Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 6, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 6, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. | Ml WwtOmerwrmt Kmiu>n and ? mm, JAJUU OOKDOH UNNKTV, PBOPKIBTOB. THE BAIL Y MERALD? Three edttwn, euery day, Dn?Mi par MW >7 * par iinom 7A? WORNtNO EDIITUN it rub. UM ni 3 e clock. A V . and dutnfrwfad before breahfaet, the Aril ll'IMSti tDlTlON earn be bad of Ih natmbeya' i? 1 VetocKP JUL. ?Md<*a.?wid EYMN1NQ EDITION at 3 o'clock. THE WEEKLY HERALD?Bmrry Saturday.for circular Bm m (A* innc?? Cmiinanf?<K coxa par capy, $3 UK .jw aemmm, Bvert aiaaaa rack* day / European circulation: at per annum, to malaida tAa paatapa. Dla European ediCom mil be printed in the Trench and Hap iu h lanpunpee. ALL LETTERS try mail, for ,ubec nation*, or ioiIA advertwoomnte, mbeurntpaidl, or the paatapa will be deducted from VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, contain** Importairt^iaiaa. eolkited from any quarter of the world: if used unit *AWErKej/eNTS (renewed every morn**, and to be pah knhod to the moraine and eveninp edition,,) at reasonable pnna; to be written ma plain, lepible manner; the proprietor met responsible for errort in manuecript. PRINTING of all kind, executed beautifully end unth do match. Order, received at the ORee, comer of Pulton and "VcTnOTJUE rafcm of anonywtou, communicate** What met w trUrruicJ fat insertion must be authenticated bp the name mud addrne of the writer; net nectttarHy for fublicatioi, but mo a tuaranty of k? food fcutK We canned return rejected AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. PAKE THEATRE.? BRrTUi?Eton BOV. . BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?r? a Diavoi.o?I'et or thr Petticoats? A Tompkins I1lvi-Flyi>g Dutchman. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway?Macbeth?Eton Bct. NATIONAL THEATRE. Chatham Street.?Olb Bwm,?Mtstimii And Mum in or New York?Is Ha Jealovs. NIBLo s, ASTOR.PI.ACE? La Fii.i.e di< Rigixut. BURTON'S THEATRE Chaabers Street.?Old Honesty? MiscHiar Magima?1'aiaca or Pliaitie CASTLE GARDEN?Musical Ent ertain.menta. SOCIETY LIBRARY?jaewsix's Hisrisu. MINERVA ROOMS?Taylor's Campaigns, at3 end SP. M panorama u all? ban yard's fanor amap. at j and s r. m. MEL0DE0N?Magic Mysticism and Virginia Serena era TABERNACLE?Moravian Minstrels' Concert?EthioriAK Singer si Hew Yorlt, Wednesday, September 6, 1848, Actual Circulation of Urn Herald* Ssrtember A Tuesday 22,410 copies Tke pabltaafcon of the Morning Edition of the Herald oom?nee a yesterday at 1U minutes past 3 o'clock, and finished at 25 minute* pait'C o'clock; the tint Afternoon Kditiom oom eoced it 20 minutci fi&et 1 o'clock, and finiahed at 2 o olockt the toeond at 3 o'olock, and bulked at 20 miaotei pa.it 5 o'clock. The Steamship Washington. This steamer is in her seventeenth day. She is loaded deeply, and has, we understand, over one hundred and fifty cabin passengers. The Great Whig Party. The great whig party is in a state of suspended animation. Whatever may be the result of the approaching contest, the organisation, the policy, the system of measures?in one word, the platform of the whigs?cannot be determined upon until the result is known. In the election of Gen. Taylor, the only doubt is whether he will be guided by the old or young whigs, or whether, " assuming the responsibility," he will undertake to act lor himself, independent of all party obligations. It is this uncertainty which has slackened the enthusiasm of '47 into the mere necessity of '48. The evident discontentedness of Henry Clav, the crippling apology of Daniel Webster in behalf ef the whig nominee, '.superadded to the recent letter* of Gen. Taylor, taken all together, make the duty of the wings, in rallying to their noparty nomination, an up-hill business; and were i it not for the equally singular disaffection on the other side?the meeting of the barnburners and " free soilers" in the North, and the personal unpopularity of Gen. Cass.in the extreme States of the South?the campaigmtftould go by default for the locofocos. The fact is, there is neither unity, nor good faith, nor enthusiasm, on either side; and the body of the people, earing little for the apprehensions of demagogues, whether wings or locofocos, have ceased to be dragooned by the empty sounds of party clap-trap and military glory. But Mr. Webster recommends the support of Gen. Taylor, as the least of three evils, and not as a good thing in itself. Mr. Webster stands at the head of that class of whigs legitimately descended from the Hartlord Convention. Mr. Clay is the known chieftain of the consolidated whig party, as it was ; for as it is, there is no head to the whig party, Gen. Taylor having distinctly refused to stand as the exponent of whig principles. The whig party, then, without a leader and without a candidate, without a platform and without an assurance of their man, are in the field against the unterrified democracy, which, though divided in the North and disaffected in the South, has yet the J advantages ef a lull concurrence of their candi- i date, a pretty clear exposition of their intended i policy, and the prestige of past successes. i Altogether, however, the contest is still an uncertain triangular fight; L'ut a speech from Mr. " like that rf '"-eat expounder, would settle l^iar,. ?&- r r - j the question at once, in favor of C.en. vS8?i Objects and Operations of the Barnrt? We expressed our inability to r * v. it r, discover the object of Jolin Van Buren - J ino). Vx**v - lU carrying on a system ot at?a upon Taylor and Cass. Presuming that the design ot John and his associate barnburners is to deteat Cass, it clearly appears to us, that by 'carrying water on both shoulders," he defeats the principal object he has in view, by the election of General Cassv This is shown by a view of the political battle ground in those States where the free soil question will be most fiercely agitated. Jt is conceded by all well informed politicians in this State, whether Cass men, Van Buren men, or whigs, that the division in the democratic party must give the 36 electoral votes of New York to General Taylor. To supi?09e the possibility of a different result, we must calculate on a transfer of at least fifty thousand whig votes from Taylor to Van Buren; and, as we have said before, twenty thousand is a liberal estimate. Those barnburners, M-lin flatter themselves that there is a UCIVIVIV) ?- ?? chance for Van Buren in this State, will probably find themselves as much mistaken as they ware in 1840, when he was so badly beaten by Harrison. Although the force of regular nominations may cause the Cass and Butler electoral ticket to run even better than that of Van Buren and Adams, there can be no doubt that the highest of these democratic tickets will fall some forty or fifty thousand below the Taylor and Fillmore tifcket; even if a demonstration should be made by the young ultra whigs, in running a Clay electoral ticket. 