Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 14, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 14, 1848 Page 2
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JNEW YORK HERALD. iMU-WMt ioriicr mi rmitmm and HMMW M. ?? uokuon bxihuiiv, rmontiiTOB. rmm BAIL T MERMM?Three edrtwne emery day. hoe eente , Zr^num. Tk, MURNJNO EUnlUN u pub- I Kked^uSerlock. t M, and distributed before break/at l. the Or.t K^'K^/^W EDITlOs earn be bad of the newrbeyf at 1 TjLi r MaJdtke eeermd KfKSlNO RblTPJN at SJcloch. THE WEiblL V HER AJJ>?Every Saturday, for nreutoMm m <V J??rirai? Co?fwi?if??X c?nf. prr o^>?. $J U.^ -? IWrf I(>a? ?arfcrt day for European etreul,Uions dm per annnm, te nwiinir tV port a or. The European odd- : Sen will be printed in the French and Enflieh lanfuapee. ALL LKTTEt.S try mail, for eubecrrptumt, or ueth ttdoer- i kmnd, to toy.*jpuwl, #r tto ;w.:alv will br deducted from nliA&TARY VOUUtSPONDKNCB, contatnint tamrU mat mm-iohcOod from any quarter of the world; if ueed will SVsMWluUtiTS (renewed every morninf, and te be pub Hiked in tlw mornine and eveninp eeUtiene.) at reasonable mrleee; te be written in a plain, legible manner; the proprietor met reevoneMe for reran in mounter ty*. PRINTING ef all lande rreruted beautifully and with domoatok. Ordert roemvod at the u*ce, corner of Pulton and Hand mtrrrtl. AMUSEMENTS THIS KVEN1NO. park t1ikatrk? ITj-arro Sibnoba Ciocca ami sknob Nebi?Uc* ai?I> Co*. BOWFRY TTIKATRB. Bewery?Dsetrvctior or theBai Tiia-I'et o? tub Petticoat* BROADWAY THEATRE, BroBtwRj?Kins Lbab?Irish tvtor. NATIONAL THEATRE. ChAtAam Street?Kim n? the Bare? Mtetibim anb Mmebier or Niw Tore?Sbectbe Briokcboom. NIB I ATS, ASTOR PUACE-Mb. ABB MM. FKTEB Whitb ? Itaua* Dwarf BloTHnii?Sketched in Inula. BFRTdN'S THEATRE, OiAnben Street?Olii Guard? cemtb-SEElMi the El.evhant. CASTLE OAEDKN?MunaAt. Entertainment*. SOCIETY LIBRARY?Oahtbexx's Ribrrbeta. IK KEY A ROOMS?Taylor'* Campaign* PANORAMA HALL?Banvabp'i Patoramaa MELODEON?Magic Mteticirm and Yiboibia Serena. mom. TABIRNACLE?Mobatiab Minitrel*' Concert. New York, Tbunday, September 1 A, 1848, Actual Circulation of Um Herald. Bet*. 13, WeUnetdRy 21.936 copie* m nouoiwn ?i ui konuiii jhiuob ui hw nrrcua oum iil yesterday at I minute* pan 3 o'clook, and tlniahed at 'M> minute* pant 6 o'clock; tht tint After*00n Edition oomBwnl ot < minotea pact 1 o'clook. and tniahed at 23 minutaa kafore I a olook: tba leoond at 6 minutes past 3 o'clook, and fclJild at IS nunuteopast 3 a'tloek. Ktiropcnn News. The Europa and I'nited States may be considered due this afternoon. They will bring one week's later intelligence from all parts of Europe. Politick and Fuji?The New York Custom House. The game of politics in modern times is diversified, occasionally, with interludes that serve todrive away rntiMt, and while away the time that may hang heavily on us. The most recent of those interludes, and certainly not the least funny one that has occurred w ithin a short time past, is the struggle between the houses of York and Lancaster, or Tather, the old hunker and barnburmg portions of the democracy of this goodly city, for the spoils ?f the Custom House. The contest has been sharp and spirited; hut at length, it w ould appear, the | hunkers have got the best of the fight, and the burnburner9 will be compelled to abdicate. From the time when Mr. Van iJuren mounted Ins free soil hobby, for the purj>ose of gratifying his own revenge for being cheated in his nomination by the Baltimore convention, in 1844, the attachtt of the Custom House and Post Office have been deliberating on the propriety of the part j vhich they should take in the present Presidential canvass. Many were inclined to adhere to the regular nominations, w hile others, no doubt under the impression that this free soil movement would control all others, avowed themselves barnburners, and, of course, refused to submit lo be levied upon for the support of the party organs, and other expenses of the hunker or Cass party. This was all >-erv well as long as the rival factions conjoiutly held |>?eeeseion|of the Wigwam, Tammany Hall; but. after a while, the barnburners were ejected from that old-fashioned concern, head and heels, and then the game was changed. Tammany Jlall. having controlled for years and years the operations of the party in this city, insisted, in the usual manner, that all barnburners holding offices in the Custom House and Post Office ought to he dismissed, and their places filled by Cass and Butler men. Mr. Lawrence was accordingly applied to on the subject, bur that amiable gentleman affected to know no. ihing of the quarrels in the party, avowed his entire innocence of the nice distinctions between liunkf r and barnburner, and declined to make any removals at the direction of Tammany Hall. Under this state of things, an application made to Mr. Polk, as the head devil?or great chief of the sachems?for our readers are no doubt aware that his excellency was duly initiated, when he was on a visit to this city?and that distinguished gentleman answered, that any reasonable demand made by the democracy of New \ork,in the usual way, that is, through Tammany Hall, would be most cheerfully complied with. This was the condition of tilings last week, and no sooner was Mr. Polk's answer received than Tammany Hall, and the outside democracy, made preparations to demand, through the usual channel, the dismissal of the incendiary gentleman in the ( ustom House. Accordingly, the " unternfied" assembled in ward meetings, and resolutions appropriate to the matter were proposed, and, of course, passed by acclamation. We give a sample ?f them :? Resolved. Tliat the democracy of this eity and ?ounty may. and do with justice d'-mand. that nil those person*, head* of department*, and subordinate*, holding offlce at pre*ent in the New Vork Custom Hou*e. who ore known to be opposed to the election of La** and Butler and the triumph of the democratic platform declared at Baltimore in the convention of 1*48, should be immediately icmoved. and that the known friends of our candidates and our principles should be appointed to their places. Reaolved. That we call on Corneliui \V. Lawrence. Collector of thi* Port, to remove from the Custom Home the numberless barn burning disunioni't* in hi* employ ; himself appointed to oltlce by the political removal of hi* predecessor, we Jrust he will *ee in that example the propriety of the request, and Ihc justification of the act. This was all very good, and these resolutions having been passed, the sapient sachems of Tammany concluded that it was full time to push the matt) r to the extreme. Accordingly, a meeting was held laslcvening, at which a resolution was passed thai there must be a general and perfect clearance ; ?1 everything in the shape of a barnburner in the isew k i ik Custom House; which resolution, duly signed and sealed, vv ill und ubtly be dispatched to <Mr. jt'olk, m the course of to-day by a s;iecia couw*r' ^nr bamburniiig fraternity, now holding t flice in the Cu*^10 "lay, therefore, set iln-ir hi uses in order, anil prepare t>> receive a JM lite notice tout iuTirwf??ti-i?re no ion mt re wired. j ? 