Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 11, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 11, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD.1 Mtt-WtMCoraw * VMlton ?ad Mmmmm Mb JAMK> aORMM UUIRKIt, nunarai TMB BAIL T MKKMJt-Tkrm odotwou iwrWu Im 1Mb tr (7 * frr Tb* Mo JtMNU EDITION m poobJfeArd at S o'clock, A. M and dutributad bafora braakfaat; lb jb-tl KVK#D>U EDITION earn b* had of tka nrwboy.' a* 1 ?i?rk. F. H and tka aacond EVEN IN* EDITION at I Vioeb. THE WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday for etrculaman an <* Jwrittii C ?twiK 6H canti par copy, $3 OH par mnnum, Burp aUam packat day far Buropaan nreulatum: m par annum, to include the pa*tap*. Tka Europaan add man mU b* primtad in IJb Franck and Englaak lanpuapaa. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. FAME THEATRE.?Macbeth Si(.*o*a Ciocca ardSiorok Wrmi?Box arbCox. OUWHI lIUAIkl, " -? TDJt?CMAAlJca MI. BROADWAY THEATRE, BroAdwAj?Jack C Ada?Is Hi JULOVir NATIONAL THEATRE, ChAthua Street?Myateaiea aisb | h>(im or Tore?xutakr Stoat, and Helen oa? lamm. NIBLO 8, A8TOR PLACE?L'Ei.isiAe D'Axoir. BURTON'S THEATRE, ChAnbert Street.?Cones?Poo a Piluooppy?Captvae oi Cattain Cuttijc. CASTLE GARDEN?MVAIOAI. Est iataisudti SOCIETY LIBRARY?Campbell's HratriDA MENERTA ROOMS?Taylor's Campaigns PANORAMA HALL?Bastaiu'i PAro a aisaa. MELODEON?Magic Mtsticism asd Virginia Serena- i TABERNACLE?Moravian Minitrs3.s' Concert. New York, Monday, September 11, 1848, , Actual Circulation or tbe Herald. *?rt. 3, Sunday 16,800 copier ; A 4, Monday 21,840 " 6, Tnaaday 3.1,416 " - S.Wedncfday 24.3:* " " 7, Tnureday 21,618 " " 8, Friday 2S.S62 " " Saturday 22.608 " Weakly 10.320 " ICS 930 ? " 10, Holiday 16,860 " The publication of the Herald commenced yesterday at 15 Vimites past 3 o'clock, and finished at 7 o'clock, Our Kortlgn Correspondence. The great press of local news does not give us much space, this morning, for our foreign correspondence. The Dreadful Fire In Brooklyn. One of the most terrible and destructive tires that has occurred in this quarter since the great iire of 1845, broke out on Saturday night in Brooklyn, and has laid in ashes a considerable portion ?f that city. We have given as full and detailed an account of its origin, progress, and awful ravages as circumstances would permit; but in such an extensive and overwhelming a calamity, it is, as yet, impossible to speak with tiiat accuracy and completeness which would be desirable. About two hundred and fifty houses, three churches, and the post office, were totally destroyed, and the ruins, which present a most melancholy and desolate appearance, extend over an area of ten or twelve acres. It is estimated that property amounting to over a million ot dollars, j has been destroyed, and that upwards of six hun- ' died individuals have been burnt out of their homes. It is impossible, however, to state, at present, the precise number. This is the third great fire that has occurred here during the last thiiteen years. The first occurred in 1835, when six hundred houses were burnt down, and propeity to the amount of twentyfive millions of dollars was destroyed. The second occurred ten years afterwards, in 1845, when about two hundred houses were burnt, and property to the amount of six millions of dollars van. iehed in the Hames. It is rather singular, too, that the collection for the unfortunate sufferers by the late great fire at Albany, had scarcely closed in thi6 city and Broooklyn, when this, the third great fire shed its lurid glare over the " city ot jhe churches," and blighted the prospects, and desolated the homes, of hundreds of her industrious citizens. We understand that Brooklyn, with tha. ' ' ?I liberality and sympathetic feeling which hare al ways characterised her in deeds of public charity and benevolence, contributed no less than five thousand dollars towards alleviating the suflerings of those who were burnt out in Albany. We are confident, therefore, now that distress has befallen her, that this will be remembered throughout the whole extent of this great country, and that ever}' city in the Union will come forward with j promptitude and generosity, and extend to her afflicted citizens, who have been burnt out of their | homes and despoiled oftheir ell, thut timely aid oi which they stand so much in need. This is a work which calls for the sympathy and assistance of all clusses of the community, of the ci_ tizens of every State in the Union, for no one knows when a similar calamity may betall themselves; and | we feel assured that we only echo the general feeling of the conuntiy, in calling upon the chief magistrates of every city of the United States to convene a public meeting in their respective jurisdictions, thM an opportunity may be given to the hu- | mane and the benevolent to come to the rescue of I Uieir Drotners in distress. Influence 01 the Free Soil Movement on the Free States.?As we have already stated, the result of the Vermont election affords an index lo the intentions of voters at the ensuing election, in the States north of " Mason and Dixon's line." The Veimont election shows that while the whig party stands firm, and that the full vote of that party, with few exceptions, apparently trifling, will be given to General Taylor, the free soil movement has operated to distiact and divide the democrat ie party in the northern States. It becomes important, therefore, to look at the numerical strength of the non-slaveholding States in the electoral colleges, and their political character at the Presidential election of 184-1. The following table furnishes the information required:? Dbmo< KATit KRKK STATU IS 1844. ?ltrtoral Majority for Abolition vole Votr. Polk. in 1844. \f f. 1-1 oil o or. New Hampihire . 6 9.294 4,'l6l , _ NewVork 26 - 5.106 15,812 Pennsylvania.. .26 6.333 8.13H 1 Indiana 12 2.314 2, ICO [llinoi* 9 12.392 3,670 Michigan 4 3,466 3,632 .Ve? Slain. Df m. ma/., 1848. Iowa 4 1,000 Witcuntin 4 5,006 Total Ill The abolitionists and free soil men are very stromg in Iowa and Wisconsin, and Van Buren will doubt>(is pole a heavy democratic vote in each oi'these Btates. Whio KKKE Siatks IS 1844. EhtHaral Majority for ,11/olilion I olrt. f^lay. l ot,. Vermont 6 8 720 3.954 Maeeacbuaetts ..12 13 970 10,Kao Abode If land,.. 4 2 455 ? Connecticut ... 6 ^i.991 1,943 New Jersey..,. 7 8:43 131 Ohio 23 WO 8,050 i Total 58 I dial electoral von'B <11 uir <<;' i>?. it w< suppon- similar results >n 'I'*- other free Mhk b at the Presidential eiec.'io" <n November, to which w<- see havetak en place in \er nionl at th<' same < l< cti< n, viz.: tl!'at the free soil question aflccta only the democratic party?di" vidintr the-m b<tv en Cues and Van buren?while the wing party is coui|>aratively unarmed by that movement, w?