Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 15, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 15, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5247. Our Paris Corrt?iK>ii(lnic?. Paris, September 20, 1843. 'Jhe Election of I^outt Napoleon?His Future Course, tfc. Napoleon himself never obtained a more triumphant success over his enemies than Louis Naioleon has in the recent elections; six depart meats have been heard irom, and he is elected in five ol them, as now appears. In Paris and the Uanlieus, his majority over the highest next to him will be 25,000, I think. It is 14,000 in Paris proper; and from the Banlieus returned, which I have seen, his majority has been increased 10,000 more ; in one or two of the departments from the country, he is reported as having been elected almost unanimously. The tickut ot the socialists, composed of Kafpail, Cobet, and Thore, was the nest highest to Na|?oleon, although one other name, that of Acliille Fould, contests the question with this entire ticket. The ticket elected in Paris, is Napoleon, Fould, and Ilaspml; and it remains to be determined whether the Banlieus will displace the name of Fould, and elect either Thore, or Cobet. It is yet doubtful, therefore, whether oue or two ot the socialists' ticket is elected ; but 1 consider that it Ins triumphed in tact, because, it Napoleon and Fould are elected, Raspail. Cohet, nnd Thore, stand the third, fourth, Hnd 1 fifth u|>on the list, having about as many votes hb Fould, and not varying between themselves, prehape, more than a. thousand votes: after this ticket, come General I3u<jeaud, Deblessest, Adams, ?Src., <fcc , running some 10 to 20,000 under Kaspail, Cobet and Thore. Napoleon appears to have been voted for by thousands, who revered no other nhine?and upon many of his tickets the name ot Fould was written; and in mis manner Napoleon elected Fould. Fould was one of the names upon the ticket of the moderate party, and the government and the ether two were left more than 20,000 behind the socialists' ticket, and forty to filty tnousand behind Napoleon! The socialists' ticket will (inioiint to ubout 70 000, and Napoleon J)0,000 to 95,000; probably the vote of Napoleon is a majority, but there were so many cnndid.ites that it is yet uncertain. This election of Napoleon, and the vote of th# Somalia! ticket, are grave affairs for France, and cannot fail to be followed by important consequences. As to Napoleon, he h.id every press in Paris against him, of all shades of opinion. He addressed a letter to General Plat, an old general just elected Colonel of the 4th Legion, announcing that, if elected, he would accept; and Gen. Piat published placards in Paris, containing a copy ot the letter and an address of his own. The I'ovstitutionncl. Debuts. Nationcl. fir formt, Bun People, and Union, were terribly severe against bis election, employing every siiec.es of political warfare to deieat it; added to this, is the eflect of his elections in the country. In Paris, hiB vote and that of the socialist ticket are four to one against the moderate party and governvnt combined. The Reforme favored tne socialist ticket, but the other journal? opposed botli that and Nap >leon. Another extraordinary feature is, that Napoleon was not voted for by the socialists, at tins election, as he was before. They ran a clean ticket, and were tine to it. Had their vote been unittdtohis, the vote of Napoleon would have been more than four to one. in Paris, ifcc. I have, heretofore, frequently spoken of the feeling in France lor Napoleon, the Emperor ; but I was not quite prepared to see this demonstration of its force, against all the parties in France, and the force of the government. Prince Louis Napoleon himself is unknown entirely to the French people. He has been banished from France the last thirty years; and most of those who voted for hnave never even seen him. Their vote is an expression of the love, admiration, and veneration, which they have towards the name and memory of Napoleon himseir. Did the nephew but possess the genius of his uncle, a course is now opened to him in no respect second in importance or glory. Theie nrver was nil hour when one such mind, at the head of France, could make a greater impression upon Europe. But again, Itaspail, the socialist, elected, is now in the dungeon ofvincennes?what will be done with him ? Can he be liberated 1 Will not the people take him out, if not 1 Again, Napoleon is yet an exile?will he be peimitted to enter Fiance 1?or, if he enters, will lie be arrested 1 or. if not arrested, will he be allowed his 6eat1 A Prince of the blood! once naturalized in Switzerland ! Will the Assembly give way before these trying questions! They are now terrible questions for France. If he is resisted, there will be civil war at once. Let him into the Assembly, and if he be not a great penius. the chances thrown round him mav he gradually destroyed. But, I should not be surprised to see Napoleon enter Paris with a cmtfgc ot hundreds of thousands, unless the government interferes to prevent it. Some ten of tlie socialist representatives joined in an address recommending the election of Raspail and hie ticket; and, this morning, the auesiion is agitated of instituting an enquiry into the conduct of representatives, who thus favor an insurgent who invaded that Assembly. Will the insurgents, now, be sent out ot the country 1 One oi their number is the chosen ot the people, after a fair fieht. They may well say, we are a majority of Paris. This vote will bring about a crisis. Mark what I say : I see the effect of it too clearly to doubt. If we have not another scene of blood, Paris will, indeed, be fortunate. It will have an effect to weaken the power of General Cavaignac, and to encourage the red republicans and socialists in an extreme degree, will the Assembly undertake to choose a President, taking that right from the people 1 Many urge to this course ; if adopted, the people will overthrow both President and the Assembly. The safety of General Cavaignac now depends upon his firmness, and that of those who support him. Under present appearances, if the election of a President is put to the people, Napoleon will receive the vote. _ The only mode to defeat him is to let him quietly into the Assembly, and kill him off there, as other men are killed off, who are not up to the expectations