Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 2, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 2, 1848 Page 1
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I f????? T H NO. 5234. Our Austrian Correspondence. Vienna, Aug. 31, 1818. Yon are aware that the P?>p? protonted against tbe 1HB ucrupiuua Wl rrir... ?" .???..?? v.ui.jsn. The following official address ban been sent to the Top* by M. Weesenbeig, our Minister of Foreign 1 Affairs " The undersigned. M'niu'er of Foreign Afftirs of H. I. M., and President 01 the Council, acknowledges the receipt of the note delivered by Count Montaal. in whiob, in the name of H. H . be protests against the occupation of Ferrara by a body of Austrian troops The papal j;riv?rn in-nt *ees in this a violation Of the rights of H. H I' i< necessary, therefore, to tate the circumstance? wlvch bare led to this, to see if it really merit the detignxtion. The Holy Father, I aa Count Montani ob-erve?. has never declared war ; gainst the Emperor. 'I he Emperor would, on his side, 1 hare cont-idercd that be did wrong to the superior and pacific authority confided to tbn bead of the ohuroh, if ? could possibly have declared war against II H. In plte cf *his, I must be allowed to remark, tbat while H. H. protested, in the face ot Europe, in favor of paoiflc nieasures. aumeroiis corps-francs, composed of the subj< cts of the Pope pasted the frontiers of the , Austrian states, to act ortensiblv against the Austrian army, authorized to defend the integrity of these ' states. ? " From this moment t>ie imperial government would have been authorized to act with them as the usages and lawn of war al I? w persons to be acted with, who, at their own rhk and peril. take arm* against an enemy. Far, however, from employing against them rigorous laws of v.ar, and influenced only by the roice of j humanity, and observant of the resp?ot he has always entertained for the Holy Father, the Austrian government bar treated these armed leaders on an equal footing with the regular troops of the enemy. Not only has this been the case, but I'iedinonteKe troops have mixed with the Tap*! garriton in Ferrara. promising Piedmontese reinforcements. 1 his, added to ibe lact, that the Austrian garrison at Kerrara. wcake i ed by sickness, bad to engage 1 in conteiitions to procure subsistence, offered a very critical .situation. < onseijuently, the Uenerai-in-Chief found it necessary to tukv m- n-ures to secure the existence of the garrison. Wlih this view, orders were ' given to the troops to go to Kerrara to re-establish the i communication with thisgitrrisnn. which had been in- i terrupteri; to provixion the garrson aud make a re- t eonnoifance of the real state of affa.ro. The short c etay of this force at Kerrara and the manner in 1 whioh this geaeral executed bin orders, prove that the I ( -expedition had nothing hostile Th? undersigned, t therefore, hopes H. 11 will be convinced of the arnica- i ble and pacific intentions of Austria." i The wiir between the Croats and the Hungarian* be- t sins to ex cite much apprehension These arc the faotw. , i Jlungary. in declaring itself oiip?sed to the Sclav* ten- , I -dencies. would frankly embrace the German principle. ? She bad even sent a niesnage to Frankfort, to deolare i that, in ease of necessity, she would unit* herself to . i v- 1...I ..... II,. It I nelf, which is so indignant agalnnt the Austrian JomitiOD, k?eps in mljectlou in it* turn the Croats and the Serbcs. Those under the comui&nd of Jellalioh, hare revolted, and have vaoi|uit<h<-d th? Hungarian* ill a battle near St Thoma- Alter this victory acquired in the name of the Kmpeior against the Hungarian aristocracy. the German press has nianifssted itl anxieties on the reactionary Au.irian party which was formed apuinst the central power So muoh the o> >re ao, as on the day following the battle of Saint Thcmas, the Emperor, by a special uiei-eH^e, informed the Hungarian Diet that he would not again send a lieutenant ?that be himself, on tbe contrary, would resume the executive power at I'eMh Hungary, an a support of the German party. exists no longer; for if she should make any movement, tbe Croats and Serbes would crush it in the nauie of the Kwpcror. M Knsenmaun lias addressed some <iue?tiou? on this subject to tbe Minister of Foreign Affairs at Krankfort. Acoording to M. KmcnmaiiU. there exicln a secret understanding between Kadetzki. YVeudeschgraetz and Jellalich, against the ceutral power and German unity in favor of the Austrian empire. Meanwhile, the Kmperor of Auptrlu bat named M Uru k. editor of the Austrian Lluyd. charge d'ajfairti to the Of ntral powers at Frankfort We shall hooii know what there IbIii all these suppositions. At Glesont hero hag been a bloody collision between the students and National Guar il. A student was killed, but the riot wal euppresfc d. The National AWMJ of Berlin has adopt* d a law on the National (Juard. which leures to the King the right of naming the colonels out of a lint of three candidates. A reactiorary party is also spoken of In Prussia, which is desirous of siibs'imting the Prince of Prussia for the King The Gazette de Cologne is engaged with this part but 1 do not think it dangerous for the moment The central pow. rot Frankfort has sent to j Brugfi Is tbe Uarou Uroehr nteis, ancient envoy from Hesse to Paris, in ijual.iy of German Ambas-ador. The Kinir of Prussia has not tied the Danish armistice, The Minister of Foreigu Alia rs a; Krankfjrt. has also notified it to the National Asfeinbly. The energetic attitude of the population of Vi<-nna. as well as the courageous manifestation of the National Guards, in the late nucule, have had a marked influence on the conduct of the Natioual Assembly, where the ir.in -tern are n?w gathering the fruits of the j energ} t bey have exhibited. The Democratic Asi-o.-iat ion composed principally : of Jowf, have demanded solemn honors for the nui riert killed in the tmeiitr. A second association of oper stives has been formed who are entirely composed of 1 real operatives, and not of idlers who a-k wages for their idleness. Many ol the prisoners, and wounded in tho iio'tiital*. declare that they were paid 10 revolutionize the city The leaders were principally concealed in the wooden hut-. tr?ru whence the first shots ' were fired on the National Guard*. It if probable there will be a return of disorder* ; but the government will be sure to come off victorious in ] ihe struggle with the insurrectionists, if it continues , to exhibit the same energy The acadenilo legion hm lost much in public esteem since they have mtlt common cause with the intriguants of the lower classes. It seems, too, that the late disturbances bad connec- < tlon with those which, almost at the same time, broke ' out in different parts of Germany. Our Nnplra Correspondence. Napi.f.1, Aug 31, 1843. J The lorg planned expedition agtingt Sicily, to redact that island to subjection to the King of Naples, lias at length sailed. 20 000 troops were embarked and left this port for that island It is understood that S,000 of these will be landed at Messina, the fortress o' I which as you know, is still in the possession of the Neapolitan troops, being their only remaining''point ^'appui" of that part of the royal dominions. The : other 12 000 men will be lauded at some other point which 1 l:ave sot been able to ascertain. The King | and his government appear determinined " coute </ui <-oulr-' to recover Sicily, and I fear that the comparative undisciplined Sicilians will make but nu ineffectual resistance to?uch a body ot well disciplined, regular troops. Meanwhile, however, we learn that the most desperate rebalance is cunt?mplated. The whole population of Sicily is armed. Beside the Natioral Uuuid which are enrolled throughout the I inland, n.unicipa' guardr are engaged in every town and village. The spirit ot hatred whioh prevails to- { wards the Neapolitan government, can scarcely bo conceived. It is said that the staircases in Messina, nnd other points likely to be attacked, have been out ? u-"?t iniiuuaihlii fnr thu \'ai. jioni iiir iiuunrp, t.u . .. ?r politan* to use tlii-in li in ?l?u xaia lliHt the environs of Medina and it? Hiihur'ts have betn mined. and will bo blown up under the feet of the invader* if they land, fo that the ?holn city will be converted into a ' heap of min*. A change of cabinet ha* taken place t f'alcrmo, but the muie rpint etill prevails in the governw nt? a epirit a hostile as possible to Naple*. Some Ni apolitan gun-boat* which were of! Iieggio, were lati tv captured bj the Sicilian* and brought to MeMirn A pttnmer calltd tbo Ouiscerdo. wan als > perioufly damaged What, pari tbe Knglieh government will take in the affair reii.atnn daiibiiul i'be English steamer Porcupine left ihi* the day before yecterday, for Palermo. The ptn j.o?i of her vo>a?e wan ?uppo*ed to be to warn the Sicilian* ot the event wlnoh threatened them ; no indicatioii however ?