Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 26, 1848 Page 1
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i i : . T H NO. 5228. ArrAiaa ON TIIK OTHER SIDE OF THE ATLANTIC. uun. tui\urtAi\ utsra i fHfc.5, 4r. &e. &e. Our L<oirdon Correspondence London, Friday Night, Sept. 3, 1813. T'it Prorogation of Parliament?Queen's Speech ? Departure of the Court?Chartist Insanities?Orean Monarch, the Inquest?More Railway A ciilea!s ? Theatrical?Agricultural, 44C-> 4'c. Parliament now stands prorogued until the 2d of November. The lengthy session we have had, was brought to a conclusion by the Queen in person, on Tuesday last. The speech bore much same the appearance as the j generality of royal speeches, vis., a congratulation to the members of both houses for the business they had got through during the session. It made particular reference to the passing of the act for the prevention of crime and outrage in Ireland, and also referred to the relief that had been given to that oountry, by contributions raised in various parts of the united kingdom. The decision displayed by the Lord Lieutenant, during the late disturbances, was commended in n marked manner. Thanks were, of course, voted to the . members of the Commons, for the readinoss with which I they bad agreed to the grants aud estimates asked for; i and. alter a brief statement of the progress of our diplomatic relations with foreign countries, her Majesty left the house, immediately proceeding to Woolwich to embark on board the royal yacht, in order to be con- ! veyed to Dundee, where it is purposed the oourt will remain for a short period. No parliamentary matters, 1 of the least interest, hare been debated during the past j week, if I except a discussion of a personal character, between Mr. Berkeley, a late member, and the gentle- | men of an election committee. The former impugned. I in very strong terms, the conduct of the latter, but as Mr. Btrkeley's character did not stand in particularly ! good odour witu the House of Commons, the assailed parties were advised to treat the matter with contempt. Thus has been brought to a conclusion, a session of long duration, in the course of wi ich little business has been done; but which, nevertheless, has, from a variety of circumstances beyond control, been rendered exceedingly anxious. Ministers have not satis* tied the expectations of the country. They have given notice of the introduction of measures of importance to the oommon weal. which, when the time arriv d for discussion, were abandoned. Those that have been carried bear but slight evidences of being of any use; nn/l nHilffothai1 O riurlinmuntueu euaolnn Kan ?Ai ? p,- ? I - UUl, 1?[ pome constderable time past, been brought to an end, that baa excited fo much general disapprobation amongst the intelligent circles or the empire. A few more chartiFt arrests hare been made, but really of so Insignificant a character as to be scarcely worth mentioning. It is reported.that twenty-eight yrersons have been apprehended at Ashton, (the place where a policeman was. lately, brutally murdered) besides two or three at Manchester, and one at Liverpool. They do not. however, relate to any of the loaders of the movement, but conceru the small fry of the transaction. Chartism it now at a considerable discount. The inquest on the Ocean Monarch terminated on Saturday : and the jury, after bringing in a verdict of accidental death, censured, in severe terms, the conduct of the captains of the Cambria a^id the Orion.? This has excited some surprise, more particularly as C aptain Murdoch, of the Ocean Monarch, at an early part of the inquiry, absolved these gentlemen from all blame, stating that they mu?thave been at a great distance from the ship when she took fire. [This I communicated in my last letter ] The decision of the jurymen has called forth a letter from Captain Hunter, of the Cambria, (which is a Welsh ship) wherein he impugns the remark of thu coroner, " that it was easy to discover whether the vessel was an emigrant ship, or any other." and also proceeds to justify his proceedings In the matter. The list of contributions in aid of tha sufterers has reached four thousand pounds, in addition to which an smateur theatrical performance will he given by the officers of the Liverpool garrison, the proceeds of which will be devoted to the same cause. Three very severe accidents have occurred on tha London and North Western railway, by which two -.,.c.nnc v,?v? l,nsn killed and thirtv or fortv se.riouslv bruhed. The inquest ban not by Its proceeding's thrown much light upon the matter, but there is not a doubt the unfortunate occurrences have originated in consequence of the carelessness of some of the subofllcials connected with the line. An invitation has been sent to Louis Bianc, from some political frieuds of bis who are in London, to attend a " sympathising demonstration'' which they had intended to have got up during M. Diane's stay in the metropolis. The invitation has been declined by Louis Blanc ?the alleged reason being tbat be is unwilling to meddle, even in the remotest degree, with political parties in Kng land The sale at Stowe, the residence of the Duke of Buckingham, is proceeding. The amount already realised is enormous, and the auction Is not yet near its conclusion. Theatricals are very low for the present; but may, perhaps, revive in a few months, when the winter cam paign commences. Both the opera houses are closed, and the principal performers are distributed through the provinces, tinging at festivals. Jenny Ltnd has to sing at Worcester and one or twr of the large towns; but 1 do not think she will appear again in town. Macre&dy, I believe leaves for New York in the Acadia to-moirow. in addition to the arrangements communicated to you a few weeks back. I am enabled to state tbat Drury Lane will be opened on the 1st of October, under the management of Mr Bunn. lie has already engaged Sims, lleeves. Wbitworth.andM'Ue Nissen. besides which uegotiatiens are now pending with Miss Birch and iierr Pischek. Auber's opera of " Haydee"' opens the season. Julien is conducting his band at the Surrey Zoological uaideus, a place of summer resort. We have had a few days of capital harvest weathT, by whioh a great deal of wheat bus been housed. I u 3cmc situations there is yet some out; and, should the Bnc weather continue, the harvest will be brought to * " fhon ?aa 0TnAAt(ir1 Thi? tn CD? IHrun ic r?nnnv,wi..j ....... ? glass has fallen a little the last day or two, produoing a | slight shower, accompanied by a gloominess that rather suggests more rain. It may, probably, nold off for a I slrart time, which will enable toe whole of the crops to he carried. All the grain that ha* been gathered during tho past week is in good condition The samples of wheat already cut, and the condition in which these have appeared, iu addition to the recent fine weather, i occasiontd, last Tuesday, a decline of sis shillings a ! quarter in the price ef corn The majority of the re- i ports of the crops state them to be average. The past , week has materially accelerated the harvest. The prorogation of Parliament has taken almost | every one out of town, and entirely left us without news There is scarcely anything stirring, nor do I ; think that, at the next London Sessions, there is even a chartht lor trial The departure of the Queen has ? been the signal for the fashionables to emigrate during the recess. FROOKEhS. Our Liverpool Correspondence. Liverpool, Sept. 0, 1848. Thr Weather?Thr Latr Gale?.'tjlaui in Ireland?The Octan Monarch?Milctllaneout Intelligence. We have had a gloriously fine week. The barometer commenced falling about twenty-four hours after the "Europe's1' departure, and continued doing so until Thursday. Its fall made me tremble, for I predlctod a gTMl Of(U in my last uenpatcu. urins vur wee&, via* harvest hu been wall nigh completed. The various reports respecting the potato orop are more cheering ; and. certainly, on the whole, the grospects of the country, as to the eupply of food, hare Improred considerably during the last fortnight. Respecting potatoes, an Isle of Man paper says ''Farmers hare poured them Into our town In such quantities, (in consequence of tho disease) that they are now selling at 2d. a 2)?d. per 14 lb. Scarcely mor* than one-hall of those dug^re sound " At, they hare had ' the rery Cnest harrest woatht r " The Enniikilltn Chronicle says, after rery carefol Investigation, it has arrired at the conclusion that "the failure will not prove so extensive, in that quarter, as a as believed a week or two ago.'' The Cork f'raminer, of Monday, contains equally cheering reports from the counties of Cork and Kerry. The Scoltman, of the Oth, says "About one half of the harvest, in the lower district of Mid Lothian, may now be reported as safe in the stack yard." The Olnetou Chronicle, of Wednesday, says :?"During the last eight days, in this part of the country, the weather has been highly propitious, and a good deal of harvest work done under favorable circumstances." The gale, which lately visited the east coast of Soot( land, has proved a most disastrous affair. The tstal . ' loss of life Is 93. The destruction ef boats and nets, is calculated to amount to about T?,000 Could not a subscription of $5000 be raised, without difficulty, in the city of New York alone, for the poor sufferers ? I thall I... it I a.] tn hear tho cfTort hciriir made Trv what you oan do. One hundred and seventy-nine male convict* arrived from Cork, lad Tuesday, at Kingston, on hoard the "Blrkenh? ad," from which they were transferred tAa the comic t ship in the harbor. McMnnus, ''the rebel chief,'' en* one of the number, and was sent per. railway. to Newgate He Is rhaiged with high treason. Mr. Jrrtea Martin whe you willreool|eet,waa committed for challenging Mr. IVaterhou**, foreman of the jury who convicted his brother, has been released A spednl commission has been isrued far the county v Tlpperai v The commission opens on the 19th * In tr ni-tor high tr-ason. prisoner* are required to name t) hi eouasel. it appears Two oouninl wdl be assigned to nob prlioner on the fludlng o! the billf, and nnli thoia two ran ant tn the prisoner's defence, and both counsel can addreis the jury, it Is scarcely possible that the trials can take place before neat month, as after the finding of the bills, the oonrt wilt adjourn for lira olear days, O'Brien and Meagher will ENE MORN T 'tried, without dou't at the special ronim'ntion. Nolhlnp hus yet been determl ned with repard to Mr Dolly Two men, named Lawrence and William Call, father and ron are to be executed on the 16th. If the e vci'ement. a? the judge* will pass the place of exeoution In going to. and leaving tlir court; and. moreover, their lodgings *r?-o'oso to It During thp sitting of the orromieslon there will probably bo 4000 soldier* located in Clonmel. The general opinion of the authorities In Ireland, 1? that Vr R O'Oorman and lohn Dillon, barrister, and other insurgent leaders are still fugitives in Ireland, and not us reported. In t rance A most active searoh has talim plsce during the last few days for O'Oorman and Doheuv Mr. Francis Morgan, solicitor of the corporation of Dublin, sgalnst whom a warrant was Issued, is certainly in Paris, from wheice be has sent over a communication to the corporation It lean extraord'nary fact that the grandfather of Mr. Smith O'Brien?namely. Sir Lucius O'Brien, than a leading counsel on the Monster circuit, of whioh Clonic el at the time formed part?waa the advocate for Father Sheehy. on his trial for the murder of John of the Bridge, of which murder the reverend gantlemaii was found guilty, though the said John of the Bridge was living thirty years afterward* in good health in Newfoundland It 1* sa<d in Newry. that It la the Intention of the lady of Mr John Mitchel, together with the mother and .listers of that unfortunate gentleman, to prooeed to America immediately, and that preparation* for that purpose are In progress l*rlnce d'Joinville's sketch, from memory, of the burning of the Ocean Monarch, whiob forms an interesting picture, baa been published, and great numI, ,,.1.1 j. IVI. * I 1 I f ?.H i/non'iu U i u in innu, nuuiiril I irn UI til I IllftS in'unimledged tbe receipt of a gold medal, presented him by the Liverpool Humane Society, in a letter of thanks. Tbe came society awarded to each of the officers of tbe Alfonso tbe society's silver medal, of the first class: , and to each of the four seamen (whose oondnet was highly eulogized.) their ellver medal of the second J clasp. A silver medal of the first class was also awarded to the first officer of tbe Ocean Monarch, Mr. Jotham . Bragdon : and ?15 to five of tbe crew of the said ship, whose conduct was most praiseworthy. A gold medal whs awarded to the master of the steamer Prince of j M ales; and a silver medal to bis mate, and ?26 for , distribution amongst the crew ef that vessel. , The subscriptions now amount to ?6,000. Another dreadful fire has occurred at Constant!- , nople, which destroyed property to the ameunt of < $4,000 000. , Several encounters have taken place between the , Hungarians and Croatians, in all of which the Unnga- , rians have been defeated. The Croatians have crossed , tbe Thelss. , Tbe ratifications of the armistice between Denmark , and Prussia were exchanged at Lubeo, on the 1st inst. , The Berliner Nachrichten states that Prussia is to in- , demnify Denmark for requisitions In Jutland. The i Danish prisoners at Altena were set at liberty on the 1st. and the federal troops were leaving the Duohles. The Milan Gazette of tbe 28th ult.. publishes a pro- j clamation, issued by Marshal Prince Sohwarienberg, the military governor of that oity. The Prince com- * niandfl that all natlvai nf I.ntnla?il? Mil*** ' except thoM born there, shell, within eight days, procure a certificate of their birth, from the distriot to whieh they belong. The matters of furnished hotels are called en to make a return to the authorities, of all person* residing in their houses The Mndrid mails of the 31st hare been received. It was expected that a series of financial measures wonld, in a few days, be announced in the Gazette, whioh would form the basis of tbe new finaneial system of M. Mod. In two or three days, it was expected that a monthly instalment would be paid to the passive classes. A communication on the subject of the quicksilver mines, was expeoted hourly from M. Rothsohlld. of London. Tbe reported resignation of Villa Uermosa, as political chief of Madrid, is contradicted. It was reported that M. Artata would suooced M. F.nclso. as chief of police. The Captain General Vlllalonga had left Valencia, in pursuit of a band of insurgents, whioh had appeared at Maeztrasso. A Cnrlist chief was arretted at Oram, in Algeria by tbe French authorities, who was employed in recruiting for the insurgents. ALBION A Our Southampton Correspondence. Southampton, Sept. 8. 1818. The Mishcps to the Steamships United States and Hermann? The West India Steamer. <Jr. Two mishaps have occurred to American steamers, which it is necessary I eliould couiuiuuiuwia yuu this week. The first was the mail steamer Hermann, Capt. Crabtree, from New York, which vessel had the bad luck to get ashore iu Gurnet Bay, Isle of Wight, on >ionday morning last, during a very thick fog. The Hermann had made a most excellent voyage from ycur city , c.f under thirteen and a half days. She took on board a pilot at the usual place, between Portland Bill and tbe Needles and passed through the Needle rocks in rafety ; but, on nearing Cowes. it being about 1 A. M. in the morning, a very dense fog came suddenly on, and, from this cause, added to seme variation having been discovered in the needle of tbe compasses, tbe Hermann went on the ground in Unrnel lli>;, udoui iwo miles iroui i u*ra The engines were immediately reversed ; but. m the tide wuh fast ebbing, all efforts to backoff the ship were unavailing, and Captain Crabtree was forced to wait till daybreak, when assistance was promptly rendered to him by a small steamer, which was waiting for the mails and passenger*. Fortunately, the weather was perfectly calm, and thus the measures for getting the Herman off were facilitated. Lighters were prooured from ("owes ; a large quantity of ooals were discharged; the anchors, chain cables, and some heavy gear, were hoisted out, so as to lighten the ship, against the next high tide ; and preparations were made to pump the water out of the boilers, in ease such a proceeding should be found necessary. The measures thus taken, I am happy to say, were attended with success ; and, at high water, on the 4th inst., 3 