Newspaper of The New York Herald, 22 Eylül 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 22 Eylül 1848 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

??? i' * ri?n?w-mz*:. <r ->> . ?r * w*r-*^t rrn HT rl p|?H _*J_ _i?J_ NO. 5224. Kiuiiit"- mo iiom .\hro iili Tim Diiioi tiilt III r i i c tin:* ur UiRMiir to tmk 1'iLori k or Tin I > 11 i# Si*ti ? or Aut> rica : i * .u^ *^0 jlSlS. Chiii i ii- Ami.uih :. tin ;<rtat H illi.-r.i of your hi'| ubl.c 1'iiim loii;, v., .orabi ration, lor. vor fi | i in , * ! > :i tan tyr . any ol KsgiHUU. lor tli' In. I i. in liii ,ii i-ytti-ni ?>1 govciniovbt *?? ibolivu to . .'lUaiiou limy proclftin-i it mI(iu<I ui.U Mil loo y .'o- world, thi' all imunr cnutvii K(' l I .-t. . n y :m- vuilo *e i by their Creator wnii ?o. lulu inn :1.... r-. m the. to ? cura tb?*i?o iigbl?. gi v. rutin in.. ,n lu?MSut?d among destructive of these ends u i- ibn rdinof the p -pie to alur cr uboli b u aui to iu- i ito now govei umrLif audi as to ilicio . uj Lit -ti'.i.;t> to eii'tict choir eafuty ai.ii bajp usss. Krcis hj.aK Iki( r tli'.'i t> n- The a;.i-it tvltta which Vouiijr Liberty 1 ?t t- warriors ? iuij n hi d all a-savit 1 ruwugiiv-p? iubi. fa# brltish Liow. bunbau. die* tinea is c m-s and to tho view of the en-laved nation* "1 ?u ;> ui<)s<', "ur Republic, on tin- bi .-ii'tu . r.g!t- f in.m, while the tjrunts if the (.Id w rid uir umed tj trample down at cry right, oi man b) " i e i;.'ecu id Uod " Your none til lion being adopted, u!-o in Lurupe begun tho struggle aguo t il-isiu Trie uobte people, tuliii.g side* with yon tu ; ur struggle for Indtpeu.i nee. fir t shook fill' Uivtr chains Lllto your father*, tbey oppoed tu "r.ho divine rights of kings nod hiOe ' Ho- ih i.t'i fi* '.no rights of mm, and the despots of turopn joi,.iug ' to bring the rebels to obedience' by tl.o turoe of arms, the people rose la tueir in: lit csu-ixiug tue old throne of tie hour Pons to p i mn. Then, for the firs time n free enal gr ot, mil promising amid tin- o il lie-1 o.ii.os Tluou i. ti.j ltveiyofc.-n tulles hi il so do-gi?d d ilie- |itiop.i a tu be at tlia. time yet uuht lu enjeiy L bei iy io |. t.:-. sun happiness, the ohartu < 1 I or ii ui< neter oi? j |. i.n .1, and a taint idea o blMllu in.agecouuote III . IU tile tiearlft of the people Uvea 'be Fplci'tu vloi rlus oi N pjlt-c-n could not Vanish tin lueuiury ol -no Rcputilio Uut when the Line i f i lor> v a gone, wbt r, w it li ibe aid of the eueu> osot the c- uu:r.i. heodi< lie LI itirb >us ,i;a n took poatcs ion vl the Oin i1(Jl ?uuu Napoleon and his son * re >.? no the old 1 ?>-lii.pj- of leptiblic&uisu grow warmer at d migh.ii r ant the uj?>r* cbuuti-m began toshowits fser, the mon-',be p-cp'.e were prolong lor liberty. fifivrti ) ??> > ihr tfo..rbi>im occupied rhcraBrlvrb wit h tin restoration i> 1 u damages which their oldsyst m of tyranny had le-, md n the revolution, the pcoj h loujtin* 1 u iu Mirue-^gti. but a daiI do-pot daring to ifizti with opuu v<olt iC_ avrn their last poor remnant i f constitutions! r gb the p nple rose again in their Uiejestj and iu thru*d-._, diaries A. and his accomplices were driven on1 o < ance The people were longing tor a Iti pubi'c. but dir leaders, rituemVaring the m.d event of the tir.-u re roijtioa. did not dare toinslitute it. 'l*bry presented thru a "citizen king'' In a man whom tht bourbons had pvecuted for n:a sympathy with the people, lie. ln?y sad would keep his treaties witli tile people, under ui* eigU t}.e constitution w 1 u d be a truth, a kingd-u and such a king would b' better securities ior their ?iednm and happiness, than even ?. repuhi c The p'ofa bull 'Tod them, but only to deplore it iu eighteen yeas 0f bitter disappointment. Uute more they were to i<\ra, that the pooj le'e happiness anil the prince's anjlnjon are incompatible. 1 hey lived to see the good oitiz^, king tramplit g cpen all their rights and liberties t,he same jjUU| i. cure as thy Bo rbou bad doitu V/ore. Freauuiiii; . i i Liia wan ounc/s |: u.a he could ri-pqt the violent sc.a ot bis pr< decessoi unpunished, at let bo also was < v. rtakeu by hi day ol judgment?anuuow France wiil never see anoihtr liiu,< The Ueiuian pe. p'.e less speedy in aotlon, but qiatly observing, meuiiulmg, and relUcting. kept a wrathful eye on ull procee ling* m the land ot their nighbors, profiling by t-.elr exp lieucea. Kvon tlviir-t fresh ctonu against the prijiidloes aud UKicepola of past dark n^es excited t heir lively sympathies. 'kail they u-H fcrit in ailent Mmn? iuu. their m st halved toOetS gave tute ana xpressina. Though they sudderiigly turned away ihnreye-. when lh?y saw tose terror sts not only j"dgii g ideas but executing on, yet they found many a revolting Injustice, whit in France was justly condemned en their own threi,old Jelt in full power ; and wl a' Ibey unoe had concoei, they did not forget again. The luasiiea begittni; to 3>ovn. the princes made Justin limn a fen- sin a lonCessionx, thereliy appeasing ouc-e were the goontturrd people. Ism when Napoleon put his foot otlie neck of those pnuoes ; wheu the curse ol the sysiu by which they bad quenched for centuries pan aifeolings of independence in the uiauo of their subjee, fell back on thc r own shoulders ; when they saw, tit to secure n land against foreign invasion it is noteaugh to keep aviob-s ot' vvnai uo.roenaries . when nenisity commanded to put all at stake to shake o<T the ?,i?e of foreign, despotism. aud no oilipr way was left tl'Vfor their own li scue ; then these priuB?n gave perfco li heitytotle champions ol the regeneration of O'tnany ; then they descended troth their thrones tha rauksclthe p opie. preaching libirty and equity; then ibty tumid the best i>r?iui nm confirming tlm by the most r-acrt d oaths ; then they attracted tiudcluded the lor.o.-t po pie by showing ib an in a dsliug light the pro.-pect of a good time oniitig. wh< they Would be nothing mere than their lir t scrvvutouly occupied to ft.-nre their happiness aud freedom.Aud a new spirit animated the people : Napoleou'sower v?c- broVt n. The ws. itlors cauie home triumphant; th? sople haili d tin id. celebrating their gltri >tij? vict rk and all wuitt J in confidence lor th" g < d tints wlu was promised to tlniu liny watted long and israin. Alsoiu (icrn.nny the p' opt ' were to learti thai pnees, in their sublime situation, far ithove tru'h anilaitb, are not bound to a p!edg< d wotd i r an ou'h. liksoirmou hornet people. Alt that w?s promised andirorn to them proved to be lies and perjury. And wit. the people suw old despotism goir g on its regulir ith ? when they saw a i ude censure continuing t< mtilate the wot Us of genius?when they sate tf.iiUth same ideas with which they bad been induced to g> t tight against Na;oleoit now were stamped as criues when they saw tlielr pa'riots, who dared to spiakiu te old way. and to remind the princes of their |roses ? when th<y puw one hopeful you.It after wotIr d?liTired Vaatl'e hands of a secret loquhitdi, tea to languish through the best years of their live icsnely prisons?when they saw tliuf. they were nutahiod to debate their o? n concerns. even their nils it conversation being watched t.y listening epies-'hti they saw that the princes. io.-teail of a due regseoation of the whole (>irt"an people, eou-dilutes tht Diet with the clear vn w to prev?ot every d.t oitlism being prs'.athd upon to fulfil his prortes, in 1 fo cede to his sul.ji els some dangerous rlghtr-S'hei they saw that the cons'.iti lions which some ( thtlitllu petty primes granted most generou-ly, ero tubing but schemes to get in a better utunuiCho lut farthing out of thi poor ntHirs pocket?itpliortwit-n they saw themselves condemned to do nlhingjr the sake of their land, but to obey, to ken still ttd to pay, sullen feelings of disoon'enl. stolento athoueavih imftpH mill there wa- a whi?ni'ria|f"oniaar to ear :? ' Vt < me abured? we are b? eiy Wised ' When in Krauco. the Bourbon* tutnlul fret their throne*, mil tho Poles arose to break i) chain with which an unholy trinity of ibspot* baloailejthem, then, alee, in part of the (tertm peCle the lcng-Mipi res eil feeling <>f iadependjno brokefor-h. Bold ora'or* threw lla-htug w.rd* if the tirring inasee*. 