Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 21, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 21, 1848 Page 1
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' _____ ~T H NO. 5223. Affair* In Port anal. The brig Omyum arrived yesterday, in fortyeight days, from Lisbon, Portugal. The American Consul at Lisbon, Philip A. Poach, Esq., came passenger in her, as bearer of despatches horn the United States Legation, at the Court of Braganza. , We have received by the O., the following des; patch from our correspondent at Lisbon. It is not of a late date, but it contains matter of considers- ' Vic luicicai;? Liihon, Aug. 30, 1848. | Jiffairt of Portugal ?The Ciril IVar?Religion?Pride ? The Colonies, 4'Cm "J"1'In a previous letter, I alluded to the unjust opinion I prevailing abroad respecting the Portuguese character ' and I shall now allude to the causes which have produced it. My present opinion of Portugal is very different from that which 1 entertained before becoming acquainted with the people. Like strangers visiting our own land, I find that descriptions, like those of Trollope, Dickens, and kindred scribblers, are as wide f reality, in Portugal, as they are in the United States^ Be not surprised, however, that this country ismlsrep. resented, for, for feveral years, the crimes and atrooi ties of civil war mark her history. Portugal, for con- I lories, has been an absolute government; the masses were accustomed to it, and the upper classes were it8 Ann supporters. Shortly after the death of John the VI, Don Miguel succeeded In getting the Cortes to proclaim him King; bnt he refused to perform his promises to his brother, Don Pedro, Dmperor of Brazil, to marry his daughter, Donna Maria, the present Queen ?bene* the civil war. The Miguelites were absolutists, the country had been prosperous without charters or constitutions, and they were satisfied to be governed without them; the more so, as the liberal movement of 2>20 were shortly followed by the loss of Brazil. The Pedroitea were liberals, and at their Instance Don Pedro granted the country the charter of 18tti The struggle ended in 1834. by the defeat of Don Miguel, who, for several years, nad ruled as absolute king. During his sway, all who #i pressed liberal opinions were severely punished. In many Instances, the aoeused. after mook trials before extraordinary tribunals, were shot, stranKd or hung. In a few hours after their conviction, e spies of the despot would watch all who were not Supposed to be the triends of their master; (hey would mark upon their backs the letter VI. (M?lhado\) the vtetlm. nesting the cries of kill him, would fly for safety, but before he could proceed far tin- knives of assassins bad depi ived him of existence. In this manner many a private enemy, and many a dishonest debtor, Fettled their acrounta. Those who had wealth were obliged to make forced loana. and unleaa they did ao quickly, w< re whipped or imprisoned. But. In time, the tide turned. Don Tedro'e troops took Lisbon. and the sufferers by the tyranny of Don Mlgnel wreaked their vengeance upon hia supporters. >or sereral days after their entry, the obnoxious members of the opposition were marked out for punishment (tn the first day hundreds fell; they had distinguished themselves by their zeal, and when any of thsan appeared in the streets the letter B., (Burro.) written almost mysteriously on their backs with chalk was almost instantly followed by their dsath. 1 hare beard related by sereral eye-witnesses, the horrible deeds perpetrated during that war?the assassinations by the knife, the strangulations by the hang man.and the scattering of the victim's ashes to the srlnh. A part ef the time, during the war, no quarter was given on either aide The struggle ended In 1834, and the present <dueen. daughter of Don Pedro, ascended the throne The influence of the civil war la every where deeply Ut indelibly marked. After ye ere of peace, as much n?lr?? exists between me liberal* ana MigUtJlltes n* did during the molt phrcnzied moment of the truffle The latter party, though the majority of the nation, were conquered by the aid lent by Kngland. France, and Spain, and they are now kept dtwn by the quadruple treaty existing between tho .c government* and that of Donna Maria. The present Cvernment must l>e eonetantly on the alert, to proit iterlf. The eonqnered are more numeroui than the conqueror*, and another war between them would he a death struggle The Miguelitei are kept together by the tie which, in all monarchical countries, outlives the fall of their monarch Their enera'e* have plae* rank and title*; but the old nobility 1 -ok upon them a* upstarts and their hatred of each other ie profound and bitter Mere, society ha* been overtvrned; bnt. notwithstanding tb* exUtence of many ean*e* tending to produce violence and crime, the character of the people is mild, patient and hoepita14* Allusion ha* been made to the above fact*, to hear testimony to the virtu** of the Tortuguese; for they hare survived the horror* of civil war. and dlsBay themselve* now. notwithstanding the existence of tier political hatred In Franee anarchy had It* reign of terror; in Tortngal absolutism had It* reign also; but those who would accuse the character either people of cruelty i would do injustice; indeed, of the latter, every trait prove* it* mildness and humanity The amusements of the people illustrate their disposition, A bull-fight is conducted without bloodshed. On Sundays, there are leasts and fairs, and so much simplicity is appa tret id iht man n?*rw of !in> people ion incjr appear 10 belong to a kMM >- n the many revolutionary ottuggb * which have oeearrr<l wince the expulwlon of Don hi if wet, between faction* of the liberal parties, the victory once gained. oblivion Mem* to have been thrown over the pact lleeentlj. in Se*ill.- a Sp inlwh regiment revolted, after proclaiming h change of government. and firing upon the royal troop*, they retreated into Portugal Here they were disarmed, and Donna Maria Interceded with the (jtieen of Spain, and obtained tbelr pardon llow different i* the conduct of the rortugueee miuUtry from that of itueen Victoria * coun*ellor* At the instance of the former. Kpenieh aoldleri who. In a moment of excitement, had flretl upon their fellww-men. and proclaimed the downfall of their government, are pardoued. while, in unhappy Ireland, which for centnrle* ha* been the Job of nationa, the slightest hone of her children ha* invited upon their hoed* Imprisonment and exile The pe<p|e delight in their religlou* festival* and proeeeftun* On Oood Krlday every one appear* in deep mourning, the ?tore* are cloved, the churchei are hung in black, and a profound alienee reigns throughout the city The bell* of the clock do not toll the hour and ?o rigidly la the day Observed. that, la race of fire, the alarm bell* do not ring. In every pnbllc place, the flag* are hum; at half ma*t. and the ' yard* of the whipping ere crossed A Oood Friday, in the capital appear* to be a day of some terrlb e ealamitv < in the following day. there are *een at many of the cio*? *treet*. and on the yard arm* of the whipping. the efltgy of Juda*. The people delight to beat and pelt the traitor; but on thl* oeea?ion. the religious veal of the hardy tara far exceed* that of the landsmen, by thrm Jndao Is whipped and roourged. called the mo*t opprobrion* vpithit*. and ducked *o often In tbe weter. that he float* away In piece* with tb* tide. O 1 aiter Sunday, tbe bell* peal forth their rich ail- 1 Very tone* In ?<> ? of th# churches they are played Wltn eonrumiiie run in I I ne?e WD in exriacy wmi the delightlul harmony they produce. Thia Ik the day c.f irlailnr.? alt clarrer appear happy and contented; and well Hi. y may for th.