8uch a ticket, under the circumstances, would not probably poll over ten thousand votes in the State?many think not five thousand; and those would be given principally by anti-Taylor whigs, who otherwise might vote .for Van Buren. f*uch being the tacts with regard to the State ot New York?namely, that the operations ot the barnburner* here will deprive Caas of thirty-six electoral votes, and give them to % Taylor?what will be the eflect of the free soif/movement in other Northern Stales, nicely balanced at former elections, and where, qousequently, a alight agitation of the political water# may have the effect to reverse the usual party majorities 1 The States we refer to are as follows Ohio. electoral votes. Indiana " Connecticut . # " New Jersey 7 '? Total " These States, except Indiana, voted for Clay in 1*44, giving him thirty-six votes, and exactly balancing New York, which then voted tor Polk. Consequently, if the free soil movement takes those States from the whigs and transfers them to Cass, parties stand in the northern and middle States as they were in 1H44, notwithstanding the whig gain in New York. Casa is, of course, elected, and all ihe labor* of Mr, John Van Huren go for nothing With regard to Indiana, the probabilities are xh?t tf>e whig* will be more injured by the free oil movement th&a the democrat*?thus preventI ing any change in the electoral vote of that State, 1 i which, if this view ia correct, will be given to i I Cass, as it was to Polk in 1844, unless the tree soil men m Indiana should vote plumplv for Taylor and Fillmore. ' It appears to us, then, that the only way in which John Van Ruren and Mr. Attorney llutler can make their labors effectual, is to transfer " the 6tated preaching of the gospel" to Pennsylvania, where, by co-operation with Mr. Wilmot, of proi mso memory, they may succeed in cutting down i the democratic majorities in the northern and nvj7n.ui uuaiUKD VI IUC l\ryBlUUt OltLlC, HU US III secure t!?.e triumph of Taylor?and thus one grnnd object of the barnburners will be accomplished, namely, the defeat of ('ass?leaving, for future o|>eration8, the carrying out of their free soil notions. The Dity oe 01 r Legislati-re.?The New York Voli'ntkkrs.?The despatches of the commander in-chief of the American forces in Mexico, during the recent war with thut country, bore honorable testimony to the gallantry, bravery, und chivalry of the New York regiment of volunteers. "Without desiring to disparage the brilliant services rendered by volunteers from other States, we think that history wilf bear us out in the assertion, that the New Yorkers accomplished wonders in the brilliant campaign from Vera Crnz to the city of Mexico, and bore their full proportion of the knocks, and earned their share of the glory and renown, in the several battles that occurred between those two places. Our citizens and our public authorities are fully sensible of this, for | they unanimously voted them medals and Hags, and prepared a costly jubilee for them on their re. turn. This was done with the view of testifying the approbation and commendation oi their fellow citizens of their noble conduct, and was duly appreciated by the volunteers. But was this enough 1 We rather think not. We are of opinion that something more is due to them, at least to such of them as have been incapacitated from earning their living by the sweat of the brow, as they were accustomed to do, before the war broke out. We are sorry to say that geveral of them can be included in this category; at least ten, who, from wounds received during that campaign, have been deprived of the means of supporting themselves and their families.? When the requisition for a regiment hom New York was issued, these gallant fellows and their comrades threw aside their implements of trade. and shouldered the musket at their country's call. That country'8 battles they fought and participated jn; but they return to us, not in the condition in which they left?hearty, strong, and ardent?but weak, disabled, and broken down. The question then is, are these gallant fellows, who have conferred so much glory and renown on the Empire State?who have|returned to us, minus an arm, a leg, or been otherwise so much injured as to be incapable of earning a comfortable subsistance?are these gallant fellows to be thrown on the cold charity of the world, and permitted to eke out life on the beggarly pittance which the federal government allows them'! We should think not. We should hope not. Their wants and comforts must be seen to and provided for. The State on which they have conferred this honor, must see that they shall be properly cared for; and we hope and trust that measures of a proper kind will be adopted by the Legislature for that purpose. There is no good reason why this should not be done?or, rather, there is every reason why it should be done. The interest of a com. parutively very small sum?say twenty or thirty thousand dollars?would, in addition to the pittance allowed them by the general government, be sufficient to secure theni against want or inconvenience. Let a sum of this amount be funded and the interest be paid regularly to them, and the State will have done no more than its duty, and ? these disabled volunteer soldiers will have reason tl to believe that their bravery has been properly ap- tl predated. The city of New York has done its share in the good work, and would do more if her puplic authorities considered themselves justified ^ in making appropriations of money f?rtfcSIf bene- ^ fit. But there can be no such scruples on the paf' of the Legislature. 11 We do really hope, that at the opening of the next session of the Legislature, some measure of ^ this kind will be adopted. A more popular one could not be introduced or passed. w bi Stage Drivers and Stage Owners?Gross Negligence of Dtty ?y Policemen.?The daily jmd hourly violations of the ordinances of our city, notwithstanding the great vigilance of our most ^ active and indefatigable municipal guardians, whq altogether number about nine hund^ aw enouf,h to surprise any one wl;-v nas never"looked into the 1( volume of laws relating exclusively to the wel' y. being pf the people of this city; and it would seem ? mat the said volume is a " sealed book" to nearly every man in the community, and especially to the { members of the police department, who, of all per- r sons, should be the most familiar with its contents, j and their details. A few days since, we recom- t mended that each station house should be supplied 1 with n poiiv of the citv ordinances: but we have 1 net heard that any thing has been done in the pre- < mises, and we have an idea of asking Bome mem- ' ber of the Common Council to offer a resolution to provide the desideratum, in order that