Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 11, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 11, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5243. S P E E C H OF THE HOST. DANIEL WHB8TBE, AT ABINGTON, MASS., OCTOBER 9, 18-18. I congratulate yon, I noDgratulato you, fellow-cItl wm, upon tnia Drtgnc unit lovely October morning I hope it may be auspicious of good remit, for that day when we shall meet In our respective districts. to act upoamatterH in regard to which we meet here this day to oonfer. If I could have foreseen that by assenting to oobm to this cocvenr.ion as a delegate from MarBhfleld, I should bave plao< d myself in a condition to be called upon for a public address, 1 ithonld hare felt obliged to decline that invitation, because it was not my purpose further, or on other occasions than had already occurred, to take part in political discussion before the people Fellow-citlnens my opinions upon the great national question now depending, the eleotion of a President and Vice President of the United 8tatea, have been heretofore expremed by me in the hearing of some cf you I do not propose now to dwell at any length upon that general question. I presented it tbon, and 1 present it to-day. as a question with two idea to it?on the one side, the eleotlon of (Jen. Taylor; on the other, the election of Oen. Cass, as President of the United States. If there be any third part of tbia question, i cannot discern it. (Cheers ) Gentlemen. it ia well known from my own deolaration, aa wnll AA fWlin nlhttt* snnrAAa that n n ivannMl nuinnU.lua I Wii not advising nor recommending the nomination of General Taylor, to th* whlgs. m their candidate fof the Presidency. On the contrary, so far an is reasonable and just, I opposed that nomination; but I did it upon general principles, of course, not in any way indicating a want of respect lor his services as a military man, or for bis oharaoter and qualities as a citizen. It would be idle now, aod Improper, ta enter into a statement of any reasons for that opinion, because the time for considering the question has passed, and the whig convention, according to the usages of the party, hare nominated General Taylor. He is the only whig oandidate before the people, and the only whig candidate who can receive any vote for the office of President ; and, therefore, it bnoomes a question for the consideration of all those who are attached to the whig cause, believing It to be the cause of tae country, whether there is any other course for them to pursue, but to acquiesce in the decision of the majority of their brethren, and to sustain the nomination. And, in one respect, I am sure that every member of this meeting, and every whig of Massachusetts, will agree with me, that if it be proper to support General Taylor M the nominee of the whig party, it is proper to make that support generous, manly, efficient, effectual. A. hesitating, faltering hairing support woald do more barm than good Now. gentlemen, having been, as I have said, from principle, opposed to the nomination of a military man, I am the more desirous of doing justice, complete justice to all the personal and professional qualities and merits of General Taylor ; and, too, that degree of fitness which may enable him to disoharge the high duties of the office for which he is proposed, honorably to himself and usefully to his oountry. 1 have said. and it gives me pleasure to repeat, that 1 believe him to be a man of strong nnd excellent sense, a man of undoubted Integrity, of solidity and sobriety of character, and of the most honorable and patriotic purposes and intentions. I believe him <to be a whig. (Appiau-e?' That is to the purpose.") Thank you. sir?and I think he has made as good a platform for himself as other people, elsewhere, nave made for themselves. (Laughter)? And here let me say that I thiuk tbs objections which have sometimes been stated against Gen. Taylor, tbat he has accepted nominations, and bus been willing to rective support from quarters not whig, are entirely unreasonable. Why it is known that he was nominated in various parts of the country, by political parties of various sorts and descrlptioas, before he was nominated by the whig convention, and he had accepted such nominations. And if he hat laid down, as I think be bus. a clear and manly exposition of his principle*; and if upon the statement cf these principles any portion of his fellow oitisens are willing to support him for office, how is it possible for him to refuse their support? Would it not be ridiculous in Oen. Taylor to say. gentlemen, I learn you bave nominated me, and tendered me your support for the Preaidenoy ; but you are democrats and locofocos, and I am a whig. Pray, withhold your support, and go and Tote for somebody else. (Laughter ) Again, it has Been saia mai ne na? aeemrva mat 11 elected I resident, he would be the President ot the country, and not of a party; and if I did not think he would. I, for one, would not rote for him. The efflce to which he is to be elected, if be ii to be elected at all, is the high ottoaoftha President of the United State*. It is the duties of that offloe, of President of the United States, -whioh he will be sworn to maintain and execute, according to hie best abilities. Why, gentlemen, Presidents of the United States may be, and ordinarily are, hoaen by a party; but when they are chosen, they become Presidents of the United States. And what man er degraded himself by saying, after he was chosen, that ha was President, not ot the United States, but of the particular party whioh elected him.' Wo hare had .nofresident siDco the days of Washington, who has not been cho'en by a party, and a party Tote. But who erer heard that John Adams, or James Madi-ou, or the younger Adams, set themselves up, when chosen. to be President's of a party, and notofthe l.'oitel State*, according to the provisions of the constitution? "Why. what a figure would lien TayUr have made, if he had stated the reverse of what he has stated. If he had stated, that instendof being President of the United States, he would be the President of a party, what honorable man would have supported him lor Knni>? I think thut ull t.hi* tions which have been made in certain qnar>n to this declaration of General Taylor, are unfounded, ami 1 am happy to have ah opportunity of expressing my opinions to that eflect. ' i*. Gentleman, there has been reason to suppa**, and. .. there are those who still suppose, that Tien, faytbr. by the popularity of his name and the estimate of bts erviees, may receive support from StaUM not whig. I hope these wishes and anticipations may be realized. Perhaps there is toine prospect that, to some extent, they may be ; but still, in my opinion, our reliance should be that this gentleman, the nominee ef the whig party, can be elected by whig votes in whi? 9t*tes ; and I do not think it is safe for us to calcinate Upon any other ground of success. There are wtiigi enough in the Union, if they will unite, to choose (inn. Taylor : there is no doubt oi that. (Applause) More or lese doubt is supposed to be entertained, in oonsequencc of rerent events', n u.i the rising of a new party, as to the result in some of the^e whig States. I hopethat doubt is net well founded. In regsrj to our own State, uu man supposes that there is any doubt, that in the end CJen. Xujlcr will receive the vote of Massachusetts. There are groat State*, great middle States, orne of them whig, Now York, Ohio, renn<ylia4in.; the two first named of those States are important, and 1 hope reliable for a whig vote in this critloil state ">f public affairs Yet in these centra'. States, a*-elsewhere, there is probably some regret among some men, that other candidates, or another candidate. had hct been selected. In the central States, and especially in these whig Stater, I have the honor of knowing ntfeiy good and true meu In public lift) and in private life. 1 know their devotion to the caus i of their oountry, and as subservient to the bert interests of their country, their devotion to the whig cau.-e. And if I could draw them around mo to-day, as you are around me ; an 1 if I could tpeak to men i u these central States, whlgs, as 1 now can tpcak to you : I think I might venture to ftddr^ss sor>e of 'hem id tile Un^uage ot lon^ aci| iain tapce and egtabiieue 1 menu nip. Ana i snouiu n ly c ? them, overcome J our d>*satUfmition ; relinquish your preleiencen ; foiget you.