Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 4, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 4, 1848 Page 1
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I ====_== "TH 4p " ' ? - ' NO. 5236. Our London Corrr?poiidfnM. Ldndon, S??pt. 8, 1848. Tht land Monopoly in Eiigl -nd ? Meant of Enslamnent? Unequal Rtvwntntion? Corruption of the Preu?Englith Interfeienrc on the Continent. Before going further,I will look round upon the position of the British government Her state glares defiance upon the world. To the eye nothing can he stronger ; and yet nothing is in reality more feeble to resitt the touch. In an aut-picions hoar for human hojies and human happiness, it will depart, and " like the baseless fabric of a vision, leave not a wreck behind." Whether its depaiture be immediate, or delayed?whether it is to be calmly and by i..itural decay, or with violence like the teni|>est ol the clouds, and the still more frightful shock of Iiattle?its end irce'tain Let us survey it with circum?p>et>?. Ami. first of the monuments and the elements ol iu strength, there is the grand pn Itgr. of eight hundred yearsof successive kings, moulding tfie destinies of the subiect millions. At whatever point of ruin the spectator stands, that proud defenee projects its vast proportions on every tide Then there is the entire Ilionop' ly of the land by a lew thousand persons, not much over 5,000 proprietors, possessing the largest portion. Then there i* the keeping it out ct cultivation for the use of man, not over oneeighth of it being tilled, and producing the cereals and animals ol human consumption. By this i>o- j Lev mattes are driven into the thronged cities. I where tliey are compelled by their own competition to take starvation wages, while they are kept under with greuier convmienco to the military and police, both which prodigious bodies are dulled and armed, and the hest troops in the world. Besides which, infamous detectives and i informer* are swarming every where, to betray and destroy any counsel or concert upon any subject whatever. Then there is no place, nor any custom, for assembling anywhere, about anything,to give people even the nominil notion of their strength. No crowd is t<> be seen. Thecourthouse is too small, and to is the market house; and the i only lar^'e public plates, churches and theatres, j are both unsuited to gathering* of the mi sees ot i the people, and they are disqualified by the institution of the Sabbath in the one case, and by the hoidee ol soldiers and officers in the other. The iiubits (f the people are as unfriendly to themselves, as one could imag ne, f om the absence of placcs of meeting. They are mutually intolerant, distrustful, and entiiely severed from each other. Every dwelling is locked an?l double locked, and barred and bolted, and even fenced, so that is is impossible to get in or out, without difficulty; and the people live together intra menia. Even the mailer of the house, as well as the errand boy, rings and knocks?sometimes fifty put off?for admission into his own premises. As you pass the sift-eta you will see, every few steps, this strange and characteristic exhibition of English life. An old man alights from his carriage, and pulls the gate bell; very soon the noise ot locks and bolts is heaul wiihin the mansion, and out trips the tidy servant and lets her master in, turns the kev of the gate, and replaces all the fortifications of the iront door. The villas in town are also absurdly ciimiiini^iJ tirifli Mrtillu / I ItrioL an Ktrrli nC A /tilt cfl' even the universal communication of the eye . merchant's pepper-box is complete, unless it is as inaccessible to ihe gaze of stningers, and fellow subjects, ns the mansion of the aristocrat. IS'ever were a people more assiduous in their own isolation, and 1 will add, their own imprisonment. But, lo proceed : Into the house, every article of use and ornament is carefully brought, by some obsequious servant or runner for the shop-', from thfc steaks, tip to tlie coh'lie.-t articles wanted by the inmates. Even the letters draw no crowd to the post-offices: nor do the papers to the p lilting offices. Each man and wnmin wait at home till their letter or paper is separately delivered into their own hinds. Boardinghouses, are unknown ; lodging* are taken instead. Each fins his room and b?-d, and private table. Fraternity is thus effectually sicrificed, as well as liberty and equality. Theie is, in fact, in the Brtisli social and political system, a total overthrow of the condition- of individual rights and happiness, except, indeed, so far as the few thousands of the aristocracy are concerned; and their existence is, to their |ieeuh*r notions, very delightful. The people thus crowded together, and, at the same time, separated, cannot acquire any fixed property. The land is n t only monopolised by the present owners, but it is so entangled by laws and settlements, that it caunot be approached ior enjoyment, or even for investment. The ppople are carefully excluded from all political power whatever. It is a common error to presume mat ?lie-seventh of thi* mass ?-t adult males is really represented in Parliam-nt; the truth is, that the representation is not in the proportion ol one-lortieth : and lite'ally amounts to nothine. The landed aristocracy have possession of all the lords, of course. Tint is in one House of Parliament. In th? other, where fit UVi. so called Commons, the same class have at lei.s' six hundred certain; and of the whole body a lar?e majority is returned by about one thousand of that class. The disparity is so inan. acid, that even such "calc ilators as Joseph Hume, does not dream ot it himself. Now, ne has some (not much) skill in fig nea, but he was goose enough to hiss at equal electoral districts, as he wnt; hissed at himself, when he quoted the Congressional "one hou rule" ?orthe Parliamentary debates. It is a very obvious cheat also? ana it is thus the. great tMwns, where the j>eoj>le ure so crammed logether, that the rural districts appear to an American to he thinly populated, have almost no representatives: whil? counties and rotten boroughs loom in the sc?le. Time, mighty Manchester has but two members, while Buckinghamshire, which is in tome Jiespects the poorest founty in lingland, v itn'halt the inhabitants made up on the iioniiiiiitioii ol just three land owners, ten member-, including several cyphers, besides Mr D'lslaeli. The n istocracy having possession of the lords and commons, and the land, ot course enact their own laws, and take exce.lent c ire of themselves. Fi r a hundred years it has been the custom of the realm for the actual ru c to rest in the hands of the majority of the Commons, who exercise it through a vote of want of confid-nee, which immediately displaces the ministry. Ol that majoiity there is complete and inexorable possession in the hands ot the landed proprietors They huve a large nr mr nun a mifc. ..... j ^ which serve them in every way. They fttrimh places lor their younaer .sons and daughters as well, tor they are i-ought for in their own flittering circle, hut like the courts of justice, and the other machinery of Government. they are yaid for by the people-tor nil the general taxes full from the land upon the consumer of imported and other articles, while the land is only subject to local charges principally for the suppoit of the poor. The judges, and the countless justices of the peace, are all nominees ot the crown for lite . and. if nothing else in his own neighborhood,the land owner is sure to lie m the commission of the peace, and thus he exercises arbitrary control over the tillers ot the soil, mechanics, and tradesmen. Besides this, he discharges I mictions of a coercive (though not obviously so) character upon the pour. The important class of men in the legal ptofe?M< n, also, are all attached to the crown t>y ties of interest, and expectations of preferment and hon?r Then, there is the Churoh establishment, whose dig itaries are also justices ?il the peace, and clothed with the legislative functions itself, through ih< ir birds spiritual who Bit in the ii|>|>er house. These are full of alacrity, like the land-holde s, the members of the legal profession, and that of arms by land and sea, as well as ihejudgcsin suppressing the slightest rising of the human soul towards the dignity >f its -.