Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 7, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 7, 1848 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

I *+> ~ ?TH varv.-. 77"NO. 5209. AFFAIRS IXtf FTJTROPS. ARRIVAL OF THE American Steamship Washington* ONE DAY LATER, &cM &e.f fcc. The Washington, the American ocean steamer, Captain Johnston, was telegraphed at half-past 10 o'clock, yesterday morning. We received our e'e in U.. 1' ?....,1 SJ'ttlCUCB ttl IlllllUlcn UCl?'ic IWCIVC U tlUC'tV. The Washington left Southampton dock at four o'clock on Sunday, the 20th August. We have advices from ihat place to the moment of sailing, together with news from London of the evening ot the 19th, and trom Paris ot the 18th; one day's later news than brought by the steamship Niagara, from Liveri ool. The Washington was boarded, sixteen miles east of the Hook, 10 minutes before 10 o'clock, <by the News Boy. The W. has had a very rough passage, having experienced one continued succession of heavy westerly gales during the first ten days. Her machinery lias worked admirably during the voyage. QUa iL. I-- .aJ cue uiuigo iue uuinun ui uuc uuuuicu auu fifty-five passengers, amongst whom we notice the Mimes of an English Rear Admiral and his lady, <Sir Edward Owen, Ii. C. B.,) late Commanderin-Chief of the British naval squadron in the Mediterranean ; also, Lieut. Col. May and family; Honorable II. J. Boalton, Lieut. Desborough, R. A., See., Ac. . The freight is a very large one, consisting of 170 tons of measurement goods from Bremen, 160 tons of very valuable goods from France, and a considerable quantity of English manufactured goods, shipped at Southampton. There is nothing ol importance from Ireland additional to our advices lrom Liverpool, by the Niagara. The American news, by the United States, had not produced much effect 011 the London markets; but the declining rates of exchange of New York on London were looked at with apprehension, particularly when the general badness of the weather i in Great Britain, and the critical position of the wheat and, potato crops, were taken into account, 1 as leeding to still more depressed rates of exchange, and a consequent emission of bullion, to pay for large supplies of breadstuff*, that would, to a cer tainty, be wanted from the United States, during the ensuing autum, to re-place the dtlmagod crops. The opinion began to be extensively entertained that large supplies of breudstuli's would 1 be required from this side, to provide for deficiencies in the English crops; and a re- 1 exportation of bullion was feared, the con- ' sequence of which was a perceptible increase of 1 caution on the part of the bankers; and it was sup- 1 posed that the rate of interest and discount would 1 certainly be Raised by the directors of the Bank of 1 England, at their next weekly meeting,unless a decided cliuiige in-the weather should take place 1 English consols, at 2 o'clock on the l!)th, (close of 1 "the market) were 86 for money, 86J for account. Exchequer bills 22s. to 26s. premium; India bonds 1 2-ts. to 25b. premium; Railway shares heavy in price, and prices lending downward/ The English three per cent consols closed on the London Exchange, on the 19th, at 86i; Mexi can bonds were lG-i to 17; Dutch and Spanish * stocks a little advanced. Exchequer bills were 31 to 35 shillings premium; Bank of England stock, I9G? to 1D8?. The reports of the various provincial corn markets in England, showed a rise of horn 2s. to -Is. j per qutiter in corn; and if the bad weather continued, a still further advance was immediately j anticipated. i A very great changfc suddenly took place in the i weather at Southampton, on the 20th ultimo?the sun shone out with brilliancy, and the weather became delightfully warm and refreshing?in fact, harvest weather appeared to be coining, and a continuance of sunshine would be the salvation of a large quantity of wheat. There was no change to remark in the condition of the Liverpool cotton market. Our advices of the ISth August, from Parts, represent that the public mind was more tranquil than it had been lor some days previous. The government was said to fear nothing from the so- ! called red republican or reactionary party, and i perfect order and tranquillity, for a considerable time, was anticipated. The movements of the re/\? nvif tin ftir it nAiil/I tint l\n AArt/ifl n 1 ns) U'orn QtUV/Iiai J i'ai y * i wuiu uvt v>vuvvaitU| n vtv causing great uneasiness to General Cavaignae and his government. The tone of the socialist press was, also, menacing and unsatts actory; but nevertheless, confidence was felt in the firm and discreet precautionary measures adopted to prevent and repress any disposition to outbreak. , It was said that M. Thiers and M. Odillon Barrot; I were about to proclaim the Itegency, that the ! Legitimists were about to declare tiiemselves, and ' that the inhabitants of the terrible faubourg ^3t. I Antoine, abandoning republican predelictions, | were prepared to embrace the cause of ilenry Ginq, and descend into the city to j proclaim liirn. These terrible rumors, with the reports of dissensions in General Cavaignac'a cabinet, and the uncertainty oi the issue of the Anglo-French mediation in Italy, had for some days caused certain forebodings; but our impression, from the tenor of our private advices, and from a hasty perusal of the latest accounts in the English and French journals, lead us to the believe that the existence and stability of the republic wr%a nnt monn/inr) Klf immn/liiifn titmCtF*r Agitation and dread still continued to per- ' vade that city, arising from minora of secret societies and formidable conspiracies, whose object was to overturn the existing system of govern- ! ment. General Cavaignac, it was said, had re- ! eeived due warning of a meditated insurrection, and had concentrated a large military forcO round l'aris, in cider to immediately and effectually sup- \ press it. These precautionay measures were placed under the direction of General Lamoricicr;, j who had been invested with extraordinary pow- | era. All parties looked with fear and trembling to-the debate on the report ofthe June insurrection, as that moment was supposed to be fixed for a renewed outbreak. AmouRstwell informed circles, however, it was fully expected that any outbreak would he suppressed. The French three per cents closed at 48 francs, and the five per cents at 77 francs, on the ISth, the new loan being quoted at 71 francs. xne speecn 01 i?orri I'atmerston, in me i louse i <jf Commons, London, on the llhh August, rela- j tive to the English and Sicilian questions, had , given great satisfaction in Paris, and the entente j cordiale wus likely to he cemented by the views on European policy propounded by the English Foreign Secretary. Our own advices from Milan and Turin inform j us that King Charles Albert had not yet arrived at < the Piedmontete capital. His Sardinian majesty is stated to be completely disheartened by the issue I of events, and to contemplate an abdication. The | Piedmontese ariuy consisted of only six divisions of 1 E NE mor: infantry,ltil>a?u*rien of artillery,and (i other efTective fpfri u Tli i u utnnl] nrmv not uriflicfon/l ?u advance of the Austrian army into Sardinia, should Marshal Radetzky think lit to move upon Turin. This was not, In- w< ver, anticipated, as the military honor oi Austiia having b?en vindicated l>y the re-occupation of Lomhurdy, it was surmised that both the Austrians and Sardinians would be glad of i?eacc, upon terms, however, not so favorable to the Lombards as were originally contemplated. The Turkish government had formally recognised the French