#h apparent of any active measure* on the part ol the K ngii-h Admiral. The KnglUh fleet till lie* principally at Caatlemare ; one or two *t< ar ers, or *hip? of the line coming occa*ionally to thi* pert. A pait of the French fleet is also here, but the I n nen Admiral I* at prerent at lachia. being an invalid A terrible ' actIration took place here within a few fJaj*. ol an hngiir-h ttentltmati of tbo name of Nlchol, who ha* be< n KtiuljiDK here h* nn arti*t ; he (tupped In the eveinug witli xiiiiie frieud", at one of the Cafes in the Toledo ; in nettling the bill, a dispute arono between th- party an J the people of the Cafe ; the bill, however, wu* paid, but the party, ou their ret'irn home, ID purxui d along the >ania l.uca. and being basely derailed. M. .Nlchoi received a <ie?peratu cut on the | .. ....IK..., ....I IhM.n .1 hl? ,. r.H K.I nn IIVIU IIIIU1 f- - " ... ? ntunned. r ceivcd a further wound which killed him. When the i;uard ?? called b>' ?nt found quite dead. T be KOTerunu-nt have taken active inuat-uren to punit-h the p* r pel i atom cf this crime. Our Spniilali ( nrrc?|N>iiil<'iirr. MaualD, Sept. 1, 1848. The Narvaef government ha? declared open war against the liberal Journal"; and faking the cue from krU. where the Dictator in ftiiacklluij the presa at J?ls* nerc discretion, we have hero daily aeUureH made, i^ any of the artlobn are not got up to the taste of the cabinet. The I'lamor I'ublno liai been, of late, bo raquently Mibj.ct to thl? nummary process, that It Bow hardly ventures ou phra?e* of mild opposition. Catalonia the Montemoltnl-la ar? making oonsiiler bla prnfren" They haveM-v*u hand*, not Inconslderable in number' in vari"ii? parts; and lately an Alraltfe of cot-i'l rahli- liitlunme, near Tarragona, went over In them nd 1a SMteied. iiy h a authority, to add three i r four lhiu??nd to ttie.r force# vlatterN are beinnlng to look very ? ri ii- lii f ha', quarter. The 1 < artists have Invested llerir? bwnaina it ha* not paid a 1 rr.ntrtbutlon wli eh tIi -y <>n It Oeoerai VllialoBfa. who >< nop . ) d ii.-c.- fully Iv 1H4i on a Mmtlar n<l?*ino ha- . ii? ihtu that dUtnot, with n view cf euppn a?ln( the ta?urreAtlon ifur Uuanctal atlair* are mui-what Improving A j E NE MOR] conMiirrabJe rniin ha- b<*?o paid into the treaiury on aoconnt of the new loan ; and M Mon In about to publii-h a financial scheme whioh in In b*> a panacea for our rmbarravenientB But. ax the Krench say, " A'au? venom!" At the Boien to-day, Three's were at li<\4 paper; KiTe* 10)^ paper; Coupon*, 7 o??h; Pan MTfH, aji papt-r; iimik or Nun Kerdldand, &0 casn; Discount of Bank Notes, 4% ca?h. Madrid, Sept. 2.1843. The m-ignation of Count Vinta lli rmon, the political chief of Madiid who lately at one of the bull Bghts committed] some indiscretion which was mippoaed to compromise the government, appears Id the Gazelle. Our Dew* from Catalonia to-day is not more <atikfactory; order* have been given f>r large bodies if troops immediately to leave Madrid for that province. At the Holsa to day the Three's are 10,lk paper; Five's, 1?H paper; Coupons. 7; Passives. a>* cash; Bank of San Ferdinand, 60 cash. ? Onr Qnnublnn ComapondMi??. WiiuoHii, Aug. 22, 1848. The Divan has decidedly recognised our newgoverninent; and the Turkit-h commissioner, Suleiman Paoha, iBtered Bucharest on the 20th, when he put himself in :ommunieatlon with the new authorities. On the other hand, Russia has declared to the Porte, that she must uot recognise the new order of thing*, and that within eight days the old oourse of iffairit miift be re-established iu Wnllachia. In oase >f refusal, Russia is herself disposed to intervene an a protective power Thin injunction, coming at suoh a noment. is not without importance, not only as it may > ad to an armed intervention by Russia, but also as it nay destroy the little influence Turkey now has in be Danubian provinces. It is probably a commencenent by Ruseia to carry out the views she has long intertained an to these provinces. rh? KiTi'rt of the lilah Ileetlngalii America on (he lioiitloit Keillor*. [Krom the Loudon Chromeie, September 7.] Han it ever occurred to Mr John O'Connell and my dear Kay," to try an American tour? We think t would pay. Now that business is slaok in Dublin, ind the Burgh- quay shop closed for want of oustoners, hey would surely do well to have something to be ;oing on with; and, from all that we see in the New I'ork journals, of the temper of the Transatlantic >its. we are conviuoed they might make a really good hirg of it. YVe assure these gentlemen, the opening s worth being looked after The patriots over the rater seem in the finest mood for voluntary contributor. The meetings of the "devoted sons of Krin'' ire described a* "tremendous;'' the cheers are ''vooicrous and deafening;'' ihe excitement is "terrific," ind the gullibility unbounded. According to the nost prosaic of the acoounts we have seen, the iponey s coming in "by handful*;" and a DOeticallv-minded 'ditor. writing on the !22d ult , under the immediate nspirntion of a triad of mounter meetings held sirnul* :anpously on the previous evening, oan only compare l.c influx of cash to a -shower of hail." Seven thousand dollars, we are informed, were raised in the jourse of that one nipht. for no earthly purpose ex* :ept that of "promoting the cause of Ireland " Really, :hi(< is too good a thing to miss. Why should the KmEetts, tbe Sheas, tbe O'Connors, the liyans, and the Vl'Urtths. of the New York St. (jiles's, have a monopoy of so splendid a connection, especially in the prelent depressed state of the repeal trade at home? It is possible, indeed, that Liberator II and " my lenr Ray" may hesitate as to tbe commercial prudence )f the venture, tempting though it is. They may apprehend that, as the thing is undoubtedly too good to ast, tbe harvest may be over before they can reaoh the icene of operations. . We beg to say that such is not iur impression. Certaiuly. we should advise prompti;ude; but we think there is no immediate cause for ikeptical uneasiness. Judging from the intelligence sontained in the New York Herald of tbe above men.ioned date, we should say tbe excitement will last |uite long enough to repay a timely expedition The nere fact of the rebellion having ended fcelore it began, knd of there being, consequently, at this moment, no ' cause of Ireland" to be "promoted," will not create .be smallest difficulty; for, luckily, this fact hat been iistinctiy stated in atl the English journals, and the Sew York Milexians make a peint of resolutely disbeieving everything that comes to them from that lailited source I'll to the date of the last accounts. [hey wcrr nil an full an the; could hold of the mythus of ' the Battle of Sllevenauvm" (the " Lnxing'.on or Hunker 11)11 of the Iri'h Revolution'') at whioh " six thousand Saxon* had bitten the dust " Of oourse, t ui? rorrmry and corrupt British ' press" had weighty fcjrcs for distorting the real facts of the oase," and [lacing the story of the Dalingarry affray ''in the best po.