Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 6, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 6, 1848 Page 1
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I ?? I AjUf 4.YU- .* .*35L TH i tur=7 v.. . ! NO. 5208. INTERESTING FROM SOUTH AMERICA. The A flairs of La Plata. ctDrniiT nfauA unnro oi uviau I/MM* a x vniig TO THE NEW YORK HERALD. j We had an arrival yesterday from Buenos Ayres, ! with accounts as late as the 28th of June. The 1 Frederick Ernst, the name of the vessel arrived, brought us also some very interesting letters from our correspondents, by which it will be seen that the blockade has at last been raised at Buenos Ayres and at Ensenada. At the latter place, many vessels of all nations were lying, including some belonging to the blockading parties. The bark Maid of Orleans, of Salem, was the first vessel to enter Buenos Ayres under the new arrangements. The letters we subjoin, and they will be found replete with interest. Ensenaim, Province of Buenos Ayrks, ) June 10, 1W8. $ 1 have spent the greater part of the last summer in travelling through the country, and in examining its character and productions, and the manners and habits of its people. 1 may, perhaps, hereafter, give you the result of my observations. For the present, I will only say, that the country is one of gre^t capacity and beauty, and the climate one of the,most delightful in the world. The whole country, as you ure aware, is one wiue-spreaa yan\j>u, or prairie, imd is much more easily brought into cultivation than our prairies ol'ihe West. At present, it is almost entirely laid off into immense tracts, called cttuncias, and devoted to purposes of grazing?the raising of cattle, horses, and sheep. They raise, comparatively, but little wheat and corn, or any other produce. Such has been the troubled and fluctuating state of the country, for many years past, 111 consequence ot revolutions, wars, and domestic teuds, that agriculture has made no progress. One ol the great merits of the present able and distinguished Governor, Kosas, is his attachment to agriculture, and his long continued and energetic ettbrts to introduce a better system?or, rather, some system? of husbandry amongst his countrymen. It was from liie plough, and lrom the employments of ihe field, tnat ne was first called to his present position. Still, agriculture has made little or no {rogress. The greater part of the land lies as unroken by the plough as it was three hundred yearaago. Yet, I cannot but suppose that a country softitije, so easily cultivated, and with u climate so mild, will, some day, sustain a population bearing some proportion to its extraordinary advantages. The present state of affairs, in renard to its foreign relations, is really a most extraordinary I one. The English and French governments having, in the most unnecessary and the most unjust manner, presenttd themselves, as forcible intervcntors in the internal and domestic aflairs of these countries, they have iulhcftrd the greatest evils and distresses, not only on the people of these governments, but upon all that vast neutral commerce which hud its connection with these waters. This intervention is really one of the greatest outrages of modern times. It had no excuse or justification. It was gratuitous and unprovoked. And the blockade, which was resorted to, as a co ercive measure, has been conducted in the most unjustifiable and unprecedented manner. That mtOdling and grasping spirit which lias, from time to tune, excited these intervening governments to interlere in the political afiairs of this continent, seems to have urged them into the present outrage. A spirit of colonizing, on the part of the French ; a desire for cotton lands and more markets, on the nart of the English; speculation, profit, and plunder, on the part of both, were some of the very disinterested and harmless motives which have involved these countries, und all holding commercial relations with them, in such lasting imiuriea, and vexatious '.osses. The motives which prompted the undertaking were bad. The policy by which it was guided, proceeded upon a miscalculation. The measure was a political blunder, and all the negotiations by which it has been conducted, have been political blunders also. It was founded in injustice ; it has been prosecuted in folly. Wh?t a spectacle do the governments of England mid France present! They wantonly inflicted thejgravest outrage unon the sovereign rights ' of an unoffending people. After blockades and : bombshells had been tried without effect, they 1 resorted to the powejr and arts of diplomacy, j jNegoiiution after negotiation has been set on j JlOOt : missions unci ministers nave unniwru cauu other with the regularity and almost with the rapidity ot the seasons. Palmerston and Gutzot have employed their choic st lojnc and keenest negotiators to carry out their policy, yet all have failed. Why! Justly, simply because Governor Jtosas planted himself resolutely and mimoveably lipon his sovereign rights, and determined never j to yii Id them, never to surrender them, he the i consi iiience what it niieiit. Unanimously sustained by his people, the"simple power of truth has, so "far, prevailed our diplomacy and force. Ana thus, governments that call themselves Iiowerlul, see tliemsevles bullied in their purposes, lecause those purposes are weak and wicked; and because they have neither the magnanimity ia withdraw voluntarily lrvni 11 fulse position, nor the moral. courage to prosecute so unjust a cause, with the ligors of actual war. The present mission, like all that has preceded it, has tailed. These ministers caine instructed with the bright idea of attempting to separate General Oribe from General Kosas, and thus to patch up an arrangement, without the consent of the latter, leaving all the questions pertaining to the rivers, and so lorih, open?fruitful nest-eggs, to be hereafter wanned and hatched bv circumstances, into renewed controversy and outrage. ^ ' I 1 tan K_ ATCnerill vriur uyicru w tcnuni |<iu|>uciuuii3, c .?./ject to the approval of his confederate and ally, governor Rosas. Governor Rosas disapproved them, and showed that they were inadmissible. At this point, negotiations ceased. At tins moment, too, the news of the revolution in France arrived, and the functions of Baron Gros ceased also. He returns to France in a few days, and is Jo be replaced, as rumor hns it, by Rerier. The port of Ensenada, from which I am writing, about iO miles below the city of Buenos Ayres. is now open, and is tilled with the vessels of all nations, including several of England and France themselves. The blockading force is withdrawn from this place, but still remains before Buenos Ayrep. Upon what principle the next chapter of negotiations will open, remains to b? seen. Should I get back from a trip up the country, which I now contemplate taking, in time to do so, I shall let you know. Ensenada, June 19, 1848. I wrote you a few days ago from this port, since when, very important changes in the affairs of the river, have taken place. We are just informed here, that day before yesterday, Admiral Le Pridour, the commander of the French naval forces in the Plate, ollicially notified the Buenos Ayreun government that the blockade was raised on the r,f tin. river : but that it would he riiridlv ncoi CIUV V. ?