1 This it one of the amusing interludes thai *i>Viiik out of modern fX'litic*. ft if "-aid. however, that Mr I-awrence, the collector, no matter what th? narquemn* may be. will not discharge those barnburners. numbering we believe over hmidri d antl fift\, < r more. What then ! Mr.|l*olk will insist on his doing so. Tammany Hall will insis1 on hie doing h>, and the re?uli will be that Mr. T,awreiice will resign. That w ill be another nice Hinl interesting interlude, which, when it occurs* will no doubt be ae amusing as the other. Dr/*TII or AMCXANOER Mrjniix MiKrs/.ti-This gentleman, while riding on htahorse, yesterday, at Sing >inp. lell in n fit ol apoplexy^ HiatHntly expired. His name, in connection with the tragedy on bonrd the brig Somers, in which young Spene. r was so unceremoniously swung from the yard arm, is familiar to nil. At that time he was a lieutenant in the U. ff. Navv, hot was subsequently appninted to the command of the t'. S steam frigate Mississippi, stationed in tbe Gulf of Mexico. He returned to If >st >n u short time since, where the trig.ite now lies. Ibwas brother of Mr. John Midell, late Minister to Mexico, and that was Ins name; hut in c nseau> n?e of inhsriting a fortune lr--ni a Mr. M. K- n11 e, id") i) d that as In* surname !{ was also relate.I to ( 'a min. dore Perry, and it w as through ih? lathjrace of tbat officer he w as promoted i the js>?t ol commander Jor**ai.i?<M Poutios ?The whig journals, under the mistaken view that the course they have adopted, lor some time past, has been conducive to the interest of the cause in which they are laboring, are taking the best possible method of preventing the election of General Taylor, and favoring and promoting that of General Cass. Look at the course which the Courier $ Enquirer, the Eryretf, and the Mirror, of this city, have bet n, and are still, following. The first named journal, together with the Graj>ethnt, as it is called?an oil-shoot of the same concern?abuses General Cat-s in a most shameful manner, and labors, from day to day, to cast odium upon him, \ as a military man and as Secretary of War. ! A ft 1 r?l*> nftOP DPfiolo onnanso in tliof ni.nar liuv. ?kittviv unv i auiv. it, **j'j 'v ui i ii iiini pa|ici) u^?inp, for its object, to prove that General Cass did not, in reality, break his sword when he heard of General Hull's surrender of Detroit to the British, and imputes to him conduct diametrically the opjiositc of what ought to distinguish a gallant soldi**- Now, the truth is, and the world knows it, that General Cass had nothing to do with the surrender ofthut place; and it is a matter of not the least consequence, whether he technically, or really did, breuk his sword, or notion that occasion. One thing, however, is clear,'that General Cass conducted himself, during his military career, as a brave and honorable man?and was the very soul of chivalry itself. A s to the allegations resjiecting his behavior, while Secretary of War?reference to the files of the Courier, published at that time, will show that the editor of that paper never uttered them, or if he did -o, it was to seek an opportunity of denying theni; The Courter of that period abounds with articles laudatory of General Cass; and, although the editor may forget the circumstance, others do not. Such conduct, on the part of a political journal, is sure to produce disgust among its own nnrl innct oorfti 1 nlu Ki> ininrimta tn tlio cause of General Taylor. The Express and Mirror pursue a similarcourseAfter pronouncing one of Gen. Taylor's last letters a forgery, they turn round, eat up their own words, and assert it to be one of the best he ever wrote. This is the way in which General Taylor is suitported, and were he dependent on such papers as these for his election, his inauguration would never take place. Such friends do him more injury than open and avowed enemies. AeRicn.Ti.ral Affairs ?The fair of the New York State Agricultural Society, lately held at llufi'aio, was interesting, not only as an exhibition of specimen products, but as showing the increased and increasing resources of our State and country. The improved stock which was present from Ohio and Canada, gave evidence that the spirit of emulation was abroad, and foreshadowed the fact tha1 we are destined, here in the western world, to excel in this, as in our other home products. The gentlemen who were present to improve their knowledge by mutual intercourse, met, not as mere traffickers, but came together to improve, and be improved, in a correct understanding of the great principles of the noble science to which they are devoted. They conversed understand* mgly while together, and their farms, so many of them as are to be seen in western New fork, give evidence that they not only talk, but work, scientifically. Broad^fields, tilled by aid of mo. dernly improved implements, afford an ample reward for increased care in cultivation. Early crops, and large ones, are already stored in many of their granaries, and the prospect of large profits makes a host of happy countenances. The present has been a propitious season. All along the Hudson, Mohawk, and Genesee rivers, the farmers are, at this early day, cutting their Indian corn, while their orchard trees ore borne down with rich fiuits. These are unmistakeable signs of a general and plentiful crop. We are. and ought to be, an agricultural people. With every variety of climate and soil, we can produce in abundance crops of all the staple products of the soil, and with such merchandise to exchange, we can always procure the best fabrics of foreign manufactures. The accounts thus far received, from all parts of the country, are of the most Haltering character, and we have reason to congratulate ourselves on one