Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 5, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 5, 1848 Page 2
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MB be >e doubt u ta potatoes beromlag ilearer, to tnd the price of that irtml? bw already tilT?c?>-d m^irnally a* w?ll 1* th< London a* at several of the country mirkrU, and though *e still remain of opinio*, that.under ail circumstance*. no great rise in prtcea of breadsluflx is lik'ly to oeemr. there Is certainly no mm to expect a fall. The trad* \m wheat bas fine* our la?t maintained 4 Ttrj Inn tow; and. though th? advices from Mark- > licr tiiTr ar t b?i n very eucouragiug. an advancet* the ritrM of about in p>r quarter ha* occurred al I inert of tlw principal provincial market*. At Liverpool, on Tuesday. bu*-ine*8 wa? not brisk: till u*e4y buyer* bad to pav rather enhanced t*teii for One qualities of wheat l ater in the week an attempt *m> mad* to obtain higher price*; but. so far from an; further advance being established. the sales made on Kriday wen- at hurdly a" good terms anon the previous market-day. At f?T?ral of the otker large consuming town* in the north quotation* have risen At Hull, on Tuesday, the turn *aj decidrdiy against the buyer, and itt Leedi- price* were quoted la. to 2* i>er quarter higher " * * ? iu-b..a..i.? LVI.inT ?h? rise also amounted to Is. to ill. ^,er qusrter; and from Bristol. Birmingham. and other towus in that quarter we bave similar report*. The market* li the agricultural districts have, meanwhile. been very indifferently *npplied with wheat, and at feme of the shipping port* on the east coist 2*. to 3*. per quarter more liar been paid for the finer descriptions By e>ur ad> ices from Scotland, it appear* that the harvest wa* being rapidly proceeded with. The quality of the new grain i* described a? being very fine, and it i* tolerably certain that the yield will be much better there than in any of the southern part* of the kicgdom The account* as to the state of the potato crop in Scotland still vary materially; for, whilst some parties speak of the disease as very extensive, other* maintain that only a comparatively small proportion of the crop will be lost. The state of the grain market* in that < ountry may, however, be regarded as affording proof that no fall in prices is anticipated, foe sellers were enabled to obtain more money for wheat on ~U??dcesday, at Edinburgh and Glasgow, than could have been realized the preceding week. Krcm Ireland the report* as to potatoes become worse from da? to day, and the wheat crop 1* also itat? d to be very deficient throughout the island. i neie. ai- wuti as, the bolder* 01 grain Have lately jaifeu their prvt?U(<ioDS; and the demand for Indian corn, which in the begluniog of the month wan glow, ha? greatly Increased within the lapt f..rt niuht. Tbe arrivals of wheat coastwise into London have been very email during the week, only 4,131 quarters having been reported up to thin (Saturday) evening ? The quantity brought forward at Mark-lane by land carriage samples from the home counties has likewise been trifling hince Monday, and tbe trade has throughout the week maintained a decidedly firm tone. On Wednesday the few parcels exhibited on the KsNi and Kent stands were held for quite as much money. and. theugh the millers acted with great caution, being in want of fresh qualities, they had no alternative. and were obliged to pay the rates asked. Subsequently the fiimntss of holders increased, and on Friday purchases could scarcely be made on as easy terms as on Monday last The duty fell to 5s per quarter on Thursday, and, as tbe general weekly return is 66s 10d. a further fall to 4s perquarter (the minimum.point under tHe existing law ) may be looked tor with certainty next week. The firmness which the trade ha* again assumed renders it probable that the averages will remain high, and the duty continue at the lowest point for some time to come. The total quantity to be liberated is not by any means large; still the release of what is in bond in the kingdom may perhaps have some slight effect. Buyers appear, at all events, to expect that they will be enabled to do better, and have consequently purchased very little free foreign wheat since our last; but the little business done has been at prices quite equal to those at which sale? were made on Monday. Bonded parcels having been held within 4s per quarter of tbe rates at which similar qualities might have been bought free, have excited no attention; but some disposition has been shown to purchase free-on-board cargoes, which may be regarded as a proof that opinion is in favor of a rise In prices later ia the year. Polish Odessa has been tbe principal sort in which speculation has taken place, and, after having been down as low as 44s to 45s. has again rallied, being now worth 47s to 43s per quarter, cost, freight, and insurance. The top price of town-made flour has remained nominally unchanged; and ship samples have been offered on mucb the tamn terms as before. A (mail lot or two of fine French have been sold at fall terms. In American little baa been done, owing to the want of fine fretb qualities. Tbe arrivals of barley coastwise hare been scanty in tbe extreme, and we have OLly received 3.354 quarters Irom abroad within tbe last eight days. Tbe demand has at no period 01 tbe week been at all active, but the moderate nature of tbe supply has prevented much anxiety being shown to realize, and needy buyers have had to pay previous prices. Good qualities of Kngliih malting bailey are not worth more than about 36s. per quarter, which quotation may afford the means of judging as to the Talue of other descriptions. Tho duty is now 2s., having receded a step on Thursday. Mult has excited very little attention ; but. though the Inquiry has been decidedly slow, holders have remained exceedingly firm, and there appears very little chance of this article giving way in value. The market has been sparingly supplied with o\ts of home growth; from our own coast only 610 quarters, from Scotland 60 quarter?, and from Ireland only 322 quarters having come to hand. The arrivals from abioad have, meanwhile, fallen off more or less, and i eally good sweot corn has become rather scarce. The dealers appear, however, determined to hold off. and prefer to buy from hand to mouth, rather than add to iheir stocks The tranfactions were of comparatirely ittle importance either on Wednesday or Friday: and, though previous prices were in some cases slightly exceeded. no quotable advance on Monday's currency could be established. Engluh beans have come forward sparingly, and lave not been sold cheaper; but Kgyptian has been cnerea a nine lower. The late fall in the value of pea? has sot hitherto had the effect of bringing forward buyers. and the operations in the article have, aince Monday, been on quite a restricted scale. A good many orders for the purchase ot Indian corn cn Irish account have been received, but the extravagantly high terms asked, bare interfered with business; about 2e. per quarter over previous prices ha* we believe been paid for floating carpoea. The advices froia the continent of Kurope continue, on tLr whole, to give a good acaount of the icsult of the harvest; and though, from the exhaustion of all Ctocks. and the insignihcant supplies of new brought forward, tiie trade had maintained a comparatively firm tone, still a good deal ol intluence was produced by the advices hence of the 3a inat.. noting the fall of 6( per quarter at Maili-lane. Our Dantzic letters are of the 9th inst.; the b^st jualities of wheat might then have been bought at &0a. a 61s. per quarter free on board, being about 2s. a 3s. per (juaiter below the rates asked on that day week. Tb> water in the Vistula had lather increased, which would, it was hoped, allow the barges to float down, and afford a betttr choice of quality. Krcm Memel we have a I vices of the Otli of September. Our dull accounts had not then been received there; till good wheat had been offered at 47s. a 4$s. per qunrUr free on beard At Stettin.cn the 9tb. the best qualities of wheat were quoted 4Gs . and good parcels 44b. per quarter free cn b&ard Ilardly any supplies had come to market, and. having no ttocka of importance, holders of the little on hand had shown great lirmnese. This appears al?o to have been the ease at Rostock, whence we have letters of the 11th instant, stating that, notwithstanding the discouraging advices hence, and fine weather, auperior wheat had not been offered jbelow 60a. a 51s. per quarter free on board. At Hamburgh, on Tuesday. the trade had a^ain rallied from the deproa.