Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 8, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 8, 1848 Page 1
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J? TH r*t- r i NO. 5210. Jacob Barker on Utneral Taylor's Klectlou. New York, 6th Sept., 1848. Jakk* Gordon Bersktt. Ksq Dear Sir.?You ask what will be the course of the original Southern friends of General Taylor, in relation to the election of Mr. Fillmore ? I answer that they will support him with the same fidelity they do the hero ol Buena Vista. They nominated General Taylor from an earnest desire for peace with Mexico, and from a conviction that a vigorous prosecution of the war was the best; in fact, the only way to procure an honorable peace. To promote that object, together with a wholesome restraint on the exercise of the veto power, and a reformation in the administration of the finances of the nation, they wished to see Gene- , ral Taylor elected, and they l'ondly hoped, Irom his peculiar fitness for the station, that tin Baltimore, as well as the Philadelphia convention, would have concurred in his nomination. The Baltimore couvoutiou preferred another; we. therefore, owe them nothing. The Philadelphia convention confirmed our nomination. superadding that of Mr. Fillmore for the Vice Presidency. This was a fair compromise: it, therefore, behooves us to support Mr Fillmore with tV.e same 0.1.100 ?. i- / " ? ..IBI... UU??.i'U,l1IUl.U|-||ITHI 111/lor, and wu ehall faithfully perform sueh duty, with- ! out stopping to inquire how far others may act with the saiue good faith. All should rem*ruber that every institution of society, and particularly the constitution of the Unitod States, is the result of compromise. ! Gen. Taylor stands before the public committed to leave all matters of national policy to the decision of the people's immediate representatives. No man acquainted with the General, will doubt as to his carrying out that opinion to tho letter He is liouest prompt, intelligent, and highly qualified to discharge the duties of the Presidency. Not so familiar with diplomacy as Mr. Glay or Mr. Webster, and those gentiemen may vainly imagine these qualifications essential for a candidate for the Presidency, the people believe that other qualifications possessed by General Taylor, and not by these other gentlemen, are quite as important. General Washington and General Jackson were both of the army, and tbey administered the executive department quite as well as Mr Tyler or Mr. Polk, who were not of the army. The original friends of General Taylor, considering his past life a sulficient pledge for the future, and so far from wishing him to wear their livery, or pledge himself to any course, they believe it 1o he far more important to him to adhere to the independent position he origi ally assumed, than to be ducted President of the Unite d States. Should he be elected, the people will have a President free to act according to his best judgment, uninfluenced by party pledges or a kitchen cabinet. It is admitted at the South as well as at tho North,that slavery and wars are great curses ; In this sentiment General Taylor participates ; yet, sooner or later, wo must have a war to exterminate Britinh rule frnm thi-i cyintinent, and will any cue pretend that General Taylor would not be the beat President for the performance of ouch a holy work ? Hi* friends do not approve of any attempt to detract from the merit of hie opponents. They think favorably of the:r candidates, and that either General Osbs or Mr. Van liuren would make a good President if elected They consider General Taylor preferable, and most likely to administer the government in accordance with the wiBhes of the whole peop'e. Vet, if either of the other two should be elected, the nation would have occasion to be proud of their President. As to slavery, as it now exists, they all three, as far as I have been enabled to discover, hold the same opinions?therefore, no preference on that score?and, as to its extension, I cannot believe that any sensible man wishes to see it extended. It would be a lasting disgrace to this republic to authorise slavery in countries where it does not now exist, la saying this, I speak only for myself; yet it is my opinion that such would be the general opinion in Louisiana,if the subject should there be discussed and -considered. The citizens of tbat State are, like most -ether people, attached to their own interest. They do not raiso slaves for sale ; they do not emigrate to now oountries for agricultural pursuits ; their soil is as good as can be wished. With more lands than the owners can supply with hands for a century to come, they aro purchasers rather than sellers of slaves; hence, it is not for their interest to extend the market and thereby augment the price of slaves. I believe, further, that the whole South would gladly agree that all the slaves should be paid for from the United States treasury, made free, and sent to the newly acquired territory, and there formed into a separate nation, to be governed by themselves. A great portion of such territory I consider worthless to this nation for any other purpose?or if New and Old Kngland wish otherwise to emancipate them, tbey have only to send back their ships wbioh brought them South with the money for which they sold these unfortunate men into slavery, and the present holders will gladly exchange tbem back. Britain forced them on her colonies, which Virginia resisted to the utmost of hur power, and those "who sent tbem into slavery cannot, with any grace, ask their emancipation from those to whom they sold tbem. without returning the money. 1 bare resided among those people for the last fourteen years, during all which time I hare defended the free colored inhabitants to the best of my ability, without accepting any fees for my services, and hare expanded every dollar J could afford in experiments to prove to the slave holders that it would* be for their interest to employ free laborers in preference to slaves, and otherwise in the cause of freedom. I consider the slaves of Louisiana better fed. clothed, cared for when sick, and happier than tbe working classes of any other tart of the habitable globe; they hare not any care for tbe morrow?no terrer of quarter-daycan marry sod have as many children as they like. .411 this, hoever, does not sanctify the institution of slavery, and should not abate the zeal of freemen for their emancipation. Tbe friends of free soil, as well as the abolitionists, should read, from the Delta newspaper, published at New Orleans i,n the '27th of August, 1848, the speech herewith, of Oeneral Preston, in relation to Mr Fillmore, delivered at Lafayette, Lu. He is one of the most respectable, talented, and worthy citizens ef that place, and whose object was to make capl- I tal for den Cass. After reading this speech, let the free soil men ray whether they will cast off Mr. Fillmore by voting for i >Ir. Van Buren; they cannot both be elected. By n<r for Mr Van Duron f.hov nnt nnlv nro for f.nn Cats to Cien. Taylor, but they cast off Mr. Fillmore, .and what is of the highest importance, they throw ' away their votes. As it does not seem possible, in the present organization of parties, to elect Mr. Van Bu- j ten, I would say to all parties, as I would to man and ; wife, in case of domestic contention, compromise , yonr differences; yield your prejudices; abstain from ! all unkind reflections and co operate for the general good. How can the free soil mew. the abolitionist and the slaveholder, do this better, thanjty the support of Oen. Taylor and Mf. Fillmore' ' To do any good to the colored people, some practicable plan must be devised to send them off, or to tit them for freedom at home. Suppose it were possible to turn three or four millions of uneducated free la- I borers, penniless, at once on this community, I would ask. would it be prudent to do so? Would our wives and daughters like to encounter such a ma?s? Would the German, Irish, or other laborers, like thus to be elbowed out ?f their accustomed occupation' If not, 1st them beware how they favor any project leading to suoh a result. And to these men, I think 1 have a right to say a word or two, being a working man my- ; self, and having, during a long life, been their fa<t i friend and advocate, and especially so of the adoptod | citizens; the Irish in particular know this, and 1 say to \ them, if General Taylor soould bo elected, thoy will