o'clock in the afternoon, the. Hermann floated gently off the shoal on which she bad grounded not having received the slightest damage from hi r twelve hours' detention on the mud. The Hermann then made for the anchorage in Cowee reads, where she took in the ooals and stores which had bsen discharged; and sailed the same night for Bremen The accident might have been attended with serious consequences to the ship, had she gone anywhere else in the bay. as there are a number of awkward rocks in the vicinity; fortunately, however. she went on a comfortable clay mud Dottom, and not being at full speed when she struck, was the cause of such a favorable termination to the mishap The passengers by the Hermann presented a most congratulatory and complimentary letter to Captain Crabtree. to whom not the slightest blame is attributable, as the ship was In charge of a most experienced pilot. The Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company's ship Pot tinger when coming home from Alexandria. in 1S47. went on shir.i within 1,000 yards of the same place: and the British man of war Cyclops was also ashore there, for a few hours, in the same yesr. The Hermann may be said to have a second timo befiien ID?? America ??n van Tuynge iruni i^nw 1 urn. iu Kurope. The America arrived la*t week in 13 day* and 21 bout*, where** the Hermann'* preaent voyage ha* only occupied 13 day* 12 hour*?both *bip* having reported live day*' bad weather and head wind* after leering the American coast*. The Aoadla arrived at Liverpool from Bo*ton at 5 P. M on the 4th inatant; and taking into account the reapectire distance* traversed, the Hermann ha* also had an advantage, In point of speed, over the Acadia. I am thus particular in giving you the exaot detail* of voyage* or the competing transatlantic steamers, because I kno that the Interest at present excited by their various and comparative performances 1* very great, and I am anxious that you should be In possession of oorrect information, to lay before your numerous readers The Liverpool people are very loud in their ohuek11 ng ovir the defeat experienced by the Hermann, on her last voyage from Southampton to New York; but It must be borne in mind that she had a very heavy oargo and was deeply laden too deeply for her to go at full speed It Is. however, undisputed, that hitherto the Hermann has made the (juickest voyage ever vet known from New York to Knrope. I allude to her 1 voyace last July? and that she has two chalks to the ; America's one I am sorry now to have to allude toamore serious disaster which has bvf'albn that splendid ocean steamer, the I United States. After leaving Havre, on th* 2d Inst., with 80 passengers, and a moat valuable eargo. she called off Cowes for Lngllsh passengers, ko., which i were embarked, and she finally sailed on the following Jsy for New York She proceeded only so far as th* Scilly Islands, when it was discovered that the bosses which are fastened to the condensers on which th* main centres work, had cracked, and thus the safety of the engines was jeopardised, unless immediately repaired. A meeting of the passengers was Immediately called by Captain Hackntaff. and it was unanimously agreed that the ship should return to Southampton, to have the defeot made good. The United States, accordingly, reached Southampton water in safety, on the evening of the 0th, wss docked the following morning, and the engineers are hard at work in repairing her. I understand live weeks will elapse before the ship will again be reedy for sea M Iir I >*iri rn^WI r l?rr ?*CWUin|IJ PtilBIIVU Wivu Irlld uvuduet of Capt llarkMafl. and the agenta. in thia unpleaeant predicament of the MNrl. An ofTarwaa made to return the whole of the paeeaga money to any paieetiger wishing to leav* the ehip? and I hear about aixty received the lamn In full, the remainder of them preferr ng to wait till the chip ia again ready to aall. A great many of the paeFerigera from the eteamer Vnitid Stater will go by the Hermann, on the 20th, and eoine hy the Aoadla to morrow, from Liverpool ? it i* eatlrfaat ry to know that the accident which tine happen* d to the United Sinter, hae not arleen 'from any detect in the onnetrnction of her really beautlfW engine*. but fr.>ni one of thoee caueee over which there ia no c< ntroul, end which ia likely to happen to any ateamer. HalheWert ! idle ateamer Tav arrived here on the 2d inat. She br ght >700 000 in apecte The Knxlna arrived on the 6th, from < ouetantinople. with nearly $1,100 0(0 in gold ; and the Madras arrived the aame 1 day fi< rn (Jlbrmtnr and L.lrbon All of the. e ahlpa had ! valoehte cargoee. The Kuxlne brought news of a great tire at t onatantinople. which deelioyt d !> 000 chops and houeaa, and did damage to the amount Of $10,000 0< 0. There ia nothing new from Spain or Portugal, which remain perfectly tranquil. ANOl.O-AMKIUC AN. ' 1 ?1" i??*? W 1. (J ING EDITION?TUESr Our Dublin < orrrsj?oiiilcnre. Dublin, Sept. 8, 1848. State of Ireland ? t'tait of Lord John Itukseil llit Conferencei vrith Clarrnian?TAe Hepeol Jlttotialion?Letter from Francie Morgan, .f c. jr. Tbe monotonous dullness which !.aa existed for the last ten days still prevails. It Is true that tbe Premier has paid us a visit, but, with that exception, I may say there is nothing of any interest going forward. The plan for a rotatory Parliament still gains ground. The Duke of Lelnster has. however, declared ' against it, who appears to bare grounded his opinion upon a letter written by a Mr. Anthony Guinness, (supposed to bare been Mr.Guinness, the great brewer, but the real person has slnoe been dlscorered. but who ho is, or what he is, no one knows). On Monday 1 last the society held a meeting in Abbey street, Lord I IVin. Fitzgerald in the chair. After the admission, as i members, of several noblemen and gentlemen, the fol- 1 lowing resolution was unanimously adopted ? ^ " That in order to remore a misapprehension whieh i appears to exist, as to the otyeot contemplated by tbe , society, we leei n necessary to declare that it is with a . desire to procure a united meeting of the Imperial 1 Parliament in Dublin, for general purpose* ; but that t the object of tbia society ia to procure an arrangement j by which the Imperial Parliament should hold its sittings in Dublin, during such convenient portions of 1 eaoh year, as may be sufficient for the transaction of I business more particularly relating to Irish affairs." ( On Friday last, Lord and Lady John Russell, arrived r at Kingstown; a large crowd of persons were waiting on t the pier, anxious to behold the arrival of his lordship. ; 1 he Lord Mayor, George Hoe, James Magee, and James f l'im, Esquires, went on board, and received his lord- ? ship; when his lordship landed, he was saluted by ? loud cheers. On Monday he visited a family estate, t at Ardrallagh, in the county of Meath; he subsequently y visited the Royal Irish Academy, Trinity College, and t the National Education Office, in Marlborough street. t Mr. John O'Counell has addressed a letter to the people of Ireland, the object of whlob is to try and p recommence the old system of humbug. He makes an a appeal In the following manner If within the * course of the present month you oannot come to the {. rescue, it will inevitably be necessary to advertise and i dispose of, as best can be done, the scenes of our ? former labors. Whatever may be the produce of the p <ale, the yet remaining liabilities of the Association j, hall be first discharged, and then, if any surplus shall remain, it shall first be vested in such members of the a :ommittee as may choose to undortake the trust for p ;he use and benefit of the Association, when the latter j| resumes its sittings." He concludes by saying You a ran prevent the necessity 1 announce if you be so p minded : a small, if regular and constant effort, would p ae sufficient." f, On Tuesday last, a Mr. Deasley. of the county of j, I'ipperary, who had formed an Agricultural Associa- t Jon, comprising seventeen parishes, waited upon Lord p lohn Russell, for the purpose of laying before him a c )lan for converting poor rate into capital, (by menns a >f land improvement.) and requesting some advance B 'rem the public funds, for the purpose of carrying out p1 the experiment in his own locality ; Lord John was, ? lowever, busy, but Mr. Beasley had an interview with a Lord Clarendon Having explained his views, he pre- ? icnted bis Exoelleucy with the details of his plans. r lis Excellency, however, did not hold out any hope of q i loan or advance; he said, the state of the publio c evenue precluded that mode of proceeding, and com- f, nented very strongly on the waste, plunder, robbing, p iod misapplication of public money, recently, in (reand. Publio liberality and private benevolenoe were r) dike grossly abused, Landlords had applied for and n ibtained immense sums, for the alleged purpose of iui- i v ?V.ul. 1.