Republic and a new minister extraordinary would be sent from Constantinople to Paris. Letters from Bnyonne, of the 15th August, men lion the capture of a detachment of Queen's troops by the Carlist chief Fames, in the gprovinee Of Tarracona. The Carlist cause in Snain was cer tamly making brad. The Emperor of Austria had returned to Vienna, on the 13ih August, and was received with much enthusiasm in the Austrian metropolis. The royal mail steamship Great Western, Captain Chapman, It. N., arrived at Southhampton on the day the Washington Bailed trom that port. She had a large number ef passengers, and specie on freight to the value of $795,000. The Sardinian Ministry had unanimously protested against the armistice agreed to between King Charles Albert and Marshal Radetzky, the Austrian commander-in-chief-, as altogether illegal. Charles Albert was supposed to be desirous of abdicating. The Chamber of Deputies of Rome had come to a vote in favor of French armed intervention in the affairs of Italy. The Emperor of Austria arrived at Vienna on the 13th of August. His return to that city was hailed with great rejoicings. It was still supposed, both in London and PariB, that the conjoint mediation of France and England would effect a peaceful solution of the war in upper Italy, and that hostilities would not recommence?the terms, however, would necessarily be more favorable to Austria thun were originally proposed by the Lombards. Tiie great cr part of Lombardy would, in all probability, be permuted to remain under Austrian rule. John Martin, editor of the Irish Felon, was sentenced to ten years' transportation. The Europa arrived at Liverpool on the morning of the 20th. Our Loudon Correspondence. London, August 19?7 P. M. Chartist Outrages?Excited. State of London? xij'prehcnsion of Several Rioters?Commercial Intelligence?State of the Crops?Monty Market ?General JVetvs. The departure of the Washington from Southampton, to-morrow morning, (Sunday), enables me to send you one day's later intelligence. In my letter of yesterday, I could only give you the bare result of the hearing of the chartists before the magistrate at Bow street. The evidence occupied so long a time, that I was detained at the police office until the very moment that I could post the letter, ftow you shall have more particulars. The prisoners, who were examined yesterday, were the roughest and most disreputable lol of men that could well be fallen over in a day's walk. They seemed thoroughly cowed, and appeared to understand the perilous position in which they were placed. The counsel for the crown (Mr. Clnrksou) slated in court, that he was prepared witli most abundant evidence, to prove that it was their intention to have set fire to the metropolis in various places, and commit other airocities of a similar character. This assertion is borne out by the fact, that numbers cf combustible balls and grenades, were found upon the prisoners. The investigation occupied five hours, and was conducted with the greatest care. The policemen underwent long examinations, particularly the one who broke into the place. Nearly the whole of the prisoners were proved to be delegates from clubs of noted celebrity, as regards their connection with discontented parts of the kingdom. While this ennuiry was proceeding, there was also another batcli of chartists placed at the bar to save time, as the case. I have just alluded to was adjourned for an hour or two in order to secure the attendance of one of th* principal witnesses. These, however, shared a fate similar to the others?they were either remanded or commitTd for trial. At the Mansion IIousc also, a man named Bezer, a very dangerous character, was brought up on a like charge. He had, at a public meeting, talked some ridiculous nonsense, which lie very elaborately garnished with language of a decidedly seditious nature. Indeed, if the orator's suggestions had been adopted, London would have been in flames. The railways would have been demolished, communication with other countries entirely cut off, and of course these particulars would not nave reached your readers. Those mmrrlinn nnfrpls. who nlwnvs intemoSC SO opportunely, have arrived to our assistance. I menn the preservers of order; so that we are not now trembling under the denouncing eloquence of ihis fiery-brained orator. In place of leading his followers to glory, he now reposes in prison, waiting his trial. Seriously speaking?if the government had not been on the alert, some disagreeable things must have taken place before the parties could have been arrested. Kven last night a meeting was held at the Chartist Hall, Blackfnnrs Road, for the purpose of getting up a demonstration to sympathise with their colleagues who liguered at the police office yesterday. On the doorsbeing opened a motley group of vagabonds took possession of the place, and voted a bilious looking personage into the chair, who indulged his hearers with a rabid strain of eloquence that was most enthusiastically cheered. The meeting would no doubt have lasted until a late hour, but on it being 6tated in the Hall that the police were marching iij the direction of the place, a sinrilta neouB push was made towards the door; and in a space of time nlmost as quick as thought, the building was empty. For that night, at least, chartism was left to take carc of itself. By the way, I must not omit to inform you that it is now a generally admitted fact that the creed of these rioters is not the "six points" usually adopted as the charier; but confines itself to tlirce doctrines? plunder, murder, arson. The military are oonlined to barracks, and I have no doubt but that wc shnll manage in a few days to become qniet. This little atlair was certainly most unexpected. While this uncertain state of things is continuing. you will not expect to hear of brilliant news in the commercial world. The Hibcrnia brought intelligence the other day of n decline of mnri than a half per cent in the exchange on London. This did not improve matters, since it was also believed that we had sent large orders out for Indian corn and provisions. Not much business is got throflgh ; and the little that is done exhibits itself under n most watchful aspect. Speculations are out of 'he question ; people are too careful with their money to do nnything hut that which secures to them a speedy return for their capita'. The crops arc, I fear, not in a favorable condition. A great deal of rain haa fallen during the last six weeks. In London, we have not had one day without wet; but the accounts from the country are not quite so alarming aa was generally anticipated, although they nre far from being satisfactory. Straw is neither ao strong nor no thick aa Inst year ; the ears are heavy, tolerably well filled, and the quality is by no means bad. Barley will not be good, neither will oats or pens. The accounts about the potatoes are ao conflicting, that it is dangerous to hazard an opinion yet about their condition. The disease has certainly shown itself, thia yrnr, more in the gardens than in the fields, appearing in the former, for the most part, in patches, nnd the larger open spaces nearly escaping, leading to the inference, that it may, in such cases, be caused by a stagnant atmosphere. I do not hear that it is supposed there is so much disease as in 1R46 ; but, as the later sorts were then infected, and this year, the disease is more prevalent in the early crops, it is, as I have said before, extremely hazardous to venture an opinion. I am alratu tfiat the disease bus shown ittelf a great deal in Ireland ; such, at least, is the inference that can lie drawn from the latest and most authentic news which Pas reached us. Lett night, in the House of Lords, the business was entiiely confined to a motion made by Lord Brougham, with reference to an answer given by the Austrian government, tn reply to a despatch W YC NING EDITION.