Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 18, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 18, 1848 Page 1
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h MI Hlft.1'. NO. 5220. Our London Correspondence. Lo.idon. August 25?29.1818. The Probable Expenditure of Six Millions sterling for American Produce?Spread of Discontent?The Hew York Herald before the Lord Mayor of London? State of Ireland?Americans liberated?Folly of Smith O'Brien?Curious Escapes of English Reform -The Duke of Buckingham?The Queen, and Extravagance , Arrests of Chartists. A priority of attention is claimed to the important truth that gloomy forebodings still remain. The continuance of wet weather impedes the progress of the harvest, and injures it seriourly. whilst fuller account confirm the almost total destruction of the potato orops The consequences of these disasters are already commented on by various parties capable of their proper estimation, who concur in the opinion that an importation of corn of from five to six millions sterling wil be required to meet them. Where the money is to come from for the payment of such a sum seems a mystery, as the impoverished state of the Kxchequer at this moment is such that the collectors of the in. come tax are pressing for its payment in a manner hitherto unprecedented, and do not scruple to say that it is on this account their urgency is so great An additional tax to raise such a sum will never be tolerated by the middle ilasses, out of whoso pocket it would principally come, r nd it therefore remains, when the necessity becomes imperative, to adopt the old resource of raising the money by loan, and pasting it to the debt. It is thus the evil accumulates. It is not j Straw by etraw that is added to the back of the poor j national horse to test its power of endurance to an (aver increasing load, but the weight is thrown on wholesale by reckless and prodigal hands. The exami nation of the physical force chartists before the magis. trates, has led to their remnnd for a fortnight; and it ' is worth observation to remark that thoir apprehension was accomplished by one of their numbers proving a government spy, who stated his motive for betraying them to be that some dar.ger would arise to the state. 1 it is only necessary for the information of the distant > reader to state that tho great mass of. chartists 1 throughout the kingdom repudiate the proceedings Of these men, who are more worthy ol restraint within the walls of a mad bouse than those of a prison. The moral force chartists comprise in their ranks the great body of the respeotable portion of the working classes. Though these men are peaceably disposed, the fact i8 becoming more apparent every day that they, as well as the lesser shopkeepers and tradesmen, are becoming I more disaffected towards the middle classes and the government. The breach is wide, and it is not difficult ! to imagine that diminished employment and profits and a scarcity and increased i rice of food, will greatly tend to widen It. A vile journal that has ever been anxious to stigmatize chartism, seeks to reduce its points to three?namely, murder, robbery, and arson whioh it declares to he the menns it intends to adopt to accompiisn lie oujecm. uuriuK iue ian weeK a City chartist orator was arrested, and hi* examination at the Mansion House caused some amusement by the dexterous manner in which he evaded the higher class of charges the law seeks to attach to political agitation. Thongb exercising the humble calling of a retailer of flsh in the street, his speech, as reported in the papers, was marked by a clearness of purpose and expression, that would have done honor to a higher social position. The gist of his address was an exposure of the conduct of government, in which he fortified his arguments by reading several extracts from leading articles of the New Y'urk Herald, which had copiously been transferreu to the columns of the 7Ymet, a journal ever sensitively alive to trans-Atlantic anijnadversions, and which, whilst it pretends to laugh at them, feels the full force of the whipping across its mercenary shoulders. Some unlucky remark* upon the prominent topic of the evening's discussion as to whether "Ireland was up." brought him within the range of a charge of misdemeanor, on which he was committed for trial. With regard to Ireland it may be truly said, that she is at the present moment where she has been for years?at the point of the bayonet. An overwhelming military force still keeps the people under restraint, and when this is relaxed, it is feared that a large crop of revenge will spring up. and wreak its fury on those w ho are epposed to them. Ireland, with the exception of Ulster, is one mass of disaffection, that no English legislation will over reconcile or eradicate; and it appears to be only a prolongation Of a useless struggle, to bold it against its will. English money, and the force of arms, may postpone the separation for some years, but. with the delay, will increase all those repulsive features in its present history which alike chock ami sicken the impartial observer. As Illustrative of among the many evils that have arisen from this sad contention, it may be mentioned, that independent of the usual outlay throughout the country for such purposes the large sum of thirty nine thousand pounds voted by Parliament as secret service money, is ail b< leg spent in the payment of a detective police, numbi-ring in its ranks all conditions of persons, from the hnlf-pay officer of the army and navy, to the necessitous workman Land uf liberty as the United States may be. they aro there mingling in the meetings of the sympathizers, and marking their leaders. How easy a solution are these facts to their immediate recognition and arrest when they set foot on Kngllsh soil,little imagining, as they cross the wide I Atlantic in the liner, or impatient of delay, in the more expensive Cunard steamer they encounter the wily blandishments of the accomplished and well-dressed spy, to probe their opiuious, and the objects of their mission. This is conduct unworthy a great country, bat it is always thus that governments, who rule unwisely, and have large means at their disposal, defeat the purposes of their opponents; and it may be worth the s*rlou? consideration of those who would earnestly desire to serve Ireland, whether this could not be more effectually accomplished by the Arm and rational expression of opinh u and sympathy in its behalf. Public epinion, in tie present age. operates powerfully, and the F.nglish government are already painfully alive to its manifestations in America, though they may appear to disregard It The idle threats about the Irish invasion of Canada will do no good; they And no <geneial response, ns it would be not only impolitic, bnt ungi. tul to involve the interests of the country of their adoption by so rash an act Much more I likely of success would he the united prayer of so numerous o pcrtlon of the population of the republic to its government to intercede with that of Kugind foratuore humane treatment of their afflicted brethren, than the policy they are now pursuing. In /aver of the foregoing opinion maybe urged tire facts that Kngland, nusollci-ted, through Lord Minto's late mission, has inteiferea in tbe intern*! affairs of Swit7.erland. Piedmont. Tnsc my, Lonibardy. and Rome, and Jim at this time a fleet pieced to intercept and prevent the forces of Naples operating against Sicily. Mediation unsolicited is only another term for gratuitous meddling in many cases; hut the frequent examples of the English government might with greHt justice and propriety, ho adopti d, to recall them to a sense of jus- i tioe towards Ireland. In her s-aeou of famine, America has extended the hand of charity, and now. in the time of political cr.lamlty. may she not extend that of conciliation The live American travellers, who were 1 arrested at Armagh, and imprisoned at Dublin, have, after examination, been liberated, as it was found they were continuing a pleasure tour through Ireland, which they had prosecuted through the greater part of Kuropa. The xe?l <f the authorities in this, as in many other instanc s. has been too precipitate, inTOivfng. as it ha-- done, the Infliction of a temporary degradation, to say the least, on Innocent parties, which, tboueh temporary, was none the less unjust. It iato lie hoped that Lord Clarendon has made such reparation as the ca-a required. A similar incident is related of the burgling stupidity of the Irish police, who, during tbe