-ion of the previous week, and new ,.-I-. ,i , f i i li. . r.') li. ,i.i i.a.i u..1 i ,il u|?nuu niirni, vi w ov.v. "kw ly ?t 48g. a 49b. j*r quarter fr. e on board From outports there were few oilers below 17s.. at 45b. 6cl. soiae cargoes might hav? been placed. In th' south of Europe, i(uotations of wheat appear I to hare been well supported, and prices were, according to the most recently received accounts, relatively Mgher, at several of the Mediterranean ports, than in this country. Mnrkt't?? Lom>o> Montr Market, Tuesday, Sept. 19,1848.? The English funds continue steady, and, in consequence of some fpeculative purchases, hnve closed at &n advance of on yesterday's prices, The first nuotation of Consols for money was to f>6. and they left ofl 86 to , For the account, the last price was W? to India Stock closed 234to 238 : India Bonds, 27s to 30s premium ; and Exchequer bills, March. 29s. to 32s . June, 24s. to 27s. premium. Foreign stocks i were little dsalt !n this afternoon. The transactions I fclllcia iy reported comprised Chilian, at 87 ; Mexican. | *t 1(>and >? ; I'ortuguere l our per Cents., at 22; ! per < eutf.. at 'IZ W,. and 2i!'. ; Belgian Kcur and a Unit p. r ( ent? at Ti! 7CV. ai.d 71>tf ; and tbe Four per Cent < < rtlfi< a>H. at 70\. There was not much bugi?epF doii, g to-ciay in the foreign txcbangep. and the ratis 1 t Holland end Hamburgh were rather higher than lai-t poit. l ane w?e in d? u ;,nd. and may be confidered ;i? a fh?d? lower than on Friday. The railway market continue!, gradually to improve, and most of the bugine** triiufiicted todi'y ??k at batter prices. >iorthweilern. Ureat Western. and other leading . hare* rre all quoted at an advance LotirooL Cork Traoe Tuipday Sept. 19?The we?th*r ha* been very line, with brifk drying win do, -which hat enabled great progrefg to be u.a'i? m clearing up the harvect in the later district* ol the country Tbe comp'aint*. however, of a defeotive yield ol wheal and of the continued decay of the potato are increaMDir 1 he demand l?r Itte wheat wa> very moderate. at a decline genera'ly of Id. to ^d. per 70 lb.; for 1 ttondcd. however there ?hk a good in juiry. and lew 1 parcel* on tbe t or afloat being off?r?4, iriceiwere I Jully toj.ported. There were scarcely any oa'-a c? oit- I neal h'ie cr ii . juently vi i y full price* ware reali/.r J ,New lri?h oatm<al brought 83g. to Cd per load. Vaile) beam and jnet u very idow ?%le . without ] tiiiy u lit" rial rhatge in valci- Indian corn *?s in fair re.juei-t yet price* gate way Id. to Un per quarter; nd corn meal i;:?-l iitti. attention at 17* per liarr-1 Tlio tran?actlo;ia in r.i ur were i, tiu ?liy liiu i< d. and Jingliati or- raiHer eiiaitr to put'-hare At thin day'a market there *4> u good atteu< inn- of dealer*, and a DOderate fhow cf moat *r;lei".- in t trade Tile d ma.cd for wheat war limited at ,th? price* o Friday. which were Id. to l.'d per 70 1L lov er th n on tils'" day week. There was a belu r fale of' at* and prii ei< were Id p-r 46 1b higher: Sf. 'd being realized for prepared new Irirh; oatmeal. how*Ter. wa. without in'pron tritnt la Talue or demand. Barley. U>au> arid pen" nii-t a iloar retail deL.nnd and at harcljr previous rat. Indian corn war a^ain n good dtal inquired lor and there beIn? few parcel* of round quality on tale, ruch fully recot< r?d the d< tlino of Friday; and corn mos! wi* held for Ir per bariel advance 'J'he demand for Hour wa* limited without any change in price* of Jrinh or American but t.nglieh wat la per rack lower. l.i >? K i ooi < net Mat KI T, Kept. IS.? The demand for rotton liar b? en ?.uly to a moderate elf nt to day; the 'alea amount to 4,;>ou hale* t xporteni .hare purrhk*< d 600 bale* I rice* are without change Sept 19 ? There ia not any change to notica in the T?>?< of cttton to da/ price- for nil de?reiptiona re? ma'uing mftrh tbf Mine a* quotrd on Krlday laJl The 1 ts'es ?re rrliu'ittd at about 3 000 bml?s Lor don Mincing Lane, Sept. IS?W bavr again to report that the op?uing of the sugar i* i ket ban a d?*|r?-*sed apprtranci*. and that a further d? cline of ?d has hern submitted to wltheut stluiuKtivg buyers, fo heavy is the stock on hand ani so aniions are tui)xut< r* to make sales 560 hhds only of West India sold; 6.000 bag* of Mauritius were cRtred in pub io sale, about one fjurth part bought ft,, J r>00 l of Bengal found buyers also in public 1 sale; the white Benares, of which 1.00) consisted, | brought r< lative full price*, but grocery description* , parlicipati-d in the general decline A fair amount of business has been done in Havanna and Braiil for , exportation The refined market must be considered I 6d. lower than last week; lumps are quoted 48s Od. to | 62*., standard quality 604., and but a small amount ' of buMuess done Coffee ? Good ordinary native I Cejlon told heavily in public sale 27s Od to 28*., which is a decline of fully bd ; washed Rim sold 28*. tod to 20s . which *ire low prices; plantation Ceylon sustained last week's priccs Madras rice sold steadily at 9s. t>d. to 10s , which was 3d. under last week's carlency. Cotton steady; 450 bales sold. Hum continues dull of sale. Spices steady. Tallow has been firm at 47s t?d to 47s 8d. on the Fpot. In other articles no alteration, but a general heaviness pervades the markets. Paris Boi ???:, Sept. 18, 3 P. M.?The business at the Bourse to-day was very limited, and there was a general indisposition to enter into new transactions, but the prices remained firm, and closed precisely at the prices of Saturday. In the railway shares the variations are so trifling that they are not worth noticing Almost all the lines are firm. Bons du Trcsor remain at per cent, discount. Exchange on Lon< on. 30 days 2i> 32?f. 00 days 25 20. The minister of finances took this week a very serious I step, which occasioned much commotion at the Bourse, and immediately precipitated prices The subscribers to the Dew loan and the holders of the Lyons certificate*) were authorised to pay up their remaining im-t*hntinU on receiving a discount of 4 per cent. The effect of such a measure, ubruptly declared in the midst of a Bourse, as it was on Friday, after great pains had been taken to persuade the public that the treasury had more funds in hand than it required, may easily be conceived. The fall produced on Friday was so sudden, that it would almost of necessity be followed by a little charge lor the better, and consequently on Saturday matters looked a little better, and the Bourse was more ca'm It was imagined that this measure would force less stock on the market than was at first supposed.? holders of 5 per cents haye exchanged out of that stock liito th? loan, for the express purpose of having the advantage of tlie delayed instalments, and it is not-fther*fore, very probable that eo small a temptation as 4 per cent, an amount much below the current rate of interest, would induce them to alter their plans. With th- exception of Friday's Bourse, which was so agitated, the week has been one of most complete monotony. Very little business was done ; utmost every body was occupied with the elections. Mimhutkii, Sept. 19.?Flatness and inactivity arc kue cuax-it.ricrriHi.icn ui tun uar&ev w unjr, UU)WKIIUW log a decided indisposition to enter into fresh engagements at present. Prices generally chow a drooping tendency, although tome few descriptions of low cloths, printer*. 