'liny proclaimed th<> spirit) a net time, railing all ti e oppressed under is tuner, nd re. mitidi f* the per pie of tb? ir right*, and 'the trachery of the!i priori n And the princes, to torn tliir own ronreienre ui ght whisper tint tbey derved ibettcr fate then the Bourbon*, dared not to pone te first joyful movement of the people The he of or first a waking v us promising. but short. IVnd fs'liinder Ihe bloody e'rot ea of the Hussian ) .leror ?to new King of the French made hi* treachin* stiplatioo* with the otl er murUeter* of Liberty, id the ul lord* of the world felt more secure than of t? fjrt Our patriot* wt r* thrown Into prison* in dwd*, ait thoui atids lied uv.ey t lorelgn land- to eirt- the rekngeful arm of pn i o y violence I'ne people. pMy yet V' timid to rise to open resistance, patiiynoret enllhtened enough to understand their own trt intereb, and ruled by :i deep veneration of old ill"1, qtiidy submitting bent once more their neck-cider thtaccustomed yoke. Ilut tie time of rupture ca*iie ncr and learcr. Though the allegiance to th< | nherIt house* f their prince* I.hiI been trannferred in d people (rough many reniuile*, from lui her tu eon,hough tie feedlug, throe eh long habit had been inhered to urn as thee re ig on of t! , r failure. being rrty every oinont to sacrifice for it life and property, ee princei them aelve* thought them by and hj to lean the tielof sacred feed i g* '1 lie umre the put' iiiiDil V* enlightened by the doctrines of trutbf^ch fbu Utftf way into < he heart* of Die people in pi <>i mi ?v ure, recret p die liioi op, n violence, the i * the ilia n wm pprrmtin; lorn better worthier t ime voma?tb more degrading nnd unworthy hi renin th'yatem f our government* Not enough. Dm t philt ly. tb't.iny's pride, oolild go no farther ti nn poltoelowed it or?n rriigioua fici ilotn, 'ho dear won rigb' oiiriilwrj, wan boldly violated. The right* of.? poop Wero openly in-idfed. Here c prince '? iniopleoo* n Conntiti.tlon. nnd proclaimed: "u Imvuu law but my * III '? there, another tus fal*o inney, nnd forced hi* aubji t* to taxc it folll. htwlf mcrpting rn payment hu in good mry ti er* third one laid theu?*tluie? of Lia country the ball of r? concubine fhere, et Inst ? fnurihie. pmtiuiing liimaelf, in (he Inee >t the eivili/ntio/tbe n I dee nth century. a* Ood'e iniuiedinte n pie>tn'ivu dearth, declared that be never would mi''a roualution, like a providence of printed papr/ landing I ween bin people and the will of (i d ?(li hewaont to execute.'' And the people. fette| Ivy the ofcnlatd power Of difpotiain. bell. Id ihir'Jre eourti clrlnces eucking th< ir vn v vital l>lo< d -(ndering I luxury and exee.?* their hard eai tied prvrty and untaxing the pot r min'r bread and 4 to l ai-e am* to tatiafy their nppetlten. Tbev 1(1 tu aee IbdiUivitorn of tlve ir noil getting p.iordnd p'nredn the weat of thi lr hrr w . and th- ir we working, n. in aplte of all luhnraud toll at Ih<U even lieiiahle to tnaka the in '?t miserable I vm|Toey livedo aee that men from whom Die tl ol their fiappy brethren afllleted and extorted iicc rnati<t, were eeireil aa re he I a nod dragged o dungeon! They lived to Fee tboen w eaverc. whdalling for ttadf.o tbclr atarving wirea and attacked b doge and ahot down They Hied to tlinua-imlH tng In horrid atarvntlon. while Die (en cnntlnH rhetr dehauchiry And during the l* tltey ??? m?ntinnance ol all Dili iMxry thrulal fyranthf thn princca. and their trilling wltlfe happlneed men, houghta of a new order 1 f Ihigwand'-reil fn one ttlie country to th? <|r Out if litionl ounded n KnglanJrance and tilxor E NE mor; ItiUU. by (icruiali lOtutfee*. hundred* f ><>UD< wurllifcginen r lu:ned bourn every jyir, bu-y to spread n t In- < r? ea of their aci|"?i ut ;nc.'? *|i they h;i I (? i'h r?U iu IV r. igu In tul1 i bey ep *?? of t tie present system of cpptis a n. and dreamed of a he'ter, happier time to ei tne But the (tr> at mam of ih p ople de'p'irii K that it vi old ever be hetier ho'e. looked longingly oth' the ocean to the Kar W(et, a? their only refuge fiem po\erty and u.leery I'liei p. on the bleared loil'ciymr repuflio. ulriady millions ot our suif?riug bu'lmi found a new. hiwpy Ii uie?thouaands and thoi.Bands tollovred them every year aM painting with tie fun t; OoIoih the land where in.lh ng disturbed I hi in in ton remembrance ft their friends ?h"n. they had 'eft in the ni l ry Of'h oidoU'Hj. Thi |? shining the sun ot lil r y, fprendii.g blessings ami plenty for all; there 10 crow ned pain iter, fattened by the sweat of the pikes nt; Here the honest lab. rem \u-r.i not treated l'.ko c it tie. but they were linn >red aud sure to <ct poou ineie every our. uy i e iinru worn i?r nil hatd.-, could become an- independent freehold -r ; there every one ?ua trie citi*"U of a free republic, bail I ho taire rights im his eltow uor >va. required to bow latere any hitg in the world t'herv w<ta the tecond fatherland f r un?and yet. laiely whan our 1 dlntri ss was UN its highest piteh. we ate your bread, v e tcccrrpanled the Mar siarjyled burner, with Mir heartiest ?iih>R;to tlie battle-tielun of Mexico, whi-ro wo raw the ciffeience between afrea peone auU a people of rlnvof: 11 ud we were proud ut yuur v ctorinn. our sods and brothern lighting with yon I here, in your oountry. wu? the L*e fpiaoo f refuge fir our poi rooted pall-tcli; there ti e r filleted f uu I p i Or and rest; and oil' indipeit t cor, wl.uu lookiug towanh the aettiug mi ii, thought they heard the voire of a Saviour, o tiling to tin tn?" Con e to me!" ami tew 8 fined their eye* at the thought ot uu ocean being between tbeui and their happineee. t\ e w. re tired of our old fatherland, and ^ It nping for a brltir. tuore juyt eituaiion Uutatonce , ii ir lit revolution knocked at our iloi>r?, and out ot the llnmeaot a burning throne, we hear i a thundering voice;? '* 1 tropin ot Ueruiany. arne froui vourdegrailat i iu; you also may hem me tree! hook no uioro t o ti e i-'ar , Wert, for the time has come to tound an Amerioa on your own soli " Ametieuns! you know thorn days of February in j Taris leu know how they shook the Oui World, , threatening tu rend it aruuuer You knew how. espe oia:l) in <ii rmany, tliey brought to a Hidden out,break ! wr at many piiet. jeHrr had quietly prepared. You know ' how, iu our country, the Revolution went from town to > town, from Tillage to village, with the exception of a | few province), retting all iu light (lames, eien the petEiinl'u lnn-W b"... .? hn_ ..II - > . " .???v WY-BV. * . .v,u. .... r..v.oc, the people rushed into the castles or tbiiir tyrants. askj log lor rights long enough withheld from them k ou know that at. first utey wer? Aswered with cartridges, but then perceiving thatbetween tbeui and their lords ! the question was not about right*, but about force, they ; employed force against force, teaching those despots I what a people can do when resolved tube free, you . know the bloody struggles on the barricades of Vienna and lieilin. You kuow how, after th-ir victory the gt neroue people, though yet bleeding from a thousand wound*-, contented themselves to impress upon the tight ol the murderers the mutilated corpses of their I n.uidered brethren, and force theiu to pay their due respects, thtnh aTing them alone with their own avenging consciences. You know that ihu people of our capitals, eve n in their greatest excitement, did not disown their democratic nature. You kuow they restrained themselves to tuako their long-detained fundamental rights respected and acknowledged, viz :?The tovereiguly of the people, or their right to govern themselves by repieseutatives of their own t>ee choice; the liberty ot the press and the right of public meeting and free speech; the right of being judged publicly by juries out ol their midst; and linslly.the general tight to wear arms. Having obtained so much, tbey stopped, for all the rest was the business of the whole people and of the Constituting Convention they were to elect. Americans, jou know how to appreciato this democretis course 1 he barrioades being cleared away in the prospect of n National Convention for the organization of a free Fedetal Union,andsimilarconventions for there-organization of the set urate States, the peoplj returned to rriler, the old enemies of liberty went again to work in their old husiuess, endeavoring to cheat the people out ol their acquisitions. While they t*ok pains to lead the t cwly awakened national feeling a wrong way. and wue involving us in wart? while, under tho mask of patriotism, they onon more betrayed and tore into pieces bleeding Poland?while they were representing the war of Austrian despotism against Italy struggling lor independence and liberty, at a sacred Herman cause. endeavoring to Induce us to murder barbarously iu other people's all that was deuiest to ourselves? while th?y did everything to degrade us before the wtrld. and to niske ?