more season of general plenitude. John Van I3i ken anh Mike Walsh.?John Van Buren has left the city, on a free boiI expedition to the State of Pennsylvania, where he expects to draw off a sufficiency of votes from the democratic party, so aB to give that State to General Taylor. This is undoubtedly John's object, but whether he will succeed in his views is another matter. Some one recommends that Mike Walsh?who is as much celebrated as an old hunker as John Van Buren is as a barnburner?be despatched after | John, to the same State, for the purpose of follow- j ing in Ins wake, and winning back all the votes | that John's eloquence may withdraw from Gene- | ral Cass. This is a capital idea. If John Van i Buren is a good stump orator, so is Mike Walsh. They might, too, come across each other one of j those days, and then would come the tug of war. , Tim Niauaka, Captain Kyrie, sailed yesterday 1 morning, at hall-past twelve o'clock, for Halifax and j Liverpool. .she has sixty-five passengers for Liverpool, and only $959 in specie. Ci Ntr.Ai. Wobtii at Svrac vse.?General Worth i arrived at Syracuse on Tuesday. As soon as it was known thut lie was in the city of salt, the mayor waited on him, and, after proffering him the hospitalities of the city, made arrangements to give the general a dinner, and do the usual honors of such occasions. A parlor having been provided at the Syracuse House, the form of introductions was gone through with, and the good citizens of Syracuse had the pleasure of shaking the veteran hero by the hand. After the mayor had ullroduced an uncounted number of persons, dinner was announced, and a large company sat down to a hastily got up, but sumptuous repast. The eatables were soon disposed of, and then followed champagne and toasts. The afluir was, on the whole, perhaps as pleasant as though the mayor and corporation had been a week preparing lor it. All were happy lor the time, and lose iituii the table at a reasonable hour, all the b' iter lor their Fhort entertainment. Political Intelligence. MICHIGAN. Ah xandrr W' JJuel baa been nominated in the lirst district, for Congreg?. to succeed Hon. R. Met lellan. ('teinorrat.) WISCONSIN. Three member* of Congress, we see. are to b? elected fr"tn tbB State, this fall, instead of tiro, as at present. The fri " soil wen are the most active party in Wi mutin. 'J'b? ttat r.lmrnc *, publish'd at Milwaukie. of the 1st inat, say*: Trow <.Tory quarter the i, ears' Is jti i-t cheeilog. in large factious of the State. < ass 'isylor J'ltn are as scarce as blackberries in K? brtiary ' . , I . i . II' ft .a ?V>A hna h. ntl i<VlAB<. 11 I.lltPl nun i|i 1 m c w 11 uv jiiv? " Ju Ht of the Supreme I onrt. was iormmy a promtn> lit antl-m:, n.ln llo-hcrtir. New \'Til. i wo of t).- tld- judge, ?Jr: Mortimer M. Jaflkion nnd Leri iluliVe l\. ? i< abofritn this State. Hi.YWI.V.tfctA. I nil 11 ?i rili i. ? 1 mi r atic Jiciff.-Thl f' llonir.n t'tki t w- 'f? Wta<l on Moiidaj eroding, by t* ?1' mo'TOt'.e city conn ntlon Jehu Cadwaiedcr, Fracei* Tteroan, >. Rod tt lUbtrt Ewlaaaal i Maitln J FontV.erly in plac* of \ J I.ewi?.resigned. Il'hig ' "4 ^ -? ><i"i'" it.?The nhtgeity delegation J tint on rui-Uxj iveiiinS: and ti^'le tfi< luLlueuig nomination* 1 I or Senate AVil'latn A t'rabb; HouseOf lieprettntati>ei i.oorge 'l 'J h'trim, craig Biuo'.. 'l homuiC. , lohl i! Dlrkt atid it HundlaSmith I ir Seleet Counell-Joseph H t handler. Jacob K. 11 rt, > dn uu A. Houder. Win V. Meredith. John I lire \v'i th? rill. lor tho uni.xpirt d term of a. ti Lewis. ii vm-d. ' hu huation. The whig d< legation for tho seoond i < ' npreiionunl district, a*?*nibled ou "I u.'ilay %vtulug. 1h< ocrllnatioD of Juiae it Uetic*. a* a enndt iate for < ongroRt, was recrlnd and act ?ptcd. Tla> j at ligation the ii adjourned for ene week. ?> x McLanaban, Km* is aomlnated by the 1 denioereta for < ongrort, in the dletrlei rampo, d of kiaiklin l iimhi rland. and l'erry rowutu* ; now rep- . i' tnitd liy Jasptr K. Brady, (whig) |( oiretpi udinca ol the I'ennrrleauiaa ] I Mii i oho, Sept. 4, IMS. I run attsre you the democracy bare nothing to fear from little 1'ike tonnty. M> hat tieeti, and J predict l will b? the banner eouuty. in November next There ( it no duail-et'on among tit. We had iiumerooa Taj or inn m?y were bat are aetaad w'll net be aeain. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE* Summary or the Latest News. Our telegraphic intelligence is of cousiderable politicA I importance. Much depends on the results of the election in Maine, and of the labors of the several State conventions now in session. We ehall soon be able to obtain a clear view of the coming contest. Things are rapidly shapiag thenuelves over the Union. We must see what the free soilers in Pennsylvania do. If they distract the democratic party in that State, Taylor will carry it. That State ib worth something in electoral college, as well as in its coal beds and iron mines. It counts up, and will warm the wings as much as a fire, wheu made of its best Lehigh. We cannot too soon begin to count noses, and make a calculation on the prospects of the panics in the field. We don't like to be in a fog too long in political matters; it is worse than having a mail steamer in one. New lork Free Boll State Convention. fikst despatch. Utica, Sept. 13?10 A.M. The Barnburners' Convention commenced its session to-day, and is attended by a respectable number of delegates. Mr. C. B. Talcott presided as chuirman, temporarily. The nomination of John A. Dix, for Governor, is opposed, on account of his vote in the Senate, a year since, against the Irish Appropriation bill. Mr. J. G. Gardner, it is understood, hue posi" tively declined the nomination. The Hon. Preston King and Hon. Wm. C. Crain, are apparently the only competitive can. didates. Probably Crain will be nominated. I tl.mlr ...Ill U- ...J C tiuun iwucii liiiiuici nut uc iiuiuiiiuicu lur Lieutenant Governor, or else for Presidential Elector. A large number of Clay and Liberty delegates are in attendance, who urge the nomination of a Clay whig for Lieutenant Governor, 011 the score of reciprocity to the Buffalo Convention. second despatch. Utica, Sept. 13?ti P.M. The organization of the Convention was completed by the appointment of Allen McDonald, of Queen's county, as Chairman, after which A Committee was appointed to prepare an address and resolutions. A delegate rose and said?" The liberty party has held a State Convention, und adopted some