hounds of law and justice to get up a prosecution. And I 1 wear for a conviction. so as to obtain the expected , prom otion. The Mie of Gavan Duffy's chattel* has been proceeding for the last few days. The attendance each day ia very numerous. and the full coat of every article has be.'n obtained. Much competition prevai'ed for several of the articles put up. The proceeds of the auction are to be paid to hi* creditors, and the remainder for the support of his wife and children Mr. Duffy's health, 1 understand, is daily retrograding, and further confinement will, undoubtedly, abridge the period of his existence. Mrs Smith O'Brien attends daily at her husband' prison. She has taken Rose Cottage, in the vicinity of Kllmainham. and provides his meals. Mr. Meagher occupies the same apartment as Mr. O Irien France. L'Union says that another journal, La Bouche tie Frr, which had succeeded Le Iximyion, had keen seized. The report which M. Gowan has presented to the National Assembly, in the name of the Finance Committee, relative to the expenses incurred by the Provisional Government, recommends that a commission shall be appointed, charged to examine into the matter, and with power to call for, &1| documents bearing on the question, and demand all such information as it may deem necessary. The Committee of Legislation, on Thursday, heard the report oi its sub-committee on the proposition of M. Penen, tending to abrogate the law of lb'o5, establishing majurates to the second degree, and declaring them free in the hands of the present holders. The further examination of the subject was deferred. The legislative Committee also considered the demand of Louis Plane, to prevent documents con nected with the bill of indictment from being published before his trial. A sub-comiuittee was appointed to prepare a series of enactments on the subject, the anterior laws on the subject j being, it appeared, to the committee, abrogated by the provisional government. The Tope's nuncio had an audience with Gen. Cavaignac on Thursday, and presented his letters of credence. The medical attendants of General Bedeau have pronounced his life out of danger. Among the candidates for vacant seats in the Kational Assembly, for the department of the Se tie, are the following:?M. M. Gowan, Achille Fould, Emile de Girardin, Edmond Adam, Secretary General of the Prefecture; House, editor of La Vraie Rcpubliquc, and ltaspail, now a prisoner in Vincennes. On the Thursday's sitting of the Assembly, various measures of postal reform were adopted. } inerateot postage is nxea at twenty centimes (two pence) on all letters not exceeding in weight 7i Rrammcsf ; forty centimes on all letters exceed- 1 ing 7k, but not exceeding 15 gramme*, and one ; franc on all letters and parcels exceeding 15, but not exceeding 100 gramma. Beyond the weight of 100 gramme* no parcel will be carried by the post office. .Stamps are to be used as in England and the measure is to come into lorce on the 1st of January, 1819. The measure lias met with general approval, though some of the French journals think the rate too high. A bill to authorise the city of Paris to contract a loan of 25,000,000f. has been adopted, without ' discussion. M. Baune applied, on Thursday, to the National Assembly, for authorisation to prosecute M. Lurck, for hie evidence. A decree appeared on Friday night, (25th,) sup* pressing the Gazette dc Fiance. It states, that considering this journal contains incessant attacks against the republic, and excitations tending to destroy this lorm of government, in order to put in its place the monarchical form; considering that these attacks, and these excitations are of the nature, under present circumstances, to turn citizens one against another, and thus to raise civil war in Paris and in the departments; decrees that fiom this day the Gazette <le France is, and remains, suspended. The Gazette de France was the oldest of all the journals, edited by the Abbe de Genoud, a fiery radical. The'-Prcssr lecords a meeting of journalists, held i on Thursday. when a protest was unanimously I agreed on, and received sixty signatures. The Opinion Ptibln/ue, of Friday, says, that Paris has been two months in a state of siege. A million of cartiidges have been distributed to the .National Guard. On Thursday, several carriages* with shells and howitzers, passed along the quays' going towards the Ecolt Militairc. llight ammur nition wagons, heavily laden, proceeded from Vin. cennes to tin-same destination. At Vineennes, one i hundred field pieces aie in the court yard ready to he put to use. There are four in the Hotel de ViUe> loity in the temple, four in the court of the Tttile. ties, eight in the Luxemberg, feur at the Palais d' Oricy, sixteen in the court and garden of the National Assembly, and a whole paik in the Ecofc Militairt, Champs dt Mars. Mount Vularian, and seveial other forts have cannon of siege planted on their ramparts. The Messager of Friday, alluding to the suppres- 1 fcion of the journal, says, other measures are announced for to-morraw. The municipal elections in the departments, which have just concluded, aic highly satisfactory to the cause of order. The candidates of the Ked Republicans have been everywhere defeated, and men who advocate an honest republic have been elected by large majoiilies. Ti e Prcssc attacks Jingland warmly on the sub ject of the cession oi Cayr Xicobat to the crown of Great Britain, an account ol which came by , j the last India mail. i This journal, which passes for the organ of the .Russian government, strongly countenances the ' story of a revolutionary movement at St. Petersburgh. A repoit is current, that a proposition has been made to the Council of Ministers, to apply to the Assembly for a levy ol 2.10,000 men, but it v as not generally credited. Paris, Fkiday Morning.?M.Beeliard, a deputy* lias published a new programme of the constitution' which has been adopted by the committee, in which the Ihoit >lu Trarail is omitted, and other disputed points modified. M. Caussidiere has written to the Conilitulionntl a note on the subject of an article which appeared in that paper on 1 "J bursday, restive to a defence which it was said lie had got written out for him, and which he was to deliver in the Assembly on Friday. The note is mild in tone, hut condemnatory of the police system acted upon by newspapers, in prying into the sfiairs of others. Havre letters, of a late dale, mention that a Pr?at change bad taken place in the cotton market there. The demand had fallen oil suddenly, but prices remained pretty steady, owing to the mills being in full work. The reduction of the postage on nil inland letters i io iwo-|>eiire. in I ranee. which was pssser] hy the National Assembly, on Thursday, (the 24th.) by a vole of the House, is hailed with the greatest satisfaction bv all I'artie'- throughout the country. A correspondent writing under date of Friday , night, (26tb,) stales thut the city was nevermore tranquil. Some fears are expressed, that the proceedings in the \ati< nal Ar inbly, on Friday, 1 relative to the Committee of Inquiry, might 1 lead to ome dislutbance. Tlie government are, 1 however, prepared for any movement which 1 may he iuad< hy the opponents of peace and oider. 