---TIIU] of Lord Palmerctcn'a. Tin- d-11 i I - nr? <, t-o I t-liull not report them In tli Commons, a.ter a lontr dit-cnsion upon minor matters, the attention of the Honae was occupied with a debate upon the propoaed grant of Vancouver's Dlnnd to the Hudson Hay Company There were, of course, speeches made in condemnation .k.. ........ ...i k..:.... . . x? 1?I? , inm, ?tuu nuiirin^ j-o ur-uiy irftCIUU^U hot, ultimately, the motion for granting the island to the company was parried by a in ijority of eighteen. Daring the sitting, Mr Hume moved that the gran' be postponed until time had been afforded to make proper enquiries into the complaint made against the company, as well as to ascertain the rapahihties of the island. In reply to this. Lord John Russell stated, that tt was probable, if the grant w re postponed for the time wanted, viz: a year and a half, that the Americans would settle on Vancouver's Island, and colonise it. This seemed to the refractory members a decisive argument, and the motion was agreed to. After some hills had been advanced a stage, the House adjourned. A dreadful colliery explosion happened at the Murton New Waining Colliery, near Durham, a few days bac k, killing fourteen persons, besides injuring a grent many more. The accident is supposed to have occurred in consequence of a jet of hydrogen gas issuing from a fissure in the coal, and igniting at one of the candles, where the miners were work tng. At the time the catastrophe took place. 7G men and boys were in the shaft, which rentiers it surprising the accident was not fatal to more than 14. An inquest has been held on the bodies, but was adjourned until Monday next. The United States has reached Cowes. She came into the harbor at five o'clock yesterday afternoon, bringing four days later news from America, ller passage occupied twelve days a.nd a half, and is reported to hnve been excellent. She has on freight 116,000 dollars, fifty-four pasCPnorpro an/1 fn?o af /.Allnn T lnui?et..h?? ? forwarded last evening by our government to the governors of the Nortli American colonies. Vachting is now in season, and greatly indulged in. Kacing, at present, is at a stand still, being confined to Windsor and Egham Shortly, we shall have some good sport in Yorkshire. 1 must not neglect to mention, that Bezer, the Chartist, whose examination 1 have reported, quoted, at the seditious meeting, a portion of an article from the JVne York He, aid upon Ireland, hut which he managed to give in a style that suited his purpose, and was 111 contradiction to the tenor of the article. The funds to-dny closed thus:?Consols, S6-86?, a very wide quotation; bank stock, 1% to 193; three per cents, reduced, 86J to j; three and a quarter per cents, 8fiJ, and in some instances 87; India bonds, 23s. to 27s.; exchequer bills, 32s. to 35s., premium. P. S.?The differences between the directors ar.d engine drivers of the Northwestern Railway are not arranged. Another accident has happened. The consequences are not serious. Fresh arrests are hourly taking place in the provincial towns. Birmingham, Manchester, and Ashton are the most prominent of the disaffected places; hut owing to the vigilance of the civic authorities, and the strong military force that is stationed in each of the towns, no tumult is likely to occur at present. Edinburgh is much quieter ; so is Liverpool. Tlic Designs of the Chartists. [From the London Sunday Time*. Aug. 20 ] On Wednesday night a noons of Ihs utmost confusion took place in Webber street, Blaokfriars, which, for two or three hours, created considerable sensation in the neighborhood. It appears that, from private information received by the government, n strong muster of the I* division of police was ordered to assemble at the L division, in To?er street. The men were immediately placed in reserve, armed with cutlasses, and were joined by about 150 constables and sergeants of the L division. The men belonging to the M section were also on duty at the Stones-end station, under the direction of Mr. Superintendent Evans. About half-past nine o'clock, on a signal being made, Mr. Superintendent Tlutt. and Inspectors Carter, Evans. Arnold, and Rogers, wltii Dearly 300 men. marched to the Angel Tavern, in Webber street, kept by Mr. Smith. Mr. Rutt. with a pair of loaded pistols, and a cutlass at his side, entered the house, accompanied by a strong body af constables, and at the same time upwards of a hundred officers wero drawn up in front of the premises under arms. The moment the poll :S entered the tap-room oi parlor. a general movement took place <>n the part of the persons assembled there, and Mr. Rutt orled out, " If any man tillers the least re-istauce I will run hint through/' at the same time showing his drawn cutlass. This hndtbe dofired effect. an>l little or no resistance was attempted. The police then, in a body, seized fourteen men who wee in the room, and conveyed them, under n strong gunrd, to Tower street, where, upon being searched, pistols loaded to the musrzlp, jifkes. three-corner daggers, spcar.heads. and swords were luimu upon muir persons. ana ouierH wore lounil secreted under the feats on which they had been sitting. Seme of them wore iron breast-plates, and others bad gunpowder. shot, and tow-balls. Under one man no less than seventy-Are rounds of ball-cartridge were discovered. 1 he prisoners were all placed in front of tho lobby, and having been duly charged, their names and addresses were taken, and scarcely a man was brought forward who was not well known to tho police as lining a prominent chartist. It is but right, to state that Mr. Smith, the landlord of the Angel had made no provision for any meeting to take place at his house ; on the contrary, the parties bad made preparation for the assembly to take place at tho Teacock. In Frances street, but the landlady, on gaining Intelligence of what were tho obiects of the fellows, immediately gave them orders to leave Ler premises and they forthwith started oil to the Angel, Mr. Smith at the time being from home. The whole of the prisoners wero locked up at Tower street, under a strong eeoort of police armed with cutlasses Mr. Superintendent Rutt. and Inspector llussell, from private information which tbey received, proceeded to Blue Anchor-yard. York striet. Westminster, where, it was stated, a gang of armed charti?t- were waiting to march out and join tne other pr ns in the event of a procession being formed. O i -ring the house of a well known leader, the man largo pike wero found. In tho neighborhood of 1 mond street. Bed Lion square, it was staled that rr.ons had been apprehended and safely lodged , i l3ow street police station. Tho whole of the metropolitan and city police not on duty in the streets, wore, to a man, in reserve at tho several station houses, under arms, in case their services should be required. Upon the police proceeding to the house of Samuel Morgan, one of the men taken by the L division, tho police found the log of a chair loaded with lead, and a number of nails driven in at the extremity. It was about the length of a policeman's truncheon, and so heavily laden, thai a blow on the head with it must have caused instantaneous death. Swords and weapons of various kinds have been found at ths residences of the other prisouers. Mr. Inspector Carter, with several constables. precweusd in a body to search the abodes of the other partita raptured. The whole of the military