Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 3, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 3, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5235. Affair* i?t DMMMMHU ' iKORtiETowN, I 'em ir.ira, Aug. 14, 1818. The Cooly Quetti >?? Having received many com'rvinieations frnm ttiA lTnif>./l Sitatua rpn .owtln.r I II IV\ fill 11 111 >11 r?*fj IHPt. Hig the Coolie emigrants to this colony of Crent Britain, I have inferred ihe subject mi ght he of sufficient interest lor an article id your valuable paper. The subject is one not free from difficulties, as the convicting views of intelligent person* residing here, would clearly indicate In giving a concise history ol tlnssibiect, I shall endeavor to be entirely impartial, ana not be influenced by {the predilection* <>r prejudices of those with whom it is mv privilege tn associate. In the \ear 1839 about 1(H) ' hill Coolies" were Importi d from Iiindostan into this colony, and were up| n-nticed for the trim of five years, receiving the ci treat rat** of wiMgivei t<? other laborers on the same estates. They proved for the time to be useful laborers Unfortunately forthem, and , for the interest ot the proprietory body, mmyof them were located in unhealthy rural dmtric's; and the fatality attending their acclimation, gave rise to the misapprehension abroad of its being, in effect, a revival ot the slave trade ; which was the cause, probably, of the B government diseoniimimL* lor h tiro#* further nn tmf.ition. By the condition** made w ith these emigrants, they had (lie privilege, after a five years' residence, of electing to remain in the colony, or of being tranpjx rt? u to their native country, at the public expence. Most of them chose to return to their native hnd, carrying with tlum the proceeds of their industry. Immediately after the emancipation of the neSroep, the competition for securing the services of le laborers became very ac ive among the planters, called here the " proprietory body." Aa an opportunity was afforded to the blacks to select tne i lai.tation on which to labor, (or not to labor f at all.) the proprietors of estates made every effort, by offriing superic r accommodations, to induce tneir former slaves to remain, and to entice laborers from other estates. An immense expenditure was incurred in erecting comfortable buildings for the now free laborers; and many of the plantations presented the appearance of villages, provided with a church, and furnished with a school house. The priced paid for labor at this time could only find an apology by the high commercial value of sugar, almost the sole product of the plantations. This article having since receded nearly one half in price, the proprietor attempt d a corresponding reduction in tlie rate of wages The laborer refused a i i' :tm Vlllfl*') 111 r-11 I ill ItTBD I Ilcl II III!-* H?I 111? i J?riUC. J. 11 US Was the planter and his employees at an issue that could not be reconciled. The savings of the blacks had in most cases betn husbanded, and they w ere, many of them, in a condition to purchase a small lot of ground, and erect (or themselves an hmnhle cottage. In several instances, a combination was formed, and an abandoned estate was purchased, and a Village at once sprung into existence. I have recently visited one ot these rural villages, called Buxton, numbering about one thousand houses, with a population of about four thousand laborers. This entire population can procure labor on neighboring estates, whenever they wish for employment: but, subject as they have been to few wants, winch are most abundantly supplied from a luxuriant soil, with t illir:r exertion, and a climate so mild as to lender clothing a matter with them rf little moment; they decline the proffered service, and bask in the sunshine of a lazy and thriftless inde|>endence. Ah r natural result o( this withdrawal of the producing class from a state of activity to that of idlei.tss, the cultivation of a greater or lesa portion ol most estates was abandoned, and some few ninte unfavorably situated were entirely deseitt u. In a tropical climate vegetation is so luxuriant that a short intermission of labor produces most disastrous results to the proprietor. It is especially so in Deiimrara, where the country lies so l? w as to reuui > e the most nerfect system of drainage to prepare the land f'>r tillage. 15y neglect, the canals are poon filled, and a marsh usurps ihe place of waving cane fields, shortly to be . ucct' tied by a forest th it becomes almost impenetruhlc from the myriids ( I vines and creepers which weave a barrier between civilization and its impervious solitudes. Th<* colony, with an equal or greater amount of material for producing, had relinquished the control and direction of that materiel, and presented a picture of gloom and prospective desolation. At this crisis in 1S4">. her majesty's government renewed the introduction of an unlimited number of Cooltfs, to he brought from Calcutta and Madras, under certain restrictions. This colony was required to pay all the expenses of their importation, and guarantee to them a return pat.s.'ge at the expiration of five years, should they desire it. The Coolies were to be left free, Jo work when and where they pleased. The Court of Policy, with the consent of the governor, voted the sum of half a million sterling for emigration purposes, to be borrowed in England upon bonds to be secured upon the revenue of Britith Guiana. Her majesty's government appoint'd commissioners under that ordinance, for the purpose of borrowing, managing and expending this fund, by chartering and licensing ship* to ',o to India, for ti-.e purpose of conveying the Coi bes to this colony. An agent was also appointt d by the commissioners, (or the ports of Calcutta anu Madras, who^e duties consisted in collcetii g_ ana assisting the emigrants in their embarkation. As a result of these arrangements, over lft.000 Coolies have been brought into tins colony duringthe past two years To this, we might add, that di i ing the same period an equal number of x^orniKu?,^f nnii /\mc>inn iiavr im mi imiunutcu. The two latter have proved a valuable acquisition; but the foimer inrBtb considered u failure, so far as any advantage has resul">d to the colony. The poorest specimens of h'imaiiity cnnn I surpass them in sqralid misery, wiih hut few exceptions. They ti e slightlv firmed, nnd might be useful, in peifoiming the light work on the plantations, Mich as moulding and weeding the cane, but for their wandertng habits, which prevent the formation ot any local attachments, anil render them so uncertain he!j> that no dependence can be placed upon their fidelity. They seem well adapted to hear the climate, and may, upon investigation, prove to b'1 but the refuse of the population cf 1 i,(i a. turned upon this colony at a great exreuse, with all their h bits of idleness, and scarcely a redeeming trait of character. There are, of course, some exceptions to this general rule. To obviate the difliculties growing out of the wandering propensnies of the Coolies, the Court of Policy passed an ordinance legalizing contracts tor three years, enteied into between the planter and the newly arrived immigrant, the latter receiving the same wages for a similar amount of service as the unindented laborer on the same estate. Karl Grey, however. prohibited the execution of this measure, excepting where the contracts are entered into with the fr? c consent of the parties. As 1111 abstract principle the noble Karl is undoubtedly collect, but from observation I am constrained to think that the case of the Coolies forms an exception