Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 10, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 10, 1848 Page 1
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^ i<aM? ; ^ TH NO. 5242. THE GREAT FREE SOIL MEETING, IN TIIK PARK, BY TORCHLIGHT, SPEECHES OF Joliu Van Burcn, and Others. At an early hour a great crowd began to assemble at the meeting, appointed last evening, in the Park, for a demonstration on the part of the free soil paity, and the supporters of Mnrtiii Van JJuren, ior the Preside icy. At about ha'f-past Btvru, iiiuny iiiuubuiius n;iviiig upsriuuieu in irum of the City Hall, amid the glare of torches, bontires, and brilliant illuminations, the meeting was called to order by John Cochrane, Ks<i , who nominated Henry Evertson, Esq., as Chairman of the meeting. Mr. Evertson accordingly took the chair, amid the loud cheering of the vast multitude assembled. A number of Vice-Presidents and Secretaries were then nominated. Mr. fiLoicif tfcen ascended the platform and addressed the crowd. He faid he presented himself before them, on this occasion, to lay bejore them an aoonunt of the prrceedtngs of the Utloa Convention '''hat Convention had met uud*r an extraordinary condition of thing*. It bad been called, acoordiog to the established UMtges of tho democratic party usages uch as had always been observed by the party. New questions bad tprung up in that Convention, and throughout all section* of the country. Demoarats had always beeu opposed to the extension of human slavery in free territories (Loud cheers.) Mr. Tliden 1 hereupon proceeded to show that the battle of thu do- | mccrncy upon the old issues, which formerly hid been I before the country, had long since been fought, and ' he ma trained that tbe genuine democracy which had j assemlledin Cenventiou at IHica; they wno were now arrayed in opposition to the extension of slavery, were the democrats who had fought that battle. The sec tion called the hunkers wa? composed of mea who had been In the dangerous cruis of the deuiooraoy, either i conservatives or whigs. Mr. 1' next proceeded to speak, first, cf Mr Van Burer 'he selected by the jtica Convention t > carry cut the piinoiples of freedom and of the democracy. in the new Ksue whioh had now come tefore the country. Hu then defended the no. ruination of Mr. Adam*, aud urged the reasons which led him (Mr. T ) cordially to award him his support. After tome further remaiks, on the policy of Mr Jefferson, in laboring to prevent the extension of slavery Ibeyond its original limit', Mr T. proceeded briefly to ditciiFH the question itself of the extension of slavery In free territories. This part of his speech was received w tli 1( ud and enthusiastic a >plauB?. Ind e<J, It was surprising to see the unanimity of feeling n Ibis tOj ic In such an iuimenre and miscellaneous oriwd. And though tome fa!nt efforts were made by one or two individuals, in remote corner?, tj get ip h Shout for ('ass, yet it was evidently a signal failure.and the u? fey r. ordir. barmonv, aud unity of thought, reemadto pervade the whole of the Immense mass of hum4l|.J??iiiss, numbering n>t le;-s thin lifteen or tweifty ifeaui'and. TowarUn the conclusion of Mr. T's remark*, a rich scene occurred A tar-barrel, blazing furiously, was rolled by come boys along, till it came near'the speaker's stand Tbe crowd naturally enough aade way for tbe flamiog mas', and it appeared for a moment, as if the oombustiblu barrel was rapidly coming towards us wko stood upon the platform, aud would literally burn down the barn, where was prepared so much grain of wit and eloquence to feed the expectant crowd It was a moment of excitement: but the barrel disappeared, and the crowd filled up, in an instant, the space it- flames had made, and peace and quiet resumed their reign. In the vast assembly. When Mr. T. had concluded, loud calls were made for John Van Buren. The chairman announced that afier the repoluti* ns were resd, Mr. Van llnrcn would address the meeting. This announcement was received with cheers. The Williamsburg Olee Company then stood forward, and Fang with great eifect. and in a beautiful manner, the following song FREE SOIL POLKA. ? *iTTO ron Tin ri!<n van fhk?*?Vs clvh. Air?Jim Vrom Polktu What means this crowd that's gath'ring here ! Thej'rc cwnirg still from f*r end near, "A itn i>houta luecunding high and clear, V c are the free noil vo.era. CiioRi n?Oh. then boyt, and strike to day, For freedom and lor freedom's eway; Oh! h"W delightful 'tis to say. I'm a free soil voter. We plant our flag upon the wall. Resolved w ith it to stand or fell. la lighting f< r the rights of all, Wc are the free soil voters. Let others work for plaoe and ip?il; j For natural rights we'll ever toil; Our motto is. " Free m? 11?Free soil;" We are the fie^ soil voters. The curse ot s'avery fl stl not te The wedding gift i f li?>e* ty; Otir territories shall he tree; Me are tbofree sril vcUrs. Orir country sl all not bear the shame With which the South would load her name; On every hill hums Ir edom'e flame; Wc are the free eoil voters. Come one. come all, this is the hour VI hen freemen must make known their t>owcr: And slavery will Tall and cower; lit fore tlie free soil voters. J oi i x Cochrane, then came forward, and proposed the following resolutions:? Resolved. That th'.' polit ce of tho times indieate procisely with whom remsin tho principles of democracy; that the abssnoe, fiom tl.e field of discussion of the financial and commercial i|ae-ticnswh'ch 'onn?rly <e*!nrd po'i'ical differences, permits other l*rtj tests than t' osc which, even it demanding attention,still, ?s but nttest'ons of expediency, should he, as they h&vo been, l>>stpomd t > the consideration 01 that on* of vital importance, the' freedom "f our land; that if nl ance may In' rerosed on the <!cclared io'ent ons with which General Lewis C'.ss paved h:s Juihtoan mica'ion f>r the Fretideney. ws shall recognize in iim but the instrument of a party contending for the conversion el free territories in o slave dominions; that we doubt not that CSescialZacbsry Taylor will adfere to tboee principles which, as they are precUitntd at the North and the South under the H'lspiC!? of a trrty of promiscuous composition and equivocal intentiors. both sustain freedom and support s'averj; that, therefore, they who li ve litierty and hate oppression, who would that thi first should, oiiT the ruins of tf^ ;as\expand to tho full jtvtun and dignity of Aicvriotn freedom should lie enrolled In the ai my and do battlo in the ranks of Martin Van fturen and tho free dim ciacy. Hesolv. u llmt we regret tVc necessity which has eompellcd theNo th to take position agsinstthe attitude of the South. As America's we will deprecate and avoid every differencs that can impair the stiength or endangor tho continuance of our I'nion; bat as freemen, we w ill protect that principle whose Injury must c nvert that Union into a Union of slave*. This is our idea? immea. urablv, .supremely above and tevond all other Ideas?and tho toot objection of its oneness to the vitality of our psrty, fails in the consideration that it is to be found in an issue, forced by tho South upon the North, and the decision of which involves the integrity of that one idea of liberty on which our luititutiooa repose. Resolved, 7hat we think contemptuously of the m'nd wnich discovers in tVe extension of the area of fr edom oau?a of the depredation of the South. Could nature so belie herfelt that tho presenatii n of their " ina'ienable rigthi." to any portion of nankind, must le attended by proportionate viola'ion of those of any o'her forti(r, we say, perish tho-e tightsdependont on the slavery of otl cr< rntl.ei thnn one t Ulo of th' se be injured Uiatgirn consistent with the r'ghts of all; that our conetitnt'onal and our federal f isti ry speak to us, through the <roioes of the Jcffersons, tl.e PiBekn'vs, tho l<ees,ai.d the Randolphs of the South, against ti is miserably false pretence. It fsnot so. Tlio sue'ess of the fiee irtaeip'e for which we contend will reestablish the lost email ty of the States- lost in the insidious inaroaso of the slaee States Irrrn six, their or ginal and constitutions! number, to fit' in the tven'y-rno voice* ami vo'ei which Southern eh*ttel(l iven |>c [afH- strong the retTe?enti'lvii of a free people at Wai-hir.gtor ? lost in the limited wealth, in the low intelligence nod in tno inferiorcivilijati.'ii ol ti e South. Wo would restore this lott i i|ualiiy ; and >o far fiom desi-adirg any portion of the I'rion, we m'an to elcxate the whole U> the porse.uicn of that freedom wh-'ch, alene, thorld le ti e na:ional < hurarUrMio. Reaolv d. That 01 r ienfe< reject the audacious ass-rtion that the < xten?ini <f slav territory at the Sou h will nt>ate the evil at the North. Aside from the ahsuidit>- which it involves, that tin evil dielii cs in piofertioo, and expiras with the austenance it prtcorea, i xpeiience las taught, and the history of the ' pocnliar inititutim " itfe'f manifests, t'.at the slave owner tf the "Old 1))n inlcn" l>n ei? in Increisinj! gang, and amasses an aeenmulat ng hoard, ji ? * the demand lor slaves Increases with the dltVus on of slavery, over free territory at tin S^nth. In tho year l7i*V When Aula I a Mi rjnsippi Ix.iii.