quartered at Buckingham Palace, the Tower, Mtat. Bank of F.nglanri, and the various barracks, weru under arms, and a continuous lino oT communication was kept up between the metropolitan and city police, as well as with the military and other offlc'a! bodies. Shortly after the capture made in Webber street, a meeting was attempted to he held at the South London Chartist Hall, in the same street, when one of tbu leaders rnshed into the bnlidiog. and ad wised them, for God'i sake, to disperse, as their lives were in danger. In an instant a general rush took place for the Street, and one man. in leaping from a side window, severely injured himself, and, it is rumored, broke one of his legs. At balf-past one. everything was perfectly quiet, but the police were still in reserve. Not tho least doubt appears to be entertained that the chartists contemplated walking in procession at midnight, and that they were not merely determined to assassinate the polioe on duty, in the event of their mierntpiirr, um him> in nre many ni inn punuc nuuuinge. and to commit other depredation*, and had it not been for the timely information forwarded to headquarter*, there *eem? erery probability that they would hare carried their intention* Into effect. It appear* that when the room wa* hlrad at the Peacock, Franaea etreet, Weetnlnater road, the partion told the landlady that t hey wanted the room merely to hold a trade* meeting. P.y eome mean*, the owner or the hou*e ascertained that the partie* who had hired tho place were ehartiete. and that they intended to oome armed. The moment they name, Mia told them that ehe oould not allow the meeting to take plana in her houee. Same of the parties! who had then assembled cried nut to their companion*. " Oh, we are piped?we had better go home." Other*, more daring than the rest, said. Well, if we hare failed hero, come along witt u*. and we will take yon to a place with a long pa**age, where we can pounce upon the police, ehould they attempt to attaok u*.'' Some partie* Immediately conveyed the intelligence to Mr. Superintendent Rutt, who, without a moment'* lo*? of time, proceeded with a *trong mus ier 01 raoD, nnu ismvowi, unorr mo circumstances detailed. In apprehending the whole of the prisoner* now Id custody. Men in private elothee were placed in such directions lest night, that, In the event of any disturbance being attempted, the intelligence ooaUl be convoyed to Whitehall in the course of a few mlnut?s. Superintendents (Irimwooil. (K.) Puaree (K,) Bereefbrd, (('..) Rntt, (I..) and Kvan*. (VI division.) were In reserve till late on Wednesday night, ready to start to any pert <fthe metropolis, in the event of their services being rcf|nlred. Tno military were aleo ready to a*t. In fart, every precaution had benn.taken by the an(hi Titles to prevent any riot, had such been attempted W th resp et to Mr. Smith, the landlord of the Angel in Webber etreet. wheru the parties wore apprehended on Wednesday night, the Commis'lnnera of I'olloa ar? prrfrotly Fatlffied that he had no knowledge of the fellows being present. They went. In. without saying a wcrd to sny one connected with the establishment, and it was not u ill I the roll*# entered the building, that Mr. Smith knew any thing of the parties being there. ?RK I RSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7 It whh 'b?* i 'Pinion of the chartis n to have held m i tli ? in various ;>arls of the metropolis; but. owing 10 the pol re btltig on the natch, very few of the intended put In i ins* looh p'ace. Vancouver'? lelnntl oinl the Iludion's Usy CompanyIn tie House of ( omuiovs on the 18th tilt, Mr. Cbrlety r ?e to call the attention of the House to the proposed grant of Vancouver's Islaud to the Hudson's liny Company, and strongly deprecated such a proceeding ou the part of the government. Mr Haw k? defended the policy of the government. He said that for soote time there had been a great anxiety to colonise that island, and tuany plans bad hern suggested, and in no instance had they tendered to the government any security that they would be nhle to carry out these plans. The honorable gentleman pointed out the adv&ntege that would result from giving a territorial grant of the island to th? Hudson's Bay ( ompany, intimating that the government and management of the internal rflTairs would remain with the colonists, who would have the right to make new laws As regsrds the charges brought against the Hudson's Bay Company, they had been satisfactorily answered; and upon a further investigation by Lord Elgin, the report wasagaiu most satisfactory. Mr. Gladstone protested against Vancouver's Inland being banded or?r to the Hudson's Bay Company, which being a fur trading company, had interests in opposition to colonisation. He also contended that the ccmpany had exercised despotic power, and that their servants being in fact slaves, were the most unlit persons in the world to he sent to oommence peopling a sew colony. Mr. C. Di'llkr said the only means offered for colonising Vancouver's Island, was by giving it to suoh a body as the Hudson's Bay Company, that would establish settlements upon it. The length of the voyage and expense of goiDg there, rendered it utterly Impossible that it could he colonised, whilo so much moro eligible colonies as Australia and the Cape remained unpeopled. The grant was in fact a matter of expeaiency, una it was in tno power of tho government, after the lapRe of eleven years, to retake posaession of the country, upon their repaying the company tho cxponpes of the settlement. Mr. Hume strongly condemned tho grant of the liland to the company, and concluded by moving that an address bo presented to Her Majesty praying that Vancouver's Island should not be granted to the Hudson's Bay Company until after inquiry should be instituted into the complaints of the people of tho lied River settlement. Mr. Cnai?rr repllod, and after seme further discussion, in which Mr. Wyld, Lord John Russell, and Mr. Gouldbourn took a part, the House divided, when Mr. Hume's motion was lost by a majority of 70 to 08. The French Republic. Paris, Friday Evbnino, August 18. For tho first time since tho insurrection of June, Paris has really to day the appearance ef a city in a state of sirge. In all parts of the town, cavalry officers are to be seen moving rapidly about, giving directions and carrying orders. The whole of the works are confined to the barracks; a considerable quantity of artillery has been brought into Paris; and, in short, we look as if we were on the eve of some terrible emcute. What can be the meaning of all this? It creates great uneasiness among the public, and many believe that the alaTm and danger arc real, and still I cannot persuade myself that it is any more or leva than an attempt on the part of the Government, to intimidate the National Assembly,ar.d to weaken the effect of the publication of the documents with respect to the insurrection of June, which have been this day distributed among the representatives. I am the more persuaded that the danger ib wiuniui any wiuut luuiiuuiiua, oecause it, is sam that it is to bo expected. not from the red republicans, but from that of the legitimists and royalists in general. The report spread is. that the publication of the documents, (which, by-the-bye, aro not yet before the general public ) has created an immense degree of excitement among the working classes, who are apprehensive that their leader, M. Louis Blanc, is to bo sacrificed, and thnt, taking advantage of this state of things, the legitimists have for some days been trying to gain ovor the ourritrs generally, but especially iu the Faubourgs St. Denis and