-.-.kl Tl,.n thn .Mfunti/. ,.rr?v of power in the prep?. Oh, liberty of all the crimes winch have been commuted in thv name, the pie*s has l>?-en guilty ?>t the foulest offending. The treaton ot Uie (iivme art to the cause of hiimnn S regress, is only to he ooinpnred to the ipniticy of udMH, hikI his sordid and execrable career. Vet it is in be recorded thai the British prens (too often echoed trorn the trans-atlantic shores of civiliz ition,) Iihh been the mo*t ntiocious foe of equality and freedi m, in all these trying ages. I include them all, arid tliouuh there a e decrees of worse tenilt, yet (lie punishment of each should he apportioned equally, because the ladical press, wiih its instinct to iuj re, has the greateat opportunity <o betray. Hut I must fiui-h ih" catalogue ot the elements of duration to the present form of domination over Englishmen It seem* to bear the analysis witfi renewed eo fldence in it* unco i<pierable strength Let it, (or a moment, go on its way rejoicing, while we comfort it with the assurance of continuance hy the examination of what it has lately accomplished?its movements. How easily, then, it deceives the people about the instructive example of Ain* ric-i, anil in what midnight of ignorance dors it del tin (hem about the imssingeventaof Europe. Ry itspofouud di>*imuation not unmix'd with correaitonding sim la'ion, flic British < iovernment Ins ke,?t iia people fii m, iis E NE MORN law makers and law exp< unders laithtul, u?armies and i lb police loyal,armdt-t the convulsions of all Kuiope. How almost contemptuously it crushed Ireland : how derisively it contemns the French. It calif the Irish fo?ls, and the French anarehis's. It will hang O'lirien and his confederates, who w ill not bear transportation ; and it will send the seditious residue out of the country. It mistook the revclution across the channel at the first, and thought It thn instant too 1 title of lefituuoyi but now it has vehemently returned like a dog to his vomit; and the utmost attainable limit of scorn and contempt is every day, bj every organ, lavished upon the gallant population of free France; while, of course, not a word appears to reoroach the symptomatic and healthy convulsions of Tiermany and the central countries of Europe, when t there is Mill tolerated the contemptible retuge ot a constitutional monarchy. The watchword is ; "down with Republics, and up with Kings." And not to the province of opinion and sympathy is this abomination confined England is actually interfering wiili her men and money in re-establishing all the thrones of Europe. See how firm she seems to stand ; and how the upholds the weaker potentates as Saturn wears his belts. Hut the handwriting is on the wall, and every day dee|>ens the faint lines into legible characters. The days of this Baby Inn are now oumbered, and her towers totter to their fall. I will endeavor, in ray next, to interpret the glorious inscription, lor which even the humblest linguist is as competent as that Daniel who was gifted of <iod to shake the soul of the guilty Belshazzar. Marcus. London, Sept. 8, 184S. Meant of Supprett ng Public Opinion?Laws Punching High IVcattm?Engltsli Juries?To'idyi$m of the American Minister. The laws and government of England, instead of conforming to the spirit of the age, have, every year, since George III., become more and more intolerable. And, indeed, she is the sad reverse of what the was from the time ol the great rebellion to that period. Site has been the only Euronean fiovernment in which the iieoole have been recognized as the smallest source of political power. She has been known among the nations as the protestant democratic leader of the destinies ol the old world. And, under her banner, through those memorable ages, humanity recovered some of its long-lost rights from princes, aristocrats, and enemies of the race. But she is her own counterpart ; and by gradual stages indecline, has arrived at this moment to a depth of despotism whicn even merges the sacriligious outrages of Spain and Russia. She is " tne lower deep" of her immortal Milton. It there be no remnants of liberty in those benighted countries, poor human nature is saved the maddening insult of hypocritical toleration. The strong hand strangles its victim by seizing the throat in open day ; and all the modern sacrifices of life and liberty to the mines of Siberia and the Spanish galleys are made upon notice of the danger and without disguise. In England, hundreds of honest tuid truest men have been suppressed and now linger in dungeons and exile, who supposed they were offending no law, and thousands are in jeopardy of the last extremities of punishment, and tremble to think that it is because of their own ignorance of the savage barbarity lying hid to spring upon them from the lids ol the statute book. Of course, this matter ?s becoming better understood, but the mass of the [ people are still in the daik about the scope and ua lure of a code ol laws which does actually enable the government to destroy every map of ability and force enough to 0|>en the eyes of the people upon existing abuses. Vet, notwithstanding the facta that the English law hue actually criminated, at this hour, every patriot whatever upon the entire circuit of the united islands; that it is enforced against every man in whom the government perceives the noble qualities adverted to; that, in short, the entire o( what are known to us as the nights of man, are actually sus|h nded in the mass, and separately extingui.-hed at the rulers' pleasure. There is a perpetual prating, like the parrot notes of 'he Timrt, quoted at tlit* bead Of my tint letter. We are motested here, und the world elsewhere, with the j despicable untruths about liberty, equality and justice, of which those paragraphs arc appropriate specimens. It is time such falsehoods should be crushed. At all events, it is full time that the fraudulent should only circulate at home. I cannot possibly invent any excuse for the studied and abominable hypocrisy of the oligarchs, who have masteied and now hold this kingdom in sul>jection. They have the i>eople unarmed, divided, antagonised, uninformed, and utterly helpless. The planters of the South do not more perfectly control the existence of their slaves. Why, then, should there be all this supererogation ? IVrhaps the explanation is. that man seeks to deceive even himself, by the affectation of a virtue, when he j hath it not. Hence, the astounding deceit of the I first French revolution. That shining event lost ' much of its lustre by the mask it wore of judicial i forms. It was greatly, aa a moral lesson, impaired by the pretended trials of its victims. Those trials ! were assassinations; the accused were a necessaiy sacrifice to the tremendous emergency ; but they should not have been mocked by the resort to the semblance of legal proceedings. In that grand : stride