Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 3, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 3, 1848 Page 1
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f "" T H r* NO. 5205. SFBECB OK THR HON. DANIEL WEBSTER, TO TUT! WHIGS OF WABSIIFIELD, MASS., GIVING HIS VIEWS ON THE THREE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES. Some tune since, the neighbors and friends of the Hon. Daniel "\Wbeter, residing in the town f Marsh field, in the St?te of Massachusetts, ad. dre&Bed him a letter, inviting him to give them fhe benefit of his views und opinions on the political affairs of the country, as well as on the merits and dements of the several candidates for the Presidency, at an early day. The following is a cojiy of the invitation :? Makmificlc, Mass., August 2J. 1818. Hon. Danish. WaBsTKh :? Dear Sir?'l'he uu<i.r?ign>jf whig* and fellow townsmen of yourr. are desirous of seeing and conferring with you on the subject of our ntrional politics, and Of hearing your opiu oh* treely expressed thereon. We look anxiously on the present prospect of public affairs, and oti the position iu *blch the whig party, and especially whige, arc now p'ac. d We should be grieted indeed to .ee O-u Cass?so decided an opponent of all those nirutur. - which we think essential to the honor and interest of the country, and the prosperity of all classes?elected to th?- chief magistracy. On the other bund, it in not to be concealed that there Is much discontent with the nomination made by the late convention at rbilvcelphl*. of a Southern wan?a military man fresh from hh ouy fields, and kaowuonly by his 8?ord? as a whig i audidate f r the Presidency. So far as is in our liuwhle ability, we desire to preserve the Union and the whig party, and to perpetuate whig prinrl] iles But we wish to see al-o, that these principles tuny be preserved, and this Union perpetuated, in a manner consistent ?uh the ri his or the free States, and the pitvent.h'L. of the further extension of the slave power) and we d cud the effects of the precedent, which me think enur eutly dangerous, andas not exhibiting us in a favorable light iu ibo na'ious of the earth, -cf elevating a -.note military man to the Presi dency. We think a crisis is upon us ; and we would gladly know how we may beet discharge cur duty, as true Americans, honest men. and good whigs. To you who have been so lot g in public life, and who Are able, from : your great experience and unequalled ability, to (jive us Information and advice, auJ upon whom, as neigh' bore and friends we think we have some oiaias, we naturally look) und we should be exceedingly gratified if In any way, private or pubhe. you would express your opinions upon Interesting p iblic questions, now pending, with that boldness und disimctness with which I you are acsuetomed to declare your sentiments If you oan concur with our wishes, please signify to us in what manner it would be in- st agreeable to you that they should be carried into effect With very true regard, we remain your very true and Obedient servants. Daniel Phillips, William F. Little, Gkoaue Leonard, Jabex Hatch, Geo. H. Wkathkuree, Waterman Thomas, Hknby Blasciiard, William Hatch, J. James Ellis, Setii Weston, Nathaniel Phillip*, Daniki. Weight, Jedeihah Little, Asa Hemes. Solomon Little, To this Mr. Webster returned the following answer:? mahmificlp, auo. 3, 1848. Oentleman? I have received your letter The critical state of thing* at Wa-ht'ngton oblige* me to think it my duty to repair tbii.her immediately, and take my seat in the Seua'e. im:? ithntandiug that the atate of my health, ami the hi at of the weather, and private circuuiataneea of an afflicting nature, render It very dt.-agn ruble for tue to leave home I cannot, therefore, comply with your wi he* at pr- s*ot; but on my return, if mch should continue to be your desire, I will meet you and the other ? bigs or Marsh field in an unceremonious manner, that we may coaler together ?k> the topics to which your letter relates nj am, genlli-men with ??tn id and Headship, Vour obliged fellow citizen. danl webster. To Messrs --.Daniel rhillips, IcorgH I.eonard, George JJ. Weatberber. fi'.-nry Biancbard, J J. Ellis, Nathl. K.llii, Jedediah Little. W.-n f Little, Jabvz Hutch, "Watermen Thomas. Wra. Ilntrh Mr. Webster's return from Washington, the application was renewed to him, and Friday last was the time appointed for the friends of the statesman to meet him in consultation. Notices having been sent to the n.ost populous places, there was, as might be expected, a very large assemblage on the ground. Many of the hearert ravelled distances ol several miles to hear Mr. Webster, and took their wives and daughters with them. The number of vehicles on the ground was about two hundred and jfilty, and the assemblage was estimated at from one thousand to fifteen hundred. The place selected was the Winslow farm, so called, close to the road. A substantial platform was erected (or the accommodation of the eloquent sinker ana his friends and it was carefully covered with canvass to pro* tect them from the sun. At a few minutes before three, Mr. Webster reached the place of meeting, and spoke as follows:? Ttie Sjieccli. Although it is not my purpose, during the recess j of Congress, to address public assemblies on po- ' litical subjects, 1 have ft It it my duty to comply ' wiih your request, as neighbors and townsmeu, and to meet you to-day; and 1 am not unwilling to avail myself of tins occasion to signify to the people of ihe United States my opinon on the present state oi our public affairs., 1 shall perform that duty certainly wiiti great frankness?I hope, with candor. It is not rnv purpose to-day to endeavor to carry any point?to act as any man's advocate? to put up or put down any body ; bat I wish, and I purpose, to address you in ihe language and in the spirit of confidence and consultation. In the present extraordinary crisis ot our public concerns, I desire no hold no man's conscience but niv own. (Symptoms of applause ) My own opinions I shall comniunicnie friely und fjar?essly, with j equal disregard to eousequences, whether they respect myself or i thers. We are on the eve of a Illgmy 1III |> >l lil III Ilrnurrupitntiivii. J . - *? or three months the people of this country will be called U|>op to eltct a Pievident of the United States: and nil see Hnd all feel, that great intereats of the country air to be affected, tor pood and for evil, by the result ol that election. Of the important and interesting subjects over which the person who shall be eh "ted to that office, mutt necessarily exercise more or less control, th-re are. in my | udgment, three vital ones connected with the honor and happiness of this country. In the first place, the honor and happiness of this country imperatively reuuife, that ihere shall be a chief magistrate elected, who will not plunge us into anoth'r war of ambition and conquest (Applause.) In my jud "nent, the interests of the couniiy, and the feelings of a vast majority of ti e people, require rhn a President of the United States shall be elect-d who will not use his official influence to promote any disposition to permit the further extension of slavery in (his country, or further the influence of it in our public councils. In the third placet if 1 have termed any just estimate if my ex|K-nence, (aot now a short one,) has enablt d me 10 know any thing of what the public piosperity demanas? 