Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 15, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 15, 1848 Page 1
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w ~ T H |U??n w~ ' - ? NO. 5217. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. ARKITAL OF THE BT SAM SHIP EUR OP A, ONE WEEK LATER. VERY IMPORTANT. Tbe Crop:; and Markets. &r. &r. &e. The splendid steam ship Europa, Capt. Lott, has arrived from Liverpool, after a very short passage acroes the Atlantic. She Bailed from Liverpool at noon on Saturday, the 2d instant, and was boarded by the Newsboy at ten minutes past five o'clock yesterday morning, eastol the light ship. The news is very important. Alluirs on the Comment are in a very critical State. Oar l<atcst Despatch. Ofp New York, Sept. 13, 1848. ) On lioiiAD Etmoi-A, $ Leak Sir: We are trom Liverpool, in 11 days and 20 hours. When we sailed, affairs on the European Continent wore a war-like aspect. The Irish not at rest, harvests very bad. The French army of observation?sixty thouHand slronir?on the Irmiiior. nr.r'er OuHinnr nor to set free the Lumbardo-Veneto States. fto knowing how the oiiered mediation would terminate. Our Latest Liverpool Mall Despatch. Liverpool, September 2, ) 10i o'clock, A. M. $ The weather continues most lovely, and I am glad to find that, according to accounts from all quarters, it is the same throughout the length and breadth of the land. Should it continue, and 1 verily believe it will, we shall have flourishing accounts to send you by next steamer. The barometer is now as high as it was on the 20th May, and there is no fear whatever of a change. Although potatoes are 4s. per measure, or bushel, yet we have a very fair supply of a really good quality. The West Point, from New York, and the Stirlingshire and llappshannock, from New Orleans, are just entering the river. Albiona. Our Latest London Hall Despatch. London, September 1, 1810. We are on the eve of a European war; French Irnnna lmva Kv tViiti rntcwprl thp ^rnntiprn nf Ttaltr Louis Wane is in London. Movement. .SUMMARY OF THE LATEST NEWS. The sales ot cotton continued to go on stei.dily, and to a lair extent. Prices were well supported, and vary but little from those last quoted. The grain trade, previously reported active and prices advancing, did not manifest the same buoyancy during the week ending the 2d instant. The weather had been line. The tone ol the Tarts journals is warlike, arising from the fact that the Austrian Government has refused to accept the joint mediation of England and France in the affairs of Italy, whi'e direct negotiations are pending between that cabinet and the King of Sardinia, which may lead to a more prompt conclusion of peace, thereby rendering all such mediation superfluous, not being immediately received and acted upon ; The French ministry appear to have taken great offence at the proffered overture not and four of the leading papers denounce the re,.ply as altogether unsatisfactory, and contend that if Austria persist in its present determination, France will be imperatively called upon to interfere. Then we are told that long conferences took place between Gen eral Cavaignac and General de Lamoriciere, the Minister of War, the result of which was, that all officers and soldiers on leave of absence are to return forthwith to their posts, and that orders will shortly be given to General Oudmot to cross the Alps. These and various other threatening reports were in circulation, which cast a gloomy asj>ect over the political horizon, and the funds fell. The MonUcur says that a "Legitimist" riot had .aken place at Montpellier. The prefect, a commissary of police, a./ugc d'mstri'C/ion and a genrt'amif were wounded (the latter is said to be since dead.) Five "Legitimists" were also wounded. Subsequent accounts state that order had been reestablished. Two divisions of the army are also, it is asserted, to be formed at Metz and Strasbourg. These ..reports produced great sensation at the Chamber (o-day, where they were the almost exclusive sublet of conversation. m The French Minister of War, foreseeing the necessity of intervention in Italy, had accepted the service of the Duke D'J^lchingen mid Colonel Bertin d<- Vaux,who were aides-de-camp to Louis Philippe, and they bad left Paris for the army of the Alps. ? Russia has concurred with France and England in protesting against the present pretensions of the German Dirt in lespect ot the Duchies. The giand duke of Baden has published an amnesty tor most persons implicated in the April insurrection under Mr. Hecker and his friends. The insurgents must, however, crave the sovereign's pardon, and give certain pledges. All leaders, moreover, and even all those who were taken prisoners armed, and eome other classes, are excluded. On Thursday, the (list nit.. consols left off at 86} and opened on jlie 1st inst. at 'he same rates, but owing to the news from Paris, they declined and left off at 85$ a85?. The prorogation of Parliament is fixed for Tuesday, the 5th inst. It is very confidently reported (says the Paris correspondent of the Ismdon Chronicle) "that it lias betn determined to send a fleet into the Adriatic, for the defence of Venice from any attack of the Austrlans, and that England concurs in the expedition, which consists of -1000 men." Letters from Leghorn of the 20th ult., mention that an insurrection broke out that morning which was completely successful. The established government had been deposed, and a provisional government appointed in its room. The armistice between Denmark and Germany was signed at Malnio on the 26th ult. Hostilities are to cense for rnther more thsn six months, viz : till th? 1st of March, 1K19; and during this period terms will, it is hoped, be agreed upon which shall place peace upon a substantial basis. On the '.frith ult., the 11th, 12th, and 13th paragraphs of the constitution, were adopted by the constituent assembly, at Frankfort. They guarantee entire liberty of religions opinion and public worship; Init, on the other hand, establish legal responsibility for nny immoral or illegal acts that inay be perpetrated as pnit of a ritual. They declare that religious belief cannot exclude from civil and political rights, but neither can it exempt from the discharge of public duties. Advices from Venice, of Aug. 19, state that letters had been received from Osopo, which mentioned that "on the 11th, the besiegers forwarded a new summons to the garrison to surrender, who replied, for the fifth time, that they only received orders from Venice. On the 15th, the town was bombarded from four to seven o'clock in the evening. The enemy had three oIlicerH and sevej-al soldiers hortdt nmbat. The garrison experienced no loss."' Some disturbances broke out at Merlin on the 2mli inst . arising from an attempt to disperse the democratic club at (harlotteiiburg. Sharp skirmishing took place, and many were wounded on both sides. The cholera at Merlin had ^assumed a milder 2'" orm, and was gradually diminishing. The announcement made last week of the intention of Lord John Kuascll to muke a short visit to Ireland, >s confirmed, and has been received PV- TV 17 MOI throughout the sibler country with consiJerabl satisfaction. "We think it very probable that extensive politi ciil nod social cnnseiiuenees will follow lroui thi visit. It is suggested that the question ot ttie pry nient of the ltomuii Catholic clergy will be one o the sut>iecls to be taken into consideration rlnrirn Ins loidship's sojourn 111 Dublin. Many circum stano b concur in rendering such a step prob ible. No steps have yet been positively decided upor ] relative in the tiiul of tne chief parties engiged it the late outbreak. It is probable that u specia ! commission will eventually issue, but the trials ar? not likely to come on for a couple of months. W< believe we may state with confidence that Dillor and O'Gorman have botli esca|>ed to France, bui numerous arrests .