- disappointment*, and stride one united km 1 strong blow lor the maintenance oftU" whig can*e, and for the good of the couutry. ( h?er? ) Uentlemen, we hsvo had a twenty years'controversy with the great party of our opponent*, upon certain gr? at | rinc.iples, roaetifutiona! and practical, 'i he*c principle* have m>t changed; the opinion-) of our opponentf I nve not ehungt d in regard to them, and I trust we have not aitt red our oplntuns in respcct to them The cou>tructl< u to he given to the constitution of th> Unit.d Slate* ctand.s, perhup*, nt the head of the. r We hold that tli>- coiirtitutlon is to be respired, under atood and adniiiiinteii'd, according to that oonstruc tion which has b en received from the foundation o the government, by congress, by the judicature ol the country, ami by the g- nerat sense of the eommu nitj?i" And by DatiUl Webster, the great expound er")?very po r aut'urity. a* compared with other* They hold thnt every man railed to take a part undei the government limy construe the constitution foi bin.? ell'. he hi:- <wn interpreter, and disregard the prac tice <<f t' government and the authority of the mo*1 toleiuD judlclul decisions. I n other word*, wetnkecu: notion* of constitutional Interpretation from Oen Wafhington, and the practice of the government foi half a century; and they take their* from the oplriioi PI ^Ntiu^rnci.; > ?UO II**AV |M?ro tb?r?l* that Aim! practical question under our system tbi tendency to increase Un?authority of the exaoa tl\e power, by a mors ainl more reckless exercise eveiy year, ol tho power of removal fretu ofllca fui the Mlo of potronags; ami by a freer use than ere; of tli* veto power, lodged in the haud* of the I'resi dent. Our adversaries think that removal of the he*' men ttom office for pirty parpOMi I* juit and *a!u tary: juft in principle, becaure it Is to award the ipoil: to tha vlotor ; and salutary in practice, because li keep* alive the hopes and aspirations of party. The] think that these frequent exercises of the veto powei are all falntary; that the President hold* but a propel check over the legislation of ('ongress, and that It Id fit and proper for him to exeroUe that power upon question* of expediency a* upon question* of conxtltu tlonal law, and npon all question* in regard to which la hi* opinion, the legislation is unwise. And then we come, fellow citizen*, to another great to;.lc. whirl cannot b? long kept out of right, which 1* close upoi ns; and howvvir other ciri iiin.' tanc:'* have, for mo roent, withdrawn our attention from it, we shall meel It era long, and I fear In no very agreeable or satKfac tory shape. I nmn the great question of protecting tin labor of the country, and th* manufactures, by prov|. ding for tkem, to a reasonable e^enta m?rk?tat heme for tho product of that labor, and the oons'imp. tlon of those manufacture*. In my opinion, f>intlomen, this Is a most vitally Important subject, now directly before us. True, tne time Is not lonj enough td discuss anything, but I may express a short nplulon audi will do lt^ and I shall do it distinctly; and that opinion Is, thai without a revision of our Ian* re pertIrg dutlt * In our custom In.use without such a revision asrhsllaJcpt discriminating duties and sp-citle intits. He prosperity ol this nountiy. the suc.sc?s ol men Sn bint lie?*, and tha earnings of labor, cau new b. t* E NE f MORNIN btored to their iinoient ?tate Th?t is ray oplnioa. (Lfieern ) Now 1 say (bat not one of these thinn* will be done if lien. t ass in elected President of tbe U nited States; and as any outlen that anybody but <J?n Taylor or tton. Cass will be elected. is idle, whomever among us suffers bimrelf to be drawn away by new names,christian name* or surname*. or cognomens of anydesoription,toa new party,is but listening to'sounding brans and a tinkling cj moaln." (\pplause) And, thin again, tbe Improvement of lakes ana harbors, for the protection of tbe lives and prepertieaof men; thitis another print upon which the Piesident (hat now Is, like those l wbo bare been President before, has applied tbe veto I power,and defeated laws parsed almost unanimously by Congress, or rather, almost unanimously by the ' public branch of the national Legislature. One other topic Iti what spirit arc the foreign relations cf thU country bervafter to be condaoted? Are th-y to be corducied In a peaceful spirit ? a spirit which seeks to be at peace, on just and honorable terms, with all the nations of the earth, and to maintain with those nations useful commercial relations T Or, are they to b? conducted In a spirit of querulousness, and readiness to quarrel-in a spirit that seeks oocmion for aggrandisement and war?in a spirit that yields Itself up to a notion of th? " manifest dtstiny'- of the United States, and is ready to carry the systems established among us, over other nations, willing or unwilling to recelre them--and by foreign acquisition and oonquest to seek to make ours a great and mMgniflcent empire ? In connection with ttiis part of the case. I hare said formerly what I say now, that I believe General Cass to be one of tbe mojt?the most dangerous man in the community to bwtrusttd with those relations I know nothing in his history that shows him to be governed by a provident desire of an honorable pea;e. I do not mean to say that be would rush into a war in which he might net expect the support of the people; but I Fay that tbe tendency of his politics, and the tendency of those wbo suppoit him, especially in some part* of the country, is towards war. aggrandi/.nment. and the annexation of new territory. And the question now ?r, tt uruici nt tlO VU SUiQUUD All IOKSB. AQQ here let me say. fellow-citizens, that among the things which I deeply regret. U this; that the attention of the whigs. and I will say more emphatically, the attention of the whig press, has been called too much away from the discussion of these things to dUcurs matters about men. While we are disputing whether Uen.Tayloris a whig, a matter I think about which there is ne question; and while we are disputing whether Mr. Van Buren is a true liberty man, a matter about which (think there is a* little question? (laughter) - we leave this great vital interest, the protection of laVor, just spoken of. I would invoke the attention of all whigs; whigs of the North, of the centre, and of the South, to an attempt to rally the public judgment upon this great interest. And, gentlemen, some of the favorers of tills " new light''oftbe tree sell sun, instruct us not to look backward. I hepe we may be permitted to look a little forward; I hope we may not be compelled to reduce oun-elvip to his condition, who is described as one " Who ne'er looks baoKwttrdi; onward atill lie zoej; Vet ne'er looks forwsrd further than his noseI pray you. fellow-citizens, to look forward; to con iruipime tun culuiviod ui mings. ir uenerai case ib elected President. I have given you a summary of cur whig doctrines aud principles. which we have supported, through good report aud bad report, for twenty year*? principles with which we all. I hope, arc deeply imbued?principled which we all fuel, or wnich I feel, to be essential to the preservation of the constitution and the country. 1 desire you now to look forward, and sre what will happen to the oountry, and to those important principles and sentiments, if General Cass is elected President. I will tell you exactly what will happen. General Cass will say that every one of these doctrines has been repudiated, put down, and condemned. by that very majority of the people which makes him President. Who can stand up In Congress, alter such u result, and say that the public yolce de-ir< s a modification of the tariff of 1846 ! He will say that the public voice has made him President, to keep the lariil where it is. Who can complain of the operations ol the Sub-Treasury, in whioh. if I understand aright, in thlsNfiay of scarcity of money, many millions are locked up\from the commercial and business world? He wiAsay that this Sub- Treasury was in full existence and Operation in November. 1318, when a majority of the people, knowing that he was for it, and knowing that our candidate was against it. supported bim, aDd chose him President of the United States. And so of everything else. I do not say that this will be fair argument?I Know it is, ia some respects. altogether an unfair argument?but it is a plausible argument; it will answer his purpose, and he will stand npon it. Yon may depend upon it that whl be his course. So much, gentlemen, for the general question, respecting the eleotlon of a President of the i. iiu.ru oiaiKB. uui recent events nave raided tnomer question, which hM come to affect very materially the domestio government of the State of Massachusetts. A party has arisen and has bean organised in this State, which calia itself the free soil party. 