1 T>ir ijtifthrm, Henry V. or the rtpnHk, it, m ' fart, thr urdrr of thr day; but that it will tenm- .] nate without bloodshed, no man in his senses believes ; but whether the union of the latter vvilii the legitimists w ill tui n the scale in the eonfliet, is another matter. In eithei rpse the advent of t! Med Republic is appHicnded. Italy The Lk.ztttt of Ticiwo, of the 21st, elate* that the Austrian* had received i Mai or v. minis, and idvi. .i rapidly in tbedistrict Varez! liari lioldits in the valley of Gona, and approached the frontiers of Tinno; the greater part of the Italians held La Stelvio; hud entered the valley of Munater, where they deposed their arms. The number ol Italian soldiers who have taken refuge in the canton of the Orison, exceeds 5,000. The Tuscan ministry is formed as follows:?Mino Capponi, President; Giorgini, Foreign Aflairs; Samminiatelti, Interior; Maggei, Justice; Piovacarri, Finance; Margucchi, Public Instruction; Capei, Worship; Belhomini, War. The new Sardinian ministry have protested against the armistice entered into with Austria. The new ministry accepts the armistice as a niilitaiy contract, but not as the base of peace ; it accepts the mediation oi rmgianu ana r ranee, biiu, at the same time, makes preparations for the national defence. Letteis from Home, under date of the 15th, whice leached London this morning, state that the city was tranquil, notwithstanding the endeavor 011 the pait of the revolutionists to distuib the peace. On the 13th two battalions of the Civic Guard, who volunteered to march to the assistanc of their brothers in Bologna repaired to the square of the Quirinal, to receive the Pope's benediction. Pope Pius the Ninth addressed them, but his agitation was such that his words could not be heard. When he bestowed on them his benediction, however, he distinctly said;? " Peace be with you."' To which the military and people responded:? 44 Courage, Holy Father." The Pope having been attacked, now openly sj>oke of war, but his only reliance was on French intervention, which he earnestly demanded from M. Pois le Sainte, during the two days that envoy remained in Pome. The new ministry have just published the protest, from which we make the following extracts 44 Under the grave circumstances in which the country is now placed, it is not a trilling task to enter on the direction of \ the government. It is not, therefore, surprising that the composition of the present ministry has been attended witli some difficulty. If now, however, it presents itself with confidence to the country, strong in the proofs it lias given of sincere love to the country on the part of its members, and in the conviction that no one can exceed it in devotedness to i the Italian cause, the ministry which has just retired has seen the accomplishment of its last misfortune. It has not been discouraged, and it has made an appeal to the energies of the country. The one that succeeds it will imitate its example, and make, if possible, still greater ;fforts to re-comj)Ose the army, and to arm the wople. The armistice which has been concluled must be respected as a military fact, but it cannot be accepted as a political compromise which destroys the farts accomplis, and serves as the basis of ulterior negotiation; but two great friendly nations, who claim respect for nationalitire nn/1 tVi#? ilpvolnnmont nf fVtrt 1 ilmrto aT ?' | ihe people, having offered their mediation to put an end to a war which became a European one, and to secure an honorable peace, the ministry hails, with gratitude, the friendly and disinterested cooperation of the two mediating powers. It i8 proper that the two powers, fully appreciating the actual situation of Italy, and the causes which have led to the war, will know how to arrive at durable and honorable arrangements, which maybe acceptable, and which will avoid the less necessity of a war, wli ich, from the order and generosity of the nation, and the generous support of our powerful neighbors, cannot be of doubtful result." Holland. The Amsterdam Bourse was less active, and little business doing ; but prices, of the leading securities, were not altered. Wheat was in less active demand, at St. Petersburg, on the 16th. Ilemp and tallow were without alterations. Antwerp advices do not report any improvement in trade, but ijuote Exchange on London, at 23 32Russia* Dales from Vienna today, slates th.it the cholera u .is spreading with fearful rapidity. . The revolution it contradicted. Til* rimrlllf lllatrlff*. .Manchester, Saturday. August 26?2 P. M. The local authorities are now pretty easy in their ninds that they hare completely effected,the entire uppression of chartism ; nevertheless, the police are >n the guard, and are as active as ever, and watching .he movements of the body. From all I can gather, I Lbey are chap-fallen by the energetic and prompt manner in.which they were arrested,and expect nothing else but a conviction against all those who are indicted. Private meetings of the body are still held, but I beieve it is enly for the purpose of devising means to i-nable those indicted to make a proper defence. It is reported that the police have still a number of warrants on hand unexecuted. There is not the least apprehension ef riot by any one in the city. Bolton, August 26,1818 The chartists here continue to meet notwithstand- . ng the blow which the government has struck at the ' body in other localities ; the inhabitants are, however, not the least apprehensive of any outbreak ; the police are vigilant, and from what we can collect, intend to make a baul cf tbe chief spouters ; at the same time tbe chartists manifest great caution in their ef- j forte to elude the police. The authorities, we are convinced, know all, and can ' point out tbe names of every one of the clubbists. I'.ram can, August 26. 