-t-ible light for the British government;" but all that, " to use the words of an eminent English jurist," [Lcid Denmm must feel himself Mattered) " might be Hllnl a mockery. a delusion, and a snare. ' The folowing little motxeau. trom the speech of the chairman it one oftne meetings of the 21st ult , will explain exictlj how the matter stands :? " Kvery man capable of forming an opinion on the mat'cr, must be perfectly well aware that there had txen no crushing, and nu defeat. (Cheers ) Let them liHir- it at the worst, there was no one but must admit, lliai it showed the people were up and ready to fight fur their own. or to die iu the attempt. (Cheers ) ? VfS It shown! they wt-re ready to die for their own; (renewed cheering) nnd this information it was impossible to distort or deny The directory, however, had received additional information, and from the auLh< rity of the ijuarter whence it had been communicated to them, he had every reason to believe in its lutlnnticity lie referred to the letter which had ?pp?an d that merning in the Tribune. (Tremendous chcr*. which were again and again renewed.) This letter sh -wed. that while every means of obtaining r< rrect information had been cut off by the stifling of the popular preps, and the suppression of the organs of the people that notwithstanding all the vigilance that had been exercised by the government?owing to the cunning proceedings that bad been taken?this letter t!i' ugli eviui nil) DmtiDg ion m^rx? 01 naving been opened In the po?t office, Imd escaped tbeir viffilance. ami communicated information which it wan their wish nnd tbetr interest to have entirely withheld. (Cheers.) ()u that statement they might place tbe most implicit r>li?nce. (Kunewed cheering.) ? l>'rom that statement It would appear that there had been a battle (Tremendous cheer*.) Ye*, a buttle had bi'en fought by the Irish people? (tremendous cheers) ?a battle had been fought between the Irish people and the Pritl.-h torces, aud in that battle the Irirb people bad bei-n victorious. [Kor several minutes tbe most tremendous cheering, waving of hats and bnndkerchlefs. followed tl I- nnnniincement It is impossible to describe the ttrriftc excitement "] Now here, we my. is 11 mine that cannot fail of handsomely paying the co.-ts of working. With judicious management it will he six luouths, at thi very lenst, before the " battle of Slievmamon" loses it* potency as n spell to conjure dollars out of Celtic pockets. Mr John O'Connell and "my dear Ilay" may go over, If they will, as ministers plenipotentiary of tbe Uieen Itepublic ; and if they only put a good fHce on it, and abu>e the ' mercenary and corrupt British press.'' we will guarantee them enough of " implicit reliance" to pay their expenses both ways, and clear off the outstanding debt due from Conciliation Hall We hate not felt disposed to make tbe effort which wotlid be requisite to order to treat theae maniacal prrceeding* seriously We have, on a former and recent orraeion, said all that we considered necessary lor enabling tbo British ptifcMc to appreciate the true moral and political significance of demonstrations, vhich, though nominally 1 American.'' are, in reality, oiclusivtly got up by a little teltlc colony, who live quite in a world of their own. and whose fikoleries are only tolerated by certain claases of native American politicians, for pnrty and electioneering purposes. In one point of view, perhaps, these irantio exhibitions may not be unattended by permanently useful results We will venture to say that the New York public have, at this moment, a clearer insight into the real merits of the Anglo-Irish question than they ever bad before, and that, should the madness last for any considerable length of lime, tbe whole subject of ' British oppression and tyranny''in Ireland will have a fair chance of bein^ made level to the meanest tram-Atlantic capacity When Jonathan has had further acquaintance with the patriots who preach that " the time has arrived when vengeance, red vengeance, is a virtue"?who exhort tbeir countrymen to " be as tigers In their deportment" towards "the vile Saxon"?Who get up public subscription* fon'bullet* to pierce Kn>iii?n neari*. una " pikes to skewer Kngli-h red-oo*t?"?who b >a*t of " most implicit reliance in the silliest of fables, and Hatly refuse to know a fart when they ?*e It It will probably set him thinking that ' rutole** Sa*on oppression may, after all. be no very bad ?ort of governmert for noma tort oof suhject*, and that If he had an fc-eland of bin own, within flight of the Ni?w hnglaul coast, be might be apt to turn " ruthla** oppre?*or" himself. With our opinion of Jonathan'* great good sense and fine instinct for the practical, wo think nothing more likely than that he will, by anil by. *ee predu ly how the ca*e stand* between Oreat Britain and Ireland, and comprehend that there may be circumstances in ithlch iigitatlon against " tyranny and oppression" only prove* tha' the agitator* have a vast deal more liberty than they know what to do with The English Ki.bctric Tki.koraph.?The following modifications in the charges fur messages by telegraph, have been made within the lust few daysHetween the hour# of half-past live P. M. nrd Beven o'clock A. M , h uniform maximum rate of 5s. will be charged for messages under twenty words?2s (id. extra will he charged lor every additional twenty words, or Ir-ictions ol twenty words Orders for carnages, hon-es, beds, and other messaj/es lor the accommodation of travellers, at 2s. fid. esoh. This reduction, says the Mamrhnter Gvarrliav, however moderate in itself, is an inclination to conform to thechea|?ening and uniYcrsaltsing spirit of the age, and to advance somewhat on the way towards that moderation of charge which has been found practicable, and we suppose remunerative, with the American telegraphs We hnd it stated by a correspondent in the Ovardum ol the 1()ih tilt., that a message of fillet n words, from New Yi?rk to Albany, abnut fill) miles, v? o ild lie about U* Id , and from New Yoik to Kuflalo, m arly 600 miles, about Is fid ? I ami/on Sun. W YO VING EDITION?MON! foreign Theatrical*. Mr. Rtlft baa a Dew opera In preparation for Covsnt Gsrd< n Mr Whitworth and Mw. Nisbett are ongaged it Cerent Garden, and it in likely Mr. Karren will be there M Hermann, the celebrated professor Of initio, in engaged at the Smrey Jullien's benefit at the Surrey Garden* was attended by upward* of twenty thou>and peraona Jenny Lind'a conceit for the benefit of the choral department of Her Majesty's Theatre realized A'Hoo, which gave to each member nearly 4.'15 Mad'lle Nitsen, a vocalist of great fame, is engaged at Covent Garden. Jullien will give pro me Dade eoncerta at Drury lane Theatre, during November and December, on his umtl extensive and attractive scaln There are many rumor* afloat stating that Jenny Lind. the Swedish Nightingale, will not return to this country next year ; but we bare it trom very good authority that she will sing one more season, and then retire trom public life altagether ; that, at least, is her present intention. Alboni will not viait England next year, having accepted engagements at several planes on the oontinent; she, with Corbari and Salvi, aooompaniei by Mr. Oaborne, the eminent pianist, will perform at several concerts in the west of England Balfe has undertaken to oompose an opera, the libretto by the poet Bunn The Adelphi company were to perform a few nights longer at the Haymarket, in conaequenoe of the impossibility of haviDg the repairs and alterations of the Adelphi completed as soon as had been anticipated. The audiences have been excellent during the wee*. Mr Webster will next week play for three nights in the Adelphi drama of Flying Colors,'1 in which Madame Celeste will also appear in her original character. The arrangements fur the opening of the Haymarket with the regular company of the bouse are nearly completed It is decided that Mr. James Wallack Is to be th? stage manager. As lessee and manager. In his own and other theatres both here and in America, he has aoquired great experience in theatrical mutters, which, with untiring etiergy and strong determination, must produce most beneficial results to the theatre to which he maybe attached. The Hay market will open in the beginning of October with Shakspeare'fl ' ltomio aud Juliet." In which Miss Laura Addison, the clever tragedienne from Sadler's Wells, will make her firnt 1 ppearaDce at the west-end as Juliet Mr. Creswiok will play Romeo, and Mr. Wallack Mercutio. The renovation of the Adelph' is proceeding rapidly ; no important alterations will take place in tbe audience part of the house except the reservation of a row of ' stalls in the front of the pit. and the reconstruction, upon an improved principle, of the stairs leading to 1 the private boxes which will also communicate with ' the stalls, by which access to them will be rendered 1 much more convenient than it has hitherto been. The stage will be improved by the removal of two projecting walls .which interfered with the management of tbe scenery. An uninterrupted extent of stage 1 will thus be obtained from the proscenium to the extreme back, and scope aiforded for producing scenic 1 and mechanical effects unsurpassed by any theatre in 1 