- bated uy our netgobors, they u>t <i ?t tin Fan e time, all their means to step the deveb pen etit of our democratic liberty, and by roundabout v si) s to bring us bank iuto the old bondage and misery. 1.ven the first hopes of the people failed. They knew yet too little about deniorrutic forms, and trusting good wcrds too inurb. The ptinc- e having ordered indirect ehctions. all doors were thrown open to intrigt ?s intimidation, and corruption. In short, the rrea est oart < 1 the votes fell on men U"t deservingtho confidence of tl.c people. und a> well in the general National Conventit.:i in Frankfort, at in tlie separate Conv? ntiom of the States, the obedient -ervants of thepiircca and the adherents of the old system cf government constituted large majorities. T/ie people torn by bad tic e to observe their true friends, and to think of the future. W'hi'e the princes, leaving the people, fled into the arms cf their camarillas, and so called constitutional ministers, denied the revolution, which bad elevated tl>< m to their situation?while the majority of the lierntnn National Convention adopted with reluctance the principle of the sovereignty of the people, in the name ot which they hud been convoked, then beginning to in: uit that seine principle in all their resolutions? white the old servants of absolution and aristocracy, together with the undeeid-d and weak minded all over | the ri urtry. piuisi d the blessings of a constitutional Kingdom, anil endeavored to lull people with ! the ub-urd phrase of " democratic monarchy,"?the Feriousmen of the revolution, wanting a real soveitignty of the people, marched on. in cloved ranks, to ccmjuer for Germany thutform of government which alone is worthy of a free people, and in which alone their sovereign will can be expressed and maintained. u I., ii in Tt.,un sti.s <n ?v.t?v, ...... .m i.?>? ' - -u.w. K~"* thai intelligence ?ia farthest advanced. the demand to put to vote VMM the old IWIWMmI govorun:< lit should he retained or be changed Into a democratic republican constitution, had been answered by afreet*; and the attempt of the people to sustain their rights by force of arms', and to obl'ge their sovereignty to he rtfpected, had been overpowered by foreign troop*?nhen. thereby, with us the question of State right*, by our confederated princes, had been determined that in no single State the people should be allowed to send away their prince and constitute republican goTernment. this rery fact destroyed the plan of the r? publicum^ to republicanism the separate i States one after the other, according to their political intelligence. and to create in the quiet any of example and anneiation a German federative repubtlo. They egrei d tit atiiu ou'-ly to centralize the democratic movement of all Germany, and then to work as one man. For this purpose,ail asfociations^rganizcd in the different part* of the^country, were to prepare the people ft r the republic by electing delegates On the Nth ot June, tbi- je r. met the tirst Cot gre-s of the whole den.rcratlc republican party of Germany The business of tills Congr? s* * as plain. It was composed of men ot attion knowing that they stood annd the storms of a revolution 1 he same spirit animating all. they did rot spend time with long speeches. What for the present wai it 8"t iieedi d.wa- the orpanljation ofthe party in one powerful body A plan was *?on agreed to,-and a Central Committee of Hre. vit: the citizens Julius Krcebel, Gottlieb Rail, Hermann Krtege. Kdward Meycn.and llexamer. were elected to carry It into execution. After this committee, taking their seat in Rerlln were invested with the power to call, in cogent circtin s'ances. an extraordinary session of this Congress. xbey ndjiurncd till next October, and in the linn conviction that the future deliverance of Oerniany r> lied on their eflorta. the delegates returned to tlirr d nvr? nt provinces, resolved to do their duty In spite i I ell dangers and adveirities,and,ln rase of need, to consider eTen bfe and property as small offerings, Amineans! we give you thia exposition of our olrr.nina'anrt a, b) cause we want you to undiratand ua; that the pecple of the greatest common House on earth may not view in German republicans visionary idealists, but men etanding on the ground of reality. Vi i reject constitutional monarchy, not only because we do not agree with tho principle, and because we cannot acki owledge another sovereign beside the aorereign per pie; not only b< cause we knew that the inter?ata of the priccea are directly oppoiite to the Internets of the people, the liberty of the people beginning juat exactly where the power of the princes enda ; not only because we consider monarchy in every shape ssrni indignity, and constitutional in uarcny ax'a ay?t in of rontradiellon and lies, which cannot last, but where a r'gbly aristocracy surrounds the throne, guarding In it the foundation stone of their tnonopo-11? -. and h-lng essentially Interested to prevent the great uinsa cf the people from exercising their sovereign!}?we reject it especially because in Germany it lias h come an impossibility Like t he murderous attack at Li xingti n. pushing tour fathers into open insnrrection and violently tearing them forever from tl e land with which they were connected by a thousand tl< a ot rt roe in bra Drr and habit, so with us the massacrisatthe ban trades have made an eternal breach between people and princes. The blood of cltlsena, abed there will not cease burning In the soul of the people t II the lust relics of monarchical sympathies are gone forever. And. If even the people were yet inclim d lo reconciliation, the princes themselves nial.e it entirely Impossible. Th. y show it already, nioit Openly, that thry are resolved to take baek by foVc e w bat force i xtorti d front them Th-ir loyal servan's ilesely surround them, the military is systeii s .rally s< psrslcd from the people, and dressed for civil war. The tyrants. driving formerly their soldi ra against tbe Kri neh republic, or selling them to Knglanil ft r wa ting jour land, and slaying your liberty, are inviting tlurn now against their own flesh and bloi d, picsuming to find them always obedient murd? rers of their own parents, and of their own liberty and happiness Toiler those circumstances, no one can seriously think of a peaceable agreement hat wren jiopleard prince*, or of a constitutional monarchy. All who talk of It consider it either as a abort passage to lepuldlran gjnTi rnmetit. or as a back way to old absolutism those want to stu r ahead the others backward ; the one are for unlimited liberty and roverilgnty of the people, the other for unlimited despotism and sovereignty of th* princes A recon RING EDITION?FRID eUtati ait thtrt partie* u iuipueejb.u ; ih? airuggl* cannot end till the on.- or t h* other hi un i<m? We go tor a German republic. becium Kr G runny ths republic if! a yiial question wh'ch aloue ran prel<rvo it from ruin. If Gi rtimny Is to extit longer, and tniiintain btr rank among f.h? independent na'ioan of the eMlh, t-he niu.-t he united and strong t?Uhln ami without, lier political and economical position requiring it abi>o ut- l v K\en the nrtnurs rannot hut an in tr. leuge this Tb? 7. too, talk cf union. 1'hey waut union bet* *en thi'tn?elvi * 8i(aiu?t tn<* people a-'ain< t fi.M><iun, ai d against free speech. They want to persu.i'^us ouoc more (bat the are our natural enemies ; t) ey want us to fe.lp them to destroy the French ro, in.lie. il en to tttrnallze our own slavery with the aid < t the Emperor of liusni*. aiul the aristocracy of Hog. land. Ihite princes never thought of auothi'r u?.Ion; tut content to brivk the German Umpire aeuts er t'.ey also tora Poland into p'e-ee thereby pulling 1 urn the Inst bulwark against Eastern tfespotiini put the peop'e nerd union a;;aiu*t despotism, within theirfroutieis eg will nt without ;and sucha union th-y never ran expect frotn their prinoea. 