present *eek. aireited a staid and primitively dressed member of the Society of Friends, who was actively engaged in distributing food to a famishing population in the south The society, of which the good run n is tbe represt ntativc. had. during a preceding week, dispensed in charit y the sum (of ten thousand pounds, winch ought to have proved some Shield against a resti alned course of action. Th# quiet protestations of this me< k Friend ware uttered in vain, a tacit submission in tbu no an time did not spare him from violence lie was dragged along and hurried on board her Majesty's sU anier bloodhound. (significant name.) there to be examined by Commander Somebody, who, with an air of gravity, becoming the occasion, interrogated the whereabout and whatabout of this erabodyment of peace and good will, for th? space of three long hours, whicli ended in his discharge, witli an ad monition that In substance cautioned him to be careful how ho did gooJ to the poor It yet. remain* to be told that considerable mirth baa heen excited at the xponio of this charitable agent who. it appeared, wan victim to the pnllcctnxn'H improper Interpreptatlon of Mr Doheny's description. as furnished in the black Jiages of the//tie nnd Cry Otsnrim'oa'ion could have or rued no part of this man's qualifications for ofllca, or he never would have traced, in the plain garb of the friend, the appliances of a fashionable tailor, or in his face the evidence of a love of strong drinks, which are attributed to the patriot Doheuy by the government print. Notwithstanding the most active vigilance Is exercised, this gentleman eludes all pursuit, though his ultimate capture is more than probable In the mean time, his position and privations mud be extremely harassing, as the most rigorous punishments await those who dure to shelter him; in fact, every feeling of humanity must succumb to the dictates of a stern lew, which it is the necessity and, probably, the duty of the people to obey. The unfitness of Mr. O'Brien for the prominent position he assumed during the late insurrection has recently heen made more apparent by Lis absurd conduct whilst in prison, leading to the eehure of a large quantity ot correspondence, which has Involved Mr. Imfly In a charge of high treason, aid. It la asserted has placed many t at hoilr dignitaries In a very i qulvocal po-tiion The insanity that could write a letter In prison to an accomplice to secure a carpet-bag In a specified place ami destroy the corW reepondenon therein, is inexplicable as be must have known thnt the letters of prisoners are invariably subjected to te examination of the governor Mr O'Oortrrai ' i sr.| cess *< c< mplislit d wi'li grout coolne'S, ziudu thcguircif u middle-aged lady. The fears as E NE MORI ronied at the stability of the steamer's gaugway are described as buying bran acted to the life, and only overcome by the polite and gallant a<eietance of a stipendiary magistrate, who attended to prevent his escape The public, like the Individual mind, has often been occupied with some passing event that has led to Its diversion from a more remote and more important one. and fo at the present time it it with regard to the events in Kngland and Ireland, diverting it from Parliamentary reform Governments have been known frequently to create events when such were wanting to effect a similar purpose ; but these kind of tricks upon the wayfarers of the present age are becoming less practicable, because political penetration has hecome more powerful and clear, and in none more so than that powvful phalanx of energetic men, tue members of tbe late anti-corn law league. To these men the world owe much, and if belief is to be attached to the authoritative statement of a trading Sunday journal, of the past week, this association is to re-appear, with increased numbers, to tight the battle of political reform and regeneration. Tbe same authority declares ample funds being ready, the course of action traced, and the organisation complete, that will commence vigorous and determined operations in November first. This information may bo drpende ) on. from tbo source from whioh it comes. No rational person can deny but the time in ci me when something must bo done to stay the present chaos towards which public iilliiirx in England nre fast verging; and it may be assumed that had the present government evinced any disposition te follow a courio of rational reform and progress, they would not bavu resuscitated their old organization. It must be admitted, as a matter of saving policy, that men like these cannot look coolly on whilst ministers are supinely temporising with the great interests and safety of the nation. A system of repression, whilst it runs a thousand rinks of calamity to a nation, may answer the purpose of a government who has all to lose by its change; aDd it is in this view the League comes forward a second time to invest the strong-holds of corruption. The body of men who will thus raise to advocate the popular cause, are not such as Lord John will dure to show his open and advised-speaking bill to; they are composed of those who will fearlessly and legally march in the pursuit of their object, supported by the most powerful organization the country ever saw. The fear and hatred of the aristocracy to this association has been, and will be, the great circumspection of its members in cautiously avoiding any infringement of tbe existing laws. It is such men as Cobden, Bright and Fox, the leaders of this new movement, who are in the ascendant, and it is to them that Englishmen must look to for reform, and one to he benefleial. that will produce organic changes in tbe constitution. The proverb enjoins the praise of the bridge that affords a safe passage across the stream, and it is for those polities! panderers, who have profited by the constitution aa it is, to laud its virtues and pray for its continuance. But the British public have felt its partial operations, and demand a change-a consummation that is neither difficult nor distant In vain will the KonhlsLrinH aud sarcasms cf D'lsraeli. in tbe Commoni, or the blusterings of Richmond, in the Lords, avail the < Id worn-out institutions of a feudal age; they must give way to newer and more vigorous ones, adapted to the increasing intelligence and requirements of the age. When surrounding nations are advancing, shall Kngland stand still ? Nay. shall she. through the wealth extracted from her industrious citizens, and a powerful naval armament, stay the whole social and political progress of the world to aggrandize her nobles ? A great fuss is still being made about the Duke of Buckingham's fall, and one journal utters a deal of maudlin and dishonest sentiment about the sacred right of entail being violated to pay rapacious creditors, whilst another declares that when her Majesty and the royal consort were at Stowe, somo few years ago. they were boarded and lodged by his Grace's tradesmen at a cost of ?50,000. Among the items enumoated in this outlay is a lace quilt for the royal bed, valued at one thousand guineas. If honestly paid for. it did not concern the public, though the policy of tbe outlay might be questionable, and suggest the reflection that a similar amount of expenditure, directed in a useful channel, at Buch a time, might have produced great good, and conferred greater honor on the Duke and his guests. it is said of that old clever spinster, Queen Elizabeth, that when any of her nobles wanted curbing, she vi they might gain wisdom from the experience of adversity. Reverting a last time to the Duke, the only thing left to say ol him in that it wan owing to his exertions. when Marquis of Chandos, that the little that was good in the refers bill wsb counteracted by his introduction into it of the XoU tenant-at-will claim, which still maintains the preponderating interests of the aristocracy in the Commons. Ho is down; other Dukes are not far from the end of the journey that will bring them to his position; more rots prevail at the present time than the potatoe one. Whilst partisans squabble the truth comes out. To turn to a subject of greater importance, the government inspection of the crops in Ireland by the stall of the Poor Law Commission, has ro tar progressed as to furnish them in the mean time with the information, "that there is barely food in the oountry to supp' rt the population till the first week in January." Sueh are the words of the report, us extracted from an official souice. Some proof of the approaching dilemma in which the ministry are about being placed