-oan:> Arkansas, Misaoiir:, Tenji?>.?ee. Kentucky, and Florida, were frve i-oil, tl:o slave population van fiT/W, In the year 184(1, when s'avery had spread over this free soil it iiimhtred 2 487,35/V, hti >g an in reaae, in tlfty years, of 1,787 4ft7 slaves. The oxtervien of slavery to new territory, instes'l of ahating the evil. In Maryland, Virginia. Kentucky, 4nil MissonH, where it nimlered. in the yetr IMO, slaves, has n n tiplied tlx m to 77'' in 'he vear IS#), showing an in amie in tlilr y yiarsof 1S5,IK)<'> alaua. The oxi itcncc of slavery dej rr'Is on its diffusion. Riso'ved, That the pri-lena'ons of tho whVi are Indleron* fll'inli. tnai trey tire arriving tor me iresaom 01 onr ifrnmnn while latcring for the election ef a I'residont nommitted fur their ut.iugation: that as General Taylor's tetters reach 11 m, we perci lie the article for the North to bu tihetured by other ingrciients llicn those compounded for the consumption of the South; and tl r.ttach of th* two gram! dlvlaions or the whig party, which at enc rtctrapMcal point recognizes hi* resistance to the ex'ersion of a a t ri, nnd at its opposite, reports his advocacy of the same, is in ili ii, er. cn the abatement of it* controversial heats, ofbuiug os nv I, w r it y confronted as Mere the celebrated champions wh i, afltrtl * . -.toggle for the illvtr or gold complexion of the shield *t tin crt roads lenrneil, in their exhaustion, that faeh side wore an < i tosite aspfct, tut adapted to the peculiar views of him who battled fn its immediate vicinity. Resolved, That if General Lewist'as*, after hit gradual change", miiy ba presi tncii to ho at rent, we pronounce him. in his p osent attitude, to le the I eirer of the blaok smii'ml of slavery. If, liowrver. he s'isll be disci.r^il to he still in a state of projro slon, we unite in the hope that *' the nolo and confusion" of an nettvt campaign >hnll not be permitted to Intercept anv tidings that ho way jmssHny authorize, of hla trantiMon to a firm soil. In thf mean time, ?e perceive n > recommendation to Ills support. Hit aol'esion to the South is ttiiverse to the North, while his e.|tiivoov t!on t w;irds o ther condemn* him to the just suspicions of both A? enltghtfi I'll policv ilictnten peaceful relations to the nation l.ut his oflinslve p*edileotlnig and apparent anxieties for forelgi War. admonish us that his suocessftil ambition will elevate to tin Presidential. hair but an incarnate enst/s If Ili with the nations o the earth. Kwolvt-d, Tliat we arc averse to the postal system whose re turns Ir government aha I exceed its expenses. Ooabtfnl as m?1 he the pnliev of a resort, to impost for a national support, tlia which lajs contributions, also, upon epistolary oorrespondenr Imposes a tariff upon thought, limits the intelligence, hy obstruct in* with a high postngo the commnricitions of he people, re lves fcr tl o use of tlio voalthy the sole vchiole of an Imnortan class of cnrient, familiar sntl domestic Information, and is to b unreservedly eordemred us antagonistic to the spirit of our in Mbttieaa. and the gcntral welfare. Wo therefor* domand olioa T> 'i-'sge for the iwople. Resolved. Tliat we cannot permit tlie oecaalon to poss witliou reaffirming our adherrrio to a jttdlclonl system of river and har l>or improM' as Indicated by the Just demands of both fu reign and inter-State comment We therefore commend to th< early and attentive 'eons deration of Congress tliat they rendc What assist aura, and provide what aeeuriiy shall consist with that constitutional power* thereto, as expounded bj the lament*) filial Wright. ItMolr?il, Tliat no .tgtin aulwanij insist upon tU? Cm (UiUibi E NE * MOB tion, under ?uita>'le t' oidental limitation#. of tbu public lamia to actual Feitlerv. We do not doubt tflat tills meaaure will fill o ir Wt?:*rn wildau itli unirecedenUxl numN-ra of h irdv, industrious and boueat immigrants of all nations; spread over tnern with nnruralietcd ce.eritv the tii-ld, the hamlet and til- village ; and mul II.?l nlii, Hint a).all I... I . ...I . . |-art*cijmte in our Union. aa inde|* ndcnt and free, Hi TbiCtiie ii flnence of the federal government upon nor local gtav and general election! incn a e? with every recurring year. Ni t a ><> 1 it opet ed lor a oity constable, not a ballot out lor a Slate oflicer, not n general elect ou KMMMbtliat is not prapar td hj eamanics M VI aaniuKt<>n, am! directed by the witak i tiots?r ii llueucfd by tie preMce of ti<*.waiters and ou tornh< U3f c'.erk3. When we reflect that tlie rep iblic liTea by the freedom of the ballot-box, wt pronounce this to be a violation of prin oiple not to be endured, and an abu?e uliich must hi corrected ? V e ti.? relore approve i.f tl.e amendment of the eouati'ution of the United Stale-propoaed b* a revolution of the Senate of thiaSiate, on the i&th of Octn1 e-, 1847. authorizing Corgrvra lit To provide by law that any of the otticera of the United S'.atesjor any State or territory, fr for any aubrtiviaion or por. t on theieof, shall b i ccted by t e el ctnrii of such Stite or torritory, or noire aubdiviaiott thotcof, and to pmc-ibe the manner olMich electior. 2d. To prescribe ly law the duration cf the official term a of all tern s i f all officers of the Unit d S'tttes. the durat oo of whuae ilf.cial urnis is not fixed l y the oouetitntiou; thj ea-.ea in which any ai'ch olfuer may be <urp' ndeii, or removed from office, bof.ire the cxpiia I'm ol tl t ternt for which' e ahull have been eleoted or ap{>oin el. the officer or tribunal of which, ard the manner in wliici ii spei aion or removal shall b? made, and ti e manner of filling ar.y varai cy iui aaionod by auch auapengion or removal. Riao.ved, 'J hat we cordially approve thu proceedings, and roof firm the priacip ea promulgatedb> the Buffalo Contention, Mere- ' c(fni2e in liaitin van Uuren.i'a nominee for the Presidency. the candidate ofoi rSiaiedemooracy, jireviouiriy nominated at Uura, and thcpeiaon e?Jo)irg above al! other pemona the confidence ot' the free dem< cracy u? the Union. Il'l.e' ingChaa. F. Adama to he tl tingle-minded and honest hearb-d advocate of the d-eirinea of our party, ilie de|H)?itory, 1 oth by education and inheritance [ oi the tree friito| Kf toward? ?l.< ?e promotion to the triumph of on American r< v. lu ion, liis ancestors coLtributed, we shall accor.i t<> him anil to tlie whole ticket our united support Heso.ved, That we have received with lively emotions II.e prooeei'inga of the oonven Urn assembled at L'tica.on the 13ih ultimo. We to thu unity, reeognizu the affluity, and eolu tlieen tliuMuMii of its uim.hers ?nd its |r nciples. M e uluim ,'olm A. lots as tin' vigilant ntir.ol the tree t xpenent. ai d the faithful fri> no of fne ituni crary. We know 8ethII. tiates at committed by woids and di eds, *iih fervency, to our iiuse. Charles A. William I'. Angel', aie nscoinmcnili d to us by their etliciem-y promiuence inuclmlfol free aoil and freeiuou. We rn.lty tl e ticket thus eoinposid of men wbese ability hat illustrate! tluir country n tl.e halls f the nation, whose private virtues ornament the social, und whose integrity sh'nes in the political w. i\l, ami >ve shall extend to it an earnest an I a true Bipp< r'. l lit* above resolutions were greeted occasionally during thu reading, with loud applause, whereupon, being put bv the chair. they were carried by acclamation. At this itnge of the proceedings, the upward flight of ii)numerable rockets anul a distant blaze of colored light approaching in the distance, announced a spectacle, which at tlie hour of the night, and in the sylvan Fcenery of the beautiful Parte, lighted up as the whole was by a bright golden blase of colored light, all in the mii'st of so many human beings assembled together, was really both grand and striking. Added to this, the loud and enlivening music cf a well asserted band, cooibired, by its lively tones, to increase the interest and excitement of the scene. This spectacle which for a moment interrupted the meeting, arid directed every eye towards the bright moving cbjtct which approached, was a procession of the 14th Ward, which came with banners flying and drums beating, to join the assembled crowd and add to the demonstration. Having arrived in front of the platform it was received with loud cheers and huzzas. Then innumerable rockets and other tireworks were discharged, after