Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 1, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 1, 1848 Page 1
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vr h 0mmvvum.< NO. 5233. Our Dublin Corrtipondonef. Dunua, Sept. 15, 1848. The fnmrrecttonary Movementt?Preparation* for the State Trtalt?Trxtnmal Parliament, frc. I have not the same report to make with regard iVim gg I h?ri in mv List l?>lter. For srme days, there have been symptoms of a ftesh outbreak m the neigliborhoed of the late msurrec. lion; the laborers quitted their employment, and afl business was at a stand still. On Friday last, in consequence of a re|K>it being abroad that another attack was meditated, the military were under arms all night; h< wever, all remained quiet till Monday evening, when a camp was discovered in *he hills of Slievenamon, and that beacon fires were blazing everywhere; whilst at Waterford, the battlements were removed from one of the bridges, previous to destroying the bridge, for the purpose of impeding the progress of the troops. Some skirmishing has taken place al*o, at the latter j.iaee, Jjetweeu the insurgents and police, loss on both aides. Curitigbmore Castle, thy ?eat of the Marquis of "Wnterfoid, which is defended by twenty men and three ewivel guns, day and night, was attaoked, and it is Stated tL;it the guns hare been raptured. Whilst, at Carrick-(>n-Suir, a generul rising of the peasantry all round the country took plaoe; and on the evening of the 12th, a large party marched to the attack of the constabulary barracks at Uleubower about eight miles from Cloninel. The police were packing their luggage, and prepiiiing to seek refuge iu Car rick, when the insurgents tired on them; the police retreated to the fc&rrackti. which they fortified l'h? leader, a respectv/>. tnun ??u, nn tn n ..d in bis hand to fraternize with tUo police, (in the same way a* Smith O'Brien did ) l'h? police kept him in conversation till another party of police, who were on their way to Cariick, arrived When tn? insurgents paw them, they immediately 1-ft tbe barrack, and went up and demanded their arum; whereupon, the constable of thf party, to gain time, read theui a lecture, and then mucin for the barrack.-. The ottaer party pursued, 'When a desperate tight took place, those Inside the t>arrack6 having joined their comrades They all then xetreated to the barracks. Souie military aud police subsequently arrived, and drove off the assailants.? Four or lite ot the leaders in this attack wore the uniform of the '82 Club. The police have tied from all the eut stntii'DH. It it stated that the insurgents havo three camps formed, namely, at Newtowu, Curraghmore, aud I'illtown. Dobeuy is said to have taken the command of the Waterfurd division, wliose present rendezvous is at Portland; and the Tijiperary division is under the command of O'Mabony, at SUevenauion. General McDonald has again gone down to take the command of the troops, ana has applied for a reinforcement of artillery and cavalry, wtiioti can well be spared; the armed force at predentin Ireland, at the 'Jispofal (1 the government, heiug 60 000 men. The Coik atd Waterfurd limits were on Tuesday night stopped, tut both, alter a little time, were allowed to prooeed. Nine scouts and sentinels of the insurgents have been captured. The preparations for the special commission at Clonmel are upidly hastening. Tne only persons yet juntucu jin mm 01" mroaip. oiur.u u orifu, mru^ue.". and McMunus, the Cfeaitist leader. Mr. Dully will probably, ul?o, Ue Included Superintendents and others ut the mines, who have been cal.ed on by the crown, btive visited th? parties now in Ktlmainham, snd who v ei o &moui;rt the in-urgunttt for the purpose o( identifies' ion, and have failed (o recognise Mr Meagher. Air. Mc '. anus in said to be the leader who called on the i olice at MulliuaLoue to surrender It la thought l-y route people that Mr. Smith O'Brien was affeoled in his mind when in the South. It in geneTalJy euppoced tiiat Mr. Haipin Secretary to the Oonfederatiou. has "peached.'" und is prvpa-iu^ evidence for the sp< cial commission. Lord .itun Kusreil baa been i-ummoned as witness ?n Siuitl: G'iiiien's trial, to prove a letter written by Ills Lord) hip to Lord Melbourue. wherein he expressed jh desire hr fi.CUO men. (physical foroe.) to force the 2ninittry to carry reloim. , A deputation, consisting of the Marquises of Down . ^hlre at d Wostmeath, in? Karls of hrne and Lanesjboro', tbi Dean of St Patrick, tic , waited on the Lord ?' ^LivUleDi* ut. on Wednesda> . wilt a declaration against the rep' til agitation and expressive of a solemn determination to maintain the union, and signed by 80 000 persons. 1 nclud ng 120 p<ers, 330 deputy lieutenants, and HCO Ui8 girt rates The following declaration is in course of signature, against l! o new movement now going forward for the ^triennial parliament:? "We. t! e unucrslKued, inhabitant* of Irelanl, at.d subjects of the llrHiM ernWD, have oluerwdwith al&im Mid regret the efforts v* Sow m?kr ; tv cii'ltc lreM p.'Jm> al agitation, laiforo wo have Uad time torn ver Irom the tfl'Cts of iliu Utt. ltsultiug as it did in tr>a.?on il l r> bullion Walnut aucmptmg to pronounce an Opinion or the sclien.e foj the ler'odioai aiiuog or me parliament * in lrelm.d v. o alto^othct d'sapprtve of it* being urged for * ard underlie lit circumstances, l<? i?ving that tbe material prcftI?rity of Ireland will l? bi et promoted by a cetnatmn of political eJCiltn.li ; and ?t hereby |..edpe ourselves to dil our?4? the prcteiit l iivic n of tMb oraiiy other pullileal measure, by all zuuano iii 11 ' power." 'J he i) umbeied estate bill has begun to act. The late Air. Martin's. M. P , estate about to change bands, :is stated " be the largest estate in Ireland rtie present po>.. - sor Is to receive X'flO.OOO. after payment of all debts We hate had two or three letters from Lord George Dentine: . Some of the public journals announced his Itrdthip'n Tistt to Irelnud. which his lordship contradicted; atid on the subject of repeal, Lord George says that n penl would be more injurious to Ireland tha n . to England."' On Kr:<< i j last, a deputation waited upon Lord John HusEell, I < 1< te his departure, by appointment, to represent tl e miserable condition of ttie people, the destitution v li'ch the lo?s of the potato crop will necessarily enUiil. and to uige upon his lord<hip the necessity /or extending aid, by loans for the construction of public wort-8 of a reproductive nature and pointing out the a<! vantages to be derived by a ratlway to Galway as calculated to promote the advantages of the empire, r ite especially if a pueftet station were established at Galw&y, and at the same time giving employment to tl.o people His loidship s>at>-J that government wovld be bappy to afford any assistance, but, lintertumti ly. they had not the means. We bi;ve bnd a slight frost for the lact few rights, lb# report* of the grain crops i-till continue satisfactory. Iu the wheat crop, there is, however, a deficiency The oat;; and barley are very good; out I regret to say the potato is irrecoverable; lhe<lm>-ase has again appeared ai d with frightful rapidity in some places. '1 He roiiowing arc me ijuuiihiihn irom our corn exchange <f Ji-sterdnj: ? Irish b*oon, old. 70a to 74s.; new 74< lo 70s. Irish haws uld ft/is to &9.s.; new do. COs to t4?. American bacon. 49* to 64* ; do. hnuis, 36?. to 4;!