by this deficiency of food, a* well as existing disatTeotion. may be afforded by Lord Johu Russell's intended visit to Ireland, to confer with Lord Clarendon as to the means to be adopted to meet the orisis. He may visit Ireland; he will see its capital guarded by twenty thousand troops; he will see the face of the country covered with military cauips to uphold the ooirupt interests of a taction sgainst a nation of squalid pevi rty. His presence as oue of the authors and perpetrators of their miserhs. will be regarded with feelings which may outwardly exhibit a cold iudilTerence. hut inwardly a burning hatred. In the county of Cork a strung spirit of resontment is beginning to manifest itself against the Catholic priests who have shown u disposition to aid tbo civil and military authorities to suppresi the spirit of rebelliou. The usual payments to the pr.ests hare been refused in a tone tf bold defiance to which they have hitherto been unaccustomed. There was no attempt at evasion of payment; it was a denial of the justice of the claim there was n mistake in the matter; the party to apply to for the payments; was the one they served?the Saxon government Statements about misury universally prevailing in Irelaud. are frequently passed over as a mutter of course, us it is only when thpy are accompan td by tome prominent and wofel proof that a moment's attention is enlisted. At Clontnel such n procl dieted lost Saturday, when more than a thousand unemployed men offered their services for one penny a-dny and a dinner of potatoei, or Indian cirnmeul. The ungentleinanly conduct of the Irish Solicitor (Jennal towatds Mr Bull, to whom he attributed indirectly mercenary motives in deb-uding Mr. O'Dohtrty. has, on the demand of the latter produced a correspondence which ended in a satisfactory explanation. Mr. O'tJorman's voyage . commenced so auspiciously from Ireland by a steamer, hai ended by a sate arrival on the French coast, near Brest. The friendly aid of a fishing boat belonging to the shove place, accomplished his deliverance from Lord I 1 I..-,'- VinchOo III i-a of U' In, *in hum ?-' iruuvu o uunr,?vu,<. * " ?> I prison. Thousands. ys-a, thousands of unexecuted wariants, nro now in the bunds of the representatives of Irish justice The chartists are now having their time of trouble. Forty-six have had true bill* found against them in Lancashire, and the latest accounts fiom \ orkshire are, that at Bradford the authorities have had a grand chartist hunt but the game secured fell short of expectation, the birds beiDg shy and strong on the wing. The leaven la in the mass of the people; the fermentation proceeds and will only ceaso when its legitimate purposes are accomplished. Our Southampton Correspondence. SovtiiAMrToifj August 25. 1548. Specie from Mexico to EnglanJ?-Iffairs of the Hritish Colonies?The Island of Cuha?Prospects of Revolulion?The China and India Marketi?Pirates?Rerolls ?Fights in India?Cholera in Egypt?Spain and Portugal? Meriro~- The Etc hanges? Steam ere. The royal mail steamship Great Western, Captain Chapman, It N., arrived here on Saturday last, with the malls from Mexico. New Orleana, Havana and the British West I ndia colonies. She had a large freight and about 140,COO pounds sterling, In speoie, principally from Vera Crux and Tampico. This packet brought the intelligence of the effect produced on the Biilish colonial possessions by the measures proposed by the K.nglish government for their relief. To theae measures 1 adverted in some of ray former communica ...a i 1 ? .1.1,1, ? shared ill Kngland, that the proposals would fall far whorl of what was absolutely required to place the M'eat Indians upon an j thing like an equality with their former position I am induced to take notice of West * Indian affairs, from the great interest which now appears to lie taken regarding them in the United States. The ndvicee Iruin Jamaica and Trinidad, particularly, represent the extremest dissatisfaction and disappointment experienced by the plantem and merchants, when learning the inadequacy of the ministerial news, which was received by the Thames steamer u tew data prior to the tii'i at Western sailing for Kngland It will he seen that a II the Jamaica papers teem with complaints, and the Jamaica Drtyotch (considered the planters' organ) Fays, that the day of hope Is gone for that island. It is true euough t hat Jamaica, and the British West India slauds generally, are in a di plornlile pitiable state; that for some time past sugar has been produced at a loss, owing to the low prices in the Kuropcsii ninrki ts arising from excessive competition and immense supplies of slave.grown sugar from Cuba, Puerto Hic<> and brazil and Ilia' the colonial finances of moat of the islands bare bean. and are, in a dila|ffdated condition?the public treasuiy of of Jamaica, lor instance, at this moment bong quite empty, and the salni tea of the ofllci rs not ahle to be paid -jet. notwil h Standing all the present unfavorable appearances, I think 111ftt the Knglish colouh s have eeeu tlieir worst, and thst some Witling improvement, will be hereafter giailiiHlly observable. I bsse this conclusion on tl e lollnivlng ground*. whicli ere, In a dtgrce. Irrespective of Ire slate quest ios . 'I he Kng.tali eolou'is have i xpsrti nc< d llie depression nntmnlij sj ni| athettc with the fcartul commeroial nnd lliumclel ciisis exprrienci d in Kngland last year, that alone would b suthcisnt to ptoduoe a gn at amount of deprcsatou nod stagnation 'J h? n. again, the failure of tlio large He-t India tirma, and the conseq uent withdrawal ol capo 1 al both tlcwtKUsand actual frcm thw Colonies, put au W YC ?NG EDITION?MON: end to confidence and checked operations. These circumstances, aggravated by the extensive introduction of Havana and Brazilian produce, induced the amount of prostrative stagnation that has caused the AVest Indians to grumble so loudly, and with good reason. Trade and commerce in Kngland have new fallen into a considerably more favorable channel, comparatively speaking, and conildence. though slowly, is evid) ntly gradually dawning This will communicate a henetlnial stimulant to the nnlnniu* ami the measures for West India relief, though, totally inadii|ate to remoTo the whole amount of depression, will, after all, do some good; ai instanced by an advance at Jamaica of the prloe of sugar, the staple of the island, the last quotation thence coming at 17s. to Ills, per 10 lbs , whereas the price two months before, was only Ills, to 16s. An additional reason for pre-supposiig some amelioration of the commercial distress in the West Indies, exists in the fact, that a great change is taking place, and will take plaee in the foreign colonies. Under the emancipation of slaves in ths banish and French islands, it is certain, from all past experience, that a loss supply of sugar must now be anticipated from those colonies, and that sugar will no longer he grown so cheaply by the medium of free labour ns by slave labour, and the discriminating duty to be levied on foreign sugar, previous to its admission into this country for consumption, must make a better market for British colonial sugar. Hope also exists amongst tho West India merchants in regard to the state of the island of Ui ba. that powerful competitor of free-labor sugar. It is fully expected that the Span sh oolonies will catch, If they have not already, the seeds of the revolutionary and insurrectionary mania. Anv chamre in the position of Cuba, 01 the emancipation of its slaves. would reduce it to almost as bad a condition, financially and commercially , as the English islands; and as it is pretty well known that the germs ol'revolt are r<ady to be kindled, and only waiting a favorable opportunity to develope themselves, it is considered that the social disorganization to which Cuba would inevitably be reduced, would leseen the supply very materially, and increase the cost of raising its produce; and thus the West India colonies of Great Britain would thrive, and improve upon the mitfortunes of their neighbors These are the opinions (prsctical and sound, I believe) entertain-d pretty extensively as to the existing and prospective state of the West India Islands. The population of the islands are notoriously discontented with their usage from the home government; but that discontent does not, on the whole, go so far as for the colonists really to desire a separation firora England. On the contrary, I imagine that a trifling improvement. such as may now reasonably be expected, will put them in better spirits, and