formed of them by the people. Observer. Paris, Sept. 21, 18M. Affairs in France, tfC. Prance has arnt orders to interfere, to arrest the spilling of blood, in the war between Naples and Sieily. Messina has been a scene of slaughter, and crime and brutality, not heard of in these modern days of warfare. All the accounts concur in stating that both sides roasted and eat large numbers of the enemy, and committed every species of crime and of brutality. The Sicilians fought with desperation, set fire to the city where they found they could not defend it,?as many got on board the different ships in the harbor as possible. The slaughter upon both sides has been very large ; and France, in behalf of the callB of humanity, and to protect a weaker people from extermination, has given orders tr> interfere, and to arrest the effusion of blood until the difficulties can be settled. The Sardinian fleet has withdrawn from Venice, according to the stipulations of the armistice ; and, as the Austrian* are about to blockade the port, Admiral Baudin, of the French squadron, has sent a despatch to Puns, which arrived last evening for orders in the premises. I expect that the French will interfere to prevent the blockade : as the organs of the government have insisted that it would be a violation oi the mediation, and the obligations of Austria to attempt to carry on active operations against Venice. News hns also anived here, that the Assembly at Frankfort have receded from their Ill si |nmiuuuf aiiu Ii*t?r- twii^niiru iu iriC railHCft" tion of the armistice between Prussia and Denmaik, Hungary has sent her ambassador to Paha, and she has tak*?n a last step, by the return of her delegates from Vienna, before declaring her entire independence ot Austria, or the Court of Vienna. lllichack, the leader of the Sclaves, is at the head ot men, ready to act against Hungary, and under the influence, to a certain extent, oftf.eCoiut of Vienna, with whom he is co-operating at this time, to extort certain concessions from Ilungaiy, which he has specified, and hitherto demanded in vain. An t'mtulr of an extraordinary character has just taken place at the Hotel Dieu. The doctor and commandant found it necsssry to reduee the wormn to order, by putting them o;i low diet?they rebelled, and threatened to kill him, which they proceeded to attempt to put into execution; but he fortunately got an opportunity to escape, and to give the alarm.? Thereupon, the?<e soldiers of the revolution spi/ed their beds, chairs, hniehcH, and everything else in their pofsession, and formed a barricade in the hall, and prepared to defend themselves to the death. They mounted their barricade, raised their fhg,"sung the Mnrsellaise, and were only reduced to submission by t!ie coips of soldiers who entered, at the point of the bayonet, and seized the chiefs and carried them ofl to prison. All these E NE t lrlich Willie II OUgtH to be dreHSrfd 111 paill* m l put into the army. They make capital solders, and will fight as heroically us ttie m>*n. All those belonging to the army are dressed in the uniform of their companies, wear their sword whenever thev travel the streets, alone or in company, and much with the firmness and strength of the male soldiers. Indeed, I see no difference between the male and feniale soldiers of the French army. The. result of the election* has caused great agitation in the Assembly. Some say that the day s of June are coming round again. One statement is, that Dellessert expe.ided 100.000 francs to j'( rwiird his election; that he had GO clerks employed, and bought up the Assrmti v Rationale for i four or five days, bavins* all its coin nns devoted i to his interests. M. M.irr.ist is again re-elected ! President of the Assembly. Counsel were changed, Dufaure declined being ii candidate ; and M. Mirl HBt received 527 votes in 670. In alluding to the jetrs given by Marraat?his increased salary of 6,000 Iranrs a month extra, making 10,0iK) now, whereas the original sum which others received whs only *1,000, and to the monarchical tendencies ai.d alliances i.f the republic, the Reforme says, " the point of a sword will engrave upon the atone of its sepulchre?here lies a small and modest Republic, whose life was short, but well employed, font knew how to proscribe and to dance, at ihe Fame time.-" The Reforme represents Ledru llollin and the republicans of his school. The Rrjorme further says, that if a change is not soon made in the proceedings of the Government, it will soon be at a point where the response will be, 44II est troji tard." The Asseinly have decided to appropriate litty millions to colonize Algeria, and to use up that sum in three years. Among other things, the land I is to be parcelled out in small quantities, to ev;;ry family, and such family is to receive so much money and necessaries, and be transported there at the expense of the State. Gen. Lamoi iciere has framed the bill, and the Assembly adopted all his views. He has been a long time in Algeria, and is a very sensible man, ana a brave and gallant officer. Sixty 6<|uads of men had to be employed in taking down the placards after the elections, iroirnhe walls, Arc., in Paris. The expense of this election lias been immense to the parties. Oiiserver. Paris, Sept. 21, 184S. ,Elections?Socialism, Sfc. Napoleon, Achille, Fould, and Raspaif are elected representatives in Paris?Napoleon lias about :55,COO more than Fould, and the latter about 12,000 more than Haspail. The Patrie, a conservative press, says, " that M. Thorc, (the lowest of the three socialists) has only about 14,000 less than M. Fould; and if it is considered that the name of | Bonaparte had been almost always carried by the electors who voted at the same time lor Thorc, | iVc., it will be eavily perceived what a check the ! moderaie party has received." I think that those j who have voted for Napoleon, did not generally vote forCubot, Thore, ltaspail, for there is only about two thousand difference in the vote of those three candidates; and as that ticket was urged upon, and only three names could be voted for on one list, it is very manifest that that was a pure ticket throughout; and that Napo',<-on was elected by other voters. Still, it is true, I have no denbt, that Napoleon received a great many votes that would have otherwise nave given to this tiekj et?many voted for Napoleon oufy, others for Napoleon