-..-w , - _ _ a enforced on the east side, and against all porta and places occupied by the forces under the command of General Oribe. Whatever motive may have influenced this measure on the part of the jnterventors, the advantnge to our mercantile interests ss the same. It wus trnly time that a change should be made. The proceedings in this river, during the last thiee y^ars, have no parallel in modern times. For my. own part I do not hesitate to characterise the policy heretofore pursued by the governments of England and France, as the most unjust.and foolish that ever was projected or prosecuted by any ret ot men possessing common understanding. Foolish' utterly unwise ' grossly unjust! Foolish and unwise, as a coercive measure against Governor .Rosas, inasmuch as it did not incommode him in the least; ami unjust, to the last degree, against neutral and unoffending parties, whose commerce was taxed and burthened with the expense of its prosecution. By a regularly organized system, prosecuted in the most open and shnmrlera manner by the blockaders, all vessels from beyond sea were forced into Montevideo, and theie obliged to discharge their cargoes, and pay the most exorbitant duties, fx lore they were permitted to ship them in small craft, to Buenos Ayres, or to any other port of the river. This they did m the faue of the civiiuoJ E NE MORNir* worJd, whilst pretending to enforce a legal blockade, and under color of international law, but with the avowed nnd onenlv declared nurooae of supporting a small concern in Montevideo, called a government, but entirely divested of all nationality. Ilad any other nation than that ol Great ^ritain, and her late gracious ally, been guilty of s ch glaring injustice, such inexcusable outrages? fi it, upon a weak and unoffending people?and, secondly, upon the most important rights and mteieste of neutral;?how would he indignation of that government, and the wrath of her statesmen, been fulminated against the offending party! llow would the modest Timet have uttered its disdainful Barcasnis, its withering scorn, its arrogant abuse, and hiuled its editorial holts against such conduct of a different party, so wholly without excuse or palliation, as this of its own government. Its wrath would have known no hounds; Its denunciations would have exceeded the roar of the lion?they would have arisen to the dignity of thunder. But here has been a system of legally organised piracy?in legal acceptation, it is nothing else?in operation for nearly three years, and not only the great embodiment ol wisdom and politicaltiioraluy, the Timet, hut all Christendom, is silent. Great events elsewhere appear to have absorbed public attention ; and this small outrage, this modest attack upon thp sovereign rights of two independent and unoffending governments, and plundering upon the commercial interests of all the world besides, has been left to the management and caprice of agents, whose great distance from home seems to have relieved tliem from all wholesome responsibility, and to have allowed the passions or the whims ot the moment to dictate or prosecute a series of measures, affecting in a vital manner the most sacred rights ot nations and of individuals. Well, after n thousand fluctuations and modifications of their measures, they have at last raised the blockade from this side of the river entirely. This is one of those sudden moves in this wicked farce, like many others that have preceded it. It seems to have been done with the same caprice, and with as little concern to offer a reason for it, as there was for first putting it on. Our vessels are now gt tting out ot this little place, as fast as possible, and going up to Buem s Ayres. Our merchants at home, however, should bear in mind that if vessels trom the high seas stop at Montevideo, only long enough to have an endorsement placed upon thnr papers?and if they approach the port and suffer themselves to be boarded?some'such endorsement will certainly be made?that they will not be permitted to enter here. The decree of this government, to that effect, is rigidly enforced. Btinos Ayrks, June 19, ltflS. Another act in the ridiculous farce of AngloFrench intervention in the affairs of La Plata is concluded. Yesterday the blockade was raised from the ports and coasts of Buenos Ayres, and again commerce with this place is nominally, as well as virtually, free to all nations, provided, always, that vessels in coming here do not touch at Montevideo ?this restriction is imposed by thi? government itself. \ou are aware that Baron Gros and Captain Gore have been the last royal performers in the ludicrous play. They arrived at Montevideo some two or three months since, and have been very busy negotiating with General Oribe, occasionally sending up a steamer with despatches to Gov. llosas; but all to no purpose?the " old gaucho" remained firm and immovable, determining not to surrender the smallest particle ol his independence, and he is victorious. Three years have France and England been settling the affairs of La Plata, and for 999 days have they been blockading Buenos Ayres; and what have they accomplished 1 Nothing?absolutely nothing?save the destruction of their own commerce, and that of other nations, with this place. Both ltosas and Onbc are much stronger in tneir respective positions than when the intervention commenced, and it requires all the propping of both England and France to keep tne 41 anomalous " [government of Montevideo from toppling down Yesterday morning, the French vessel of war off this place, sent an officer ashore to give notice of the discontinuance ol the blockade, and to say that the vessel would sail for Montevideo to-dav, and would carry any letters the citizens might wish to send. He also gave notice that the blockade would be continued on the Oriental coast. Thus retired France; nothing more was said. An English officer came ashore with dispatches, saying, as it is understood, that England would expect this government to comply with the treaty of 1825 with ner, and with the treaty of 1828 with Brazil? thus KnidanH made her exit. Rarnn or rather now, Monsieur Gros, has sailed for France ; but, before leaving, he made some sort of arrangement, or promise, t? supply the government of Montevideo with $40,000 per month for its support. Whether this money can be raised, is rattier a tjuieu sabe case. Already have some of the bills of the French admiral on his government been returned, protested. Captain Gore, the English commissioner, has presented his credentials, and been received us C'n irge to Montevideo?to that government which, not a year since, Lord Howaen declared was divested of all national character and entirely controlled by a foreign garrison, and which has been getting worse ever since. The ruising of the blockade has caused no excitement, produced no rejoicings here. For months it has been virtually ofl, and vessels have been loading and discharging at Ensanada without any sortol hindrance. There is no accumulation ol produce to be shipped, and no scarcity of foreign goods. The questions between England and France and this government, and the question in relation to the legal government of the Oriental republic, arc all unsettled France still retains possession of the island