have a President whose benevolence Is proverbial, and who will sympathise with the oppressed of all natious. : J say this emphatically from a personal acquaintance with that good man. Very respectfully, your obedient servant. JACOB B \RKF.R. IiE.MOCRATIC MEKTINO IN LAFAYETTE. Agreeably to the notice published in the papers, the Cass and llutlcr Club of Lafayette assembled in guojly numbers at Thllip Marty's coffee-house, to hear Judge Preston's reply to the challenge of the Hough and Heady Club, and justification of the pamphlet against -Mr. Fillmore. The meeting was called to order by M. Orclner, the President?Judge McOarey acted as Vice Preeident. and Thomas Lagan as Secretary. The President then explained the circumstances connected with the publication of the pamphlet against Mr. Fillinero. and the challenge of the Hough and ltendy Club tojuslify that document, and concluded by calling on Judge Preston to respond to this challenge. This venerable and sturdy democrat rose and was received with much applause. The Judge proceeded to explain tho reasons why he dhl not accept the challenge of Mr. Adams. They were, that the language employed by Viat individual was of so abusive and scandalous a nature, that It would neither promote the peace and oulet of the community, nor anmport with hi* own solt'-ieepect to meet hiiii In publio debate?that Mr Adam*, when he uied such rile language an that he would tear the hotnn from hi*, Judge P.'n gray hairn. might have known that he could not be met by him in puollc debate. Out. an the subject han been taken up In a becoming spirit by a respectable club, he did not hesitate to oomo forward to sustain that pamphlet. He, like all democrat**, nought nothing but the truth, and the whole truth, and they woro ever ready to disouse principle! end facte In a npirlt of moderation nnd rea?on, and without indulging in denunciation, abuse or inflammatory language. Judge P. thou sketched the origin of slavery. going back to the remotest agen. He quoted the Bible to show tbiit ilavery wan recognised both by the old and new dispensations. He also referred to Urecinn bin- I tory to show that slavery oxisted among that enlightened people. He then sketched the origin of ibolitlonirin In New Kngland. and showed how that party endeavored to Introduee their petition* hy cartload* into Congress He related the anecdote which produced the Patton resolutions. It wan a trick to smuggle in an abolition petition, under the pretence that it was signed by some Virginia Indies. On c xsuiinatlon, It turned out that the signers were negro wenches, and tile trick was exposed The Indignation of the 8011hern members was n> great, that they retired to consult, and then Mr. Patton brought in the resolution to lay all abolition petitions on the .table. Mr. Fillmore vot? d against this resolution. Judge P. then Introduced the Atherton resolutions which he read, sod showed how Mr Fillmore voted against ery one except the first, which denied the right of the federal government to abolish slavery in the States, and In voting against this, he did no more than Slatle, filddltigs, Adams, and other av .w.-d abolitionist* did The omission of this flrst resolution was called a fraud. The charge was utterly false. Tbe resolution was immaterial It did not form any subject of dispute or debate, and, therefore, it % ENE MOB was unceoessary to quota it. Ho then read a resolu. tion of Mr GiddinirN in favor of the nrincinle state.i. in the first of the Atherton resolution*. an even more full and conceding than that for voting for which, in company with Uiddlngs, Adams, and other*, Mr. Fillmore was to bo raved from the imputation of ubolitionicm. it was not truo a* had horn stated that the pamphlet of the Central Committee protended to give all the Alherton resolutions. On the contrary, the words of the pamphlet were, ' among others." and the resolutions were numbered. No 2, No. 3 S.C., implying that No. 1 was omitted. Judge P. then recapitulated Mr. Fillmore's votes infavorof the reception of petitions to naturalize negroes; in favor of diplomatic intercourse with the insurgent negrdR* of 1 layti ; in favor of auspending the rules, to introduce a law abolishing the law of Florida, forbidding free negroes coming into that territory He referred to other resolutions, in which attempts were made by Congress to interfere with the laws of the States, prohibiting the introduction of free negroes, and said that Mr Killmore never failed to vote iu favor of suspending the tules, to entertain suoh petitions ; also, to Fillmore's opposition to the annexation of Texas, and in fevor of receiving petitions to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia lie said that these petitions oame from women and cbildien. who were never in tho i)istriclin their lives ; from negroes in Mr Fillmore's own 1 county. He combatted the idea that the question of the light of receiving petitions, was involved in the reception ol inese petition*. Suppose come mailmen were to pour into the Council of Lafarette, petitions to burn down the Municipal Hall (by the-by, it would be no great lorn), would the Council listen to them, or go any further than to ley them on the table'! The abolition petitions were received, but very properly were not debated or acted upon. Judge IV then introduced tbe resolution., of Mr. UiddingH, approving of the oonduot of the negroes who rose on the Creole, and murdered the captain and crew. Mr. Killmore vo ed against laying the resolutions on the table, with Dawson, White anil Moore, from this State. He was willing to give him all tbe credit claimed for him on account of this vote, and to suppose that he voted against laying the resolution on the table front a desire to dispose of the matter immediately. But, in the subse.|Ucrt proceedings, on tbe resolution to censure Mr. Uiddings- yeas. 125 ; nays, 00? Adams, Killmore, Slade and others, were among the nays Next the vote was on the preamble, which states the atrooity of Uiddings' olfence?yeas, 119; nays, (id?among tho nays, Kestenden, Killmore and the rest. A man who is unwilling to censure such an act as that perpetrated by UiddiDgs. is an unfit man for the Vioe Presidency of tbe Union. As to Killmore's renunciation of any right to interfere with slavery in the States, be hits not gone even as far as Uiddings ; for he has used the phrase what they termed their property." Judge P. then dwelt with great vigor anil earnestness upon the danger of the agitation, encouraged, if not set on foot by Killmore. He said his experience, as proseoutor, bad convinced him that frcu negroes were tbe worst population in tbe world, whilst our slaves were peaceable, <{uiet and happy ; that it would be impossible for the whites and freo colored negroes to exist together. Killmore was the cool, calculating enotvrsger and supporter of schemes, which Uiddings and Made, lrom a spirit of enthusiasm, were auumwu bv uituK jvtwaiu. n? wfti uiurtr u?ugeruu8 than either, bring more talented, cool, aud sagacious. 11? contended that Fillmore. tf be had not been nominated by the whigs, would have joined the free noil party. The great danger from electing Mr. Fillmore grew out of the fnct, that ho tvlll have the casting vote In the Senate on the subject of slavery, there being fifteen slavery and fifteen nnti-slnvery votes. Judge P referred to tbo course of the Mayor of Lafayette, in warning the free s il men to be cautious in their language, and not violate the provisions of our code, liut he thought the Mayor ought to go a little further, and denounce the conduct and sentiments of the candidate of his party for the Vice Presidency. Every Louisianian ought to discard him. as utterly unworthy the confidence of our people. Let Louisiana do her duty by the rights of the South ; let her not be seduced away by Northern tricks and guises, but present a bold, solid, and united front of opposition to one of their bittereet foes, Millard Fillmore. At the conclusion of his speech, Judge Preston was highly applauded ; and. after three cheers to him and three cheers to Cass and Dutler, the meeting adjourned. Tlie Unwritten History of tin- Mexican War ?Tlic llnttle of Dlolhio del Hey. To James Gordon Bennett:? Sir:?So little seems to be known of the true details of the battle of Molino del Key, or of the circumstances under which it was fought, that I am influenced to send you the accompanying com niunicatioii, for publication in your widely circulated journal, in