Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 4, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 4, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. ( U-Wrri C?m?r of K niton and X*hu *ta. JiKKI OOROOll BKSNKTT, PHOPFIETOR THE DJLI1 Y HEJiAl D?Thrterditwnw rreru day 'wo etritt rr (Cry- $7 Ift wr rtn"?in The hHWSISli KJ1I IT1 f.V u ClW..htd at S o'clock i '/. ami distributed bejore breaiyfu-t, 0r$t At'TKxSiJOS ?/>/rhfScum be hod of the Nftmboys, ( 1 o'clock, f. X-. and the tecoud ATl'Mt.\OU.V EDIT1UX at 9 t'dock Tilt: It i?A/ V IlKIi AI.D?Erery Sultriloy, for rimlii- i *?.. o<. IV iwiKMit ( fnu iwr .,o>>y, V I .'S (*'? MibHk Ere y pa, kit day for luroM-w/i (ui'uJii'uM, , $( i/r to iricludt the poet aThe European edition t/2 be prim'ed in the ^reuck mid Knvluh lanpunpet. Jl.LI~t-l Th.KS ty m/iti. lor ul >< rip4u>m, or trith adre-r. timci ti to be pott paid, or the potlaye u-ill be deducted from f bomv riwilted. H)Ll SlAK V( VKRESPOSVEM E. containing important m***. toUiU,d from any quarter of the uvrlti, if wed, will bt Uterulty ?.rid for. JU k Kk riSli.VF.STS (rrneiird every morninp, and to be falluhtd in the morning and afternoon editioHM,l at reaioiuiltU prtc, |; to be written in a plain, iepiblc m timer; the proprietor mot rr-too til 1c lor errort in manuscript. FKlSribli of all kitJt tainted beautifully and irith de 1'itch. Orderi ree*iced at the Olfiet, corner of TVlton atui httttau street'. hONOTtt K taken <f anonymoui communication!. IVi.it ?vr m i*tcvd*d for inirrtion niutt a uthcntic,ited by the name mud addrm of'the writer; not necctnarily for pvlllcaiion. hut ?i a run r.mty of hu pood faith. We cannot return rejected omw.u*icmtioM. AMLHXMINTS TII1S EVLMNU. park theatre?natal E?b?o??\t?- Or and Sot ?j| ! lira Lii?i a or Ohamovhi and Tuou i by Madams hl*m> a) oa. BOWERV THEATRE, Bewery? Uiioum i-Ja*nv Lisu i -Thr Yovsg SCAXT. BROADWAY THEATKB, Broadway? Ron* O'XIour? itult uacaibc. NATIONAL THEATRf, Chatham Street?E'mehalth? ! wrum add Nuiiiti or Naw Tom?Ki*? is rrtx < Bab a. WTBLCB, AETOR PLACB? Mac? kth Mb. anb Mrs. 1 WH XTK. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamber* itreet? Irish lieu? J Th* Tooi 1 tt?Cap nut or Captain Citiu. MECHANICS HALL, Broadway, n??r Brocmc.?Christ*'* i Mian ku.'t?Ethiopian siscinc,tc, SOCIETY LIBRARY?jAnmu-'l HixnlBi, klxibta ROOMS?Taylor'* CAMPAieiu. HKLODEON?Virginia 8ir?adlIa NEW BOOM, 332 Broadway?Pmi.oiormoAi, Entertain oti Mew York, WtdnrMlajr, October 4,1848* Artunl Circulation of the Herald. C't'r \ Tnesday 3C,7Si copies. | Tlie rmMi' a'ion of the Morning Edition ot the llcra/4 com i inrrrvd \?"t. rday :>t A minute* i>eforc 3 o'clock, and tinisled at 2(1 | mmiiti c jw?t 6 o'rlook ; the first Afternoon Edition commenced I at SOminntca past 1 b'clock, aud finished at 6 minutes pint 2 l,.>l Ik. n I 111 ni,nn'.? *?, t ? a ml n, 'I I mmiil.u jctt 3 clock. S<?RUry Walker and tlic Swb-Tr?n?ary. I Theie has been a groat deal of commotion in Wall street, within a few days, in consequence oj certain negotiations recently made under the authority of Mr. Walker, Secretary ot the Treasury, wiih certain brokers and speculators ill that street, by which u Jaige amount of gold and silver, u:ider lock and and key in the Custom-house, has been released and made over to those who could give treasury notes in exchange tor it. The bankers, the editors, the speculators, the journalists, the po- j liticians.are all mixing in this new excitement,and 1 eeent to talk, and discuss, and canvass the matter, j as if the salvation ot the whole human race, and the comfort of a part ot Wall street, depended on a right understanding of the law ana gospel on the matter in dispute. Some of those brokers, who have not a linger in the pie, and have not received a portion ot the spoils trom the vaults, are very savage in their remarks on the conduct of Mr. Walker. They believe that he has violated the law, has been guilty of felony, and that he ought to be impeached by the next Congress, and sent to ! the penitentiary for the requisite time, to teach i him better manners and conduct in future. Another class of patriots, who have, or by their i friends have, shared in this round-about mode of ! 1 getting a loan out of the vaults of the sub-treasury, j justify Mr. Walker, as far a6 the loan is concerned, i but are terribly savage against him, in conse. j ' quence of his acts and negotiations being in contravention of the sub-treasury act, passed by Congress in the year 1M~>. or 184C. He is called a money king, Biddle, Jr., a broker, a man that may i feather his own nest, and alj other sorts of names, y that a five point tongue can lick into sound, sig- j r nifying anything. j t After giving some attention to this important j t finascial transaction, we have come to the con | t elusion that this negotiation is clearly in viola. | 1 tion of the leading features and provisions of the , gub-treasury, and the sub-treasury system, passed by Congress., in l?l5, or By the provisions ' j of that act, there can be no d->ubt that the ncgo- i ,] tiations for the eight lmndied thousand dollars in j ri specie, made by Mr. Walker, is a breach ol that t( law, and is a pen tentiary o)l?'nce, provided that ,| law were still in opera, ion. But,singularly enough, j there was an additional law passed by Congress I c i n the '2yth ot .lanu ?ry, 1S17, embracing a number i ^ of j ro\ isions, by which :he sub-treasury act was I t in a gieat measure r epealcd, and a new system of | j finance, refembling the Biitisli Exchequer, intro- > | 11 need, and thie has been acted on to a certain | , degree, by .Mr. Walker ever since. It i-true tljat | ( ihe derm cratic party, and the hard ni'?nev men j thr- ighout the country, have been under the I j impression, that in the election of Mr. Polk, p, the sub-treasury system' was re-enacted by ^ Congress, and tliat tlie, country has been ? prospering under that system ever since. This 6 is discovered to be .a fatal, absurd and farci- . cal delusion. They fTrgfatte'mpted, i>'- i mencement oi the Mex;c*- "** vt- I 1 ... war, some moditica- , lion o t ie su - tirMtiry ?ygt(.m> but Comrress, we | , l" ?cve; resisted it. until the country and its finan. Ces g> t into a more serious d'fliculty about the , time of the battle of Monterey, ft was then discovered by those at Washington, that the sibtreasury system was entirely impracticable in connection with the existing tariff system. I'nder j the at s, ices of Mr Walker, who knew what he was about, a series of sections, entirely repealing some of the important provisions of the eub-treu- ' sury law of 1815, was introduced and tacked to a 1 bill for creating a loan, and the issue of u j certain amount ofTrensuty notes. This, as we j , have said, took i-lsce in January, l*? 