which the procession moved round, and becoming intermingled in common with the previous meeting, the proceedings of the evening were resumed, and Mr John Van Buren stepped forward to address the masses before him. It was a ^lendid und imposing spectacle, the moment when Mr. J Van Buren mounted on the rail of the platform to addres* the crowd below and around him. The procession of the Fourteenth ward, blazing with r< ckets and lights of every variety and tint, amid banneis. and accompanied by loud music, had just arrived. The cap of liberty, which camo with them, and several of the silken banners, were brought up UJM IJ liitf (J1HUU1UI, ttUU UU1UIIVU ttUU Wtlivru ttVUUUU j him. then a sudden glare of redlight.produoedby some sudden illumirutl- n, wa8 thrown over the placform, representing Mr. Van Buren, as it were, enthroned on high among banners. and iu light, a prominent object to an assembly, numbering not less than fifteen 01 twenty thousand persons. The effect at that time of night, lighting up so many human faces, was eminently imposing and theatrtaal. Mr. Van Bciien having now advanced nearer to the 1 mass below, on the outer edge of the platform, was re ceivedwlth tremendous cheers, renewed at intervals, and increasing in loudness and intensity. The clamor and loud huzzas of a warm and enthusiastic reception having at length ceased, Mr Van Buren said Kkllom Citizkns 1 congratulate you on this splendid assemblage It speaks well for the intelligence and independence of this great oity and this gre*t State. It is a great demonstration of the deep, the pervading interest which yon take in the great and important question which is now agitating the publio mind? 'What is that question? It is not a question which concerns a bank of the United States. It is n?t a qui sticn which relates to the independent treasury.? No ! These are not now the questions which call forth the public feeling. Yon may travel throughout the Untied States ircm one extremiy to tile other, and you will never hear any of these questions agitated. The great question which now pervades and arouses the public mind is the question of slavery?the question of the extension of slavery?whether it shall be extended in its area and enlarged in its action and powers, and carried beyond the sphere to which the constitution limited It, into territories free from Its curse, and where it has hitherto been unknown and 'inheard of? (Shouts of applaupe; " \y. that's it: that's it.") Mr. V. B. then went on to describe ana depict the effects of the eUre institution upon the white man. stating that, according to the preponderance given to the slavtholder in representation, the man wno buys and hoids slaves buys for himself so many votes, multiplying his own person and power, as for every five slaves which he possesses he has four votes; while the free men of the North, and those who hold no slaves, have but one vote each man. Thus a slaveholder is made equal to four white men, by buying five slaves, and to as many more for a* many more slaves as he buys. Mr.V.B next proceeded to show the increase of slavery since the constitution was formed, by which it was permitted in the plaoes where it then unavoidably and unfortunately existed, lie [Stated in this view, that whereas, at that day, the total number of slaves held in the Union was but sixty thousand, now their numbers had increased to three millions. If, observed Mr. V. D , they are. by yon, permitted to goon increasing in the same ratio, the votes of slaveholders, In virtue of the slaves they hold, will soon outnumber the votes of all the freemen In the United States. Mr. V. B. then proceeded. in masterly and strong language, to depict the effects and influences of slavery, in all places where it is suffered to exist, upon the poor white men who are found living among them, not being slaveholders. It degrades them to the lowest and moot infamous degree, both socially as well as politically. But, said Mr. V. B., we are told we must not agitate this question?we ought not to agitarte it. Mr. V. B. then took up this point, and argutd it in a strain of keen irony and cutting eloquence. He showed that Jefferson had teen th<< first to agitate it: that Washington had agitated it, and that the Wilmot Proviso introduced in '4?i by Mr. Wilmot. of Penn., was only a reiteration of its prohibition from free States, which prohibition had first been decidedly and effectively insisted upon by Mr. Jefferson, in 1783, and by every great and distinguished man of the democratic party. Mr. V. ; B. denied, however, that the north had introduced or commenced tbe agitation of this question. He threw I the charge of having done this upon tbe Muth. The I south itself had been the first to agitate tms question, i The touth itself had been the primtt mover, and had ] taken the first step in making this question the great . political question of tbe day. by making it a test j question in relation to the Presidency. Mr. V. B. then enumerated tbe several southern States | which had prominently acted in this view, and which had declared that they would not admit any rnan as a candidate for the Presidency of the United Slates, unless he was known to be. or acknowledged himself to be. favorable to the uuqualified | extension of slavery over any and every country where the slaveholder might choose to carry his slave*, and set up the institution. Thus Mr. V. U. attributed to the South itself all the agitation of this question which 1 nd ensued, and that it by it* course had f( rc d the North either into a blind submission to its outrageous claims lor the extension of slavery, or to an honest cp|0 ition to that dangerous, fatal, and evil evtvt.n'nn lli rn Mr V II entered into a il??cri?tion cf the course (?en Cass had pursued to obtatn th? nomiuution of the Baltimoie convention, by surrendering at once, and without term* or toudt^on*, to ; tl;e di mnni? and commands of the South. Mr. Van IJuren here a'so gave *n account of the manner In which the voice ol New York had been shifted and its delegation excluded from (Lat convention, by a party bent upon throwing up everything into the hand* ot the slaveholder. and yielding to all his demand*. The South required < ieneral Citato yield to it, and conform, and he did bo implicitly. Under thaso circumi stanc<s. Mr. Van Buren naked how oould (.ieneral Cass be (1* < med to be the regular candidate, when it wan not a regular convention' when It was a convention where JetNrson wouM not have'been suffered to hold hii 1 opinit n? lie thought it was idle to call such a nomination a regular domination, for (ieneral Caen had been nominated at Albany, and fo convinced wore his supporter* of the irregularity of hi* nomination, that they even bad contemplated another convention to iiftlrm hi* acknowledged irregular nomination.? Mr. V. B. then proceeded to examine and diacu** the ; j MltMUlMM wwbjf the supporters of (.Jen. Cass, to ; be at the tame time the opposer* of the extension of ' slavery llo^he inquired, could thla bo the case, < when they went in support cf a man who wna un ' ) 11 ui vocal I y in favor of extending slavery, and under ! whose influence it would be extended? How. with | Mich a nomination and auch a nominee, could the; pretend to be cppoard to the extnunlon of slavery f when their nominee wa* only made a nominee on the express condition of avowing himaelf In favor ol the unlimited extcnaicn of alavery, and when he had J explicitly co avowed and declared himaelf ? Having 0 in a masterly strain of eloquence and argument, de moilshed eireotually thia pretension. Mr. V. B went on to state the definite ground* on which hi ' wa* oppoaed to (ieneral Ota*. They were, first" Because he had exclusively conformed to the vlewi n and will of the southern slaveholder*. Second Because the ticket on which he stand* a* tlx t nominee is. unquestionably, an irregular tiokot. H< (Mr V. B), if he voted for Cass, would hare to bolt Now, be would not bolt for him, though he would b< willing to bolt for th# cause of freedom. (Lou< chter* followed thl*. as well a* the other pointed re 1 mark* of Mr V. B) The last reason h? would givi I why he oould not vote for (ieneral ('as* wa?, aimpl; ' I the reason, btcause It would be of no wUUj mtmamam m n%i- m i W K NING EDITION?TUE1 to vote for him in thin State. (Load and gent rv 1 laughter ) Tbrre wan ?o man lirlug. who inmgintvl fUfh ? thing powible an that Mr Ca*n nould carry thil? State Every v?te for Ca?i (naid Mr V. 0.) in half a yote for Zacliarv Tajlor. The noa'e-it lay between Ovneral Taylor and th? Buff ?lo n< minee (Low'd ct ce-f ) Lewis C <kx bad n? more chance than Lott.1" Philippe, (laughter ) the mm whom Ca?e had ao much bepraint'd and flattered. The Taylor nu n accnte uh (e*>d Mr V H ) of hurting Can*, and on the otbi r band tbk> Cash s en accu-e uh of hurting Tuvlflr. both tiirn In and abuie ua linmninF^tnt* *Rid Mr. V B Call you that good treatment. inquired Mr V. B , whon W ar* they pretend H-Jpin? tbem both1 (Great laughter) Mr V B ne\t proceeded toexpre>a his rlmrw concerning Ci?n Taylor But, raid he, wbat la the u?e. when the General (a eTery day explaining in a n?w Jlgtit his own vle*s i n evtry f<rt of question*, except #uch a? *ere not bef >r? the people. (Loud laughter ) Thnuih O-n Taylor wan no? sixty year* Ot age. he was but ju*t entering upon public life ax civilian, and w?