St. Antoine, which were inhabited by that class of workmen who are omployed on articles of , luxury,and endeavoring to get them torl-eto rescue tho patriots, the legitimists, and Louis Philippists. hoping to take advantage of ilic confusion to create a reaction in favor of royalty. Whether the government serious- ; ly believes in ibis plot or not; or whether it merely wishes to keep up as much exc.tement as will justify j it in the (yes of the country for making a display of military force, it is undoubted that extensive preparations aro made for resistance against a roup de main. The troops aro not only confined to their barracks, but the pickets which parade the streets have been raised from forty to oue hundred men each. The men have four days ratiobs I and sixty ball cartridges given to each of them, aud I artillery is stationed constantly at the Hotel de yille. j the palace of the National Assembly, and other commanding places, from which they could be carried, at I a moment's notice, wherever their services may be ; | required. All these military preparations greatly aa. tonish tbe Parisians, who. haying now enjoyed six ! weeks of tranquillity, look upon military parade as a I novelty. Kor my own part, I feel confident that there j I U no more ground for the alarm now than there was ! when. In May last, General Clement Thomas swept | the Tlace de la Concorde of the few persons who were congregated in ft. because two or three of them had i the incivility to hiss him. and beonuse M. De Lamari tiue was anxious to carry a vote of the Assembly I while under the influence of terror, which it was I likely to reject if proposed at a period when it could execute its judgment with calmness and trani|Uillity. The Committee on the Constitution has drawn up a new proamble, which was drawn up by M. Vivien. | It is very abort, aBd contains eight articles. The committee proposes to declare the republic democratic, and that its motto will be, as at present, liberty, equality. and fraternity. The right to work and education is mentioned hut very vaguely, it retains the words. "jJunoni de dirt'." Ono of the articles declares that j I ranee interdicts bane If from ail war with a view to conquest, or an attempt against the liberties of other nations. General Cavalgnac has intimated to the members of the National Assembly that he is now ready to give explanations witli respect to the policy *ef the government on the Italian question. There will, couee! quently, be a debate on the question next week. It la , thought that the day for the debate will be llxed by the Assembly to-morrow. | I est nigbt. a second lot of the insurgents of June, to the number of 438, were sent o(T to Havre under a ] strong guard. They will be despatched from Havre i by the Uloa steamer, which will rarry them to Brunt. Pariv August 1H? 6% P. M. The all engrossing topic of to-day In the volume of evidence circulated among the members of the Asaembly by the Insurrection Coiumitteu. 1 seod you some of the most important depositions, and will send more to morrrw. Yesterday evening a pistol was tired, in i tlio Faubourg St. Antoine, upon the colonel of the Mdh regiment of tho lino, who was passing.having at I his side a soldier of the Guard Mohilo. who was wound1 ed In the hand by the hall. Two butchers' boys were arrest, il. charged with this attempt. The reunion of the line de roitiers is reported as proposing M. l)ufnur? for the Presidency of tho Assembly. M. h'arrast being understood to decline reelection. I hare an retained with certainty that atlroupements u ere formed yesterday evening in the Rue Moujfetart, in the Faubourg St. Marccnu. and that the populace uere dispersed l>y charges of calvary. The Latest, [From the London Times, Aug. 19.] BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. Cur Paris letter of yesterday is of a re-assuring nature. It states that the danger of an insurrection no longer existed, anil that there wore no fears for Its results, If one vyere to oocur. it expresses also almost entire confidence in the success of the modlation of France and Kngiand in : Italy. IMPORTANT DOCI MENTS ' On the Fiuls lusurrortloiis?Ttie Depositions of the Kx-Frovlslonnl Government. A bulky volume, of no less than three hundred | and seventy closely printed pages, has been pre| sented to the French Chambers, with the deposii tiens and examinations of the principal persons concerned in the insurrections of May and June. Of the complicity of Louis Blanc, Caussidiere, and Ledru Rolltn, there can be no doubt. It is the publication of this volume which is the secret of the immense display of troops and precautions taken at Paris on Saturday, August 19. The following is the full substance of the depositions before the Commission on the lusurroctions, made by MM. Arago, Cavaiguao, Lamartlue, Ledru llollln, and Louis Blanc :? thf nrroMTios of araoo. M. Araoo?A want of harmony prevailed in tho go vernmeut. Two elements were in presence?-the element of ft moderate republic. *n J the element of n more nrdtnt republic; thence sprung disagreement; but thin disagreement was never revealed in public acta. The Drat rause of disturbance were the mad opinions propagated amongst the laboring classes. It was evident that ruch Ideas would causo the most bloody disturbances. The theories of the Ldllcrnbourg have been irx st fatal; they gave riee to hopes which were manifest* d even in the electoral colleges It was pretended that I'aris was all France- that Teria was to direct and govern all. The circulars aunt out were moat deplorable They even created a doubt of the possibility of founding a lepublio in France Wo then decided that one member of the government should revise and control the terms and s plrlt of oach ne <v circular: but thia roeaiure was not put into execution. 1 owe to truth and justice to say that the author of tbe circulars vm not f.edru Rodin, but M. Jules Kavre. M. I-ouis Rlane wanted to have a progressist ministry. I objected to it. because we should nave bson obliged to give this ministry to Louis Blanc himself, and because It might have bten supposed that we partook of his doctrines lie then threatened to withdraw. That would not ! have been without danger, for wo had no forces i whatever. The two elements of the red republic j at.d socialism sometimes joined together, in order j to thwart ns. M. l.wdru Rollln. however, never participated In the socialist principles of M. t.ouis j Dlaro; bnt In other respects they agreed, especially I to adjourn the elections This adjournment caused a I ery violent struggle, M. Lrdru RolUn thinking that * I ERA L 1848. an adjournment ?na indlrpeOMkblr. With reFprc' to ?-H tt 'ftk?ir< 8 of rrpremilon. M. I.cdru Kollin and M; L. i Diane both aRreert M. I.odrn Kollin drew up i r. port j of the ever tx of Kouen. Thin report wan f?r from beinfc bereroleiit for tho two ireperal* who hud bean i entrusted with the command of the armed force*. In 1 coT)FP<|U?*nco of this report, M. I. Wane proposed tliat the two irrneriil* ehoulil h* hrnio*lit Iwfi,.,. - tial. I opposed it. ant] wui successful. With respect 1 to the event* of the ltith of April. We had been inform i d on the day bofose, that the maiiifi<Ht<tUnn would be very groat the government determined upon not going to the Hotel de Vilie. so as not to bo compelled to ylnld to the demand* which would be uinle ; the government, was only to go there, it'the national guards were master* of the movement. However, I went thither at about one. I only found MM. Uuches and liecurt, who were much pre-occupied with their loti ell need They forced me to remain, but a abort time after. I went to tbe mnirie of the 8th arrondlasenvut. The filh l.egion behnved very wt 11 I-'rom thence I could order uromunition to be brought from V'in.