17. and ; under this law, the Secr<tiiry, we believe, is per- | fectly justified in making thi^ loan out of the trea- : Miry vaults in Wall street, in the way lie did, although, il he were to have done it, either before | iha: qb.. or Mfre 10 thirtieth of So- ' \ ember of llie rrc?.f'rit )'ear, he could b? indicted, j i convicted, and nt to tlic j-en'.tcntlary, ior?t'io- 1 lation of the original eub-Ueasun act. The sub- ; treasury liac, in fmi, l>eenin operation only tw<> or three weeks, and. by the present law, it will L again revive and l>e in full leather, after the thir ( tieth of November ?l thl pmeil JtU. < hi that , day the treasury nou act, to which we have re- t erred, and which was passed in January, IS 17, i closes its career, and marches to the tomb of the papulets. Then will tome up again the original tub-treamry act, tlic hard money system, which . makes it a j>enal oflence to loan un\ iroid and sil- J ver in exchange for treasury notes out of the trea* ; fury, as Mr. Walker has recently done. It will be seen, from this brief view of the mutter, that Congress and the government have been imposing a great delusion and humbug on the country, in proteasing to pass a sp?cie rystem of finance, and at the very lir*t opportunity repealing | it for the purpose of carrying on the recent war with Mexico. The fact i?, there is a greu' d? al of 'gnorance, in all < uarters, in reiation to^ the commerce, trade and finance* of the countiy. No comprehensive or accurate system liac yet been devised, althought it is likely that Secretary Walker made a nearer approach to nucli a system, than any other person whu has occupied his }>osition in tin Trcasuiy. *1 here ought put to be in the United States Trea?ury, on am occasion, a dollar in specie, beyond th?' wants of the government. The financial ye. teni of ihe general gomnmant, >n connection witii its taiifVand imports, should l?e so organized as to enable it, on all occasions, to pay out just a? f.?t a? t collect* its taxes, lit order to prevent sj>) at*. tuuUtivn of in the Treasury i then* rboald be *. modified treasury note syMeno similar to that of the issue of exchequer bills in England, whwh wculd on all occasions enable the government to anticipate its payment?, to a certain extent, without injuring, affecting, or ex. handling the money maiket. In the present case, it ib said that the Hank of Commerce, the Phoenix Bank, and several other itstitutions in Wall street, j which have been paid off for specie for a few weeks past, have been the principal participants in thus loan of the Secretary, and the operation will efl'ect a great deal of ease in the money market in certain quarters, although, of course, it creates an equal amount of dissatisfaction in othsr quarters, and among parties who do not participate in the movement. Brokers and speculators may quarrel and fight, and settle their difficulties as they please, but the financial policy of the country ought to be conducted on a more stable principle, and one better calculated to produce more permanent good than that which we have had oflateyeRrs The absurdity of enacting a hard money system by one Congress, and repealing it by stealth and secrecy by another, immediately subsequently, presents too many features belonging to the comity of l^unkum,-to be popular or per nianent among au intelligent people. secretary Walker, according to law, is not yet ready for th? penitentiary, but, after the first of December nextf as the law now stands, he will be in the position of a delinquent, should he make similar negotiations with any of the Wall street brokerB. Then the full-blooded tub-treasury system, as it was originally enacted, will revive over the provisions of the law of 1847, for the issue of treasury notes> which limits their operation to a period of six months alter the termination of the war with Mexico. This is the length and breadth of the criminality committed as yet by Secretary WalkerWhat may be the profits of the negotiation, in a round-about way, to the man 111 the moon, we don't know. Or it Foreign Correspondence?Liberty in England.?We continue in this day's paper the publication of the letters of our London corres* poi dent " Marcus," which have already created :^ucli a sensation in this country. These communications probe unsparingly the gangrenous sores ot the British government, and lay bare the frightful corruption, which it is the aim of the hired press of that country to conceal. They completely tear away the mask which England so studiously strives to wear, and exposes to view the ) awful deformity that lies beneath. It would be surprising if astonishment and indignation were not created in the breast of every American citizen, on reading of the means taken by the government of England to suppress public opinion in that country. To us, in this tree country, it is, naturally, scarcely credible that men should be thrust into a dungeon,and confined there for years, for merely reading an article from a newspaper, and yet for such an intolerable outrage on man's liberty there is law in England. Nor is this law a dead letter, as is generally urged by the apologists of that blood-stained despotism, when such enactments are pointed out as existing on the English statute books. The fate of tfeaer, lately condemned to be imprisoned for a term of years and fined, for reading an extract from the Xfir York Hcruh/, shews that those abominable enactments are in full force. We trust that this man will yet be as great a thorn to the side of the British government as was John Wilkes in his day, and that the people, by conferring on him such honors as it is in their power to bestow, will show some small sense ot the ludignity offered to tlieni by this vile persecution. P.ut, at present, we have little hope of such a result. The people ot England seem to be utterly besotted and nullified by the events passing around tlu m. They remain chained down in the dark- I nec? of desolation and bondage, while the nation8 of IJurope are, after the example set by this coun. irv seventy years ago, leaping and bounding forward joyfully and manfully to the goal of perfect ei'ubh? HB (ibeity. At every bound given by conintnial powers, in the glorieus career of freedom, i he government of England puts on the screws, 1 ighterand tighter?mercilessly and more merciessly?until the people are wasted, Marrow bones and all.'' It will be seen, by the letters ot ?>ur corresport. elit. that trial by jury, which wn once in England le guaranty agai.;,st oppression, is now a mere lockery, ;,rtd that, from the stolid stupidity and ehnlity of the middle classes. That this state of lings should have apologists and vindicators on lis side of the Atlantic, is not at all surprising, j onsidering ihat in every land there are men who vould sell the national honor for five dollars; but hat this very stupid, silly, and contemptible nadyism should be indulged in by our Minister a# ,ondi>n, Mr. Bancroft, docs Eomewhat aur1 I rise us. Mr. Bancroft is a man of a good deal >f ongitalitj-'-etron:' sound sense, and literary itiawments of no ordinary chatter; and before it left (his country on his present mission, lie lad ma^e most ardetit i>r?fessions of uC"?n<:racv* ' Ve fear that his mind lias been aficcted by the 1 niasma of court, and that lie has lost that strong i scorn f?^r the grovelling littleness, ol which i ie cannot fail to see so many instances in his ; resent position. It unfortunately happens, how. ; ;ver, in most cases, that the strongest republican I sentiments cannot withstand the insidious air of ! iorc gn couits ; and we are induced to believe the easiest way to s]>oil a man is to send liim on a foreign mission, should Mr. Bancroft ever be, like Mr. Cass, a candidate for the Presidency his toadyism of British institutions will do him no little damage. We trust ht will repeat in tmie- j Eifoi-eav News.?The steamship Hermann, . Captain Crabtree, is in her fourteenth day, and ' nay b( expected t?' arrive at any moment. Tin: Cbkscent Qxv was detained until 12 o'clock ! ffsterday, ht which hour she took her de- 1 >arture for Havana and New Orleans, with BW ! inisseiigeri in the cabin, and a large freight. I.atkr rro.m ijii: I. ?Th* arrival of a Hamburg vessel at Boston, places us in ]<osscssion L>f files of the Comr trcio ad Plata, published at | Nfor^iVidco, to tbr "th of August. Although of a | much later date tliart j?*eviously received, they | entain nothing at all of inter*.'?' KlwrUiiB Intelligence. Tn? Bk ?:s.? The Inclement weather tan w> mt# i liad for the past few days. ha? cau*ed a postponement J ?1 the race* until next week commencing on Tuesday, I | tnd conlinui>K tbr?* day.*. Thi- may 1* regarded as ra'h<ra propitious event. For the la.?t few months j th?r? bud bven very little rain and the race oourse had become. in consequence. so hardened. that it would liETe been impossible to have projerljr prepared it for I racing purposes. Neither ?'