Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 1, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 1, 1848 Page 1
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' r - ' TH NO. 5204. THE LATEST NEWS FROM ALL PARTS OF EUROPE, BY THE ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP NIAGARAIMPORTANT. TILL REBELLION IN IRELAND. Capture or Itleasher, Lcyne, and O'Donoglmc. 4 c. &c. 4c. The ocean mail steamship Niagara, Capt. Alex- ; andcr Ryrie, was?announced in the ofting, hy the j marine telegraph, at a little after tour o'clock yesterday afternoon. About seven o'clock she reached the city. . The news steamer Newsboy boarded the N., outside, obtained the despatches and newspa|>er parcels tor the New York Herald, and brought them immediately to the city. The Niagara sailed from Liverpool on Saturday, the 19th inst. She has made a very short passage. The news is one week later. The Washington, Ocean Steam Navigation Company's steamship, en route for New York, | arrived at Southampton, from Ilremen, on the 17th , ult. She is advertised to leave on the 20th for New York; berths have been engaged for an immense | number of passengers. _ The United States, Capt. Ilackstafl, arrived at Southampton cn the 18th, in a passage of thirteen days. The Hibernia arrived at Liverpool on the 15t^, 1 also making the passage in thirteen days. Ireland. Attention still continues to be directed towards ' Ireland. Messrs. Meagher, O'Donoghue and Leyne have been arrested, and the police and soldiers are engaged in a hot pursuit after Mr O', and uiose o) the conlederates who are still at large.? A number of arrests continue to be made In all j parts ol the country, and active proceedings are on \ foot to bring Mr. O'Brien to trial; the celebrated counsel, Mr. Whiteside, who distinguished him- j sell so greatly in Mr. O'Connell's case, having been retainecllor his defence. Jp the meantime, an enemy of even a more ap- j palling character than civil war has again made its appearance, in the form of ilie potato disease, in , Ireland, also in England and Scotland. All the indications of desti uetion which discovered themselves in the autumn of 1845 are now re-appear-" ing; and a luxuriant field of this essential esculent becomes g) 24 hours a withered and blackened mass. The declaration made last week bv Lord John Russell, respecting the legality of the Repeal j Association, provided separation was not advor 1 cated, lrom which it was deduced that the Government was making terms with the Repeal pariy, has been considerably qualified by a more formal statement, by the Murqui* of Lansdowne, on Monday. His lordship, upon being urged by j ' l^ord Glengal und oilier peers to j,mt down the the bill of 1833, empowering the Lord-Lieutenant to suppress any association deemed dangerous to , the public peace, ret used to sanction the clause I upou the grounds that the Repeal Association w;n I not now in existence, and it remained to be seen what means would be laken to revive it. His lordship significantly added, that the government lelt satisfied with the extraordinary powers already granted them, until after the opening of next session, to supnress any illegal or seditious assembly ; that power would he vigorously applied, and lie ho|**d it would be effectual. _ We are assured that the Association will uot be permitted to re-assemble under any form ; and it is generally belter ed that Mr. John O'Connell will retire from public life. It will be 6een thut Mr. Hartnett, the leader of the insurgent band who attacked the mail at Abbey feale, has been arrested. Doheny and O'Gorjnan have still eluded the vigilance of the police ; Dillon is supposed to be secreted some where, severely wounded in the affray at Boulugh. "We have heard, through an individual on whose ; means of obtaining accurate inlormation we can rely, that Messrs O'Gorman, O'Dounell, and Doyle have positively escaped, and sailed for America. It isunderstood that the crown prosecutors are "determined to abandon the indictment for felony against Mr. Gavaji Dufiy, in order to prosecute htm for high treason, in consequence of the discovery, amongst the papers found in Mr. Smith O'Brien's portmanteau, of a letter of Mr. Duffy on the subject of the insurrection. . ! A rumor reached us last night, that Mr. Martin was sentenced yesterday to transportation for life. Our despatches via Holyhead had, however, not arrived to confirm or contradict this statement, and we can, therefore, only give it as ws received it. Tlie Continent. The continental news is still of deep importance. All the preliminaries for an active renewal of the War in the Duchies have taken place; but, with the exception of a slight skirmish with the Prussian outposts. near Hadersleben, in which six Prussians were killed, no further hostilities have taken place. The blockade would recommence on the 15th, and we wait the next accounts with great anxiety. The combined troops on the frontier already amount to 12,000men, and these will speedily be joimd by 10,000 more in reserve. General Wrangel was expected to cross the frontier on the ^4th inst. The success ot the Austrian arms in Italy has caused an active demand tor Austrian stocks at Frankfort, Berlin, and other continental markets, and a ri: e in prices, on the presumption that the event must lead to negotiations and the conclusion of peace. fSonie trifling disturbances have taken place at Hamburgh. The Russians having retired within thetr own territories leaves the Hsnubiaii principalities without fear: and the iliiiivariuii Croatian question is expected to be amicably adjusted. The news troni Italy ot last week will have prepared our readers for the final evacuation of Charles Albert of the whole of Dombardy. A^gordingly lie was compelled to capitulate, hut was permitted to withdraw his troops across the Tictno without further molestation. The populace, considering themselves betrayed, opposed his withdrawal from the "ity, and he only contrived to make his exit amidst the execrations ot the mcb, alter having fired hi .nk cartridges over their heads in order to intimidate thein. The sequel remains to he develojied. In the meantime, we deeply regret to learn, from authentic sources, that whilst lladet/.ky commands Northern Itwly from Milan, Gener.1l Weiden Iihs crossed the I'o, and has penetrated into Ilomagnit. He issued proclamations, declaring that he would destroy any town which oflered the least resistance to ins troops, as he had destroyed tiermida ; and he advanced without opposition ns tar as Itologna. There, having levied contributions, the people rose and the tocMn wns sounded. Considerable slaughter ensued, and the Austrian* were beaten out ol the town ns far as Monfagnnla Fmni this spot 'he Auatriana bombarded the town, which wis a t fire to; I>ut the people again attacked the Austri.inn and look MoiitH^riol>i hy assault A good deal of bloodshed has been thus cuused, and a severe j check has been given to the further ad vance of the Aunrians in the Papal Stales. At Naples the meditated exisdition tie unst Strily is still suspended until the return ol the Neapolitan Envoy frotn London and Paris. The entry til < lenernl Welden into ttie Pup ,| States up- , peats to be deeply resented hy the Pope and tilt people at Rome have been thrown into the greateat excitement. Some doubt is thrown upon the sinci Illy ot the J'ope ; but, at allV rate, tile most active measures are taking to repel (lie Anstrt uis, and the inteiveiition of Prance his been solicited. Tht Sardo-Venetian sqtt id ran lias again appeared off Trieste, and wes Umir hi the b y of Vluggi i, witln nt/however, oflirit.g any obstruction to the navigation. \\ e rt reived the official acrniint of an nrm'siire of six weeks having been ronelntled between ILidetzky and,Genet,i| Suisse*, on behalf of the iviug of Sardinia Their former frontiers are t< be the E NE MORNING ? lin<- of demarcation, Peschiera, Ronco d'Aego, and Oaap|>o are to be given up to Aur-tria. Modena, Parma, and Placentia are to be evacuated by the Sardinian* in three dave, and the convention is to extend to Venice, which city aivd forts are to be evacuated also. Orders have been sent to General Welden, to