< about to pact bis vote for tha brst lime this fail. (I.aughttr.) Mow could he. (Mr. V. B ) tell ho? th? old man would rote, unless b? knew what hi* views were? He saya he is a wh'g but not an ultra whig, and yet be is a dee'dud wbig. (I.aughtnr ) It seems to be his principle to profess to have ncfprlnciple, and to haye never voted yet in his life. If the country bad many such decided whigv the demrorat* would buve it all their own way. But the o!d man. it stoma, was nominated because he wn availab'e He was known to be a Southern man, and a Iiri.l>n1,l, >. Ik.r., f. ?... ?V... W' n .. .. . I v?.,i? ...u. up forced bis nomination. Th'< nomination h%? -iime bten supported. though it is notorious to nil the world that be w?s put forth as a Southern man aod a slavuholdtr. He (Mr. V. B ) thought it whs idl? and preSo-terous for a freeman togive hi> vote to man who uvs and sel's men. He(Vir. V B) ha t understood however, ibiit the whlgs of tlie North were to he whi| ped into hie support That said Mr. V B.. an awkward piece of business. But where were they to b* whipped in? Into what principles? Into what organ'zati(n? There nas none This was the position of affair* which led to the Buffalo nomination. Mr V. B then proceeded to vindicate the course and conduct of bis father from the aspersions cast up>n him, and to rhow that his actions were not motived, as alleged, by opposition to n democratic candidate. if such there bad been regularly nominated. In corroboration of this, he showed that Martin Van Buren had faithfully supported Mr. Polk, when regularly nom nated as the regular democratic candidate, tie. the spi alter bad been told that the Bufi'ulo nominee wm attuated by personal feelings in the cours- which he oas taken; but what, personal feeling* could hi* have? lie supported Mr Polk, aud Is not thiU. enough to di'prove i' ? He d< clared too, at the sam* time, that his | uhllo life was.for ever closed. That (VilaraUon he has aJbered to. But New Vrrk bad no candidate. The deroocratics of New York presented no nomination at the Ballimorn Convention, and at Utlca it only assertrd that the glorious principle of freedom should b-i carried out. But it has been said that there is personal revenge to be gratified In this matter, aud mat mose 01 11s wno deprecate tnu extension or slavery, do so for the purpose of injuring Gen. Cars. Now this State wan whig last fall. When General Uses was nominated forty democratic paners opposed him ; therefore it is idle to suppose taat this movement was intended to defeat him It is, to be cure, intended to defeat him, and to defeat ( Taylor too. for nobody will start a candidate without thinking of electing him. Tossing from childhood through every station of public life to his own satisfaction, and arriving, at the decline of life, happy, healthy, nnd contented, no human being could be lers inclined to enter public life than the Buffalo nominee for the Prefldency. He now solicits no man's vote. If be did so. he, the speaker, would be the last to advocate his cause lie stands the exponent of certain principles, and those who believe with him will rupport him Those who differ with him will oppose him. Much already has been gained by the agitation of this question 13y the discussion of it we have got Oregon free by law. We have united th? non-slavehelding community to a great extent. Mr. Webster eajs we have discovered at last where the North 1b? (laughter)?but I am afraid that, in his opinion, we have not discovered wbero the nerthstar Is?that we do not find it over Marchtieid. Now we are told that the agitation of thisquestion is goinx to dissolve the Union. Mr. Benton says that the women and children of this couq?.ry could preserve the Union How can it be accomplished then, when the North only stands up for bur rights' But on what ground is the I'nion to be difsolved' Why, beoau?e we assert the non-e*tennon of slavery to new territory. If that be a cause for the dissolution of the Union, why was not fhe work of dissolving it commenced before'this.' | The pirformanee ihould commence now. when we | have Oregon. Why wait for further prohibitory , legislation on the subject ' Mr. Calhoun says that this free soil movement will sucoead in 1S52. He Is a man of great intelligence. He has been a polit ciaa from his childhood, and his opinion is entitled to careful consideration. My word for it, if you make the politicians of the country feel that we shall succeed in 1852. wo will not fall short in 1848?(applause)? for 1 find that in this free soil movement there is a great dlspfsition to come in early, to take the first train (Laughter) .Again we aro told that we are agitating the question too soon. Why there were only six slave States at tbe adoption of the constitution, and rince then they have increased to fifteenHow. then fore, ran it be too soon? We have had Texa brought into the Union by a war. It has been charged by Col. Benton and Mr. Dix. that Mr Polk promised the annexation of Texas should be accomplished. and that Mexico should get some compensation. This Mr. 1'olk pledged himself to; but he pursued another policy, and what are the consequences? Troeps were moved, by the advice of General Taylor, to the confines of the Mexican territory. " For," faid he, u if the government intends to insist on the boundary of the llio Grande, you must move troops to that line " And a collision was I the consequence. Mr. Van Buren then went on to | say that the Wilmot proviso has been made a teat by the South in this election; and the question is. therj luing fifteen slave States and fifteen free States, whether the next States that will be admitted into tbe Union shall be free or not. We of the North say they j shall be free. (Applause ) They of the South have forred this question into this election, and. as Mr. Calhouu truly Fays, it is of vastly more importance than any other, for it ia one which will operate, one way or the other, for all future time, and it must be met now. Now ia the time to aettle it. The indications of public sentiment show that no sgitatlon so recently commenced ever produced such important conFequences us this has. They attempted to compromise It south of 36:110; but such compromise was defeated by a Congress representing the people of the non-slaveholding States Four men n< nn 01 ifle roiomic. noweyir, Town mr urn, ooiu|iri;- i mise. Three of them lived in Philadelphia One of j them. Mr lng?r-oll was defeated in n r'nomination, I and the others never undertook to get renominated. Thdr constituents will dispose of the remainder in ( their regular order?(<>ro?ns for Ingersoll)?after witch, I think, sonads will oome from them like those 1 which I have just heard from you. (Laughter.) We i have even electoral tickets in slate-holding States We have tin electoral ticket in Missouri, in Maryland, and even in Virginia we have an electoral tioKet. The public n.ind every where is agitated on thin | great mlijt ct. Kvery where there iw energy and ectliusiaun for the free soil party. In the F.vst, from Maine lo Massachusetts, thr people are alive to the importance of this question. Old Kaneuil Hail, the j cradle of our early libtrty. is rocking to the sounds of freedom. No man can say at the present time ?hat the result will he. Take the West, flroiri Miifcouri to Ohio, | and no safe man can undertake to say what the result will be. hut as a gentleman recently told the candidate nominated at Buffalo, he could not say what the precise result wonld be. hut he would say the people are getting npa"griat thinking," and when that is the! case, one-half the work is done. Hitherto tho conventions have done the thinking for the people, but it is a good thirg to see the people do their own thinking as well as their own voting Sir. Van Buren then read a letter from Oh'o. giving a flattering account of the freo soil movement in that quarter, and then directed the attention of the audience to the State of New Y< rk. which he said he was sure would go for the nominee of the Dulfalo Convention. He would give his reasons f< r that opinion. There are Sedgwick, Stanton. Willis Hall. White, and others ?men who have o*cup ed feats in Congrets and other high offices, who have crme out and supported tho Buffalo ticket. (Voire, "Where's Oreeley ?>') S es, the gentleman asks whete is tireely ? Well, that gentleman who has avowed hostility to military chieftains, proposes to vote for a general who. he heretofore declared, brought on tie war l>y the movement of the troops under his r.dvice?who has declared his opposition to slavery, and intends to vote for a slaveholder ? who has doelated himself in favor of land limitation, and being suspected of anti-rentism, refuse* to vote far the nominee of lancl limitation-the . gintliman who hu been the advocate of the adopted citizens, now propones to vote for a candidate cf the native .American party. Rat it in some ! consolation to know, that having considered the prin t'ipt* availability a bad one. he now proposes to vote for < ieneral Taylor, beoause be thinks bo can be made | available to defeat somebody worre (Laughter ) But he premises, when we iticceed, that he will go for us That Is some consolation too. These are some of the reasons why New York State will 50 for us. What is tbe tire In charging us with being abolitionist*, when all we with to do Is to carry out the policy adopted by Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Van Buren then read a