to the general rule, and I cannot but be 11eve that the Court of Policy have pursued a course calculated to benefit the wandering, begging, half idiotic Coolies, no less than the planter, and the entire colony. _ It must be borne in mind, that nc vagrant act exists here ; and ?he course proposed is, therefore, one of common humanity, as well as self-defence from the evils inflicted upon society by such a multitude of vagrants as ourCooly population now presents. Admitting to Earl Orey the possession of the most enlarged views of policy, combined witli great experience in colonial aflairs, even Insopin ions would, 1 think, undergo a change, could hf personally examine the subject; and he would doubtless then, from humane feelings, advise the appointment of guardians where he now refutes whnt is equivalent. Mncli excitement linn resulted from tins thwart' ing the pinna of the colonial government. Not long since, the Court ot Policy saw a necessity foi reducing ihe expenses ??f the colony. They accordingly recommended a reduction in all oHicial pplanes. Ihs exc rlli rii v, who reCfl*H $23,000 per annum, besides house rent, ifcc., rejected the proposal. The Court ot Policy then prepared to vote supplies for only six tnontlis. This measure excited the disapproval of the Governor, and resuited in no supplies heinc then voted. Upon this intelligence reaching Km-land, Karl Grey refused to grant licenses for emigrnut vessels hound lot British Guiana, stating that he >liould allow nr emigrants to he sent there, until the supplies werr voted. The Court ol Policy have, however, granted supplies until the 1st ol October. It is extremely doubtful if any custom* dnties will he collected for several weeks after tint dale, the crown duties having been some time since abolished A new confuitution may be sent out in the mean time, and a ieconciliation effected between the colonial and home governments, which would prevent such a result 1 have thus given a condensed account of Cooly rnugiation to this colony, and trust (hat the subject, as a matter of history, may prove Acceptable to your readers. Amkricv*. E NE MOB AflMrt In VetiesMeUu n Caraccas, Sept. 4, 1848. In former yearn, when I resided id Philadelphia, j I now ana then forwarded to you articles for pub- () lication, and particularly, I gave you a history of o the famous adventurer, J. Eliovich lira'.ish, the ? pelf-called General and Consul for Greece. T H frhall do the same now, residing as 1 have done for jf several years past in this republic, where th1 events occurring nre worth notice and deserving ^ attention, us a spectacle of a republic where civil ei war in raging. I have seen some of the communications in your paper, dated Carttecas, from our friend " Naineerf.'' The last I saw was dated ' 8th of last month, saying that a naval engagement | had been fought in Caraccas. That is absurd; for ci ! Caraccas is not a seaport, but a city elevated 3,500 hi | feet above the level of ihe sea, and 16 miles from pi I the sea-shore. Instead of Caraccas, 1 presume it I should have been C'uraeoa, which is one of the Dutch islands in tlirCaribbean sea, nearly opposite S1 : Porto Cabello. The enclosed letter his come tr l from Margarita, from our friend Seth, who, no tc doubt, writes to you of the political state of tliaj , ; island, now the seat of war, or rather in its waters, where the two fleets will meet to decide C( the fate of this country. President Monaaus, i i- . -i: : i i n*: * . - r .l t . . ? lias uisiuisiseii iiim ivjiiusier i)i ine i'liTior and sf Justice, viz. Dr. Thomas .Sanavria. This person th has been the ruin of this country ; he is an lufa- pi irons demagogue, and ought aever to have oceu- m pted the ministerial chair. Persecution is still cl going on here on a great scale, in consequence of w some letters that have been intercepted from seve- it ral persons of the Paez pat ty. These have all jk been arrested and placed under trial. God knows pi whnt will be the result. Yesterday a vessel arrived ? j from Margarita, to the government, bringing des- c< | patches. I believe it will Bail again to morrow, taking with it $1,500 to pay the troops there, which, tl according to the amount of money, cun't be a hi large number. As to the government fleet, we tl don't know yet where it is; no doubt, by this time, somewhere n?ar the factious fleet, and, no h doubt, when they meet, a smart engagement will tl tuke place. The government fleet consists of ui eleven sail, that is, Ave brigs and six schooners, without being so well mounted as the Maracaibe- cl ros' fleet, which, I am told, is in very good order, ci should any thing interesting turn up before the r( vessel goes, I shall advise you of it, so that you t< may have news from all quarters of this republic, w Asuncion de Margarita, Aug. 5,1848. The arrival of an American steamer at Pampa, ? tar, a few days since, from La Guayra, with a 11 battalion of troops, under command of Gen. Silva* j' with twenty-seven oflicttrs, put this little island in c] quite a commotion, and particularly when it was known that this reinforcement had been despatch- c ed on information that Gen. l'aez was about to [ lake possession of the island. The steamer, I am n informed, left her American papers in H^ruayra, ti and made the trip under the flag of Vei4ptela. There are now about 600 troops in the island, well n aimed and equipped, to repel the invasion by l'aer; 11 but how lar they will succeed, we are to find oul 0 hereafter. This it-land is a province of Venezuela, situated oi about fifteen miles from the coast of the province of Cumana, and, in a military (>oint, is to Venezu- ?' ela what Great Britain is to Europe. Being sepa- ' rated from the main land, an army cannot invade s it, except by tran^nortjp; and as the squadron of ? l'aez has dispersed jfiat of Monagas, and should his forces once get poss^sson oi the island, it will a be diHicult to drive him out again. The island ? contains about 25,(KK)_ inhabitants. Asuncion is ihe capital, situated in a romantic valley, sur- ? rounded by mountains, and defeaded by a castle. . It, however but a decimal of what it once was. , Of its fi\e stone churches, four ure in ruins ; and lit* luius are very extensive, more so tnun l nave met with in any pait of Venezuela. " From the capital there is a level road through a !valley to Pampatar, a seapert, distance 4? miles, to the eastward, and a like road to Juan (rreigon, w a seeport to the noith, distance six miles ; both ^ places defended by forts. " The inhabitants are, generally, poor, but have some wealthy men among them, who have ac- 0 <iuued their wealth by their fisheries. They sup- jV ply neailj the whole of Venezuela wuh salted iish. Indian corn is produced in abundance on the island. The women employ themselves in niiiking hammocks and chip hats. There are (ji more men on this island employed in small vessels . and boats than in all the rest ot Venezuela. The ['earl fi*hery was formerly carried on at this I ulund to considerable extent, but, within the last year, has been entirely abandoned. Owing to the low price ot neails in Europe, it will not pay the expense, including the hich price of a licence, p For a single boat, where the drag, rake, or indiarubber iai ket is used, it> $1,200 |>er annum, payable in advance ; and every separate boat must pay the same licence. Hut she divers only pay $10 per month. They dive down in thirty teet water, and bring up the oysters in their hands ; and frequently, out of one hundred oysters, thev do not find a single pearl: but, as the value of labor is only from fifteen to twenty cents a day, they have been enabled to make a living, when the price of pearls was high. Two Italians have ruined themselves with the use of the Italian drag; and one Frenchman f hot himself, nfter completing his ruin u.