1848. j We sre now pretty quiet since the arrest of the lead- j ing chartists, which took place during the course of tho j present week. It is reported that on the trials of the i parties arrested. a conspiracy to do deeds of violence 1 and bloodshed to an unexpected extent, will be brought forward and. as usual, spies or informers will do the d< ed. Ten of the leaders of the chartist bod3 are now ? ithin the grasp of the law far treasonable conspiracy. The police, at night, perambulate the streets, armed with cutlas es. Mam he i r.n, August 26, 1848. Goons /.iu Var-. Mauri ti.?The continuance of unfavorable weather exercises a very injuriov influence on this market. Very little business is doing, and today holders of goods, to realize, must accept rather lower prices. V?ry few transactions in goods fsr India ' are going on. manufacturers and merehants regarding > the last as very unfavorable. In yarns, a somewhat firmer feeling prevailed, and yesterday and to-day several large orders were given out. which had been held in abeyance The home trade remains nearly the Fame us last reported: hut should the weather take up, u more active demand would prevail. MAsciiEiTr.il, August 26.1858. ( ob.s Mabkf i.?At this day's market there was a ull attendance of buyers. The market was by no n<ans active; nevertheless, there is a steady sale for vbeat. at an advance of 4d. to 6d. per bushel, on the ates of this day wtek. Flour has advanced 2a. to 3s. i-r rn< K and parrel tv c quote ? miauiau id>i .inipri un. 30k to 06k.; dour do., 21*. to 31?. Beans and malt ire Is. per quarter higher?an adTanee of 2?. per quarlet has been paid The plentiful supply of potatoes reduces the demand for Indian corn, which now sells at 36s to U*s. per quarter; heated and inferior 32s. to 34s. Markets, London Monkv Mkkkf.t, Aug. JQ. The market for Keglish securities has not been so good owing chiefly to the state of the weather. The opening price of consols, for account, was hC. they then fell to (* ' ,. rose to 80 and finally closed at 80',. For money, the opening price wan 8?'-' subsequently they declined to 83%, but afterwards rallied, and closed at SO', . The new three and a quarter per eent stocks sr, re dull at 86% to 86,%, and left oft at the latter Upure. Exchequer bills were worth 30s. a 33s. pre mium The rhare market has not been active, but prices in general were well supported l.atcat Amei le an snipping. by klcctidr Telegrapli. Arrvod 8<th fpraa-iie, from NOrlcans. At fcHii.i>, A (i ilili, from Mew Orleans. AiI'owns, A M Jones, front Philadelphia. At (Pnast.rsa. Vary K Leonard, from Baltimore. IirAi. A us -j:,?T! rrancet, Tsylor, Jiunaiou, which put hii k t; toy. with It a ot toweprit, had 'eon in cor.tvt with tha Royal AHeiaiJe, lor tjueiee. I no former V-ow If' cathead und out. aaler tlainsstS ___________ fri 'MMitrh'ARAH San:>", Crtpt. Thompson, sailed j ( thy mitrnn.g lor Liu rj-.o!. NEW YORK HERALD. I?atll-W Mt Corner nf Vol ton and Hums Nh JAJUCI OOIUX)H BKNMCTI, proprietor. TUB MAILT HERALD?Three editions every day, twooente err copy?$7 lb per annum. Tha hiURNINO EDITION ie published ill 3 o'clock, A. M, an4 distributed before breakfast; the tret EVENING EDITION can be Lid of the newsboys'at 1 gelock, P. M., and the second EVENING EDITION at 3 o'clock. THE WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday.for circulation on the American Continent?6X cente per copy, $3 12>4 per annum. Every eteam packet day for European circulations %6 per amain, to include the pottage. Toe European edition mil be printed m the French and English language*. ALL LETTERS by mail, for eubeerspturne, or vU iidverHeemenli.to be poet paid, or the poetage toil! be deducted from the wnoMty remitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, eontabdng important noeoe, eoticitedfr em any quarter of the world; if ueed mill be liktraUypaid for. ADVERTISEMENTS (renewed every morntnp, and te be pub kehed in the morning and evening editione,) at reasonable priceei to be written ma plain, legible manner; the proprietor not responsible for errors in manuscript. PRINTING of all lands exeeuted beautifully as* with despatch. Orders received at the Office, corner of Helton aesd NaiiavitTtftt. NO NOTICE taken of anonymous communications. What ever is intended fee insertion must be authenticated bp the name and addrete of the writer; not necessarily for publseatwn, but ae a guaranty of hie good faith. We canned rReern resected communications. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. park theatre.?Macbeth Signoha CtOocA?ETOW Bot. BOWERY THEATRE. Boweiy.?1'et or tub i btticoat?? Tom C'r hole?Brian Doroihmk. BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadwav? Metamora?Damci kg bv hl.li.cli.uti 1x1 hlilt. WlJCTHOFT?ii lis j maLOV*. NATIONAL THEATRE. Chatham Street?A Vim rn the Dabk?Mtbteries abd Muerieb or New Yobk?The Little Nv.i. NIBLOS, ACTOR PLAGE?II Barbiere di Sivk.ua. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamber* Stmt Dombet and Son?Olb IIombt, CASTLE GARDEN?Kubioal E.nt eRtaibmekta SOCIETY LIBRARY?Campbell'S HmRiiiA IIINERTA ROOMS?Tatlor'i Campaigns. PANORAMA HALL?Bastard'! Pa.-oramaa. MELODEON?Magic Mtstickm and Virginia Serreader a BROOKLYN?Moravian Minbtrelb' Concert. New York, Saturday, September O, 1848. Aetna I Circulation of the Herald, September N, Friday >5,963 eopiee The pablieattoR of the Mornlnf Edition of the Herald comacRMd jeeterday at 10 minute* past 3 o'clock, and finiahed at l.<minute, past ^ o'clock; the tint Afternoon Edition ooramencid at 5 minutes past I o'clack, and flniahed at 10 minutee before > oelook; the neond at 20 minutes after 3 o'olook, and finiahed at 25 minutee of i o'clock. The foreign Newi. We give, in our columns to-day, the news brought by the Hibernia, in telegraphic detail. All that we publish came over the wires from Boston. A great deal of it, also, was telegraphed in T.'nrrlansl Hnr rsnHsrs. nftpr Tendinis it rnre. fully over, while drinking their coffee, can reflect on the immense cost of the same. It is the longest telegraphic despatch of the kind ever published. Thf Presidential election, and tilt New element In tlie Contest, The present is, no doubt, one of the most amusing and interesting contests for the Presidency that has ever taken place in this country. The prospects and calculations are as changeable and evanescent as the " little joker" among the gamblers. "Now you see it?now you don't see it." Just as we were receiving the first returns from the recent election in Vermont, and were about calculating the weight and importance of the free soil movement in the coming struggle in November, up starts the spectre of Henry Clay, surrounded with the remains of four or five thousand partizans, singing, speaking, bellowing, hurraing, and reminding us of one of those scenes in Vauxhall of years past, when it was the rallying ground of every rowdy party or curious exhibition. The meeting of the old whigs at Vauxhall Garden, nominating Mr. Clay for the Presidency, and repurTmfinnr fipnpral Tnvlnr flirnwa a npiv plpmpnf into the election, which may have some importance ; but, as yet, it is difficult to