letter from Thomas Jefferson to a relative, show! ing his views on slavery, and continued:?There were the opinions of Thomas Jefferson, who had a true idea of the great prosperity which tiiis great country would ultimately reach, i.ook at this great Union, now numbering thirty States, hap| py, prosperous, and marching on a career, the extent jr of which no man- can predict. But ours must be a 1 uiifflon of peace, nnd not of war. We must extend the area i f freedom, not of slavery. This Is the milJ slon r.f this people, nnd they will discbarge it fearlessly. It Is thia principle that will carry them through, i The people of this State are satisfied that now is the time to press this [great question to a result. They , have seen the aggicsslons iiractlsed on us; they have ften the outrages Inflicted on tbe democracy, the l*j. R mlt? heaped on them the sacrifice of their eminent B statesman, Silas Wright, for whose destruction, the Miiestlon was originally raised. The people 'jf this ? S'ate will rally on this iiui stlon It has t/??n said I that tbey have no time to do *0. Why, tber? are four weeks yet. before the election, and if that is not long j enough, eternity itself would not be ennvfth. . Mr. Van lluren set down amid groat applause, and # tbe meeting shortly ftfkrwardi adjoarnfd. )RK 1 SDAY, OCTOBER 10, i Caaimon Conucll. or * i.i k>>i> ?. lvIod<'?\. Oct U?MorriitKrank lii>i l*re?i<li nt, iu the vtittr The reading of tlx pro wt iliigi. of the i h-1 meetiay ?u dNpeoiied with Wuhumtburg Firry?IV*itlou fon the inhabitant o< \V MiHoinbur ' relative l? She Williamrtbnrir Kerry Feeried. hitpail In m the Comptroller Hhuwlnx tlm amnrnl I prut rin'ed if educational pu.-pnseH from Septmnb.-T 18Jl> to September lfc4S to be **10 13'J 74 Report favorable to appropriating J.S.i'OO for fitting up tlie i.ew ouuri rooms. io th? oldf'ity Hull Adopted. ( ommunication from the Alui* IIo?ei> CommifiRionerii, r li.tiv# to obta a ng p ?r No. 37. Km-t Rivr for the accomodation if the Alius House Department. Kelt rred Commur.itahon fiom the Street CnmalMonnii, asking lor an ordinance to provide for the raising of the grale of Ro> irvelt flreet Iteferred W??A,?jrun Syvore ?Report favorable to rounding tl.e comer* of Washington square. and adverse to Midunkbg the sidewalk.* in Woostt*1 and .McrUjngal Mreets Adopted Twentieth sir eel.? Report favorable to pi/rla'g :50th Hreet. Adopted Aid. Cmiii oalled far the report of the conmittee relative to the \*iliiamsbiiTg Kerry Aid. Matmamd stated that the committee wern not J et ready to report, in oon>>e<iue nee of not .having bflen ab'e to thoroughly iuv?stiyale the subject. liidurlinn in Rent of Pier?Report favorable to reducing i he rent of the frier at the foot of Cedar strjei *1 it>, iu txvor of R. L ( rook. Adopted. Siius? He port favorable to lc??inK the slip* at Belli vu? to Da>id Wond for t> li years Referred. Jivvoimmrt.t .? Resolution flivorable to aDDointir-' Dr J < ran* af visiting pliysioiau to the Penitentiary Hospital. Adopted. C oin iitunica lion from the Compl roller ail vicing the psyment. ol <?1 0U0 to Theodore Setltfwlek. for legal serTic* n rendt-red the Corporation. Complied with Ih ln rt lavo able to changing the ordinance relative to the Alius liougo department. Adopted. Auining l'-iis.?Resolution famraMe to removing the m oden awuiDK posts from Mercer street, on or before tt:e 1st of November next. lUferred Fiie .Harm Btll.? Petition of the tlremen for a Are alarm bell in the nelgeb. rhood if Clinton Market. lief rred Afier disposing of some other papers, of minor importance, the Board adjourned until Monday next. A;si*r*nt Aloermcm.?Wilson Small, Ksq., ProsideLt in lit thair This l!oar<4 met la?t evening. acpord'ng to appointmi IT. '1 be minuttg of the former meeting were read aL d aj proved Bowling Green Fountain.?A petition of the residents ol the 1st ward, 'or the removal of the prenent mass of stone in the Bowling Oreeu. and the erection of a fountain suitable to the location. Referred to the Croton Aqueduct Committee Petition of Abraham L Cox and other*, to have oroi-s w?iks laid from 14th street to the 4th avenue. Union square, referred. Enlargement of the Battery.? Report of the special committee on the enlargement of the Battery, with a 1' "" < UU1U "" ? ? u? printed. ltenort of committee on filling up vacant lots on tha southerly side of-id Hitet, and on the northerly side of 23d street between 2d and 3d avenues. Adopted. , tilling Sunken J.nts.?An ordinance from the City Inapt-dor to fill low and sunken lots, between 24th and 2?th 6trcets, east ef 3d avenue. Adopted. Stopping a Policeman'i Pay.?The Committee on Police, Watch, and Prison, reported a resolution, withholding the pay ot Charles Bloom, a policeman of the 17th ward, directing the Comptroller not to pay his t-aUry. he having been illegally appointed by Hit) Honor the Mayor. Adopted. Lighting Ludlow street willt Gat ?A resolution was adopted to light Ludlow street, from Grand to Houston streets, with gar Pojiert from the Hoard of , lldrrmen.? Tli" o tr'l concurred with the Board of Aldermen in ap $10 CIO to be paid for alms house purposes '1 his Board concurred with the Board of erm?n in appropriating $4,000 for thu iiuprovemou roads and canals. A1 o, a resolution to instruct the Con :i >r to make arrangements with the lessee of pier . -7 Fast Kiver. lor accommodations on the easterly I ; said pier, as a depot lor Alms HOOI* departiuent. Petition.?The Alderman of the 10th ward moved to suspend the rules in ordor to olfer a resolution to take from the files of last year, and re commit to the Committee on Streets, a resolution in relation to grading, in West "1 hirty-third st.reet. Adopted. I avert from the Board of Aldermen resumed.?Papers which passed the Board of Aldermen nt their last meeting. w?re taken up. and the action of the other Board concumd ir. Aniong them was a resolution to appropriate $8,100, in addition to Bum formerly appropriate. lor the purpose of fitting up and furnishing the court rooms in the old Alms House building and completing the alterations in said building. Alto, to return the thanks of the Coinmon'Counoil to the eaptain and crew of the packet ship New World, for the part they took in rescuing the passengers of the burning ship Ocean Monaroh, with the presentation to each one of thn irfillAnt. man of u ennv nf the resolutions in reference to the subject, passed in the Boi rds i f Aldermen and Assistant* of this city. .Also, tbitt Justice| VlctJrath be assigned to the 1st district police court bulls of justice; thnt Water street, from Peck Klip to ( atharine street, be lighted with gas. The fame, in relation to Twenty-third street, from Stcond to L exington Avenue. llfs<lutinvs ?That Houston street, from the Bowery to Avenue be immediately repaired. That the sidewalk in Tenth street, between Avenue A and First Avenue. 