmed me must be excuse 1 it I have been acoosed of having conspired in Maroh. I j loi onspire ' Yes, t could have done so If I had wished ; be 'or could not the penule have done then what they Ni iad effected on the 21th February (murmurs a ?d in- 1 Ti erruption)i [A Voice Why that is almost an avow- j ca li.j me nun or April is spoken or, and i am told, wc 'lou were a conspirator !" I, a oonspirator! Is It su jot my whole life then to contradict the charge ' On su he ltlib April did 1 not myself go through every quar- H or of rarief Did I not order the rappel to be beaten' I"1 A Von r ?No, it was General C'hangarnier ' *j M Lrrnu jRoLi.iN -No. it wan I, a* will be hereafter wi iroved ; 1 had confidence in the National Guard j I j *c :new that It would come, when called on. and It came f" Is to the 16th May. I atn reproached with having pro- N< ected an agent of the club*. (Longfleld.) who came hli iere to warn us that the Assembly was to be assailed/; in >ut that man I saw at work ; I knew what ha was, eai iDd what he aax capable of doing And when the ?" r"eulr reached this Assembly, who made the mist rigorous resistance to If It was I, My colleagues ox trepresent to confirm what I say [Cries of yes, pri pee "] Who was the first at the Hotel de Ville 1 It so *ae I ; for M. Lamnrtine did not reach it until after *' me. Who was, then, the most exposed te the balls rti abich might hare reached me ? It was I. And yet I rn im accused of baring conspired. It is wished to cause of ;o weigh on us the responsibility of the events of May 8* ind June; accusations of that kind do not judge, ti hey destroy, (movement.) I have for myself my oon- j oience ; strike, If you please ; but, before to-niurrow. th he people must know the truth ; 1 cannot allow Ft t to be delayed (luring four or five days. As to ft' he Insurrection of Jnne. 1 feel firmly convlnoed ar hat we have completely, thoroughly done our j t*' luty. The National Guard said, " We were "> ictrayed ''' No ! they were not betrayed, as f*' shall show, when the discussion on the report f?t n~?a uen I V,. H I ? l-k-S ma elative to my conduct, in rune a ball should reach me; bel could not alluW the accusation* brought against me kn o rest ob my memory. But soon, when the discus* up ion cornea on, I chad bring forward my proofs-they J re not in the report?you hare forgotten them [more- Mi cent.] Ye*, I hand them in, and you do not nay a *t( rord about tbem [exclamations ] Alaobearin mind ? hat all you who hare been on the committee were at lot my political Mend* [on the left, " no, no."]? dl< on do not think aa i do. I *was, perhaps, the only m< an in the old Chamber who aaw that It was quite so loesible to fall from a monarchy to a republic. You lo not think so. Well. I respect your opinions. But ire you sure that at the bottom of your hearts you do an tot guard some rancor? Can you positively affirm B> bat It has not glided into your report? You cannot oh ie sure of it. for you are men. and I hare a firm con- flf fiction that political commissions, under whaterer dr orm they are produced, are not tribunals of justice? eu is I hare already said, with them, men do not judge, Wl hey kill [exclamations ] I will not say anything P* nore; I will follow the adrlce glren me by the report, da hat of concord and union But. in order for this to he >e realised. It is necessary that the terms of your re- tt" xwt should disappear. I conjure you to suspend your ho uilgment for four days, for this report Is not a work if justice, it is one of party. | Denials from the right, re< ind cries of ' it is. it is," from the left ] 'h (general (IXASnnsiM said ha did not wish to th renki u > justification which had just been made to th he Aas.n.hly, hut be felt compelled to declare that, at <"h ne o'clock in the afternoon of the 10th April, the T< Minister of foreign Affairs and the Mayor of Paris had 10 knowledge of the order given hy the Minister of the nterlor. It *?? the latter who had written the order or the rappel to be beaten * ' The PnrtiniaT?The memory of the gallant general *, ras at fault. On the 10th April, the Minister of the J nterlor In his (M Marrast's) presence, gave the rder to heat the rappel That order.it is true,met with , omn obstacle at the Etat. Major of the