London. Mr John Reeve will make his appearanoe at the 1 Lyceum at the early part of the ensuing season. I The management at the little Olympic. r>ondon, are 1 indefatigable in their endeavirs to cater for the amusement of the public ; novelty succeeds novelty, and attraction follows attraction. Two new artiitei of ' acknowledged ability have been added to tho com- 1 pany? Mrs Tellett, who made her first appearance a ' few days ago, and Mrs. Sterling, who will perform for ! tbe first time for several years past. Mr. and Mrs. Keuley's engagement at Marylebone continued to prove highly advantageous to the establishment. not only from the celebrity of those artistes, ' but from tbe circumstance of having it in their power 1 to play in al.' the pieces that were most popular during 1 their management of the Lyceum The drama of tho ' "Creole," and the Haymarkec farce of the" Pas de 1 Fascination," were performed to orewded houses. ' The building of the new portion of Sadler's Wellg ^ Theatre is nearly completed ; it is expected that the house will re-open for theatrical performances the ldt- ' ter end of the present month. ' Henry Phillips, accompanied by Mr. Land, was giv- ! inghls vocal entertainments at Devices, Southampton, ' Winchester fcc Mr Lland hits been appointed chorus 1 master at Covent Garden, which will I e opened the first I week in Ootober. with a new opera, either by Vinoont 1 Wallace or young Laurent. 1 Madame Dulcken will commence an extensive professional tour through the provinces, the latter end of ! this month, accompanied by Mr. John l'arry. which will make six trovpea of wandering minstrels; namely, 1 the Lind party, the Urisi party, the Albont party, the Birch Phillips, and Loekey party, fce 8o that crotohets a"d quavers will he in the ascendant in the provinces; to say nothing of the Worcester nnd Norwich festivals; the former will commence on Tuesday next, and tho latter on tbe 12th inst. Several years ago dramatic performances at the minor theatres in London, were restricted by the monopoly of the licensed houses to dancing and singing ; melodramas were, however, represented ; but Instead of spoken dialogue, scrolls of white calico were displayed, upon which tbe Important movements of the drama were legibly inscribed for the information of the audience. Now. it so happened that the property man at Astley's. who has the care of these scrolls, took a fancy to increase his stock of linen by having them manu- l factured into shirt* The embezzlement however, was j not disjove?*d until one night when there was an alarm i of fire in the theatre ; the property man, who slept on i the premises, leaped out of bed. and rushed into the street in his shirt, upon which the assembled crowd r> ad with amazemeut inscribed on the back. Defend the citadel !" and in front. " No surrender A new drama, entitled " Time Tries All," was produced at the Olympic Theatre. London, on the 4th nst , with complete success, the pri ncipal characters being enacted by Mrs. Stirling and Mr Leigh Murray. The drama is from tbe pen of a Mr. Courtney On the same evening, and at tbe same theatre, was produced a new farce, by Mr R. B Brougb, one of the authors of tbe new and successful burlesque of the ' Knchanted Isle,'' lately produced at tbe Amphitheatre Id Liverpool. it is entitled " What to Fat" Drink and Avoid,'' and proved eminently successful, the principal characters being played by Compton and Finery. Mr. W. R. Copeland. of the Liverpool Amphitheatre, is. we learn, ntgotiatingfor its production at hU theatre. Wo stated, a week or two back, that Mr. Aldridge was about to produce a series of Italian operas at the Theatre Royal, Liverpool. His plans have now arrived at maturity, and the 12th, 14th and 15th instant, were the evenings announced for this (to a Liverpool audience) great treat. The entire of each opera will be nrfwliwuil wWhnilS onptBllm.nl - - ? - 1- -? r* " V. ... v....... Ml-. VIA a nuaio Ui UI?H" nificence commensurate with the greatness of the undertaking Nearly every box Heat bad been taken. Th? nmateur performance by the officers of the 4fith regiment, in aid of tbe suITerera by thn Ocean Monarch. was to take place at tbe Amphitheatre. Liverpool. on Wednesday, the 13th inst., when ' Charles the Second" and ' 1'he Unfinished Gentleman" were to be tracted The New Orleans Serenadera gave a farewell concert at Liverpool on tho 6th inst., at the cIoju of whioh they Fang a very pleasing musical farewell address. The audience seemed to feel ft was their last night, and. consequently appreciated the entertainment more than on ordinary occasions. Several encores occurred during the evening; and Mr Kainer gave ' Larry me baok to ole Virginny" with a depth of pathod that we have seldom heard surpassed. It was listened to with breathlees silence till the close, when a vehement buict of applause from all parts of the house testified the pleaxure with which it had he?n listened to The New Orleans S?renaders depart for America by tbe packet ship E. Mr. Collins, o: Liverpool, and who posseases a splendid alto volc?.takes hia departure with th?-m. M. Houdin. the magician?" the wonderful conjuror, tbe emperor of all conjuror*"?Is at Liverpool, and would open the Liverpool Theatre on the 11th inst , with h i astonishing feats of necromanoy. Mr Macr< ady made the following farewell speech at the Theatre Itcyal, in Liverpool, on Thursday night, the 7lh Inst ' 1 arties and (tantieme n?It will notbs ron.il derrd intrusive, I ! am fiirr. if I venture to ire*pn?s .n your pat en<e wiui a f*w ?. rd?, to offer you a purling tribute of my renp-i t, in expressing to )"ii, a- Irntiy a? |?>KMbh>, my gr?i?fiil a knuwledgmem* fur : tlit-11ni Kiml rcieptions 1 hav e experienced at jour h*nd*. | Ttie i> milirent munifcHUttuna of your favor* have over le?n regarded hy n,e with peculiar tatlafacifan, and have held a high I |.i?c ii aymlMUoa, roiltathatthvbavabaan naridtrMf, I as tbev l.sva been liberally. iiastowed. After a short prot*aaional , tour Tii' ?(ih the United .'-'tales, it, is my intention to return to j fnflai to take my farewell of the drima and tone |>?trons who | have lor In d with sueh gei erona npprivaJ nn my humble efforts for : its ad*?neew> nt In thair niim'er it would hestrai ire, la'llcsand ( tii mes. il I were not to inclttd you. In one more engagement. I ' f' r< the curtain fall* for <he las! time on my porformanco, I 1 hope to have tin aralituation of appearing lierv; sod iill then I j taVo my respectful leave ol yon, with the faithful reroembraaeo an! ?. pMM* flf it.o appro* ation with which j on have so ulten jies>d me, snd aitli wannest wiabea fur yunr continually incrossiBf preiperiljr." lit na Pepa Sota a celebrated ilnnttusr of the principal theatre in Madrid, and now of the Academie lloyal de Vi<el>|iif at Paris, i* about to make a tour in Kngland previous to the next London aeason, for which she Is >aid t<> he engaged Liverpool i* mentioned as one of ti e places she Intend* to visit on her way to Scot infill mum ir* iiiiiu mih i? de"cribej as a mo*t rasoinn11n?r artiat. MhiI lit- Mlaet n If named an prima donna at Drury Lane, under Mr Hunn'* management; and negotiation* art- cald to bate been opened with Miss Hayed. New opera* by Me*ar* Wallace and Balfe are promised On Thuinhjr evening. the 7th ln*t., Jenny Lind made her thin) appearance In Liverpool, at a concert, beld at the ( nllegiate In*titnte She wa? aa*l*ted by M Hoger. Slftnor Urlettt, and Sigaor K Lablanhe all of when) are engaged for the provincial tour A aelect portion of the of the operatic hand was retained, under the direction of M Halfe They gave a selection from ? Ni rnia " played with all that elTeot that conatant practising together will alene produoa Thi y alno gave h selection from Meyerbeer'* opera, " La* Huguenot*." The principal violin performer, M Herrmana, gave a ?olo. on a theme fr? m I.unia," executed with exceeding'Mil feeling, and deltcaoy of htyle An Irtch paper aaya, " Mr Lumley give* Jenny Lind ?1(>' (0 and dinner for alx each day. for thirty-ail perfi rtrauce* In the province*, aftar which, It 1* aaid, *ha retires from the >t*ge " 1 be Worcester Keatlval opened on T'ta'day, the f>th Inct . hmI ha? la*Ud during the week. The attendanoa I a* been gr.-aterthan on any former oncaaton, notwltbaiani^mg a revere disappointment In the non appi nrante.. c.f Jenny Mud