- may conclude thai <rener.nl Taylor baa a fair prosret of obtaining tin electoral votes t all the li? e Stitrii, except, perhaps, Newl/ampshin and lllinoit, where the democratic plurality may be considered too large to be annihilated r:y the votes given to VanBun n. The same, we think, cannot be said of Maine, 1 sb in 1M?, the democratic plurality was only 4,?19, 1 on th< vote for < lovernor, and the free soil party is v? ry ?fronp in thai Mat< , Jf, therefore, we deduct . the votee of New 11 am inline and Illinois, there , ar< fill left Jf>;, h etoral vnt? s of the free States . foi Tayh.r- being a i.u..oi,iy of lti of the entire j voire <>i th? electoral colle#. < i the Union, say- | in[ n< thing of the ?]?v< N'aies AMERICAN NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE. J THE NEW YORK HER11B ESTABLISHMENT. <' a o Description of the Premises. ? Ac. Ac. Ac. c i The increase in the circulation of the New York 1 Herald, within the last year or two, has been so great, that we found ourselves obliged to make gre at alterations in our establishment to meet 1 the iucreused demand. To do this required not only the purchase of new presses, steam engines, ana macmneiy, out variousother additions, alterations, and improvements, requiring a vast outlay of money. The new presses have been in operation for some time past, and the alterations and improvements in our establishment were undertaken with the de. . termination to have them as complete and perfect , as art could make them. They are now nearly timshed; and we venture to say that our premises are the nt plus ultra of newspaper establishments on this side of the Atlantic; and we doubt very much if they are excelled by any in Europe?not even excepting those of the liondon Times. We nave thought a description of our establishment would not be uninteresting; so we give one in to-day's paper. It is annexed. iir- 1 y* c uckixi at uic luuuuttiiuu?siaiccu ur bl'Venlecn feet under ground :? T1IE 11ERAI.D NEWSPAPER TRESS ROOM, ?in which the Daily, Weekly, Evropean, and Extra editions of the Herald are printed, is a large vault on Nassau street, twelve feet wide, eighty feet long, and fourteen feet from the floor to the crown of the arch, and rendered nearly as light as an upper room, by i Hyatt's patent crystal vault lights, nine of which are placed in the sidewalk. At night, it is brilliantly and beautifully lighted with twenty gas burners. Itisven- i tilated by apertures, two feet 'square, cut horisontally i from the apex of the arch, and communicating with i the area. Through these apertures there is a continual current of fresh air, keeping the vaults both dry and wholesome. In this immense vault, which is entirely under the sidewalk and street, is a steam engine, boiler, and two of Hoe's last fast or rotary presses, either of which presses is capable of throwing oif 10,000 to 12,000 impressions per hour. In the east end ef the vault is situated the large tubular,or locomotive, boiler. The coals used for generating the steam in this boiler, are taken through an opening in the sidewalk, down an inclined plane, into the counter-cellar of the main building. They are thence taken out through an opening three feet square, cut through the foundation wall et the building, and communicating directly with the front of the boiler. The space occupied in the counter-cellar for coals is about one quarter of the whole, and capable of containing forty to fifty tons. Within three feet of the boiler, stands the engine, which is one of Hoe:s improved upright ten horse power machines?a most splendid specimen of the perfection to which this description of machinery is brought. Next to this, and over head, are the large shafting and pulleys, from which belts run to drive the presses on which the Hkrald is printed, as well as | machinery in other parts of the building. Next is a doorway, cut through the foundation wall, communicating with the main building, and by a winding stair way. with the street, and through which the forms of type, as they come from the composing room," in the fifth story above the street, or seventh from the press vault?a distance of seventy-five to eighty feet?are taken to the press. The press consists of a centre frame work, about five I feet diameter, more or lees, inside of which is a cylini der four and a half feet diameter, which revolves upon it* own axle. On a segment of this cylinder the forms of type, or beds in which the type are fastened, and which constitute both bed and chase, are placed' and fastened with large bolts on the under side. At nearly equal distances around this large inner cylinder. four other smaller cylinders are placed?two on either side?which also revolve upon their own axles. Each one of these smaller cylinders receives from the hand ef its supplying attendant the sheet of white paper, with which, at every third revolution, it meets the form of type as it comes round, and, in passing' gives the impression, and instantly throws it out between guiding tapes, or bands made of gntta percha, into the receivers'hands; two of tho cylinders receiving the sheet above and throwing It out below, and the opposite two receiving It below and throwing it ou t above. Around the large inner cylinder, and between each of the smaller ones, are placed the inkiDg rollers, which vibrate across all that part of the surface of the large cylinder not occupied by the type, and which spread the ink upon the form of type, as it passes beneath them, 'the manner of supplying the rollers with ink is altogether different from that adopted in presses of the same kind previously built. 1 n those, the ink is contained in a fountain under the press, and is carried by rollers to the surface of the large cylinder, from which the inkiDg rollers are supplied. In ours, the ink is contained in n copper reservoir attached to the top frame of the press, and is thence conveyed, through a copper pipe, to i the end of the axle of the large inner cylinder. Passing into the axle te near its centre, it is thence conveyed through a pipe to a small fountain, running across the distributing surface, and revolving with it? the roller of the fountain touching the inking rollers as it passes under them, and giving to eaoh its pro- j per quantity of ink, which is distributed by the vibration of the inking rollers upon the large surface of the , inner cylinder?the vibration ceasing while the form *1 is passing under them, and commencing again imme' j ediately after it has passed. Over the centre of the press a large round iron bar I passes across the vault, either end beinir securely fa*. tened into the wall. A 8mall iron roller, whose edge 1 in grooved to fit this bar, rests upon it, to which is at tachcd a common tackle. With thin the forms of type 1 are hoisted up, run over to the centre of the press, and lowered down upon it. Next to this is another press, of preolsely the same description. The