-till continue to be nude. 11 even one-thud of tho potato crop should be saved, there will be still as large a quantity of this descuption ol food available as there was in 1817 The lavorablechange in the Weather will, it is tc he hoped, at any rate enable the husbandman ti seciite his clop ol oats, which will materially lessen (he distress, unavoidable, from such partia destruction ol the potato crop, as may unfortu liiitely take place. The ianitriik Examiner states that a gentleman residing on the comment has written to a party in i Limerick to state that ho met O'Uornun. O'Don' nell, und Doyle, in Brussels, and that the firstnuim d was about to set out for I'aris. lSy our latest advices trom Dublin there is a complete lull in politics, and the southern counties furnish no subject worthy of comment. The intense alarm which prevailed last week respecting the result of the potato crop, has, wt rejoice to suy, gieatly subsided. The weathei has undergone a most favorable change; and, in spite ol the undeniable injury which the nlant lias already received, we are not withoui hopes thHt the greatly increased breadth of land planted will compensate tor the deficiency in the d it eased potatoes. Letters from Vienna, of the 23d ult., announce that a collision of a very serious character took K'ace on that day between the workmen and the ational Guard. A London evening paper, ol the 1st inst., states that the Russian army in the Caucasus has been ini' i.uiy uui 10 pieces, oy me ciueuain jsnuvinan, The Paris correspondent of the Timet, writing on Thursday, says:? I have not. till this instant, soon, since the affair o: the Spanish marriages. an expression so serious, re spec ting Kuropcau prospects,as exists this (lay (Thurs day,-. Aug 31). Ueuerat Cavaignac is beliuTed to hav< apprehended the crisis, as means have been taken t; reinforce the army of the Alps. We have received the Madrid journals of the 26th ult. The Queen and court were expected tc return to the capital on the following day. The accounts from the provinces were satisfetctory. The Grand Council of Ticino, (Switzerland,] rejected, on the 25th ult., the new lederal constt tution, by a majority of 53 to 27. THE DETAILS OF THE NEWS. Our Liverpool Correspondence. Liverpool, September 2, 1848. The Destrvction of the Ocean Monarch ?The Coroner' Inquest?The Weather, tfr., Q-c. The principal doings of the week have been in con nection with the unfortunate sufferers rescued freu the Ocean Monarch. Sermons have been preachei and collections made; tragedies and comedies havi been, or are going to bo enacted; a picture of the sat vavaottujiuc uao mvcu utnuuoicu ujr cll1 V2L fUJ&l ])fllC 11 and fifty other things, good, bad. and indifferent, havi been d-ne, in aid of these wretched sufferer* Amongst the donations, I observe Baring. Brother* ?50; liarnden and Co.. ?50; Brown, Shipley and Co. ?20; Fielden, Brothers, ?20. The fact is, these poo creatures will go out to America comparatively ricl emigrants. I am sorry to say that the account of thi number who perished is too true. 173 persons los their lives, either in the flames or in the sea. The amount of subscriptions in Liverpool, to thi morning, is nearly ?4,000. There are also 550 sub scriptions, at 5s. each, to the Prince de Joinville' drawing, which makes the total subscriptions upward of ?4,000 On Wednesday, the fares home of such o the survivors as do not wish to proceed to America were paid by the committee, and each Individual wai likewise presented with a small sum of money. Tht passage money also having been returned by Messrs Harnden, such as were determined to proceed to Ros ton were furnished with orders for bedding, provisioni kc.,and orders given on Enoch Train Sc Co., Boston for a certain sum to be paid to each on arrlvul. At the resumed inqueBt yesterday, ( apt. .Murdock was examined at length, and his statement differs in no particular respect from that 1 forwarded you by the last steamer. Admiral Grenfell thanked the jury for the attention they bad displayed throughout the inquiry. Having been an eye-witness of the dreadful catastrophe, ht had felt it bis duty to attend the inquest. Previous tc hearing the evidence, he had an opinion prejudicial In Cajit. M. and his creic, hut after the investigation, thi unfavorable impression he had formed was entirely removed, and he had pleasure t'n nosr recalling ererytlunt he might have said hurtful to the feelings of Captair, Murdock. id returning tneir voraict, the jury showed theii marked approbation of the conduct of the captain and particularly that of the tirst mate of the Ocean Monarch, during that most trying scene. The t^ueen ban directed ?!>0 to be paid to Frederick Jerome, for his praiseworthy and marvellous achievements, during the burning of the ship. Jerome is a native of I'ortsniouth, in Knglaud. and was a seaman on board the New World. Her Majesty and 1'rince Albert hare also contributed ?100,as n joint subscription, in aid of the sufferers. The wet and unseasonable weather, mentioned in my last dispatch, has been been succeeded by a week most deligbtlul in warmth and for agricultural operations. This return of summer, (wbioh I venture to predict it not temporary) has already had a favorable effect upon our markets ; and in my next despatch I hope to be able to report a decided improvement in cotton. Tcacc and quietness, too, have been restored. Lord John Russell has gone to Ireland to look about him, and judge for himself as to how matters stand there. He't a brick, is this Lord John, altho' some people aillrm thai he is but half baked. Judging from all the newspapers, it is evident that the accounts that have gone out to America of the potato, and other crops, have been exaggerated, as regards the failure; although I may remark that during this week I have myself witnessed considerable actual cases of the disease?thut in my own little garden is of course thi most interesting and lamentable to myself In thit instance I observed that the decay commenced at the tubers. I am aware that immense orders for Indian corn and flour vent out by the last steamer; but I question mw h whether counttrmandinz orders will not follow l>i this steamtr. ALBIONA. Our Liondon Correspondence. London. Friday, September 1?7 P. M. The Chartists?Sentence on the Prisoner!?Burning ot the Ocean Monarch, ojf Liverpool?Parliamentary Jlgricultural, Monetary and General Newt. Your readers will bo gratified to learn that, In ever] respect, I havo better news to communicate. Thi weather la brightening, and chartism ia entirely pu' \ down; people of all grades are beginning to hare i i little more confidence in speculative matters ; and taken in the abstract, a decided and unmlstakeabli improvement baa taken place. You mutt not, how ever, suppose that we are In the most nourishing eondl tion that a country could be placed in?far from it but there has been a re-action of a favorable deacrip 1 tion, and which is universally believed will be of lm mcnac advantage to the nation. Of oourse. at thi 1 season of the year, most Londoners are in the habit c enjoying a few week's amusement at the sea-side, a I that general business matters are not yet expected t shine very brightly ; notwithstanding this, it is by n 1 means dormant. How long this may last, it is lmpot | siblc to say; for, of late, so varied have been th i changes in our commercial prosperity, that it is wise to talk about the present, without indulging in specu ifttivc remarks relative to the future. Anxious to dil pose summarily of