act as an incentive to exertions to do something for themselves, which Is now all that is required to place themselves in a better position At present. Information from Cuba is Impatiently looked for by every arrival. The Great Western's advices from Havana direct, had the elTect of causing the nevrs eio New York to be discredited, as all was quiet when the stf nmer left, '1 his was disappointing to some of the sanguine West Indians and protectionists herp, and they are fervently hoping tor a complete overturn of the existing state of affairs in Cuba. 1 understand that a leading London newspaper has despatched an ennsrsry to Havana, with instructions to tukc a tour of the island, and report its actual position. The I'eninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company's Iron steamship Indus arrived here this morning, from Alexandria, with the East Indian and China mails. The advance letters and despatches were received in London, ria Marseilles, on Monday, the 21st Inst. The latest dates by this mail are, Calcutta. July 1; Bombay. July 1; Madras, July 0; China, June 24; Alexandria, August 9. The mercantile intelligence does not appear tp be of much importance, either from India or China. The produce markets in Calcutta hnd slightly Improved; opium had advanced in price; the money market was still tight. A letter from Hong Kong slates. '* We observe an increase of foreign vessels, carrying up native produce to the rorlb, particularly sugar from this port to ShaDghae. Owirg to the late equalization of duties in India on foreign and British bottoms, the American tlag is alrtady in active and successful competition with the country shipping, which must suffer severely." Cotton had declined in the Canton market, the stock being very beary. A successful rencontre bad taken place between the British man-of-war Scout and a most audacious set of pirates near Amoy. Commander Johnston waH slightly wounded. The coast near Amoy is represented to be swarming with pirati al boats end prohaa heavily armed with guns, ginpalls. matchlocks, fire-pots, lie. The most important news brought from India by this mail, is inreftrence to the revolt in Moulan. which had been brought to a conclusion by the rapid and successful operations of Lieutenant Ed *ards, and tba forces under his command against the rebel Molraj. It appears that Lieutenant Edwards succeeded in runuug b jui'ruuu win, iuc jvnjnii ui uuawuipuur, RfliT crossing the rivers iDdus and Cbenab. On the 18th Jute, the united force* canie into collision with the army of the Nlolraj ; they awaited his attack, and sustained a sanguinary conflict, of nine hours' duration. The rebel army weie completely defeated, and driven f-om the field with the loss of nearly all their artillery six out of their ten guns remaining in tha power of the British. The cause of the Alolraj was supposed to be completely lost, and it was expected the utmost he could do would be to regain his fort. The gallant conduct of Lieut. Kdwarda in this action hasbren the theme of much praise in F.ngland; and the fact of his having so expeditiously and completely suppressed a formidable and organized revolt, will earn for him no mean place in the unnals of Indiatnaffairs. . You will see. in the London pnpers, a long account | of the Dutch expedition to Bally, which, It appeajxX ended in a most signal defeat and hasty retreat, TmBr expedition comprised nearly four thousand men, PfcfrlL arms. In transports, under command of Major OeanrXl] I J.J. C. Vander W'yck. who embarked in the war steamer Hecla. The attack on the stronghold, I Dnja Itnga. tried the strength of the Ballinese, and exhibited (the bad commissar'at airangements of the Dutch. who. in a moment of apparent victory, were compelled to make an inglorious retreat, with heavy lofs. Seme idea may be formed of the determined na- I tore of the engagement, from tho fact of the Dutch having expended,in two hours and a half. 80,000 rounds of ball cartiidgre and 300 grenades; while, on the part of the en< my. the resistance was of a mast ferocious description. The Ballinese relied on their skill as riflemen, and a number of officers killed and wounded afforded proofs of their ability Had their artillery teen as skilfully directed, it is believed that scarcely a Dutch soldier would have escaped. An order had ; been sent from Bahoia, recalling the expedition; and I the war would be again undertaken when more favorable o; portnnities should occur. The accounts brought by the Indus from Kgypt represent the cholera as raging tnere with great vigor. In Alexandria seventy deaths per diem were taking place, but the disease had slightly moderated during tl e last two days, prior to the steamer's sailing On the first anrrarancH of the cholera Ibrahim Pnrhi and suite started for the Inland of Rhodes, In the ; admiral's ship, accompanied by nearly all the F.gvptian Heel, and left the Administration of the couutry to take care of itself. He would remain cruising about for a month or two Mehemet Ali had not "suiTered any change eithtr in hia bodily or mental state The Nile wee riting with uuuaual rapidity ; the prospects for the atitumu irops were moat favorable Trade wan in a stagr ate condition. and. aa a great many people bad placed iheinselvee in (|iiarantiue, no improvement in commercial tranaactiona were expected for a considerable time. Kxchange on London 99 to 09>,'. 7 lie Indua brought specie from Alexandria to the value of $345,000, which is for delivery at the Bank ol Lngland. The steamer Montrose arrived here yesterday with dates from Gibraltar to August 15; Cadiz. 1(1; Lisbon. 1 19; Oporto and Vigo 20. In Spanish and Portuguese nllaiis there waa nothing of great importance occurring. An attempt at insurrection had again been made in Seville, and a military conspiracy had been discovered iu Madrid, having fur its object the overthrow of Nurvnez. and to make General O'Donnell Prime Minister. The bitter baa recently returned from t uba, immensely rich, hating be< n tho Captain General of that island Fro .a Li-bo. . it la stated, that the Ccrtes wi rc closed on the l"ith of August by Queen Donna Maria in person, who delivered a curious speech on the occasion, exhorting the deputies to employ the parliamentary recess by inspiring the people with a love l? r the existing institutions, which, said her majesty, v ill be the most powerful means of saving thi in trim the Inllusnce of exaggerated ideas, and inculcate those sentiments of obedience to the laws and authorities, und that love of labor, which can ulcne insure the true felicity of the people. The Conde de Tbomar was to go as Portuguese ministir to Madrid. 1 he exchange at Lisbon on London, at 30 days' sight, whs 52ji to 52*L and 90 days'date to 627?. Lisbon Hank notes were at a discount of 3u to 40 per cent. The Portugese 5 per cents were 39 to 41. and 4 11 r cents 32 to 34. Spanish doubloons. 14.580 to 14.600 Spsnisli and Brazilian dollars, 920 to 923. Mexican dollars 015 to920. At Gibraltar, on the 16th. exchange on London was 48>y at 90 days. Freights and produce, generally, unclmneedfioni my last .(notations of Inst week. The Mexican political advices, received In F.ngland by the Great Western steamer via Southampton, and vm iSew \ orH i'V me t.uropa, are mora lavoralile man were upected in regard to tba preservation of order in tin. country, the Insurgent forced having been defeated by the government troops The poor Knglish holders of Mexican bond* appear, however, doomed to perpetual disappointment, and their chance* of obtaining remittance* to pap overdue dividend*, appear a* remote as ever, A communication ha* just been leeeitrd bp the chairman of the bond holder*' committee from the Mexican Minister of Finance, stating that no putlon ot the first instalment of the indem l it j money from the L'nitid State* i* to be banded trer to the agent* to defray the arrears of the solemn e< iitiact made with th bond holders, two year* back, andwhiih row amount to $5.000000 The finance minister dres rot question the o.aim, but unfortunately about three weeks befi re receipt of the letter to which b>* c< uunnnlcation was an answer, Congress had | aFFi d a Isw " prohibiting" the government from dhpcriigof the anient t 'n the manner proposed, and In n tin.