towards all the glorious events which have succeeded it for r ranee and the world, aristocratic blo< d bad to flow like water, to appease the terrible j wrongs of the people, and in conformity with the | barbarous age which ihen brooded over mankind. ! But then, it the arist' crfcts had succeeded in the stiuggle, would they have had recourse to such elaborate impositions ! No; they would have ! put the people to the sworri?hecatombs for o?e of l them who suflered under the reverse of fortune; j and courtly historians would abound, to suppress , the evidence, and pcarcely glance at the deatruc, tion of tens of thousands of plebeians and ranail e. I This would have been a wiser course lor the conI queiors. Then, history would have had no opporI tunity of arraigning the leaders and people of revo| lutionary France, tor the indelible riii of hypocrisy, I which now even vies with the Vermillion of the ! period, and begrimes those otherwise onlv san1 puin ry annals. After all, this memorable French | hypocrisy was not half as bad as the present English hypocriiy; and the oligarchs of this ! country might consider the probable course of , their prototypes of France, in 1793, if fortunes had 1 be? n reversed. But 1 will not detain you by further kindred ' observation*. If you not already satisfied, I will 1 farther make good my eritteiam upon the speech ot : the American Minister, delivered to gratify princes | and potentates, in the very middle of the month of dear July, commemorated, in both hemispheres, to their overthrow. You shall say I was right when J charged that, for the sake of the hospitalities of the gilded roof at York, like a blinded Sampson, he rose, and shook the magnificent columns of that temple of liberty, whose foundaj tionsare the world, and whose summit will ever I claim fellowship with the sky. i Down to the 54th George fit, one guilty ot treaI son in Kngland, was to have his bowels torn out, and after being halt hanged, to be cut down alive, and in that awful situation suflered to expire, after which his body was cut to pieces and his 1 limbs scattered. And this horrid law is not no* essentially altered as to the punishment; while there has been even recent cunning employed to make it more efficient. This will be very soon eiplained hereafter. High treason in the United States is well known to require some overt act,?either ot levyingW?roa the State, orgiving aid and comfort, by actual means, to the enemy. And, of course, the act was to be established by testimony which ia specific, and not speculative. Hut in England it is treason, ever since the dark age of Edward III. to compnFs or imagine the death of the King.? j (2.~>th Edward III , ch 2 ) Vou see at once what a drag-net this act is, in the hands of these fishers of mm. It is impossible for any obnoxious person to escape lis meshes. The words include every man who lias any thought of any violent change of Knglish institutions, whether he ever did any thing or not, or proposed to do any thing. Every one entertaining a conviction ot the necessity ot republicanism, at any period of his life, is exposed to the danger of an ignominious death. For no sensible man could fuppoee that royalty would f< rego its grasp without a desperate struggle of life for life. The imagination of the death of a kii a, therefore, which has been dormant in the minds of millions of Englishmen, makes them i criminwl. And the broken law is only to be appeased by a worse than Indian display of baroarity nnd torture. The decisions of the courts of lustice are congenial to the savage enactment itself. Cases abound in the State trials, which are now authority, and on to-morrow would be employed as precedents, trorn which no man. once arraigned, could ever hope to escape Any speech or writing, according to the actual adjudications, intended to disengage the soculled hflections of the people, but in truer words, to increase their matter how just the phrase, <>r how catholic thespint, is treason. It is colled the ovt rt act, from which "thecompass W Y ( ING EDITION?WED H'g and imagining" may be interred t>y tti?- iu>y That tf 1 hi) 11 h 1, which in other times, and evei here, has be^n the refuge of patriots, is now s mockery, a delusion, and a snare. The jury lie longs invariably to the middle classes, who an humbugged bv the aristocrats. into the id"i that every change would injure them, am that every advocate of change designs t( hound on n mob to the destruction o order, pence, and property. The true interes of the jurors is utterly unknown to themselves and they ore the unconscious suicides of nil thei interests, for the sake of the grinding oligarch; under which they barely exist, instead of claimini for themselves, and their sons and daughters, th< placcs in tJie State which belong to meiit alone The interest of all classes in England is agains the ruling i>owers, except themselves. The peopli and their tyrants, if they understood each other would instantly be opposed, but the middle class in utter ignorance, is foolishly content to hold ou their own necks to the chain, and to he the low and hireling sgency of indiscriminate destrnctioi to every philanthropist. It is actually criminal am i unishnble by the great extremities described, t< say anything decisive, however obstruse and phi losophical, on the superiority of our own form o government. Worse, even, than that, it is equall] penal to be present on such an occasion, or to re peat, orally or otherwise, wishes expressed hv th< British sages and patriots of pant times, in th< florious floods of oratory and song. Milton anc locke. Fox, Burke. Pitt, Canning, Mackintosh Romillv, and even Vi'ilberforce and Clarkson, am all the host of departed greatness, who are though by us to deserve the immortal rewards of good anc faithful servants, lie in the shrouds of felons. Tc them, the love of liberty and the Bhouts of joy ovei human progress, were necessities, which were ut tered ?o save their hearts from bursting; av.d tliej have illumined all lands, except that alone of then nativity. To it, they have turned to curses come home to roost. Any one, or all, of that glowing oonstellation, could he convicted at the barofthf Old Bailey, next assises ; and could be sent, with the consent of the people and press of England, tf the ig^cmmiousscaflold on which Sydney sufferec a corresponding fate. But I am to prove that the law itself has under gone no changs. Incredible as that will be tt your readers, it is not more so than the continued cruelty of its administration. Therefore, if I show that tne law remains, you must believe that it wil be unsparingly enforced upon every rebel, no matter how venal his oflence. It is suppo Bed that the Crown and Government Security Act of last Anril, mitigates the law of treason in this realm. Thai is not so. The law stands as in the reign of Ed 11\ 111 p vripnt l)i<* nnminal umon^mont utirrflrwut. ed in the reign of Geo. III. The mistake "aboul Us character arose from a false statement of the Attorney Genets), made during the passage of the act of la^t session, in answer to a question in Parliament He stated, for the information of the House, that, by the proposed enactment, the law ol treason was meliorated ; and with that assurance the radicals were content,for their opposition wat ! very insignificant. Now, the bill itself expreasly provides, that "nothing contained in it shall affect the net of 25, Kdw. lllT;"so that act is paramount, and the law of treason is not in reality meliorated at all. On the contrary, if yon scrutinize it, you will see the hand or ratiier hoof of Old Clepty him self in the provisions. It is desien"d to provide for the past?February state of things. Since the new birth of the French, there has been some stir m England; and, at all events, while the government of the country has been getting more, and more cruel in its alarm, the people for the moment, and until demoralized by the press, were disposed to be clement with political oilenders. The government feared that even a British jury of the blindfolded middle elass might acquit, if the indictment were lor treason, and the punishment hanging, quartering, &c., fee. Therefore, with that craft which it the colleague of cruelty, the oligarchs enacted such a law as would forthe moment enable them to catch and dispose of every patriot, as effectually aa il he were put to death ; t. e., by transportation And it was sagely enacted, 11th Vic., chap 12 that the old law of treason should stand ; but that if the government pleased, they nnght select an other mode of suppression which should nevei fail. So that, while ?