Natiooal (luard. ,, nd it was for that reason that, at one o'clock In the jJ( fternoen he renewed the order, in the presence of gl leneral Changarnier (Movement) ,()! M. Louis Bi aisc?I shall not allude to the prosecu nli ion which is about to be brought against th* revolts- hfi ion and against the republio (Loud murmurs ) The PaxaiDKisT?I request you to confine yourself o the personal fact on which you expressed a wish to Hi peak ' Ci M Loins Bi ?sr If I am to be prosecuted aa an ac- he (implies in the revolution of February. that will be all to ery well [mnrmurs] But If It Is for the affair of .fuue, ( Ti maintain that It is Infamous to eonfound me with iaj hose who were engaged in it I feel horrorat the blood bat has been abed I would not be responsible for St ne drop of it In the eyes of history and posterity as 'erfalnly If I had considered the Insurrection legltlnate. I should have gone to the barricades, and as M. ausldlere has said. I should not havo returned from hem With what am I reproached? I am about to ake the accusations one by one [marks of fatigue In be eh*mb?r|. If you consider It just that a man acused a" I am should remain under the weight of such f" harges |crissof " fnough. enough"] 1 leave the tri- 'M line, but pbdging myself to reply to my acousers and in o conf'Uiid them. ki M CAUssiuirar?I protest against the long aecusa an t.rr.ll.rM ..rr,.lr,.l TW. f IS .... Inn nil. til lerone to reply to them to-day If I had eonapired, I ah hould hare aaorttlred my life at the barrinade* I |1H roteat agelnat thoae aeruaatlona But I ahall apeak, nd I ehall coma out of It an unnnllled m iiiio? In the v e? of nil men. In the eye* of Hi* National Guard, to 'horn I feel the Mrcngeet gratitude Three legion* ropoaed to giro me their rote*, and thnae arn thing* 'hirh are not forgotten It ha? been *?ld that I am mbltlnu* , 1 hare no other ambition than to nee the ' epuMIe trinmrh by free dlrcti'iion here and not by l>" lolenee In the rtreeta. Certainly, there hare been pa mhlnntlonr. and more than one where I ahotild hare ro ad my place (hear, hear) We ahall apeak of all that th icreafter (larghUr); and until then I beg you to defer ,,r our judgment. w M Mai van considered It hla duty to explain aorae *prc**lona :o the report In relating a conversation " i ? r LD. TWO CENTS. wub >i. I'roudbon, h? intended minply to a%j that hi* eollrafrtie approved of th? eondort of th? InnurftHnU, mi J not that bo had t*k?n ti'Jjr active part in the la mi rrctlon. The Areemblj broke up i n a rtate of great agitation, ok a I|uarici-pa> I Police luteinirnu Jl Flayt-vji in Hroadwty - Broad* ?/ ymt'fday afafternoon near Duanc atreet, waj tbiXxrn I at-) ijnlte a |?t*te of esettemcnt, In conaequaitfe1 *f a goodly muMerof rporting gentlemen arum d the pub*.le? tlon office of a paper railed Ntd llun.V'n '$ O -v where it waa euppoaed that * deadly con.Ilrt waa ta come oil between the editor of that paper an <1 Samuoi Kuydaiu. which led to the police authoritlaa b*to>t ap priced of the facta, and the follow!ng la the i w-ult ol the movement* Mr Thomaa Bennett, of Id dUngdon I'lace appeared befora luatlea hothrop. and * <! ? on affidavit retting forth that one Samuel Nuy^lnc*, who reaidt-e at No. 14 liarclay etreet, atate.l that k" wffi" then prerent at the office of \r<f Huniline'j O w*. a weekly paper edited by Kdward 7. C. Judmia, take hue lite If he permuted in p-i-ting liim ax a qai W" bier, to the Injury of blraeelf and to the uiortifioatio ? of hia family Upon thin affidavit JiMtiea i. U-ued a warrant for Mr. Judaon and Strydam who were arretted I by officer John Davit forthwith Onapp-ari-ig before th? magietrate. Suydaui opened hia eoat. anl mid: You will perceive that I am unarmed, ami I renueet that he Inninliee 1 , ,r * mj mny oa starched and deprived of hi* armn, aa 1 ain fearful.t b ithe miy do mischief. l!uder existing oircuinAtaore? Prince John relieved Mr. Judaon of his pistol, whou tb? followmf oarereatlon eneued Si vdah?If you please, I would like one word with VIr. Judeon. Ma/. ?Certainly, *h\ Suvoasi?You have ported me in thopuhlle highway o the iujury of my family, and. an 1 belore stated. I rill protect them at the risk of my life Juusoa ?I hare uo desire to injure your family, r cause them one moment's