-lr land and ellma are of the ?eet far<ir> d of nature The great reli?inu< MUralof Portugal la " f'orpui ? brbtl 1 Tba etreete through which the proeeaalon mratn. are covered witn red eand. and the hnuaea are Aung with red dama?k releet. or rlnth covered with Hold and rllrer embroidery In thia proceaalon. the patriarch, the king, prion ? mlnlatere. nobUa. prleeta. and hrntl.erhoode, with their different or nam nta and robna. walk I are hewded Saint tiaorgr. the patron aalnt of Ltahon. repreeent? > br n mr la arm?c li kekednI with diamon U M hy the rernl and a< hle familiee A* the rarrament aifrcarbn. the tinkling of a hell warna the epeetalore The ior<li?re fake off their hate the bayonet* on their mnaket* t> nch the uronnd and ne the hnet neare them, aarh dtvietoa la aa Ita kreea. The people la the etreet aadlathe batn*ntea, with bee uncovered and In?ltaed, are kneeling with their haada up n their tifra-U The hell haa tailed aad the Mlenee of the crowd la aa eotema aad prof >uad aa that of death Tba cacwmony aad nroeeaeien are eery Imp**.#* aad art the ?i ,'hleat diatnrhaaee occurred Indeed, en very pnbtie oeeneioa. I haee eeen the leeyh qniet and rretgaed : they are polite and decile , and. eren In their reprcaehe# t? each atber the- elpreee rhemaelewa la a My I <t approbation and poMteweaa in war da. which the . mean 'ball be ai. ieretee l differently Portaffii with awe ?f the riaheet aedia af any reentry ll the world and with treat natural reeoarcee oa the contlaeal. and In her yet aamernee aot^nln la wre t died I y poor The mad> ere ia a m ?er?l4e atate aad in aa-ny par'" of tb-ktagdia pr?dee* la valae leae. heeauce It la ten dieteat from a martet i tell war and nlte?wavd? the armed rtrrggleu af the d'ffeeen*. partle- lor u I, . -? h??e Waeied her Ten or rev and pinned her heavily In debt IriUm groat p?u>? c* wr |'n~"ni o ?... ? - . prldo of tha |m <>| to Ilorol.t. ? *"4 l?4???rf rntm api?od Miij of tho npt'f ' !?? ?kn?r>r'??i>U?. c?? lnda< . th*n> to aoak, r?ri'i"'<taoat will aoonpt no clh?r than f>T*r*anat aitnattxn* Ik* oobanlo I* nth anil 4 to ?rrjr tta ai. 1 I I. a* I < a- I 1? Xf Ik* |<rU<- that dMiliad U onrry th? '( loduatrr l-f*# oortlllt y at 'ho ardora ' ' ' Th? twr haling rllaadi t? tha lorraal* lk?T attl not htlo* ??'?r nor aarrv hnndV* Tk?? dnt?o? Ma at and< nod to tho (Jail.- na< ?o? nf hpa o ? h ? mimhar In tba raj ttal an I am- ant ta taoatr thousand Tham ar> hnndr*- of ) ? ( a*a ia I Mm a ho wi.ntd not toraft n ?" isn't nil I it >ta f r I ho 7 loalil I ?* oa?ta anrni tl.oif rtaaa hat tha aaata f?f aoaa a. uld aaaapta geroraniont l*n?tton and tki>i?k half ata-ood from nd to In/ pall t hop fool pmad of tholr p oitmn IntMsclty < hora Ha Mna Wf thWt o. rial r?*nlatl> n? rrnmni1 f?a 11.air Injaatlaa and for tho Injury thoy d? tho natkaa In Iho viator, sunt inatotiaa ara for a d f<>r gitm* hnlla or for olnb* To tr? aa, aono ara admi'tod who hoop an npon at'ta. notalth>tandln/th-ir naolih ?r roopooiai lity '*r<?rrlf. po'd>uilth> ha, a?o mada by thla aa .nfarlrr r an Thla prida la not a. iCii' i to r'u ia-? Aa an Inatanaa. a l?r yoar* ago. th* f>r#t*n nonktita of ulahon ?h? aro principally F.nglioh forntod a aulaft;a pont'oman who rw tho oidaat British raaldont In tin pliro. and aa woailhy and r..|..o o a? anv o| thom. naapropo?o,| no a ni'aiioi " - - ' . bring ? lUijp aright ill lb* obatacla to bu ijnii E NE MORN eion Mark the decision men selling w n? rttw codfish or exchange, considering shipwright a* their inferior. The influence of these idea* mar be ea-.ly understood?it increase* tile expense* ef dhow end diminishes the resource* to meet it I knowa gentleman of noble birth, who was one* in affluence and high in place, who ha* been rv.lured to earn a precarious living by teaching language!. In education he has few superiors la Europe, but bis pride is so great that he will accept nothing for hi* services; his friends can only compensate him by making presents. I might cite hundred* of in*Un<-?* of the pride prevailing here, were more necessary than those given. Twe nty years ago Lisbon was a wealthy citv, and Ita merchants were as princely in their wealth a* they were in its display ; even now, a show far above its means, is kept up. In Uold street?so named from being the quarter occupied by the jewellers?one is astonished at the display of diamonds, precious stones and ornamen a ofthe purest gold. The number of More* is very great and excites the more surprise, a*, whenever a stranger stops to look at the jewelry, he is as nailed by beggars. The kindneaa of the Portuguese baa created this annoyance?their frequent gifta of ooppeiato the beggars keep hordes of them in the street, and. although they suffer from their ill-timeJ liberality, shrugging their shoulders, they will exclaim, Coitada Coitadinha, (poor creature, paor little creature.) I was walking ou the public square ono evening, when a beggar woman accosted a friend witn me and asked charity, he gave her what h? supposed to be a copper coin, equal to two cents ; in en bour the woman returned and handed him a Spanish dollar, which he had given in mistake. The political condition of Portugal can hardly be appreciated, and all the facts that can be oited to explain it, suggest no remedy. The struggle between the liberal and absolute parties, as already stated, ended in 1834. by the defeat of Don Miguel. In three years afterwards, the conquerors were In arms against each other, under the title of tartistas. Tho more liberal portion of them were victorious, and, from the revolution having occurred in September, the conquerors took the name of Septembrlstos. This revolution produced the institution of the National Guards, and the election of Peers, instead of their appointment, and hereditary continuance by the government. Several times since, there have been ministerial changes, produced by the palace, or by insurrections of the troops. Reforms in the institutions have been made and unmade; time, life, and resources have been wasted, and tho country^ after years of disorder, suffering in every artery, has now the charter of 1828. The revolution of 1848, which was put down by the intervention of England. France, and Spain, bad it been succetsful. might have produced great changes; but the popular party, beyond wishing a change of ministry, seemed to have no programme. They named barons, counts, marquises,and dukes; aud one of their principal chiefs wrote to the t^ueen. protesting his attachment. This struggle was sustained by the people against the government; hut its object did not appear to have a republican tendency?making barons and counts settft's that point. In a country like Portugal, which has undergone so many revolutions, its resources can only be restored by the greatest economy; but, unfortunately, the government is not in a position to do this. From the state of parties, a large army must be kept in pay, as well to keep down the different faotions of liberals, as to ensure tho obedience of the Miguelites, who are yet the majority of the nation, and as much attached to their obief as if he were in his palmy days. Foitugal has for Don Miguel the attachment that England displayed for her Charles and Jamta. and it arises from the same cause. Towards his adherents no system of conciliation has been adopted, and the government is consequently on the alert to prevent a rising. From these causes the government must keep up a large force, both civil and military, for the discbarge of the former would deprive it of the influence of powerful families, and the diminution of the other might excite its opponents. At present the army is fifteen thousand men, and the whole population a little over three-and-a-half millions. The civil employees are numerous enough for a country with ten-fold the population of Portugal, and the interest on i he national debt consumes one-third of the revenue. The income is about eleven millions of doD lais. and there is an annual deficit made up. by keeping a little in arrears with the different creditors. The country is without active industry, and taxation for its means is oppressively heavy. The roads are neglected, and in many places transportation to market equals the value of the produce. How can this be