^.1. ... .1 o<Vn?,ll l?V I """"B *u?? .aUur.??uUuviuiuBguijni/;iuoui, urikuri JJ if which they did. and made like remarks on the poor j, aw system. &o. Mr. Beasiey then withdrew. r, On Tuesday last, there was a meeting of the corpo- u ation, upon which occasion a letter was read from f, llr. Francis Morgan, one of the solicitors to the cor- ,] >omtion. and who is at present in France, haring been p, ibliged to iiy in consequence of the part ho took in n .he late movement, praying of the corporation not to liscontinue bis services, end stating that be " is not guilfy of any moral or political crime, unbecoming their officer or inconsistent with the rights and dutieB i, >f > free citizen: and that he is determined, as soon ? as he has ascertained the particulars of any charge, ^ to meet it boldly before a jury of his countrymen.'* p The house wae adjourned. ? ? r, on last, a privv s*""*11 u;rl ax rue i astir. >t is understood tte runjeot of the approaching State q :rialH was brought under consideration. No more ar- B csts, it is stated, are to be made of parties connected p vith the late Dublin clubs. unless new circumstances 6, ihould demand it. There are, at present, numerous n vsrrants uncounted, which, it is supposed, are not to {] >e now proceeded with. A person of the name of r( Niolen. who has lately arrived from New Orleans, has al >een arrested on a charge of distributing arms amongst (j be disaflected is Birr and lioscrea. ), Mr. Jumes Martin, who was committed to prison, jp ind sentenced to one month's Imprisonment for con- n, enipt, for having challenged Mr. Waterhouse, the brenian of the jury who convicted Mr. Martin of the m 1 t/un, was, on Wednesday last, discharged, upon en- ef ering into security to keep the peace for seven years. cl The camp at Turtulla, near Thurles, has been truck, it is supposed, for tne purpose of concentrating roops at. C'lonuiel or Nenagb during the trials. To give you an idea of the value of Irish railways, at he last half yearly meeting of the Dublin and Drog>eda Railway Company, it appeared that the reoeipts S if the company are barely sufficient to pay five per ^ sent per annum on the capital; and that, although a jortion of the expenses are charged to the account of spitBl. the amount left produced only 10s. per cent, pi in the half year. tl Sam Oray, of Orange notoriety, died at Ballebay on .he 2nd inst. His funeral was attended by a large " lumber of Orangemen. t) The police force In Ireland Is to he supplied with ten j fitces of artilli rv. Held pieces will be appropriated to he lorce in every ccuntv. a Another murder has been attempted in Tipperary. tl .Tii the :>otb inht.t'apt. Scully, a relative of Mr. Scully, tl VI P for that county, and uncle of the late Mr Scully o sfco was murdered some years ago near Cashel. to- p (ether with his son, was fired at. He escaped badly b sounded. si On Saturday last.. Sir C. Napier returned with the n fleet uudsr bis command, to Cove. They had been for si tonic days ciuising in the neighborhood of Cape niear. *< ATTENTION. a Our Paris Correspondence.. e Paris, Sept. 2, 1848. r Mediation I'trdirt of the Jury?Franklin in Paris. ' Gcn.|Mecegaldo, Commander of the National Guards c of \ enioe.Knvoy in Paris, hasjustleft the city, for Lon- r don. During bis residence here, he has had repeated 8 Interviews with Lord Norraanby and Gen. Cavaignac, r assuring them of the resolution of the Venetians to t resist to the utmost; he has made known the gravity J of the dangers which now threaten them. General ( Cavaignao replied to him," that France had offered its f mediation to Austria, upon the basis of the freedom of the Italian States, and that he hoped this mediation . would not be rejected?in case it was. then would come | t war; that it was not he alone would resolve upon war, i ! but that it would be declared by a decree of the Na- , tional Assembly; that he might write to his co-pa- | 1 triots to hold out to the utmost, and give his word the j greatest publicity.'' Afttr this bold and frank response, j ' and a suitable expression of g atitude to Franoe, the I i Envoy posted Immediately for London. The Frenoh | 1 ?ress, of to-day, confirm this important and, if | 1 rue. decisive fact, in the great political Euro- j 1 pean drama. The French press, of to day, say that the ! 1 Austrian minister hu given assurance that, if a treaty j is not made with Charles Albert, the mediation will be accepted ; but this needs confirmation. A day or j two since, I passed through the Barriere Franklin, to 1 isit the magnificent foundation laid by Napoleon for | the palace of the King of Rome, and also the summer | residence of the philosopher and American statesman for whom the barrier is named. Franklin used to reside in Passy daring the summer months, situated upon the north side or the Seine, and overlooking, in its southern aspect, that beautifhl and meandering river. The grand gate and passage of the barrier, bearing bis name, is ^at the southern extremity of Paris, and upon the bank of the riser, in the dtreot route fiom Paris to Patsy, up and down the north bank of the riser. The French so muoh honored the name, that they gave this grand passage way the name of Franklin ; and, next to Washington, I think hie name Is more generally esteemed in France than that of any other of their distinguished ootemporarles. More eminent as a philosopher than a statesman even, his drab coat did not diminish the lustre of his name, nor lessen the dignity of his diplomatic character, even in Paris ; ner did the/rey frock coat of Napoleon, which will lire as long as the earth bears his monuments and his statues. That they did not, is a striking evidence of their greatness : for no nation peroeless the ?fleet, and feels the force or suoh peculiarities, like the Frtaoh ; and only remarkable men can be indifferent te them in Paris, with entire impunilv. But in a Napoleon, Washington, or Franklin, the French overlook every thing but the man ; they see his odditis* n u \at f f n th?a mamnrv nf \annl?nn klmanlf In his grey frock coat and cooked bat I see. by a verdict ot the jury, that tho captain Is not only exonerated from all blame, in the case of the 1 Ocean Monarch, bnt that he is adjudged to have well 1 performed his duty ; and tho first mate Is eulogized for his noble bearing. Mow gratified I am to record the fart, after the Injurious Imputations of the Kngllsh journals upon the former. 1 he two steamers (both Kngllsh. I believe,) who did not go to tho assistance I of the 0"ean Monarch, are censured ; as the jury de dare that thee might hare been useful, and were wanting in their duty. I have no further a national letting upon this subject than to render justice to men of both nations, and let the censure fall whers It 1 helongs All Americans are Interested In the protection of their countrymen from unjust imputations? In a rase like that of the Ocean Monarch, especially. It a ili > (ihitul tu see with hew much promptitude dolie;'one have been made for the sufferers, Tc-daythr A'a'ienuefbas a ;aln spoken semi officially of the mediaib n The answer of Austria haa been formally reed, i d?that at present she Is engaged with I'le-lmni.t. In negotiating n treaty. The Nmti?nn*l ajf, "that this U prrtenoe-that their Information IRK >AY, SEPTEMBER 2 front Turin, and the acceptance uf the mediation Chnrtea Albert, Ik an anawer to thU That i.harlea , bert baa not authority. If he were dlepeeed, to treat Lombardy and V enice; and that be la not Jicpoted treat far them or far Piedmont even, but la makl every poaalbla preparation for war at the terminati of tbe 46 days Tb?t the energetic remonstrance France has been felt in effecting the armistice I tween Prussia and Denmark at Krankfort, and th< is jot a strong bop# that Austria will not turn a d< ear That Austria bas no right to the Italian Stat and that tbe time has come when it is nacnsss I bat they should be free." The oriiia approach-? Its i lutio*. OBSKRVK.U Pa bis, Sept. 3, 1848 Speech ?f General Cavaifnac ? Vote of the Auemll) The Canititvtionnel. Another remarkable speech, short, terse, and pointi nae, yesterday, delivered in tbe Assembly, which si lied the question in favor of the maintenance of t lege durlnf?the discussion of the Constitution, a the suppresslonjof the journals during the time the ( rernment may judge It to be necessary, by a vote of 2 to 140 I and this after all the drilling of the press, a igitatlon in and out of the Assembly. Ledru ltoll ed off in favor of u raising" tbe alege, and giving fi icope to tbe press during the discussion. As I ha lad occasion to remark, be is a man of daring and aleot, a man of power. But Thiers, Jules Kavre, ai -edru Kollin, have each tried their hand with lie Jsvalgnac before the Assembly. His success has bei ciuaia?Uit, 1U uiuniug lUfMl uuwu WKTB Ulin, una he pressure and force of his reasoning. One reasr s. that they have been each time in the wrong T.