ol Martin Garcia, wrested from this government, and which commands the mouths ol the rivers Parana and ITiuguay. The squ.iuron 01 mis government, capiurea uy, aim divided between, England and France, is still kept by them, and used in blockading the ally of Governor Rotas. The war between President Oribe, aided bv Governor Rosas, and the government of Montevideo, is still continued!? Nothing, absolutely nothing, of good for any party or government, has been accomplished by the three years intervention of what were considered the two most powerful nations of the world, when they commenced intervening. Is not the government of Rosas in a more stable condition now, than that of either of his wouldbe masters 1 You will probably recollect that in one of my former letters, alter the failure of several of the noble missions to arrange matters i here, I suggested that it would be better for Louis Philippe and Queen Victoria, to come over and have a little chat with Governor Rosas, and Dona Mnnuelita. May it not be yet, that this royal 1 pair will be glad to receive the protection and aid 1 of the old rebublican, gaucho, and the hospitable I attentions of his lair daughter 1 A Citizen of the United States. P S.?The Maid of Orleans, from Salem, was 1 the first vessel that presented herself for entrance I here this morning, and is now ready to discharge her cargo. Commencement at Brown Univkrsitv. ? The exercises of commencement week promise to be iimiatiol mtaraaf TKo ornlinn Kufnro fItD Phi Beta Kappu Society will be delivered to-morrow morning, in the Rev. I)r. Hall's church, at eleven I o'clock, by the Rev. Dr. Pomroy, ol Bangor. The j oration before the Undergraduate Societies will i be delivered in the same church, at half-past three P. M., by the Hon. Lafayette S. Foster, of Norwich, Speaker of the House of Representatives of Connecticut. The poem will be delivered by ( harles Thurber, Ks^ , of Worcester. The aadrcss before the Society of Missionary Inquiry will bo delivered to-morrow evening, iu7$o'clock, in the Beneficent Congregational Church, by the Rev. Dr. Cheevcr, of New York. The regular exercises of the graduating class will be held, as usual, in the First Baptist Church. Commencement dinner will be served in Rhode Island Hall, w here much lietter accommodations will be provided than can be aflorded in Commons Hall.? Alter'the dvnnerva meeting of the graduates will be held, addresses will be made, nnd obituary notices of deceased graduates will be given ? Prcrxdtncc Journal, Srpt. 4. Mkvcan Piii/k ?In the United States Distrirt Couit, Monday, Mr. District Attorney Petf.t, filed an information against the schr. Wasp, alleging that veaeel to be a prize of war. It was alleged that the Wasp was. on the 10tn of October. 1*1*, during the war with Mexico, csptured at Laguna, j by Lieut. Sylvanus W. (iodon, of the U. 8. navy, who was in command at that olace, under Com. i M. C Perry. She ia alleged to nave been owned, at that time, by citizens of Mexico: and having i now come within the jurisdiction of the United i States courts, an attachment was prayed tor, [ which was granted.?Pkti. &t*. i W Y( (6 EDITION.?WEDNE Tlie I 'Iv ntlon of ? anatlH?The t im e of tile KIik let ntli Onlury flTmm thi< Tnrmitn K.vjiminKr A nor .10 1 THE THHKATKTSKD RIM 1 IRISH, SKMI-VMEBICAW INVASION. One scarcely knows whether to laugh at the folly, ridicule the useumptioo, or denounce the wickedness, of those reckless individuals in New York and other cities of the American I nion, who ale threatening Canada with an armed invasion. Not an invasion by ihe army ol one nation of the teiritoryol another nation, with which it is at open war; but an invasion t?y foreign banditti, of ihe territory ot an unotlending people. To talk without ineasute, and to boast without stint, are not difficult operations; hut surely the lJevlins, the Mooneys, the O'Connors, una the Turners, are projKisiug too much tu themselves in an ambidexter movement for the simultaneous plunder ot Canada, and the political emancipation of Ireland. Residents ol the United States, who are natives of Ireland, might be forgiven for feeling strongly upon the exciting subject ot the political and social condition of their native country ; but they have no pretext lor interfering with Canada. x iie&tr iiruiura fcriv 10 prujmjjair me nouon mat Canada is ri|?e for revolt, una awaits only an accession of foreign force to enable her to overthrow the existing authority. Never was a representation more false, or a design, than that which it is used to cover, more infamous and wicked. We claim to know something of the rudical feeling of this colony, on which the Mooneys and O'Connors profess to plvce such reliance. That feeling is one ol satisfaction with the existing form of government, (subject to necessary constitutional modifications) honestly and fuirly cariied into ellect; and of insuflerable disgust at the dictation and unasked sympathy of noisy and worthless foreign demagogues. To our conception there is no degradation which we, as a people, could be called upon to sutler, equal to that ol quietly resigning ourselves into the arms of a horde of foreign banditti. We will give two specimens of the not very coherent stjle of oratory indulged in by these very loud talkers. On Monday night, the 21st instant, a Captain Turner, of the American service, and late from the seat of war in Mexico, held the following language at a great meeting 111 Vauxhall Garden, New York. * * * * * # Both these, taken together, look like an invitation and acceptance. But who is it that invites the invader to our soil? and who answers, we accept the invitation? Captain Turner is a very lltullrtl&r if ho Qnnonta I louim an eentative and mouth-| lece ol any considerable section of the Canadian people. Devlin has a small number ot adherents in .Montreal, lie has probably induced some people ;n Mew York to believe that Canada is ready to welcome a band of plunderers to its shores. It so, they are grossly deceived; and it they have become the dupes of Devlin, they are at once objects of commisseratton, contempt and abhorrence. Do they expeet to amehoiate the condition of Ireland bv carrying the torch into Canuda? Does it accord with their notions of justice, that the alleged sins of a British Ministry or Pailiament should be urged as reasons lor invading, plundering, and burning an unoffending colony, in anotherTiemisphere? Do these unprincipled blustersrs pretend to be patriots of a country of which they are not even citizens'! Do they believe themselves apostles of liberty, of humanity, and ol the rights ot man, while they send forth their idle ihreats of taking Canada by force, ol murdering itB inhabitants, and sharing its property amongst themselves'! trance assisted America in its struggle for independence. But the American colonies were in open rebellion; and Lafayette had just conceptions ol what true liberty consisted of. Canada is at peace, with no immediate quarrel with the Imperial government, and infinitely more con ented than she has been for hall a century: while the Mooueys, O'Connors, and Devlins, nave no notion ?,1 liberty unassoI |U nil, .1... ? A.. ... .i-~ Canadian authorities being afraid to stoo the Devlin faction; it had not previously openly threatened any overt acts; and even yet, no