evacuate Holngna From Spain and Portugal we have no news deserving of especial mention. The Cabrera movement eeems to l>e itui down. The Madrid papers of the 12th, inform us that M. Men had takeo the oath, on the ptevious evening, as Minister of Finance. The leaders in a republican conspiracy at Castellana de la Pluna had been discovered and ari rested. Our letters from Rologna are not oC iater date ; than those received yesterday; consequently, we have no further intelligence respecting the bombardment of that city. Vague reports from Florence state that on the 9th inst. hostilities were renewed. Genersl Welden, it is said, has given the greatest offence to the Austrian government, by his proceedings in llologna, which, to mark its { displeasure, has recalled that ofllcer. The Journal dr? Ihhiiti confirms this statement. Wo f resh outbreaks have occurred at Uerlin. The people were occupied with the discussions in their Parliament, and with the quarrel about their constables, who are is unpopular as ever. Hanover seems to be en better terms with the Central Executive at Frankfort than heretofore. Affairs In Ireland. AIIRKST OF T. F. MKAOHKK, MAURICE R. LEYNE, AND 1*. o'noNOOHfE?T1IK REMOVAL OF JAMES F. LA1.0R TO DURUM* I From the Freeman's Journal. Auir 10 1 TnuRLM, Sunday morning. Soi.n after daybreak this morning, the inhabitants of this town, now do frequently the scene of momentous events in the history of the period were aroused from their beda. by the announcement that another batch of state prisoners bad been brought in by the polioe, and were about to be forwarded to Dublin. I proceeded at once to satisfy myself of the fact, and ascertained the circumstances under which the arrests took place, and which are as follow :? On this morning, about one o'olock, Messrs. T F; Meagher, P. O'Douoghuc, and M. R. Ley no, were walking aloug the high road, between Clonoulty and Holycross. when tbey were met by constable Madden and a large party of police, who were patrolling near the police barrack at Hathcannnn, to which station the parly had only returned within the last two days. Madden accosted them, sating, '-One night, gentlemen;" to which Mr. Meagher replied, 'good night, boys." A few more ordinary words passed, and both parties separated, the police going in the direction of Halbcariucn. acid the others continuing on their roate towards Hdycross They had not. however, proceeded more than about three hundred yards when they were overtaken by six of the same police party, who were armed with their carbines, and called upon them to halt. Mr Meagher demanded the reason; upon which Sergeant Madden replied that he bad striot orders to act v.- ....o ,M. ?-i >- >-! uv ?UV1UB. I'll V LiiiilUKUUa WKRU 111 111 II lie ami a warrant or any other authority for their arrest. Maddan said ho had no;, and then demanded of Mr. O'Donogbue his name, which was given without a moment's hesitation Mr l.eyne was next asked his name, and he also gave it at once. Madden then drew Mr. Mesgher aside, and in a low tone asked him his name; to which be answered, " any thing you have to say to uie. say it publicly before all. 1 wul not hold any private conversation with jou." Then, said Madden, 1 ask you your name publicly- what is it ? My name is Thomas Francis Meagher, was the answer. Then, said Madden, I amst you in the Queen's name. 1 be others were also made prisoners of In like maimer. The police fell in. one at either side of e?ih prisoner, and they marched them to the barrack at Itatbcannon, about a m.le further up the road. On arriving there, the prisoners were placed in the kitchen while Madden and his nu u held a council in the adjoining room, and prepared to march khem to Thurlee, which they did after a short delay. When they reached Thurles, the prisoners wete brought to the bouse of Sub-i nspeotor Bracken: and Mr Gore Jones, the resident magistrate, was presently in attendance. Mr. Jones ssked Mr. Meagher if it bad been his intention to have surrendered himself; to which Mr. Meaghfr emphatically replied that it was not; that he Vas prepared to meet his late, and scorned the idea of asking for his life; that he had been arrested by Sergeant Madden and a body of police on the road between Clonoulty and Holycrosa, and bad not the least intention of surrendering himself. He raid he bad seen the Mail, and repeatedly spoke in the most indtgnaDt terms of the insinuation iu that paper, that he had craved his life. ' I was aware,''said he, "that my life would be spared if I surtetidered, and pleaded guilty to a charge of high treason; but the only conditions upon which I would ever have been induced to surrender were, that all those who were inculpated in the movement, should buvepermission to leave the country.'' He was then proceeding torp?ok on other matters connected with the recent proceedings, when Mr. Jones cautioned him against doing so ; but said if ho wished to make any deliberate written statement, be would receive it. Mr. Meagher then requeited writing materials, uud wrote rather n long statement, with the contents of which however, 1 am unacquainted. Meantime, General M'Donald, accompanied by his staff, bad arrived, and, after interrogating the prisoner, directed that one of his sldes-de-camp, Capt. M'Kenrie, should accompany thi m to Dublin. Mt. Jones had in the interim ordered a spec al train, and Mr. Kitxmaurice, R. M., who was about proceeding to Dublin by the mail train,resolved on coming with the prisoners The general, on this occasion, was courteous ; he did not send for a single soldier from the camp, neither did he interfere with the arrangements which the police magistrates and i dicers bad made for the conveyance of the prisoners. While the train was being got ready, a comfortable breakfast was provided by Mr. Bracken's housekeeper, of which Messrs. Meagher, Leyne, and O'Donogbue, partook heartily; and having been supplied with a ebange of linen, they seemed much refreshed and looked quite cheerful and free from all anxiety or uneasiness. They expressed tncmselves very grateful for the considerate attention paid them by Mr. Bracken's family. At half past 6 they proceeded on loot to the railway station, accompanied by the general, the two magistrates, and Mr Bracken, and without anr other escort. A party of twenty polioe followed soon after; and one first class carriage having been attached to the tender, in which the prisoners, Captain Kitzraaurice. Mr. Bracken, Captain M'Kenfie, and the polioe, all took their seats, the train vM0ared off for Dublin, without the slightest manifestation of excitement or attempt at interfere nee from the people, who were assembled in considerable numbers about the station. Mr. Meagher looked in as good health as usual. He wore his ordinary dress?a blue frock coat and tweed tiowstrs. He bad on a short overcoat of Irish frieze, a black and white straw hat and was without the slightest attempt at disguise of any^iind. He smoked a cigar on his way to the station. Mr. I.eyne was likewise in bis ordinary dress, but wore a large Irish frieze overcoat. Mr. O'Donoghue wore a dark fur cap and his usual dress. I understand that the Informations lodged against the two latter, and the warrant under whioh they are arrested, charge them with being of the party who attacked the police under Mr Trant in the widow Cormack'e house at Bouiagh Common. '1 he special train had scaroely passed the station at Tempteniore. when Mr James K. Lalor arrived there in custody of two metropolitan police and a strong rort of the constabulary He was brought on a oar from Neuagh gaol, and sent by the mail train to Dublin. His appearance is greatly altered for the worse. He looks very haggard and dejected. At half past nine o'clock, the special train which i conveyed the above-named gentlemen to Dublin arrived at the King's-bridge termiuus. They were 1 escorted on foot to the town-major's office. Royal Bar- I racks, where a warrant for their committal to Kiimain- I ham was prepared A troop of thai 17th I.ancers, together with the Thurles constabulary, headed by Town Major White, then marched the state prisoners on loot through the Koyal Hospital grounds to Kilmainham gaol, where they were received shortly after ten o'clock by the governor. On the arrival of the train at three o'oloek, Mr. Lalor was put on nn outside car. which was guarded by six mounted policemen (who were in waiting attne terminus.) and driven off to Newgate. A large crowd of people followed the vehicle to the gaol LKTTKR FROM MR. MEAOI1ER. To THE fclJIlOR or THE I'aCKF.T 1? My Dear Mr. Mansfield,?A statement has appeared in tlie Mail and Firman, of Wednesday, in which I and other parties are charged with matting stipulations lor our lives with the government I need not assure you, that this statement has hitter.y. most bitterly, indeed, out uie to th- heart's core. A letter will lie sent to you, denying this statement, and giving you the true tacts. 