*very thing one can possibl] do or say upon the vital subject of reform is trea Bon, it iei alf-o felony. How capitally these devices work. When the public mind requires it, in dictments will be for the latter crime ; at otiiei times the former. Convictions can sometimes only be had for felony, and it is imjiortant that the government should always succeed, and that it should never Ix? troubled with any spirit discontented enough to he dangerous. The old prece d<-nts all apply to the construction of the new act, and it rears the aspect of charity for human frailty but it is the old enemy of man, wearing for th* nonce only a diflerent livery. Look while I pul off its disguise. " If any person shall, within the realm or without, compass, imagine, invent, de vkp nr intpnfl tn #U?nriv#? nr tli<* kirtnr n levy war on him, in order to bring about a changi of his measures or counsel?, or force or intim idate either house ot parliament, or to move o stir any foreigner to invade the United Kingdom or any of the Qceen's dominions, and shall declari Mich compassing*, imaginations, ?3cc., by an; printing or writing, or by open and advised speuk' ?'g, or by any overt act or deed, he shall be deem ed guilty ot telony, and shall be liable to be trans (Kiried for life, or for any other term not less thai seven years. Tlii* law includes all principles ii I he second as well aB the first degree ; and acces sories before as well as after the fact. Is ma thi a text for the American commentary of"libert without restraint," conspicuously uttered by a hurl officer of the republic, with all that moral forc< which attends our slightest whisper of opinioi throughout the world. Knouphlias been said of the worse than Dracu nian code of English penal laws; I might furlhe develope those ,?f treason, sedition, conspiracy libel, and other enactments, which utterly divee the men of England of independence and M|IOl ability. Kven religion has its outrageous penal ties of every description, for unbelievers ana fret thinkers. And poverty is an integral and hig crime, for which an Irishman was recently tram ported for seven years, by a panel of Galwa squires. Any man, whatever, may be thrust int liedlam itself, on the mere certificate of insanit given by any two medical practitioners. And hi chances of coming out could only be estimated b the life-long prisoner of the old Bastile. Happ land! And an American Minister can be foun to give the people the imperious stah before .spoke of in these letters, and the added insult, that the are so cordially united into one ponderous arc! that no crevice can be detected in English societ by the most vigilant eye. This tremendous prei sure, unexampled under the sun. which does th office of cement for the social ana political edific of Great Iiritain. Marcus. Loni>on, Sept. 15, lfM8. TV Chart t at i?Fear gut O'Connor?fVhifft an Ti/rtf??Kftf(liih and Amtriran NfwttfwperiIkKtntrary of Englinhmrn. In the enumeration of the trophies of *trengt displayed by the British government, I did n< apeak very prominently of the chartist arrest prosecutions and convictions. Hundreds of me belonging to the working classes have b<*en seize and punished for asserting in homely language not unmixed with violence, the fundamental right of man; and it is steadily made a mat'er of ri proach by persons here, and, I regret to say, i America, that the chartists ar? seeking to esoaf from deejiotifm to the liberty which is enjoyed I the new world, i ne chartists are n? doubt igx runt of the law of England, or thejr would ni ii11f tnpt to discuss anything publicly, in the natui o( political questions, nor vaunt the freedom < Englishmen I have sufficiently explained thi theie is no legal light of meeting or discussio whatever; ?nd that boatts of liberty here are b< neath the lowest level of that scorn whioh above contempt. The chartists are ridiculousi travestied, of ccurse, by the foolish metropolita newspapers. ftom whose profound shallows n< thine but n hiss is to be expected, unless it be crosK And they are demoralized by the strongei leader that ever headed Hny party, even in an u vert?d state of society like that of England. Th editor of the JVorfhrm Star, the M. I\ for No tinuhain, is, without all doubt, a natural cur osily, and, if on exhibition, would Brace even thi most unearthly cnllrctirii of animals, known I the world as the I.>ondo? editors. Mr. O'Gonnc if a loud and empty per,', n, whose heart is app< r?ntly i-ound (which din nguishes him from th whole menagerie), but * ere brains occupy a most no place in his 01 inization. Nature it tended him for holidays . . d festivities, and ni for any kind ol woik wl. eh is ordained to b done by consciencious, dei< ifrined, efficient mai towards the reclamation of those Ions lost nghi which ale his undoubted inheriiance. lie is s'uffe up w ith the idea of paper money, and leases of lane nnd lotteries of r< muiH-rution to laborers, liat ) R K ] NESDAY, OCTOBER < . , cuiibol coutjeune aiictl a Vapor tuto ir .m>u iu n Kp?<ce He should, however, he immediately pr a ci|>it?ted to a very vulgar level, instead id *h..v inn his fantastic uhape in the thin and dillicu ? ntmo?-|>here ot ixditics But in spite of ihemwelvt * ?nd their eiwinien, and those from whom the i t-h< uld |?rny lor the memorable deliverance of liii 3 v no paid, * nave mr imm my menu*, in f chartists are tfte only party in England approacl t ire the platloim of p inciple, niucli les*stuudin , firnily upon it. The whigs and tones, since F?*l r ruary, are identified, except probably that a tor y ministry, led by Lord Stanley, would iro strttgl ? to war with France, which the preHent cabin* e are anxioun to avoid. The radicals are us Mm and billy ait a parcel ot hovering birds, drive t hither Bnd thither by the events o< the <1iffer??r t days of the week, but always ready to settle, lik , vampyres. upon the defenceless lower classes, an thereby destroy their own interests, which nr t identical with those of the mass, and directly of ir posed to that of their aristocratic tyrants. Th i only note these buds have, is a faint cry abou 1 economy. and they particularly affect the glor j of s|iecial constables, and ensnre thfir allegmnc by taking a |K*riodi<:al oath in behali ot law an< f order. Of this party there is a most appropriate f organ, which makes up from ita monopoly c noise for the dumbness of its supporters, us wei ? as its own utter want of principle. Its hands ar held up every Sunday in holy horror of every man 1 ly attempt at improving and elevating the ?