man residing in Canada, has, while on Canadian soil, threatened a retort to aims. And then, Barney Devlin is too unimportant to be elevated to the dignity of martyrdom. The proper tune to inteiTere will be when the bounds of the law are overstepped. When that time arrives, the executive authority will be found strong enough, and bold enough, for the emergency. #*### The whole thing looks like a ruse to distract the attention of the British government from Ireland, and cause them to send out additional troops to Canada. There need be no alarm on this score. The force now here is quite sufficient to protect this colony from any invasion of Banditti that could be made upon it. It there were not a single soldier in the colony, the people would be able to protect themselves from such an invasion as that with which they are threatened. [From the Missisqnoi News.] THE THREATENED INVASION. We observe that our Montreal contemporaries are seriously discussing the probability of the peace of the colony being distuibed by an internal invasion of Mr. Devlin s followers, aided by a band of marauders irom New York. We have already expressed our opinion of this sympathy mflvrmpiit nmnnir the Troth nf the neiirhhorine re public. We do not apprehend an invasion. The movement there is chiefly tor election purposes; and partly for the purpose of diverting troops from Ireland to this colony. By threatening Canada, they hope to alarm the imperial government, and prevent the withdrawal of the military force now here, which would piobably follow a serious outbreak in Ireland. That any real, downright attempt to conquer Canada is seriously contemplated by Messrs. Mooney, O'Connor tl al, we do not, for one instant, credit. An expedition fitted out for such purposes, would be an infringement of the treaty be'ween England und the United States, and the Executive of the latter country would doubtless exert its power to arrest the violators of international law. But even if Mr. Polk should interfere only by proclamation, and should secretly wink at the project of annexation, we do not anticipate troublous times. England's supremacy here is not dependent upon the handful of soldiers that garrison our forts and towns, but lies in the affection of the people. The colony is loyal, happy, and contented. If a band of plunderers were to cross the line 45, to rob us of our property, and force upon us institutions that we regard as less perfect flmn nnr iiurn lhr> npnnlp ivnnlr) rmp in fVioir strength from Gaspe to Sandwich, in defence of their firesides, and to uphold the " old meteor hi." We will engage that the undisciplined militia of the frontier only, would prevent any force, not above ten thousand, from marching ten miles into the country. Event hedge would conceal an ambuscade? every bridge disputed by the bayonet's point?every village another Saragassa. " Thrice is he armed, who hath his quarrel just;" and our sturdy yeomanry would leap into the conflict with the spirit of patriots?the courage and deter > inution of their race. The border, alone, would render a good account of a greater force, than Mr. Mooney can persuade to emigrate here, with the twenty-five dollars in their pockets, which is to secure to each pirate, (for there would be nothing but pirates,) a fertile farm in Canada. The idea of invading.* country in order to give it fo called free institutions, is questionable enough under any circumstances ; but the proposition to force upon a united and happy people, a form of government they do not admire?to bless them with institutions and privileges they do not want, and to which they are unanimously opposed, strikes us as being the most outrageous thing of the kind that ever was enunciated. The coolness with which the whole scheme is discussed, by the beer-barrel orators of New Vork, is' absolutely unparalleled. It is time for the American government to interfere, and put a stop to the frothy speeches of Mooney & Co., and the drilling of their deluded followers. II IllttltriEi iuuc wnruici a icai iutniiuu in intended, or whether the object (as we suspect) it to create a diversion in favor of Ireland ; the spirit encouraged by those inflammatory discoursed ia aggressive, and infringes the spirit of the treaty, which the Kxecutivc is bound to sea kent in good faith. We sridiild'not have again alluded to this subject* hail we not observed, in the Montreal Pilot, intimation that the government were in possession of information that led them to lielieve that a sudden irruption was not altogether improbable. We still ircline to believe that all is make believe but na we know not the State aecrets, we do not feel disposed to dismiss every rumor of projected invasion as i. terly false. Let the pirates come, if they dare ! Missisquoi will be found united is one man. Whatevermay be our political drences, love of the mothet country, and a determination to preserve our excellent system of gov< rnment, is common with all our people. The "sj inpathisers" who endeavoi to rob our sturdy yeomanry of their (arms, and the traitor who seeks to aupplant the "Union Jack," will receive a greeting mora enthusiastic, and of a differrnt nature, from what the Kepubli >RK I ISDAY, SEPTEMBER ft, can Union ol Mew \ork apparently expects. Although w$ have never practiced with the famous pike, we are familiar with fir?arms, and luck neither will norcoumce to use them effectually. The Sale at Slow*?The Disputed J>y Auction of n llnnkrupt Nablrnuu'ii Kstate. [Krom tb? London Daily News ] On Thursday the public were admitted to view the works of art and other property of the D ike of Buckingham, about to be sold by auction at Slowe. j This catalogue tsavslume. of 271 pages, and ful his the double purpose of guide book and ticket ol admission to the auction ; lor the possession ol it authorises four persons to enter the mansion each j day, until lite sale is concluded. Slowe is easy of access from London The Wolverton station, on ' the North Western Railway, is within fourteen miles ol the house. In 3\ hours, the sight-seer, the artist, the idler, the collector, the bargain hunter, may find themselves borne from the Kuston square station, and landed safely amidst the multitude of pictures.statues, bronzes, prints, books,