1 ou have been so kind and honorable in your conduct towards uie always, that I rely lulty upon your kindness in Inserting ibis, and leave the vindication of my motives in your hauds. My character is now more dear to me than my life, and it is not, 1 am sure, too much to expect troiu a generous opponent like you. ar futation, full and c un|,lete.ot a slander which attacks,and which unanswered. will deprive me all of that now remains to his - my reputation my honor, and roy fame Relieve on-, ever, n,y dear Mr Mansfield, your s faithfully and truly. I IIIJ.VI.A* r .VI If. A I f II F. II. THE ARREST OK DR. w'flARKON STBK A.VIIiRU.'AN S V .HI* A I'll ISK IIS. Tlii? peraon, who wma arreeled in Dublin on Monday. iinil committed to Newgate fur high trea?on auj wbota Fuppo-ed to rcpreeeut the body of Irish ajrntI ii i liiMic in America. waa formerly a reaiJent of Liverpool Ida ) roteaaion If that ot a Mirgeon. and h ' t? tin (In Mood to ha a man ot r. lunrkub e ability. Kor m me time pa-1 be ha- Failed hf aunt eon a itli the Sarah banda. American ?cr*w a'vniier, and lie only gave up thlr : .liiatlon to follow liia treaaoualde fa-tea on tin other Die of tbe channel. Tbo axecutlTn hare, for aouje tlii!?. had the.r ej on him and bin brethren in tlir cm-mil which he wi?a roioluetlng on behalf of tlie \i iii g lieland party In America he need not hope to en-ape li e Tale who ti lix- befallen him. Dr. M'tarron w..< in rial eil lu a tailor atrangc liiinner: h lu-vtiig ill) i d to Id nnXucwn nnd llti-Uapee'.ed he Fought and i bta*i eil a n o iD D vldl hl.i brother in-law, Mr. Dulfy, el the An''nil, at pf enl inrnireraii I in .Newgale, ii. i 11 i it of the ptlaon tn ated bin w.ih all eivility, i.tit! hi wa.s a " diattlti ' d .ii iika Inlet vuw. in > i.i U I W Y ( EDITION?NEW YOB muob IrMwn ww go doulit talked with hi* relation; but on leaving the cell, and requesting to be xhown outaide the walls. be wae politely informed that b? was a prisoner; and tnat measures would be taken to ensure to Mr. DofTy the solace of hi* brother-in-law'* constant company Bergin, another Amrfioan sympathiser, ha* also been arrested : he 1m also an Irishman. Pavers ait said to have hetn found in the possession of these parties which indicate a much more careful and wellprovided conspiracy than wat supposed to exist, and curious disclosures may therefore be eipected on their trials. f FT-ftm tha Dublin Pnat 1 We may state that the American sympathiser* hare vessels?a few we should think, hut certainly some? freighted with men and munition! of war for lr?land. The British government were made minutely acquainted, long before thev sailed, aith their ports of departure, the names of tno vessels, the nature of the freight, the sympathiser* on boatd, and the niimb-rs and names of the captains ,?hd crew, all written in the United States. All ttfose Teasels, and all those men, will betaken if they approach our shores. MOKE ARRESTS. Yestptday the detective police arrested a gentleman, named John Martin Burke, who gave his address Port William. Sootland. Mr Burke was committed to Newgate under the recent aot of parliament. Full committals, by warrants signed by his F.xeellency, were yesterday lodged at Newgate, on the following persons: Richard F. Ryan, hugene Martin, James Liwler, and Timothy Sexton. These parties were committed a day or two sinoe. Several arrest* have taken place of Amerioan " sympathiser* ' On Monday, a Mr Timothy Sexton, supposed to act in lhat capacity, wa* arrested in Dubliu. Five sympathisers, three Americans and two Frenchmen, have been arrested at Belfast A paper of that town saysv-r'- We have not been able to learn the particulars, btot we understand that a sum of money, amounting to ?1 750, was found on their persons, and that documents were discovered in their trunks and portmanteaus sufficient to,establish a charge of high treason against them all. Tlyjy were arrested in one of the hotels by the constabulary, and were immediately conveyed, under a Ftreng escort of police, to Dublin. We have notslcarned the naayes of the parties " At Dundalk. a Mr. Baxter has been ariested upon a charge of high treason. He was proprietor of a journal called the Jhimlulk lltHot John McClenihan, late editor of the Limerick Reporter, wns on Tuesday arrested at Valentin, oounty Kerrjr on suspicion of beitig apolitical runaway, lie admitted having absconded Horn Limerick, being apprehensive that a warrant was out against liirn. but, on enquiry, we find that such Is" not the fact in this city, and a communication to that offeot has been forwarded to the authorities at Valentin. Full committals from the Lord Lieutenant were yesterday lodged at Newgate for R. F. Ryan (an American sympathiser). o'ueikn's private correspondence. We happen to know that gome of the chief parties in the desigued insurrection, have compromised themselves beyond yea or nay. We believe that Government might convict them under their own hands. Mr. Smith O'Brien, for instance, travelled with a portmanteau stulTed with bis correspondence. They have been placed in the bands of the Government, uud, if what we heard be even near the truth?observe, we are not speaking from authority?there are some people implicated the mention of whose names would cause Unqualified astouishment. However, if ca led upon for explanation we hope that they would be able to satisfy thv Lord-Lieutenant of their innocence But ot this we are sure, that those persons are indebted, for the present, more than tbey will ever have the grace to ac knowledge, to the forbearance of the Irish Government WHERE IS OGORMAN 1 rFPftm fha l .iwuPnArtl Inirwnnl A 1 a 1 I- ? ngS IV.} We gave, in a lata edition, last week, the rumor which bad reached Dublin, that Hicbard O'Horman | had escaped, and got away in a suspicious-looking I ship, to America. It is, however, not yet certain that be has left the country. He is said to have planned 1 the robbery of the mails, though he took no part in it. He slept one night, lately, in Rathkeale. and in I the midst of the military and the police. But, such is the vigilance of the polioe, in tracing his steps, that 1 they were in the hotel, to search, in the morning, at ' an early hour. He was. hewever, awake and a . ay earlier. He is said, by some parties, at present, to be ! with Mr. Doheny. in the Tipperary hills. Mr. O'Uormnn has many friends and relatious in the west and south-west of Clare; THE SOUTH. The Intest accounts from the South were, that the utmost tranquillity prevails A gentleman who travelled through the counties of Limerick and Tipperary yesterday .slates all excitement has subsided, and that the people were pursuing their usual business. The potato blight, it appears, is on the increase in these districts. 