and Foul j; hence the vote of the latter? and other* ror Napokon, Fould and Ragen.? \ ^e'.Veen "Fould and Hngen there is a difference 1 of about eighteen thousand votes. Though both i are the candidates ot the moderate nurtv. ! it 18 veneration lor Napoleon himself that has carried his nephew in triumph against the press, ; the government and the aristocracy, and the other i two old dynasties in the country. His vote will ! reach near 125,000. The vote in the Uanlieus is I 1 niI? very full. All the returns are not yet publish! *d ; the entire vote, therefore, cannot be known, I but the exact number will exceed my expectations, and be a very full one for Pans, at this season of ; the year, when fo many thousands are absent, and there is only a partial election. News of the eleci tii n of Napoleon in three departments out of the fifteen is officially received at Paris. He has defeated Gen. Negritr (the nephew of the gallant General who vas shot in the days of June, while c hnrginp' a barricade), in the department of the I Noi tli, where it was supposed there was to be no ' opposition to the General, who was voted for out of consideration to his heroic uncle, so recently slain in bat*le. In addition to the excitement proI duced by the result of the elections, Paris has I been greatly agitated by the news of a bloody in| turrection ana battle at Frankfort, as a consequence of the change in the action of the Assem bly, and the ratification by that body of the armis| tice with Denmark. It is believed that such a bat; tie has been fought, and that great numbers have | been killed and wounded. The people were op! posed to the ratification of the armistice, nud for j war. The intervention of France has been eHectual to arrest the flow of blood m Sicily, and the new? ot this morning is believed to be favorable for a like result in the case of Austria and Italy. But I think that little reliancc cau be placed upon any statement of this kind, till the final decision shall have been mnde. It is now a very giave and complicated question; and all parlies must be actuated by a sincere desire tor|>eace, and be ready to make a good many sacrifices, or war will yet settle this question, which will tnen complicate all Europe The armistice of forty-five days terminates to-day, but it has been extended, and the parties have entered upon the attempt to adjust this matter. I think that between Prussia and Denmark does not now endanger the i>eace of Europe?the change in the vote of the Frankfort Assembly, has changed the whole aspect of the question, from one of war to peace. As an instance of the rapidity with which the French legislate, Gen. Larmoriciere introduced his bill to the assembly providing for the colonization of Algeria, and raising fifty imllions therefor, and covering a period of three years, and the discussion of it occupied only a part of one short session, perhaps { two hours, passed, and, early the next morning, circulars Wtre put up in every part of Paris, con- i twining the terms of the act, and giving notice, that the Government were ready to receive applications to the number of 12,000 instanter, and to transport them to Algeria?I saw large numbers of laboring men round them, some were reading the act, and some discussing the meaning ana effect of it. I am inclined to think that it will be favorably received. One of the newspapers, who united to incorporate a little socialism in the bill, thought the legislation a little lapid ; he said Gen. Lamoriciere carried his bill through as lie would attack and carry a battery of the enemy. But there is a great deal more socialism,and stateism than is generally understood in France. There is very little individuality or individual action: the state educates?gives the direction, almost entirely, in matters of education and religion. Men act in bodies; move in bodies ; are regulated by chiefs; and are daily greeted by state officers, all dressed in uniform. Children march to and from school in bodies, two and two, as regularly as an army, from the age of four upwards: boys and girls the same. Little girls are dressed in uniform ; go to church, to mass, to exhibitions, Arc. ire., in companies, two and two. And, comparatively speaking, the population live in common ; that is, Paris is a common play ground, common parade, common dining room, drawing room, dancing hall, billiard rfiom, concert hall, to sty nothing of general customs in other matters, which are not so public. Paris appears like one great fi mily, where each one has his own knife I and fork, and pay? for what he rats, for the chair he sits in, the room he occupies, tSrc. fee., where every thing is to be bought and sold at very low rate?, and where there is great courtesy of manner, and each one is at liberty to select precisely the company he likes best, and to change it as often or as arbitrarily as he p'eases. Pav for what you have and no questions are asked. Compared with ihe United States, it is practical communism upon a grand scale, and in a most enticing form. Observer. Our fttntffarrt Correnpondenre. SrtrrOARD, Sept. 1H, ISIS. The Jrmittice with Denmark Ratified by the ParItamtnt?Excetsrt?Excitement in Schwaben? Opening of the Starnuevertammlnnfr, fc. 1 The question of peace or war is at last decided. The intense excitement is, in one respect, allayed i by the action of Parliament, and in another it is ' ten-fold increased. The armistice is ratified ! rat! itied by the National Convention of the confederated States?by the sovereign representatives of a sovereign people?a treaty made, dictated; negotiated, and concluded by the King of Prussia ! The antaKonistieal parties to the convention, were long and hard at work, and every nerve was strained to gain the victory. A great number of members were absent from Frankfort, at the time the postponement of the armistice was resolved w ro SUNDAY MORNING, U|4uu i?