Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 24, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 24, 1848 Page 1
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> ___________ rr h : R'.-TNO. 5226. Our Louifon Corm?p????len -r. London. Aiiff. 26. IRIS. Proofs to Sustain the < hinge nf Despotism in England?Searching Revietr. At the point where the examination ot the laws of England terminated, in my lust letter, there was z enough to satisfy any iiidu that liberty here is utterly obsolete. But I pro|tC6e to resume, and finish the subject, so that no conceivable answer can be given to that overwhelming charge. It is not for the people of England alone thut such a work should be attempted, though they have my deepeet sympathy. Nor in it for the sake of my own couritnmen, who can need no well warning us is given hy the despotism ol the British system. But the cut te of human nroniesa and human rights in Europe, now in its infancy, requires that the voice of truth should speak loudly against the direful etxanmle of this so-called limited monarchy, but practical despotism. 1 can hardly believe the true stated English law is known to the members of ' the English bar. Indeed, I know it is not; for if it had been, in the veiy feeble defence ol the chartists, an effort would have been made by the , counsel lor the accused to discredit prosecutions, bv showing the individual criminality of ! every citizen, under existing Ijws. The jurors who tried the cases ? aye, and the presiding judges?had, every one ot them, been guilty oT . crimes punishable with lines, imprisonment, and transpoitution, probably death, at some periods ol then lives. For they had all either spoken openly of abuses in the government, or attended , . meetings where such speeches w ere delivered; and either tact was bedition, at the least, liut there | hus been no analysis nor historv of the law for | political offences attempted. That the lawyers ! themselves, and the judges, are ignorant of the i Very law they administer, 1 can well believe, from ; having seen and Heard tneir respective displays of ignorance, lolly, and stupidity. The newspa> Pera? ?f course, would he uniformly worse informed. Lawyers, in L'nglurd, do not edit newspapers, and, therefore, it need not surprise you that such creatures us the editor of the Timet * should chanticleer about the vulgar boast of other i countries, and the established conviction of his own, with respect to the liberties (!) of Knglishjnen. It jurists are uiiconscioos of the various statutes, still less could you expect the superficial of a daily press to be aware of the consequences i of all tney say, when they are every day compelled to say something about everything. But < the perch of all such fowls must be pulled down, t so that our ears shall riot he f urther molested, nor the universal cause of tree principles betrayed by dtetr ci owing. We will, therefore, proceed with our dissection. But, to impress the matter more fully upon the reader, it will be advisable to state to him two things, comprising the substance of all the changes, and embodying the law aud its administration. First, then, 1 affirm that the law of" England, as to the liberty of the press, and the freedom of dis cussien, would be (Mthtnlly expressed by the following brief act ot" Parliament:? " Be it enacted, that every meeting for dlsoussion, and every political and other association, shall be deemed seditious ; and that every word said or written in favor of reform, shall subject the writer, publisher, peaker, reader and listener, to punishment, at the pleasure of tbegovel ntnent." Second, I affirm the tact to be, that these, being thus epitomised, have been continually enforced with most sanguinary rigor, and have kept the 'SliaBb of the people in fear, and have deterred the great minds of the country from endeavoring introduce any mitigation ot the evil. Put, instead of being less severe, the spirit ot persecution, for political offences, waxes stronger and more sanguinary, as the Knglish stronghold is approached on every side, and contrasted with liberal institutions. 1 will presently verity both of these conclusive propositions, and shall then proceed to take up very briefly some ?f the other grievances ot this monarchical form of government, which is, in reality, the most stupendous oligarchy the world has ever tolerated. The crown is but the high and gilded root of the edifice, but the nobles are Itc o/n.,1 r>r.icll IIIF aollUUn,l a l.\,,rl??.l nooviu. unu v.u.ui..b muuouuu *,viuuiuo. uu51qiiu is a brilliant and powerful government of landed aristocrats, whose foundations stand in all their ' weight l,*oii prostrate populur rights, and to whom i I * the t|ueen is more a finish than a necessity. The business of Englishmen is to topple the walls, and not to waste their strength in assailing the vaulted -roof. That will fall from blows 111 the proper quarter, as certainly as the branches of a tree, ; struck at the root, will strew the ground. The ! right hand can easily be learned cunning enough ! for the total overthrow of the whole intolerable i system, whose flag, " for a thousand years, hus braved the battle and the breeze"?but which lite storms ot February, fin the the continent, have undermined. Still, before Englishmen can do auyI thing towards their emancipation, they must give j up their ridiculous boasting about liberty, altogether. It will not do lor them to deny the exist' ence of the laws I am setting out, by special reference to chapter and section, and by abstract. . < Nor must they retreat into the falsehood that their abominable laws are not enforced, and that they are nullified by public opinion. Tney do palpably exist; and they arc all enforced, (as 1 shall further prove,) whenever the occasion is thought to re quire 11. All meatingH of persons, belonging to the lower | classes ot society in England, are not only liable j to the punishment provided against unlawful assembling, but they may be also implicated in a riot. And, it is to be borne in mind,that it isdifficult for any man to establish his delence, because those alone who could be witnesses, no matter how mDecently present, are liable to be prosecuted. Hence, they are atraid to come forward ; and the license taken by the Attorney General and his associates, in badgering the witnesses for delence, the irowning ot decora led officials, and the bullying of the judge, are additional terms which are quite effectual in paralyzing the accused, as well as excluding his proof. A riot is where three or more persons are engaged in any act of an unlawful or violent character, to the terror of the neighborhood. The oilt-nce is visited with severe penalties of tine and imprisonment; and the parties will be guilty of a constructive levying of war | against the l?ueen, which is high treason, it their object be a general one of altering the law, c? j raising the price of labor. As to the offence ot conspiracy, 1 believe 1 have spoken sufficiently in the previous letter: and also | rather tally of sedition, liut I will dwell further i uj>on the sedition, before going to treason and other crimes, because, while 1 was writing to you yesterday, trials were actually in progress at the Old Ifailey, for sedition. Several persons were convicted. They attempted to conduct their own defences; but it availed them nothing. Trul:i, j and reason, and justice, have about as little chance in such u tribunal, with such functionaries, as the same strangers have in the English beargarden at the House of Commons. The voice of authority, alone, is heard or regarded in either place, anu : that may stammer out its tollies to silent listeners, i while the man ot genius or ot merit cannot be Jbtat-o ~u or is heard to be jeered, hooted and | ' . '* A, ' - me Old llailey, lately, se- i 1 thrust away. Attiu?.. ?