Mr 1 barb* lltabaiu. th# *on of the veteran vocalint, ? "*"o make hie appearance in Liverpool on the 0th likf t , aetlaud bv Ms* Kmily Orant. Mr*. A. Nawt#*, and btr *l?ter, MIm K. War* I IRK ] DAY, OCTOBER 2, 1! i n itloiit for .>< pUiuDcr. T MANILA T l> 'H O ? THI! flltllCH, fKrom I.e l-nllet, Journal du Oraod Moods, fcc ] White muslin dreapo*. wltb three or f>ur doe flounces no oil op. d at the edge. or ??Ti>n oreight tuek? are much worn Thea* dreppea ?r- alway* made high with large Meevei, drawn in at the cuffs. or ahor sU-eves with Hupsian leather gloves embroidered ii black aod trimmed with a narr .w ruche of black luce or edged with velvet and fa tened with a bow at th< hide, are much in Tachion All dre-pes aro made sufficiently ehort in front to show the fanny stocking! ut<d oboe*. This is a (treat advantage to a pretty Hummer toilette, and give* a lightness and elegance to the general appearance Silk stooktngs are generally adopted by ladle* of taste. nml indeed, add much to the richness if the dres* With these white dresses, large white tarlatanu shawls, with deep fringes. 01 poii,e of the many thouaand mantelets of fincy sitks, either blue roee colored, lilao. green.Ike , moteor lean ornamented with tnmmlnga of the name material or black lace, are worn. Small velvet mantelets, black, preen. or blue lined with white ailk and trimmed with broad braid on tbe edge are in rt-quest for evening coftume, an an elegant preservative againat the air of the autumn evening*. These mantelets, or kind of small paletot-ear. have the sleevea half long and looae, ?< aa to avoid tbe appearanco of a winter dreaa,.or disarranging tbe under dreaa Donneis have not altered yet in ahape; they are round in tbe front aud closing at the chin, with the exception of some full-dreaa bonnet*, which are of the I'amella form, aod worn by eoiae pretty women, whose faces this shape seta off to advantage Straw bonnet* are trimmed with flowers of the most *<tnple character : a bouquet is faptened on the side without any air of pretension. Water lilies, branches of lry, or bouquets of corn flowers are worn on bonnets by the water side That which is sure to plea?e. admired by all, and can be used upon all articles of a lady's toilette,?Is lace Indeed, then: is scarcely any pretty costume but is indebted to this elegant trimming nor does a lady feel perfectly diitmgue without tbe aid of this light and graceful ornament Full dress, promenade, and even m>>rniDg coptiirm a are trimmed with it; and the marriage coibrillet display a profusion of this useful as well as recherche article. We must not omit to mention tbe beautiful manlilles scvellenntt. aa tbey are suitable for all seasons and all modes, adapted to Bvery taste, and should form a part of every lady's toilette. The marriage corbellle is not complete without this mantille, which uniteB tbe size of the shawl with the grace of the scarf and the ooquatry of the veil, and is equally suitable for either of these graceful appendages to the toilette There are some very charming and new patterns in silks, for rediugotes and drjeuDur drespe* Dinner dresses of muslin, and embroidered organdies, with flounces, Home embroidered in colors, others in white, with lace intermixed, are muchsuugbt for For morning promenade, robes of coutil foulard, toile dn Norwege, or poll de chovre. embroidered in crochet or soutaches in different shades, are vrorn. To give the dresses of barege a richer and heavier ippearance. they are lined with a bright pink or cerise zause or muslin. We have seen some of this description, tbe bareges being a white ground in Turkish designs, pompadour, or in stripes. This lining, independent of the consistency it gives to the dross, pro[luces a soft and warming effect which is very pretty. Among the dresses prepaiing to be worn at Baden we saw some charming rediogotes in lilac taffetas, bleu Je t rance, and Knglish green, '.rimmed with black laoe, Disced rti revrrs uuon the front of the shirt and elthee tide of the body, which id open, allowing a piece of th? (ilk to bo seen instead ot chemiset te, and trimmed with ut-e in rose across the front The half-long sleeves, * hich are loose, are trimmed with threo narrow laces tailing over the arm A gulmpe and under sleeves, in arge puffs of plain white tulle give to this toilette an ippearance half neglige and in good taste; between the two laces on the skirt bows of ri bbon, the shade of the Jress, forming four ooques, separated by small buckles if marquisite or burnished gold The shoes of the 'lOie sonde ao the dress are a mark of good ta?te in the nrearar. We have noticed nt a fet* given lately, two young adies dressed in white linon dresses, trimmed with QouiUonoes ? f the same, ascending to the knee, and covering a berthe and short sleeves. Upon these bouilloiines. placed at short distauces. were small bows of rose-colored satin. The coHTure, a bow of velvet, black, greea, or dark blue, with long floating ends, fixed upon the side of the head over a rose and its leaves. The large tortoise-shell comb suited well with this style. Hedingotts of white batise, with a double narrow trimming to match, gathered upon tho front. The bottom of the skirt is trimmed en suite. The same trimming is placed round the small pelerine and the bottom of the sleeveB. whie.h are half short. A marmailt of lace on a small eap of Valenciennes, with bows of roae-oolored ribbon, and slippers of moire, trimmed with aruehing of pink ribbon, and rosettes upon the front, complete this toilette Upon white organdie robes narrow embroideries of straw are in good taste. City Iiitclllgrncc. Thk Citv Vicstkhuav.?Yesterday was indeeda welcome day, though it brought with it rain and storm. The clouds which had so long lowered gavu out a plentiful ra*. and the parched earth again satiated its thirst. About seven o'clock in the morning the rain poured in torrents, whi?th, however, did not long continue, but during the day there were ma oy shower*, and not once was the sun visible. The city was remarkably quiet, and but few persons were in the streets. The li<|Uor stores were, as usual, half open, and fl led with the devoteoa of Bacohus .^t the corner of Houston and Mulberry streets, in the afternoon, was a young woman who had been indulging rather freely in the sparkling draught. Her whole contour was rather respectably looking, with auburn hair, and large blue eyes, and a moutb. as it then looked, admirably adapted to taking grog. She demounted freely on the subject of religion, and standing immediately in front of the convent, doubtle-s thought she was inspired by the spirit; as she was becoming rather up iunantupi vuv ui mtt citjr guitruiaus upprourueu ner. ana demanded her immediate withdrawal, under penalty of a lock up. To this she demurred, and UfilM a E refusion of hard names upon him who disturbed the Sppjr ltlt( of he? mind She wan then moved off, and. it is probable, found lodging In an apartment where she could look through the gratings at her leisure In Canal street, near the junction ot I.night street, a huge pile of earth reared its summit about eight feet above the common level, and which would have looked as well in gome more private plaoe. Broadway wan quiet The noise of the rattling wheels was hushed, except when an occasional hackney coach would pass, the driver of which kept a good look out for whatever, in the shape of patronage, be might catch. The lower section of the city whs unusually still, and the Battery was desolate. Around the Cwtom Home, where daily may bI seen the hungry seekers fur office.in the present disturbed state of political organization not a person was to be seen. But the inclemency of the weather did not deter the myriads of news venders from their usual work, and in the heaviest of the rain prosecuted their labor with unabated zeal. While the shades of night were gathering the ram began again to fall heavily, and tbe day closed as gloonlly as it begun. The night nas dark and unpleasant, and gave but little hope for an uurloud* d and pleasant morrow. MjROLi.