manuscripts, old china, Indian trophies, stuffed buds, ancient tapestry, and other more modern and conilortuble properties?good, had and indifferent?that have heretofore made up the great " show house" of Buckingham, und the ancestral home ol its aristocratic dukes. These multifa- : nous things have now upon ihem that seal of fate, | the label of the auctioneer ; and many of the I throng, who, during the coming month, will jostle I each other through gallery and corridor, cabinet i and saloon, will confess an inward feeling of re- ' gret that a collection, which has been the work of j several generations to raise up, should he scatter- t cti in a lew weeks by the hammer. The wreck of t.1 ..u _ ?l KiiniiicPD JI uc ?MIIy ui u yirni ?uuw house) is seldom a pleasant sight. fcitowe lias long been regarded as one of the \ most splendid tesidences in the kingdom. The i house itsell divides admiration with the grounds in which it stands. The latter owe a portion of I their present beauty to the famous old gardener, | known as "Capability" Brown,, who a century , ago, here reigned lord paramount over lawns, trees, ' and fences, and by his skilful arrangements of 1 undulating surlaces, groves, plantation*, and vis- j tas, laid the foundation of that landscape beauty | now surrounding the mansion. The history of ; the manor is soon told. The Conqueror gave Stowe to the Bishop of Bayeux, and it continued to be the property of churchmen until the reformation. Elizabeth granted it to three gentlemen named Compton, Wright and Meyrick, and they assigned it in fee to John Temple of Temple Hall, in Leicestershire, the ancestor ol the present duke. Sir Peter Temple incjosed about 200 acres of ground for a park, which he stocked with deer from Wickhnm Park, in Northamptonshire. Sir Richard, the next inheritor, rebuilt the manorhouse. On his death, the estate devolved to his son, who was created Baron Cobham in 1714, and Viscount Cobham in 1718, with a collateral remainder of both titles to his second sister Hester, wife of Richard Grenvtlle. Esa . of Wotton. in Buckinghamshire. Lord Cobham died in 1749, and was succeeded by the above lady, who was created Countess Cobham a month alter her brother's decease. Thus the family of the Grenvilles obtained possession of the mansion, estate and titles. The lather of the j#esent owner was created Marquis of Buckingham in the year 1784, Duke of Buckingham in 1S22. Stowe, when beheld at a distance, appears like a vast grove, interspersed with columns, obelisks, and towers, which apparently emerge Irom a luxuriant mass ot foliage. The gardens obtained t^eir distinguished celebrity Irom the alterations effected by Lord Cobham, under whose directions the groves were planted, the lawns laid out, many of the buildings erected, and the corridors and wing6 added to the north front of the houag? The gardens were begun when an affected regularity was the mode, wnen straight paths, canals, avenues, and fountains, were considered as the greatest beauties; and the formalities of art studiously displayed in every shape of monstrous deformity. The suffering; eye inverted nature sees; | Trees cut to statue*, statues thick as trees. Stowe partook of t e general incongruity, and the graceful variety i f nature was tortured into stiffness and absurdity. This state of things, however. was changed. The gardens have been altered with the times, and the natural beauty of the situation has been embellished by the hand of art. The first architectural object which attracts attentii n, is a Corinthian arch or gateway, fiO feet high by CO wide, erected on the brow of a hill, one mile from the south front of the house, after a design of Thomas Pitt, Lord Camelford. The principal appioach is conducted through this building, where a grand display of the mansion, groves, temples, obelisks, and water, is at once presented to tne spectator. At a short distance from the arch is one of the entrances to the gardens. These extensive and highly decorative grounds contain about 400 acres, diversified with a great number of different scenes, each distinguished by taste, nnH pncli havincr a cnmnlete character r>f it? nu-n independent of other objects. The whole is enclosed within a sunk fence, or " ha! ha!"?a kind of boundary, first planned by a Stowe gardener, Brideemann, who destroyed the imprisoning walls, ! and let in views of the distant country by means i of this fosse, which obtained the name of "ha! ha!" from the surprise expressed by the common I [people when they found their progress unexpectedly checked by the concealed barrier. Thisex[ tends nearly four miles in circumference, and is ! accompanied by a broad gravel walk, skirted with rows of lofty elms. This path leads to many of the buildings, and to several interesting scenes, admitting occasional |>eeps into the surrounding park, ana with views of the distant country. Near | this entrance are two Ionic pavilions. In the front of tlnse buildings, the water spreads into a con| sidersble lake, which divides itself into two i branches, ana retires through beautiful valleys to the east and to the north. The upper j end is concealed amidst a mass of woods ; here it fulls over some artificial ruins, and again extends ; its broad bosom to reflect the variegated scenery, j The path westward leads to a rude pile of building, called the Hermitage, and also to the Temple of Venus. This is a square building, decorated I with Ionic columns, and connected by aemi-circu[ lar arcades to a pavilion at each extremity. Hence the paili leads to the Boycott pavilions, designed i by Vanbn gh, and to the principal entrance gate, ' designed by Kent. Returning toward the house, we discover the Temple of Bacchus, built from a : design by Vanbrugh. In the centre of a large law n, encircjed wnh trees, is the rotunda, raised upon ten Ionic columns. These are the principal f .i._ i. i i.. . ?r i CulJcClr I'll uir Dt'iiui ttiiu wrst biucp ui iiic ^aiucu. On the east a smnll rivulet passes through a valley, ornamented with a number of fine old trees, and then empties itself into the lake. The valley includes some of the most charming views and objects in the whole demesne. Here is a Doric arch, decorated with the statues of Apollo and the Muses. Through the arch the I'alladinn bridge is seen. On the right, is the Temple of Friendship : on the left, are the temoles of Ancient Virtue and of liritish Worthies; the one in an elevated situation, the oilier near the water's edge. The three latter buildings are decorated with statues and busts of those persons who have been most distinguished tor militHiy, moral, and literary merit. The house is situated on an eminence, rising gradually from the lake to the south front, which is the principal entrance. It rovers a large extent | of ground, and measures, from east to west (with the offices,) 916 feet, of which the centrical -464 i include the principal apartments. These range on each side iho saloon, and communicate with each other by a series of doors, placed in a direct i line. The saloon is, perhaps, one of the most magnificent apartments of the kind in England, presenting a combination of ohjeeta, elegant, beautiful, i and sumptuous. The expenses attending the execution <! this apartment amounted tojCl'2.000. Its ' shape is oval, measuring 60 feet long, 43 broad, and 561 high. Sixteen elegant scagliola columns, of the Doric order, in imitation of Sicilian jasper, F rise from the pavement, which is composed of the finest Massa Carrara marble. Tuetday was the first day of the public exhthti bitit n at Stowe. A private view had. moreover, i taken place on the previous day, when several noblemen and gentlemen, among whom we may F mention Sir Hubert Peel, had an opportunity of i examining the works of art. The pictwcs were, it m>ra'f!i>, the chief point of attraction. Thy pictures forming the gallery are of less im, poiiant'e than those in many private collections, i and ale second in interest to the articles of rtrfu. The collection consists chiefly of portraits, by English painters; there is a fine full length of Chniles i. by Thornhill, Charles It. and James II. by I>ely ; besides many others by Inm and Kneller. Several portraits are also here by Van Dyck and fir Joshua lleynolds, those by in latter being exclusively likenesses of members of the families of the Dukes of Rockingham. Amongst those