>? .u? dition has engrossed the court. . -??iinudrr judges may select wnom mey piease to i meiit, nnd he may be either the most obdurate ol themselves, or any individual of their choice, i With such latitude, it is easy, according to the present law of England, to find the projier instrument lor the service, by "special commission" of the government. As I stated, it is perfectly true thut sedition is n most flexible charger ill tile I 'bunds of these persons. Review the case, and the law will be expounded accordingly. If a popular leader has been seized, ha is sure to liave violated the law, so as to be liable to punishment; I ' And conviction, belorc an English cor -t and jury, I J'seems to be a mutter ol course. In Ireland, it is different. If the leader has condemned the go- 1 vernment, and spoken in lavor ol reform, with a ! | hope that it will speedily come about, he is not lest- certain to be found guilty than if he had ad- ! vised an immediate resort to violenoe. Much is always said by the judge, in his charge to the jury, aboui the value ol law and order, and in depruca- [ tion of attacks in property and lile; hikI politics are always introduced, ill the shape ol reflections 1 unfavorable to France, nnti intended to praise the constituted authorities of England. The latter are sometimes stated to he ordained of (fod, while the former is imputed to a very diflercnt origin. But whenever the case admits no more, it is sure to be sedition, if any thing has been said calculated to create disrespect of the government, or to produce discontent. Thia is the sum and substance ol the legal definition of sedition; and it is plain that any body may l;e fined heavily, and seven ly punished by imprisonment, for expressing any political opinion whatever. The iudge g( in rally assists the jury with his instruction that the speech or writing is clearly seditious, and telin them that the only guestion rsslly for them ia, whether they believe the evidence attributing it to the defendant. Such was the egregious conduct of Chief Justice Wilde, at the trial of Fasael), Lemon, and Jones, in fast I? IV T? Rli. ?1 JB2d month, end to oi the reel. As for evidence, there is abundance of that. Yt?u pee, Ht all the meeting*, government rejiorters actually invited by the stupid dupes of the idea of British constitutional liberty, to sit at their elbows; and, seeing accommodation is provided, they take notes of the speeches, which are all dressed up for publication, because they are paid for by the papers; and the reporter produces his notes at the trial, and pretends to detail the prisoner's language. Any thing will do to convict upon. An extract read from tht Hnnltl, out of the reprint of the Timer, and not adopted by the render, is guilt, as in Bezel 's case, at the Old Built y, in August. And upon an tndietment for seditious language, which is set out verbatim, it is sufficient it the witness sat s lie d'd not hear such a part of the speech ; but, at difleretit places in ihe speech, several of the sentences of the pretended extract occurred, ors.?me tiling like th m, ps near as he can recollect. A policeman is competent to prove such a fact, although he does not write slioit hand, and took, no note at the time, though he did so afterwards. And one witness is sufficient upon such testimony, as was ruled in another case at the same court. The worthy by whom these last decisions were made, and the expected convictions secured to thgovernment, is e-^ry w iy deserving ot his seat, and of a page in histoiy at the side of C.J. Wilde, Creswell, Alderson, Muule, and Baron Piatt. By the way, Crcswell has been repeating at Liverpool, lately, on the trial of Dr. McDonall, hie offences against liberty, reason, and logic, very conspicuously. In Tomhnson's case, at York, ubou. a month ago, you recollect his conviction of the accused fc f complaining of the government, and laying down the luw of sedition to be, that it was seditious to teach people to believe that their Bufferings were to be traced to the government, and that it was for the jury to ask themselves whether the language used was not calculated to brmg upon the government a great amount of hatred and disaffection, in short, whether the accused intended to excite disaffection towards Hie government of the country" On Dr. McDonalls trial, he interrupted Sergeant Wilkins, when he referred to ever^ man's duty of resistance to tyranny. The interruption was quite like Chief Justice Wilde's preposterous exhibition in Fassell's case, where he reproved Sergeant Allen for calling the flight of King James an expulsion from the English throne, and called it an abdication, although the fact was notoriously otherwise, and ihe law of succession gave the correction to the subterfuge. For that law, of course, grasped the eldest son as the successor, whether his rather died or abdicated ; and yet tue eldest son was treated as the pretender to the crown, and the crown itself was conferred by the People, who had kicked out the king, upon Willie m and Mary of Orange. Now comes Creswell, and tells the unenlightened fellows on the Liverpool jury panel, that the greut rebellion was a legal resistance to what was not lawful, in which the patriots had law for what they did in opposition to tyranny Such shifts are necessary to get rid of the odium of saying to the jury that the law of England forbids any freedom of speech whatever; und that their oath requires them (as it undoubtedly does) to convict every Englishman, who happens to be arraigned and proved to have publicly expressed political dissatisfaction. And the judge (Piatt) at the old Bailey, follows suite in servility and nonsense, as all these nominees of theliue ' n feel too eager to do like their infamous predecessors, including Jeffreys, himself. Indeed, after hearing their enormities, I incline to think the "memory of Jeffreys is nil A nn/oinli fnv ciinh > acA/> I ft 11 f\n it urill liO t?rL vieable to look up his life, so as to furnish parallels with these passing events of judicial history. t. is my opinion thai there = constant, injustice done to one, woo was a modei ol the British judicial character, even in the 10th century, whenever political offenders are brought to trial. That his of Icial conduct, in other cases, might have been much worse than the successors to his place in oui day, I do not presume to deny. I do not remembei that he received, or that he reiused, actual pecuniary bribes; but he certainly could not have earned his position by mere venal prostitution in the trial of political offenders. It is to be noted that I do not require a judge to nullfy even the worst law ; it is his duty to enforce it, subject to his higher duty of doing justice to a prisoner, and always inclining to mercy.? What I call on every man to abhor is the detestible hypocrisy of the judges, and juries, and counsel, who pretend that the English law allows the existence of a spark of freedom. Baron Piatt takes it to be very absurd that the counsel should attenpt to screen a client by