-.; do in salt. 34*. to 8li.? per owt. fj The eL^ngeinent of Orlsi. Mariuo, and the other ttalanw, teii'iiuatcd on Saturday night last, on which evening ihe opera of 'Somuaiubula" was performed to a verj crowded hou*e Mr (alo.aft has concluded nn eng?M-uirnt with Jenny bind, who in to perform for four nights in the beginniug of October. Onr Pre licit ('orrfujwiiclrnr*. Paris, Sept. 13, 1848. *Affair? on the Continent?The Debute in the Antembtx?Military Appearance of Paris?Thea. tricali ? The Reception bay of Gen. Cavaignar? '11te Suj'jiosed Attempt to Shoot theUieneral, fyc. 1'aris ran contribute but little, tl.ia week, to the interest, or the bulk of your foreign correspondence. You will, however, doubtless be compensated Jo. tins, by the extent ?nd interest of the letttrs v liich I transmit you, received from Italy and Orr.iuny. The events which are in progress in thost countries, ure indued big with importance. I)ui in? tilt; last week, the Assembly has been occupied altogether with the discussion of tb? project of the const tutioii, (r I hould rather say, with thai Article ot it vhiohis K tiowu I eie by the came of th< JHott du Ttaiail, the meaning of >\h ch in formal tie claratlon that tveiy cit/en male and female, la en' titled to Uemand en ployu.eiit aad wa ea from th' state. Th s is declared here, i y ai th%more enlight ened portion of the conimunity, to be a monstroui clause, whioh wou.d involve nothitg lea* than the tota destruction if property. It would be a source ofuo bounded Idleness. The ipmato clasaes would live upon the accumulated .am* of the more Industrious until all would be eaten up, and Kranoe would becomc * population of paupers. This debate is likely to b? one of long continuance. It has already occupied nearly a wt< k and there are, at present, not much less than titty names Inscribed, of members of the Assembly, who are expected to h|h aH ou It Y esterday, M. 1 biers made a most brilliant speech whioh Isited two hours, ou tbls subject. and altuough he was so hoarse as to be scarcely audible, the etteol was most triumphant. The party of the Mountain, stun* with the severity of hislnveotire.llteraLly bellowed with rage, but nothing could be more admiral)!* than the maunnr in nhich the orator rebuked the interruption. As you will find his rptech reported lu the English Journals, It is unnecessary forme to give you beta au analysis of it. Tarls continues tranquil, but it in the tranquility of the sword. Tlie liberty of the pt??s I* for the present awspetided, (Jen Cavaiguao. at his arbitrary will, can Instantly suppress, without cause aa?i|(ned, any journal; can teal up Its bureaux, and commit tti? aditor to Vlnoannea; and this without any responsibility, and to be continued during his good will and pleasure. Half a dosen people cannot tu??t together to dtsouss natters of polulos. without being liable to arbitrary arrest. Von tee then that personal freedom, as well as freedom of disonssion, has ceased to rust The only parsons who ate Inviolable, ara members of the As1 aambly. Pan.' is ona vast camp The weather now besoming HO 0*1(1 M to reader It unhealthy far aotdiors ta lire e' ne under odtm. (tone camp* arn being raxed in a(l quarter* Yon would not know the Duo erplanade of the Invalide*. which I* literally coTerwd over with temporary building*, resembling large barn*, which are to tupply the place of camp* for the ioidlar< during the winter. Similar erection* are made on the north bank of the 8elne, near the Buttle, and in a variety of other plaot o, in and around the capital. Within the capital lUeli upward* of 60 000 troop* are and will bu maintained in an attitude no a* to be ready for immediate action, befldeo a* many more In it* immediate piecinot*. Immense rtore* of aomunltion are deposited in the Palace of the Assembly. the Koole Mllitalre. Ujm Invalldes. the Tullerle*. the Calais Koyal, the Motel da Ville, and in short, in all the publln building*. Cannon are also planted in suoh positions a*, without being constantly exposed to view, enable them to be brought to bear at a moment on all important point*. Kach of the pillars of the vestibule of the Chamber conceals a cannon behind it. which ha< only to be removed a couple of feet on one side or the other, to enable it to sweep with grape the Bridge and I'laoe de la Concorde. You see. therefore, we are well prepared for any emergency: and when you remember that with these Immeni-e preparations all the ordinary laws are suspendt J, and that we live under the oontrolof an unlimited dictatorship, you will n< t wonder at the profound tranquility of Paris. The theatres and public plaoeii,at present, present an .......... .(I..,.,, Inl.rukl. All.il. Kilt thaw till sustained by the government eubsidy. whloh Is paid them every fortnight on tbe strict condition of their being kept open They are understood to be, to a great extent, filled with what managers oall'a paper audience, in other words, free admissions. The government subsidy, now allowed, will oe&se next mouth, and. if it be not renewed, we shtll then see how these establishments will get on. The opening of tbe Italian Opera is announced for tbe 3d of next month. Orlsl and Mario, for tbe first time since their celebrity, are not engaged. Lablaobe is the only name of eminenoe among the Don, and Mademoiselle Persiani and Costellan among tbe ladies. Some new artists of both sexes are to be brought from Italy, whose demands on the soore of salary will not be so onerous as thoi>e of tbe former company. It Is, however, doubted, notwithstanding the announcement, whether the theatre will be open at all. Yesterday evening, at eight o'clock, a multitude of carriages filled the approaches of the hotel of tbe President oi the Council. It was the reoeption day of Gen. < avaignac. The crowd was very great, and It was with difficulty one could move about. Lord Normanby, tbe Charge d' Affaires of Sardinia and Spain, M. de Lamartine, the President of tbe Assembly, all the ministers, members of all opinions, many generals, and a great number National Guards, were present. General Cavaignac, in plain clothes, and wearing the cross of the legion of honor, did the honors of the salons with a courtesy full of dignity, without sacrificing perfect amenity. So soon as a lady was announced, the General conducted her to bis mother, and after a few words of politeness returned to bis place beforo the fire, where he conversed for a long time with Lcrd Normanby, Gen. LaMoiroiere and several members of the Assembly. A grand military orchestra, placed in the garden executed during the evening walt/es and mareVs. This was the first time that music was introduced at these receptions, and the ladies appeared to be particularly pleased with the innovation. Among them we saw Lady Normanb), Madsmes de Lamartine, Senard, Warrant, Trouve; Chauvel. &c About 10 o'clock the report of a musket, toward3 tbe garden, caused some agitation. A part of tbe visitors went towards the spot from whence the report proceeded, and another part to the salon in wbioh was Gen i'avagnac. It was soon learned that no accident had happmed. A sentinel bad inadvertantly dropped his musket, and tbe musket, In falling on the ground, had gone off At midnight there was still a considerable number in the salons. Since my last despatch Austria has accepted the mediation of Kngland and Krance, in the question of northern Italy. This aeceptance is accompanied with certain' conditions which have not been made public, but which are understood to be the retention of the nominal, if not the actual sovereignty of the I.ombardo-Venitian provinces bv Austria, granting mem. However. consiiiuuonsi onarier". ioa ia? payment by Sardinia of the expenses of the war. Paris, Sept 14, 1848. Tiic Jinurtr and Monty Market. The coupon of the halt yearly dividend of the Five per Cents was detached on the 7th, and the price, accordingly, wt?s reduced by the amount of the dividend, 2.50. A decrce, which appeared at the latter end of last week, allowing the shareholders of the Lyons railroad a further delay until the 15th, to declare then option ns to the paying up their whole shares, and obtaining a larger amount ot rcvte I y way of bonus, has naturally induced some sales, and tended to lower prices. This decree has had n bad eflect on the market; it was not anticipated; no one had heard it mentioned. It was presented, discussed and voted, without having been put on the order of the day. The capitalists are alaimed at surprises; and this has led them to apprehend others, of a similar hind Besides this, they see in the meaevre a symptom of the penury of the Treasury. The acceptarce of the Anglo-Franco mediation, by Austria, has li#<l a favorable effect on the Bourse, and tended to support prices. The new loan?the coupons of which will be detachcd after the payment of the second instalment, that la the !20th of this month?has been much in demand during the week. The advantage