Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 5, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 5, 1848 Page 1
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V TH NO. 5237. ARRIVAL OK THK AMERICAN STEAMSHIP HERMANN. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. FIVE DAYS LATER. Important Political Intelligence. ? THE OUTBREAKS IN IRELAND. VIENNA IN A STaTE OF SIEGE. wwwwwvw^vvvnai STATE OF THE JJAIt'1?11'8, &c. &c. &e. The American mail steamship Hermann, C\ptain Crabtree, was telegraphed at lour o'clock, yesterday afternoon. She was boarded by the newspapers' special despatch steamer Newsboy, and the parcels for the Nev> York Herald were brought immediately to the city and delivered at this oft'ee. Our thanks are due to Captain Crabtree, for stopping his steamer, for the Newsboy, and having our parcels ready for inetant delivery. The Hermann sailed from Southampton, England, on the 20th nit, at four o'clock in the afternoon, nearly five days alter the departure of the America from Liverpool. She left Bremen on the 15th ultimo, and remained at Southampton three days, as usual, to embark passengers and cargo. The Hermann has made nn excellent voyage of fourteen days, having discharged her pilot outside the Needles, about G P. M., on the 20th. She brings 85 first class, and (>0 second class passengers, and about 270 tons measurement of cargo, principally consisting of silks and valuable manufactures, raw silk, English cottons, woolens, haberdashery, jewelry, watches, opium, and about $25,000 in specie. SUMMARY OF THE NEWS. The steamship United States, captain Hackstafb was at Southampton, undergoing repairs to her machinery. We learn that these repairs were pro. gressmg favorably, and that she would be ready to leave Southampton about the 10th of October, with a large freight and a good many passengers for this city. The steamship InduB left Southampton docks by the same time tide as the Hermann. She car ried out to Alexandria the East India and China mailB, despatched by the British Government. The steamship Cambria, Captain llarrisoa, was to leave Liverpool for Boston on Saturday, the 23d September. The Britannia, from Boston, arrived at Liverpool at 3 A. M. on the 20th, but her advices had not been published in London when the Hermann sailed. The Hermann has brought our regular files of German, French and English papers of the lates1 dates, as well as our usual despatches from our special correspondents in London, Liverpool, Pan s and the continental cities, and wc extract there' from a hasty summary of the intelligence, which is of considerable importance. The position and state of the disturbed districts of Ireland, were again exciting much attention in England, as rebellion again appears to have broken out in that unhappy island. Our last. advices received by the America, represented that the rebels, in strong force, were occupying the Coineragh mountains in the county of "Waterford. Shortly ufter the departure of the Ameiica it appears the insurgent forces moved from these mountains, and that a force consisting l of portions of the 3d Buffs, 4th Light Dragoons, l and 83d Regiment were despatched in pursuit. I **~l Th? inanr. I mr. \J ATICUJWIJJ nuo liVUiij vu|<?utvu. *t.v genu committed some excesses in the country through which they passed. The main body had brokea up into small detachments, and it was supposed they would adopt a system of Guerilla warfare which would, of course, be paiticularly harrassijig to the government troops, dui ing the inclement winter season approaching. The Timts correspondent, writing from Clonmel, stated that the rebel army was under command of six men, dressed in unifomis of green and gold. The trade of Dublin was in a very bad state, arising from the continued agitations of IrelandThe latest accounts represent, that although dis. tuibances are expected at various points, yet no actual collision between the rebels and the military or police had taken place. Our accounts from Paris represent that that capital was outwardly tranquil, although an under current of extreme agitation and uneasiness was i perceptible, arising principally from the elections. I Strange to say, Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte's name was once more in the ascendant, and it was more than likely that he would be elected for Paris. The army had declared for him, and lus name headed the poll. The ^favorites were Napoleon, 10. Adam, Fould, the banker, Marshal TJugeand, Delessert. It was supposed that the Prince Louis, M. Aclnlle Fould, and Marshal JBugeaud, would be the successful candidates. General Cavaignac was gradually declining in v popularity, and Ins early tall from me dictatorship II 1 of l'aris is predicted by many of the English and V pome of tlie trench papers. Who will succeed I ' him, or what will soon take place in Faris, is hard I to determine. The royalist party was strong in I the provinces, where several minor disturbances I liad occurred. The socialist party in the I * capital were gathering strength, and had I " commenced public agitation a.'jain, by exhorI f tationsin the streets, and by the meeting of I clubs?in truth of which, we notice that a mob of I the r?'d republicans took possession of the Bourse I and. by main lorce, drove out a large meeting of I moderate electors, who where congregated there. I This circumstance caused j,rreat excitement. I The National Assembly was still occupied in I discussing the new constitution. I The latest prices of the French Funds were as follows Three per Cents, lit'. 75c.; Five par ' I Cents, <*>t. 2">c ; New Loan, 7'2t 50c. i I Our Italian news is of considerable interest. Hi I Alter the city ol Messina had been bombarded for III live days ky the Neapolitan troops, it surrendered. HI The Neapolitan troops landed and took possession In of the town, when the inhabitants immediately Hi iftired, litivin,r p evioii'iy mined it. They thru Mm -|irnn!i the mines, and n large number of Neapoli K 'an soldiers were blown into the nirwith theburn B' -nor rnina l'mnertv to an immense amount was I destroyed during the bombardment. The city of H I'alermo had not been taken, and the inhabitant* were animated by a spirit of resistance towards the Neapolitans most uncompromising. It is stated that the success of the King of Naples, in paining possession of Messina, is only a temporary advantage, and there is no doubt Ins forces will soon be driven out of the island, as its conquest is held to be impossible. At Vienna, on the 13th Sept., trade was entirely stagnant, (.rent anxiety was felt regarding Hungary, and it was supposed a dictator would he appointed at I'esth. The Croatians had gained a succession of brilliant victories over the Hungarians, and the latter had sent a deputation demnndjne assistance from the Austrian Government, which was, however, little inclined to favor the prrtiiisions of the Hungarians. Some few disturbances had taken place in Vienna, but the five Ier cents nevertheless, remained steady at 7S The AiMrio-Iialinn question rennined in st ihi r i, and it was mneh feared, both in I'ar.s and nHon, that it would not be pacifically fettled. iiherKing Charles Albert nor the Austrian gonment were willing to make the slightest Conxion, and bene* it rfiore than probable (hat conclusion of the armistice would be the e ne: MOR? signal for hostilities to be renewed with mcreesed vigor. The Sardinian army was 100,001) strong, and the French army of the Alps consisted of 120,000 men, in the highest possible discipline. On the other hand, the Austriins had not been idle, but ha<l received considerable reinforcements; nnd, therefore, it terms could Hot be arranged, Lombardy would soon be the theatre of a devastating waifare, and the peace of Europe en diJiiffcred. The Sardinian fleet