- cause alone, it ap| i ;iri?, the flnanc? minister raye be is prevt ntvd from eon,plying with it. In this way the Juggled parties are band'd about from one to tli other: the minister I,a* the best intentions, but lie ii est t bey the Congress snd Congress, if they w i re ap| t al< d to would probably reply that tbey would no justice, but must be guided by the minister Meanwhile S> nor I'alarlo takes credit that th* tobacco and Tor contracts hypothecated to the bond holders, burr sin rdy t??n t ncs wore set apart for tbelr aivitn IRK ] DAY, SEPTEMBER 18 tage- a step which does not in voice much present selfdenial, when the change from the fiscal laws, introduced by the Americans during their temporary occupation of the countrv. is likely to prevent any immediate receipts. and which, as regards the future, is not to be relied on, should Congress, whenever the accumulations mav seem convenient. And It necessare through 8omti new movement of I'aredes, to prohibit, by a uew law. the Minister of Finance from appropriating the funds to their destination Altogether, the prospects of the bond holders are had. and the quotation for Mexican stock on the London exchange is now only lt)% to 16.%, whereas a month since it was 17% to 18. Some idea may be formed of the prejudicial eflect which has been produced on the price of these securities (once great favorites with the speculative jobbers) by the war between the United States and Mexico, when It is known that prior to hostilities they were selling at 68 to 46; they have, consequently, exp<rienced a depreciation of nearly 160 per cent. The Washington sailed from here for New Vork last Sunday, the 20lh inst., punctually to her time, aud I hope she will make a good passage. She was crowded with passengers und full of freight, and her voyage cannot fail to be highly remunerative to the Ocean Steam Navigation Company. Tlio large number of psFsergers taken from here, and the valuable freights, prove the correctness of what I told you in former letters regarding the capabilities of Southampton to produce a large traffic to New York provided the steamers were punctual to time and departure, and performed fair voyages. The Liverpool folkH are " crowing" very loudly because tbe America beat the Hermann on the last voyage out to New York, it was only by 24 hours, taking the respective distances into consideration: and when it in alto considered that the Hermann had such an immense freight, at actually to have boon overloaded when she left here, it cannot be wondered the America should gain a slight advantage. Under any circumstances, however, the Hermann made an excellent passage, and baa made herself a reputation. ANGLO-AMEIUUAN. Our Pari* Correspondence. Paris, Aug. 16. 1848. The Inturrection Committee?Italian Affaire?The Pope?Auetria?General Velden'e Proclamation? Firing of Palacei in Milan? Genoa-? Charlet Albert'e Proclamation?The Venetian Provieional Government. The two great subjeeta which have engrossed public attention here, during the past week, are the report and evidence of the insurrection committee, and the state of affairs in northern Italy. Ae all correspondence with Milan is, more or less, suspended, and you will not, therefore, in all probability, receive the letter of your correspondent from that quarter, 1 will communicate, in this present letter, the news from the theatre of war. Public expectation has been on the stretch, from Jav to day. as to the production anil circulation of the immense mars of documents and evidence which form (what they call here) the ' pieces justificative'' of the rtport of the insurrection committee. They arc not yet printed, and will not possibly be ready for circulation before Saturday next. They wrill, it is taid, form three or four quarto volumes, and will present one of the most singular commentaries on the men and events who huve tigured on the stage of Europe since the revolution of February. It is expected that the debate on tbem will sblver to pieces tho parties now existing in the Assembly, and will be attended by the wreck cf more than one great reputation. Accordingly. unheard of elTorts have been made to smother the inquiry, and prevent the publication of the evidence. These efforts have been, hitherto, abortive ; nevertheless, they are. not yet discouraged, nor will they cease until the day upon which the monster evidence and documents shall be published. the last mail you learned tho Intelligence of the total defeat of the l'iedmontese urmy, under Charles Albert, and his retirement from Milan within the frontiers of Piedmont, under the terms of a capitulation signed by the commanders of the two armies. This capitulation has for its conditions merely that the Sardinians should be allowed to retire unmolested, and that the lives and properties of the inhabitants of Milan should be respected. An armistice was agreed to, first for three days and afterwards for six weeks, for the avowed purpose of giving time for the diplomatic intervention of France and England, which has been offered and accepted, with a view to the amicable set tleinunt of the differences between Austria and Italy, and to prevent the calamity of a general war. The Austrian army has advanced in two principal column*; the one under Marshal lUdietKy occupies Lombardy, having its head quarters at Milan, the other, under General Welden, advances along the line of the Po, I..I.. ,l?nh^u n,un...ln? thu no ., ,.H IK. Grand Duchy of TuscaDy. At the time I write this, our last advices from the legations are to the nth instant The Tope had protested against the occupation of any part of his territories by the Austrians ; but in spile of this, on the 7th, a body of Austrian troops occupy d liolrgna. General Welden, however, in face of this protestation, did not think tit to give the occupation a character of military violence. A convention was made betwen the Prolegate and imperial General. The Austrian troops occupied only three of the gates, San Felice. Galliero, and Meggtoca ; they were not to appear armed in the town, &o. fc.c. Contrary to this convention, 400 Ilulan cavalry auda company of infantry, entered by two dilferent gates on the same day into tf^iity, and took up a position in front of the palace of tIKtovernment. The captain of the Pontifical cariAmieers then, went in the name of the Prolegate to deVah.d.the reasons, for this manieuvre, which did not ?jflPP%ith the convention. The colonel who bad Jfrcltd in pursuance of anterior orders, immediately <?fl .the interior of the city, and relinquished it,to the NationjDfGuard. A veryMli feeling existed between lire K?mnsand Austrians. which win not at all mod.flWh^ifctlrj proclamations of Gen Welden, one tf which I send you as a sample, and which is as follows; "My troops shall maintain good ..rder and discipline when they shall set foot on the Pontifical territory; all violence against peaceable persons shall he trie d by court-martial. But on thetother hand. I will, without fail, shoot, because I do not choose to make any prisoners, whoever shall be found with arms in thrir hand.:, or shall show any kind of hostility to us. Whoever the Imperial troops are in garrison, all the arms shall be delivered up. aud the authorities are made responsible personally for their towns, and tho victualling the Imperial troops " On tiie 8tli instant, in the afternoon, an Austrian officer, the bearer of despatches to the Trolcgate, in passing through the town of Bologna, was killed by acme Uolognese. Half an hour afterward* a soldier, also the hearer of despatches, met the same fate. The Austrian*. at the gate of San Felice, levelled a cannon and tired on the people. The Austrians then evacuated the city, and retired to Montaguoia. They numbered 2,GCO with four cannons and a howitzer, and commenced bombarding the city, which was set on fire in teveral places, and continued burning from Ave in the afternoon till nearly eight. On the side of the Bolognese, there were 50 carubineers and oO custom house officers, with about 500 street porters and some National Guards. They took Montaguoln by nssault, and droTO away the Auelriuus. General VVelden then imposed a fine of 100 crow us on the city, and demanded eight hostages. The Prolegate wished to offer himself as hostage, but the people would not allow him to do so. and. incensed by the demand, rose, en masse Genetal Welden then sent in four thousand fresh troops, who were attacked by the people, and driven out of the town. The Austrian* then established themselves on a mountain, and commenced bombarding the town ; but the peasants came to the assistants of the townspeople, aud obliged them to discontinue the Are The Bologneso then sent information of those events to all the cities of RouragWa The diplomatic body at Florence, on henring of this affair. forwarded to General Welden a pretest, and request that he