-ith n Hivinir meket. So much ior the nearl I fishery of Margarita. H The inhabitants are generally industrious and / well-diPjx aid. and, as a class, are the best in ? Venezuela. \Ve shall promptly have additional ,, particulars, when you will litar from me again. S.D. Asuncion, Capita!, de Maroarita,) y August 13, 1848. $ o Since my communication of the 5th instant, T 11 have made a trip to the city of Cumana by the " i mail hoat; and, on returning by the same craft, j being within two miles of the American schooner ii Cecil, Capt. Binny, of Baltimore, employed in ex- a I trading dollars from the wreck of the Spanish j, ship San Pedro, we descried several sail of ves- n sels under the Margarita shore, at 4 P. M. on the j: 9'h inst., and we came to the conclusion that it was the squadron of Paez. We endeavored to h get t" windward of the Island of Coche, but as v the squadron was hearing down for that island, h we bore away to go to leeward <if the island, with ' a view to escape, but owing to a calm, an armed ' boat was despatched after us, and we wcie soon o n their l ower with the mails, lieintf conveved 11 on board one of the vessels, the commander* of L | ilie squadron came on bourd, and on learning ( j I was h 11 American citizen, told me that I wan >it t liberty to remain on board or go on shore or where | 1 1 chose, and I remained four days i n board, until g I obtained a fishing boat to bring me to this t island. ? The squadron consisted of ten sail, one bnrk * with ten carriage guns and one on a pivot, the 1 j nine schooners carried each a long brass gun 2M * or 32 pounder on a pivot. One of the schooners J (the Constitution) belonged to the govern- c merit < I Venezuela on the memorable 24th of t January, 1818, but her commander turned over to t the Maracaibo or Paez party. She is a very line c vesfel, and mounts two brass pivot nuns. The 1 vessels are all in good order and well equipped. : (Jeneral Pedro Maguerza is the chief in command * [ of the expedition j but Senor Jose 11. (>arcis, a \ | nu mberoi uoneress, from taraccas, is me principal operator. There are about seventy officers ' on hbnrd, many of which are "Id Colombian otlicers, consisting of naval, cavalry and infantry officer*, including two sons of (tenernl I'aez, and one of ex-l'ieaident Houblet. There ait' on bo.ird 1 2..">00 muskets, saddles and bridles for a squadron [ of cavalry, with lances and carbine*?with infan- 2 tiy and cava!i> soldiers. Tliey have an admirably fine boat attached to the squadron, which ihey 1 blamed at Coche; she is propelled by sixty sho> t <i paddles, and can be moved at the rate of "twelve '* miles per hour, having a brass pivot srnn on her ' bow, and is capable besides of holding 200 soldiers. J 'I he men belonging to this boat in the fishery, all J, | volunteered to join the squadron ; this boat is con- T Mructed s? as to land on the beach at any point ' where it may be necessary to make an attack. | On the lOtli mst., one of tin* schooners \v as de- H ' ^patched for ISt. Thomas, where (tcneral I'ae/ I [ now is. with i view to In- coming to take com- t ' mand of the expedition, and to bring some adtli- " ; 'lonal vessels w hich lie has rvady. I have this * day been sent foi by a guard of four soldiers, to '' appear before tlie general commanding at this inland, in consequence of having come from on ,, board the enemy's squadron. 1 told the officer that I was an American citi/en and would oUey r>o order of n military chief, that 1 only knew the ' j civil authorities, and would wait upon the gover W Y ( NING EDITION?Tl ior hs hood hh it was convenient for me to do ho hut he might take me by force, but that I woul ot walk a step with bayonet*; and if I was forced should tfeek redress in another quarter* Tn flicer did not attempt to arrest me, and present! ne of the chiefs came in person, and politely isk d me ll I w< uld walk to Government II >uae wit im, saying tlie general wished to muke enquir bout the squadron, fee. I told him I had no ob ciion to walk with him, hut net witli his l>ayo ets. 1 detailed to him the force of the squ jdron c., and told him ns soon as General Paez ar ved, they intended to t*ke this island, and t -IhIiIisIi it m their grnernl head qu irtern. 1 enclofe you two proclamations of Gpii. Job .aurentio.Silva. S. ]). Asuncsion ?f. Margarita, Aug. 16,1849. This morning all the good inhabitants of t!n ity were on tlie r/ui vive, observing in the distan oii/.on, which presents itself to our view, th issing squadron, und r the direction of tin eneral in-chief ot the operations Pedro Ma tiezra del Eecuadra Restauradora. Addition* oops were despatched to Pampatar, with u vie* ? res-ist the landing of the " farriosos," who alte tey had rec?nnoitred a while, continued thei U?se to windward. Aug. 18.?The latter part of th<* night, and fo >veral hours this morning, we distinctly hean ie roaring ol cannon in the direction of Cam mo, a tfaport on the main land, about twenty-fiv< lilee S E. of this island. We, ol course, con ude the attack lias been made against that town hefe several bhttles took place in May last, whei ie government troops proved victorious; but tin irty oppobed to the government fled to the woods rincipally for want of arms and munitions o ar, ami have ever since kept together unde; Jinmandant Pana. Aug. 21.?By a small boat which escaped fron ie coast of the main, we learn that the s^uadroi ad taken possession ot Oarnimno, and had namei leir civil officers. Aug. 22.?Great anxiety prevails. Cien. Silvt as gone in person to 1'ampata.r. All ilie ports ir te inland are put under embargo; and here 1 am nable to leave. Aug. '2S-?This has been a great day. At th? liurcn, solemn seivice; ringing ot bells, firing ol innon and small arms, drums, trumpets, sky ckets, and bonfires. This will nppeur strange i the cnurch-going j>eople of New Knglnnd ; bin hen they go b#ik a few years, to the time when leir church (1 beg pardon, their meetingorelders) ecieed to whip the beer barrel because it worked n the Sabbath day, and lined a husband for kiss)g his wife on the same holy day, putting Quakers ) death for coming into their colony, they musi ot complain of the absurdities of the holy mothei liurch. Aug. 26.?We have this dsy received the news f the death of General Caruvana, commander-inhiel ot the government troops in the province ol urnann. lie was marching from the city of Cu tana towards Curupano, with a view to expel the oops landed from the squadron of General Paez, nd was killed on the march; the particulars we re not in possession of. The civil war is princi' hllv raging in the province of Cumann, and it if ktly to be of long continuance, as a large body i the people ill the interior villains are opposed ) the existing authorities, and if they obtain asstance, they will probably overturn the presenl ider of things. Aug. 27.?The General has received information, a he says, that the government squadron ha* been novated and augmented in numbers and force, nd that it will ar.'ive here within three days hould it arrive in these waters, we may expect ? nart naval engagement soon, as wc arc informed steamer and three brigs have been added to the juadronofPaez, (so called.) If the latter inform? on is true, this independent licet will consist of one earner, one bark.three brics, nine schooners, and ve launches. The government fl-et is reporter ere to consist of 24 sail. Ttiis, however, I think oubtful. The result of the naval conflict will, it measure, determine whether the present govern lent of Monagas can continue its existence ; am le result will be comnuiBic tted to the litrultl >r, 111 fact, as all opposition papers are suppressed e receive our information of the doings in distan arts of this republic through the Htrald, as com mnicated by its correspondents. Aug. 29.?This goes to-day, by a private expresi f the government, hence to Laguayra, nil othe unveyances being interdicted by an embargo a lis island. S. D. Caraocas, Sept. 8, 1348. As 1 am once in the play, 1 think that I must go or inciug. We had yesterday news from Cumana ited 2d inst. It is reported that Paez's fleet hai en bombarding that place, merely for the pur >se of drawing off attention, and to gain time fo s< nibatking muskets, ammunition, apd other im ements of war, on the coast. When that is ac implished, the fleet will proceed to its station a io Caiibe, where Paez has disembarked Colonel odaz/.i and Carrera, with '?