resolutions, which- it is desirable should be submitted to the consideration of this Convention. A committee from the Liberty Convention then appeared, and,by their chairman, presented the resolutions alluded to, the first of which pledges the vote of the Liberty Party to the nominations made at Buffalo ; the second declares it unjust to judge of men who are now standing on the anti-slavery platfoim by the position in past times; that to do so, would be to condemn every reformer from St. raui to Martin turner, trom Martin Luther to John P. Hale (!) ; the third compliments Mr. Hale on account of his declining the nomination for the Presidency (by the Buffalo Convention) in favor of Martin Van Buren, and also for his general cours* in the United States Senate, "esjiecially < n the great question in dispute?slavery. The loin -solution proposes a fraternity of freemen- alition of Van Buren and Liberty men. The Convention endorsed these res >ns by acclamation; alter which the Liberty u were admitted to seats, as honorary members The business ot the Convention then ceased for the day, and an adjournment was made until tomorrow morning. A large meeting wa9 afterwards held, composed of all putties, which was addressed by sundry sjieukers. Enthusiasm immense. After all, notwithstanding impressions to the contrary, at the present moment, perhaps Senator Dismay receive tlis notninatieii forGoternor.? Mr. Van r?uren, it is said, favors him. 11I1RD IMM'ATCll. Uric a, Sept. 13.?9 P.M. The convention was called t? order by Mr. Iluwley, of Steuben. Hon. E. B. Talcott, of Oswego, was appointed Chairman, and Messrs. Green of N. Y., and Adams of Wayne, Secretaries pro Urn. A delegate from Monroe moved that all the delegates in attendance be allowed to take seats, and that one from each district fie desirmnfcd ?n vni? The motion was adof ted. The following gentlemen were then chosen per manent officers of the Convention:? ITcs'dent? Gen. Allen McDonald, of Queen's. Vice Tre^ident* ? Oeorge II. Prosser, Samuel B. Gardner, T. B. Bidder, D. W. Severance, A. H. Buell, H. W.Sage, 11. B. Wiener, C. O. Shepherd. Secretaries?Meters. Deane, of Ducheee: Wheeler, of Renaelaer Grant, of Kings: Wadswortb. of Erie: Green,of New York. It was here announced that the liberty party had resolved to unite with the convention ; whereupon, on motion of Mr. Shepherd, the resolutions were read, amidst much applause, and the delegates invited to take their seats as honorary members. A long discussion ensued as to the propriety of j having an lnfnmiHi meeting before the nomina- | tions were made, which was finally resolved upon, j The convention then adjourned to 8 A. M. The delegates are now in caucus. l'( itTBTII DESPATCH. Unci, Sept. 13?? P. M. | The Convention met, nnd Charles < >. Shepherd, | of Wyoming, w as elected President. Messrs. Ellis, Crcvanth and Spring, were appointed Vice-Presidents. There were no lists of delegates made out, hut was a sort of muss meeting. The Committee on Resolutions consisted Messrs. Underwood, of Herkimer; Randall, of Livingston; Whenton, of Onondaga; Judson, of Chautauque, and llailey, of Onieda, who reported the following Resolved. That wp rejoice in the daily multiplying evidences of revolution in favor of freedom nnd free soil, that wp cordially adopt the platform of the late Buffalo Convention, and will heartily support its candidates. Martin Van Buren and Charles r. Adams, lor the ( fflces of President and Vice President, at the approaching election. ftesoivid. That in there signa of revolution to reorganize. it would be unjust to judge of men whom we now t e standing ujxm our nettle platform, hy their i position t* po-t times? when the slave grower held undisputed dominion over both the great parties of the eountry To do so. would be to condemn any reform from St. Paul to Martin Luther, and from Martin Lu- I tin r to John I'. Kale. Resolved; That wo have the self-sarrifleln? ! nuinty of John I\ IIftl<< in hi* recent retirement from , hi* prrud standing a* our Presidential candidate no | lr** the courage with wliirh he met and conquered , tlir champion* of slavery in the United State*. Uoolred That we immediately proceed to the Court j Home, in th * city and propone to the Tree Soil Deui'rracy. thire imeroblfd. our entire fraternity of I !>'emeu, and that the I're*ldent of the eouvention be ! riqmsted to precept to the convention theao recolu- ; tion*. A'ti i some opposition* tlie rcsolutionl wet* ac- i ff | t? d, two or tiir^e voting against it. Jtesolved, That the State Central Committee eon- 1 tlnue In otlire. in order to promote the moral and 1 gem ml aip?ct* of the anti-alavery eauae I'icIiti nrr-i were expressed for Preston King, Win. Jay, uud Charles O. Shepherd for t lovcrnor. f'hns. Shepherd, for Lieutenant Governor. U'liotAll. lit ( IliimilafTn onil I'.iM . ? ['anal ConimiHeioners. Stanton, of K? urea, and , Mown, of Oawrgo. for Elector* at larg<-. The convention then went in pmces-ion to the ' ['r< < .^oil eonvriition. PrnniylTtnla Kr?? Sollera' Ktnta Convention* Kkapinq, 1*a., September 13, kf48. ] The free rtoibre liad another public out door 1 netting luat niglit, which wti* attended by aevem' mndred | ers< nn. 1*1 et chea were made by I?r. Sin>dgra?<*, of Haiti" xiofe ; Mr. l'rpihart, of Ohio; Mr. Cheater, ol rh? -i( r. Pa.; and I?r. < f Pittaburg. A pieiiinble and rce?iluti<>nn were adopted favoraile to tlie platform erected at the Hufl'ilo Convention. There waa at me conaidcratiou of the matter ol nominating the Htutc ticket for rlcctora of President, (?< vernor, A c.. Arc. To day, the contention met at II o'clock, A. M.; J 11. VV. JiaLktill, ol PhiJadetphiH, occupying j the presidential chair, assisted by twelve vice creeidents and four secretaries. Mr. Richards made a speech, which was received with constant rounds of applause. The committee appointed to receive the New York delegation and John Van Buren, now introduced that gentleman, together with Dr. Elder and fifty otbers, who were received with three cheers and great rejoicing. A copy of Mr. John Van Buren's si>eech at Faneutl Hall, was then distributed among the members of the convention. A committee was then appointed to draft resolutions, and to make arrangemen ts for the introduction of Mr. Van Buren to the public meeting to-night, at which time he is expected to hold forth. It was then resolved, that the delegates from each congressional district should select one from their number, to form a committee for the nomination of electors, Arc.