room occupied by each of these machines, paper boards, and all, included, isjabout sixteen feet in length and nine feet high, by about eight feet in width. To attend to these presses, the engine, boiler, See., seventeen persons are required, viz : a superintendent and assistant at night, with four to feed sheets in, and four to receive them as they come out; and a fireman, a superintendent and fireman, in the day time, with two to feed sheets in. and two to receive them as they come out?one-lialf of the night hands assisting one day, and the other half the next, alternately. Immediately connected with the vault on Nassau street, is one on Fulton street, twenty-five feet long fourteen feet wide, and fourteen feet high. Inthi, vault all the paper is stored, wet, and prepared for the press. The paper is prepared in the following manner ?A bundle of two reams of dry paper is placed upon a table close by the "wetting trough.'' The person who wets it stands immediately in front of the trough, and takes one quire of dry paper from the bundle at hi side, and draws it quickly through the water, the back of the quire striking the water first, and lays it down smoothly on a table at the opposite side of tho trough. In this manner he proceeds until the whole ' jS wet. After the paper has lain one day, it is then ' opened out to its full sice, the " backs broken,1' and a wriKm 1111 upon 11 in twenty-iour uours, more or ' Iron, It liecouie* evenly wot, prcssc J smoothly, und ready ' for tlio press. * iiy the rid* of the stairway. or principal entrance to 1 the vaults. at the corner of Nassau and Fulton street* is an inclined plane, upon which the paper in taken In. r 'o the vault The paper is put into a box at the top ^ of the plane and !r carried down. A rope running 1 over a pulley at the top of the plane, with a balance * weight attached, draw. the box up, and It Is again 1 ready to be filled. t' All the doorr communicating with the vault* are of n iron, *o that when rhut. the vault* are fire proof. 8 THE < Ol MTF.ua' OK SKU.ErV ROOM. b Attached to the press-room la the office appropriated 0 to counting, nailing and packing the various editions U of the Ni:w VfaSk llinai.ii? a conveniently arranged nl room, lurniehed with counters, drawer*, closet*, fee.. w ind from which speaking trumpets, or tut.es, cominu v nlcate with the principal office* in the building. 81 it i* the business of the person in oharge to keep rom day t,' day, a full account of the paper* printed ;he sales k* , and enter the same in a lar&e " I'uMleaLion Book pr/'vided lor the purpose Here are also " are-erred * certain number of copies of every edition r< published, and wbic>*re, at proper intervals, bound up e< 'or future reference A djofnlng tbla room are two others di enr for tjts earyier* an<J tka other for tfce cwsboya a It i a with folding tables, he.?the whole being wail I ghted with (M. Shortly after 3 o'clock in the naorn?g the regular carrier*, numbering twentj-two men, j each of whom employe one or two assistants.) arrive t the cfflce for their paper*. There are rupplied through penings made in the partition, and whioh, working on > epring, can be opened or closed at pleasure. The :arriers are served in regular order?those whoee route* ire far up-town get their papers first, and those near ,he office last. The following are the names of the carriers Wards 1 W. Marshall, Wards 13. Blackman, ' 2. E. England. " 13 W. h'arrin. ? 3 W. Marshall. " 14 S. Terry, " 4. Tbos. P'itcbard. " 15. J. Moliowan, ' 5. M. England, " Id. J. Mc.N'ie, " 6 J. Tyson, " 17- A. Uouseworth, ' 7. J. PtIco. " 18 McN'ie, " 8. M. England, Williamsburg?W. I'owell, " 9 Horton, Brooklyn, Lusk, " 10. J. Bush, " H Ureeu, " 11. A. Day, Jersey City?D. Mehan. All papers must be paid for on delivery, either in cash.or by tickets purchased the day previous; and thus far it will appear that the carriers serve the papers on their own account. It should, however, be borna in mind that they are always subject to repremand or dismissal, in caseof neglect or misconduct. They are, liow^eor *v IS nail 1*1! v i n tr uft lLflv. 1 n (111 At rioil A TTlftTV who understand their business. The newsboys come next. The supply of papers is generally obtained by ' boys of a larger growth," who furnish them to the younger ones, at a small advance on the cost price. To a person unacquainted with this business, it would appear almost incredible hew profitable it can be made. Altogether, we believe that this department of the Herald alone furnishes employ, ment for over 160 persons. From the counting room, also, are daily dispatched large packages of Heralds, to almost every city and town in the Union, also to Canada, Mexioo, &c. Of these, perhapa it is sufficient to mention our Phila" delphia agent s bundle, numbering, daily, 1.260 copies ; and of ithe Wemlt no less than two thousand four hundred copies are sent every week to our agents at Boston. Indeed, we believe we are justified in stating that several of these gentlemen date their first sne.' cessful start in busines, from the time they became agents for the New York Herald. Annexed Is a list of our regular agents AGENT'S XC. New Orleans. J. C. Morgan Boston, Redding, Charleston, A. Head, 11 Hochkies, Augusta, M. Miller. " Wiley, Matamoras, J. A. Little, " W. R. Davis, Galveston. W. Wilcox, " E. W. I'arkman. Mobile. M. Boullemet, | New Bedford,W.Robinson, Louisyilie, O. W. Noble, Fall River, Pope fe Chace, St Louis, E. K. Woodward Stonington, F. Williams, Cincinnati, H. Robinson, Albany, P. Cook, " S. W. Pease. ' Garrett & Gilbert, Baltimore, W. Taylor, Troy, L. Willard, Washington, W. Adam, Troy. A. Smith, Philadelphia. Ziebor ^ Co. Buffalo, T. S. Ilawkcs, Richmoud, J. W. Randolph " A.Burke, Pittsburg, M. P. Morse, Schenectady, G. Clare. " M. Miner, Syrucuee, W. L. I'almer, N.Brunswick, W. Solomon " W. R. Cannitf, Newark. W. Agens. Utica, G. N. Beeby, Elizabethtown, Caldwell, Rochester. D. M. Dewey, Kahway, J. I'age, Hudson, C. B. Nash, Trenton, J. llaunsley, I'aterten, M. Sears, New Haven, M. Downs, " P. Archdeacon, Hartford, A. Rose, Halifax, N S.. T. Bolton, TkH .TOB TRESS ROOM. The press room of the job department Is in the basement, one story above the vault. Two steam cylinder presses?one 66 by 38, and the other 22 by 19 inches? are constantly working on small bills and "posters," each striking off 2000 per hour; two hand presses, a mammoth and snnpr.rnval arai also in nan an.l nn? nf Hoe's patent card presses, working off 1200 per hour. The cylinder presses are so constructed that tinted bills for menageries, circusses, &c., can be done, in four colors, at a very short notice, and at 20 per cent less than was heretofore charged for them. Four hands are permanently employed in this room, with additional help, when required. In the paper room, near the presses, is one of Hoe's best