1 he up trains on the Ureat Southern and Western yesterday brought a large number of persons who are about going out to America They were principally from the King's county and Tipperary. They ail appeared to be in comfortable circumstances, so far as appearances went. THE STATE TRIALS. [From the Liverpool Journal, Aug. 11*.J We gave in a late edition, last week, the report of the proceedings at the state trials in Dublin on the Friday. We mentioned, then, the probability that the jurors would not agree in any verdict in the case of Mr O'Dogherty, the proprietor of the 7Vt'Aune. Two of the jury were against a conviction, and held out until Saturday against the other ten. I'hey were then discharged. Mr. O'Dogherty, however, remains in custody, and. as It will be seen, has been tried again. On Monday, Aug. 14, Mr. John Martin, proprietor and editor of the Irish Felon, was put forward and arraigned.?Mr. Butt, who appeared as his chief oounsel, made, as a preliminary application to have the editor of the Erening J'osl brought before the court, that gentleman having published comments in reference to the conduct of the jury In O'Dogherty's case, whioh were calculated to intimidate and obstruct the due course of justice. The Chief Baron expressed censure I upon the conductors of the paper In question, but re- j fused to adopt the summary proceeding suggested ? The following jury were then sworn Samuel Water bout*. '1 homa* Barrett, Richard Collier, Daniel Lawrence, William Knglirb, Timothy O'Brien (Separatist), ' Thomas Johnson, William Duff, Henry Wharton, George Halpin, Joseph Parsons, and Thomas Walsh. The prisoner, who had pleaded not guilty, was given in charge. The Attorney General opened the oase. He said, the ohnrge agai nst the priso ner, though not one of high treason, came very near it, and observed that it was j founded on both branches of the statute?one for com- | passing, imagining. &o., the deposition of the Queen, j from the style, title, honor, and royal name of the United Kingdom: the other, the levying, or designing to levy, war against her Majesty. to compel her, by force et arms, to change her measures and councils. He said it would be quite sufficient to bring home the guilt to Mr. Martin tor them to know that he was tbo registered proprietor of the Felon, in which the articles appeared, and that those articles had the felonious intents ascribed to them in the indictment. Mr. Martin was sole proprietor, sole printer, and sole publisher of the Felon,'htid could not. therefore.escape the responsibility of the seditious aiticles for whioh he was prosecuted. These various articles were then referred to. and quoted at length. The question, said the Attorney General, before the jury, was a very simple one; ail the articles read had but one oommon objeot?civil war, and the dismemberment of the empire?and he was sure that. if they came to that conclusion, nothing would deter them from finding the prisoner guilty, whatever might be the oonaequences of their verdict. The court, after this opening address, was adjourned to Tuesday The case for the crown, on this day, b*ing closed, Mr. Butt spoke for the defence, grounding bis appeal on the same principles which he had advooated in the jiirtiuup it mey were noi convinced that the object of hie client wns to levy war against and deposa the Queen, they could not find him guilty He concluded that the question was not. as the Attorney General had stated, whether the prisoner had published the article* referred (o, but whether be was guilty of an actual felony; and he demanded of them if they found bis ollent guilty at all. only to And him guilty of . the precise charge laid in the indictment. The charge 1 ot the judge was postponed to the next day. Before rising, in answer to a question from the court, the At- I torney Oeneral stated that be intended, on the part of the crown, to put in an affidavit, on which would be grounded an application to postpone the trial of Chaa. i Gavau Huffy, against whom bills had been already t found for felony Auoi st 16.?The Right Honorable the l.ord Chief liaron and the Honorable Baron Pennefather took their seats in this court at haif-past ten o'clock this morning, when the trial 01 Mr. Johu Martin, under the 1 reason-felony Act, was resumed. The boi.ii i n*i. addreised the jury?The British Government, as alluued te by the prisoner In hie article, meant all the constituted authorities of Ireland and every mail who was attached to the union between the two countries, and the meaning of the article sae, that Ibis government was the enemy of Irish nationality and those persons who were represented by John Maitin The article from which he had bteureaiiing was dated the 'J4lh of June; on the Mli ot July he was arrested, and between June and the 'J'Jd ot July the oonspiiacy made considerable progress The rebellion was to break out when the harvest was saved 'n the meantime, the vigorous iuterl? nlion ol the authorities arrested the nnusr,?. nf (bat rib-Won: niriMirm wnre taken to the leader*. and tue i bject of the publication of the iid i t July ?kt. to lead to the escape of the persons thus an is tad by a general Insurrection '1 tie Loan l MiK.r Biho.i then charged the Jury, Ann 17 ?1 be jury retired at half pant three o'clock, and at ten iniiiuiee past eevin, they returned into t tie-11 box. alien the foreman put the follom ng question to the ( our11 "8tip|Ma," he said, ' tliat the prisouer I Nil no criminal intent* hen lie committed this eritue ot felony either on the Vith of June or the 1st of July, and jet the jury were rati- fled that tee tetter publish d nu the'iid July sustained one count lu the Indictment, a (Hi III inch en opinion as line entitle theui lu llml hi in guilty?" 1 hi ( Hiir It* ana replied that If the jttry were i-atisfied. flint the lit er referred to by the foreman, that the J rlioner aae guilty in one rou lit mile, they might til d h tti guilty ot the crtire preferred agatnat htm If i n n a single article satisfied them toat he In*>1 the ii.ti nt on" imputid to hurt, they might ttini him Uty 'I In juiy thep retired In th< Ir rooru hut returned to their hi * hi Hhiiut teinty niiuutea. having ?l length ?gTi id I'm verdict )RK K, FRIDAY, SEFTEM The tr?ue paper ha ing lw?-n handed down, nut i jury having anewrred to their naiaen, 1 he Cll-mk of the Can w> Mow amy you. gentlei ! th* prisoner at the bar guilty or not guilty ol . charge laid in the iii<Ji<-tu,eut' The FuHKM?n?Guilty. At the announcement of this verdict, which csi some sensation in the court, the prisoner seemed <( unmoved. The prisoner vu then removed, and the court journed. A most important motion was male after the j bad retired in Mr. Martin's case, on the part of 0 oto. by the Attorney-General. The learned gen man having bad Mr Duffy put to the bar prooee to move that the trial of Mr. Duffy, on the iudiftm found at the present commission, be DOt prooee with at the present commission. He moved on affidavit of Mr. Kemmis, which set forth that., si the present commisaion bad opened, and Mince the dictment had been fonnd, Mr. Smith O'Brien, < was known to have been openlyengaged in treasom practices,against the crown, bad been taken prtsoi Amongst the papers found on Mr O'Brien, sub-equ to his arrest, was a letter purporting to be written Mr Duffy, and, as Mr. Kemmts believed, in his pre handwriting That this letter was of a highly ti sonable nature, and had been very recently writt and after Mr. O'Brien was known to be openly 1 agtd in rebellion. That letter be did not read u the present day. and he could not have founded U| it proceedings during the present commission therefore prated that Mr Duffy's trial be not hat