The convention then adjourned to meet again at 2 o'clock. It is supposed that the convention will get through all the business this afternoon. The volunteers of Capt. Loeser's company, wltM fought at the storming oi Chapultepec, celebrated) that event by a parade around the city to-day. Connecticut Democratic State Convention, Haktfohd, September 13,1848. The Democratic State Convention assembled in this city to-day. The attendance was unusually large. Nearly every town in the State was represented. The following gentlemen were nominated for _1 a rtl -re n I 1 i rrl IT cicctoro:?L-iiauncey r. uieavcianu, x nonius xi. Seymour, Loren P. Waldo, Charles A. Ingersol, Stephen Fitch, and Charles B. Phelps. The greatest enthusiam and harmony prevailed. ^ MiiiMhDiictta Whig State Convention. Woec*stkr, Mass., Sept. 13, 1848. The Whig Convention of this State was called to order at eleven o'clock. The Hon. Daniel P. King, of Danvers, was choee? President. The Convention proceeded to appoint, in the usual form, thirteen vice presidents, and four secretaries. The Hon. George N. Briggs was nominated as a candidate for re-election for Governor, by acclamation; and the Hon. John lleed for Lieutenant Governor. For Electors at large, the Convention nominated the Hon. Levi Lincoln of Worcester, and Edmund Dwight, of Boston. District No. 1, Albert Fearing, of Boston. lliere were about l,zuu delegates present, besides legions of outsiders. The Hon. lluius Chonte and the Hon. it. C "Winthrop were both present, and the best spirit prevailed. Letter from General Taylor to Captain Allison, dated Pascagoula, Sept. 0,1848. Memphis, Tenn., Sept. 13, 1RI8. General Taylor complains that he is charged with occupying an equivocal attitude towards various parties, and especially towards the wings. He says that this results from partial extrncts froin his letters being published us though they were positive fabrications: he says that he did not declare . his opinions while in Mexico, fearing to alienate his soldiers. When he accepted the nomination to run for the Presidency, he believed that he was accepting the general call of the people. lie compliments Millard Fillmore, as worthy the first place on the ticket. "The National Convention adopted me," he says, " as a candidate, as it found me?a decided whig ; but not an ultra one in my opinions. I would be without excuse, if I were to shift the relation 1_' 1_ il i mi 1 ... >mii which uieii exisieo. iney iook me witli tlie declaration of principles I had made to the world. I would be without defence, if I did any thing to impair the force oi that declaration. I have said that I would accept the nomination from the demo, crutic party; but in so doing, would not abate one jot or tittle of my opinions previously written down. Such a nomination, as indicating no concordance of opinion on the part of those making it, should not be regarded with disfavor; and, as a persona' compliment to myself, it should not be expected that I would repulse them without insult. I shall not modify views to entice them to my side. I shall not reject their aid when they join my friends vol" untarily. 1 have said that I was not a party candidate; nor am I, in that straitened and sectarian sense which would prevent my being the President of the whole people in case of my election. I did not regurd myself as one before the convention met, and that body did not seek to make mc different from what I was then ?nor, did they fetter mc down to a series of pledges which were to be an iron rule, in all, and i in spite of all contingencies, that might urise during the Presidential term. I am not engaged to lay violent hands indiscriminately upon public fficers who may differ in opinion from me. I am 1 nui cxpccieu i? torce congress Dy tlia coercion ot the veto power, to pass laws to suit me. " This is what I mean by not being a party candidate. 1 wquld not be a partizan President, and should not be a party candidate in the sense thnt wou'd make one. This is the sum and substunce of my meaning, and tins is the purport of the facts and circumstances attending my nomination, when considered in their connexion and dependence on one another. 1 refer all persons, who are anxious for information, to this statement, for a proper understanding of my position towards the Presidency and the people. On taking leave of the subject, 1 have only to add, that my two letters to you, embrace all the topics I design to speak of, pending this canvass. It I am elected, 1 shall do all an honest zeal may elfect, towards cementing the bonds of our holy Union, and to establish the happiness and prosperity of my countrymen upon an enduring basis. ' " Zttnmt TAVI.OR." More PartIcitlai-s of the Hurricane In the West Indies. Boston, Sei>t. 13, 1848. W- lis vo received further account* <>f the dread- I ful hurricane at the West Indies. At St. Kits it lasted five hours, w ith three shocks of an earthquake, during winch the barometer fell to 29.6. Thiougliout the whole <>t the Island the most of the buildings are thrown down, and the sugar cane completely, prostrated. The loss of life is very great. The schooner Mary foundered, with all on braid, and a vessel nt St. Maitins was lost. hid ten cf her crow perished. A number of persons have also born killed by the falling buildings. The le gislature has been called together. From Antigua the urconnts are interesting. The English bnrbor and Fulmonth are nearly overthrown* Pretty much all the plantations on the island are injured; eleven persons have been killed by the fulling buildings, and five churches thrown down. The damage in greater than that caused by the hurricane of IV37, or the earthquake of 18-13, and t is feared that worse accounts are yet to come. Meeting of the American lionrd of Commissioners for foreign Allusions. Porron, Sept. 13, 134R At the meeting of the American Hoard to-day, the Jlrv. Mr. Treat made a special report in relation to sluvery among the Cherokee ami Choctaw Indians, uud in reference to the missions to the said nations. It appears that the Cherokeesown 700 slaves, and the Choctaws 2,ti00. The missionaries of these natrons have written letters to the Loaid, defending their course of nentiahty in relation to slavery. These letters were answered by members of the board in attendance at the Missionary Uooms, dissenting from the principles stated iu the letters of the iiurbionariea. 