remedied ? or. where will it end ? are questions which present themselves at this moment. The government must keep up a large army and a large number ol employees, for its enemies ase numerous?but this course, though giving it security for the present, is Impoverishing the country and preparing difficulties for the future. Whero will this end? 1 lie (*v]i JB 100 prrni iu oe uuet oj wiuiu^ oapeuiouvB) and either a radical change of government must occur, or a sale of some ef her valuable colonies must take place. But the people are so attached to the latter. that their alienation would be followed by a popular outbreak They are the relics of Portuguese valor and enterprise, so immortalized by Camoens, and it is a pity that the traditions of the glorious deeds of their ancestors are not appreciated by being imitated. Portugal yet possesses in Africa and India an Immense territory; but its resources have been so neglected that they draw but little advantage from them. The salo of Macao, in the China seas, or of Uoa or Dio in India, would open to the nations acquiring them immense and valuable regions, from which their commerce has been excluded. and which, if sold, ought to bring a large firice. In Africa, Loanda. Angola, the Cape Verd stands. Saint Thomas and Principe. Mozambique or M adsgnscar. if disposed of. might, relieve Portugal of some ot ber debts On some of these colonies watchful eyes have been kept, and public opinion has, at various times, been Intensely excited, by reports of negotiations for Ibeir sale. Madeira and the Azores, from their advanced position between the old and new world, and their balrov climate, as naval or commercial stations, have immense value, and. if matters continue as they have done in this kingdom, their sacrifice may have to be decided upon. Portugal ear not rxist as a nation without increasing deficits in her revenue. A government, in debt to all.her employers, must, sooner or later, fall. and in looking to the means of preventing so serious an event, none present themselves but a rigid economy in the extu nses. or n sale of some of ber colonies. I have al [tided to tbe respond why economy in tho expenses has not been practised. and why, in the present condition of the country, it cannot be resorted to. The expenses not being reduced, and thcro being no system proposed to increase the revenue by lower duties, or by encouraging industry, the revenue must be kept up by tbe present system until the deficiency is so great that some of tbe colonies must be sold to meet it. The French revolution gave a powerful direction to public opii.ion here. The opposition journals seemed to have seized some of its principles, and were bold In demanding radical changes. They went even further. Some plans were organized for a struggle ; but the government got information of the plot, and the leaders were imprisoned. Then succeeded the events of June in Paris, and their effect was to terrify tbe masses here. A fear i- entertained that these scenes will be repeated; and this unfortunate struggle between the red and pale republicans in France, exaggerated and made to appear more terrible than the carnage at Naples, has extinguished, for the present, the desiro of change. I have bad. recently, to listen to many discussions upon our form of government, and to bear aristoorats ot deejest hue confess tbe stability of our institutions, and their adaptation to the intelligence of our people. This form of government, requiring education among the messes, has flourished nowhere as in the United Ststes. and it is pleasing to hear aristocrats, while acknowledging the merits of the masses, obliged to acknowledge that arepublio is the most stable form of government They cannot do otherwise?for Austria, t'lussla, Naples and France, with Metternlchs and nuirnis ana uipir reigns, auuust nuDntiuui ?uu bloodshed. Aurroerr or thr Kwrsnos Nicholas.?A gentlen an recently from St I'etcrsburgh ts'ls a story about tli* I mperor Nicholas. which wo do not remember to bar* seen In print While the cholera was raging In that city a few weeks since, thn delusion seised upon u rn* f th* lower classes of the population that they w- r* poise n*d by th* bakers. Acting under this iropress > ii a mob raised upon a poor baker and beat him so unmercifully that he died The Km per or. on hearlt>r of the transaction. Instituted th* most rigoroiu no a- urea f*r the ap, i clieusion of tile ringleaders. Six I siirg been arrrsteil. he fired a dsy for their public hsstls*nrnt with the terrible knout, in one of tho < p- n places of the city \n Immense assemblage conimol and Meholas himself, unguarded nnd in the in.| . attire of a prirale citi-cn. wa'pre. ent to see Justice done Alter the culprits bad been duly punished, he came and addressed the people lie explained to them the snonatly ?I the offence of those who had mobbed the ,"i i.i.i said that there were duly appointed adt* n'> i at or* of th* laws, and the people had always I mrelt to make known their complaints. Ii- -I owed the heinous injustice which might he done w t > ii a ohe (i~ k th* law into tlieir own hands ; and he . i|< ed the absiirfftty of the Idea that th* prerai. nt -mdimii ws- orcastonrd br noisoned bread ? Itat her la ! lit nfUmifd a judgment of heaven f?r ?nr atn? And In penitence and prayer . lt?? my rlntdien. rather Ihitn in niobM?| pmt Ini.'x-rni titm Viv the di>p.-mat Ion r# a ? in iu i.(,4 ( a 1,4 to (?od alone muat we look for wn? ' With iKaaa wrrd* uttrri'd with great animation, at I auk moat eipraaelra (torturer. and an extension a?n It* k mpeiiir produced Mich an effect that ike a l.i U immenre aeeenihlHge k in ? U d an hy a aingle vwiii a Takian adraaiage of the occasion. he a Ian ii. and aavMing ilie fui eltona of a prleat. aa well a- if a lew ii ??r ami . itipror addrea-ed a numt alo. a' .Ml Dtareinia prayer to the tbronu of grace, . r. ah r-i lbare la no dtallnellr n of monarch* and >'ii> Thr gentleman who beheld thla acene. rima Hat with the enu?l?i|an that ,Nirholai it a very |l?ll M k -l e./aw TVemru'pf 1'*>r t'topn. In tt Ue< i"ln am fourth of the crop fa a full eititu a of ll.r ilama i.'. a aid l.oara hj the rain* In the |. i,i,i el kaiaert lhegrr?lr-t loaa aaemed to be in the r. u el tea <1 Hoek and Walworth. Vr: fit* I'ttrn tv N rw <'ki icami?The liat of ini> mri i? on iH?- llih ii *t., record 2" deallia hf villi" lever b nurieen ol ihe viclinie tiled in the ( aril) ilna|iil*J ol tit a t city W YC ING EDITION?THUR! AuMdoto of Ibr ( aMpalKii. R ATMKI Vs Hum, New YoKK, Sept. H TW campaign, thu? tar, haa been without the ur-iial ai.thn>- .i-m oa ether aide. And, strange as it Uiay appear, the moat apinted and toploltical anaemlilnpea ?t the canvass, have been by two outr-idr i .rt ea, neither of which can have the rrnioteat |?roepcct of success; to witthe Van B11r? n, or tree toil party, and (he Clay mutineers in the whig camp In looking over the party presses* il w<* find a vrcadrHal lark ot argument, we also find a redundancy ot abuse, and, likewise, a pointid anrrdot-', her* and dure, giving somethingof humor to the diecusnion We have thought it would be adaptable to the readera of the Htralt!, while retting lor a day or two at the good quarters we at present occupy, to compile a chapter front their anecdotes, and, accordingly, present the following nidanf lor your consideration, Mr. editor, and their instruction, FOB OKI*. TAYLOR?IIY COL. HAKKKI.L. After the nomination of the Whig < onvention, Col. Haskell was called on fer an anecdote.and he related the story of Joe Larkin and Ike Stokes. we believe. Joe declared that he had never struck a man but once, and that was Ike Stokes I knocked him agin the fence such was the Infernal lick I give him. that In atriking the fence, he knocked down fifteen panels, and there he laid, gentlemen, for a considerable spell, aa good as a ueaa man liy-ana-by he coma to. and looting around bim with a wild stars, ha asked, 1 lis- thla atoru dona much damage?did the lightning strike any body