1 hey would prefer rather to he vassals sf the Knesian Emperor than to be servant* of their p-ople and 0 i ti z? u* of free Oerntany. The tnouldi red German empire can save u < no morn, people and prinoea rejecting it unHUiur ,u?ly ? the f< rmtr, bi caus e they do not went to nourish, beside their prineeg of old, a new thi:ty-eixth one ; the latter, because their ambition does not bear to submit to one out of their midst, an their superior.? ltepubkcan govirnment alone can unite Germany, for in it one ci union interest would concent th- people, after tiie 1 rincee and their s ej urate inter' sts had dieapp< ared. j he republic is a vital question for Germany, nr.d not for Germany alone, but for all nations of Western Europe. The time is coming now. when it must be deemed whether Hui'q.a shall become republican or Cossaclr. Already the Asiatic hordeR stand on our frontiers, waiting with lustful eagerness for the morn-lit when their mighty autocrat leig them loose, to sati'iy their pa* with the productions of our saiure and civilization. Our princes expect them entiling, keep the frontiers unguarded against thetr luvasion, and bow and cringe before the great Subduer of Democracy. Already the governing lords of England tender their hands to the Czar for opposing a dam to the democracy overfl swing in Germany, in which they see danger to their own existence, because I hey know that Gtrmany is the heart ol Europe, and that the fate of Germany is decisive for tfll natii ns of Europe. The question is now. whether Euiopean c vilizntion shall ptrish. making room for a rude despotism, or whether it shell enter into a new era of Light r developement, banishing despotism from the face of the eurth. If Germany dues notbeuom* free row, the enrages, rushing in. would make ail Europe one desolate wilderness leaving to intnkind no hopes but on the o:h>-r mdu of the < ee:in. On the contrary, 11 Germany becomes a republic, on the sitne ground on which through many ceuturlegarmies of unwilling slaves murdered each other at the command of their ma-dire, the free will join their hands in everlasting friendship. and en the execution place of old tyranny, they will conclude the holy alliance for the liberty, equality, and fraternity of all men on earth. Then the Kronen will go hand in hand with us to war, to overthrow the whole old empire of injustice ; the Italians, in brotherhood united with us, will forget all wounds our tyrants inflivted upon them; then 1'oland will rise out of its tomb at the head of its brother nations, spreading the seed of liberty among ail Sclavonians, till the Collossus of busman despotism tumbles down powerleFS, finding no refuge eveu in Siberia; then the ull-beloved, all lamented Ireland will be no longer the prey of merciless vampires; the proud aristocracy of old England, the basis of all misery in the wor d, will fall?then the In.ted States of a free Europe, joined with you, will b&Dish the plague of w rfrora the earth; then all energies will tend to peace and its blessings ; then the lime shall come, when, by the connected efforts cf all civilized nations, this world can be transformed out of a miserable abode of ca:an:ity, into a happy paradise. Citizens of America ! the feelings of the republicans of Germany are not narrowed by the boundaries of jicii (.uuuujr?itit*ii iirnrvB ucni ?ur a uuiniuHUb, nuu for all mankind, like your*. We address you frankly and in lull confidence, because we know that you are great enough to understand us. You are the first raco of a new mankind no more separated by national prejudices. In your country, the sons of the dilTerent nations of Kuropo first associated under the banner of liberty, as citizens of anew world. You will not think us visionaries, because we trust that the banner of liberty waving on tbe palaces of kings, in Kuropo, too, the nations will associate peaceably, and find no more rt ason to bate or to beer ill will to each other. Voa will acknowledge tbat cur struggle is a sacred one, being the struggle for the pacification of thn world ; ai d you will surely assist us. when the question is to execute the great idea of Thomas Jefferson?the regeneration of the old world by the principles of the new. We knot, very well that you cannot help us as a nation, wdthont Involving you in war and disowning the first principle of your foreign politics; hut the aid we want single individual* can afford us, without endangering tbe whole. We declare it, freely and openly, we want money,that net run m um. without which the best cause cannot succeed. Though, therefore, heartless money-mongers call us beggars, we are not ashamed to beg lor tie deliverance of the world ; and we know very wr11 that the great mass of your people do not disdain us for tbat. Our rnemies have inexhaustible menus at their command, nnd our democracy is, as yet, poor Willingly we offer all we have-life and property? but, if not aided from without, it is almost impossible for us to stand the struggles of the next future. Ameiicans! the notice of your enthusiasm for the elevation of the nations of Kurope, reaching us lrom beyond the ocean encouraged us to ask your assistance in this open way ; for we know Araericaus never used to show enthusiasm for any causo for which tbey wire not also ready to sacrifice something, wben asked for. Tbe German republic must come, and will come. Our task is but to level the path and shorten it. As long as prace is maintained and we aro not deprived ( f our right i f propagating tbo principles of pure'demom acy. by the way of free press and free speech, and to introduce them into practice by the way of a peaceali'u riY iTur.lvuiiiin r\t nur rturf.v u r.ri K?r fson alnnfmna .... ... ?. ?? -J I we will be Jar from usirg any olher means to achieve <urends. Truth needs nothing, to be victorious, but the right to show itself. Already tho ranks of thlukirgaiid determined republican are getting thicker and thicker; already the soldiers, influenced by the spirit of liberty, are beginning to desert to the republicans; ard if we only get means enough to keep the talents of ourpaityin free action, by und by all will join our BOTement, except thi?u who see in the triumph of reason, tbe end of their lisit.g. Our people, being quiet and strong, will not shed any b'ood as long as they are not absolutely l'nrced'to It. But If our princes inrolve us in a fatal wer to save them-etven; if they suirender us to the dictatorship of the Kosiao; if they deprive ua by force of the right to secure Germany's future liberty and huppiness In the way of pt nee, then may all blcod. which will be shed, eoinc on their guilty heads. We shall not give up the struggle, but triumph or dlo. The German people, who have already fovgbt through a whole century for a new creed, will once more know how to stand the struggle for the new creed of the present time?democracy- If even they should have to bleed for it another century. Americans! freemen of the New World! trusting you will help us as far as you can. we stretch to you our right hand of friendship over the wide ocean, as a proiuua sign of the future league of tho peopU. Our London Corrt-ajtonrtcnce. J-iONDOX, Aug. 25, 1843. English Despotism?Efforts to Promote an Influence tn Euroyt?State of England. "It bus long been the vulgar creed of other nation*, and the peculiar boast of this that Kngland is the only country in the world where the science of representative government has been reduced to practice, and the practice of it carried to perfection, 'i'he combination of theoretical excellence, with practical facilities?the union of action with discussion?the steady progresa of legislation, amidst the din of dispute and the conflict of aigument?all these signs and results of a mature constitution have provoked altercate panegyrics on our national character, on our political system, and on the happy sdaptation of the one to the other. W hile the liberties of continental nations have been stilled, for want of free discussion, or their undertakings marred by the obstruction of irresponsible despotism, and solitary caprice, the example of Knxland has been cited by practical men for an illustration of the benefits which Mow from the harmony of popular impulse and executive adniiniatration."? The Times, Mur Tl. "It (the report of the evidence by Insurrection Committee! Is the faithful image of that protracted scene of perplexity and gloom in wbich the French Republic has continued to drag on its tuibulent existence since the moment of Its unanticipated birth; and it tells the world, with authority that cannot he contested. by what shomlnahle arts revolutions are carried on ?by what men the French detnosracy has been governed since it has proscribed its princes and humbled its nobles to the dust- by vhat shame, misery nnd do rt it thr"* triumphs of the popular causa hare been attended."? IhH. ' If ere is a pi availing epidemic amongst Irish jurors, t'nllke thoip dbesres w hloh hava recently swelled ths