had quitted Venice, and the Austiian fleet immediately sailed from Trieste, it was supposed to attack Venice. This would much complicate the mediation of France and England with Austria. Altogether, from the tenor of our various letters, war in Italy appeared unavoidable, as Austria was not disposed to surrender Lombardy, now in ita possession. Ibrahim Pasha had arrived at Constantinople, for flie purpose of being invested with the sovereignty of Egypt. The cholera was raging at Constantinople, and a another fire had occurred, destroying upwards of 200 nouses. There is nothing very new from Spain. The government were unable to crush the Carlist movement, which was increasing in a number of the provinces. Portugal remained perfectly tranquil, and we , " no political news of importance from thence. If ,??r ''"g the Schleswig Holstein dispute, there i? n iiino I' W,IS feared that it would not be settle!? wii '10Ut a renewed api.eal to arms. All ufoo certainty, from the perplexing slutp if I Pr nkfort. The Swedish troops sta e of 8flairs at Fr^ k t0 Sweden 1 had returned from Dem.. _ ??,?m _j rn_ i ^ rapid strides towards England I had made its bur|, where, up to|t!ie 15th m&h nr3 had been made known, half of v? . i P , fatal. The people of Hamburg were riltio. jj? and were tailing extraoidihary sanitary p. " tions to prevent a spread of the dreadful acour^ ' The cholera is also renorted to have broken out in Triesre, and is stated to have become worse in Russia than had hit!i<-rto hnen the case. t The Lfttcst IittclligfiMc l?y Mall. Vienna has been declared i-n a state of siege, and it was reported that the Empirojr of Austria would again be forced to seek safety in (light. _ J Peace between Denmark and the German Confederation is rendered certain, by the Frankfort Diet having rejected an amendment for rejecting the armistice. <ving Charles Albert \$as preparing to bombard his refractory citv ofGenoa. The election of Prince Louis Napoleon in Paris was next to certain, lie had actually been returned for Moselle. Rasptll would also be returned. Everything, therefore, from Paris is looking gloomy. The 12th regiment, in consequence of discontent, had been ordered away from the capi- I tal; and instructions had been forwarded to the army of the Alps for a division to be held ready to march at a moment's notice. Since the departure of the America the Liverpool cotton f market had not improved; sales on the 18th, 4,500 bales; on the 19th, 3,500 bales. Market sluggish. The Manchester markets were flat, buyers shewing a decided disinclination to enter into fresh engagements. The London corn market was better?the supplies of grain generally, durms the week, having been limited. At thf Corn Exchange, Mark Lane, the millers bousrht new wheats at an advance of one to two shillings per quarter. Foreign wheat maintained an advance of one shilling per quarter. Parley was languid of sale, and down one shilling a quarter. Beans and peas unchanged. Flour firm. At Liverpool, corn had not risen, but was firm in price. The demand for Indian corn had re?: i i _ i: ?* ? ?i:? vivt-u, mitt ?a vury nine was uneriug, uie sugiiL decline of the previous week had been fully recovered. Sugar was depressed in price in the Mincing Lane market, and a further decline of 6d. per cwt. Rum dull. Coffee heavy. Tallow firm. Rice steH dy. There had been very little variations in the money market, or in the price of English government securities, the latter had been firmly supported. 3 per cent consols, for money, were 86 to 86^?for account 86J to 86^. Reduced 3 per cents 86. New three and a quarter per cents 861. Exchequer bills for June, 24 to 27 premium; do. for March, 32 prem. India bonds, 28 to 29 prem. Kailway shares after having been depressed in price to the lowest quotations ever known, had become slightly firmer, but the business done was email ana no great confidence manifested. . In Foreign Bonds no alteration. Exchanges on Hamburg and Holland higher, on Paris lower. ^ THE DETAILslF THE NEWS. London, Sept. 19, Tueeday?8 P. M. Quftn'i Visit to Scotland?Doncaster Races?Sporting Record?Trophies from the Tfar in India?Emigration Moves?Parliamentary Fracas?Old Bailey Sessions?Mr. F. O'Contior?Corn Market?Money Market? Railway Xfwi. Tfco Queer, with Prince Albert and the royal fa" mUy, are being most hospitably received in Sootland. Triumphal archag are erected, congratulatory addresse, read and answered, moor* shot over, grouse and deer brought down ; in fact, every species of amusement that could by any possibility be given at this season of the year has been recollected. A day or two.sinoe, the royal party reached Balmoral, from whence, after a short sojourn, they proceeded to Inrercauld, to witness the gathering of the olans, an annual sight held about tbis time of the year on the estate of Mr. FarqnharsonThe scene was, as naturally might be expeoted, very grand; large parties constantly arriving from each clan cervcd to convert the peaceful highlands Into quite a martial rendezvous. Then there were, to eonthe clans, she left five pouDds for a Highlander who had elude the day's sports, feats of climbingthe mountains, tossing the caber, foot-races. a? well as other dextrous and mountaineer peculiarities whioh seemed to please the Queen and Prince so much, that, in addition to giving a tolerably large sum for d striliution among especially distinguished himself in climbing the rocks. Lord John Russel hat reached Balmoral, and is now with the Queen on a visit. I will be aristocratic, and, before I proceed to other business, dispose of the events now current amongst the higher circles Foremost amongst all, is the saio at Stowe, the Duke of Buckingham's hous*. whic.i has bee* one of the largest and mest valuable on record. It has already extended t*enty-slx days, reached to it* a choice collection of geological and mineraloglctl curiosities to be dispcsed of. as wi ll as about ten days to run off the dale of the household valuables. It is computed that the entire IMllftl will bo abore eighty thousand pounds. The largest amount received in one day from the pale, was nearly eleven thousand pounds. Doncaeter races are now pretty nearly over; at least, all the crack matohes are run for. The cup w*s won by ( hantlcleer. a horse whose celebrity !>a?. I have no doubt, reached the other side of the Atlantic. Van Tromp, who was the favorite, manngxd to (ret himself { beaten before he ran hi* distance. Hither an I exciting affair Is expected to eom<? off at ' Stirling races, in the course of next week. Mr. Burke, the noted owner of several celebrated trotters has anI dertaken. for a wager of six hundred pounds, to drive i a four-in-hand from the town of Stirling to the oourse thtn to ride the same horses over <i0 hurdle* respectively. which shall be four feet high, and to oover : twenty four mileg of ground within an hour. This i? ' a venturous undertaking, but Mr Buiki has so freI '(Uei.tly astonished people by his feats against time I that he Is in favor in the betting riug at this moment. The rrtult of the match I will take earn to communicate. Lord Brougham, who. when the House of I,oris iS open never fails to speak at least twenty timet of an . evening, atd who. really, is now a most singuUrperf-onsge. hns been doing the honor* of his house in true old Kngllsh style, at Brougham Hall, on tlje occasion of the birthday of one of his nephew*. It is, I siiould 1 think, the first time hit lordi-hlp employed himself in so baronical a fashion, attempting to carry out the illuctiation of being "A tine <>M English irentleman, Or.e of tlie i IJen time," If Lord Brougham would eontine himself to this spiv cies of ho spitality for which none are more qnallflfd. and not be making such constant noises amongst us. tbe nat;on would. I am sure, be