the seditlonists and chartist con ; spirators, I will briefly Inform you that gome of th leaders have already been tried, and sentenced t various terms of Imprisonment, ranging from two yoar i and upwards In my last letter, I mentioned the oir cumstance that a man of the name of Bener had beet arrested, for using seditious language , that he at tempted to justify his conduct l>y referring to ai article in the New I'orfc llerol,I, but which, I stated. Ii had grossly perverted, to suit his own purpose. Thl j was the real fact of the case ; for, on the trial, th Attorney (ieneral, for the Crown, desired that you editorial remarks should also be read,llhich the de fendant had very ingeniously omitted. In common with all other vanity-stricken patriots, he was founi guilty, and sentenced to imprisonment. This has beei , the final act. (at least it ia hoped so,) of the chartls burlesque of 1848 about which there appears to he bu one regret, that so many unrdurated working met should have been made the dopes of a few sharpers whore object was to attain for themselves an unen I viable notoriety, and secure a profit for their insam I conduct. I In the country the trialf have also commenced ; bu universally the verdiot of guilty has been returnee against all the chartists, and similar sentences of im prisonment passed on the defendants The state of tin provinces Is much quieter, and with the exception of i ! few cos ci of riot,which will iaovitahly happen la trouble W YC INING EDITION.?FRII e sometimes, scarcely aii outrage ?' importance hut Ihwa committed. This i? mainly attributable to the precautionary measures udop't-U t?y the authorities I regret to ndU, that the murderers of the policeman at Ashton (l he particulars of which I transmitted) hare * not bten discovered consequently the jury have he n ' compelled to return verdicts of wilful murder against I "a person or persons unknown " The burning of the Ocean Monarch packet ship, belonging to Train's line, is a sad alTalr I,a<t 1 Friday a telegraphic despatch reached Lou Ion to , say, this vessel was supposed to be ou lire; but the accounts were so aintlctiug and uncertain | -that 1 forbore to enter into particulars refer: ring to tbe unfortunate occurrence I am now enabled 5 to rend authentic information of the disaster. It i appears that she had sailed troru Liverpool with about t 100 persons on board, and bad scarcely proceeded fur bi lore the ship was found to be in dames, which had . then so much gained au ascendancy that it was tin , possible to subdue them To the present moment it is not known how uiany have falleu a sacrifice to the calamity. The inquest has been held ; but it will not ' be necessary to enter into the particulars, as they touch > upon details entirely of a technical character 'The captain of tbe Ocean Monarch absolves from all blaiue I tbe captains of tbe Cambria aud Orion, both of which . | ships, he states, passed him several miles before th -y could have observed tbe fire. Mr. Armstrong, tbe . I uited States Consul, at Liverpool, lias addressed a letter to the Trince de Joinville, tbe Duke d'Aumale, tic , in which lie expresses, on behalf of the ofltcers and crew of tbe ship, his thanks for their noble and humane conduct in uflording assistance to the persons on board at the time of tbe accident. Subscriptions to a large amount have been collected, aud are still in progress, which, in a short time, will, it is believed, amount to a considerable sum. The parliamentary news of the week has been of | the following nature: On Saturday, the Chaucullor ' of the Kxohequer stated his views of tbe financial eon' ditlcn tf the nation, also combining a catalogue of, > tbe measures that the government would feel it their duty to introduce. The speech was niuinly confined t to details, sometimes takinir a view of Ireland, hut 1 winding up with the un.-aiisl'actoiy annouuct-ineut tbat. before the government could propone anything, they must wait and see what the crops were likely to produce. As usual, Lord George Ueutinc.k has occupied the attention of the house very frequently with his interminable harangues. He expended, a few nights back, agreat deal of time in bringing before the House a motion relative to the captured negroes of Tabsgo, and. at the oonolusion of his speech, begged leave to withdraw bis motion?a proceeding that leads every one to suppose tbat this ci-devant sporting Lord r has not much the interest of the public at large, but ' tbat, like many other Seuators of the nineteenth cen.. tury. he glories In hearing himself tela. The most clever speech of the session was unquestionably made " on Wednesday evening, by Mr. D'leraeli, who, at an ' early hour of the session, rose, and, in a most masterly speech of some hours duration, reviewed the whole proceedings of the ministerial body in an exceedingly , sarcastic spirit, but with that wit aud eloquence for which this gentleman is so notorious. He told the } government, tbat in a sitting of ten months, they had ' really done nothing. Lord J. Hussell, on behalf of himself and colleagues, rose to reply, but his speech 1 was very tame, compared with Mr. D'Israeli's. Last evening, the House proceeded to no business of an important character. In the Lords, the Royal assent was given to a number of bills by commission; aud, in the Commons, the only motion worth mentioning, was one made by Mr. Geo. Thompson,relative to the subject of giving compensation to the heirs of the late lUjah of Sattara. After some desultory conversation, the motion was ultimately withdrawn s We bad, last night, a very severe thunder storm, which lasted for upwards of two hours. Thelightning was exceedingly vivid, acoompanied with rain that fell in torrents. Nodamaze of sreat extent has b -en 1 done in London, but a few miles out the effects of the 1 etorm have been very severely lelt. ? Louie Blanc baa been induced to fly the French re. public, and iein F.ngliind 1 saw him at Dover, but he has now reached London, where he will doubtieae thinlt ; it prudent to stay until France offers him a mure quiet 9 asylum than she does at the present moment. Humors are afloat, at the clubs, that Lord John Russell will, at the conclusion of the parliamentary ses. slon, leave town for Ireland, on a visit to the Lord Lieutenant. I can scarcely think that his Lordship ' will bo moved to undertake the journey, unless hois r prompted by some official reasons with which the nubi lie are not made acquainted. The Journals hero have B it. that it is some political measure which compels him . to goto Ireland, in order that he may be enabled to 1 tee the precise state of this unhappy oouatry. A short time will prove the truth of the statement, a The Countess de Neuilly (late Queen of the French) has applied to the Lords of the Treasury for permission to import, duty free, some sacred robes from s Antwerp, which she had intended to present to some g Roman Catholic priests, and entirely to be used for . religious purposes. The privilege has been granted to r the countess, on condition that the importation does , not exceed the quantity usually allowed to clergymen I of the Koinisb creed tor baggage, on their first arrival in F.ngland. 