of selling old Kivea. and buying into this stock, is now beginning to be teen. The Threes hare also become the object of numerous I operations, fur a rise entered into, with a view to the I coupon of December. The improvement of this flock is favorable to the I holders of Treasury bont, the discount of which has | been materially diminished within the last ten day*. The pacific nt wh from Austria has uiuch improved ail the Italian funds, and nlso the Belgian. In general securities. pRrtahlr g of a commercial character, there has bet n little, if uuything. done The bunk published H.i balance sheet lor the wiek on Saturday. Its position continues to improve The bullion has again Increased in Turin and tha brivneh banks S>$ millions The protested bills have decreased one million The notes in circulation have diminished six millions. It has paid by anticipation the tweuty-flve millions which it took in the new loan. This amount bis been carried to the credit ot the Treasury, which, notwithstanding this accession, only ttands as a creditor tor IIS>, millions The September dividend on the Kive per < ents will, however, be paid, and under the administration of lh? present Minister of Finance, M. (ioudchaux. the tinuncial position of the country, in the absence ot uny serious outbreak or unforeseen occurrence. Is looked forward to v Ith much confidence. I have little or no change to report an yet in oom 1-, .. C ?? ?f wool to a somewhat considerable amount, by houses in the north of France, hare been made but they are to be receiTed with caution. an<l even it true to the extent averted, by no mean* prove anything like a rtgular return to a healthy state of trade. They are ratber peculation* arising out of the favorable state of the market for puch purchases, than the usual operations ol ordinary commerce. The following is the list of the week's prices:? SPerCtt. 6 IVp CY?. ft Per Cti. Tretimry Riink oM. //inn llondt. Shirm. ?ept. P....4# ? 7160 73 ? 22 <ti?o. 11)60 9...<5 21 7134 73 60 30 ? 106# ' 11.. .46 25 71) 76 73 ? 20 ? 1660 " 12...46 26 70 60 72 75 ? 1660 " 13...<5? 70? 7-' 26 - ' 1646 " 14...46 25 70 60 72 60 il - 1645 Our Stutgaifl t orrmpondrnrr. ^TUTOARD, Sept. II, 1848. i 'Jhe Aimitt ice between J'rutnn and Denmark?Effect? of tt u)><n the Public Mind?Pottponement ' of itt Ratificatun by the National Parliament ?Fall of the Hecktrher Cabinet? Excitement and Threatening Commotions?The Italian*, Q-c. t Your renders are probably already acquainted | with the particular* of the a:mistice enter?d ( into between Denmark and Prussia. A fine i I piece of diplomatic cunning! The conditions of ihis ainnstice would make it appear that the irt-r, mans were entiiely muted and deleaied in Schles [ wig-IIoUtein; w hat 'he valor of General WYangel i has laboriously and at great sac: lfices obtained for the nation, is given away by the negotiation of 1 l tlih Prussian ( abinet You will have noticed that it ! Is to be in fore* for seven months?ju>t long enough : to keep tbe German* inactive diri ng tbo winter, when the advantages are all on their side, when the ships and Island* of the Danes are unavailable, and a speedy and complete victory over the insolent foe certain But I will not comment upon the condlt ons of the treaty itsef? they are known to all your readers, and speak (or themselvei* ; any one who has the least knowledge of tbe condition of the two belligerent nations, and of the nature of tbe war oarrled on between them, is left to lorm his own opinion of the shame which is cast upon the wbola German nation by this piece of statesmanship, of which a oemmon school boy In the States would be ashamed to be the author. But the manner in which it wan ratified, the unwarrantable authority assumed by the ninx of I'ruMiniD this matter, Is what tbetild make every German bliub?what has raured such excitement in the piibue mind In the Mtuth im | art of Germany. I stated in uiy laet, that the Prealdut of the ( abiMt, Mr Heakecber, deolared to the National Parliament, that owing to tbe >peed with wnicb the negotiations w*re earned on, a tew slight deviations fToa t*a NMlaUsi of the Partia?aat ia tau W YC SUNDAY MOBNING wrrr ?ui wucu p*-vmtlt*r of the armistice wne mad* known. It Hpp*?i><] th?i neither the National Parliament norths Kxecutive Power had hmn recognl*?M); thf negotiations were oarrifdon between tbe orown of Denmark aad the king of Proarla, in tt>a ramp of tlv " (turinao Band " Now the " Herman Bond " i? an institution which hn? lung alnce ceastgi to exist; which tn? act of the Parliament, creating the central power and the exeoutlre. annihilated: and w? are therefore to infer that the king of l'rveela acted entirely on hi* own responsibility, and without any authority whatever from any existing power. In the act of 2ftth June, the National Parliament resolved, that " in making peace and declaring war, tbe Reichsverweser and Parliament should have suprrme jurisdiction and the aole right to deelare war. or make peace?or what in the same, carry on negotiation*?was thus vested in Parliament and the Relctutverweser. In the farm of thi? law, and only three months after its enactment, the king of Prussia takes upon himself to declare war or to make peace, on his own hook ; after ha had openly, officially acknowledged tbe supremacy of tbe Parliament and tbe validity of the laws passed by that body. This ia a specimen of the "concord" of the German empire, of the ' glory" of tbe (ierman nation, and of tbe endless and innumerable blessings promised by the prince* and cabinets of tbe several states, and guarantied by tbe,repref?ntatives of the "sovereign" people of Frankfort. After the armistice bad been read to the Parliament. a committee was appointed to report upon it, and the speaker of this committee recommended that the National Parliament refuse to ratify the treaty until a more minute apd thorough examination might be made. Tbls was resolved by the pitiful majority of seventeen ! 238 voting lor and 221 against the resolution. Little as thii msjori'y ia, tbe resolution had the effect of causing the ministers to resign Heokschor had recommendrdvthe ratification, and when this was refused, be threw up hia commission, and was followed by the whole cab'net, every minister and secretary aching to be allowed to withdraw. The Refoh?verweser accepted tbe resignation, and appointed Dahlinann to form a new cabinet, who, however, baa been unable, to the present moment, to find the proper men V. Homer, Rob Blum (members of the extreme left in Parliament.) V. Majcrn. from Vienna, Mr Warm, from Hamburg, and Simon, from Breslnu. are apoken of as probably to receive the appointment, but It is a3 yet very uncertain. It Is Impossible to give a true and certain reason for the unwarrantable, uawlse, and dangerous mode of action of the Prussian government It is very possible, that in this instance also, similar to the Italian affair, (In which Austria has acknowledged and permitted the Knglieh and French intervention,) a foreign power has exerted its influence ; I mean not so uiui u interna ho r.n^iauu i ne aimn greiiBrmuir, or rather meddler, that caused the confusions in Rome, in Naples. In Sicily, In Turin, may have been buoy in tangling the thread of diplomatic negotiation* at Berlin, at Copenhagen and Malmoe. England ia certainly the greatest gainer by the armistice Its commerce baa rtriously Buffered by tha blockade of the Geiman porta ; and it baa long been anxiously waiting for a dirmemberment of Prussia from the Xollverein, ao that it might be able to overflood German v with its manufactured goodF. It is England's poliey to sevt*r the north ftt m the couth ; the north wishes free trade, the couth cannot exist without protection of ita manufactories. so long aa England jealously exclude* everything it has to sell. But be the cause of this armistice what it will, its effect is fraught with danger to the whole fabric of the new system. The excitement is immense in the south?meetings are held, and soma districts have gone bo far as to demand of their representatives in the Parliament (who voted against the above resolution,) to lay down their commission and retire, in order to enable the people to send others in tbeir place, who more fully represented the opinions of their constituents. This has been the case with Matthy and Kallati, the only two of the 28 Deputies from IVurtemberg, who voted against the resolution. The final vote whether the armistioe shall be ratified or rejected, which will take place to-day or to-morrow, is expected with the greatest anxiety ; and serioui demonstrations are threatened should it bn accepted Decker, who wns to emigrate for America on tbd 20lh of this month, will probably remain here now in order to be present, if any occurrence should make a more successful attempt at revolution possible At a meeting held at Hcilbronn yesterday, there were at least OOOO persons present, among whom about 400 young ladies, who took part in the patriotic proceedings. and proclaimed themselves as ''republicans.