the gainer Two large gun", taken by Lord llarilinge in the sikh war, Dave been presented by his lordship to the (^ueen, and Rr? to b? placed In Windsor Castle immediately. They urn very handsome. being chiefly made of bras*. I ?i'h very elaborate inlaid ornament*, illustrating 1 seines of Iniiian life in vatious occupations Th -y 1 reached Woolwich some time back, and have been j cleaned and packed off to the Castle, where they will remain as monuments to l,ord llardinges military skill, and as a wonder to all cockney sigh* seeders. I have no political, or treasonable accounts to semi; not eTen the apprehension or committal of a chartist has taken place Mnce I last wrote. Your Dublin correspondent will not, T fear, be able to (five so i|ult<t an Intimation, tor this evening's papers, although admitting thnt there has not been any decisive butle. state j that the peasantry are holding back in formidable numbers In fbe mountains, and about those places perfectly inaccessible to nn Knglish army. Something ( light to be done by our government for IreUnd; this, not only the Minister*, but sevu-al oth? r influential ( members of Parliament, feel n#r to be absolutely noI teMary - JV?tu rwrmn, K.ach high tide washes ashore som? mora bodUs that onee formed part of the passengers of th? Oeem >1 onareh As many as twenty have been found, since | iny letter was despatched, on Friday Tartu of the # W Y ( JING EDITION?THU wrt-ik arn oftou tlirunt on laud V nlo>pnt< bn?u K?nt to lay clone to th? ?pot, with snmi? axDorixnccd divers on beard, in the hope that Home of the may yet be saved Wo have had quite a scene here, relative to tHe system adopted by ?omn persons, of reoonjtaen'iin* emigration to the United Slate* It seems that \ c >tn mittee of people have taken it into their hnals tn d > all they can to promote emigration to North America and the adjacent par's, thinking the scheme no ill hi advantageous to those leaving the country, as well as contributing to our comfort here by thinning the surpluH population. This.properly carried out, might have answ?red very well ; but, unfortuuately these persons have fixed upon married men, and, iu some cases, absolutely persuaded them to emigrate, and leave their families in Kngland Tbuy have even been more silly in their operations, by oonflning the selection almost exclusively to people who have once been in prison. To such an extent has the system beeu curried, that the wives and families of several men. who have left Kngland, have applied to our local magistrates to know how they are to live, now that the ohief means of their support have been taken away. The magistrates have severely censured the proceedings of this wise committee. and likewise Informed them that they will place themselves in an unenTiuble position if they continue operations. A Mr. Jackson Is the party who attends to receive these admonitions. A more stupid and insane mode of action could scarcely be thought of. than the proceedings of this emigration committee, A fracas between a present an4 late member of Parliament, has a little served to keep people on the move in London. Mr. Craven Berkeley (one of that numerous brood of Berkeleys who are always quarrelling with themselves or other people.) was at the last general election returned as the representative of Cheltenham; but so clear were the proofs of bribery and corruption, that tbe defeated candidate petitioned against the return of his opponeEt. As is customary in cases of the hind, the cafe was referred ^ a jnmmittee of five gentlemen, seleoted from the House of Commons, who, after a tedious inquiry into the allegations, decided that there were palpable evidences of bribery and corruption, and that Mr. Craven Berkeley could not b? allowed to take his seat?neither would they permit his opponent to have the vacant seat, considering him as bad as his adversary This decision irritated the naturally fiery temper of Mr. Berkeley, who. when a few days after addressing his late constituents, denojiBced the tribunal as unjust, &c. &c.?called them colleo a set of humbugs, and individually, proceeded to' Di.^fce Buch ungentlemanly remarks that the matter was alluded to seriously in the House. Yesterday Mr. Craven b ^'keley wrote to the chairman of the committee, expressing contrition for his conduct, and thus the matterends. Mr. Berkelev. as nsnal nnml n<? but very insignificantly in the enoounter. The hessions at the Old Uailoy in London commenced yesterday, plthongh tbe proceedings hare been of a formal character. To-day they begin in earnest ? The calendar is heavy, numbering something like 170, i>ut of whom there are 31 Chartists to be tried. These numbers refer t-xctosively to this district. I do not suppose auy of these one and thirty riotous gentlemen will be placed at the bar for a day or two, it being usual to dispose of the ordinary cases first; not that 1 would invent our chnrtistical brethren with anything extraordinary, except it be a tendency to Insanity. Some of the supposed principals conccrned in the late barbarous murder of the policeman at A>-hton, are now being tried in that town; but by the time I mu<t close my letter, there is no possibility of our learning the result in London. Mr. Fergus O'Connor ia, as your readers know, tho member for Nottingham; consequently he called, yesterday, a large meeting of the working classes of that town, in order that he might ' render to them an account of his stewardship/' and likewise know if it was their pleasure he should represent them again in Parliament. The honorable member made a very lonf, and not by any means a bad speech; except now and then, when he burst forth into his usual declamatory style, calling, for instance, the entire body of the House of Common* a " set of rogues." It was not stated by Mr. O'Connor, at the time, whether he included himself; probably this was left to the imagination of his hearers. At the conclusion of his speech he was loudly cheered, and, in accordunce with the spirit of the meeting, unanimously re-elected. The Hermann has had a fine run from Bremen, with ninety-eight passengers and a valuable c.irgo from litrre. She arrived at Southampton yesterday, and leaves for New York to-morrow, with the large number of 160 passengers. The corn market Is rather tight, very llttlo activity being visible. The official list speaks of an advance of Is. over last week'* prices on new wheat, and a similar rise oil old foreign. Barley bas declined precisely the same amount. The organ of the oorn market gives the undermentioned statistics:? Impkriai. Wkkki.y Averages ron thk i.ast Six Vim. li'rek crulini7. H hent. Barley. Oati. Rye. lleaHt, fens. I. d. I. d. ?. d. I. d. i. d. I. <L Aug. 5, 1848. 19 S 29 11 21 0 2) 4 ;? 