the hope that it may prove interesting to many of your readers, and possibly loosen some of the erroneous impressions that seem to have fastened upon the public mind in relation to this battle. nATTI.K OF MOLINO OKI, RKY. The fatal Tacubaya armistice, which, after repeated violation* on the part of the enemy. General Scott decided to terminate, was declared at an end on the 6th of Septmb?r, 18-17. Immediately thereafter, the enemy begun to make dispositions for the defence of his capital. Karly on the 7th, it was reported to Gen Scott that the enemy was takiBg up prsition at Molino del Key and its vicinity, immediately in the neighborhood, and under the guns, of Chapultepec. P rom the top of the Bishop's Palace, situated on tho heights of Tacubaya, the general movements of the enemy could be distinctly seen, and thither General Scott, accompanied by General Worth, repaired to reconnoitre. As was natural, under the circumstances, the probable objects and intentions of the enemy became the subject of discussion between the two generals. General Worth believed the enemy was preparing for general battle, so expressed himself to General Scott, and advised an immediato attack, with all our disposable force, before thoenemy should have time to complete his preparations. General Scott thought differently; Informed General Worth that Molino del Key was a foundry in active operation, casting guns and shot, boring cannon,Sic .and stated that thu display force was to proteot the foundry during the fabrication of malt riel, which the enemy stood greatly in nee d of. Deeming the destruction of the foundry of importance to onr future operations, he dirootod Worth, with his division, to brush away the enemy, cripple the machinery. (Dike or destroy the euns. and withdraw his troops to Tacubuya This was understood by General Scott to be >i partial operation, necessary, and preparatory, to the final buttle for the city ; he designed it to be a coup de main, accomplished under corer of the night, and Worth made his preliminary dlspoiitions accordingly. Satisfied from his own observation, and confirmed in his belief by subsequent reoonnoissances, that the enemy had other objects in view than the protection of the foundry, General Worth was apprehensive that the work might be too heavy for his division, unsupported , snd to meet the exigency that might possibly rise, he requested that his own division might be reinforced, which was accordingly done, with Cadwalader's brigade. Kor reasons that were satisfactory to himself, and must be so to any military man who has the slightest claims to a knowledge ot his profession, he determined to take up his positions in the night, but to defer the attack till daylight; having communicated the final orders to bis subordinate commanders, being indisposed, he retired. Soon after, the orduance officer in charge of the heavy guns for the morrow, came to General Worth's quarters, and Informed several officers there present, that he was directly from General Scott, to whom he had explained General Worth's dispositions, and that he, (General Scott),disapproved them, saying that General Worth must have misunderstood or disregarded his instructions, ns he intended the attack to be made in thenight, and the troops to be withdrawn to Tacubava before daylight Instead of communicating this intelligence to Oenerrl Worth, it was considered advisable that an officer should go to General Scott, and state to him again what General Worth's dispositions were, and the reasons that had Influenced him to make them, in order that there might be no misunderstanding on the part ef General Scott, in relation to the approaching operations. This was accordingly done. The officer fsaaawsA fl.wcw.l ?? unnn,,a wit It eovuvnl rttlior stf. fleet* present ; the subject of hi* visit was immediately taken up. ?nil discussed in length and breadth by General Scott, who Mated that from the most reliable sources, he had positive information that Mollno del Key, was a foundry in full blast, casting guns And sliot, from bells taken from the churches la the city | that our recent captures had so crippled the enemy in mattriel, that many of his worka were without guns to defend them, and thnt he was bending his whole energy to supply this Important deficiency (leneral Scott also discussed at length the subject of military night attacks, snylngall that any body could nay in fa vi rof them.and much more than sound military theory could approve, or experience illustrate The principal, if not the only argument he urged aga'nat an attack by daylight, was that his troops would be exposed to the" destructive f.re from Chapultepec." After thoroughly discussing this side of the question, he was pleased to consider the argument, on the other amongst which were?1st. That It was at least possiblo thBt the work might prove more difficult than was anticipated 2d, That the nrt'llery fire, which la daylight would be of great value, m the night must be useless, and might prove wi rse than useless. 3d, That all experience showed that artillery Are from elevated positions need not be dreaded, and Orro Gordo and Monterey were cited as examples, to illustrate that rhapultepec would exeroiee but If tie influence in the battle. Otneral worth a order of battle ?u again lai<l before and explained to Gen. Soott, who m*n pleaerd to approve it in every particular, ??*< ? pt the following? Worth liad or dried I ol Garland, with Ilia brigade, In cnee clrcunietence* farmed the movement, to follow up the blow on Mnlinodel Key, and make a lodgement in the gron at the bare of Cbapultepec. with a view to facilitate an a- aull upon thin woik, rhould it become r.eenmry, or be thought advisable. Tbi* General EcotI dieai proved decidedly, and ordered the rflleerwho had watted tipon him, to return to (Jen. Worih, and inform him that It waa hl.e ((Jen. Seott'r) poeltlro Inati uctloae, tint no matter how Inviiing the opportunity, on no account war he to makn any demount ration lowarda Ghapultepen ; that from I all lhe information he had rtcelved, hit line of attack W YC NING EDITION.?FKI1 upon the city would be to the right ot chapmtepec, and that once in the oily Chapultepec, must tall by its own weight. Gen Scott's instructiuus on this point, as well as his approval onothors,w*re duly com municated to Gen. Worth the same night, and the battle was fought the next morning, with such results as I shall hereafter show. The oillcial repi rt of Gen. Worth explains the details of the battle; and it is believed that, under the circumstances, it will stand the test of the severest sorutiny. It is contended by sonic that the battle had no results. and, therefore, the sacrifice of life was unnecessary and culpable. Admitting this to bo true for a moment, how far was Gen. Worth responsible for It? True it is, there was no foundry at Moll no del Iley to destroy; but wus Gen. Worth responsible for that? or was Gen. Scott, under whose orders Worth fought the buttle, responsible for it? If a couimuuding general allows himself to be deceived by erroneous information, or mistakes the movements of the enemy, and basss his operations upon false data, the mistake is his own; and to hold his subordinates accountable for it, would be to introduce u principle of military responsibility as novel as it would he unjust. Hi-rides, the battle of Molino del Hay was fur from being bin re u of results. It is not the number of cau. non cupturtd, prisoners taken, or men killed, that constitutes the importance of a battle; and this important tact ought never to be lost sight ot ill military discussions. The buttles of Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo were fought at Buena Vista. nearly two months before, and over eight hundred miles dialant. The direot remits of the battle of Molino del Key were, first, in the morale. The fact that three thousand men assaulted more than four times their number. strongly intrenched, and, alter a desperate struggle, forced this uluiost impregnable position at every point, with immense loss to the enemy, Bet back the morale of the Mexican army to Churubusco, a point whence it began to be elevated by the unfortunate armistice. All the enemy's artillery was taken, together with a largo amount of ammunition, and upwards of eight hundred prisoners, including fifty officers, the best troops of the Mexican army. These were direct results. The collateral were : First?It proved to Oea. Scott that the Ore from