<>ndi Hon of the people, except by c ising their pocketj 1 Of the inalienable right of self-government, and o t the oipnity of human nature, ul! knowledge is t< 1 it 88 impossible us are shades of color to the blind > At a moment when the abuse of power by thi r press is so unpardonable, the Ihtpntch should bi thoroughly understood,ana disarmed of itscapncit] r pid contents, from column to column, of only out i numl* r. iu?d ?>n every page of the mortal twelve r you will find not only errors and inc ingruities ; but contradict.onf>,clope]y packed together,side b; i side. Politics, in Kngland, in a trade which v?r; > few arecompellmg toy.eld them bread. Andthesi I mercenary editors will hire themselves for pav, ti any paper, or any Bide of any question, withou . hesitation. They write for money, and they wnti ? to .he ignorant. Several of them are employe* I for one office at onetime, although they changi r places with each other indiscriminately. Nohod; I is responsible but the proprietor for what appear in p: int. He is perhaps a liberal, with hia capita > invested in a tory pal* r, as John Walter is, of thi , Twits ; or some of the servants of the Duke o t 1! , as are the proprietors of the radical Newt What he wanis is a profitable investment; and ti make the speculation pay, exaggerated and abom t inable articles, of all sorts, are published, to vitiat l the public taste. These are placarded thifOOgf the twenty thousand streets of London, and sen by hundreds of thousands of copieR all overttn islands. Who owns th* Dupatrh I do not know F though I believe its proprietorship is as variegatei i as itself; and hence 1 would recommend that i i be quoted hereafter in the Herald as " The Patch work." The truth is, that to get so many con tiatts into one sheet, requires both a multitude o , unscrupulous penB and purses, and most industri [ ous scissors. Its general style and ita opinioni i are very vicious, and in America such a radica would soon be convicted of illicit intercourse will the government, and sent to Coventry. I mak< one exception from these remarks; Pallinola is i highly respectable writer, lie aodressesthe read ei* ol ihe Pntrhwurk as a correspondent onlv. 1 is hi* weekly letter which has prevented the cir culatton of the pajier from running down to no thing, instead ol from (J0.000 fo 25,000, because hi only deserves the popularity Ins writings hav< given its columns. I Monarchists, aristocrats, nnd their organs, o the whig and tory complexion, not less tlian th< radicals-, and radical newa|>H|>ers, have joined n i one mighty brunt against the chartists. VVh.i I fori For asking an intelligible reform of ih Hritish constitution, which hhiall make u corret i pond in spirit to the subjime American systeir and ihe protected constitution ol republican Prance , The six points of the charter are the product c , some ot the wisest and true.-t spirits?men wh have been compelled to hide their hewds, since th r stoi ms w hich have purified the meridian of Europt f from the clouds which hsnir upon its western n< less than ita eastern horizon. These jioints ar universal suffrage, vote by ballot, equal electors - districts, pay of members, no property qualifies r tion, and frequent elections. Now the truth is at last omnipotent. As Mi i Kryant si nps? " Tlia eternal ye?r* of God are h?r?;" nnd the Hiitish government is most afraid c truth. Next to truth, it fears the discussion c > the truth; so that its especial vengeance Iihs beei turned upon the believers of a creed, which is t politics whut the profession of the blessed Jesu was and is to Christianity. Indeed, if indebted t anything but brutal instinct, the oligarchy of Knu; land have availed themselves of the Jewish per tecution to shari>en the wees of thtse true apo* ties and martyrs. They are, even now, suilerin and in prison; but they shall not mourn forevei r And, in the imminent and great reverse whic w ill overtake their enemies, it is only to be hope [> that the cruel example of their oppressors, whic y has so often driven the chartists (o despai will not be remembered for imitation. In considering the |ieriIsof the British oligarch) i. which I promised to catalogue in this letter, I liav n been struck with a very singular conviction of th n inutility of any ?uch narade. One ot these peril is enough very f-peeoily to compel the radios 9 change of the Priiish constitution; und withot V more, ihat is sufficient; indeed, the rest are_ hot h t-upeifluous, and, great as they are, insignificant 1 was saved from the indiscretion ot details, by rf n collecting the story c?f the counsel, who was exci ting himself to the judge for not producing a wi i- nef-M, according to promise. lie said, indeed, h r wiib reluctantly compelled to admit that he was i a Vtiy unfortunate situation ; he had forfeited hi it word, and was very miserable ; but the fact wai t- be was more to be pitied thanjblained, in the tram I- action. In short, there were thirteen reasons wh the witness could not be produced. The first ret h son could be given in a word i?The witness ha t. died the night before ; the second?Here the juds y interposed, and thought that he might relieve th o counsel from further loss of time by suggesting th y immateriality of the remaining reasons, which h * was about to state for the more entire satislactic y of the court. y After the precedent just quoted, I have to sa; d that the readers of the Hrrald will only require tli n first, out of the bat(4i ol perils to this devoted ol V garchy, to excuse your correspondent from relatir the ren.ainrter of the baker's dozen. It is, thei y decisive of the overthrow of this government, th; republican institutions have been established i e Fiance. No aristocracy, which England is?n< e monarchy, either like Spain or Hussin^-can will stand (he vicinity of a huge, propagandist republii in their rrid.-t. It is all over with the so-calle British constitution. The fear of the spread ( d free principles will induce the governmentsof Eiy _ land, S|ain, Riift^a, and perhaps Turkey, to fori "* a holy iilliaoce for n new object. Sucli a league i consocintetl repiohates cannot muster a corporal Ji guard of the |>eo>>lt; nor, if they could, will the ,t be able to make any breach in the power an strenkth of France. They might as well crusad * together to drive back the auii from his course i n the heavens. If they pursue their true line < d policy, which will be to get France, before she . out of the gristle, into civil war witliin herself, < into a continental war, in which England aha 18 take no part, they may wreck the great republii ?- lint that is almost impossible. She is safe froi n fatal dissension, or idle and dangerous ambitioi And,aeated as she Is now, in tt* van of Kurope* ' nations, surrounded bv other rvmiblics in realit 11 she cannot be crushed by the gold, the force, t^ >- Itaii."', the combinations of this government. SI jl is invincible. She is also, although deceived by false idea of British liberty and British powe * whioh a year wilJ correct?still unternfie >f bill not untemfytog. The fear, indeed, of Franc it in twelye months, perhaps twelve weeks, will cor in pel this worthless system to commit suicide, t ; arming the people. Observe events?look to tl is livitB of the I3tn inMant y 111 feipned security, but it is actual terror at n alarm, ttie aiislocracy of kngland are looku >- round the world for aid and comfort. They a a seen turning their eyes to tree America for syr 9t paihy. One year ago, "they might have s<o< i- against the world; but none so poor as do the le reverence." Lint they have committed the u t- pardonable sin against Amenca They have rid i- culcd. misrepresented, and insulted her, for wea it in>h. hyi ocrisy, trickery, and knavery, till ahe hi :o |ieisonal cause enough to leave them to their fat >r But moie than that, the United Slates are beacoi i- to the world; and tfiey will not, for any purpose, < ie on ar.) consideration, uphold the state of tl 1- | resent great enemy of free institutions. If he 1- and th> re a traveller from America, or a corre >t | oudent?or, if now and then a ne'vspaper ther >e or a functionary here, shall backslide und a, folly or t?mp*ation, into exploded errors, tl Is American i*oole can bear do other testimony thi d that which tney have always given the wort i. sfiainst British de?