*) men, to march t< te interior, arid form a junction with lleriera eria. The latter, it is said, was only waiting fo leir arrival to pive the signal of a general rising. We are now in great anxiety, looking out forth* i wp from the East, which must be intereuting ic there the counter-revolution is to take iilace it take place at all, and the two fleets will alsi leet there. From Maracaibo, we have d*tes u > the 15th Ai'gust. Paez's party is still gamins round, and no doubt as soon as the general htm If artives, the city will surrender to him. Ill Paez,) wasexpected in Curacoa from San Tho las, about the last of August, on hip way to Ma icaibo. He wrote sometime back, that he wouli q lo MaracHibo, and' let the fleet act with hi 'lends in the East. In this city, the prisons be in to be filled with citizens, on tne mere suspicioi f being Paez's friends. It is the same, I believe a other cities also. The government ftaa n loney to maintain the troops, and to carry on tli kar, and it is trying every meins to raise fund* t is said to be its intention to confiscate the stand pg crops of all those persons who are engage gainst the government, and all who are in favo f the enemy, without exception. A decree wa ublished on the 2f?th of August, in wliic t is declaied that all those w ho, by word, by wri ing, by deed, or in any other way give any help t he factions,slinll be considered as conspirators,an udged accordingly. This state of things cannc list long. The pent up flood must burst forth, an vhut direction the current will then take, tim lone can tell. Mori: Nkws from Santa Fn.? Wc take the fo nwiriL' from the St. f.ouis Rrvillt of the 24th ult. Sant* Ft, Mexico. September 12. 1848 ? Healt >f Sania Fe good. There in trouble among tL nerchatita abcut a aix per cent ad valorem dut aid aiid collected during the war, on gooda cotnin rom Hny where Merchant* think, and no doe* thel awyer, that now New Mexico to an ntegral portion o he (nited State*, and therefore the land of the! lirtli, that Military Order No. 10. from Head (Quarter th Military Department can hardly give authority ii he territory of the I nited Slate* for the collection < i duty on good* from the State of Missouri ? a powe rhich *.\id merchant* and their lawyer do not**e tha he con*titution given to Congre*.*, but expre**) irohlbiU. t>hkorn 1!ajtai.i-in.?a It-tier Irom Furl Kournj luted on the I Itti nil., stales that Jjicut. Craig <m everal of hi* men had arrived tliere. on that daj roni fort Child*. They reported that ( ol Powell, I ommand of the battalion, had allow ed three compi ii?* to return to their home*?compmy C, < aptai raig. company 1), ( apt. Hoger*.and company K con: i>atided by Lieut. Sflth. i hey were all directed t ueet at their respective county *eat* on the .10th ul! i'oi t Child* wai then occupiid by a portion of Capl iublett'* and Capt. McCausland'u companie*, bu hey were in expectation that relief would be ??nt t hem *oon The health of the men wax excellent, an >o danger wa* apprehended from the Indian* Co owell still kept the principal Tawnee war chief 1 u*tcdy at Fort ( hild* Inman Wak.?The Si Lotus Republican of th llth ult. contains the following:? K?s<a> IIidk. Tottowotomik Col-ntim, Sept. ; 848.? Am wa* conjectured, the Pawnee* hare bego lej.rediitlons on the Tottowotomie* On the night of th nth ult.' there were twenty-three horse* stolen froi he upper village of the Pottowotomle*. They pursue be robber* for five day*, until their provision* wer xliamted, and returned la*t evening, after havin flowed the trail (leading directly toward* the I'awne lliage) about 200 mllel. Thu> a war i* fairly begin ,wr. ?Captain lVrry, of brig Stlenu* 1 tlilsi nnrt (in Sutiirfini t'rnm ( !>i no 1*1 u i f ten >4*n ember 16, report* that nt 'i? time of hie (tailingrvi-ry liing *a? quiet there ' mineee wad tery dull, ani ttle or no coffee wm rom . < in The Prei-ld^ot *rit< till at Prit ft 11 Prince. h?> ' < deferred for it time hi nt? tuli'd ?l"lt to the north f the Ixlatid, in onn?' uence of the opening of th- -eMlon of the C'hmnb.*rr hirh It ?M expected would fake place about Septeui *r it) ?hiittun JMvrrthrr There ?re orgaiJrn tionn of onmpanlrt in vailou n?n? In Kentucky, for emigration t<> <'ailft>rnia. I < tuppceed that at !>-?' t 5U 000 v ill migrate thithjr ii lie ti? Kt year )RK I FESDAY, OCTOBER 3, ] ; The Ktfi'in niu.ii. 'i T< went. J fFro? tfce New Orlean* P.cajrun# Sept. 23.] | By tt>n arrival of tl.e Portland we havn tun ttmt nam) ber of tin- Corpus (Jhri-ti Star, dated September 12. It In published by Mr. J. H Peoples th* enterprising pioneer of the American pre** in Mm loo Thin flrat number of hia new p*per is of *U'th isurott a* to be l worth republishing entire, but we are con trained to r ret limit* to o'.tr extract*. And first, In regard to an expedition which left hero a few week* hum for the bi>fT?lo hunt we have the following information : ? "On Saturday evening lam, tie nth inxt.. tbo schooner Ccl ReKussy arrived at St Joseph* with abouc two bundrt<l men of the order of Ousel 0<vl?, d-stlnad oi< a buflal > hunt, hulas none of thxaniujal* were to be !< und id thet-e di.giu*. the} came to the cotic union of C returning tc New Orleans, froui whence they came. '1 hey were not only on the wrong trail bat out wf *na* n We sympathize with them in their disappointment. but the only consolation we cau offer is bide g jour time." T be S'ar aifogive* th? fallowing note from Captain 1 lies ant; on to Colonel Kinney in regard to thi? expedite tiou, which explain* Itself :? Cuurua Christi, Sept. tl. 1843 e Dkau Sin,?I regiat exceedingly having brought doa n men for the purpose of engaging in what i* aud bar been cHlItu the Sierra Aladre exicditlon Had I 1 been u? Arc of your own opinious. and not relied upon \f Madam ltutoor, I should have beeti caved the expense