> n uiaj??lHy ol jcvciiiccu. oc hoc ?v 4> the result known, when the rit'ht side set to work, to compel the attendance of tlie absent member* ot their own side. Meeting after meeting wa* held in the club-rooms, and all sorts of meMufrs I put in requisition, to insure a triumph at the principal coniest, in the final vote upon the rejection or ratification of the treaty. Meanwhile the opposition were not idle. They did all in thenpower to avert the ignominy of such a sham-ftd acknowledgment of defeat, as the ratification of the proponed armistice would be for the whole tuition. The cabinet of Heckscher was sacrificed to the indignant deities of the lower regions, a ad mercilessly cast away. Crowds ofpetitions.signed by vast numbers of the people, ana demanding, in plain and energet'c language, the rejection, poured in upon Parliament from all sides; but more esi>-*cially from the south; but all to no purpose. During the whole of this time, the resolution of the 5th of Sept., for the stay ot all further proceedings in regard to the urmistice, remained dormant; it was a dead letter upon paper?the ministers refusing to carry it into execution. Daiiluiann, charged with the task of creating anew cabinet, whs not equal to the emergency. He tried several days, and then resigned his commission. Herrmann was next commissioned, with the same sue cess; and Professor Wurm had no !?ette? luck. Jn tins manner, the thunderbolt hurled by the convention at Copenhagen and Berlin, remained qui'e harmless and inoffensive, in the archives ol Frankfort ; and truly the left side might exclaim, "One more such victory, and wo are lost!" Tl'.o anxiously expected day at last came, that was to decide who were the rulers of the German nation, ! the Pruh?i.tn Cabinet or the National Convention. Early on the morning of thelUh, the galleries of ! St. I'aul's church were crowded to suffocation In less than ton minutes after the opening of the s'*s- ! sion, no less than H<) speakers were enlisted, who ; wished to be heard on the Denmark uuestion; and it was eiisilv seen, that the vote would uot be taken until Friday or Saturday following. Kven on Saturday, the session continued from 9 in the morning until half-past H in the evening, without interruption. When the result was made known to the public, the people gave vent to their indignation in execrations, threats, and actual demonstrations. The house of Minister Heeksclier was completely demolished, windows a id doors of the "English Hotel" broken,the buildings of Westendhall considerably damaged, and excesses of all descriptions committed. The riot continually increased, and at 11 o'clock in the night the ::larm drums were beaten, the w.iole military called to arms, and the "Buergerwehr" (militia,) in concert with the battalion of Hessian infantry, at the time quartering in Frankfort, succeeded in clearing the streets and restoring order. An hour alter midnight all was quiet. But the next d.iy (yesterday) n mas? mpftintr nf flu? iiaaaL u n n mmo.nl fn 1 take place in the large meadow before the city, to deliberate upon the action of Parliament in regard to the armistice, and what the result of this meeting was is not yet known here. Serious disturbance? are anticipated. This affair is characteristic of the National Parliament. It shows up the gentlemen in their true colors ; it proves what the people are to expect from the much extolled "sovreigoty" of its repre- j s< ntatives: wiia! fruit* they are to reap from their i revolution; iiow fui 'h?y are to trust in the Gne j speeches, the elaborate reports, and the loud pro- , clamations of their "Union," and of the suprema- , cy of the Parliament over emperors, kingd, and I princes. In my last 1 have already attempted to i show how the action of the Prussian c ibiuet, in 1 regard to the armistice with Denmark, wa* in direct opposition to the laws and resolutions of the Parliament; and that the King of Prussia dcfarto usurped the power of the central executive, and set aside the national authority. Thevote resolving to postpone the ratification of the armistice, save some gleams of hope, that this indignity offered to the people of the whole nation, would be resented by Parliament; but the inability of the central power to carry into effect this resolution, the ppiteful behaviour of the insolent cabinet, soon convinced every one that the authority ot the lleich&verwcser and the Parliament are regarded by the several potentates inst so long as it suits their own interest, aud no longer. It proved how weak, how feeble the executive is; and the final ratification of the treaty shows, that a great part of the Parliament itself arc the mere creatures unH ftprvnrit?4 nf fh*? mrv>ur<>lic wIiikc m jn/iu r*4 1 hey obey in every instance I believe that this vote will have one very beneficent effect: it will open I he eyes ol the |>eople to the real designs nnd plans of their ialse representatives. Already the indignation is boundless in this part of the couniryl meetings are held, condemning the course of tlieir deputies, and bloody commot.ons ir ay soon be our fate. It is the sealed conviction ol many of the best informed men, that the present state of affaire cannot las-t much longer?a change must come, and a change for the better; at least, a step towards the emancipation of the people from their present degraded and unworthy condition. The day after to-morrow the "Staendeversammlung" (State legislature) will meet here. It will probably remain kin session for but a short time, as a new constitution, and representatives elected in a more direct manner, and representing the wishes and wants of the people more perfectly, is | universally demanded; the duties of the present meeting will be merely to assess the property and to appiopriate the necessary moneys for the government during the .next six months. A State convention (for the formation of a new constitution, adapted to the advanced ideas of the sovreignty of the people,) will probably be ordered in the course of the winter, and then another legislature may be elected, and probably will meet by next paring. In hsslingen another democratic mass meeting was held yesterday, similar to the one of Heilbroun last week. A third one is announced for next Thursday, at Reitlingen. Now that the harvest is over, and the farmers have little to do, these meetings are very large and frequented by crowds of peasantry. An enthusiastic and hearty cheer was given for the " Republic !" In my next I may have more terious events to record?the clouds that have long hovered around the horizon are gathering and assume a threatening aspect.