Chapultepec upon the plain below was not so < destructive" as he had anticipated, as not one man was killed or wounded by it during the entire day. What inlluence this may huve had in determine Gen. Scott to attack via Chupultepec, in* stead of tta San Antonio, it is impossible to say; but the influence it was entitled to exeroise is apparent. But what iB of most importance, is the faet that the attack npon Chupultepec being deternvjned upon, the battle of Molino del ltey had to be fffught. General Seott decided to attack, via Chapultepee. on the 11th. The preliminary battle bad been fought three days before at Molino del Rey. On the 12th. General Pillow took possession of the ground pi .won no uei my. ana piautcd tils batteries against Chspultepee. without tiring a shot, or the long of a single man. Could this bare been done on the btlj. or could it have been done on the 12th, but for tbe battle of tbe 8th? The answer in plain to any military man having even a smattering of tbe principles of Lie profession. Others contend, that bad Worth attacked in tbe night, an (ieiieral Scott designed and ordered, the loss would bare been less it bag been before shown, that. General Scott approved cf Worth's dispositions; and it is well be did; for. bad the attack beeu made in the night, our forces must have been defeated; beyond a possibility of doubt. Others, again, contend that Worth did not make sufficient use of bis artillery; iudeed, Col. Hitchcock, in a letter published In tbe Courier 4? Enquirer of the 1st of March. 1818, attributes the loss at Molino del Iley to the circumstance that Worth did not employ more artillery, when be had a '-superabundance' at his disposal A moro wicked perversion offset than is here deliberately set forth, it is difficult to conceive. Colonel Hitchcock was present at the interview with General Scott before alluded to, and must have h?a-d General Scott say to the officer who waited on him, ' that whatever work was to be done, must be doue by Worth, with tbe means bo bad placed at his disposal; and if be called upon him for mure, he eould do a very foolish thing.'' These, Vt is believed, were liis very words, and I know that Colonel Hitchcock hoard them; and whether he did hear Gen Scott make this declaration or not; Col. Hitchcock must have known that there never was a superabundance" of artillery witb the American army Horn tbe time it left the beach at Vera Cruz, till it entered the Garitas of the city of Mexico. It must be borne in mind that this was understood by Gen Scott to be a palial operation, ex.11?, i-.? ii - . > (TLicu w\s C.UH KD uu uut'i i luuueuco UU bue 1UU Ol IUO city. The only guns that could huTe been used with effect against Molino del Key. were guns of heavy calibre, and the critical position of the army at that time, fully warranted the belief that all the heavy metal we bod would be necessary to reduce the city. Thtse considerations were duly weighed in determining the amount of artillery that was employed in this battle. It is an easy task to criticise military movements and operations alter the campaign is over, and it often happens that those who have the clearest heads and stoutest hearts, after the crisis had passed, were the very men who had the dullest intellects and the whitest lips on the day of battle He who undertakes to discuss military operations with honesty of purpose, ought to surround himself with the circumstances which, at the time, surrounded the actors whose achievements he criticises. Apply this rule to the battle oi Molino del Hey. and what is the result T The reconnoissance of the position was made by Captain Mason, cf the Kngincers, than whom no officer of the army was better qualified to execute the work thoroughly. The recounoireance was industriously prosecuted from the moment Gen. Scott determined to assault the position. It was made in open day. and in sight of both armies, and wbb incomparably the cloret and boldest reconnoissance ofltho war All the information was obtained thnt, under the circumstances, could have been obtainod ; the number and oalibre of the enemy's guns were accurately ascertained. The number of troops displayed was correctly estimated, and the strength of the position determined as nearly aH possible, and this information seemed to be confirmed by that which Gen. Scott had received through other channels. With these lights before him?all that could be obtained?General Worth made bis dispositions for battle. The enemy, after nightfall. reinforced bis position, and instead of meeting three thousand men the boxt morning, he met twelve thousand, posted in the strongest position thai lias been assaulted since the war began. The desperate character of the contest may be estimated from the fact that out of a force of littlo more than one half the numerical strength, more men were killed or wounded in forty mi nines than in the two glorious days of Bueua Vista. No battle that has ever been fought upon the American continent is at all equal to it in severity; nor as a whole, does any in I Kurope surpass it. That the loss was great, all must deplete; but that under the circumstances it was necessary, none can honestly deny. The battle once begun, had to be lost or won; it might have been lost at a less sacrifice; but no American would not have preferred victory, even at double the cost?nt least such I know was the loellng cf those engaged in the struggle, and their opinion is entitled to some consideration. The new combinations upon the field, rendered necessary by a change of circumstances, wore judiciously made, with the rapidity of thought, and as promptly executed; all that human effort could accomplish was done. Seldom, if ever, has a command found itself in a mere imminently critical position, and nuver did troops under equally trying circumstances bear themselves moro gallgntly. The facts which I liavo detailed were in my possession, and all of them were in possession of nobody else. 1 have given them publicity as an act of justice, due alike to the reputation rif the living and the memory of the dead; and I trust they may be received by those who mny take the trouble to read them, iu the same spirit in which the-, are written Sporting Intelligence. Cricket Matcii.?The seoond game of the match between the first elevens of the New York and St. George's Cricket Clubs was nlavcd on the ground ot the ttrst-nained club, at Hoboknn, on the 6th Inst., and was won by the St. George'sClub, the New Yorkers giving up the gamo a little after sundown, with one wicket to go down. The following Is the score New Yon* Cm'?. /Yrtl Innings. Second Innings. Sims, lift wicket, h. Groom 12 e Pidcook, b. U'right... .lj Sutton, o Buck It v, b. Wrirlit .. 8 b. Wright 3 Guy or, e. Wright, r> Grot in .... p runout tl Km.my. run out 1 ti. W heater"! t, b. Wright, ti Abb"!, b. Wright 3 b. Groom U Elliot, b.W right ti e. Pidcock.b. Groom.,.. 1 I'ujp. K Groom 0 b. Wright U Jm.ies, c. Wright, b. Uroorn... 0 e. Blackburn, b. Wright.. 11 - Hot t. b. Gtot.ni 0 o. W hvateroft, b. Wright.. 3 Gicntorcx, b. Gioom 0 not out 19 W t euton, not out 1 not out 1 Byes 0 B.ves <i W ide 14 llldt I N 4! St. OconoE's Club. ltlsokbutn, toe led Cuyp 1 Roberts, c. Sutton, b. Cuyp 1 Kerne, bowled Cuyp C Grot m, o. Sans, l>. Cuyp tl Wright, bow led Sims IVheatcroft, bow ltd t uyp tl 1'ldcoek, c. Elliott, b. Cuyp I Syn.e, 1 on led < uyp 13 White, Imnled Cuyp I Gieen, not out ' Buckley, c. Sotton, b. t uyp 1 Wide ^ _a Jtyea n M In consequence of the abaence of Ave of their firm eluvi u. the New York Club were. unfortunately (for lli<n>), compelled to substitute tee of their second eleven? three marked Willi ail *. The contort, thua far, tbla reason, between tho two cllitii, stand* tbu* The tiret game bet wren the flr-t i !i vena war won by the New V oik Club, tho flirt itanie tx twicn the recond elercna waa won tjr the Now Yor* t tub; and the second game oetween the ilrat elevens *i,: win as aborts, by the St ( eorau'a Club. Tie MCocd, or teturn gaine, between the second I'lrvitu. will to played on the Ibth iuat.. at the K?d llouie.