* ughi-hare nrr harrow 1 ti.oth could inci.-e it* >Tirface: but, thanks for the b< unlilttl s^'/^'.y of rain during the present storm, the (i lh? track ha* become eoftened and made buoyant and easy for the racers, which will much aceele-,' rat'' their spired in the coming contests. Another ad-1 vantage?the racers will, as soon a* the weather moderates, take their exercising runs on the 1'nion < ourre which will make them lamiliar with tbegTound, and bi- of great advantage to them in their coining engagement*. The gnat number of strangers from Southern cities, who bare been drawn here to witness tb? raeing sni who are bound to stay and see it OT?r, together with those who are arriving from the lantern States toatt< ml the great trotting match on Monday next for >2.000. between <irey Ksgle, of Iloston. and I ady Sullen, will, no doubt, swell the treasuries of our various places of amuse merit and hotels. It's an ill wind that blows nobody cck 4 'i'he trotting which was advertised to have taken place at the < entrevllle < ourse. yesterday wa* likelier postponed, on account of tbe weather. l.i iim;io> R a< > .?The races at Lexington commeneed on Mocd ay, the ??th ult. The race on that day, two n lle heat* wai won by W I'. (ireer's Doubloon beatirg fire other*. Tlme,:J:4i;f?!l 46>i?3:49. 1 be first rice on Tuesday, three mile heats was won )>y l> ' Brown's Dald Hornet, beating Jos Metcalle'c 1-red. Turner. Time,o:H}i-o: In. IK' second race, mile heats, whs win by It lioser's Pan llet/ir beating seven others. Time. 1 1 47^-1.47?i 14!'. 1 he npuiUiiii'ii of St. l.awienc* county, iibnit a week ago, had an exrltlng chase after a l irgo ino<>* >. The noble animal bad wandered away fr?m bis aecurtf Hi' d haiibt* m the depths of the forest. and met his dcatli a*, the band of Inhospitable una Theatrical and HwImL Th? Th>?t?ic*l CenriTn im ?THntw?l?|?" m*Dc?i> a ihratrieal rivalry, of do ordinary aharaeter, and tbr rr*pretlve niiiii|irii hwiDj parehMil pogklistlc iImn h?Tr ?nt?r?d the trrni with I dittralM. tton of winning the bait of histrionlo fame. Tba great EnglUh (reptilian Maerrady, eomn??Dc?? a* Art or I'lace. bU*bottle beldtr beicg tbe indefatigable Capt N'.blo. Tba Monplalrirs. in tbolr beautiful ballets.and Madam Anna Bisbop In tctn?i and g?ma from tba mrft appro**d operas. wbicb is a very bappy selection, and on* that mart result In grrat profit to tba manager. Mr. Hamblln. who asserts tbat. with ?nmutB?d band*. be will not leave ?ka ring, and. instead of eaatending for tba prim with gloves, will exhibit bis proud pre-eminence by tbe graceful evolutions of pretty lag* and f**t, and tba charming, thrilling melodic* of the voire and sou). Collin*, coming from tbe land of persecution. and potsesaing every requisite for a first rate Irifb ccmedlan and vocalist, la backed by Col. Mann, who bets that tba Irish star shall never be dlmmud while Collins, by bl* happy wit and able personation of Irish characters, can wield a shlllelab within the precints of the Broadway Theatre. Burton, being an able mariner, always op the watch for breakers aheadi boasts tbat he and Toots, and the man "what gives an opinion as is an opinion," will steer their bark carefully and arrive safe into port, amidnt tbe gratnlations of thofe who freight their?blp. The Bowery proprietor, always in the ascendant, with Hamblin in his round of Shaksperian characters, asserts tbat there can be no fear of tbe constitutional basis of his establishment while be has a splendid (Miss) Taylor to take care of me wararooe, ana sneiter tne actors by her dis-trifi-Ae* from impending theatrical storms. Chanfrau, although l&st In this enumeration, certainly not least, proudly boatts that, with the alii of Mose and his excellent associates, he will bear oil the palm, by his truthful personation of local characters and domeHtic scenes in New York. Certainly, the various tastes of our citizens can all be gratified, and each theatre well filled: by producing dramatic and musical selections suited to the capacities and whimsicalities of their respective patrons. Park Tilt at**.?The gloom and *torm without lMt evening, was not at all effective in keeping down the ardor of the admirers of the graces at the Park. The Alonplaisiri were again received with unbounded applause, and dtrervedly, too. If the poetry of motion is indelibly stamped upon the ideas by the witnessing of any perlf rmance, It is by looking at Mad, und Mons. Monplaisir, and their companions, in the beautiful ballet of" Krmeralda," with the exquisite scenery and other stage appointments, by which the effect is more prifectly brought out Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert appeared N|iain last night, in the most amusing burletta of ' Korty and Kifty.'' There is such a happy effect brought out by Mr. U , in this piece, so good an opfortunity for him tr> show bis peculiar talent in the me of acting to which the character of Mr. Liliywhite belongs, that the stage manager could hardly select a better farce, with which to open or conclude thu evening's entertainments. ' Our Mary Ann," was played again last evening, as the afterpiece to the ballet. Mr. Chapman was asu^ual exceedingly comical in his part of Joncthan Junk. There are tew men in his line, having so correct an appreciation of lew couiedy with so much ability to illustrate that appreciaiton by blf acting. Madame Bishop is to appear to-night. Boucr.v Theatre.?That splendid play, i; The Iron Chttt," was performed last ev. ng before a well filled bouse ; and we are sure that th a whofacedtl ' -torm that raged without, had bo -?> to i r us i" re i finely acted play we hav m:itu | - rformeil \V# r had never before sefn .Mr. ilamblin iu the character) of Sir Edward Mortimer, and we feel bound to accord t biui the 1< pruit-e f?r his personation ?f this part. 0 The nol uiiud alienated from the world, and tilled with b rn<?suEd distjust, was most admirably depicted i tb<> acting throughout the part was perfect never iecu Mr. H. to more ad>unto u the fcene in the first act with Wil- j: fold, > rpri^es him opening the mysterious cbett. lie was most splendid, where Wll- n ford roau " from the play in which he un- > wittfngly loi. Kdward's tore point, the endeavor to explain the^. more favorably, ending -in w the sudden outbreak ?.'* 'ury on the part of Sir Kdward J] was truly a most thrillins* P*ece ?' aotlng. J. H. Hall 0 as Wilford, A. Andrews aVo..*1 Adam, Mrs Winstanley, IViiss Taylor, and the rest of Yu* performers, were all very good, and from the evident sat?w , W1'p which r) this piece was received, we trust thv* Hamblin will appear in it again d uring his present Dancirgbj the Signora Ciocea and Sigwoi rl';?e F pretty little opera of the " Loan of a Lover,"' ? 0(1 tho ?, drama of " Tom Cringle's Log," conclude:! the ?