1 Viscount Arbuthnot, an Knglish nobleman, against whom a charge of forgery has been brought, is reported to have left F.Dgland. and sojourned in America. I He is put down in the House of Lords, as " not to be , found;" and It seems more than probable that his lordship has crossed the Atlantic. The Chinese junk, lying at Blackwall, was visited, i on Wednesday, by the Count and Countess de Neuilly, > accompanied by tbeir family. They appeared pleased at the objects of Interest constantly brought before i them, by the pr< prietor of the vessel, and seemed more flattered than otherwise at the curiosity thev excited i amongst the visitors. The junk lit worth seeing, as a i specimen of naval architecture, customs, etc.; but the i greatest wonder of all is, that a ship of this deecrip; tlon. unable to sail against wind and tide, shou'd ever have reached our shores. Shoals of people have visited her. and the owner must be amassing a considerable i profit, although he has. within the last week, reduced the price of admission from half a crown to a shilling. Was the ex-king of the French tempted by the reduc. , tion in price, to pay a visit to the junk ! i The weather is decidedly improving, and we are hoping that the crops will be restored to a healthy condition. The next six weeks will be of the utmost importance to the agricultural seotion of the country, and it we could but get a dry month for Septerai her. complaints of bad crops would be less frequent. i It appears to be. however, merely chance-work whether we are to have line duys or otherwise; and before any certain remarks are made, it will be requisite to wait another week or two. Corn rose two shillings a quarter last Monday morning. The America. Captain Judkins, camo Into the Meri sey on Wednesday. She had a stormy passage, having encountered strong head winds for the first four or i five days of her voyage. She brought no specie, but we have had advices from New York to the IStb, and I Halifax to the 10th inst. I The money mnrket steadily improves; that is, it i keeps firm, without showing any disposition to recede. 1 bargains are being made, without the fear or want of confidence se much seen of late, and railway stock > manages to keep up to the mark. < ousols were done this afternoon at 86 a 8<i\,, for money, and 88>f to i Sf.1., for the account. In other stocks the quotations I were thus:?Reduced threo per cents, 80',' a 86>i; > three and a quarter per cents, 87 a 87'.,, exchequer ) hills, 27s. a 30s. premium; India bonds, 19j. to 22s. i premium; bank stock, 196>? to 198){; India stock, 138 ) a 140. i T. S.?The whole of the London chartists, CufTy lni eluded, have been oommltted to Newgate for trial. Our Irish Coi l-espondence, Dublin, Sept. 1, 1848. Visit of Lord John Hussell?The Harvest?Triennial Parliament in Ireland, ,pe. <pc. Vnthlnff nf &nv imnnrtanon has noon1 ainsa ) I lttftt had the pleasuro of writing to you; a few more arrests having taken place in the country. The people J are anxiously looking forward to the State trial*, which have been fixed towardi the latter part of the month, ^ the special commission having been Qxed to commence 1 on Tuesday, the 10th inst., at Nenagh; the presiding ' judges being, the chief justice of the (Queen's bench, B Blackburne. and chief justioe Doherty. The indictments against Messrs. Smith O'Brien, Meagher, and the others implicated in the insurrection at Ballin' garry. have been prepared; it is a very voluminous do" cument. Mr. O'Uorman. and Messrs. O'Donnell and Doyle, are in Brussels, so that thoy have escaped the 8 commission. The following persons were arrested in lf Clonmel, during the past week; they are, generally, 0 sptaking, farmers and shop-keepers John Preston> ? Edmund Maher, Jeremiah Kealy.John I.inane, Patrick 0 Ormond, John Brennan, Stephen Morriisy. James 1 Butler. James Day, Kennedy. Michael Brien. and e Jas. Brittan. Mr Justin Supple, of Tralee. president M- I I.- /1-iv ss . . .. r vi mo imiwcii viuu, i?i?. j. r. iniuufH, (a rotation of Mr. S. O'Brien, and who has lately come oror froia America.) have hoeu arrested at Wate'ford i- The society lately got up in this city, for the puri. nose of havi ig triennial meetings of the imperial pare llament in Ireland, is every day gaining ground It excites considerable attention, and is likely to obtain 0 the support of tho repealers, as well as the consers vatlves. However, some of tne former being tired of the system of agitation which has been going on. are anxious for a little political quiet; in order, as they b say. that ell attention should be diverted to the overwhelming evils of tho country. Amongst this number n is Mr. H. M Fox, the member for the county of l.onge ford, and others, Mr A <feloness also, have declined s joining the society A deputation is shortly to wait on the queen on the subject, r l.ord John ltussell has signified his intention of visiting Ireland Much anxiety is evinced on the occasion; some say it Is for the purpose of consulting with Lord { Clarendon, relative to the expediency of granting a 1 general amnesty for political offences, while others sar t It it to the consult relative to the affairs which affect t the Roman I athollc church' l.ord Wroige Bentinek InI tends a'so visiting Ireland shortly, to make himself aci, quainted with the state of Ireland. Two candidates are mentioned to start for Limerick s to sqcoced Mr. S O'Brien; Mr. Caleb Powell, the late member, and Mr. A Met arthy. the late M I*. for Cork t city. This, of course, Is in case Mr. O'llrlen Is con| Vietid. The police were much disappointed the ether day. I They thought they had got a batch of sympathisers. i On Wednesday last a number ot foreigners arrived in Dublin by the Athlone steatner. They were One. able )RK I )AY, SEPTEMBER 14, j > .11.1 men, each catrjlog a double-barreled gun on hie ahoulder. The moment they landed, they were amsted ami when brought to the police ofllse.'it was fouid tl at they were German anil Prussian emigrants, ' whohad embark* d at Antwerp for New York, en their wh> to the buik settlement* of America Their vessel l bud sprung aleak, and put in at Plymouth, and they l were again to take ship from Dublin t The squadron, which has been on a " particular nor- I vice" oil the coast of Ireland, ha* been withdrawn, 1 and Lord Hardings, who was sent over ou the same i em vice, has been recalled The military have not. as 1 yet. been reduced, but it is In contemplation of go- I vemnient to do go, but to increase the constabulary t considerably. g Government are going on a very sensible plan of re- f licving the paupers in Ireland, and at the saute tims u coJrn'r.Ing her own colonies. On Wednesday last, 260 c young women were embarked for Plymouth, en route J tor South Australia aud on Thursday week another t batch lett the Sitgo workhouse for the same destination. t h girl's passage will be free, aud they are provided ; with properclotbiDg.tic. t A six pound carronade, upon a wooden carriage, has li bten sent from the country to the castle ; it had been b surrendered up to the authorities. a The harvest has turned out much bolter than was a expected The grain crops, for whoso safety serious apprehensions were entertained, are now almost all harvested safely. The blight in the potato crop, owing 7 to the influence of the fine weather which we have enjoyed for the last week, has been everywhere arrested One- half of the crop. It Is stated by many parties, has perished, and, owing to the great extent of laud n under itscultivation. a crop little below the average Hj remains. It is calculated that the one-half of the crop which remains will be equal to two thirds of a full crop 11 of any year previous to 1845. A speedy alteration of w the pci r rates is therefore expected, and,al together, the B, prospects are far from disheartening. The following were the maiket prices yesterday at our corn ex- 01 change : Ordinary Keef? 42s. to 45s. ; middling, do. d 45*. to 4?s. ; prime, 4'.'*. to 52s. Pig Market? 54s to b 65s. Karon Market New, 70* to78s ; old, 72*. to 78* ; ^ new hams. 64s. to 06s. : old, do 60s to 02s .hnerican Kacun? 40s to 54s.; do. hams, 30*. to 42*. Karrrl " m m n?iv? hi ;i\io IUI uvnh uidu , utrail Ailicncttn, 499. q to Mi.; do. oM, 80s to 40s. ATTENTION, Our Paris Correspondence. 