-so, Dviho anii Washing.? In no city In the country, are these professions, blended together as they are so extensively carried on as in New Vork. Not a street scarcely in the whole city where dying is not fancifully done, and they do not profess to keep estsblh hint tits for dyeing, but tho real dying. Many of the signs of the business, say it i.s done expeditiously, and mangling always precedes this kind of change. Should any become tired of lifn.it is only necessary to call upon one of these sagncious individuals, and it they do as their signs bespeak, one may ilyr 111 the fancy way and there are plenty convenient who ate glad to undtrlakr the finishing job. In Centre street there Is an establishment which does away wl'.h the dying, and substitutes living in its stead. It is kept iu a basement, and tho sign over the dooi reads thus :?' Bouidin an YVaishln.au goin out tu dtl das wuik dun her." This is certainly one of the most convenient establishments in the city. They not only pinvlde the sustenance necessary for the healthy condition < f the alimentary functions, but wash the outer covering ot the body, and go out to work in tho cellar at the same time. They seem to be a kind of subterranean, ubiquitous sbt of beings, adapted ta the wants and detnsnds of all But the first description of individuals apeak rattier plainly of their business. It is a considerable sacrifice to die in the natural way bimt uaTing nveu 10 a noon oiu age. nut tne uea or beir.g mangled before th*t period arrives, is something the thought of which alone in revolting Those wh j wi>h to lake u trip to the other country. need only step into one of them e?tabli>-hraents. and they can Hit in plain or tanoy style. which over bent suits them, but the old fa?hioued. plain way. peeran best. lliiTRFiiiiin Occt'aacncR. ? The steward of the ship liajah. lying at the foot of Dover street, Knst Hirer, bound to New Orleans and ready for sea. while walking the deck, about 7 o'clock la?t evening heard tha cries if " man overboard." Ha went immediately tn the tide of the veMel, and could discover, thuugli not distinctly, three persons, two men and one child, struggling in the water elo?e alongside With the aid of others, he succeodvd in rescuing the child, hut owing to the darkness which prevailed, their eliorU to i-ave the men ware fruitless. The body of om was picki d up shortly after the other was not found Tie child, it la said cannot give any aocount of the Htfair, nor can any one else ; but it is quite certain tbey wire steerage passengers who had taken passage in the liajah for New Orleans. Kim .- A fire broke out about twelve o'clock on Saturday night, in the blacksmith shop. No. 12 New street, which was put out with trifling damage. II?no> ? h Stmt t? The condition of this street if deplorable It is paved with wooden block*, many ol which having decayed and disappeared, render th? street impassable for vehicles What are the Conusor Council about, that this street should remain in suot a oondltton T Common Council -- There will be a stated meeting of the Board tf Aldermen, at the usual hoar this ave nlDf. ______________ Kably Mai.aoa Fhuit.?The IhhI nnilin^ brkj Marthn Worihingtan, Capt. Ilrtiivn. from arrived at this port ye.terday morning, having fori portion of her oargo a small lot of box raisins of thki /ear's growth I bis is the first arrival of the aitioi in the United States the present season; and the 4*1 is said to be earlUr than in any former year alLhnu< the picking in Spain was later ihao usual JJ.uro iMilysiilr [The >ch<ir>ner Montague ha* arrived s this port and har aargo wassoU ?t auction op Frid* | tm Uaa*M>1 ? IERA 348. Intrlllgvur* from <'ix^ftor-nla. I.a Paz, Lower California, ) 9 j July 28, 1848. { r, tSkirtnwhr* with the IVftntnin*? riie G<Jd Rt%inn' Crime?iViiva< News. , I Although you may Live heard of the fight which we had with the Mexicans s>ince becHmbc In ft, I think it as well to mention thvni, leaving i discretionary with you to publish fhem or nsl | The firat occurred at San Antonio, in rescuim two midshipmen, Messrs. D.incan, aon iA th> ' Hon. M. Duncan, late M. C. of Ohio, and WiMey j Seigeant Scallan, three mariaes, one sailor 1 and bome others, in the whole abont twenty, com priced our force, and we beat the flreaseiu hand' somely; killing three, wounding others, and p it ting the remainder to flight. The number ol Mexicans engaged was forty, or more. I nriihl mention an incident that occurred. nn<' "i our omcers, captain .-iieeie, wnen re! eonnoitering, was very near being killed; a shot was fiied ut him from a cuartel close by, and the ball |**netrated his middle, and lodged in the shoulder of it, doing no other damage. This annoyed him exceedingly, and he directed his men to dismount and rally under cover of a church close by. Whrit rallying. Lieutenant Ilalleck, of the Marine Corps, came up, and he was requested to steiyout and ascertain the best plan of assaulting and.taking the cuartel. The balls flew so thick around him that he was unable to do so. Com* boys, then," said Capt. S., "come on !" and we went straight into the cuartel. We routed tliem. In an amhuecade on our return, our force dismounted and put a party of Mexicans r> flight, and captured their captain, who was severely wounded. We then returned to our quarters,? leaving behind us but one man, Sergeant Thomas M. Hipwood, of Company 11, who was inatantlyr killed in charging the cuartel?having ridden 120 to MO miles, m twentv-eieht hours. We ha\e received very exciting news from Up' per California?gold has been discovered (here in great quantities, and it re said that one man got $1,500 worth in ten days. The place in which it was found is three hundred miles east of San Francisco, and is thirty miles square. Every one is pomg there?even Uncle Sam's troops. Some forty men ol Company C, stationed at Sonoma, went in, and laying down their arms, saying they had no further use for them, marched off to the gold region. Twenty-five deserted from San Francisco barracks, and the Southampton was obliged to bhiI, as the crew would have deserted likewise. There are twenty-five hundred persons there now, and the number will be increased one thousand more when this regiment is disbanded. The Mormons have the police establishment of the place, and defy Col. .Mason and his whole force, to drive them ofl' Crime is very prevalent; and murdeis are allowed, if they are not very atrocious or cruel. The United States ships Ohio, Congress, Dale, store ships Lexington and Southampton are here. The Independence has left for home, via the Sandwich Islands, and the Congress will leave soon. Additional Items from Santa Fe?The annexed items of intelligence we take from the St. Louis Republican ?f the 23d ult. They are additional to those received from nur correspondent and published in yesterday's Hern/d:? Mr. Aubtey thinks that the first detachment of Gen rrice'8 oomo and will reach I ndepeodence about the first of October, and the whole military force may be expected to airlve by tbe ISth. It Is understood that the Missouri troops will rendezvous at lpdependence The regiment of llliuoia 1 volunteers' will arrive at Kort Leavenwertta, <nd from > thence be transported to Alton, where they will be dlfl, charged. General Pries and suite, were expected to reach Independence about tha 18th iaat.; Lieut Col. Gilpin's command in a day or two thereafter; Col Newby's rej Kiment of Illinois volunteers in about ten d%ys. and 1 the remainder of the foroe very shortly afterwards. A great number of traders and emigrants were met on thi-ir way to Santa Fe. From an extra issued from the office of the Sinta Ke Krnublican, and dated on the 12th Inst , we gather the following items of information:? Dr. 1) Waldo arrived at Santa Fe on the f>th ult , with alarm; train of wagons, loaded with commissary's StOIOM. I.ieut Love and escort.Mr. J FindUy, Mr. McCarty. and other gentlemen, left for the States on the 1st instant. Major Dealt, in command of the !)th military dvpa'tment. had issued an order, permitting Diego Archuleta, the leader of the Taos revolution, to return to his family and friends, without molestation from any quarter The Republican, noticing tho passage by the Texas legislature of bills to establish the county of Santa Fe?to Hrrange the militia of the county of Santa Ke?to establHh the eleventh Judicial Circuit, to be formed of that county-aad to allow the county one representative in the house, says:? AVe would now inform our Texinn friends, that it is not necessary to send us a judge nor a district attorney to settle our affairs or put " th.ngs to rights,"' for there is not a citizen, either American or Mexican, that will ever acfcnowiodge themselves as citizens of Texas, until It comes from higher authorities New Mexico does not belong nor has Texas even a right to claim her as a part of Texas We would also