this comm scion ; and the learned Attorney-Gen intimated that he would not place the prisoner en trial on this indictment, hut would adopt other | ceedinge against bint A preliminary objection was raised that the prlso should be first arraigned, and have his plea recort he having, in fact, been in part arraigned on thai the bill was found, 1 he i' onrt was against the counsel for the pr<soi hut intimated they would listen to it ifanv autho: 1 was produced. Baron Tennefather stating that the raignirent was not complete until after the lnd mi nt was read, or a copy of it given to the prisot and he had afterwards been asked, was he "guilt; not," st.d had answered?a principle so plainly cordant with common sense, ns would, it mighi supposed, be impervious to legal attack. The mai of law stands till morning to enable prisoner's co sel to produce an authority if they can. but ther no doubt his full demand will be given the Attori G? neral. iue new or t be law taken to-day by the Chief Bai was precisely that pronounced by Baron Pennefatt It was that publication watt evidence of intont to a c tain extent; but that the jury, in ordt-rto find a v diet of guilty, muHt be convinoed not only that i prisi nerbad the guilty intent, but that in the pu ration he had expressed and declared it before tl ahould convict. No subsequent approbation or Bent to publlrationa, printed or circulated, could construed into a felony. Arc. 18 ?Shortly before ten the jury in Mr. Dogh ty'B cn*e. who spent the night under strict surveillai at the Northuniberland Hotel, arrived in court, a were conducted by the sheriff to the lury box. At ten o'clock precisely, their lordships, the ( 1 Baron and Baron Penuefather, took their seats on 1 bench. Sentence op the Court on Mr. James Mart (brother of Mr John Martin, of the Irish Felon ) The Chief Baron inquired if this young geutleni was in attendance, pursue nt to the order of t he cou Mr. O'Roi rkf (solicitor)?Yes, my lord, he awa the commands of your lordships. The Chief Baron having ascertained that Mr. terbouse was in attendance, directed that Mr Jan Martin should be placed at the bar, in front of t dock. The young centli man then presented himself nt t bar. and the ( hief Baron addrt sFed him. His lords! said that the court had under consideration the vt serious obence which he, by his own admission, as w as by the clear and temperate statement of Mr. Wati house had committed. The court hod also consider the circumstances offered in palliation of the offeni and the prompt and becoming apology which Mr Mi tin had made to Mr. Waterbouse. and the contriti tie (Air. Martin) bad evinced for having committed grot-nan outrage against a citizen in the person of V Waterhouse. and no flagrant a contempt of that ooai The rourt would dow hear what Mr Martin had to ei in apology and mitipath n of punishment and ltwou be well that he should confer with ills Solicitor befc he proceeded to olTer that apology to the court. Mr. Maktik having consulted for a short time wi I his solicitor (Mr. O Rourke) addressed their lordshi I and said that bo fully admitted having been guilty tbe conduct charged against hint, and that he had n< words to Mr. Waterhouse which under other and 1 exciting clictimetunci-R he would not think of ush He begged to express his regret for having so acted, also to apologize to their lordships for having cc mitted an act which he had been given to understa was a contempt of their lordships1 conrt. Mr. Mar in conclusion said he was prepared to submit to a punishment the court might see fit to award The Chief Baron having commented on the oflfen and dwelt forcibly on the contempt of court ovin< in challenging to deadly combat a juror, because had performed bis duty according to his consciet observed that owing to extenuating circumstani miking allowance for excited feelings and consider 1 tbe promptitude of the epology. the court would l inflict so severs a punishment as it otherwise wot Sentence was then passed on Mr. Martin of < month's imprisonment, Mr. Martin to find bail to k< the peace to Mr. Waterhouse and all ber majest subjects. Mr. Martin was given his choice of be: confined in Newgate. Tin: (4t'c?:n r. O'DonHiRTv.?Proceedings in t case were resumed by the Attorney-Oeneral readi and putting in as evidence, an article published in I Tribune newspaper, called ' Our Harvest Proepeot after which the case for the crown olosed. Mr. Butt then proceeded to address the jury on half of tbe prisoner, and was left speaking when < early edition went to Dress. TRIAL OF SMITH O'RRIKN. [From the Tipperary Free Press 1 It is generally reported that there will be a spec commission held in this town on the Oth of Septemb for the trial of Messrs. W S. O'Brien, Meagher, lie. T. F. 51K AO UK 1: AND HIS FRIENDS. We received the following letter from the Rev. M Mackey, the reverend gentleman whose recent exe tions have so deservedly earned for him the lastii gratitude of all well-wishers of the oountry. We su join the reverend gentleman's letter. It requires i comment to add to its cogency:? IK bun, 12th August, IrttS, TO THE EDITOR OS THE VKEKMAN. Sir?1 am rreved to l>? under the necessity ot addressing y cn tliia occasion, but a regard for truth, and a rvspest for t characters or gentlemen who cannot now defend th uisolves. rr der my silence any longer impossible. The grossest misrepresei aliens have appealed in some of the nctrspai>ers, in reference t< c< mmunlcation I have made to the government on behalf of b Meagher and some of his friends. 1 have abstained until n< fri m publishing any thing on the subject, lest I might oocasii embarisseincntio any i|uarter. And besides, 1 leit ooniidentth the characters of tb? gentlemen in question, for honor and disi teiestedness, were too well established to suffer any de rime from there calumnies. 1 now give the simple facts of thecal and the public will be able to Judge whether or not I have form a jurt opinion on the subject. About a Week ago, when I heard that those gentlemen had I rived on the herders of my parish, fearing that any attempt arrest them might lead to a collision similar to that which to place in Ballingarry, I sought and procured an interview wi them. 1 then said that though there were no otter reasons, the country had declined to aot tinder their gaidance a surrend to the government wns their most Judicious and honorable oour The great o! stacle in the way to their following my advice w the ttnr they entertained that, by so doing, they might appear abandon those to whom they were committed, or l? attempt) toe cure any special advantages themselves. They ultimate consented to my making the communication togoTerninci! tli details of which it is unnecessary now to cn Mt It is mm tc say it was not ot the nature described. It was net a hargai ing tor mere life, as has hoea falsely asserted. It did not nropi any advantage S|?cial to theimtlves. It was conceived in t spirit of brotherly affection and devotion. It contemplated t liace of the country, aad tho speedy icstoreiion of order A in proof of the perfect disinu resteancss that governed this p iceding. I leg to and that enc ef tliosc gentlemen, Mr. Meagh refused to comidy with the most nryeni entreaties tn escape fTv the country when tha means of csca|iewore offered tothim. a tliia Iciaute he had dctetmincd to 11 are in whatever pena awaited hit friends. 1 remain, sir, yonr obedient servant JOUN MAb'KET, P. P., Clenoulty THK lll*H01> AND CLRROY OF DERRY. We are in a position to state that the lilustric prelate of the north, lir. Maglnn, nnd his patriotio a learned clergy, have already adopted and founded n.t mortal for an arnneaty. and will also be prepared join in a more extended national movenieut havi tor its object the immediate amelioration of the con tion of the people. ..... ........ .........<m..? int. i I.KHU) OK Till: AKC DIOCCSK OK TI'AM. [From the Freeman'* Journal. August 10.] In our last publication we alluded to tbe importa movement now being made by the prelate* and cler of Ireland to procure ameliorative measure* for t country, and an amce?ty for tbe po Itieal ofTendi who have, unhappily. ouUtepped the limits of law their zeal for their native land. So strong I* tie feeling that the friend* of peace a improvement ehould interpose between the irritat euthorltie* and the partie* who have fallen into th hand*, that local movement* have already taken pla having lor their object to impree* the government wi the uecieslty of not urging the law to it* extreme. 1 annex a memorial from the venernble clergy of t arehoioceie of Tuim. which ha* reference solely the one (|Ue?tion ?tbe staying of ' blood " We h* received an assurance from llie pious and |.atrlo n en who hnve been thu* early In toe field of humam that they are anxious to join in any more extend and national memorial that may be resolved on to ma mist ukacioi * majvatv, qi kis vicTOaiA.bc. it 1IAV it civ ask vim u m A.' vs r? : ? m e. the Haaiaa f'atlM (lii|t * f thv dlscaw nt I asp, i a IftUad, moat respectfully i l ic< i a ) oi.r Most lirnomcs Majes'y mth the rx| roMMi) of t ,nl tinned Mta< I nu tit, lo the |*rmn (four Mn.itsty, t> cmftl loviiliv totl c fhn no of tl.fKt) renlm*. *Mrfi m oecupi . i I, v ttinrK diivi.l#? if? !??.? XI.. . ? ? l.? ??!.! ??* ?. i ? ?!Mir M[flii|uun ,iinnpv/,uuni?i^ I''".'1 ytiii I'?