*c* iV ning's amusements. '1 hey all went off well. WtrftM d to our lilt of amusements tor this night's bill. j: Broatwav TiirATRr..?The sprightly two act comeily . *? of ' King O'Xeil" was prerented last evening, followed I J by the "Irish rest," Mr. Collins sustaining the princi- j pal parts in both. His Captain O'Xeil is unexceptlon- j ' able. The p?ece abounds in happy points, to all of , which Mr Collins gave the utmost force. Kvoept that i some of the actors were not quite perfect in their parts, I {fa the piece passed off remarkably well. Mrs. Abbott's it VarchionesB de Clairmont, though affording no room ()l for display.was in excellent taste, and Miss Hildrcth'a IH. Countess Dillon was quite respectable. The play, JjT treating as it does or the times of the Irish brigade in . j ( "ranee, is very in teres ting; and though faulty in some > 4' respects, is still susceptible of being made a capital j "c icung play, if well put upon the stage. The part of ( aj .'ount Dillon requires a better actor than we have ever M >ecn cast for it.end the Duke de Richelieu,and the King1 th ?re either of them worthy of Mr. Dyott. Terence ax 0 Grady is one of .Mr. Collins' happiest parts. lie looks, < Jr md talks, and acts the character of the blundering Irish I in L'lerk to perfection. The subordinate parts were well wi nast, and admirably sustained by Mrs. Watts. Mrs. i ti< Abbott, and Mr. Andrews. Mr. Collins was twico encoied in the "Widow Machree." lie appears, to- j of night, in the drama of " Rory O'More, ' with a very ' ir. strong cast, Mr. Dyott appearing as Shan Dhu, Vache pi as De Wtilskin. Andrews as Scrubbs, Miss Ilildreth as , st Mary O'More, Mrs. Abbott as Kathleen, and Mrs. tc Watts as Betty There will be dancing by Mile, gi Celeste and Mr. Wiethoff. and in the ooursu of the i st evening Mr. Collins, besides singing sereral songs, w! will dance an Irish jig. and recite the story of the tb Irish fox. The entertainments will conclude with </ Robert Macaire." National Thiatki . ?La ksmeralda'' wa? per- ^ formed last evening, with increase^ ^p'ause. and tlia j beautiful manner in which this very interesting version 2l of the novel has been produced at the National, has 1 given the greatest satisfaction to the patrons of this a1 eirpant house. The beautiful scenery?much of it ; H painted expressly for this piece?the songs, dances. ' tf tableau)- kc. introduced all serve to give an agreeable ?r variety to the spectacle. The dramatic portion of it <11 is well enacted by the company, and Miss Mestayer, j ?? Mrs. McLean. Palmer, Herbert, fctc were ali innch ap- 1 & plawdcd. The " Mysteries and Miseriesstill ccfi- \ *< tinwep to be a* popular aa ever. It has now been T( played twenty-six nights in succession, and we tirmly ni oeiiere li wouia oe auracure ior any lengtn or time it I ?? might be placed; but other new IochI pieces are m arly ] M ready, and the manager, wishing to present m much p3 Tariety as -jossible, will shortly withdraw the " Myste- tc ries." to make room for these new pieces Therefore, ' 1 thofe who haTe not yet seen it. ought to go at once, r w The house was filled in ererypart last evening, not- I P' withstanding the rery unfarorble state of the weather. I " But the fact is, the people will go to the National, *>' "weather or no.'' to use one of Tom Hood's pnns. They are right, for, if th? re is a place in the city where real 'll amusemeut can be had, the National Theatre is that dl place. The bill for this evening Is eminently attraetire. " La Esmeralda1' and the Mysteries and Mise- * ries'' will be played, as also an arau?ing farce. " ! g] Xiklo's, Astor I'lacc.?The faTOrite comedy of ol Sbakapeare'e ' Merry Wires of Windsor." was the P> attraction at this theatre last night, and to the mast ^ captious sceptic of the merits and essence of the "le- tl gitimatcno argument could be more conclusirely * urged, than the combination of talent that was called * into requisition, to gire strength and stability to a 1 in plot that combines the most ludicrous Adventures, with [ tt a moral lesson of erery day experience. It ii needless 0i to describe the tone, action, and sentiment that char- ! K) j?cteri7ed the " Kallstafl in Lore,'' of I lac ket, or the ; tl "Fcrd" of the talented and accompli-hed Vandenhofl. 1 K, The former was as perfect as the latter was peculiar tii and original; and. though the clement* combined to ' ?i many from a feast'of reason tarely lo be enjoyed 1 n in the selection of sueh an tmirersally well selected ri east. jettheTe were more than sufficient to bear am |r l ie testimony to tho merits of all engaged upon this tl interesting oceaeion. Mi's lfabel Dickinson acquired ?i fiejh lustre by her inimitable and correct rcpreseata- h tlon of Sir Cftarles t;oi.l?tr*am In the farce (otherwise , ? insipid) of- Istdlp, *f hate no reason to retract j, cur opinion of this yotilig lady'? dramatic merit!". ? Utr Toice and fliannor are siagulnrly adapted to the t pnfoimance rf dashing mal- Vractfj. and no llttlij ; j, die riminatiou Is necessary in realising the p*vt she c plajs. an to the pi s of the representative of liir rharlcn < oiit-treaio. or that of the ' Kton Boy.M .Mr. Maori ady will open h!-*nga:.Tn.entthi*''Vening. in Mac- fl beth.-' su>-ta>ned by a ca-t" tl.at. ?c mi^lit almost ?ay. dcliee all criticttai. , BraTon'a Tii?atk?. < haoilx'r* street.?'The uni rivalled drama of' Dombey and Son" wa* performed last ni^ht at Kurton's. < af tain Cattle, the fentimental larant of tulgar life who (Uotes all sort* of authors. and hliews hia wondtrful learning and extenfive readirg with the most amiiMn^ again appeared, to the great diversion of a crowded and admirlrg audit nee. The scenes in thi* play are perfect ! life ami reality. but it Is hnglish life. As there la no variety of risked in this couutry, thero is not that variety of character here which t'Xists in Kugland. Kor example. such a rich. beautiful character a? Su*an Nipper, (Mrs. Brougham ) is totally unknown in this country. lacunae tbe reverence. the devotion, the lldel- ( Ity ? ( t)?e poor, humble, honest-hearted doineatic aerMLt. if n? t known Id a land when; the cook and the homemaid think theroselvei a* good and generally eren better, than their -mistress. The vulgarity, ac<oinpanied with the strong perception or right and 1 warm hearted r.eal of tbc clas:< represented by Misan la < net known in this country. .Again, the character of ( aptain Cuttle is bardly known her*, though the J American Jack-tar bas all the genrrofity and open* I htaitediiesa of thi Jack tar of Kn,;lan<l. yet he has I none of hl? simplicity and low lift- I bit may be the ? r?w?? aby tba ?haraot?-r of TMi, (Mi. tboayb lb? ?*ry worat and atlliaat ta tba *kol? ? i* iIbmI m Barb admirrd by tb? tnditiM at Bartoa'i ?> tb* ctbrr lifbtr tad mora apUadld aharaat?r?of ibrpirea Toota l? a mrn itmplataa. a mcra bj? flay and arijuaet to tba otKcr cbaraatara; kin ab urduy and wrakntM ik certainly ?munnn. and ia ?fll r? ntrd by Mr Kaymand ; bat it ia not ao I rl.ffi.i.W . -v. ?... --? w -- I to art the unmitigated tool 1* the most natural mod ea?y thing in tbe world One silly eipresslon, " It's of do lunhqmfdet." for ever lugged in at the conclusion of nrry speech, involving neither wit n< r fan, has made the fortune of thin empty character; a fortune, like many more nubeUntUl ones made without much labor or merit. Notwitbrtandmg the rarity of the characters of thin drama, and Iheir being so seldom, if ever. Men or Vnown in this country, yet the great and Increasing popularity of this beautiful piece U not at all mrprising for the character! are'true, are original. are striking, and they are moat admirably and moat skillfully pourtrayed by the several actors ? Burton's Capiain Cuttle alone would give a run to the piece, if tbe others were even less striking and eflective; bnt in addition to the inimitable eaptaln, there is also an txcellence. a richness, an originality, in all the others, such as is rarely ever to be seen combined In on-piece Mr Lynne's Dombey is a masterpiece; It is difficult to hit off tbe stiff, proud, domineering lordly merchant; yet he does It to the life. Here, again, such a character is hardly known in this country. aod bence Mr.Lynne, as others in this play, is not duly appreciated by the audienee and the mere American critio. Susan Nipper, Jack Bunsby, Kiarence and the others, eould not be better represented than they are by Mr Brougham, Mr. Jordan. Mr. Lynne, Mrs. Brougham, Mrs. Veruon. Mrs. Knight, and Mrs. Loeder. On tbe whole, this pluy is so rich, so beautiful, so varied, so natural, so full of feeling and affecting tenderness, and withal sn well performed by uaoh acior. that it would bear repeating, we could almost pay, for tbreu months to come, without intermission and without producing satiety ; and the increasing ArAwHfl ?)in ninkMw ? aua U think, our opinion. Wo hope it will not b? withdrawn, ?B threatened Captain Cuttle will sue visitors again to-night in another amusing character. Christy's Mimtrlls are nightly pouring forth Hoc ds of melody, as great almost as the floods of rain that have deluged our city lor the last two or three day*; but though the weather. lately, has been so very unpropitious for evening amusement seekers. Christy'?