men who ] solemnly swear to fulfil a certain duty, may know ] what their duty is. We are impelled to the utterance of these remarks by the conduct of stage drivers and stage owners, who carry on their business as if they were the only privileged characters in the communityabove and beyond the reach of all law, or any rule whereby other people regulate their demeanor. Great fault is found with them for blocking up Broadway, below Fulton street, especially th the neighborhood oi Maiden Lane; and we have re- i ceived many communications from persons who sutler daily irom the transgressions of law by the Jehus who drive for all. We have an idea that if t'ue ordinances were properly enforced, Broadway would never be choked up, because then they would leave the lower end of Broadway as fast as they arrive at it; whereas, now they "loaf' along the street at a very alow walk, from Whitehall to the Astor llonse; and when going down to the same locality, they drive at a very rapid rate; thus going in a great deal faster than they come out. This causes the great crowd in the lower part oi Broadway; and to remedy this evil, an ordinance was passed, of which the iollowing is a copy of the tint section:? The owner or driver, or person having oharge of any stage or accommodation coach, shall not drive or permit the same to be driven in the city of New York, at I greater speed than at the rate of six miles an hour, nor at a less rate than four miles an hour, unless obstructed in the streets, under the penalty often dollars for every such offence. The provisions of this section are too plain to be mistaken, and are sufficient to abate the nuisance eomplained of by our numerous correspondents; but yet, we, see no effort made on the part of the police to enforce them. What is the cause of this gross negligence of this important duty! It is not that those chosen and most select personages have so much other business to attend to, that they have not time to look into Broadway, now and then; for we every day see them walking leisurely, or sitting lazily, in thatgreat thoroughfare, even in the vicinity of a large jam of omnibuses, extending a whole block, appearing to be as insensible of any violation of the ordi nancfH, aa arc inc *ciy im^-Diunc? uu which uiey stand and walk. If such conduct is allowed by the Mayor and Chief of Police, what is the use of the ordinances'? If it is not allowed, then let the ordinances be enforced. Policemen should remember that they have sworn to do their duty to the best of their abili'y, and they should also remember that their duties are to be found in the ordinances Thanksgiving Day.?The time is drawing near when, according to custom?and a good custom it ??the governors of the several independent < States composing this confederacy will appoin1 1 and set apart a day for the rendition of thanks to ' Providence for the favors and blessings which ( have been showered so profusely on the land.dur- ( ing the past year. Indeed, the Governor of Mis- , soitri has already taken the lead in this matter, ] and has appointed the twenty-fourth of November j next for the people of that State to give thanks,and i acknowledge the goodness of heaven. There never was a land more favored than this* nor a people who have belter reason for being grateful. Whilst revolution and war characterise the nations of the old world, we are enjoying the benefits of ]>eace and prosperity in an extraor* dinary degree : our soil, so varied and so prolific, has rendered more than its accustomed yield of all that is necessary for our sustenance ; after supplying our own wants, we Bhall have a surplus abundantly sufficient to make up the deficiency in England and Ireland, arising from the recurrence of the potato rot, and the unfavorable harvesting weather which prevailed at the sailing of the las' steamship; our people continue to enjoy the bene" fits of our tree institutions : their lives and property are secured ; the laws are eniorced ; commerce is prosperous; the general health is good ;?in a word, we are a happy and a nourishing people, in every respect. Surely we have reason to be thankful. No more pleasing spectacle can be presented than that of a nation setting apart a day of thanks tor benefits and blessings received ; but the season of thanks never returns without causing some pain and mortification that it is not universal in this country on the one and the same day. Many attempts have been made to have it so ; but hitherto they have partially failed, and each State has fixed its own day. The propriety of fixing the same day has been discussed a great deal in the public press, and not without at least some success?for, last year, a majority of the States set apart the 25th of November. We hope that a greater number ol them, or all, will endeavor to agree thiB year on the same day ; and as Governor Edwards, of Missouri, has taken the lead in the matter, and appointed the 24th of November next, we would be happy if the governors of the remaining States would fix that day also. In this region of the country the desire to see this arrangement carried out is very warm, and from what we have observed, we are satisfied that it prevails to a greater or less extent in every other part. Island of Cuba.?The latest reliable intelligence from the island, confirms the opinion that there is no probability of a revolution breaking out in that island at present, or perhaps for many years to come. The subject has apparently been discussed there, and a few wild and rash ]>ersons would undoubtedly risk their necks in an attempt o throw ofl the Spanish yoke, if any encouragenent or succor were extended to them from the Jnited States; but the great bulk of the people are atisfied that it is prudent to postpone their yearnngs after independence, until a more favorable leason shall arrive. We are informed that they ook with confidence?for the time when they will >e a part of the United States, and that their as/irofiona Qf?AT- 0 v o T?L I ~ ftUMVAftUWU nt Illicit SC. 1U1B ICS | natural, under the circumstances in which Cuba t is placed. She is a colony of Spain, who uses her J only as a means of profit. She renders an annual b income of a large amount, which goes to the sup- * ?ort and luxury of the infamous and corrupt court f )f that country; and very little of it, except such'as c s necessary to provide troops to keep the people? J n subjection, and to stifle any attempt at revolu- s ion, is expended on the island. Her resources> * irolitic as they are in her present situation, would, 1 >f course, be expanded under the benign influence ^ >f the laws and institutions of the United States. A The people of Cuba must, however, be patient. * >he must not be rash. The time will come when heir beautiful land will add another to the stars tl sat shine in our political firmament. t< Demebara.?1' lies of the Gazette, published a1 * temerara to the 8th ult., have come to hand. w 'hey give nothing of interest. The Guiana tl imet, published at Demsrara, has been stopped* 0( k consequence of the press having been seized for ei .La Tl.!