|iotism, in all its acknowledg< I or Mart forns. Tkey ls*k spsn oppression HERA t, 1848. I- uilii it Willi Indian .ill on. liny limit n,?,jii ?, ijf. tefamna ft concern tor k whole people, by an intev rested tew, w nh dii-gu^t. They hp-, as ever, the It witnesses in favor ot universal suflraiie, and fair h and full and Ire* representation : *n<) 'hey believe y in ?he sanctity of no laws or forms, >ibout which Ti ih? y have never been consulted They bold it e little short of sacrilege to sav that tlie destiny i- of the n opt enlightened and vfgorouR rac>* upon H earth, sin tild be fixed b\ the accidental tall o' un >. snow on the head of Harold at the battle ot y Hastings. Il is the stinging reproach ot that ran*-, ! it however, that it has not long ago put off the voke t of the conqueror. Ah! what volumes of cond tuni? ly should tall on the heads of the defendants n of the Brit ah Harold, for allowing themselves it patimtlv to be peris of the fine of the Nurn man William. This would be so, it the d masses had ever |a>9pepsed, at any time the e powei of amendment. They never have They y. Hie this hour hp defenceless as the red Indian e n^miin inr-nuiip, nwu ini irro tjini ? ? it eelf-defence. He would be free or die; but y llien be never whs a slave, nor the descendant c of hlnveH, for HBt-H. Wh?t a dclivemnce for?nnJ tion of " h?*reJitHry bnndemen !" what a Saviour p of the woild, ih France! Nothing like her ever if niHfared.toiieriJex with fearthe breast* of princes, [1 aiiatocrats, and enemies of the human race. May e her mission rover the earth with the hnrvefta of j i- pence and plenty, and give evety man the ahelter j . ( f hIB own vine and fig tree, with none to make i. him afraid. Marcus. ' Our Iforlln VormpnadeitM Bkklin, September 4. 184S. s Tranquility Rettnred? The Comtitutian? The Civic B (ruardt ? Jli misiice between Prustia nnd Denmark? |T The jiendin/f Segotiationi between the l'rutlian and j Geiman M-nittry, in Relation to %.1u?tria and a Cut? I loms Unien of the whole United Germany. ' | The excitement, which bad been caused by tha y events lately transpired hern, ban lessened. sinoe it in y known tbat th? law against public meetings and tus n.ult In the street, proposed by the ministry, will not 1 | be passnd, or even discussed, before certain artlclea of g the constitution are settled. The National Assembly \ ban lately held a sitting almost every day. The debates e are n?w brooming more interesting, and the new conP stitution ia growing an fast as a hot-house plant It ia 1 to br hoped that it will not loose its bloom, when it p i will be exposed to the free air. The lawn for the civio C guard have been discussed in the assembly, in tha last week The most important question, with respect to u them; laws, was the manner of eleotion of colonels, as the commanders of the regimenta of the civic guard.? f On this question, a warm debate ensued, in whioh tho 1 electien of the colonels, by the members of the oivio t guard, was advocated by tha party of the ultras in the g Assembly. Meanwhile, the government purty demanded th?t the right of the election of thr comj manders of the oivio guard should be exercised as a privilege by the soverrign. The latter party had 1 the majority of the votes, and thr right of elootion of the colonels whs reserved to the king, who Is to make a choice from three officers which f are proposed to him by the members of the civic ?tiard. f?r the appointment. The officers of a lower D rank are to be elected by the members of the oivio j guard Thr onceaslon, which has brrn made to the king, by giving him this right of election, is a very 1 gr< at on>-. it it is considered, that the cUlo guard, a 3 body of great political authority and Influence in the i state, is thereby in a great dearer made .ieprndant of the government. In one of the latest sittings of the t NatioDel Assembly the official news that an armistice i\ of seven months has been settled between Prussia w !. ai.d Deiuark, *(i" reported by the prime minister to the ?HnD)My Mr Voti Below. who liad been sent by the . I'rusMsn government to negotiate an armlstioe with Denmark and bad sncoeeded in settling a treaty, , thiuugh the mediation of the representatives of foreign d powers hud retnrnod from Malmoe. whereaconference d 5 with ihe foreign minister* hud been hold, and had c 1 brought the joyful news. 1 ho Prussian gnvernnnint j, t bad not km wn of the mccess of the negotiations car u 3 lied on until tb? trrm* of the armistice had b?en settled, u , and. in faot. no one had expected tbat a settlement would take place so roon. because it was not believed [ j that no much would be yielded to Denmark from the ' pert of Germany mid Prussia. after the war had been >* ' cor-mepced and successfully carried on for the purpone O ! of obtaining concessions from Denmark The inter0 yen'ion of Kngland. France, Russia, and Sweden, of I wh< m the two first mentioned had addressed a note to ?t ' the German government at Krankfort, in which they | e | btd stated that they would consider It a declaration of j j ! war against themselves, if the hostilities would be con- I tinned from the part of Germany against Denmark t l" j placed Germany in the necessity of making some agree- ' i ment to end the war if it would not openly act against r. ' thote powers Trussiu. likewise, had received a note ' from Russia. In which an armed intervention of the , latter was threatened, if the war would be continued ' if Besides the damage of trade and the interruption of , if intercourse, occasioned to the northern States of (tar- : (j many, was too great not to render It a most desirable ' object te end the war. The terms of the armistice were communicated to the National Assembly in the sitting * held to day, and are the following : ? 0 Directly after tlie ratification of the treaty baa taken ' place, hostilities will be suspended for seven months. If the hostilities will be recommenced after that i- term, the armies of the two hostile powers will again f, fr < ?< U|>jr tilt-rmiif Uif; nnw Hum t T Tl'e porte, which have been blockaded by the Danes. t L alt' t() lie given free . All prisoners r f war are to be released forthwith. j j Alt vessels, which have bven seized by the Danes. are to he given free, and the value restored for all r, those which bare be?u Hold. Tbe armies are to be removed out of the Duchies, r, but a guard of 2.000 men will be allowed to stay at the e Danish depots at Alsen, and a gu*id of the name numc ber of Crucian troops at tbe Prussian depot? at Alia topa '7 The troeps of tbe Duchy of Sclileswig are to he placed ' under the command of the government, which ia to '' be appointed. n T1 e troops of tbe Duchy of Holatein are to be r?t. ouced tn the proportionate number which that Duchy ?