4ft., remain quite firm. Yarns are quiet, and in some instanees slightly lower rates have -been accepted for numbers which of late have been very firm. There is scarcely any business doing for India, either iu goods or yarns. The languid tone of the market is, no doubt, attributable to the present uncertainty afid complication of political affairs in Germany, to tbe declining state of the Liverpool cotton market, consequent upon the favorable accounts of the forthcoming crop, to the unsatisfactory condition of Ireland, and to the heavy pressure upon many parties holding railway stock. For the present, at least, these causes are sufficient to counterbalance the favorable uffects of the fine harvest weather we aru now enjoying. Several large spinners express a determination to return to short time, whenever their contracts are at an end rather tfcan accumulate stock, low although the price of cotton is at present. The weekly return of tbe state of employment in Manchester made up to this day, under the superintendence of Captain Willis, sbows a decrease in the whole number of bands employed, of 513; a decrease of 570 working full time; and an increase of 67 working short time. In the cotton mills alone there are 110 more on short time, and 570 less on full time. Tbe Macclesfield trade is in much tbe same state a" when we last reported. Employment is plentiful, and there ore very few hands who are not fully occupied. The trimming trade, which perhaps fluctuates more than any other, is at preFent in a satisfactory condition, owinp probably to the fine weatber. which invariably causes an increased d< mand for articles of a fancy or ornamental description. The same observation* apply to Congleton and Leek, where the trade differs but slightly from that of Uau1u?.M _ i.. ...... Leeds, Sept. 19.?Woollen cloths?There was but a < thin attendance of persons in the cloth halls this morning, and the business transacted not so large as on Tuesday last. The heaver cloths were those most in demand, and there was no quotable change in 1 prices. ! Hkckmo!?pwike, Sept. 18?Blankets?We had a rod attendance of merchants and manufacturers in the blanket hall to-day. and a brisk market was the | consequence, but we can quote no alteration in prlccs. THE VS&Y LATEST HEWS * RECEIVED BY TELEGRAM AND SPECIAL EXPRESS FOR THE NSW TORE HERALD. Southampton. Wednesday morning. We haTe received, by express from Paris, news of the return of Trinoe Louis Napoleon for the Moselle. The chanccs now. it appears, in the Paris elections, are in favor of the government candidates. Bugeaud has a great many votes in the 1st. 2d. 3d. 5th and 10th VTonaiFFemeBits out Tery ivw iu iiu, ull. <iu, oiu> Pth, 11th, end 12th, where Louis Napoleon and the socialist candidates prevail. CJirardi n. F.milc. Thomas, De Genonde. and Blanc, hare no chance. Louis Napoleon has every Tote almost in the Banlieus. It is certain tKat the armistice between Austria anil Sardinia is prolonged for a month. &t the instance of the mediating parties. M Senaidhas tendered hi.- resignation as Minister of the lnttrior. It was not accepted. The accounts received from Italy, this morning, speak *f the moat horrible atrocities perpetrated by both the Sicilian and Neapolitan armies. There were scenes of cannibalism. Dead bodies were cut to pieces, roasted; and eaten The ratification of ?the armistice has been aarried, after a long debate (257 to 236) in the Frankfort Assembly. Martial law was proclaimed at Vienna The Britannia steamer arrived frDm Boston, at Liverpool, this morning. (Wednesday), at half past 3. France. The letter from the I'rince de Joinvilleto the Duke de j Nemours, written at the end of last yeai. and published j by an Algiers journal, has been much talked of on tV j Bourte. In the dt paitment of the Lower Tyrenees the hos. tility to the 45 per cent additional taxation continues j unabated. The following circumstance', gleaned from J local papers, sbo-v what kind of spirit is working | < ritif tVin rftnntrv. \ ri ,i> in Out nr!?u r\f Vinnn <1 ?.U*VM6MVMV VV-W..;. <* ?? *" F?*VV V? ftSaOCftVa has occasioned a certain degree of agitation at Metz A large affeinblage of workmen proceeded to the Prefecture. from whence they proceeded to tlio port Chambicre. to preTent the shipping of a cargo of corn SeTeral of the departments have been ravaged by incendiary lires. At Conegis, near ' hables, (Yonne) thirty houses hare been burnt within the last few days, and a number of other departments have been Fimilar suflerers. In the Dordogne this work of incan- j diariim has been proceeding in a frightful mannerSuspicions have fallen principally on parties strangers to the localities, who have been wandering about pretending to beg. almoit all of them being provided with j 'reshly-dellvcred passports. In the environs of Fecamp, and at Yalmont, the inhabitants are in great conFtcrnation, and are constantly kept on the qui lit ' It has been remarked on many occasions, that a ilirill whistle lias been heard immediately before the fire bos burst out. and which has been answered by other signals from one |>art of the country to the oth?T. Our last advices from I'aris. referred to the elections, ! and in it >ve stated the returns of Prince I.ouU Napo- ! leon and Bugeaud as certain. The result of the elections caunot be l:nown until to morrow, the 21st inst.. but in the meantime all kinds of con.w-cture are abroad as to the successful candidates. At the la?t peni ral election, there were only eighty candidates, tor the thirty-four seats; but now one hundred and fifty candidates come forward for three seats. The "red republic" presents but three apostles of socialism The remainder are made up of the moderates, legitimists, and iluonapaitists. As far a? the troops and Invalids numbering ISiOO rotes are concerned, tliey have bfen. Klir:"'t to a man lor 1-ouis Napoleon. The votes of the troops, taken on Sunday, were as follows L' "is Kap( 1?ob 4.7W C.'irsrltn 1,111 V-A *r <)... 2 "'7 111-in (red) : ; j1,"io, (ile) i mo Horace say. (moderate)., lis) Hu.iU' !.. : Hf.rj.II It,,M K.V. l-elmett 1,1 M (Jtr/nia 7.VS K'f'r I.l.ij L'al'Ct, (rtil) 6:U The vote* of the veteran inmates of the Hotel desIttvaliacF.. were no leu maiked: ? JxtiUNo^lcot JIM Admiral Dupstlt Thomm. .VI f"y't I* M' .'kwii K. ,;c Uirr>rain &SII Di:inMi)iD?Mf ru.rr)y aid- l. i:< r*l J'lut !<? <i? ?ani'*l Wii-jIcod). 4 4 Martial UugcMul 3if The prevailing In lief on jesUrdsy morning wa<. tl.it Louie NiijioVon find two ?i tht red republicans would be i< turned nr perhaps, one red republican and Marshal Bugeanl. This latter, hi wever, wu- rather u possibility than r probability. Othen, more likely to be a< u-iinti d wlto the TOte*. to Ur an they had prom de?j fp?ak o&nfid' ntly of the rtturu of the govt rntu* nt . .indldate. . Kould an l Aiiaui. We are nut di?I' i ll to think tli. Jatt< r will succeed in oon^eijuence if tie dirisions which bare taken pla-^e in the mod^r*U* party, a proof (if irJiich is evident is the fact that, to nettle or terminate the disputes, Ui? National engug'd to support MM. Kould and /ioget, (<Ju Nord ) on condition tl.af the Con$l,tutionnei mpporU.i K. Adam This tl.C itt.'iutiimntl to prevent the triumph of rt d P'publ'i ?nlft>i j romised to dn and performed iuviolably 1 h>* Xi t anal, on the rtlur h?f?d it is said plajed t.>ul. and substituted for Kould ?u i Jloget (?t ih1' ln?t?