1>? flagged In favor of lighting Fifth Avenue. from Twenty-thirdto Forty-fifth streets, with ga*. In favor of Macadamizing Fifth Avenue, from Fortieth to Forty-fecond streets. That Trinity Place be widened fn ar to be made 75 feet wide from and be extended south to (Greenwich street and Battery Place, and north to Fulton street To select a place for holding the 4th district police court. Adjourned Hon ret of Su jicrvlsor*. SrKfiti. Mkrtik(i.?Alderman Franklin in the chair. The mibutes of the preceding meeting were read and approved. bills ot the various officers' attendance on the courts were preiented aud referred. Communications ?One from the State Comptroller, in relation to the mill tax. Referred. The Xew Court Rooint?Communication from the City Comptroller, asking an additional appropriation of $8,000 for fitting up and finishing the additional court room in the old Alms House. On motion of the alderman of the 18th, the communication was sent to the Board of Aldermen. reuiious iocin various persons ior me correction or taxes. Referred. The Board then adjourned. Law Intelligence. Ciri i'it Court, Oct. 0 ?Mr. Justice Strong not having arrived In town to-day. the Court did not Kit. Superior Court, Sept. 9.?Before Justice Vanderpeel?William h. Momt vi. Ottorina Gori.?Thin in an action to recover $C"i for rent of a stoie in Broadway. The defendant took the store by his agent at the rale of $7 per day, and $3 50 for Sunday. lie occupied from 16th May to 4th June; the gross rent amounted to $116. out of which was received $50, leaving a balance of $<>5 due. The defence wan. that the person who took the store took it for himself, and not for defendant Verdict for plaintiff? $71 01. Charlt t H. Hnyle. ri. James Lynch ?This Is an action on a building contract, to recover $340 9- The defendant oontracted with two persons, named Morgan and Smith, to put up four houses in Williamsburg; the latter contracted with the plaintiff to do a certain part of the work. After the plaintiff had performed a portion if his contract, he furnished the defendant with a bill, which he alleges the latter promised to pay; on tlie other band, the defendant denies he made any such promise, and at the timo stated be wa.4 in advance to Morgnn and Smith, but, as ^oon as be had funds in ! bis hands belonging to them, he would pay the amount i of the bill; that shortly after, Smith and Morgan failed, leaviDg the work unfinished, and h . defendant, had to contract with other persons to finish it. Adjourned. Uefore Judge Sandford ?11 (! n. l-'iederick Ditrlry re. Claudius Dow.?Thii was an action to recover about $0 000. the amount of certain promissory notes made by defendant, ana endorsed to the plaintiH The defence wns that defendant purchased bills of ox< change fire in Bonaff U Co on a house in France. for which defendant gave the notes in (jufstlon. The I bills were sent to lo collecte 1, but it turned out that the he-use in Krance failed before they reached there, ' aid they were protested for non-acceptance and nonpa; mint. I pon this state of facts, the defendant's j counrel contended be was not liable Verdict for the plaintiff for the full amount claimed, with interest i The Merchant!1 Mutual Itieurnni-e Hamiinim re Jnhn h AVy ?This was an action on a promissory note for J.500. Tk?plaiatiffl lUfttdtbttthe defendant a member oi tb? Merchant*' Mutual In*urance Association, and gave the note in suit a* hi* subscription 1 he company failed after the Are of 1H4S, and the note was amongst their asset* On tho part of the defendant, it was attempted to be shown that ho know nothing about the company ; that ho only gave the note to eoTer the amount of premium* on a policy of insurance effected by him for $10,000 with the com pany The jury, however, rendered a verdict for the plaintiff*, lor the amount claimed with interest. Cot kt of Common I'm: as, Oct. 9.?Both branch#* of thi* < ourt adjourned early this morning. No biialne** being ready. Coi rt oi GKttKBAi, Skssiows.?Oct. 0.?Before the Itecorder, and Aldermen Deforest and llatfislil.? Mohunt tn 1'otlpoir. Tit alt.?Vt the opening ot the court thi* morning, roun*el in unite a number of aaae* were present with affidavit* to *untaln motions to put otl trial*, and succeeded in most oases in letting pottponementR. Obtaining (hmds hy 1'altr /'rf^ncct.--William Kos*. aliat William Bradi'ock, wa* put on trial,charged with obtaining fifty cases of preserved ginger, valued at >.".10, from Olyphant & Sons, commission merchant*, at lfli South ttreet. by false and fraudulent representations. From the evidence of Joeeph I). Taylor, s number of the firm of Olyphant Sons, It appeared that ">n the 24th of July, Wllliaiu Ho**, the prisoner I came to witne*s?s' place of*. and with the ail of a business man; nsked fot preserved ginger; the article wa* fhown to him. and he seemed satisfied ,wltt it, sskcd the term* on wMo!i It would be *old, and wai told the price for the art'.als on the usual time, will tbiee per cent ofT for rash; he briefly oonstd* red thl.? nd finally cflered to take fifty oares cf the gingei at the piloe oauivS. with four per cent off fji fluth. sad concluded hi* business call on Messrs Olvpbant A Son1-, by throwing a card on thi I tab)*; on thla card wa* printed Uraddock ?t Co pcaUBlatlon uurohftntA, No. Wflrv?d?U??t; an ordei HERA 1848. aibitriiurntlj ratnn fir the d*lW?r\ tit th* (ftae^r. *n4 , . as th# unniB nf Will ?.n Fr* f. Ci. ?nrv-n* l in (!? ! di aetory no " CoaiDiUoton \1nvltsotti ?: N'o OBroul | | itr< ^r. < no, nn (-ending rnu'hi. rh<> nittoi* </t the sawn | i ' fiiiu i-ppeared upon the door p'^u nt t'V nuoit>?r <!> . ignatetf. and withal, a? the pn oner trtrn??ctfd hi* purcle*? '* such a Iiu-Ilbb- lih? manner, the ijlet-r t Wi* (ieliver^'i t? the order Fulling, h >?n-\>r. t> p*j t t the goode Mwr". Oiyphaot II S >ij* vnlT round tu \ N'i Qii Iir<>at] rtreet rfp?-ati?dly. > it were in-v.t able to . r j find the pruon?r; nor did they ( r>-ntual!y au<: "<"1 hut | * h ( e it id >f "Vie police; tl\k? v r>fn. were iitiUhln to find William Braid' ck i VVm, D?uto>oor. a cleik of CiV'eh'int & Snn*. >?tifl?"d to the fact of UkM* coni'n.f to t ih store w!>?rc< n -mm wan employ* d, and purolik.T' / llfty cases of (1bg> f ? nbore; witvifsp?f/?rward'< vi* nt to N'o 'JO Dread'; Btrert t^I ok firJBrad Virk & Co ; tiie name wa"paia% | | ?d f.n the e< iuwafi by the fide 11 the door; but o.v i g< in? to the f ftt 'e ftp ?C4frs. he not. ."not find the pur chttx-r of tl ? g' wger, nnJ, Indeed. :.r*j one who eoalil I aiiN?< r for the firm of llraddoch. &. (Jo. i Isaai '< l".\MH.i.i. hei'ng'?worn, teatiljed that he was en piiiye<fby the prlconar it.*a porter; became annualnted *iih li isa at tlie pi nter Jfou?e lu Centre atreet, fortuniy kLi*3 an Ilaimooy Hall; prlnoner agreed to gne wilnmi- one dollar per dby; he was with him nine week*, but L?-Ter caw but one lot of good* received at tlieifflce; th*t lot of gi.cdn wai,- the fifty onsen of prefi'rveU g Dger. alluded to as purchased from Messrs. O. k Slim, nriani ,y< '..M I. I u ulu,,., name was IJradd6ck and *bo w%h in I.ondon. The ; Distiict Attorney asked witness whether he ever reeelr?d pay for hie arise week'' ?r\1ees. but th? counsel f< r jirifOBi r oljected to the question. anu it was ruled out, as irrelevant to the ii>i ue Tiiom.h W., clerk to Crocker Warren, importers of Calcutta; goods, at No. 31 Dearer afreet, ti stifled thst pri-oner since to th? stora of h's eraployg?B, on the 21th ot J i.*y laet, and aiid he would lilt.r to ate some extra large gc*rny bags; witness showed him a sample of the article demanded; prisoner then asked f< i terms, and witness told him thrf price, naming, m.i the term?, lour per cent off for rash; prisaner said he wo* M lake four baler, an J gave the name cf Braddock St Co.; gave witnem *u or Vr where to send the goods', he left bin arJ, on which were the names < f Braddock V. Co . No. 90 Broad ftreet; witnt bm went to tiat plr.*e, I but found no one but the porter, Cauisel, and was nerer able to find the pri-oner. Sydney Stewart Clerk of Police, and ./ohn H. Burley, police oftloer of the fith ward, being exttmioeJ, testified to the tact of the prisone/'s escaplrg from the police office when lie wan in in th!s charge; be ran oil', acd was not re-arrested for two or three days afterward"; when final'jr taken, it win at his own bouse iu Walker street. Mr. Stewart ntnteu. in h nswtr to questions put by the counsel for the defence. that prisoner offered to pay for the gooda when he wan first arrested, but the police officers did not ft el authorized to take the money. On his second arrst-t. how*ver, the subject being mentioned, he said that lie had dispossessed himself of the money, and i . coi'Mquently cou'.d not puy it The defence en Jen- J t Tcred toprove that the firm of Braddouk i Co was n r>al business firm, a regular co partnership existing 2 i belwetn William ltoss, the prisoner. ana WiliUiu ilradilcck. f Mrs. Frances Gai.k, sworn for defence, says she j knows William Braddock; he iamy brother-in-law; he ? i< in Loudon now; b<< wan hereon the first of May. , Witness was here sh?wn articles of agreement ?f copaitnership between William Boss and WillUiQ Draddock. She testified that file was the subscribing wit- ( nets to Faid articles of agreement; by thtM articles il appealed that llraddock was to Invest $5,000 In cash, and tbat Kces wan to devote hi* time and talents to 1 the business of the firm. Witness bays she f?w both \ the prisoner and William Braddock si^n their names j to the articles of agreement here presented. . ' This was about all the testimony elicited by counsel. , 'l'be el'ence took exceptions to several rules of the , c urt, admitting evidence which prisoner's counsel ' !.oiy;ht irrelevant to the case. The evidence was ably summed up ai.J reviewed by counsel on both sides, 1 and til* Reoerder charged the jury, who were out only a about lift, eu minutes, when they returned wich a ver- j diet of guilty. The District Attorney then moved the court for judgment against prisoner, and the counsel f asked for a stay of judgment. The court refused the application of the counsel for defenco, aud sentenced llose to the State prison for two years. Coi iit Calender?For this day.?Circuit Court ? .1 4, 7, 11, 13, 42, 49. 