*' The whole meeting, which was addressed by several popular tpeakerp. among others Hentges deputy from lleilhronu in the Parliament, expressed itself in favor of a republic (treat events are in store for us?a revolution bloodier than the one of last March is certain to come. EOiner or later, perhapk in a few weeks. J. ' The Cholera In Europe. It appears, iroui official reports that the cholera has sprtad to Eatbc niaand Lithuania At R'ga. the number of persons who huve been seized with th t cholera, from the tiiue it broke out to the 18th ot August, amounts to b 1*20. of whom 3.480 recovered, 1.914 died, anu 682 are still under treatment The epidemio hat been more fatal at Mitlau, of 782 peisons who were attacked tip to the 31st of August 303 have died, and onlj 54 have recovered Siuce the beginning of July, the cholera has also broken out in Siberia, when* it bud 'not penetrated in former year*. At Stottin where it broke out on tl.? 16th. there have been 204 victims up toihecOth. During the 24 hours fri'm noon on tbe 30th to noon on the 81st, tho politic received intelligence ot 38 fri lb case*-a far higher number than aming any preceding day when the number did not eiCKd 20 liuting the next 24 hours, the number of rates anx tinted to 60 During the fame lapse ot time tbe number of fresh oa-en at .Vagdebuig was 11, which alt-o shows an increase On the 23d of Augnit. there were, at St. Petersburg 42n<.'wca-es 37 recoveries, and lf>d?atbs. The number under .reatoient ha* diminished to 438. At Constantinople, on tbe 10th ult , tbe disease continued much the same; but at Stnyna the deaths were some thirty pur diem Unlike the general character of the disease, it has manifested ithell more among the higher than the lower ordera, and a greater prop< rtion of the Europeans bad been attacked than at Constantinople. The town population of Smyrna have fled to Bournahat and Boudia. Accounts fron. Cairo to the 10th nit., give the following return*:? '202 cases on the l&th. 203 on the lflth, 184 on the 17th, 143 on the 18th. and 174 on the 10th From Alexandria. 07 cases on the 10th 75 on the 20th, and 100 on tbe 21st. In London, according to the registrar's weekly report, there have been tlve cases of cholera during the last week, but this, it is stated, does net exceed the usual summer average of tbe metropolis. In Berlin, as yet,only one instance is recorded ot a case of cholera among persons abure the poorer classes. The Position ?f th? l)uc tie Bordeaux. The following is a copy of a letter addressed by (he Due de Hordeuux to a personage ot distinction in l'aris, and which, at this moment, is calculated to excite some lnterebt:? Mow Dhui Mokiiii k I have just read a letter pretended te have been addreased by me to tbe President of the National Assembly, printed and published in Paris at the end of May. I know also that various | other letter* Lave been circulated, which are calculated to lead to the belief that I have renounced tho plea durable hope of again t-eelng my dear country. Not one of thote letter* came from me. What in true ntvtrlhelefifl. it* my love for France, my profound Hen timent of her right*, of her lnteredtd, and of her wanti in there prcrent timed, and my dUponition to derot? niyhelf entiiely, and even to dacntlce ruykelfto h?r ghould Piovidence deem me worthy of tbia noble and ( acred miaaion. Frenchman abovu all, I have neve: buffered, I nev?r will duller that my name be made usi ot to cautc dlviaion and trouble. Hut if the hoped o the country are again deceived ; if France, at lengtl wearied of all three expeiimenta, that keep her sua pendtd perpetually over an aby*a. turn* her eyed to ward* me, ana pronounced of her own acoord my name da pledge of security and dalety, ad the true guarant; of the right* and of the liberty of all. let then thl generous and beloved France remember that my band and htart. and life, and all are at her dervice, nnd tba she can ever reckon upon me I renew to you, my deitr dir. the iiddurance of m compute aflection, HKNRt, Petit did d'Henri IV ,et de St. Loulf. Froksdori", July 1. 184# Tiik Exiles.?There is at this moment acrowi of illuttriotiB exile* in Lundon, instance*) ot th reveraca of fortune more dtrikiug than the ex royaltie whom Candida encountered at the Carnival of V'euict A Hrt-nrh paper thu* lumi th-ui up Louid Philipp? The Duke and Ducheaa of Nemoura? the latter bori heirero of 8ax?(. ob< urg. Cohary. and coumn Oeruia of the ljueen The Prince and Princes* of Jolnvityi 4 ii i 7 fit whn is mii'xt nf f ha Slnoturv fne tlm mivan^f men I of Science, at Swat.sea, Wale* Duohatel, gue* of Sir Robert IVel Flahaut. ancient ambuKeador t Venice Kilned worth. chief editor of the (fui'.ot-Me( ternichlan journal, the Surtlmttur de Londrta, an secret mti nt of l.oui* I'hillippe, who?e latter* relativ to M. Mole, the llrvue Relmifitcfttt liax published.Monteroolin. absolutist pretender to the crown c Spain Don Francisco, brother to the la?t named and bi? wife, the Archduche** of AuMria Don Migu el absolutist pretender tothacrown of Portugal Loul Napoleon '1he Duke of Bordeaux and hiawife, Arch du> he*s of A MM riit \? ho are supposed to be conceale in London 1'De Prince Metternich The Count d ( olovroth. Mini*ter of State of Austria The Barn Hegel, private f>?cretary of Mettemtoh. on wham th Ttry Ul.lversity of Oxford ha* bestowed the degree r D'ctor a degree awarded o Bluoher, 1'rinoe Albert. h< \ arHe. Counsellor of the ( ourt of Austria, author <i article* iirtlie Timm, Chronicle, ke l.oui* iilano an Caum-idiare. who strangely enough oloao a list oomnen oed with the name of Phtllppa Tur Tonhii u'km i in Iki-i.?m? Heturns movedfo by Mr . W 8 O'Brien, M P., show that the total n.im ber of eleaton in Ireland regietared to the lat of Feb maty. D48. amount* to 8ft.2?2. sgainst 13*.248 register ed to the l*t of February 1837. thu* exhibiting a de creare amounting to 38 986 Of the 86 262 elector! 44 It 2 are count j, 27 498 el'y and county of town, ani 13,?02 borough ?oter* Of the 44 162 county elector It S; 2 are MM freeholder!, 3.712 2KM freeholders, 1 32 20/. lea>ehold?rs 33.201 10/ freeholder* 4 40M 10/ lea-? holder* a?d MM> rent-charger* Of he 27 4Wi elaetor at oitie* ar d couatlea of towa*. 1 161 are MM freehold era. 4Hft 20/ freeholder*. 843 20/ leaseholder* 2<k> 10/ freeholder*, 1 34S 10/ leaseholder* 344 Hi freeholder* 14 ?>f>6 10/ 4?*eTko>der*. 38 rent charger* and 8 47! frtemen Of the 13 HOI borough elector* 226 are free holder* 12.-I* 10/. householders, 17? 6/. ouaaitoldera and 240 freemen The groa* total number of aleotori registered on the lat of February, Iff-'S am?uat?4t< 1V8.1W agalnat lW.ttl oa tha lat af Fabraarr. 1MT. )RK 1 , OCTOBER 1, 1848. Low ComVck Plh? Srpt 30.? tnwent .ludtfen I'lUbo^ff T i lad l)tlf-Dtnnoni?Huha-H Ha'lrrun, vi Gain* C hwnov?The inw C?rf?.? In thin ciau?? an action *n* brought upon * promisor; not* agaiowt th? defendant, ar maker Two trials were had. on ea~h of which tba drfrndtnt Mt up m a defence. vtit of consideration; that it was a mam accommodation note, and understood at the tln>? of making it that he wax not to he railed od to pay it. The la-t trial resulted in a verdict for the d?tfld*lt. to whleh the plaintiff took exceptions. and it waa subsequently ??t aside The plaintiff then applied *o a Judge at Chamber*. for an order to add a special oiunt to bi< pleading. toenail* him to prove that consideration ?m given. The Judge