hills of mortality. this ailment appears mainly to fall cpcn the nervous system. In Mr Dohwrty's case, aa In t there which fare been recently brought before the Court at Dublin, for trial, the proceed!ogs ended by a declsratlon ti< m ajuryman, that he apprehended serious r<mn(|M. nces to bis health, if he were longer detained In tie consideration of the evidence upin which he was rrquirt d to And a verdict. The jury law, the privilege every freeman should enjoy, of being tried by his peers, augurs and necessitate* a virtuous public opinion. Falling this It Is a nurse. and not a blessing to a 01 untry ; It does not forward, but It Impede* the pngroi* of a people In civilisation "?Hid. These quotations Irony Tuesday's Timesars tillered t<> the public o! the United Slates: through the columns of the Una/it, tor the specific purpose of beginning operations which will atop that sort ot woik tit future. It is quite necessary that the vusl moral force of our country, especially on the continent ol Euiope, should he collected upon the weak point ol the pre sent great enemy ol tree institution?. Hinre February last, England has betome the most besotted despotism now existing, or? vcr belore k now n at any enlightened age ot the wi rid. At times, the t.s pitying the tyrant ever the tot lured and pmsi ate forma i f that manhood which everywhere mat ires through dt lays so long and anxious, and which she has the ignoble dealt WM. n w*?*'-mi iiMinniHiin i n* AY, SEPTEMBER 22, j 1'Hi It'll t?l C'lll = hlli^9 liilr oo Ulitijy Wi'r (1 , ti ! tugieu d. Abroud, the reeents herself nbl sh ii gly, na mi exemplar ed tin.* blessings of u so call' ect, limited monarchy, for the imitation of the fouitdeis of written eemstilnlions and lihitral iroveiiinienip. Thus, this worse than reactive oligait by, e l which the Q ;een is only n t omin .l h ad, destitute ol real power, trends confidently on the countries of Iv ro; e, and seek a to extend, and |<er pet unto among them, it* dreadful wrongs to all coming gene unions < t the inhabitants. Tue syrti in by which thia business is attemi>t?'d. lias "no I>. iallt-1. It J.* ii sy stem nt most ? I boia't* hypocrisy, unci iIliontery; of vice. deceit and impudence. And the cheat Ins been practised with such boldness, that it isnolongersiniposed toiuvolvc ill p >ssibility ot ex. unite or discomfiture. Indeed, its friend* may well anticipate com lete s tccess;.li>r tin y have not only gone safely tlin.i lnr, Inu triumI In.ntly. Ai d it will not be long, it more vigorous <i; 11 siiicui shall not be made, before we shall see the I eoj le oi the continent succumbing to the inteth renc<-and pertinacity of luigland she is, day and night, dihgi ntly employed with In rthousands ot rgents ai.c' nlliep, in every nook and corner oi Eim 4 e?by tin; nts and insult, l?y means ot m nicy and p. onuses?in extending her noxious iritlaence and example. She is in all the t itles olhaly, and ol Get many. She is incessantly i lotting and proseIj ting.exe i in Pens, for the overthrow "f the rights, vt lshee, and power ot the peo, le, and for substituting her tiv n miserable ay st< in. And, by her uudacity in bouB'ing, and in advocating the advantages of that systi ni, she ex ects not only to demoralize the patriots ol Gem any. end Austria, and Prussia, am (Ft lily, bi.t to debauch the republicans themselves in the ve y heart 11 Fiance. Alt the chuiiels of ptopeganiiism are pouring out a daily tide of corruption. The noh emeti, and nri-tocrucy general y, are incessantly busy with the tuide t king; the Cabinet and the Pailiument. en all sides, not less than the most reckless and most powerful press that ever existed, Rie each and all endeavoring to uconstruct the fallen foitunes of monarchy in Eur< pe The principal agency, however, in this warfare ? i in me nj'iin %ji mc ri^rf ir? a PCivur |?ice?w, vvmuil is i>: troni/ed here,in London, by the horde or English princes, aristocrats and enemies to the human r ce. The dallies lead the weeklies, and all other dailies end the weeklies follow in tin* wake of the Titnfs. No matter what may be the professed o) luions cf the subscribers which support the organ, the news; apers, whether tory, whig or radical, since February, have been ad vocating this prestnt foim of government?and trimming constantly in all essentials, by the vice, and wickedness, ai d weakness, which makes up the fungus mass Of the big London daily. That it is lila rally led on government facilities, none can deny; Hnd that all her coadjutors, oi every mme and profession, are also fostered by the same hand, il it could not be proved, would, at least, be readily suspected. All those traitors to hurnunity hold up their hands and eyes to aitest the glories of England, and the equity es well as stability of her institutions; and at the tame lime, testify most swiftly,and vehemently against llie nwlul revolution in France. The manner, us well as the sentiments ol these witnesses, cunnot be better understood by the reader, than through the extracts ut the head ot this aiticle. Now, I can assist the Herald in exposing the enormity ol the whole imposition, Htid I hope that the editor will be assisted bv the American nress outside, ?nd even in the city of New York, in the effort to disabuse the minds of republicans ns to both rules of the European controversy. .Very disgracefully lorour people, much of the city press, true to a certain set of instincts, huve endeavored tojustify the pretensions und example of England, nrd to cost discredit upon the struggles and triumph of France. They should know that the tate ol most ot the human race is now suspended upon the sequel of the French revolution. And they should abo know, thut the warmest sympathies of our fellow citizens should suppoit the adoption of f ee* inniitntinnsf by ihr cu^teuuou now assembled at i'aris. A republic, with universal suffrage, is there trying to live, and it will not succumb to the incessant attacks of British influence, more than I the coldness of freemen in America. It must pre| vail; the issue is not doubtful. In this period ot the world, with but two forces?legitimacy and demrciccy?in the field, Americans, at least, should have no lie.sitaiion about the side to tike, ; and of the result, which will be achieved with . them if they concur, and in spite of them if they I rpp< se. i The grent obstacles to the consolidation of the I Frencii republic, and the ubiquitous spread of its example, arc American distiust, and English hostility. The French themselves, not sustained by our decided and vigorous co-operation, are conil pletely deceived and mystified, like the rest ot the j worltf, by the outrageous fraud putrpon thrm with 1 repaid to the perfect liberty enjoyed by the people ! ol England. The supposed existence and security j ofeveiy light, under u limited monarchy, is a plea i which is constantly ballling the arguments ot rc| publicans in Europe, out ol France, with some i prospect of ultimate success. Even nine-tenths of j the English people, who are all, each day and Hour. | deprived of every valuable right, except that of pirperty, contribuie to the delusion. Even after c< nviciion, and while satf-ring under the penalty of the law, for crimes which include no morul ofience, and threaten no violence, the victim? vo| chelate upon ihe eonst tutional safeguards of the ' citizen, and till the wot Id with nonsense about the ' blxrtiesand lights of Englishmen I ullirm that there is not a vestige of liberty in the empire, from the lising to the setting sun. in any true and available sense; that there is no legal tight to meet to1 gyther fir any nurpo e whatever, and no legal right to say any tiling on politics, unless it be in praise of the existing government. That every oral and written discussion of public affairs, is seditious. That every si bject in England is, uttliis ! mi meet, a criminal, whom the government can | prosecute, nnd that his tiixl is nothing but a hypo j critical pretence; rind t' at he may be convicted uocoidirg to the caprice of grand juror*, and pr. seciitors, and attorneys*jgenetal?all nominees of j the ciowe?of either sedition, or felony, or treat-on, as may be thought advisable. It is almost i km 01 lb otis tossy that the Hcc?.