-ennea; Col. Hey, who. since that, entered into a compact with the rarute, bad taken upon himself to defend the Hotel de Ville. and promised to have three cannona fired off. to Inform me of any danger. I do not know whether tho manifestation was excited by tbe two clement* previously mentioned or no ; and am quite ignorant of the particular* of the investigation. It wan at Aro de Trinmpbe that M. Cauiaidiere Informed me that Blanqui bad not been apprehended, notwithstanding our order*. I think he and M. Ledru Rcllin had concerted together. With regard to the loth of May, we bad been Informed on the eve that u movement wa* to take place ( in favor of Poland AVo were afraid that Polaod wa* but , a pretext; every precaution waa taken to prevent the ] assemblage from reaching the gate* of the Assembly. j Such orders were given, that we thought no human ( force could reach the threshbold of the A**embly. When I beard in what manner it had been violated, I j was surprised, indignant, fuiiou*. We immediately, j and in tbe greatest haste thought of the mean* of free- , lng the Assembly. But we had one fear?thai, nfomn. sing the members of the Assembly to danger?perhaps , to murder. Hence the necessity of gaining time. , Sotne membere had eoine to the Luxembourg. M. Iter- . villa among others who told us that the Assembly was { dissolved, and that it would be necessary to assemble it { In another place. Our first thought was to prepare all { things for its reception at the Luxembourg. I then ] , came to the Assembly. I armed the 11th Legion. I j I found it quite discouraged by the report of the dlssniu: ticn of the Assembly, and the downfall of the government ; I renewed their courage by protesting against the nttemptH which had just beeu made. I said that 1 I all that had taken pluce was of no real moment, that ' | the Assembly preserved its power, and the government ' I its nutbotity. On ray return to the Luxembourg I met Quentln. the former collector of the finances, who , 1 said to me, "I come to take your place.'' I collared him, and said," Till you take my place, I will give you one in a prison.'* lie had a brace of pistols in his posses- 1 sion. He is now In Vincennus. After this incident, the lltb Legion wanted to accompany me to the Hotel ' do Villo. Wo have punished every person who had a ' shnre in Ihe attempt. It is we'l known we degraded 1 Colonel Taisset, Our severity even fell upon them J who, without having taken any part in the attempt, evinced the lenst irresolution. 1 mention tieneral v Tempoure, whom we deprived of the command of the Mobile Uuard, because be had been seen with his epaulettes on in one of the public tribunes, during the * invading of the Assembly. On tho 1-i'h, when we J' i called ail the chiefs and all tho authorities to tube our orders. M. Cuussidiere did not appear, nor J] did we see him on the 15th. He complained* of a spinlD. I wished to have him taken into custody and * te bnve bis papers examined. My ad viae was not fol. I lowed. I nm fully convinced that he bad n hand in j the matter. As regards Sobrier: The Minister of War li is the sole depositary of arms. On the demand of the tl Minister of tho Interior, arms were delivered to all the h National Outdl. IbuO muskets were demanded of | n I ?ijr, VU UIfjv ucjr, av* HiP i tcn i uurc UH r011U6. ? 0101101 O Brifsottrs wan entrusted with the delivery of these tl arms. The bearer of the letter said he was called So. la brier; that tbO of those muskets wero for the Prefec- ci ture, and 100 for the succursale of the Hue do Itlvoli. w M. Brecsolles went aud inquired of M. Clio ltrgnault K1 if sueh was the manner in which tho arms were to be el distributed. He was answered in the affirmative Not ni being satisfied, he applied t^o M. Caussidiere hi'.n?elf. f< who told him to send 800 to the I'releoiure. and 201 to o the Hue Itivoll The Itue de Rlvoli was not const- si dtrcd ns the residence of M. Sobrier. but as a iueciir- t\ sale of the Prefecture, to be strategetleally master of 1 j that position. M. Courtals bad Informed us of the c pn senoe of sentiies at tho door of M Sobrior: we gave 1 I orders that they should, bo withdrawn, whioli orders | " I were net obeyed?our ordors seldom were. I do not r , think the project of overthrowing was decided upon ] t beforehand. .At first, they ail merely intended to pre- ] ' sent a petition to tho bar of the Assembly. I think I 1< tber gained fresh appetite by eating. Sobrier was ap- i ti prehonded in the ltue de Uao, No. 15. and conducteil II to the barracks on tho Quay d'Orsay. I was told it ?l was proposed to take him to the Prefecture do Police, j ti I objected to It. I made the colonel nf dragoons an- H swer, on bis head, for the execution of the order I gave Q him. On tho morrow, the colonel refused to give up w Sobrier, without a paper to that effect, signed by me. tl I cannot cay whether they intended to intimidate the v Assembly merely, or to overthrow it. I have alwnys ? kept aloof from ail parties Some ol my colleagues e can give you much better information on ihat subject 1 tt an 1 can. t The aim of the banquet at 25 centimes was to deliver ] ^ the priconers of the 15th of May. It had been decided J1 that on that day 1 was to go and confiue myself in the I \ chateau de Vinccnnes. I have examined a linan of forage which wan to bo made urn of, it is raid, to till up the ditch. I was accompanied by General Tourne- I ' mine. We caused four cannons to he placed on that ; J. aide of tho fortress. As to thn trial of tho prisoners, * We had come to no determination ; we did not wish to ?J liaTe tbem brought before an exceptional court ; we should baTe hnd them tried by jury. M. Marie took i ? upon himself the organisation of the ateliert nationatir. 1 That suffices to tell you it was dono with loyalty. We j jj were busv in solving the difficulty of having the men ; * paid in the mniriti, which hadoccasioned great abuses . and disturbances We wished to remedy such dfs- ! turhances by dividing, the operation of the payment. The organisation conceived with this view, produced p unforeseen inconveniences ; the first was that of g providing a great assemblage ready for an imutt. We then tried to disperse the nttiitrt, but were convtantly (tumbling against noma daw obstacle. A | ?: short time previous to the late events two or three r' measures had been adopted. One had for its object j to exclude from the atelitrt noHttnaux all men from | 1 17 to 26, and to incorporate them In the army; another , f requested all men belonging to private altlitri to re- , turu to such as had renewed their woTks. such as hat- i ters and others. Another plan was to send them to ; " such places as were in want of hands, and espooially j "j to Angers; 160 were to be snnt off to that place on the 28dof Jane, and 400 on the ensuing day. Their de- | parture was prevented by evil influences. Objections were made when 1 wont to the barricade of the Hue T, Soufllct: ''We should have been ill treated at Angers, j as we were at I'otoaux and tiourbervie." I told them | J it was an error; thatsuoh had perhaps been tho case j {" in small places like Potcaux and Courborvle.tmt that i J Angers and other large towns had asked for hands, | ' and that onr workmen would have met with a very , . dillerent kind of treatment. They told me I had no '' right to speak to them, since I had never known what j hunger was. We had endeavored to substitute labor ; . by the job to a day's work. We wera ns-ailed by other , .. difficulties. 