care, and would not, for ny ran, injure an Innocent man I war not with ou personally, for I entertain no ill will towards y u ut with your business; ?nd If you will say, In the precnce of then* Ken tie me u (hat you dnu'i Reep-a gamling houie at No. 14 Barclay street, I'll omit all puliation In reference to you Huvdam?If fyou persist iu posting me, I will takw uuh steps as to protect the reeling* of inr family JliDsow ? I make no threats, and never hare ; but aim eady and willing to defend myself at all times. You are threatened to take my lift- I understand and ope you will do it when 1 am looking at. you Suvoam?1 deny that 1 ever made any such threat*., ml will give f lOtMl to any rharitalllo institution, if you rill produce your evidence Ji iison?My author in Mr Burton. Suvpam?I don't know him, but will take pains to "c him : beMdes, you publish me in your writing m am Selden. charging ino with murder and beiug a. hief and robber. Jrn.oN?My writing* are work* of Action, and Jolot the facte ?n they exist. SrviuM-Am I not the Sam Selden alluded to it* our "Mysteries and Miseries of New York'" Jl DHoe ?Did i ever say you was ? SurbAM? Not that 1 know of, butjvn I ' Jrnton?f will make no acknowledgment relative to le Mibjeot, and feel justified in refusing you any aa?fao'jou upon tho subject You will not suppose, iwever, that fear deter* me from giving you an iswer. So a oa m?No fir, I entertain no such opinion Tile magistrate here interfered, r.nd read over the Ihdavit; and stated that he should hold the party to ail in lliotum of fli.Olt) to keep the- peace Sri ham? I fisk us a favor tbst you will not post :n? in roadway, where my family ean see it. I object not i the publication id the paper I only ask for the111 being removed from Broadway Jim von?I will omit your name in Broadway, but f ant you to ui'deri-laud that no intiiiiidiition prompts is act, but because you state it will Injure your mily. and I will add that 1 entertain no III feeling wards any gambler, and will nid any one of them, bo will seek some other mode of life, with all the cans in n y power ,'hrrs' e/ a BaurAiog Hhut Thief Officer Knowlea, the Fourth war.J police, arrested, yesterday, a i'ruaiii by the name of Ungues de Vonsterberg, a very nteel looking young men. hearing a thin scrubbing ush on h's upp' r lip. and aii imperial on his chin? he is arrested on the charge of Edward Huthstiener, for iTing tiroken open a trunk and carried off 70 pleeea German gold valued, in all, at $73'J. the nroperty of r. liuthstiener. it seems that the accused and the implalnant were ncipiainted together, and on Monly last visited the bath at the Battery together, where le accused asked the complainant for the key of hi* mm to ti? a buckle that was nit of order 1111th einer, not suspecting anv tiling, 1 an d him the key, ben he protended he et it drop into the w/if. r and wa* ii'm. mi* none, Auntlier key wa* fitted to the k by the landlord of the Shnkspeare Hot-1. that Irg the place wlu re Mr. Mnth-teln?r win stopping thing more waa thought of the circumstance until iceday night, just about supper time the accused Ue<l upon Mr II., and after seeing him, said he >u!d leave for a short time, and co.nn in again after pper time Instead of which, after Mr II went to pper, the areuaed passed up stairs to the room of Mr , unlocked it with the key he pretended to have ?t. forced open the bottom ef the wooden cheat ilich contained the money, carrying it off, together th a gold watch Suspicion at once rested '.n the meed, and the facts related to the above offl 'er. who rthwith arrested the accused at his boarding house. 0 0 Whitehall street, that night and on searching s room the officers found the stolen money concealed various parts of the room; a large portion of the me wae tound up the chimney. This same Individ1 has been boarding at Vo. 0 Whitehall street for e laet fonr months coming there well recommended, hihiting quite a stylish engraved card, with a crown Inted in geld ink over the centre of his name; and gentlemanly was his manner that alt the boarders >re prepossessed In his favor However, during his ay at the house, two of the boarders have been hhed of several hundred dollars, and many articles jewelry, moat evidently done by this thief, whose ntral