3 31 8 Do. 12, 60 11 .10 1 21 8 29 7 36 0 35 2 Do. 19, 51 0 30 3 21 5 31 11 37 9 96 3 Do. ill, 52 3 31 2 21 11 Sill 3-1 1 37 7 Sept. 2, 55 5 32 1 22 6 32 2 38 8 38 11 Do. 9, 53 10 33 4 22 10 31 8 39 1 41 6 The *2oney market is much in the same position as when I last reported. This morning there was but little doing. Consols have been quoted to-day at 85% to 86% ; India stock 230 a 2S8; India bonds 20s to2Ss. premium, and exchequer bills, (March) 29s. to 32s.; 1.1 ulie) 24s. to 27s. premium. Foreign stock is Mat.' A little has been done with Dutch and Mexican, but not worth mentioning. The latter I may. however, quote at 16%. Railways are dull. Very few buyers and hosts of sellers. Prices are fearfully low, as maybe found from the annexed list, bat a reaction is expected shortly. Money is tied up, but there is plenty in the country. Ireland. [Correspondence of the London Times ] Dublin, Tuesday, Sept. 19,1848?A.M. DEPARTURE OF THE STATK PRISONERS. Messrs. O'Brien, Meagher, Leyne, and Donaghue, were transmitted late yesterday evening from Kilmainham gaol to the terminus of the Caihel railway at Kingfbridge, where a special train was in readiness to convey them on their route to Clonmel In consequence of no Intimation having been given of the time of their departure, there were but few persons collected in the neighborhood of the prison. The Freeman ef this morning gives the following p?rtioulars:? " Yesterday evening, about 0 o'olock, the Governor of Kilmainhara gaol reoeived orders to have the Stitu prisoners in readiness for departure at half pasteight o'clock, by the Ureat Southern and Western Railway. xne oraer was at once communicated to the prisoners, who proceeded to pack up their luggage, ko. Soon alter the arrlvafcof the last trair (quarter paat eight) from Limerick, considerable bustle prevailed at the terminus-a carriage and eight horses were put into the I luggage Tans, and a special engine,with three carriages (two of them first class), was placed on the down line; 200 constabulary, with filed bayonets, were pUoed in I order outside the terminus door, and along the plat"form inside. At a quarter past 0 o'clock, one of the prison vans drove up, whan the police were ordered to ' ttand to their arms.' A number of the metropolitan police were stationed about the place, each man having a loaded pistol, capped and cocked. Seme cars drove up at the time, and one of the drivers called out for a pjrter to take in " Smith O'Brien's luggage." Several trunks (the luggage of all the prisoners) were handed in, and in a few moments the van was opened, and the first prisoner, Mr. T. B. M'.Manus, was escorted by several policemen into one of the carriages. Smith O'Brien cunie next. He had a cloak thrown loo?ely over his shoulders, looked very well, and walked w5> h his usual film step. On alighting from the van, hn took oil his hat, and remained uncovered till the train departed. " Mr. T. K. Meagher was the nest prisoner. He was recognized by one or two persons present, aud shiuk tbun by the hand. He held his cloak oti his arm. aud appeitred in good spirits. nir iv i-ejiid tame next. MM appearance betokened ill health, but ho walked firmly, and with perfect composure, " Mr. O'Donaghue w?n the last of the prisoner* to enter, and, all having been reaped in a first olas carriage, the train was got in readinui-8 without delay. The prisoners were escorted from Kilm^inhaui by Superintendent Selwood. Inspectors Tydd. Stokes, aud I'armody, and four constables. I n the carriages, along with the prisoners, were placed fifty constabulary with fixed bayonets, under the command of Sub-Inspector Oernon Major Brownrigg and Mr. KiUgcrald. of the constabulary, were present at the railway and superintended I be arrangements. ' Besides the above state prisoner*, three mon named Tyme, Stack, and Orchard - persons accused of having taken part in the affair at Ballingarry, were brought flrnm Newgate in charge of Mr. Frederick Bourne, the duputy governor of that prii-on. These persons were put into the third class carriage, guarded by constabulary. The arrangement* for the departure o( the train having been completed at 9'clock, it started a tew minutes after that hour. We understand that the destination of the train was Tipperary. and that the carriage and horses brought down are for the conveyance of the prisoners from that town to Clonmel. The prisoners (wiita the exception of Mr. I.eyne) looked remarkably well. and. judging from their appearance, they seemed in cheerful spirits." <TATK OF 'I'llK SOUTH. The mail train which arrived this morning brings no intelligence of importance. Subjoined however, are two hasty communications, dated Sunday and last night, descriptive of the state of the districts up to the latest hour :? "Ci.ohmki , Sunday Night, Sept 17?0 o'clock ' The insurg-nts have more J over toward* this town. There was no attack on Kilsheelan last night, a* expected but bodies of men were marching about the nciuhWhrtnl nil ? *.! ... -.1- ... .1 -1-- -- - _ ? - ?. ?g?. u..? mrav ?' lipjll the farmer*, taking arm* and destroying property ' At noun to day lar^e bodici of person* were ohFfrved moving about on the top of the mmntain which rieiK above the town on the Water ford si Je; cr,iwd< ot the inhabitants collected in our htreeU and, a< evening came on. they (on tbfl mountain) app>'*red 11 increase In number. I watched their inivnneot.1 a I day, and hare juet returned to inform you that several large oignai fired arc now b'azing away all up the nidi# of the mountain an well an on the top, Kv?ry peak has a tire. I crossed over, at 8 P. \t , to t'le Water fnrd side, (about* li .If a mile) and distinctly heard the huzzaing of several voice* from soine of tli>nearest fires. Ou my ri turn I also heard lh?*hnu'in{ on Stair-Mount bridge,?tne neare-t fire is only about a mile and a half off; the top of the mountain only about five It Ik lully believed that they ar? the insurgent*, who have moved over from the neighborhood ?f l nrric.k Die greatest excitement e\ist< Intiw.i to n i lit in consequence of their appearan -n. "( arrick Is quiet to day, but th? rural d ?trlots pre >RK I RSDAY, OCTOBER 5, Miit the name insurrectionary symptoms. such as signal-fires, &c. The military are still under arms, the polioe scouriDg the hills, and constant patrols kept up. ' I will now Rive a llttU explanation respecting the policeman who is paid to hav- fallen into the hands of those patriots : ? " Two nonstable0, named Crotty and ltyan were sent out from the Oldbrldge-ntation (In this town) on special service, in disguise, up th? mountains yesterday morning at an early hour They parted company at noon and nothing has been heard from ltyan "inse; hut last evening the inspector received intelligence that be had fallen into the hands of the insurgents, and was hanged. Crotty and he should hare met at a certain place last night, and a letter from the former received this morning ntateil that Rvan hml aol mile his appearance. Considerable anxiety is felt as to hia fate. I haye Inquired of the authorities, and they evince the most palnrul anxiety respeotl ug htm. I have every fear that he has fallen into bad hind*. Orotty tn his letter states that the rebels are gathering on the mountains. ' I hare just received a message that a military and police force are leaving town for the mountains. I, then-fore, close ray letter for the purpose of aoootnpanying them, and will communicate to you, by exprrHS to-morrow morning, If anything important occurs." "Skftkmbkr 18.?The quiet of our town has not been disturbed, as was expected last night. The military force, which I mentioned in my last as about to proceed up the mountains on which the insurgents were gathering yesterday, did not leave town until 2 o'clock, A. M. It was composed of three oompanles of the 64th regiment, under Lieut. Col. Stretton, and a small force of constabulary, under a head constable; all under the instruction of Mr. Ilyan, 11. M. This force proceeded over the bridge and towards Ktthoormack and Glenpatrick; it passed through the Coolnamuck wood, notorious for furnishing pike hanules; anu we retain?'.! 0 ?'c!oc> thls ???? ???> without seeing any rebel band wul HTer ^ dragoon party went out in another direction, and a.