hydraulic presses, to smooth the paper after it has been printed. T1IE PUBLICATION OFFICE. This department may well be designated as the intermediate link that connects the routine of this extensive establishment with the editorial, the composition, and the job office bureaus. As the chief medium between the respective members of each, it is necessarily occupied by persons who are capable of receiving the public advertisements, the subscriptions of foreign and domestio applicants, giving such information, as to general subjects, as may be required at the oounter, and transmitting messages through a vocal telegraph with an expedition that in a few seconds draws the attention of the three nrincinal siren cies, to the requisite point*. This portion of the department consists of a cashier and book keeper, through whose hands all transactions are conveyed, receipts signed, and cosh deposited Three persons are specially deputed to attend to the counter, convey to the cashier and assistants the proceeds, and make themselves generally useful in office details. The publication office is open night and day; and after a reasonable hour, the whole establishment is placed under the superintendence of a faithful watchman, whose personal attendance will insure the insertion of advertisements to the latest hour of going to press. He is also responsible for such mail and telegraphic intelligence as may be transmitted, and for the general protection of the building from fire or any other incidental occurrence. This portion of the building is, equally .with the subordinates, under the chief supervision of a gentleman whose duties embrace the business correspondence, the regular disposition of the mails, and other details inseparably connected with an establishment that requires the most active and persevering energy, through all its intricate departments, to sustain it. niE .MAIL ltOO.M. Among the wonders of the establishment that cannot but astonish those unacquainted with thepress,and the amount of business done at the office, the mail room claims a due share of attention. As many as ten persons are frequently engsged at a time, in directing and posting up our mailable papers, to our many thousand subscribers, in all parts of the world. Cave Johnson and the attachti of the Post Office Department, might profit by witnessing the regularity, dispatch and industry displayed by those in our employ. Their rapidity and despatch are only equalled by the correct, ness of direction?few, if any, of the complaints that are received by us. being attributable to any neglect at our office. This room is very spacious; it is situated on the first lloor, adjoining the publication office, and is very convenient for subscribers, when inquiring bow their subscription stands for the year; it is 26 feet in length and 20 in breadth. It einbisoes everything suitable for a department of this kind,;such as books, pens, ink, he. kc. It also contains four large desks, for the use of nriting, and two large folding tables, for packing mails to be sent to all parts of the world. It is well lighted, and lias five or six gas burners, in different parts of the room. It also contains a large closet, in which are lepoeited papers dally, commencing from the first, and 10 until the end, of each month. These files of papers ire kept on hand exclusively for the use of oaptalns tailing from this harbor to other ports. jucii ?io nu|>iu;ru 1U mm IUUIU, |i)U[ Illtll CUTKII md five packers, who thoroughly understand the >usiness of writing end transmitting mail* to all part1 >f the I nlon. and likewise to foreign parts. Kuoh >ne has hi* respective mails to attend, without iuterering with the other. They are all provided with four arge hooks, in which to enter subscribers' names, from iny pert of the world ; they are entitled North, South: last and West mail books These books have roguarly transcribed on them the names of subscribers of ach day. from the subscription book, amounting to rem 76 to M) per day. u nd frequently over that number. 'J be business of this room is divided Into seveal departments, vis. : Daily, Weekly and Foreign, 'be first is the Dally depaitment. which is under he csntrol of two young men ; the second, the Veekly department, under the management of one; be third, the Foreign department, under the conrol of another; and the fourth, the Mailing departlent The subscribers' names are regularly written very day, on what ate termed slips and singles; and aving been written, they are laid out in rotation, ne after another, according to the hour of the deparjre of the mails from the I'ost Office; so that the boy* r the department who fold the papers, understand h' n the mails are to l>e deposited in the f'ost Office, ye challenge any mailing department to heat us, for oriectness, rapidity and dispatch In writing or mallig papers, to be sunt to any part of the world. IHK KMTORIAb liKrAKTMKNT. The editorial rooms of this establishment occupy be serond story of this building, and consist of si* >oms_ four leading Into each othsr, and forming a untlnnous apartment, and two oth'rs, separate and istinct by themselves. The former are occupied by a umber of sssistant editors aad reporters ; and tbo latter by the ehief editor and proprietor, at a tanctum o iaficttrvm. The lumber of reporter* and aaelatant i editor* 1* thirteen. Their duties are multitudinous I and various?often arduous. They are sub-divided h into police reporters, law reporter*, Court of Session* ? reporters, city item reporters, writers of commercial li and financial articles, market reporters, ship-news ( reporters, short-hand reporters, and miscellaneous re- t porters. t One gentleman is employed exclusively in arranging 1 election matters, posting up. from day to day, returns 1

from the States in which elections are held, comparing i them with the results of former years, and keeping the 1 readers of the Hculd informed of the varied changes in the political world around them. The ship-news department, (which iaone of the moat important of the paper) ia under the management of one gentleman, who devotes the whole of hla time and attention to it ; and who, by long aervice and assiduity, haa no ayatematized it, that no arrival or departure of a Teazel, great or email, in any part of the world, can take place without his knowledge In our editorial corps, we have constantly in our service three literary men aa translators, whoae duties are to translate the numerous flies of foreign papers that we regularly receive from South America, the West Indies, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, and other countries. Tapers printed in every language are translated for our columns, by these gentlemen, as soon after their receipt as possible. The commtreial and financial department occupies the attention of one gentleman, whose dutios are confined to this branch of the paper. The articles which appear on these subjects, from day to day, form not the least interesting feature of the literary labor bestowed on this journal, and are extensively quoted throughout tho commercial world. This feature to a news- ] 1 paper was originated in the United States by the pro- ] prietor of the Hkrald. Within a few years, many 1 other newspapers in the Atlantic cities have followed i the example set before them by the Hkkald, to a greater i .. 