1 s?y thai the state of the countr) noes reqtnre|an essential r? form in the system of revenue and finance -such as will restore prosperity by fostering the industry of the country, in all its various branches. There are other subjects of mqtoriancp, which 1 shall not. however, allude to at present. These three 1 hold to be essentially so There are three candidates for the Presidr ncy presented to ilo choice of the American people, General Tajlor Is the whig candidate, standing on the nomination of the Whig National Convention, General Ca*s is the candidate of the opposing, and now dominant, party in this country; and the tnlid candidate is presented in the ta-rson of Mr Van Buern, by n convention of bis It llow citizens at Buffalo, j whose object, or whose main object, it appears to me, is contained in one of tho-e considerations which 1 hi< v e mentioned; and that is, the prevention of the further increase of slavery?an object in which you und I, gentlemen, entirely concur, as far as that goes, 1 am sure. Most of us heretoday are uliigs?Massachusetts wings?national wbigs?Old Colony whig*, and Marshfi'-ld whigs; i (laughter;) and it the wing nominations made at 'hiladelphia are entirrlj satisfactory to the people of the United States, and to us, our path of duty is plain. But the nomination ol the candidate lor the Pret-idcncy by tin- whin convention in Philadelphia, i* not satisfactory to the whig* of M is*achusett*. That is cettntn, and it would be idle to attempt to conceal the I <rt It ih sur< ly just, and more p"triotie, to take facta and tilings as they are, and to deduce our own convictions of ditty from Jtbat exist* before us. However an much respect- j nhle and riistinuuished in tiie line of bia own | professeton, or however ao much estimable as j E NE a private citizen, General Taylor is a militarj man, and h military man nierelv. He h is hail nt trainirg in civil affairs; he has performed nr lunclionsof a civil character under the coiiBtitu tion of his coun'rv : he has heen known, ami nnW known, by bin brilliant achievement* at the head i of the army. Now, the whips of Massachusetts, and 1 among them, are of opinion that it was nol wise or discreet to go to the army for the selec tion of a candidate for the Presidency of the United States. It is the first in-tance in our his lory in which any man of a mere military ch*rac; trr has been propped for'hat hieh office. Washington had a great military, but by far a greatei civil character. He b'?d been employed in the councils of hia country from the earliest dawn ol the revolution. lie had been in the Continental Congress. He had established n great churactei for wisdom and judgment in civil ailairs Aftel ihe war. as you all know, he was elected a membur of ihat conve nnon ? hieh framed ihe constitution of ihe United States ; and it was one of the most honorable tributes evr paid to him, that, by thut assembly of great ard wi?e inrn, he was selected ! preside over their Helibrration*, and fiad his name first attached to the constitution under which we live. President Harrison was a brave soldier, and, at different pi riodH of his life, rendered impoitnnt military services; hut lie, nevertheless, for the much greater part of his life, was more < mployed in civil ihan in military affairs. For twenty years hr whs either Governor of a Territory, member of Congress, or Minister abroad; nnrt hedischargtd all the duties appertaining to those offices to the satisfaction of the count)}*. This case, therefore?the nomination of ucnerai 1 ay lor?stands by itsHt, without precedent and without justification from any thing in our previous history. It is on this account, I may well imagine, that the whigs of- Massachusetts feel dissatisfied with his nomination. There may be others?there are others?though perhaps of less importance, more easily to be answered. If I may venture to use a mercantile expression, I may say there is another side to the account. The impartiality with which I propose to discharge my duty to-day, lends nie to a consideration of tliHt; and, in the first place, it is to be considered that General Taylor was nominated by a whig convention, held in conformity with the usages of the whig party for years past ? fairly i ominated, as far as we know. It is to be considered, also, that he is the only whig before the people as a candidate for the Presidency, and no citizen of our country, with any effect can, vote for any other candidate, let his preferences be what they may. In the next place, it is proper to consider the personal character of General Taylor, and his political opinions, relations and connections, as far as they are known. Now, gentlemen, in advancing a few observations on thin part of the case, I wish every body to understand that I have no i>ersonal acquaintance whatn*.?.?oi T ?? i vv*.i nuu u^uriai xn^iwi, x ur*ci oa** I1IH1 but once, and that but for a few momenta, in the Senate. The sources of information are open to you, as well as to me, for the ascertainment .if what I know of his character and opinions; but I have endeavored to obtain access to them. I have endeavored to inform and instruct myself, by communicating with those who have known him in his profession as a soldier, in his relatious as a man, in his conversation and opinions on political subjects, and I will tell you fairly and truly what 1 tlnnk of bim. 1 ueed not say lie is a skilful, brave, and gallant soldier; that is admitted by all With me, all that goes but a little way to make up the proper qualifications in a President of the United Slates; but, what is of more importance, I believe he is an honest and upright man. I believe he is modest and cool-headed; of an independent and manly character, possessing a mind trained by proper discipline and selfconirol; I believe he is estimable and amiable in all ihe relations of private life ; I believe that he possesses a reputation for equity and for judgment, which gives him an influence over those under his command, beyond what is conferred by the authority of his situation; I bt Iteve he is a man who possesses the confidence and attachment ot all who have been near him, aftd know him. So nr.uch for what I think of the personal character of General Taylor; I will say, too, that as tar as 1 have observed his conduct since lie has been a candidate tor the Presidency, it has been irreproachable. I hear of no intrigues attributed to him?no contumelious treatment of rivals. I hear not of his holding out hopes, or making promises, to any man or set of men, or to any party. 