granted the oa#?r, trow which the plaintiff appealed. 1 he caa? waa subsequently arguod, and tbe following it. the decision. Col in?7hia in an appeal from an order at Chamber*. allowing a special count to be inserted in a nait on a note, a trial having been had aud n new trial having been ordered In the case The object of th? amendment in to avoid tbe consequence of relying upon tba common count* in an action upon a promissory note, vii., the defendant in an aotion upon tbe common count*, may prove that he never re ! cOved any money, land, or goedi for hia signature, but lent it without consideration; and the plaintiff cannot rely on tbe consideration which he gam for tbe | note before it became due to tbe party then holding 1 it, nor require tbe defendant to add to the feat of | his merely lending the note, proof of ithavlogbeen fraudulently parsed In order to place the platntiff ' in a petition thus to enforce his right*, m special count on tbe note is necessary. The Judge at Chambers baa allowed this amendment or spe rial count, to bo added to the nair. The defendant contends tliat the order is not justified by the equities of the cafe The opinion of the court, on graiiting a new trial, shows that the law prefers the plaintiff's equities tt> the defendant'*; if the plaintiff paid a consideration for the note before it fell due t? tbe then holder, why then should not the amendment be allowed ' 1 be defendant is supposed now to have the advantage, not on ti e whole law and merits of the care, but on the fact that the nan- is on the common counti only. The new code does not justify the rcfUFsl of tbe right of ft party by leason of a defeot in his pleading unless the pleading luay have minUd the adverse party; indeed, the whole spirit of sections 146, 6. 7 8, 9. 160, and 161. which apply to old suits, favors suob amendment!*, leaving it even doubtful under sec- | tion 161, whether an amendment 1s necessary; but If the order is nut suppi?ted In any way by the new code, it was made according to our rules previously existing, as well as to tbe amendment itself, as to the terms (as to coats) upon which the amendment was allowed. There is nothing In this case to show that the lefendant ha? been milled a* to the plaintiff's cause of aotion, ?r tbat plaintiffs seek to introduce a new cause. It seems to us that tbe order was proper, and should be Hflirmed Order at Chambers affirmed with costs. At Chambers.?Before Judge Ingraham.? In Rr Henry Wright.?His honor Judge Ingraham granted a writ of habeas corpus on the petition of the aant of Henry Wright, directed to Mr. Blount his master, to briiighim before the judge, in order to have him discharged from his apprenticeship It appeared in evidence that be was put into the Orphan Asylum by his *lt>ter, in 1836 and then represented to bi only nine .years old, otherwise, he would not be received. In 1681', three years afterwards, he was bound appientioe to Mr. blount. ? respectable House and sign painter, to | continue with him until be arrived at the age of j iwent}-one jears. He was bound, in accordance with | the representations made by his sister, tbat is, that he man but nine years of a Re when he was put into the asylum. and twelve when he waa bound, and that const quently be would have nlm> yearn to nerve. The application was to have him discharged on the ground tbat be * an ten years when he was left at tbe asylum, and tbat he bad attained his full age during the current month. The family 13ible. in which tbe date of bis birth was entered, was produoed to at>ow tbat he was bcrn in 1827. Parole evidence was also given in support of it. On tbe part of the Trustees uf the Orphan Asylum, and tbu matter, It wax shown that tbe regulations of ttie bouse were toaduiituo child over the age of nine years ; that the usual formalities 10 Msccitain bis age were gone through, that he was represented us of ttiat age. |hat a fraud had been committed on tbe Institution, and tbat they, the Trustees, if tbe boy were discharged, would, however innocently, be guilty of peipetrating a fraud on Mr. Blount, tbe mai-ler Under tbe circumstances, it was uonieuded, by counfel, tbat his honor ought not to discharge him particularly as be bad but a year to serve, and there was n o complaint against the muster. Judgment reserved. ivreRion Coi i?T,Sept. 30?In Banco.? Decision*.? llickman sds. l.angU-y et als ?Parties to draw rule: i'<i cor-ts of appeal to either party. Clinton aJs. Bowery Savings flank.? New trial granted; cor-ts to abide ivent. Monroe vs. llecker ?Judginent ufHriueU with i $7 costs. Obreu vs. Orlab.? Judgueut affirmed Kinbury et als. vs. Connor et aU?Judgement for plaini tills Ilea'b et al. vs. Westervelt et aia.?Motion for ntw trial den'ed. Cox ads Mc<'uUa*h.?Motion for i new trial denied. Sandfortl v? Wiggin*.? JuJguxint i for plaiutill on demurier, with liberty to plaint IT to pleau < n pajuent of costs in 10 day* alter service of notice of this rule, (jwyn ads Murray ?Report of reference set asMe and c..uf? referr, d back to referee. 'J erry et al vs. llyles et al ?Motion for new trial deni?d. Snydam et als. vs Clark et ala?Motion for new trial d**Lied Clark impleaded Montrosser.?Motion for new trial denied ISohwick vs Oeo Voting.?Judg till to ple*d knew on payment of costs in 10 days after nutlet* of the rule. Warner adit. Howell et nl New trisl grunted; custH toab de event. Dressor mis. ('rain Molion for new trial denied. Itey nold-t, defendant ia ftic>r, ads. Uaher. i imuull in error ?Default of plai ntilT in error eniered. and judgment of court below affirmed fctruber. appellant, yh. I)o liu^. re-poml'nt. I ?Judgment in the court nelow reversed by default. Aid urthy, respondent, v? Myers, jr , appellant ?Ordered ti.at ? the justice before whom thin cauw win tried mnke a return to the court of all the proceedings taken before bim on said trial, within 10 days at ler the service of this rule. The Patriot Mitchki., at Hkkmuda.?Lord (ir. Bentiack brought op in the: Blflllh 1'arlinmrMit, the subject ot improper favor having been shown to I Mitchel. at Bermuda, which he appeared to bavo partially gleaned Irt ni American newspapers Sir G. Grey, in reply, stated thai he had no iCea that the instructions of Government bad been disregarded, which > were to treat him as other cunvints were treated Ha then read letters from the Governor of Bermuda, statin); the r< ception of the prisoner, and that, in con> h quince of a chronic affection of the lungs, ami a physical eondition of body which rendered him very mt flicient lor hard labor, he had been transferred to the hospital wards, where he would be employed as a waiter. The Health <h Naiciik/..?Much alarm has exibted in our city, (aayu the Frtt 'IVader of the ICth inst.) for several days past, on acuount of thu i number ot persons sick That this cumber is at this time.and has been,for a few days pa?t.unpr?oedenledly ' laigu. It would be lolly to deny Hut the dl??as? yield* > rendily to medical treatment if promptly attended to afUr tbe first symptoms are felt. If negleclad. as if 1 often the rao. it brcumes dangerous What the disease is with which our citizens are now fluttering, we t cannot learn, but understand it somewhat resembles , tbe dengue It ix certainly not Tery fatal, m the Helton's report will dhow Sluoe that was made, Wednes) day last, them h?vo been but two deaths. ' William 1>am>rii>ok Eppes Convicted.?We [ learn that the jury iinpHnnelled to try this indir vidual. charged with the murder of K. Adolphu* Muir , brought in a verdict of guilty. The Petersburg Inltlf 1 ligefictr, of Tuesday, which was Issued before the verj ! diet had been render d. states that the prisoner'* . ! counsel took a number of exoepUons to the decisions . i of tbe Court, and that, therefore, tbe case would be () ; carried up to the (ieneraH ourt. y I Sn<>w.? A gentleman tnnii Kmr Wells, twenty lengues below (Quebec, informs us that, Rince last '< Thursday, the second range of mountain* on tbe t North side of St. Lawrence were quite covered with snow?It must lie about a foot deep The habitants 7 ( think that such an early fall of snow betokens a mild winter ?Montreal Hrraii. The Ckkncjat Ki.ao in Bos-ion.?The Turkish hii?; Arwr?it. Captain Metexa, from ConstantinoJ pie. arrived at this port thl* morning, after a good run e of about eighty dnjs Tbe Ararat is the first vessel of 1 tbe Turkith nation that ever vlsi ed this port. She > Is msnned altogether by Turks Her oommander, ' Captain Metexa, is a tine looking man. and In his drasa n (sack and trousers) and general appearance, bears but a little resemblance to the bearded mid bigoted Turk of >- a century since. Turkey has made great progress in >- civilization within the lust dozen years. The Ararat t is 11 :i5<i tons burthen, and is cblrity loaded with wool. 0 Her hull Is very long, and she makes rather a showy appearance.?TSavrl/er. Srpt 29. ,, How Ai.kxam/kk ti. iyikfiik.n.h.?We regret It-urn, (torn the Geoigia Jiiumat tind Mrtumgrr, ,f tliat after proceeding as far a? (iriffln, c>n hi* way to attend hii< tippointnen tn in Wilkinton county, Mr. . M?