^ Sthtcard, Sept. 4,1848. Tht Inltrnul and Foreign .Iffairi of Otrmany IjftDiBf is at this moment uitilml nn all ?lil?s not with kn agitation, however, such u results from, or precedes, or accompanies a revolution, and from which a better state of things may be oxpected to grow ; but it ia harraased on all aidea by foreign powera who mook at, and deride the idea of, the " German Union," some of whom?Denmark, for inatance?are inaignifleant, and remind one of the idea of the fly attacking the lion. It does seem a little riduculon*, mat a little State, of one and a half million inhabitants, thould be able not only to repel the invasions of ita foea, but, In ita turn, attack, annoy, and bumble a nation conaiating of forty-five millions of people ! But auch lathe fact. The warhaa now laated for more than four months ; the several German ports have been blockaded, commerce disturbed, and a great number of German merchant ship* attacked, taken, and eon deroned by the Danish Court of Admiralty ; anil still we are as far from a proipect of peace a* ever. In Italy, the Austrian arms hare beon via tor loan nut now, that all occasion for British or French Intervention is at an end, now John Bull and the (J.iiltc cock come In for their share ot tha spoils ; no* Ru^ia even enters into an unnatural and unexpected alliance with the '' sunny France," in order to have a word to Hay in the affair of Mailand. it is difficult to predict the final result of thlt war. The peaceful solution of the political query may be mere difficult than the military subjugation of the insurgents has been. It is asserted by some that a recret treaty has been entered into by Charles Albert end Radetiky , and the sudden and oowardly abandonment of Mailand, certainly encourage* suoli a supposition. By other?, it is supposed that the Cabinet of Vienna proposes to the Lombards, to permit them to Irct their own government; In consideration of which, they are to annex themselves to Auxtria. assume a sbsre of the national debt, ami pay a part of the expenses of the war. Is it not strange. th?t Austria, which being itself attacked, repelled the foe, and drove him back to within his own boundary, which completely and victoriously defeated Its enemy, in whose favor the spirit and letter of all treaties speak?treaties which France and England bith have signed?that Austria, in whoso favor the u<age of nations and International right speak*. that has. or should have, the whole (Jernm.i Confederacy on its r.ur. IV VOVIk I uriUKUU.1 1.11 BL U? I Till, in *piie HI *11 tlil*. and in fpite of much nioro that cuitld m adducud in it* taror. i* net permitted to pettle thi? alTnir ItMlf ' I* it not ab*urd that Austria nhould h? obliged to acred* to the term* which France. ?r Knuland, or IliuMa. or all together may dictate in thin affair, in which it alone ha* the *o!o right, according to nil moral and ctiatomary Idea* of right, to determine and demand the price of peace ? I* it not repugnant to rrmmr.n *eme. fur Austria to aubmlt to an in'*rT??tlon. be it arined or diplomatlcal now that it 1* ui?nreeMary. i ubmlt to It from the ?mr po?cr* of whom It wa* tainly demanded ten week* ago, < re Ita triumphant arm* bad repelled and *nbdued the fix* ? Bnt rnch I* the fata of the Herman Power*, and It I* richly de*?rred. by their*uVldul *?lf Injuring couxee of policy. I nable. property, to appreciate the i IRK I , OCTOBER 15, 1818. au n i>l uu>uu, lurt Outturn UciH ?vl !?!??'A l* hereditary prejudice, their trillion jealousy. to or?roi me all consideration* of prudence, ami rather lo periiiit the whole nation to go to decay.and be ruined than to suffer the Individual sovereignty of any State to be ! Diminished In the lea?t A ' <f-?rinan empire" in a i thing existing only in the brains of the warm-hearted youth and uaed ax a hate to lull the murinurinif people into an aoijuieccence to tbe designs and acts of those whose interest it is to ferment and keep alive Hie sectional prejudices. because a unanimity or tne sevt-ral States wotild endanger their sway. and render their unjnut system impossible Since the times of i harles the Great, there was no German Empire." W? have an ' Austria," a ' Prussia,'' a Bavaria," fcc , all of them sovereign, independent, and having nothing in common with <'aoh o'.ber but tlie language; | and even this in different in the several nation*, as it i Is spoken by the lower classes The peasant of Wurtemberg doe not understand the Prussian, and I rire. versa; n< r does the Bavarian understand tlm ; dialect of the llauoverian And, as Uilfei'-tut m the several characieristics of these nations are, so different is the policy which is pursued by the govern1 ments. It is not " Germany" that is at war with ' Dtnmark Oh. no; it is Prussia ; and ouly after Denmark had brought a commercial crisis over the whola of ' the German States, after all of them have suveraljr felt ! tbrs hock given to the prosperity of their own subjects, l?> tea interruption of commerce, the other States consented to aid I'russia. iu the subjugation of tha Dane*. Arul the sameiH tho rase with the Italian war. Not Germany, but Austria, conquered the Italian* in the

l.embartljr ; and with Austria it is that England and I'rance wish to treat or interfere relative to the now treaty. Yet we are told that "Germany" is united, that it forms one great invincible nation, that its power ia such as to enable it to dictate laws to the rest of the world ' How comes it. then, that Austria trembles at the idea of an English or French intervention ! How comes it that it dares not reject the intervention in direct and plain words, but seeks to avoid a direct answer by evasion and apologies ! No ; the fact is, painful as it touches me to be compelled to make the acknowledgment, there is no Germany ! there is no Union! fhat nation, that might become the leading power of the world, that consists of the bravest, the most fearless men?that boast# more iuttlligence imd learning than any other? that nation is Jiiudu the ridicule of the world, a by-word for political orators to ui-e. the several Stutes of which arc kicked about like a shuttlecock, and thi'ir subjects derided, mocked, aud ridiculed not only by roru'ga na'ions but by their own neighbors. If Germany, all those Ntat>s that speak the lierman language, and are related to each other by their common descent, their common history, and their common interest, were to drop its petty sectional prejudiecs; if it were to unite una form one common, concentrated and confederated government, similar to that of the I'nited States, it would stand second to no power on earth ; its commerce would extend to the most remote regtons, its