-ed, when convicted, may be, it seditious or felonious, imprisoned or transported, a at he case may be, at the pleas ire : ot the court; and if treasonable, hang,drawn, and j (mattered, according to the barburisin ol the middle agep. As to foreigners, they have no right here at all; and may he spirited uvay under the new alien art, which has nlicady driven a tho isand of them front these shores; and in Ireland, they are daily nnprisonrd, at the Loid Lieutenant's sovereign will, Without any charge, and for anv term?as many ' Americans, now locked up for talking or keening silent, hb may have happened, some day or oilier, if liberated and told to go about their business, <r in state. There arc Some of these Americans who are liki ly to be hanged. Under the laws for the punishment of treafon, felony and sedition, there are now mop1 persons who have been arrested for political offences, and are awaiting trial in the goals of the government, upon bail, than in Paris, whore they say, in England, anarchy prevails; and there are five times as many wairants issued and issuing for the apprehension of others, than in all France. Fifty chartists wore arrested, and dealt with 11 few days ago, at Manchester, for assoiting their faith in the points of their admirable creed; and half the number have Leen lodged in goal in London, on pre| tome of h conspiracy to burn it to the ground, and to oveitlirow the government. At Liverpool, arrests are going on every hour; so at Piimiiigliam, at Edinburgh, and at Glasgow. In Ireland, the yectucle is deplorable. The prisons are full. ihe TiPiitl, of last week, stated that teveral handled additional wariants r ad been issued in Jlallingatry,lately; and the simc paper, of thisday, w itliout giving the list ol iwrsons in custody, says that, tit Dublin, "the number of warrants unrxeo 1ted, and still in the hands of the |>ohce, is stated to lillll llllt to S' M'tlll llldl niii it, " M,"I II. vict ma,present andprospective, belongto Ametica, ii isimpmsil lc 10 xay; suffice it, tiiai an Amrricnn can i ut Iwot on the quay of Dublin, going or coming, without hnving ni.s person and property, anil hia lil.eity violated, with the i.tmoat ming froid, by iIk- detectives and jailior, who are gelling proinoti< ra day alter day, lor their vigilance and lovaltf. As to tin' Flight h themrelves, I may go the length ol aaying that they are encournged to acts of sedition by the gov? rnient itself, which thna aitlully m eka to tilu mite the middle classes trom the I ilo>r ra, in order that itsell may remain accnrr. The ti atitrony ol Thoma* Powell, the execrable tnlonu rnt liowr afreet, establishes this naaeition. Indeed, ti e stale ol things here in Knirhind, nmong Krglitnnx n, is at bail as it waa in 1HI7, under i.oul Ciotlereu h, when It waa .stated in I'ailiaimot.hy f'? v Matile, (one ol the present Cabinet,) that "the |a'0|/le cf Ihigland had been visited by oi.e of the ?i re a te?l pb.ciies with which n people could h? (.m cted. That government, which ought to be their protector, had aent jiersous among them 10 stir up acts ol violence." I.oik nt the I.iwh which arc every dav enforced, and let Arm t'eane, aid Frenchmen in America, instinct France in the tr.e character ol the detpoii-m ol fcngland. The act Geo. Ill , chap 7!?, sec. 1, suppresses a E R A 1848. > ci nam toott.ea py mme, mul 111 i- m th u- vi-i moiety, corni iit,< d of dilii re,it divisions, or dill.' tut |>h Is. shall be ilk j,ra'. and tlie members p i iis.1 s able, 'i his net w.u" lovellrd at political si>i:ietp-i but wt.s co wo.ded tint nun" nil* ulrl eseap*. 1! kcv. M, an\ two> h an- undo judges < what |a litirs are m diltoiis; u id by tin* loth ?< < lion. i very loot re loom, or in? room, or IMt or | lace where lettmes are rend, or books ctrc d? teddor money, eliaH b<* denn-d udnonlerly timis*\c . unlets rpocially licensed I'i lineal ugintio whs struck at the toot It.' this net, undo.- h"av penalties: and persons (trending may be < o ivicte i si n ntnrily, by two justu ee. wtdio t any jury 'J lie net 67. (It o. 111., l imp 19, suppresses ret tniit td lie, at'tl prohibits soriet es li.ivittg hii>- com k. ? 4 . i ... * i J i ii i u c , 11 IJXII nii'i i I'X. *" * . u HI 'ii''j.ui ii i; wii iniy e< mimttee, iVc , of any othiT society, or pel : funding persons to become mcnib's. The olnce I of this act was to prevent tin* possibility of polili cat co>opt ration. # The net 60, Geo. III., chap. 16, prohibits meet inga of more than fifty persons (except called b covcrnmet t officers,) for considering any p ihli< business, miltss the patties live in tie* pirisli, A*c. and it householders, ttiu t give six dn)s* notice ti a jest i e, \> ho ma) alter the time and pi ice o) meet ing. II nay person ut such meeting stirs up hatiei or conti mpf of the ki ig, govt rnme it, or con ititu tion, he may In* seized at once, ami if ihe.e be an) resistance, the justice may dissolve the meeting a (I any person remaining afterwards can be trans parted. The object of this uet whs to supprea.jii blic ntcetii gs ' Itcycilier, and its words comprehend every meeting, for every purpose. Ii is further to be i bserved, that every assembly, (without aid from these statutes,) is contrary to law. if l'kely to create alarm; and it woulit be In Id sufficient to support a prosecution, th it some old person or child had been frightened, or b irt lr the crowo, or a window hud been broken Ami i is the law lo hold all present responsible for ever) thing fail! or done at such a meeting. , The net 60, Geo. III., chap. 1, forbids all m-et : trigs lor mihtuiy training, or the use of arms; I'm effectually enslaving ana effeminating die peopb to the rai k of Africans, Chinese nun Hindoos, t all of whom the present English people,so highli advui ci (1 ill clher knowledge, but so ignorant o j Bell-defence, may, without injustice, be comparei | hb militia force. "Sedition" is nnything th< i judges please, and Americans should look at tin | report ol Tomlinsou's case at York, 27tli July, be I foie Cresswell, where defendant wan imifftSMiiei ! eighteen months, lor complaining < f the govern | merit, and the execrable judge held that it w as se i di'ious to speak so us to raise the inference tha \ "the speaker intended lo excite disaffection towards the government of the country !" Tne ac cused had referred the evils of society to the had I lulnmiisliation of the government. Sea also Vriucent's case, 9, Carr and Payne, 23; C. I. Tintlal'a cliaige to grand jury, in Stafford, in 1842. I. Cari : und Marsh, b'lil. C. I. Ellenborough, in Cobbett'a 1 case, Holt on Libel, 114 note; and any of the current charges in the newspajiers. I My space does not allow mc to protract this expose ol the law, which is every day, and wuhmoul sanguinary crueltv, enforced to maintain the present position of the people of Kngland, and their tyrants. 1 only refer to the alien vote, the suspension of the habeas corpus, and the new travel ai d sedition acts. In Americo, we know with what infamous circumstances these laws nre pract cally administered. The trial by jury, of political offenders, is a - laice, not a catholic act, on either Mitchell's or Martin's trials. A man's religious or political op1 ponents arc packed together in the box; they are i mflumod by counsel, and bullied by the court; and lion nihil on by the ( ress. Besides which, they are i coerced by starvation, and actually set upon in the 1 fiifihtent d into a verdict. Foreman Waterhousc ( did this thing in Martin's cafe, beyond a doibt; ] ptobubiy because the Loid Lieutenant had smilet | nn him, ?r tilo ln?L nought u ring, or given an or ; der nt his watchniakt r's shop. It is a "rcat pity | young Martin (the brother) did not kill him, in : stead of challenging him. because that would have ended the farce of Irish jury trial in an appropriate tragedy. The brother would have lost his life, perhaps, but what of that; he would have been initnbitiil. Now, he is imprisoned lor a contempt of court, arid Wateihouse will get thanks and patronage lor his loyalty, while the cause of Irish liberty will rettogradc and be prostrated by hit 1 corruption and impunity. | is it not a pretty exhibition, that with such law: and such an administration, the English press ant people should echo the government-strains aboui liberty and constitutions I There are not only none, I ut such things ure preposterous in the very mppositii n. Is it not dreadful, that the Atner can Minister, at the Royal Agricultural Society anniversary, should have igncrantly stood up, more miserable than the blinded Sampson, at the dinner, 15th July last, among the assembled aristocracy, and ebcok, to their very foundation, the columns of , republican liberty, equality, and iro.