-nce of ??fj i ?Talynso) ltor?C? i> ft%j ;?ui lierrai* ; thr consequence of which ha* titan that the CtnUttvltonntl {tut* forward Marshal Buireaud, the legitimist. It Is rnnoKd that a reconciliation has taken place between the two branchee of thu Bourbon*. Whilst the government party ia thus broken up. the ifd republican* Mem to be almost unanimous. Wiih the exception of the banlitut. where a ,treat number of vote* have been recorded by the ouvrim for Louia Napoleon, the red republican or socialiat party have voted, without exception, for their three candidate*, Haapail. Tbore, and Cabet, ao that it will be almost a miracle if any other party sucoeeda in- ] d?ed. the only point in which they have not shown good diplomacy ha* been in publishing. in the Rrpubliqur a letter from Gen. I'iat, announcing the withdrawal of Louis Napoleon, which was noaooner observe i than the General had Paris placarded with bill*, headed "Infamy' Infamy'" and denying the authenticity of the letter Thia being *o soon (three hours after) count< Turfed nrn<lureii an effect onnosltn to that intended. Hf MT(t*S vote* were given to the Prince during the day, in consequence of the deceit practiced M I.ouis Blanc, to kid hid party, published a letter in the Reforme. denying that bo had written to the clubs of Paris in suppert of Louis Napoleon. M. Blanque also wrote, from hi* prison in Vincennes ,ln favor of the socialists, whilst on the part of Louis Napoleon. Generals 1'iat and Montholon appeared. There never has been to exciting an election in Paris before or after 1830. Not only has Louis Napoleon become popular in Paris, but in the provinces he ia equally so. He has been proposed with favorable prospects in four departments, the North, the Yonne, the Moselle, and Corsica. He will also be proposed in the department of the Orne and Charente. 80 certain was his eleotion in Paris, that on Monday the Prefect of Police mentioned in the Aicembly that he had no doubt of it. and that his colleagues would be two of the red republican candidates. The three latter would have been returned but lor the troops Whilst Louis Napoleon is thu?, as it were, forcing himself prominently before the French people, and becoming every day stronger, General Cavaignac. by a pursuance of policy tUe most despotic, and in point of principle, most anti-republican, is daily retrograding. To add to his unpopularity, some events have lately transpired wbiob we must not omit to notice. In the course of a recent debate, the General dropped the remarks He was the son of a member of the oonvention, and he was proud to be the son of such a father.*' This was the substance of bip| icmark. The opportunity was too good to be lost. The Memorial Hordetais ripped up old sores, aad endeavored to prove mat, instead ol pride ruling me General's mind, on account of hia progenitorship, he should have substituted shame. Amongst other charges, it adduced the ca?e of one M'lle Labarrere, whose father bad proToked the ire of the conventionalists, and to save whom from death ho submitted to the degradation of being dishonored by General Cavaignac'x lather; notwithstanding which, her father was muriered. M. Cavaignac was also charged with having seoonded a motion made in the Pepular Society of Au^h, for the purpose of bringing to the scaffold a number of members of the convention. These statements bad created so muoh ill feeling. that the General found it necessary to reply to them, which he did by citing, in reference to the last named charge, the debate on the subject, which took place in the convention on the 13th Prairial, year III , and which completely ezhonerated his father from the charge. As to the statement brought forward, respeoting M'lle Labarrere.he produced two contradictions of the report, printed in 1810 and 1844. Let the faots be as they may, now that contradiction has been given to the General's statement in any quarter, none regrets more than he does his having alluded to nis father. The debate on the constitution is progressing, though slowly. On the article regarding capital punishment being brought forward, a long discussion, occupying more than one sitting, took place. Some would have capital punishment entirely abolished; others would except military breaches from entire abolition; whilst a third, and successful party, declared for the organic article or clause?abolition of capital punishment for political offences. The (ith article, declaring that slavery would not be allowed in any French territory, was passed without a dlsLentient voice. The Tth article gave rite to some discussion. It ran thus:?" Kvery body may freely follow his religion, and Fball receive from the State equal protection in the sxercise of worship. Ministers of churches now resognued. or berealter to be recognized by law, have klone right to receive salary from the State " An intendment, refusing to give support to any church, Aras rejected. The 13aron de Thoin presented, on the 16th, his letter if credit, as Chargi d' Affairs of Austria to the Krench D?>nMU The number of insurgents of June, confined on the lf>th of September, was? Prisoners in good health 1,880 Do. sick 416 Women 155 Children 33 Total '2 483 Of the 415 sick, 182 were convalescent wounded, which reduces the number of prisoners laboring under internal, acute, or chronical affections, to 233, or about L out of 20. The Assembly on Saturday, gave proof positive ef the growing unpopularity of Cavaignac, and the Executive. A motion having been made, having for its object the Fending of missionaries (deputies.) into the department, to ascertain the state of public feeling ,was violently opposed by almost all parties in the Assembly-, an adjournment took place; next day the journals came out with the hint that the project was one of Cavaignac's, to raise the provinces in hia favor. This increased the storm, and on the resumption of the debate, the fall of Ministers was broken by a proposition of M. Marrast. compromising the matter, which at once pasted the Assemby. Indeed, all movements show the declining popularity of General Cavaignac. The fete at Boulogne had passed off without any disturbances. The Mvnittur du Soir, announces that the departure of M. 1'aecal Duprat, has been adjourned, in consequence of news from Vienna. The real truth of the matter is. that his mission was a private one. and to be considvrtd as such. In a vain-glorious moment he wrote to the Assembly, requesting leave of absence, as he was leaving on a diplomatic mission to Austria. This begot interpellation, which resulted in his suspension. It is supposed that a vigorous ellort will be rtade (so soon as the 15th article, which relates to the mode of choosing the President, is before the Assembly,) to elect General ( avaignac, without appeal to the people, which would be attended by defeat. Spain. From Spain there is nothing very exciting. Cabrera, on the 8th inet , was at Vich, with a party of 400 men. Letters from l'ampelana, of the 10th. mentioned that another Montemolinist outbreak wr? at hand. i Count Mtoaniol's resignation, already brought out. was owing to a dissension with the military commandant ! at Madrid. The convocation of the Cortes was fixed for 1 lie mouth of November, but it was not decided whether new elections would take place. General Narvaer. was irclined to have them, in order to ex elude iwes* rs. Salamanca. UJozaga. and others, who are lut lubers of present Cortes, but Messrs. Mon and i'idal thought OthtrwUe, so that it was doubtful how things might eventuate. General Narvaez, after a quarrel with the Queen methcr. had again made peace with her. The Carllats were daily gaining strength Cordova bad )eft Madrid to capture Cabrera, if possible. A conspiracy , on an extensive scale, had been discovered nt Saragossu. Civil ?ar was imminent in Navarre, the Basque Provinces, and Arragon. Denmark. Advices from Denmark speaks of the Prince of IIolBtein Augustenburg endeavoring to convince the Schleswie deputies cf their folly in opposing the armistice. M. Kranke, of Schleswig, was, in consequence to move its ratification, and. if so, everything laoks fair for peace. General Wrangel. the Commander-in-Chief of the federal army, has resigned his commas d, and set (II tot Potsdam. < rrmniiy. From Germany, there is liottiing further than that M. llerrman ha* resigned his commission to lorm a ministry into the Regent's hands, declaring his inability to accomplish it Prussia is still the scene of much military rioting. Several persons had been ar rested in Berlin. M Von Beckerath had accepted a con-mission to form a ministry. Serious military riots had taken pluce at Cologne Berlin, and Posen. A nutria. The Austrian advices are very unsatisfactory, so far as regards the internal peace of that country. The Emperor was becoming most unpopular, in consequence of his being looked upon as prevaricating on the Hungarian question. Disturbances had broken out at Vienna on the 1.1th inst. The Kmperor had addrefeed a very friendly letter to liaron Jeilalicb, the Bann cf Crotia. urging liim to fealty towards him. Hungary. in Hungary. mutter* are assuming a mo?t gloomy a?pect. hfessuth liad resolved upon having himself proclaimed Liictator or I'rcgident of a republic. The 1 Uann arrived at Agram on the (ith lust . >?Uh 56.000 nu n. Ife crosltd the Drave in two places, without opposition ? the llungarion National Ciuards Hying t u hit ar t reach Italy, TLe nev. s from the North of Italy is not Tery impoitnnt. \ arious rumors were atloat respecting the armistice. Some rep< rts were to the < Uect that ( harlen Albert was determined, at ull ri*ks, to renew hostilities; and that (here 1 a probability ot their b'ing I returned may be inferred from a statement, which h?n