-iit*v< Ifiir auction to iiio unfortunate ecei in w acing iu thin portion ol >otir v h dominion ?. H t* leg to knur* your Mj .i?at/ that tie do not yield to ?nj cl r | or ion of jour Mk)e?t>'? kuijcctf in nine ore and eoui>ci< in u? Icy alt* to }our thii ir, Mioi duo td attachment to j? \li ft f?ractoua Mijeitj'a roj.i) forgi n. Ho have *ir exotd w |nin tie protmin gn of u few u?txp?ririucd young nan, im.ithi iomI. Ho difPgirtd *ith hem on prii.cpie H? i our red lltm f?* the (mmiti of ?rd? r, mli^i-n, mil oeuul tit ?i' now fitl c ii iiM'Hiiiiii for thfor f<?1l> a- inr*nn 1< nn o't it dipt out %?In n v IelieM th? m owrri d nw/?y by th irn j* i il ft i rdeat, I a M* n> ?-!>! r 1i trt.p. Hot it \ ! i err ;ny f? v i f to fcfiiitti \ ir tlmt in i ?> '?ft f t ?ii d (I 11 r TkM ft W Jtnr* if v ,ii> I ?jt ? . : iloiHionir, ul ?u dn tfi rteioa u? i?? ovary ah an -Mrtrv.i 11 r.j'r. ?.t <t itete\ comftunt, tjpi u- fever jot ?cW rd alt. i ii \tr (etitd to? xl ??rt 01 rfl?* I I to voticuot on ft. 'Mr IWvin >t d tc i tf .< 11 Ittlitt < v U lid? lav?'-f Uit land. He theft co HERA [BER 1, 1848. I the dfitly hoj* that jroutmoit Kmoiou* Mujviy wiil peu??i to ti-le into your merciful oonnuUra'i >u the unfortunate aituation of Mr. ^mith O Brien and the other unrHlcc'irg peraoua wh ? have ho foolinhlv embarked in the late lamentuMe outbreak; therer the hy tiroTitg to tn* world their otter insanity. Ine prerogative of mercy in the brightest di.vletn in your MaI jeity'a glorious crovrn. We, the loyal and faithful K??man Catho* ia?d iic clerjiy of Tvaoi, ap^ al to that nobi* attribute \ni U-haJf ol the tf deluded William Smith O'Brien and his deluded, mi?nii<\ed ;vhh?- 1 u citiYet-; and beg to rtMore your Majesty that tlio exerci*e of merry on thin oceaak>n towarda the e unfortunate oolprita, will Moun . ad* i to your Msjssty aud throne more of pure and trui loyally than I tin- shedding or the blood of thousand* jury Kelt assured tlie heart nf Ireland is sound and true toward* the yoir irroi< ui Mnjesty?heooe we implore, ween'nar, nay, we * moat humbly leg ' no I lo.aland a*minlatara id rellitioa, wliuae 't-le*- -iiii red duly it i* to ineulrate |?mee and good will aiii"ngst men. tied ?,. ,ti|| fujtlier ley to amure j our Majeaiy that the concession of lent the prnyar of lllia oar |*)Utiuii shall he on additional aliinulant ided h r ue to uphold (lie laws, and to secure, oven at the sacrifice uf ho our lieaa, the a ability ut that throue wiiioh ia ao happily ucou- | pied hy your moat yraciotta Majesty. , And your memorialists shall ovrr prsy, &c. fcr. in- (Signed l>y the clergy) who | ,1,1b I MlsCKLXANKCrS. iter. | Menard I'ersse have imported American bacon direct ' ont , to Ualwsy, which they are veiling by auotion there.? ' by I CI on met Chronicle, >P<"r The authorities, says the Cork Examiner, are on the look out for a Mr. M'.VIanus, an American merchant, 1 ?' | who ban been distributing lots of money among the j ntll i 'n*'urK*'nta, in the county of Tlpperary and Kilkenny, pon 1 Mr. Smith O'Brien, the night before he was capHe luted, slept at the house of Mr. Hoops, against whom 1 at a warrant is issued for harboring him. oral The Tipptrary h'ttt I'rrt, says?The Rny. Mr* Corbie coran I'. t\ of Mullluahone, has interceded with the iro- goyerument for a number of young men from his parish, who formed William Smith O'Brien's bodyner guard for one night, and the warrants against them led, are to be withdrawn upon the surrender of all the tiretiny arms in their possession Til*) Krenrti Republic, rfty . On Wednetday, the 18th met., Liunartine de? 1 livered an eneruetic ttneeoh m it... - 0 , vvw..| .M *4tv> viiuiiiuce on ,oi: Foreign lAftuir.-, in tuvor of an arni?J intervener, tion in Italian ulVaira by France, aa the only means, f or by which the can observe the solemn eng.igenieni ac- which Lainartine made in the name of the conn- t r be try, and with its evident approbation. Iter , |Q the Kitting of the National Assembly yesterday, I on- \ the lhst throe clauses of the bill authorising the pur- i e is ' cba.-e of the Lyons Hallway, were agreed to, and the :"'.v | debate on the remaining clauses was adjourned i The (. ommissloneof inquiry Into the insurrections i ron ' of May and Jane, delivered on Wednesday to the prin- 1 ?er. tern copies of the concluding documents attached to 1 ; their report. The documents bound together will form i er" | three large volumes in quarto They are to be distri- l the 1 buted to the members on Kridny next, and the debate I bli- I uiay commence on Monday, three days after the distrl?cy bution of the documents, us resolved by the National < as- Assembly. l bs Tbe Committee of Justice was occupied on Wednes- I day. with the proposition of M. Liechtenberger, who ' er- demands that tbe state of siege shall be raised before acH the vote on tbe constitution Tbe Committee, after an ( md* animated discuhsion, in which MM. Cremieux. Oumon, I Leyrand. liaze, and Grevy joined, resolved that it c tief would propose to the Assembly not to take the propo- h the eiliou into consideration. M. Cremieux was appointed ri to prepare the report. IN? Tbe Abbe Orlandi. a particular friend of the Pope, p and one of his counsellors, has arrived in Paris, charg- g1 an < d. it is said, wiih a mission to tbe Government of the ft- Itepublic. oi its 1 ho Three pi r Cents closed on the Paris Bourse yes- tl i ttrday at 43f 76c.; the New Loan at 7If. OOo.; the Klve s< r?" 1 per Cents at 71f 50c.; Orleans Railroad Shares, 672f. i nw 60c : Rouen. 446f.; Havre, 206f.; Great Northern, 37Of b? 2ic ; Avignon, 213f. 75c.; Vierzon, 205f.; Bordeaux, tl i ot!8f 75c ; Basle, 66f. 26c.; Paris and Strasburg 348f. be 75c ; Tours and Nantes. 832f. 60c ; Paris and Lyons, liP 368f. 76c. ry i The Paris Conititutionnel says " The rumor has ell i been current for some days past that a new tumultuous 0r* 1 manifestation was in the course of being organized in | Paris, and that it was looking out for a pretext. Italy, Pi Bei | it was said, was this tluie to be the mnl d'ordie. Poland l|' ir* i was on the 16th of May. and the parties were to hide K; m > tbuiiselres behind the legitimist flag, as they had forso i nierly borrowed that of Prince I.onis Napoleon. It is "> lr. i ptti(l that the intention was to-make an imperious de"t niand tor an amnesty, and a declaration in favor of A *y the system of M. l'roudhon, 8.0. The authorities have " ' 11 taken measures of precaution, and, In case of necessity, I" re of repression, but the rumor appears to bi? without c' any serious foundation " ?< th Tbe Unive ? says, that in the eveut of its being de- Cl P8>. j Urmintd that l.ombardy shall be an independent of KlttlH It ll IS-I u -U 1 * * M r---.. iw nuoiiiti oe cnnicrred upon * lpA I tt)? Duke 01 Lcuchlunberg, with the title of Duke of P pM , Milan " This combination," says the Univert, OK- " would be agreeable at the same time to Franoe, to - B9 Kussia. and a portion of the people of I.ombardy, who " un- would receive with joy the son of Prince Kugenc." 1 nd 1 he Courrier dt la Dtomr gives the following ac- JJ tin count of the army of the Alps * i" ,ny " 'J'hf army of ih. -Ilfit had mad* a movement in ad- i * * I ranee. 'I lie following are the new pesiltons:?The PI ce tirst divbion is to march immediately and concentrate w ceil itself round Uriatn-'on. where the head-quarters will lie 1 he | established. 1 he second division will rest on tire- I ice, i noble The third division is arriving by forced i *es, marches from Paris to take a position round Lyons. a ing -j'lie fourth division (the reserve.) which left Brian^on , n aot about ,a month ago for the interior, is also on its ' d Id. match to concentrate itself at Bourg." 1 a >n? Italy c TIIK COM LICIT BETWEEN THE BOI.OGNE.SE AND THE J. ing ACSTXJAKB. 