< loeitione of Gen. Cayaignao were, that Franoe is; in exceptional state; the Assembly has deoiaroj tateof siege; they are ftee to recall it, or to disou mdrr It: It Is their own aot over which thi lave control at any moment?and it is not a ca then a monarch or his government have imposed ipon the Assembly?that the government ratiiies tl Vssembly; that it believes the rroall of the state lege would be perilous to France, to the Assembl ind oven to the constitution itself. That at tfa loint it rests, leaving the Assembly to assume tl esponribility of deciding?that while it may reti lefore a defeat, under certain circumstances, it w tot desert; and desires the Assembly to judge irr pective of its wishes, for a continuance of ihe presei xecutlvs in offlce ; that the government will respot ipon all subjects to the Assembly, and holds its pow t its will, lint to those who do not desire the R ublie, it responds by the existing state of affairs?th. t suppr Ases no journals, exoept after mature conride tion. and then only such as attack the republics rinclple in the existence of society?that a certa orticn of the press was an engine of civil war ; an n the exceptional state of the oountry, its e tence was incompatible with the establishment be republic or order and quiet in France? tin t was only the harm of tho press whioh was it onsistent with the existence of a governmei nd sooiety that was restrained ; it nas a ct of necessity whioh political men could undei land; that no attacks upon ministers had been, c ould be, noticed, that they held their persons ohea| nd their lives ready to be sacrificed in oppsiDgthon ho opposed the republio This is but an imperfec pnopsts of a speech which called out '-bravos" from tb stional assembly, created an immense sensation, an srrled it by the strong majority before named. The ir lieutrui i ijhn exmuueu rxiruoruiiinrj powe oth in the assembly And out of It; and strong am ha* fen hip measure!", they are executed with ho muc gulsriiy. firmness, and prudence, and hi< whole 01 ter Is diotated by so strong a sentiment of duty. d< otion to the republio. and undaunted physical an loral courage, that he Is gaining strength "every da i (""ranee and in Kurope. Nearly evory power in Kt ope has already manifested its respect for General C ud this gives him strength at home, for the h'renc el more vainly the position of thuir foreign relation oan of their domestic; their national pride is muc Ironger thau any other sentiment of their heart' nd no man ran act as the head of the French na on who does not cause it to be highly respeoted an steneu to. In Kurope I think it is now settled that the Inaurgentu will b :anspeittd only to Algeria, which will be exceeding! ratifying to them and tbeir friends 'Chose men ai ut the instruments, stimulated by suoh men as Lou Hanc, ( aussldiere, a.v.. Kin Jllowtd their leed and they ought toT>e lreaTe<TW? 11 ua I-,.,, .mm, nature of ti?e case will admi he Constttufionrel aeems to be hapf>y, and rery goo( nee It deduces that, within the principleR laid dor y Otnirnl t'avaignnc. they are in no danger of bein iispeiided ; and that, although the (itinera! did nc dip tbem. he Rtated a principle which exclude i?em, as they hnd. In good faith. accepted th public Som.iof the members of the Clnj> Poltloi ncieti t legitimists felt pretty keenly some parts of th eneral's speech, which they have been tdnco attempt ig to agitate in the olub. and to which they avrv leir Intention yet to reply. To- day. General ("avuif ?c has reviewed 80.000 troops in the Champ d ars, accompanied by the Minister of War, Com ander of the National Guard, and a large staff an cort. These reviews are magnificent, and wort }ming to France to witness. rixu, Sept. 4. 1848. The Great Fete at St, Germain. Yesterday, the annual lite tic Logc>. wag held i t. Germain, in & beautiful fore&t of 8.000 acres; aboi bo miles from the chateau aud village of that nam ; is fifteen miles from Tarls; and steam and atmo heric pressure, eaoh in its turn, forces along tl am or oars, loaaeu aowa wnu r?noi?u? ?uu u?uoi > w.tness this time honored festivity, which las Dree days and nights for they dance all nigh 'he atmovpherio rain ia a novelty, and, t iost, a great ouriority, the immense pipe. inot Dan two feet in diameter, lying in between tt racks; and then the cars moving so rapidly, witl at even smoke, to Indicate that there is a movie ower; they appear to be moved by inspiration, and t >e possessed of real life. We ought to try a piece i och road in the l aited States, if it were only tor th lOvelty ef the thing; and then, again, it Is more plei ant. for there is no smoke, cinders, &c , to annoy tt enses; passengers would always pay higher I void such inconveniences. The chateau stone pon very elevated ground ; and npon the tn limit of the lorest is a mngnifioent terrao learlv two miles long, and some fifteen to tweul set high, in front of this are descending grounc inder the highest state of cultivation, and principail overt d with vineyards, for some one or two huodre ods in front; and then beyond this is a beautifi reen plat of ground, and then the gentle meander!i iver Seine, that seems to immerse ttseif. by its num ons windings among the cultivated and rich countr hrough which it passes so quietly along. I think tl listance from Tarts to Havre must be nearly double I he river, it is so winding. From this terrace, the hlg r parts of Tartu are seen ; and the prospect is beaul ul and extensive?which is a strong point In so iei l country as France. From this terra :e. a grand hig ray and promenade extends into the forest, to tl >oint where the people congregate. On approach!n he tri-colored flags, waving from the tops of the ten to., are first seen, and after that, the traveller com ipon the scene itself, which is made up of all tl 'ilium things.'' which the French are capable of (loir to amuse, divert, and gain centimes, sous, and franc Due of the leading features, is their numerous cooki establishments?for roasting, boiling baking, so. & Kor the lovers of plc-nlos, it would be worin a vli to France, to learn haw to serve np a table set in t forest. Kvery article is here cooksd and prepared, fre upon the spot, and in quantities to feed armies. Tho tends and tbeusands are served in this way. Met pastry, everything, is fresh and warm as it is plae upon the table : and all so neatly and beautifully pi pared, and the tables so elegantly set, and tasteful arranged, it is worth while to pay for a dinner, for t mere pleasure of seeing bow delightfully it is servr There is a village of tente, booths, Stc . fcc , all erect as if by maglo. and also in floe taste ; one finds hi self in a forest, to be sure, but in a village of gypsl or moving spirits, at least. Roads leading to this poi are made on every side, if a oirole has sides, and th< forest paths are alive with men, women and childrt riding and walking to the flit. There is. too. t ari-tccraoy, sitting about in their chairs, in knots, I which they pay two sous each. Then titers are, ti the ball rooms, composed of a floor, and a oanvi roof, with the walls hung in festoons, or rather ma of lestoons, all surmounted by numerous waving t colored flags. Over each