| h? n? whk obliged to deplpt and return bom* llm n hand had grown extremely painful, and the general debility of hW *yMem increased to *uch an extent, ,j ifiat It wan thought mlvimble by hi* phyftiolann that H he ehouid abandon all idea of fort her enga<i ng In t h? n exeitt nient and fatigue* of tbe campaign Judge e'onn ? I,a* b?? n fined }H( 0 for the arranlt on Mr S [' Ciiii.i, Ecuador?News frttm these republics to lf the lltB JltjrUMOMN h Vety low Mill III rum oi meice in tlie ports ol (. hili, which the inhabitants i wish to be declared Iree to all nations, aa the only r? nit dy to the evil. An earthquake lately h'ipoeiied r there, and, in reco.ditig it, the editor itates that in i- 17 months there have been one hundred and forty > ol them. It must be the birthplace ol these terrible phenomena. General Flores was hourly exacted in Ecuador. 1 lis followers were ready to announce a levolution on his making his appearance.?W. O. J ?r;?. 21. * Got.i) Mims in 1'orto Rico?A rich gold mine * Khs 1 ?t? 1> been dincovcred in the town ol Corozal. The precious metal is s*id to be so abundant therv, that a woman, unassisted, can easily collect , to the value ot five or six rials of gold in a day, 1 itom the tands < I the liver Xe roa, which flown by the town. Tills mine is suiatosed to be the one which produced ><> much on the arrival *4 Juan 1 I'once, oa the ialan?', but since lost by the descent ' *1 aJInvion ? N. 0. lkUm% Strt. tl. t. -I IERJ Hollll?nl liiUill|(vnr4'. ANOT1IKB I.fcTTER I'HO.M MR. CI.AY. [From the Richmond Hvpuiilicun. J Aihi ahd. Sept. 19, 1H48 Mr Dk** 8m : * Km inrn 1 kii? of the I'hi.'adelphia Tonrentlov havinc dvaided n?*in *iy nomination a* a candidal* for the r'remdmry |?a?e writun many IftUrs, uniformly anil a-xplicitl tf?-c)ai iiigtbal 1 w.-uld not contirnt to any further u? of my nanin in connection with that office >nl that would not coiiooat to accent a nomination, if H wxi tendered to me. To no person. or association of pei j noun, have I, at any tlrt??, given the lean cou otmanr Or ?ncourag? ment to use my n?m? aa a otimiidntn ft tha ('Bloe. ainc? the iltcltloii of that conrantinn (ball deeply lament it I have any friends who will ne ' conform to my wishes aw tha strtyect With many thank* i\r your friendly feetlngs an | long attachment to dip, /am your flienil and obedlea ' fen ant (Signed) ii. CLAY. Col HAMTHJMMCK. The ubove Ih aa extract of a letter to our friend Col Hasitramofc. of Jtffemon c??nty, who In favorivg u with it. accompaniea it with the following cheerio* an count of the good cause in hi* region -" You wll b glad t? hear that not a single whig in this part ?f Tir gtnia pretend* to go against Taylor' and that man; locos will vote with ua. I know of aom? doaen, m; self, in try neighborhood, who intend to rote for th< old chief." LKTIUllH TO OKNKRAI. TAYt-O*. (Krtmi the New Orleans Bulletin, Sept 14 j Pass Ciirmtian, Sapt 12, 1848. General Taylor continue to be annoyed'by letterwriters from every quarter and section of the country, asking his viewa and opinions on almost eWry polo! connected with the government aud polley of the country In almost every instance, these conimunicationa are from perfect strangers whose names even he has never previously beard. The extent of this norrerpondence may be imagined, when we state he received, in one uay, forty such letters. Someoftbem am really dUreapecttul. and many of the qaettiona absurd aa well as ridiculous, though evidently written In sober seriousness. One of his correspondents, foi inatance, from an interior county in lodUna. writel to know if he Is in favor of a national bank, eatablished not upon a money capital, but exclusively upon the publio lands, and if he would advocate a branch t< be established in hi* oounty. This latter point appear to be ihe important portion of tha plan in theopinloi of the writer, judging from the especial manner ! which be allude* to and dwell* upon it It 1* u*vla* for people to oontinue to annoy him with such un called for conmunlcation*, u he very properly de cities replying to any of tbem. nor could be. Indeed make the attempt, without devoting all hi* time am attention to it, assisted by two or throe able and ex pert tecretaries ELECTION OF ELECTORS. [From the YVat-hingtoa Union. Sept. 2!) ] The Haiti more Clipper of yesterday republished th act of Congress which wu published on Wednesday HDtithil " An uot loettablii-h a uniform time for hold itig election* of Treaident and Vioe President of th< United States. It states that this act solves the pro blem which has excited tome dii-cut-Mon in the north aiid prevents " the electoral vote* of Massachusetts Maine, and South Carolina from being lost at the approaching presidential election, in consequence of the State laws of the two first named requiring that a majority of all the votes cai-t shall bo neces*ary to olect, and from tlio fact that Ike Legislaturejof South Carolina. nbieh ap|.pii>t* the eleotors, will not assemble until after the day appointed by the act of Congress, for the election of electors " This act of Congress directs ' that the electors of President and Vioe President shall be appointed in eaoh State on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in tho month of November of the year in which they aru to be appointed " It also provides, " That each State, may by law provide for the the tilling of any vacancy or vacancies which may occur in its college of eleotors, when such oollege meets to give its electoral vote " Ami it provides also, that '' When any State i-hull have held an election for the purpose of choosing electors, and ahull fail to make a choloe on the day aforesaid, then the eleotors may be appointed on a subsequent day, iu such a manner as the State shall by law provide." The Clipper states, that "tha Legislature of South Carolina win meot on the fourth Monday of November, (the '27tb.) which will allow ample time for the electors to assemble on the first \\ ednesday (the Otb) < f December. The oleotion will be held on the 7th ut November, a-> the law requires,in Mae<-achii?elt* and Maine; when, if there be noehoice, there may be other trials, or the Legislature may dispense with the mojority law. and require a plurality of \ot?s alone to elect. or may presoilbe the mode In which electors Kb all be chosen. We have no fear nix lit South ('nrohTia: tor wh havu no douht that her Legti-laiiire will uppuiiit electoia If no provision be actually made in the electoral lawn of Ylassaobuaetts and Mame.l the Legislature may be railed, to supply the omission; but we do not very well ceo wherein the restriction exists that the election must be made " en 1 any dny not longer than thirty-lour days before the | first \V i (liiinUy of December " In fact, between the ' time flxtd upon in the last act of (. ougress. and the fir-t Wednesday ot December, we caunot make out, it tlie approaching election, a* niauy an thirty Jour dayi [We have seert it stated that a plurality will ohoosi the ell(tOt| in Maiue.?Ku Hkhai.o.] NEW YOBK. The eurvivors of the libeity party were to hove heli a convention at Canastota, on the -'8th lost. John A. Dix accepts the free roil nomination fo Governor Benjamin Squire is the whig nmninition for Congress in the 18th district, ami Charles K. Clarke it the li'th. Luther Hetta in the democratic (old hunker) nomi nation fur Congress in the 10th district. John Bradley talies the place of Charles K. C'larki on the electoral ticket. Almiran Kitch in the anti-rent candidate for Con grtss in Delaware oounty. flora .io Ballard, of Cortland, is the candidate fo Congress. of the free toil democracy, in the twenty fifth district, computing Cayuga and Cortland couu ties. MASSACHUSETTS. 