/* is tho oloi-ontli nonAf fViaf Koo Koan 81 PDl. XillO iO HIV *m%?* *???? vvvu i6continued in that place, owing principally to a le same cause. The market was well supplied 81 ith all kinds of American commodities, with the ? are exception of pork, which was selling at $12?. t< " a Affairs in Veneztela.?By the bark Paez, at n 'hiladelphia, we are in receipt of files of El Re- j, ublicano, published at Caracas, up to the 5th ult.; 8< ut we find nothing of intelligence in them. Our j itest accounts are of the 13th ult. a The movements of Paez were not known, at J1 sast no further than what we have heard here, iz. that he was in St. Thomas,awaiting an oppor- tl unity to go to Maracaibo. n It was thought that he would have taken passage n rom that island in the bark Mara; but by accounts pi eceived from that vessel, subsequent to her de- c iarture from St. Thomas, it would seem that he gl lid not go in her?his whereabout, therefore, at at iresent is uncertain, ^ By indirect accounts from Maracaibo, up to t'nft \ ast of July, it appears that much confusion reign* Ic ;d in that city. Many of the foreign merchants p lad been thrown into prison by Monagas' forces, w in ronspduenee of their relusini? to ?rv over n cm in * duties on goods which they had previously paid to Paez's agents. The blockade of the port was strictly kept, and no produce could be shipped off. The various accounts from Venezuela are, however, so conflicting, according to the politics of the sources from whence they come, that it is next to impossible to say what condition this beauti- 0 ful, but unfortunate, part of the world is in. b It is to be hoped that peace will soon be restored, or a most serious and lasting blow will be inflictea o on the commerce of Venezuela. 1, The U. S. Mail Steamer Northerner, Capt. h Budd, arrived yesterday morning, in one of her h usual quick trips, from Charleston, having on w board the great Southern mail. J Marine Affairs. r S Lavnch oi the Steamship Oaoiu. ia .?This noble t ship, the second of the New York and New Orleans c line of mall steamers, deserves a more extended notice 8 than the brief announcement of her launch in pester- { dap's paper. s The Georgia is larger In point of tonnage than her * consort, the Ohio?larger than anp steamer built or ( building on this side of the Atlantic; and, with the c solitary exception of the Great Britain, larger than 8 anp steamship In the world. Her dimensions for ? measurement were given yesterday, but colossal as they i are, they convey but a very imperfect idea of her real ? else, except to those accustomed to calculate the bur- a then of a ship by Custom House rule. To the unini- s tlated, the view of her upper deck aOords a muoh bet- t er means of appreciating her vast proportions, for here, before the eye, is spread a floor, extending in length 27". feet, frem stem to stern, with an extreme o breadth amidships of MO feet, presenting a superficial surface of not much less than half an acre? a space upon which a regiment might be manicuvered. The actual tonnage ol the Georgia is not far from 2.800. Her magnitude, however, is by no means her most remarkable point. The entire novelty and striking peculiarity of her model, combining, as it does, the result of the observation, experience and skill of some of the ablest mechanicians and naval architects New York can boast of, is still better worth attention. Neither time nor space would serve to describe the many points of difference between the hull of the Georgia and that of any of the fleet of fine steamers KniMtn# in fillf Dort ! hilt th?*re urn rcrfain naAiiliaH. tie* which we cannot help adverting to, and wbioh we are certain would strike the eye of the moot careless observer. The *barp, clear, yacht-like finish of her bows?her graceful and perfectly easy water HnM, the clean and symmetrical curve of her stern, give auch promise of unrivalled speed a* cannot escape the observation of thoee who know the fact points of a hipwhile her vaat breadth af beam, and the roeiny construction of her centre afford the fullait assurance of her great buoyancy, stability and capacity. Both the (Jeorglaand her consort have been built without regard to time or expense, with a sole view to their entire fitness for the Important service which they are to perforin. There ha* been no haste in their construction, no unskilful hand* employed, and no material but the best and moat expensive u*ed upon them. The most minute examination will bear out the truth of this assertion, if any evidence be wanting to establish the eharaeter ef a ship built by Smith and Dlmon, under the superintendence of George Law, Kau. The launch will take place at about four o'clock this afternoon from the yard, at the foot of Fourth street. KaaLJpver. % Theatrical and Musical. Tab* TuiATRr ?Again, laat night. *u this maguileant theatre brilliantly lighted, and the new interior ihene with reaplendent brilliancy, and the performinces acre than Tied with the hrillianey of the decorations of the building. There was a good audience, ind the pieces went off with the greatest eclat. The entertainments commenced with the deep tragedy of 'Virginias," in which Mr. Hamblin sustained the charaoter of Vlrginius, and we must say, with great effeet Hia nart mm.m nlarwrl in the true ftftvlt* All(l won lor him unbounded applause. Though long absent from the boards, he was pe?feotly free, and every movement performed to the irue intention of the author; and bis reading was beautiful. In the scene where be appears before the forum to assert his right as a father, to Virginia, as his daughter, he was more than successful; and the vociferous shouts of the audience inspired him with a courage whioh carried out the part with admirable effect. Miss Rose Telbin, as Virginia, played the part in beautiful style. This favorite young actiees is always welcomed with smiles and thundering applause Mr Hield, as Icillus, appeared with good effect; and Mr. Tilton.aa Appiua Claudius, personated the true character of the tyrant. The piece was played in fine style throughout, and received with great applause. Signora Ciocca and Signor Neri followed in a grand Pas dt Deux, and it was aoknowlsdged by every one who saw tbem. that they are the best performers in their line in the country. Signor Neri is certainly one of the most astonishing dancers in the world, and his revolutions were received with the applause they merited. The comedietta of' Ladies Beware" followed, in which Mr. Barrett as Col. Vavasour performed his part in fine taste, and Misa Mary Taylor aa (irace Peabody. This popular young lady has already won for herself undying fame, and herappearanre