1... ? on.I _;?Vl ...U.I uKilitu i In the rooms occupied by the proprietor are a num- 1 ber of telegraphic tubes communicating with the pubiehing office, the press room, the printing rooms, and the apartments occupied by the assistant editors and reporters. These enable him to convey his instructions to erery part of the building at any moment; and without leaving his room places him in constant communication with reporters, printers, pressmen, he , he., he. These rooms to the Hkralo Establiihmb.it are like the "wheel houses" to a ship. The helm is there which guides and directs the whole. These rooms oon. tain a valuable library, embraces several thousand volumes of books in every department of literature, ancient and modern, atlases, and everything else of use in the conducting of a great newspapor establishment. These rooms being the sanotum, are sacred, and no intruders, or outsiders, can, under any pretence, be admitted into them. In the rooms comprising the remainder of those de. voted to the accommodation of the gentlemen connected with the editorial department, there is a library of useful works of reference, such as public documents, Presidents' messages, reports of both houses of Congress, maps, charts, histories, dictionaries of different languages, itc. he. The internal police of these rooms is arranged in a systematic and complete manner. Each one has a desk to himself, with a gas light, abundance of pens, paper and ink, and every convenience for preserving his memoranda, papers, ho. he. : Attached to this, as well as to every other depart ment of the Herald, are a complete set of water closets, on the moat.improved principle, a set of telegraphic tubes leading to every part of the establish- I ment, and the Croton water pipes are connected with i it, to whioh hose can be attached at a moment's notice) ] in the event of a fire breaking out. THE HERALD JOli I'RINTINQ OFFICE. The composing room of this department is on the third and fourth floors of the building. 1 In this establishment, the work done for six regular theatres, and eight other places of amusement, amounts to $500 per week. Six permanent hands are employed in the composing room, and a number of additional ones often repaired. On the third floor, is a good assortment of book, circular and neat job type; also, a collection of about a thousand wood outs. Books and pamphlets, in Latin, Knglish. French, Italian and Spanish, can be printed , at short notioe. The fourth floor, measuring 40 by 18 feet, is the principal job office. In it are 21 stands for compositors, four largo stones for the making up of forms, and ! all chases and furniture necessary to such an establish- i ment. One side and one end of the room are occupied by shelving, on which is arranged an extensive assortment of wooden type, measuring from one to 1 twenty-two inches in depth. In the cases are metal i types, from nonpareil to six line pica. Attached to this < room is a slide and maohlnery to lower down the forms 1 to the pressroom. 1 THE HIOOF READING ROOM. I To the right of the stairway, and immediately oppo- < | site the jobbing room, on the fourth story, is situated 1 me remuiDg room, on me winaows or which is legibly ' painted " Night Office,'' where the proof readers cor- I rect the errors oommitted by the compositors in the < work of composition. This department engages the labor of four persons, who are employed at desks run- i ning the entire length of the room, lighted brilliantly < at night by jets of gas. To the right of the door, in i this room, are large closets, with shelves and pigeonholes. for the reception of the copy of all matter 1 which has appeared in the Herald, and which 1 I ispreserved carefully, for future reference. Inanother ] i part ot this room are 'racks," for the reception of i spare " cases." capable of holding thirty-six palr< I or seventy-two single -cases." Opposite the entrance, I | and to the left on entering, is a bed room, with com- i J fcrtable accommodations for the assistant foreman, 1 | who is at all times in readiness for whatever news may ' arrive after the paper has gone to press. < T1IE llMRAl.D COMPOSING ROOM. ' Wo now asoend, from the reading room, a flight of stairs at the northwest of the building, into the com- < posing room. This room extends the whole length and 1 breadth of the building, and is considered by those well , verted in such matters, one of the handsomest and , most convenient In the United States, or in the world. , it is in this room that all the types for the newspaper are set; and, to render it suitable for the purpose to p which it is adapted, no expense has been spared to , procure every facility that genlns could invent. p The visiter is astonished, on arriving here, to behold j, such a great number of men engaged In, apparently, p so small a compass, when compared with other branches p Of industrv: but the exceeding nicot.v in (li. ?? ,??_ r ment and disposition of every body and erery thing, e explains the mystery. Commencing at the northwest ? extremity of the room, at the head of the stairs, we find * a single stand or skeleton desk, on which the cases j containing type are placed; on the left of this stand, d and partially projecting over the ttalr-way, is a "stand- m ing galley," on wbloh the person tilling this stand * places his type, or, technically speaking," his matter;'' 0 this is for the accommodation of the person who attends to the composition of the ship news. w Along the two sides of the room fronting on Nassau * and Fulton streets, there are twenty-one double stands, t at any of which two compositors can work without in- *{ commoding each other. These stands are arranged * back to back, and, holding two pair of cases each, * hare somewhat the appearance of miniature houses, ji or tents, pitched in a line, with streets passing ti between them. Oyer each stand is a quarto- a ' pronged gas pipe, thus affording a light directly I orrr each one of the four pair of cases. In the lower j part of these stands are racks, or slide*. In which the ^ compositor can place his cases when he wishes to j change ttom one font, or size, of type to another, a ^ thing which is often rendered necessary, as there are three different alvei n??d In ?V?e enmnnilUnii tlw. " paper, Til : minion, the Urgent; nonpareil, the next; 4 and agate, the smallest. Kach man . therefore, has