ships would cover the ocean, and command the respent of all other nations: its influence would extend Itself to every part of the habitable globe. Politics, as well as social and literary questions, would engHge the attentions of its wise meu, and an emancipation from the present deplorable ignorance in all that appertains to statesmanship or political economy would be the inevitable consequence?intelligence, prosperity, anj happiness the result. Out. instead of this strife and contention, the National Parliament, at Krankl'crt, is but an empty piece of formality ; for in truth, none of the larger States intend to be governed by its decrees. The" Reicheverineser" and his minister are either the tools or the dupes of the prinors, and nothing is done without flrst obtaining their advice or consent. In consequence of this, Prussia has now ratified a treaty (as last night's mail relates) which is a sbame to the whole nation. The Minister of War, Mr. Hecktoher, (of Prussia) declared tfcix news to the National rnriiamcin, an'l a^.j.^ ; "Owing to th? rapi- j ;}Uy (!) with which the negotiations were carried on, it has been impossible to conform, in every particular, to the resolutions of parliament, in relation to this matter.'' IndeM' so '-rapid" negotiations may ho carried on In opposition to the decrees of parliament ! 'J his ts characteristic of the manner iu which the several governments intend to evade the supremacy of the national government. (You will probably receive tho particulars of this treaty before my letter reaches you, by means of Knglish papers ; so I will omit it.) While this is the nosition of affair* in relation to our foreign policy, our internal condition is not a hit better. The debate upon the separation of the State and Church, and Church and School is not yet ended, and the result is as uncertain as ever. The excitement caused by the priests, by falsely proclaiming that the church in in danger, continues.ami in many districts of northern Germany measures have been token in large and what in the States would be called | respectable meetings of the people, some of whom have hidden and buried their bibles to save them from the hand* rf the expected barbarian invaders; and they have unanimously resolved, " to die in defence of their reli ion and bibls." In the parliament, the most remarkable unions of opposite parties, of elements that are as little united together as water anil tire, take place in relation to thin matter The extreme lel't side goes hand in hand with th i extreme right, both seeking to obtain the same result, bow-ver different their motives may be. The member* of the lel't Ride wish peridot liberty of co??cienoe, and entire independence of the State from the rhurcb; in which manner aieiie the in* dividiiHi in lit liberty to think, to uorxhip a* he thiol.* | riirht; while thoiie of the right, embracing quite n con* | Biderable number ?f catholic* and protectant olergymen. wixh the Church independent of the State, in order to obtain a more complete control over the mmhern of the church, anl over the education of the youth. In Vienna, the i;reat Insurrection of Pari* in June, has found an imitation en minialur?. Still, it was bloody enough, and may have the elTeotof subduing the e(T< rtR of the working claws for amelioration, and of the republican party in general, which has hitherto been continually active. Some fl4 of the workmen have been daotrerouMy, partly mortally wounded, and eight have found their death in the revolt. It hat been calm and peaceful ever since, owing to the energetic meatuien taken by the National Guard to preHni peace and order. J. *' I Ireland, the United Ht?tea of America, and | England. [From the London Tines, Sept. 13.] There appeared rn our columns of yesterday a letter from Inverness, on the subject of Ireland. Theie is nothing very startling in the nature of the letter, or its date. Ireland, unfortunately, presents nothing very new to observation or reneci tion. All that can be known about her is too well known already; all that can be said about her h*s ! been said over and over again Nor has the , bonnie city ol Inverness any peculiar claims to poi luteal distinction. Ihere would be, then, but ' little to excite attention in any letter on Ireland, ! written from Noith Britain, except the position or ! character of the writer. This it is which gives an extrinsic value to the communicatien which we published yesterday. The writer is a repub nctui, an 'inirncnn, ana a citizen 01 tne United States; but he is no sympathizer with sedition; he is no fomenter of discord; he is a friend to order and to good government, under every form of polity, ana therefore we recur to his observations. We have on one or two occasions offended the patriotism or the self-respect of those Americans, whore feelings we should be extremely loth to irritate, by quoting extracts from the bitterest of | their anti-Anglican journals. ' Why do you do 1 thisl" they exclaim. " The papers to which you attach so much importance have no weight or influence with the majority of the intelligent cit?; zens of the States: they form no opinions, they express none ; they are merely the vents of the bitterest and most bigotted passions wherewith the very lowest of our community are tainted. , You might as wrll judge of the national mind of , England from the unstamped press of London, as | of the deposition of America from the journals i I which you so irequently transcribe." This ta the i tone of many friendly remonstrances addressed to ua by the citizen* of North America; and to 1 ; the spirit which pervades them all we should .oiig J hl'h have unreservedly deferred, had it not been j i (or the awkward fact that, whatever may be their influence in forming opinion or creating p irty, the ( most snti-Anglican of the Amprican papers are i a'fo the most wtdely-cireiita'ed and the most penerally read Our qnotatisns, then, may lie taken as a fair index, il not ol the matured iudgmcut aud the more intelligent opinions, yet ol the predominant sentiments or popular tendencies of the transatlantic republicans. Tn contrastinc the bittt-r hostility of these par K.L..JI.. .