7 he following comniumcation from Daniel Webste relative to the electoral vote, will be read with inU rent:? Boston, Sept. '29, 1848 Dear Sir?There if no difficulty at all in regard t the question propounded in your letter It those wh write nbout it would be at the trouble of reading th law. they might save themselves labor The act of Congreta provide* tbut 'when any Stat shall have hi Id an eleotion for the purpose of ohxosinj electors, and thall fail to make a choice on the da; aforesaid, then the electors may be appointed on i subsequent day. in suoh a manner as the State shal by law provide." The standing law of Massachusetts does provid that, if the eleotora be not chosen by a majority o votes, they shall be appointed by the Legislature. Yours truly. DANIEL WEBSTER. MAINS. i|f The Augusta Jlgr gives return* in all but five town and fourteen plantations, asfwilowi:? (dun ) 30 04 Hamlin (?hig) *. 30,1:1 Others U.ul 1 bore uot heaid from. gave la.*t year, democrat!* 403; whig, 106; other*, 100 A Convention ot Kr?e Soilera was held in Augnsti Maine, on Wednetday Addresses wore delivered b Charles Sumner, of Ma*?., John P. Hale, of New Hami fLire, and Jebn Vau Buren. ot New York, which wei recemd with eiittiuriftrni The following electori ticket wan put in nomination:? Elttloiiat Lax ft.? Manly IS Town*end,Wa?hingto County ; Jotepis Adams, Cumberland county Lrittricl Eltclort 1st, John 1'. Perry , 2d, Oener JUN Applet on; 3d, tnlM Holmes; 4th, < aivi (iorhani , fith, Drummond Karnsworth ; 6th, Kraukll B ,\iuM<ey ; 7th, W iLlam A. Crocker Kne ot the electors are democrats and four whig* ; i tbc last <ioiei nor'* election, threa of them voted tl democratic. thn e the whig, and three the liberty tlo ?ta From one to two thousand electors were in a end&nce at the convention, and the bent spirit pr vaileu. On Thuredny night, John Van Buren addr??ai a large and attentive meeting at I'urtl40d. T trieiidx of tiee soil in Maine, who numbered l'2u kt the last election, mean to carry the State in N ember. RHOUK ISLAND. 7 be F ree Soil State Convention met at Provlden on the V7lh Or iliram ( leaveland I n i lent T Iitxrty party elector* apiolnted in March la?t, wit drew their tiami-ft .lot-hug l,?-?vitt and oihttm* of M? tai hu-ette, fererally addrexeed the convention T loll< wing electoral ticket wan formed. Kleotom l>i|ir Joreph \ e??ie, John De Wolf. Dlftrlct 1, A Mn-cn, Jr ; district 2. (leo li. Church. iWAH\ I.ANI). The Kreo Soil party have completed their elector ticket, placing upon it the following ge m lemeu : 1 thr Mate at laige, David Oambie, <>t Irederiok count ai.d Ji.hu Key no>d?, ot Cecil county ; and for the Co gierMonal Ditirteta, Liariun Thoinm, K B Cunnm ham. hdmund II. Lewi*, J. Hampden Williamx, h.l I*. Howard and S S Steven* hire out of theae eig gehtlenien belong to the countlea. Th?tritn(nlWN left it ay now be conndered fully commenced in Mar land. Mil HIOAN. Janieo O. Biruey, of l.ower Haftnaw, (alao call l'< rlmiouih.) Michigan, haa adilreawd a letter to lie 1 litodire I'alktr,of Hoaton. atatmg that Oen.Jackao Id ci Dinidii with oth?r Southerner*, ocoaxiinally de? in the buying hi,il nelling of negroei The corr??poi det.ce lwi?tcD Meetra. I'arker and Birney ooeupn l wo column* of the Hu$ton Vott and ooutalnn man valuable facte aliout >heaelUn? and treatment of ?iart at the South. Mr liitney. according to a corre?poi dent ot the CetuoiH Drmociai and Frtrman. entertain uuimh l lii r..i. >, miv of the lie (Obvtrt* to tb?- autl->lav?ry muTcuinut. though Ml Half wan hin flri-t cbolct> Slnon th? la*t rr?i-i<J?otii anipa'gn. Mr Blrhn; ha* rwilrad from polltlral ?trif? Inking but little Int.rent in obat ??? going on in th oria ar?Ubd biro. H<> ? * the abolition oaudidat lor tb*> I'reaidaLo; in 1844. and reo?lT?d #0 000 toI??. I'akk Cashikk Mihuino ?.Urn. L Hammond ra?)iirr ?t ti.? l?< rreni? r and Ml I to h Bank, In iniiuitn. il?l Ull UU-i (V MillrMlaJI loi liMUl, Mil o? hi airital hti* vrrt? to hi* friend* of hla Intantloa to g to lllDflui and ban not kmn bawd from aino< ' ? Motion TrarriUr Srrt 89 I L D. -? t ??? - ? . ? TWO CENTS. I til) InU-IJlfp W?. Tiik Wr*Tiirn.?Tho we?tb>-r ? 'ntl?a*? UWttlN, I and It in luipoMiiblt. tn Ml at m/b 1 *h*f ,lj" mornla* may probably bring forth >'? <** "< ?* hea*y olouda v " ??-r?l tiBHd.row from th? wMf^m tKr'iin. and gar* ?t 1 promh# of rain, but they soon Jii*m The wind I high all day and the ex **1>P?<I ' <*? * y | The air *i> mild and pl.-acant. Tb? * ?! # like tbe m ' day wan rloudy aud clear thou h no r *ln h*d f*H*n I at a I tie J,our. ? j Tin: pHuroaMi liirtnirueiT or \ aaHiwOTOf p. sqraar - The improvement oft! In beautifi '1 ?od qul?t ,e ! promenade ha* long b.en an otyeot deolre. \ *7 'h?** ,r who lire,round It. A petition wa? pre-enta. th? I common eoutell ordered that neatiron fent ???>ouUI ,t bp put arounj U Th?. ha., of l?i?, b?.o ibo thar p?titlon pip.sented, praying that the present rentit form of the >?tuare may be dlnpense-J with and t. oop" it n?T* rounder! Jt is <?Im> propose,i to widen UPv * '<! walks on Wontoi dtrret, immediately frovtit't ' th* rquiire, from ten to twelve font Thin paopoaltio* ? ,elM I ? v?-ry plauntb'O one. There are i?o? i nm^dl * '/ s fronting tha tqtiar* two orthe most beautiful birtU'l of xkiAh ?V.. W > r?_.?L. ,.i *. . nd e the Now York L'nlveraily. The buatjr Md ireiih ' *T tural magniflcencv ol ibexe bvildlng* am now * Y entirely hid by the namia ui<?h rf t h?? Ktreef upon wnfc 'h thf J front The Htre't above tfent point ta ?" " ta o 9 or twelve feet wider, nail the ground talCvft from' 1>H rquare to the uVptb de tired for the objeo# ouM in the Uwt detrutt trnu the beauty of th? fr#ffl?iM^. while II would ho much ;idd to the h?an*f of building* fronting ?n It. The petition '? rumer'uety h)?ijpc| by lhone hi^dlDK property unwind t tie << ua**. and, ?h their projvrty would ha?o to pay tl*? tax for | the expense o( the Inproven-ent ther? i* B" re?eo?i [ apparent why it *b"Uid not bn granted Tlir?i?pror?ment would only ta.'Te from ibe property !" otty, , and no individual would culTer by it Tie ootumltteo of the common council will noon report iiton ttm matter and it Ik to be hopei! that beautiful neatiA n #f the eity will not.l* denied its prayer. The worltof pw*ting i np the iron fence ix now RiMbk on and it woill b? well to have it piao-d in the r-ubt | luce at o*e? Thi' proippt. action of the common counoU is tikufl a ?w>i lutely nrcffliary. Woodman Ci ? Do?* th/.t Tace?For year* p-*%?t i Kranklort atreet, which la now being rained and li?> proved, bad had, is? tbe nldewulk, near William a trawl, i a tremeudou* tree n andlng :ti b<ue now almcwt oc 1 cupie* the whole w'dth of the aidewalk. and on cfrerat > oocBdloDH rottje of the liourea adjacent have been'(a* a jurt d by the falling of the dead branehua. it is ?aw ft iiuinance, and ehould be removed at once. IiAin'a Kle< ti.o-Ci!?mii *l Tiiiciimph ar*o Elic ^ thic ui.oc'K?.