1 tbink there is a good joke by Swift, or some writer of bis time, who wished to ridicule some one who was making no very tasteful use of the " natale solum'' " Dolce et natale solum? (j?od words; 1 wonder where he stole Vm." Now, I will not say these words, ''free soil party,*'are stolen from any where; but the sentiment is possessed hy a sort of petty laroony. Gentlemen who Join this i free soil patty in the State of Massachusetts, pretend that they are better lovers of liberty, warmer and more consistent opponents of the slave power than those they leaM- behind them. I do not admit this. I do not think they can prove it. I think we are just as good ftnti-ilavery men and free soil iceni.as they arv. althou h we do not set ourselves up, by way ol'eminence and pre-eminence, above our I neighbors. Now, first, what is the histiry of tbisf ee ' toil party ? Some years ago, indeed before Mr. Van ; Huron's election to the Presidency, or about that lime, there was known to be a schism to i<ome extent ; in the great democratic or locofoco party of New Vork This ?chisni increased by degrees; and for many years i Mr. Van Buren was acknowledged to be the genersl \ b< ad of the party, and was supported by both branches | t.rthis schism." In process of time, it grew wldsr and nntil Caw ... ? - .a-a-J ' reduction to the office of Oovernor. when some of the I party. denominated the old hunkers, either grew cold in hi* support, or abstained from Riving him any suppert; and by thin time the other braneh of the party had adopted the name of barnburner*,- This schism ?ent on until it oaine to an actual outbruthk ayenrand I a b?lf nr l wo yearn ago an actual outbreak, a state of brslitity. betwe?n the two branches ofuie party. But thih party, now called tbe barnburtf^We'Xinted as on* ' branch of the great democratic partytif New York, long | before any (juestlon arose about the Wilmot proviso, | or.any opposition in that party to "the projr48S of slavery, or the extension Of slave territory. And up to ?b? time of the annexation of Texas,.every number of both branches ot the party in New^Vork, went straightforward and right ahead in supporting the annexation of ?exv<, slavery and all. But. liy this time, the efforts of the whig." alone bad raided a strong sentiment in tM North against further annexation 1 of slave territory. I say the whlgs alone, for nobody : belonging to the bther party. North or South, Kast or ' West, stirred a lipger in that cause; or. If there were any, they were so few as not to be discernible In the maps, until the <whigs of New KttglnnJ. Ohio, and other middle Stdtes, fcad accomplished a great exoltement, a new-feeling in the pu t>lij> mind; ami then t-um j?'iuuu ut my unuiuuim-y w i urn, uuw u?? nominated tbn b^irnburning paAy^eeizol upon this htate of e.\.?jtt;un'nt, thus brought about by whig | rffrr'. and^'aitacflVd thin principle to their creed, to give tbi;MTj pre-eirtloence o*?r their rivals That is j the hlstbryVf th?j Itnffalo Convention. In its origin. It had no more td JBLWlth free principles than it had i .to do with the institution. or the nnti niHMinin fettling in the crifeiuunity. It was a mere 1 contest for power and predoiinnggae in the pirt.y in New York. And now. having engmfttd this very just fentiment upon tb'dr old creed an'l holding fast to all the re.?t of their ' Thirty nine artlsles," they expect that the whig* of Massachusetts will t.tk< service un der them ; that they will engage, and enlist. I had alm4ct said to be subsidized, to maintain the predominance of one branch of the deniocrntie party of | New York over the other. Kor one, I propose to do | no such thing. I do not like the strvici). I have snid. gentlemm. that In this Ilullalo platform, this colli-ct of the new pehrxil. there is nothing newnothing bas been p'dnUd outas new. There is nothf ing in it that all the whigs of the middle and Northern Statt s may not adopt, (ientleaien. the people of Massachusetts have lately had the pleasure of reading a conmiunidation from one of their oldest and most disi tirr,niched, and best regarded fellow-citizens ; ?I mean the lion Harrison <>ray Otis; a gentleman far in the decline of life; I think be completed yesterday, his eighty-third year. His tub casts the long shadows far t- and lar into the east, but It is itself hriirht an I nlncid. ' and griieful Me linn wrilteu with the vl<or of youth \ and the wibJoui 01 age. I ree that noran of thoso wlic r | undertake to instruct the publio mind on tile i;real , nufhtlon* of publio p'Hoy, think it courteou* nn.l dignii tlfd to call this 1 ttrr a'-huuibug.'' If It is ho, then humbug elgnifles uncommon power of eoaip >sitl >n great political wisdom. eba<tennd by Ion* experience I lie enunciation of sound and solemn pabllo politics r truth.* and gri Kt practical wl>doni in their application r I wWh we could see more of such humbug a* that. ( Vp. p)aure.) Mr. Otis, gentlemen, if he were not as ha i?, a I nian that has tilled a large space In tbp eye* of his country, that bar run a long and useful career In public ser4 vice, and that has discharged his every duty to the act . ceptance otthose who have employed bin) iu the stttioni r of public ti ust; if nil these Were not. as they are. his m?rr its. be bear* a ntme that should entitle blin to respect r ?i?i .r vi vnr iaiuiij 01 uikt *jup, uiHtinguiparfi nun ot thin old colony. James Otis the very nian that, by the testimony of John Adam*, put the ball ol the Revolution In motion l \pplausa) When from puch an advanced puriod of life, he speaks to the people of Vlan, , rarhusetts, I am .sure that a majority of them, whatever 1 ol hem may do or Bay, will hear him with great respect, | I winh liih letter may be read by avery voter in the State. . Afterreading thii letter I referred to Mr. Otla's speech In the Senate ot the I'nlted States, delivered In January. 1820, and I undertake to say that from that upeech , there may he made, without the addition of a sentence, or a phrase as Rood an antl slavery platform as that which has been constructed by the architect* of the ntiffalo Convention. Now, gentlemen, it it proponed by ?ome whin* to join with other*, ani to oarry this new party into the Mtate election, and to attempt, by iue?ns of It, to revfdutloniae the government of Masaarharetta. Why do they do this' They profess to no mitiat* a Traaident of tha United States, because they I are dissatisfied with the nominations already mail*. Some of them do not like (Jeneral Cass, and others do not like <?e*eral Taylor Very well; might they not have followed the example of Pennsylvania, and other i states, and limited their opposition to these national W YC G EDITION?WEDNE! candidate*? fl u it nwejfiry far them, van i( for any jaat pt?p<>*e, to carry that opposition no far an to attempt to diflorganiie and revol>itionlz? the State of Masxarhnnett* * Now we eee some whl^n-I think not many?but I eee them with aa much grief ax eurprlee, who have anted with ua all alone for yearn, who have been frlenda of Governor Brlgff* and f.leu'. Governor Hied, hh<1 hare rupporttid them corllallv for Tfara. but wlio now ioiti an apnnciatlon. dim urn fe?sed object of which is to defrat their re-election anil bring in new men. And pray what hare Got firing and I.l*ut Gov. P.eed don? since last year* Nothln<. What did they ever do in their lives that any of these gentlemeu complain of ? Not a single thlnir Not a single vote, sentiment, or word, so fur a* I have observed, has ever been awarded hy Oov Ilrisns or Lieut. Got lteed, on thin question of slavery, whiab any of these disciples of the free soil school flud fault with. What then is to he Raid In such a case ' Why It ap pears to me. gentleman, to be a very extraordinary predicament in which they have placed them<elves. They will judge for themselves; but so It seeox to m*. Here are men who have not only constantly supported Gov Briggs, but hove reoelvcd offloe at his han 1?, ?nay, have sat with him, side by side, in couuail, vear after year, advising and concurring, so tar as I know, in all his recommendations. Now when men under these circumstances come out to oppose him. i think they may be callod upon, fairly, to give such a reason for their conduct as shall satisfy the just and Intelligent of the oommuntty. What aa? these reasons which they jrive? Why, the only rvascn is ? We have found It necessary to withdraw oar support from the person nominated for the Presidency by the rui(n jmw i-j , itiiu nc iiiivu buuukiu lk wxpeuieai ?.o nee up Mr. Van Iluren for President : and ftlr Briggn will not go for blm ; and Mr Reed will not go forhim! And who ever thought they would? (Cheer* ) Bocause Gov. Briggs and l.ient. Gov. Reed will not join in this attempt to make Mr. Van Buren President, these men join an association, one of the professed and arowed objects of which is to defeat, an far as th-y o?p, very whig Domination in the Stato of Mas<achusetts. I do not judge anv man's conscience ; I leave that to himrelf; hut certainly. I, for one, (hall not envy the feelings of there gentlemen, when they find at the close of the ensuing election, that they have done all in their power against their oldest and best friends, without accomplishing the least thing which they desired themselves They talk of putting down in this Commonwealth, the ''minions of slavery." Pray, who are the minions ot slavery ? Is Governor Brings one of them ? Is John Reed, a native of this county, kno?n in it as well as any other man, ant known all over the State as well as any other man. is he the minion of slave power ? My friend who sits by me here, whom 1 have been proud to onll ray friend in publio and private life for thirty years, William Kaylies, nominated for elector in this district, is he one of the minions of slavery that these lYeo soil men talk about? ['"No, nor a Van Buren whig either.