It is etnt'd. in a it ite r limit Trtejdr, of tho 2?J nit., tliiit NintgHitlin hus been declared mi etilrt'|??t by ilie* pontifical government, find thm the uecosjsary privileges have been nccortkd to Hie inbuilt tents. ) R K I )AY, SEPTEMBER 8, If I HENRY CLAY DEMONSTRATION, 1 ? ? I The Aslilandm, The Slashers, The Clay | Clubs, &c., &e.f &e., in the Field, yOIWNATION OF HENRY CLAY AND ^ILLARI) FILLMORE. Pursuant to. notice published in the daily papers, ^ the friends and adherents of llenry Clay, of Ashland, assembled last evening, en manse, at Vauxhull burden, in the Bowery, for the purpose ot taking into consideration what was proper to be done by them in the ensuinir Presidential rlretmn- f?-*lin!r I that under the present state of the political world, ! they cannot, with consistency, ubandon their old chief, and vote lor the nominee of the whig National Convention?the hero of Iluena Vista. On arriving at the place of meeting, our reporters found it and the adjoining neighbourhood in a state of great commotion, and a large Hag waving \ across the entrance of Vauxhall. In addition to j this, there was a brass band playing most lustily, ! " Here's to you, Harry Clay," and other favorite I Clay-whig airs, auch us have been played at the j Clay celebrations in this city regularly every year, n since the election of Mr. James K. Polk to the jj Presidency, in the year, A.D., l&U. The interior a of the room in which the meeting was held, was ; decorated with various flags and banners, und at i the time appointed, was filled with a large and " enthusiastic assembluge of Clay men ot all ages? p from the young aspirant to political honors, of six- 1 teen, to the aged and veteran Willis Hall, the par- ( titular personal friend of Mr. Clay. At a lair e estimate, the number of persons present was be- r tween four and five thousand ; but to gauge by the f strength of their lungs and the heartiness with I which they applauded, whenever Mr. Clay's name t was mentioned, it might be supposed that there J was double that number in attendance. After j the meeting in the large room was organised, it t was lound insufficient to contain all present, ami I another meeting was arranged in the spacious j J garden attached to the premises, which was cha- i * ructeiised by the same enthusiasm for Mr. CJay, ! J as that which niuiked the one inside. _ I j, The lion. Willis llall was elected to preside. | t] mi, hall li11*ii rjiunt'iv.t lunuwn.?r ouow-cui/.onH : 1 , <? am requested on behalf of my associates, to return 1 t< you thanks for the honor you have conferred on them -j on this occasion. They are deeply sensible, that in j, nominiiting them to ait and preside over this meeting, c, you have intended to icdicute that you have con- ^ lldence in the sternness of their political principled ; tl that they are men of honor aud deserve to be honored. tl For myself. fellow-citizens. 1 know not what language ? is appiopriato and sufficient, to acknowledge the ( honor which I feel you have done me, in placing me in ' tt the sitiuution which I now hold. If our great chief. ] (j (tremendous applause, waving of bats. ko. which . c( lasted for some minutes) . it is with pain and j (,j mortification tbut 1 um obliged to say, that a very | ?] laige portion of cur brethren of the whig party, differ ; Wl front us on this occasion. They condemn our course j jf as hostile, in naming our political father for the office , y of chief magistrate, ((ireat applause.) They con- ' th deuin us us pioceeding irregularly, and in hostility to ; tl the best interests of the whig party. I rcgict that w such thould be the feeling. 1 regret that the whig I ai party does not move in masses. ( ' We do, ws do move ' in masses for Henry Clay."' Cheers. " No we don't." j f ' Hurrah lor Taylor!" ''Put him out," and some | C( noise ) Fellow-citizens, this interruption causes no j n disiuibaune to me. lam pleased to hear my fellow- i v citizens express themselves freely on this and other * subjects: hut we claim the same right for ourselves, j t ami we will express ourselves freely too. (Applause 1 c< nod cheers, aud cries of yes,.' and loud too.) Yes, I j) fellow-cit'zens, a poitlon of our brethren?1 will not j 8j speak harshly or unkindly?do think that we are pro- ; f, ceeding irregularly, und say that instead of Mr. Clay, hi we should go for General Taylor. ("No! no!" hi from a thousand persons.) No, no! my fellow- c, citixens, we cannot go for General Taylor. (Cries of tl never, never ) To do so, would be but incurring poll- p] tical death; and better for us to raise our standard and u die nobly, if we have to die. This movement is not (j originated with the prospect of success. That is not D< the motive, it is not because we think.wo can elect u Mr. Clay, that we have embarked In this course No, pr this is rather the forlorn hope of the nation, and we ' KI are called unon to say something in justitlcation of the Wi course we have taken, and therelore I shall brielly touch on some of the reasons which we thick will ot: justify us in the course we are now taking Wo think pt we are nft bound by the nomination of the i'hiladel- 0{ phia convention (no, no. no.) aud for various reasons. r? and among them some of tho most prominent are. that j t) that convention has nominated a candidate for the > t( support of the whig patty, who says that he will not be ' it the candidate or exponent of the ptinciples of that | \t party. (Right, right) 1' ellow citizens. allow me to T speak calmly anil familiarly with you. for a few mo- (| meets. We are the whig party. We dent our dale- p gates to ThiladelpLia for tbo purpose of nominating a ? representative of our party?an exponent of the w princiciples of thi t party. Where do those dclegatos (< get their authority to nominate a man who has said f, bo would not be the exponent of our principles? D (That's a feet?Good?Southern dictation!) No, we ii all know that the authority of an agent is com- n me surate with the power given to him by hie < < principals. We all know that an agent cannot ti bind his constituent beyond the power granted to t< him. Wc all know that if we employ an agent b< to buy a horse for us, he cannot compel us to ,p purchase a ship. I do not say that General Taylor iu may not be right in his position, as a no-party candi- U date; I am not here to agitato the question of the ne- p, c.essity of party; but party is the only way by which *the sense of a people can be ascertained, and no free f(l government can exist without party?without it they r< are liable to beabused and destroyed. General Tay- bi lor takes the position that he will not be the candidate Hl of any party, la this he may be right; but where did 01 tfcat convention get authority to nominate such a Tj n an ! Did you authorise that convention to dissolve tl the whig party ? Ne. They have, therefore, gone be- y yond their authority, in nominating a man who said tr be would not bo the exponent of whig pri nciples. and n we are, therefore, not bound by the nomination of u that convention. Another reason we have for reject- B mi; iuis uuu'aa'iuu is, iuiii ?n Know noi *Dal (ten n Taylor's principles are. His friends arc very fond of comparing his position to that of George Washington. (Hoses ) Gentlemen, there is not the remotest comparison between them. (No, no ) General Washington was taken f>om civil life and made general nf our armies. After the war, in which he displayed talents, civil as well as military, ha was elected President of the convention that formed the constitution; and no man in our country had been more familiar with our government, no man was more familiar with every question that was discussed in that convention, and his opinions were known to all the people?almost to every men in the nation Where, then, is the reserab'ance between Gonerai Taylor and Geiierni Washington ' In that respect the c<mparison falls absolutely. Again: General Taylor has never, by precept or pratlce, developed his views on p.'ubllo questions. What has he said to indicate what his principles are! What has ho a6ne to indicate them? Nothing. Fellow oitliene, is this a popular goYfmir.ent? Is fhls Is a government of the people' I this a government belonging to the people, and are they alone to control it? Tell me. In the name of heaven, then, how you can control it if you do not kuosr | the principles of the man you TOte,for. i ask you do you vote for principles' Now, the only way Jtnowu I to our Institutions, and to all popular governments, l>y which the people can control their own governments 1 is. by knowing the principles of tbo men they vote for. (Applause.) What a farce, then, is popular govern| government. If this is to be carried out' Is it not an insult to the people, to propose a man who refuses to I tell us one iota of his principles, or how be will conduct the government, in ea?o of hie