showing that the liberties of Englishmen, now asserted, were torn by rebels from usurpers, andj supposes that the existing law is the sumnutn bonum, which is not even to be discussed. He actually assumes not only that it is the rule of action, but the sacred rule of right, and supposes himself to have shown that proposition when he says, to discuss it, is to break it; and to break it, is criminal. What absurdity. The same sophistry applies to Spain, and Russia, and Turkey, the actual counterparts nl' TOnc'Ini-iit rivipp lnut Kplirunrv It nnl tnp hiw in those congenial regions, the rule of action, and is it not criminal to discuss or even propose a change 1 But who ever heard before that those models of present English emulation were the lasl attainable perfection of forms of government. There is a height of cruelty in the sentences pronounced by this man unon his fellow-men, foi venal otlenees condemned by no moralist, which the historian must record for the undying execration of posterity. It is true, it has not been remarked upon by any newspaper; that none could expect; hut it is not even repudiated, and, foi aught I know, may be acquiesced in by the profession itself. Baron Piatt has actually sentenced the batch of chartists, last convicted at the Old Bailey, to penalties only worthy of the darkest ages, when tyrants ruled with rods of iron, Among the victims, you willjobserve J. J. Bezer, who was guilty of readirfg extracts from your paper, copied by the Time*, for 20,000 readers, descriptive ot the British despotism, but at the same time, disclaim iagthem. It was upon Mr. Beser's own defence, that Attorney General Jervis memorably snokt as follows;?' It confirmed the opinion he had ori ginally expressed, of the dangerous description o ability he possessed. It was quite clear that h< was perfectly master of the art of adapting his address to his hearers, aud it would be unnecessary to comment ujion the the mischief that might be created by such a man when he employed his talents to excite persons ir his i'*n condition of life to nets of violence anc disoider. The manner in which, also, he had art fully read the exciting extract from the Americai pap< r, and omitted the comments upon it?giving he bane, but omitting the antidote?likewise showed his dangerous ability for mischief, particu laiiy fo be expected, thereby, to escape Irom pun ishment." Fancy that pink of prosecutors talking his grateful nonsense to a jury not of the prisoner'i peers, but ol the middle class above him, and hos tile to him, because they have the human instinct shared with beasts of prey, and are fools enough instead of following the political opinions of Mr Bezer, to be humbugged out ol ull but this mis chievous and mechanical ngency in British officer by the press, and the officers ?f 'he ol;garc'ny Ihese shopkeepers and tradesmen are S niost in sliuctive spectacle^ when doing duty as jurors Llr.- r.\\'ugiy pack, fustening upon thp down tr^Jden object of aristocratic pursuit and ven gcance, ih4"" hands bold the dagger by which daily assassinations are faking place, in the very robei of justice, aud in that saC.r"-'i presence where the goddess, because she ia blind and lieaf, alone cai poise i n instant her equal scales. 1 he sentences of Bezer, .^nell, Crowe, and Biy sou, pronounced by Baron I'latt, after a torrent o epithets, were, for the three first, two years to thi house of correction, and ?10 fine; and, at the em of the sentence, sureties to be given prior to th A pi rat ion of the imprisonment, of ?100 each, un< two bondsmen of ?50 each, to keep the peace fo five years. That is equal to seven years in gac here, ? inch is equivalent to fourteen years trans portation ! Bryson's sentence was still more se vert'. Thus i?erish these men, and thus liav perished hundreds of others, who are very foolish it is true, tor dreaming o< any freedom of speec or net tor Knglishmen, but who have only don what liaa covered the brows ot other, successfc nnd unsuccessful agitators, with the unfadin laurel. Let America utter her commanding re buke of stub monstrosities, insteud of allowin any one 'o prostitute her to their approval. Marcos. London, August 27, ltM8. Vt/I'otiw in Unhand?The State Trialt, fc, d* It is not necessary to conclude the very cursor ?xnmination of the case, and the daily admini: tiation of it, in this letter. And 1 cannot procee with thegnevousdetail, without calling the apecii attention of the i/eruid, and other infiuentu papers in the United States, to the stern dtmharg <1 their duty in publishing and coanmenting upo the judicial proceedings of the tw# past months i Gieat Britain. There is a way to penetrata eve the hide of a rhinoceros; and you have only t W Y C SUNDAY, SEPTS] lead the way. Nothing has, for many weeks, been passion in the world, of more permanent, and, Ht the same time, varied inteiests than the terrible attacks upon all firbt principle, in the English courts. It is true that the law of the empire suppresses every spark of freedom, and even th<* hope, much less ot the exercise, of the rnvaluuble ; light to letter our condition ; ho that the accused j w< re generally punishable ; but, then, ia many of i the cases the pi oofs were deficient, and, in all, the conduct of the judges has been inconceivably traitiious to the cause of humanity and progress. As to the juries, they have biought their institution, as a mode of inquiring into political offences, into utter contempt. And the press has displayed all its unworthiness ; the aristocratic portion, by concealing and guibhng the reports of cases, and by nourishing and stimulating the worst and most malignant pussions. In this deadly conflict of despotism and libeity, also, the so-called radical papers have ignoniutly and basely betrayed the cause of the |ieople, and bound in withes the imbs of tcloim. Of the counsel for the defendants?Allen, Tarry, Wilkins, McNamnru, and the others?I desire to speak ..indly and respectfully. One must stand in their unfavorable position, to realize its difficulty, brought up under a system, which utterly shocks common sense, by compelling them not only to deferio, but to be dumbnt the command of any fungus whom politics has promoted to the coveted honors of judicial wig and gown; censured by that public, which alone holds any place whatever Tn Kngland, and is composed of aristoc rats and middle classes; the counsel are struggling against wiud and tide; but that should be the element of lawyers, and is the element of the fujl-fledge'd and vigorous bar of America. Here, it is otherwise; a barristeris a courtier. He belongs to the upper rJasjL^mch rests upon the lower: and he, in SMhte3tene.'measure, regards himself usu pillar of 'he throne itself, flow can he advocate the cause of an obscure mechanic or laborer, with success in the result, or honor to his professional fame 1 It is expecting the clipped eagle to dash at his accustomed night into the teeth of the storm, or rnther tusking the wings of the barn-yard to compunionship with the tempest. And yet, I must blame these gentlemen, for not actually knowing anything of the state of the British law of sedition. They cannot have known anything about it, or that knowledge would have appeared in their speeches. The public, for whom only those speeches were delivered and printed, against foregone conclusions adverse to their clients, migtit nave enrunK irom me actual cautery of the trutn. How could any man (except such creatures as edit the Times) confront his fellowmortal, much less affront heaven, and talk of British liberty, after the through exposition of that accursed and wretch-begott?n law which includes everybody, and condemns everything in the shape ot an appeal against abuses to the understandings of men. This examination and developement of the law should have been historical and exhaustinF. Every outrage should have been traced to its hidingplace of an origin, and explained,denounced and execrated : and {est a victim should have been yielded up to the violated letter of this worse than Draconian cede, without a shower of missiles from the quivers cf argument, ridicule, scorn, contempt, and indignation. More than this: the annalr cf England's greatest periods should have been ransucKed for examples of patriotism, when the rights of man had spumed tyranny with triumph, and brought to the heads and hearts of Englishmen, the only existing particles of political iSucpflnQenee. T^.e career ?.' Hampden Sidney and Cromwell, Ves, tfVen Cromwell?the opinions of Locke, Milton, Bacon, Mid Black stone, should have been i piesented, to snow how meritorious it was to op[ pose and piostratc the det-stab e wrongs which can only be abated by the sword, if not ^,8cussed, admilted and redressed. And while the treasu."?8 01 logic, reasoning from induction and analogy, were . mude tributaiy, rhetoric should have striven for its i appropriate mastery of the human heart. But very [ faintly were any oi the awful tones of such exposi tulation heard in thehallsofthe Old Bailey, where they have, |>erhaps, never only npt been drowned, l because scarcely uttered While there was so much to do. which was omitted, there was a thing i frequently leiterated, which was unpardonable. That was the stereotype complaint to the judge and the itiry. Every counsel for the defence must talk of that. Purely, man is not only the slave of habit, but its dupe, or such bootless hypocrisies would have been spaied. Is the ostrich actually fooled by its own folly T The compliment was, of couise, entirely understood, and hud no good effect ; but more, it demoralized the defence, especially in Europe and America,where these "honied commendations of judges,and the mutual courtesies of the bar and bench, are supposed to be indisputable testimony of a fair trial. To a spectator and philosopher, no untruth can be more disgusting.? Further, and less excusable still than this, was the repetition of the falsehood, by the Attorney (ienernl, and its faithful echo by the prisoner's counsel, I that it was lawful to discuss repeal, and the charter, and that the law of England tolerated freedom of . opinion and discussionT 1 must attribute some of t this inexplicable lying to craft on the side pf the government, while the largest portion of it is, no i doubt, utter ignorance; but I am confounded by the course of the opposite side. Have these legal gentlemen ever read the Btati6tics which I have referred to? Nay, further: have they any conception of their existence ? If so, how can [ they explain their conduct to their vigilant and able contemporaries in America ? how exculpate . themselves at the tribunal of an impartial posterity? . From a long experience in couits of justice. I can I select no iiaiallel where important interests were t at stake. It is a recklessness, wnich would appear to amount to treachery, were it not for the peculiar r disadvantage under which counsel came forward r jn sedition cases. At such times, all the one-sided . imperfections of the professional mind stand out . in contrast to the well proportioned faculties of ( other men. Incessant and practised drilling and submission have trained a willing set of instincts t< wards power, and away from right. Ilence. in ( foitifying usurpation, nothing can be stronger, but, in defending its victims, nothing can be weaker r than the lawyer. And his preparation will not \ make up for this defective developement, but uarxttka nnltr In tnr>r<>nur> its /Iianrnnnrtinn. whpn ( prerogative is to Ire assisted to new plunder, the | legal adviser crams himself with precedents, | analogies, deductions, and fallacies; but when . the fate of the innocent de)>end8, he comes with i empty head and reluctant step, and ploads against, r or simply deprecates the wrong, with downcast ! eyes and faltering voice. Perhaps he may be fresh I from h istory, where closet scholurs have embalmed . with pious hands the blessed memories of saint r and martyr; then he speaks with momentary J passion and effect. Put under all changes of cir. cumstances, the vital parts of t^e client a interests are unshielded, and the vital part of his oppressor ' is evaded The point is never thrust there ; far ' less is the point driven to the hilt. 1 These State trials of l(i48, in spite of all conceals ment or explanation, will not present anything to .. commend for impartial ey^s. ~ven the C0U118ei for the acrueeci will ah a re in the sweeping anathema oi the record. I do not care to acreen any of the u-stents unles.,;; be Sergeant w ilk ins, whose . conduct ai !..* ,ri1" ?f O'Donell, in Liverpool, was r not discreditable, except that he only a:.d not lack 9 spirit, while he sadly wanted the indispensable . legal information. It was fortunate for Inn,'. P">, baoly, that the eenue was the most American u'Hy in all Knglund, so that he may have caught ? . breath of the republican spirit; nut it waa unlorf lunate on another account, as being the nearest e point upon the great international route to Ame| nca, and, hence, moat exposed to transatlantic e observation. d As to the person (John Jervis) who fills the post r of public prosecutor, by virtue of his office of At,[ torney General, he is only a fair sample <>t all the i_ riefectp, but none of the excellencies, of his predecessors. lie has the worn look of a student; e but his professional standing negatives any claim i to talent or learning. He became whig Attorney |I General by being always useful to the party. Ho ? managed to represent some borough or other, and ,| it is to be presumed that his means could, sometimes, only jcsuitically be jastifi'-d by the end, 01 nationally, by the custom of Kugland, from the g (art that there lias been a committee, this session, to inquire into his alleged briberies. To compare him with many names now, and recently, ornaments of the Knglisli bar, would he supreme injustice. Hut as he acquired posif> Hon by unscrupulous and often menial party services, so he intends to retain, or at Imst dey serve it, by a ssa ession of persecutions of the ?- chartists, in which is careful to flutter the artsd toe: ntir oligarchy i ch gives him biead. and to I spit bis spue u;><>ii i men and annals of France j Hnd Ireland, lie b however, irained a distine1 fion, in this cheap n-i e, which ne failed to earn ;e at the bar. There he was an humble fourth-rute; ? hot in the state trial., he lakes easy precedence from any modern ino? mbei.t of his office. As is n very apt to be the case, tlu-re scarcely evrrv lived n a man who could si k so contemptibly low in o spirit and resistance. 11 be wt-ic himself put to !*? - m p ) R K 1 WBKK 24, 1848. ii I1..1 U|h> nn . coiwtio , ;in n\|iri'p?inn offotve? u liii 1> now imiii'iiii'r I'l'tninos ji ,f| cruelty, vvitli it V e I \ ehjjlll III ye (>l either modesty or honor, would .i . i . I...I I. ...I i _ i J: ill* i? ur UMHUlt'iir t y iiiriuiirii w mi |r-;tr .11111 UISlr?!H. I have lepeatedly considered the consequences cf a reverse to my fellow men, but r.'col1. <! n<> instance m winch one would be so fantastic a mixture rl the ridiculous and the nauseating. How little all these tilled and tyrannical pursin rs ol tlte steps alike of guilt and innocence, think ol any consequences; least of all, about the plohuble exchange of tenants between the bench and the dock; and the certain wrath of [leaven