-pei ity, winch i he was sent to uphold, by endorsing the English fabitc of society. "Tilts is the country (accordi ing to h s testimony,) where liberty exists witlioiu I restraint." That egiegious speech is complctel) ; unjustifiable, and should he resulted by the whole American people, who nte only quoted here to be lauglu d at, ns when Mr. II ime spuk e i f the Con j/reestonnl rides in the Ci riunons; or to supnori abuses as by tne i'rernier, in a late speech agiinst the nallot. America is, to the nations, that fire by nt^ht and smoke by day, which led Israel through the wilderness; hut she lias no influence in England. I There alone, she is in exile, and her representai tivca do her no honor. There exists a cornbina| tion to keep htr unknown, against which herrnini inters record no protest nor indignation. The , rtafetnirii dread her example; the masses are sedtti i.. i. . . . : i... .i i i... .1 i idiim> nrj'i in i^iiuimii?;c uy uirm, miiu uy uic urwn* [ ; and with i s, of the world encircling ISutibh Empire, which hue no long and recklessly g,ufc|s'd the limbs ol its people, you can uf J most roe the muscles swelling under your eye, v.-hi en arc to burst the chain of slavery, and cas its iron In ks to the w incs, at the montenl when tin masses ate said, by in American minister, in the la<e of tiuth and heaven, to be contented, and no even to have cuusc of complaint, Maucus. Our Berlin < 01 reap nilenct. litULi", August 21, ISIS. Affairs in Germany. A most impoi iar.t question for Geimany, and foi the whole rf Eutopc, is now about being settled It ia the question of the independence of the formei I rovincea of Austria, in Italy. Germany, it it if to be legarded an one united Empire, and to as . punie the u nit as one f the great powers of Europe j must take a prominent part in the adjustment ol j this matter,as it is, the most o' nil, concerned by it I Jj the question should be settled by the interven i tion of Jh g and and France alone, withnu I Geimaty, although the iritcieat of Austria, o:.< ! of its Mates, is princijally concerned in it ; ihrri the inr.k and position of Germany, ai one the gicat poweis of Europe, will lie lost, ii the opinion of the world. Jt is for tins iea?on ! mainly, that the settlenicnt^E the question is of tin greatest importance tor Gr^Rany, at present. Tin I cei trnl government, at Frankfort, us yet, has doni nothing to enter upon negotiations with i mid France, and to ofli-r it* assistance in adjust | wig ihis matter, and, as it is generally be lievcd, does not intend to do so in future. I tins will piovo to be tli** case, the politics |wiwer of tieimany lieieatter as a Mate o Europe. will not be greater than it was at die time when thirty-nine governments managed the politics of (iermany, before die uniieif empire find been established. England and France are now endeavoring to sellle the ipiestion, and to obtain an agreement from the pmt of Austria, which will s*cute the independence ?t that part ot Italy which still refuses to reiiirn under the Austrian government. England, it npjicare, is most anxious ihnt the province of Venice, which is so important to die commerce of Austria, should likewise he given free; meanwhile. Fiance is dc-irousof obtaining the liberty of nil those parts of tiie Eoinbardy, hi which strong symptoms of a republican feel ng hnve apfiesi'd It is lo be hoped, that by ihe assistance of these friendly powers, who are evidently well inclined, bo'h towards Austria and Italy, the question will he settled to the satsfaoiii n of all panics, w about disluihing'fhe peace of h.urope. 'Ihe latest accounts from ll>ily, state, that iviiihn was <jii ?-r, and mat Kadtt/.ky nau pre noted to inue a general pardon. I'arnt i, Modcna, hi.(I Ptacetlza, hail bi'?'ii taken potoosition of hy the Austrian*. The town of Brescia, hail been fotced to am render to th<* Austrian General n'Ktspre. ('hailed Albert had ar.iv. d at Allessandria. From Bologna, it ih Muted that the populat.on of the town had driven the Austrian*, under General Welden, u ho h id taken poSHeanion of the place, and demand* d contribution, out id the town, and that, in consequence, the c* neral had aiv< u *.rd*t> to honihard tlie town Through official intelligence, the new* has iiIho heen received lrorn Italy, that the Fujie linn n.-ked the intervention of France. The victories of Anuria, south of tlm Aipe, have not made the joyful impress on in (?-rnu ny, which might have b en expected from sueh n nice'm of a (5* rinan a toy, l' titled in so short i tune. The iruauri of this, ih, thai the Italian war is decidedly unpopular in Germany. It ta gener k. L D. v TWO CENTS. V i-i-y i?U't tit <i ax n w?r Ctirr ?-i| ri f<>" 0|i;irt* -m, at ?J lor ill#* | ur?-rw ?'( m liiii iiiiid wl.'h (lit- lor i l- el Hinn, ill'- i Id |?nlilicitl * Mem, hy win- ii puoji! i, writ-, w lliout ri>jn*ct lo jlit'ir n iii'iii i ty, urauy y il ?*r di.-tiin lion, I'ovoinr J accoriJ-iij; to ili -livm it of tin* e I rmiiiiciil pow i r Ii in i?ir?vijIill r tim war, hh re^nrrta ire principle arid < lij-C, it Hi- vei v I, rt veit-f <'t ihr* i-iic i-orrieri mi in the north of(i rm ii ny. Tlii* w?r with brniiiaik, li ?riIn cn i.-oinni -need >, for the purjM>itt- of |)ioit-ciiii! o itfdiilc ol Ofrin in n n itii iii.liiv, npauc-t tin- opiiri n?i??n of i < neign jm w17 t?r. Till' nllrri'Mi V*-I?.?.h ^ * j ? > ii leu man, in inirt war, nfJm ,] companierl the < 1' mi u?, h i- not been the means ' i'll HIOllliL' Its p|M-i dy I ! ill iiiHt .mi. T. .iiii^Ii th? (ti-iiiiii|i> have ii rtiia.i iii (I tlir ii,. i t Ii.hkI no the i- lid. tin' It nee have been un-r-- ill hi ihrir in itch h nt nil Thi-(Jt irtmti n*.i itiicc-. in r.n t cmnot be mentioned Tic damage winch whs, and i* it still, occssu rind to the German ir i<I? !>y this war, i- | 'J*v( 'y considerable, and tin* int- re.i,?tio.i so, t nit the utter ruin <f the German trade oti the J Pallia will b" the coneequence, It tile is cony j tinned ti'Ueli lenirer. Mr. lleluur has now been 3 sent t<> Sweden, in li s in - mn to negotiate !i , j peace for Prus-ia with Denmark, and gr-at hopes j 1 ate entertained that the term.- of an nonet ce or . i peace will in agreed upon almitly. Still, no cer1 tn n prospect that the war will he ended soon i xists. A diplomatic note, urging a speedy cont | dus on of peace between Germany mid I)'11111.118, , ! has been sent trom the united governments of - ! England and France, to tin* central government at r Frankfort. It is said to express the determination ot the two governments to intervene between GerI ninny and Denmark tor the pttrjiose of restoring , I peace. 1 I The contert hetween the political parties in 1 ! Prussia, principally carried on in this city, is still > the cause ol touch agitat on and occasional dis1 tiubances. The putty of the Pitissi ins who are I against the union ot Prussia and Gennany, is the r j gieat majority. Tne Prionau National Assembly, I which has till now otily held two sitting* a week, - ! will increase the sittings to four a week. Tha s debates now become more interesting, and it is a hoped that the constitution lor Prussia will be 1 completed in a much shorter tune than it was it thought possible at lir.-1. t The most important. matter brought before the 1 Austrian Parliament, in ih?