tell how much. According to the curious disclosures made by Willis Hall and other speakers on that occasion, it seems that tiiis meeting for the nomination of | Mr. Clay and the repudiation of General Taylor, j has been deliberated on at Albany, Richmond. | New York, and, perhaps, elsewhere, for several j months past. The old leaders and friends of Mr. I Clay, in this State, held a caucus or private assem- , bly in Albany, some weeks since, as stated by , Willis Hall, and agreed to come forth under their own colors, and make the movement which they have just done in Vauxliall Garden. Taking these disclosures in connection with the recent similar . movement attempted by.Thurlow Weed Ar Co., in Albany,to repudiate the nomination of Gen. Taylor, it seems certain that there has been a conspiracy I among certain leaders of the whig party in this State* in connection with others,prcbably in New England i and Virginia, for the purpose of bringing up Mr. , Clay, by hook or by crook, to give lnm some electoral votes, so as to defeat the popular election of General Taylor, and to throw the Presidency into the House of Representatives. The attempt at Albany to get up a meeting by Tiiurlow Weed, the issuing of notices for that purpose, and the receipt, by telegraph from this city, of the contents of a letter of General Taylor's, to Charleston, are ; now all better understood hv the nuhlir. There can be no doubt tbat Willis Hall, Dudley Selden, : Thurlow Weed, Horace Greeley, and various oilier leading whig politicians in this city, and elsewhere, some of whom have been professing 1 friendship to the cause of General Taylor, have . been concocting the revival of Mr. Clay's fortunes, . and his nomination for the Presidency, in theshape which it has assumed. Such being the state ol facts in connection with this movement of the revival of Mr. Clay, as declared by the paities themselves, and as rationally conjectured by the complexion of the whole affair, w e may expect to ree attempts to get up similar movements [throughout this State, for the purpose of having an influence in the whig State convention, which will meet in Utica next week, calculated, if possible, to induce that body to repudiate General Taylor, and sub.-.titute Mr. Clay in his place. The eilorts of Thurlow Weed, and | other unreliable men, hitherto professing to ; be in fnvor of General Taylor, united with those who arc out-and-out in favor of Mr. , * lay, line Mr. uan, may be able to accomplish something in the approaching convention that may look like disorganization among the friends of General Taylor. If. they should, by any system of action, produce a division in that convention, und bring about n rc-nonunation of Mr. C lay, by only p::rt of the members, a similar attempt will be made in the New Hngland States, in Virginia, and elsewhere, to get up and encourage the Clay movement, in order to carry the 1 election of the 7'resident into the House of Hepre- ! aentatives. Such is the new element?such the new movement which is attempted to be brought into the Presidential canvass, by those |>oliticiana, headed by Thurlow Weed, Horace Greeley, Willis Hall, Pudley Selden, and others. What will be the ^ amount of its influence 7 How will it affect Gene, rnl Taylor, or Mr. Clay, or Mr. Van Buren, in > Vnumkor 1 It ib difficult, at this early stage of ihe new agitation, to calculate its exact weight or pre|>onder rinrc. It ie quite a task to make calculations on such matters, because it is difficult to make nny rutional calculations en the sagacity, wisdom, promptitude, energy, or honesty of the whig politicians, or whig journalists, in the present crisis of affairs. When we see papers like the Mirror ' anil ?.rprtt?, of -New Vork, professing to he 1 thoroughly for (lencral Taylor, so utterly ignorant j and foolish as lo call one of tfi-neral Taylor's | beet Iriiers a forgery, it is impossible to make j any calculations on a class of politicians so . utterly void ol common sagacity or common sense. The truth is, the democratic party have been so completely disorganized, nA indicated by the rrcciit returns from V< iniont, by the r< < veioerts of Mr. Van Bu res:. th ?t the friends of Mr. Clay, and probably Mr. Clay himself, are jealous of his acquiring so much glory, and want to see how much disorganization and confusion ec they can create in the ranks of the whig party, "C hitherto supposed to be favorable to General Taylor. J The recent state of political affaire, therefore, ce presents a complete disorganization, disruption k, and scattering of both the old parties. We have ? now four distinct candidates in the field. The de . _ .01 mocratic party is cut up bf tween Irenerai oass ana ai Mr. Van Buren, and a portion of the whiga are at- 01 tempting to repudiate General Taylor and revive Mr. Clay. Vet in spite of this state of aflairs, we ot think there is strong foundation for believing, in the midst of the present canvass, that Gen. Taylor ci will be able to maintain his present ground; and 'J that if the great mass of the independent people of ?? the country, and the independent journalists, who have been the principal ugents in bringing him m lorth?the noble old man of Buena Vista?if they should come up to the scratch now, it is probable that in spite of the odds against him, he may yet te come out of the contest as great a victor, and with w] as much success, as he exhibited on the field of pi Buena Vista, against the enemies of his country.? "J The old whig leaders who sup|>ort Mr. Clay, have P? become jealous of Mr. Van Buren's progress under ^ the free soil movement. They accordingly have in taken the field to save the remnants of their party, < for future operation, and to keep the power which they formerly wielded. We doubt, however, ?* whether the Clay movement is calculated to injure " General Taylor so much as it will Mr. Van Buren. dt All those among the whigs so fanatical as to come jj' out for Mr. Clay, at this late day, would most At likely have gone for Mr. Van Buren, at the election 01 . ni in November next. vt It is yet probable, therefore, and rational to be- V( lieve, that with four parties in the field, each ;g having its own candidate, General Taylor, in many cc of the contested States, will at least have a plurality over the other candidates, and even a majo- ai rity in many places. If the free soil movement be ^