uron all who violently suppress the remonstrance ol the oppr? seed. Sneikirg of there trials, I am sorry that, till lately, llie defences were pi act J in professional hards; i h?ve explained in part the reason : the infii mity of the lepal p ofession hi England, which, upon any change of Htitish institutions, must he entirely reverse! . As, for instance, in New York, wlieie every man has the right to appear as couusel, there will always be abundance of advocates to protest against usurpation and injustice. But a fuillier e*|.l nation is required. A man who is accused of a political oflence in Gnglund, or elsewhere, t-liMild def end himself, if possible, because of its mom) effect. He may be ignorant, and timid, nnd swk waid; hut if lie stands up for his life or libeilv, and speaks the thoughts of a man, with a man's courage, lie will be heard, and must he impressive. There is enough human nature, even in an erniined judge, to wince at such a struggle; and the multitude will always rescind. But it neither the judge nor bystanders should be moved, it will be otherwise wnh the heart of a grcHt nation, lying beyond, that will hear and answer, if not the fii.rt nor the second, a succession of such npi^als. And when the heart of a nation is Htirred, victims decrease. But if no human sympathy come to the sufferers from the surrounding world, there is a great truth and lesson recorded for posterity, which will arm the hand, and nerve the breast of the patriot and avenger. Kven it all human hope should fall, such a part will find favor in Heaven. He that asserts, half deserves his freedom; and even the Pagan poet coujd think of no spectacle moie attractive to his deities, than that of a firm and honest man who himself struggles wiih adversity. Mar.ijs Our Mtutgurd Correspondence. Stutqard, Aug. 28, 1848. The Church and the State. The attempted separation of the church from the state, is causing great excitement in the southern part of the German empire. It affects a class of individuals, who have hitherto taken little or no part in the politicul agitations since spring; it touches at the only vulnerable point, that not inconsiderable part of the community, calling themselves " Pietistcn," whose doctrines and religious rites, something like those of the Quakers in the United States, forb d them to participate in the political struggles that agitate the community, and whose ignorance is made the means of advancing the interests of a few designing, unpnnci| led j nests. Tliey (the clergy) fear that a separation of the church from the state, which must nlso, inevitably, cause a separation of the school from the church, will bring about a condition of atlairs, which must eventually liberate the community from the oppressive sway which priests now hold over it. It is difficult for a citizen of the glorious United States to imagine to what extent the publtc have been tyrannized by the combined efforts of the advocates of ignorance and a monarchiol system ofgovernment. In the schools, (liitherto.all under the immediate control of the clergy, whether Catholic or Protestant) nothing but the most simple nidi-, mentsof education were suffered to be taught; in a | period of eight years (from six to fourteen) the child, which is. hv the laws of the omintrv. com pelied to visit the school during the whole ot this I time, learns to read very poorly, to write, i. c., 0li~ auiong a hundred is able to write orthographicaUv h*"* Cipher. Besides tilis, about onetourih of the Bibi'e, "l Ieast one thousar d spiritual songs, the whole c?teclus>r?'? a number o' Pro* veibs aie committed to rnet.'mry. lo ?a}f. "o'hing ot the cruelty of compelling a o".^J'a 10 8. ?' imT' sometimes for whole days, to gC* a set C. 1 >,I,Ie verses or songs by heart, which are much more rapidly forgotten again when o*ce repeated to the teacher?wit not a revolting crime agumst human nature, thus to waste the best pan of youth, in which so much might be done for the dissemination of intelligence and useful knowledge 1 Is it not nn unaccountable sin, thus to pervert all taste for literature, for learning, and for improvement in the growing generation I But it is the interest of those, in whose care the school has hitherto been, to educate the children as fit subjects tor the rule of despotism, both of the church and state. If the mind of the youth were permitted to improve and expand; if general intelligence and common sense were eutiered to tHke tfie place of ignorance and prejudice, then the sway of the priestcraft would be endangered, and hi place of the servile, contented character of the mass, upon which the safety of the monarchist system is dej.<<ndent, a disposition for the amelioration of the condition of the people, ideas of liberty and equality, might he harbored by them. The church has hitherto been used an a tool by the state, to perpetuate ignorance and prejudice ; the school has been the means, not of promoting knowledge, but of s'upifying the minus of youth. But this is the age of i regress and refomi; in spite of lis chains, intelligence has shed its lustre U|?on many u vigorous mind; and in the contest between light and darkness, the latter has been conquered and compiled to recede, in many instances at least, before the all-powerful rays, of truth and the good genius of humanity. Now that the press is freed from its shackles, now that an undisturbed interchange of iteas may take place, prejudice and ignorance may be successfully encountered and defeated, despite their |>owernil advocates and numerous friends. When the national Parliament, at Frankfort, approached that paragraph in its deliberations, which treats of the church, the priests and a few others, aristocrats, ollice-holders, Arc., Acc., made a great and powerful attempt to defeat the emancipation of the school from the church. True to their Jesuit character, iiu iiuum weir iuu obmc iu ue mnue use iii, ' 11 but advanced their object. Without the slightest regard to truth, they preach from their pulpit*, and declare, at every opportunity, that the moat sacred rights of the people were in danger. " Tliey will rob >ou of your religion?of your Pible !" is the cry. by which the fanaticism and the religious feelings of the mass are appealed to ; indignation, commotion, terror, is the result; many, who have implicit faith in all that emanates from the priest, believe the day of judgment is at hand; others expect, and are anxiously inquiring the tunc of an outbreak of religious war, such us shook Kuroi>e to its foundation in the sixteenth centuiy ; and all (the " Pietisten," alluded to above,) agrcj m denouncing the political movements 0t the day, and consider it as a judgui-nt Imii* |",eiveu. Numerous circulated by the priests, in which the convention is begged not to interfere in the Hflinrs of the church and the school, are signed by hundreds of deluded and deceived individuals, and sent to the national convention. Some people have been terrified to auch a degree, that tliey actually locked up their