advise Texas to send with her civil officers for this county a large ferce. in order that they may have a sufficient bodyguard to escort them back safe. It will also be well for Texas to put Mr. ? as a member from the county of Santa Fe, for their next session of the legislature. and we sincerely hope the seat may be reserved for him. as It is quite probable his services will be actually demanded, in order to Instruct the new and young Idea how to shoot. Texas should show some little sense aud drop this question, and not have it publicly announced that Texas' smartest, men were tarred and feathered by attempting to fill the office assigned to thein. Law Inlt'lll^rncr. t'rmTEii Statfs Circuit Coiht.?Sept. 31.? Present Justices Nelson and Belts?D?:< isioss?Henry CIrinrtrll. tt nl. vs Cmneliut iV. Laurence ?Th.s was an action for money had and received, to recover back an alleged exct-ssof uuties paid to the defendant as collector oftheportof New Yrrk 1.060 rolls of Canton matting were shipped Iroui London in the ship American F.agle by the plaintilfs, November Kith. 1847 containing 42 000 yards, at the cost of $3,880, commission 2V making a total of $3,977, on which a duty nt 26 p-r cent was charged, amounting to $0(14 25. The entry was made at the custom house from the original invoice price at ? anton accompanying the goods when shipped from that place to London, August men. isio. Thin Invoice accompanied the good* on the re-shipment from London to tl)o port of Now York () the entry of the good* here, the collector directed the appraters to report charge* upon each roll of the matting, and they reported accordingly, to be charged on 1 oach (1 50 for freight from Canton to London, making the additional Hum of $1-676 upon which duties were chargeable, which at 25 per cent, amounted to (lo;5 50; and It being ola med that the appraised value (Including the addition of charge* for freight from Canton to London) exoeeded by 10 per cent thu valui as entered at the custom house; a duty of 29 per cent on such amended value win also imposed ami charged, by way of penalty under the Sth Section ol the art ol < ongress, which amounted to (1.118 20. The aggregate amount of duties, including the > penalty of '20 per ent thus charged upon the ( anion matting was (2.515 05, deducting (133 20 on account, of damaged goods; the aggregate amount then stood at (?,3h2 75. The mm of (329 50 the duty on the charge* after correction for freight from Canton to London, and also the (1.05!) imposed by way ol penalty, making the sum of (1 388 60 wa* paid to the collector under protest There wa* also shipped a? th? Fame time and in *amo vessel a quantity of crap? shawls. which were entered at a eo?f, I m-luding charges and commission", of (-1,070 47. charg-d with a duty ol HO per cent at ounting to (1 223 10, thi* article h?d also been t-hipred froni f'anton to l.ondon. ami re. shipped by the plaintiff* to thia port; the charge* f ir freight from Canton to London were added to tbo entries, amounting to $102. ccmrnisiion $'2 60 total flflft 0.1 charged with a duly of :J0p?r cent was $.11 50; thinsum wan ?l-o paid unJ?r proteet, making an aggrtv 1 (rain of $1.42? with int?r?nt from the time of pay ment, which the plaintiff* claimed to recovar, and foi 1 which a verdict wax tfekan at th? Circuit Ninon, Justice.? 'A'e are of opinion thai the charges 1 far fielght of the go?dr from Canton to London won not atithf ri*?'d by any of the existing tariff acta; th< aot of lMf> did n<4 prescribe the mode of arriving a ' the dutiable vhIum of the good*, bat referred to thi existing l*w? for that purpose; these will bo faund it , the provision* of the a?t of 18V2 The 16th Motion o f thnt act (ft I'mted State* law.? p ftCU) provide* that I ! shall bo the duty of the collector to causa tho actua { u>?rket value or wholesale price thereof, at th< ( time whe? purchased in the principal market* o the country from which tb? (Mine thall have be,?r . imported into the I'nltwd States, to be nppraiaed and ascertained, and to suoh value or prS o i-l all bv artdt d all cost* and charge*. except lntur*,.le,i nnd including In every care a charge for c munitions r iu tha true value, at the pert where the same mny j* entered upon which the d\iti?? shall be char* |t i ^ clear that the oo*?a and charts here deferred to ( mean those tbat have been incurred subsequent toth ? pun 1 asv of the good>. and in the c?ur/e of the ship ? ment to the 1 nit. d State*, not to '.,&ita or charge ^ tbat niay hare been lo^urred In any pr?viotn ship ment to the place ftrnn whence Imported into thl , oi.ufait); thes*- tiuUr into ?u , (urui the uonatituen parta that make up the '.iirket value, or wholeael prieo, at the place of importation To add those agaii ,LD. TWO CENTS. would be adding d >ul>l>-rhargi-* in lixlng |the valua1 tion. The market value of gcnia *t * given port. Include* all prevleu* coat* and charge* of production, transportation and delivery at. thai market Th n follows the proviso to the nection. that Ina'lctf* where tbe good* ahall have been imported to to the Inited State*. from a country In which the *airit nhail a not have been manufactured or produced the foreign value Khali tx- appraised, and estimated according to the current nurket Talue. or wholesale price of iiirait lar article* at the principal market* of the country of I producii) r. or mauufacturn, at the time of the Importation to the Knited State* Thl/i proviaion I .h to be ( conetrurd in reference to and in connection with th* ? enacting elau> e and not a* an independent provision If. according to the latter view, then no charge* would ? be admirable a* none are prorid >d for. But, taken | in eonnerCion it in a substitution in all cane* of fhlp' I nu-ntH ofgoodBfroin a place other than the oouotry of ' | production cr manufacture, of the current market . i ralueef the place of importation Thl* i* the legal effect of tbe provi.-o, in connection with the enacting clause. The general rule given for the appraMal, I* th? market f value or whole*ale price at time of the purchase, in tbe principal rnarketn of the place where the good* are Imported. The exception i*, where the good* are the production of modik other country, then tbe current market value of that country i* taken, and In each on?e add co*l and charge*, an pre* bribed in the enacting clauce The cent and charge* In both ca*ee are thooe which hare been incurred at the port of shipment. The current market v ilui- at the principal market* of the country of production, was doubtlet* regarded by Congreaa m atfordlng. upon the whole, a fairer aud more uniform mea?r.Te of value than the market value at the plac- of aliipment. and therefore that meaaure wa* substituted in lieu of It, leaving me or.HiH anu cnarg> ? me same in b <th cases The princple of this proviso win first incorporated into the provisions of the aot ot 1823; the fith section (' > U. 8. Laws. p. T.'i'.i) provided, that to the actual cost of the good', if purchased, or actual value, If otherwire procured. at the lime and place when and where purchased or procured, and to the appraised value, If appraised, shall be added ah oharges except insurance, provided, that in all cases where the good* shall have been imported froui a country other than that of production, the appraisers shall value the name where produced or manufactured This in a simple subntitution of one measure of valuation for another; In cm the goods were whipped Srorn a country dilterent from that if production, the cohU and charges remained the rauio So In respect of the ant of 1MW aud 1832 (4 11 S. Lawn, p 27-I sec, 1; ib. p 5'jl sees 7 and 16 ) We IInd, therefore, no authority for adding the freight of the goods in question. from Canton to London, as part of the charges in fixing the dutiable value. Wo are also of opinion, that U otherwise, and the freight properly added, the penalty of 20 per cent wai not chargeable under the aot. The 8th section of the ast of 1842 imposes tbl? duty in rai-es where the appraised value of tbejgoods imported shall exoeed by 10 per cent, or more, the value as declared In the entry as used In this act of 1848, aud of that of 1842; and, indeed, in all the revenue acts, means the value of the goods to be estimsted and arcertained by the appraisers, either uccordmg to the "actual oost," " actusl value," or "market value." as the case may be, exclusive of obarges. To this value thus ascertsinod, charges