1 hey regarded slavery as a srreat oil. They aun.t'.td that there was a distinction betwet 11 slavery and i-lavcboliing. The first was ts always a sin, while in some cases, perhaps, the .latter was not. If the time had not come to hold up the evils of slaveiy, when will it come? di Slaveiy lay directly across the missionary path, and must be met. Missionaries were instructed 83 to pursue such a course as would tree the Choctaw sl1 chuiches of slaveiy The practice of hiring slaves 2-1 lor mission work was no longer to be tolerated. bi The board was not willing to be a party to such u practice. bi On motion of Chancellor Walworth, the letters of the missionaries, and the reply, were referred to * aselect committee, consisting of five, viz , Messrs- c? B< man, Barnes, J)e Witt, lluwes, Magee, Judge ^ Darling, aud Henry White. 6) The appeal of Dr. Pnxton was referred to a com- Pj nuttee, consisting of Messrs. S. T. Williams, si Hubbard, and llarnes. ta Wtil)( Aluvi'inciita, &Ci Boston, Sept. 13,1848. A thousand debates have left the city for the at whig State convention, at Worcester. J" There was a great meeting last night, which was addressed by Mr. Lincoln, of Illinois, and others. Maritime Allaire, Boston, September 13, 1818. The steamer Britannia, from Boston, arrived at *e Halifax, N. S., 8th iust., at 9 A. M., and left at 12 j,? M. for Liverpool. ?i The sloop of war Marion, Capt. Simonds, has J1 arrived here. She has been absent three years, w has sailed about 50,000 miles, and visited fifty places. ir New York pilot boat David Mitchell, No. .1, left T at 12 A. M., for New York. The St. John's New Brunswicker, of the 12th instant, says the bark Cadmer, which arrived yes- 0i terday morning, brought in the captain and sixteen of the crew of the shin filasirow. of Rath. Me . 594 c. t one, which ship was abandoned at sea in a sinking state, on the 19th August, in lat. 34 N., long, 31 50 W. The Glasgow was bound from Liverpool to is Huston, with a full cargo of iron and salt, and went down shortly after the captain and crew were'taken oil'. They owe their preservation to being taken on board the Cadmer, in which vessel they were very kindly tieated. r? Illinois Klectlnn. St. Loris, Tuesday, Sept. 12,1848. H The c harter election in Alton, Illinois, took place ie yesterday. The free soil Vun Buren ticket was d carried by 284 majority. aj Maine Klectlon. Tbereturns from forty Ave towns of the votes for (Jo- H vernor give the following result0 Counlitt. Towns. Dtm. Whig. Fr. Soil. Cumberland 24 4,767 3.711 1.449 Wk 14 2,182 1.508 630 Lincoln 6 853 L10S 459 Penobscot. . , 1 662 1,042 317 Total 46 8,264 7,369 2,764 We have not the comparative vote, by towns, of last year. The full vote of Cumberland and Yerk counties B was then as follows :? 7 Counlitt, Towns. Dtm. Whig. Jlbo. ? Cumberland 27 4,496 3,091 879 w York 25 3,141 1,963 371 Total 52 7,637 6,064 1,250 Thlc result shows that the democrats have lost ground, ' while both the whigs and free soilers have pained. t liana, democrat, had a clear majority for Governor C last year, whips, over abolitiou and scattering, of 1,050. C Ills plurality wus 9,167 over the whigs. tl The vote this year in the city of Portland stood * thus " _ si Govcsvor. , llamlin. (whig,) 1,146 if Dana, (democrat.) 909 Kessenden and others, (free soil.) 180 Last Ykar. Bronson, (whig,) 952 Dana, (dein.) 869 tl Abolition, fco 70 it ' | MEMCEKS OS COM.RES* ELECTED. ,, 1st District Klbrtdge Gerry, democrat. M 2d District N. 8. Littlofield, democrat. ~ [No change.J A The Portland .idvrrlisrr (whig) says:?The result In this city shows a very large net gain for the whig candidate for Congress from this district but wc l'ear it will not be met with sufficient gain from Other parts of B( the district to ensure his election. Lincoln (whig) <>r has a plurality in this city of 601, which may be re- of dured by the i-lund vote some thirty or forty votes. Last year the whig candidate had a plurality of but 124 In this city. or By our constitution, as am,'tided, representative* to Congre-s and the State legislature aud county ottioers, S are now fleeted by plurality. Governor and Senators Pf require a majority. Portland has clio-en her three whig representatives (a gain of one Ironi last year), and by a majority. This is the first time that all the representatives have r?; been elected, or received a majority, on the first trial, "" since 1840. vii All The *1rgns (dent.) introduces the returns with the pr following remark* We give all the return* we have received up to tho act hour of going to pre.-* The federalists in this city, by their efficient or"?nl**tir>?. ft,-..? ? i *" --C .) .ulon nil luorciPrll vote over last year. The democrat* did about the isame a* last year. _. Mr. Ldttlefleld (democrat) is elected to Congresi by m, 800 or 1 000 plurality. Our whole list of county ofTl- w.?. ccr* is elected by large pluralities. We think there is pei no choice of Senators in this county. We have made some loss on the Governor vote, compared with last year. Other counties, we are told, ?j amply make up this loss. We think Governor Dana is ft,, triumphantly re-elected. poi The whlgs have elected their tickets for representa- , tives in this city?gaining one. They also gain one ' in Falmouth, and one in Windham. This we oiTsett, by gaining ono in Auburn, one in Saco, and one in Kennebunk Tort. to The vote of the State for President, in 1844, was \ For Polk 45,719 Cm For Clay 34.378 '?? Om Tolk s plurality 11,341 5^ llirney. (abolition.) 4,830 ^ Polk s maj 0,505 lin The whigs expect to carry the State for Taylor in November, If Dana's plurality should not exceed 8,000. jj;l for The Bostc n .Itlat, (whig.) of yesterday, says:? n,r But the gi-.liernaterial vote i< no fair criterion of the whig strength. Hie whigs stand mneh hettnr nnth? Congressional vote, and we Lave good reason to believe jn that we hare elected Goodnow, in the Lincoln district, u.-o over MoCrato, which will be again. The whig candl- ?!?> date presses l.:t tleflcld hard In the Cumberland district. P'T1 The whig candidate runs far ahead of the whig candl- tail date for Governor. Littlefleld. however, thanks to . the third party, is elected, though by the skin of his teeth. In the York district. Gerry, the loco candidate for t0 ! Congress, runs far behind the democratic Governor Can vote, and Jameson fir ahead of the whig Governor vote, will It is, however, a strong loco district, and the probabi- **ni llty is, that Gerry is elected. r.