pictures likely to fetch s good price may be mentioned Rembrandt's ? Unmerciful Servant," a pic[ tore which was purchased in Amsterdam of the representatives of the family. A representation, | said to be by Leonardo da Vinci, of Diana de i Poictiers, is worthy or attention, as much as a , study of the drew of the period a? for the picture itself, which, indeed, is somewhat of a disagree IER A , 1848. able aspect The portrait of Kutaelle, by lnni\"It, fioin the collection ot the Earl ot Bea*borought is also fine. Two or three of Van Hayes's beauti; fully soft sea pieces struck tie as among the heat I specimens ol that mister. Among the articles (nought from Wootton is Stanfield's celebrated ; picture of " The Wreckers," which seems to have lost much of its original color. Holbein, Miercvelt, Zucbero, Hal va tor llosa, Tlassatlo, Rubens, Lucas van Leyden (we take the names as they come upjietrnost) are represented in the gallery l?y specimens more or less worthy of attention. The armory is varied in its specimens of English arms hy trophies from India and ancient Greece. The sale, comprising almost everything vendable in Hlowe, besides divers articles brought from Wootton. is to last 90 days. The ouly Object* omitted in the catalogue are the books and manuscripts, which are described as being very valuable. But though not comprised in the present sale, we understand that ihev will he disoosed of afterwards. The .la pan and Majolica wares spread out through the divers rooms, form the main >tock of the sale; china cu|>e, plutea, und trays, vases and cabinets, hemg distributed on enamelled and inlaid tallies ol every variety. Though the arrangement of the ornaments has been changed, the general aspect of the whole is artistic in effect. The magnificent services of plate, incl iding chased tankards, ewers, and candelabra, are set out in one room, and form a tine spectacle. It will give an idea of the value of this treasure, to say that its weight is estimated at no less than three tons. The gathering together of so much gold and silver, reminds us of the attempt made by the unfortunate Montezuma, to ransom himself from, the merciless and avaricious Spaniards. Those pieces of furniture which have been particulai ly graced by royalty on the occasion ol Queen Victoria and Prince Albert's visit to Stowc, are set forth and labelled, as likely to obtain increased value Irom the fact. It is curious that evety heirloom in the family seems to have been signed away. Solid ivory arm chairs, given by Warren Hastings, are side by side with the silver toilet tables and glass, given by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, to the Countess ol Shrewsbury. The miniature portrait of Charles II, by Cooper, la to change hands, as well as the celebrated Chandos portrait of Shakspeare. "This portrait," says the catalogue, "is presumed to he the -1, *t._ i: * ..r ? i. ? j tit wuiiv wi DuruBgr, uie mm Jiuiur ui iviuuiiru ill, who is known to have handled the pencil. It then hecatne the pro|H-rty of Joseph Taylor, the poet's Hamlet, who dving about the year 1653, left it by will to Sir \Vm. D'Avenant. At the death ot D'Avenant, in 1663, it was h"iight by Betterton. the actor; and when he died, Mr. Robert Keck, of the Inner Temple, gave Mrs. Bnrrv, the actress, forty guineas for it. From Mr. Keck it passed to Mr. Nicholl, of Minchendon House, Soutligate, whose only daughter and heiress, Margaret, married Jane s, Marquis of Carnarvon, afterwards j Duke of Chandos; from whom it descended, in ( right of his wife, Anna Elisa, the late duchess, to , the present Duke of Buckingham and Chandos." t Law Intelligence. Supreme Court, September 5.?General Term.? i Present Justices Hurlbut, MeCoun, and F.dw&rds. The argument of cause No. 1. Arnold and fVife. el al, I vs. Gilbert, was resumed this morning, and was net l concluded when the court adjourned. j United States District Court, Sept. 5.?Before Judge Betts ?The September term commenced to day. ( A grand jury was einpannclled, and were afterwards i briefly charged by the judge. There are only a few ? unimportant cases on the criminal calendar. His s Honor then proceeded to receive returns of process, 1 and aftorwards adjourned, no business being ready. Common Tleai, Sept. 5.?Before Judge Daly.?David i ML MaiUt th. John Boldu in ?This was an action of f trespass, to recover damages for the al'eged Illegal r seizure of a ootton prers. It appeared that in the j fall Of 1W3. one Terry O Gardiner owned the press in question ; Mollis, the plaintiff, was introduced to Gardiner, and, after some negotiation, the former purchased the press from the latter, for $5 000; Mollis immediately afterwards proceeded to New Orleans 1 with it, and was in treaty with a company in that city, engaged in the cotton trade, for the sale of it, when be was followed by -Baldwin, the defendant, wbo claimed to be a creditor of Gardiner's, and who issued an attachment out of one of the municipal courts of that city against the press, and caused it to be seized and sold. The defence is, tbat there was no sale by Gardiner to plaintiff, and that ' be only acted as the agent of Gardiner in negotiating , i the sale to the company in New Orleans, and also that l the press was a very inferior one, and not of the value put upon it by the plaintiff. Adjourned te to-morrow morning. Before Judge I Dgrah&in?Special Term.? Deciiiont ? Bloomtr ts. Hurrnughet rt at.?Judgment for plaintiff against defendant. Stlllwell ; damages, $3u8 80, with interest from 7tb July, 1S4K. Monmouth H Hart,lute Sheriff, ads. Jhhtr JCerthut.? Verdict oonflrmed, with costs. Framy Krast ad* .Inthony ,1rent.?Motion denied, with liberty to defendant to renew on other papers Elizabeth Judah vs. tVm Jl Hiker.?Judgment for p'aintiff on demurrer ; defendant may withdraw demurrir and answer on payment of costs. Before Judge l.lshoeffer.? franc ft Connor vs. JohnJF. Latum, and others.?This was also an action toreoover damages for an alleged assault and battery, and false imprisonment. It appeared that, In 1S45, the plaintiff boarded in a family, the members of which belonged to a temperance society in this city; that she afterwords got into a difficulty with the family, and wrote letters to the President and Secretary of the society, charging some of them with breaking through the rules and regulations of the society, (sc. ; these letters wore ' answered, and the plaintiff replied ; the reply was directed to Mr. Judson, her lawyer, and put ( into Boyd's express: but it seems that the direction on the back of the letter was so illegibly written. that it was mis-delivered. The plaintiff, when she found that Mr Judson had not received the letter in due course, made enquiries after it. at Mr, Boyd's office; and it was finally ascertained that it was left at the cflloe of Mr I.atson, who was then a broker, in AVsll street the letter carrier, from illegibility of the writing, not being able to distinguish the name of Judson from I.atson. It further appeared, that Mr. I.atson cpened the letter and read it, no doubt thinking that it was intended for himself, and finding that It contained some allusions to the temperanoe cause and toGongh, the celebrated temperance lecturer, whom, it was said was about that time abducted and drugged, he refused to give it up, and. being