*'] Far from it. The whigs of the ninth district have nominated n gentleman to represent them in Congress. I have not the pleasure of his acquaintance ; but I understand that he Is a very respectable man, a good whig, and as much opposed to the extension of slavery as any man in the Commonwealth,?I mean Mr Fowler, of Fall ltiver,?and he is another "minion of the slave power," whose election they will defeat if they can If he should ha mtiirnarl in ?;!! in all probability, upan every question touching slavery, give just such a vote as they would desire bimt?give. On every other question, he will give a whig vote, and for that reason these whigs who have joined the free soil party will defeat him if they can. That is the truth of It. In that dletriot, a gentleman whom I have not the honor to know, a very respectable ui.mi, I dare say, Mr. Morton, always a member of the looofoco party, a young man in that party and devoted to it* principles, ont and out, has been nominated by a free oil convention for a seat in Congress; and these whigs who have joined the free soil party will vote for him; mind that, they will vote for him. I think the occasion is extraordinary I think the mlndg of men are taking, in this respect, a strange bias. It looks to m? as if reason hardly held her oontrol over thoir minds and over their passions. Gentlemen, it is well known that there is nothing in this Buffalo platform, which, in general, does not meet the approbation, and the entire approbation, of all the whigs of the middle and Northern States. Suppose now that all of us who are whigs should go and join the free soil party, what weuld be the result? Why. bo far, nothing would happen but that the whig pnrty would have changed its name. That would be all. Inntead of being thu whi* party, it would bo the free soil party. We should be all there, exactly upon the same principles upon whloh we have already stood; but then they propose to go further, and do that which I agree would be a great change, that is: to put Mr. Viin Duren at the head of the whig party. (Laughter and applause ) Gentlemen, children' at school, you know, often amuse themselves in drawing fantastioal images, Duttinc the beads of tome animals upon the bodies of others, and thus preduolng resemblances of all monstrous and prodigious things. Now, I think if one of these juvenile limners bad a fancy to try his hand at political aricature. and should draw the whie party, and put Mr. Van Buran't head upon It?or him at its bead, rather?be would make an image that would create more laughter than the celebrated (Jerrymander. (Laughter.) Gentlemen, it Is not to be disguised that we are in a crisis. Whether we look to the state of affairs in the nation, or whether we look to these newly rising questions, and newly rising parties among us, they present a case, I think, calling upon the whlgs to do their duty. I am not distrustful of the result. I am not distrustful of the result, if I can be assured that there will be a union and energy among those who wish to maintain the ascendancy of the present strength of our whig party In the country. (Gentlemen, Massachusetts is not apt to be daunted at the prospect of opposition. That is not the character of tb* whigs of this State They bare made their most Euccetsful efforts under oircurastances of great discouragement. i have no doubt, they will make succsssful efforts on this occasion. Fellow-citizens of Plymouth county, now. and here, I terminate what I hare to say In publie, on the political questions now before the country. I deeply regret that any thing should occur to weaken the strength of th? party or cloud its prospects; for I sincerely believe that its success is intimately blended with the preservation of the constitution and the great interests ef the country. Gentlemen, the whig party may enoounter misfortunes; it may commit mistakes: but, for one, | 1 ; hall follow its fortunes; because I am more willing to trust myself, and trust the country, upon whig prlu- | ciples and whig policy, than upon those of any other i political party or association. ((Great, applause) 1 believe that these principles and that policy have come | down to us from the days of WasbiuKtou. I see that l this whig party stretches from the North to the South, from the K;ist to the West, comprising much of numbers, much of intelligence and virtue, much of disinterested patriotism. In a country like ours, it is not an easy thing to form a party that shall not b? local, but that (hall be sound and constitutional, and that ?hall spread over all the country, possessing in rery State mor? or less Wfight, influence, power, and numbers. I look to the preservation of that party; 1 look to it as a great security, even if It prove to bo n minority. The whigs. it united and strong, and patriotic, and perseverinjr. though they may be a minority for twenty ! years, are capable of rendering the country great ser- ! vice. For one. thsrefore, 1 am for supporting, de- j cidedly. and with alacrity, the nomination, which, ! under all the circumstances, the whig convention lm" j seen lit to make. looking to its influences as the only minus of escape from jjreat and threatening dangers j (Great applause ) Texas.?By the arrival ?t New Orleans oi the ! Palmetto, Captain Smith, tram <hdrettoa the ultimo, we have intelligence tlfiice to dale of de- i paiture:? The ceremony of re-interring the remains of the decimated Mier prisoners, the mas?aered volunteers of Captain Dawpon's company, and other martyrs of tb<? cause of liberty in Texas, took place at Lagrange, on the 18th ultimo. Between two und three thousand . people wore present. The publi?h?d at Ronham. Kannin county, htates that the settlement of Krench communist?, at the < rt>?s Timbers. in thin Stat-1, has sufTureil n good deal from sickn-sN the past suaoinr?the disease being fever and agti". wlileh they term fierrr tremhhint, and of which they hare much horror Many of the settler* ! have withdrawn from the colony and gone to New Orleans. In every part of Western Texas (hit spirit of improvement is rife Towns, villages, farina, buildings, roads, wharves, ferries, hote'*, stores, schools, ohurehe? ?everything that marks the progress ot a people are Fecr springing Into existence w.th great rap'dlty.? Vie tor t a Jldvocatr. t olonel r. II. Bell, of the frontier regiment arrive .1 in town on Sunday, direct from Torrey'i iradmrf huU-e. He informs us that Major Neighbors, IndUn i ageut. and himself, agreeably to previous aompr muse, i nut the < addo chief. Jose Mur l. at that placu, anil held ft 'talk" relative to the killing of on.f of his i tribe, some months since, by some of the Hangers on , the northern frontier, which at the time had greatly exasperated the old chief and jbis tribe. The " tll!i" i rfMin^a. aner c< nsiaerauie aimcuity. tn tfi<* nmp'.e'.e pacification of the lndlans.--?0fnfin Drm., 20th nil. We learn tha' the 'hlhi!all u.i sutroyin* oTpedlMin, i nlN Joha C. Hijl, lihjSld Antonio ot Uik 6th lust. Thin company comprised Mventy-tUa uii a, wll mounted and equipped. and in (Inn spirits. ? TVrf. 1 J.ncidknt at Madrid.?The Madrid correct >n* dent of tli?' London i\cwi rHntes an occurrence <?f | rathtr a ludicrous character which occurred there lately. Mr Saunders. American Minister. about to ^ Isit SerlUe, to be present at the accouchtnent of the Uucheas nf Mnnpen-ier. and had engaged a p-?s-?{e for hlmaelf and hia interpreter in the diligence for that place When he arrived at the atation, however. he lourd that the place of hia companion was oc<i ipied bj an agent of government.. who would not bud^a. V* the Mininter'a limited knowledge of the Spanish language rendered the company of hia interpreter uhaolutely necessary, the expedition was gi?en up. The government upon hearing of th* occurrence, apnlogired. and offered to place a post-chaise at the Minister'a disposal, but tha offer waa declined. Anotiikr DisAPritAitA.v ; ?Misa McDoonnld, a young girl, aged l?i yearn, came to this city about two weeks ago. in company with her brother and his wife, from Canada. The girl was sent by h"r sister in-law to one of our jewelry shops early yesterday morning, on an errand, aluee which time ah* has n->t been heard of. Her friends are much alarmed at har absence, and although diligent search was maU during the whole day yaaterday, nothing eould be ascertained