election ' Is that the way y ou do when you appoint an agent ' When ( ycu appoint a man to aot for vou. do vuu not know l wtat he Is going to do? Well,'fellow oitiaens. tbn reasons givsn for this extraordinary conduct., in a<lJing I insult to Injury. What is the truth' That it la impoi title for him to declare his principlen, because by uot 1 doing ro he may get the votes of parties who would ' not vote for him if he declared them?that the people , may be deceived in thinking that his opinions are ona i nny.whinin fact they are another. I was going to i ask you. as we contrasted the conduct of General l ay lor with General Washington, to contrast it witli that of another tnnn. There is a man, and we all ] lover h'm. (Hero there was an outbuat of applause which wns absolutely terrifying. It could not appatt ntiy. he repressed, and continued for several mi notes. During the excitement, the following soug was dlstrtbuttd among the asMcmblage:?) Ti m*?Dtnrtit Ma*. Now, whig", ci mo listen to nit- ; A story I'll relate, \\ hat took plies at a convention In the good Hid Keystone Mlate 'l'was down in I'bilaiteiphls. As I have heard them say, They nominal! d Taylor. And rejects 1 Henry (day Oh Henry Clay, you're dearer every day : Vour prospects bright, We know you're right, Aad we'll vote for Harry Clay. 'Twaa there upon the "th of Tune, Wlitg delegates nret to say Whether Taylor. Webster, Scott, MoT.can. Jl JUdmoretthads than Henry Clay , k IERi ' ?348. With r'hijtH from loco foco Status, They nominated He, Whom the Courier calla no ' ultra whitr " But ' Availability " Oh. Hurry (May. to., lie. Their choice among the candidates, They did pretend to (.ay, W?* theembodiment" of their principle, Tlie noble Harry ( lay. But. by their rotes they prored to us 'Twaa nought but tieachery ; They gave th?ir principles for a man, V\nd ' Availability " Oh, Harry Cloy, tc . Sic. iful i?u ijuw uiuru nn.-tUKen Have they found themselves to he, Since right will not give tip to uiight, Nor >;ulltbilitjr. We wunt whig doctrines sound and trite, And a President whig to he No Allison platform on which to st and. Nor " Avnilabllity." Oh, ' Hurry Clay," to. Sic. And now to whlgs. who are true whig*, This call must surely he To etvo up men with principle*, For ' Availability." A military chieftain'* good, Cut in hi* sphere should stay; We want a " statesman " tor our guide, And he is Henry Clay. Oh, " Harry ( lay," &c., &c. Now, Taylor, he will ne'er give you Hi* view* be what they may, So we'll vote for one that's frank and true. Our own dear Harry Clay; III* principles are known to all. And we have heard hltn ray, He'd lather be right than President;" So we'll vote for Harry Clay. Ob, "Harry Clay," he., he. Mr. Hall continued when order wan restored. The ran whom I allude to?of whose principles we have a erfect knowledge from early life?is one who has never oceived us?has always been frank?has always given i* his opinions. You all remember that a few years ince an emburrssslng question of much Importance rose. Mr. Clay expressed his intentions of exprussni, Ida ?l?= mVI?a til- ?-l ?. - round him and begged that ho would not, lest It night compromise him and affect his political prospects. Ik naked them if those views of his were right. Yea, hoy said, his views were right; but to express them night hazard his political prospects It was then he aid, in the words of yonder motto, (pointing to an incrtption on a Hag on the wall ) " i would rather be ight than be President." (Great outburst of apilaure, with waving of hats, &c ) Fellow-citizens, the riends of General Taylor will take exception, porinps, that we know not bis principles on a single point, ie says, in his Allison letter, that he will acquiesce in be action of Congress; but he does not tell tliein what lis opinions are. He says he will allow Congress to act, ,nd will not veto their decision. Now, is there any nan here so ' green" in political life as not to know hat a veto Is seldom or ever used against Congress ' t has not been dono in Kuglttud for two hundred ears. Do we not know that with the almost unboundd patronage that uu Kxecutive possesses?with a toeign office hanging over one member?with a oousulliip over another, the penalty of whose disobedience ) less of it?think you that a President cannot have beir votes to turn any way the national measures that cme before them ? There is nothing more easy than i thwart any measure that Congress may wish to pass, his Allison letter is, therefore, nothing at all. Wo ave no pledge, therefore, of what General Taylor's lurve would be in case of his election. There is nother reason why we ure not called upon to vote for ie nomination of a candidate for the Presidency by ie Philadelphia convention; it is because the Herniation of General Taylor was unfairly procured. Pes, yes, from a groat many) I will briefly explain > you what I mean by this I do not want to charge en. Taylor with anything dishonorable; he has been insistent from flrst to last; hut I cannot say the same 'those who were concerned in that operation. You I know, that before Gen. Taylor was nominated, it us ascertained that he could not get the nomination, it was understood that ho would not he bound by it. r. Fuller, of Monroe county, offered a resolution, at the whigs of New York could not be bound by iat convention, if they did not nominate a whig who ould be the exponent of whig principles, before any -tion was taken on this, the delegation from Loutana rose, and pledged the convention that Gen. aylor would he bound by that convention. After the invention had heard this pledge, you know the suit. And there is no nnniitlnn time lliof venule 1 as procured by the statement that Gen. Taylor oultl be bound by that couvrntion Now. has <.en. ylorniade any pledge that he would be bound by that j invention.' Dors not his subsequent notions show ' tathe never intended to be bound,by it.' In one month ! "trrwards. when the nomination was sent to hiai om Charleston, with Mr. Duller as Vice President, ' I accepted it mid they know when they |tendcred ! im Ihe uoniination. tliat he was with the demo- ! ats who rasdo it. If tiierefore, he was nominated by [ ! le whig convention, under the impression that he was ! ! edged to that convention, his nomination was made ' nder false pretences?not, certainly, on the part of : eneral Tayior, for he made no representations to the invention whatever. You ail know tbatanominu- ' on made under such circumstances, under false im- : errions. cannot bo binding. There is another reason, so, why they did not support General Taylor. There J is the questihn of free soil-a question which had iw Rot a fast hold of the public mind, and was strenu- c ifly supported by the whig party. (Cheers) In all J obubility. Gem lal Taylor would be found directly : >posed to the whig party on this question, At any , .te, after the most careful consideration I can give to le course which he lias thought fit to take with regard n / any appi uls made to him to ascertain his views upon " . 1 can come to no othsr conclusion. New, tho subct of free soil is one which demands immediate action, be tariff, and river and harbor improvements, are uestions tlio settlement of which can bo postontd for a few years; but the question rf free soil as one whioh must be fettled now; and if they ire defeated upon it they were defeated forever, ilieers.) The extension of slavery to California and ew Mexico would come before Congress during the est Presidential term, and the action which would len be taken upon it, might have a lasting ?ll'ect. itherlo, that country had been known as the freest itiniry in the woald: but if they once gave their sanconto the extension of slavery into those new turriiries. this character would be changed, and it would i known in future as the locality of slavedom. The restion of free soil, therefore, is one which required amediatc action, and it was of paramount necessity j lat.at the ensuing election they should choose for their re-ideut a man who would carry out the views of the hig party upon this subject, ((.beers.) It is nnneoesary r me to refer to the opinion of Henry Clay with refenoo to it. ,'Chters) In his Lexington speech (cheers) 9 went nguinst the extension of slavery as boldly as ay other mnn ever before dared, and I believe it was i this account, and for the announcement of these 1 twa he was slaughtered at the Philadelphia convenon. (t ries of " You're right," aud cheers for Clay ) es, for