of i and tranhpoi tation of a large body of " men. r HoweTrr. I have no ju*t cause of complaint against you. From the oon verrivt ion I bad with you i.pnn my arrival lure, I became t-atisHed that your natne had r U-on used by others to an extent not authoriied by I ymiri-flf. Notwithstanding this slight misunderstanding, I trust that *e part friend*. Vout*, truly, L A. BKSANC'OX. Col. H. I. Kinisst. What C ol. Kinney's Tlews aro of the .Sierra Madro profptct, we are told by himself in the following letter to the Star ? Court's Christi, Sept 9, 1848. J. II. IV.orLKS, Ksq.?Sir For the last two sr three weekr I have noticed in many of the papers received bore, that my name is mentioned a- a lewder, or the leader of an A in. man expedition La Ting for it*. object the Reparation of the Northern province* from Mexico. Hot.ever much J may be flattered by the complimentary notioe to myself, whioll ha< generally accompanied the articles alluded to, I cannot but take exception to their general tenor, arid would ba laoking in those attribute* which characterise a good citizen, If I were to remain silent. Our country lri at peaoe with ' Mexico, and it certainly would be a breach of neutrality to organize a force in our limit* to invade any , portion of her territory, and 1 certainly would not, ' with my corniest, lend my name for such a purpose It it. the di Hire of all good men to nee their neighbors ' prosperous and Liappy, and when they are not no it is t laudi-ble to assist in rendering thorn no Ttiivjuay be i (Ji uh id different wijs Willi pnysioal force j. ueoeisery. with peouniary aid. or with wholesome qjtttuaol. | 1b the Stales alluriod to. 1 have many friends,whom I would Le pleaded to seo in a happy and prosperous j condition, and if the revulsions which hare so long ' characterized their country render it neuesnary, iu their own minds. to separate from the mother republic. and ?i ek to alleviate their condition by declaring ' and seeking to maintain thems. Ives indope udent of it, : I would pay " amen,'1 and would render them suoh aid j as Ihj iu my power, and would applaud any others who 1 I' would pursue a similar course. And when the people ot Northern Mexico are convinced that their sistem [ of government is illiberal and oppressive, and that a | change would be conducive to their welfare, and they j > make a formal declaration of independence, then, and , not till then, have their neighbors the right to interfere. j Since my return from Verm Crui to this place, the accouiits reoeived from Tamaulip h. Nueva Leon, See , , | are m<ro flattering to the prospeots of th* citizens. The republican manner in which llerrera is ad mi nit- l ' tiling the government bears tuch a favorable contract to the auuicby which reigned during tlie terms of Santa Anna and raredes. thut the people are much > better contented , and if no change takes place, ?ud i l the measures which llerrera has undertaken ba car- j t ried out, their social system u ill soapproximate to our own, that the people may not find it necessary to seek [ a change I Under then' circumstances, how impolitic, how inju- | rious, how disastrous might it prove were their neigh- j 1 bors to interfere, and by some overt act involve thera 1 In an issue with their government, which they msy ! not desira. and which they may nit be prepared for. j I To let such .publication", as are now going the 1 rounds of the papers, aud in-which roy name is, and has been so generally conn? ed pass without notion, 1 1 would be a tacit acknowledgement of my concurrent's, which Is not tho case The recent movemeutia New 7 Orleans, in which a number of men have been regitlarly enrolled for the expedition in question, was one > oi the most hasty and chert sighted utlairs of the day, and ne n y name was more or less used in connection I t with it I most unequivocally a>Btrt that I h id no mure to do with it than llerrera himself; that I had no right to net in such business. nor do I think any other per- i 8 son in the city had. There being, theu no one au- I r thrrized by the people of the Northern provinces, i shows the move to be premature and unfortunate? . unfortunate because, should the people interested in , the goTemmi nt of that section ol country seek hers- i atter their neighbors'assistance, in time of n<ed the present movement would tend to impede their progiees. , In conclusion. I will say that I am not, nor have I been. connect!d with the movement in question, and 9 my friends will oblige me by disabusing the public m1 n d OB the lUbjeOt. H L. KINNKV. The Star sets forth, in various articles, the resources of Corpus t hristi dciived irom its geographical position. It looks forward to the time when it will become the mart of a great commerce with rhihuihua and Northern Texas. It routaius a great deal of iiiforma- j t tion about the roads from Coapus Christi to Mter, Lih redo, San Antonio. Chihuahua, (tc he , fur which we have noiooiu 3 The Star confirms the report of tho depredations | of Americans on the Mexican side of the lliu tiraude, r nnd denounce* those guilty of thetn. . News irom Texas.?By the sleitmship 1'orliant), at New Orleans, from Galveston, wc nre in pos, session of <inlvif.ton pspers to the JOth ult, and cor- i J rcFf'OudiLK date* from other parts of the State. I Ttf Victoria J]<troialr has the following extraot * fri'D a Ittter ditrd San Antonio, August 24th:?"A li w 1I113m ?go I,it ut IS i own ofi'a).t Crump's Company 8 i t Texas jtargcrs. with about 30 dh d, ha<i a ttj:ht with bbout the miuie number of l.ipnn Itidianr. who hud stolen ?onie horses from the Manger-' emnp a few weefcp j ayo. in wlrch engagement ten I.lp?ru were killed 9 l.liut. Brown took their ramp and about 125 head of hones and mules. and returned without the loss of a single man " II The people of this city (says the sam? letter) are > in a mighty stew ab<nt a comnjercinl road from 11 Port LavacR, riff San Antonio, to Chihuahua, and e the celebrated Col..John C Hays will leave on the20th i. cr 27th Inst , with an exploring cmpany of sorue twenty citizens, and Capt. Highsuiith. with thirty or [| forty langirs, as it guard to the expedition. The design is to ascertain if a practicable road can be made In m this place to the mouth ef the Conchas, and also .3 to the f'assodel Norte. " The Galveston Arwt remarks:?"The success of I- this undertaking. which we do not doubt, and of others o which will follow it. will rextilt unUss we ar? greatly d mistaken in a complete change of the route of the it cterlnnd trade to Mexico The distance from San j Antonio to Chihuahua is not one-third that of the route now travelled from Missouri.'' The following Is from the Galveston JV>u'? of the 15th | ull : ? A planter just from Brazoria county Informs |- I us that the r?t?rpi 1 lur has insde it* app?aiancc on sc... i .u.i.n.,.. ik.i A, .......i IK . .rim iu .u.v . ..uu.j, h jury i* very liuiitid 'iL?rnion have of late been very ? heavy arid constant for Mime thirty or forty mile* from j H i coii-t. mid within tfcta diMance It i* apprehended H til* *(iim B'?J do considerable ihnnje. Higher up |r the eouutry the proipecte for cotton continue highly ,f favorable. The onne never looked better." ir T1 r (,'azttte regrets to learn that mom than the ninal s amount of t-irkn-1<!< now exists at Houston In aome Q run * whole families are down >f The I'rrttytn mil enyo :?"In our last we spoke of 1r the wiiithi r ?* having been remarkably hot. which, as it ?e afiervard* learned. w?? the cause of quite a numJ . Icr of violent attack* ol fever, many nf which proved fatal." 1 he (wtitrlte -peaks thus in relation to the health of ( alvi ettn after contradicting a report of the yellow u frvt r b< ii>g in the city The nexton'n pnbllahed re?i | ( rt f en hmco all death* in the city. aDd the number n ir n< t attire the a verag* of the luoot healthy seaaon*. i- 11n le hate keen during the rummer, perhaps, a larger n lilVkWCl cen'M than UMial of intermittent fevers ; i- hut the attackf are generally very ?linht." '? 