six ' rases (three pairs) to tuke care of. ti Along the haok, or wall, side of the room, beginning a at Kulton street, and proceeding in the direction of a Ann, about Are feet from the window on Kulton, we ]j find, agalnat the wall, a box or dumb waiter, which ex- (j tends from the counting-room through five stories, a r distance of sixty feet, and through which communi- () cation is had with all the rooms beneath. It contains 8 two tin boxes, into which copy for the composing room ii placed, and hoisted up. one box descending while the other ascends?thus sating tho trouble and annoyance of hating to go up and down stairs so often. By the side of this dutub waiter arc tin tubes, or speaking J trumpets, through which oontrrsatlon may be carried () on with persons either in the editorial or counting v rooms ; and oter the trumpet is placed a small bell< tl with a wire connecting with the \dltorial room, the v ringing of which attiacts attention when anything Is '' required. By the side of this bos or dumb waiter Is ^ the desk of the foreman, so situated that bo can eo-n. t mand a new of thf whole establishment. At the end I h f this desk is what is oalled a standing galley, upon in entirely new and novel plan. It la composed o1 >rass, and is of a ereacented shape, being six tiers in icigbtnnd twelve In length, each strip holding over a lolumn of the New Yoaa and the whole galfj being capable of holding over seventy-two columns ( )ver this Immense galley ia a long shelf, on which itnnds the clock. Beneath this shelf, and just above | .he galley, are a variety of pigeon-holes, in which eads, rules, ftugs, and the various other small implenenta of tbe profession, are deposited. In the framework of this galley are u number of racks, similar to 1 those in the compositors' stands, in which cases oon- 1 taining the fancy, or display, type are placed, as also portable wooden galleya, containing what is tecbni" lally termed " dead matter," or types which have been tlready printed upon, and are now for distribution ; n addition, there aro also three mastodon or " font 1 lases," (ho'ding about eight times as much as a pair if common eases,) in which the superfluous type is ilaced after the cases have been filled. At tbe end of ' his standing galley is another galley, or rather flight ' if shelves, upon which the small galleys, containing 1 he matter which has been proved, are placed, also hose galleys .containing matter awaiting an oppor. ' unity to be put into tbe paper. We next come to tbe trap, or fall, through which the pages of the newspaper are loworc d iuto the press oom, six stories, a distance of full 80 feet, which is | lone by simply running over a wheel a rope, at one tnd of which is a balance weight, which renders the loisting and lowering of the forms comparatively easy. Connected with this fall, we And another bell, and a ^ ;ube, or trumpet, through which communication is carried on with those in tbe press-room. ' The next article which strikes the eye, is a proof jress, of the latest invention. The way of taking proofs on this press, is:?the galley beinglaid upon the tied, and the type inked with a small hand roller, a sheet of paper is placed upon the face of the type, and 1 % heavy iron cylinder, or roller, is turned over the gal- ; ley, and the proof is taken without any further trou. tile; beneath the bed. or place whereon the galley rests, Is a box containing the paper and inking apparatus, snd underneath this box is another, containing the quoins and side-sticks, the whole oooupying about three feet by eighteen inches of room. At the end of this press is a standing galley, constructed for the convenience of eompesitois, in emptying their matter upon the small or proof galleys. This galley has three tides, and three tiers of shelves on each side. in ine corner la a small closet, in wnicn wrenches, lies, chisels, oil, kc., are kept; and on the right Is another dumb-waiter, with a oouple of travelling boxes sonnecting with the reading room below. In these boxes all copy is placed after having been set up in type, and sent down to the readers, in order that they may compare the printed proofs with the original copy, and see that they correspond. We now pass into a small room partitioned off in the north western oorner of the building, where we find every oonve. nience necessary te the cleanliness and comfort of the persons engaged in this story. In addition !o hydrants, wash-bowls, and water-closets, there is a large tub, lined with zinc, and filled with strong ley, |n which the ink and oil are washed frem the types, after they have been jtaken out of the form. Above this tub is a trough, in which the galleys containing the metal are placed, after having been thoroughly washed with the ley, and all the ley and dirt that may remain, rinsed with fresh water from the Croton.? Another great convenience is a large reservoir, or tank, containing some ten hogsheads of water, for use. when there is not sufficient force upon the Croton to bring the water up so high; for the >ame purpose, there is also a rotary pump, with a power sufficient to force up water from the street when necessary. By means of this liberal supply of water, the closets are always washed perfectly clean, the office is kept thoroughly sweet and healthy, and all the garbage, dirty water, kc., is carried off through leading pipes into the sewer in Fulton street. In the centre of the composing room, there is equidistant between the large brass standing galley and the compositors' stands, twelve small tables, resting upon castors or rollers, for the convenience of moving them from one end of (be room to another. Kach one of these table* it furnished with a fly-leaf galley, upon which the email galleys are placed for the convenience of the foreman who makes up tbo forms. I'pon each of these tables is placed the bed, or ''turtle," into which the types for a page of the Herald are placed, after having been set up, read, corrected, and made ready ror the press. There is as much difference between this style of making up a form, as there is between writing and engraving. Instead of the types being placed upon a level stone, column by the side of column, and then ' locked up." or tightened, as formerly, the column rules are now stationary at the top. centre, and bottom )f the page, and are fastened by means of grooves, into ;he bottom of the bed ; the types are placed between ;he rules as before, but they rest upon a cylindrical urface, or in plain words, upon a portion of a cylinler, which revolves with the type in it when upon the pTes*. A strip of iron passes along the outer side of the page, and is pressed against the outside column by means of six screws, which run through the outer shell or edge of the box ; but, at the bottom, eaoh column Is locked up separately, by a screw which presses