gene the rounds of the pros.that I.n,timid and I rauce , hud both declared th?ir d-termination to abide by the | tern s oflered by liedet/ky some months ago, when on ! hi*retreat before the l'lednionlere army. one ol which was the evacuation of ixmbardy by the Austrian*. It is absurd to supp e Marshal Iiadetzky will, in bis present circumstance*, conaidtr him < if bound by Mich terms l.'.O (/CO men would enter,the field with < heries Albert An Italian Confederation hud bten iottiiid. 1-ioin \ enice there is no.hing new. M< llj". There is no doubt of the lull tf Messina. whatever may exist as to the detail* regarding it. (in the 8th, Ill .. 1 II . .L.U?I UUK U? . jn. .... . ?J III "U I II m. era! place* by congroTe rocki'tp. The inhabitant!) abandoned it. ?nd tied into the country. The N?mjolitii tioeps in medlati ly landed, und took pmohsiIito of the burning town. Keports eince received state that the Sicilian* had. preTiouely to leaving, under- \ mined tlie town, nnd th?t. on the Neapolitan* entering. they tpt ung the mine, killing all of them. Englmid mill ImIixihI. Our Ki pllih new* po?*eMieg little interest Nothing ! wui< taking place in Ihe political world of importance. l'on>ol? wire iieavy. though tolerably tletdy. 11l? unsettled Mate ot the Italian question, ' ,i itild to the llleh trouble*, had cau*ed them to be L ore dull then they would oth< rwi.<<?bfl. The C{ueen war well. * od ft ill at Iialnxral 'I he liifb insurrection. which *n? announced in our laM ac!Tin *. hac conlinui d.ajid tlii* morning'* advice* liaduN to Itok l^r anything but trani|Uility for hoiuh I lime 1ft c ine Ko/irlou* hna the disturbance become, Hut ail partien pof>m miIdk wealth ?moveablo or otherwin' ?ti? lmntening to the larger town*; and an j i .mi me t?.<ly of military were preparing to dcour the mountain* 10e*pr*. (J Urien. Leyne. and JMcVtanug, Willi M&ia other* weie remored. on Monday, under errc rt to < lonmal.to *t?nd their trial at the comiuieMon. J he fdvl'-e" fm-ijinif the potftto frop are "till di?. | t r ours (tin* Markets, however. are not advancing. R The weather being fair, will probably hare an effect in J. keeping provision* and grain low. Bank of France Return* to 14th Sept. ?" DIBTOB, Capital of the Bank Frana 67 900.000 00 Capital of tbe new branob banks, 23,350.000 00 Keserve of the bank 10.000 000 00 Keserve of the new branch banks 2 OHO 760 14 Reserve of the bank in landed property, 4.000 000 00 Bank notes in circulation 318,07 6 600 00 5 Bank notes of tbe branch banks 61.027,600 00 ci Bank notes pa) able to order 9S1.82S 10 Treasury account cuirent creditor.. . . 41.128.328 42 Sundry accounts current 79 686,734 30 A Accounts current in tbe branch banks. 23.724.384 00 Receipts payable at sight 2 896,800 00 Receipts of the branch banks 2,318,318 00 T Draughts of the branch banks, payabla by the bank 6,213 463 46 ? Diangbts of the bank, payabl* by the ,, branch banks 2,390,770 00 Dividends payable 847 466 26 Liquidation of the Algiers branch bank 962.134 04 ? Sundry discounts anticipated 1,166 692 42 01 Sundry discounts in tbe branch banks 1,441,102 00 k Re-discounted the last half year 422 932 27 ^ He-discounted in the branch bank. > 641 210 00 Sandrie 189,153 11 1 II 643,743,001 51 CBBDITOB. Cash In hand Franci 124,845,624 81 Cash in the Branch Banks 05,878,370 00 Commercial bills overdue 268,629 36 Commercial bills not jet due, of which 18.702 87 If were received from the _ Branch Banks 76,071,468 4CT Commercial bills in the Branch Banks.. 123,270,87 0 63 Advanced on deposit of bullion 14,411,004 00 >1 Advanced on French public securities.. 34,033,906 06 = Advanced by the Branch Banks 1,310,904 00 Advanced to the State on Treasury = bonds of the republic 50,000,000 00 Bondi on the loan of one hundred and fifty mlilious 25.000,000 00 01 Government stock reserved 10 000.000 00 Government stock disposable 33,902,413 02 m Lodge din public securities by the Branch ?! Banks 12 806.741 39 Hotel and furniture of the Bank 4 000,000 00 p Landed property of the Branch Banks.. 2 621,754 00 On account of the loanlof 10,000 000 to the city of Paris 500,000 00 Interest in the National Discount office. 200,000 00 jnierrni 01 me oiu umi in me Depart- w meats in the National Discount oftices ? in the towns 230,000 00 Commercial bills protested and not jet bi paid 16 923 616 71 Commercial bills Branch Banks 9,387.611 00 Expenses of management 263.761 07 F1 Kxpenresof Branch Banks 205,308 00 (J Sundries 723,927 87 Treasury bonds to be consolidated 6,997,270 00 P; t( 643,743,061 61 j Latest Intelligence from Ireland. Litkrfool, Sept. 20? 6 A. M. n The mails from Dublin hare just arrived, and by the a< letters and papers forwarded by our special oorrespon- 16 dents, we are in the reeeipt of several items of interesting intelligence. ts The emeute, noticed in our express despatch, for- I* warded per the America, appears to have subsided. At V present all appears to be quiet, and the rebel camps, as _ tb certain portions of the Southern press facetiously tl called them, haYe broken up, the insurgents returning g, home until more favorable times. o; Mr. Doheny is still at large. The constabulary are not able to detect his place of retreat, and various and 1 conflicting are the rumors as to his whereabouts, not a ^ few continuing to assert that he is ''sure and certain" within the precinots of Dublin Castle, waiting to be called up to Clonmel, to give testimony on behalf le of the Crown, against Mr. Smith O'Brien, Mr. p< Meagher, be. th Alluding to the State trials, we may observe that the v( preliminary arrangements are now nearly all com- jyj pleted, and that the commission opens at Clonmel en g& to-morrow. The judges are to be Chief Justice lilacsburn, Chief Justice Doherty, and Judge Moore. It is j usual in this country, in special commissions to try treasonable offences, to name three judges. At the m trials of Arthur O'Connor and his .associates at Maid- 6e stone, in Kent, the number of commissioners exceeded three. At the trials of Kmmett and those implicated tj in his insurrection in 1S03, five judges were named in , the coramifsion; only three eat. The trial of Frost 01 and his associates, at Monmouth, in 1839, was con- gt ducted by three judges. The commission will open, unlike ordinary assizes. lor the country at large For ordinary purposes. Tipperary ban been divided into ai two ridings, the assizes for the north being held at Nenagh, for the south at Clonmel, with separate grand ' and petit juries. It has been decided that this division ai of the county does not apply to the case of special commissions, and the grand and petit panels will both be returned for the entire county. Notice, we under- ic stand, has been served by the Crown solicitor, on seve- jji ral ot the prisoners, to be ready for their trials, under this special commission. The persons who have so received notice are Messrs. ,t O'Brien. Mtagher. T. B. McManus. O'Donoghue. and Maurice Leyne. Mr. Duffy is not included in the number to be tried at Clonmel. The latest particulars re- jjj garding the arrangements of counsel are stated to be, < that it is certain Mr. Meagher will be defended by Mr. Butt, Q. C., and Sir Coleman O'Loglilen. Mr. Ilenn, 1> Q. C., and Mr. Whiteside, Q. C , are both retained for the defence of Mr. Smith O'Brien. With reference to Mr Ilenn. We believe that his services are claimed by F the