- ' it -hcnld lie borne in mind that a plurality elects, in j ' j Congressional elections and for members of the State jfy House of llepresentatives; it requires a majority vote to cleet Governor and Senators. C The loco Senators have been defeated In Cumber- nial land county. tan. In the towns heard from. 12 whlgs. 20 locos, and 1 J*"'1! Yan Bnien have been elected to the House. rJie On '.be whole.things look bettor than we expected. ? 1 Tltc lion* liOnls Mol*anc. on tl Baltimore, September 13th. |T? n The Hon. T-ouis McLane has resided the Pre- Ti,,t tudeiicy of the Baltimore Jtnilroad to-day. He retires at tke end of the fiscal year. It is supposed that Mr. Polk has promised him a ( iovernmen1 Appointment. Rail Robber Arrested, BxLT'Moni:, Sept. 13. H Mr. Hole, agent of the Post Office Department, porl on Tnenday lust, at Winchester, Va., arrested .fohn onli 1>. Kenton, on a charge of stealing letters from the fel1 post office since lust June. $2,100 was found|on him, and lie acknowledged havingbnmt drafts and lettcts. Jle also had fStX) in hull notes in his possession. , _ . brei llnllmatt Meeting. h\ft Hartford, September 13, ISIS. the The annnnl meeting of the Ilartford nnd New KM I Haven Jinilmad t'ompany took jilacc to-day. The old hoard was re-elected. The increase of re- T'Tceipts for the year amounts to *7fi,00f?. A semiannual dividend of ft per cent was declared. r ^ Markets. t lite Naw Oai.r.ans, Sept 12.-8 P.M.?Cotton?Sales of bab the day reach 1,800 holes, at steady prices. Thr de- T inand far flour was active, and we notice sales of 0,000 P*? barrels, including flat and round hoop Ohio. Till- BK" note, ke . at %4 70 a $0. Cor??Salon add up 14 a yea 10,0C0 bushels at 00c for mixed, and 60c. for yellow. ... Wheat was In demand, with sales of 20.400 bushels good Western, at $1 00, f>l 12>? a $1 16. Tork and T lard were both Qrm, with an upward tondency In nioi prices. Sogers wsre steady; freights active. f( u JBrrralo, Sept. 13.?Receipts by eanal within tha |flfl ta"t 24 hours. ? Florr, 2,000 bins.; whaat, 8,000 bushels; _ ? m mn The flour market was dnU, with an a downward )t h ndeney in prices. We quote $5 12li a $5 20. Of beat 2 too UueheiM changed hands at $1 06. Corn as without cbanRe treiahis remained the game. Aisawy, Sept. 12 ? Sales of liank Stocks made this ly by the Comptroller 1160 .hares of the Bank of lliany. at 10.0 a 100 .301 share* New York State Bank, 113'a a lli'.'j 3 shares Albany Lxchauge Bank, at l)?; 75 shire" r,mm.reiki Bank, at 105), a 108),; 30 tare* Albany City Bank, at 106. Ai.a*nv. Sept. 13,? Wceipts by canal within the past I hour* ? Kfur, lo KC0 li* rels; corn. 24 000 bughels; irley. 2 700 do Flour was dull at $5 87), a $6 00% r common Western brands. Corn was lower; 2 00O ishe s yellow (sold at 74c Barley, galea of 25,00 Jtht'U at 75c. Outa 8.000 bushels sold at 3ic. riTTsai ao. Sept. 12 The market for flour is firm, ith good Fastern and home demand. Sales were ade at $4 50 to $4 561, per bhl. Wheat sells at 81 ints per bushel. Sale of corn at 31 cents. Oats 18 inta. Hye sella at 40 cents per bushel. Sales of biskey at 18 a 10), cents per gallon. Cheese sella at t'all cents per lb. Sales of timothy seed at $175 r bushel, at d clover at $3 25. Sales of butter at 9% ints per lb. Barley sells at 40 cents per bushel. iifs oi naxseea at tn rents Previsions without mairial change, demand steady and prioes fairly mainlined. The water i? still at a low stage. Cinciwwati, Sept. 12 ?Sale* of 2,600 bbls. flour at 1 to $4 12>f. Gra'n market without chauge. Sale* of biskey at 18'? cent* Kair New Orleans sugar selling ; 414 cents. Mrs* pork is held at $10 per bbl. The 'ovision market is unsettled, holders asking higher 'ices. Lard is held at 8 cents. The Last of the Season. [Cor. of the Boston Transcript ] Saratoga. Sept. 8, 1848 Leaving Lebanon by the mail coaoh. at half past n yesterday morniug. we took the car* of the Wes rn Railroad about twelve at Canaan, and arrived ire by the way of Troy at five in the afternoon. We e at the United States There are about a hundred jests here still, and the arrivals average about twenty day. Secretary Marcy left us last evening, but, bile I write, 1 notice the Secretary of State, the Test Mler tieneral. anc. Senator King, or AltMma, sitting eternally on the piazza, all with a New Vork Herald i their hands Senator Johnson, of Maryland, Mr. hompson, of Mississippi, and other eminent public en are also here. Few of the watering places hare donp a good itsiness this season The fancy balls drew well/both ; Saratoga and Newport; but the company, except a those occasions, was unusually slim. The number ' public houses at Saratoga has multiplied amazingly nee 1 was hero two summers since. The t 'ongress pring retains its rlrtues. and appears to be the chief traction for those who come here for health. Drunk esh from the spring, it is certainly a rery different rtlcle, both in its taste and its effects, from what it after being kept in bottles. Yellow Kever. Mayor's Omi t, 13. Tho Special Committee of the Board of Health report te health of the city to be good The following letter from tbo health officer at Quaintine. was reooived by the committee Quarantine. Staten Island, ) Sept. 13th, 1848. \ is Honor the Mayor, No new oases of yellow fercr hare occurred on States land since tho last report to you. Hoping that the disease is at an end, I shall not eem it worth while to report to you. unless it should ppear again. Respectfully, ALEXANDER B WHITING. Health Officer. Whereupon the Special Committee of the Board of ealth resolved, that tho health officer be requested to ontinue his daily reports during tbe week. W F. HAVEMEYER, Mayor. T R. HIBBARD, < hairmar. WM ADAMS. C CROLIUS. N1EL GRAY. Brooklyn Fire luxuriance. Bowery Fire Insurance Co., Sept. 13, 1848. Dear Sir?1 perceive that you report our loss by the rooklyn fire at $10 000. 