would order a discontinuance of the attack on ihe town The Austrian.' lost aboutforty and one officer, with Ally ptisoners. The Bolognese, fifteen killed and wounded. The gieatest apprehension! were entertained In Tuscany ot the approach of the Austrian*, but they have, in some measure, been allayed for the present by ttie publication pyM. i orsmi, in? Minister or foreign Allaire. of a statement regarding the Austrian army, i> which he says that an official communication of the Fnglwh minister, resident at Florence, has announced I t. him lhat General Welden. in consequence of the intervention of that minister and the French chargt I ti' njlairci. has declared that this portion of Tuscany i shall le rt spected by the Austrian army, on condition | that internal order shall be observed in the Grand | Duchy, and that there shall be no levy en nam, nor ar,y act of aggression. A similar Intervention has . taken place with General Terglas, the commander of the reaps d occupation of Moiiena, whleh, it was expected. wonld produce similar results. It is pretty certain that a body of Austrlans have liken possession of I'a* la. which is almost deserted. A deputation of citizens, headed by priests, met the Austrlans with a flag of truce. They have also, it seems, entered Modena, and restored the fermei government. Some travellers, arrived from the neighborhood ol Milan, Inform 11s thnt at Milan nil the streets wero deserted. and that the palacea Lltta. Borromeo, and some others were tired . and the coloring given by some of these, which, however, Is not near th? truth, is, that the Milanese had resolved patriotically to sacrifice that city as the Kussiann did Moscow. News has also arrived that the populace had again risen against the Austrians. nnd that they were again fighting them, but thia ia not credited In riedmont the king lias removed his head quarters to Alexandria 1 he whole of the ministry have re signed, and the kins lias arcepted their resignation llii- I'ledmontoe Journal* demand with the greatest energy that court martinis shall be held on the events and conduct ot the war They attack bitterly deneisle Have, biscarettn. and Salasco; and also an offlcei of the commissariat. who Informed Charles Albert, al Mtwranhano. that the troops were well supplied with provisions, at the very moment the soldiers were dylnp ot ht nger. At tienoa, affairs wear a eery sorrowful aspect Somt of the tor's have been occupied by the National (iuard who are employed In dismantling them, as they com n and the town, and the (Jenoese do not like to e.xposi ib<ui> elves too much to the tender mercies of the Aua triune, should they pey then a visit. Advice* Rom Rome, of the 7th, have been reoeivei since yesterday, and bring accounts of the eieltemen and indignation occasioned by the conduct of th Austrian*, iu entering the rontlfloal territories 'J hi f L L D. TWO CENTS. Stl I; N R I LL*4 I.AKr HoilJC. ) Lear Okorcc. September 7, 1S4<}. { Trip Jllottg thr North Slior' We broke upourencampment on Monday Cmningt? the nearest landing on Lake Champlain. upon the diy the Saianac paneed up. I hung out my banner, an agreed upon between me and the captain, via the name big blanket ibawl that waa wrapped around my gouty toe at the fancy ball, Up went the ntlck. and the old Rob Iloy fluttered ga'ly in the breeao. Down to leeward ciune the 'Satanac," the pa??engera wondering what tho deuce rent the at earner Into euch a port. But Captain ( haptnua in not the man to leave a friend in the lurch, (flthougll. truth to tell lie In ?.imotliln? of a EIERi , 1848. has elicited from the f'ope the following proclamation " H. II consilient the entry ?f the Anstrisns into th<' I'ntlflcal States, as an offence to bitn personally, in his uuality of Sovereign rotitin " II. 11. proposes to send to the camp of (leai-rat Wold.-n a dopetition oompoaeil of ( ardinel Marini, and the I'rtn.m ('ursini and Mraantu, to intimate an order to retir>. menautnK the Rmie ral of the imperial troops to employ all the mean, in his power to obtain this prompt evacuation. " U. II. has never intended to relax, and still less to prevent, thv execution of tiie measures recently ordained by tlie Minister of War for the defence of the State " The Chamber of Deputies have decided unanimously on nn appeal to France, anil an official commit nidation of thin decision lias bent made to the French auibasaador. The same mail also brings a private letter from Home, of the 7th, which says :?The Austrian*, under the orders of Oen. Weldeit. hate again invaded the Legations. Accordiug to the last accounts, a corps of 4,000 men had occupied Kavenna. auil posts of occupation were left in all the cities between that place and Ferrarn. The avowed object ef this was to prevent Venice from obtaining supplies from the Poutillcal shore. This will necessarily lead to the occupation of Ancona. fn m whence, in a few hoars march, the frontiers of PTaples may be reached. This news has come to complicate the situation of affairs at Koine so long excessively difficult. My letter of the 4th announced the definitive dissolution of the Maniani ministry. The new ministry is not yet constituted. In the sitting of the Chamber ot Deputies of the 6th.the old under secretary gave tlie following notice :-"lf between this and the 7th, the ministry is not appointed, and, as in tlie present grave circumstances, the State should not be without a responsible ministry, I shall propose such measures as the urgency of tlie case demands." On this notice being given, the whole assembly clapped their hands. The time before the leaving of the post will not perhaps allow nie to give you the oonsequences of this incident The march of the Austrians has been a new brand of discord thrown iu the midst of the permuneilt effervescence. Yesterday evening, the Corso and other public places of meeting, were filled with people, | net quiet as ordiunrily, but most hostile to the upper clasres. All the carriages were obliged to withdraw from the hisses which everywhere saluted them. A i priest who was standing at* the corner of a street was wounded by a polgnard. The leadars of tlie e/neiit* remained masters of the field The mob then determined to go to the hotel of the French embassy. to demand the immediate intervention of France. The crowd marched to the Palace Colonna. the residence of the ambassador, to whose salon three delegates from the fieonle were admitted. The ambassador replied to thetn n these terms " 1 can hardly believe, gentlemen. that you are serious in requiring the intervention of France, since the language of your journals and public tribunes I is ao opposed to it I know not what resolution Franca \ may take, and in the absence of all authorisation | lam unable to give you any satisfactory reply. If, | however, yon will prepare a petition, and it shall be i signed by a sufficient number of respectable persons, | to represent the Koirun pacple. 1 will take caro to | transmit it to my government." I do not know if the I couise r? commended will be pursued. The ordnances for the armament, enrollment, rno1 billzation of the civic guard, fomiation of military supplies succeed each other with astonishing rapidity; unhappily the spirit of war Is extinct here Rome | will not, perhaps, furnish fifty new volunteers; and they will be the fifty, legionaries who retured from j Cicenca. the itduci as they are here called; more than a third will net again engage. France ean and ought to intervene, not in sending an army in the ' first place; but by mediation having her army ready to enforce her reasoning. Italy, who fancied she could do all by herself, could only involve herself in a vain and pnerile arareby. ' Thbke o'clock?I have just heard that the new Mii nistry is constituted. Carboli has the Foreigu Affairs, | Count Fahri the Interior, Count Kauri the Finances, and the other Ministers retain their,portfolios. The Gazellr dt Dos, of Berlin, contains the followi Ing statement: ' We learn from a quarter entitled to credit. 1 bat yesterday the Ministry sent a courier to Paris, with the following conditions as the basis of the negotiation concerning Italy, in reply to a peremptory question of the French government 1st. The libera> tiou of Italy, unless she prefer to remain under the dominion of Austria. 