vigorously carried on in Pennsylvania, we fully be- tb lieve that Gen. Taj lor will carry that State, and, p? with other chanceB in his favor, he stands yet in in a better position t'?an he has for the last few dl months, in spite of the new movement in favor of ^ Mr. Clay. This is the aspect of aflairs at this moment; but it may change before next Monday. u Steamboat Competition?Irs Good and Bad a Consequences.?Competition in this species of bu- Ci siness is useful to society, and deserves encour* agement and public support to a certain extent.? ti When, however, it is carried beyond reasonable * limits in certain branches, it may be injurious to life and limb, as well as property. The competi- 0 tion among the Bteamboats on our rivers, and else, t] where, has been productive of great lortunes, much si enterprise, and also of some disasters to human j, life. ? Yesterday morning, as the Arrow, a steamboat R which runs between Nyack and New York, touch- b ing at Hastings, Yonkers, and other places on the river, was lying at the wharf at Yonkers, she was al run into by the steamboat Armenia, a competitor ^ on the same route, in a manner which, we under- w stand, was both wanton and careless to an extreme degree. It seems that the Arrow, owned and com- 01 inanded by a very queit and respcotableZinhabitant of Nyack, has been for many years on the route j, between New York and several cf the intermediate towns to Sing Sing, on the|North River. During ^ this period she has been extremely useful to all si travellers and visiters within reach of the points she touched at; but it appears that a short time ft ago the Armenia, a new boat, and a little quicker in her movements, was put on the same route, for t( the purpose, as was generally understood, of driv- " ing off the Arrow, by reducing the price and adopting other modes of competition. It is said that the Armenia, in the early pait of the season, ran in opposition to some of the old beats on the Hudson river, and received a bonus of several thousand dollars for the purpose of abandoning that piece of compe- ? tition, and putting herself on another route. The one between New York and Sing Sing was se- ii lected. During the last few months, these two ^ boats, the Arrow and the Armenia, the old boa1 D and its new competitor, have been running against * each other?the one for a shilling, and the other T, for sixpence. As far as fairness in competition is ~ observed, there is no wrong in it, or any boat en- tl deavoring to rival another; but when human pas- I* eions become excited, and boats driven to a ^ point of mischief, it then becomes a serious matter v to the public at large: and the moment when a J,1 collision takes place, the subject should be taken j ' up, nnd an unbiassed opinion passed on the trans- j * action. i We have the best reason for believing that the ai collision which took place between the Arrow and ft Aimeniaat Yonkers, yesterday morning, was a j ?* wanton, unprovoked, nnd atrocious attempt, 011 the part of the managers of the Armenia, in every **' aspect in which it can be viewed. If there be any M law on the subject, we trust the proprietors of the re Airow will bring an action against the Armenia, wi and lay the whole facts of the case before the public. If such conduct in any captain or pro1 rietor of a steamboat be encouraged by the pubbe, or oveilooked by the travelling community, 8* the next thing wc shall hear of, will be a more ?' serious collision, or some fatal explosion, putting ' < in jeopardy the lives and limbs of those wlio trust t themselves in such vessels. In the case in ques- *j tion, the outrage was no doubt peipetruted by the Armenia on the Arrow. ui pi More Titoors from Mexico.?Our news steam- 'j; er, News Roy, boarded last night, at 8 o'clock, 18 miles south of Sandy Ilook, the ship Iowa, from j l>; Vcru Cruz, having left that port on the 1st of Au- | j!; gust. Slio had on bonrd n detachment of the First cc Regiment of the U. S. Artillery, consisting of 24G men, and Capt. Geo. Newman; 1st Lieut. John M_ M Rrennan, 2d do. Lewis O. Morris, A. A. C. F.; Tlios. Talbot, Assistant Surgeon; W. 8. King, 8. t'( F. Chaflin, Arc., nil well. Capt. Whendan, of the jr Iowa. died on the passage, on the 26th of August, b; of inllunniiation of the bowels. St gi Major Gii.i.esi'ie.?A reeent letter from St. M Louis, 'published in the Herald, charges Maior ^ Gillespie, late of the TT. S. forces, operating in "i California, with having been guilty of certain die- f' honorable speculations in mules. Ac. Major Gil- et lespie authorizes us to deny said accusations, and ^ challenges an investigation of the vouchers on f0 file in the War Department. As a standing rule of n< his office we would admonish our correspondents p' to be cautious of any allegation against the rharac- ' ^ ter of any individual which cannot be sustained by #I proof. G Another Consi r,.?The President of the 1'nited is States has recognised Manuel J!avena, Consul ot Sardinia, for the port of Galveston. Deaths in New Ori.eans.?The number of f' deaths tor the week ending Inst Saturday, was 231, tli of which J!6 weic of yellow fever. _ N'otwith- eg standing tins large mortality, the Hoard ot Health ^ DM fl( ( land that the fi ver has not yet aMOawd an epidemic cliaraeter ? N. O. Bee. Aug. ft Marine AIT* Ira. gr Tiii. Tai skt Sine rnsntiti tinsi arrived yesterday, ell from Liverpool, with (i3fi steerage pasrengers, all of jr whom are in perfect bealtb. She has not had one (p cure of sickness on board during the whole passaje. D Liosi h or tsik Sine Wii.i.iam Hrsav IIarsccr.? J*1 The new thlp Wllllain Henry llarbeok, built by Meeere. Terrine. Patterson k Stack, will be lannthed nj this afternoon, at 6 o'clock, from their yard, near *' (.rami stmt ferry, Williiimeburg. |? T 1 cllow I'ever. Match's OrrirK. Sept. 8, 1848. The special committee of the Board of Health hare , p the pleasure of assuring their fellow eitlxens, that the eity rontiriues exempt from malignant and peetilentim din-airs, and that it Is fat more healthy than usual nl at this season of the year The disease prevailing to t , a greater extent than any other, at this time, Is ri <ljn i.tury. and this not to the extent that it is found In many of the enuntry towns of onr State. ?) The health oltlrer at (innrantine, reports three new pi canes, ol a mild type, hnl no dea'tix u WH. I\ IIAVKMKVKR,! T. R IIIBBARD, WM ADAMS, } Committee. Tl T. 11 IJI". KORRK9T. | *" C.tROLIUS, j Theatrical and Musical. Pass Thiith.-The entertainments at this theatre mmenetd, last night, with Shakspeare's tragedy of tthcllo, the Moor of Venice;" and we bare only to peat our opinion of last evening, that the charatter the noble Moor, in the hands of Mr. Ilamblin, was ily sustained throughout the entire pieoe. His oon" ption and reading evidenced the deepest study and low ledge of the author, and his portraiture of the intending passions of love and jealousy was beantlilly represented, in emphatio language and approbate action. Mr. llield'a iago a as very good, as was so the part of Cassio. by Waleot. The character Desdeniona, by Miss ltose Telbin, was an excellent rsonation; in fact, every part allotted to this charmig actress is performed with great ability. The farce (be "Kton Boy" concluded the uutertaiumeuUid here, again, Miss Rose Telbin acquitted herselt so ucb to the satisfaction of the audience, that she relived the loudest applause. Chapmun, as Dabster, istained his great character for comic celebrity, and te part of Captain I'opham, by Barrett, was capitally istained. Mr O. 11 Barrett is a great acquisition to le Park company. This evening, Shakspeare's traidy of "Macbeth" will be played, Mr. Hamblin . king the character of Macbeth, and Mrs. Winstany that of Lady Macbeth. Those who love the legitiate drama should visit the Park this evening. Bowerv Theatre.?This house was very well atnded last evening, and the various performances bich were enacted, gave great satisfaction to those eccnt. The piece played first was the drama of the Vdopted uniid," in wmcn Mr. J. jw. scott iook iue nt of Michael, the fisherman, and he played the inest old mariner most excellently; hie protection of le rights of the adopted child, and the brave manner , which he obtains the proof) of his rightful iuheri.nce, were much applauded by the audienoe. especlalthat scene where he frustrates the murderous plan gainst the poor orphan, by disarming the villain nt to destroy him. This drama is a most interesting re. and when so well played as it was last night, by :ott, Miss Denin, Jordan, and the others, is rendered iubly interesting. The first act of the opera of "Cin rella,'1 was played after the drama, and Miss Taylor, i pcor Cinderella, gained her usual meed of applause, iss Taylor, as a singer of difficult music, such as that iue opera ui i/inuereua, ih now ijuiiu eiumeut, >au ay. ere long, look forward to ranking as high as a >callst as she does now as an actress. Stevens' Pomlino was very good; his buffo singing was capital, tevens is good in everything that he undertakes, and certainly a most valuable member of the Bowery impany. The farce of "My Kellov Clerk," in which all is sc fanny as the gay, reckless Tactic, succeeded le opera, and "Brian Boroibme closed the evening's nueeinents. To-night, the comedy of "The Tet of ie retticoats," which was so successfully played the her evening, the drama of "Tom Cringle's Log." and ie spectacle of "Brian Boroibme," will form the eveng's bill, and a first rate ore it is, too. Mrs. Walcot's >11, in the first piece, is a most amusing piece of actg, and the two other pieces ,are most interesting amas. Broadway Theatre.?The overflowing success ot is classic theatre seems to know no abatement, and ,st night the crowd seemed to press with more earnestess to catch a glimpse of the unparalleled performnces. "With regard to beauty of style, comfort, and onvenience. This magnificent theatre stands in the iTcmoet rank, in this or any other country. Again, tbt night, was the deeply interesting and thrilling rsgedy of the "Gladiator" repeated, and received ith redoubled bursts of applause. Mr. Forrest as partucus, in which character he is always successful, ut last night seemed to act with more than ordinary Dergy. His first appearance, when he represents the oble Thracian in chains, to be made subservient to tie will of his Koman master, was peculiarly impresve All the energy of that noble soul seemed gone, util rb&earius, (Dyott) who bad been stolen from his ome in youth, upon being brought Into the scene to ght, recognizes him and the cry for liberty was raised, 'ben the fire again rushed to the vacant eye, and the lerculeun powers of the noble actor shone forth most eautifully, and totlie Inst, while writhing in the agony r death, fully sustained the character to life. Mr. orrest is still the great centre of attraction, and Iways received with universal applause. Mr. lfyott, s Pbaearius. was udmirablo. and seems to gain most onderfully upon the admiration of the people with bom he is already so popular. The part of Julia was tstained by Miss Fanny Wallack in her usual admiible style, and Mrs. Abbott that of Senora, the wife F Spsrtncus. The really laughable farce of the "Eton o>" was repeated, in which Miss Isabel Dickinson jstaintd the characters of Funny Carey and Tom, in iiuiuu uie styie. i o- nigui mr. r urresi appears iu hid limita'olo character of Metamora. This is one of the tost magnificent productions ever presented on the age. and Mr. F. is the only man in the world who can istain the leading character. To those who have not sen it, we would say go by all means, ns it is the last me it will be presented, and no one who has a love >r the drama should fail to see it. National Theatre.?This house has been crowded > overflowing every night this week, and last even>g it was filled in every nook and corner. The rea nofall this is. the great success of the new piece, le "Mysteries and Miseries of New York," which ourtrays, in the moit natural manner, many of the ue mysteries and miseries of this great city; and lis pourtrayal is so blended with amusing scenes, in hich the gallant Mose, the true representative of le New York B'hoy. that the whole forms a most racy nd interesting drama. Mr. Seymour's personation f Sykcsy, Mose*s| friend, is most admirable; bis rough oice. speaking always in that peculiarly jerky style r which wo bcRr the Sykesys of the street converse; is dress, his walk, in fact, the entire personation, is iOEt admirably true to nature. In the scene of the utch ball, where ho brings up his 'gal " to Mose, ith the question. "Ain't she purty, Mose," the peals f laughter front the audience showed how much his sry natural acting was appreciated. Mrs. McLean. * the unfortunate " big Lire," plays very well; but we link that in a piece of this nature, Lire's part is raicr made too much of. and were It not for the excelnt manner in which Mrs. McL. plays it, it would e rather tedious. As it is, however, this new piece as proved Tcry succcFfful, end will, doubtless, have a ery long run; and when it begins to flag, we see le managers have underlined another new local iece. The farces of " A KI& in the Dark," and the Little Nun," and the 41 Mysteries and Miseries," ill form this evening s bill * Though the house is rowded every evening, yet. from the excellent arrangeicnts of the boi keepers, every one who comes is well icommodated. These officers arc all men of civil and entlemanly manners, who take a pleasure in doing ie best tbey can for the accommodation of the patrons r the theatre. Bi rton's tiieatnn.?Last night, Mr. Burton took 8 benefit at thic elegant place of amusement, and irely tucb a house was never seen before. livery at and standing room wa3 completely jammed, such is me anxleiy 01 tne public to snow in wiiat esti- I ation they bold the talent of a man who is not only ! sterling actor, but spares no pains nor expense in tting up superior pieces for the gratification of his urnerou? admirer. The first piece played was the aptureof Captain Cuttle, and Bunaby's Wedding he first scene opens with Mr. Kea as the '-chicken" bo wants to - double up somebody, and Mr. Itaymond, i Tcots, both of whom are excellent. Mr. Burton, as >ual, as Captain Cattle, brings down continued upau;e. Msr. Vernon, as Mrs. McStringer. and Mrs. rcugham, as Susan Nipper, were to tbo life; and so ought the audiance, il we may judge from the connued (bouts of approbation. The new farce written f the author of --Box k Box.''called'Toor Pillleodf," was produced last night for the first time; and an icetlent piece it la. Mr. llurton. aa John Peter Pilli>d(iy, a sudsninn and florist, who marries a young idow. whose lirst husband was said to have been rownedat sea; and the extieme fear exhibited by r. Plllicoddy, supposing that he mij*ht "come up ja'.n," was truly a mo.