1 have no doubt but that our source of information in cases of this kind must ecessarily be vague Our total loss is $7,000, which' c reported and declared from the first. Yours resnectfullv. W 11 i it it Aim Pr??iA?wk The Emancipated Slaves of tub Danish slanus.?A letter lrom St. Thomus, of the 13th f August, received by a merchant of this city, stater bat all had remained quiet in that island and St. roix since the suppression of the late insurrection, in many of the estates the slaves were at work.and bough they did not, perhaps, do quite as much aa hen they were forced, yet they did, on the whole, rolarkably well. In St. Croix, fears are entertained by Dme that the blacks will make more trouble as roon as he Spanish troops are removed. The writer is of opinin, however, from all he can learn, that, these fear* re not well founded.?Mutton 7\arcller, Stpt, 12. Health of Mohit.e.?The Mobile Tribune, of je 2d instant. Fays * There is considerable sickness i the city, principally of a disease vulgarly called the break bone' fever?a name derived from the fact iat those who have it think their bones are broken 1 up into little pieces. We believe it is rarely fatal, here is aho some yellow fever, but not enough to ba ic cause of any very serious alarm Bmlnlgiux JifW.pnper Depot, 331, Spring. ar to the Spring street Mur ct, ha ring tuou closed on account a death in the family, ho takes this method of inh'rmiag them its being open, and wishing a continuance oi tlwti patronage All Tnstfl SulftlwA costly Moleskin1 Hal, a light and elegant ?1k hat, beautifully finished, at font liars. A close n?p h.tish hat. or a ?moi>tli castor; a ort nap, tine nutria liat, or a Honing cap (real jet Qotant) over, of the prevailing, or any other fashion, an 1 with the aid the l oiiionmilfur fitted to any shaped head. WARNOCKi, 2tBroadway, n- ar Pulton stKnox.nt I'd* Pulton street, tu usual, In the gion of the Sun, aid with the punouality of the seasons, is muracturing a splendid llat. for tbs fall trade, which be lafs the world to examine. The science of 11 at making, like I other science#, is progressive; and ho has made great imovemunts in the adaptation of Hata to the liea I. Mr. Woodward, or Company K, Mnaaachu;ts Volunteers, takes the first opportnnity of expressing hi# itetnl consideration toward Mr. Joseph Thomas, No. It) Ceatr cot. ftr his kind feelings in behslf of the Volunteers in alL Wigs and Tnnircca _Ali pcraons wishing m perior Wig or Scaly shi nld not tail to call at B.VCHKLORTS numn ei, w i re purchasing oisewhere, and i hi* new invented Wigs, unequalled lor lightnena, natural apirance, and durability. N. H.? Private roomi lor fitting ffip. Ulnmonil Polnlwi (H>ld Pcm sold by B, kUon at Co.. 16 V.'all ?troet. wnoletale aid retail, at red seed era. Gold Pena ar.d Gold and S Ivor caaea in every variety, s celebrated "Kiobelietr Pen fold earl naively aa abort. Tat nta warranted five veer* Gold Pena t-erairea. The Clitipeil nutl Beat Place In tlie City to good Boota, Shoca, aud Gaiters, la at JONES', 14 Ann (treat, it the American Museum. Pin t quality of French Call Drew ots, $4 60; aeenrd do, 1.1 80 to $4; Cungreaa Boota, from ft 80 J>4; French Patent leather Itootn. 17. Unredeemed Pletljjea.? SOO Frock anil Pre? ita. Frent h cloth, well made, S2 to (I'.* each ; 60.1 pair* I'aata, tinicre, J.1 to |-.'l a fair; ltd) Vefte, 60 cents to (leach ; 1000 sr ( Vats and Cloaks, $2 to $llt each, rich linings. Caafcraid Cent'* Clothing, corner of Nassau and lieakinan streeW, rive liar SuitStiie. r'otir Pol In r IlntH?lf there be any Intel* it iron tic. men who nrc -n ialod, ty the deception of a high o, to leliovc that an article mtiat eon-.eqner.tly lie of eaupcr i,nalitr, an inspection oftha rahn-rilePa 11 ,.e silk Moleskin la will lie sufficient toconvinco the most sceptieal that he aella four dollar* a hat in every respect equal, and |o many neatly critr, to tlicic sold by other ilroadway liouees at tire ilollert. GEN IN, 214 Uroadvray. rmsstt.-Tlie Imrgrataiid In-at Assortment tie city, iter twenty dUferent patterne, In- loding some uttful Gutta Percha rues?warranted never to rust. Also. Mar Braeee of the most up; roved patterns t Abdominal Supten-, Body Belt*. Suy einory ltsnduges, ke , wholesale and re, by C. II. KING. 10- 1)roadway, corner John it. tca<l._,lnat lt< <<1 vol, n letter front th? ?mlt < rator. John V?n Hnrrn. 1 ij , in favor el' Mrj. Jervia' Cold dy. New York, An n rt 12, l;4Jt. bear MadamAllowma Lank von kindly f< r year t. ry acceptable presont of Cold dyaud obliging note. I liavc uaod the Cnndy lo: aomc time i advantage. 1 wu ptit to some inconvenience in Boaton roIv. ingrnaMe to procure any of tt. HoaiwetfnUy yours. 'AN Bl'RfcN, No. <>l MTI.ite a'reet. To Mrs. Jenria 3T? adway, comer of W hite street. Held, wholesale and retail. Ir?. W. Jer* i?. ,'!7!' Broadway, corner White s rect. Agents, tig' uJway, 10 Astor llonse. and hy driuwlste nerally. iomi nntl'a Itnllnn Medicated Nimp la uiisle- * dy the only article in existence that will elf Hit nelly remove ilmples, Ireoklca, run' irn, stlloirnc-s, t?. IIit 1'ondre lite, it la well known, will eradicate hair from any |mrt of linnian frame. Found only at 07 Walker street, first storo i Broadway. tie PlnmlN National llatfitcrrt an tinllerjr. he upi>er corner of Broadway and Murray afreet, ahentd b? ed hy all who hate not d no ae. The rollection u the largeet >e I nion, and w e are perfectly anro that every one who doea it will be amply repaid fer their trouble. COMMERCIAL A F F W R S. M()\ KV MAItKKT. Wrdnrtday, Nept. P.M. uotutiona for atocka remain about the sarue. as reted at the eloae of the ir.arkot yesterday. Th? g change we noticed to-day wan in Canton, whlcb - off *i per rent. Thin Ik urually a speculative on of the yenr, and (ha fancies generally become ! active aa operator* return from the country; tbln year, so far, ha* prored an cxceptiou. [>eculatois In fnncy stocks, a? wall aa those in idstuire, are anxiously waiting tlie arrival of the unship Knropa. now fully due from Liverpool, and steamship I'nitod Mates, nearly due. from Havre, lurof there ship* will bring seven days' later Inigencn from London. The news will probably he f important, and we <-brtll give it to the public in a minutes after its receipt. Our accounts by the val of either of thsso hip*, will be more definite live to the harvvt, and prices for breadstuff* in i country for the next twelve months, will, proly depend upon the complexion of the reports, ho receipts cf the iSouth C arolina llatlroad C0111y, for the month 01 August, 1848, were $48,499 "7. Inst t:if>.:?02 07, for the corresponding period last r; ibowing an increase of $12.1196 4J. e jual to ty-flve per cent. ho commercial year having closed, rutnrusof the rimrnt' of produro in different sections of tha ntry bava been made up, and wa are enabled to ipare them with those of prtvlou years. The d important staple Iu this eonntry is cotton, as it- a reater Influcaoo upon tha commercial alfatre

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