--1 ? lu.niiD mm nuiuij* auu irui|'< iUie ritlurBillC^a ol that less niimeioua hut moderate and not powerless party,whose good wishes were waited across the ocean during the crisis of our political struggle, we do that which is no less grateful to our patriotism than to our conscience. We owe, indeed, much nmre to the "sympathies" of America thnn is trenerally acknowledged in England. These sympathies have not uniformly heen with treason, disloyalty, or insurrection. They have?though nrt so loudly expressed?heen as warm on the side of order, loyalty, and law. There were few persons in Knt'land who looked forward to the 10th of Apiil with more anxiety and drcid than did tli" merchants, traders, and Uwyers of New York and nosion. mere were no persons in I'Jnul'in?l wiio exulted more cordially at it* result than they did. Wlun the steamship bearing the intelligence rearhed port, and the news was spread that sedition had been sup pressed, and turbulence disarmed in London, one ueneial thrill of delipht pervaded every respectable clns*. Men congratulated one another that the soil oil which their fathers had drawn hrenth had been dececrated by no civil strile and stained by no civic bloodshed. They rejoiced that the gieat principle on which their own constitution was reared,?the principle of Knglith law?had triumphed amid the convulsions of TCnrope. In the preservation of their prototype th*y recognised the stability of their own institutions. Thrv viewed with gladness, rather than with jealousy, tne coeipisl vi^or which the two diff:rent governments of the same Anglo-Saxon race [ERA iiidlill' Mt-tl lo Ui?- wciole vvoiui al lilts Bcime lime. The trunk whs sound, therefore the branch en would not perish. Sentiments such as these an- common to the more intelligent portion of the American people. I'roud of their own independence, tliey are not less proud ol th^ stock from which itivy sunn;; Jealo.is of the aggrandizements of Kngland, they still would not see her smitten hv "an unseemly or unworthy stroke. The assault that would jeojia1 cii/.e urr inn?iiiiiuiia in* y iviiuw would cnuingcr their own. The race which cannot thrive uutpr, or which rejects her authority, must also be incompatible with theirs. The only rl ill* re nee in the late of the two will be the diH -reac;' of time. Sooner or later, tlie two branches ol' the same stock, with the same, or nearly the saint*, mode of government, mu?t find a similar destiny. A conecioumees of this mak?*H them alive to all tne workings of our political and social system; to all the svmptums of our political and social maladies. No wonder that they should regard frrlaud with peculiar attention. T.ie sentiments which our correspondent of yesterday enunciated as prevalent iri England, are, we Know, not unpopular among the upper circles of America. Tlie state of Inland is to an American as oileusive as it is to an English mind. It oflt-nds his love of law, of order, of consistency, of manly courage, and manly endurance, it seems to him a huge anomaly in the world of polities and morals; a monster rather than a reality: a caricature rather than a resemolance to anything that exists. A nation alternately playing the beggar and the bravado, now bullying like a highwayman, now whining like a mendicant, always "aggrieved,'' always *'oppressed," but never doing anything to better itself either by work or by arms?courting the sympathy of the world bv its rairs and its n.ikt duess. aud renavirit? us only benefactor by menace and .-edition this is>, to the educated and sober American, precisely I as disgusting and repulsive a picture as it is to the i educated and sober Englishiu yi True, there are j Irish sympathizers in plenty in New York, who ! would eiit up all England at one gulp, it ttiey 1 could. There is declamation enough, and swaggering enough, and fustian enough, lor Confederation Ilall itself. Hut the American citizen knows the value of this oetter eveu than we do; nor does his better knowledge inspire him with a better liking for it Of all things, there is nothing that he regards with so much suspicion as the virulence of the new-imported Iiishry. In it he sees more future danger to his own country than to England. It may not come yet; but?unless Ireland be much changed in the meantime?itwill come. When the vast and unpopulated districts nf his native domain are more filled with the densely growing multitudes that are now crowding to his shores?when the population, in- | stead ot spreading over vast prairies and cutting through primeval foiests, is more pent up in towns 1 nnd cities?when every city has its Irish uuarter, ! and eveiy JState an Irish faction?then will Ame- i ilea experience the curse of a great Celtic imini- j gration ; then will she know what it is to be the sewer of a vast, Fi|iialid, and turbulent multitude 1 ?a multitude which has fostered the passions of the east in the feuds und factions ol the west?the instincts of savage in the contentions of civilized life It is by forebodings and foreshadowings of this destiny that Americans are awakened to the contemplation ot [relandasslie is It is this teelmg that makes some of them A nglis Anqlwics, when they S|.eak on the topic ol Irish policy. Expressions which even nn undou ited tory would hesitate -o make use of in the English House of Com moils, a Southern American willnot hesitite to publish. He will not stick at calling the malady by its proper name, or prescribing the attest remedy lor it. Like our corresponde t, he will at once point to a so'rdid and trading agitat on as the greatest pest that torments Ireland. He will demand that this be forcibly suppressed bef >re anything else be attempted, nnd then the remedies which he will suggest in perspective, are not, indeed, such as our party combatants in Parliament would prescribe,?political, but what common sense has all along pointed out,?social remedies. But h? justly insists, as every wise physician or trainer of youth has hitherto insisted, that the (irst lesson taught should be submission to authority. Without Pus, no'liing else is possible; alter this, everything. Till this has been done, emigration, education, inal l>y jury, and the franchise, are so many mares mid mockeries When this lias been done, j the Irishman will become a blessing to hn own country mid to England, and a creature worthy of eliciting the honest sympathies," both of Europe nnd Aineiica. Whilst he is what he is, he will, despite the howlB of the turbulent and the nf lh>> itesicrnirxr rvm,mi lht> srnrn of one hemisphere, and the" pity of the other. The Iriuli Rebellion. Coiitliii Hall, Thursday. Oct 13, 181H. Dear Sin ? Several gentlemen of this city, who have long t*lt a deep interest In the affairs of Ireland, (of which number you have not been thn leant active.) desire that I should Rive some public explanation of the cauft-H which led to the unexpected failure of the late revolutionary movement Id that country. 