in relation to her up to a late hour.? Ihi't j!4?. IRE I SDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1 GRAND ABOLITION MOVEMENT. Manifesto of the Black Convention IIKLD IN OHIO. To 1 ii k Co i or?i' Pro*Lit ok i n t I'mthi Static. Fellow Cot nthvmi* Under a poleran "ence of duty, in-pired by our relation to you i?i fellow mif. ' frrt'ti under the multiplied and grievous wrong* to which we w a people are untv rmlly subjected ?we. a portion of your brethren anftemblod in National i onveniinn. at Cleveland. Ohio, take the liberty to a4drem you'i*ta the subject of our mutual improvement itnj mortal' elevation. The eondi'lon of our variety of the human family has lonz been che*rles?, if not hopeless, in this country. The dwotrine perdeveringly proclaimed in high placet, in church and state, that it is impossible for oolured men to rile from ignora ce and debasement, to intelligence and recpectability in thin country, hat made a deep iinprc?eion upon tho public mtud generally, and in not wi.hnut its effect upon u? Under thiH gloomy doctrine, many of u? have hunk under the pull of despondency, and are making no effort to relieve oureelvea. and have no heart to aisint other*. It is irom thir, despond that w? would deliver you. It in from this plumber we would rouge you The present is a period of activity and hope. The hoavenR above uk are bright, Mid much of the darkness that ov?r(hudowed un ha* parsed away. We cin deal in the language of brilliant enoouragement, and speak of Buceese with certainty. That our condition has been gradually improving is evident to all, and that we shall yet Bland on a common platform with our fellow countrymen. in respect to political and nocial rights, in certain. The spirit of the ago-the voice of iaxpiration?the deep longing! of the huoian soul?thn conflict of right and wrong?the upward tendency of the oppressed throughout the world, abound with evidence : ! complete and ample, of the flnal triumph of right and wrong, of freedom over slavery, and equality over I caste. To doubt this it to forget the pant, and blind our eyeti to the present, a? well as to deny and oppose the great 1 w of progress, written out by the hand of Wod on the human houI. | Great changes for the better have taken place,jand i are still taking place. The last ten yaars hare witness- 1 ed a mighty change in the estimate in which we as a | ' people are regarded, both in this and other lands. ' Kngland has given liberty to nearly ou? million, and 1 France has emancipated three hundred thousand of our brethren, and our own country shakes with the agitation of our rights. Ten or twelve ycaringo.au educated colored man was regarded as a curiosity, and the thought of a colored man as an author, editor, law- 1 yer. or doctor, had soaroe beca conceived. Such, thank (leaven, is no longer the case. There are now those among us, whom we are not ashamed to regard as gentlemen and scholars, and who are acknowledged to be such by many ?f the most learned and re*pectable in our tanu. mountains 01 prcjuuice nave neen removed, id truth and light are dispelling the error and darkness of ages. The time wan when we tremolud in the presence of a white man, and dared not assert, or even a,-ft for our rights, but would be guided, directed, and governed, in any way we were demanded, without ever stopping to inquire whether wo were right or wrongWe were not only slaves, but our ignorance made us , willing slaves. Many of us uttered complaints against , the tuitbful abolitionists, far the broad assertion of our rights; thought they went too far, and wsJD only making our condition worse. This sentiment has nearly oeased to reign in the dark abodes of our heart?; we begin to see our wrongs as clearly, and comprehend our rights as fully, and as well as our white onuntry men. This is a sign of progress ; and evidenoe which cannot be gainsayed. It would be easy to present in this connection a flowing comparison of ?.ur past with our presentwsondition. showing that while the former wat dark and dreary, the present is full of light and hope. It would be easy to draw a picture of our preeeit achievements, and erect upon It a glorious future. Hut. fellow countrymen, it is not so much our purpose to cheer you by the progress we have already made, a* it is to stimulate you to still higher attainments. We have done muchvbut there is much more to be done. While we have undoubtedly great c vise to thank Ood, and take courage for the hopeful changes which have taken place in our condition, we ate not without cause to mourn over the sad condition which ?e yet occupy. We are yet the most oppressed people Mn the world. In the Southern States of this Union, we are held as slaves. All ever that wide region our paths are marked with blood. Our backs are yet rcurrcd by the lash, and our souls are yet dark under mo pan 01 slavery. uur sisters ars sold ror t&e purpores of pollution, and our brethren are sold in the market, with beaati or burden. Shut up in the prison house of bondage--denied nil right*, and deprived of all pri\lieges. we are blotted from-the pflfe of human existence, and placed beyond the limiO^oi" human regard. Death, moral death, has palsieditfLr fouls in that quarter, and we are a murdered po^ptr In the Northern State* we are not slanato individuals, not personal slaves, yet in many respects we are the tlaves of the community. .We are, nowev?r. far enough removed from the actual oofdition of the lave, to make us largely responsible lor'their continued enslavement, or their speedy deltveranoe from chains. Kor in the proportion which we shall rise in the scale of human improvement, in that proportion do we augment the probabilities of a speedy emancipation "of our enslaved fellow countrymen. It is more than a mere figure of speech to say, that we are as unpeople, ohained together. We are one people?one In general complexion, one in a common degradation, one in popular estimation. A? one rises, all must rise, and as one falls all must fall. Having now1 our feet on the rook of freedom, we .want drag our bfithren from |#le slimy depths of slavery, ignorance, aidrufrr Rwy rtnA Of us should be ashamed to consider himself fMMrhile his brother is a slav?. The wrongs Ct ?m bret^ten should be our constant theme. Therfe should Berre time too precious, no callinir too hnlv. ko rilun turn aunul to mib mnm thiri cause Miajhoi^y^notrfjiyy foul it to be the cause of humanity. Snt thecauser^of Christianity, an<l lit work for men' MWaBffW >H"5 ask you to devote yourpelf to this railk, MituMoXhe first, and most successful means of eWtfcijaproveinent. In tho careful study of it, you will IfHB jmar-osn rigVts. anil comprehend your own rerpoifcibillUeg. andj rcan through the vista of coming time gfr.ur high aod Ood-appointed destiny. Many of the brightest and best of our number, lnv.i he 'oiih' fuoh by tfewir devotion to this cau*e, and tho society of whit* abolitionists. The latter hive been willing to make ithcmselves of no reputation for our hake, and, iu return, let us show ourselves worthy of their /.eal aud devotion. Attend anti-slavery mettings, *how that you are interested in the subject, thut you hate slavery, itful love those who are laboring for its overthrow. Act with white abolition societies whtrevcr you can, ?Md where you cannot, get up societies amoug yourselves, but without exciusireness. It will be ? Ion* time before we gain all our rights: and although it may seem to conflict with our views of human brotherhood, ?%Hliall undoubtedly fur ma ay years be compelled to Btve institutions of a compl-xIn ., ? 1? > ~ H-t- I. . ? I human brotherhood. Wo would, however. alvise our brethren to occupy memberships and stations amnn{ white persons, and in nhlte institutions, just no f**t a< onr rights are .