but ma?' So it will ba with tba loeofocoa ; if Gen Taylor can get a good lick at them, tbey will think they have been struck by lighming (Great laughter.] run Ql.N. CASSwIlY UK.t. AI.I.ISON. Gen. Allison. (not the Captain Alliaon who has been so serviceable to Gen. Taylor in this contest.) somewhere in South Carolina, in a stump speech, remarked that the company in which Gen Taylor was found reminded him of a story or an old iarmer in one of the wire-grass counties of Georgia. The old man was a wool-raiser, and bad a Dock of a thousand sheep He had two sons ; one a shrewd, active fellow, the other a kind and simple.hearted boy, rather light inthe upper story. The old man was taken sick, and as be was about to die, he bequeathed his property equally between the two boys, and enjoined it npon the elder to deal justly by his brother. Now iu the flock the Jounger boy had a favorite ram, and the youth always ad a handful of corn or salt for Billy, and Billy oould select, his master from a thousand. When the elder brother came to divide the sheep, he did it equally, as to numbers, in two pens. But all the old barren ewes, wud all the indifferent old rains and sickly sheep, he placed in one pen with the favorite ram of his brother, thinking he would be simple enough to prefer llilly.with his bad company, to all the good sheep which were placed in the other pen. The boy was called upon to chcosu, and. after glancing at tbe Bret pen. he passed to the other pen, wnen Hilly came up to meet bim. "Ah!"' said the simple boy, "ah' Billy, you are a very poorty sheep, and I love you. Billy: but 1 em afraid you'll have to go, for you are in a mighty nasty crowd !" So it is with General Taylor. When I see bim fraternizing with such abolitionists as Killmore and Corwin, I ray. "Ah ! Billy, you will have to go, for you are In a mighty nasty crowd !" THE TACTICS OF THE WHITJS. The "No-Tarty" Pasty.?At areoent mass meeting. atWarrenton Springs, Kauquier county,Virginia, Mr. Brent made a most happy and amus'ng speech, and concluded with tbe following capital hit, In lllus trallon of the whig tactics In J84U and 1848 In 1840, tbey hud deceived the people, and why should they not do it again in 1848 ? Thoy reminded bim of the old woman who bad lost her husband, who waa drowned, and. in the midit of her lamentation, the river had been dragged, and the body of her venerable companion found in the mud. covered over with fishes. The old lady wiped away the tears or distress, and quaintly remarked, " that tbey had better set the old man again." So with tbe whigs,who, in 1840, had done to well with their " no party," " no prln iples" trap, that they bad resolved to " set the old man again."? Charleston Mercury. llEI.riNO DOTH SIDES. The Georgia Journal has the following as to the free Boilers in attempting to cheat the people :? " All of our readers remember how our opponents rang the changes of ' Bargain and Corruption' against Mr. clay in years past. They charged upon htm, among other things, a disposition to cheat the people out of the right of suffrage, because he and Mr. Adams both opposed General Jackson, and thereby threw the election of President into the House of Representatives. StraBge to say. the very men who made these charges against Mr. Clay are now endeavoring to play off the same game in regard to General Cass and Mr. Van Buren. Their sole object in running Mr. Van Buren at the North is to defeat General Taylor before the people. If they can get tbe election into the House, they think that either Mr. Van lluran or Cass will be chosen. Such is tbe consistency of leading democrats. Their sole object is power, and tbey hesitate not to cheat the people at any time to obtain it." Tbe hunkers or New York and Pennsylvania believe that tbe object of the free soileis is to defeat Cass ; and | John Van Uuren. at Trenton, the other dav. thought tbit neither tbe t'wi nor Taylor men bad a right to > complain ; for, said he, instead of hurting either of them, are we not helping them both ? CASS WITHOUT THE O. The flurlinglon Free Pre is gives the following :? " A couple of locofoces, a hunker and a barnburner, were warmly discussing the comparative merits of Van Iluren and Cass, at the American, a day or two ago, when the following homethrust determined tbe controversy in favor of the hunker Talk about Cass ? said the exalted free soil barnburner,'take away the first letter of his name, and J what would he be ? ' ''A barnburner, of oourse, you d nfool!' was ; the polite reply. "'Our barnburner friend' has not been heard of since.'' THE TWO THIRDS RI LE. From the speech of Mr. J. M. Clayton, in the Senate, July 4, 1848:" They thus rej ected Mr. Van Buren: and what has 1 been the result ? This political magician, as he was called, has applied his magic touch to your party, and, : lo! it is crumbling into dust! It is prostrate beneath his feet at this moment. The splendid party fabric? i the regency palace ? which by his wizard art, he | erected in the Ktnpire State, has vanished like the ; morning mist, or one of those dreamy mansions of which we read in Kastern tales, at tbe touch of one of the genii. The Tengeance of the man who was thus defTaudrd and defeated, equals that of Mazeppa, tbe prince of barnburners " 'For if wo do not mark tho hour, There never yet wan human power That oonld e'vade. if unforgiven. The patient search, and vigil long, Of hint who tieasures up a wrong." THE TWO ROADS. As a choice between Cass and Van Buren. a Wisconsin Taylor paper, says it is like tbe cboioe between two roads, leading to a certain town " Stranger. which is the way to town ? " ' There's two roads.'' responded the fellow. " Well, which is the best ?" ! ' Ain't much difference; both of 'em very bad. Take which you will, 'afore you git half way, you'll wish you bad tuck "tother." Ha! ha! ha! FRANCIS r. BLAIR. The Virksburg Sentinel, denounces the Van Bu- 1 renism of Mr. Biair. latu official editor at Washington, I and saj s:? " lie hue lately addressed a note to the Now York ' Evening 1'ott. explaining his position In the election, a tentence of which we extract as a specimen of the whole:? " ' I shall rote the nomination simply on punctilio: my heart is with Mr. Van Buren and his prin- > ciples, and I shall not hesitate to say of him and them what I think, notwithstanding my inveiglement In ' the Baltimore convention.' " Of all the positions ever assumed before the coun- i try by any mnn this is surely the most ridiculous and contemptible. We feel justified In saying that he may go over in <|ulet where he belongs, and we wish his u?w allies joy on the acquisition. " Sound the liewgag, strike the tonjon, lit at the fostyguxiy, awake the gongqUODg, Let the loud hozaana ring, Bum tern ftiulegum dingo him.' " GEN. TAYLOR AND THE ntOVlRO. A Mr Russell, a free soil whig, recently spoke at a public meeting at Cleveland. Ohio, aDd in the coursa c.f his remarks he ridiculed the idea of Taylor's cerrying Ohio, and appealed te whlgs, if they would defeat the northern locofoco. Cass, in Ohio, to turn in and give the State to Van Buren. He believed Van Buren would carry New York overall opposition, and referred tn I ha i-hanoarl tone of the Tavlor natters in that State. since the nomination. to prove It. We said the whig ratty wee in the predicament of a once unfortunate coon. The coon had selected a hollow stump, and made in it hie m?t for the approaching storms of winter, at great pains, with atraw, leaves, he. But one day. on his return he looked down into hie nest from the top, and what should be in it but that other animal, calltd* skunk. The coon hailed the akunk: "How came you in there ?" The akunk answered, Because I am.-' "tVell," says the coon, "get out, then." Shan't do it," says the skunk. "But you will; it is my house." said Mr Coon "I won't?for It's mine," (hid Mr Skunk "Well, who are you, then ?" said the coen 'Me I am coon," replied the akunk. "You a coon ?" said the coon; "why, you don't talk like a coon, you don't art like a coon,you don't look like a coon, and hsng me, If yoa smell like a coon." So. added Mr. Itusrrll. we whips may sav of the man foisted for his availability upon the national ticket of the whig party, ss Its candidate for President, In reply to those who claim Taylor, as a Wilmot proviso man. and opposed to the extension of slavery Into free territory, that "he don't talk like a Wilmot proviso man. he don't' net like a Wilmr.t proviso man. he don't look like a Wilmot proviso man. and we'll he banged if he Is a Wilmot proviso man." OKN. CASS ASA Pt< INKER. We hnvc heard Hen ("?'?. in the Senate, repeatedly refer to his early pioneering explorations In the West; and the democratic papers speak of his having descended the Mississippi In a skiff. The Burlington (Iowa) Won Crpr, tay s that this was the way In which it was dove ;? " When Oen t'sss. many years ago. made his voyags