a strictly moral | man, and feeling a deep interest in the cause of tain- 1 pi ranee, it struck bim that the writer of the letter waa a dangerous person, and that she must hare had some 1 connection with, or, at all events, some knowledge of 1 Cough's abduction ; he, therefore, felt it his duty to i communicate with the polioe authorities, and accordingly waited on the Chief of I'olioe, read over the letter, and prevailed on him to cause the plaintiff to be arrested. Lateon knew that she was in the habit of calling daily at Boyd's Express office, to demand the letter, and he induced the Chief to send down one of his officers to wait there until she called, then to arrest her, and bring her to the office Officer Leonard went to Boyd's, by the Chiefa directions, and waited there until the plaintiff came ; he then brought her to the office, where she was forcibly detained, as her counsel alb dges. from 9 until 12 o'clock, and very roughly used, The defenoe was that the letter was very ambiguously written; that It contained allusions to Cough, about whom there was great excitement at the time ; and the Chief of Tolice thought It his duty to find out who the writer was. In order that, If there was any plot connected with It, the parties might be brought to justice and punished. Under these clrcumstanoes, Leonard went to Boyd's express office, where he met pluinttff, and politely requested her to go with him. and that he would give her the letter She went with him voluntarily to the Chief a office, where she was detained for half an hour, then allowed to depart. The Judge < barged the jury, who retired for a short time and brr ught in a verdict for the defendants. Sitrkmk Court, Sept. 0.?At Chambers?Before Jus- i tic* Kdmond*.? /?? re John Harry't Petition for Hnhem I Cotjiu*.?Opinion-I decide this case solely on the , ground of the validity of the agreement of fth June, 1S3S. the Supreme Court have twice held it to be roid. but the Court ot F.rrore hare twioe reversed that deoltden. In 2/> Wend, both the Chancellor and Senator Paige pronounce It to be valid. and theirs were the ( only opinion* delivered, and all the court, exocpt three m< mber*. agreed with them in the conclusion at which they arrived. When the ca*e reported in 8d Hill wn? before the Court of Krrore, Senator* Porter and Hopkin* not only again declare the agreement valid, but , they alao declare that *uch was the decision of that 1 court of last re?ort in the former ca*e. I am not at liberty to depart from a ruling thu* explicit of the superior tribunal, and I must, therefore, hold that the detention of the child by Air*. Barry I* not illegal. Cot rt or Ova* sen Termirrr, Sept. 5.?Before .ludge Kdmonda, Aldermen IiatUeld and Steven*.? Trial for Murder.?Thomas Hayes, a respectable looking ni-n was put on hi* trial for the murder of hi* wife, with an adse. on the 17th of May la?t. The clerk then proceeded to eall the jury panel, when the following named juror* were (worn Joel Kelly, Wn. Hagndcrn. Samuel Warner Jame* Johnson, K (Joodinough, I). Johnson. D Earl, and William Field. The panel was here exhausted, and the court took a rare** f> r two hotirar to give time to summon a fruah list of juror*. it Tiasoo!) itmoit. The following named juror* were then sworn Win. Itob< ttson ai d Benjamin Tallman. making In all ten juror*. Tha panel was again exhausted and the court adjourned until 10 o'clock this morning, tiret making an order that a fresh Mipply of Juror* nould b? *ummoned oirtiil Skmioni, S<*pt fl?Before the I'ecorder, Aldermen Fitr.gerald and Lodge Jonas H Phillip*, F.eq., A*ei*tant District Attorney ?Forfeited Ksrogaixantt ? Henry Wilson charged with petit laroeny, and aasanlt and battery ; John Dvvin* with the offenoe of pnbile nnirance, and Charle* Aekerly with the crime of grand larceny, not having appeared, their recognisance* were forfeited. William Brown (oolored) wa* pnt forward oharged with Mealing a gold watch, chain, and seal, the property of Mr n 5. Whitney, in the month of July last Binjamiw S. WitiTitr.f testified, that ontheilM July LD. r"?w - - - TWO CENTS. the prisoner, who was employed by him about the house; bo (witneae) went to take a bath, and l-tt. his watch and chain in bio room, in consequence of a n vmnuimention made to him. he bid a warrant issued Hain't prisoner, and had him brought b-f>r? Justice h'lakrly; the value of the watcb. chain. and Seal was $1-10; he acknowledged taking the property, on being arretted, to the policeman, who mwkt tlie arrest Tie aborafacts were corroborated The defeDecshow ed previous good character 'I he jury fbund the prisoner guilty. but recommended bim to mercy The court aentojiced the prisoner to two years' conk me ment in the Slate prison. Henry Hesee was put forward on trial charged with stealing three saws from Richard Amherruan The jury lound the prisoner guilty Sentenced to two years'contlnement iu the State prison \\ illiam White and Charles stabane (sailers) werw T)Dt. forwurrl. rhshrrrewl with riihhinir l? t<.n.?i. e.r?. ..n.Aw watch, valued at $50. on 1-th Aliquot last, in Water afreet Testimony was put in to show that Sir.itb, at the time he waa with the prisoners, had his watch taken from him, and that he was drinking in company ?itb prisoners on the evening of the rubbery The defence showed that the parties were drunk, and had been drinking together on the evsniug of the robbe-r. The jury could not agree, an 1 were discharged. The court adjourned over to this forenoon, at II o'clock. Cot nr Calendar?Thisday.? Circuit Court?11, 16 to 26. -467. 2'i to IK) inclusive Common I'lra,? I'art 1 21,26. 2P. 31. 39, 41. 43.45 47, 49. Part 2 17, 24, 26. Suti, 28, 34. 36, 38. 40, 42. City Intelligence. Wiiat tm: thi Polio: About '?A most disgraceful scene occurred at the corner of I'elham and Cherry streets, on Monday night, in which a genilemau was most inhumanly treated, by a gang of ruffians and Lbere was not s single policeman to be found until they hud made their escape It appear* that the nanllcman assaulted, is proprietor of a factory in Hose street, in which several per*uns are employed and on the evening in question, going from work, they were met and assaulted at the corner of Pelhatn and Cherry streets, by this gang The gentleman being near at hand made an effort to Ret his men fi om anionic them, when they fell upon, and heal him most unmercifully, injuring him bo severely that lie will not be able to attend to his business for several week". It Is too bad, that quiet citizens cannot pa?s along the streets without the assaults of such luillans. and it is worse that when assaulted within a short distance of the police station, there ounuot be an officer found to protect them. Tahobt Excursion.?The Mazeppn Ouards. C aot Casson, composed of the memhers of F.ngme Co. No 48. yesterday passed through Nassau street on a target excursion, preceded by a tine band of mu*ic. They number about forty muskets, and are a robust and hardy looking corps. Moscwrsr to Major (Jkivkbai. Woodiiull.?Tho citizens of Brooklyn are now contemplating the removal of the remains of Msj. Uen Woodbufl, to the new cemetery, at Cypress Hills, and erecting a monument to his memory. He fell in the straggle for American independence, and within sight of the romantic spot'to which they oon'emplate removing hie