door were the terrible won ' F.ntut cinq soul;" and forties have paid 1 that privilege, as well as cavaliers Then, aga Cinq sous ;>eur Hants,' reminded a poor d with but five sous in his pocket, of the rl he ran. In a three days'temptation. in all the fes vitiesof the French their national flags are used, ai make every Interesting part of their deeeratlor There were some hundreds upon this occasion, ma of which were formed Into different taaterm ana orn mental figure*. I think the effect very fine, and th the (tar* and atrlpea of our country could be uaed wi (rod effect upon auch oooaatona. The Krenoh ?eem love their flag aa they do themaelrea. Children a arcuatomtd to look upon it a* the proudeat emblem their national glory, from thair Infanoy; and in tl waving flag to t>* reminded hourly of the glory I'ranee Ktery part of thla immenae foreat la trimme and all the underbruah carefully collected and ca rled away for fuel There la no more diltloulty riding on horaebaek or in walking through thia f?r?i than in the open field. Among the ourloaitiea whii I raw wa* an Immenae ring formed of men ai women, upon the green grace, and a girl of abo twenty year* old. looking aim-colored and hardy, e Kneed la the game of ' lofty tumbling" Shew dreaeed In ahort clothe*, and aha would go end na and acroaa the diameter of the oord. with a good d? of agility, and with a good ahare of approbation, hare not aeen thla feat performed before at any think it la unuaal even In Kranee, and not thereto worthy of imitation OBSKRVKK rati*, Sept. 5,1818 Mttiorckitft r'n tlit affltewtly ?I after f lamartine Teaterday, the men of monarchical tendeneiea the Afa -mbly Interrogated tten Cavaignao, to knot Lc meant them In hla allualona to a party, or body rot n, who were oppored to the republio; and the Ow laltiftNttilkii Htaalakwat tkat amy one abo H E R A 6, 1848. by suppose tbnt be referred to * member of for gii if he did, he should have saia ho U"ldly, and hare ut ad at once in pursuit of them, as wo'iij hare been hit ed ng duty; hut he paid, there journal* which he i au on named from reool'ection, who said tiicy woull she t n? ?' their iaet drop of blond to establish a monarchy; and de re he could Mtture the gentlemen, that then the gorern ?f ment were in paaeeaion of information which ahow hi that there were Any people in kranoe laboring to io- orerthrow the republic (Then the left applauded )? Aftsr a rigorous debate, the Assembly rote J 580 to du 154, to proceed toenaot the prine:p il laws i.waneJi- P> I? ately after tbo adoption of the constitution. Id tUla Fri] i rote, the presidential question was ranch iorolred ? th ,j, The monarchists. in the Aeaembly, (bo charged with ' th being) desired a dissolution. uaderthe pretence that I 9'- ' tbeir work wax limited to making a conatitution, iwt of he really to eleot a new Assembly, composed of a m; uj majority of theii' friende, whijh. under the erd i be audi nceut influences of the red repubilo, might re E?" very naturally hare come to past , they desired to bti >21* poet pone the presidential election tilt after that of the f all n|j new assembly ; for be idea the influence of auoh a pe change of (hingaiipon the public inind, there would . br "n actually then he a majority to select a candidate to ] "?ri ee suit them, from one of the Are highest candidates , | th I ( > ? J ?" UI'OU.U.J | thus constituted to prevent any choice by the people. ! pw ?* Besides, there is no surety, fo* the future for the re- ore id publio. with a body of n>.-n of such sentiments con- ' ?. xtituting a majority in the assembly, with no president . ' chosen under the Constitution. I think the lb*, per- i ?>< m haps, fairly represent the monarchical tendenoy in | u er the Chamber, which is. probably, numerically stronger an<! >n than the red republ'c. All the red republic vited to 1 poo continue the present assembly, and uutke the laws ; uni ,n and there is no doubt but thni this is the true view, j fum * and that the attempt to dissolve the assembly, and j cut 81 agitate France by a new election, and to risk so much, I 'y was factious- faotious in the extreme, and having at um fje the bottom a purpose to overthrow the republic itself, j it v " on the part of the leading men engaged in the move- { of i ment. Tho government opposed the measure, and, nor of after great preparation and labor, it has been em- the T< piratically voted down, and killed Thus, yester- letl ,! d?y> the monarchists helped the government vote | tha 16 down the red republic aud the anarchist press (for btc r* most of the journals suspended are of the socialist wo school), and to-day the red repnbile aids to vote down ral e" the monarchists, in their attempts, in a different form, vei B* to overthrow the republlo Thus one extreme is oon- the tlnually, and almost alternately, used to vote down tbi er the other; and each In its turn in the support of, and low * in opposition to, the government cat *' The recent letter of M. Lamartine is worthy of pub- his r" lie attention. A few months ago. he filled the world tbi |n with his glory, and now is compelled, as a private clti- sup ~ Mil, 10 ueiCDU IIJUIK'H HgaiUM IDC mw[ CU1UUIDIOU8 JIOS attacks. and, to that effect, to exposo to the ircrld hi* bin: K private affair*, and to state his debts, aod hls mode of effc ?' paying them, to relievo himself frotn the false iuiputa- clei tion of having used the public money for that purpose ci u *" 1 do think that some parts of the celebrated report, of 1 >' in its Insinuations against Lamartine ?its reports of are " the pretended accusations of I.edru Rollin's wife, kc., wee ko and other men prominent in establishing tbe tbe 'r republic, have never been equalled, in a like grave evit 'i proceeding in any party rancor In thn i nited States. moi 0 With the Test amount of information that it was upr '' proper to bavo placed before the public, there is unt 10 a mixture that indicates that the authors can never Par d forgive those who established the republic, and. fort ls at tbe name time, overthrew the monarchy and no r- its new ministry. M Odilon tiairot had been tlce 10 struggling for twenty years to obtain the post of miuis- ann ter-he won it ; but to enjoy it from only l'J till four spp ' o'clock, the same day. Shorter even than the whigs hut f* enjoyed power, under (den Harrison, for they had It trui ? one month l.amartine says that from the sale of his it tt y (ilrondins, he received -10(1.00(1 francs ?from his mor ' jatiimony, 660 000 francs, with which he paid his prol i debtf?that he had contracted for other literary mcr > works, from which he was to realise 6.1<> 000 iranes 1st. i a more; buttbatin the misfortunes of the revolution del ^ tbe publishers were not ab e to proceed with their con log 'i tract, and hn hsd released them and refunded their It w ' advancea?that so much, at least, the man of literature lani ^ sacrificed to the statesman and the republic ?instead fron of unlawfully profiting by it Thiers's jealousy of I.a- msj 0 marline, and his hostility to him. in consequence, has tali y done much to iujure and overthrow bini. The C'oniti- L !c (iilii.rnet is lull of bitterness towards him aud all h\s to I * measures: and Lemartlne. possessing a ciuuh more Itep " Wfllie MTffUVtMrri vvmwmiuinu muf inuct trimi rnuirn. i wa? f- descendant* Of Napoleon, and the memorr of Napoleon tri>r himself OBSERVER. will g Park, Sept 0,1848. J Wir, or Peace t Ti al't the Question?Kmile Je Genii com 9 din?State of Siege?Pullic Opinion, " t, France is rtill balancing between war and peace,? ! * uncertain what a day may bring forth?but waiting win ^ with remarkable patience, for Frenchmen, owing to the indomitable firmness of the President. Peace, if prac* tlcable, he will make ; and he has ourbed the restless . -j j spirits at home to that extent, that they now acquiesce t,j h with better grace than a few daya since, forthey now I (ht, understand that all attempt* to move Qeneral Cavalg- | jnt( : na out of the path he has marked out for himself is / aQ(] | to waste their labor, and that the Assembly will sustain . ^ it him in the measures he has adopted. If Francois j ?jnt it obliged to go to war, this positiou will give her great 1 weight; for all Europe will be satisfied ot her peaceable intentions and that she goes to war only to assist a i s* weaker neighbor to recover ber