- supplies to the armies of tbe German Confederation, j. and are likewise to be placed under the com(. mtod of tbe government. The government I* to ronMtt of live cltlRens of tbe Duuhies, of 1 wtuni two will be appointed by the King of n I'rusi-ia, in the nar e of the German Confederation, 18 and two by tbe King of Denmark A president will be '? elected with the agreement of both partiea No pers? M'n^ are to be elected aa members of the government y who have held auy office of the government aince the I* 17th of March All Uwa, issued since the 17tb of ( j March are to be abolished Prussia and Denmark have agreed that Great Britain is to guarantee thia treaty. "* '1 lie terras of this armUtioe are not to influence the ie conditions of peace. IC '1 lie ratification of thia armistice baa been esin changed at Lubeck. on tbe first of thia month, and the blockade <f the German porta haa ceaaed already. I'ublic confidence has much Improved in consequence )e of it e conclusion of tbe war. and the funds have risen The nt gotiat.ions, which have lately been carried on between tbe I'rtiaaian Minister of ( onimerce and the >g Gtrman Ministry at Krankfort. for the purpoae of ( n> m king Auetria join a customs union of the whole At united Germany, bave not yet led to any result; and in It ia generally believed, that Austria will not make any >r approach to unite with Germany in a common policy of II- trade. Thus, German unity la but a vain dream Our Turin Correspondence. 'l Tuam, Sept. 1, 1848. y_ The Piedmontese army, for a moment shaken by [jl its last disasters, baa been promptly re-organUed Its j it discipline la n?w perfect, and the soldiers, Piedtnons tese or Lombards, have now hut uni* desire?tn muak jj a^aiD*t the mniijr. It is reported that the Oenerala, |e accused of palliation rr connivance with the Auatrin an*, ere about to b? tried by ft council of war It U , >t fftid that General ttalasco has arrlvedftt Tutin. eaeort *d by two carbintera jJ 1 he energetic re*i?tatiee of Bologna ha* revived. la J ftil the other town*, the national sentiment and haft. I1( tred against the Austrian*. g. l.erthorn liu declared itself for war; and, in *pite of ill the coerolve measures taken by the Tu*oan Chambers 1 Y> in arcaid with the ministry, it will be diffloult to re1P strain, for any length of time, thi* city, which in re"" H>lved tie well ex (tonoa, to lane a determined and aca ti?e part in the liberation of the country r, The famous circular of tbe Duke of Modena, whtoh, d, under a pretest of amnesty, lubuiitted to legal trial P( three fourth* of the people of the duchy, ban had for n. IU immediate ?lii?t to oauir both the judges and the v aocuatd to take (light. It it said that the Duke him' >elf h?s fellow#-1 the emigrant*, leaving ft* hi* aubstltute an Au*tri?n (General Thi* ab*urd restorfttion. . whioh hae lasted three dsja, t? ft new violation of the "I trefttUa which Austria due* not erase to invoke ig The following la the reply of the minister Wasssn re b?rg. to the protestation of the I'ope. aa to the entry n- of tie Austrian* Into the Pontiflcal States. Ineompar l(j ing this with the Insolent proc amnion of Weldon. n ai/d bis brutal attftck on Bologna, It will be seen that Austria adds insult to violence. !' "Although the Pope haa never declared war against ! the K.mperor. it is yet notorious that numerous corpsIt* tranrs. c< n poeed of PotlQcial subjects and regular its troops have crossed the frontier of the \u*trUn States e. and attscktd the imperial army. Tbe Ueoerali of her ( lis Majesty might hftve trabd these corps-fftno" aooor- , dr oirtff ?o all the rigor of the l?ws of wkt but they have , If, pnlirrtd to abstain from so doing To thi* mint be i !r added that Pietimonteee troops came and joined the , I'ont flcai garrison of Kerrara and even promised it ( reintmcementa X'cder these circumstance* sad also. e? aa tbe Austrian garrison at Kerrara required pr >vlcr sions tbe Austrian Oeaerai-ln chief was bound to take le measures to restore the inUrru?Wd oommanioatlona in In consequence, fbe Prince of Lirhienatein red celvrd < rntr* to advance to Kerrara to redisturb 1 ,A that fortn *? His fhort stay, and the manner ia Q| which be fulfilled hi* mission, prove that this move- < I " LD. TWO CENTS. u i? i iimtj t?Ull| kortli* >?. tha r?|?? it *u onlf d< oulrd by tullitary conflciMrntionM r, * th? hlith?U importance ami tbr I'ontifWI (ntnuumW' In it* ?ptrll of ixjuitj cannot fail to a<-k iiowU<1kv th < On it? *ld? t> lu |>t-rlnl govrrntn-nt i. anima><i with lha inoM sincere d**ir?i t? **?? ili|>lom.?ttc ft-U^kon* *?t? I Mr Vatiinl hit* put forth * new pronlamation whlofc In-Kin* thu* ? ' Th? war of kinr* l? flnl?h?d ?f the | < < |>Jt" lii-nii) t ' Thl? long; pronlauiati in iikjF ha ninimi it up tbaii; ?11 Austria ha* only 100 000 in?n to oppote twenty nix million* and they m?<wt Infallibly fcc exteimlna'ed. Think what. und** similar rlrrunn-tanre*, w** dona In Attmrica, la Oreec*. and .Spain " But M Mtialni fnrgaU thttla Spain mill (ireere thera wire onl/ Spaniard* and Oreek* nil iiDitnl nuhitiKt the foreigner* By thit old* nf 11> h gfphi queatinn or nationality. there wew n? partlea di?|Utintr amongst Lheuiaalvai) for a poll'toal form Mini paraljrlnr it hy *en?elei<4 ili?i-u?*ionn of |iatriotl>ni aril enthusiasm Kanh one f light for Ini|>|H'tilii|ii'?. withi ut troubling b m?elf if th? combatant* would Im- or accord I hereafter at tn the form of government tr be gren tn the victorious natloa Im ihat tin* Htati- of Italy ? Wo appeal to M Mania! hittaelf Spain united in a sentiment of Independence, r?pell. <1 the n Idler* ot the empuror Hptiu <411 f 4*1 by political diam n*mn, < ?? n*er run nnd occupied by the soldleie < t' th? Duo d'Augnuleme "1 he i fflnial journni yesterday contained two ilNtMM lie flret ordering the abolition in thu army ofHhtkn?, Kid that th< y ahall he replaoMil iiy th? ktfii imtgi like hat ot the l-n-ooh troop* iu Africa It pr**crth-<a. at lie *MDie limn that there Khali Km onlv nns I?hlf,..~#? ill t he ngime tit* of int'autry of the army. except Ui.h* if Savoy and <>uardia. which are to maintain theirdininctive iinifomiN The aecood decree, wore important, >1 act a in retire uie nt tbe Chevalier It. gin. who otttoaind lh (ioternorof (?en<>a , Count Joneph Manawrn. the >1nr.]tiiK Magliamo. < hevalierd'Oria. Choralier K. \roadro ( hevalier A. < anient de Nala-oo. ( h *vali?r J J. aaelli, J P. Kerraria, and the VJ urtj<ii-? L Marenca di ieria < aprlola The amne derreeal?o conttlu* various romotlona. among which are th?ii? of th? Chevalier tnhert. Jailli't de X' ('erguex to the rank ofoolonel of he let ri'Kimi'iit ot Sar y. To-day ? reomved huhirmaiion of the nawH communicated yexferday to the Jirrnln Politico which however I uive you with a o-ruin reserve. although Mated to me to be positive. The luMriaii* are i-aid to have demanded trom the inhahiante of Carina an extraordinary contribution of 400,It Oft. in the period of four h"ura. Thin period having xpiri'd, the Austrian*. according to their custom, ar* aid to have c< mnienoeil the flack of the city Rut the ieople, enenuraged by the energetic defence of Boofiiis ure represented to have aounded the tocaia and omnienced a terrible iitruggle. in which the womei ?ok part by throwing from tne windowa on the troop* ill the furniture and objecta which fell under their latidn. w hilht the pear an t? of the environ" aruied with igricultural ini-trunjcnt*, are nald to have harried in. 1 be mult of this xtruggle in not yot known. A letter fr? m Milan, of the 30ih ult , announce* the ituation of that city ah moft deplorable The Croat* done have got money? attained by the plllatte of the 'wince PeacaJII. They cut up all the "Ilk hangings to tmke waMcoat'. In the cafen tile Croat* and common old ererpemt 20 or ;>0 livreh Many persona are ahot at ight Many persona belonging to families of tba oltf ave disappeared lr two or three friends meat Id the