2d. An engagement to pay a portion of the public debt. 3d. A conclusion of an ad; voutageous treaty of commerce " It is certain that ttiu utia I nf llnrlin wui a aVirtrt timn ainpai ! little disposed to the liberation of Italy. A telegraphic despatch, received at Turin on the i 12th at 7 A M.. announces the arrival of Charles Al> bert at Alexandria. The following proclamation was I published at Vigevano on the 10th ['Ihe prorlaniution. of Charles Albert, alluded to by j our correspondent, has already been given in our I columns.] Advices from Tnrin, of the 11th. mention that rumors were current in that city, that a treaty was on the point of being concluded between the Kuropean 1 powers, for the establishment of a new LombardoVenetian kingdom, whose king, according to the desire of liussia. should be a Beauhartiois. and. according to that of Kngland. a Coburg. The Turin ministry was not then constituted. { T) e Venetian provisional government relinquished I their power on the 7th, (according to advices from ; Venice of that date,) to commissioners appointed by Charles Albert; the annexation of that territory to the kingdom of Northern Italy having beeu confirmed by tbe Sardinian Chambers A proclamation, issued by i the commissioners, recommends the most determined j resistance to Austria The solemn cession of the sovereignty of that oity and the Venetian provinces to the commissioners of Charles Albert, was made in the ancient Library of Venice, on the 7th; the Cardinal aud ! principal public oUlcers being present. The Cross of > Savoy aud the Lion of St. Marc were on the standards. Letters irom Florence, of the 8th, anuounce that tbe { Pope had lent a courier to the i'ro-legate of Ferrara, with despatches. ordering him to signify to the Austrian* that they shall leave the I'ontitieal States within tinee days; and other advices say that (Jen Weldeu bus beeu recalled from his command, his conduct as to | tbe Pontifical States not being approved by the Austrian government. The latest news arrived here from Bologna states I that, on tin- afternoon of the t'th. the fighting at that j city had rensed; and that the bole gncee were complete j masters of the city and the neighboring heights. baring | driven away the Austilaris. with considerable lose Great urn asmess and uncertainty, however, prevailed i ax to what might ensue. Tlie peasants from the neigh j b'rhcod, and within tweDty miles, were arriving in great numbers, well armed, to the defence of the city. haw Intelligence, Gr.MiitL Sr.uiosi Sept 14.?before the Recorder, Aldermen Smith and Dodge.?John McKean, Ksq , District Attorney. Ttial fir Uigamy ? William H. Nile*, alias Charles Decker, wax put jforwxrd on trial, charged with tne above offence The race was opened by the Asxistaut Diftrlct Attorney. Isaa< Van wax the first witness sworn. He testified that 011 the 14th of June. 1037. the prifoner got mariied to his sister. C aroline Van benthuysen, 1)) the Rev George benedict, of Norfolk street, baptict church, in this city. The l(ev. Mr. McCaaaow, rector of St. Joseph's church was the next witness He testified that he married the prisoner on the 5th of January. 1848, to Catherine Collins, the second wife The defence put in wax, that prisoner bad contracted his second marrage not until atter he had procured a divorce from Lis first wife The bill and decree from the equity side of Supreme Court were put in. sho%ing that the bill was filed on the 12lh Apiil 1848 and Ike decree granting the divorce, was issued on the 30th June subsequently. Catha?ihk Milks, the second wife of prisoner, wns introduced on the stand Her appearance was much in btr favor, and che testified as to the fact of her first mariiage. and again a second marriage in prison with Kites, celebrated by the Kev. Charles Parker, on the \ 5th July. 1848. at the reqnsst of prisoner The case 1 was submitted to the jury by counsel on.both sides. The prosecution contended that a clear case of > bigamy was made out?the divorce not having been I sui d ft r or procure d. until after the second niarriago ' was celebrated. The first wife of prisoner, who apI peared in court, was also tendered on the part of the | prosecution, but wax objected to on the part of the . defence. The jury found the prisoner guilty, and the court sentenced lnm to live years imprisonment in | the State prison. | 'J he court adjourned over to this forenoon, at 11 I> C1CCK. Miser 11 11 ?-o tia. The terminus, at the end of the line, of the New York ami Philadelphia Telegraph Company, Is to be removed fre m Jersey City to this city. To accomplish this, the wires are to be carried C> miles op the Hudson Hiver. where they will be thrown across and brought down on this aide, making In all HO miles of additional [, post planting and wire stretching, to get from Jersey City here. It la rumored that two vessels are to be sent over Niagara Kails, on the 2!ith instant The hit aaya :? 1 At 12 o'clock. M., the Tirate. a vessel of 100 feet in length, with several wild and tame animals on board. 1 as passengers, with appropriate flags and streamers, will be started from her moorings two miles above the lalls. It is intended to have this craft so well secured, hatches dt w n and nil tight, that she will make the awr ful leap entire with spars and rigging all standing A( 8 o'clock in the evening of the same day, a Are ship 1 loaded with all manner of combustibles, will be read) to slip her cables, showing a ship on (Ire until.after twe mlies through the rapids, she will make the fearful plurge while still In a blaze. The number of deaths In Boston, last week, was 89. Or K.IIas W Napier, a wealthy gentleman, of Jackson ceunty, Tonu . died on the 7th ult and by his will emancipated ilb slaves u?? VIr ni v.._ a..a*?A i... i,..? to the I'mleaaorehip of Natural and Revealed Religion j in Bowdoin College. Rriinawirk Me Dr Morrill made a balloon aacenelon from Boaton on the 13th inet Me ran>e down about a mile and a halt ; from tlie village ot ({umcy A joiing lady ?> to have , arciaipanied him but the balloon ear would nat ae. ci am ( date tbvm both A duel wa? fought on the Mh Inat.. near I.exington, I Kv between William <> Smith. K.eq . of Pari*, and 'i h < niu h 11 llolt Km) . late of St I.ouir An exnhatjgf I of rhote took plare without effert whan the affair waf ? ettled The quarrel. It la raid, grew out of a pulltlca (lnuoim belwer n Mr Smith and Mr llolt, a* or ueai latia. a ahort time b? fore the (lovernor'a election j On the idth inat . there win anatoely water ennugt I >n the Ohio river at Cincinatti. to peruuv the uiai ? I rata to j ! ?* brtween tlat rity and l.ttuiayillr, a* tbl h wetirwaa for'int'tly falliBg 1 wug in liln own way; no, after harking and tllllne. now advancing a little and then retreating, like a coquet tish young woman who know* her power, the -SaraI nac'finally "come to,''and let me onboard After aliaklii hand* with the worthy commander, my first question wbh for a newspaper?for i had heard nothing of that great outside barbarian, the world, for more than two weeks Now, be it known, that Chapman always keep* a nice, clean looking file of the New York Ileruld. dally, ami this was at once put into iny hand* binding that you had kept things in good running order, giving to mankind a truthful history of the sublunary tilings of yesterday upon each succeeding morning, I next thought of dinner, which was quite ready, and to which even the Captain admit* I did ample justice. My appearance. aH I cameon board.was tolerably grotefqtie. I had no time to change any of my habiliments, pushing as I did for the boat; my beard was nearly a three weeks' growth, and my hulr had not made acquaintance with comb or brtn-h for about the same period. Presently, I found that I was attracting the attention of the passenger*, beyond what was pleasant. <>o where I would, do what I would, there were winking* and blinking*, and low suppressed exclamations of " lawful sake* alive,*' and ' did you ever,'' here, there, and ererwhere. around me. J could stand it no longer, and seeing chapman pas* me with an intolerably waggish look in his mischievous eye, I seized him by the arm, marched him into my stateroom, and shut the door. "Chapman," said I. "you are facing a man that has killed a panther ' Tell me, if you hope to get off alive, what you have been doing to *et the passengers after nm at this rate."