Attorney General for the Crown, and that up to last night it was not definitely settled whether he is to act on Mr. O'Brien's retainer. We should observe tc that it would be a piece of gross tyranny on the part a of tfce Attorney General, Monaghan, to compel Mr. Henn to act for the Crown, inasmuch as Mr. O'Brien r< is a pretty near relative of Mr. Henn'8. th Public curiosity still runs very high regarding the appearance of Lord John Russell at Clonmel, as witness on behalf of Mr. Smith O'Brien. Only fancy the g< bantling lord." seated on the table, subjected to the . filky foundings of a Whiteside, or the overpowering interrogatories ci a uuu; an me oia machinery, 01 the reform bill agitation taken to pieces, and its uses dilated and commented upon, for the edification o<* the ' choice spirits of t lonmel; the threatened march of li three hundred thousand Birmingham men to London. n and "the Dukes" quiet query of, "Where would tliey get shces TM Lord John's animated letter B to Lord Melbourne, breathing sturdy and determined s, aspirations lor ( hjsical force displays on the part of . ' the people"?the "great unwashed.'' a yearning, in |r short fcr the practical carrying out of the "brickbat lj and bludgeon" if the then intensely whiggish times. The question is asked, and asked with avidity, too, c' ' Will Lord John go to Clonmel?" 'Tin, without ci a doubt, a most perilous locality for a Saxon Tremier, . tbat bustling town in sweet Tipperary. Slievenamon lowns in tullen and majestic majesty not far away; and the men of the collieries cr ot ilallingarry, might certainly take it into their uncivilized and peasant c, pates to meke a stoop, eagle fa.-hion. and carry of! the cion of the house of Bedford to the hills. Certain it 6 iPj tbat Mr. Totter, the Limerick solicitor, has acted his ui part well, in serving" the 1'remier ; it will be for the latter to take heed that a subpoena way not have the n | elU'Ct of introducing him to ' a 1'otter's field to bury li | strangers in." j The latest intelligence from the counties of Kilken- . , ny. Watetl'ord. and Tipperury, is satisfactory, a< re- 6i pards the iib-ence of lebellion. A special messenger, ? whom we have sent to those districts, wr,tes us to say. that Tipperary is tranquil. At Carriok-on-Suir, the J sei.t or centre of tl;e late outbreak, there is at present r{ not the least manifestation of further disturbance. The ' camps" which Were formed have been broken ' up. and every man has departed for his own home, with ), the exception of a desperate few. who are still wander- . ing about the Cameragh mountains, in the county of l" Watcrford. Our reporters add. that although all is ti quiet, for the present, it is their opinion that the distui bonces which took place lost week will be renewed v again find again, during the winter, even should the v loss of life amongst the people be much more serious than it has been on this occasion. The inhabitant!* of I" tbu districts alludfd to. aie becoming every day more t>] and more reckless. ns thefearot famine growsstronger. The new agitation lor a rotatory Parliament does not appear to roahe progress. Mr Bernard Osborne, pi M. T . has replied to the circular, declining to joitt the a^sr ciation, although not opposed to the object it has In view. A deputation watted on Lord Clarendon ' yesterday, to advocate t)ie construction of a packet ol station at Limerick. 'l b'{reports from the several districts, as to the state of the w< a>her and the progress ul of the harvests, are satisfactory. The reports respect- is ing the* potato disease are less discouraging. Commercial affairs at Belfaf t. Dublin, and Cork, are repretented ns being very dull; the funds, at Dublin, were ci not loner, but. in general, very few transactions were recorded therein. f' Mvrri^oH'nttoii Market, September I!), Il The market, since the suiting of the steamship pi America on Saturday last, has been very quiet, but on the whe'e stfndy. and prices, peneraily, are well r" supported, so tiiat we eunnot make any change from th the quotations lait noted The sab s. yesterday, were about ??.( 00 bales, npd to day t 000 changed lmods, in- ^ eluding "00 ft r export, the market closing quietly. 'a I.Im ;)!Oi'I 4 oiii Market, September UK tn 1 lie supplies of giain, and prain produce cming fjr- i word to this irmtket Iron abroad, are limited During , the *<ek ending September 18 inclusive, thelmports 'e vtr? 1S,SM qrt. of fttit,8M <tn rf ?a's. SMIfp>. of larii; '1'. 10 qrs. of Indian ci rn, and :i 1 ads of Hour. At 1 hit day's mar Iti t. Ameiicou wheat sold at 7s ti l a jli 8'. -Id per biifbei ; Indian corn was a good deal Inquired l^r ntid there being few parcels of sound quality i n i ale such war iold at prices varying from .'16s. to :ts.4 per qr whilst the rates demanded for Indian meal were 18b to ]l)i per bl. The demand for flour win . limited acd price - remained as la4 quoted: but h'.njjlish I' was Is pir rack lower. o' Convrvi ion in Uki ssm,*.? A convention whs to b? held ki lltU6i-elii*on the 20th, 21etaiid 22d ot last ui> ntli. ritiinposi il of persons Irom different oountri?s, I1 for the purpose of inlluencltiR the public cploi in nt' V the I hristinn and civilized world, in favor of sub'titutibK feme other and more rational mode of fettling international differences than an appeal to brutal ]>i ltrre Die 1 litre practical points that m-rc expert'd to he 1 >rr-itjflit forw< rd for consideration and diitounlon, w ir ttie introduction of an arbitration olMM in nil BH intt 11)?tlf>niiI treaties?the establishment of a hifth ]; court of nation'. for the settlement of international dii|iit<F and the.jreneral dharmament of nation*. <'< The llTltltiOl to Attend the convention HUH matlned |? to those who h< Id that, nil war in inconsistent with n spirit of < hrhtUnlty. It w?i> expected that many de- >" Ii nates would be present. More thin one hundred lr would proceed thither from Kngland. anions whom . was Klihu Burrltt of this State, who ba4 doubtle.** ?xerted biui??ll in getting up tbe convention. m VEW YORK HERALD. | onAi-Wtit Corner of Fulton and Nauaaitb { JAHKI GORDON BKNNKTT, PROPRIETOR. AMUSEMENTS THIS IYIN1NQ. PAHK THEATRE Navai. Ekoagevkkt* Madams imii p in t? m< u Linda of Cmamovhi arc Ta?* 11, &c.? &mbba1da. BOWERY T11EATRE, B*wery? Brn a Wire and Have Hirk-ftlUMJlA Ciocca and 8u.n0* Ncai?hcbcfct Ma ill t, BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway Robt O'More? hi ltlllD dragoon*. RATIONAL THEATRE, Ckathan BtfMt?Ebmbbaldi? Tiruin amd Mimii or New lou-Kiaa in thb abb. HIB 1.0*8, ABTOR PLACE?Tm* Lm or LvWl-Inmv nm C'oicut iy litBMiiiic litrtio SociBrv?Tub S?> ibt. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamber* itreel?Thb Toodleb? otitn Uatir?Captubb or Captain Cutilb. MECHANICS' HALL, Broadway, n?ar Broome.?Chrutt'b mnitl't-ETHioruH Bibbing, ike. SOCIETY LIBRARY?oampbbix'b mrnnu MINERVA ROOMS?Tatlo*'! Campaibbb. MELODEON?Yibsiria Sbrenadbrb. NEW SOOR, 333 Broadway?Phu-obopmoal Ei?t*rtai?- ] "" 1 BROOKLYN FEMAI.K ACADEMY. Jorolemon street al'BICB SrKAKOKi'H'a Qrand Concert. New York, Thursday, October 5,1848. , Actual Circulation of the Herald. et'r 4, Wednesday 22,848 oofiiea. 1 The publication of the linrninpc Edition of the Heratil comencea yesterday at 8 minutes before 3 o'clock, and finished at 5 inute? piutti o'clock: the tint Afternoon Edition commenced . ft minutes past 1 o'clock, and finished at 20 minutes biforc 2 i clock; the second at ft minutes put 3. and tlnuhed at 2U minutes Mt 3 o'clock. I The Fonlgn News by the Hermann. We are in receipt of five days' later intelligence ' om Europe, by the arrival of the steamship Herlann, at this port, last evening. Full d^ails will 1 e found in to-day's paper. ' Ireland continues in the same a'ate of quasi in- ' irrection in which it wn* at previous dates, amps of armed insurgents are reported in various 1 laces?beacon ligh"> are kindled on every hill- 1 >p?general dicatisfaction appears to prevail? 