independence. The . mai ie rumor is, this morning, that Austria and Charles Al- In I g bert are making progress towards a peace, upon the of 1 basis of Italian independence; but I attach but little { gov confidence to this kind of information. I think the | arn t. government has no further information, authentic, i the 0 than the provisional answer of Austria, which I hare | frai already given you. I mu :e Kmile de Uerardin has commenced writing, but. as cou le he says, not to discuss. He has been silent for | to | I- many cays ; but he finds that the government ' day ig has paid no attention to him and that the ale'e o Alterably, have sustained the Government in suppress- { oft )f log the journals, aud now he begins strain to scatter 1 torn e the teeds of civil w r I regard him as eminently in- ; and i- geniousfor mischief?1 doubt his capacity to contribute ; tim le union 10 me puouc wen uung, h* uik iniriu mi seem pm 0 to lie la an opposite direction. from his number of j are la yesterday, be is in a fair way, I think, to fio<l himself cap t- so,on agaiD in the bauds of the Government. General ' abli e, Cavaiguac remarked to the Assembly, that the civil 1 buy y war was caused "almoat exclusively,"' by the fa 'tioua i per Is jouinals-and this ia my view otBu.e ca.-e. They have . tak ly abowu a talent for creating strife, if you please, for ma id mischief, that Is perhaps unequalled; and to let all i the ll those incendiaries loose upon such a society as Paris. ' sell ig it would require more than 80.000, the present force In I sto a- Paris, to preserve order The more one sees of the tioi y, Kieuch, the more he sees their striking characteristics, j leri le I have said that they appear, in matters of government. | the >y like so many children ? they want the experience and > am h- forethought of men of mature age. They are specula- | wil ti- tiTe?visionary?theoretical?impatioutfull of notions stri 'el and crude ideas?and as changeable as the wind itself. I old h- They am proud-sensitive ? egotistical - and excessive- I tlm he ly jealous of their liberties, rights, and honor, before I the igi the Insurrection, all were crying, at the top of their i real ts, voices, that kranco was not governed, and had not way es been since the revolution; and that was true Hut I hoi he they were excessively dissatisfied with that state of I mu ig. things. Since General Cavaignao has been at the head . froi ss. of affairs, they say the government is dictatorial, I will ng and terribly severe, more than under any former ; 1 .0. dynasty, and they are exceedingly restiveunder the | hib lit quiet and Arm regime of Gen. t.avaignac; and yet of he ihete is not a man that pretends that Gen. Cavaignao j dec sh has done one wrong act?he has used the restraint ne> i Is p u- cessary to control the mischievous, and mads men j tioi it. conscious that there was a power capable of restrain ' on< ed ing them; but many arc at a fever heat at the present i In re- state of dictation, as they call it; and if the constltu Th Uy tlon is vetoed, during the state of siege, it will be sought onl he to be overthrown, hereafter, for that cause. There is 1 bee >d. a project now before the Assembly to regulate the fu- gra ed ture by law. and to create a legal manner of suppress- tha m- Ing journal* through the intervention ofajury. Of am ss, course, the suppression of a journal, or the arrest and lor nt imprisonment of a man. can only be justified upon the setl >ae ground of absolute necessity for the preservation of j oak m, society-upon the laws of self-defence, as s man may , ver he d< fend himself individually when assailed, and his life still for and liberty put at haxard. All would be justified In O ?o, securing a man wboahould undertake to open the doors . Ian im and let out a caravan of furious wild beasts upon the the de auditory and public, and It is upon that ground, la heli 'I- the present exceptional state of Paris, that Oen. Ca- wit is, vaignao puts Into the cage these msnlecs and Imps of Tbl for an evil spirit that ar? again attempting to deluge bee In. Pari, In blood No one who has not resided out of the ent 1 T'niled States, can appreciate the absence of sba h the power of public opinion, founded upon a id ti- moral restraint, and the importanoe of It. such as spr id exists to the l otted States. A girl rolls end over end, Au is for an bour together, in the dress of her own sex, no n* -nniinff ifnvn to her knees when she stands, and falling 1 I about her bead when her feat are lu the air, In the I wei *t presence of an Immense ring of males and females: th I and ihen she goes round to get hsr sons, here and to there, as a compensation for her exploits; and no one ftH t* cries sham*?no one thinks of It They look upon of tbe mat'er as they would the danelng of a monkey, " he end with tbe same sensations. So In dancing upon of the stage of the theatres. Some of the dancers will " d, run to the front of tbe stage, and throw their apparel, Th by a twirl, as high as their waists. Our people will a bear a pretty good twirl; but seen In your city they j, >t. etc hardly prepared for one quite so high. This Is one 'h slew only to Illustrate the point that there is an en- j >d tire absence of suoh a kind of public opinion as pro- { . nt duoes restraint As to matters of taste, elegance, (| u* manners, ho , there Is a eery powerful public opinion, ? ahteh crushes three who do not conform to It, and a H* ridicule that Is excessively severe But this latter . d< ea not lay a foundation for a republic, nor (or self- . ' government; for this a publio opinion Is requisite, ' based upon a just moral senre; and time Is required **! b r a nation to recover fiom the moral disease* which *,, * monarchies engender. OBSKRVKR. B|| Pasis, Sept. 7, 18-18. f.rn CWsi'gnoc'e SprrcA? The Net Conititulion?U nei la O. Ha.-rot- Qtn. fsnrn'rior oppointtA Co'nmoriJe v If of Hit Ihilian Jltmy X-out? No put ton ttonaparte. n> ol Vestrrday was a great day for Lamartine; he made sta oe on of thoae extraordinary efforts before the Asssin 14 My, which no man la Franc* can Imitate, and wh;oh , L D. TWO CENTS. rra him an airvnJancy orer even the rain>!-< >f biJ v< rfarien The men of the nH iljru&'tto had attackthe preamble of thn constitution, an<l prepare J It betitute therefor, ''in oreeenceof O. J, and In th-r line of the Kn nch j-eople, the ,V*ti?nal AMetnblr free,'' ate. Stc In the midst ot bis address, be said n mcalomniu i-ttte Ytfolvtian" and airsln in d'"'nlin,; mself aaainst the charge of favoring socialism b * id :?' Oui,j'odor* la pi opiitle (Prolonged agitation.< le rtpilt, j'adoi e U pmpr,cti, nan comma mobile, mme rtiervoir ile lovlae /outdances. i,omme talaire , travail, comme accritibilile i la .acitti; mail comma incipe iirln, comma nef loi da l)iau, inrnma typa nitituHf da la nature humaina " I lore to quote me of those pa-eagee in the original, a* they fell from c lip* of thie inspired orator; bocause they lose eir hi aiity and force In any trun-Utinn which can give them. All effort* to destroy the elfsct thl* man'* speech upon the Assembly, were *de in vain. Cp to that moment there had en an Increasing prospect, that tho preamble ported by the Commission would be stricken out, it the rote shows '12b to lV>f, for the amendment: and others offered shared the suine fate; though, it spars to me, that M. Boussl proposed one which emneed the same ideas, and in a form much more neat, I'cise. and clear, and there was threat agitation wh*n n President pronounced it lost. I quote it ' In presence of Ood. and In the name of the Kreaoir pie, the National Assembly proclaim and deFirst?France is oon?titnted into a republic.) Second?The French lepohlio is democratic, on* i tpdlrisible. Third?It bu rt>r its dogma, f.iberty Equality, t Entornlty; for iis base, the sovereignty of the pie, for Its object, the well being, morality, ant on cf the citiaens. the protection of pornona, illy, labor, and property: for it* means, edition. ji'etlce, order, and the force of law." have rrad none ee neat and conrise as this ; and, ler favorable circumstances. my iinprension is that rould barn displaced the existing preamble. Soma the press of yesterday, announce, as a new and rel idea, that M Thiers was to ho a candidate for i Presidency I think, that If they had read my ers, they would hare discovered that fact more in