are to be added in making up the dutiable value -charges are not appraised, but are a certained and added to the aiipralral; this is especially so provided in the 10th section of the aot of 1842. It dlreota the goods to be appraised, and to the value thus ascertained, to add costs and charges. Tho Bth section of 1840, the one in question, is to bs read In connection with the l"th section of 1841. Independently of the charge far freight in this cane, the appraised value of the Canton mattings not only did not exceed the value by ten per cent, as entered at the Custom House, but, on the contrary, it was admitted to be correct. The case, therefore, has not arissn which justified the imposition of the twenty per sent within the 8tli section < f the act, 1840 But, upon the other view taken of the case, we think the plaintiffs are entitled to reoover back, not only the amount of this penalty, but also the duties charged on the freight from Canton to London, and that judgment should be rendered for the amount of those two sumfl, with intercut front the time of payment. Corveliut W. l^awrtnce, adsm Jlndrev Thorp, el a I ?This Is an action to recover back the <11 Iff re ace between twenty percent ail valorem, and thirty per cent, wbirl) latter rate was exa ted by the defendant as Collector of the port of New York, for duties on curtain goods Imported by the plaintiff* Into said port, and which, it in claimed, were liable only to a duty of twenty per cent. The duty of thirty per cent was charged uuder the second sub-division of the second section of tbe aot of 18(2 (5 IJ. S. I. , 04!)). which imposes the rato on all mabufactures of cotton, or of which cotton shall be a component pirt, not otherwire specified. Tbe plaintiffs insist the article it chargeable under the eighth sub-division of the first section of that act, which imp Me* a duty of twenty per cent on '' camlets, blankets, coating*, i and all other manufactures of goats' hair or inoi hair " The goods were entered at the Custom House ' under the denomination ' plush,'' and in the invoice, as exhibited at the time of the entry, as "crimson, blue and violet." They were valued hy the government ap' praisers as composed of cotton linen and g 'ats' hilr or | mohair, the hair of the goat being known in commerce j as mohair It was proved on the trial, by witnesses ac' ({uaiuted with the article as imp >rters and vender', or ag ' cabinet makers who have occasion to use the article in their businets. that goods o{ the same description in all respects, had hcon imported extensively into the IJ nited States, prior to the passage of the tariff act of 184'J; and that before and sinco that time, the goods were known in trade and commerce under t.he name of 'goats' hair plush," or'-mohair plush." though they were always composed in part of linen ootton. or worsted. It was also proved by the same witausses that they had never known any artiolo of commerce to lis lmi ported into the I'nited States prior to the aot of 1842, I or since that time, composed entirely of goats' hair or uii'iiaii , ?ii u rrtrmi U1 ufiu, WIIU ll*i| ueail in CaUaieiH I and mohair coatings. proved that camlet* anil mohair coatings imported into the I,'nited States prior to 1H42, were always couponed In part of worsted combined with goats'hair It was also proved by witnesses famij liar with the manufacture <>t goats' hair or mohair plush. aDd had witnessed the process, that from the pe1 culiar nature of the mohair or goats' hair.it cnuld not be made into a fabric without a combination with none j ether materlul ; that the warp m ust be of somt other material ? cotton, linen or worwted?while the sur| face i r pile, an it is called, is alone of mohair or (.'" its' hair ; that the; never knew of an article being made of mohair exclusively, nor did they believe such an article could be made; and that the value of the cotton material other than mohair In the article in question wan about ten cents per yard,while the value of the mohair was from two dollars and fifty cents to three dollars and fifty cents per yard. The ; Court instructed the jury, that if the nrt'.cle In question. though containing cotton or some other material than mohair, van known in tiade and commerce, prior to the act of 1842. under the na'ne of-goats' hair plush i or mohair plush.and especially if there was no other . manufactured article of commerce, or fabrio. composed ' entirely ef goats' hair or mohair, knowB or imported into or used In this country before that time, then, upon the true construction of the act of IBM, tha plaintiffs would be entitled to recover. The jury found ! a verdict for the plaintiffs and also found specially, . j under the advice of the Court, 1st, That the article in I question was known in trade, prior to thu act of 1842, ' as " goats' hair plush.'' or " mohair plu^h," compoaod sometimes of goats' hair and linen, and sometimes, an in this case, of goats' hair and ootton; 2d, That there i was an article known in trad*, prior to the above date, I as "camlet arj mohair coatings." composed of goats' heir end worsted, extensively imported and used in | this country; and. 3d, That there was no manufactured article of commerce, or f? hrk- composed entirely ' of goats' hair or mohair, importedilnto this country or 1 used here, prior to the above date, or since N? Lion. Justice.?The jury having found that tha article In question whi knewn in commerca prior to the act of lh42 and since underthe denomination of ; ' g' ats' liair plush.'' or - mohair plu-<h.'' although composed partly of cotton, wo think a duty of 30 per cent ad valorepi. was net properly chargeable under the act. That provides for thi? rate of duty 'on all manufactures of aotton or of which cotton shall be* component part, not etberwi-ie specif.ed '' The article under the findings of the jury, fails within the t>x> ception. Itlsspeoif^d in the eigl.tji sub division of the fir?t seetlrn of the act. If? I'.S I. n 549.i and the , rate of duty tixod at 20 instead of iO per cent, as ful! low* ? --On caraleta. blanket*, coalings, and all othnr manufacture* of goats' hair or mohair,'' twenty per cent Nd valorem In a commt.rcial h-imk, and a? kmnn to the t/ade, the article is a niannfacturo of goat*' hair or mohair, within the mran'ng of thin nub' division, if no4. the clau?e in wholly unmeaning. and wax unacted -without relerenca to any kuown article or aianufai iu the cnmmnri'i*! wurld as It i* abundantly proved. and f.jutnl by the jury. thfct In every manuliKturH of goat a' hair or mohair, there in dkot'"parily h component part of huoik other material, i ' aoh a* wocvteil, linvn or cotton In confirmation of I Ihla view. to may refer to the article of camlat*,1' and eoalingtt. in this name sub-divlnlon, which are particularly specified. Thene are conpojmd or' f. >at?' hair ! and worMed. and would fall uudar tho second *uhdivialon of tho first action, bein* oomposad pirtly of wool, irerf) they ?ot enumerated In the eighth *ubdiviaton Ttie clauee all other maDtifaj'.ureR of -goat*' hair" or uiohair, following this enumeration in'.ha ; suh-divntfrni W.n intended to embrace In general , ti ru>?> fabric* or manufacture* oompoaml of similar , muteriaK noi. partaking of lik? ^ualitie* with ib>?? , I'?rtlcfil?rlj enumerated The on? in qneatlon, Upon t the flTidinf of the jurr. oomeB dirpntly within the d-? fcrijrtlon soil U, therefore, oharireable with a Ilka ? duty [ ! Police Intelligent** 1 j ? Murder Caie ? Officer* Stephens and Van , ! No*trand, of the lower police arretted yesterday a f , t. an by the name of < hat I** Align ?tui>, or in>re e jh, n onlj called 'Klve I'oint Dutch < barley," cn achar*< I o' murder. In stabbing .'ohn Caaxldr, ah?s ' Irnh j lack.1' with a lar*e caee knife inflicting a fatal wound tu.der the left fthouldt-r blarte hone, entering noma four inchm. This wound wa? Inflicted on last Saturday nifiht a week ago, ami since that time the injured ? man bn* been lingering in th* City H<-;pital, end died lust Naturdayflkiight from the elf-ct* of the lnjurr. g < troner Walter* will hold an Imjuest on the bodj t bin forenoon The accused wm oommitte 1 to prison, . to await the action of the Coroner St ruling tfnvry ? Officer Bulger. of th.- h ward, , arteateil yesterday. a black fellnW cailei! rederick t l iancie, on a charge of abeai;ng $.*>0 fru another ? colored iran, by tho name of John Johniuu JtuU* Tloipnon locked th accused up tor trial