concerts have been flnily attended, and .Mechanic's Hall baa resounded strain with tbr applause bestowed on the t (Torts of thene inimitable musicians. Some men achieve greatness.say? Shakspcare; Christy's band belong to this class, as tbey have achieved an immense ind well deserved reputation. They will sing every night this week. ; Camfhbi.l's Mimstrf.l* have secured a firH rate run )f patronage, and an they take every pains to keep up with the times, and, if possible, go a little ahead of hem, their friends never grow weery of hearing their rery pleasing conctrts. They are most admirable dngers. jokers and dancers, and those who wish to hear :he perfection of negro minstrelsy. cannot go to a setter place than these concerts. Mkhii Murtrvi ami Levhsii'r will give their degant entertainment this evening, at the Now Room u Broadway. We can truly add our testimony to the iniversally expressed admiration of all who have witnessed their dexterous and, indeed, highly soientiflc jerformance*. Their programme for this evening is iivM v?ri''u >ia mieiehUDg. Mai-hick Stfakoshi.?This eminent artist gives a oncert to-morrow evening. at the Female Academy, Brooklyn. He will be assisted by several distinguished rocalif'ts and instrumental performers. No doubt be till meet with all that bis splendid abilities deserve, rom tbe citizens of Brooklyn. Mits Julia Dean left Cincinnati on the 2Gth ult . for letroit. llrnham. now seventy-five years of age. sang at a oncert in Birmingham, a short time ago. A paper of hat town says:?" We attended, with misgivings as to he result of so extrar rdinary an experiment; but the l auni r in which be gave one or two of bis old favorte pieces, made our fears give way to wonder. His Hthos and exijuisite declamation in Handel'srecitaive ' Deeper and Deeper Still,' were truly thrilling; nd his rendering of - The Death of Nelson,'irresi.s iblv brought up the reminiscence of the palmy days 1 this great.irHtU Tlif New; York Hlatorlrnl Sorlety. A metling of the members of the New York listorical Society, was held last night, at their joms in the I'niversity, Washington Square. Notwithstanding the disagreeable state of the 'euther, there was a numerous attendance. The [on. Luther Bradish, late Lieutenant Governor I this State, presided. The minutes of the last meeting having been :ad and confirmed, the reports of the different ofcers of the society were then in order. The oreifcn Society read the correspsndence from [r. Brodhead, the Secretary of Legation at Lonon, and Mr. Campbell, the Sub-Librurian at the [ague, respecting the original manuscript recent discovered in the archives at the Hague, which ves *',e ear^est description of New Netlierland, STew York * written >n 162<i, by Isaac 1 >e liasiea ulin ws'o st'dietary here at that period, under '?f Director Cenrrnl Mim.it ic auiiiiuion auuu -v " 7 , | The Domestic Secr.'^O'. gave a statement of e financial concerns ol the society, lrom which appeared that the receipts J?r the last threelarters were fl,800, all f1' which had been exuded. The debt of the Socie^ ha" "een?re,T iced I-100 ; but a considerable amount was oM. le. lie then referred to the presentations and matioKS which had been made to the society, 1 nong which were one hundred spccuueas of exican aims, Arc., ricked up by Dr. Jarvis on e battle-fields of Palo Alto, llesaca de la l'alma id Monterey. Also a large collection of Indian war efte?, skin p. bows and arrow? scalping an I huntg knives, shoes, cradles, ice. ke, A vote of thanks 1 given to thin gentleman for this valuable presentaon. 1 One of the Secretaries here referred to the propriety ' having a mivey of the original remains of antiquity i the western part of this State, and of accepting the roposal made to the Society by the Smithsonian Initute. who wert; willing to undertake the survey, anil iglve >1C0 for tbatf>uri>0Ee. if a similar amount were ven by this Socioty. Mr. Squire engaged for that im to make the survey of the one hundred enclosures blch have bten discovered, and to complete the work lis fall. The subject vai referred to the Executive ommittee. Mr. Bartlktt then read a translation from the utch manuscript already referred to. after previously adirg a few notes and comment- upon it from Mr. rodhead. The writer of this interesting historical 1 jcutaent. (Isaack lie Rajlerep.) had been the secre- j ry of the colony established here by the Dutch, and lis account was written to samuel Bio om?r, who was, I thi- time. (1G26.) one of the principal men at the ague. The account 1- imperfect, owing, as the wri- 1 r cay*, to his original note- having b^en taken away om him. It appear- that the colo?T was great*' ivided by faction, and that he fell Into dlsgr&ue from obECxious proceeding3 imputed to him. Imperii ax this neces-arily made the sketoh,in the first ino ttt*a thd Iai . Af fftttr r?f t.ViA mannaorinf mdered it Hill more so. Perhaps, however, they j ?y yet be found at the Hague, together with some ldltional nurratiTt- of the early Dutch settlements. | r. Campbell, the chairman, promises to spare no , certions to find them out if they be in existence, and > transmit them without delay to the society. The ] itroductory part of Rasicres' account is taken up ith an exceedingly intere-tlng description of the aproaohes to the harbor of New York, from Sandy ock to the llattery. lie describes States bland as flng then inhabited by eighty or ninety savages: Long land by a great many stages, and Manhattan to ave a p< pulation from two hundred to three hunrtd women and men included. Manhattan Island s reckons ocly tno miles in length ; but thla must be mistake. .After a full description of the quality of ?e laud and the nature of the country, he proceeds to iTean account of the manners and customs and mode r lite of the -avutferi They are, heiays. tall and well- ; ropoitioned. of an orange color, and the women very : >cd-looking They live in a state of enmity, and are ic.-t inverate in their hatred They maintained lemseltes by hunting and fishing. V drag-net a- used in the latter operation The principal fish ere shad an t white salmon. Some amusement was eated by the quaint epicurean style In -which he Elided to the salmon head being delicious picking for >o?e who liked them, and having a stimulating effect a the system. Returning irom their excursion*, they tve them to their women, who. he say*, looked for >em very anxiously. After a brief retcrence to their imea. ht aiiudtd to their morality, and gives no very ittering character of the feminine portion of the '?<nal inhabitants of Manhattan Island. Some iry*?fntfresting ?r? given <* their marbuttons. and ox the punishment wlucfl itllcted ftr conjugal infidelity If the woman was ?e delinquent, the hu?band cut off her hair, took lerythlng from her ?he ?t>A thrashed er poundlv If, on the other hand, the husband ss unfaithful, (wi^ch frequently happened) tie etter half toofc off hii right shoe and left stocking * ore "?y tli? tappet from hi* loins, gave him a k11 < where gbonea could ke*ell broken, and sent him about Is business. He also mentions that there were no nrriages with the third degree of consanguinity; urh a thing beinn looked upon wUh disgust and aborTence. After a varied and interesting enumeration | r < V.. rv*>n I n tltdip VlB klflff I I 1UC IIIU'IM W uilll>t!?g V..C. id culinary departments, their cWil government. h?