llibles, and declare their resolution to defend them to the lust drop oi blood. Iu the Parliament itself, the debate upon this fiouit gives rise totnauy sireculations and theories, to many s|>eeclies, sermons, and clerical cross-firings. (Among the six or seven hundred deputies in the convention, there arc mute n considerable number of clerg\inen ) ? What the result of the deliberations will be, it is as yet difficult to imagine. It remains to be seen, whether the petitions alluded to above, will have uny ellect upon the member* ; whether the convention inlrnda to take the matter ot education into ita own hands, or whether it will suffer the churches to be the guardians of the youth, lor the future, us it hna hitherto been. On no subject has there been so much difference of opinion manifested, as on this; one demands a separation of the church ixud state, on the ground, that liberty of conscience should l>e guaranteed to all, and that, therefore, no difference should be made as to the religious opinions ol anv citizen or aspirant to office. Another demands the same, but wi hes the nthe'sts, the universalis!, and the heathen exeluded ftom all participation in the government. A third one bares his demand for the separation upon the condition, that the clergy be admitted to the government, as well as others ; a fourth one ia opposed to the scpaiHtion, and "goes the whole hoc" :ii his opposition, and so on. None hut those of the extreme left, who wisti to dissolve all tics between religion and politics ; and the " ultra Montaven," who are for h continued system of com|>elling the people to confess or profess before the world, what they hold to be utterly false in their heart, and in scioe decree, he said to harmonize and agree with < ach other; the centres, and the more temperate numbers id e itfn side, urn scarcely conscious of what they demand, at.d many do not understand the nature of the question t ey are debating. A chatectcnuic anecdote in related of a ip-uil .iinn, IE R A who ib 0]>|tot-ed to the separation. His npinnu hemn a.-h< (l lelative to tins matter, lie naively oh nerved : "Why, it the sellout in to he separatee tn in the cliuteh, that will cost an immense nun ol n.onev ; and, after all, I don't know why tin school should not he in in the church, ua well a: ill yheie else !" The latest news from Russia and France, an any iliin<i but favorable to Hie prospects of (femtany Russia hns acknowledged the French republic and sent an ambussador to Faris, to treat will Cavniguac; the Czar himself intends shortly < I ny bun a \ it-1 r. IJngland, too, is interfering it the fichleewig-llolstcin ntlair, and Russia,France and iinglnnd seems to make common causi against the Germans in Italy, Schleswtg, nnd tin Lnmbardy In Fa lis, a new effort of the legitt iiiisih and royalists is feared, although well-in foimed | arsons pay little regard to these rumors In Vienna, in lierlin, and even in the isolated hitherto so peaceful Munchen, new clouds o threatening aspect are gathering, (u both of tin foimer cities, democratic, social-republican, anc republican demonstrations and disturbances, art ctenting much alarm ; mid in the latter, an exten si\e conspiracy lias been discovered, ami a revolt stiff d, the true magnitude of which but tew ol the Bavariu papers dare report. Hot tunes might be predicted from such u state of affairs, were it not impossible, in a time like the present, to make ire least calculation of the future from the present events. About tour months ago, the concerns ol all fin rope seemed so entangled and pregnant with evil, that nothing short of a universal civil and national war was expected to sever the Gordtnn knot; but the sultry atmosphere cleared up again, and (lie thunder-cloud, big with irdlamniabie electi icity, that needed but a spnik to wrap the whole continent in one sheet of tire, passed away, without cunning one blaze of lightning. It is now ceita a that Ilecker, the renowned leader of tlio Freishuarens, will emigrate to America. lie intends to visit the principal citiea of the L'nited b-tates, and to pass on to St. Louts. Me will embark at Southampton, 111 the steamet Hermann, lor New York, on the 20th September. .1. * lite HoTcmoiU or ?tuskIh Xtie Intriguesol IVIclmla*. [From the London Standard. August 10 J Our readers are not unwarned of the insidious machinations of this most Machiavellian of al governments. They are, even already, becoming moreappe*ent. The Kansiuns have now an army in Wnllaclua, vhere the Turkish government, ii seems, hue to oppose to them about twenty-six thousand men, besides the irregular forces ol the province, which, in cas^ of hostilities, will side probably with the Sultan. That such resistance can avail we have no belief: but as the cunning Muscovite is known lo be doing his utmost covertly to nrovoku a collision, we tear it nuiv he thus j prematurely made. Tlie result would only be an open declaration of war on the part of the ambitioua Nicholas; an inroad by laud upon the provinces (hat border upon the Euxine ; the turning of the llalkan-ndge by a Muscovite army, accompanied by a fleet ; ana ultimate occupation of Constantinople and the European dominions of AbdulMfjid, ihe poor young Sultan, by his insidious riviil. This, however, is far from being the only intrigue now carrying 011 by the Russian cabinet; the Czar has many strings to his'bow?too many. Treachery and aggression are the characteristics ol the Sclavonic lace; and at present Sclavonic finesse is wot king in every court in Europe. In order to follow up the operations in Wallaehia, the Russian envoy at King Otho's court is busy sowing mischief between the Greek and Turkish governors. He is known to be exerting every art to excite the Grecian chiefs to make predatory inronds upon the Ottoman territories. This is with a view to nrovoke a war. Let that once take place, and the Czar, as one ot the protectors of Greek independence, immediately interlercs. The result no on: need doubt. We have already acquainted our readers with the sign.licant fact, that the Russian ambassador, at Constantinople, had successfully tried to delay the acknowledgment of the French republic by the Sultun. Tilts was intended to bring on the consequence v liich is now, as it would seem, imI minent. French pride and French irritability have 1 1 ...,r..n.. ... .1 'ri... L-.. I urcu til HUM} ? AUIKU. X lit, IIIUU'I guvrrilllieni i has demanded this acknowledgement from the I Sultan ; and if it be declined or evaded, the French envJ" at 'iie l>orte?'8 t(> he withdrawn. Thus is no stone leu ^',urnr(f to isolate Turkey, and sevei her diplomatic relatio^. the great European powers, in the meantime, rvvlH81il 18 u?Mg everything thnt esn be done, unseen, to fit broil those powers with each other. This accomplished, Russia takes immediate advantage of the strife ; stei s in, annihilates what remains to him of the Sultan's dominion in Europe, and the Rlack Sea is a Russian lake for ever. Such is the undoubted progress, up to this time, of Russian machinations against the peace and independence of Turkey. Rut are her artilices not at work elsewhere ! We shrewdly susjieet they are ; and working, too, to some purpose. Our readers ureawate that the beautiful, rich,and fertile island ot Sicily has declared its independence of Naples, and driven out the Rourbon authorities. For this the Sicilians had ample grounds. During the wui of the first French revolution, this fine