1 do not find him putting forth anv pretensions of his own; and 1 therefore think of him very much as he seems to think of himself?that he is an honest man, with an independent mind and an upright heart; but as to qualifications for the Presidency, he has little more to say about it. (Laughter.) Now, friends and fellow townsmen, with respect to hiB political beiievc him to be a whig?to hold to the mam doctrines of the whig party. To think otherwise, would be to impute to him a degree of tergiversation and fraudulent disposition of which I suppose him to be utterly incapable. Gentlemen, it is worth our while to consider in what manner General Taylor became a candidate for President ot the United States. It would be a great mist?ke to suppose that he was made such merely by the nomination ot the Philadelphia convention, for he had been nominated tor that office in a great mnny of the States, bv various conventions and meetings of the people, afyearbeforethe convention ot Philadelphia assembled. The whole history of the world shows, that whether in the most civilized or the most barbarous ages, the affections and admiration ot mankind are always easily carried away towards successful military achievements. All history proves this, and we know, in the case now before up, that as soon as the brilliant successes on the it 10 Grande, at Palo Alto, Itesaca de la Pslnia, and other places, were achieved, spontaneous nominations ot hun tor the Presidency spiung upjn variousparts of the Union. And here let me say, that in general these nominations, not universally, but generally?these nominations, in various parts of the country, and made at v inous times belore the assembling of the convention at Philadelphia, were whig nominations. General Taylor was esteemed trom the moment when his military achievements biought ium into public n? tice 11s a whig genere). You all remember that when we were discussing his merits in Congress on the question of giving thanks to the army under bis command, as well as to himself, a-d other matters, the friends and supporters of Mr. Polk's administration and because he was a whig genaral, my friend near me here, whom I am happy to see (alluding to lion. Mr. Ashmun. of Massachusetts)? will remember that a leading man in the party of (he administration declared in his place in Congress, that the policy of the administration con iieeu n wim me Mexican ?'nr, wiiuiu never prospertilt (lie President recalled (hose whig generals, Taylor and iSc< tt; that (lie policy nl thai war was demorratic policy, and that the men to carry it out should he democrat-'; thai the officers to fight the buitles should be democratic officers; and on that ground a vote of thunks was refused to Gen. Taylor on the part of the frienda of the administration ip the Hosne of Representatives. He was nominated thus by these spontaneous conventions, without relation or system, and by whig assemblies and whig meetings. And let me remark to you, that there was no particular purpose' connected with the advancement of slavery enteitained by those who nominated him. As I have said, they were whig m nnnations, and were made by persons who never entertained the idea, by them or by any oilier means, the slightest desire to extend the area of slavery of the Tinman r.tce, or to increase the influence of the slaveholding States in the councils of the nation The Cfiiakcr city of Philadelphia?the whigs all over Pennsylvania? nominated General Taylor, certainly, with no such object. A great convention of highly respectable gentlemen assembled In New York, every man of whom is well known to me, and they nominate d Genera] Taylor, certainly, with no such object His nomination was hailed, not very extensively, but by Rome oiitmisiaats : and there were, even among iih whiga of Massachusetts, si nie lew a littl#t>>oearly in uttering noteaof exclamation tor the anticipated triumph It would have been belter lor them to wait. Now, the truth is, and no ona can avoid seeing it, unless he forces his eyes to be tetniNiraiily dimmed, that in those conventions Rnd assemble s, and also in the convention in Philadelphia, Cfen. Taylor was nominated exactly lot this reason?thaijieheving him to be a whig, tney thought he could he chosen more eHsilv than any other whig. That is ih" whole of it. The sagacious, wise, fars-ring doctrine of Rvailahility lies at the bottom of the whole matter. (Laughter.) So far, then, from imputing any motives to these conventions on r the couutry, or to the convention in Philadelphia, rr operating on a majority of the member- to promote slaver) by thnotiiitihtn ii oi Gen. Tsylor, I don't believe n word ol it?not one wotd. 1 tee tlvitlotic part ol what ,'s called the p'atform of the PuHam Convention, asserts that the candidate* lot the Presidency b' forthe country, have been nominated under the dictation of the slave power. I don't believe a word ol it. (Applause.) In the hr?t place, a great majority W Y C NEW YORK, SUNDAY.. r ?f I he members of the wing convention in I'/nU> phia were delegates from free States. By a very i greHt majority they might have nominated any candidate they chose?and, in the second place, r it is true there were persons in that convenI tion?membersfrom New England?most active in , nominating Gen. Taylor, and men who would cut t ?If their right hands before they would do anything to promote slavery in the United St,ites. I ! don't admire their pohe>?1 don't believe that; but j an|uii mem m nuy imse mouve. l Know ttie leading men of that convention. I tliiuk I understand tlieir principles and the motives that governed r them. Their reasoning was this: Gen. Taylor i is a whig, not eminent in civil lite, not known in F civil lire, but still a man of sound whig principles. I Circumstances have given him reputation an.I the fdut ot the country. As he is the whig candidate lie will be chosen, and with hnn as our candidate, we will be able to elect members to the two houses of Congress, get an augmentation of whig strength, the whig majority in the Ilouse of Kcpresentatives will be increased, and the locofoco majority in the Senate will be diminished. That was the view, and that was the motive, however wise or unwise, which governed u great portion of that assembly in Philadelphia. Now, gentlemen, in my opinion, this was unwise policy. It was not suitable to the whig character ?it was not reconcileable with true wisdom?it was short-sighted, and temporising on a -great question of principle; but 1 acquit all persons con cerncd in it of all such motives as have been ascribed to them, and especially of those mentioned in the Buffalo platform. Such, gentlemen, are the circumstances connected with the nomination of General Taylor. I only rc|>eat, that those who had the most agency originally in bringing him before the people, were the whig conventions and meetings in the several free States, and that a great majority of the convention whicli nominated him in Philadelphia were from the free States, and might have rejected him if they chose, and selected anybody else on whom they could have united. This is the case, gentlemen, as far as I can discern it, after exercising on it as impartial a judgment as I can form. This is the case pre- I sentea to the whige, as far as regards the opin- | ions, fitness, and personal character of General i Taylor, and the circumstances that have caused I his nomination. Now, if we were weighing the > propriety of nominating such a person to the Presidency, it would be one thing; the expediency, i as 1 may say, the necessity, which to some minds \ may apitcar to be imposed on patriotic and well i meaning whigs, to vote for him, since he has been I nominated, is quite anothorthing. And that leads ' to the consideration of what the wings ot Massa- l chuselts are to do. If they do not 6ee fit to t support General Taylor, they must vote for Ge- t neral Cass or Mr. Van Buren, or they must t omit to vote utall. 