the announcement of these views the conccnated fuiy of all slnvidom was directed against him; rul in his own State. Kentucky, on which he had shed ndyiug lustre, a spirit of ingratitude pursued him, nd for tho announcement of these views he lost the , cminatisn of the convention of Kentucky. (Cheers , >r Clay.) I eny then, feilow-citzteDS, let us go in for ee roll. (Cheer.) It is, it has long been, aud will 1 ontinue to be the doctrine of the whig party. (Cheers.) ! he barnburners have lately stolen our thunder, laughter) but they bad themselves to blame for this; < ;r bad the whig party taken that position in tho mo- 1 lent which they ought to bare taken it. this other party ould have never been heard of. (Cheers.) Let us 1 hen gather round this doctrine, l)o you not know | bat the great leader lost the last election in oonseurnce ct his exposition to the annexation of Texas! f, then, they'fero compelled to go for free soil withut him. for my part, sooner than give up free soil, I hell give my vole for Martin Van Daren. (Cheers, mrniurs and confusion) At ail events, the rorst thing that could happen to the whig /arty is to have General Taylor for President. It Is our political death ; he will take your principles O..I1 un.l Itw.ou ?III rvr.S K., - I..C* 1 is a party. (( liters.) [A white banner, with the lames of Clay and Fillmore. encircled by the words, '1 would rather bo right, than be I'reaident." was lero brought into the room, and immense cheering vn* given for Clay J The conduct of those who called jpon them to support T ayior, put* ino in mind of the tory of a parrot which had be< n taught to repeat the vol a*. " Oh, how beautiful! ob. bow beautiful!" I'oor oil, while singing. one day. In the garden, in1 pounc- , >d upon by a hawk, which began to pick out it* eye*. 1 ind tear it limb from limb. During the agony which , he poor thing endured, ever and anon woro heard the 1 irorUa. "Ob. bow beautiful ; oh. how beautiful.'' j l.augliti r and cheering ) A similar operation i* now , sting performed ?n the whig party, and numbers arc | xceedldgly wroth with u?. because we don't cry out, , ike poor poll. Oh, how beautiful ! ob, how boauti- i 'ul!" (Laughter and cheers.) But whilst one parti;!e of self-respect remain* in my heart. I shall never, never join in that parrot cry. At a meeting of the ! principal men who have been accustomed to act with a*. held st Albany, n few weeks ago. our course has Seen chalked out, and we must not hesitate to pur- ; tie it. It is the only means by which the integrity of :he whig party can be preserved ; for.lt we take no lotion now. and silently aoi|iiletire in the proceeding* 1 those who pretend tt ey a t for us. then we ahull no onuerbe denirna*ed th? whig nartv. but the Tavlor taiiy. Indeed. at a meeting bold tit Tufralooia on I n 'J4th rt Juite la?t. thi;t title wan adopted by a lumber of pernm* who wero oppo?ed to whig prinoilitit. but who united in the mipport of General Taylor, je concluded by curing upon them to continue their 'Xertlone, uur.wi'1 blower. and unreduced by protni- ' us. to promote the elieUr u of Harry ('lay. and they night feet a-sort d that aucceea would orowrit their enliartT*. and they wrohl preset re the Integrity of tire rhif party, tGreat apphture > Mr ft. N. Pao r then read lontr addrca of the dc. nucratlo whig* of Now \ oik. to the deciocratle whlgs , f the t'nlfid Sta'ea. which i- embodied I t tbefol- 1 owing ten lutmiia which be also rend, and both of ditch were adopted with the iuorl rapuui ttn acolaraatlca : ? hntlvrf. "That *c ran rn nor tb'nkn tt lien. Daniel Webster I 'or Itva meat udd. i ra '0 tie? a .1 v.1 i.t .UAraiiiioid ai l ot Iho 1 aiuu, I e baater. in that n'le afeccb, ilfit n-tra'cd by unan-winbe j *i(Iiuienta, tie Imp l.ey nl ' lata I tillaileiplim nomination f r : H i l'n.-'i1-tn j i the ?i.- r of relylt.y, up .n atipp' ?d Readability a i he profit! tf ttcnmiiit! th*>lu<fArtiM# .9 ttc *L-Ki?r7 ->* ak-Ulc.Ujg* jauUhhtj, ttwtcuftily < LD. TWO CENTS. inttiueteii in tlio ciril p'jlicy ami conduct of mar national govern mint Ko oived, An well in compliance with thi? orivfcrlly cm?i lowed opinion, an in confotniity with our own deliharndk judgment anil winhc?? we will rolecl, from the roll < ( win* etn'.runion -.?? what iina* for neatly forty year* performed a trailing part ib the *>?nriU uf Ida country?"no In who n the whig party lian alwayv Kal otiti r? i .it-tii-no<!? ? I,om, above all others, without in? Mlou-neee. wo think hurt (jualiflid to adjust and ncttli the great fadl'lornf which now diitraot tho American I'tiion?to wltotn ill hearMn twin with initineth "regard?Henry Clay, of Kentucky. We knew' how ?tn ?r n.ay l.c bin disinclination to any stay which, uoler any cin omntanoua, may cont.oct him or hi* name with the pending political stmgg'e; yetrclther lie nor any otliur < t:>m ban It c rial l to withhold when the country rei|inrin hl? nrrvieen in the nthce of Proi.lent of iloi United HtAtae: we will endeavor c* reome i| < in, ai l if wc ttinll lor'itnately orce"d. we will havw performed our dot), and will Icaic to hftn tho performance of lita. Ketolved, Hint in the prceoit emergency in uttr political aifair.yand the necessity lor immediate anu energetic acuim tin re i-not time forhrir.cr ccp-mony, or a rtndiitd adherence to i re I nary mager we, thotefop-, terntrmend the whlgs throughout tr.r olatc, who concur in or vicar, to nice' forthwith in aeli longn caionel dietrict and ir'.-, t, ? an lulateto lie votej ior ne on elector. Pcanlvi d. That a committee of nine !? appointed by the President!!' this meeting, of which he thall he one, who shall baaathoriatd to confer with our friettde in other parte of the Stat# f ir the nnri oac ,.r ... ?, - . . t , .... I U liquet. Mad cub iniltco np' also authorized to innko arrangement* for the til of future meeting*, mi l ietterolly to n't in all matter* lulounttnd to five force aud ctheli u y to tho object* and purpose* of the meeting. Raaolvvd, lhat Iotween this and the day of election there iu pufllcient time, uctir.g with energy and promptness, to organize tlienci eaparj movement throughout tlm country?the rapidity of the effort if calculated rather to secure tt.an to provont micneae? we enter upon it with a well en unded cuiilidetue that if sneer**, ful we ehnll havo rendered a laetltm service to our country: thae if we fail, we do not ttvieasc the evil* whic h now threaten us. Resolved, That in uanounciiigmir llxcd and unalteriMc intra* tion to adhere to this cause, a* .luted hy our sense of duty and of r gilt, and hclioving tint true whig principle* oan alone aeoure to our Ckuntry, to ue, and to those who come alter tie thn*e privikpei whioh aiune elevate a Repnldio?we have calmly and finally pledged ouraelvca to al ide hy tliii preference through good and through evil report?planting?ur*elvee upon the old, true, aul reliahle whin platform?drclarii g our unalterable belief in the policy and wisdom which commend jour own home industry an ! fabur?for harbor and iutrrual improvement*?for theexeoottve adminiftration conforming with the wishe* of, and nut dictating to the poop^'?of retrenching tin'expenditures of government? for peace?agaflift torrituriai agrrunduemrnt by coa<|Uc*t?fo.