-ceurid io in. Nmer refuse to act with a whlt-? socMynr Institution because it ir. wUite, or a bWcIt one, bcoausn it ia black. But act with alt men without distinction of color. Ey *o acting, we shall lind many opportunities tor rcinofiuj? prejudices and etabli.-hing ilie rights oi all men. We Kay avail ourselves ot white institutions not hi canoe they are whites but b:<canse they afford a m"re convenient mians of iuipro* i-raeut iliit we piss from thet-e suggestions, to others which may ba deemed more important. In the Convention that now addrtsses j ou. tht re has bet n mnch said upon the subject of labor, and Cfpecially those departments of it with which we j s? a clash have b-en long identified. You will *on by j the resolutions there adopted on that subject, that > the ('onvottlon rejatiled thoie employments though right in themselves. on being nevertheless, degrading ( to uh as a elasfj and therefore, counsel you to abandon tbem o? peedily as posgibl", and 11> wrl{ what are called the morn respectable employment*.? While the Convention Jo not inculcate tli Jo:trlim that any kind of nttdful tJil (a is it*? II di-honorabU, <r that eolrred perform are to bo exempt from what are culled inenUtl employmunt-. they do mean to say that Mich employment* hare been fo lon< and universally filled by colored mi n. as to become & badge of degradation. In that it h if established the conviction that colored men are only lit for such employments. We therefore, a lvi c you by all means to reafe irunt such employments as far n- practicable, i by pterins: into othir.-\ Try to g?t your nous Into n.cchanlcul trader; press tbaai in'o the bla UsmitV* hop, the machine shop, the joltnr's -hop, the wiie-.dwii. ht's shop. the uoopkr'i r.liop, aud the lauo i *hop Kvery blow ol Ibo h.td^e hammer, wielded by a sable aim. is ? powerful blow in nupport of our cause. Kvery colored mechanic Ik. by virtu* of circj nstances. ?n elevater of hie race. Kvery house built by Mick mm in ? i trout; tower a^ainit the allied lo-ci of,prejudice. It Is Itnpoteible for us to altn-h too much importance to this nsp?ct of lb subject Trades nre iaiportant. Wherever atom maybe thrown by tui. fortune, if h? 1ms in his htn Is a useful rr.i ! * h* is tin tul to hi* fellow 0' I n. end Will b* efte 1 1 i : >,* (lngi) , and.of all men in thv tvjild who need tra ! ?, w? ate the mc?t needy. Indirs'and this, that Independence is an e?s?nti*l condition,! f respectability. To be dependent. is t> be degraded. Men iu?y indeed pi y us. but they cannot respect up. We do not mean that we can baeome eatirely Independe nt of all mm; that would b^t absurd and impomible. In the social state; but we mean that *l! U'"" UCH'JUO luurpuurui TIH1 V VII-r metnbrr* of tbe community; that other mvtnber* of ihe community shell be it* dependent upon us, as we upon them That such is not now the case ia too plain to npcd an argument The house< ire lite in are built by white tnfn- the clothe* we wmr are made by white tailor*-the hat* on our head* aru made by white hatter*, and the *ho*<* i n our feet are made by white shoemaker*, an 1 the food that we (at i* raised and oultirated by white men. Now, it i* impossible that we nhould ever be ^respected a* a people, while we are so unirersally and completely dependent upon white men for the ne* crssaile* of life. We must make white per*on* a< dependent upon us, a* we are upon them. This oannot be done while we are found only In two or threo kind* of employment*. and those employment* hare their foundation chiefly. If not entirely, in the pride and indolence of the white people. Sterner necessities will bringhi|her respect. The fact la, we most not merely make the white man I iepeadeat upon u* to ahar* him, but to feed him; not ' IERA 848. nii-rt-lv d. jn i.d. ui up n im c . i. ,irit h.? b tun r..> m*k? thum. A rn?n In only In t stn*!l d-prrn* ?>nt upon u*. ?h?n Iim only n "<1 hi* biotn blafkcj or hi* rarpot b?(C narriml ; in ? !irMn le-u pH<i? and a little mow industry oo hi' p-i?t niav ?liable hiy> tn dUp<>n(H< with our RprTir.pi- ?-n r ly. \o wl?? m?n it beeomei u* to look /orw?r,1 t<. >, ' ? ? of thini<4 whiuh HpjM'srt ln?Tlt?bl* Th? tlm? '1 ooran. whon thine iKfoial ?-mployra?>nt? will Mf'.:-! Uhh imciiih of IWInif man in?y now (in. v> nil stum u. mrre ei*?s or our lellow oonntrymen do, wh*>n whi^-* men ?ind tt economical to block their own boot*, mid shave theuiaeWex? Whit will they do when white men lourn Vt wa't on them wlTfd? We wiirn you. bretbrni to seek other and more enduring vocations Let us entreat you to turn your attention to agrlculture (Jo to 'arming Be till r-t of the noil On ; this point we ronl'l nay much, but the time ami up wn will not permit Our olties are overrun with menial laborer*, while the oountry in eloquently pl?ad>ng fjr the baud of industry to till her s <il. uud reap the reward of honest labor. We beg aud entreat you to J save your money?live economically?dispense with ; Henry, aud the gaitles which have rendered us prover bial, and ravo your money. Not for the senseless purpose rf being better off than your neighbor, but j that you may he able to educate your children, and render your share to the oommou utocli of pr juperlty ' and happiness around you It Is plain that the ' equality which we aim to acc/wnollsh. can only bo achieved by us, when we oan do tor others just what j othfrscan do for us We should, therefore, press into | all the trades, professions, and calling*, into which honorable white men preea. We would, in this oonneotion, direct your attention to the means by whioh we have been "oppressed and ! i degraded Chief among thoee tieans, we may mention the press This engine has brought to the aid of prejudice n thousand stin?s Wit. ridicule, false phi- j loeophy, and am Impure theology, with a Hood of low i blackguardism, come through this ohanuel into the ! j public ml ad ; constantly feeding and keeping alive against us the bitterest hate. The pulpit too, has been arrayed against us. Men with sanctimonious ' i faces, hit* talked of 0ur being dMMBltttW of I Urn? I : that we are under a curse, and to try to Itnpreve our condition, is virtually to counteract the purposes of Mod' It is easy to see that the means whttth have been ured to destroy us, must be used to save us. The firess must be used in our behalf: aye' we must use t ourselves; we must take, and read, newspapers; we must read books, improve our minds, and put to lllencr and to shame our opposers. Dear brethren, we have extended these remarks b?yond the length which we had allotted to ourselves, and must now clone, though we have but hinted at the subject. Trusting that our words may fall like good seed upon good ground, and hoping that we may all he found in the path cf improvement and progress. We are your friends and servants, (Signed by the Committee, in behalf of the Convention ) FREDERICK DOUGLAS, If BIBB, i W. I?. DAV. D. II. JENKINS, i A H. FRANCIS. Ijiiiv Iatslllgrnce, Court or Over and Tirmikii, Oot. 10.?Before Justice Strong Aldermen Stevens and Crolius.?Murder Cute.?The trial of Andrew Gilhooly, foe the murder of Anthony Sheridan wan put off to Thursday morning. The court then adjourned. SvrtCMK Court?Special Term, Oot. lO.? Hamdtn Greene vs. Catharine Qretnr.?In this cause an application for decree for a divorce waa made, founded una uihmir irpurt. nw uuuur bbiu ui?v in luutviug over the papers, it did not appear to him that the evidence was nutllcient to warrant him in granting a decree. The parting were married fifteen yearn ago, and shortly after they separated?the wife removed with her family to the State of Illinois, where the alleged ' act of adultery waa committed, the proof of which wan made by the brother of one of the parties; two mate- , rial fecti in the testimony were omitted, namely, at what time the act of adultery wa- committed, because if committed more than six year* ago. the statute of limitation would run against and no divorce could be ' granted; the other fact wan, as to whether the com- | plalnant was in ibis Statu at the time of the alleged adultery or not; both these faets should b" fully proved before a decree could be grauted. The cas-i then rent b^ck to tlic master to tsfto testiiiimiv >n those two points. J Jtnthi\ ye. Louisa M Ii. Jlntliis.?'J'liis was also a divorce case. It appeared tbe parties were married only two years, and that the defendant was a minor ; I that the I'act of adultery wad proved by a person who 1 was himself equally guilty as tho defendant. This ' evidence, although admissible, sbonld be rocelved with caution ; and it appeared, from an attentive perusal