remains. The cemetery is about four miles from Williamsburg, on the Jamaica turnpike road, and la said to be a most beautiful place for the quiet repote of tho lead. The object is a laudable one, and speaks volume* to the gratitude and patriotism of the oitizena of Brooklyn. New Sciiooi. House ?A beautiful and oommodiou* school house, is now. being completed in Clark, near Broome street, for the use of a public school. It i* [our stories high, well ventilated, and will be one of the met comfortable in the city. It will be known M public school No. 23. Fires.?A (ire broke out about half past three o'clock, >n Tuesday morning, in the building No. 88 Croa* itreet, which was put out with trifling damage. Also, ibout the same time, a fire broke out in the grocery itore of Charles Pioknns. at the corner of Forsyth ana IValker streets; damage trifling. Fell OvEKnoARD?A man. named Patriok Dunni vhile under the influence of liquor, on Monday nights ell into the river, at the foot of Hammond street, and. ?as, with difficulty, rescued from drowning, by the >olice of the 9th ward. Police Intelligence. Defending the Character of a Lady. ? Vesterdar afternoon, constable barber, of the Sixth ward, brought before Justice Timpson three genteel looking yonng men, (some wearing hair around the organ of delivery, and others olean shaved,) by the names of Alexander Cartwrigbt, Jr., John M. Crowell, and David C. Morebead, on a warrant issued by the above named magistrate, wherein they were charged with violently assaulting one James H. Hutching*, of No. 71 Liberty street. On the case being heard before the Justice, Mr Hutchings stated, that, on Friday and Saturday of last week, he was violently assaulted and beaten by Mr. Crowell, while in the Franklin House, who not only struck him. as he alleges, from behind, but bit his finger severely besides, while in a rough and tumble fight, on the lioor, together Mr Crowell then told his side of the question, setting forth that Mr. Hutchings had been using bis name in a very tree manner, which reflected very ungentlemanly on the character of a certain pretty lady, whose husband ia absent from the city. Thus, in the defence of this young lady's refutation. Mr. Crowell called upon Mr. Hutchings, (a few days previous to the assault,) aud asked, politely, for a suitable apology, or retraction, respecting the manner he called his name into question. This apology Mr. Hutchings refused to give, and remarked, that ' ho did not know him, nor did he mean to kuow him," refusing to give any satisfaction. whatever, respecting the language used derogative to the lady's character. The next time they met, twas in the Franklin House, when they both oamo to blows i a clinch ensued, and down they went Mr. Hutchings being the lucky bird, succeeded in keep ng on top of Crowell, who was. from his position, reoeiving the hardest blows, when Hutchings began to gouge the eye of his adversary; and Crowell. to save his eye, seized Ilutcbings's linger in liix mouth, taking nearly the end off. and then be held on like a bull dog. until separated by the friends of both parties. Mr. Cartwright, was charged with kicking Mr. Hutohiogs, but as there was nothing very positive on that point, the Justice decided the matter by holding Mr. Crowell to bail, to answer the charge at Court, and Messrs. Cartvrigbt and Mon-head to bail, in $300 each, to keep the >eace; and thus ended this alTair of honor. Caught at I.att.?A nttorious black fellow, called ienry Anderson, was caught yesterday, by officers -loyd and Joyce, of the 2d ward, on a oharge of steal- * ng a esse of ladies' shoes, valued at $5 80 the property >f a merchant, In I'earl street. The shoes were relovered by the offloers, from Christian Miller, No. 59 fercy street, where they had been sold by the thief. Jif searching the room occupied by the negro, on the sorner of Church and 1-ispenard streets, the officers round a new carpet bag, one trunk containing a lot of valuable clothing, consisting of coats, pants, vests, together with many other articles; a lot of pawn tickets, and a silver Lepine watch. Kor all the latter articles an owner is wanted. Apply to the above named officers. at the 2d ward station bouse Justice Timpson committed the negro to prison, for trial. It'orsr than Dog hint ton.?Officer Brush of the deTenth Ward, arrested yesterday a butcher by the naui* of Henry Braden, on a charge of bringing a cow that was lame and almost dead from disease, supposed to be the milk fever, on a cart from Wililamsburgh. to this city killing her and then dressing the carcase up for market, where It would hare been sold, uad no doubt would have made all sick who partook of the meat, bad It been sold. The police, however, before the butcher had time to dispose of any. took him and his now into custody and conveyed them before Justioe Oshnrns whn condemned the meat. :ind held the butcher to bail to answer the charge. Jlr rest of a Rtttirrr.? Officers A. W. C. Smith and Tattcrfon, of the lower police, ur rex ted yesterday a Herman Jew, by ths name of L. Jalinustien, who keeps % a jewelry store, No. 256 Bowery, on a warrant Issued by Justice Lotbrop, In which he stands charged with purchasing a gold watch, and other jewelry, ralued at several hundred dollar*, from a notorious thief, called Oil Moiier. the watch being a portion of a large burglary, committed in October last, at New Ilareu, ou the Jewelry store of Mr. Oeorge Ol instead. The accused was held to bail to answer the charge. Movement* of Individuals The Hen William L. Marry, Secretary of War. ar. rived in Albany on Monday, from Washington. The Hon James Buohanan, Secretary of State, reached Albany on the same day. (Jen. Worth and family, and Capt. Spragus and ramily, also reached Albany that afternooB. (Jen. Riley passed through Albany on Saturday, westward. Suit ing.?A married woman named Messick, living in the country, a few milea from the city, committed suicide abou( two weeka ago by swallowing arsenic. Nhe lived twelve or fourteen hours Hlter taking the poison, and was entirely consciouH of what she had done, ana statea that she was tired of life and wished to die. The deceased left three children. .She was represented as a fine woman, who unfortunately was allied to a drunken and worthless man as a husband, and unable to bear up any more under the struggle of life, she had restorted to the horrid deed of selfdestruction.? PhiJatlrlfihia Bulletin, Stpttmbrr 4. Hk.ai.tii ok Nkw Wrueans ?There has been a > great deal of sickness in the city during the last week, and many deaths have occurred ot yellow fever. By our weekly report of the Charity Hospital, it will be seen that thirty-nine dearhn of yellow fever took place in thai institution for the week ending at six o'clock last evening. The Hoard of Jlealth will, we understand, meet tomorrow. to take the subject into consideration, and the result of their deliberations we will lay before our readers on Tuesday morning.?AT. Orf*ant fJelta, Auq 27. Uknkrai.Ki.ar.mv came up to this city last Saturday, to answer to the charge of contempt of court, in disobeying an order issued by Judge Hamilton. After a few minutes conversation with his Honor, the Judite, he was discharged from custody ? -Vf. Itovu Rerttllt, An# S'.

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