1, Paris. August 25,1818. i g The. Suppression of the Newspapers?Jfffairs of Sardi. 0 nia, Tuscany, <J-c.?nlspect of .'IJfairs in Paris) 1 4'C. i | Yetterday, the Gazelle de France was suppressed, for ; preaching civil war and monarchy; and a new paper' called the Mouth of Fire, was also suppressed, and a eeal placed upon Its materials. This latter was a mere continuation ot the J.ampion, which had been suppressed the day or two before; but upon the materials of which the seals of the State had not been placed. The printers, sixty in number, held their meeting, too, yesterday, at which they signed a protest against the act of the government In. suppressing these journals. The government has fixed upon the 17th of September for the election of fifteen Representatives, to fill the vacant places, three of which are In Paris ; and. already, as the parties are so nearly balanced in the Asstmbly, the press is beginning to summon thoir , forces. Indeed, these fifteen votes, upon many ques- 1 tions. may govern the Assombly. and, particularly in the formation of the uonstltution, be of much importance. There is to be a great battle over the question of one or two chambers. 1 think that these elections will give strength to the Thiers party?the club of the rue I'oition, more properly, to whioh Thiers belongs; which party supports the government measures quite as often as the other clubs; but it is the conservative, aristocratic, and monarchical oiique in the Assembly, if monarchy still has a foothold there, as 1 think it has, to a limited extent. The discussion upon the report | of the committee of inquiry commences to-day; there 1 h lean immense rush to the Chamber; vast numbers can g gain no admittance; and report says, that the govern- | n ment is going, this morning, to more the arrest of j ? Caussldirie,and Louis Bianc. The press is still filled j t] with the publication of the testimony; which presunts | tl a page in toe nistory 01 ! ranee which bad been better t] never to have been so fully displayed to the public, ti A resolution la now before the Assembly. for another ,, committee to report upon the acta anil intrigues of b the monarchists, ue well as the anarchists; the com- u mitteehavo reported, that the old dyuaatica have taken t no part in the Insurrections of May and June; every- o body in I'aria knew, that this was a great violation of f the truth, and the testimony now published ahows the t old dynustles to have been active, both the 16th of a May, and the 23d, 24th. 23th. and 20th of June ; | a and the J'alria. the particular friend and organ of the h I Commission, of this morning, says, ''that in this res- | e pect the Commission ia mistaken; since it appears by p the police reports, that the legitimists, Bonapartiats, * and Orfranlsts. have taken an active part in the h attacks directed against the republic, on the 13th of c May, und the days of June.'' it says?that a new H Commission of inquiry, will be named by the, h bureaux, to proceed to a supplemental inquiry fi to embiace all the acts and intrigues of the c and anarchists and monarchists, signalized by the w pieces, annexed and distributed, and particularly i ol by tbe official reports of the police." This is ex- ; G traordinary language for such an organ to hold, in It reference to a quest ion. when a Commission made such ii a report. It is remarkable that men on a Committee, a should commit the same crime, as those whose acts j tl they were selected to investigate?to-wit: conspire ii against the republic and to shield the monarchists. C Ambasxndors from Sardinia, Tuscany, the Grand b Duchy of Mecklenburg Ktrelitz. and the name of the 1 1'ope. were presented to General ( avalgnac. on Wed- s nesday. ltuxxia and Franco are about to exchange g ambassadors. Nicholas never sent an ambassador o to I'aris. during tho reign of Louis rhili| pe' he did not o like htm, nor the mode in which he climbed Into >> the throno over the barricades. Frankfort has rent her ambassador, also, to Paris. All Europe appear* to be hastening to pay their respects to lien. 7 ( avaignac, and the republic The news is, in i'aris, this morning, of a great resolution in St. Petersburg, and a bombardment of the city during fire hours ; it wants confirmation. I think. The minister of the of interior has interdicted any persons arriving from Lyons to Paris, without good cause shown There has been an attempt to collect a ma>s of men at Paris, for c( the last ten days, to aid in another insurrection, it is b? presumed. Efficient measures are being taken to improve the lodgings of the laborers at Paris, and to construct new buildings for that purpose. Fortunately, 11 winters are mild in France, and there is no sutfering of from the cold. The Assembly have reduced the postage _j on letters to '20 centimes, in France ; that is, four 8 sous under grammes, under fifteen do. 40 oentiues, ~ See . fcc. it is to he regretted that England is so un- tl reasonable and selfish in reference to the transatlantic postage ; but I am glad our government has met her in the true spirit?by retaliation, as we did the last war, when she shot our sailors, taken as prisoners, un- E I dvr the pretext that they were K.ngllsh. Meet j, land face to face, and she will be civil ; otherwise, never. The preamble of the constitution has under- 0 gone an entire change, and will appear in a new model. b But Frenchmen are yet children in the enactment of a organic laws?but they need but few. 1 OBSERVER. a P.ini*,.?August '<20, 1848. " TAc great Debate in the ^Assembly?The Speech of e Ledru Rollin, <f c. 4<. I The great debate opened yesterday, and oontinued, , through the day and night, with intense interest and < excitement. One day, in France, serves to bring such j a debate to a close. The opening was full of incidents, ] growing out of personal explanations, denials, and as- a Beruons. ifiJi. i utwun ?uu b>tuuriu, micit'iu prune- ; outing officer*, bore down pretty bard upon M. Arago, , | for saying that they had attended meetings where the I | discussion was in favor of overthrowing the Assembly. Jules Kavre came to their aid; and he, too, availed j the Astronomer. I.edru Ilollin did not deny that many discussion* had been bad during the existence of the provisional government, of a new combination, and n more harmonious one, which, he said, they all bad a right to do; but that it was not true that, in his presence, any parties had engaged in any undertaking to attack the Assembly- that he did not accuse MM. Portalis and Landrin of such an attempt upon the Assembly, and that what he did say to M. Arago in reference to these gentlemen was confidential, * nd in a moment when he was edited ^ th#| arjor w!t|, which thi-y pursued I.ouls Blanc. After these explanations, I.edru Hollln took the stand, and made one of those strong and masterly efforts of which ho I* now proved to be so capable. He denied nothing as to his course; said his whole life had been consistent; and In a struggle to establish repub ican institutions, that he entered Into the elections, wrote hi* circulars, and had a right to do so; that he distrusted the members of the Orleans dy nasty, and wanted republicans; aid they were uow without ideas -or, with only one idea, that Ot opposition?that they held back the claim of the monarchy, and wers now playing the same p.irt with the republic; that their plaoe was to follow, and not tc attempt to lead; that thev brought to the committee of inquiry, and upon their benches at that moment hatred and malice; that they loved the monarchy which they opposed; but opposed the republic btoHUse they did not love it?that the age was advancing, and they were stationary - that he and ills friends loved family and property better than the dynasty ; for they were in favor of producing a state of the country, when both could he en loved ti v the poor as well as the rich and when nro.i- K lituiion would not bo a neceaaary mode of obtaining 1 the n? ceaaarlo* of life 1 hat ah to himself, homado no defence bo defied them ?for he helped to eatuhllah the o republic an t to maintain it on tho 15th of May. and ' In Juno, at the jx-ril of hia life, while aomo of tho old w dynaaty were running away with fright. That union. * calm, and dignity, wore important at tho preaent ti moment, and tho aorrioos of all worn neooa?ary for tho ? republic. Thoan aro aomo ?f tho tdoaaofthlaremark- t able man?I aay rrtnarkabln man. becauan I perceive, n that ho ia to bo ono of tho extraordinary nion of thia t extraordinary age. Ho haa tha courage, tno atrongth t and tho flrriinec? of Benton of tho I'nitod Statoa I Cerate?ia a radical democrat, and iu advance of t hia contomporartee. in hia political vicwg and opinion*. t After Uuu cauw Louie Blanc and CauMidicre, who <ie- t b lERii 1848. tended themselves an well an they couid ; ami at ah ut two o'clock in th? morning the Procureur (ieneral Introduced a requeet to be allowed to arrest the two Utter. Thin created (treat sensation. (ieneral < av.iig. nac explained. that the government had adopted this measuie. not as a consequence of the report of the committee of inquiry, who had examined the cases of these '.wo gentlemen, hi well as other alleged offender*; iad. satisfied of their participation in the affair of the l&tli of May. they acted under a proper sense of duty ind responsibility and w t by a coup ilr theatre, u M. Jar had suggested. Thereupon the report of the comnittee t'u passed over to the order of th. day; and In n nime the practical question ? flrat upon the ur;ency of the measure, which wae adopted, 493 to 292, or allowing I.onie Blano to he putin arrest, for the iffair of the 10th of May, 004 to 262; for tlausslliere, for the same, 477 to 288; for Cauilsidisre for une. 281 to 453. If he had been surrendered for he ('(fence of June, the military court would have ried hitn ! Immediately after the vote, two officer* of the tnriarmei ie. and several commissaries of police came to he ( linoiber. and planed fJaua-idlere and Louis Blanc n arrest ; and. after leaving them time to write some ittersln achauiber, took them away to prison, without ny coiuinotiou. .Such is the end of this Important flair OBSKRVKR. I'awis, Aug. 27, 1848. "Ac Abolition of Slarrry in the 1-yrench Inlandt?The Character of Cavaignor, ,f c., 4c. Ninety millions of francs have been reported, by the linister. as the sum necessary to pay the owners of area, liberated by a decree of the provisional governient, in the French islands. It struck the Assembly ith astonishment, the sum proposed appeared to be > large; and yet, I apprehend, that it is not a full Dmpensation to the owners, nnder the present conitlon of affairs. If the negroes had not been liberated y the provisional government, they would not have een by the Assembly, 1 feel very oertain ; and France ould now recall the decree but for the impossibility f restoring things to their former condition. I do not Iscusi the right, nor the morals of the thing?that 1 save to President-makers In the United States ; but I We only what 1 understand to be a living Impression 1 passing events. It is proposed to pay this sum in .Tinuiti<*fl. in instalments- ?lnrini* fh.? novf fun ?w welve yen ; but it in not certain, yet, what modiicatiouH the Assembly may make in this important Lllair. A calm has succeeded to the storm anticipated at he time of tbe great debate, but which did not come n pass. The Assembly had one sitting of eighteen lours, and finished up tbe whole business in that .ime The government had taken measures for every iontingency, and placed military forces in every part >f I'aris. where they could possibly be needed ; but all ;be efforts of the anarchists to get up an emrute failed, rhe people have learnt a lesson from the days of June, tnd the fate of those deluded victims who are now >ccupying the floating prisons in the channel, and iwaiting their trial at I'aris. They have learnt that .here is a power in the government, to beth repress tnd to punish, and probably that they have been used >v designing men. It is an important fact, a remark tble and instructive fact, that all the streets were |uiut, and all were peaceable. All the masses apieured to be indifferent to what was taking place in .be Assembly. I have no doubt that all expected ^ausidicre to appear in the field of battle in the days if June; and that they were disgusted at his not doing o, and his desertion of them in the hour of trial; but be proceedings of (sen. Cavaignac has impressed the tublio mind with the idea that there is some importnoe and some risk attached to a bloody insurrection, bat it is not mere pastime of a squirrel hunt. Then, gain, the acts and language of General Cavaignac, ,t the moment, at the turning point of the whole proeedings. were immensely important. lie announced o tbe Assembly that the government had instituted n investigation?a judicial one; that the testimony ad satisfied him that the two representatives were uiity; that it was a duty imposed upon the governtent to cause the laws to be rospeoted; and that berever they found the guilty they would prosecute rem. not because it gave them pleasure, but because ie well being of the State demanded it; and that, al uuugu HI" gUYCI UUieiJfc U1U UUl atlPUipi, to impose i-rniH upon the Assembly. It a?ked them to decide the uestion at once, and without further delay, as the deate waa weighing upon the country; that the government disconnected ltaelf entirety from the report of he committee of the Aaaembly, and the political view f all the ijuestions; it stood only upon a judioial Dundation. Thereby, General Cavaignac assumed he whole responsibility of domanding the arrest nd punishment of these men, and gars a force nd an importanoe to the proceeding which it ad not before, and which has greatly strengthned his government in France. At the early . art of the career!]of (ieneral Cavignac, many ' eeks since. I expressed, in my letters, an opin>n, which had been formed from a variety of cir- ' umstances. that (ieneral Cavignac was studying the ! fe and character of (ieneral Washington, and that e intended to take thetn for a model for himself, as { ir as practicable - and every act of liis, since, has onfirmed me in this view ; and I perceive,for the last { eek or two. that the same idea has occurred to some j ( the Knglish journals. I regard the movements of ieneral Cavignac, in this latter transaction, as little j us important than his action in June, and his victory i the four days. It needed this blow in high places, j nd this development of the powers of the law, and tie courage of the head of the government, to strike u high places, and to hold the leaders. But'MM. auasidiere and Louis Blanc have tied, and have not ieen arrested, as the Prime, at yesterday, announced, "be government has placed all their papers under the pais of the State, and. I have but little doubt, will con succeed in arresting the parties. A small nest i f conspirators were discovered on Saturday, and some j f them arrested. These men call the preseut " a i lonarchiral republic." OBSERVER. Taris, August 28,184S. , Vie French nnd English Mediation in the Affairs of Europe?The Position of France, <f r., <f*c. Nothing very certain has been developed, at Carle, ' the progress of the mediation ; but the minister* of ranee have been received with so much favor at the >urt of Austria, and by the Kmperor too, that it has j sen the subject of remark among the legations. Inred the court of Austria is now liberal ; there has