1 think an individual nlaceil at the hoar! of the ateliers nationaux wauted to Increase them in ! number for an electoral purpose. M. Knolle Thorn** | ?' | was the person who wmntod to increase the number of i , tlie laborers at the ateliert nationaux. lie intended to ' be a candidate. Ho came to me while I was Minister , J at War. to ask me to allow him to tako charge of the ^ inspection of the 4,000 laborers at work in the Champ { do Mara. j ^ On *he 22nd June, the ateliere nationaux sent fire ? delegates to M. Marie. Pujol waa at their head, and ' t used most insolent language. M. Marie requested him I _ to hold liia tongue, and said to the others, ''You, who i n are true workmen, apeak to me : I am ready to listen to t you Yon do not answer. Arc you the slave* of , t Pujol 1" They refurcd to reply, and went away. I < / know a rendezvous had beon given for tho morrow at t 6 o'clock, am Durinel he night e/ the 'i'Ud at 3 a.m., ! f, upon a report from the Prefecture of Police, orders were I t/ i sent to Ciemral Cavaignac, requesting him to hare a n ' regiment of infantry and two squadrons of caralry at the /, Place He I'F.strnpade, a' six o'clock, a m. The order i ? was not executed. I add that, on the 24th or May. a ,, decn e was issued by the government for 20.000 men p of the tro<>|is of the line to be called into Paris Tho e Minister of War was entrusted with the eaecution of j,that decree ; with the National Guard and the Mobile, j r; and the artillery, these force" wer? to bo sufficient. The t, demonstration which had taken plaer at M Merle's had jr caus< d great uneasiness. Orders were issued on tho 22nd f, to the Minister of the Inferior, aud to th? Prefect I tl of I'clica. to have flffy-teveii delegates from the atelier c natinnaua taken into custody, amongst whom was a Pujol We vrtTu told that It was Impossible to fla t | t] their directions. These very men wi re found on the I t, barricades, as chiefs. I do not know, oven at present, if Tujol is under nrrist.. I can scarcely explain'the , , change which took place in the Faubourg St. Antolne, I *' which had shown so good a spirit at another epoch. I * 1 he minds of the labcrur* in that faubourg had been I { [ worked up: the speeches of the clubs had much to do aith It. It was not only in the street, hut in the ?! government, that the rod flag was proposed on tho 17th i ! of April. ! said 1 would lather be c ,t to pieces than i , adept that ling. When tho <(ii?rrr*l grew stronger. I f, raid:?Call jour adherents; I 11 cause tho drum to beat ' to arms, and the questiou shall be decided by the ' j, musket. I.ucb di?y brought diflicultles of every kind. : ' fin tlie (lav after, tha tilth Vneil ,^,>,..1 mamlwN ftf the povwnnifut wore a red feather In their hat*. It ' wns the Jay of the grand icview I refuted to wur J tbnt emblem. 1 had brenlnfhrrued that fery frequent i meeting* wete held at the Minmtry of tho lot Tier. be- " tween certain magistrate* and tffr function*.-lea of i . that mlnbtry, and that must elnguHr i('iLStton? " were (Jifrus?ed therein, JVo were deairnu* of an- f cartalntng the uatffio of there JJjcusalon*, but ? were unable to dlacorpr It The Irate erenta have hut too well tnTormed u< of the truth. ^ M. I.cul* Titanc wa* artonirhed at the flwarlty with which M. 1'ortali* aud M. Landrin pursued him. Ha " eald, 'IJut thryjrined us In all our project* ofn?erthrowing the moderate p^rt of the prorlsional go- J** t(rnment. and. lately, the Aseemhly tteelf1' It waa to M. Uriel* rr that M. L. Blanc apnke In thl* m .nuer. J. M. Underc repeated theaewnrd* to M. Oar liter fngea, who repeated them to uie. I watted on M. Ledru Hot- , lfn, t'> know the real date of thing*. M Ledru Hot- " Ha?-! the more readily consent to inform you of th* 1 ww?mm i **mmm?mm?r?-?mmmmrmam?a??H? L ]). TWO CENTS. teal PUtu of iiifatra, ta 1 Hin f?r from approrinc th? imwMirfi propoea-d by tha>?e RHntlrraa-n. On the 3d Mny. especially, jou end thai Aeterably were brought lu. vnrU. ' M. LeaJru Nollin ila-rlnied to mr that the c'.uLbiat* were far from bring tb? mott active in the men nil of causing the overthrow of a part of the government aud of dissolving the Assembly, but M M. [ortsllf, I.andrln. and Jules Havre It w:<* at an I'porh previous to the committee of investigation that M. l.edi u Hollin revealed theae facts torn*. Madid uot attend all the meeting*, th? laat or which waa bold i n tbr "d May laat, the eve of the meeting of the National Assembly. la hia abaeuca, M. Jules H'avrw did th<-honor*. It was said then, that the revolution bad got out of ita track, and muat be brought into it agaifl. Since that, time, try memory baa traced back the event* we have gone through. The Instruction* which the Provisional Government aent to Its magistrate* were but ill attended to. and badly executed' These gentlemen lot every one Into their and re?eurchea. and the inveetigatinn relative to illauijui waa moat especially conducted in that manner. I wish to give some explanation relative to M. Cauaaidiere. I atn de*iroua of explaining why I feltsuch repugnance towarda him. He wua constantly boasting of having saved us. He aaid, " I have dleauaded those wl.o wanted to overthrow you." 1 replied, Hut whr do you not have the audaoioua men who form auon projects arrested "' M. t'augaidiere did not under atsnd inc. Ho oontented himself with telling our enemies to atop, in a tone which seemed to advise tbam to reserve their strength for a future time. I have no knowledge of any speech pronounced by M Causaldlete, in the presence of 48 lommmaim de police. IVe hsd no polloe; the few agents we had were far firem being sure. They were told not to get them reives into danger ror a government which oould not ast. The prefect of pollco and the Minister of the Interior bad conoeived quite a different opinion of :he e agents; they thought they could be relied upon rhey were mistaken. In ordsr not to he divided, we ocked over all suoh inconveniences, so as to reach the National Assembly, without any violent oonlliota. We rere desirous of hastening the meeting of the s'ationai Assembly, and of oonvohing the eleotors immediately. The other members of the Provisional Ooerninvnt declared that they did not consider the polulation to be sufficiently prepared. They were in be right; they were ill prepared by the ciroulara and he hsd choice of commlstaire* It was to such an exeut that a gulirien was named central commissary at lavre. He has since then re assumed his first part? it: has turned assassin. the ncrosiTion or cavaiqnac. General Cavawnac?-This general said that tho itatements furnished by the Minister of War were sorrect ; there were to be in I'aris and its environs ibout .'10,000 men. The system of defense adopted by tlie general in the days of Jane rested upon this conviotion, that there was danger in scattering the troops. Ibe experience of July, 1HJU, and Kebruary, 1SIX, [roves the necessity of not engaging the troops In the streets, and of colleotlng them in sufficient bodies to make the insurrection give way before them. In such cases the least choc.k for the army is mortal. In spito if the most explicit orders, a battalion had ventured jpon the Place de Vosges, and was plaoed in a compromising state, which drew upon it the severity of he Minister of War in spite of the ineontestible hra>ry of its chief and soldiers. A second example of his sort might have had lamentable eon equences. 