1 hfciee that there are cases 1 in which, if we don't know in what direction to < move, we ought to stand still till we do. I admit < that there are cases in which, it we don't know ] what to do. we had better not do we know not 1 what; but on a question so important lo ourselves i and the country?on a question of a popular elec- ? lion in a constitutional form, in which it is tnipos- ? sihle tnut every man's voice can prevail, it be- t comes a question of consequence, duty, and pa- f triotism, what is best to do on the whole; and here, l again this leads to a consideration which should t influence whigs, in my opinion, on the question l now before them. Under the practical adminis- i tiution j)t the constitution ol the United States ( there cannot be a great range of personal choice i in regard to candidates for the Presidency. In i order that their votes may be effective, many must i join for some one candidate of those prominent before the public. That ia the necessary result i from our form of government, and from the work- < ings of the constitution, and it doestherefore some- i times bring men to the neceaeiiy of choosing be- i tween candidates, neither of whom would be their original personal choice. Now, what is the contingency 1 What is the alternative presented jo the whics of Massachusetts 1 In my judgment, it is merely one. The question is between Gen. 1 Taylor ana Gen. Cass, and that is the whole of it. (Applause.) 1 am no more skilled in |>oliticuI affairs than others. I only judge for myself; but, in my opinion, there is not the least probability of any other result than the choice ol Gen. Taylor or Gen. Cass. I know that the enthusiasm ott he newly formed party, the popularity of a new name, without communicating any new idea, may lead j some men to believe that tne sky is abou* to fall, | unit ihut vuf* shall tnnn rulrli lurks. I pntcrtiiin no I such proposition. I speak without disrespect of S the tree soil party. 1 have read their platform, t: and I think there are some rotten places in it. i C (Laughter.) Yet I can stand on it very well. , p But 1 can .see nothing in it that is new or valu- e able. What is valuable is old, and what is new I is not valuable. (Laughter.) If the term free b soil party, or free soil men, designate one that is t fixed and unalterable, that is to-day, was yesterday, and will remain the same, then I hold myself to be as good a free soil man as any in the Buffalo convention. 1 desire to know who is to put un- j der my leet a freeer soil than that I have since I | became a public mnn. I wunt to know who is to impress on my breast a more fixed de- I termination to resist the advances of slavery in 1 this country, than I have had since 1 first f o|K-ncd my mouth in the councils of the country. < The gentlemen at Buffalo have placed at the head i of their party Mr. Van Buren, for whom 1 have all i the respect that 1 should entertain for one with ! whom 1 have been associated in some degree in j public life, for many years; but really, speaking < ior myeelt, I should tnink that it I were to express confidence in Mr. Van Buren and his patriotism on any question, and most especially on this one of 1 slavery?if on this question he and 1 should be < f<iiitirt iiniffH 1 think fh#? H/*pnp wniilti lmr^?r nn the ludicrous, if not on the contemptible. (Laugh- < ter.) I never proposed any thing in my File 1 thm Mr. Van Buren did not oppose, and 1 never could favor any measure that emanated from him If, therefore, Mr Van Buren Hnd I were to find ourselves together under the free soil flag, I am sure that with his accustom d good nature, he would laugh [laughter and applausel at the strange occuirence and jumbles of political life, that should bring him and me to sit down cozily together, side by side, on the some platlorm. (Laughter) My first acquaintance in public life wiili Mr. Van Buren was when he was pressing, with great powert the election of Mr Crawford to the Presidency, in opposition to John Quincy Adams. Mr. Crawford was not elected, but Mr. Adams whs, and Mr. Van Buren was in the Senate nearly during the whole of the administration, and, for the rest of it, was Governor of the State of New York ; and lie was the soul and centre of opposition to Mr. Adams' administration, and he did more than any ten men in the country to prevent Mr. Adams' reelection. These are intelligent facts, whicheven short memories may retain General Jeckson was elected President, and Mr. Van Buren was placed at the head of his administration, as Secretary of State. It so happened, or it did happen, that in July, 1829, Mr. M'Lean was sent Minister i to England, under instructions from the State De| partment, to arrange in that country the disputed 1 subjects of colonial trade. Mr. Adams held a high and austere tone towards England. He planted himself on the ground of reciprocity?the right of introducing our produce, as well as our ships, into the West Indies, since Great Britain was allowed to bring her productions and her ships into the United States. Mr. Ad ims placed this on the ground of right?on the prin ipie of reciprocity. The British government would not vield it. Mr. Van Buren, in his instructions to Mr McLean, told him to yield the question of right?to disclaim the pretensions, as he called thtm, of the Adams udrninistr&tion, and then went on to say, that the administration of which lie was Secretary of St\te, thought that Mr Jack- f eon's administration ought not to be repulsed by ? the English government from the enjoyment of j that which he was willing to call not a right, but I a boon, and that the Jackson administration < ought not to he refused that on account of c the misbehaviour of the Adams adintnistra- ' > tion. That was the substance of it. Well. | gentlemen, it was one of the most painful * duties of my public life, when I felt myself obliged, ? lr< m three considerations, to refuse my assent to I Mr. Van Huron's administration. It was news, f that on the change of an administration, those at I the courts of foieign countries should seek to oh- u tain favors, on the giouiiri that they abandoned the 1 policy of the preceding administration; such n ' couite would Im- field as n indignity by oil public ' men ; I am sure, for one, thai when I wm in the t Mate |)e|.aiiinei t under (ieneral llarrison, 1 found in the correspondence of my predic s-or many things that I wish wtre others ise; hut I did not w thdraw n jot or h tittle of what Mr Forsyth h id ssid, I took the question as he left it. and 1 treated it as he left it; 1 take it, that if I had said to Lord Ashlu.Moii, on the ()wg<n question, i?riy, hold Ashhuiton, consider that we are more ignorant than our pi? decessojt. ami consider lo>w inuc i mote unliable ?re their succttwors, mid con-rnlrd lo Iske less, that I would have dishonored my countrv Hut on this verv subject ot the e*te?i. ion i f slave |n wer, I would by no means do the least injustice to Mr. Buren. 1 do not mean to say that there maf tot be very food reasons for )RK 1 , SEPTEMBER 3, 1848 thore of his own party, ?n>< in-ir vote tor Cass, to vote tor him ; for 1 think him the least dangerous of the two; but, in truth, looking at Mr Van Buren's history and conduct, 1 am amazed to liud thxt he should be placed at the hedd of a paity professing to go beyond all other parties in its friendship to liberty. Whv, the first tUirig Mr.