In a skiff down the Mississippi, he hsd a targe arm chair placed In a skill, with four strong men to propnllt. \\ hen he came to some shoal water uuar Uwlsna,where IRK 1 3DAY, SEPTEMBER 2 the boHt could not pass without being lightened. ho orden d the men to tike him as he was in the arm chair and bear him, through mud and water, thigh deep, to the shore, where he rema ned until they got over the shoal water, when they took him on their shoulders, arm chair and all, and without wetting ma feet placed him in hie old poeition in the akifT. O. the hardship! he underwent during that famous trip !" Believing admixture to be a sufficient dose for good digestion, we have only to say with Father Ritchie, aa regards the result ol the tight, Noui verrom THF, DOCTOR. Political Intelligence. mains: election. The returns from 314 towns, (according to the Jinilon Courier.) stand aa follows :? V* nig voles '?7,476 Democratic 32,924 Scattering 10.208 I.aet j car the parae towns gave upon the Gorernor TOie :? Whig 21 831 Democratic 28,253 Scattering 0,641 The whig rote gains this year ' 6,044 The democrats gain 4.671 And the scattering rote has increased 3 501 The gain against the democratic candidate is 4,336 \inst the Whigs 2,680 The House of Representatives stands, as far as heard from :? Whigs 67 Democrats,. 09 Free poller* 10 Taylor democrat 1 To he heard from 14 The scattering vote has been principally given to the ftree soil candidate; last year to that of the abolitionists. The towns to bo heard from stoad, last year, as follows:? Democratic 6.218 Whig 2,473 Scattering 876 The fusion Jltlat has returns from a few more towns than the above?say r320?whioh. compared with the election two years since, (via: 1846,) stand thus;? 1848. 1846. Democratic ,...34,469 31.180 Whig 28 231 27,304 All others ..11,218 0,069 ToUl 73.918 67,643 The remaining towns, in 1R46 voted thna ? Democratic 2.725 Whig 1,982 All others 284 4,691 The democratic plurality over the whfgs, an we have previously estimated, will be about eight thousand; but the whipiand free toil vote combined, will exceed that of the democrats about four thousand. The vote of the State in 1844 was, for folk 45,719 Clay 34,378 Birney 4.836 Total 84,933 The Kennebec Journal says :?" The wb'gs of Maine, anticipating some increase of the late liberty party, under the barnbuming and free soil movement, did not seem to suppose they could do much at this elecDon. and did not go into it with any expectation of carrying the State. Tbev now find they are stronger than they supposed, and have great confidence of carrying the State for Taylor in November." This calculation seems to us highly improbable, with a democratic plurality now of eight thousand. Set down Maine for Cass.?[En. IIkhald. NEW YORK. Another State Convention.?The liberty leaguers, natiooal reformers, ho., hold a State Convention at Canastota. Madison county, on the 28th inst., to take into consideration whether they will keep up a separate organization, or fall into the free soil movement. Uerret Smith rays he, is in the hands of his friends, and will abide their decision. It is expected that Klizur Wright, of the Chronytype, F. C. Treadwell, of Brooklyn. II. H. Van ArmiDge, Rev. S. R. Ward, and other leading reformers, will be present, and address the meeting on the present crisis in the history of the party. Three or four national reform papers have declared for Van Buren and Adams. The anti-rent State convention is to be held on the same day, at Albany. OHIO. Mr. Corwin is still stumping the disaffected whig part of the state,'"the Western Roserve," in favor of Taj lor. He meets, however, with strong opposition from the Van Buren whig* and abolitionists. The Cleveland Plain Dealer, a Cars paper, thus speak* of a whig meeting in Ashtabula county. ''We learn by a gentleman presort,that the Oiddings olan in Ashtabula did everything in their power to prevent a gathering to hear Tom. They circulated stories that he positively was not coming?that he was to be at} another place, be., be. When he did come they inrulted bim by st'eking Van Buren banners in his face, elevating them above the crowd,bo. So obnoxious w as one demonstration of this kind, that the Taylor men stoned the getters-up off the ground, Giddings made himself interrogator-general, and oatechircd Corwin continually. The wagon-boy bore it patiently four hours and a half, when ne left the stand to Mr Oiddings.'1 A Cincinnati whig paper baa the following remarks, as to the Western Reserve :? ''Some have supposed that the Western Reserve would give a majority for Van Buren. We are convinced this is a mistake. The Reserve will turn out a majority of thousands for Taylor and Fillmore. The Reserve yunkees are much like the Green Mountain Vermonters They will be influenced by the same causes, will yield to the same influences, and in the end vote for the whig ticket, Taylor and Fillmore,as the Vermonters have just done.1' Hon. Samuel K. Vinton, notwithstanding his expressed wieh not to be considered a candidate, has been re-nominated for Congress by the whi^s of the Second District of Ohio. MISSOURI. The St. Louis Republican (whig) says the free soil party in that city is large and respectable. It adds :? - We apprehend that the Union will And as many thousands as it was formerly willing to concede, individuals. in this free soil-vote-yourself-a-farm party. It is asserted, and we believe correctly, that there is a very large portion of the party who sympathise with the movemtnt, and wish it success, but they ^e restrained from an open avowal, or participation, by their distrust in its success, or from a fear of jeopardising their prospects for office and standing with the party. It has been stated to us. by those who ought to know, that a large majoiity of the German portion of our citizens give the movement their cordial support, and will vote the free soil ticket." This is curious for a slave State like Missouri, but tbo electoral vote is safe enough tor C ass. NEW JERSEY. Jonathan I'itney. M. D., is the democratic candidate in the first Congressional District of New Jersey. MICHIGAN. At Detroit, on the 8th inst. ex Governor and Senator. Wm Woodbridge, presided at a Taylor meeting, and made a brief speech. Among the officers of the meeting we rtcognize several of the oldest and staunchest d>intcrnt* in the city L B. Mizner, A Wales, and Alexander Davidson F.x-United States Senator John N'orvell. (dem .) United States District Attornev, under Tolk. made an admirable Taylor speech. Maura. G C. Hates, II. T Baekus, and Jacob M. Howard (whigs.) also addressed the meeting NIT\V HAMI'MIIUK. The Whig Stat* Convention at Concord on Thursday last, waswell attended Hon Joel K.ast man. of Conway, presided. and the following list of electors waa nominated : Jns hell, of Guilford, and Wm. Halle, of Hinsdale, for the State at large. District No. 1, J. B. Wentworth, of Stmersworth ; No 2, ltlrhard Bradley. of Concord ; No. 3. Kdmund l'arkar. of Nashville ; No. 4, Jonathan Kittridge. of ( aniian. Judge < ollamer. of Vermont, a as present, and riade an able spee ch The chairman, and other gentlemen, also addressed the Convention. At Derby, Conn . on the f>th Instant, the body of a young woman wan found floating In the rlv?r. It appears that she was an Irish girl, between 23 and 24 years of age. by the name of Ann Nutly. and had been living for a week or two In the family of a Mr. Hubbetl, Derby, who on Monday mgbtpaid her her wages, and she stati d she had got a place In Birmingham to llTe. and wished to leave That night she retired to bel at the hotel of Mr M. Bristol, but about 3 o'clock In the morning got up, and it la supposed Jumped into the river, where she waa discovered floating on Tuesday mornirg. The liailroad Companies between Albany and Buffalo are geing to reduce their fare on tbe 1st of January, after which It will be as follows : ? Albany and Schenectady. f.Go ; .Utlca nnd Schenectady, 42 2.'