island was for many years protected by England ; and the result was that the Sicilians then and there established a government upon the model ot that of Erglrti d, but with a free representative assembly, in lieu of a corrupt House of Commons. Tina constitution was guaranteed to these brave lslanflers, *no were much attacned to hngland, by Lord William Bentinck, then military occupant, in ti<halt of the Bri'.ith government; and when, in 181-1. the island was foolishly restored to the Neal? litau Bourbons by the influence of Castlereagh, the King of Naples confirmed the .Sicilian constitution before our troops had withdrawn. No sooner was this done, however, than the perfidious tyrant revoked his own act. The French Bourbons (now restored), aided and abetted him: so did Austria: and the end was that England was insulted und defied, and the poor Sicilians forced to succumb to the bated Bourbon yoke, under which they have ever since been, until the French revolution of February, 184H, again freed them. They now look to England to support them in their independence; and if this country dare vindicate its own treaties and its own interests, it will become protectress of this fine island, the gem of the Mediterranean. Mark, however, events! At the court of Naples Russia is all-iiowerful; and every ?llort rs now making by the Russian uiiib issador to encourage the king to send an expedition to reconquer the brave .Sicilians and again reduce tliern to a Wed vassalage. We are the last to advocate wanton collisions, hut wc must own we arc glad to c-e the wing cab.net lias spirit enough to resist this increment, and send Admiral I'arkerinto the Bay of Naples to reconnoitre hisBourhon majesty's doings The Sicilians, as a people, deserve much at the hands of England. They, by theii assistance to Lord Nelson in provisioning his fleet enabled him to fight and win the battle of the Nile f luring the whole of that war Sicily was the hear ouart.tr> and simeort ct* the British lleets in ;hi Mediterranean ; anu if, iii return, iliese attache, islenders claim our protection, lor honor's s ik< let it he accorded where it has been so lionorabh earned. Inferrntirs*, between Kranre anil Russia. The 1'aris Mttsagrr, of the 22d tilt., says, " f has been stated by several journals that ( ienera Leflot is on his way to St. Petersburg!!, in th< ouality ol Minister ol the republic. We can add trint a representative ol" the Autocrat i* expects* ut Paris, and that the two States will he repie sented by ministers plenipotentiary, although ir the last years of the reign of Louis Philippe, Bus sia had only a chargi d'affaires at Parts. Already and for some time, a good understanding betweei the republic a~d the L'/arlius been opened. Thes< relations were kept up by the consular agents, wu they air new about to he changed into a regain jiolitical intercourse. Besides, we are assured tha a short time before the revolution of February, th< V:_L..I.._ .1 l_.?j i. e.i. ..i J .lll|*'iur m iuiiuihb ucciuiru iu v?/iuiici| uuw VTr nf ral, C . who wan s? nt into Itusein rather 01 a scientific than a diplomatic mission, that it wa his intention to visit France in the course of 1M* The Czar at the same time api>eared not to b veiy anxious for a reconciliation with Louis I'hi lipK, though he expressed himself" in terms o sympathy for the people of France. In the etnti of mind that he manifested towards the ex-kiny his determination to come to France may appea to he somewhat strange. Did he mean to conn only as a simple traveller 1 This is a point 01 which he did not explain himself, and on whicl his interlocutor did nnt think it proper to interro gate him." NKW IIA'KM AXO NKW Yokk KAn.aoAH.?Wi learn from the Hruipfjxrl L'hrontcU that the re celpt* of th?i New Vork And New llaron Railroad fo that portion of the road now completed from Stratfon to Kalrfirld, have been sU hundred dollar* and upward during Tuetdav, Wednesday and Thursday of las week W* nndera'ond the rails are laid to wtthii atx ut four miles of this city, and that nothing delay the laying of the ralU of the Plalnvllle road, to o?n rest with the New York road, but the stose wort blob i? i- rapid progress of ooutpletion ?ATtie l/?ee BtfHttr. i l L D. TWO CENTS. i 1 PuUUt*' InteUI|((in?r, OXOIUIIA. | Tim whig* it the Wectern counties of (ionrgia held , a roan* mooting at Atalauta, on the 14th innt., which wen attended bv an immense concourse of the friends of Taylor and n'lllmore, from almost every section of * the State. A free barbecue war provided by the citt /.< ns of Atvlanla and riciuity. - Tim convention *u addressed. among other*, by Kx-tloveroor 1 rawford, Hon Messrs Berrien, Dawson t and Toouiba. Hon. Mr. .Stephana, although In a feeble i condition from lite reooiit wound*, waa present and , inn da a few remark*. 1 be election fir member* of CongrMsfn, Georgia* 1 tain s plum on Monday 2d October ' I CONNECTICUT. * ; Many of the town* in Connecticut hold their annual * election for town officer* ou the 2d October. They * | may nif( rd aoine iudieatlan of the sentiments of the - ; people on Ilia Prt s'uential question. '1 he democrats are to hold a man* meeting at Wlndlihin on the 2S(h iust. J The freo noil Van Buran men held a meeting at N--W lluven, on Wednesday evening. The Jnitrnal * (whig) nays, we counted tile audience, and male out junt 110? not one fifth of whom, an era believe, would ' vote the Van bumo ticket We cannot but regret to are a few of our honest well meaning whig*, and even I personal friends, giving countenanou to such a mi sera f bio delusion. PENNSYLVANIA. (111. - nlilUJ, 1..U1- -v. r - -la.. 1 a- - ---- > Jiir I "II'R UIIJ miu miumy eoni'ireert, i according to the Pennsylvaiiian. have nominated four whigs ami four natives lor the county olUcus. NEW JERSEY. Hon. William A. Newalt has been nominated for reeleoliou to Congrers, by tbn whigs of the 2d district. OHIO. The Cincinnati <Viice//riwhlg)of the lSlbinstant has the followingstatement and estimate of the probable result in that Slate <-We estimate the rote of 1848, at about 370,1.00. Ilefnra the buffalo organization, we are of opinion, that these would have divided about thus?whigs 185.000, lor of oc Oa 175 000, liberty 10 000. The couuiirs of Ashtabula. Cuyahoga. Krie, (leauga, Huron, I.aire, Lorain, Medina. Portage, Summit, and Trumbull, known as the Western Reserve oountiea, gave In 1844, the following vote for Presidential eleotors: (lay. folk lHrnry. Total. ' 117.076 20,470 3,262 51,607 The majority for Mr. Clay over Mr. Polk was, in tho State 6,052? in the Reserve 7 505; leaving a majority Rgainst Mr. fluy out of the Reserve of 1,453. It saeina r to us ijuite probable, from preseut appearances, that Taylor, out of the Reserve, will lead Cass 10,000, or fiernnpe 15.000 votes, ami that Van liuren will get a arge number of votes in the Reserve. We suppose I the vote in the Reserve counties may number, in the r aggregate, at the November election, 60,000, and that, r independent of the buffalo organization, they would > have divided about thus . whig 32.000, locofoco 24,000, liberty 4,0(J0. We again express the opinion, that Ohio will give Taylor and Fillmore 23 votes, for President and Vice President, by a majority of thousands, in the rote of the people."' CAXIJIOjITK* t on COSQHRSI IX OHIO. U. Dickinson is tho Cass nominee for re-election In the Seneca district. C. K. Watson, liberty, his oppo nent. Stephen Hemphill, of Wooster, la the whig