-)r hospitality. the training of wielr young acn, v.c.. kc he concludes with a (rooio^leal >arr?ti*? of value. In which hi* menttansthe biniMi* which were to b? found here at that period. Vr r<xr?'t tl at we cannot devote n larger 'pare to this ?luab> mill Interacting document, wnioh shed* such l ray of light over this hltln rto obscure part of our ilstory. Wo understand, however, that the society nt? nd to pnblbli It shortly, for general circulation, ad we ceeil scarcely say that it will be read with nurh pliawt by the preseat inhabitant-) of the eland of .Vanabatas and Vort Amsterdam. On the mction of Mt.Diditi, thu thanks of the ocletj v<r t voted to Mr. Brodbead, the Secretary />f .epatlrn at London, and to Mr. t'arlton. the Deputy .11 raiiun at the Hague. Sfme other routine busing* having been disposed >1 the meeting adjourned. Movi mento of Infill l?liiiiIh. Tbe arrivals at the hotels. y<strrday, were unn>ually imiti-d At the Astor, are Included the names of Jemral Harney. U S. A ; J. M. Henry, do.; T Dean, lo; T) Jihuson. do; (Jominodorn Smith. I . S. V \tuetlcan? H. hairla*. I S N ; Joseph Blake, do ; .h ut. I'olndexter. do.; II Bryan. do ; J. I ro?f, 'hlladelpba. At the Irvfng Ifouae (Howard's) Jt ie* ?<>rdon Bennett and family, ^ew \ ,>rk Tut Fair mf Um American Add re mm mt Dr. J. O. Choolei. Til Fair opened jtiUrli; morning, and the eight was truly msgnlfleent. All waa activity in arranging W( tba different specimens of Nature and Art, many of ^ which wer? truly astonishing. On entering, at tba right band door of the rpaeious room, the flrstobjeot BU that attraet* tha attention ia a representation of " Mom," and It If indeed almost r^ual to the original. There are many beautiful thing*, among which Is a specimen of beautiful shell work, wbioh speaks volume* cri of praise upon the ingenuity o( the fair handa which he made it. Almoit every specimen of agricultural' j , floral, domestic, and fancy art, may be there *een 1 from the unwieldy plough to the delicate sephyr [w worsted works, in every variety of pattern. I.ast night the Governor's Island Band appeared* j In and during the eTening played several beautiful airs. Mr. Meigs then announced Dr. J. O. Choclk., of ' J Newport, who delivered V e opening address. He |ni rpoke of the favorable auspices of the Auerioan Institute. The time was when there were few to take mi hold of it ; but the very men who watched over it In ita 1,(1 , infancy, when it was feeble and wanted friends, were present to witness its success at the present time. He was Pure there was no American present, whose heart did not swell with pride at the growth of the industry of 11(1 this country. In Kurope great results and demonstra- j !r( tions originated In wealth but in this oeuntry the rich . J1'1 man it scarcely noticed. The people, those who work are | -l' thote among whom the genius of industry ha* presented tIn itself and to that class was the happy condition of the I rai country to be attributed. He compared the situation of j the mechanical institutions of this country with those of the European countries. Ours, he said, was a progressive country, and improvement* were constantly j developing tbemcelves. while in other countries the ..u, handicraltFtnun have not the same equality with the ' rich as is here enjoyed. Colleges, hospitals and anylums were the worn of the rich in Kurope; but col- aDJ It ges were only Decenary for the eduoatlon of lawyers, physicians and clergymen. In this country the sys- ter t( m of common schools give to every one ths advan- rev tsge* of education, and he was glad to say there was the now in New York a beautiful example of that fact. r. The Kuropean traveller, who arrives in this coun- ' ga' try. Is astonished at the stately mansions and magnilicent edifices of the country. lie ask* where are the rich men who b'ought these things into existence? He is referred to the people, the working people, they who have turned the wilderness iwto a 'J held. They pride themselves upon their weulth, ours 1 28 Upon their characters. If there was a despicable B|0 fight, it is to Fee the son of a rich man ashantedof work, >u J there arc but few, If they go back for flfty \eart-, who will not stumble over a blacksmith's anvil, or tomcthing of the kiud. He would like to see the rising ge Delation taught the dignity of labor. I,et the fallacy be at once exposed, that it is a disgrace to work Many parent1) show a disposition to raise their \ children to live without labor; but they will raise a wil generation which will curso their ancestry. Wealth has often destroyed, it never created a oountry. Never did the < iod of Nature create a oountry so calculated for huuian happiness as our own. We il have noble rivers, mountains, lakes and cataracts, a si and liberty has long since unfurled her banner over to-1 us. It is the land of liberty; and the song is heard relf in the heavens; it will soon lighten the darkest por- but tion of the earth, hut us welcome to our free land the qui manufacturing foreigner; we have land enough for Alt them, and while tuey are engaged in the mechanical pursuits of life, our Weitern farmers will raise for pa'B them the staff of life. The mercantile classes of Ku- i eor rope know that we are a progressive people, and the w|t more we use our own manufactures, the less we shall i>UF regain Of them: and we should attend more closely to f0r the manufacturing interests of the country. There i at were plenty of speoiniens of the ingenuity of the ? country then before him, to show that we, as a people, , . were equal to any in the world. He cared not for politi- | Jj.v' cal professions, in comparison with the agricultural , ,1 vi wicvijauibai iuoiiJvuuuuBui me cuuni-ry; iormenrsc r would throw off the patriot or statesman for self gain, while the latter would exalt and make man what (tod intended him to be. And how truly are we made to , c feel that fashion controls the world. She is a capri- I C clous mistress, and turns fond parents into fools; all , Urn classes and colors worship at her shrine; it threatens a ( ) to destroy the boon which our fathers for years fought hoi for and gained with their blood. But a rural home was tho the paradise of the mind of the working freeman. Salt With the proper attention, a tranquil beauty might te Clin created around every cottage, and happiness would sit around ev?ry fireside. He spoke at length upon the ingenuity of our working men and matrons, and. eulogizing the flrmntts of the managers of the Institute, closed i U his address which was most cordially received through- i fenl ont. and warmly applauded. | Satin consequence of the violence of the storm, the dis- sett play of fireworks, which was to have come off, was post- ary. poned until the weather beeomes favorable. There mo were but few persons present; but, from the great dis- $34 play of articles, both for competition and exhibition, Ma there is no doubt it will be the greatest fair since the the organization of the Institution. ; mnr I that <f0. The Equinoctial Storm, rffce., tSie. .hoi The storm raged through the whole of yester- ' etcr day. without the slightest appearance of the approach ; of fair weather. In many parts of the city, the larger i that branches were blown from the trees. The night came i beei on with an increase of rain, and the wind higher than ] ^ut through the day. Business in every department was , prov dull, and the streets are overflowed in every direction. | thcr For three days this storm has raped with unabated : fury; and from the appearance of the clouds last night, I W(.r, with the wind still blowing from the northeast, it fXte impossible to tell when fair weather will come aj;aiu. Rewind was cold towards evening, which added to the unple^antness of the day. Pro* IKrom the Boeton /ourr.al. Oct. 2 J A north-easterly gale of wind commenced last night, at about 1'2 o'clock, and has continued with eXic more or less violence during this forenoon. The *** 1 wind was accompanied with torrents of rain The 'I16 I manners on the coast, doubtless, passed an un- *Alon. pleasant night, though, as ample warning was given ? ^ of the bpproach of the gale, we do not anticipate ?eud hearing of any serious disasters. The brig Ocsanus, UP?J? of I'lymouth. Sullivan, from Rio Janeiro (about Aug. P'ied 11) for Boston, was teen from Seituate early this , fe( morning, at anchor in the breakers abeut one mile btioi south of the Glades, with but one mast standing. ilr Captain Lathrop, wrtck master, has arrived in the ?'tn city for the towboat K. B. Forbes, to render as- an 'J sistance. The R. B. K. immediately fired up, and J? , started at half-past eleven to render such assistance "clpl as might be in her power. A brig was also seen ashore ?oni^ on I'lumb Island, near Xewburyport, this morning, band She was firing for assistance. No further particular* covn have been received from her. teles P. 8. Later accounts trosn the O. state t^ij the ftcco' captain and crew had taken to the b.