1 le troops and constabulary are harrassed and an- 1 oyed by rumors and reports?the English press re still endeavoring to make it appear that there ' no apprehension of an extended outbreak of a )htical character; but, at the same time, the mill iry are constantly on the alert?are foiled in every 5ssible way, and general apprehension prevails. Whether the insuigents reported in arms lorm le nucleus of a revolutionary army, worthy of le name?whether there is an extended or. inization or not, or whether the masses f that ufllicted country really contemplate king a stand in opposition to the governlent, and invoking the God of battles in vindicar *1? ?_ -i a 1 on OI liieir c.mrucicr, aiiu iui mr icuuvery ui tieir political and social rights or, not, we cannot arn from the conflicting and half concealed rejrts of facts before us. If the occurences lat have recently taken place there, were de;loped previous to the capture of O'Brien, [eaglier, Arc., fee., a short time since, we should iy that a revolutionary movement had in reality )mmenced ; but we confess our disinclination to rm an opinion of that kind at present, and will )t do bo, until further and less conflicting mtellL ;nce of a similar character to that just received tall be before us. Taking into cousideraon the topography of Ireland, and the habits the people, a system of guerilla warfare ich as appears to be in operation there, would iquestionably be the be6t that could be ado.->teds id would ultimately lead to success, if the ople had competent leaders, and were uuited nong themselves, of which we have not any [formation worthy of being used as a basis ir opinion, one way or the other. The news, owever, is decidedly warlike in its character nd may be more important than the English lurnals are disposed to admit. The Italian question was unsettled at the deuture of the Hermann; and the probability was, lat it would not be disposed of pacifically. The elligerents were augmenting their forces, and therwise preparing lor another appeal to arms, ranee, too, was not idle. The army on the froner was in the highest state of discipline, ready to ike part in the struggle, and thereby commence state of things that might lead to a general Eu jpean war, the end of which might not be untij ic whole continent was saturated with blood. Late intelligence indicated the probability of a ttlement of the difficulty between Denmark and iermany. From France we have no intelligence of 1mortance, iurtlier than that Prince Louis Napoleon as been elected for Moselle. The English jourals represent the state of things in that country s rather gloomy; but we see nothiug to justify uch an opinion. Cavaignnc may be obliged to ly down his authority ; but he being merely the istrument of the National Assembly, it can be onfided to other hands, in the event of such a Dntingency taking place, and consequences, of le character predicted, obviated. Cheap Postage.?It is said the Postmaster has ome to the determination to recommend to Confers. at its annroachinc session, the adoption of a nifoirn rate of two cents postage on ull letters ot weighing over half an ounce. Nothing that as hitherto occurred in the administration of the epartment has prepared us to expect such excesive liberality; but it is not improbable that, like II men of peculiarly odd mental constitution, Mr. ohnson gmy, by a hop-step-and-jump process ot itiocination, have bounded to an extreme directly le reverse of that which has hitherto been his obby. We shall rejoice if this recommendation e made, and if it be adopted. The experience o1 le last eight years, in England, has proved the ad" antage to the people, and the saving to the go* ernment, of a system of cheap postage. The exerience of the last three yeaiB in this country has tiown that niggardliness is the worst policy that ould be pin sued in the management of the deirtment. It is not only in regaid to the rates of postage lis niggardliness has been txhibited by the head f the post oftice department. The larcre cities. rid more especially the city of New York, which i the key-stone to the arch of the commercial ostein ot the Union, is left without those failities for business and social communication njoyed by nil the great cities in every other civizi d country in the world. The most ridiculous irsimony is displayed in* the business arrangelents ol the city post ?ft ice. Citizens residing in le upper portion of the city are obliged to travel ules to mail a ietter; and, in addition to the posge from one oilice to another, they are compelled i pay the cairier two cents on every letter The apartment undertakes, lor instance, to carry a tier from "Washington to New York for live nts, and, in addition to this, for delivering it, if le peison to whom it is addressed live but live linutett walk lr< m the post oilice, there is an Ktia charge of two cents. W e have too frequently had occasion to notice te manilold mistakes, d< lays, miscarriages, and llicr annoynncef to winch business men, (and one oftener than ourselves,) have been subjected} uring the present administration. We have cornlainccl until we silto}:t ther despaired ol a remedy. I e have even tii< d to conx Cave Johnson into dicioui) manag' rn?nt. We have often taken uno to praise htm lor any good he may have done, iid wiflnd, with the most genuine aim erity, that e hud given fto more frequent opportunities to ud him. Many a piece ol meanness that had Hue to our piivr.te eur, have we overlooked, npir.g our cleinenej might tend to his improve- | lent. The rumor we mentioned at the coinirncemeiit of this article, may be true. He may ive repented. His heait may ha\? j?rown soli nd larger. Our gentle admonitions, administered from time to time, and the sett dews of our mercy, so olter exercised in hi* behalf, may have produced a salutary effect. If so, we shall rejoice. The country will rejoice. The business community especially will rejoice. But we have our doubts. Several months ago, a plan for the free delivery of letters, and for the improvement of the mail system in this city, was submitted to the Postmaster General, by a gentleman of much ex,whence in post-office business, and who for several years has devoted himself to the study of the subject. This scheme, which struck at the root of the many evils of the present system, wa9 in effect as follows:? 1. The gentleman making the proposal would contract to deliver, free of charge, all mails, domestic and foreign, to their address in this city, three or lour times a day m the business portions, and twice a day, or oftener, if requisite, in the upper part. 2. To deliver drop letters for one cent each, if Congress consent to reduce the postage to that rate. 3. To furnish, at his own expense, all boxes, pouches, wagons, and other articles necessary ior the safe keeping and delivery of letters. 4. To establish several offices in different parts the city, where letters intended for the mails may be deposited, and whence it should be the duty of the carriers to take them daily to the postDffice, free of expense. 5. The persons employed by the contractor to assist in opening and assorting the mails in the post-office, for the purpose of securing greater despatch in the delivery of letters. The conditions on which this contract would be undertaken are as follow : That the Post Office Department pay the con iractor, annually, lor ten years, an amount equal to the loss it sustained in 1847 on dead letters returnsd from the New York Post Oflice, and for advertising the same; that is to say, about $8,000; and, in addition, should hand over to him the amount of postage received from drop letters which, as before said, he would have reduced to Dne cent. [The amount received at the PoBt Office in this city, in 1847, for drop letters, was $fc?J7 58.