51, U, 50, to 02, 0V 00, or 67, 1 6S 09. Superior Court -25. 08, 93 125 131. 132. 133, I I 135. 13P, 141, 420. 30. 44. 40. 28. 142, 143. 144, 140 to | | 16lJ inclusive. Common Pleas, 1st Part?135, 137, 139, ; 141. 143,145, 20. 133 147. 149, 307. 321. 161, 155, 167. I , 1S9. 21 Part?98. 110, 300. 302, 132, 310. 134, 180, I 138. 140, 142, 144, 12, 22. j Important Decision.?A highly interesting and im- j prrtnnt decision wan delivered by Hon. John McLean, one or the Judges of the Supreme Court of the Iinitod ! St?f> s. yesterday afternoon. in the case of the IT. S. I | r?. .John Kodperg and I.ovell. These persons were ar- ; rested nfew days since, and brought before the Mayor, 1 on a charge of countcrleiting silver half dollars. qiM*> ters. .vc . f nd were held to bail, in default of which they wi re commltfed to the county jail Since that time a writ was Issued upon application of the U. S. | Deputy Marshal, by Judge McLean, against said defendants. and, as before stated, they were brought be- ] fore hi* honor yesterday. The fact appearing, that a j i criminal prosecution is now pending before the Court I of i rmmon Mean, against the defendants, for th? same j ' fTen<'e. and the'r commitment by the Mayor klao being I ( produced. Judge McLean discharged the prisoners. In giriDg his decision bis honor stated, in substance, that ihe Supienie Court of the 1'nited States had de- . elded that tile State* bad jurisdiction, concurrent ' with the federal courts, over such crimes an that with , which the prisoners were charged. It was an offence ,, loth against the sovereignty of the State and tederai . ^ | government, and both had power to punish. Previous . ! to this deci'ion, his honor had entertained an opinion i , , adverse to the jurisdiction of the States; strictly and 1 , loyally Fpiakin?, theD. the proceeding* in th'i our , j court were not a liar upon those of the other. But it I would be repugnant to the spirit of our institutions ; ( ! to punish atuan twice for the rams offence: and. inasmuch ax tin* State authorities had taken cognlznnce ' of the present cane, he declined to take it out of their , hands. This was the first ease that bad arisen since . the organization of the Supreme Court of the L'uited ' Slates, and the interference of the federal rourt ; might produce an unpleasant conflict at jurisdiction , lie also stated, that if an offender had been punished I by the Stato court, for counterfeiting, he should uot \ I permit him to be proceeded against, for the same of- I fen ce. in a court over which he presided. The decision I ] of his bom r was c'ear and able, and we have only \ ' glanced at some of its most important feature*.? t'in- 1 cinvati Commtrcial, Oct. 6, ' Poller inttlllKence. Doing an Extrusive thinness ?Officer Watson, of the I i 1st Ward, arrested, yesterday, a black follow by the j ' name of Charley Williams, on a charge of stealing one 1 barrel and two hall barrels of lard valued at $40, the propeity of Justus W. Dates. 211 Washington st ; and I i likewise 13 barrel* of Mour. worth $49, the property of i j Samuel F. Roberts, 5'.? Waterlst. It appears this negro ] ! has for some time past been in the habit of visiting the | dock, along the lowrr part of the city, and wherever 1 j be paw a lot of lard or barrels of (lour plied upon the I wharf, he would watch a suitable opportunity, engage a cartman. feltct out a certain <iaautity, placo it on ! the cart in the middle of the day, and drive off with ae 1 I much composur- as if the rascal was the real owner j This property he would carry off to different grocery | stores, and b< II at a reduced price. 1'hus this ne^io has bten doimt ouitean extensive business-tin thlslinn until j Sat nnfsy last, when l:n *?< detected in Mlllag the lerd i to Uichard M'i arty, who keeps a grocery storo at No. j I 20 Trinity place, in who** possession the lanl was found by the ofllrer. W arty was also arrested oo a I charge of buying stolen good*. and held to ball to ; answer. Five barrels of the flour was sold by the n?I gro to AckirmiMj i; Hallenbeck. ill I)uan.y street, ! I fur 76 a barrel. The negro was locked up in the ' I Tombs for trial by Justice I.othrrp Cute nf llritbtn H. Wilhr.rt?The charge preferred ' acainst thin young itaii, Iteuben B. Withers, for a | dsDgerous asniult with a knife on tile person of Win. , I O'Brlfii. underwent, jesterday, a partial hearing.? ; ! Two of the witnesses underwent a cross examination, 1 bill nothing whs elicited that went to show a different \ , state cf facts than what are already sworn to. The nFir >im ?v luimrriiiiiuuii uxruing. ai 10 o'clock. ^ Army Intelligence. I,(put < ol. < A. Waits, 1 S. arri .<><1 at riattsI burc on tlie 3d in*t.. on busings. and left on the iJi for hin post at Cincinnati, Ohio - his ht i.l .(liarferi ?i tuperintendent of the general recruiting n'rvlie for tl>? Wet-tern Military District Hi" rtgiment? th? 8th infantry?in on the rout# for New Mnxico. Kirst Lieut. K. S K. Russell. of the mounted rifle , regiment, who commanded a company in that ga'.lant ' and distinguished cory, in the sanguinary bat' le* t/ | \f ra ' tor.. 1'erro <Jor.lo, < ontrsran, < huruhuser>, ( pultepec, (lira* de Palan, and sity of Mexico, i* dj? on a rhort visit to his eonnexiena an J friends iri I'lactsburg. I.ieut. Palmer, aiso of the rifle.*, and who dieting *l?hed hitnoelf In thci battles of Mexico, Is in thi/, citr laval I itlol ll|(r me. Commander aoohinau, U. S. Navy, ?rrlv?d here yesterday. fro*a Baltimore, and took lodging at the , National dotal. We learn that he is or. speoial duty, connected with the selection of a site r>f a light-house 1 on tbo coaM.? Norfolk Utacon. Oct.flth. The U. S. bark Robert \1errlHk Capi. Page, left New Orleans on the 26th ult . for New York,and U. S steamship Virginia, rapt Breath, and V. S. schooa-r Kul'ala, I apt Davia, for Phlladalphlfc ; and also the , I S simmer Secretary Mason, for Urajios St. ->a{> with government stores. ttallvrajr lnttl'.lgi JJJ7. York ani> It *'lroui.?This is a new , road projected In Pennsylvania. ?inra Vork to llarrisburg The stock is already taVc'.i and the compnny will be organised this week <ahead, nothing like easy and rapid communication between different places i In fii Srtm ?The Hii/fiilo Courier Isinrornifd ; that tie officers of the several railroad companies between tliat city and Albany, are to hold a meeting on . th" 11th proximo for t,m purpose of arranging a schedule for running dur'.tjg the winter, and also to udopt i meatures tor'horte'jiog the time of runuing between , the tao cltlfH, , Bw.timork jin T>irio HAit.war ?The engineers of this company h4ro decided on the Kaohy route, (on r the Virginia ,.tde of the Potomac,) west of < uinberr latid. The Knoby reute is prefVrrrd. though the most expensive m first coft by $:!!W,000, as the shortest, ot , least cu.vature. cheapest to maintain, least expensive fo- transportation, ?nd thrreiore rheapeit in the r i ?n4 . J A D e t\FH r<i" JL *T \J J. O. | Our J'nrii CorrewpDntXence, 1'ahis, Sept. 21, l*tS The flitterte an<l Monty Market ("lo/npnred with the quotation* of the preceding ten ('ay?, the funds h.-ive ffuctuafd considerably. partic'ilatly in hves. The Fires coiuimie, in f?cf, to siipi ?*rt the weight of fwo or three systems <>l speculations, founded on calculations th>- moat simple to capitalists and si>e(-ulat<>rs. They Luy ircrip, LyoWa llailway, or three per centd, and seJl them mTainst fives. This system would tali in consequence of the sales obliged by it, lrom time to tinw, il considerable and continual discount* did not 'jmintain prices. It i? Ky means of the high prices which have bc-en thie* kept up, tha' the consolidation of prent part of the l,yo is KailWays have been *.\fc?t? d. But, to attain this end, life Minister of hi nunc has been oMryed to concede to the lioldvi's a power of discount, which ha< producd, at t wodillepjit periods within the last ten duy?, a tall a.vmpid as unexpected. Ndvnr tor^Mtw me probability ot ai'owin;; instalments to i'did oa> the 250 trance |>er ah'ire, by uni>ipatio?f itincf il.itri entire payment *,>re:i<! over a ;*errr>d ?