*n returned with, out having experienced any obstruction. ''This morning, at an early, a party of the 64th marched out to occupy quarters along the line from Dundrum. A party of constabulary also left with oonvicti>' for Thurles, from whloh place they will march over to l>undrum and form a portion of the escort of Umllh rrii -irtii. whose arrival hern In hnnrlv urnantuH " There wii.s a large meeting of the disairected at Clerihan yesterday evening; some wore armed, and some were not. The most Inflammatory addresses were made, and eight Of the persona who wore present were marched la here by the police this morning, at 9 o'clock. They are respectable l'armnrs, and have sworn informations, before Mr. Ryan. R. M., against several porties who were leading the movement They tendered their informations, and have just been discharged. Two of our turnkeys who were on duty at Neaagh on Friday, hare just returned, and state that the hills all around Thuries and Templemore were covered with signal fires, and that the districts appeared in a most excited and turbulent state I had a let- j ter this morning from Templemore, but no mention is j made of anythisgof the sort. " The authorities have announced to-day that Ryan, j the policeman, who was said to have been hanged by tbe insurgents, is Fafe. ''William Kelly, one of tho Olenbower insurgents, | who was taken in the attack, is severely w?unded with the bayonet; three wounds in the head, one on the j ear, and others on the back, ribs and arm. He was j sent into Clonmel gaol on Saturday night, from Car- | rick, by Mr. Couison. 11. M. I saw him in Carriok, and again to-day. lib will not tell a word of the . movements of the fellows with whom he was asso- I dated. On his person, when taken, were found ono i pound of gunpowder, a large quantity of bullets, and ! a supply of provisions. He is to be tried at the com- \ mission. " A large farce of military left Carriok this morning for the Comeragh mountains, taking with them a thorough scouring of those mountains. Carrick is represented to be most tranquil. "A man named Kelly was arrested atClerlhan. on ( Saturday night, armed with a gun. He is committed for trial " The following is another communication from the same quarter:? "Mondav Kvemmo.?Thifl town is in a state of con- i siderable excitement at present, and, though there has been no open insurrection in the immediate neighborhood, the same spirit of disaffection prevails .which I stated in my letter from Tipperary as existing in that district The Waterford mountains, which rise immediately above Clonmel, were yesterday the rendezvous of the insurgents, and the friend of peace and order were greatly alarmed lost they should march j uponthetown. In the evening, flre? were blazing on 1 the mountain, and from the streets of the town the j insurgents could be distinctly seen gathered around | them, it was supposed in bands of from one to two ' hundred. The movements of the insurgents were ob: served all the day, and though the military were sent I in pursuit, they did not succeed in arresting any of them, as intelligence of their a pproach was given by ; scouts, so that they had time to disperse. The police brought into Clonmel this day four insurgents?respectably dressed farmers?from the neighborhood of Clara, where Bar on Tennefather has his residence, and they have been committed to the county gaol. Fears Were entertained for the safety of two policemen who were sent out from this place in colored clothes on Friday to try and discover the head- ) quarters of the rebels and report their movements, and it was currently reported, and believed by many, yesterday and this morning, that they had been hanged; but 1 have just heard that letter* have this afternoon been received which remove all apprehensions as to their fate. The people along the whole line of road from tbis to Tipperary are in a state of disaffection; and at the lair of Cabir, through whioh I passed this day, very few sales were made, and although there was an unprecedentedly large number of horses, bl?ck cat- I tie, and stock of every kind, few purchasers could be found, the people being unwilling to part with their money, in consequence of the disturbed state of the country and the fear of a general insurrection. The people. I have heard from various persons, are completely turning against the nriests for the part thev have taken in the late movement The influence of the priest* is amazingly diminished, not alone in Tipperary. but in several of the adjoining counties. I was thin day informed by Roman Catholic who knows the feelings nf the people throughout a large district of the south, from constantly travelling and mixing among them, that great numbers of them will not now mind what the priests say: and many of the farmers do not speak to them when they meet on the roads. A number of the Roman Catholics in this part of the country will not at present attend mass or go to the chapel, and many of the respectable farmers and shopkeepers declare that they will not pay the ensuing Christmas dues?a very bad prospect for the priests for the winter. I statu these facts on the authority of Roman Catholics, who related them to me, and I have every reason to believe that they are correct. The disease in the potatoes is fast progressing, anl it is believed they will not furnish food for the people until Christmas. Throughout the district of country from Tij'perary to Clonmel, through which I passed this dny, the stalks are completely blackened, and mora than one-half are reported to be lost. Yesterday, although it was Sunday, the streets of Tipperary were crowded, as if It had been a fair or market, with pior wretched-looking men. who were, waiting to bs hired by the farmer! as reapers tor the ensuing week. Many of them had com# from the neighboring oounties of Cork and Kerry, and I was informed that they received as wsges. somesome Is 6d., some Jl.j and other* nothing but their food for their work. "Smith O'Brien and the other traitors were expected here this day. but up to this hour. 0 o'clock, he has not arrived.'' (?rt at excitement prevailed in the town of Thurles on Monday, and, as usual, very exaggerated reports i were in circulation respecting ine l mentions oi me Insurgents. A letter In the Frttman thus explains the cause:? " !t appear? that during the latter part of last work? I cannot just now say on what precise Jay?Mr. Ii*nigan, of Castlefogarty. had removed to his farmyard pome corn, wheat, and oats, seized for rent due by some of his tenants. The poor peasants, finding their corn gone to their landlord, their potatoes melted into rotj tenness. anil their wires and children i n dfcnger of being without food, went among their neighbors an>l told their tale of woe. Kach man who beard of the seizure felt that his own turn would not be long distant, and in the course of Sunday, notices were potted in all the public, places, calling on the tenantry of the di-trict. and of tho-<e adjoining, to assemble on thin day, ( Monday.) to consult what steps they ought to take, to secure for themselves and their families, so much of the crop as would sustain life. The placo fixed for the meeting was Mealilfe Hill, about two miles south of Holycross. This purely agrarian meeting was the rising, and the rebel encampment, which Mr. (lore Jones and his party went to encounter and disperse. The meeting, from what cause I know not?whether the peas*ntry were aware of the approacj of the military Of not, I am unable to say?was very small, and and was described by one of the force, after his return, as a handful of naked and hungry-looki ng men. who lamented the aelzure of their corn, when they had not enough left for food." The Prlnre ilo Jolnvllle upon Ihe Policy of Krnnoe. The ,'lkhhar of Algiers, <>t the l'2th, publishes h letter from the Prince do Jolovllle to the Duke de Nemours, dated trom on bourd the Souverain at Speaaia, 7lh of November, 1N47. The letter is thug introduced by the jikhhar : " Kv? ry one here knows that the Prince do .Jolnvlllo , wan sent to Altfier? a month previous to February i on account of hi* active opposition to the polioy which hud then tor some time been adapted by the Cabinet of M. < Julxot He. under no circumstances, suopres fed the expreMion of his repulsive feelings toward* a policy the dangers of which he couhl not oonncal from himself On arriving in Algiers hl?flr*t