Van Buren did after his election, was to declare that if Congres-' p issed any measure ?r decree interfering w ith slavery in the District of Columbia, he would veto their proceedings?ihe only in*-tiinr>p within mv It nnu-IrAtif*. wrhpro thfl Prj?uirl^nf undertook to veto the proceedings of Congress before they were passed (Laughter). Yet he did it. I shall go into the Presidency, he said, with the determination to resist all sucli interference; ami it Congress pass any law on the subject, [ ahull ! meet it with the exercise of my constitutions! , power. In the next place, we know, and I remember, that Mr Van Huron's casting vote was ilnown in the Senate for a law of very doubtful propriety?that of authorising postma-ters iu 1 the slave States, to open the malls for the j purpose of detecting incendiary publications. 1 do not say that Congrers did not possess the | power to pass such a law, but only that it was an extraordinary law, made for an extraordinary pur- i pose, and that it received Mr. Van Bitren's sanction. ?Sofar, however, as respects that?solar as any thing that endangers theghberty or property ol the Souih is concerned, so lar ! agree that there may be great propriety in sucli a regulation by Congress, as shall prevent sucli results. Hut, gentlemen, no man has exercised a more con. trolling influence over the consciences of his friends in this country than Mr. Van lluren. 1 take it that the most important, or one of thejmost important, events in our time, tending to the extension of slavery and its everlasting establishment on this continent, was the annexation of Texas. In 1844, where wae Mr. Van lluren 1 Let nie ask, where was he 1 He had been at the head of what was called the s|K)ils party, but he was not at the head of? the free soil party. (Laughter) Lvery friend of Mr Van lluren in Congress, as far as I know, supported tint measure. The two Senators from New York sup- 1 potted it?the representatives in the House j supported it. Allow me to say that no one resisted it but whigs. (Applause ) And I say in the face rif the world?1 Pay it to all men connected with the j Huflalo convention, without expecting to derive my benefit from it, that there has been no party in ilns country which has firmly and sternly resisted ihe slave power, but the wings (Applause.) Why, ook at this very question of the annexation of Texas. We talk of the dictation ol the sfave lower?at least they do?I djn't 1 don't allow :hat any power dictates to nie. We talk ol :he triumph of the South over the Noith; but here is not a word of trudi or reason in the whole of it. I am bound to say that I think, 3t all the evils indicted on us by this accession >f slave territory, the North has borne its full part. Northern votes were cast in lull proportion in both louses of Congress, in every instuuee, for the acquisition of territory, and the extension of the influence of slavery in our national councils, We talk jf the North. There has been no North. 1 think here would be a North, but up to the recent session of Congress there has been no North in egard to political questions. If we mean when ,ve speak of the North, a part of the country united n a firm sentiment against the further extension .1 Kb,verv if there lias ht-en such ? N'nrih it l>.a pxisted where I know not. wiiyf on this very < question ol the admiss'on of Texas, tiie North let in Texas The democrats of ike North let her in; 1 the friends of Mr. Van Buren let her in. All the ' whips in the Senate, with one or two exceptions, i South and North, resisted Texas. Eleven South- < em Senutois Irom sldveholdiag States registered llieir voteeagninst the annexutionof Texas. Two only were cast in favor of it; but those Southern whig votes from slaveholding States were overpowtred by the democratic votea of the free States?New England among the rest. Yes; if there had not been votes for the admission of Texas from New England, Texas would be out at thisday. If New England had been as true against Texas as the whigs of ttte South were, Texas would remain Texas still. And here are people? jentlenien I will call them?there nre four votes ' 1 Prom New England by Mr. Van Buren's friends, : I lemocrattc members: one from Maine; two ' rom New Hampshire, one from Connecticut. One < >f those gentlemen had held a high office nnder 1 tlr. Van Buren all his friends They voted for 1 Texas, and let her into the Union in opposition to * Southern whigs and Northern whigs. That is the f ruth, my friends. When Northern members of t Congress voted, in 1818, for the Missouri com- ' romise, against the known will of their csnstitu- ' b nts, they were called dough faces. I am afraid, ! c ellow citizens, that the race ol dough-faces will ? ?e as perpetual as the race of man. In 1844, as we >' ill know, Mr. Van Buren was a candid.ite for I he presidency by the democratic party; but he lost t he nciinnation at Bal.nnore ; and we now learu | t >y a letter from General Jackson to Mr. Butler, j ? liat Mr. Van Buren's claims were suppressed, for '* ifter ull, the South thought the accomplishment of c he annexation of Texas might be more safely t rusted to Southern hands. We all know the I1 Northern portion of the democratic party were ti riendly to Mr. Van Buren. Our neighbors q )f New Hampshire, Maine, and other places, tl ivere Van Buren men; hut the moment it was ti icertained that Mr. Polk was a favorite of the n South, those friends of Mr. Van Buren in the b North all caved in. Mr. Van Buren himself h wrote a letter very complimentary of Polk and t< DhIIhs, and found no fault with the nomination, o Now, gentlemen, if they call dougti-f ices those t" who voted for the Missouri compromise, what t inthet shall describe those men here in our New England, who were as ready, not only to Is change and abandon those whom they most tl wished to support, and for the reason to make v more sure the annexation of Texas at the request n nf the South, but who voted tor them through ti thick and thin, till the work whs accomplished! tl For my part, 1 think thnl dough-face is an epi- ti thet not sufficiently reproachful. I think they i] are dough-faces, dough-souls, dough-hearts?that b they are all dough?(great laughier)?that the ti coarsest potter may mould them to vessels of <| lonor and dishonor?most readily to vessels r if dishonor. (Laughter.) And now, wlut p |<> we seel Kepentuncc has gone far with o hem. These are the very gentlemen who es- ti anise with great zeal the interests of the free 1 toil party. 1 hope that their repentance is as sin- u ;ere as it professes to he 1 hope it is honest con- t nrtion, aiici not merely a new cnaiice tor power v mder a new name, and a new party; but, with tl ill their repentance, I see dough sticking on some ri if their cheeks? (great laughter)?and, therefore, tl have no confidence in them?not a Particle. I b lon't tnean to say that the great mass of trie people ti mve not joined with honest motives; but 1 think t hey net rnwisely?under a mistake altogether. ? jut, In n, in regard to others, and especially those . B >el< * >iug to the Van Bntri party, I confess my h lis' ets- If they have repented, let them, before ? ve tiust them, do works worthy of repentance. I k lave said, gentlemen, that in my opinion, even f f it were desirable to place Mr. Van IJuien I< it the head of the government, there is no c diunce for him. Others are as good judges h is 1 am; but I do not see in any State o i ) he Union, any thing that resembles a proja- ' i nlity that lie will get a vote; and, therefore, t think the question is reduced to the issue be- r ween Oeneral Cass and General Taylor. Vou u nay r< member that in the dtscussious of 1H4-4, o i'hen Mr. liirney drew of] a large number of o otes from the whig party, 1 stated here aud else- n vhere, that every vote given for Mr. Hirney, was 0 ih!I u vote in favor of Mr. Polk. Did itiiotturn h ml so 1 Is it not true that the liberty votes gave tl lie Slate of New York to Mr Polk, and, there- o ore, made him President 1 That is as clear as c my historical fact, and in my opinion it will be ust so now. I consider every whig vote given to 1 dr. Van Huron, to be a vote towards the election tl it I li ner,,! f'nss I knnw ih^r.. ii.uu n, I numbers that the Buffalo nominations may draw ci way Ironi the otter party, and thus injure me ci iroaprc'tH ot General Taylor; but 1 apeak at whig di otes, in this or any other .State, and J am i" .