*' IH tnoMl*. The long delay of the o|>eYation controlled tl>? successive emission* on the i.*niket,< hat interlVred with tli- r.-nlr/?. tion of prs'it, anrf diminished the inst ilments o>i which the Minister though the could reckon. I was regolved, then \ "eing the hesitation o-j'certai i large masK*?of hoty{? rs, to ni?c th** sluices, h/ allowing the ri^htot'd iscountinjj to the treiaury o the 2') traiics oi Tentn. | 'romised to the holder* wh ? should pay up tlte?.? instalments. ;-oiiie lar^ houses and private ^--u ties av tiled themselves o this provision, which ?to? ihled th?m to touch imm diately the dtllerenceb?-i\.veen the pi ice paid tor tti new stoc k and ot rhif lives i i the market. Bit the market was I e;?t iu"*??'or tnce trf this urrang ' ment, and was oriyinl';r* ed ?f it hy the publicity given to the suspension I tcilitie^a small number of bidders had enioyed, < discontent wn-s manifested ut the 'bourse, wliile a targe amount of s'ock was immediately nJk rown on the market. The lendenoy to ?.?<*, occasioned by the acceptnnce of the Anglo-ymnc?niedMtion by Austria, stopi ed short, the diMtnmta lo .-t all their in/luence, the fives suddenly fell TheJ were barely recovering liom this first bl >w, tbart a notice, tnis time publicly made and pitted, announced the reopening the discount a: tihe Treasury, is w II relaling to the Lyons raii'.'eys ilie new loan. In t few minuies funds fell fVom If. to If. ."itttf., m the anticipation of numerous deliveries. The general conclusion frome to on the Bourse, mm these arrangements, ~/ps, that the treasury had irgrot demands for money, and a& the expenses of he six months are provided lor, these demands nust arise from some inilitarv preparations, on an "itensive scale, resulting probably from t!w un ertaintly prevailing as to the reswilts of the mediaion in Italy. If some material change dc -8 nor take place, pubic credit may sillier greatly, and the ideaot nterrention >\ ill nin occupy tiie attention of c.ipitalste. Meanwhile, the Paris elections agitate the inancial world. They will rot fail, by their remits, to exercise considerable' influence on the unds, and other securities'. ?Tb coupon of the loan wasi'-foched yesterday, wh n the second instalment of the loan was payible. It was expected that i: would be paid >ro nptly and regularly. The payment of the half yt arl/ dividend on the ivee, which will commence to-11 orrow, will bring i large amount of capital into the market, and vill no doubt have an influence on prices Tli 11 /tAMitwiVniul u'i\rl?l in sitill in a atuhi r%f uI noBt entire Btagnation. Certain- improvements are from time to time stated, but Uey are only partial, and are frequently not consistent with fact. We have not yet at all recovered irom our revolutions. The prices of securities for the v^t k are as follows:? Three Five )<er Five per Trent. Hank permit*. rti.; old, ctl.: lot/ n. C"iti>oni. SAnres. <ept. 16. ,f. 44.00 f. 08.50 f.71.60 fctfl f.1635 1U. . 44.70 60.25 72.60 22* 1650 ? 18. . 44.50 60.25 72.50 22* 1936 ? 1ft.. 44.50 60.00 72.26 ? 1830 ? 20.. 44.25 08.75 00.60 21.* 1635 " 21.. 43.50 67.25 08.25 ? 1620 City Intelligence. T.ik Wxatiikr.?The weather. yenteniay, was <jult? p'eafant, Iht ugh several degrees cooler than th?< sereral pre< eding (Jays. The streets were crowded iluring be v/boteday, ami gaudy fashion shone*preeminent. I bs ereainic was quite cold, with every indication of air weather. Dfmbturk or Hi nn IIccicr.?This gentleman, yrhtvrday attrrncou took hm departure for Pbiiadel>h'? During the day he received many of bin friends it Ms hotel, until about one o'clock in :be afternoon, when accompanied by bin honor thi-Ma^or. heattendd t??fl inspection of the fourth reglinect of New York itsit# Militia, composed ehielly of nermann, fie exjitHfd hinueif iikbly plea^e<i with their military taoIcs. About four o'clock, lie took a hac't fur the depot it the foot of Liberty street. When h?> arrived, tbera tvere?ev?ral hundred of bin countrytuon in waiting, who gate three htarlv cheers as soon as he stepped rroai me carriage? ro ninny iim cmim, hhi eaiuieii mm with a ki.'g. after which, hit stepped on Ijoard the ferry boat for Jcrn-y City, anil again three lead oheers went ap. | lNnFrr.i*nr.MT Ot'Ann.?Thin corps. cjommnndud Y\j C?pt. Tyler, returned to the city j< uti t l?y afternoon froan a target excursion. Their tnrget plainly told th? aacuiacy of their aim. They nurober a'jout forty, and are a good looking company. J.ien r Cit'ard.-This beautiful military corps pass#d the III raid office yeftn day afti rncon. on their way to Brooklyn to attend the funeral of one of their late members They made a (inn appeuranco, and were accompanied by a bund of One mu.-<i >, Coi.vmhian Gi-ami ?This corps passed the Herald office yesterday afternoon, on a return from a target dxenrsiOD. They aro a line looking bodyof men, and iiie members of the tire department. The compmy la aommandedb) Capt. Primrose. Fatal Accidrut ?One of tho 1 borers, who? t name mis not ascertained, on the New Vork and Harlem Railroad, wag run over by the ( roton Falls train, yesterday morning, at Tuoka! oa bridge, .?nd instantly killed lit had been work, and returning to bis pluee of work, sat down between the Mrriltwri nf thn hr/iK*#* and islfcn Ilv vai not pffcfltdd, until tie train was * .Ihin a few f ?t of him, and th" hiiineili.ile sounding if the wliis.i* did not awake him. It .fa* Impossible for the ''ii?i:j?er to se? hlni In time to avoid the fatal result. Act wen i *i Dk* ii --Tho joronor hel<"_ an inquest y?sterday. at i<o. 4h6 Kourta atreet, on ihu body of John Mulrea~y. about 40 y? ax* of iije. a wttire of Iraland. who *o his d> *la by falling .rorn the hay loft Into th^ stable below, injuring h ji no sert rely that he *? Ifed in twenty ninute-* :it ?rwants ferdict acccrCiagly. , Acr.iot i; oa r?Rri.r .jnkjs - Som> three or four wagon? a~ul *ta?es r*ui> a collision yesterday morning, In tl a Bowery, by r.hlch the dr *\ft of onoof th# vehicles ms thrown friai his, iiid very sirlou?Iy injririf1 It may ha-,# resulted :mui accident, but looked / ry niurh like jareleHsaei'? Kil-.*<> bv a Fai A ninn u-jnei! Jchr. Monady, wiis ir.etantly killed an Sunday c tenlnif, bj accident, a'.ly ailing from a hay loft in 4th street. S' icto* ?v Duo' .tirtu.?The .kroner he d an in<(Uuat yes^arday. at iUuJali't Uland, un the b< iy of a (iertnu, by the nam* of Louis VU yer. aged A years, who eo-nailtted sulciim by walking into the river until out o'bin depth and was drowr^d V'ord'jt ai-eordlDgly. ?A fire brohe out tm Sun Jay aight in tbcattlo <4 honpe No. St Norfolk rtreet. whinb. was put out with rery tritlipn t'jimane Aire broke out aluo iu the iuildinn No. 41 Ijrand ^Vr-et, whiei was put out with little damag*. Advicr? from California.?Mr. B. Chouteau urrived al ^'anta l>'e on the V>ih of August, from C alifornia. He left an the 4th of luly. Mr. C. reports that the Amaaioan troops utatioued at Fort La I'M were attaeked, % nhort time before b* left. by ab >ut 310 Sjacriane. and that the Americans (sixty in number) *ere obliged to fall b?ok upon tb<> fortification*. No U?t of killed or wounJed wag received, and tho ba( ii? wn not reifardrd m a vary imp >rtant ulTilr. Tk? New York toluntturn wero no: eatmfled with the < ount'y. and inost of tl>em were expected to return. VobberirK w?r? fre.jmnt on the r >ad from Loa Angeled tc. San Kr?ncl>'CO. The b ia?l< of icbbrri 1 were made up of American deeerters and Indian* and *o formidable that tba troop* were neat out to hunt th< hi. Mr. Chouteau report* that a man found two ii ece* < f virgin gold near San KraaeUco, Califor | nia, worth $il.OOO. Famny Wrkjiit at Cairo.?The editor of liie Cairo I hit a has seen the elephant ; ho lias convt rn it with Knn Dy Wrisbt. during h?r otop at Cairo landing. ard h? thu* de*erib?* her -Jlr.? Wright ia a very tall woman, and pn?pegi>* f?.iture* *< maoculint n* her (j?*no^nl appearance. Iler hair i? tinged with grey, and curio with a titf. an<ry kind oC air. ovar a forehead remarkable in none of it* peculiarities being neithtr high n' r low. broad or narrow she oocantonally warm* with her theme. ?nd u?es graceful and *pre 'five geMurei . butevnaln her most enthu*ia?tlo exprewnon* ?h? exhibit* .? dello-ioy In tounhing ru<l?. ly upon the opinion* orfeiln,*of those in b-r presence. W e -ti<>utJ judge hsr tube about fifty year* of ngr? iut at all hi>h the in old enough to ln? Tttll n< i|iikintid with huuian nature, for she exhibit* thU kind of knowledge iit almoHt wvery renaark .Mr* W in no doubt a female, but there is nothing ot t lie woman about her. A (in Womicr. a lawyer at St. Cb*rl*?, Kan" t o ill was r( on ly taried and feathered, and th-n ori'fri-J to leare the Tillage, by a gang of per.-")!!* wbo ' cbarjr 1 Wm with getting up u*iuj law iuiU.

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