1 be annexed pRinpriiph. In relation to Corpu* i I hrUti. Ik Irom th? fruhvlmun We are well j,Iron <1 lii It-am ilmll hlit nl Ooawt ton n i? rl*inp like it l'Wr<lx from the ai-he p. and regaining at lea*t a por'? tion of it* former pro*peiity By a pi ntlenian arrived . fr< m thi re. anil a resident of the place. we 1-arn that i nmr g the contemplated improvement* Ik an edilioe of D luick to Imviiiil * 1 Dchool hou^e. maeonic ball, and church A Sunday achool ban been organUed. and a well mpplled library of the ixcellent publication* of tie An erica n School I nion obtained from It* nucnt in tbifi place A week day frbool i.' alio In existence The Matagorda 7'i i'?un< contains an aooount of an rily yell<*ifh preen tcnni, which ha* recently ap11 ared upon the peninfula and bay''hole in that vicinity. It ha* an offeD?lTe unell. like putrid Me?h? '1 lie accouiit f*j*. in I'ncle Mo*e*' Bayou, which 1.1 m me twenty >ard* wide and about four hundred yard? lorp. the matter whatever it i* appeared to i**ue from a particular ppot " It emitted a *trong pho^phore*cent light ?h< n agitated. Oreat number* of flhh have died In the water* covered by thi* fcum llghtv wagon* andreven hundred mule*, belonging to the mm; have pat.*ed throuah ( rockett on the way to l.t nf*laiia from Mexico. Some three or tour hundr< d niore wagona were reparted to be behind. 'I he Galveston Gatrtlr, noticing the repudiation of the claim of Turn" to New Mexico by the Santa Ke I aper*, fay* " We would be plea*ed to *ee what kind ol government' the grearera would erect, If left to ihcni'elve* But tbl* cannot b the caee ; and they ?Hi have to *uh?tt to the law* of Texaa, or the *ol diere of the V nited State* Perbapi tbey prefet a contlntjanca ut military rwis. an ttoejr are accustomed to It" I % IER A 1848. Uai.kiuh.N. C., Sept 2s, 7V Political Pro*)*ctt in North Carolina. I see by your paper that there appears to be some doubt hh to the vote of North Carolina in November next?at least with you?and an we have no doubt whatever here, I wili give you such information as we are in possession of, an to the results ?>f the election in August, and the probable results of that in November. The official majority of Mauly is the vol-* appears to have been a very large one, except in some five or six of the large whig counties in the wottein part < f the State. Maniy's vote falls 25 short of the vote given lo Graham in 1HH, wli ! > Reid received more votes than were ever fciven by th<- democratic party before in the State There in probably no change of any consequence in the strength of the two parties; hut local causes have given a temporary increase to the democratic vote in the State election. A propcity qualification for voters 111 il>e elections for the Senate, was pto|M)sed by the demoei atic candidates,to be stricken out of the constitution, which was opposed by Mr. Mauly, as being unnecessary and impolitic, and only started as a humbug, for the purpose of catching votes; and this it undoubtedly did <-ttect. Many leading democrats, it is true, were opposed i to the scheme of their candidate; but they voted i lor him; und thus he lost no strength with bis nwn party, while, on the other hand, many avowed ? lngs, and particularly in the west, voted for Reid, realise they approved the proposed change, avow- I iig, at lhe time, their adherence to whig prion- ! dep. So far as an examination of the returns j Miables me to judge, Reid must have received ! ibout 2,(XX) whig votes?votes that will be given to | he Taylor ticket in November?whiie lie lost ; ibout 000 or fiOO democratic votes in the eastern >art of the State. Very few, however, of these weie given to Mr. Manly. When democrats canjot suipoit the candidate of their party, they do lot vote. Manly also lost about S(Xi voles in the Doi gietsional district formerly represented by the Hon. K. Stanley, where much dissatisfaction w.ts tit hy hm tuends because he wati not nominated or Governor ; and although In; supported Manly cheerfully and heartily, many of his friends would not do it. From a comparison of the vote of the aige whig counties, it appears that ten whigcounuth polled 1^9C?0 votes short of their strength in loimer elections. Takiig all these things into consideration, it apveurs to me that nothing political can be more fetffcn than that Gen. Taylor will receive the electoral vote of Koith Carolina hy a Lrger majority tln.ii the gave Mr. Clav in 1844. He will receive the united support of the whig party. We have no issues among us ; and although Mr. Clay wuk pre liuMy the choice of a inajoiity o( the whigs nl this State, as their candidate, we have now no ultra-Clay men?no bolters. The majority for laylor will depend something upon the canvass ton'now to November, it promises, at present, o be warm and exciting If the times of 1840 ( turn, 1< ok out for 10,000 from old Kip.. The ocos are lying the old General into the Presidency is rH|<idiy as they can : and one of Mr. Polk's iets, who threatened to eat Mexico up belore >reak<iiot, and volunteered to go by himself, at lri-t, but hfteiwards, backed out, until lie got a at appointment, atid out ol danger, says that he went to Huena Vista, alter the battle, and that "en. Taylor hid himself in a ravine during the t>Httle, and was out of all danger. Let Chevalier Wikoft know this ; it may help him out. But, seriously, vou may entertain no doubts about the result in Noith Carolina. Greeley 's tales about 3oveinor Morehead and the Quaker votes. I mow, ?>1 my personal knowledge, t<> be entirely sli-e, and without any foundation. Governor M. lid not go to the polls until late in the evening, n.d then did ,n( t vote at a Quaker precinct, and iid not nsk'any man to vote for Manly; and, inally, the Quakers who went to the polls did vote j lor XVIm>>ly ; mho the result will snow that torevery wing thnt lefuees to vote tor Taylor in Norm I Cnr?. liiiu, he will receive the vi lea i>l three demo- : cn.ts. (ien. Ttiylor was nominated l>y Northern votes, find if he is defeated by the disaffection ?t North- j ?rn whigs, tlie whips of North Carolina will never | ;'o mto it nutional convention with them aynin. Rip Van Winki.e. I.a>v lntrlll^i'iirc. I Mini Sttiti Cmctii Court, Oct. 2 T-I'rasent, Jmtlr< s Nflci.n and UettB ?D?:ci.->iofu?Chai hi Mitlon, | ??. l\<hia? J.?rd ? 'I hiH was an action to recover ii Hum , nt n-oiiej In the defendant's hands, under the following circumstance*:?'The plaintiff shipptd at the part r>f New Y< Jk to Havre, under a charter party entered | into by til* anient and the defendant. an agents of the awner of the bai k Dana, on the lxtta of December, 1 |B4'i. a cargo of Hour, wheat, corn. Uo , the freight to 1 he payable on the arrival and discborge of the cargo it the pelt of delivery. The bill* of Udini; bear date [he liiih and 2:>d of January. 1H47 The plaintiff re>ides iu l'Taiice, and the cargo ?a< purchased and hblpped by the hou?< of Mnrret fc Robert. hi.-> agents I< r li nt purpose in this city The ship sailed on the !i7th January, end alter hi ing out n few days, wai overtaken by a violent storm, which crippled her. and canted her lo sprint a leak, no that, notwithstanding 1 a |iit i n (I her carjo wan thrown overboard for the ptirpote el lightening her, the damage to the vessel ! urn ho K-riiuh that the enptaiu wax obliged to ; put back, and arrived on the 10th of February. It was necefmry to discharge the remaining cargo for the purpose of repairing the rhip, and a surrey of it, (the cargo) It whs found so damaged by the rait water 'hut it would not bear transportation. nor would the shipment have been safe for the vessel or crsw. In the then condition ot the cargo. The shippers M. <k It refit-ed to interteie having no authority tr im the plaintiff butto purchase and ship the goods: and the it.astir under the circumstances. deemed It best for the lntere.-t of all parties concerned to sell tba cargo i nhli(< utictlnii It u't.