( opinion, that evoiy vote given for Mi. Van ?<| tur- n goes for the benvfit of General Cues, vi S'ow ae to General ('ass, we need not go to itie is tullalo platform, to find out what his principles b< re, <>r now he would conduct the government. > le will go into th?- government by (lie same p.nty ot hut eletU d .Mr. Polk, and he will follow in the lu tiotatipt* of his illustrious predecessor. (Vocifer- If >u* laughter.) I hold hun, 1 coulees, in th - pre- 01 ent Mate of the rountiy,to be the nioetdangenous le nan on wht in the powei ol government could h.; ti ilae? d. He wou'd describe Iiiiiim II, not an a con* ti etvi.t ve or a protective, but would say that he be- " oiiged In the pHily ol progress. lie believes tu g lie di Stiny oi the United States, to go turnttgu ts vats ?nd aygressions, to establish a univers ?l go- tt irnnentover the whole ol this vast continent, it Ve know that if General Gars could have pre- ei en led it, the treaty with I'ingland would n ver o ave In?n made in lrv!2 nor it he could have pre- n ei ted it, would the Oregon question ever have * ren tellh d, ne ii was in IWt?. We know that t enersl Cass could have ?m> vented die d ? V la ratio u of the Mencaa war if he pleased.4 " I E R 4 VV e kuoW he Muppoited it with oil Iim nupht, and in all the deliberation** oi' Congress on the matter, that he was for pushing the war (9 fvery extremity. lie. in n man of learning, a ih'an of talent, and in every particular superior to- i.ia predecessor; but I think inm a uentlniion of raxh principles, pushed on by an ardent and rash party, ai'd committed to such a course of administration as I believe not to be consistent with the security and peace of the country. Therefore, gentlemen, it is for you uud me, and all whigs, to consider whether in 11114 state of the case we can or not, we will or not, give oor vote to the whig noiiiiinuion. I leave that to every man's conscience 1 have endeavored to state the case as it presents itself to nte. If.-lore General Taylor's nomination 1 always said, when the subject was mentioned by my friends, that I did not, and could not, recommend the nomination of a military man for the office ot President of the Umteif States. It was against my convictions of what was due to the best interests of the coun'ry. I stated too, that if (fen. Taylor should he nominated by ttie whig national convention fairly, 1 should not oppose Iiih election. I stand now on the same declaration?he has been nominated by thai convention fairly, as tar as I ran suppose, and 1 cannot and shall not oppose his election. At the same time there is no man more dimly of opinion that such a nomination was not fit to make. But the declaration that I would not oppose (fenerul Taylor, if nominated by tire whig party, is 111 the nature of things liable to some exception. If I believed hint to he a man who would plunge the country into further wars for the purpose of ambition or coiniuest, J I would oppose him, he he nominated by whom he might. If I believed that he was I a man that would exercise his influence tor the further exclusion ot the slave power, f would oppose him, let hun be nominated by whom lie might. Bat I believe that he te not 1 man of this description. 1 believe that he lias been from the first opposed to the policy ot the Mexican war. as impro|ier, imiKihtic, and reprehensible. I believe, from the best information I can obtain?and you wijl take tins as my opinion ?that he has no disposition to extend the slave territory of the United States, nor increuse the dave influence in the councils of the nation. Tiut is my opinion. Gentlemen, thus much may be considered as applying to the Presidential election as a national question; but the case by no means stops here We are citizens of Massachusetts, and are wings of Massachusetts. We have supported the present government of the chute for fears with success, and 1 thought most wings were satisfied with the administration of the Stat1 ^oveiniiient; but now it is proposed, on the basis A this Huflulo platform, to create a new party hat will carry its operutmns u .Mate, is well as our nationul, election There is to ie a nomination for Governor usi Mr. Brigga, >r whomever else may benoniii i by the whigs, md there are to be uoniiiiatioi -inhere of Congress in this, and,! presun < 1 y other lepartment of the commouw mat the iretcut whig members ot Cong. what s the utility ol that 1 We have era in lie Houae of Representatives, and i > ten nen in the commonwealth, of any parly, more uitable to represent you, or more luliexiole m ojimting slavery in every form. And what will be he ret-ull 1 Suppose that a considerable number if whigs, from the various districts, secede from no wing party ana join tnis new party, what will te the rebuilt W hy, don't we Know what has tappened even in this county t Don't we know hut tins district has been unrepresented tor year liter\eart Even in his presence, 1 may venture to allude to iis present representative, Mr. Hale. Do you want a nmn to be more sincere than Mr. Mr. Hale on this question t Why, 1 undertake to s-uy, iliut there is not one of the litierty party, or ot this new party, it it should he formed; and it he be not nominated, ten to one he wili be nominated by tbc wings tnenibelves; and what will be the consequence 1 I remember, gentlemen, it to have occurred that an important question in Congress was lost for the want ol two or three members whom Massachusetts might have sent, but rhon, on account of differences among the wings, I she did not send. That question went wrong, and it would have gone'right if our representatives were there. And 1 foresee, if iu this district any I sonsideruhle number o> wings think it their duty I :o bupport Mr. Van lhiren, oi the persons they will i lonunate--! foreeee a similar stale ol tilings. We I ihull be without a representative, in ull probability, | or the first session of the next Congress, when 1 he great battle is to be fought on this slavery uuesion. lam sure that iionest, intelligent, and pariotic wings will lay this consideration to their onsciences and judgments, if they think they uglit to he justiiied. Gentlemen, I will detain | ou a few moments longer. You know that | gave my vote in the Senute agtinst the maty ol peace with Mexico, because it contained ! Ins cession of territory, and brought it under the iiiLnritv ill the 1 nlted States, witn a nl-ilae fur ' 11 tutiue tunc; the great, vast, and almost unknown | (lUntrn b ot New Mexico and California. One of | lie Senators, Mr llerrit n, had moved a resolution reviourly, to the eilect that the war ought not to ie continued lor the purposes of conquest and ac ti^Mon of territory hy the sword. He declared hat the war with Mexico ought not to he prosecuid by the government with any view to the disumbermeiit ot that republic, or the acquisition y conquest of any |>art ol her territory, and I beeve that every whig but one in Congress voted jr it. l>ut the senators belonging to the locofoco, r democratic party, voted against it. Tie Senaurs Irom New Vork voted ag >inst it. One of the maters from Maine?General Cass, from the free iiate ot Mu lligan, Mr. Fairfield, from Maine, Mr. idee, of Connecticut?all voted against it, and (ie resolution was lost. That was the vote Inch these very gentlemen, some ot them proinient friends of Mr. Van jturen, and ready to ike the field for him in respect to free soil? leee very gentlemen voted against this resolu- I on. They were willing to bring in this territo- j and then have this squabble whether it should e slave or free territory. 