words w?r<f They are leading us to a revolution ' The mihjolned letter, which lias never been published was found on February !24 in the Tuilerlea, and a copy of It was taken by the person who has commuicnted It to us. In it will be found the lively and free expres<lon of tVe sentiments above spoken of." The lettir Is as follow* :? ' VI v Di m r*rf, I write to you because my niin I (s disturbed by the events whhh I see accumulating around us from every side. I begin to be seriously slarifird anil at such moments I love to gosnip with tho?e in whom I have confidence The death or Broilson i* a great blow to me (ro'u tie fiinftlt). and I think it has had the same effect upon you. I layaaidethe t?d linprcssW n It ha, made at Naples, where the law* i n ruicido are so l?v?r? ; knt whit alTeots me IER1 1848. lit the sfHdnK out thH chukhh of thin rainfortune. lirt-RHoo was not ill ; he exnoutoi his dHHignn with all the A00ln?H? of a rnnolute nun. I have from Naples letterx writt?n b/ l)n Montemuy and other*. *liich leave inn Bff'irnely any doubt*, lie wan irritated against th? King, and h*d iiuaiI n t ! '! nr i? n i??? hlrnn cm i a nmiaif.. *u?nan tl v. i... The Kin# is inflexible, and will no longer listen to any advice; in fant his will must predominate over all. People will not fail to repeat, anil will enlarge noon what I consider as dangerous?viz tho notion whir-h he (/c pirt) exercises over every thing. Thin inflexible action, when a statesman compromised wit'i us cannot vanquish it. leaven no other resource than Filicide. It appears to tne to be difficult this year for the Chamber uot to t'irn its debates upon this inorunl state of t'ungs. which has obliterated the constitutional fiction, anil brought the King forward as a party in all <iuu>4inns. There are no morn ministers; their re*pon..if<illty Is null; everything emanates from the King. The King ha* arrived at an age when observation* froca other.s are no more admitted. He in habituated to govern, and love* to show that it is he who does govern. His immense experience, his courage, and other great <|U?lities, make him confront danger with audacity; b-it the danger nevertheless exist*. This false position will, 1 believe, be this year prominently discussed. It will be said that the constitutional government was established particularly to avoid the alternative of Feeing the throne occupied i by a man who is ?00 old, or by one who is too young; 1 to calm the too great ardor of sovereigns, or to supply ! that which is wanting in them. Inttie present ease 1 we have or two things but b >th of then) aro i wanting. Ouroondition at home Is aot a good one: 1 tha state of our finances, after a p?mou?fl* - , | not brilliant. Abroad, where ... >ol'n'> 1 gouiH of those gratifleatl"- * j5'1? V* i ? i u . ho litsr to our oountr^f | * dl - " attention is turned from morn serious i ' >jo not shine much more. The accession of 'ibrd I'lilmerston, by awakening the impassion mistrust of rtio Kinn, bas made ns undertake the Spanish campaign, and invested us with a deplorable reputation for bad faith. Separated from Kaolin 1 at tha moment when the events in Italy happened, we have been unable to take that active part la them whioh would have flattered our country, and have been la accord with the principles we should never have abandoned. because it was through them that we became what we are. We have not dared to turn our hand against Austria, frotu fear of seeing England reconstitute the Holy Alliance. We come before the Chambers with a deplorable state of things abroad, and with one not much better at home. All this is the work of the King alone,?the result of the old age of a King who will govern, but whose powers are too weak for him to come to any virile resolution. The went is that I cannot discover any remedy. What will be said and done at heme, when our Had financial situation is exposed? What can be done abrua I to raise our position, and enable us to follow a line of conduct in conformity with the wish of the country' (t is certainly not by making an Austro-Krench intervention in Switzerland that we shall gain whit the campaigns of 1823 won for the Restoration. 1 had hoped that Italy would afford ui that Initiative, that change of which we had so much need; but it is now too late, the battle in lost ! Here we can do nothing without the concurrencc of the Knglish. and every day, by suffering them to gain ground, we are per force thrown into the opposite camp. We can now do nothing more than nllfi hu * *, m iinii,.. ?... u It n 11 hu f,.?,.U.I., I ...I to make common cause with the retrograde party, which in France would have a disastrous effect. We have Dot yet drained the bitter cup of these unlucky Spanish marria^Mi. To conclude?In France, dilapidated finances; abroad, placed between au honorable amende to I'almerston on tbe subject of Sptin, or a common cause with Austria to play the gendarme in Switzerland, and fight in Italy against our principles and our natural allies. All this is earned by the King ?the King only?who has perverted ifmttllt) our constitutional institutions. I think ail this very serious. because I fear the questions of ministers and portfolios will be set aside, and that is a great danger when, in presence of a bad situation, questions of principle are set up. If, indeed, we could find any event, any affair to conduot vigorously, and whioh. by its success, would rally our party a little, there would etill be a chance of gaiiiing the battle; but I see nothing. You will excuse this epistle, for we require to feel our way. Forgive me for what i say of the father (<fu ptre) ; it is to you alone that I say it. You know my ruspect and afteotlon for him; but It is impossible for me not to look into th? future, and it frightens me a little." The I till Inn Intervention. The Tarls Prtuc, (of the 18th ult.) which hAs lately published several articles pretending to a sort of semiofficial character respecting the Italian question, has given the following :? A difficulty has just arisen between the imperial cabinet of Austria on the one part, and France and England on the other part, touching the non-execution of certain clauses of the armistice conoluded at Milan the Oth August last, by the Sardinian and Austrian plenipotentiaries. It is known, that according to the artiolestwo and four of this convention, the city of Venice was comprised in the number of placet whioh were to be given up to tbe Austrian troops within three days after the ratification of the armistice by the king of Sardinia. The ratification having taken place on the 10th of August. Venice, acoording to the stipulation* agreed on, ought to have been evacuated on 131 h August, at tbe latest. It would be too long to detail here the numerous demands made by Marshal Radetzki on King Charles Albert, that the Sardinian troops and Heet which remained at Venice should conform to the conditions of the armistice. Ob the demand of Sir 11. Abercrnmby, Minister Plenipotentiary of England at Turin, King Charlea Albert, at length delivered a letter patent to Marthai Iladetrki. enjoining Admiral Alblni and General della Marmora to evacuate Venice. But then an unforeseen difficulty arose. At the same time that the Austrian government, on the 7th September, received from Admiral Albinl the official assurance that all the fleet and the Sardinian troops should leave the city, there nrrived at Trieste an envoy, sent by the same admiral to declare that the Sardinian fleet could not abandon the waters of Venice, until after having received from the Austrian government the formal assurance that no act of hostility should be undertaken against that city by the imperial troops. The declaration of the Sardinian admiral coincides with the protest made by the representatives of France and England