^ Mold APrnrHinirlv fht* iimI |i!oc< id! amounting to flft 7Mi 12 The purchasers, lit 1 cod titrable labor aud expense, dried portions nf the vh? at. ft) that It waK afterwards Fold for fall prim ; the iiti ater part, hi titvi r, was so damaged it aold at inferior prit'i ?. The freight upon thn carfo. according to the ] charter party, amounted to 60. Tlie ship wm 1 repaired and failed with a new cargo on thn 10th 1 March, on a voyage to Belfast, Ireland, the fre'ght. of I which far exceeded that which would have been carried I to llavie. The defendant, an apent ol the ship owner, re. | Cfifi'd the pioc?eds ot tho sales of the damaged cargo, i amounting to J If) 7>-8 lid, to recover which the nation la I bioniilit The defendant claims a deduction of the whole au.r uiit of freight under the charter parly, which rai>-ea the principal question in the car-e Niisbj. Justice.? W? have looked Into all the caweH | in the hot Up uj on thefinest Ion,both ^nclifband American. and we arc satisfied tbot the weight ot authority ! is decidedly against the allowance cf any freight, j under the clrcuuiftariceH of this cace. as between the i owner and fhippfi-. Whether the underwriters would ' be liable under the policy. It la not nacessary to fig- I I rem our opinioD. We think, ala., thtt the narae cou I elusion would be arrived at on principle B^the contract of the parties, the freight was not to b? payable | until the arrival and disoharce of the cargo at the p< rt of delivfry. No part of it haa been performed; ; there has been no default on the part of the shipper, 1 n< r has he done any act dispensing with performance. , There is no doubt that wheru the car^o Is ao much | datnkK*d that it will endanger the safety of the ship, fir liecome *i rthlei-a bv nroceJinir wiih t he vovane It In Dip duty of tbe ln&ft'T to laml ami sell it at the port of crrrPKit;, in the absence of instruction" from tha shipper* even though It may be in * condition to be ra*ried to tl e port of domination and theru lan led? I Incases of necessity. happening during the voyage, the master is by law created the agent for the benefit of nII concerned: and bin acta, dona under such oircuin>t knees, ia the merclFe of a sound discretion. are binding upon all parties In Interest But the qnn it ion ftIII arises doe* this consideration subject the ahippera to Ihe paymeiitol freight? The voluntary acccptauoa of tlie cargo at an Intermediate port by the shipper It ia admitted, will have the *fTect to charge him for a ateable portion of the freight- but we hare found no authority for subjecting him where the port of distress and of acceptance of the goods wan the port of shipment. when n? part of the voyage had been performed. hut the ooatrary. In several c*?e*. freight ' ba? been denied: hut what se?nm derisive of this case end all of ;hat cla?s of esses to which it balongs la that admitting the master to be an agent of all parties ! interested at the port of distress; and that he haa net. d I'on a fulr and for the benefit of all concerned la the sale of Ihe damaged cargo, inasmuch as the goods I were In a condition that would endanger the safety of ; the ship and the lives of the crew. If carried forward. I It cannot be i aid that tbe voyage was broken up for the benefit of the cargo, any more than for tha benefit 1 < f the shipowner. That Independently of any duty j t hat the mast# r owed to the curgo, under tbe existing I calamity, the interest of his owners dictated the ! I Making up of the voyage; and being broken upon?Vr those circumstances and for this cause, and tbe shippers having derived no benefit under their contract It Is difficult to find an? principle l*gal or e<iui. table that would Mibj.ct hiin to 'ary part of the freight( < r th?? rra*cu? in brief, wo think the plaintiff I* en- ! titlt d to rer<t*?*r the whole of tho proceed*, and under the ft'|ulHi|( n in the o?*e, It mu*t be referred for adjiir t nit nt i f the bkltnce due I'oi*t or ()?ri? inn T?:*mik>:*, Oct 2? The rtclober li'imi cf thl* and the Circuit Court were to b<> j < j>? netf thi* day by Mr Jnotlce Stron* Hi* Honor, i how?\?r did not arrive and both Coorta war* opened J I jr Jmtter It) ward* The Court of Oyer mod TVrmiu- i i r ? se in tnrdtatrlv ndjmrned butthe (Circuit Court ' nn ?infd in rerflon until a jury *u *worn, aftar 1 which it *? adjtmtxd St Ft riok Cot'HT, Oot. 2-The October term fu <t?-t.*dby Mr Ju*tic?> Vanderpool. and jury iwurn i? ; a raura *u then *ent Into the aocond branch to ?? tried hy Mr Jocttre Sandford. r?f(t?e Juitire S*mi?o?i>? H'rr Xitl* Ti Tit North ^nnircti /i.tiditK tfmratiy.?Thi? wrj ho aotioa LD. TWO CENTS. ciii policy of inauranca effected by tb* plaintiff oa bta premlm* in Broadway, at the def?ndanta' offloa, for $3 Ol'O. It will b? reno inhered th*r ub<ot two y^ara ?(T' Mr Niblo'* <*tabll?hin?rit wan burned down. an J the entire of hix property de?troye<l. aii'J ahnrtiy after he broa^tht the pr?K?ut >uit, whirh *m trial bt'r>re. The defendant* net up afi doteime, thaf Mr Ntbiobalog only b tenant I ? had not an inxu k)>I? I at.Test la tha premise*. arid alto < hat a part of hi* Malm wim for th? lor* of contract* which h? had entered into wiih thirl partie*. ntid whioh could not tin performed in i-onit*quence of t be fire A Mpecial Terdict w?i foil ad. aud the c?n> aft?r?nrd* cam? before a full court, when tbe>? two nolnta ? to arirnn.! lh? . co'iirt di cfded Unit tin had an inr-urable interest, t* I Nunc amount ; ou the other point they deelded against bin claim The ca?e was then aent bank to a jury to aa-ea* tha Taint* of hia insurable intoreat Sealed T?rUict to-iuorrow (thii>) evening. Sinun (Joi HT. October a ? Special Tarn ? Bafort Jtidpu Kdmonds ? Decitiont --John C NiJ:or?. va. H?set V lleuch ? 11 l<t j UK doubtful w hether an alderman can entertain jurisdiction und?r the ntatute in rea)?-ct tu anmmary proceeding* to obtain po<**?Mnn of land, in h case where the only termination of the lean* la by u IVirfeitUie by reaann of a breach of a condition < ertiorari awarded Maihr-in I. he inn and others. vh Jlhert H'ondhue and othen.? Under flection 102 of the code of procaedure, a paraon ba\iii|t au intereat in tha object of tha an it, and entitled to be made a party but not a party, nay be wade auch on hia own pntition, o? tha retui n of the aunitnoua arid before aniwer tiled. Petition of Kugftlea to be madit defendant., granted. Sarah IPyant,vs. John T Herns and eliirt?In a ault to foreolnae ;i mnrttiag" where the summon* pray?d for judirment lor aapecitic auui and the complaint,aaked only for a aalu and payment of prnceeda Motion for judgment denied, without prejudice to a inolion to amend the aniuniona Henry F Talltnailge. vb. James 8 Oteyne ?Vlotion to atrikii out anawertia frivolous. denied with oosla Hehecra jl Kidder, vs. IVm. Kidder. ? Dlroroe <rrauted, plain till to hart* the custody of the children Theodore Lent, v? Theodore. H. Ilaijield ?Motion to f?t abide judginc* t, granted, and paper* t# be handed to the District Attorney, to the end that an indlntmen for perjury iniiy lie preferred thereon. If deemed advia*ble liy biin. Cahm M Patterson v*. Jai. Ferguson.?Motion foe a receiver, and that tenant retain, denied liinjomitiF. Sherman Vi l>arid II Garni**?Motion for a receiver ordered to be re argued on the lTth of October. ? In the Matin of George E. L. Hoy(, Jldmintstrator of J R. //oj/. ?Specific performance granted. hi the Hotter ol opening VlbtK Street to Vloomingdale Uoari ?K.leven y>-are having elapsed ainoe'tbe appointment of oommitaioDerH of estimate* and aasfsamunt, new commissioner*. in the plaoe of opa- who handled and another who ban removed from the State, and r?aign?d, will not be appointed without due notice to the parties interested, Motion to appoint new ooininlnBionerH drilled %'pnn-MF CornT.?Tbe Supreme Court adjourned on Saturday Tile next genrial term of the oourt for the city of A'ew Vork will be held on the first Monday of November Dext. The profession are requested to observe that on* counsel only will be heard on a side, and that no enures will h* r> serveil . but l^r^uodcaust? shown, a cause will be pawed, without pr*-fMMW|flMi|jQ^?tt? of the ismr ? Common Pi.r.u, Oot 2.?The Court opened thl" morning for the trial o' jury causes, two btanchet, the llrat presided in by Judge Ingrshain. and the second by Judge Daly. A case of trover was taken up in each, neither of whioh has been yet decided. Particulars on Wednesday. Cot*ht ok Gknkral SimioNs, October 3.?Before the Heerrtlejr. Aldermen llattleld and Dehorrest. Tbe Ootober term of thin Court commenced to day The juries were not enipunnelled a*, on calling the names presented, the clerk could not get a (jtmrutB frrci Niiiorif: thein all. rdiI an order w?h accordingly issued for the pummoning of a fresh supply. Tbn calendar presents the following list of nanus, upon which I he So; sinus will act during thu prnient term : ? Robbery, B; burglary,0; forgery. 