1 was ot opinion that ie Hue and safe policy was to shut out the whole ueslton, by getting no territory ut all. The teritory will do us no good it tree. It certainly will reduce great disorganization, if the government 1 it ' e tree. It wil. give u great preponderance a the South in the Senate, even if it be free, at us ktep it out, then. H it no. Gentlemen, ut n important crisis in English history in the eign of Charles the Second, when the country nh? threatened by disputes about successions to j tie throne, a prooosiuon was submitted to re- I jove him from the succession. Some one said 1st was a harsh measure; that it would be j t'lirr 10 uuiiiii mill aiiu uiru pui a mnili- i ion on liia time. The debate went on tor j nme time, when a plain man rose, and i aid: "1 hear a lion m in the lobby: say, I 1r. Speaker, shall we shut the door, and keep ! im out; or let him in, and then put him out gain 1" Now, 1 wan lor shutting the door, to eep the whole country tree, and, in addition, to listen it with bolts and burs ; but others were tor tiling in the lion, and the country has a right to all on them for the consequences, and to keep nni from disturbing the peace of the whole Una. Vhen the Mexican treaty came before the Senate, t had certain clauses ceding New Mexico ana 'slifornia : a Southern gentleman, Mr. Badger, noved to strike out those clauses. Weil, you nderstand that it a motion to strike out a clause t a treaty be supported by one-third, it is struck ut ; in oiner vvoiUb, two-ihiiiio ot tne Senate ium agree to tVery clause oetuie it can be coiii tiied- The vote on this question stood '.o 14. ourteen were in lavor ol sinking out, and luny-eight were against It. Fourteen?not iie-thnd. And among the votes were four ast by New l'ingieiid men, for trie acquisition I tilts new territory. Wrist was their reasou 1 'hey said we must have peace ut any rate; and lat was ihe suit ot apology winch was ottered. 1 unlets it ratior annoyed me at the tune, that a Main portion ol the public press, in the large cm s, Nt d out peace, mo, in me Buuir ythy, miu uu ioae terns- 1 hope lcm hh ardent a lover ot -lite as any man living; but 1 do not t'eel disposed i be carried aw-ag wun the notion that peace is double, whatever the terms may be on which it obtained. In the hrat place 1 believed, and still ;lie\o, we could have struck out all this acquilion ol lerriloiy, and get peace just as soon w thIIII. 1 was willing re.idy to try this, to rere thisterntory .uiidtheo go before the people, and arte it to them to s.iy whetner they would carry i the war luither lor the mere acquisition ot riiioty. Ou thia ground I voted against the arch oi the trouty, and against the ratili :aou ot it. It wun a couiM* that eoinnieiided sell to my conscience, and I would still run a ti titer tush, anil would lace still a blither shock, tl> te 1 agreed to the accession ot any territory it,t imposed on ua the necessity ol adding any aire slave teltllory to this Union. ( eultcitieii, nee I had the honor ol receiving the invitation I hi) lrUww-$ii?7.i ns, I lound it necessary, in the I. lhalgeot toy duty, though Willi great tncoiii iitenie t.i n?y h enlth, to go to Washington, and i. pn-eeiit at the closing ace as ? t tin- session 'ou kuow that titer' w .ij, hn important lino- there a tcgntd t? the Of.gou btll. That bdl p lai- d'o lL T>: TWO CENTS. i Oregon, but more particularly to the new ternto*jr; The amendment put to it by the Senate was, in effect, that the new territories should be slaveholdmg States. The House disagreed to that proposition. The Senate, after debiting it, as you know, receded from the amendment, and the bill pureed, establishing Oregon as free territory, and nniking no provision for any new territory in the South. Now, gentlemen, I will aay that rny vote, and the reasons for my voting on it, are known to the good |>eoplr of Massachusetts. W>- have not heHtd that they expressed any paiticulardisapprobation on it; but this question i* to lie renewed at the fir?t session of the next Congress. Ft willenterinto thievery election; and, gentlemen, I will venture .to wry two things The first ih well known to you. 1 that General Cans is in l.tvnr ol what is c iilerl i the compromise line, and that the provisions of the i Wilniot proviso, or the ordinance of 17S7, ought not to be applied to territory lying aouth ol 3H .10. That ia Ins opinion It he luid not annoiinced I that, he would have been 31130, or more, trom the prohnhility < I a nomination hy ilie It diuiiore convention. Well, then, I undertake to say, in the next place, that he will do all lie can to establish , that compromise line; and lastly, which is a m*t| ter of opinion in my conscientious belief, he will I establish rt. (Jive him the power and pitrnnage ! of the government?let hiin exercise itovr c?*ri tain sections of the country?let it lie a question lor future consideration?tney will settle it that | Oregon shall be bee, and leave Mexico and Cali| forma to be disposed of hereafter. La*t him have j the power of this government, and, with this I inducement, I very believe, that unless there is renewed strength in the whig votes in Conpress, he will accomplish his purpose. Gentlemen, I came here to confer with you us friends and countrymen?to sjieak my own mind; but, my friends, if you were ull to speak yours, and take up as much tune hh I have June, we should Ifuve a late meeting I shall detain you no longer, i have been long in public life ; rather longer than I shall remain there. I have had some participation, for nearly thirty years, in the councils of the country. 1 profess to teel strong attachment to the liberties of the United States, to the constitution, and the free institutions ol our beloved land. I feci every injury indicted ou it almost aa a personal ujury. 1 blush lor her laults when I see them committed in the public councils, sh it they were faults or mistakes ol my own. i know, that at this momeut there is no object on earth that is aiiractiug so much tl> m/.c of the inn-Hi! rut and civilized portion of ill- world, as this ureal republic. All men l< ok us. All men examine our course. All good n are anxious lei lavorablo result to this great experiment ol republican liberty. We are on the summit of tue hill, and we can't be hidden We can't withdraw ourselves from the commendation or reproaches of the civilized world. They see us as that star of empire which, half a century ago, was predicted as making its way westward. 