* the t jieedy payment ot the national debt, for the contracting of which we ato not repnniisiMe?foe s,.. o,.n-tin.?i*- ~ J * _ -- ? ewu?? its violation in t"nn or in loot?forootitlniug Congress to it< legitimate anil pro| or duties of l?xf stating for tho whole country, and rut pr?ttitnt.ng 'heir brief authority liy forcing upon tho people Vreeiilential candidates, without ri Ittrenoe to their fitnos*, '|iiallflcations, ur acceptability t? their constituency?anil, lastly, for cnintuitting the t xuouUvo Uovernmnnt of this ununtry to a oiriliun, anil not to the hauila of a military chieftain. Received, That we rccotnmetul to our fellow citiiens here, and throughout the country, the immediate organization of Clay olnbs, and such other sure menn.i of ' rptnirmion as will give etu citiioy to their efforts in liehalf of Clay and Fillmore. Ml. E. L). Smith then ml dressed the meeting. It seemed to biui thut it wan peculiarly lit and proper that they who were met to do honor to the great champion of the whig party should meet in this hall, wbioh had juet been consecrated by the friends of Irish Irvedom. (Cheers.) it wns an old custom with the Romans to pray to the gods for success at the beginning of all their undertakings. Let them now follow tile eatno example, and invoke the blessings of the Almighty upon their exertions. To justify their proctedings let them look back at the course pursued in 1840 (Cheers ) In 1844 Harry Clay was agaiu nominated, and the result of that election showed that ho had the legal vote of the country. When they had heard, however, that he was sacrificed, the manner vith which the news was received wat an earnest ,hat the day would yet oome when they would renew he struggle. (Three groans were then given for Col. Webb ) It was a mistake to suppose that tLe country, icnerally. was In favor of Hen Taylor. He had lately jeen through Virginia and North Carolina, and ha jould assure them that in tho latter State the whig party were exceedingly incensed that Henry Clay was not substituted for (ien. Taylor If, then, such a feeling prevailed there, how should it not burn inerery sitizen in tho Statclof New Vork (Cheers.) He was ippoied to the abolition movement in 1844,Tor It was aot then possible. He believed, however that clrcumitauces had changed, and that that question was en a lilibrerft footing now. (Cheers.) The face of fhnle treat leader was not marked so much by use as it was jy the traces of care for the welfare of their country ( he?rs ) As long, then, as Henry Clay did not desert lis party or his piinciples, lie would not desert him, ind his time and best exertions would be dovntnd to .he promotion of his success. Let them ehake off their ipalhy. then, and march to the struggle ; for they night rest assured that it would end iu victory and in igiit. (I beers) Several copies of the song having been scattered uiii>D|! the crowd, a loud call was then made that it shnnltl be sung, when Mr. Miakell. (as wo understood), the comooscr of it, and another gentleman, sang it to the great delight and unbounded applause of the assemblage, who joined in chorus at the end of eash veree. OuDLtriSrLDrs.Kiq., wnsthon loudly catted upon, and was received with great cheering. He said, tba when he came there, be did noi expect to take partjiu the proceedings. He came there to see whether the Slay party of 1S44. might be recognised in the party if isjs. and although another meeting wai held, ho inderetood. in ano'her part of the city, In favor of Jeneral Taylor, (There is not flfleon of thorn all told.) ie believed the demonstration before him, was such as .0 justify him In saying that the sinew and bone of .he party were there, (f.beets.) After referring to he course be himself formerly pursued, be proceeded ,0 say that he could not and would uot vote for lieue al Taylor (Cheers.) He would now go a llttlo fur.her, and declare to them why he could not support .his distinguished warrior. He was opposed to the lection of a military man to the olllco of Chief Maglsr?f? ct (hia mimlsn /I I,-.?- v if .n j. ) it tin.* iuoub or preceding wan persisted in, what would bo the oonseuence ? Why, both the political parties of thia counry would look upon no one ax properly qualified to fill bin hiKh position, unless he Jiud previously graduated d the camp Now, he believed that any oil-uttief that light ariso to the country from the election of n improper candidate belonging; to either party, rax of small consequence compiled to that (Cheers.) t democratic govern went was of such a nature, that rem its complex machinery it w as a difficult thing .0 regulate pioperiy ; hut he believed that one of the cTnatest sourcex of its danger, was to transfer it to a nan who had the command of armies. (Cheers.) h'joni the history of the world, It would be soju ifberevpr democratic governments hud been establish* d, their overthrow was effected by military lower. Were they then to give up men like Clay> vliofe wisdom and statesmanship laid the foualation of the institutions and the future greatness ind glory of their country, for some military comuatider whore only qualification was his ability to ead a niililnry force to victory? (Cheers.) The amp was not the place where statesmanship was to bo ?arued; and be believed bis success in the late Mexi* an caropa'gn, was the only thing Geu. Taylor had to cpend upon for the suffrages of the people. (Cheers.) ndeed, he hlmsalt did not pretend to know anything f civil affairs, and openly and candidly deelared, that le had not mnde them his study. Lethim(Mr.S )prevail hen upon them, to t ike this seriously iuto consideralon, and ask thvui if they were willing to prefer such t man to an old tried trustee and self-.-arriflcing statenan.who hail given his whole life and his best exertion* ,o the considciation of such mutters as were tvar rsught with the greatest advantage to the people, and jest, calculated to develcpn the resources of this coun ty ivuerrn arm cne? CI -ivn, no.") Then he said hey o'ju!d not rote for (Jen. Taylor, t or his own part, ip would rather give his vote to (Jon. Ca??. (Cheers.) rhcro was nothing more fatal to public liberty th.in a nan whose exclurivo claims were baaed upon military uecessee. Ho would never consent to yote fora millni y roan for the presidential office, whose only recomnonilatlone wore his nillitmy achievements. (Cheer*.) )n this ho differed from other*, who he d that the batle* of the Kio Grande, which were a glorious e*po?ilou of American valor, pointed out a candidate in tdvance. He was opposed to this policy, as no such nen ought to be selected to control the civil governor nt of a nation. ( Applause ) He wonld ask, what vs.* the necessity for selecting military men to fill inch an office? Was It on the ground of availability .lint it was proposed to vote snoh rr.en to high office*, vhich was an oittej of peace.' What occasion wa? therefor men who <iu!etiy lived at homo and wished to jrotect their right*, their workshops, and the peace of the country, Instead of making war. to vote for saob "eudidiitcs' (Cheers) The address and resolutions ire was tot prepared to spr.ik to; but he saw great dlflleulties in their way. He ilrst saw the objection of Mr. [ lny. but hr held, that every man In the country, when , ;al)"d upon by thn people to fulfil a public trust, bail no right to withdraw his name. (Vehement ohe*rng ) He would uot rare anything about what Mr. ( [ l.iy would say as to the proceeding* of this meeting, f they could giro him the eleotoral yote; let Mr. Clay, f Miry could do *o, dare to refuse, If they could gireittobm (daughter and loud cheering.) if the u liolo whig p'rty in the State wsto but as stedfast a? bey were at that meeting, they would be able to give Sew^ork to Mr. Clay. (Renewed applause.) Xoliing then, could present them from securing Mm lie nomination in the House of Representatives. [Vociferous cheering.) Unless Taylor or ( a.** receive , Lhe vote of New Vork?in other words, if a third man rvcoives the vote of New York the election would go Into the House of Representatives?and no man would in such a case stand a bettor chance than Henry Clay, provided they were willing to give him the vote of New York. (He shall haie It ) The demooratie party were said to be squally divided between Mr, Cass and Van liuren. The difference between the whig and democratic parties, when in force, was fcarcdywb.it amounted to the number present on the occasion of that meeting, and that was bat a fraction. Now. suppose they were able to carry thefractlon; the voui.U trcii i ? rl ln?. thftf. llunru ( Ian wseiil.i *? uent a candidate us my other perron (Cheer*) It wb* for them in New York to not, anil all the other State* would pursue tho game cour*? He would now ere what the amount of the whig* wa* In Ne" York. The whig vote In the city wag about one tenth that of the whole State. (Cheerg ) If they gar* ll?nry ( ley tho ticket, they would then hare done half the work: if they could but carry the electoral rot* In the State of New York, they would the* hare performed one tenth of the labor. (trie* cf "YVe will, to bo euro.") H* would then look around him. in the city of New \ ork. and a*k"Wherw were the whlga f" (trie* of "Here to be sure." 'Mara I we are, ' and cheer* ) \ he had looked around at the T?j lor meet lug*, lately held in the city, and upon higgoul he had never before seen auoh Itfeleag meeting* ("Ye*, ye*") They Reamed a* If they had gatln red together for a funeral. (I.anghter and cheering ) T)i? eeemrd controlled by fear?they knaw th ?v they "were pursuing a course of policy which never belonged to the whtge (Cbeere I Thaw kniw tl.ey wore following a man not of the whig f?ity-tb t all th y would ever hear of the whig party