been | complete revolution?the Assembly at Vienna is one i ' the most democratic in F.urope. It has refused to j ve a vote of thanks to the Austrian army, in Italy ' a strong measure. There is now no longer a ny doubt 1 lat General Tavaignac has held decided language to ia German Kmpire, touching the question of I.itn- j ourg and Schleswig, and that the views of France, ngland, and Russia .are in accordance on these nportant questions, and that the decided character f General t'nvaignac, his disinterested position, and is resolute purposes to maintain the peace of Kurope. j re giving France the ascendant in the diplomacy of , lurope, and that all eyes Are now turned to France, ,s a messenger of peace, and the most efficient igent in the adjustment of Kuropcan difficulties.? ' It is an extraordinary spectacle to see a young and ucct-ssful General, at the head of the French nation, Hitting himself between France, regenerated, and a '.uropean war. and hazarding his own official existence ind fame to effect it. and for no other than the most xalted, patriotic motives?the blessings of peace to irnnce and to Kurope And the manner in wbfah K.ngland and Russia have come into the views of Krauce. is remarkable; as is also the favor witli which Austria views and trea'.s General Favaignac a agents ' \t Mil* mcnicnl General) . exercieea greater intluenen , Europe than lias any other man In h'rnnrn since the . lays of Napoleon; and the sublimity o" the idea is, I .hat be has not discharged a cannon to obtain it.? Nicholas. Lord Talmerston, the Vicar of the German r.uipire. and General < avaignac now control the di- j plomacy of Kurope, and tlie agitation, at home and ihroad. is so great that all desire peace. At this moment, I b-lieve. this may ho said of Nicholas; for St. . Petersburg and Moscow are unquestionably full of in endiarimi. and ate only wailing for the moment to irrive. to rebel and revolutionize; and so in some Dther parts of Russia. The Bourse has been gaining in the nseondant rapidly during the days of the discussion, and since;? the mcat-uu sof the government bate inspired immense confidence. Vrsterdfty about three hundred tents were erected, IS if by magic, in the square of .Marigny. on the L'hamps Kljsi es, sufficient for three or four thousand <?ldiers; this is one of the curious sights in Paris, to i Ihose who have never seen a military camp. The ( Kieneb are born loldiers; they seem to be in their ele- j mint In this employment, an.l eo han ly. as really to ! excito surprise. Their tents are placed in squares, [ thirty-two feet long and twelve wide, leaving sufficient I'Nrnur gruunu lur cxiroiFp; srouDii i-scu mni, h smaii trench l? put, ine better to secure the fastening* of I the bottom of the tent, bdU to turn off the water; j then there are the opening" for windows and air, . kith the awningd, In ease of need; the ground e cowered with straw. dome niattressea, .Ac., which look ike a soldier's comfort ; they cut trenched in the (round, and adapt them to their cooking utensils.and ii there trenches large llred are built, diifficient for the ookiDg for their messed ; the teutd of the olllcerd arc i little more aridtocratlo than those of the doldiera, j lacing a double roof on each aide no ad to give a bet- J er opportunity to aland up. near the aided, within: cmetniiig In the form ot the old-fashioned house*. >ullt a hundred years ago. In lloaton, and many of the Sew Knglaud towna, which make do much room under he roof. Lined,, are drawn around the encampment, uarda aet. guna stacked, and the public excluded; he cooking ground is outaide of these lines, I moug the beautiful forests and ornamantal treea f tbia beautiful part of Pari* The martial bands r tit tain the massed who flock to aee them. 'Ith grand muaio ; and aoidiera. dpectator*. men, 'omen, and children, appear to lie walking, iilklng. and kitting round in the moat c isy nd comfortable manner Cartload* of bread, wegfl- i able*, meat, and wood, are brought to tile encamp- . uent, and France pajd the bill. Nearly oppoalte hid la another encampment, upon the eouth aide of be Seine, upon the beautiful grounda In front of the Intel dea Invalided, not ao large, but yet exhibiting he rame regularity and neatne** Around acme of heae tents, already are being set a border, raised of i caul IXui flower*, The soil of l'acii is light and adapted LD. TWO CENTS. to the culture af tloferi, and the earth tint in ta' ?fi from the trench in converted into a raided border f t (lowers. In all the promenade garden ' the borders for (lowers are r?l?ed very hljrh some of them 15 to M inches, and of about the same thickue ?<rp;>ort?d by Ktoen turf on either side; these,>?t into Kracerul curves and winding paths, over which the shrubbery, growiD|{ from each of the side borders, frequently meets. constituting a hind of winding how t muhiriK drlighttul promenades and (lower gard-nx. About sixty of these encampments arc to be formed Infind about Paris for the winter tn nrnlnst Parle e nl the Assembly. ' " ""OBSERVER*"" I'iKii, August 19, 1849. The *'1 teeinhly?Cf?i. ' n'ai^nur?The h'liqht of C'oue tidit're und Louie Mane?The .Irmy of the ,1lpe ? The Suppreeetd \ew\papcre. A majority of the Assembly went tick yesterdav, after their scene of excitement and Ion* sitting?the President of that body among the rest. The Assembly la like a man who baa been exhausted by a high fever and great pain, und ban just fallen into a light slumber, under vloleut application*; and Paris is in no better condition?after such a fight, and the spilling of so much blood. Apprehension is awake, painfully awake, to every cause of alarm, and the people live between hope and fear, under such oircumHtaures . but for Gen. Cavalguac, and his military forces.the people would be given up to apprehension ; indeed, the Assembly would have to run as fast as did the Knglish in the revolution of February?there would not be a day left for them to prepare by these sovereigns. Louis Blanc told tbo people that they were all kings. I sent you that part of his speech; and they act upon that hypothesis; and but for the General's gun*, they would not leave the Assembly an hour to say grace. This the (ienernl understands; aud, therefore, instead of tnakiug foreign war, he brings the army to Paris, to try out the experiment fairly of making a republic in France Many think it U like trying to make a heu set where '-she don't want to;" but I think the General will carry out his project successfully. Yet he has as unruly a set to deal with, in the Assembly and out of it, as auy man could well desire -monarchists on one side and anarchists on the other, both fighting him, and each other ; but the Goner rl waa nrht on ddh piu" iinu Wit* 11 on me otner, to destroy the Erejects of bvth; and both, in turn, think they hare ini with tbam so each side guts him to-day, and lo?e? bun to-morrow; ami yet his course is an stra^ntforward and as resolute as was that of (Jeneral .Jackson, with nullification on one side, and the bank on the other; and (ion Cavalgnac will serve both monarchy and anarchy in France, its (Jen. Jackson did nullification and the bank?exterminate them, and depose their apostles (Jen C'avaignac is as cool and as skilful in the Assembly as In the field ; and he never makes a mistake. Caussidirre has lied to Kngland, anil Louis Blanc to (icrmaDV. ("Jen. C'avaignac gave orders toarieat them at their houses, and uot to violate the dignity of tho Assembly, so much as to arrest them in thelhamhcr; but they did not go home, and so they were not caught. M (Jui/.ot ought to call upon M. Caussidiere. Louis I'hlllippe has applied to Frauca for assistance ; says be Is poor;?the government will give him a good living, but not enough to pay for a