'o save. above<alI. the honor of the flsg, Is the oertain uaranty of ultimate success. On the 2-'ld. said Coaignac. I was still only Minister of War ; I was quite i ee to expose myself to be killed if it seemed good to ae. 1 turned aside, however, from the Faubourg d* >mple, which was menaced; General Lamoriclere was ith me. Tiir. prrniiTioiv op m. ik limastisc. M. Lamartimf. said?Tho proclamation of the repubc appeared to certain mini to carry away more than a krone?that Is to say, society itself. As a sign of this lea. tbey imagined the Drapeau Ilouge. That won -pulsed, but not extinguished?not completely ab>rli d in tbe mass of the people. The 17th Maroh, io National Guard, which then existed only In ^ itent state, manifested Itself. On the next and aue-eding days, a counter manifestation was made, la bleb 'JCO.lKiU men wished to give law to the provisional yvernment. The latter repulsed their measure# with Bcrgv. The 10th April, there was a menace of a comlunist movement. At ft in tne morning, I was inirmed of what was passing In the clubs; of a projecb I a committed of public safety, in lieu of the profiler nl government. I gave notice individually to tha ilends whom 1 had in the National Guard. M. Ledru lolliu ciinic lo me in the morning ; he was very exited. " We are going to be attacked," said he. " by 20.000 men. at the head of whom are found 20 (KHI ,rmtd men belonging to the clubs." He reported to ae the offer tbet had been made to him, and he intention entertained of excluding me from ho government, as well as several ef my colognes. I said to him as MinisW of the In'trior, "You have the right ot, ordering the rappel. 'by chance there he a National, rtuard in Paris we are ned." Ledru Kollin accepted litis without hesitaon. and went away to order'the rappel. I ran to uvivier's; my project was to asseppbie some hati alii ns f the Guard .Mobile round the,Hotel de Vllle, and ith Gen. < hangarnier to defend'my life there, hoping n&i me .Nauonai i>uaru wouki net to nave rarm. uuivier adopted iny project. He admirably cmnprehonild the value of the Guard Mobile. "Where are the artridges!" said he to iubj 1 thought he could have hem at the otat-niajor of the nntioual guard. I oura> proved very loyal. 1 went, in fine, to the Hotel de !ille Cbangnrnier rejoined mo there. He made his nilitar.v disposition, and we waited for the mauiiestaion. Two young men had born sent into the fanlieue. to wnrn it. At length, after painful apprelonrion, the 12thlegion appeared cnthe bridge, crying Vim la IhrtjifH " The armed force was roused; he triumph of tlie moderate republic was atuured; the lanlleue arpeared in turn, and was drowned in an leant nre movement of national guards, to the repeated ries of " Vive la Hepvhlique " On the 15th of May. it must he conferred, we were deceivud by the unskilfultern of the chiefs of the public force; the same spirit ,nd tendency still appeared; the question was again to bollrh the republic to the profit of a violent party, rishing to push things to extremities. With others, t was an attempt at Intimidation?the armed sections, he great categories of the seditions of Paris, did not lay the chief part there. More importance Das been iTen to Blanqui thanhe deserves?his monomania was oorpiracy, in which he was an artist. Barbestook be lead on the 15th May; but, to say ths truth, the biefs were not there ; Barbes had been caught in the Qsre of Blanqni's popularity; the proof of the small nportanco of Blanqui is that the other olubs had reived to assassinate him. Observing, as 1 have done r four months, all sorts of tendencies to suppress ths sfembly, I think I am able to declare that nothing rlous has been perceived in the armed sections, or in le rtati smen, or the exaggerated republic. The moreent of the 23d June was altogether spontaneous; ths Citation of the atrliert natianaux had iwo eanses?the oney of the government economised for the civil war; fen communism, which put its hand upon it for ths nrpose of insurrection. As to the part played by ths xerutlvo Commission?as to my share of the responbllity, I did not wish to speak of it. I did not wish to ring personalities Into play in so frightful a catasropne. Recriminations arc repugnant to me More lan a month before, an order bad been given to General laraignac to surround the National Assembly iritk oops, and to count on the National Guard only as a rttrve. Tbero were then only 0,500 troops In Paris, hereas It was agreed that there should be 25 000 men i the capital; we had 10,000 Guard Mobile, 2.500 Guard . publican, and 2,000 Gardfms de Paris. I required. srides, 15,coo men in We linnjeatate neighborhood r Paris. iTMi made up a force of 60.000 men, dependency of the National Guard, a force which judged more than sufficient to repress any irurrectional movement. I warned and tired out Itneral Cavaiguar with my rnfrrafi'ej on this subject. s a moral force 1 required a series of repressive laws L'ninst the press and .against the at troupe meats. 'he Executive Commission was unanimous in delanding these measures of the Assembly. It appeared o me that the Assembly was threatened on two sides -by the ateliers notionaur, and by a Ooonapartiet movement. I thought of protecting tbo Assembly, herefore, if It was forced to quit Paris, and I wished 0 have 20,060 men disposable from the army of tha lips. I insisted even moro than my colleague, on he execution of these various measures. f?.u, l hereore, greatly astonished at the smalt number of troops hich were in Paris, f do not a-rme General Ciraigar. whose high military reputa'ion and loyalty teelltr ,'m/rem attach, hut I am camptlled to say that th-re * oi something in the War Department which did not ?. stirfy our confidence. I had proposed to oarry the J' arrlcsdes before night, and to make a de-feratj fhrt; but the want of troops protracted the .struggle, rent all that 1 have said, it fellows that in the e vaous manifestations and insurrections the same in ntious are exhibited; but you, as political men, aklng an investigation for tbo present and the iture, you must remark, and make others remark, , bat everything has been produced soparately. Each f the factions of the anarchist party nas acted alone, nd this has given us the victory. The dissolution of be atrlievs nationalise seems to ine to assure it iafalli!y fcr the futuro. M. I.BDRt Bollix ?The attempt of.tbe 10th of May ?d peTeral chatacters. I ean give onlv general apluciations. I b'heiemost of those who cam? Into he Assembly desired to present a petition, and to read 1 at the bar. They wished to do this by foroe, and rtro probably ignorant of the decree which forbid hem The police was. I most say, ral'manag-d. At bamomont thejAMembly w?'i invaded I came to thw atu with M. I.aniartioe, and did all I could to pievent lie popnWe from entering I was told that a great rowu nan uiuvt'o lunarun >uvinrr gam iu iuk rwuo ??? oiirgrgne. which was In mora danger. 1 ran there, idrefsed the Insurgents. entr? atet th.'tn to withdraw, Jt they had got tnto the Assembly I Rasill reroUed to enter there, harlie* became excited f degrees. As to me. I hare been unworthily slanted I knew nothing of their projects They prayed etotataka the Presidency, bat ( refused. 1 wunt swn Into the court, where I was immediately Bur>undi it by men who wanted to convey ra? to the Holds Vllie. I declared thnt they should not take ma erealiiu. I took a fiUtol and declared tbiat I would ow my brains out If ther persevered. When the ttamhly whs evacuated. I mounted on horseback, Ith M. I amartlne, and did not aven wait for uoy hat. nusjldirrchsd given me the word, and I trusted in hla f d faith. I hod seen Sobrler twice, whom I did not lnrust I hod been especially surprised at learning at he had reeeiVsd arms ftrom the polico. ITlo .alert i Xkfhnnur seriously occupied the government was re-olved to cle-e then abort the 30th h'ay. and all measures that prudence suggested trc taken, but the orders w?re not strict^ jxecutad ? A

Other pages from this issue: