Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 10, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 10, 1848 Page 1
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< v 3T h : NO. 5212. ARRIVAL OF THE HIBERNIA'S MAILS.! ASDZTZOST ? Zi DETAILS OF THE EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE ittf. 'Our IjOiiden Coritiiirandeiice. London. Friday Evening, Aug. 25,1848. the stat: or tunope. Whin tbo last weekly biv ,mr tailed for Liverpool) drums were beating in Ui > In ucb capital, cavalry were trotting along the quav.vn.ui iu important military 1 force wr.s drawn up on the lface de lit Concorde. In j the more remote quartern, a great deal of agitation was visible : a procession of the wives and children of the insurgent prisoners was wending its way to (he Nati- . onal Assembly?they were, however, prevented ap" i proaching, and dispersed without disorder, but the ! next day. and the next day, and, at the present moment, an unusual display 01 troops is made in Paris, binister rumors, of every description, are ail out. and I the one which seemingly par.oon of the greate.-t con- i istency v.us, tlrat a legitimist conspiracy, to place ' iienry V. (the Duke of bordeaux) on the throne, was ' on the evo of bursting, in the shape of a rising. The veritable cause of the nuu-ual display of troopr rosy, 1 -however, be ascribed more justly to the publication of ! the documents concerning the insurrections of May 1 and June, und wbicb great iy implicate so many mem hers of the ex-provisi' nal ^overnioeut of the republic. | A single glance at these documents will suffice to con- I Tince any man that hatred and scenes ot violence ' must result from them t)? nials, recriminations, ' personal attacks, will,doubtles*,follow. M. Turk having deposed that M. liaime said that the heads of 000 repre- | jentative* should fall, hat been called out by the latter. ' The day after the publication of the documents. Louis j J31anc ru?hed to the tribune, and. pale with auger, .protested against some if the accusations brought ' against him The deposition of Clienti. the ; .shoemaker, is very curious* The errest of Caussidicre was ail but dtoided the following day. In addition to the intense interest of the documents themselves, the deposition cf each individii.il member of the late gorcmuieut,has a peculiar private interest of its own. The character of the mau is traced in each deposition with his own haud. And what an amount of self-love and vanity is here laid bare to the eyes of the world! Thesentiincntul-pbilosophical Lauiurtine, the rough aoldier Cavaignao. the clear testimony of Arago, the unreserved communications of tihenu, the oumer, and guarded language of the Ledru Rollins and Louis Blaucs, are all unique in their way Ledru Rollin enteredinto a written engagement with George S.inil to provide circulars fer the republ c. These documents will complete the full and excellent history of the revolution in France,published by the New i'ork Herald. The debate on these documents commences this day at Paris; and for what vu knew here, Paris may at this very moment be in an uproar ; f look to your telegraph. J The repeated attempt* made by t'.e ultra republicans, and by n ( portion cf the regular supporters of the government, to burke the whole affair, hy hating tlie paper.* simply referred to tbu law offioersof tbu republic, having signally tailed, there is no# no t possibility of avoiding the dis ussiou altogether; hut since they t cannot suppress the delate, tlio same partita are deti nnlmid to < make a last effort to cnrlail it, and thereby to rt nder it aa innocuous as tho circumstances will admit. For this MMM it is said 1 that, under the pretext that tlie f v. rue ,.i aaaavt be accounta- y bit for the tranquillity of Paris if t'.a debate slioiild lie a pro. traded one. General t-avaiiinae,. r -ne .1 the inetuls.'rs ot the government on his part, will mow that the Assembly d i not ad. t joum until tho affair be disposed of, and that, if necessarv, the , \ Assembly sit for tiiat puipose all night. Ihe (MM oh this motion is evident. The whole of the tirst portion of the debate * will bo oocupied with the arguuien'e for the defence of the t parties iuoulpatad?namely, 11 at. Ledni Kollin, Louis Blanc, and ( Causaldieru, whose speeches will necessarily 1*> long, and it is cat- i cnlated that, alter suvh a dose, the utmost the Assembly will lis- , ten to will be a abort speech from M. Odilon Uarrot, as r resident I of the Committe , or from K. Bauciurt, as tlie author of the re- i port, aftir whieh the vote will lie taken under the impression ' made by the three firs', orators. Whether tliree tatties will lie smocentu I or not. remains to be even; but it is said that Genrai 1 Cavaignac is as anxious for their success as the most zjalon. of < ihe rod republicans, and that the excitement which the mili'ary display which has been made lor the last few days in tlie streets of Paris, is more with that view than with the view of suppresing the pretended legitimist conspiracies. The energetic, yet pacific, line of conduct adopted by Oeneral Cavaignac in the Italian question, bos earned for him the esteem of all parties in France. and all statesmen of Europe. Educated on the battle field, j his only fortune hit sword, we bsbold the warrior adTooating peace, and restraining the belligerent ardor of civilians, and the author of harmonic* rcligieuscs, and odes to peace. The English government has officially recognised the French republic. Lord Normanby has presented his letters of credit as Ambassador of England. M. Gustavo d? Beaumont, the French ambassador to ourcourt, has arrived here. The repressive measures against the press in Paris till continue, La Reprisentant du Ptuple, the journal of M. Proudbcn; Le Vr aie Repuhliijue, the journal of M Thort-, Le P> re DucMne, Le Lampion, and > Ihe (lazeite de Prance (editor, M. de (ienoude), have ! been suppressed The repressive laws in France are I much more severe thau under Louis Philippe; but his ! were rather preventive laws?the distinction is quite discernable. Cavaignac never hesitates?hesitation is I often worse than a fault. The decree for suppression ' Simply states, that the journals in questiou are sup- i pressed because likely to create fresh disorders in tile 1 republic. As n-gards the Angle-French mediation in Italy, j -he following extract, from La Preste, is ull that can can be said upon the subject ; conjecture as to the ! likely result, would be a wide field Any Incident ' may give a different turn to the negooiations : ? In indicating in our numbers of the !Uh and loth of August, the 1 bases of the mediation uttered by France and England, for the pur. I poseof nrrivit.g nt a p;i<ific solation of the affairs of Italy, we <>i? nerved, that the two mediating powers reckoned on the concourse ?f Germany to bring Austria more promptly to an arrangement ! which w< u.d be honorable to the army of Italy. The overtures of j France and England have been very favorably received, as far as the priui iple goes, by the Central -German Power resident at Trankf >rt. W c say, as far as the principle goes, l.evuuse we knowthat the mission wilh which the Baron d'Aodrlan (the Pcette eems not to have known libnnt M.de Kauincr./is charged by the j Central German Boner to the French and English governments, \ has for its object to modify essentially the conditions pr-posed by the mediating pow rs. According to the projeut ot meuiation OU - J MC U A m ...... ...... , .... . . net, a.- the ba>i i ot a conuiu n accord, the line ol' the Aii <j was to ferm the extreme frontier of the Italian provinces placed under the dominion of Austi ia. . . The Gorman Central Power wrb'lj It fall; admits that the poetemlon of Lonihnrdy hjr Austria is no*. < atsoliurly neecMary for the defence of Southern Germany, persists in thinking that the fortresses of Verona and I agnauoure not aufflcleat for tne common iifetv of Germany, as long as tyautun and Peschicra icmain detached f'om lite A at nan Km pirn, became a foreign inv avion eould, in that ease, operate on the right hank of the Aditre, and |enetrate be the elevated positions of Kit oil into tie Tyrol, and Iront U eno? into Havana and the heart of Germany. t onsc-nently, the Karon d'Andrian is ohtirgelto eome 11 an u. der.-tai ding with the two eahineta of London and l'aris, ; t> stilistilntefor the line of the Adlge the line of the Mineio, aa the staning point of the negotiations to lie commenced with . .tustns fur the pacification of Italy. Hitherto nothing announces ' that Austria has really accepted the mediation, such as it Ins 1 been olfcied by France and Knpland. It appears that the cabinet of Vienna, liefore giving any answer on this point, w iste < to l>e j cfarroerf with the central iiower at Frankfurt, The Karon do . Weseemlieri. the Austrian Sii, ist r of Foreign Affairs, liaa just passed a fortnight at Frankfort, where he had long conference* 1 with the Administrator of the F.mpiro anil with tne Chevalier Schmerlin. his Minister of Foreign Affairs. The mission of tlio Baron d'Andrian must, therefore, he considered aa the first step I of the understanding agreed ii|>on Is twoen the central power of j Frankfort and tho Court of Vienna.'4 Kcgland Had France nre, however, earnest in regard to a solution of this question. In Italy Itself, the feeling for peace is strong, as they see the impossibility of coping successfully against .Austria. Venice has agnin declared Itself a republic, with Mania for I'rcsident, and talks of defying Austria. The Tapal States are also greatly excited The whole of lombardy is in posresslon of the Austrinns, who. all parties nvow. have shown the greatest moderation after victory. Milan is. however, a desert, and tbeonci guy Corsn del Senivand Cortod! Porta Orieii ' " ?-- -1 1 / *h.. A ?.,? !? n lvueanwal re-prnmi QDiy me oian&ui mn auiuihu uu^?,n apurrel boot?, and the srhiwn (pronounced tchnu) and addiu of the Milanese is replaced by the Oi uttGoit and gthormmtr Liener of the Oermau. One of the rumor? of the two last days is that a revolution has broken out simultaneously In Russia and Foland; that a provisional government has been esta blisbed at St. Petersburg: Warsaw bombarded; the F.mperor fled to t ronstandt. The Oermau paper# of the last two days are full of rumors. The Kueeian frontier is ao hermetically sealed, that things do not transpiro so soon there as elsewhere I believe the rumor, however, to he at least premature. The Colopnr Gmrlte, of the J'id, repeats the intelligence. with additional particulars; but nothing ofllcinl or authentic has transpired. From Denmark the news, ss regards peace, is not Satisfactory. Those wno entertained fears that the Sohleswlg. llolstein affair would not be brought to a speedy and , pacific conclusion, have been justified in their antlcl- . patfons. Hopes of peace are at end for the moment. Jlearosrk bas rejected the conditions offered to her by the Frankfort and Prussian plenipotentiaries. These t conditions were, in fact, of such a nature. It. appears, as to render it impossible for Denmark to agcept them, | and are regarded as inadmirslblo by F.ngland. A note from I.oid ralmeraton, similar to that presented by ' Lord Cowley to the Central Power, was laid before the .Prussian Cabinet by Lord Westmoreland, on the ore- j ming of the 20th Instant, In which the British government expresses its regret that the above mentioned cohditions are such as it cannot support with com- j Won considerations of justice to Denmark. M Arsgo has also presented a note from his govern- | ment to the Prussian Foreign Minister, in which a similar view of the Oerman-lJanish question Is trken by France as by F.ngland, and expiessns a hope that nuoh terms will be offered as wi,l enable Denmark to assent to an armistice, it being, iu faet, the determination of the two governments to prevent any further aggression upon the territory rf the Danish sovereign. The merchants of Hamburg, after much deliberation have declared In faTor of the free trade principle, and Intend to publish a memorandum in support of the cpiniona. Advices have been received in London, from Lisbon, to the 10th August.. The Parliamentary session was closed on the 15th by the Queen in person Though the country was congratulated in the speech from the throne on its profound tranquillity, new political arrests began to take plaoe on the 18th. genhor Madeira was made prisoner, jlehor Jore Kstevao was sought for, but escaped j and Colonel IIorta, who had been liberated on the 1.1th from a two months' Imprisonment by a sentence of the Court of Appeal, had to avoid arrest by (light, E NE MORN The Racer brig-of-war, from Plymouth, had taken the place of the Merlin war steamer, stationed in tho ? Tagua. The latter proceeded to Malta Spain if tranquil. Skirmishes with the ('.artists are '' of frequent recurrence Modification* in the mi- tl uistry are, as usual, spoken of The rest of Europe ia j] pretty much in statu quo oflaat week. In England chartist arrests constantly take place; 1 but the general feeling ii one of security and con- ti lidonce. The financial report will be made to-night by ti the C hancellor of the Exchequer. *' In Irvlpnd the trltt's continue ; John Jlartin has v been sentenced it) ten yearn- transportation. The ti weather is clearing up. and hopes are entertained that ft the failure of the crops will not he sr general as had il been expected. e Our M P.'a are heartily sick of the se.?*ion. which p will clofe on the 1st September, or thereabouts. They n are longing to craok their Mauton'a on th? moorg. o where the grouse are in tine oondition. f) Jenny I.ind sn'.g he farewell song last night to a s delighted and enthusiastic audience. This sweet girl. b Hnu hi in sweater tunqrlress. Has g*lneJ tne svmpaiuiea i of all vhf knew hv MOVKMKNY. Our ts'o"ttinmptoii Corrcajjourtcnfc. Southampton, aug-18, IS IS. u The Italian Question?The Peare of F.urope?The Crudition of Great Britain?The Markett at 61 Gibraltar?Tlx St earn tltip lVa*hin?ton?Trial ? of Speed, fyr. fyc. ? I liave veiy little news to transmit to you by the 81 present steamer, as few arrivals have taken place ^ here. I wish, however, to recur to the remarks I ? made in my last week's despatches relative to the " Italian question?a momentous one, and one on 01 which the peace of the civilized world depends. jj.' The capitulation of Milan is confirmed, unu that in city is now occupied by Austrian troops, and the w King of Sardinia and the Piedmontese forces have re-crossed the Tessin: Charles Albert being employed in re-organizing his harrassed and ^ beaten army. You will getfull details of the ope- ot rations of the Austrian and Sardinian armies in the London papers, and you will likewise leurn o* ivith satisfaction that an armistice of forty-five P<1 lays lias been agreed upon, the basis of which is the surrender of Peschiera and Venice to the Austrians. and. in fact, u ?/?/u nun mitr Int/mii the same territory being transferred to Austria ?i pt was in possession of that power previous to the tto ?.\pu!sion of its troops from Milan and LiombRrdy. Thus tar, diplomacy has done something by put- J* ling a stop to hostilities for the interests of fiutna- . inly and lor the sake of King Churles Albert; and [? it remains to be seen, whether the Cabinet of flI Vienna will be disposed to accept the terms which fn; it is understood have been offered by the British nrid French governments. er There can be no doubt that the conduct of Lord lR I'alnierstoii bus all along been weak and vacillating th in the Italian question. He refused to mediate when he could have done so with positive advanage to the Italian cause, and now seeks to offer Ai hose terms to Austria which are likely to be reused, but which would have been gladly accepted when the Austrian army had sustained some reverses. It is not too much to say, that it is rather mlikely Austria will now elect to retire from a erritory which formerly belonged to her, which ivns sccuicu 10 iter oy ireniy, arm which sue lias i ust now reconquered. All people hope, of course, hat French and English mediation may be sue m' :essful, and that the horrors of war may he averted; P? >ut 1, for one, um not at all sanguine that |>eace can ie preserved?at all events, if the present conjoint an iroposals ol France and England be insisted upon. st< l'he subject is beset with difficulty, and the occur- j ( rences of the past week have not dispelled those ti, doubts which pervaded my communication of the m, llthinst. The forty-five days'armistice will allow b* time for negotiations and arrangements between A\ I'uris, London, and Vienna, andT fervently hope wj that the means employed will be successful. al I recommend to your particular consideration c? the speech of Mr. D'Jsraeli, in the House of Com- * ( mons, on the Kith instant, in reference to this very tl question. The Italian and Danish war is carefully tl viewed by the speaker, and a brilliant and satirical r.ijiott I* made of the stupid and dangerous policy at of Lord Pahnerston. His lordship's reply was it it lame one, and you will necessarily come to the conclusion that the difficulties and gravity of the J" situation have not been underrated by me, and you will moreover affirm that the preservation of peaca tj in Europe, even now, hangs on a slender thread. The entry of the Austrians into the Human States, and the bombardment of Bologna, have 01 much romplieated the aspect of the negotiations, nd it will be observed that the news of these as vents produced a fall botli in the English and French funds. The chartists are beginning to show themselves 0< again in London, and in various parts of the manu- W] factoring districts. In London, yesterday, nearly ti< twenty men were suddenly arrested?they were ti. well armed, and some considerable quantities of ?c arni9 and ammunition were discovered. The authorities in London evidently felt alarm, and ex- *' petted a movement, because it is known that the military quartered in Buckingham Palace, the d( mint, Bank of England, dee., were kept under arms all night, ana held ready to act in rase of tb need. It is supposed the chartists contemplated a ed rising, and a simultaneous seizure of the public ?t edifices. I need scaicely tell you that a warm re- ?? ception is prepared lor these rash and misguided men, w henever they are fooliBh enough to attempt disturbances; they nave riot a shade of a chance C1 cf carrying their measures by physical force, be- ul cause the lriends of order, comprising the middle in and upper classes, are opposed to them. Some to u;.?,,ri.u.,^o ?...u ... A ?u.? ?1-- i .? ... and a policeman shot, and others wounded. The Knglish government is sorely beset with dillicul- }" tit s? Ireland, in a state of quasi rebellion, and only kept quiet by a tremendous lorce of 50,000 cc soldiers? the whole of the northern part of Lng- t0 land disaffected and ripe tor a rising; and a large te body of desperate men in London prepared to obey in the incautious counsels of chartist agitators. In connection with these menacing facts, 1 di would allude to the bad weather which has been ni experienced for some weeks, |and to the injury done to the crops by continuous rains, added to g0 which, the almost gene'al failure of the potato i(j crop. This lamentable state of aH'aiis will induce m a great amount of misery and destitution amongst it the laboring population in the northern and manii- of factoring districts, and I fear that the coming tL winter may be marked by disturbances of a serious character, induced by the sad condition of the lower classes. In Ireland, the picture is fear- ^ fill to contemplate, and tar-seeing would be the man who could foreshadow a tythe of what may w< he expected to arise in that island, where starva- m Hon is almost staring in the faces of millions of ct men, who will, by it, be goaded to dee|>eration. The steamship Jupiter arrived here on the 15th, from Gibraltar, Oporto, Lisbon, Arc., and her J? dales were, Gibraltar, Aug. 4 ; Cadiz, 5 ; Lisbon, d. }?: Oporto. 10; Vigo, 11. A talse tranquility still continued to prevail in ?j Portugal; but, in proof of the information I have pi previously communicated to you from this coun- h< try, and of the discontent which prevails, I may tell you tlint the newa received by the Jupiter was I" to the efiect that the Queen had been fired at': and ;e it is supposed, had the Queen been killed, a gene- j" ral rising of the Patulea party would have oc- a, currcd. The shot, however, did t ot take effect, tr and an intended revolution was postponed. The city of Lisbon is to be lighted by gas, a si French gas company having been formed. Many hi of the lamps were lighted up the day before the tl Jupiter left. | 9.' At Gibinltar, on the 2d August, the following quotations of American produce were current.? Spermaceti candles, Sc. to 4c. per lb.; New Or- D leans cotton, #12 to $ 12 6 per cwt, arrivals; Ca- ci rolina rice, |lifito *(> per cwt., arrivals; Ame- b nenn beef, %>!!<> to *12 per barrel, arrivals; do tl pork, *14 to $10 per barrel, sales; do flour, $<>3 J1 to $(> 4, per barrel, sales; Kentucky tobacco, $5 to " *H per cwt., scarce. Freights to the Gulf of Mex- 0 ico und Havana, $14 u $lb, and lft per cent ? An opportunity occurred yesterday for a trial of j speed between the Washington and one of the n British mnil steamers. At daylight, on the voyage h irom firemen, the Washington coming down the * channel, sighted the West India steamer forth, r coming from London, and distant six miles right ? ahead of the Washington. 1 he latter vessel sue- ? ceeded in passing the Forth, and arrived in South c ampton water just before the Forth, thus beating the Forth about six miles in a run of six hours. Our French.Correspondence. Lin, Aug. 24,1848. Bouree and Money Market. Tha loan ha* bsen subscribed for to as great an extent as oould be hoped. There are some ftw certificates of tha old loan which have not yet been presented, and which probably belong to some persons whose absence has prevented their applying for the subscriptions to the new loan, to which they wore entitled, as holders of such certificates. There is no doubt that, on a proper representation of the circumstances, these holders will still be allowed to subscribe for the amounts to which their certificates would hare entitled them. W Y ( ING EDITION.?SUN The last weekly balance sheet of the Bank of France p to tbe evening of the 17tb, published in the it/on/ tur of the 18th, shows a more favorable position o bat establishment ?s regards the stock of bullion. Or he 2Cth of .April it was 88,000,000; it has now reached RH.OOO ?00, the highest amount it has reached sine* be revolution of February. The l-suea now amount d 364 000,000, after having, on tbe 25th May, exoeedti 403 000.t00. When one sees that even here, where e are more than ordinarily prudent in this respect, be most cartful financiers acknowledge that the dilution of the bank in the proportion of itd bullion to tstiemes is altogether normal, we are rather led to xprets surprise lhat the bank has uot resumed cash aymcnts. since, in the opinion of some, it would do auch for credit; but g'ill^we must admit thepropricty f over-caution at such a moment as theprescnt; apart rem this, the account does not show a very favorable tate'of ulliiirs The account current of the treasury as, during the week, increased nearly 8,000,000; hut his sum is not equal to tbe amount paid iuto the treaury for the first instalme i t of the loau. The accounts urrentcf other parties, have been reduced 6,000 000; he uupaid bills, (not protested) amount to about be tome sum? 010 030 francs. The protested bills imain at nearly flic tame amount?30.000.000 'heae are unfavorable symptoms; but what is till worse, is the successive diminution in the disHints. On the 22d Maich, the bank held paper it ad discounted in Paris to the amount of 245,000,000 ; hireas tbe present account shows an amount oj P.COO.000 onlv : and the blanches he.d DaDer dis nunted by tbem on the Iflth May for 174.000 000, and ow for only 132,(.'00,000. This difference is the in out filleting. and sure proof of the stagnation of oouilerce, and the foiling off of manufactures. Instead r lending the State, a* it has already done. 50,000.0(10 n treasury bt.ii . and eugagiug to make an addiiioual an of 16o.000.000 on treasury buns and trusts of the (ate, whirh ih not the end of its institution, if it nd come, forward more liberally to assist commerce.it ould hare better Bern d the community and probably ith greater profit to itself. Tbe conclusion of the loan has built up a foundann of credit fur tbe republic; but it still requires con lidation. This must be effected by a policy, foreign nd domestic, which has in view tbe common interests ' ail. and by a well regulated system of finance. The >urse feels tbnt, as regards foreign policy, the governent appears to be taking the right course, in proeding in the path ofconciliation and peace, exhibit1 by its conduct as regards Italy and Austria. The leeches of General Cavaignao, iu tbe Assembly, and ' Lord 1'almerston in tbe House of Commons, hare "educed much confidence in tbe market as to a reirn to good intelligence between the great Kuropean iwtrs. and tbe probability of a firm alliance between le Krencb and Knglish cabinets, and. with these, the curing general peace in Europe. This view of foign matters has operated to keep up the price of nds against the tendency to depress them, iromthe ternal position of affairs, arifing out of the publicaon of the evidence of the Insurrection Committee, id the fears entertained of the consequences of the rthcoming debate. Hallways are without any material variation. The rangements between the government and the North not yet definitively settled, but it is understood ere will be no difficulty as to it. The prices for tbe week hava been ns under operCts. bptrClt., 5 per Ct*., Trertury Hank old. new loan. Jloads. Shares. ug. IS. .13 71 71 1620 ? 1!'..44 71 7r? 71 50 2aX disc. 1(150 , 21.. 13 50 71 60 71 2?? ? Ilia , 22. .44 72 25 72 SO 23H ? 1525 . 23. .44 60 72 26 73 50 1045 , 21. .14 50 73 72 50 23 .. 1660 Paris, Avoust 10,1848. The Bourse and Money Market. The past week hag been full of incidents, and, it sat be admitted, of incidents of the highest iinrtanoe. As I hare already informed you, the treasury loans, id savings' banks deposits, were to be converted into 3ck. The former amounted to 246 millions, and the tter to 8u0 millions. Besides these, the amount of at portion of the new loan on which all the iustaleuts have been paid up in advance, and wtilcb has en issued to the subscribers, amounts to 50 millions, 'ith all these, it was apprehended that the Bourse ould be inundated with stock, and that consequently i immense fall would take place?but whether that >niidence is more established, or that the holders of oek retain it until prioes advance, it is certain that >mparatively little of these amounts have found leir way to the Bourse, where there is not more than ie usual quantity of floating slock We may congratulate ourselves on this result?it jgurs well for the financial plans and position of the epublic. Br ides, it is not without reason that confU ence is somewhat restored ; commercial atrairs are ?ginning to look up ; some considerable ordors have sen received by manufacturing and commercial ouses in Paris, and every thing authorises us to hope iat the forthcoming winter may not be so disastrous i some pessimists have predicted. The question of an armed intervention in Italy is ie of those which has occupied very seriously the tcntion of the Bourse this week, and very seasonably, i Charles Albert may now be considered to have been iinpletely deflated. I shall examine the question lely in a linaucial point of view. The general feeling in Europe, since the revolution February, will not allow us to suppose that a war ith Austria would not induce on European contiagraun. We cannot but see that there are now two pares?the liberals, who have all rallied round, if not dually, at least morally, the banner of February, and ie absolutists, who anxiously watch everv opportunity, tu wouiu auopi every means to regain ine power ins iey hare lort. .As wo are desirous to abstain from irrying out propagandism, our policy Is clearly to on avour to maintain peace with all other nations, Unas we be compelled to assist any nation in preventing le independence she has conquered lruin being wrestI from her. This is as nearly as may be eur situion as regards Italy, if we declare war on Austria, id it would, in effect, be so to do?if we aid Italy driving the Austrians out of Lombardy. we should ien have, as we had in 1793, war with all Kurope. To ipport the expenses of this war we must augment our penditurer, whilst with decreasing commerce and maifactures, our income would be materially diminished, t the present state of our treasury, we could not hope meet this double difficulty of increased expending and decreased income: we mnst then find funds some other manner. Taxation would give us noting, for now in time of peace, common taxation lives us with a considerable deficit, and we cfould id no means of extraordinary taxation. By loan we iuld do nothing; since, if we have even been obliged contract a loan on disadvantageous terms, the rms would be ruinous, if a loan were not altogether lpracticable, in case of war. A forced loan would ail us little, as may be known by the financial contion of Krance for the last three years. Our only eans then would be the issuing of assignats, and the ^sequences of this would be too evidently deplorable be seriously entertained for a moment. All these reaniegs have been held at the Bourse; and,therefore,the ea of an armed intervention is not considered in the oney market at all prchable, and confidence that will not be undertaken, (founded on the good sense the executive power and the national assembly) is, erefore, generally entertained at the Bourse.? eports, too. of an understanding having been come between Knglsnd and Krance. for diplomatic indention, have much tended to remove tne fears that ere at first held on this subject. The proceedings in the assembly, during the last eek. have had their influence on the market. I do Dt allude to the proposition of M. Prudhom. so suo'ssfully scouted by M. Thiers?It is altogether too abird to engage any serious attention, and too extravaint te occasion any alarm; but the mlsunderstandigs between the committee of finances and the mlnter on the subject of the tax on mortgages, the withrawal by the minister of that project, and the anmi nnamiit.4 nf an e.. I..... ucb discussion at the bourse. Ah this last tax could 'ens on fund?d property, it has been one cause of the aviness of prices. The report of the committee on the insurrection, ha* oduced a great sensation in tho market: but na ar* of any sinister consequences are seriously enterJned, since the large military force in and about tri*. and the determined attltnde of the government, -e considered to be a sufficient guaranty of order and snquility. The situation of K.nglnnd as to Ireland, is now condercd perfectly safe, and the speculations that were i/arded last week, in opinion as to the influence of at question on the Knglish funds, and by consonance. at our Bourse, by bringing back again into ranee, much of the capital that has lately lound its ay to Kngland. are, therefore, at an end The treasury bona and the bank shares, following early the variations In the funds, need not be partiularly adverted to. The bank Is decidedly, ae shown y Its last weekly balance aheet, in a better position nan on the 27th July, as regards its bullion, its notes a circulation, the'treasury account, and the proterted ills. .U i j\n iu raiiwajra, iuciw in uuiuiu| ucw, iuo rauotiuu f tba project of law, aa to the repurchase by governlent of the Lyons railway, and the liquidation of th? ebt to the State, due by the North, by bond* to b? lade by that company, payable at future dates witb ntereet, are now waited for. This latter arrangemenl rill be simultaneous with the repurchase of the Lyon ailway. and will furnish the minister with the mean' f meeting the liabilities on the Lyon railway. Thii iouble arrangement must bare a favorable iutluunnc >u the market, as on the one hand it will save the n? essity of calling for a large amount for the Lyon, anil till save the shareholders of the North from verj leavy calls ; all which capital, thus freed, must flnd ill rsy into the market. 'i be present financial position cf Franco is thus In ucidently described by M <>oudchaux, the mluistei if linnnce. on the debate on the tax on mortgages n which It v-as suggested to him to lay a tax on sunn rtber description ot properly :?" koureproach me loi not having selicted land and house propeity. They art til rusued. Where i Ud f. then, look? lias not al uanner of other prt | t it> b.-< u depreciated by the re rolution ? I ouid 1 addiess mjielt to the comtneroia ind manufacturing classes ? 'i hey have already beot axed to the amount of forty.tire centimes additiona ax. To tLe shuns in public nnderiakings ? You mow theirsituation. To the fuude? Hatore the resolution they were 1U0-they are now at 72 To th# it li banking housea? Where are they? Have they ill all d leapteared ? Where is the bill of ltKXl franc< nadr b< foie the ii4tn February, that is non good ?" )RK I [DAY, SEPTEMBER 10, I subjoin the prions of tbs week ;? 3 per ( trill. 5 per Cetiii. Treat. Hunt. Bk Slh. Aumrt 4 43 on 70 ?? 24 dUet. it>u? t - 5 43 23 70 50 24 1630 " 7 43 25 70 ? 25 " lrwo ' - H 43 25 70 86 27 " 1590 | " f> 43 60 71 ? 25 " 1615 " 10 43 78 70 60 28 ' 1610 Taiii, August 9, 1843. /.'.rumination of Prisoners?The Ottoman I'm te ami Xtu/

Constitution?Tht New Government Paper?The Supprttted Journals, <} r. j Two thousand two hundred prisoners bare been examined, of whom one thousand have been put at liberty, eleven hundred sentenced to banishment, and one hundred sent before the military tribunals, for sen- . tenee. Kaoh man's case is examined with care, and all in a enirit of merer. It is solemn business for the government, and stilt more so for the parties. National 1 tiuartle. Guards Mobile. Blouses, Italians, Poles, llus- j 1 ciaDs, and Fngllsb, are among the prisoners. Their ! spirits sustained them till they left Paris; but during | , the passage, and at Havre, they mostly gave themselves ! i 1 np to tears, without restraint. Many ef them have left I families and retpeetable positions; and the thought op ! | being bam: lied strikes a proud Frenchman's heart < with even more horror than the idea of bciDg shot. 1 Yesterday, the debate was continued upon the ' J question of a censorship for the ptiblie press, with i exceedingly great ability and interest. Itwasanelo- ' 1 quent, as well as powerful debate. Mathieu (de la 1 " Dicme.) Augusts Avond, and Ledru Uollin, were tbo ' ; men of high talent who discussed the question upon < the principle opposed to the measure; and Marie, Mi- ' ' nieter of Justice, and Senard. Minister ofthe Interior, f for the measure?all with consummate ability, elo- e qumce, and dignity. The question is to be resumed T again to-day. ! There is no longer any doubt that Kuglaud and ' France have agreed to offer their mediation, and have ? agreed upon the terms, which are said to reserve to Cbarlea Albert all but Venice, and to allow that to go " to Austria, with a free constitution, probably to be- , 0 come one of the Sta'es of the German confederation hereafter, i am of the impression that they will make j .. 1 ... S UMr1 flint 4 Vl >u tl-AflU ha ..a -n/v.1 - < C me an any that could be made, for Germany in now ti substantially a rejiublio?iu form, a monarchy; but j tl nobly the people govern, and have about as much J h power as in France Count Maltke, Knvoy, 8to., from ti Denmark; Chevalier Feruzzi. of Tuscany; Gen. Baron Kegel. of the Low Countries; and Count Ludolf from the r' two Sicilies, presented their official letters of oredit to h General Cavalgnac. yesterday, and were recognized ? in their capacities of resident .ministers at Farls. 0 France Las recognized tbn independence of Sicily al- I t ready ; and 1 have but little doubt that France and R England have an understanding to maintain it. Both 11 are favorable lo the measure. The news has arrived c in raris, of the capture of Milan, by the Austrian*, and has created a great deal of excitement, (t ia believed General Bedeau grows more dangerous. A council of physicians was called yesterday. Immense b anxiety is lelt in reference to his case. General d Cavaiguar bad appointed him Minister of Foreigu tl Affairs. News arrived, yesterday, in i'aris, that the w Ottoman Forte bad recognized the new constitution, and was putting himself in a condition to d-feDd this ci measure. The new government paper Is to bs called D Jouinal <!r la Rrpublique. If it ever exists, it is to be si supported by the government, sold at a cheap rate, ft: aud furnished gratis to all the cantons in France, in tl certain cases. It meets with resolute opposition from w the press This is not a measure of the government, hut f? originated in the Assembly, and has the support of the cl committee in its fovor. There will be a strong move- A luent made, to arrest further proceedings of the committee of irqulry in the Assembly, and send the whole rt before the Minister of .Justioe, or the procurer gene- L ral. The different clubs of the Assembly, (for no vt others are now permitted to exist (clubs des fern met, so not excepted) have resolved to act upon this question, N which is likely to be one of great excitement for the commission; ibe accused, and the provisional govern- w ment will be on trial at the same time. The Lampion, la which was among the suppressed journals, appeared S yesterday,with a declaration of open war against Gen p Cavaignas, determined neither to pardon nor to for ! t get. All the others arc pretty mad. but they express their anger in a little different strain. Yesterday an t insurgent explained that the life of a Mobile was a saved, by the cutting of the rope, by an accidental li ball of a national, by which the Mobile had been hung r up duiing the fight. lie was found by the National ii Guards, fainted, with a rope round his neck on the s pavement, behind the barricade, after they carried it. c 1 be Mobile knew hu had been captured in charging j s the barricade, and hung up by a widow by the neok; i but bo did not know bow he came down again on the r pavement. Well, may the Mobile be petted. i OBSERVER. g ?? c Ireland. d l)i uLin, Thursday Evening, Aug. 24?There is no a doubt, whatever, as I am informed, that Mr. Daroy v Magee. one of the most dangerous men among the b fomenters of the late rel ellion, has long since effected f< his escape out of this country. He was sub-editor of ! w the Nation, and a man of extensive literary acquirements, which might, if devoted to a butter cause, have gained for the possessor a more enviable reputation a than that which now attaches to his name and for- ti tunes. Mr. Magee first tied to Scotland, where he was jv recognized by a friend, and warned of the danger of u long remaining there (in Glasgow), as the police were D on his track. Taking the hint, he was next day in- p visible, and it ia believed, that by this time, he is safe s in America, where he was previously well known for b some years as editor of one of the Boston newspapers. Mr. Devin Reilly. another of the insurgent chiefs, is p reported to have bad equally good luok, and that he. i] too. is among the fortunate missing: but there is no g, certainty of his destination beyond the seas. He was gi present with the insurrectlonary^orce assembled at b bllevenamon. These gentlemen were only deemed worthy of a not very flattering notice in the Hue ami tl Cry; hut I doubt mnch whether the whole band of tl conspirators contained two more dangerous men, or ol twin more likely to do mischief in the event of a pro- T traded struggle with the British government. A Acquit 25, Friday Morning. c< The official accounts received by the government up j, to last evening are scarcely as favorable as the previous u advices. The weather, however, has much improved, gt and it is to be hoped that the next reports will be of a more satisfactory nature. We bave had two fine days et here?a rare occurrence since the month of May last? ft, a rare occurrence since the month of May last?and up tf to seri-n o'clock this morning there is no symptom of l* a break-up. The following is from the Corl; Reporttr of last night Fur the t*?t f<.w days the wcatl er has been exceedingly vari able, showers U-ing very frequent duriug the nights, a ith a good deal of sur.'liine occasionally at mid-uay. On the whole,how \i ever, in tliie part < f tlie ronntry, the heat has notlieenof that ?, ripening kind which could hare been wished, and tho evenings, I tLovili en the wtole dry, have been unusually cold for the time ol the jenr. In other placea tl.ere is perhaps lose moisture hi ami mere sun.-hme, particularly IrdBcd, and a good deal <>f coru <11 is licit gtut. In some places the orops arc said to be ahunoant, R, and in others much below an averag*. liry weather and sunshine , are tiore wanted than ever, l he accounts of the potato orop oon- , tlnne to I e ot the same character as those hitherto received. Mnoh damage is done to particular specie* of the root, whilst nthera, it d? 1: tai l, are totally free trom the disease. It thia be to, is would pa I be we!) to give upin fnture the cultivation of thoae kinds which w{ are so liable to blight We have Isarned, from iixpiiriei we hare ? . I made, thct this < rop has been unusually productive, and if the t I iliseuie do not spread much further, there will be an abundance , of the root; but this is a matter of much doubt and anxiety, A 'n very great iujuiy arising to the agriouliural districts from the to I 1 eavy rains is tlie loss of fuel?a want that acurcely any amount jr i ol dry weather can uow remove." jj, Nothing definite has transpired with respect to the ^i mode of procedure to be adopted in the prosecution of o) the rebel leaders, the expediency of issuing a special jJ( commission being still under consideration p( SENTKNCK f l'ON JOIIX MA It TIM. j w [Ftom the Dublin Kreeinan'H-Journal. August 20 ] pj At the direction of the court Mr. John Martin was js then brought forward and placed at the bar. to reoelve sentence, lie nppeared to be ijuite unmoved by the r< painful position in which he was placed, and cast a j look round the court-house in a culm, composed, and fz dignified manner. The f lfrk of the frown (Mr Alley, having asked him if be had anything to say why sentence should not be pasted upon hint, . Mr Maktik in a clear, firm, and manly voice spoke " I as follows?My Lord, I have no imputation to cast upon * the bench, neither have I anything to charge the jury ri with, of unfairness towards me. I think the judges desired todo theirjduty honestly.as upright judges and 11 men; and that the twelve men who were put into the 11 box, as I believe, not to try, but to convict me, voted e i honestly according to their prejudices. I hav# no P personal ruiulty against the sheriff, sub-sheriff, or any ! other genileu an connected with the arrangement of 11 the jury panel?nor against the Attorney-General. ? nor any other person engaged in the proceedings call- ' ed my trial; but, my lords, I consider that I have not ' been yet tried. There have been certain formalities u carried on here for three days regarding me, ending in n a verdict of "guilty;" but I have not been put upon " my country, as the constitution said to exist in Ire- P land requires. Twelve of my countrymen. " indlffer ently chosen," have not been put into the jury box to try me. but twelve men who, I believe, have been se- 1 lected by the parties who reprei ent the crown, for the * purpose of conviating and not of trying me. I believe H they were put into that box, because the parties con- 0 ducting the prosecution knew their political sentl- 1 ments were hostile to mine, and because the matter at Issue here is a political question?a matter of opinion ? and ni t a matter of fact. I hare nothing more to say Jj as to the trial except to repeat, that having watched J the conduct of the judges. I consider them upHght and ' honorable men. 1 have this to add, iu~t aa to the ' charge I make with respect to the constitution of the T uanel at:d the selection of the iurv. I have no legal ' r evidence of the truth of my stateroent. But there I* no ?ac who bu a moral doubt of it. Kvery portion known that what I hare stated la the fact, and I would represent to the Judges, moat respectfully, that they, a a upright and honorable men and judges, and aa citizens, ought to aee that the administration of justice lu this country 1> above suspicion I hare nothing more to say with regard to the trial, but I would be thankful to tbe court foi permission to say a few words iti vindication of my character and motives after genii nee Is past. . Baron 1'iaei.ssinra?No, ws will nothearanything after sentence. ('mar Bsaoa?We cannot hear anything from you after sentence has been pronounced Mr. Martin Then, my lords, permit me tos?y, that I E RA 1848. admitting the narrow and confined conatitutioui doctrines which I Lave ln ard preached i n this a oan to lie right, I am wot guilty of the charge iiooord n to this art. 1 did not intend or doriae to levy wu lihinat the tfueou, or to depose the (fueen. loth article of mine on which the jury framed their rerdic of guilty, which ?m written in prison, and publish'' in the "last number of my paper, what I desired to d was tbi' to advise and encourage my countrymen t keaip theirarma, because that is their inalienable rlgh which no act of parliament, no proclamation, cuntak away from then). It la, I repeat, their inatieuah! right. I advised them to keep their arina; and, fin tlier, I ndriaed them to use theirarma in their own d fence, against all assailant# even assailanta tlia micht.come to attack them, unconstitutionally an improperly using the Queen's name as their Handler My object'in all my proceedings has been simply to asift in establishing the national independence ol' Ir>: land for the benefit of all the people of Ireland noble men. clergymen, judges, professional men in fact, al Irishmen. 1 have sought that object, first, because thought It was our right -because I think nations independence Is the right oi the people of tills coun try; and secondly. I admit that being a man wh< loved retirement, 1 ue\**r would have engaged In poli i ch uiu i not tniDR ii whs necessary tuuoaii lu mj pov?rr to n.ake an Mid of the horrible scenes that thi rountry presents the pauperism. and s tarvation. am; srime and \ tee. an l hatred of all classes against eacl tlier. I thought there should be an end to that lior rible system, which, while it lasted. gave me no peucs jlinind; for I could not enjoy anything in my native sountry, so long as I saw my countrymen forced to be rlciou'., forced to hate each other, and degraded to the eve] of paupers and brutes. That is the rearmn I en;aged in pollticn. 1 acknowledge, km the Solicitor (ieleral hae said, that 1 was but a weak assailant of the tBgflth power I am not a good writer, ami I am no irntor. I had only two weeks' experience in conduotug a newspaper. until I was put into gaol; but 1 am at ir>tied to direct the attention of my countrytnou to verything I have written and staid, and to rest my baraeter on a fair and candid examination of what have put forward ar-my opinion*, i shall aay nothing n vindication ot my motives but this that every fair nd honest man. no matter how prejudiced he may be. r he calmly considers what I have written und said, rill be satisfied that my motives were pure and honorble. I have nothing more toeay. j Krorn the same ] Monday, at hall past three o'clock, the Surgeonleneral and other medical gantlcinen visited Mr. Marin iu Newgate, it was understood that the object ol be visit was to ascertain the state of the prisoner's ealth. it bciug alleged that lie is at present laboring nder disease. The result of the inquiry is not known. Wednesday morning, at six o'clock, Mr. Martin was smoved from Newgate to Richmond Bridewell. At the onr mentioned, one of the prison vans was in attendnce. and Mr. Martin, accompanied by Mr. Mack, one f the turnkeys of the jail, and three constables, cuerrd the vehicle, which was escorted by a body of )ountril police. The van drove off to Richmond ridewell. where Mr. Martin was delivered into the u,- tody of the governor. MOltE ARItESTS. [From the game.] On Saturday eveniDg, a Mr Crotty, belonging to the ouse ot Moms. Pirn, was arregted by Sergeant 1'rener. of the detective police, on a warrant issued under le puppenrion of the habeas corpus act. The prisoner as transmitted to Newgate. Mr. M'Cormick, an American, was arrested on the each at Abbeyfeale. on his way from Killurney to ubiin. lie was brought to Limerick by head-conable Mills, and left in charge of head-constable luson, at Moore's Hotel, last night. He paid for je bead-constahie's accommodation at the hotel, and as pent on this day to Dublin, where bis wife and miily are. He complains bitterly of the wantonness f his arrest, and says that he has his passage paid to rnerica. Mr. Mathew Connelly, a native of America, was ar-sted in Newcastle on Thursday, and brought into imerick the came evening. On Friday he was oonyed by railway to Dublin, under the habeas corpus irpension act, in oharge of head-constable Mill*) of ewcaatle. Arrests ir? Armagh.?The names of the parties bom Captain Kelly accompanied to Dublin on Sunday ,st. are Franklin Taylor, Thomas N. Taylor, William . Newbold, Francis Pepper, and O. S. Pepper. The arties were not, we believe, put under any restraint in lublin?tbey were liberated at once.?Ulster Gazette. Arri.IT rwiser the Hahkas C orpca Suspension Ict.?A young man of respectable appearance and ddrepg, named Stewart Wright, was on Wednesday ast committed to our county jail from Lurgan. We ather think the arrest was made in Portadown. He b detained in prison under a warrant bearing the ign manual of the Lord Lieutenant, and the alleged hargn against him Is. we believe, on suspicion of treao liable practices or correspondence.?Ibid. AHRFST OF OHE OF TIIK WOMVUID AT JJ ALLIIYQARiv .?A man, of the name of James D wyer, was brought nto Clonmel, on Thursday, and lodged in the county ;aol; he was one of the insurgent band, in the battle >f Boulagh Common, and at Balllngarry, and had a In udfnl wound in tbo right breast. Ever since the fTray he has been concealed in one of the pits in the icinity of Boulsgh. and from informations received y tbe authorities, be was arrested down in the pit a sw days since, and conveyed to Kilfenaule, from hich plaec he was escorted into Clonmel. [From tbe same ] Our readers may, perhaps, remember that when the .ttorney-gmeral teiied, in the case of Mr. John Marin, on the name of the Ftlon as evidence of guilt, Ir Butt retorted on him with considerable effect, that ' til# name constituted guilt, her Majesty's gevernicnt were equally criminal, who entrapped the prorietor by permitting that name to be registered at tbe tamp Office, and the paper bearing it to be sent free y pest. Struck by this reply, the jury enquired of tbe Chief laron whether government had the power of objectrig to the name before issuing the stamps ' After ome discussion the Chief Baron substantially anwered, that auch a power, if it existed, had never een exercised. Without expressing any opinion as to the right of fie government to refuse stamps to a paper beoauae ley dislike its name, we may mention, as a matter f fact, that the power was very recently exercised he discussion in court has elicited the fact, that in pril last?just before the time that the Felon was reignised in Irelsnd? an application was made in Lonon to register a newspaper under the title of " The ifmocrat." and the applicant was informed that no amps could bo Issued to a paper under that title. W? have seen the handbills an nouncring thepubliition of the Democrat, and subsequent handbills jolopising for its non-appearanceon the ground that in Mumps bad been refused, and would continue to i refuted, unless the title would be changed. MR. RICHARD O'OORMAN, JR. [Krom the Limerick and Clare Kxaminnr.] The Dublin ? rent ng Pott will be happy to hear that r. Richard O'Cormnn was in the bauds of Mr Little. .M., who, however, the Post will be mortified to learn, t him slip through his fingers, or, more properly, from sann Before the steam boat was searched, at the lay of Kllrnsb, as we have already related, Mr. Little id the police were standing on the stones, devouring Ith their eyes every male passenger who happened to i standing or sitting, walking or lou nging on the ck of the vessel. The plank was put out and the issengers disembarked, stepping ont on the landing Ith considerable alacrity, and walking the gauntlet tween the files of police. There was an old lady. ?wever. of sallow complexion and dressed, some say, > |black. who got out with some difileulty; and ttericgla good deal, and complaining not a little, was nking her way up the slip to where Mr. Little, K M., ippened to be standing. His attention was attracted, s gallantry was roused, and he courteously descended, Terfr d his arm. and led the feeble old lady up to the tiding. Little did he know who the lady was. We are jsitlvelyassimd she was Richard O'Gorman?that he as among 111*' pas*eugers uuuiiitk uuw iwinri . noil iat iufi ruiatiou to thut effect was furnished Mr. I.lttle. p?ii? ctly obvious from bis presence on the spot. He raid to liny** acted the squire with great dignity. ?ndoiing wilh the old lady a* she muttered. " Oh. ear," and bidding her adieu, when she was extricated om the crowd. THE CHOI'S?THE POTATO. [From the same.] 1 he repoTte of the harvest, always a matter of great nportance on the approach of our crops to maturity, r*' his year more than ever ^matter* of painful iateist, < r. account ot a variety of causes. Tile Potato is virtually gone as the staple food of the rish people, no matter what differences of opinion ay exist as to the extent to which the present blight xtsts, nor how. nor in what various shapes It has apeared. nor what the causes that produced it All these hlngs may be hereafter matter lor plillo-oohtc lavesIgation. which may be too tedious in arriving at such inclusions as would make the mere working man to sse his practice on them, in hope of immediate success, lore need not now be said regarding this at all times >t>in utf.rlv ruinous croi>. than that we shall aim no opportunlty of sugg. stluir, as far as our re arch can extend. the mean < by which the place of the otato can be supplied, as far aa circumstances will <Jir.lt. Wheat.?The wheat crop* are long and well knowt o he deficient In quantity of produce; and from th< fate ot theptPM'nt period it Is much lobe feared below at ,vrrage in quality, anil, like the potato case, the aniounl f deficiency in <|uantlty. or of the extent to which th< [uailty may lie lowered, no mortal uiau can toll. Oati -7 he prevailing, indeed it may be said the main grain rop of Ireland, nave coffered of late la the earliest and >e*t. a* well as in the poorest and lightest district*, rbey have cufTered from being lodged or " laid" In the Ich district*, where evennea* of maturity cannot be \pected, so that a waste f. om some becoming over ipe. or from some being Immature must be expertneed In such cases 'they have sulfered In the late listricts, first by the cold rain* during the mouth of luly. which retarded the ripening process, and sesondly. by the frosty air. accompanied, or rather folowed. by heavy rains since the commencement of this nonth. which, when combined, bate rendered their >erf?et maturation a pbyaleal Impossibility. To what -stent this loss will be sustained, all are still left to conjecture, because no man can tell with any degree >f certainty. Barley is subject to several of the evil ionseqnencrs anticipated in Die vheat crops, and to ill, nay. to a greater numberthan those dreaded in the ate. Teas are subject to many ot the vicissitudes to blrh the foregoing crops are exposed, and to others iseullarly characteristic of their own natural family, ind although the crops of peaa throughout Ireland are hern of late years much extendi J, anl aitoonjh l L D. TWO CENTS. .1 thin vnr tbey hi^T? proved to be peculiarly fine, it In it iuui n to be feared from the present atate of tha weather K tliat some parties mif be disappointed In their expeo.r tetiona regarding thi.a valuable crop. Deans. hitherto, m in rotne parts of Ireland, aa in many parts ef KngWnd ;t , and Scotland, a most important crop, giro us tbls 4 J- > uvi. imui unpen 111 tlicir Knuornl Kunpiaildl U) 10 tie mxjority of our soils or to many of our situations ,o The crop last year mar bo said to bare proved In moot t, csies a total tniturx. from variety of causes now ,e useless to discuss. and tlila yeat a failure to a certain la ' extent, but from other causes, which fine last yearanti - | cipatrd. | A It RIVAL OF TIIK STATU PIUSONSH.T TN BELFAST.1 | About half past twelveo'clook to day (Saturday) the d (>overnnient screw steamer Trafalgar landed fourteen t. ot the statu prisoners at Punhar'n bock. where a large i- j attendance of police, with Mr Jenkins, R.M., at their p- head, watted tbelr arrival. The quay was densely i- thronged with spectator* but no word expressive of 11 feeling, pro or out. earnped from the crowd I They entered the pi iron van. and were eeeert-d to ,1 the new jail by a few pollen and the troop of the Car binirrs. The crowd followed the van a short distance ? firm the quay, hut the driver having received orders to move quicker, drove off at a rapid pace, und left the r spectators behind. ( The prisoners, with one exception, nre young men i of manly arpcarance and robust constitution, looked i the personation of good health, and seemed quite cheerful. They came in charge of Suh-lnspeotor ) Mathew and seven policemen.?helfatl Vindicator. > In the House of Correction (.^ays the Helfatt i Chronirlr) the prisoners are privilege^ to remain i during the day in a large room together, hut at night efteh one retires to u cell allotted to himself. They are supplied with writing materials, we understand, and j have, therefore, the liberty of corresponding with meir irieiiu*, win letters. 