-mr. Alexander lirvm, already wiuMy known an the Inventor of several improvements In the mode of applying electricity to practical and available UMif. in tlio transmission of inteliiF-nneo. hat several of bis nacbincs in wording order, ut 293 Broadway 1 he KI? ctro-< bemival Telegraph is. perhaps, the moiit 8 important of the improvements presented for iaspeoi tu n. The characters to be transmitted by aid of thif apparatus, are limt perforated in Dirroir paper rib' bon, by a small machine, perfectly simple in its con*tiuctiun, and are tben transferred to an y number of > stations, on the same line, with the rapidity of on* > thousand letters to tbe minute. By aid of tbe perforating machine, an abstract of news, or any other intelligence. may be prepared on a voyage across the oeean, or while travelling in any ordinarily quiet conveyance. where there is no telegraph; so that instantly on arriving at a telegraphio station, the composition dei-irabln to be traiiMnitte^cnu be sent at onoe with the rapidity mentioned above, and with much les? expense than at present Another maobine on exhibition at Mr. Bain's rooms, is called the Key Telegraph. It is of quite simple coui-truciiou, aud can be worked with facility and expedition by any intelligent purion. The cot-t ol this miicbine is only a few dollars. It U intended piincipal'y for offices at railroad stations, on lines where it is desirable to transimtHhert message* frequmtly Anotb?r really moat ingeniously devised machine is called theCopying Telegraph, which transmits not only the mui-Mtue desirable to be sent, but deiiv^a it at its destination in far limit* of tbe hand writing4b which it is received by tbo operators; a message tn (teiiograpby, or phonogrnphy, being ai easily oonvi yen in the appropriate characters, as one written in the uhual chirograpby of the language. Mr. U claims to have originated this mode of applying chemistry, that t-eience never having been so applied until he had completed and set In operation one of his machines In the i-auie rot m with the machines already mention cu, uro a number of clocks, all propelled by electricity. 'I lirfc < imt-pieces will run for three yearn, without cleaning; anil an they never need winding, they are, when perfectly regulated, true indicator* of the exact time front year to year. A further advantage is that any number of clocks may be employed in a building or i n n in a town, and being conuecied with the nam* source i t electricity, wlil all indicate precisely tti * s tme time Altogether the exhibition is an exceedingly ln> terest'ni? one and an hour spent at the ab >ru rooms will not be regretted an lo.-t by scientific, or the ourious in tin ee matters. , Ktiti.m A mono Dons ?During the !tw pas<ed by , the Common Council, authorising the m lyor to oiler i fifty cents tor the "laughter of each a.id every dog f< utid running at large uuring the pending of this law j : prohibiting such animals to infest the paMio itreets, ' v ilhout In iu|r mnr/.leii or ltd by a chain, there has i been !?,tl7 doM" killed, ami the city iim paid fcl.iWS 60 | for the destruction of Mich auiuutls, being 60c. a head 4 The greuter portion of this inoney was paid to boys Naval Officer?We learn from a reliable nourne r that < oi n< lius liogardus. Ksq,, ha.- received the ap] (jointnii'iit of Naval Officer tor this port, vacated by | the death of the late Miohael Hoffman Esq. i Kinks ? A fire broke out oa Thursday night, in the Hableof Dawrcuoe Anderson, No luti Harrow street, which wn>- put cut with trilling damage. A Are broke out ilhout seven o'clock, on Knday morning In a si it ole it- Downing street, adjoining the lie/. Dr. Dowa ling's < liurcb. Damage trilling. k- A noilier tire broke uut about live o'clock this morning in Knapp's atables. in Dim street, near 4th avenue, which was put out with trilling damage. A tire kroke r out about twelvo o'clock, on Kriday night, in a large lui factory, in 40th street, near 4th avenue,which, with . Its ooutents, was destroyed. I'oiltv lntclll?(<'ii<'e. The t\acas on liaard the. I'humat 11. Perkins ? ' On'1 huisilay afternoon a fracas occurred on b mrd the ship 1 hotnas II. I'erkins. ly iug at the foot of Roosevelt street, between Win W Daker, the captain of tbe i' ]>, mid c ne of the seamen by the name of William l.ii nurd. In which the latter ??> much injured, and lahcn to the ( it> Hospital in a very dangerous state, In iii the clli ctri of tlie wouud< The captain wan ar < rested on the charge, and detained until it was ascer' ' tamed that the man would survive the Injuries ; and J yeFti rday the captain wan examined on the charge, ( and held to bail in the sura ol J.I.01M) to answer tua I charge at court. The mate of the chip, Jobn llowker, was aireeted at tile time of the allray, and detained on suspicion it being in some way imp icated with the r captain in the violent assault ou the man Leonard. I Upon an investigation, ye-terday. bel'oir Juniou Lotbrop, it was clearly shown that, instead of brio# Im| plicated in the a-sault he nit-rely Htepped in to separate ; the contending parties, and Ure?s the wounds of toe > injured man. Upon the showing of tbese facts, the 1 niagirtrate at once di charged blui from custody, remai king that had the name fact* been kIiovr upon hia 4 airest, he would never hare been detained. Sutpuion of Grand l.arcrny. ? Officer t ostello, of f the tii/i wsrd ponce, arrected yesterday a woman, by '? the name of friary Anu Smith, on suspicion of having stolen a gold watch, two linger rings, and $16 la ^ money. She was detained for a further hearing. > Chatof Hi?umy.? Officer Shadbolt, of the lower e police, arrived in low n ou Thursday, from Connecticut, kl having in custody a young man by the name of Jobn J . lngersoll, whom he arrested at Stanwicb, (Jonneotin eut, on a requisition from Governor Youog. wherein he viands charged with bigamy in marrying Catharine ft l ,.n , K.. .1,1, |.,i? |__, ki I. l I.. I, . I.?.l - n liviun in Connecticut. Justice Lotbrop committed >n hiui to priron tor trial. Sttulmg Shtett.? A woman by the name of Uos? *t Neal, til tbe till!pi y of >lr. Ueo ge Suely, i\o OH Pearl an street.was ariested onThursday. ou a rutrifa ofstealion k- tbutj nine linen sheets, value at she cumit Bitted for trial. #? ,4 Hrooklyii Intelligence. hH Akothki km>. i.n bkuuKLtrio. About. ud? o'olook Kri00 | '-lay morning a 0r? broke out in the livery stable of a. Mr. \V acje. at the corner of llioks and I'miUo it(??tt. : Ueluie it ?atf mbdued. all the bouses fruiu thmaci* to I the corner ol Willow street were laid in ^anben. All oe tbe hortes, carnage*, and other property ol .wr Wade l1(. were saved, as alro nearly all the luruiture. ko of ib? Ij. occupants ot the d?e.hug-bouses Tbe buute ou tbe L?. j coi n> r ot \V iUow aiiil I'acitlo streets, was occupied a? a h,, tomb lactory, by Mr. ^ outon, who sulfired lutis lu??'1 he houre adjoining was a ?table, oooupied by vlr Mulligan, who lost a hor^e and a ijuautity ol oati. 'I his elablu, together wlih the livery stable, anJ a rear houre occupied by Air James Nugent, beloojiug to .vlr W uue, all ot ?bKh were deslrojeu 1 be loss on ibM ' propelty if about j>4 OW, upuu which th*re wai an inor turaiiCe ol fcl COO. 'J he house adjoining the stab.e, on Hicks stleet, was occupied tiy .Mr \\ aue, an auweiimg, " and oddiiI by Mr. I an ben, ?< di<l alio the ootca J' factory lie is raid to t/e'lncured Two buUwn, In lb* I]* rear, on Ilicksstrtet, belonging to Mr*. Charles Squire, Were also destroyed I hey aere occupied by night ?* pour families, an of * boni ant rendered houreiasa Tom J' propelty was in-urtd Two houaesou the north side of I'snoc street were considerably charred, though no lerious oawage wan sustained. The whole lot. u nd tuiiimlril at about >l?>.bUU. Thia tire is supposed to r. ?>M*? been the work of an incendiary Ne?er?l of the ii. >rw \ i rk hie companies were promptly on tha spot, lit | ?bd reuuert d < fflmeut aei vica. n Athmic Doc a Sioata.? It ia raid that aiitaan of ?? Mj? m' stores have been lea-ed to the gofernmeat for iy will n years at the annual tenl of >ol,l)w, or >3,813 " M) for each store. i I* FlKK ON t11k 1'ortaok Kah.road.?W? tiud the * lollownl? itrr in the i'itt?/iuri{ |>ut??;r* ol Monday ' last Si MMiT.tkpt '11 1H48 1 Ilia morninn about twa kl o'cioi k, the ? ngiue bouses at the head ol I'lana No. ^ ' were dircoteied to be on tlra, and bnlore any aaaiat* anc? could be rendered, they war* burned down, ran* dering boih the stationary engine* at that place uaaless tor the present. Thia wiU, of eouraa. atop operatlons at this point for a few daya, probabl/ i \ or eight I at tils farthest In the meantime, arrange nla bar* ' been maJe to wagon gooda, pa*eeug?r*. i> aga, do , ' n ulJ lLu plane 1 lie causa of the Are is i knowa. " Ki?* cara belonging to Bingham ?? line, loath*, with dry 0 goad* and groceries, were coiuuinad, 11 alio ill felooni * oars

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