three months age bis every movement has >n dircoted to that end. and at this time ha uld have a most formidable party, but for tieneCavalgnao; and as it is, he will have, with a y little more separation of the Club I'oltlen, from ' administration. The I'rrti? of to-day. announce* it Mr. O. Barrot. ua chief of aboat twenty-five folders of the aneient left," is to take the first oclion to announce to the nnsembly. and to Kranoe, formal adhesion to the republic. Obj would nk it was time. Whether this position is to give port to tLe administration, or to put himself in a itioa to throw off the suspicion now resting upon i. aud thereby to figbt the administration the more ctively, time only can determine, (ten. I.amori e is said to have brought this about. The new Unit tie Of onnuirv unon the acts anil nnnnavlnna Ihe monarchists with the insurrections of Jau, raid to be In a condition to make their report next k; that they have met with no difficulty in finding most ample materials, and the most abundant lence. to enow a very active eo-cperatlon of the oarchists in the rebellion. I have remarked before n the extraordinary fart, that a committee should lertake to deny a fact so notorious to every man (a is at the time; it robs the report of most of the :e which would otherwise attach to it, because one feels any security in the truth and jus' of the examinations. The Prrese of yesterday icunced that General I.amorociere had been olntrd Commander in-Chief of the Italian army ; I do not Fee it confirmed to-day, and 1 doubt the th of it. Measures are not ripe for that yet, if ever ikes place. Between Generals Cavaignac and Laociere there is great intimacy, of course ; and >ably the latter might be more agreeable to the forthan General Bugeaud. who is a decided monarchind less popular in k ranee than the captor of kbit adir ; but the hour has not yet arrived for orderan army MUM the mountains, but it looks as if as rapidly approaching The tory press in Kng1 is exerting all its Intluence to prevent Austria i accepting the mediation, and what inlluenoe that r have upon the Austrian councils is yet unierouis Napoleon Bonaparte has just writtau a letter 'arls, announcing that be will accept the office of iresentative Since he has given evidence that it witHruit h*? mnv ? v.s **<? ??r ue In procuring his former election. I presume he be elected in some of the departments; but pers he will not. in Paris. iiis mortal enemies, the Kxecutlre, belDg feels in luc-d to e to Paris. I hope Gen. i uvaignan sill treat him . It is expected that the constitution will he adoptu the month of October?that then the Assembly take a short recess, and return an i sit out the t?r,to enact the laws. OU.HKItVKR. Paris, Sept. T, HIT. The Bonne ami Money Market. he operations of the settlement f?r August, affectas have been the (juotations during the month, by eventualities of a pacific mediation, or an arined TTcntion in Italy, have occasioned much activity animation at the Bourse during the past week. I informed you iu my last despatch, the rise conled until Tuesday, but from that day until the end le month a fall declared itself and was conti nued unaturdayat the settlement, when a decided advance aife-ted itself. The slow progress of the mediation taly, the hesitation of Austria, the insignificance ,he results as yet obtained, the tear that the Krench eminent would find itself compelled to interfere by is In the peninsula war; were the principal, but, not only reasons for the fall, which amounted to three ncs in the five-, and two franes on the threes. It ut In nfif t h? ftttrihiituil tn thu iHmlnnH/v? *\f uts on stock ; to the measured taken by the brokers loetpone the eettlement of the differences of Mon week ; to the final settlement for the month, and that eettlement it"elf which coming on the heels i long continuation of rise, would of necessity, lead ales to realize profit* Krom the state of the funde, I the differences in prioe, which hare for some i? existed between the cash price and the ? for the settling it is evident that there two opposing foices at the Bourse?those of ital and speculation. The capitalists, sure of being : to wait the course of events, do not hesitate to -, because, at present prices, stock yields nearly S cent.; the speculators, on the contrary, obliged to e advantego of the circumstances of the moment, ke a bold | ush for a full endeavor to proUt by chances of the Italian <{Uestion, reserving to therare?, on the first favorable news, the re-purchase of ck sold, with all the promptitude that marks operaus for time. Wo may venture to predict, that uni some very unforeseen circumstances should occurcapitalists will oompel the speculators to suocumb, 1 that ultimately an amnlloration of public credit 1 ensue from this uue<iual and, certainly, temporary Liggle. The price of the loan approaches that of the tire's ; but a ithout actually reaching It. At this e the discounts on stock, and the state of credit in market, prevent speculators srom bunging to their 1 relative value the old fives and the loan. Rallis hare been pretty firm during the week ; but the ilrrs are somewhat alarmed, and the public not ch disposed to invest in this description of security, n a conviction that sooner or later the government i take them all into their own hands. 'he last weekly balance sheet of the Bank exits much improvement. There Is an increase nuarl w tan millinna nf hiilllnn anH a >?en/4ukJ reuse of the amount of protested bills. It tated that the direction has come to the determinaq of partially resuming cash payments, by paying s hall of the sums receivable at the bank in oash. other respects, there is little worthy of observation, re is no revival of trade of uny moment as yet, tha y sales of any extent that have been made having n some silks from Lyons and St. Ktienne. under n nt of bounties by the government, to encourage t branch of trade. Money Is still extremely scarce 1 although confidence may be said to be in some t restored, yet the conviotlun that all Is not yet :led, i nd the apprehension of some new aud forlabia outbreak. Justified by the attitude of the gonment, and the continuation of the state of .siege, I paralyze all business. in Wednesday, the speech of the Hueen of Kngd, on proroguing tha Parliament, was published at Bourse; and Its pacific tendency, and the hopes d out In it of a settlement of the Itaiisu question bout war, produced a very favorable impression, is was further increased by a report that offers had n received from Kngland. iroin some highly lnfluial houses, of a loau to France, and to take all the ires of the Lyons Railway that should be abandonby the shareholders. News was at the same time ead that there had been an official acceptance by stria of the Anglo-Franco mediation; but this was t very generally believed. The following la the state or ;tte market ror tae sk:? 3 Per Ctl. & I'cr Ctt. bPcrCti, Treutury H i nk old. loiiii. Honda. Stum. I. !....??? 71 75 71 ft) 22* disc. I?4i) 2...S4 - 73 ? 72 25 22 C itfrtO ?. . 73 ? 72 75 22 " 5...44 IS 72 50 72 25 ? ltUd 6.. .41 25 73 ? 72 25 HtK " 15 Ml 7. . 44? 7U 25 h 25 12', " 1 (fit e Kxgllali view of 4 lie Territorial Aggran* Izement of the United State*. Vancouver'* tlaad. (Krom the I.ondon Time*. Sept 8.1 he policy pursued by the government of the L'alState* with regard to the territorial aggrandisement arilcolarly deserving of attentloa. Prussia. in her il straggle*through the middle of the last century, i not more desperately bent upon consolidation ia l argement than is America at present ; and a state ich still retains in its original possessions sufficient occupied land to maintain double the amount of ita lUlatton U impressing into Ita aervlc* all the expenti of annexation. oomiuestand purchase, with a* ch dettrmination and energy as If it Were actually ping in those extremities of political sxiste nee which hesitated the sel sure of SUeala. and almost palliated > tint partition of Poland. This policy may be, peron. to some extent, the manifestation of that high tional purpose occasionally proclaimed by American tesmen, of reducing the uttermost part* of the con ent under their rule upon the faith and sanction ot Iptural donaton* ; or it may bo limply the nature* reK'pmcnt of ambition aud botlTlty, in a thriving,

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