01 course, suojecl to a rigorous sureeiUatice The corps of officers belonging to tb? home have been strengthened by the addition of * sergeant'* guard of the l.'ith regiment The Pit email's Journal say* ?The startling pros|.eoln of the supply of lood have cau'ed the question of prohibition of distillation fit ui corn to beoome Hguin the subject of dDcus-ion among the various parties luferestrd in the subject, aud find* many advocates. The large stock, and unprecedentedly low price of sugar, present facilities for the purpose, and any measure which will tend to increase the available stock of food for the people of this country, deserves serious consideration. The Constilutiounel states that Mr ltichard (VOor' man, one of the leader* in the rebellion in Ireland, i ha* been lauded at Urienc, near Brent, by a fishing boat. i '1 lie Condition of (lie H'rencU Republic. [Krom the l.ondon Times, Aug. tiu.J During the extraordinary period in which the affair* of franco were directed by the provisional government, various motives contributed to iuduoe the principal organs of public opinion throughout Europe to suspend their direct censure of the irregular and scaudalou* proceedings of that administration, and to postpone the complete exposure of the depravity and the crimes of those who had suddenly been invested villi I he supreme revolutionary power. We do not re| gtet the indulgent reserve which was observed toward* that government, became, bad as it was, powers more I tierce, more sanguinary, aud more wicked, lay beyond it. bed by comparison with such men at Sobrier, Hubar, * and Umbos, even a Ledru Hoilia and a Louis Illano hi eined almost endurable, but,the great inquest of the French Assembly on the causes which hare already on more than two occasions brought the republic itself to the verge of ruin, bus preserved in lasting records a picture ol'the provisional government of France which exceeds the darkest suspicions and heaviest accusations ever brought against it; and we only regret that the enormous bulx of these revolutionary annals, and the infinite confusion of the mass of evidence, render it impossible for us to analyse or condense such uiultifaiious treachery and such intricate iniquity. It is vain even to draw a line between one part of the government and another ; for although there Is, no doubt, a distinction between such a man as Albert (ouvn'er), who blasted to Ledru Roilin on the 15th of May, that "in half an hour bis wretched Chamber (the National Assembly) would have the fate it deserves," and his more moderate oolleagues, yet from the first those colleagues had hsen well aware what fuel was every day heaped upon the fire. Clubs of the most atrocious and violent character wers in hourly communication with the Minister of the Interior, and, through their leaders vast sums of the public money were spent on the missions of revolutionary emissaries to the departments. On one occasion alone Longepied, one of the chief agents of Ledru Roilin, received upwards of SOO.OCOf. to be spent upon these creatures. And what emissaries were selected to do honor to republiuan principles .' L'mbrella-makers, pastry cooks, an agent for wet-nurses, a sceue-puinter, a milk-man. innumerable men of letters (I), and not a | few branded galley-slaves, formed this motley host of I the professors of libeity, the lords of equality, the , chartered libertines who were sent forth like destroyI ing spirits to pervert the reason, to excite the passions, and to ilemorull/.e every honest sentiment Of die rrrucu pcupiw. iiu wuum'r not* prumgaiH hutcuI turerg, recking trcm the club* of Paris. raise J wherever i they pasted the abhorrence of alt who were not al- . ready degraded by the revolutionary cont'ig on to the level of their fraternal Infamy. Meanwhile in Paris the press, freed from all the restrictions of law and from all fiscal obligations, gave the rein to every thing grotesque, and absurd, and ferocious. Since the i'-tih of February no less than 171 new journals poured forth their folly, their malignity, and their extravagance upon the nation, and before the cannon of June | had checked these saturnalia, two papers, respectively i entitled ' VInctndit" and ' /.* Sanguinaire," seem to have reached the furthest limit in these ephemerides of | horror. What, meanwhile, were the government dol ing .' They themselves were contributing no incon: sideiuble share to a species of literature which polluted ] the very wails of Paris A female writer, whose energy I of style is only surpassed by her avowed contempt j tor the decencies of social life, and for the laws of | God and man, was expressly hired by the home de' paitmunt to frame these HulUtins de to Republiqut, some of which openly threatened the National Assembly with a repetition of the popular exploit of February, whilst others insinuated their baleful and dishonest influence into the very core of soclsl life, and Into the deep scats of the domestic afT# lions A cabinet minute has luckily been preserved whloh show* that the diurnal revision of these felicitous productions was assigned in rotation to each member of the government, and that they divided with ridiculous precision, the h? iivy burden of this literary responsibility. With this abundant supply of tuition, and this unbounded amount of audacity, M. Ledru Iloliin and | his associates flattered themselves that they could make all Frenchmen as thorough republican* as themselves in six week*; but if the experiment failed, and the Assembly when elected proved to be less advanoed in the theories which are henceforth to govern French society, it is evident that the republican party had all along been fully prepared to destroy it by violence ? The 15th of May was the attempted execution of that project, and for three hours it might seem to have succeeded. After the temporary dispersal of tho Assembly on that day, harbes repaired to the Hotel do Vllle, where his first act was to write with his own band a declaration of instant war against Russia aud (Jormany. if tbey refused the immediate reconstltution of Poland ' M. Ledru Koltin had, however, long beforo practised with greater disingenuousness tho same species of fe! reign policy. The expeditions of Belgium. Southern Uermuny.and Savoy, are now proved to have been undertaken with bis fuil knowledge and approval; and money and arms were supplied to the wretches who are now on their trial at Antwerp for a piratical invasion of the Belgian territory, from tho stores of the French government, and by the authority of thu ministers. These details might be infinitely multiplied from the strange report before us. but they amount to no more, | after all, than a sickening display of the worst and [ meanest ol the hituiau passions devouring in an evil ' hour the vitals of a great country. It will remain the great wonder of all time how it came to pass that for those 1 -U days the French nation remained, as it were, passive under a government base and far more cowardly than any of the snoguiDary exhalations of the ' first revolution, which prolonged its miserable existence only by tampering with the mob through the clubs, and betraying alt the other interests of the . I State The more it Is considered, and the more its secret history is known, the more extraordiunry will the existence of such a government appear, it subsisted without military strength, without Integrity, without political talent, supported only by an occasional bit of tawdry eloquence, but. above all. by 'he grovelling fear of an entire people, which fell flat to the :?rth : whilst the Simoon passed over the land. Isltcmcei1 vabie that a nation like France should for months have \ been ruled by men who consorted with the arowel professors of massacre, arson, aod pillage, wh > chose j these ruffians tor their em.?sarles and instruments,aud I then in the hour of real danger, forswore aadabani tinned that desperate cause into which they themselves i had pluDgtd a desperato and famished populace ' it ' the galleys and the jails hadsuddenly become the seats I of power and the balls of justice, they could scarcely ibave produced a more lawless aud treacherous crew ?a more wild and destructive creed " F.fll, be thou my good,-' Is the fittest device of those who, under the uiask of republican institutions, hare sought ?? ?w.?_ , |,,. ri.ruts of industrv. t<> sh?k? thu haul* ' of sceiety. and even to palliate the molt fearful aber[ ration* 01 crime. If the world 1* not to uudergo *,un* : catastrophe more frightful than tho water* of the de' luge or the fiery storm which emote thi Cltie* of tiie 1 I lain, this plague must be stayed. The contest la no ' j longer one for political governm-nt, but for the priI niary law* of niorality?for thoae immutable c uin<an iuiuut* which protect property ami pr*?erv? life Doubtless in all age* there hare been robbers ami ourilererr men whose hand is against every man. and eveiy man's hand against thoui, but it is'inconoeivable, that In oountrie which boast that they hare attained the pinnacle of civilization the execution of justice should be relaxed when its rigor is most needed, or that weapons should be put la the hand* of the dariug and the Imd. to per-ccutc nnd destroy the in beriUnce of mankind '1 hut contest is by no meant terminated with the event* of June. Kre many weeks wreven days have passed, it is but too prohalite mat it will be bloodily renewed. The government which exit's is, after alt. but an expedient, and live* only by dtlC?attd authority. It represent* the will of a nation lamentably divided and deeply corrupted, and the Trrces a' i"" m Ihnt n;ppl> the place of tradtUou, ?n.l of etUb'.hh*d right* In (>pp<j!-ition to the impUsiiblp hoitilityof a minority deeply Imbued with the eery apirlt of ararcby -Jili'dtd. inccmtcd, tad rvtiu.'d