4; grand larceny. 18, fain* pretences ]; riot, B; misdemeanor, 3; old cases, Id; bat-tardy 1; abandonment. 2?total 62. This being tha first day of the term but little husines* was trauaacted, farther than the formalities of opening the Court, and preparing for business. Several jon appearing juror* were fined for not attending, according ta summon*, and the following named person* having been indicted, and bailed, were called to appear, hut failing to do so, F'iftittd Ihrit Hecofini'anrri.?William and Augustus 1 lulling, indicted tor burglary; James Sullivan, for receiving stolen Patrick Baldwin, same oOonoa; Bishop Goodrich for petit larceny; Jamas Montgomery and Thomas McCormiok for assault and battery; Walter E. Leonard grand larceny James Sullivaa subsequently appeared, and plead to the charg* gainst h>m Plead Guilty ? William Dey (Mark) pleail guilty to a charge of petit larceny, in stealing a small quantity of tobacco. He was remanded for sentence Two young n en named James lies'.y and John Kelly, indicted for assault and battery, with intent to rob Michael O'Connor, pb ad guilty to the assault, and were cent to th? penitentiary for one year eaoh. The Court adjourned till 11 o'olock on Tuendaf morning. C oi iit Calkkuab, thu hat.? Cirruit Court?No. 1 to 26 inclusive. Superior Court?7, 14, 21.24, 31, 34 to 40. 42 403.43 4t?, 48 to 56, 58, 59 60, 01. t'ommori Pleas ? fartl. 13. 16, 17. 293. 21 23 24 25. 27 29 Part t 4. S12. 14. lt>, 18, 28. 30 3 2. 34, 36. 38. 40 44 40 Naval Intelll)(?iic?i The I . S. steamer Iris, Commander K. W Carpender, went to sea on the 15th nst . bound to Vera f ru*. t* bilng home our Minister, Mr Clifford The U. S bark r ircnn, iitt-ui < i>ui ug i. ??. uruoi, nanea on mi lHth iw<t . bound to Ni'? York The U.S. *loop of war (iermantnwn Commander (hailed Lowudee la-f Iroin Vera < rtn, and U. 8. xbip Saratoga < ommander W C. Nicholson, from l.aguna. have r< their Mlinn ordere. hnil will leave in a ft-w dhjB?the former <>u a crui^e-to Ihe windward and the latter in the (>ulf I'tviyi oia, Sr/ii 20. 7 hi United State* otoam fripate Princeton. Commander KdkIo. wae at Palermo. AuRUi-t "-0 In(t lll^i-nt r. The laft Chri oki r .!rit urate antiwate* the numb-r of profenjed < hrtotiaos among tb# i^toerokee* at not lea* (ban 'J.OOO?about, or morn than one xvrenth of th? entire population Ai:o/.iTi<'.NisTri.-^6onie few days |?reviuUH to tli*> HrriVhl of the nt-y Bteain?h;p Falcon at tbin port, two anoDymoim comnunicatiooN war* reoiived from New Vork, by MB or < romman, to tha effect that Fi-Tt ral nenroen wera coming out in tha xteiimir, as band*, but for the real purpose of tnmperiiiK with t-ucb ilav. g a* they oouli coma in contect with. and inductng vbeui to run away Dm of the let t em iaid that the segroex were euiploye4 by levirul nbolitionistH of New York The Mayor, -xperting that the Meamer Would land In the 'I hird Municipality. informed Recrrtirr Suzeneau of the information be had received and instructed him to eelid officer* on board a* noon a> the ve/tael arrived. The F alcon having paxetd up and lauded in l.afayetta. contrary to expectation*. I.ieut flrllow. of the Third Municipality police, went b?f"re Judge MoOary. of La I h j i*i i ' nut* ?i njor urinx ?om'UI / noil uiaje :? n ainou?it < n the information received by Mayor Croasman. Warrants were ]r*u< d and live negroe* on board thf (reamer were amsUd They w?Te brought b-forr Judge MrOarjr whfn- the eaptain and agents appear*! In thrlr behalf. Altira little dflay the negroes were allowed to return on board the steamer, on a bonl being given that they would be kept on board during the May of the ve*fel in port, and tarried out of the Stale when ?h? leave*. Noerarch wa? made fur paper*, and it 1h not known therefore whether the negroe* were prepared to carry on operation* in the abolition line or not.?A'ttr Orlean? I'uayiinr. Hept 'ti. Another IUbkakovs Mi.rkik.?A in ft evolting and brutal murder was committed on Sunday la*t, on the body of Margaret Wood, diughter of Mr Joceph Wood, jun . farmer first oonoe?sl??. towuchip of Krumd'a-t girl ,?(?ed ten aad a half yeiir* While on her way to the residence of a siok grand-father *he wan waylaid ami murdered. The Gvrljih linalH faye:? ' The neck wa* cut aero** behind. and that eo deeply r* to penetrate the *pinal cord, the upper portion of the spine being nearly dl*locatrd A dark Main, an from a hand grasp a "inn* th* thorax, would ?? ?m to indicate that the rufltan ha 1 neifted her by the throat with one hand, while with the other he hud endeavored ti\ sever the head from behind, the child'* thumb* were both cut apparently in the impoten'. attempt to defeid her neck from the butchering knife To add to tbp horror* of thin appalling tragedy. It i* the decided opinion of the uu'dical gentlemen presen', at the jjiuf mnrtrm examina Hon, that violation wa* oommitled after doth." Th? oronere jury had not returned tbrir verdlot at th? time of the publication of the lltrald. A iiearchlng Inquiry wa? In the eour*? of prosecution, nod one pernon had been arretted chared with tbe commis*ioi? of thecrimo.? Uamillun (C. W.) Vaztltr. Srpt'M. Urn Town its Trade.?Several ot our merchauiB have bren, for weeks, supplied with their merchandise suitable for the Heaaon, with the neoe?ary appendage* of Northern products, but the town I* more dull than utual. and there in little doing in any way. though the general health of the town and district wa* never better for the Reason The weather ha* been lowering since Friday, with high wind* at the N K The thermometer ha* been low, nay at 04 to 76 and there ha* been but little rain, ho the reomitting rice harvest ha* progressed very well, aad will be complete in a week from te-day. eicept on tha inland*, and unc young rio?. must hare been some heavy wind* on the eoa?t; and vesael* biund Notth doing badly Even our counting st?*meri from ( h*ri?fti iKhnvefnot arrived, and the river boats, Rich laid find Wateree, have not of eour*e coine, though they have been ready tor a week The steamer !' * Dee, ? apt. Crates. leli on Friday for i heraw, with a very low river.? Qmrgttou u, {8. C.) Ohitmr, Sept. 21 The New lied ford Mrf-uip states that Dr. Morrill atttmpted to uiske a b?ilot>n asovBMon at that pla<-? on Thursday. but, owing to the high wind, which the balloon to and Iro with violence, the netwotk wbiih coiitiBad it gave way at the fop. and the lallcrn en-sped The silken bug was t-rn m> ?i to mite tt' ( ' to ercsp*. and. after iwondinx to aona distance it de-crLdtd into the water sud was iecuntd