appeaiance placed him beyond suspicion. Jusan I Afhrnn nnrnmltt-.J Wl ? * * u. vwiuuinivu iiiiii mr inai. ?0 Volunteer Robbing his Comrade ?Officer King, of m 1st ward. arrested yesterday a man by the name of itrlck MeCawley, on a charge of stealing six "f 10 Id eagle* from his comrade, Michael Kearns. They p both returned volunteer*, and MoC'awley, apoanlly wlehlng to cheat the New Vork thieves, took e occasion to hare the first " nip " at his end's pocket. On searching the prisoner, the oiloer and three gold piece* stowed away in eaeh boot, iking the exact amount stolen from Kearns On Ing brought before the magistrate, he dually asowledged hie guilt, and Justloe Lothrop locked him for trial. Kohhing a Volunteer.?A woman by the name of try Anne Hill was arrested yesterday on a charge of allng $40 in gold from the pocket of John Beverly, " turned volunteer, while in a house of disrepute, No. 101 Leonard-street. The accused cut the soltr's pocket off wtthlher scissors, and ran off wlth^ha >ney. Justice Lothrop committed the woman to prin for trial Arrest of Juvenile Forgers?Officer Reynolds, of the t ward police, arrested, yesterday, two hoys, sue 10 id the other 17 yearn of age, by the names of Wat. rns and Andrew McKay, on a charge of forging three ecks on the Mechanics' Bank, In Wall-street?tha it cheok. dated July 28th, 1848, purporting to bn awn by Thomas Molntoeh, 168 Pearl street, for the m of H8 60-100. The second cheok was dated August k, purporting to be drawn by Henry J. Rnnls, 160 art.street, for the sum of $88 60-100 The third was ted August ,lOtb. for $06 60-lOO and purporting to urawu aj wit f.nnil IIKewlaa. The two tlrat cheok* b teller at tha bank paid; but. yeaterday, on the two ye preaenting the last named check, ha detected tha very and earned tham to ba arraatad. Oa their arit they acknowledged paaaing tha oheoke. knowing em to be forgeriea. but did not nay thaw comtmt'ed e act of aignlng tha namaa Jnatlca Lothorp held em both to bail in tha aum of *1,000. to aniwor tha large in default of which they were committed to tha r.mba for trial. haw I ii tell Ignite. Tiir New Conn or Pwontnt/ar.?An application in made yeaterday to Mr Juatice Kdwardx. for a conruction of the proriaion of the oode which authaaea the clerk to receive one dollar on every trial urn the party bringing it on The olerk oontanded mt it abonld be paid on flliag the note of leaua , bile, on the other aide, tha attorniaa contended that ia not to be paid until the oauaa la triad. Hia Honor ild that the meaning of the aection wai plain id ohvtoua ;?that "on trial" did not mean a year be retrial, but tha time whan the trial actually took ice That, therefore, the olerk waa not entitled to a fee until the trinl waa had. I airan Statu CoMeiuiowaa'* Orrit* ?Before urge w. morion, ksq?CAorg* of R'volt ?Adam kJ"t t'hristopber Morse. Jtm?a Morrison, John or*. Jimp* MoitIs nnd Frederick Smith *?m sach Id to ball in (100 to answer a ohargs of tn attempt crests a revolt on board the American b?rk 'Henry rowbrldse." while lying In < arllsle Bay, off tne and of Uarbedocs IHichargrd. -Michael Devinc. a soldier in the United ate* army, wan discharged by Justice VanJsrpoel, It ipparing he was of unsound mind. Ft rnai k hoir.Kii Kxri.osion ?The boiler in the mace ?>f E. N. Ransom Ar Co., near the south id ol liroadway, exploded to-day, a few minutes ter 12 o'clock, blowing oil a portion ot the rear iof and south wall, and doing other injury to the rge building. Four of the workmen, who were the building, were injured, viz: Robt. Tompns, verv severely ; George Hartmau and brother, id Hugh Stevens, badly. It is hoped, however, nt they may recover. The damage, though conlerHhle, will not delay operations in the estab- . hment more than a week ? Albany Journal, ugusf 29. Tiik Irish tn Canada ?We learn, from a private ter Irom t^uebee, that great excitement was rated there by the arrest or lour or five leaders an Insn club, on a charge of stealing canno* lis Irom the batteries. As the guns on the ramus ol the city are moatly ifiS-pounders, we must nfess we cannot exactly see the ob'"ct ol the eft, as such artillery is much too he; for field sctire, and no one could be mad en igh to exct to breach the walls of the citadel -Montreal izrtte, W