4 The Bologna Gazelle, of the Oth, contains important ( his news, it appears that on the afternoon of the 8th (| uK. the Austtian General. Wrlden, having levied a heavy r( the contribution upon Bologna, and demanded hostages ^ g > for the payment and for the subjection of the Dolog' nese. the people rose, and the tocsin was sounded. A I ? he- conflict ensued, which is said to have been terrible ; | tj >ur hut the details are not given. Under date of the Oth, | t! at six in the morning, we find the following | (] ' The Uolognese have driven the Austrians out of the city, after making twenty-seven prisoners. Bo- w . . logna is in the hands of the people, and ready to re- s| *' ceive another attack from the enemy, who must have ^ >r< got reinforcements. The people, with their knives. drove the Austrians to a distance of two miles from fh the city. The curate of San Felix is at the head of Tr. the people of the Contado." j ir- Under the date of half-past six, we read ri ag " The bomoardment has commenced, and two pa- Cl> b- laces are in flames. The faubourg has already been t)( ao piling! d and burned, but the population have resolved . to resist to the last drop oftbeir blood." ' The Piednioiitcsc Gazelle, of the 12th, has the fol lowing from Bolrgna, dated the ilth 1)( ?u | " At half-past three in the afternoon of yesterday, (ll _ an officer, bearing n despatch for the Tro-legate, was M) killed by some Bolognere, as he was passing through , jjf i a San Felice. Half an hour afterwards, a soldier of the ^ Ir. line, carrying another despatch, met with the same I ,w fate. The Austrians on guard at the gates of San I un ?>? r rncr, mirrt* a cannon was planted, fired it upon the n- people, but,very lortunately. no one was killed. Upon ci nt this. the Austrian* went out of the town to Montagv. noln. They amounted to 2500 men, and had with fr m them a cannon and a liowitxer. In this favorable position they began to bombard the town, getting it on l' ^ fire in several place* It wa? about five in the after- U 0k noon when the firing began, and it did not ceoee till tli eight at night. On the hide of the Bolngneae there 01 m were 50 carabinier*. 30 custom bouse officers, upwards er of 600 porters, ana some National Hoard* All die1C" played the moat extraordinary courage, and, in the frl " end, took Montaguola by assault, and drore away the ta ng Austrian*, who, on leaving the (jalliera gate, lost an Ja ly c fllcer and 40 men killed, and 50 prisoner*. The caral" binier* and custom bouse men pursued them for more 8h than a mile. The loss of the Bologneae was confined to 16 killed and weunded. In the evening there was qv 'he an illuniination. One of the porters took an Austrian ij lie Hag At six this morning the Austrian* returned, but j? nd their conimuiiicntions were cut off The National ti to- (iunrd, on taking up arm*, determined to light to the & SJr l?*t dtop of their bti od. There is no want of ainmu- m nitii n. The first thing thought of yesterday wa* to hi Ity keep the pnw der niagarine by driving away the Austrian*. who wished to gain possession of it." hi Import nut from Home, ? lb e ?1Ma of Violence publl hes a notice by the Pro- p legate of Bologna, dated the 9th ult . thanking the peo- si iu* pie tor Ihelr heroic resistance of the A uatriaos. and in- I* nd loin ing th< m that an indemnity for their time will be * I a paid to such as require it. lie advise* *ha people not t0 to relv with too n.uch confidence on the terror that DK they have Inspired, but toorganise themselves in order "< J' to 1 e well prepared against any other attacks 1 be Pope has published the following protest against , m ii- mi- ccii|)?iii ii hi me stales of the Holy See, effected by the troops:? " Krom tho beginning of hl? pontificate.his Holiness, I d* considering Ihe condition of the Pontifical Stales, and at tb?t ov the States of Italy, a* cerarnon father of the tr< ptlncea and people, equally opposed to eiternal war* tl |ir# and to Intestine disci rd, imagined and undertook the tt in nigotiation of a leegue between the prince* of the of Peninsula. thi* being the only means rapable of satla- tl n(j fving the drsirss of it* inhabitants, without violating l| the light* ot their prince*, and at the same time did not oppose the tendencies of the people towards a welt j] understood liberty These nrgi tiatious were partly M cinded atxi r. malm d partly fruitless Next came j, y? ibe gnnt Knropean events, followed by those In Italy h,. and the war. 'I he Holy leather, always faithful to the j, ,0 same course to hi* great regret declared himself op- I d, ive posed to taking a part in the war, but neglected no j, Ijc pacitic means to obtain the full intent, he hud proposed jc to bunself. But tilt* conduct, inspired by prudence j r( e(j ?D(J meekness, ho* not prevented to hi* great surprise. ( n, an Austrian army from entering his Staii-s and occu- || pjlng et ne t? tiitories, declaring that tlm occupation ? te- was but tempernry It is therelore nececeary to make p? ?P- known to all, that the dominion of the Holy Sec tp is violati d by this occupation, wl ich. whsttver might tp iei'l been the intention, could never be justly ef- ( |p inJ, terted without preceding nctlce and the necsssiry , |# consent In in hard a necessity in which the vio- j lenee of external enemies and'the snares of interior I ,p "** | e n? s place bint, the Holy Kather gives himself up into he bands of Divine .lustlce. and wi I bless the use of | n u), i nr un iiii*4 iii in- employ.-.I hi rr.rilinif to cireumatance*; jj f,,r and. wbtlef roteatina by no-an* of hi* Cardinal Sucre- ^ ii.-. 1 nry of Stall* *jr*ln?t -urh an art. hi* appeal* to all ry. friendly power*, they may a**utne the pretention of *" the Male* for the prr*e?r*tl?n of thoir"llherty an I in* c< ',jV; ti mlty. lor the protection of the Pnntifleal euhject*, Hl .... ai d abore all for the Independence of theohnreh ?.d "G. CaHD. SOOLIA. ,1 ? Hove. / u n?t fi mid j ? The Secretary of State " (i * '' ? A letter from Homo, of the 7tb,?tate? that the f?l- ' i>tn i ' L D. TWO CENTS. lowing lift of the new Ministry ha 1 h?cn eomoiunicated to the Chamber af Deputies rii ? fount Kabri, Interior; 1)1 Iloasl, Grace nod Justice, L?Uri. finance, Ouarini, romm?rr? and Indentry, and, provisionally, Public Work*; fount Campello. Arms; I'erfettl, Polioe nrf inttrim LomlMidy^and Plrdment. The following proclamation waa published at Vigo, rano, on the lOtbof Auguat " l'e< pie of the kingdom'?The independence of Italy Impelled me to war againat our enemy Seconded by the valor of my army, victory at flret smiled upon cnr arm* Neither myself nor my aona have abunned danger The holiness of onr eauae Increased out ooursge The smile of victory was abort The enemy increased , my army was almost alone in the atrunrle. I re want or j>r<>?t?i<.nforced a* to abandon the position* we bud conquered. and the province* already delivered by the Italian forces With my army I had retired to the defence of Milan, but, harraaaad by long fatigue*. It could not resist a new Held-battle, for arta tba strength of the brave soldier haw Ita limita. Tho Interior defence of the town oould not lie eustalned. Money, provisions, and our munition were wanting. The breast* of the eitiaen* mi|(ht hare resisted for eome daye, but only to bury ua under the ruin*, not to conquer the enemy A convention wa* begun by ma; the Milanese followed It up, and signed It. I am not ignorant of the accusation* with which nana try to blight my name , but liod and my conscience are witnesses c f the tutegrity of iny operation*. I leave It to hlatory to judge them The throb* of my heart were ever for Italian independence, but Italv haa not yet shown to the world that *he can conquer alone. Petple of the kingdom ! Show yourselves *<rong In m first misfortune. Kmploy the free institntion* that have risen amoug you A*, after having known the want* of the people, I was the first to grant the n *> shell ever faithfully observe them I remember the cheer* with which you have greeted my name ; they still sounded in my ear in the midst of the din of battle. Itepoae confidence in yonr King. The cause of Italian independence i* not yet lost "CHARLES ALBERT." The following I* the official teat of the armistice concluded between the tuoarmiesof Sardiniaand Austria, ireliminary to a treaty of peace : Art 1 The line of demarcation between the two umil* shall be the fronthr of the retrospective State*. Art 2. The fortresses of Pesohiera, Rocna d'Anfo, ?nd Osopo shall be evacuated by the Sardinian anft itllied troop*, and given up to those of his Imperial Majesty. The delivery of each of these places shall be efleoted three days after the notification of the present convention. In these