treet they caanot stop to "p?uk tu each other, on aooUDt of tbtt law axainst athoujii mi nit The splea li'DH i an move about hr they please The antique ims from the palace of the Princess Helziojoeo. whioh tre ot great value, have been taken away. Hadetakf making a museum, winch will not coot him much, ill the dm engine* have been removed, ho that If there iere a tire it nould not be extinguished. The Austrian* ave gn at quantities of resin to enable the in t<> barn be oily if they cannot hold it. After having seixed II Die money in the public treasury, they have levied oiced contribution)'. Maria Cftlderera, celebrated for her anourt, in loaded iitb present* by the editor of the (fatelle of Vlilaa; i d old Nadetsky in proilunl of jewels to (iioranaina ereralll whom he ha- married Thnac two w nuiu a rero well known to entertain the spb'a of Austria. Our Leghorn Corn^iMiiitlriicr. IjEr.HoRn. Aug ill, 1S4R. Oa\?zzl, who had been Roma time ago the oau?e of inurbatices at Florence, on account of his pilitloal eclamalions. arrived here on the 2&th. On his proi-cding to Florence, the gavernuient took extraordinary rt cautions ; the National (iuarl wan under arinx. and real excitement pievailed, in connoquenoe of the most bturd and contradictory rumors which gained belief mong the pe< pie At eleven o'clock of the 25th, the ixcltement gained Leghorn ; the people destroyed the elegraph, the government de-patches were intercepts, ind nnuitrou.s crowds formed At 2 1' M tbeguverni ent was ohl'ged to take r- fuge in the forcre-s. while he people bad seized soveral stand of arms The * ? Club int nil the ivblle, and the most ser oui ueetious were debated there. I'he greatest disorder irevailed between that day and the 28 th when the ople, nfter having seized on a quantity of nr.nt, uailr an attack on the powder storm but that building H-ing defended by a detachment of thii Civic Wii'ird, he people met with resistance, and the guard h*viog it last tired on them, thine of the crowd were killed, ind fetuial wounded The people, then, in the ;reatest exaspeiation. were about to commit <re*t licenses, when Hather Melloui addressed tin im, ind asked tin m if th>y wished to separate iro n Tue any, or remain united to it. I'he people declared heir with to continue united to Tusoany. and* dopaHtion hi nauied to interpose between them and the Jiand Duke, to obtain for them the following condlions 1 To cany on the war of independence I To dlsfolvu the civio uard. and reorganize it on tiler bases. To diminish the salarv of tha rnval mplojeeH 4. To rrriucu the prion of Halt 'i son* a pound I'd til th? CONtn o| law pruceedirig" arid thi feetf (it beadvochtee 0 Immediate reform and augment*icn < f tbe military marine. The deputation having returned from Klor?noe. ^libiit-bed on the 'JVth a pioclitujalton, in which tbey tHtw thai the Tuecan Muni-try had r?plind. 1. That they wt re fiimly reM.lved to prorecutu the war, if thuj p<mld not obtain term* favorable t<> the ju?t hope* ot Italy 2. That the civic guard should be reorganised 3. '1 hat the reductl' n in the price of pult ahould be immediately submitted to the I'u-cnn Parliament 4, ) bat the alaru h of the employi en ehould be regulated tn'ocrdiiK to equity, and laetly. that the wish of the pet pie, an to tho reform of the military ma ritiK wan ?lfO It" most eartu .H desire and that an t* the law expeni-ea. m nd various other important araelio-atiouH, the ministry were at tlie moment earnestly jccupicd with them Tbec'e concemionp produced the moft happy re-ulta, LDd on the awth order w?? perfectly restored after th? topular teeling had exhibited Iteelf by burning. in the >ublic Mjimri *. th deere?? which had beou innued oj be authorities for the re establishment of ord?r prior ;o the proclamation cf 'he deputation A steamer. containing "even hundred voluule? r*. of the l.ombard legion ban arrived oil this [tort; but the 1' n it?d State* frigate Princeton and a hrccch frigate, which w?re in the port took her between them, and prevented her landing the volunteer# The American *htpn are here to protect their countrymen aiid some Kngli'h ship* are almiexpected The Approaching Trials is rei.and?On WrdiiPfday alteinoon, in compliance with the provioioDH of the etatute. the infurumtion* chargiag Me?rr? IStbiih O'Urien, Mragber. Leyne, he., with high treason, were read i.ver to the pridonerrf in the Oovertor'K room, Kilmainbam. in the presenoe of th? witne*f-es. who moetly continued of u>-r?on? bnlonutn* to tlie coni-tubulary foioe Mr. Kicbard Koinmis. sua :>f the crown solicitor, performed the rather tedious oi reading ovt-r theee voluminous d >cumintJ. which record, we understand, not only never*! overt icts of rebellion in Baillnparry and other place*, but slfO pam-apes from speeches delivered by Home of tbe piisoners, and speeches or pereon* not yet In ou-tody, ?h< fH " tayiugH and doings" lorni part nod ptroel o< tbe charge of conspiracy. Mr Smith O'Brien and Mr Meagher appeared in the enjoyment of excellent health and "piriM The former gentlemen pa>d marked attention to tbe rending of tbe evidence, and frequently requested Mr KHiuinii* to repeat portions of It which Identified him with i >m? of the moru conspicuous incidents in the late ln<urr*(> tionary movement Mr Meeghrr on the contrary, did not Mem to be ?o engr.iesed with the ceremony, m he once or twioe caught himself whistling a bar fiom a popular opera. Air. O'torlen'sroom ia a large, airy one .io A. In the top corridor of the .Marahalara or debtors'dapartment ot the prison. It l? a singular tact, not known, wedara ray. to Mr O'Hrien himself that hie present lodgiaga bare an historic if net a classic, interest attached to them, a* tbe very room in which he is now Inflated was the former reeidence ot Corbett. who lay thero uuder '08. but marvelloufly efleeled hia eaoapa from the prison, and died a few yeara ago. a i?en?ralin tbaFrenoh army. Mr. Meagher'a room is No 4. In the aamaoorridor? it In alao large and health; For aom? daj* tbeae " rcb?l oh Ufa'' were lodged iu the aaine room the prafriil ai raupt mrDt ba* beea adopted with choir mutual ?oBnnt, No raetrlotion I* place! on tba mode of living ot tbe priaonera. ax far a* edil>l?a and drinkable* are concerned A turnkey aieepa in the <?m? apartment with each of tbem and followa him ab >ut ' lili? bis i-bade " nheu be laden e*ercia? With the exception of member* of their families and their pro feeeli oal adria^m no one ia permitted, without a apeoiai older from tbe ohtef secretary * office, to aee tbem Mr* O Hrlen baa taken temporary iodgitig? in the neighborhood of the priaon, and vlaita her buaband daily. Mr. Alderman Meagher. M I' ha* bad u Ttrai InierTit w? ? itb hie unfortunate a?n. Mr Leyne; Mr P J. O'Donuhoe, and the leas prominent c aaa < f prisoner*, aoonaed of trea-onable praotloa are confined in the capital offence* war<l the Uongest part of the jail.? Dublin H'orlii, September 7. City Intelligence. Clkmk oi Suriaioa (Jouar -Uavid It Kioyd Jonaa baa b<en appointed by the Juaticea ol thia Court aa he ( leik Hia appointment r?fleeta oredit on tha<? a bo oonterred it upon blm Ilia buainee* habita and miable manner* will gire general ratiafactioa to all aho have bueluera in or with thwcourta Mr Joaaa aaa formerly an aide state Senator, and for many >eara a member ol the A'M-uihly. 1 Hr foi'Mtm *t Woaa ? Tha fountain in tba ["ark waa >et to work yeHerday alter n won during the iIkI>|im of the atorm, probably torn If t be re had U? i> an addiiional aui ply of Crotoa water by the ram It wotiid hate lookrd better on aome clear and pleaeaat ?ay

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