} This plan, if practicable?and of its feasibility we are disposed to judge favorably, from the expe. rience and intelligence of the gentleman who would undertake the contract?would be most beneficial in its operation. .Why lias not the Postmaster General given it a trial ? Or, why does he not adopt some plan which may facilitate the business correspondence of this, the greatest and most important, and, to the general government, the most lucrative city in the Union 1 We shall wait most anxiously, and record most cheerfully, any sign of improvement we may observe in the views or policy of Cave Johnson. Meantime, we shall suffer, with as much patience as possible, the evils we at present groan under. We shall again try what mildness can effect. The Northerner, Captain Budd, from Charleston, had an exceedingly rough and boisterous pas i u.. cage, uuu uu x ucruuj cvcuiug, wi'.oiuigcu u/ mita weather, after pausing inside the Hrok, to anchor, in the Horse Shoe. Continued gales from S.S.E. to N. East, prevailed during the whole passage. Her dates from the Southern ports are, nevertheless, later than have been received by mail. The whole voyage was a trying one, and the (mssengers united in their approbation of the skilful seamanship of Capt. Uudd.and tendered him their thanks, in a briel and well expressed letter, which wan signed by all on boarJ. Police Intelligence. Exttntive Fobbei-y V>tcovrrtd, and Recovery oj Munet/.?It wil^le recollected probably, by many of our reader*, that on the 3d of May last, a package of bank bills, amounting to $1,803. wax stolen from tye exchange office of Houghton & Co., No. 63 Wall street; and tince that time, no positive clue respecting the thief, w?8,discovered until yesterday, when ex-oonstable Joseph. and officers Jeffrey and Wade, of the 10th ward police, succeeded in arresting a black woman by the name of Ann Simmons, and recovered $1,128 of the stolen money, under the following circumstances :?This Ann Simmons, is an old black woman about 60 j ears of age. and ut the time the money was stoleD, the was employed by Mr. Houghton to clean and sweep the office, and otherwise keep it In order, in which capacity she had been for some time. On the afternoounf the 3d of May, the clerk in the offloe, in taking up the packages of money for the night, the one above alluded to waB accidentally pushed behind the drawer, and thus it escaped his observation. But not so with the old woman, for upon her scrutinising eye being thrown about the drawers, she soon discovered the package of money; and as the temptation of so large an amount of monoy TiTeKeTitinir itoplf. cnmnletelv OTnrcump hev heretofore honest intentions. the seized the package of monty and carried it off. fecitting it away without touching a dollar for many dajs. The next morning, when Mr. Houghton came to business. and the packages of money overhauled, the one of (1,803 was found misting. This circumstance created much surprise, particularly as the clerk was almost confident that he placed that package among the other*, as he was in the habit of doing all packages nightly, for safe keeping. The black woman at first wan suspected, but upon questioning her on the subject she appeared to be fo innocent and honest in eII her answers, that it was thought impossible the old woman could be guilty. A Ttry unpleasant feeling was then experienced among the clerks, lest some ungenerous imputation should be cast upon them, a* the disappearance of the mon'.y was that of great mystery. A few weeks parsed along, when the old woman said to Mr. Houghton, that, as she was getting old, she thought she would give up ofiice cleaning, and go and live in the country with her daughter. " Very well " said Mr. Houghton. " Ann. you can leave when you please." And Ann lvft accordingly. This passed on for several weeks, when the facts and circumstances were related to Constable Joseph and Mr. Stewart. Clerk of I'olice. who immediately set to work, aided by the two officers, Jeffrey and Wade. The residence of the eld woman was discovered, which was located at a place called ( ailville.on I.ong Island, four miles from Brooklyn, a short distance front the railroad on the side ct a hill, where Ann was living in clover with a house full of new furniture, consisting of marble topped centre tables, sofns. divans, handsome carpets, girandoles on the mantel piece. French bedsteads, mahogany chairs, and a handsome wardrobe, consisting of silk dresses, and all the other etceteras to match.? Next door to her dwelling house was a neat little country store, which the old woman had paid $67 for building Tl.is she bad stocked with dry goods. and fancy aillcles?thrsads. tapes.&c., possibly worth between twoand three hundred dollars. I'pon the officers' scrutinizing the old woman's premises, they felt satisfied that she bad more money at her couimaud than she had come honestly by. On this suspicion, they kept a strong watch on all the old woman's movements for several weeks, and yesterday was the day set down for the purpose of making a descent on the old woman's domicil. in order, if possible, to turn up the stolen money. The matter whs then laid before Justice Tiinpsou. who gave the officers the necessary instructions. and granted his warrant, at the same time, for the arrest of the old woman. The officers, in the afternoon, started for the old woman's residence, and arrived just in time, as she was dressed, and about leaving the house,for New York. She was then taken into custody, and the officers proceeded immediately to search the house fur the stolen money. After starching bureaus and trunks without success, they came to the Are place, which was fille J with wood. This was speedily removed, when lo ! to their utter surprise, they found a package of bank bills, with silver and gold, amounting to $1.12S In this package wero near $1,040 in bank bills of $60 nn l $20. and all identified by Mr. Houghton as the money stolen from his office, the balance. $b"f>, has beeu evidently spent by the old woman in purchasing furniture; the house and lot she livis in she has purchased, and likewise the little store- next door, all of which, no doubt, she paid for with the stolen money She has been acting with a griat deal of cunniug throughout, as she only used the smaller notes, such as $'2's, 3's. 6's, and 10's; the $50's she was afraid to ell'.T for l'sur of detection. The money, until within the last few days, she had concealed in the woodsbetween some rocks ; and from the length of time since the robbery, lulled all suspi UIIIU. nn UD IUUUKIIV, VI HIT n*C guilt. 308inOUgBt flic would bring the money into tlx- hou ;e, and scarcely had it heen in the house a week before the officers pounced in upon her, made her ? prisoner, and recovered the money. Krom the appearance of the house, the old woman, lier daughter, and grand children were evidently living in clover, ax the officers observed shillings sixpenny pieces, and quarter dollars . lying over the house indiscriminately, showing that money was plenty, and that a few dollars more or less was cf " no consequence." At the time this robbery w?s announced come of the chiefs vigilaut c Ulcers wi te on the alert for the thief, as a nvrard of $f>C0 was oflered for the recovery of the money, nnd the nrreet of the thief, but without success, as it eventually turned out. Justice Timppon commit ted the old black woman to the tombs for trial, nnd from the tombs, possibly, the foolish oil woman will terminate her existence in the State prlton Mtteh credit is due to all concerned in this sirest. as the job has been done up in a complete manner. $J00, we under,staud, will he awarded them lor their services. (limn* Diswistnl.?A few days ago we noticed the nrrcsttf Frederick A. Heath, keeper of an emigrant hosrdiiig home, at No, ICO Greenwich street, on a rh?rg> of committing an indecent nKsault on a woman liy the nan e of Margaret Blake. Thi.? case was Investigate.* yesterday before Justice Timpson, when no e vidence was thown before the magistrate to substantiate the acci ntion; therefore, the magistrate at or.ee dinnif ed the cue. Mr. Heath keeps a rerpeott tie hoarding hou r. and Iranian incapable of being guilty ( I the eliatgi tl ti < falsely alicgeii against him. iiini.il /,'iitn |/. Ofllcir Stephens arrested, yesterday tuo fellows,called William Johnson, alias Soldier Ulil hi d Ji hn ,\i'i oy, alias Anderson, on achnrge ol uti ulirg a l< t i I woolen hose, valued at f40, the pro ptrty of Hi'lxrt himld No. 172 Chatham s^eet. Juslice I np?on riiiuiuitted theiu bo'.h ti> prison for trial.