places all the materials of war belonging to Austria shall be restored ; the Sardinian troops will take with them all their materials, arms, Ammunition and clothes introduced there, and will, by regular msrehes. return by the shortest road Into the States of his Sardinian Majesty Art 3 The Statu* of Modena, Parma, and the town &f I'lacen/.a with the territory assigned to it a? n fortress, will be evacuated by his Sardinian Mqeaty three days after the notification ot the present oonrentlon. e Art 4. This convention will also extend to the town >f Venice and the Vemtlan provinces; the military a Li u auu rrm lutPBH will leave Ule City lOriB, HD(t port* if that place, to return into the Sardinian States. The ind troops may effect their retreat by land, and by egular marches, by a road to be determined. Art. 6. Person* and property In the above-mentioned laces are put under tbe protection of the Imperial QTernment. Art. 0. This armistice shall last six weeks, to allow f negotiation* for peace; and, at the expiration of iat lime, it will be either prolonged by common eon nt, or notice given eight day* before the reoomlencement rf ho*tilitie*. Art. 7. Commissaries shall be reciprocally named, for le better and friendly execution of the above articles. Count SALASCO, Chief of General Staff of Sardinian Army. IIKSS, Lieut. Gen. and General QuarterMaster of Austrian Army. Head-quarters, Milan, Aug 0. 1 ho I'ledmonteae (Jaszeta del I'apolo publishes tha 'oclamation* of Charles Albert to the army and le nation, acootupanied with the aaeuranoe-that tha Ing I* fully determined on continuing the ware and lat tile whole population will follow his summons to e field The names of several priests and dignitaries the church are given, who preach that the war with ustria i* a ho^r war, aud at tbe head of which stande ie liishop of Cuneo, Monelgnore Manzini. This iper contain* an energetic appeal, not only to all a**e* of the inhabitant*, but to tbe officer* and perins In author ty, urgiDg each to uudertake the ne[ ssary responsibility at so critical a moment, and not j wait for order* in using every exertion to keep the riny supplied, and to reinforce it by all possible disosable hands. IVsplrs, The Semaphore de Marteilles quotes a letter from aplrS, slating that a formidable expedition was being re pared against ,siciiy, and, on the 0th of August, ttfr failing vessel* and steamers, with 20 000 troops on jaid, were rendy to put to rua. The Chambers, ob rves that journal, were not consulted respecting the (pedition. the preparation* of which continued, notithstaudicg the piesence of tbe British fleet, tk'hlrswlg H oleic In The Kides, August 13. i ue expectation 01 an armistice aauy gains ground, nd excites the happiest feelings in the mind* of the isjority. all hough there Is, at the game turn*, a great ilUrence of opinion as to the conditions upon wnioh treaty of peace shall be ultimately nettled. The ondlticns of the armistice are said to be those preiously proposed by Lord I'aluirrston, with the modication that a Danish corps of 3,000 men shall remain tAlsen. and a German corps of 4 000 men in Hoiloin, while Schieswig shall be altt^elhcr cleared of 'oops, with the exception of a few small detachments 'qulsite fcr guarding the hospitals. With these conitions is combined the further stipulation that the rovisional government shall resign, and be succeeded y men of Integrity and judgment, until such time as re affairs of Nchleswtg-llolstein shall be definitely sated; while, on the other hand, the new advance of General Wrangel's troops Into Jutland, owing, it i said, to a fresh note from St. i'etersburgh, in hicb the march of 36,000 men into llolstein is ibreatsed, while the continued presence of tne Russian set in our neighborhood appears sufficiently obvious, e ate assured, on the other band, that Kngland had illy concurred in the proceedings of Russia, in too 'ent of the rejection ot its ultimatum, menaced the loption of decisive measures against Germany Other reumstances combine to make us believe that the i tral power will energetically promote the negotiains for peace, which is uow al.-o so earnestly desired 1'ruseia. Arr.KRADK, Aug. 14. The twoScbleswig battalions which are still with the uiifh army in Jutland, according to the statements a Danish subaltern Jager, who has been taken pritier by our outposts, have broken out in opea rebelin. in consequence of which they have Deen dis.nded. and sent unarmed to Kunen. Sweden. The squadron in anchoredat Landskrona. and 1* to ruise ior eight day* in the neighborhood of the Ka*t a . ?bm it will proceed to Karlekrona to take in esb Mores, and put out again tones. The Speaker of the Diet received information on le 4th, that it wan ills .Miyesty'* pleasure that tke iet should be cloned till the Ibth ot August. Baron Manteufel arrived at Stockholm on the 4lh, i a epecial mission trim the King of i'rusHia lien mark Advice* from Copenhagen of the lotb, state that three gale* and a uteainer have been despatched to uiaiain the blockade of the Kibe, the Weser, and the bde. THE DANISH BEOCkAHE. Hambubgii, Aug. 15. The notification given yesterday, that in consclence of the Danmh blockade all neutral ve-aela lug in the harbor* of the Kibe, the Weser. aud the ihde. which are declared in a state of blockade from te 15th of Ai gu.-t must ijuit the sauie before the Ith, ba* been conBrmed by the following official eomunicatlon to British shipmaster* in the port* of iUmurgh and Aitona :? " tier Itiiunnie Majesty's C' arye d'Affaire* and CssmIGeneral is ruceiveil official Uff,>rtiiaiinn from ilie senior officers of tbe atii.-h i|iiadrtn, stsfici.uil lu the Hay of lf?li*"l?nd, tliat from e lithuft) <>l August tlie loll, a inn iiun win In tiloekadel by a i-li mm ol war, nee sly, lb? I Uw. the Huur, and ihe Jaime: ,d further, that Ibevvaiei* belonging to friendly and oeu rat iwi-rs n list leave the aid rivera l-vfuie tin* JO't, last, up te hicti date no obstiuetinn a ill l e made f i> ihetr *lepartur?." [From the Hamburgh Bi r-enhalle. Aug 15.] It is pretty generally rumored that the Danish blockle has been concerted by certain high powers, with a ew of more speedily bringing about the deiired aristice. *" STSalSlVD, AllgU-t 13a Major (leneral Von Below arrived here at noou.^oiy. from Berlin, and immediately proceeded by earner toSurilen. He i* intrusted with full power * i*ni the King ot Prussia fur concluding tbe negrftiaon* respecting tbe armistice ami tnade no aeorecy lat tlie greatest hope* are entertained of the nuoocss hi* mission, and that a most speedy teraw omtis^of ie question may now lie expected. ** . * , Hanover. In bis reply to tbe memorial of the inhabitant* of anover the King tbu? erdeevor* to explain away the titioxiou* passage* of hi* mauitesto of the 7th of uly :? " III* Majesty observe* with regret that hi* conduct l relation le (hose matters was not at first rightly unerstot d. But he confidently anticipate* that when sreiela'er it is reviewed aa a whole, every good and >yai Hanoverian will admit that his Majesty l?at*mriely at heart the unity and right* of tPermany. The * uiorlaiisl* allude to possible collision* between the anoverian government and tbe central authority, Inch would he much to be regretted It 1* suflloi nt r the vindication of tbe government to state that uieis no giound for such npi*reheo?l?ne ; that, on le contrary, the most anucablerelatloo* exist between ie two bigh parlies ; and that, In particular, the re I it'll nil ?!) lull our troupe are M'lli-eiurm IU him mi 10 >e r< ntral authority bun til l n formally intimated to m by a general orJrr ua the fib of tbi* moiitli. i addition to tbi? bm Majt *ty bun reeoleed that I ha aniiveuan troop* eball adopt the tier man color* in l*ir coc k it do- and tl*K*i this will be inlluiattd to le am y wnbout dt-loy. H mm kr, Aug 12. Ill* Mnjrily h?? chum d id ariuy order to b? inn <1, miuiiboirg bin troop* to adopt the lieruitn c ilo*<, l<d to NilHrb I be libbouH and the flag* ihi > <M mi K bi i ii adopted by tLc greater pait ot the ll ran Mate*. lit dovare >u potatoes la unhappily apreaiiug in i # truth H'- ?v.c? v- a uch aj ptehi n?lon.

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