-t spirited piece of acting; eeptng the audience in one contiuual roar of laughr from beginning to end. The piece altogether, om first to last. | was played with great effect y nil hands. Mi -s (. hupiruvn. as Sarah Blunt, was as i all she undertakes, pe rfection, and is becoming a eat favorite, md deservedly so. Mrs. Brougham, as rs. Pillicoddy. whs remarkably good. The evening's itertainments concluded with the "Wandering Mlnrel,'' in which Mr. Button, as Jim Bags, was the tar,'' keeping up a continued laugh throughout the ece. At the termination of this piece. Mr. Burton as inuuiy caucu lor, wno, on coming lurwaru, remarkl that he was exceedingly gratified for the liberal itronagc bestowt d; and to injure a continuance of leir favors, he intended to bring out many new pieces r their approval; and, on Monday night, an entire ; w piece would be produced, called "Milton a Marque 1 Comus; which, we think no doubt, will draw crowd1 houses To-night, Mr. liaymond takes his benefit, d to all we ray. who have witnessed the droll Toots, id more pari icularly th".?e who hare not recn him 0 to-night, and if you don t get double your worth r the money, we ure much mistaken Although it of "no romcqut nee"' to ur. jet wc rhould like much > ree afull house?lor poor'i'oots, who may differ with 1 in opinion. Niblo' , A roa Ti.ai i .?The second performance of oni/ctti's" L'EIeslr d'Amore" went off last night Jn ? most creditable manner ; and Madame I,aborde, UMial, won many laurels. Ilpr per/onatlon of mlna Is one of the mort correct we have ever seen; id throughout the whole opera she sang enchanting. with a voice of tranrcendant loveliness, the most aceful style that can ho conceived, and the pure mplicity demanded by the music of the Italian mart, o. Tho arch and piny ful way In which *ho delivered i?> pact nut Irgnitli and the two duet* ol tho opera? ic tir*t with Nemorino. (M. Laborde.) the second with uloamara (Sigoor hanttuirlco)-gave much penire and elicited murh applaur''. The Italian mu*io, laclear, le not a sealed hook to Madame laborde. id ?he Interpret* It with the full eonsclouiiiMSH and iprecla'ton of ita worth F.xcredlngly well did alio ?e the grr at or ia. nnd raptnrou* were the plaudits blch this en pi. ih ri ailing of one of the uwat enehnntift airs In the whole rargw of music brought forth, he rt turmbrancc el Itiibinl.ai S'etnoriiio, la too vivid ' give place to any other persoulller of the part; and >verthelesa. M I ahorde gave to his ii'ilr the moat reetlve hrillianey and purity that could be found, t< r the great and lain'd s nger of tho Italian opera* Tori* and l.ondon. 111.1 sung of I no I'mii'tt Imp-inm aa given with the (.rent feiling and Htklioil sent*. A* for Signer Buucventano, wu.'illcli to our praUlng notice, a* well a* for Hi#;. Saniinlrloo. I pon the hole, the " l.lealr d'.tr.iore" wentJofT eery well. Toght will be given the third performance of (I Bnr re dl Mvlglla," for the henelit of S'gnora Llettl o?ei. Wu whh her n cro? di d house. Bawya an'* Pa no a a m a will ho exhibited f ? co to- day. at ii and k P. II. It la still eontinuln * to attract many visit01* a* i rel nndthongh Itiinird talk* of ovtng tt trim New V org. we don't see kow he can sr ftt away, *o popular m bin exhibition. Mr. Hatto*. tbe celebrated pianist and vocalist. has j just arrived in this country, and purpose! giving a 1j series of bis vocal and instrumental entertainments to r tls citixens of New York. Tkis gentleman is favor- " ably known in tbe musical circles of London and . Paris, and tbe number and respectability of the recom- * mendations which he has with him is a guarantee that bis qualifications are of a very high order. The names of Tamburinl, K and L Lablache, Urisi, Sir ilenry Bishop. Ilalfe, Cramer, and other celebrated names, are sufficient to gain for biiu a favorable reception. We wi re present last night at a private entertainment given by him at Astur House, and wo were extremely well pleased. He is perfect master of the piano, and has acquired a delicacy of touch, and a rapidity of execution, which must elicit the admiration and applauso of all who hear him. He played several pieces from ri the great masters, and fang some comic songs, accomfiamed by the piano. The audience were greatly de- .; ighted, and could not repress the laughter which the strange and comic medley exoited Mr. Hatton's entertainment is of a novel and peculiar description, and we believe notbiug of the kind has been ever before attempted in this country. John Parry has won a great reputation in London by this description of en- , tertainuient. and we haTe no hesitation in saying that 3ir Minion win win, in n similar line in una country, not only a reputation, hut noma thing more substan tiat. \Ve understand his drat, entertainment comer off next Tuesday in the Apollo Rooms, and we venture to predict, that on making his dthui, he will And hi talents fully appreciate d hy a New York audienc*. Mfssiei'rs LrTAtir.r r k Miartesi.?Near the Broad way Theatre, there haw teen built a very handsome place of amusement, as large as the Olympic, which will be soon thrown open to the publio, and undoubtedly well patronised by all the playgoers and amateurs of cur city. It is rumored that this theatre will open under the care of Messieurs Levassenr Sc Miarteni, who will favor the publio with a new kind of entertainment, yet unknown in ourcity. We remember having; seen these artists in Europe, and our recollection is yet fresh with the deep impression made upon us by tne wonderful talent of Mme. Levasseur, whose aAntl Mesmeric" experiments lntve won such a renown all over the old continent and in South America. M. and Mine. Levasseur will entertain the publio with experiments on chemistry, optics, astronomy, natural