at the Park will only add te her already unbounded popularit v. The entertainment concluded with 14 Kl Bolero de Cadiz," by Signora Ciocoaand Sig. Neri, which was still more beautifhl than the first pas, and received with greater demonstrations of applause. The Park, under the management of Mr. Hamblin, Bannot but succeed, as he has determined to engage all the beat talent of this country and of England for the amusement of its patrons; and for comfort, beauty, and convenience, ft is excelled by no house in the country. A fine bill is offered for to-night, and to those who hare not been, we would say, go to the Park. Bowery Theatre.?The " Bohemians of Paris" was received with much eclat on the first night of its performance, and again, last evening, it was highly applauded. The story is very interesting, and the various characters introduced give a very excellent dea of life aa it is in Paris?the most civilised capital n the world, as its gay inhabitants 1 ove to term it. Winans, Jordan, and the others, were excellent, and the drama whs played with the same excellence that marked its performance the previous evening. Stevens, the stage manager, has evidently taken much care to have it well put on the stage, and he deserves much credit for producing it so well. The farce of the 'King's Gardener" preoeded the drama. This farce, if which Winans is the life, was very well played. The bouse was very well attended. To-night, a first-rate bill will be presented. Miss Taylor will appear, as also Mr. and Mrs. Walcot. Stevens, also, will appearln his 'avorite part of the Flying Dutchman. We expect a ;rowded house. Niblo's Astor Place.?Rossini's Jl Barbiere di Se>iglia was performed last night, for the first time this leason, with a cast of considerable attractiveness, acsording to the bills,but which,in seveial points,did not inswer the promises expeoted from the singers. Slglora Lietti Rossi, who performed the part of Rosina, ang her music with more effect and naturel than she >ver did in the different parts in which she appeared m the same stage last winter. In faot, this lady, who tossesses a superb contralto voice, had never, under bajnanagement of Patti and Sanquirico, been east n an opera in which her musical power could have teen appreciated. But last evening, the costume part, she represented Rosina to perfection, and gave o her part all the coquetterie and feeling wanted in he character. The style in which she sung the celeirated "fna t octpoco fawas Indeed very creditable, .nd every one knows tnat this piece has always been he pierre dt touchc of all singers throughout the world, lignor Rossi Corsi was an excellent Figaro, gay and pirited without the slightest alloy of buffoonery, and ? lis tinging was not inferior to his acting. As to . Bartbolo" the actor was Sanquirico who, we regret ( o say, is not, in our opinion, the same eomic singer hat elicited our applause at Palmo'i. Ilis.Toice, hough yet retaining its pot ntillant and olownish effect, ias not the same vigor and animation it formerly poseesed. Very likely his misfortunes during his last oanagement. have contributed to spoil his voice, rietti's personation of " Count Almaviva," had the suit of deficiency in voica and heaviness and gauherie in acting. We think, either that M. Vietti has oo much enjoyed the pleasure of his vacation, or ather, that the part of Almaviva is too light for him. iignora Avogadro was a very good Dutgnt, but Signor liondi a very bad Basilio. Any how, the opera rent off as well as possible. This evening,M. and Mm# .aberde will resume their French opera of" La Kills lu Regiment," and will enjoy as well the sight of a rowded house, as the delight of hearty applause. M. lordant, John Sefton, Mile Kffrence and Mme Paul, rill appear together with M. and Mme Laborde. It rill be a great musical treat. Boston's Theatre.?The simple announcement bat last evening's entertainments were to be devoted 5 the benefit of Mr. Brougham, attracted an audience hich "no man could number," including all the rank nd fashion of the city. The performance commenced ith " Dombey and Son"?and who will not regret lat, that with this occasion, the public are deprived 'an opportunity of witnessing the most amusingand itertaining object of attraction that, for twenty-oue recessive nights, formed the untiring feature of the itabUshment, (Mr, Brougham's Rory O'More was r master-piece ot acting, ?2'' "W characters were ably g istained by Nickinson and the other members of the c >rp? dramaHque, with a correctness that jlefles^uloium. To-night, three best pieces, by I" ?Z U?,uc- I v jrs, are annonnced : comprising " Old Honesty," the i, musing farce of " Mischief Making," and ene of the I loot humorous extravaganzas we ever witnessed, the Palace of Pleasure, or the Invisible Trince," in which, . a conjunction with the other talented members of the i. lock company, Miss Chapman will appear, besides n ther entertainments, which a glimpse at the bill will C etail. There is much in preparation, full of novelty nd humor, and success awaits the enterprising mana- f, Br, of whose progress we shall ever rqjoice in " taking j National Tiikatrc.?The excitement regarding t le new piece is gathering head every evening, as last lgbt there was another tremendous house. Every ook and cranny was filled) and great was the aplause with which thq various pieces were received, hanfrau's imitations of eminent living actors, as iven by luth in the farce of the " Widow's Victim,"' re. truly excellent, and show that this young actor's ilents are by no means limited to the performance of lose and his eccentricities. He is, in faet,?n excel nt general actor ; and now that he has gained such a rominent position before the public, we trust he ill frequently favor us with his acting. His Mose is. adoubtedly, an admirable piece of acting?the more dmirable, because it it acting entirelywlth him, as, hough he appears the b'hoy so naturally on the stage, . is far from being his real character, except, indeed, s far as the sterling worth of character of the Mose of be stage is concerned. The other parts in this piece re well sustained, and the play will, doubtless, have long run. To-night, the new drama, and the farces f " Ole Bull'' and "Is he Jealous?" will form the 111. 