of tbe papers, that there was reason for believing 1 that the parties bad entered into nonunion for the purpose of obtaining a divorce. Under these circumstances, be felt hound to send the case back to th? I Master, to take further testimony. After the foregoing decisions were given, hif honor remarked that unqualified persons were In the habit of making motions in the Supreme Court. In futnre, he wished it distinctly understood, that any person other than a counsel of tbe court, or a party in a cause making such applications, would be considered fuilty of aoontempt. and would be dealt with aooordnglj. Circi it rot-rt, Oet. 10.?Before Judge Strong.? Julian ti. " UttntH. ? This, whicb is a replevin Buit, and was commenced on Saturday, was resumed, and was not finished when the oourt adjourned. | Srrr.riok Cou rt, Oct. 10.?Before Judge Vander- i , pool.?lluyl i t. J.ynch.?This cause was given to the jury about three o'clock, and a verdict was rendered I soon after for the plaintiff, for tbe amount claimed, after which the court adjourned. Before Judge Sandford.? Wm. II. Bamrs vi. Norman | While, and nthrrt.?Thin was an action in debt, aria- \ ing on a building contract, to recover $3,204. In (he , year 1838, the defendants entered into a written oon- ; trsct with the plaintiff, that th? latter should do the carpenter woTk of three bouses which they wers ereut- < ing in Kighth street, the work to be the s*tne, oron tbe same plan of a bouse In Amity <treet. arid to be j completed oy mo nr*)C or April, ink ; tn.' contractcontained a provi?o. that if tbe defendants deemed it id- ' visable to change tho plan of the work, tiiat is. tomako it dittrrt-nt from the pattern hou??. they shiinld have tho privilege of doing so. by giving the piaiatiif timely notice of their intention; and if such alterations incurred additional expenso, the plaintiff should be paid for fame at a fair valuation; and that, should any difficulty arise as to the vnluutlon of the alteration*, it should be referred to two disinterested netsons, one to be cbo-t-n by each party, who, together, should choose a third, and that the decision of a majority should be binding on all parties. On tbe first of j August, 1833, the defendants determined to alter the \ plan of the houses, and a second agreement was entered i into and executed, and an additional expense of f!? 201, i incmred. In Qotobat following, a difficulty arose l>*twrun tbe parties out of these alterations, whereupon a deed of suhmifsion was entered into 1 etween them, and the whole matter referred to the decision of three r?ferr?e.s, who were to mtke their award in writing, arid deliver it to the parties on or before the 1st of November following; the time for making the award-wai afterwards extended to the lilth December; the referrees, howerer. made their report and delivered it on the 27th November, by which they awarded to the plaintiff* $3 304, (tbe sum uon in dfapute) and in addition awarded to him certain window blinds, which they directed he should takeaway, b'pon this award the suit was brought After the plaintiff had got through with bis ca.?e. the defendants' counsel moved for a non suit, on the ground that the referees had not confined themselves to the terms ot the deed of submission; that Instrument giving them authority onlv to value the alterations, and to award the same to tbe plaintiff, whereas they awarded him certain window blind* ill addition, which wasfnot within tbe scope of their authority. \fter hearing counsel on both side*, the court uiede the following order:?Plaintin to he nnn->uittd, without prejudice to his proceeding upon the common count), after moving to Ret aside the non-<uit, and with leave to apply for a reference, If tlm nun-suit, on argument be bold to have l> ?n right. Ooi'RT or Ot imtii. Smnx, Oct. 10. ? Before the Keoorder and Aldermen Deforest and HatSald.? O*- | ta in in i. Morn j Ay Fultr l'relencri ? Urfiaiidinf Emigrant! ?Inaiitti Selover wan this morning put upon nil defence, charged with defrauding Kirwin, an emigrant pasrenger, out of *13. by selling him what purported to be a parage ticket for himself and wife I from this city to Milwaukie, Wisconsin. The traniaction took place lutt reason, and, it will probably be remembered, orrated rome little stir in the police at the time. The Injured party. Kirwin, live* in the far , west, and bis etiilince wastsken In accordance with it c 'mralM'.on T?nt' I for that purpose, [t -eta forth that he p*ld to the il< I'udant f U! tor^u passage ticke'. which whs to lie good tn him for a through, from this city u? Auiiw?ukie> ilo received, in connection w.th this certificate, two steamboat tickets, which were to lei given to the otli^ors of the steamboat New t? isi y (on which boat thsy were to ;?o to Alb ny ) After leaving the st"%'nboat, the certificate. it wa< represented, would be all the ootiplalnaut woul I need to ensure a fre." o?nvej ? t'lron^h On arriving at Albm.y. h??????r. tli? fleers of tlie N y I?rwy i woul.I pot 're the ?f> xmiioat ticket , nnd Klrwii wmm ohii'-- I to piy lor his passu/n, and freight for h!? | ll'b'o*? ??v?-r. r^.a, ami on ap^ii.fiwvtu l>i the a^ent to whom the complainant wa? to present bis certiorate. at Albany, h? was told that hr mn?t pfiy Jd before lie could priced un hi* journey on the' tri'iiRth ol the ticket obtained from Selorer. and on tlx* hark of whioh ticket r?ow appeared the " Dow on thi* ticket eight dollars,"' 01 w>rds to that ell'-fct. I h<|coti??.(u?nre waa, that Mr. Klrwln (lading himnelt thus swindled applied to the agent of the Com- | missloners of Immigration at Albany, and the proper i steps were taken to hrlrg the matter before a legal ) tribunal. Klrwin states disfln< tly. that when he paid the $13 25 he was glrea to understand by ! Selorer, that this was In full for his passage \ to Mllwaukle. These facts. materially, were proren to | the satisfaction of the jury who, lifter hearing the evidence/>ro and <on. retired on oharg'froim the lleoorder, and after a brief absence, returned a rerdlct Of guilty against the prisoner The District Attorney then mored for judnnent against the prisoner, but the conned for the prisoner prayed a stay of judgment on the ground rf some Informality in the Indictment. The matter will b? the subieot of argument on Saturday next. Diiardtrly Unutt - Patrickt.leason was put on trial, charged with keeping a disorderly house at No. 317 Water street. It was proven by several witnesses, that (Reason's hause was the resort of brawlar* and disorderly persons; and that noises, whloh disturbed the | L D. TWO CENTS. or ?t.b?rhno(l, w*r?> b*ard thor* lat? at ntjtht Th? j ury fo?inil a rrritot of ?nlltjr. Th? <'oort h?T? n'?t yet paired ?entenre In the eaee SrcriAL Slukim. Oct. 10.?The (laoorder preluding, aliUd by magiMrate* Aldermen I.ibhy ami Kitigeraid F.Huari l.nhry being called by tbe clerk, a largo, *'?" uly. Mobherinjr bor MB* op and pleaded not guilty to a charge cf ateallng a boi of aegarii, worth $3, fiom Mark Robinaon The eharffw wan olearly pro??n, and the < ourt Will* l*onfvrrin? nr.nn t*ha -1"<W1 ? punishment nrcMnarjr tosa'lufy outraged jnstlos whet? the prisoner all nt one. bethinking himself of an often fuccses?ful dodge set up a airt of a cry, aoinethlnf between toe howl of a hound and the bellow of a yearling eaif. His penitence, thn? audib'e and apparent* had the desired ellect, and the amiable you'h got off with a rentence of twenty days In the city prison ' Jii'ih Thompson waa next invited to appear at the the bar. John wa* never known to refuse ?n invlta thin to " come up to the bar," and he accordingly made his appearance, a oWk-oomed ifeniua. with low forehead. th'n lips, and a aharp noee. bearing the marks of a recent ulTrny upon his visage He wore ft .arge coat, well buttoned up to tlie ohin. and on<y just failing to hide a dirty ahirt collar. very much besmeared with blood John waa not a bashful man, and he oom mrncpd his defence at once 1'itikont i?.?' I-ook a 'ere 1 thia 'ere Mose. yar, ' hit ire fuat. ^ ea, ?ir " John had been accused of assaulting anil beating Lawrence Conning and Michael Mood, while those centlemen were taking a walk through thn Fire Points Nn oai ia?Now Conning, state what yon hare to say against thia man' i 'onrnrio.? ffell air, thin mon knocked me out of uiy sin sea Kki oauicr.?Were yon in llquer ! Cerenino.?Well, yea air, I had some In ranoNRR (leaning fo. ward and pointing as far at Koasible toward! Conning). - StruokmeM bard aa ever e could. RurornoWhat'a that? rHixoHKH.?Vy yeaee this ere man 'e hit me fust, ind they 'ad no provocation whatsomever. They hit wvm ????" I'l. I ? 