nominee for Congress in tbut district. Jacob Brlnkerhoff. bnrnburner, is running on his own hook In lltchland district. John Joliif, of the first district, baa been nominated the candidate of the barnburner* in the second district. J. D. Morris is the Cass candidate. William F. Hunter, of Monroe county.is the nomina* of the whig* for Congress in the Belmont district. Win. Kennon, Jr., present member, is the demon rati a candidate. NKW Yoltic. Hon. John C. Clark, of hlmira, formerly whig member of Congress from Chenango county, has come oat with a long letter in favor of General Taylor. He Is very severe upon Mr. Van Buron and other leading barnburners. ILLINOIS. The Ottawa (lit.) CaHititutionaUet of 31st ult , Bays that not one of the electors on the barnburner tioket are whigs. the entire number being made of looofocoa and abolitionists. Army ot the West. IlKAD QUARTERS SlXTII MILITARY DEPARTMENT, ) Jefferson Barracks, Sept. 13,1848, J Order No. 1. The general orders No. 49. (present t series) direct the following assignment of troops to posts within this, tho 6th Military Department, vis : ' At the new post at the confluence of the Crow-wing and Mississippi rivers, Winnebago country, one oouj ' pany 1st dragouns, and one company O'.li infantry. At Fort Snelling, Iowa, two companies Oth infantry. At Kuit Crawford, Wisconsin, two companies Oth infantry. i | At Fort Atkinson, Iowa, one company 1st dragoon*, , | nuu uuv vuiu|juujr ucu luiuncij. At Fort Leavenworth, Missouri, two companies 1st 1 | dragoons, ftu'l three companies 6th infantry. | At Fort Scott, Missouri Territory, one company 1st ; dragoons, und one company 6th infantry. I At Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, the 7th regiment of Infantry. ? 'J. To comply with the above, the commanding offloer of the Oth Infantry will assign the seven companies of ! the TFgibil'nt now under his orders, to the Crow-wing | river, Forts Snelling, Crawford, Atkinson and Soott, and order them to proceed to their destinations wlth1 out delay. Upon their arrival at their several posts, the companies of the 1st, 7th and Sth Infantry, being relieved by them, wilt repair to Jefferson Barracks, and await further orders, as will the company of the 1st Infantry, now at Fort Leavenworth, on the arrival of the two companies of Mounted Riflemen, now under orders for that post, l.ieut Col. hoomis, in command of the Utli Infantry is assigned to the command at , Fort Crawford. Assistant Surgeon J. Moses is, for the present, assigned to duty at Fort Crawford, and As1 sistant Surgeon C. H. Smith to Fort Atkinson. 3. Company I), when tilled with reciults, and comI puniest i and I of the Oth Infantry, now on the Arkan> sas and Washataw rivers, will (on oomtng within this department) proceed to Fort Leavenworth, r 4. The tluaxtermaster's Department will furnish the necessary transportation for tho the trooDS as above ordered. ' 5. As tho 7tli Infantry is to remain at this poet, it will more into Barracks as soon as the quarters are assigned and prepared for it. 0. The commanding officers of regiments and corps within this department will see that the officers and enlisted men under them obtain, without delay, the uniform and equipments prescribed by the General Regulations ; and it is required of the commanding officers of posts, to see that the regulations are strictly obserred. 7. Until further orders the Head Quarters of this 1 Department will b? continued at Jefferson Barracks, | and all communications intended for it will be ad1 drt tsed to Bruv. Major J. Hooker, Asst. Adjt. Oen. s. W. KEARNY, Bref. Maj Gen. What a Picture! \ ' New York expends nearly $400,000 per annum, to sustain its polloe establishment; and yet, it is admitted, this city is tho worst regulated of any in tha > world. ' | 10,000 women of bad repute, hare congregated here, . | from all part* of the United States, invited by the . I laxity of the laws; and 2 000 gamblers, openly pursue . i their iniquitous avocations, despite tho Mayor, the . ' Common Council, and 1,000 pollcemon. 2.000 street walkers nightly assemble in the Fifth and eighth wards, attracting, by their presence, all the theires and vagabonds of the city. Their numbers are now so great, that the inhabitants are obliged to close thtlr doors at night, and the police are intimldat< d. This is the truth There is no use In denying it. The Mayor, and Major Matsell, the Chief of Police, know the (act. , A few nights since, the oil lamp*, Infirm from age, ' all went out In Mercer street, or were blown out by the rowdies; and then a scene was exhibited which was littlu creditable to the city The Polka waa danced on the side walks, and, after the orgy was coaI c!uUed( the Respectable friends of the street walkers ? : coolly walked away, singing the chorus of '' Oh, Su} ! asnnuh,'' regardless of the sick or quiet people, who ? ! are ? bilged to pay the taxes, and put up with Injury ' | and ice oil nee for want of adequate protection ' The inhabitants of the f.ighth ward are heavily taxed, more now than ever. Many of the rtoh residents of the ward have been driren away by tho utter i nr ~,""t ot the authorities to prevent the eneroech! | mentof the y.ie?: "U,,s ot Pf"0?1"' aad?thT *** II - ^"oienov. Hard as this t j remain nave to mate up the u. - ? ^ a jk! it, it is atill itt jsc to receive no protection??v . . i ward overrun with vile women and men, who insult J you in jour very door*, and compel you either to closa your window* or witness disgraceful conduct in the ! public etreet*. The Common Council will not even light the *treetf, which might give gome relief; but encourage the vaga Loads, by keeping the public way dark au<i dreary 1 Well, what i* the remedy ' There U but on*. Th* : Common Cctincil cannot collect the taxes unieae they 1 protect the citlien*. There are two parties, at least, r to every contract,and I advise the cltiiens of the Bighth t and Kiflh wards to meet, and resolve not to pay the taxes, till light and protection are afforded The remedy is new, but th? position can be sustained. Tbe writer, for one, Is willing to subscribe liberally, to try the experiment If we are driven to extremity, by s the InaDllliy or nnwiuiiiKBun in tue cnj aumoriiies I. to rt'llora us, wo are justified In doing *11 wo c*n to ree Here ourselres Up then with the boo nor. "Rollof or notiii t"' There ere plenty of persons In tbo Klfth f and Eigbih wards who barn the requisite talent, means - and ? *<'XT to carry ont those measures, wbo are of my opinion. ' The <|uestion is to bo tried whether the most infar nous or the decent inhabitants of these wards are to ! be protected and enooursged More anon, from a reitl dent of the EIOHTll WARD. 1 NkW CoffiTKR PKIT?Cot'N rKKKBITKM AkRESTRD. ?Several counterfeit $2(1 tolls oa the Oueid* Branch of the Saety Kund Bank of New York, hare 6 recently been passed In this city, but by whom was not known The work I* well executed, but differs from r the genuine ,n baring tbe denomination in Arabia 1 characters where It should be in Roman. CircumI, stances fixed suspicion strongly on two men named J t S. t owden and VY H Waterbouae, who were arrested n Kridey erening. by officers I.egg, Brasher, and Ritohen s On being examined before the Mayor, Saturday morning, appearances were so decidedly against Mm*, thai i they were held to bail in the sum of $5,000 sash, falling n to obtain whioh thsy wrrs committed to jail ? CVnrfnnsli Cat., Sepf. 18. I