* past W*-ek, was, that a the committee tor the finances proposed, us the c most necessary measures to be taken by the p.irlii firstly, to vote twenty millions of florins i for the Austrian government; secondly, to obtain an honorable peace 111 Italy; and, thirdly, to abolish the law by which the export of gold and t silver from Austria is prohibited. The German National Assembly, at Frankfort, has appointed a committee, to consult about the [ manner in w Inch an agreement between the different German Ptatesgnight be obtained, tor the purpose of establishing a customs-union throughout Germany. The difficulty of coming to Hn agree1 nient about this is principally on account of Austria, because it possesses certain inonojtolies which ate the principal sources of the income of the country, and which it cannot lose without dern coin it the stale of ila finuneea tlill nmr* than it isVlready. I'lty Intelligence. Wasiiiivuton Tahace (Jhoumu ?Tills beautiful plaea of bUii.CJt r evening resort is now undergoing improveiii* ut. For a l> ng time. the iateCommon Council were I at loggerheads about an up|>tnpriation of fi2.'> 000. for ; the erectlou of en iron fenee around it, Instead of tba : rackety wooden one which, every few months, was , brokcu and out of repair. The appropriation, however, I w as eventually made, and the werk has now been cumnienced. During the past summer, no promenade was more frequented than thi*; aud there being no other ' public square on the North side of the city, it preseat, ed a most beautiful eppeariuoe. But few thiuk, while treading the shaded walks of this lovely retreat, of the nuiuberUfS dead who lie entombed beueath their feet. For years, this spot, now devoted to pleasure and poli' tics, was the Totters Held, the generel receptacle of 1 tt.e ut aud strangers, after the scliakles of life - | hud Leeii throwu oil When the place became r innro populous, aud the thin fields wers filled up with block.-of hour) s, It became necessary to obtain . rorue other plscu, more remote, for the burial of the , ' dead. It was then tilled in. and laid out in triangular I plots, and beautiful shade trees now throw their ' J lengthened brunches oier ihe broad a slos, until a per1 feet arch of foliage entirely deludes all the ruys of ' the suu, and make* it. upurt from the sea air. which ' sweeps across the Ilutti ry, the most healthful retreat of I this vast metropolis Its location is far away from all I the noisy and bustling thoroughfare-', which reuders it | quiet? a sweet place for evening meditation There is j I nofeuntain in tlie centre of the, and,indeed, such a thing is hardly needed, for the air is pure, and no foul stri ets surround it. This square will, lu a few ' years, bo the most fashionable promenade in tin* city, ' and it now only requires to be ligh'ed witiigai to make it so. That wi'l piobabiy be atnoug the improvements 1 eflicted, and if so, by the nest summer, when inn umbrageous rbitdp excludcsMhe rajs of the sun, or tha 4 falling dew, it will indeed be pleasant to leave for a ! while the busy scenes of down-town life, and stroli through the sequestered spot, j Tits: Kai.i. Trade.?'I he fall trade ha* now fully ba! gnu, ar.d the city is lllled with strangers. Every hotel is crowd) d to its utmost capacity, and New Vork is I ,tr.l.,? .1 I.rnsner. n. I.iulm .. Th. ........ ...K?.e and railroad lines arrive dally, thronged with mert chants tiom i-vi rj i|U;irt<-r, who seek to lny hands upon r ' those things for which N>w \ Is notorious-cheap piods. and a pl< ?i ant season. The theatre* are nightly filled?in short there in a general harvest for every d< part toi'i t of business. tiothaui is the city of the Ne World. [ Thb W?ATiina.?Yesterday was another delightful day. and the streets wi re filled with the bi-auty and | fashion of the city. It is like the pleasant warmth of [ I April though few showers occur to stop the tide of pleasure-recking hun unity. * lilch is cousiauily rolling from one end to the othor of the Insbiouable thoroughtana. 1 he nir was mild, and tlie sun shone most,beauI tifully, having been but ones obscured for a few minutes by |a.-si?g clouds. 1 ho evening was oaltn beautiful, and gave promise of a continuation of p'.caeaiit weather. h iiik -A fire broke out. on Wednesday night, in tha * ciothii g store of Isaac Leon, No 7'J < halbaui street, raustd t>y the buistiog ol a campbiue lauip. The d&ul! i ege was trilling A liie broke out. about half | ast one o'clock, jesterdaj [afternoon, lntliet n eentiy occupied by tha \ M enlist tun Oas t'o , at the foot ot West lbth street, the rot f ol w bich was destroyed. The origin of the lira ! i wus n< t ascertained. i Taimikt Kxcvmsiox ? A now target cornptny, comt rut rded hy ( apt Win I.yens, called the "Korber Association, " in honor of the late l.itut Alexander Forbes, who lost his life by fever in New Orleans, while engaged in bunging home the bodies of Capt. llarolay and others, wbo lell in the Mexican war. returned to the city yesterday afternoon, from a target excursion. They number about 'lnrty muskets, ant were all r dressed In black frock coats and pants. The entire uniform is ece of der p uiourtntig r I Military Vi?it.?'t he Poughkeepslo tluard" will f I visit tbi* city, on Tutsday next, the 2thh instant. . i They will ho received by the huh Company of NaI th rial < whose invitation f hev will .lit.a at. tha f Mercer II out e, at (i n n O'clock, the same evening, i 'J lie militaiy of New \ork know how to property en: tcrtain their visiters and this will no doubt be a raagniticont Blfair throughout ' | Ano i 11(11 1<( rn (.ami IIuiramd.?The little city of 5 Newark *?.? throw 11 into a great Mate of excitement, a ; few days since. In cuns?i|neuce of a marrieij man g 11< ping w ith ? girl bet wee u fifteen and sixteen years il < t age 'J be nmiie i f tin iiiiin in Michael Sulliran, who ban a wife onr child living in tint oily; and that , of the girl. Mary huinllnw Richmond. it wag not known that any previous intimacy existed between them, and they succeedi d in getting off without suspiclou The gi'l " reprerented to be very pretty, with I light lirovn hair, and ioft blue eyes, and a person of alninit perfect model They were tracked a< far aa .Jersey City, and it is supposed, are now in this city. I" Her pari nts nrrivtd yesterday ereLing, in search yf I ber. It i<ally sci ins that, for such a villain, there is . co punbbme&t sufficient to expiate the crime. Such occurrences have become iiuite freiiuent, aud more cl.ildien are abducted from their homes and parents, iuvariably by men having families The police are on the alert for him; and, if caught, he will probably sulfur | con e, lor his outrageou* conduct nth iipi it M icuit ?tine ot me uu-eraoi" u?ugnte ra of, living on the Kire PolntJ. an.I known as ; Josephine Dallry attempted to destroy h-rself , ti Wnd. r* s C a y night, by tsken ah ui two ouui'n of laudanum SU wnata'.en to tho city hospital, where, by the appli, cation ( f proper remedies, eh' ?m relieved, and ia now i r? covering She i* the wife of Bailey, now iu the State attempting tho life of Mr Alvah llotchkiss, in South Urookly n. some time since The woman ia yen tig, of prepossessing appearance, and is said 10 be most mpectahly connected in Brooklyn. Kor ?omi> time the positively refused medical *id, preferring rutin r to die I ban pursue a dissolute course of life Dram it* Si ic i or..?Cot oner Wal era held an inquiet jesteiday, at No. 40 Hainaierdy street, on the It dy t f Margaret Kelly, born in Ireland. a;ed 34 yearn, ( who. for Mini* short time past, bating been de! rstiRi 1 in her mind, left the house yesterday suddenly, aid while under one of her delusion*, threw herself into the Nrrth Iiirer foot of King street, where she was lound floating iu the dork, by her busban I. who puileu bur out and carried her home, where the inquest war held, and tin jury rendered a rerulat that the decs-'d rnme to her dath by drowning while iaboiing under insanity. Ai ai Death.? The Coroner held an inqtiesk yer'erdny, at the I Ity Hospital, on tho body of Klwin I Mahotu y, "40 years of age liern In Ireland, be was a i brake man on the N?w loik and F.rle llailroad, bat, unti rtnnntely a week ago l??t SumUy.he fell asleep on the platf tin of one of the cars and rolled off. and In the fall receiving Mich severe Injuries, that It wae considered prudent to bring li nt to the City Hospital, where it wasdeeuud necessary to amputate his left arm, but as a riaction did not. take piaoe, the poor i fellow died The jury rendered a verdict accordingly, j Drain n* Dbowms ; ? It ia not true that ( hristojher Sidney was drowned whib tinder the inlluence of liquor The eTub nce 1? fore the Coroner showed that I be was a sober, steady man.