at Vienna, for the eventuality of the resumption of hostilities against Venice being ordered by Austria after the departure of the fleet commanded by Admiral Albinl. In a note dated 7th inst., and jointly addressed by Lord Ponsonby and M. de Lacour to the llaron de Wessenberg. Minister of Foreign AITairs of Austria, the representatives of France aad England declared that by the simple fact of having accepted the Anglo-French mediation Austria tacitly interdicted herself the right ,of recommencing hostilities agalnrt Venice, the special object of the mediation being to stop the war, by the employment of means of conciliation. The reply of the cabinet of Vienna has not this time had to be ion; waited for. If we are well informed, it may be returned as follows:?The notification of the arioirtice of Milan was a fait arramjili at the time at which Charles Albert and the Court of Austria accepted the Anglo-French mediation Consequently the acceptation of the mediation cannot in right have a retro-active elTect on the stipulations of the armistice. The imperial gorernment, no doubt, admits the principle ofthe itatua quo, as the basis of the negotiations to be entered into with the mediating powers; but it cannot admit anj other i stalut ijiio than that settled by the armistice itself, and I the consequences of that act ought to be to replace ! thebelligerent parties in the territorial situation which they occupied at the beginning of the war That being f>o. Aurtria believes its?lf entitled to impose on Venice the stipulations of the armistice from which | King I buries Albert has already derived considerable | advantages, especially the giving up of a park of artillery abandoned at I'eschiera and the free passage accoidi'd to bis troops Krom these motives Austria in her : turn protects against the difficulties which the mediating | powers r?i.'0 to the accomplishment of the armUtice | of Milan, and she reserves to herself, in respect to Venice, all her liberty of action, the acceptance of the Anglo Krench mediation, not in her opinion destroying in any respect the previous rights resulting to ber | from the armistice. The couuter protest of Austria ' appear* no much the more grave from the fact that the armistice < f Milan expires on the 21st of this month, and that King rharles Albert and Marshal lladetzkl are preparing to resume hostilities with new vigor, if. in the imantitne. Princo Schwirtxenburg, deb-gated a<i hoe for the command in chief of the Austrian army shall not succeed in stipulating a prolongation of the armistice with the Struiniau government. In this state of things the Preach government ha? invited the Kngllsh cabinet to join itiu pressing on the negotiations But in cnnj-eijuence of the closing of Parliament. the liritish ministers take a vacation, and I.ord I'almerston is seeking repose in the country from the fatigues of a stormy session. NevertbeUsn, informed of the desire of the Krench government, he Iian prommed to at London nn vionuny, 10 UHVMf with M QustaTe de Beaumont, the mean* of removing i the very great difficulties which the Anglo-French mediation encounter* at its debut. A ml t in. Our latest advices from th? Austrian capital bear the date of the l.'Hh instant. late in the evening. The Vienna journals of the 14tb contain only the news of the preceding Jay The disturbances, the origin of which we stated yeiterdiiy, assumed a more serious aspect on the 13th. The Constitutional ??senibly declared itself In permanency, and many thou?andi of armed students and National <iuards assembled near the i; niversity The commission of the academical body also declared itself in permauency. In the Assembly Schwariur announced that the academical body hail requested the re establishment of the commission of saf'ty, othertatae they alone could ?ave the Oapital and the withdrawal of the troops. These demands were refused compliance and a conflict was expected During the day martial law was proclaimed by the Ministry but this only added fuel to the excitement of the populace. All the gates were occupied by the National (fuard. . vvmuiuuitiiiiuun i II i f n r ji11 v? . nnu uupwfiun i force drawn up before the Holme of Asfembly. In t.he sitting of the Assembly, Huron Wwenberjf, the Minister of Foreign Affair*, produced, according , (o hi* promise, the replie* to the Interpellations of I I>epnty Ooldmark, respecting the Italian |Uestton. as follow ' 1 The eh'ef ground* of action of the Ministry in the Italian question. are To uphold the honor an J j dignity of the empire and to defend It* interests. "2 A* long negotiation* are pending, no explanation* can b* giren; *? much, howeter, may be said' I . L D. TWO CENTS. tb? mediation of Kngland and France hail been aocepttd. ".1. It is the determination of the Ministry to us* every mean* in its power to prevent war with dui regard, however. to tjie national dignity [oheitrs ) '4 Prince Sehwarzenberg is appointed plenipotentinry in thu Italian i|Ue?*,ion, as being bent acquainted with them. " ">. The family ties which oonnect Modena and 1'arma to the imperial house of Austria, demand protection from the same " The conventions concluded in this respect were, he believed. publirhed." Not satisfied with those explanations, Ooldmartc mm and declared that the Assembly was juH as wis* its before. Il? did not wish to know whether the Ministry hint concluded treaties for the preservation of family Interests. Iiul w bother the otlVnflive and defensive treaties concluded under Mettornich were to be maintained, and that If the ministry declined ! entering into further explanations pending the negotiation*. the instructions sent to llartlg,, Montecucoli. and Sc h war xen berg, should, at least, be laid upon the table of the chamber Wetsenberg refused any further explanations ; it was in opposition to constitutional cuitoin to do no ponding the negotiations As the Assembly was an the point of adjourning, the Minister of War, Count l.atour, rose to say thai he had just received the information that a store- _ meeting was assembled in the Aula of the l'**' .?J and that it w?s their intuntiou not the Ministry, but to \ao dl8,0'lution ?f the Diet. The 0OP^-J)jl-uHnt 0f the national guard had demanded me astlstance of the military. Lohner then ro-e and moved that the Diet be declared in Deruianenov. which was unanimously adopted (io'ldmark was ' against any steps being taken by the military till more authentic information had been received. A lively dircussfon ensued, which was interrupted by the entrance of Schwar/.er, the ex-Minister of Publia Works, who announced that a deputation of national guards and itudeuts. headed by Professor Kuster, had just waited upon the ministry, demanding the reestablishment of the Commission of Safety, that tfcalr request had been refused, that the military werefraternizlng with the national guard*, and that a body of workmen had deliberately loaded their muskets. II wax Decennary to act energetically The Diet was ntill deliberating when the poat left. Another aocount says: ? Vienna, Sept. 13.?The greater part of the guards have been under arms since nine o'clock thin morning. The movement of yesterday partook of rather a social character, assumed a dilferent color to-day, and was of a decidedly political tone. Towards noon the gunorale wan beaten in almost every place, and soon after the military and the guardR assembled in thn courtyard, which they completely occupied In the course ot the afternoon, a body of National < Guards and students suddenly made their appearance, with printed papers in their hats, demanding the re-establishment of the Oommittne of Public Safety. The greater number of the guards refused to take these papers; the excitement arose: an ordonnance|of the ministry commanded the removal of this new printed