pnilosophy, legerdemain, etc. We will soon be able to nublb n the programme of the first performance of these French artists. Female Academy, Brooklyn.?The Moravian Singers.?We congratulate our fellow neighbors and cltixens, of Brooklyn, at the great treat in preparation, for their entertainment this evening, at the Female Academy. The Moravian Singers, composed ef artists, not only of acknowledged but peculiar merit?such as has crowned their performances in this city, as well as in the distinguished circles in Knrope?will give the first of their series this evening, which, we pledge ourselves, will contribute to the satisfaction of a disoerning community. The programme for this occasion is rioh and diversified, such as has elicited?and justly, too?the approbation of London, I'arls and the principal eitiee of Kurope. The selections are from the'first masters of . modern musical celebrity ;and they are as perfect in their representations, as they axe distinguished for their authorship. The Panorama of General Taylor's Campaign in Mexico is visited by hundreds every evening. It is a most admirably correct painting, as all who have sees the elephant in Mexico declare on visiting the exhibition here. It will be shown twice to-day, viz. at 3 and 8 P.M. Castle Garde*.?The usual pleasant musical entertainment will be given here this evening. We can safely recommend a visit to this delightful place.? Strangers in the city, especially, ought not to omit visiting it. Mki.odeon.?The amusements at this house are varied and interesting every evening; the singing by the Virginia Seren&ders, and the performance of Mr. Lesege of popular airs on common pieces of stone are most amusing. Those visiting the Melodeon may be sure of finding it a most orderly and well-regulated house. CAMrnr.i.l'a Minstrels ?These inimitable darkies continue on their concerts with increasing success ; each evening they have most fashionable audiences to hear them, and each evening these audiences depart most heartily pleased with the elegant entertainment afforded them by these princes of Ethiopia n minstrelsy. To-day, they will give two entertainments, viz. at 3 and 8 1'. M. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE, Vermont .Election Returns. Bsston, Sept. 8. 1848. windham co un TV?22 tOWUS. Coolige. (whig) 2472 Dillingham, (dem.) 674 Shatter, (free soil) 1612 RUTLAND COUNTY?6 tOWnfl. Coolige 578 Dillingham 185 Shatter 407 orange county?8 towus. Coolige , 1100 Dillingham 1162 Shatter 738 den nino t on county? 3 tOWni. Coolige 708 Dillingham 414 Shatter 142 addison county ?5 tOWnS. Coolige 507 Dillingham 120 Shatter 328 Windsor county?12 towns. Coolige 2210 Dillingham 830 Shatter 1210 Destructive Fire at South lioslon. Rostoji, !8ept. 8,1848. The Catholic Church, 11 ev. Mr. Fitzsimmon'f, at South Boston, was burned last night. Valued at $75,000 ; insured in State street, for $43,000. Mass Meeting of Free Sotlers In Albany. Ai.uasv, Septembers, 1848. The people in favor of the Iree soil movement,, which is at present making considerable stir in our mid6t, held a meeting at the capitol this evening, at which there wore over three thousand at 'endants, who gave utterance to the most unbounded symptoms of delight and enthusiasm, a1 the progress of their doctrines. Jtlin Van B iren spoke in his usual effective manner on this, his favorite theme, and seemed to arouse in the minds of his followers, a determination to do or die in the cause. Another Letter from General Taylor. New Orleans, Sept. 7. 1848. General Taylor has v, ritten a letter explanatory of his position, and alluding to the criticisms of detached parties. lie-declares himself whig in principle, a no-party man, the people's candidate ; nominated by all parties, he consented to run for lie Presidency, hoping it would cause the canvass to be continued with candor, if not kindly. He accepts the whig nomination with gratitude and pride. He refers to his previous letters, and particulaily to that addressed to Captain Allison, for his views on all important subjects. If elected, he says he will endeavor to cement the Union, and establish the happiness cf his countrymen on ar enduring basis. Arrival of the David lUKrhcil.nl lloaton* Hoston, Sept. 8?4 P. M. Ai nved, the pilot boat David Mitchell, Captain .Tames Mitchell, from New York, via. Stoningtonand Ta'pau''n C?ve. All well. Markets. Dtrr*i.O, Scpt. 8.? Receipts by canal within the part 24 hours:?Flour, COCO bbls.; wheat, 8000 bushels! corn. uOCO do. Tho foreign news hud a favorable effect on tbe flour market, and sales of 4000 barrels were | ttiuiIo Innlllrllr,,. fV.. ...I... ur.., --- . ? , n i-riern nranci", a" $6 18J?. "Wheat continues steady, with sales of 10,000 bushels Ohio, at $1 00 The demand for corn is aetive> and the market firmer. Transactions reach 20,000 bushels, at 64c. In other articles there is not much movement. Albany, Sept. 8.?Receipts by canid within the pas1 24 hours:?Klour, 8000 barrels; wheat, 71,000 bushels; ' orn, 7,COO do. 1 he Uibtrnia's advices being favorable, Hour was held at higher rates ; the transactions, however. were limited. Kyo continued steady, with sales of 2 HO bushels. on private terms. The enquiry for oorn was good, anltbo maikot tended upwards?sales of 10,000 bushels yellow at 76 a 76c; of oats, some 15.00* bushels changed hands at 24 a 35e. Boston, Sept. 8.?The reception of the llibernia'S news to-dsy had the effect to stiffen the price of Hour 6Cc p r bill, but no large operations could be effected at t. at advanre. Corn was also held higher with light i ales. Hie Crops. Tbt Krd Hirer Republican of the 2*Uh has the following The storm we bad last week, which appears to nave been pretty general, has done great dauivro lc tli to the sugar and cott n crops of tills end th? rounding country. Tlio exeeraivo rnlna before and hinrc, havealao contributed to Injure them. The oane ntid cotton have been blown down, nnd In aonie places co badly, that they will not recover. An tmraenae di al of cotton haa been loot by ru?t and rot. A planter told us, on Tuesday, that two weeka ago he confidently expeeted to make three hundred hale*, where la, now, be will be eallsfled if be make* two hundred; nnd from nil arcounta, the tame proportionate loae will be general. L)r Hall, Of East Hartford, haa left at our office aamplea of two aropa of pnir<, which grew on one of hie tr> <a thia aenron The tree hloaaomed the aecond time In Jure The fruit of the first crop haa matured, and la about reven Inrhca In circumference; the aeoond crop la still growing, and the H?n it about two inchoa In elrcniiiference. It is the lirat time the tree has btrr.e, nnd there wnn about a do/en peara of each tri p. The flavor of the fruit la very fine. -Jl' -lfnrd C'eurenf.