> , Syiacuse una I urn. j>? u", nuuuru >nu ayracute rwjc , Auuurn and Rochester. f'2 60; Totiawanda f 1 30 ; Attl< a and Buffalo. 00c?totftl, $9 76. James McIIarg, formerly resident of Rome, In this State, and an ex-sheriff of Oneida county, died at Washington C'ity on the 16tli Inst He had been to Mexico ax a volunteer, and waa at Washington prosecuting a claim for bounty land and extra pay Hlarellmneoua. The jewelrv atore of Mr Liwight. in Montreal, waa entered on the night of Friday week, and robbed of atmeat its entire content*- about 1.200 dollar* worth of jewelry, gold and silver watches, he., he. The Ocean House, at Newport, (late the recepta la of such a thrang of visiter*, waa closed for tba season last Saturday. A locomotive arrived at Chicago on the 6th Inst., Intended for the Morgan and Snngonian Railroad Company. It was built at Pnterson. New Jersey. The venerable Bishop Chase, of St. Louis, was not ns much injured as at first reported. He had none of his ribs broken, and his bruises have doubtless ere this entirely disappeared. A man travelling eastward on ths Syracuse and t tlca Railroad, on Friday last, who refused to pay hi* tare, was ejected from the cars by the collector at Ori'kniiy Not relishing this summary proceeding, he fare vent to hi* wrath in ? volley of stones, one of which passed through a window, near which the Hon. John l Spencer sat. striking that gentleman on tha lit sd and indicting a severe wound. A man tistred Manvllle, while rum cmsy, at tmpttd to n order his wite In (irntid street. New liavt n t ii Monday night; fading tu this, Inn mv.tdrrivs attempt, he cut his own throat. HERA 1, 1848. C'lly Intelligence. Chargik or Mitbdcb.?Peter D. liertrand, captain Of the ihip Alliamhra and one of his mates whim arrested yesterday, at Quarantine, by Deputy Marshal Morrison, on charge of having murdered one of the orew. The facts of the ctse, so far as they hare transpired, are as follows ?The deceased was guilty of some disobedience of orders, or other misconduct, and Captain fiertrand ordered him up to b? punished, In the presence of the crew. Before tying up, the captain said to him. " If you promise to behave yourself better in future, you shall be let off this time;" I to which he made no reply. lie was then tied up and, before the order to punish was given, the captain again, as he declares, told him that if he would pro( mise to behave better, he would let him off. He still made no reply. Ybe men, who w?re all standing by. called out to htm to answer the captain. lie made no | reply, however, and the captain ordered him to get a j <?9. en lushes. He received the punishment, n .er j wHch he was taken to the forecastle, and left th?re. I In about an hour afterward* tome of the men went to | look after him, and founu him dead. The case is to i undergo an investigation in the course of the day Thf. Kqt;mo< tial Stokm.?Yesterday was looked for. as the day when the face of the heavens would be shrouded in blackness, and the whole ot nature disI turbed by storm. It is probable the sun crossed the [ equator, as usual, but the storm did not follow. Kor several davs there bad been indications that something would take place, and something did not take place. The morning dawned, with a high windflroui the south, soon after which, the skv was obscured by | clouds, but they soon passed away, the wind lulled, and a more beautifnl day has not smiled upon the o ty, j during the month. Towards the close of the afternoon, a cloud rose from the western horizon, which gave oat I a gentle shower, and that only made the streets more fdeasant. The evening was delightful, and th<< star- I it canonv looked as beautiful us ever As i?,-k I Bunsby would any, ' either the storm has been, or the storm has not been.'' But it in probable tbat the recent eartbquako brought it on prematurely, and that may be the reason why it was uot more violent, the elements not baring time to concentrate their wrath Thv Tablxai-v Vivanti.? Notwithstanding the measures taken last spring by the authorities to suppress this indecent specimen of exhibition, the spirit ban again sprung up, and the places of exhibition, for the winter, opened. The polioe have certainly the same power now, that they then had, and it only remains for the Common Council to Issue the order, and this base specimen of indecency will at once cease to exist. There were then unite a number of persons arrested, but only a single individual was brought to trial. The famous case in Canal street, has nut yet been forgotten; one whioh cast a disgrace upon the already degraded morals of the city; and if the present exhibitions are not suppressed at onoe, there will, In all probability, be a recurrence of tbat disgraceful scene. That such an exposition of young females is immoral, and calculated to bring them into a life of infamy, no sane man can doubt. When the model artists, as they are termed, were first presented in the city, tbey were looked upon as beautiful, and Indeed they were not of tbat indecent cast which followed. There are several young females, who, encouraged by a mother base as humanity is capable of reaching, are row to be seen nightly promenading Broadway, and whose first fahe step was a submission to exhibit themselves in this manner, and but for that, might still be respectable. It is tbe duty of the Common Council at once to take the matter in hand, and crusn the vile shoal of infamy in the bud. If they do not, as guardians of the well-heimr of the citv. unon them mu?t the respontibility of the results rest.' Shoulder Arms.?-The enrolments for military daty nre now eompleted, and by au advertisement In another column, it will be seen that, upon every citizen, between the ages of eighteen and tifty years, who are not legally exempt from duty, a call is made to shoulder arms, or pay the commutation fee. Monday, the second day of October, is the day set apart for the parade,up to which time the commutation money can be paid. That day will no doubt present just such a spectacle as Is yearly witnessed, for many there nre who look forward wlili delight to It as u general hnlyday. It is a bright specimen of citizen soldiery, and is well worth witnessing. The loafers, who have no particular residenoe, escape the penalty and the duty, because they cannot be enrolled as belonging to any particular plaoe, but many join in, to carry out the pleasures of the day. Tiib Lost is Found.?Several years since, a young girl was stolen away from this city, oarried to Connecticut, and tbero hired out to service, and the whole of htr earnings taken by the woman who abducted her. Several attempts have been made by her friends to get her back, but the artful kidnapper thwarted them all. The girl is now eighteen years of age; and recently, another effort has been put forth to restore the girl to freedom. At this time, the aid of a young attorney in Hartford county was secured; and he, after diligent search, and through praiseworthy exertion, has been enabled to find her, and has restored her to friends and to happiness, to both of which she had long been a stranger. Death ?y Drowning.?Coroner Walters held an