1 Tabebnaclx?The Moravians.?This famous band s f vocalists gave another of their charming ooncert8 i ist evening, and we must in candor admit that they ave fully sustained the great musical character they ave received from the London and Parisian journals, iraus sings with such sweetness and precision, and oanages the voice with such skill, that he has become i great favorite, and justly so, for his voice is both ich and melodious, and nis method peculiarly reined. M'lle. Lovarny sang several airs, and from he sweetness of her intonations drew down repeated heers. The touching, thrilling style in which she ang " Ave Maria." deeply impressed the minds of the ludlenee with her excellent qualities, as a vocalist who loseesses a powerful contralto, and a soprano as pure ind as brilliant in tone as the sweetest notes of a hell. ibe rang Madame Bishop's famous song, " Tbe Banks >f Ouadalqulver," In the most refined style: and ber ixecutlon. although varying much from tne above :elebrated vocalist, yet it was rendered with suoh weetness and science, that the audience testified heir approbation by unanimous cheers. To speak of Itn pel. in his wonderful performances on the Xllocorlion, requires more space than can be given on this iccaslon; but all who have heard him play pronounoe lim a young man of extraordinary genius. They sing gain this evening, and it would be well that all the >dmlrers of music should hear them before they leave be olty. New Circvs, on Broadway.?Those who are fond >f magnificent and beautiful equestrian performances, rill soon have an opportunity of visiting one of the Doet splendid establishments in the country. Mr. ohn Tryon has leased the building on Broadway, be. ween Spring and Prince streets, known as the Alhamira, and recently occupied by the renowned Nlblo. ["he place Is now nndergoing improvement, and no tains or expense will be spared to make it one of the nost delightful places of amusement in the city. Mr. [\ has been long and favorably known as one of the nost determined and successful equestrian managers n tbe country, and his name is suffloient guaranty bat tbe establishment will be of the right stamp. He rill open on the 25th Inst., with one of the best oomtanles, and the finest stud of horses ever seen in the tountry. The location is central, and there is not a lohbt but tbe undertaking will meet with the success t merits. Cmtii Gaaociv.?A bmnd of excellent Ethiopian ninatrela are performing a abort engagement at thla Jarden. Thej will aing, thla evening, a ohoioe lot of be moat popular aonga, and their performaacen will, loubtleaa. prove rati?factory to the many who nightly effort to thla elagant eatablluhment, theae warm eveilnga. CtMritLL'a Mi?r?ri.i.-'Theae talented alngera are rarrylng everything before them. Their aweet ataging, ind truly funny anylnga, not to apeak of their elegant, lancing, afford great entertainment, every,evening, to large and moat highly reepectable audience*. They lave eatabllahed their reputation aa flrat rate,Kthloplan linger*, and will, no doubt, be well patronised aa long m they alay among n*. To-night they wlH 0ve a flrat rate coneert. Mrtonron.?At thla plraaant place of amuaemont, most inUresting | erformances take plaoe, every evening They consist of negro minstrelsy, (light of head trick*, ke From the p'ompt meaner in whteh the varic u? umustim U succeed one another. there ere no long Intervals b* tween the pitmen; thug the whole lo over at a rsas< cable hoar?e desideratum for the eleee of visitors <bat mostly patronize thle houw, thet is, fHmi)j> parties. We can commend the Meiodeon highly to ell. General Taylor's Mexican Campaign, which is so minutely and admirably depleted in the panorama wh'ch la exhibiting at Minerva Rooms, is nightly visited by crowds. When such an admirably correct panorama of a great national event is presented to the publie. it Is almost a duty for every good ettieen to visit it To-day there will be two exhibitions, vis: at 3 and 8 P. M. Bamvahd's Panorama is one of the standard exhibi tions of New York. The proprietor talks of removing it soon; but we think it can scarcely be spared yet, as tbe public still go in crowds to gaze on the truthful delineations of the great Missouri and Mississippi rivers. To-day there will be two opportunities of seeing it, as it will be exhibited twice, vis: at 3 and 8 P.M. Haninuton>i Sacred Dioramas are beautiful specimens of artistic taste and mechanical ingenuity. They differ frcm any exhibition ever before offered to the public, and their peouliar construction and arrangement cannot but fail to interest and amuse every one who visits them. For the accommodation of families, they will be shown twice to-day, vis : at 3 and 8 P.M. Christy's Minstrels.?This band of minstrels, whose success in this city has surpassed that of any company that ever appeared here, have been giving cone rts in Rochester, and other towns, to crowded houses. They are sure to please wherever they go, and tbey deserve the success they have met with. M. Vieuxtemps, the celebrated violinist, is on a professional visit to Constantinople. Shortly after his arrival he had the honor of playing before the Sultan. Political Intelligence. CONNECTICUT. We learn from a zealous and prominent whig, who has just returned from a political visit to Connecticut, that the free soil whigs there are generally abandoning their first intentions of voting for Van Buren, and that there is now but little doubt of a union of the whigs on Taylor, sufficient tocive him the eleotoral vote of the State. The most active free soil men being democrats, at the head of whom is Hon. John M. Niles, of the United States Senate, it is probable that more democrats and abolitionists than whigs will vote for Van Buren. NEW JERSEY. Considerable anxiety is felt by both parties respecting the free soil movement, which is but just commencing in New Jersey. The whigs fear that many of the (Quaker votes in Burlington and other counties in West Jersey, may be abstracted from the whig column, and given to Van Buren, while the democrats apprehend a diminution of their usual heavy majorities in Hunterdon, Warren, and Sussex counties, where voters may be seduced from the regular ticket, by regard for Van Buren, their former leader. It will require some " stated preaching" to keep parties in the old path. Seme leading Jersey democrats, we hear, are in lavor of free soil. MISSOURI. The following facts and remarks on free soil from the St. Louis Daily Organ, of 29th Auguit, will be tound interesting:?'1 We recently beard a highly intelligent gentleman, an old resident of this State, and a slave owner?pronounce that slavery would be extinguished in Missouri within twenty-five years from this date. This term may be rather too limited?but among calm, clear-sighted observers, there can be no doubt that the time is hastening, when the event predicted will be accomplished here. "We have now in Missouri, perhaps 72,000 slaves, out of a population of nearly 700,000?and the ratio of in vicaoc auiviJg iuvui, mo vuiuuucu nau bUlb KUlODg me whites, is decreasing. In 1840, the whites in this State numbered 17.000 : in 1820, about 56.000 ; in 1830,115,000: in 1840, 826.000 ; and in 1842. 508,372. The slaves in 1810, numbered 3,000; in 1820, 10,000: in 1830, 25,000 ; in 1840, 68,000 : and in 1845, 70,000. These figures show the percentage of increase among both colors to have been as stated below:? Free. Slaves. 