demonstration; the Diet declared itself permanent, and decre?d the prohibiten of the committee; fresh troops were marching into the city, who. as well as the artillery, were received with acclamations. A report that barricades were being ereoted at the University proved to be false, and up to this time (half past eight o'clook P. M.) the peace has not been broken. Ureat animation prevails in the streets, but witli prevails among the guard* and troop", there is no apprehension of a very serious e.mtutr breaking out. Nink o'Clock, I. M.?The deputies it the Diet, Borrosch, Schyreka, and Vlrland, have just returned from the University, where, after a spirited address to the Legion, they received the assurance of its entire devotion to thu Diet. Borrosoh Is at this moment submitting to the Diet the proposition of constituting a committee for the maintenance of peace. The milltary and National Guards are being drawn olT from several parts of the city, as general tranquility prevails. Yesterday, after having sueceeded in getting th? troops sent baok to their barracks, the posts were occupied by the National Guards and students, and the malcontents retired without creating any further disorder. Great agitation prevails in the oity to-day, and fears are entertained for the peace, as the National Guard is. unhappily, not unanimous; and a party of them belonging to the burghers joined the Academlo Legion in demanding very decidedly the dismissal of the ministry, and the re-establishment of the Committee of Public Safety. Two [o'Clock.?An express has brought the follow ing intelligence from the Hungarian Ministry a Pestb. The Diet has declared itself permanent and absolute, inasmuch as it decrees the new laws, which hav*not yet been confirmed by the King, absolutely obligatory, and adopts the most energetic measure* for tne defence and welfare of the country. Pesth is tranquil. The Intelligence that several of the counties and free cities of Hungary had dec!ared against Kossuth, and in favor of Jellachlch, has been confirmed. The advices from Hungary speak of the triumphant advance of Jellachlch, everything yielding before him. Ilia proclamations all end with ' God save the Kmperor Ferdinand !" The Indefatigable Kossuth was concerting measure* to odpose bim. Jellnehich, in hi* proclamation to his army, addresses them as ' Austrian solders," and says that he has unfolded bis banner for the defence of the honor and integrity of the Austrian empire ! and the following passage in this very same JfrUUlilUJBbll'U IB VI UU nUIMU IUI|fUl MIUVD a I# mo present, moment "On the plains of Italy, a glorious hero, with the br.'ivent of the brave, has reconquered u preciout jewel to the Crown ; his squadrons, consisting of various races, obeyed one commnnd, were animated by one spirit, sind victory crowned theiceilorts.'' The proclamation concludes as follow^ . " Long live the unity of the Austrian army, under our beloved Emperor nod King. (Signed) "JELLACHICH. " Lieutenant Field-Marshal and Dan. < From the Drave, September, 184H." Affair* of Denmark. Our Paris letter of the 10th, which, with the Journal# of that date, we have reoeived by expresi, contains the following I shall communicate the important contents of a short letter which has just reached me from Frankfort, and which announces,you will nee, that the t?g<* and consistent legislators, calling themselves the Constituent Diet of Frankfort, have recalled the late unfortunate vote respecting the armistice of Malmo. ' Our Diet," says the writer, ' has just repaired fault committed by them on the 5th Inst. After a sitting. on th? Oth inst, which endured for eleven hours, they have, by a majority of 258 against 237, resolved to recall the vote of the 5th. which went to annul the armistice of Malmo, and which would neceasarliy have led to a continuance of the war. Thi-y have also, by a similar majority of 21. resolved? "1. That the execution of the armistice shall not, . so far as is possible, or as the actual state of affairs will rermit. l>e in anv war prevented " 2 That tbe Ontral Power of (iermany be requested to come to an understanding with Denmark, to Introduce into the terms of the <<afd armistice, the modifications which Denmark herself has (lectured admissible." Wnpln nii<l SUIIy. Despatches from Messina, of the ','th inst , state that the conflagration of that city had been extinguished: tbat order had been restored, and that persons and property bad been respected. Melazza had surrendered to the Neapolitan* Hnngary. Letters from Tenth, of the 8th inst . received by the national, announce the total defeat of the Croats by the Hungarians. Switzerland. Switzerland, which has of late sunk into comparative oblivion, nas just proclaimed the new constitution. A letter from Berne, of the l'Jth Inst . says:? ' A salute of one hundred and one guns, and bonfires on the hills, have this moment proclaimed the definite adoption of the new constitution, by the Swiss Confederation." Switzerland is tranquil Saxony. Accounts from Chemnit* (Saxony.) of th* 11th, ftate that disturbances of a serious nature had broken out in tbat place among the workmen, who threatened vengeance for a child having been killed by a Comraunnltiuard. The generate was beaten, and the troips got under arms. The greatest excitement prevailed among the working olas*es, who raised barricades in the principal streets, and attacked the troops. Ther were tired on, and several killed and wounded Kre-n reinforcements had been sent for from Schweburg, and some artillery was anxiously expected The Corn Trade of Knropr. [Krom the Mark-lane Kxpress Sept. IS.] 1 hough harvest operations can scarcely be said to be yet tinirhed, still the great bulk of the corn is now secured, and. the crops having In the"--' antric^* to some extent been put to /?? tMt of "thrashing, an opinion twj .stormed as to the yield The accounts itch have hitherto reached us on this point, are certainly very far from eucouraging, ami there can no longer be a doubt that the produce of grain, taking one kind with the other. Is decidedly below the ijuantity grown in moderately geod average seasons The I deficiency is, we believe much greater in the southern and western, than in the eastern and northern oouaj ties, but the total produce of the kingdom is unquestionably short, and we are likely again to require a n?.,wi.l.,raK)u illllinrf Atfnn of fniviirn Ifriain I n.Ui> i these circumstances a low range of prices is not to be j expected As, however, the harvest on the continent | has proved much better than in this country, wemay, peihaps, be enabled to secure the quantity required without bslng under the necessity of paying very high prices We are inclined to think that this may : be the case, as our merchants and speculators appear 1 disposed to act with a certain degret of caution I'he lesson of last year has been too severe to be easily forgotten. nor are the raoie facilities for entering into extensive speculative operations, obtainable. We do not, therefore, calculate on hi<h prices, but that the tendency will be rather upwards, Is more than probable. Our own farmers do not appear anxious to sell at prem>ut; and, as the time is fast approaching when the preparation of the land and autumn sowing must engage much of their time, the markets are not likely to be over supplied The moderate nature of the deliveries from the growers has hitherto been little felt, owing to the assistance afforded by regular supplies of foreign, and further by the abundance and cheapness of potatoes Whether the arrivals from abroad will continue on a sufficiently liberal ?o?le to compensate for the falling < ft which must take place in th? home deliveries, .luring seed-time, admits of doubt,but tliar*

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