inquest, yesterday, at the almshouse yard, on the body of Christopher Sidney, a native of Ireland, 36 years of ago, who was found floating in the dock, foot of Catharine street, supposed to have fallen into the river while under the influence of liquor The jury found a verdiot that the deceased came to his death by drowning. Accidental Death.?The Coroner beld an inquest' yesterday, at Fort Washington, on the body of one of the laborers, by the name of William Mc iuire, born in Ireland, and 20 years of age, who came to his death by the premature explosion of a blast?a large piece of the rock striking him on the back of the head, causing instant death. Verdict accordingly. Police Intelligence. Robbery in the firs! Degree.?Officer O'Brien, of the Sixth ward, arrested, last night, two men, called Peter Kenney and Ceorge Naylor, on a charge of knooking down a man, by the name of Tatrick Cox, residing at No. 00 Mulberry street, and stealing from his person a silver wafch and chain, and a breast-pin, valued in all at $25. The rascals, after knocking down Mr. Cox, < kicked him, and beat him shamefully, and after robbing his person, were just making their escape, when caught by the above officer. On the arrest of Kenney, the officer heard something fall from bis person; and, on looking on the sidewalk, picked up | tbe watch, which was subsequently identified by Mr. ; Cox, as liis property. Justice Timpson committed them both to prison for trial Jlrrtst of Fugitive*.?Justice McGrath. aided by one I Of bis officers, succeeded, on Tuesday night, in arrest- , ing two notorious old tnleres, called ivm. John.,on, ' nl'as Tobacco Jack, and John Whitebouse, alii* tbe j Duke of Wellington, on a charge of being fugitives from justice, lrom Philadelphia. State of Pennsylvania, . where tbey stand charged with being concerned in the | robbery of Dr. Darlington. President of the Chester ' County Bank. They aere both conveyed to Phila- ; de'pbia yesterday, by the above officers. It was ru- I mored yesterday, that a reward of $600 was offered by the Directors of the hank, for their apprehension. How far this may be true, we are unable to say. Charge of Fraud ?Officer Croeset, of the Third wa*d, arrested yesterday a man by the name of Win, H. Standcr. a tailor, on a warrant issued by Justice I.othrop. wherein he stands charged with obtaining. In M irch. 1840, over two years age. a lot of clothes, valued at $160. from George W. Vervalin. under fraudulent representations Justice I.othrop held the accvnd to bail, to answer tbe charge. Uohhrd on the Fire Point* ?Officers Keeny and Dowlin<?. of the Sixth ward, arrested, yesterday, three black w> men, by the names of Louisa Johnson. Susan : Warrell, and I "ui.-a Hamilton, on su-picien or tuea'ing , $.100. from a countryman, by the name of Michael iarley. residing in Pike county, Prnn., while in a i state < f intoxication, in a low den of infamy, located I iu Cow hay, on the Kivn Points. Justice Timpion j l< eked Itirm ail up for a further heading, witness and all, in order to gei the rum out, that his testimony might be taken Halt h Iter urn* at the To mh*.?Yesterday morning, the police < nice pre*# ntcd a very racy group of blacka 1 and whites, more particularly in favor of the blacks, tin re being seme twenty of a variegated caat of countenance. Ir< m the broad nosed African to the mired sharp ) stored New \ o*k darkles, these black men intermingled with a lot of white loafers, of both sexes, ,I....1... i. i ..e., fee and I tattered (loth**, all huddled together. with a court room lull of ci>? nature aud witnec>-er girin'i the whole conrt an mueta, resembling mom like a dirty tnenag?rie than a public court irooni The negroes ere brought in by ' aptain Msgnes and a peso of ofllcsrs charged with a piratical fight in < owbay, ?h? n just aa one party wa? becoming victorious over the other the pohee cupped in and captured the hole |arty and locked them up until they can find ha'l for their letter conduct I he balance of theM Icafem and lagrants were disposed of bv Justice Tluipeon. come to Hlackwcll'a Irion I. and others to the city prison la default of payiag their fine The Newport Fancy Hall. N??roaT. 1'Jth Sept . 184R. JsMisUeanoe Dissiri, F.s?t., l)c am Mia : I muct gire you great credit for the eery particular and graphic account you gave in the \<w ) eft lh fid, ol the elegant and accomplished fancy hall, which took place here some lays past; hut as you ' hate Biade some omission* la addtog to tho characters (it n preceat, I au> curs It will giro generalsatisfaction ' to all the (artles who were present oa that memorable I evening. to insert the following : ? I' M .<?f St Mark's Place s, principal eunuch and j piott. tor to my l ady Sultana of the harem. Noror ! mot. .1 tr< tu the lady all u ht J F. V.' of Mh avenue broker, enuoh. and proteot?>r to my I ady Pompadour II was <julte vigilant to i hi* duty N O .of t'nlon Square, and T W 8 merchant tailor i t Broadway lirand e.|U'?rle? In waiting, aa also well known enucho to the oelehrnted character of I l.cla Monies The gentlemen kept a good look ont A indy of distinction of yonr eity had a -trong do- i Ire to join the aboeo Uto, In the celebrated character ut the crlebeated Nell tlwywne By my advice, she deleirt d the eharaott r till B? xt season I r>u ale. dear air. youi oh t sere't. JOHN WILLIAMS , l L D. TWO CENTS. Iloaril or Kiiiirotlon. St*thi> Mrrnwi;.- Itobwrt Kolly, K?<|., Pr?*i<l?nt. in idi rnair ? I ne minutes or the preceding meeting were read anil approved The First H ard.? Application from Trustees of First Ward. for an appropriation (or fitting up a school In that ward. Also, from Trustees of Seventh Ward, for an appropriation for Ilttinir up a achool in that ward Both applications were referred to the Finance Committee. Colored Children ?Report and resolution in favor of leasing a huildinir, at a sum not exceeding $400 a year, and appropriating $1,000 for fitting up ? school in the Fifth Ward, for the education of oolored children. The report was accepted and the resolution adopted Evening Free S< A<>o's.?Itaaolution to authorise the Committee on K.vening Schools to organise a female department in the 4th. Hth. and loth wards Mr. Ui.kki kkb moved, ss an amendment, that the 16th ward should be added which was accepted The re?nlution then read, that a female department be added tnjthe evening schools of the 4th, 9th, 10th. and 16th wards. Adopted Mr. F*i i.owi moved that the question on the alteration and amendment of the rules for the government of the evvniug free selioole be taken up. and that said rules should he altered Several alterations were then made, none of which were of importance A resolution was then adopted, r<*<|nt>ntinor the Common Council to appropriate a i<um of $5 000 for evening school* A resolution wan next adopted, authorialng tba President and Clerk <>f the Hoard, to sign bills for payn-rut of all claim* on the evening free schools, i ft rt jIi ailrmy?A series of resolutions were received, and some passed. rel.itiTe to fitting up aeveral room* in the Free Academy A resolution requesting the Common Council to appropriate >6 000 for fitting up and furnishing the Free Academy, and that the f'reaident and Clerk ot the Hoard be authorized to sign the bills for payment Adopted. PukUe Si hool Satiety A communication from the I'ublie School Society, was received, asking for an appropriation for their schools Referred. h'rrr *i< ajtmy ?Various applications were read and ptesented from persons for professorships, in the Free Academy Referred Ciimtsuno afnoK. ?Applications from the Sociaty for the education of Colored Children, and from the oltixen* of the l'dth ward, for appropriations to organize evening free schools. Referred. Mr Bi.c>:< *va moved to reconsider the report and resolution in favor of organizing a school for the education of colored children, in the 6th ward. Carried. Kigkfk Ward.? Resolution to appropriate two sums, one of yi 426, and the other of >1 000, for organlaing and fitting up a new school in the 8th ward. Referred. The rules for tke government of the F'ree Academy, and admission of pupils, were taken up Mr. Com.