sgainat an iron ' slug,'' thereby giving to each column a distinct and separate lock-up, instead of locking them all up together, as formerly. It is contended by some who do not even fully comprehend the theory of this invention, that it will take a person twice as long to impose a form in this as in the old way ; but from experience, we are confident that it will not, upon an tverage. make a difference of many minutes in the imposition of the Herald. Instead of the lubberly tnd inky-looking stones, we now have something nea* snd handy. Mallets, shooting-sticks, and quoins have t>een discarded, and their places have been filled by wrenches and sorews. Instead of having to drag and sarry heavy forms about, the tablo containing a page eady for the press is wheeled up to the fall, th? rope s hooked on. and the form lowered, without any lifllculty or straining on the part of the printer. We 'ormerly bad seven unwieldy stones in this room, 1 ipon which the forms of tbe Daily, Weekly, Herald 1 or Europe, fcc., were imposed?we now have but one f tone left, and that is merely used as a receptacle for 1 natter for distribution. ! To show the great increase of the business in this de- ' artment alone, we will remark, tnat four years ago there j rere employe^ here fourteen regular compositors; one < oreman, who read all the proof sheets, with a man to j told the copy for him; one assistant foreman, who lm- ( lOfed the forms, under the superintendence of the < Bremen, undone boy. There are now twenty-seven j egular compositors; two proof readers, with copy hold- t rs; two assistant foremen, and a lad?the whole being ' indcr the supervision of a principal foreman. In j udition to this number, there are some thirty men who spend altogether upon the extra work, and the work ^ urlng the absence of the regular hands, in this room, j majority of them making from ten to twelve dollars a 0 reek. and often not working over three or four days , ut of the seven, at that. j This room is lit up in the day time by fourteen large ^ Indows, fronting on Nassau and Fulton streets, (eaoh i Indow containing twelve pains of glass.) and a glgan- n Ic cupola in the centre of the roef, containing ninety- J Ix lights; in the small room, or wash cupboard and B ater closots, there are also two windows, one looking p est and the other north. At night, the whole of this ? nmsnse room is magnificently illuminated by fifty. ^ hree gas-burners, giving it a most beantlful appear" a nee. b The above is a complete view of the He*ar<n [J It n.mhos. It will give the public some idea of the ti iside of our establishment. Sinrc our return from J Curnpe, ire have expended vjnrards of forty thouxanii ?. ollart in the construction of vaults, machinery, type, J1 fictitious to the ui per part of the building, $-c., fr., p ec. ; and ire have yet much to do. We consider 0 tie Herald as the most complete newspaper cs* n nblishment now in existence ; but the world is t, dvancing with rapid strides, and we must move long with equal rapidity. Indeed, we must be a t ittlc in advance of the age. Our circulation is ? ally on the incrense, nnd when our present stipe- r ior presses will not answer the demands made t pon them, we must obtain faster and better, and ? till more peifeet, machinery. s < Imwabp, is the wor.J. j ? r iNOKHiors I'rai d.?An ingenious nn>de of tie- n autling the revenue was detected on b"ard the P learner Senator yesterday, by the officers of the J rovincial tevenue. Two tierces, ap, arenlly filled .j /iih onions, and three bnrrels with beans and ], tree with flour, were opened, and inside of each ? rasfound a cask containing American rum, which > itted so tightly as to afford only room fn a small p uantity of the articles mentioned. The fraud d 'as most skilfully planned, and aptly illustrates the r ricka of ?d?l smugglers.?St, John Arte Ihunsricker. < i TELEGRAPH C IKTELLIGElfCE. Important from Yucatan, &c. Nbw Oklsans, Sept. 9, ltMH. We have received advices from Campeachy (Yucatan) to the 27th ult. The whites have been everywhere successful throughout the peninsula, and YYaoatan has been re-united to Mexico. Mexico has offered a full 'pardon to the Indians, on condition of their ceasing hostilities. Mexico is 10 pay 1 ucaian $i iu,miu. Our markets are dull. KrlglitfUl Accident and Lou off Life. Then- wan a dreadful accident, yesterday afternoon' on the oorncr of Eighth street and Avenue B. It had been announced that the Right Rer. Bishop Hughes would perform the services of the laying of the corner stone ef a new Catholio Church, to be erected st the corner of those streets, and this drew a large crowd together to witness the ceremony. The walls of the basement had been built, and the Boor laid over the timbers. About 4 o'clock, from sight hundred to one thousand persons erllected on this tloor, when one ef the walls, about eight inches thick and not very strongly built, gave way, and was pressed out by the great weight upon it, precipitating the mass of human beings into the basement below, s distance of twelve feet, and against the front wa'.b amidst the falling brick and timber. The scene of confusion and despair that followed can more eueily be imagined than described. About fifty persons were taken out more or less hurt. Some were very aeriuuMj mjuruu. i wu were uiud iiunouHiwiy to tbe City Hospital. One man, named Patrick Kelly, was so much crushed that what be bad eaten for dinner was foroed out of his mouth. Although there were no outward bruises? yet he died soon after, probably from some internal injuries. One boy had both legs broken, and there is rery little reason to believe that he will recover. Jane Durns had her right leg badly fractured. Hector MoDougall also had his right leg badly fractured. Another man was injured in the spine. The British West India Islands.?Arrival op the Mail Steamer Severn.?The West India British mail steamer Severn, Capt. Vincent, arrived ' yesterday morning, three days from Bermuda. J On the 23d of August a severe hurricane visited Antigua, which destroyed the entije place, uprooting trees, blowing down the houses, &C. It was also Jelt at St. Thomas, but with little damage; and at Nassau, N. P., it was felt with considerable severity, and, it is supposed, passed through all the West India Islands; but no accounts from any, except those already mentioned, had been received up to the departure of the Severn. The Severn's accounts from Jamaica are something later, extending to about the 1st inst. Things were quiei, oui an aiiusion is maue 10 an insurrection among the blacks, which had l>een suppressed. This is probably an error. 