1810-'20 230 233 1820-'30 103 150 1830-'40 125 132 1840-'46 55 31 By the above table, it will be seen that in the first ?rm, the slaves increased a little faster than the free >opulation ; and in the second term, very considers>ly faster, while in the last term, we find a decided urn in the tables. The free increase during that term s 56 per cent, greater than that among the slaves. The reason why slavery increased so disproportionately in the second term, is to be found in the clrcumtance that this term comprises the ten years immediately succeeding the admission of Missouri into the Jnion, and the authorization by the United States of lavery here. During that interval, too, the rioh soils if the South and West had not become so attractive ; lor had Texas become so much of a recipient of the lave-holding emigrants from the* United States. l)uing that time, it was rather an experiment in a new, ar. inland country, in so high a latitude as Missouri, hat of employing slaves in agriculture?an experiment vhich has satisfied those who have made it of its inutility. Again, during that period, the large German populaion. which has come in since, was only just beginning o make its appearance. That population, which now lumbers, perhaps, 100,000 In Missouri, seldom employ laves. It is saidj with what truth we know not, that 'ui v uuc iiorman m mis city owns a slave. Ana still Urtbcr. during that period, the anti-slavery feeling of be free States bad not gathered such strength as it ias?'uce on the borders of Missouri, nor broken out nto such overt acts of spoliation against slave-owners, ['hen, it was seldom that a slave escaped from his naeter, or the master,' felt anxious to rid himself of his lave. Now, the slave is every day running awav from lis master, and the master, in disgust at what he feels o be such faithlessness on the part of his slave, disouraged by his past losses, and perpetually apprwhenIve of more, Is almost literally running away from his lave. At any rate, no man can doubt that the emlration of slaves from Missouri is going on with inreased rapidity._ Ltt tlone?without a word said, or an act done, either y the legislature, or convention of the people, there ie j ardly a question that slavery will rapidly disappear rom within the borders of Missouri. Within the term assigned?twenty-five years?slavery rill be in Missouri, what it now is in Delaware. There ) no necessity for excitement?no oceasion for any arade of anti-slavery or liberty-loving patriotism?wo ave only to await in patience and silence the progress f events, and the day that sees Missouri virtually a ree State, will not be long delayed. Already, it is eviient, slavery here has touched its highest level, and is tow receding before the march of a power mightier ban the arm of Northern abolitionism, and, happily, * generous and juat as that arm would be vindictive ,nd unsparing. KENTTCKY ELECTION. The official returns in Kentucky exhibit the fellowng results:? VOTES > OR GOVERNOR. Crittenden, (whig) ..60,400 i'owell, (loco) 67,945 Vbig majority 8,521 Iwsley's majority in 1845 4,624 ncrease for Crittendan 3 897 The vote at this election ia the heaviest ever taken n Kentucky. In 1844, the following were the results n August and November:? lover nor? Owsley 59,680 Butler 55,056 Vhlg majority ' 4,624 'resident?Clay 61,2.15 Polk 61,088 iVhig majority 9.267 It will be observed, that Mr. Crittenden received 1,211 more votes than Mr. Clay; and Mr. Powell 5,967 nore than Mr. Tolk. THE ELECTION Ol l'RESII>ENT. Some suppose that the election of President may go ;o the House of Representatives, and as all onr readers nay not be familiar with the manner of election, in iucn a contingency, we subjoin the article of the Conititutton in this case made and provided :? Articlk mi.?The Electors shall meet In their reipectlve States, and vote by ballot for I resident and Pice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an nbabitant of the same State with themselves ; they 'ball name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and In distinct ballots the person voted for as pice President, and they shall make distinct lists of ill persons voted for as President, and all persons rated for as Vice President, and of the number of votes 'or each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; -The President of the Senate shall, in presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open alt the jertlflcates and the votes shall then be OOUhted ;?The person having the greatest number of votes for Presllent, shall be the President, if sttbh number bo a maorltv of the whole Electors appointed ; and if no perion have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list it those voted for as President, the House of Repreisntatlves shall choose immediately, by ballot, the Pres dent. But in choosing the President, the votes ihall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall sonsist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necesrary to a ehoioe. And if the House of Representatives iliA.11 not flhfWMP A Praal riant vhanavsr t ha at choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day f March next following, then the Vloe-President (hall lot aa Proaident. aa in the eaae of the death or other jonstitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes aa Vice President ihall be the Vice President, if such number be a roaorlty of the whole number of Klectors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two nigh>*t numbers on the list, the Henate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist )f two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a :hoice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to :be office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice ['resident of the United States. movements of Travellers* The influx of travellers, for pleasure and business, it the principal hotels, last night, far exoeeds our space 'or a general record. We select a few names from the 'ollowing hotels ?American A. Rodrigues. South Uarollna; A. Reld, United States Army: II. Sherman. Albany; D. D. Simmons, South Uarollna; Mr. and Mrs. fiarvey, and K, Dixon, Philadelphia; Col. C. Smith, United States Army. Astor: Captains Clarke ind Boland United States Army; E- Grant, New Orleans; Capt. Mars ton, United States Army; Mr. ind Mrs. Wright, Newark; A. Riddle, Connect cut; J. P. Adams, consul at Lagnna; A Hall. Baltimore. Howard-C. 8. Morris, Missouri; K. Orats, Kentuoky: Mr land Mrs. Newoomb, Baltimore: A. Dunbar and Dr. Blake, Georgia: T. A. Jwnos, Boston; M.Griffith, Washington; Hon. ?. Glghan. Detroit. -1 THE DEM0CR1TC OLD HUNKER CONVENTION AT SYRACUSE. N ominations for State Officers. ke. kt. kc. MORNING DESPATCH. Syracuse, Sept. .r?, 1848. John C. Wright, of Schoharie, will be the temporary president of the convention, and Judgo Beardsley, of Oneida, will be the president. Chancellor Walworth