* moved that the pupils who attended in the common schools for the longest period of time, should have the preference for admission. Rrnfessor Davits moved, as an amendment, that ad mission to i/ie t- rt'i' Academy, should depend on merit. Dr. Sw? iir contended that the Legislature intended that the Free Academy should be Instituted for children educated in the public school*, and for no other; aud if (he amendment now proposed was carried. it would let in tbe children educated at all other schools In the city, and deprive the other class of the benefits of the Kree Academy, which would be in direct contravention of the spirit and intention of the act establishing the institution, which limits admission to pupils educated in tbe publio schools only. The Commissioner from the 10th ward offered an amendment, that when pupils of e<iual merit offered themselves for admission to tho Kree Academy, and a certain number only could be admitted, that the pupils who were the longest period of time in the publio schools, should have a preference ; adopted. After some further business, the Hoard adjourned. The Committee on K.venlng Kree Schools, have establisb< d evening schools in tbe following places : ? 4th Wsrd, in ward sobool No 10. James at., 6th Ward, in publio school No. 10, Duane st. Tib Ward, in ward school No 16, Munroe st. 8th Ward, in ward school No. 2.'1, Clark st. 0th Ward, in public school No 11, cor lids'n k drove. 10th Ward, in ward school No 3, Ludlow st. lltb Wsrd, in ward school No. 5, cor Sh'If k Stanton. 12th Ward, in ward school No. 13. 40tli st. 14th Ward, in ward school No 17, Orange st. 16th Ward, in ward school No. 20. 13th st. 18th Ward, in public school No 16, 27th st. haw Intelligence. CiacoiT CouaT, Sept 20.?Before Judge Kdmonds? Fi'sArvs. P.hHlelon?Tbe jury, in this cause, rendered a special verdict this morning. After talcing a few Inquests, the court adjourned. Common Plias. Sept 20 ?Before Judge DaiJ.?Fred. Gnoiiuin vs. It Key ?This cause was given to thejury thli i.vaniii,, . l-,t ....llal - Before Judge (JlahnvfTiT.? The I'rotrction Insurance Co., vs. Drmy.?This cause til not concluded when the court adjourned. U. S. Commissioner's Orrire. Sept 20.? Ilefore W O. Morton. Km|?CiiiNMiiffii?Cbe* W. Grey and Wm. Butler, mentioned in yesterday'? paper, as having been arrested for a revolt on board the ship Vkekshurg, were committed to answer. Striking with a Pan gnu us ll'tayon?Robert Stanwood. mate of the ship Victoria, was arretted, and committed for examination, on charge of strlkiug.the rook with a dangerous weapon. Before Alex. Gardner, Ksq ? rater Bertrand and ? Watson, captain and mate of the ship \ I ham bra, chare d with the murder of one of the crew, were committed for examination. Oxers a i. Sessions, Sept 20, 1848? Before the Recorder, Aldermen Smith and I lodge. Grand Larceny.?The trial of Frederick Hobner and John Beck, charged with the above olfence, in stealing tassels, binding and fancy goods, from Phillip If Williams, was resumed. The defence showed previous good character, long service, and general dealing with the prosecutor; and held that felonious Intent, on part of the prisoners, bad not been shown in evidence for the prosecution The jury, without leaving their seats, acquitted the prisoners. Libel.?The case of Berford against Dixon, has been set down, by consent, for the third Tuesday in the ensuing term. Robbery.?Valet Riley and Cornelius Dolan were put forward on (rial, charged with robbing Andrew Martin, a discharged soldier, U. S. Army, of the sum of $12, on 31st August last. Martin, being sworn, testified that he had been drinking at No. 4 Frankfort street, on the day in question, and having occasion to go back to the yard of said premises, was there molested by the prisoners, and his purse, containing the above sum. was taken by them Hoi.ir McGloin corroborated the testimony of Martin. There being no difence, the priioners were both found guilty, and were sentenced to ten year's confinement in the State prison. Grand Larceny.? Bridget Monaban was put upon trial, charged with stealing the sum of forty four dollars and flftv cents, in gold and notes, (corn Bartley Brett*, a discharged volunteer, who bud been In the Mexican service. b. Brf.tts testified that be went to the house where prisoner and a woman named Smith bad been, in Cross street, on 20th of August last, and was in liquor; fell asleep In tbu yard, and. ou awaking, found his money gone Oflicer McMaiiai* testifiid he found the money In possession of prisoner. The jury found the prisoner * guilty. She was sentenced to two yr j-? oonfln*ment in the State prison. Sentenced.?Hugo Monstenberg found guilty of grand larceny, was sentenced to two years conttnement in the State prison ; James KeMy, a child about seven years of age, livin: in the " K.ve Points," was sent to the House of Refuge, being found guilty of a larceny. The court adjourntd over to eleven o'clock this forenoon. Court Calkisdar for This Dav?Circuit Court.? 28, 32, 46, 48, 57, 59, fld, 67 to 72. 73. 74 to 80 Inclusive. Common Pleat ?Pint Part?113.126, 129, 133, 85, 175, 37.167. 123. 97,137. 107. 193. 23.149 Second Part ? 116,130 164, 64, 72,98, 17, 80, 126, 140, 160, 108, 174, 70, 154,162. Court ok Aerrsi-s, Sept. 19 ?All the Judges present. The argument in case No. 18 w?.i brought to a close this morning No. 17 Philip Slade r? Perry Warren, jr.. el at. S. SteAens lor apeilant; David liuel. jr , for respondent. No 1!' (Jerrit I. ilouqhtaiiiug i t. ti.torge W Kelderhouse, H. <1 Wheaton. was heard for plaintiff In error, and llnfus W. Puukbam, for defendant in error. Enoj.isii Railroads.?A late Parliamentary return exhibits the number of passengers, and also the number of casualties on the railroads of the t'nitsd Kingdom, during the two first quarters of the present year Krom this report. It appears that out of a gross total number of 26,330.492 passengers, carried on various railways in flreat Britain and Ireland, during the half year ending the 30th of June, 1848, 90 perSODS WfH MllrU, RDU JV llljuiru uj careful and minute analysis of these statistics, ehoira that of the 90 person* killed and 99 injured, there were 0 passenger* killed and 60 injured from causes beyond their own control ; 6 passenger* killed and 2 injured, owing to their own mlsoonduct or want of caution: 7 servants of companies or contractors killed, and 14 injured from causes beyond their own control : 52 servants of companies or of contractors killed, and 18 injured, owing to their own misconduct or want of caution ; 1H trespassers and other persona (neither passengers nor servant*.) killed, and & Injured by improperly crossing or standing on the railway; 1 person run over and kilted at a crossing, through the misconduct of an engine driver, and 1 suicide The victims of these accidents were either run over, knocked down, crushed to death, entangled in the machinery, # raided, or killed by oontaot with bridges. Jto , collisions, he. Attempt*? Mi/riier.?Our city having breh the sc? ne ul an unusual excitement during parte ol Friday and Saturday last, we depart lrom our usual practice In abstaining from giving like occurrences mere public notoriety. A violent assault was mads on Friday afternoon by thwe person* named John McSheriy, John Tarmentler. End F rancis FlUgerald. on the person of the He?. Mr Leahy, a leoturer on Itsmani-m who had been giving lectures ths two previous evenings. The person* who made the assault were Immediately arrested and after a patient and protracted examination before Justice Austin, were oommitted on a charge of assault and battery with intent to kill, fir trial at the Decenil>er Over and Terminer Most rry was sub-equently h-ld to ball on two bond* of KOO piiuctpai and sureties. P. I ward (lleason ha* also I en arie-ted on a like charge, and held ta bail ? Sfhtntttmlf Ce6m*f,