1 lieatrtcal and Musical. Park Theatre.?We perceive, by the advertisements and bills, tbat the old standard prices of this theatre are reduced. This change has taken plaoe at the request of the friends and patrons of the drama, and in accordance with the demands and spirit of the age. As the lamented Simpson is dead, it is proper his old prices should dio with him. Accordingly, it is done, and the Park, now in its new guise, we may say, trtily, one of the most superb and elegant theatres in the worldl is open to all the world on the cheaplystem. Until this change, the pit here was never below fifty cents ; it is now reduced to three bits. " Macbeth" is selected as the play for this evening, in which Mr. Hamblln himself appears as the hero. " Box and Cex," with other attractive entertainments, follow, such as cannot fail to attract and gratify the public. We bad nearly forgotten the grand " Pas de Deuse." by Signcra Ciocca .and Signor Neri, whose beautiful dancing, every evening, draws down the loudest applause. They will also execute a Spanish dance, ' hi Bolero de Cudiz," which will conclude the entertai nments. The Bowery Theatre is in full tide of prosperity and success. This evening promises to be a grand gala night at this favorite establishment. A new drama of thrilling interest is to he produced, entitled the ' Destruction of the Bastile." Rumor, with its hundred tongues, speaks much in favor of this piece' and a run is anticipated for it, such as seldom has been known in the annals of New Vork theatricals. It has been no less than two months in preparation, and the cast of characters is such as to guarantee the highest success. No expense has been Bpared. and the public may be prepared for witnessing, at this theatre to-night, something great,uplendld, gorgeous and uncommon. Broadw ay Theatre ?The success of this theatre' since the engagement of Mr. Forrest, is unparalleled. F.very night the house is filled to its utmost capaoity, to see the great American tragedian in his round of characters. The entertainments, this evening, commenc* with the tragedy of "Jac^ Cade, or the Kentish Rebellion," in which Mr. Forrest will sustain the character of Jack Cade. The ether prominent parts will be filled by Miss F. Wallack, Mrs. Abbott. Messrs. Dyott, Fredericks, Vuche, Andrews, and the rest of an excellent stock company. After the play M'lle. Celeste and Mons. Wiethoff, will dance a grand pas de deux: and the amusements will close with the petite comedy of "Is lie Jealous."' in whioh Dyott and Miss K Dickinson. Mrs. Abbott and Mrs. Watts, will appear. This is an attractive bill, and will, no doubt, draw another full house Persons should go early to secure seats, for it is very likely, during the engagement of.Mr. Forrest. who is an established favorite, that the assem blages will be very large. National Theatre.?The crowded state of this theatre every evening since the production of the new local drama is proof positive of the hold this kind of drama has taken on publlo favor. Mose and Sykesej ire the great favorites of the day, and their appearance oitdhe stage is alwsys thu ulgnal for applause; In this piece, however, the other scenes and characters are all so amusing, and so well acted, that the excitement is kept up throughout, and we may truly say that tha "Mysteries and Miseries" are as popular as the famous! "Tom and Jerry" was in years gone by; indeed more popular, as the local character of the scenes enables svery one to fully appreciate their correctness. In addition to the great feature of the evening, Chanfrau each night produces two or three other most amusing pieces, farces or dramas._ To-night, for instance, he brings on ? urw tarce cauca mo "Mistaken Story," and the very interesting drama of "Helen Oakleigh," which will lerve most admirably to finish up the evening's entertainments. The National not enly holds its own (round, but goes ahead in the theatrical raoe of the lay, and as long as Chanfrau manages it as liberally ind spiritedly as he does now, he need not fear compeltion His company is first rate?every thing goes in well with him, and there is probably no person in be community that has better reason to be satisfied ritb affairs than manager Chanfrau, nor is there a heatre where more amusement can be had than at he National. BuaTon's Theatre.?This elegant house has been loing a first rate business during the last wee k, crowded louses having been the rule every night. The novel f" Dombey and Son" has proved a perfect mine of realth to Burton, and the two pieces which Mr. irougham has so cleverly adapted from it, have keen iltherto the oards of the season. The farce of poor rillicoddy," also, with Burton as the perplexed seedsnan and fiorist, has been received with roars of laugher. These pieces will, doubtless, continue to be atractive for a long time to come. Tonight, however, most elegant and beautiful entertaium-ut will bo roduced, and that is the magnificent ' Masque o? lomus", that splendid production of Milton. Thta Masque" has never as yet been performed in America, re believe, and we are confident that the intelligent nd refined public will pronounce It to b<> the most leautiful dramatic piece ever got np, combining, as it oes, the attractions of the most dignified and classical inguagc of the Immortal Milton, music, dances, group gs, lie. It has been several weeks In preparation; nd as It is got up under the immediate supervision of lurton and Brougham, we may, without hesitation, ay that it will be put on the stage in a perfect man sr. The beautiful music of the pieco is under the dice, t ion of Mr. Coder, and Mr l.ynne takes the part of omui. 'l'be fsroe of " f'illtcoddy," and the 'Capture f Captain Cuttle," will form the rest of the entertain lent*. nini o'? Tiikathf.?This being the lust night but wo of tliu opera, und the last appearance of Slgnor leneventsno, we would advise the musical dilleanti a take advantage of the occasion. The entertain, lent* vcill roiuinenee with the comle opera of ' L'EliIr d'Amore," in whloh Madame Laborde wilt suitaln he character of A (Jinn. Those who have he ird thla burmlug voralltat pronounce her one of the most ribbed singers of the day ller voloo I* n delicate opriino. but of the sweetest and most euphonious haraeter; and her execution is rendered with *uob rillifiu-y nud finish, that she may be said to hava na ival In this necessury oppendage to the delightful cecmpllshmc nt of singing. Monsieur I.ahvrdo. too, orsessrs /lent vocal ability. Beneventano'* supeInrlty In his profession deiuanda little eulogy, ae his tela round tunes have often delighted his hearer*. ;b? eld favorite. Sanquirlco. will also appear. If tha rvsrs of mu-le can resist sunh attractions ns theses re are at a loss to And out what will please them. It bio timing hte government, bae displayed every easbilily for theatrical management; and we trust n Ise. rntrg community will repay him for hi* citorts t? ater well for their amusement and pleasure. Casvi.a tisancw.?To-night there will ba gr**4 olngs at (he Garden A most interesting bill I* I . ?lWt'