rebellion. I'lince de Joiuvllle and Luke d'Auinate hare acted a noble part, in rescuing the ps.iseugers of the Ocean Monaich; and 1 hope the owjers will notice the fact ; tboy are noble and spirited young men. and the people of France like them both. Sixty thousand of the finest troops in France are now concentrated in a body upon the extreme borders of France, ready to cro^s the Alps, and attack the Austrians in Italy, upou the shortest possible notice. France mediates with the olive branch in one band, and the sword in the other, and a few days more will determine which is accepted, itsdel/Ay has gone to Vienna This heroic general is eighty-one years of age, fresh and vigorous yet, and is ready, be says, to receive tliu French; and he has gone to Vienna to prevent concessions; but he is behind the age?the spirit of the age is againBt him?and in the vetei an troops of France, and their younger, and yet equally experienced generate, he would not meet the divided Italiune, led by incompetent general*. Had General Bergeau accepted the command of the Italian army, which the Sardinian king is raid to have tendered him, all Italy would now hare been rid of the Austrian army. The protesting Journalist* waited upon General Cavagnuo with their protest ; and, in reply, he said to them, that *' he had done what he considered to be hi* duty, in suppressing them ; and they had done theirs, in protesting.1' Thie must hare beeu satisfactory, one would think. Nearly all of the Club de Poitien, and some ten to twenty besides, are said to be in favor of a new shuffle of th? cards, before making the laws, and that the Assembly shall be dissolved immediately after the adoption of the Constitution. This is Thiers' project, because the elections would give bis friends moro strength, I have no doubt But i think the Assembly will not be dissolved. 1 do not believe Gen. Cavatnac will desire to give him power to checkmate him at pleasure. On the 10th of September, the National Guard are to have a grand fraternization at the Place Vendouie, under the column erected by Napoleon, and orowned, at this moment, by his statue. A great many wives came |to I'arls, from the country, from fear of danger to their husbands, during the great discussion; and, among others, two came, and announced themselves as the wives of A. and B. "Bat," said the doorkeeper, "their wives have already come in." But this would not satisfy a French woman; and, upon the husbands being called, they recognised at once the real wives, to the great amusement of the bystanders. OBSERVER. Paris, August 30,1819. The Might of /.out's Blare?The Conduct of Caraignar?Jluitria and the Mediation ?The Iniurgrntt. Louis Blanc fled from Paris with so muoh precipitation. that he took no passport: and when he arrived in Belgium, he was there arrested for the want thereof, lml Dim crriT?rntn#?n 1. Iparnlmr who vau th**ir nriannar appreciated hie exigencies, and allowed bim to pass on; from whence be is said to hare directed his way to KngJand. All the refugees go to Kngland, which is not a high compliment to the chartists. Should there be a revolution in Kngland, the refugees appertaining to the olddyuasties must lleo to America. Yesterday, there was a disagreement between parties, in which the radicals attacked the old dynasties, by supporting a resolution to raise a committee to classify Louis Thilippe's papers. They declare, that,these papers contain matters for public instruction, and that certain pieces are In danger of being attracted ; that, among other things, they will show who was tlio traitor, or traitors, who delivered to thu enemy, in lSl.'l, the plans of Paris, and that they will explain the po?itiou of men and tilings frtm that time to the present The voting was very close; the radicals demanded a vote of urgeuce; that was lest The dynasties demanded that the matter be referred to the minister of the interior ; the radicals, that it be referred to a bureau of tho Assembly. The latter was carried ; and now will come the contest, intbeseveral bureaux, for tile committee, parties are arraying themselves, and striking harder and harder at each other. The government, and a phalanx of two or three hunJied. stand batweeu the extremes, and control each in its turn The Constitution, as remodeled, was yesterday reported ? '1 here has been a new preamble reported?the French nnvmg spent raurn nine una worus over um in?n upon the thing itself It provides tbnt. immediately after its adoption, the ('resident of the republic shall be chosen by universal and direct suffrage ; that a majority of all the votes shall be necessary for the election, and, in ease of failure, the Assembly shall elect from the five highest candidates. The military frankness and promptitude of (ieneral Cavaignac in his interview with the journalists protestant, seems to have surprired them, (or among other things, they report him as sayinc. "Your demand docs you honor It is your duty to protest, as it la mine to suppress vou. I will not do less with the Constitutionvrl, if it continues its attacks against the republic, to the profit of lbs monarchy 1 have officially given notice to its editors, that if it continues tta kind of polemic to the profit of a dynasty which I feel honor In having served, but of whioh I wish nothing more, because France doea not want It?I will suspend the Cnnslitulionntl without any more hesitation than that with which 1 have suspended the, The republic is yet Id Its swaddling clothes? it is too feeble tn !*e journals of the opposition When it shall have grown large and grand, you shall have a < arte hluttrhr attack It.'' I presume most of these journals would be willing to b? suspended for the sake of having the Cantlituhuniirt suspended : and it annears to have iriren them gnat satisfaction to find that it is la ao much dinger A revolution ha." just been intoduced into the Assembly, denying the right of the general to make theae sus? n-inna and suppressions ; and if it can get a foothold it may give riae to a startling debate. I think that it would ha <juite difficult to determine what la, and what ie not. the law upon a given aubjeet, when the State ia in proceaa of overturning and re-establishIng. and before even a constitution baa been formed. The I'rtmr of tbia morning says that the mediation hna not yet bien accepted by Auatria, and that h ranee baa given Auatria a time in which ahe expect" her anawer, and that the government are prepared for either contingency How much of truth there la in thl* fact ia not certain, I think Theae la alao a proposition, before the Aaeembly. to give the inaurgenta one morn month in which to cloae up their contracta. 4c., to enable them the better to leave the country.? Thua far about one half of thoae imprisoned have been diacl urged, for the want of sufficient evidence to hold them; and about one hundred and seventy excepted, (to be sent before the military court); the balanca hnv, been banished, the whole number of the latter will amount to nbout four thousand, I think. 1 still believe that they will be sent to Algeria, which their friends so much desire, indeed, large numbers of the Krenrb are proposing to emigrate to Algeria, aa toon as they can obtain certain conditions from the government. We have newa of a aerioua collision in Vienna, between the people and the guard, ia which some ten of the former have been killed, and aixty wounded, also several of the guards Some of the late teatimony published shows that the provlaional government expended considerable money In arranging Ibe elections We should not like the governmeitln our country to spend so much, but Ledra lioliin ? ?? it was to prevent monarchists from cominc

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