-ats. and landed bef<" at S. It was thought she bad not at that time struck Tpr" bottom. 1 lh (From the liartford Times, October 2.] /..h The stone of the equinox has been a dry one. feareelj Enough rain falling' to lay the dust i^ast and to-day, however, there was more rain. Still the springs arc low. . [Frcmthe Cleveland Herald, September-8.] 1- or some days the air has been very chilly in this lake region, but no frosts, while at Cincinnati, the Ua;ctlr announces " that there have been three whito " frosts in the vicinity of the city, and the forest cnuv leaves are beginning to assume the hues of autumn."' r"?* The patt season has been unusually cold and wetin this section. ?. [From the Thila. Noitli American, Oct. o.] J"''1 The storm is upon us now in real earnest, and seem? to be mnklng up for time lost during the late protact- P td drought. The. Ice, the thickness of a dollar, was formed at Klkton. >iu,on weanenay morning last. tbo?i [From the Cincinnati Gazette, Sopt^C^J prop The weather continues delightful. WltTraprerail- writl irg deep blue sky, we hare cool nights aad morning-, lurtl and warm, sunny noon*. pape law i Police Intelligence. 1 Chaff of fori;try.?Oflleer Stokely, of the Klrat fhe ward, arrested yesterday a yonng man, by the name of able Henry lloskin*. on a warrant issued by Justice Timp- jn? j pon. wherein he stands charged with forging a check c|gn) on the Mechanics' Bank, in Wall street, for the Wen cum of V'W, purporting to be signed by Liman, ppaj, Sears .v. < o.. boot nnd shoe dealers, No. 3 William the e str<et It appear', from the affidavit of Mr. Sears, ^ fe that lloskian was bookkeeper in October, 1447, for ja that tirui. and tlie check is dated l'lth of October, the i 1^47; and further, that the filling up of the oheck f,0ts is alleged by Mr. Sears to be in the handwriting jije ol the ?ccn*ed; eonfequcntly. npon these facts, thr the { luatiiMrate issutd the warrant for his arrest On the the i aecueed being examined on the charge, he declined to f co] iin.-wer any questions, by adtice of counsel, and the to th magistrate h*ld him to bail in th* lum of $1 000, to mpn1 nn-wer the chargr, take Ihaigi of llra?A I.arctni/.-' Officer Adatnf, Of the y 1 jftli ward, *efterday two men. calling then- ' selres llU"'. M'tui.*. ?>..l Inhn Whxnlwr. on a chs.m?? I . " f a $50 bank not* from the pocket of John I h1' v.'Donald. while he wai drunk in the house o'. ."tils Jnley. The $50 bill was in a .?mall tobacco box, ?;Ba M'Kinley took the hox from M'Donald's pocke'., for the purpose. a* ho said, of taking a chew of '?obacco, r>? wh- n it ii alleged the money was stolen, ap 4 Wheeler ,n)1 was knowing to the fart at the time. Jus*'ice Timpano i.,T detained them both I'er a further hearing. Uishontpt Cltrk ?Captain Maine.,, assisted by of> j, lici r Whalcn and ex-officer Sack'.nan, arrested, yea- , V(1, terday, two young < .erman?, by' the names of Herman j? ., M-hnorck and Amili W. Schmidt, on a charge of r,.vj stealing a large lot of book', together with aijumitlty t|?. of patent medicine, the property of William lladde, ?lt| No. O'ja Broadway. Talwtd at J-OO. The property wa* |n , all found and T'-coroT' d by tne atiore name f otllr^rs. ,] it?having been ferreted under ft table in the house j,,), corner of K.lm and Howard street*, where it had been T,.rli deposited by the two accused parties. Schnorck was JU(,] a cletk in the employ of Mr. itadde, and the nifcer wm nlding and abetting in carrying oil the propert), j|nt knowing 1 nil well that the books w< re stolen. .Initios ini, ^Timpson committed the two accused to the Tombs, p)?i to await afnrther hearing Slabbing with Inlriit In Kill.? The rase of Heuben 11. n,|tl Withers, who wa? arrested a few days since on a charge M,M| of assaulting Wm. O'Bilen with a knife, Inflicting a M,p dangtious wound on the left side, just below tlin ribs, ,|,0 was adjourned o?er until jexterday for a hearing, when vat, Mr. Withers falling to appear, some further testimony uss taken before Jtutlce Tlmpson. which tends more ?Bt clearly to substantiate the charge already preferred. (.0|t 'I he Investigation will bt continued this forenoon, and p),., an < fllcer despatched tor Air. Withers. ,.0T, Utraling II, it - Officer Stephens, of the lower police. r(,fr arrested, jesterdiiy, a man by the nsme of David < anghlln. on a charge ot stealing 00 dozen of woollen t,,rll hole from the store cf Hobert i'ould, No. 171 Chatham nm| ?tr?et rained at $40 The property was reoorereJ by PXtl the tflWr, and Justice Ttmp'cn looked him up for , ? trial. TELMUFBC 1WTELUCEMCB.' The Mouth-rn and Eastern telegraphic lme? re both out of order last night, (perhaps from e effect ot the storm,) and communication w?0 ipended at an early hour of the evening. Polities and Steamers. Memi'Iuh, Sept. 27?8 P. M. Gov. Jones and Gov. Hrown, whig and demo* atic State electors, addressed a largo assembly The Convoy is aground above this city, and the ias. Carroll is aground below this city. There has been no arrival from New Orleans for o days. irtlctmriit fur MbiiiiIm tighter?Ituln Storm* Sr. Louis, Monday, Oct. 2. James Monahue, Engineer of the steamer Edjnd Bates, at the time of her explosion, has been dieted for manslaughter. [I has been raining here most of the day. The trkets generally are without change in any parular. Steamboat Dl?(ustcr. Loi'isvillk, Monday, Oct. 2. The steamer Mogue was snugged on .Saturday, ar Cloverport. Mie was bound to this place, im St. Louis, and was loaded principally witn rniture. Boat supposed to be a total loss.? lere is an insurance of $10,000 on her. All of : cargo was saved No lives lost. It has been nug all day. Villains In St. Louis. &r. Lous, Sept. 27?S P. M. Vn attempt was made last night to tire two arches, the Catholic cathedral and the Presby? ian church. The fire wus discovered before y material injury had been done. the auction store of Scon, Otis le Co , was en* ed and robbed of $7,000 worth of ewelrv. A vard of $500 is otlcred for the apprt h-meioa ot : thieves. The market ffenernllv is mwliamr,.,) Ki,? t;?m les of 1,000 b5ls. flour, at $4 25. Affair* nt Nnalivllle. Namiv ille, Sept. 27?81'. M. rhinga look rather dry lure. There are only inches water on the shoals, and talli.ig, though wly. The weather is cool and dry, iiud no apirance of rain. The pa[>ers contain nothing rtli telegraphing. Tin Wentlier. Cincinnati, Oct. 2,1848. Ve have had, lately, continued rains, whick 1 be beneficial to navigation. market*. itkalo, Oct. 3,1848.?Owing to the prevalenoeof rong wind from the eaet, there hw been no reoeipts lay. V lour continue* tiim. with sales of 2,000 bari at $4 76 a $4 81,'4. In wheat, the sales reach 8,000 hels Ohio, at 96 a 07 cts. Corn is less active?wo >te it nominal, at 63 a 64 cts. Freight by canal to iany, are without change. .lhamv, Oct. 3,1848 ?Receipts by canal within the t 24 hours : dour, 7.200 barrel*; wheat,4,600 bushels; n, 0 700 do; rje, 4 000 do. Tbe flour market was bout change, while rale.