will be nominated tor Governor, and Charles O'Conor, of New York, for Lieutenant Governor. a1 ternoon report. Syracuse, Sept. 5, 1848. The business of the convention has been de" rpatched very promptly. Chancellor Walworth has been nominated tor Governor, and Charles O'Conor for Lieutenant Governor. Sherman McLean, for Cunal Commissioner Cnrtiss Hawley, for State Prison Inspector. David Rogers was appointed Presidential Elee~ tor, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Bromley. The proceedings passed off very quietly. No?? thing curious occurred. An address and resolutions were adopted; they are rather prosy. One of the resolutions asserts that the accusation that the democracy oi New Vork are in favor of extending slavery to territory now free, is tt libel upon truth and justice. Another insists that it is the duty ol the Prestdent to remove every barnburner from office itt this State, as he removed Benj. F. Butler. Another is strong for Cass and Butler. The convention will adjourn this evening, jtw^ die, after a quiet and harmonious session. EVENING SESSION. On the assembling of the delegates, John C.' Wright, of Saratoga county, was appointed temporary Chairman; and Messrs. Goodwin and Laa* sing, Secretaries. All the counties, except Franklin, were represented. Hon. Samuel Beardsley, of Oneida, was ap? pointed President. The formalities of organization having been completed, the Convention entered into a balloting for a candidate for Governor, (all the counties except Franklin being represented,) which resulted in the nomination of Reuben H. Walworth, (lat9 Chancellor of the State,) by the following vote FOR GOVERNOR. Reuben H. Walworth , ,93 Z.adock Pratt ,29 Greene C. Bronson 3The Convention then proceeded to nominate ft. candidate for Lieutenant Governor. The balloting resulted in the nomination of riinrloB (Vflnnnr nf Now Vnrlr mftr W?? lowing vote:? Charles O Conor .83 George W. Clinton, (ton of Dt Witt Clinton) IS Harvey Baldwin. ...-. . S Dayton *. 8 Scattering . 3 The nominationi^for Governor and Lieutenant Governor were made unanimous. Charles Sherman McLean was then nominated for Canal Commissioner. Further advices will be forwarded as occur* rences transpire. Nomination a In Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Sept..?, 1818.. The democrats of the third Congressional dis* trict have nominated Win. S. Hallowell, as their candidate for Congress. The whigs of the third Congressional district have nominated Henry D. Moore as their candidate, and those of the fourth district have nominated John S. Little, as their candidate for Congress. The Vermont Klectlon. Boston, September 5?10 P. M. The Vermont election took place to-day. No* returns have, as yet, been received, and cannot now be expected to night. They will be forwarded as fast as received, to-morrow. State Agricultural Kxhlhltlon. Buffalo, Sept. 5,1848. The following additional strangers have arrived in town, and are expected to be present at the ex? hibition:?Governor Young, Gen. Brady, Gen4 Dearborn, Frank Granger, and Mr. Stuart, M. C., from Michigan. Large Klre, die. Baltimore, Sept. 5, 1848. Elhcott's chemical works, near Fort Henry* were partially destroyed by fire, to-day Tho damage is very great. The Maryland State Agricultural Meeting 18 lQt session at Baltimore. Charleston City Flection, die. Charleston, September .Vr 1848. T. Leger Hutchinson, the people's candidate for Mayor, has been re-elected by a majority of The weather continues warm. The Fever In New Orleans. New Orleans, Sept. i; 1848. The vellnw fever in innrenninor hut hoc ? ?- j ? ? ?-?01 lias HVk 09yet spread to any alarming extent. Markets. New Orleans, Sept. 4, 1848.?The cotton market" continues steady, with a fair amount of sales. Baltimore, Sept. 6.?The flour market continue# steady, with sales of 1,000 barrels, including Howard street, and City mills, ut $6 43\'. Prime red wheat w# quote at $113, with light rules, and a fair amount ot business was doing in corn, ut 57c for white, and 00a for yellow. There is no change in other articles of produce. Albany, September 5, 1848. ? Receipts within the past 24 hours Flour, 4.400 barrels ; "Wheat, 3,900bushels ; Corn, 8,400 do. There was no change is flour. Wheat?Sales of 8,000 bushels new Genesee were made at 01 33*j. Corn?Sales ef 8,300 bushel# were made, mixed, at 03 a 64c ; and at 09c. for roundyellow. Rye?Sales of 2,100 bushels at 70c. Whiskey, firm. Buffalo, September 5, 1848.?Receipts within th# past 24 hours i ? Flour, 2,000 barrels ; Wheat, 0,000 bushels ; Corn, 12,000 do. The sales of flour reached 2,000 barrels at 06 a 05 12J? Wheat?Sales of 5,000 bushels of Ohio, were made at $1 04. Corn?Sales of 6,000 bushels were made at 51 a 52c. There was no change in other article*. The Yellow Fever. Mayor's Office, Tuesday, Sept 5. The special committee of the Board of Health, report the city to be in a healthy state. The health offlcer at Quarantine, reports three case# since his last report. Two of these oocurred in the village of Stapleton, one in th* marine hospital. The one in hospital has died, and three of the cases reported formerly In the village of Stapleton, have died, making four deaths. WM. F. HAVKMF.YKR. Mayor. TIMOTHY R. HIRBAKD. CLARKMON CROLIUS. WM. ADAMS. TIIF.O. R. DE FOREST. Albany Bsusr Commitvee Rsnw.' {< Merchant*' Bank. Sept. 0, 1848. J. Gentlemen holding books of subscription for thd Deor sufferers bv the great fire in Albany, are re. uueated to return thei". with the euma which they may bure collected, to ?. Merloni, at the committee room, Merchant*' Bank, on Thureday, (to-tnorro# morning.) or lo Hon. W. F. llaremeyer. at the May. or* cfhee, a* the collection* will be cloeedon that day, at X r. M. M. VAN NCIIAIC K. Chairman. E. Mb?ia*?) 8e?'7: Uenln'a Vail Mylt or I lata.?An liupreaaloia having lieon given that (li'iiin had advanced the price of Ida ftrati raaltty Silk and pare Beaver Hate. la oooaequeaec of the anperlor atjlv and elegance of flnlvh which they diaplay, li< tnke* tide method of informing the puhlio, that he continue* to veil at retail, aa iianal, the hunt ,|uahty of Silk .Molcakin linta. at the low j r.ee of Four Dollar*. J. N. GEN IN, 214 llradway. The only place In the city where yon car* pt a pair of Freech Calf Boota for It Ml, worth II, and fine Call" at f.1 .Ml. worth V>, ii at Governor Voung'a, the Governor of tha Boot and Shoe trade, opjmaite our nfflee, corner of Fiiltcn and Narnu atreeie. All our frleeda ahcnhl get their loot* and gaiter* at Voting a, lor aalr wholeaak- and retail. TUK UOCfOR. The Cheapest and Beat Place In the City to get good Boota, Bhoea,and Galtera, la at JONES', II Ana atreet, near tie. Auiertonn Muveum. Pint >|nality of French CaN Una Boota, $1 00| aeooiid do, $.1 W tw-tl; Ongrcee Beota. feom S3 3Q> to Hi 1 rvnch Patent Leather Itoota, 17.

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