1 wibIi that they may see it as a inild, brilliant, though placid orb, making its way athwart the heavens, to the enlightenment ana cheering of mankind?not as a meteor ol fire end blood, terrifying the nations. Mr. Wkhstkk then introduced ilirum Ketchum, Ktn , of New York, who irude a brief speech; and the meeting adjourned. Police Intelligence. Jl Large Pu linen in a Smalt IKuy ?The business at the police offices, yesterday, were all In a ntna|l way, although plenty of them Justice L-vthrop committed to the city prison and UlackweU's Inland, siaty-eight butnan beluga. charged with petit larcenies, assault an (I hatterten, disorderlies, and vagrants. Rather n heavy haul In a email way Shooting with Intent to Kill.?Officer Watson, of th? Gth ward police, arrested. early yesterday morning, twol)utchnien, called Andrew Nelson and John Henry Rsgen* who live in a basement at No 101 Leonard street. both being concerned in shooting a negro by the name of Den Moore, with a pistol. It appears tbta negro was in the habit of viaitiog a Dutch woman in that vioinity aa a kind of a shady rAtVe amir, which the Dutchmen thought was infringing on their rights. Several times be has been warned by the Dutchmen to keep easy ; but still the "beau uig" was faithful to his lady love, braying all dangers In order to pledge his faith, l.aat night the Dutchmen wer- determined to stop his fun and arming themselres wito a pistol, leaded with powder and bucsshot, laid off very coolly for his appearance; when, just at the hour of 12 o'clock, Mr. " Nig" made his appear*uce. and was humming. " Ah ' dare is de spot, an i toy lovo she looks so neat," when bang went the DuLchmau's pistol, and down went the negro, hallooing out murder, watch, ike., which brought the aid of the above officer, who took both the Dutchmen into custody. The wounded man van I u It n n t r\ than afullrin hnii^n in n hl..?,li -?- ? *L shots bavi ok taken effect on the lower part of hie abdomen, inflicting several dangerous wound*. Tha Captain of Police fient the negro to the hoapilal, and the Dutchmen weie both Inrked Dp to await the re-ult. Charge of Stealing a Cool ?Officer Prinoe Job* Davie arrested, yesterday a black man by the name of Win. U. Dance, on a charge of stealing a cunt, worth f'J6, from another black,man by the naqa ot Henry Downing Justice Lothr'op looked him up in the Tombs for trial. The Gient Robbery Exploded ?On la't Tuesday. * published the reputed robbery of ISuO sovereigns valued ai over Ji'is 0. aaid to have been contained tu a canvass belt, aioutid the body of Kobert Reynolds, of Augusta, Mitbigau. who alleges he was robbed on Saturday night, a week ago. supposed to be done, at that time, In a hi use at No. 141 Anthony at., on the Five Points. Robinson, the keeper of the house, together with his wile and four female boarders, were all arrested, oa suspicion of stealing the money, and detained for a further examination These arre-ts were made on Monday last, and since that time active exertions have been made by the police, in order to discover ths thieves and the money. Still, the magistrates, and many of the oflioer*, were somewhat doubtful if ever that amount of money was taken in the manner alleged ; as 1600 sovereigns would weigh over J5 pounds, making a very uncomfortable weight to be fastened around the body,?yet Mr. Keynolds inadu a positive affidavit to such lieiug the tact, telling a very plausible aiory besides , although not i(uite ao etlenlive aa that related by ltuben Itowley, and the Mulagatoon Perch, as the police, since tbul humbug have been nc re on their guaid in such matters. Vesterday however, a considerable light waa thrown on the whole affair, by Mr Fallon f rmerly keeper of the City Prison, and Constable Joseph, who. from information, arrested two men, ended Joseph II Deluce, and Stephen Sherwood, on suspioion of having stolen the sovereigns On being brought before the magi-trate they acknowledged tna laiceuy. but declared that all the uiouey they found in the bell was sovereigns, and the msnuer in which the robbery was effected they related the follow!ag particulate:? It appears that, on that Saturday afternoon, about three o'clock. Deiuce no t Reynolds on the corner of Rchde and Centre streets. Key nold asking what tune the Albany boats left the city. This led to turther conversation, and th y both walked together to the grocery store on the corner of pllm and Keado streets, where they went in and took a drtukj then Reynold.- conitm nee J to brag about how much money he had ahout bis pet son, and offered to bet drink* tuat he had 1 .MSI sOVerei,rti- in h belt trnnnil hi- h.?J a Ihii bat wee taken up by tlie thieves,hop! ug tolo*e the drl uks that their chance bo gicater. To settle the but, the belt *?? shown, when it wait clearly seen in*:, instead if 1500, tbtir did not appear to b- more r.bsn 3o I'aa bet, of course. was decided against Keyuolds. who paid the drink*. and accompanied L>< luoe to a porter bousn in ' hatham street, where more drinks w.-re givea * Reynolds, who became i^ulte drunk. The piau waa than suggested how to rob bun. ?o in order to e?ct that obj-ot, lleluee Sherwood, aud a insu called Wil ltam Sinclair, procured a carriage at the I'ark, ab mt 8 o clock, put Hey noid- therein, and all four rode up to the corner of 24th atraal and 7lh areaue, wh-.e toe tlirae thieve* took out Kay noble, who waa belpieaa from tbe allacta of lienor, paid the hackmau, aud off tbay started leading along Keyuolds like a ohiid. They * ait-ad along into 2i)ih street, where, by a fejoe tbey laid their victim down; cut olf the belt, wmoh tin y eay only contained 28 sovereign-, and left bin asleep, where the policeman f oind biui at three o'clock the naat morning This piuuder waa difldid into thr>efi(ual parts betwecu the th.eY.-a. '1 ba canvass belt was yesterday pr ?luced and id n? bad by Keynolds, as the one that be said noma ued the money; when, upon examination it wa? Oieariy shown that the belt would not bold 3o<) sovereigns ...... O m.,,? 1 Me, O. Il.vnr.l.l. Ill,- t-.. I bring nhown, confirmed the previou- MMptcioan of Juntir* l.atbmp who codiiuIited Reynold* to prima on i cbaipe of perjury. 'J hfjiuotucf winch in ??ll to I a >e induced Key noldi to nwear be w?n iol>b.-d of tni* leige amount, if from the tact thai the greater part belonged to bin orphan nepbewa renldiug in viioiiigaa, and he (ItejuoitlnJ wan au ing aa their agent, having txeii to h.Dglntidfor that pu.-pone to receive the l~g*uy. 'l'hu? the facte naod at prceeut, instead of 1 .kmj mvereiatm heii g loet im carom to hjr llejuotdn toere ??t but 28, which thrown a very xtr-iog mi plrion no H-jmid that nonie motive ?a-> mienaed. when nwrinug totheauiouut of unint) lout. Justin* l.oibrop c ?mndlted the thieven lo priMD, and liltcwine Mr I'.eyiioldn, in order-to thoroughly iuventigato the whole afla>r which at prceeiit m rather myaterloun A vlr (evrfi lUiinely. au boncnt and hardworking shoemaker, reetding in the 8th avenue, wan nrrenC-d by the police OU auepioion of robbing Itrynoidn; but upoia iuv<>ligation, the inag.ntr i.e wen ioily natmfl-d tn it he wan an innocent wao. u<I divchwged luin at once IHtrharged ft" Arre t ? Mr Hnbloion ?ml wifa, t> g? tlicr ? lib the ti'i>r ntii.r romalm, who worn uocbr imat woio y???rr.Uji dirchargod by th* caagMtrato, ar upon tho uriwt id itb?. ?er? ?b>?u lo bo 1 it t?o< ?'nt of tie ctwrgo ailo.p ! agatnul thorn Stealing a llhgert.?OBlcor* Sbadholt and Vloal of tho IPth waid, nf??Vil )f>t.nUj A u.?n calli'd Jaoiib HI.imiu on a cba- > 0 of kfcaliukt n ?pr!?g *? /?>a v?luo<l ?: >tU, tb? |.i0|nuy if Haminn )| DraifH, eift?l of IJ-iitid aa.l Orchard alrccta, JuaUco C?.-b <rne <l*tu'n d Ibe bceiiK J for a futlhrr hi-uring fi?"?T?! Sro't and f.nulj * Tv In Mbaayon i-ridny, urn;' tv N\ > vi*\