1U IU?, yr*n i.liev mil. The Court conld not resist. John'* eloquence, especially us the complainants appexred to be rather iny*< tifleu in relation the transaction, prevailed, and hi* honor aoqulttid him. Francii Cuylt next in turn upon the calendar. ' KrancU Coyie ! Francis Coyle !" cried the clerk, and the invocation brought to the bar the very Tom Thumb of vagrant thieve* The top o( his head only reached just above the railing in front of the District Attorney's (leak, about nix inches above the height or a common chair. The fraction of a culprit was dressed in a jacket an<l trowwrs, although he might, with propriety, have worn petticoats and an apron ; hi* hair radiated from its proper centre, and stood in every direction, as if it were about to fly off at some surrounding objects. "Where'* the prisoner f" said theKeeorder.asheand his associates peered over their desk* at the oulprit'* stand below. " There be lis at the bar." said the (fllcer in attendance. Hr.roanr.B ? Where? Oh' that child ; well, wliat'4 the charge against him ! > The charge being read, It appeared that KranoU I'oyle.the prisoner at (under, it should have been) the bar, wax charged by the people of the State of New York with having, on the 0th of October, in the year of our I.ord. one thousand eight hundred and fortyeight. in the city and county of New 1 ork, in th* State aforesaid, with force and arms, feloniously stolen, taken, and carried away, to the great damage of complainant. residing in Greenwich Avenue, in the nth ward cf the city aforesaid, fifteen segarn ! Recordf.r (looking more attentively at the fraction of a thitf below). Oh. It's you, is it ? You've been here before. The officers all know you, eh : Why you're in old offender. We aill keep you and send for your mother. Officer remove him; we'll send for hlj parent* indite what they say. And, accordingly, this hop o? my thumb of a segar ;hief was remanded to prison. John Mr (irath, an old acquaintance of the court, tfu* brought up. charged with committing petty lar eny. In stealing some articles of small value from Wni H. Avery. John was a regular out an outer of the Washington street school of vagrant*; red face, boatman'* coat, and withal, a kind of Jemmy Twite her look. A fellow who might ask a* a favor to carry your market basket home, and in wboie cue tody your (mall vegetable* would bt' as safe as your small fish would be in (irlmalkin's charge. Kccoiuti ?Now, Mc(?rath. what have you got to say for yourself T l^l's i?n>on.?Vy, Sir, yer oner, I've got a wife and sit small children, down In Washington street, who'l miss me werry much If I get any thing in prison ItrcoKDKR.?Von hare been here before, I underitand. How's that? ? Pri?onkr (Indignantly)?Never, sir, in my life This was too mnch tor th? officers, who gave a concerted but stifled lanuh while a broad grin was observed on the faces of all ptereut. 1'risohkh.?Ve 1,1 never vos, not for anything o' this k-i-n-d. (Renewed laughter ) I woul In't keer so mnch about this, ony fer my two small children. The appeal about the children did net answsr John's purpose, and he was sent for a moderate tkrm to the penitentiary. As he went out, a small woftn got up and made her exit. She held an infant in her arms, and was followed by three others of aboutthe height of two, two and a-half and three feet, respectively. It was generally conjectured that these were the better part of John's family, a'nd he only wanted counsel to have made a most beautiful appeal on their strength, as they were observed, during the trial, to be disposed to the best advantage on a seat In fall view ot the bench of magistrates, No lawyer, however, bsing employed, no pcene ensued. Jamei Wilton wai called up. charged with stealing sundry articles of clothing fron> Oerrge Williams. Ci.?:hk.?James Wilson, you are charged with stealing a pair of boots, and other artloles of clothing, valued at if.2.1, the property of Oeorge Williams and run,,. jvu I'kiso>?ki??Not guilty. Clerk.?Do you demand Atrial on this ehwge. I'risoner nods his head in assent, and look* about with great confidmce. The principal witness being examined, tastilied that the prisoner hud stolen the clothing, and, said he,l#okIng at the prisoner, who had no coat on?"He as cot on my traws dare now." (Looking again.) "Anting bandeloons." (Looking again.) "Ant tems my poota he's cot on en feet tare." And to It prored to bs. The thief, with all the impudenon in the world, oonfront?d the witness, and atanding in the very clothes of complainant, plead not guilty, and demanded a trial. Kecokdkr ? Well, now, Wilson, what do you say to this? I'risonkb (thinking au instant).?They was give to mi*, there ere things was. The Court sentenced the impudent rascal to the penitentiary for six months: but he retitsed to rector* tlifl stolen clothes, aud he wa* sent off with them on*/ the keeper being directed to send them down fronf Blft'kwell's Island whan Jim should hare assumed his penitentiary uniform. ' r William Daviitnn and William Janes, two oinniJkua thieves. pl<?i?d guilty to a charge of stealing f 10 fr?n a Mrs iiuiklay, in an omnibus, a few days slnoa. /mm whs sent to the penitentiary for six months; but hla partner, on account of some extenuating circumstances. was allowed to go at large, the C ourt suspending judgment in his case. a' number of cases of assault and battery, and small potato thieving of the usual character, oompletad tha business of the morning. Covet Cale:*da*?For this day ? Circuit Court ? 3, 7, 11, 42, 46, 4'J. 61, 66. 56, to 02, 06, *50, or 07, 68 (39. Superior Court. ? 26 , 00. 93, 131, 133, 30, 49, J?. 142. 144, 147. 161. 163. 154, 155, to 169, 4. 5, 140, 434, 80,66,129,62,430,9 a. 113. 134, 50, llXi, 160, 101, 102, to 187. Iti9, 170 to 174, 178. 177. Common Pleat, 1st l'art ?lrtl. I'i3. 106. 167, 1?K>, 171. 173, 176, 177, 179, 181. 183, 1*5, 1"7. l.nu. 1?. 2d l'art-140. 148. 160, 152, 164, 300. 150. 168. 100, 162, 164. 308, 160, 108, 170, 149. Tsiai. o? U>oso? Tha ease of Oaorga Miliar i<hi4rjfd in several Indictments with forirerv. in the Dame of ti. K. Belknap railroad contractor, cam* up tlii-< forenoon Before the jury were empanelled in thin caee. Mr. K. D. Sohier moved for a oontinuanca on account of the of absenoe Robt. M. M. Soayth. a material wltDena. The affidavit* of the defendant and A. II. Klaka, K?i( , were read, to show that the witness waa absent at N?? York, on important business. that he wax willing to give hu depoeltion, and that trier* mii been no lack on the part of the defendant Thin motion was resisted by Mr. Parker, and supported by Mr. Merrick. The Court ruled that a continuance would b* printed, provided the deposition could be amended o an to state more definitely what the wit new I* expected to testily to. Thu deposition was amended, bat it wan stilt too Indefinite. It was thei ordered that a commission be forthwith issued to take .Mr Smyth* deposition at New \orJi, and, thereupon, the Court adjourned until th'ee o'clock this afternoon, to give the Attrrtey for the rommonwealth *n opportunity to tile cross Interrogatories In the afternoon, a motion sa< mtilo by tn? Uoieuaaui * uounsei to bare the trial embrace all the counts in bo'hindictaent*, ?s 1;? in.? both founded on thtrntme transaction This niotion ?a? alco oppo.-?d, i?qd the Court ruled tint 11 e picsi outing attorney ttl^ht determine the order of (akin ; up the Indictments. The jury were then empanelled to try the first indictment Caleb (J. t.rrin.u was a{ pointed forerato The ease wa- opened to the jury by thu District Attorney, after wh.'ca the court adjourned until thii mornlns:.?Hurton Oct 9. Short CoMinns iw Ft.oi la the Common Plea* n Ttrdict was rendered of some interest to the** who trade in Hour. It was the oai* of lirouon k al. vs. WillardV al The parties belong to Orfwego and Trey, N Y , and the ?uitl* for damages for deficiency in a uuantity of flour sold by the defendant* to the - - - - - . a *w. 1 _ ? ? d aa?a? tv^aa piamuns, una ???t oj vur !???>. . wrre about 1.000 bbl? , *nJ nearly all of them Ml nhort In weight. ?*ryln? from <>??? to tw?lT? th?. Tha plaintiff* claimed for the expense* of weighing anil refilling the barrels. Inspecting allowances to parchasers and other incidental* arising from the deficiency. The rerdlot ?u for $.">07 41?*11 that ?u Med lor, and Interest.?Btiton SmoiriMR CoiNcinKNc*.?We have published thr aecoont of the drowning of Miss Nancy J Underhill, of Chester, at the 1*1* of Shoal" We learn that some ten yearn ago. a Methodist minister nam"d Roby, to whom NTaai nderhill waa engaged to be married, and who belonged also to (heeter. wai drowned la a slml !ar manner wiVfcln ?lgbt of the ?4ra* spot.? Trltfrfh