* were light. Of corn. 2,400 hels mixed changed bauds at 04 cts. The demand barley is active, the sales reaching 17.000 bushels 5 a 76 cts. iTTsui-Rii, Oct. 2.?Market heavy. Owing to tho vy rains but-iness has been entirely suspended.? s lleur market is heavier than un Saturday, and the iness done is at a small concession. There has n a flight advance in groceries. The market is aci for molasses. There arc 2' . feet water in the nncl. i.tciNKATi, Oct. 2, 1848 ?The market for Hour is ler than on Saturday, and the business done is at ight advance : sales of wet-tern at $3 81.\? per bbl.; Hers ask (3 87)4 a 3 04, but there are no buyers at t price. The grain market is without change.? is of whiskey at 17'j cent* per gal., which is a de? e. No change in other articles. Law Intelligence, niteh States Circuit Court.?October Pre'.Justices Nelson and Butts.? Decisions.? William nge vs. Julia Ue Wolf, executrix, fc.?This was an on upon three promissory notes, dated in Kebru1831. made by the testator to the plaintiff, and unting in the aggregate, with interest, to 654 17. The notes were given at Havana, in the nd of Cuba, in consideration of an agreement oa put ot the plaintiff to. cancel and discharge three tgages upon certain coffee and sugar estates in ; island, amounting, tiominally. to a sum exoeeding 0(0. It was pait of the. agreement that the notes jlil remain in the hands of a third person, as an nw, until the several mortgages should be duly barged of record, the possession of the notes by plaintiff being regarded a? presumptive evidence ; the condition upon which they were given had i complied with. The defendant undertook to rethis presumption, at the trial, by proof that the tgage had not been cancelled and discharged as ided for in the agreement, and that the notes, efore, had been wrongfully delivered up to tho ntiff For ihis purpose, counsel offered, in evijp. the contract under which the notes in question ) given, which was in writing, and purported to be luted in Havana, at even datu with the notes by the ktor in person, and by the plaintiff, through fair it, and to which execution there were stil-scribing tecces. The handwriting of the parties was ?d, but not of the subscribing witness?* or >r of them. There was, also, evidence of the it?:on vi Mtvage tfiat tbe instrument was ?;*?? by Jura, hia a^ent. The instrument itself not unuV" M;aJ- ftu'1 tho court it upon iroof of tbe hanu\T'LiDB ?,'tvh! Paffie8>*ni> *dml?of tbe execution noiv?.\'"s**ll,\'n8 olyectionj. .her instrument was oil* red in e.. ie??c ant. for the purporc of showing that v~* condition i which tbe noted wire given, bad net bee? com~ i with. This was a release, or discharge, of t3d > mortgages executed by the plaintiff, a sbort time e tbe ault waa brought, which the testator refused cept, aa not a sufficient compliance with the terms e agreement It was claimed that this fact raised uplication, that no satisfaction or discharge of the gages had been before made; and as this waa insufit and unsatisfactory, tbe conditions bad not been >lied with, and the notes were unpropcrly in the Is of plaintiff, and that, therefore, he could not re* r. Tb? counsel, at flist. produced a copy of the fc which bad beeq tendered, and undertook to ant for the noftprcJuction of the original. But e tbe evidenceNras through on the point, the adr ' counsel prodoced what was supposed and believ<idt o time to be th$ original itself, and to be identified a original entry of Kessenden, tbe witneaa to the er on the back, and on that ground was admitted ldeuce. There la some obscurity in the case, in let to the facts on this point, and it is at least tionable, whether the instrument produced and titled by Teasenden at the trial was the original, only a copy, with bis endorsement of the or the tender. It may be, and probably stated by tbe counsel, that Fessendcn made the rsement upon a copy as well as upon the original r tendered, and that it was tbe copy that was pro d and admitted in eTldence. That the paper prod waa tbe original, seems to have been rather an ence of the Court, from the fact of the endorsetin the handwritin? of the witnms tn th? tender. i ftrom any direct ptoof of tha fact, which eomoluseems, perhaps. hardly warranted from the tact*, re is some difference of opinion between tha es upon the first question, to wit: whether or not igreemant under which the notes were given waa erly admitted in evidence on proof of the handing of the parties, and of their admlasions, without ler accounting for the subscribing witnesses; tho r having been executed abroad, the presumption of *aa undoubtedly that tho witnesses wen beyond urisdictlon of the Court. Their handwriting was proved, nor the omission properly accounted for. admission of the party of the execution of negotipaper or proof of his handwriting without aecountot the suMorlbing witnesses, hat been held sirtRUt in New ? ork (2 J. II. 4i>l; 3 ib. 477; 10 lb. "i<y| i d. "); but whether this rule extends t'j ?n un? d instruments, may admit of .some <1 au. i non >ther ground, howeTer. we think th? .houlil ',?? <? .SS L? parties entered upon Jfr ?h *r,lUon' ' th* material t .1 * Most satisfactory proofs. ?!iS<i if ?ns? r t0 ta)M testimony at ritnp../. the contract was made, a?<l m_ii i _ic the condition irompll'td with, 0 Bla" ** %l aU' tUu delivery or the notes , " would hive rt moved evory emb irrass.? the trial. Wo trust that this oour-?- will be a before the cauje is again presented to thi ( jttrt. ' trial granted, ( oits to abi io tho ovent. nrfit llohbinf- vs. Charlei ~1. On it aitrf ,>'\cr<.? 1 Is a motlen on the part of tho compliinant to twi the S"cretat y of an Incorporated iisj*3iatl*?i hlch the 4ef?n<lants ar<? trusttn-i to produce book#, ei-pondence, and othi-r tlocuiuuniary ovWenoe, ir<> tfoo commissioner t ihm^ testimony In th? se f(?r the Inspection ol hi* counscl. A list of book*, j>*lirrp, anu "xiraeiM tanen imm m? i'm?, ?c nwtn.glrcaiii ihf iitvvnof the defeodafttato pplilmntal bill, and &re appcuJed tithe *ame, inclHdt 'I In f#heduli*jt U and C and embrace y thing in the said bi*'Kj??nd ?econnti thiu rnlata njr way to the tutijeel mMterlu cootroteiaj. Th? Juu nl the c*ntent? uf the books hare r-l'-retMa to neral concerns of the defenuants, unconnected I the subject of this rult. The complainant seekft nt:tle Mmself to jrem ral inspection of the '?5oko t,.o association relating to other matter*, without ig confined to the pmticular subject iu oontroij. upon a su?g< stlo n that the extracts, a< aboT? lentleated. an1, It' n"t (iirbled, at least liab'e to lieion. We do not think that a suftlelcnt foitndai is laid upon the motion tor thin extraordinary rpoaltion of tbu powers of the Court. Tho comiiant It rntilltd to the production of tU<? books taming the extract#, for inspection on the exaatlon; but the other i>art of the books m;iy ba t d up. and the Inspection to take pin under the II vision of the commls-doner. The complainant asks for the prodnctk n and ln*pestlon of the prl account book of (ieorge K I'liase, contained in lift furnished in sohedule 1), whleh had Iven forded with other books oftho a.ifncUtWin ft <m I'cnsai to the dffvDdants. lint on looking into the anpnentai bill, we do net perceive any call for a disi-ry or production of this book, either b) special rence to It, or in term* that would neoea'arlly >rac? It, or that show it to be material to the mnti In controversy. The order, therefore, mils'. b? ted to the production of the books cnnts'nlnx th* acta that ar? appciiili d to tho answer In schedule rlth liberty to the defendant* to nal up tho ctbej

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