? ' Upon my word, Mr Shandy," said the captain, Tory demurely, "just nothing at all I knew you were a fancy man. and attended the fancy bulls, and as a great many were asking me about the big ball at Newport, which hue juet come oil, I told them that you were right from Newport, direct, ami had not had time to change your costume ! I gave in your name as Count Lopes de (^uisqucraudo, and referred them to the Herald for a description of your person. Dut here we are at Tl. and. as you go to Lake George, I must put you ashore. Forgive me, my dear Mr. Shandy. Let us ' laugh while we may,' you know." So saying, the worthy, kind-hearted, fun-loving captain shook me cordially by Nie hand, and I stepped ashore near the ruins of Ticonderoga. Passing across to the landing ot the Lake George boat, I took the steamer " W. Caldwell,'" Capt. Farlin. to whose gentlemanly atten> tion I was indebted for much agreeable information on the trip and arrived at "SberrilT*,'' in time for tea and trout I am so well satisfied with the house, In all Its departments, that I shall spend several days here. And although I agree with Talleyrand, never to reoommend acock or physician, lest I be guilty of manslaughter. as accessory before the fact, still 1 must say a good wotd for this house of Sherrill's. His table is unsurpatsed by any tbat I have met with, his nrrungements air- mnun wiin great. quietness ana great dlspatcn,and he line. basides, a peculiar way of making all hit guests feel at home in his establishment. What need that I say anything of the scenery of Lake (ieorge, when amorous swains, lovelorn and hirsute, and gentle maidens, simpering and sentimental, have sketched and have colored, have painted and lisped the praises of the picturesque 'llorioon !" But, foie-Ueorge, when I saw the rough rocks, piled into mountains towering above my head, ami thefearlui chasms through which the mad torrent dashes, and the rude, unsightly precipices, to look down which the eye becomes diia and the head grows dizzy?I turned beck, in my imagination, as 'twere, instinctively, into the eternity of tna past, and travelling away beyond the period of our " lievolutlon." I came to the scenes of "The old French War," when these fearful wiljs wer> penetrated by Knropean armies?when cannon were transported to the very summits of the highest of these mountains?when the chivalry of the old world were employed against each other in the terrilic wildncsses of the new,and where the sleep of the soldier who laid down to dream of friends or ladye-love across the waters, was disturbed by the yell of the savage, or the cries of the wild beasts of the desert.' I thought of all this, and my blood coursed nervously through my veins, beating once more with the fulness of life, and I did forget for the moment, that there were such things as men monkeys and fancy balls, paroquet-women and polkas. I shall come home before leng I cannot name the time; will be a day when the Troy, Captain Frazee, takes her turn down. I am comfortable on board that boat always Please to ask my friend Monnott, of the New York Hotel, to have my room put in order, and I will serve you as wi lt when occasion requires. SHANDY. Ot'TKAGBOl s ATTK.MIT AT AllDT CTION AND SEDUCTION.?Thurstluy night, ut a lute hour, n man appeared at the Monterey House, Market street, near the Ferry laDdiDg. in company with two handsome, well dressed gills?one about eleven and the other ten years of a^e? seekiDg lodging for the night The bar | keeper Inrormrd liim be bail no accommodation* for i females. 'J iif man went to the Main Street ll?use. ' obtained a bed for the girl*, promising to call for them in the morning, and then returned to the Monterey | llouie tor lodging for himself The bar-keeper, *us! peeling uniethlng wrong gave information of the I man's condnet at the 1'oliee Office, and abo a* to the ; place where the girls were taken Marshal Jennings j immediately went to the Main Street House, and totd the landlord not to give the children up untilhe again saw him In the morning the man according to promise, call* for the children, and on being requested to delcy taking them away, suspect* that hi* villainy wan supplcioned. and immediately goes to the Marshal and informs him of having two atray children under hie rare, being unable to find their parent* The villinn i* suddenly changed to a philanthropist, and starts off voluntaiily to aaeiiit the Marshal in searching for their parents Being unable to find them, the Marshal and tide man separated. I'pon again going to the Main Street House, where the children are retain! d, the following facts had been ascertained from | the eldest girl, who appears to be a smart and intelligent child, in reference to who they are and their , present condition That they arc cousin* and namid Hannah and Sophia l.ittle That they go to I so ho< I to Mr. Hicks, and upon returning from school Wednesday afternoon, they stopped in front 1 of tbo menagerie, corner of Ninth st and WiishI ington Avenue, when a man eauie up to them and asked if they wanted to see the show. They replied, in childish innocence, in the affirmative, when he took them in, showed them around the pavilion, bought candies and fwertmrats for them, and talked i to ai.d treated them iu a moat affectionate and kind I Hianm r When night came on. they expressed anxiety [ about going hnu>e, when this villian persuaded them , to remain with him . that he would be a father to them, 1c . and supply their every want, at the name tima prcmii ir g them ringe and such other notions aa pleaaa t lie fancy of children At this time the exhibition for | the evening is closed. He tells them that he is to bo employed by the showmen as a driver and made pro| lifte promises in case they would aocompany him 1 Without fully obtaining the consent of the children, | be taken them to the Wnlte Mansion House on Second , street, obtains a bed and then retires. Thursday morning after breakfast, the children are again taken I to the menagerie by their abductor, and by him piovidtd for during the day?a portion of the time being secreted At night the viltfun tells them he has been unnhlo to procure a situation from the show, and intends going to Indiana, where he would meet with a circus and go with it. at the same time exciting their fancy by ploturiDg to them the happy and interesting life of being circus actresses, he., which the children in their innocence highly fancied, and consented to acj company him. He then proceeded to the Monterey House, as above stated. After ascertaining these facts, active pursuit was made for the villian. who was arrested at the I'ppor Kerry, in the act of crossing the river He gave his name us Homer, and so registered himself at the White Mansion House?with family. The conduct of this villian towards the eldest of these girls, indicatts the brutal and diabolical object he had in view I in abducting th*m from their homes Whenever op portunities afforded, improper and indelicate liberties I were taken with her person, which the fiend, under the I garb of father and protector, olalmed of her as a privilege he could without impropriety indulge in This is ; one Cf the most diabolical and outrageous attempts 1 upon the virtue of two Innocent and unsuspecting j children that has ever come to our knowledge The ' vltiian attempts to Implicate the drummer of the band I attached to the menagerie, with whom, from all that ' we can learn, tbev were to go away yeaterday morning; 1 ?? il,? itwiimmup la cfineaenoH if of sail If Iii hard to say. We presume be will be made to in swer. and tail his own tale. It alto appears. that a i location near tbe ferry landing waa selected to lodge ' tbe children, ao aa to bare them cnnrenient to the ' ferry at tbe tltne the music wignn croaaed?in which, I the supposition la strong, they were to go Theaa leautitul and intereatlng girts, are the daughter and niece of a highly respectable widow lady, residing near tbe Big Mound, whose distress, at the long continued absence of the children, after diligent and peraereriug search bad been made for them, can be more readily imagined than described Fortunately. the matter was exposed in time to aare the children They were restored to their distressed family, and tbe perpetrator of the outrage committed to prison, where he will await the penalty of the law.? St. l.&uO R'pukHran, ' Sept 9. Mail Kobhkr AK*itvntn.-~The Western mai! having been lately robbed ot considerable anm.i of money, tbu font Office Department inatitnted an in[ vestigstlcn which resulted in tbe arrest, at Winchester. Va . of John D Ken tin. a young manor reapectabU connextions On bis person was found money to the amount of t'l 400. part of which waa identified Thar* was also found upon him >bH0 in half notee, the othar portions of which are supposed to hare been forwarded In ether letters It is said that Fentin was an intimate friend of the i'oetmaster'a aon, and was in tha Labit of calling at lha ofllca on Sunday mornings t* talk and smoke

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