1 fuel bound to meet their wishes, aa being their*,and fot this other rtaM.n, that no honest Ktatement of the matter can be made at present in Ireland, where the right of meeting. and the liberty ot the press have been both annihilated by the British authorities. Were it not my fortune to arrive in your city, I should have felt it my duty to have made tbe Executive Direotory of New V erk the medium of thia statement. But being detained here, and hearing ?o many anxious inquiries daily made, I have yielded to tbe general desire to make It public without delay. In doing so, I fear i will try your patience much, but I am c?rtain none of yonr readers will consider tbe final fate of seven millions of a generous and gifted race, a subject of indifference to them, as men, or m Americans. In wbat I sav. I shall sneak from mv own knowledge? for, though I went on t mission into a neighboring country toward the end of July, I km back in Ireland the flr*t week in Augu*t, and was engaged there till September. There are three date* to be born* in mind In reference to thit movement: the month of February, when ] the contlbental revolution* began; the 24th of July, when the habrai corput act was suspended; and the hsivest time, which, in Ireland, does not come until September. In February last, the Irlth parties, who sought * change of government, were two -the Moral Force Rtpeaiers, and Young Ireland These parties originated in July, 1844, when Voung Ireland seceded from the Repeal Association, on the subject of the lawfulness ?f shedding biood to achieve political rights. Before that event. Daniel O'Connell wm u thutlutflt the ruler of Ireland, as Nicholas Romanoff is wf Russi*. The old honored him for his cautious tactics, tho young. because England feared and batf<l him. Man/ fiet extents (incerely co-operated with him for his liberality; the Catholics revered him as the man wft* reboiit their altars, and loosed the tongues and arms of their priesthood. Two thousand Catholio clergymen, quartered in every hamlet and at every cross-road, were his captains and his magistracy. Ills word was the only law In ifce land, and children were baptised with his name, as with the name of a saint This man, so powerful and so well-beloved, taught In his last days the doctrine that " no amount of liberty was worth the spilling of one drop of human blood," and the great majority of the clergymen and the people adopted It Implicitly But there was an undergrowth of a new generation in Ireland, who desired pelf government, and who thought it a cause worth Bgtbing tor?who, indeed, wished to fight for it, provided it could not otherwise be ha). O'Connell introduced, in July, '40. his test of membership in the Repeal Association, known a*" the Peace Resolutions," itnd Young Ireland, believing that such a course would be fatal to sucoess against such an enemy, seoeded. I n January. 1M7, they formed ''the Irish Confederation," out of nich the beat of the continental events produced this late attempt at Insurrection In 1847, Young Ireland was busy gaining over the inhabitants of the towns from moral force," and with the examples of I'ius the Ninth, and the revolu lion* 01 ia?t spring. *? succeeded. At any time during the last nil month*, the town*' peopie were, In lerm?, committed to attempt a forcible expuUion of : the Uritinh power. This township organiiation eon*i*ted of 600 club*, In Ue total of about :MH)00 men of th? fighting e^e. Of the?e, lesi than hxlf were more or lex* armed in July, and the other half were acquiring arms a* fa*t as they could where oione r waa *c?rce aud military w eapon* drar I have known half-employed tradesmen to atint ih<-m*elTe* of their daily menl* in order to buy a gun. K.ach club waa divided Into section* of ten men, with a master to each action, who knew, personally, each of hi* ten inen. And let me a**ur? our generoua American friend* that though the club*, a* club*, <lo not meet now together in Ireland, these *ection* nearly all exist, and form a nucleu* of future movement, which cannot be reached or crushed. I assure theoi of thi?, b"th from knowledge of the system and from the fact that, under the disarming act, twenty *tand* of arm* have not yat been captured from the confederate*. But the confederate principle* did not pervade the rural population* up to the last hour. Kor this there are mauj cause*. The famine of '40 and 47 hud left a iMrpiiuun uurr 11 iikh mat wnicri follow* Inyfr j in [> -?! ? u try could not rot am the heat that Ml to hot, i Huffy and Meagher would infu*e iuto them They lelt the electricity a* a shock?and it paased through them 1 he ROVernment ?aw?it was a patent fact?that we bad converted and orgaui/.ed the towns, but had not reached the heart ot the cuntry. They knew that the club system. formidable where population wax grouped, wan untuited to the rural dletnots Tdey, therefore, opposed the IB' urreotioii with two weapon*; they oone< n> ra< ed th"ir force* on the town*, aud u?ed every art to prevent the junction of the Catholic clergy with the revolutionary leader* In thl? la't?r enterprise they were materially assisted by the opposition of .Mr. John O'Conaell to tbu f irniatioa of the " lrUh Lvagur" That Lua^ae, derUeil L D. TWO CENTS. I null uuvtJOnU-il by ifix t?*-ft clar^yiiittu aiiU oit /. nn, I who I tit*- ndfd to nwallow up both tb? Uwp. *1 \<iog|t. Hon and thw < onfrdi-ratlon. Hh notii-ti iv?uU w >u <1 j bav? bt-eu to brin* toi<>-th>-r Vuuu^ lri-l?fi<l nqd th? l'ri??thood?th? two vital nl^ra. uU of lri<n u -Iktm< i that period Mr. John ()''-ouq?II <)ppo^>i it by<tHuoi otHli g of email artifice* unworthy of any man ami l which were only tolerated beiu , hit falh?r u son, h? waa necmmry to ih? uuioa of ptrtitM H? ai-ked a iIhIhj of a fortnight of a mouth?aud of nix I week*. Ki Dally, when t ho bix weelm were expired, ami ft r very t-hauie, he could a>li no more ha op'-n'y nI niiiled it HH illegal. ? nd In tended to be uola'rinic ? I The ( atholio clergy, with the exception of the oour; n^fouc au'l eli <|i?c nt Bishop of Jeriy iiud hi* cler/yI men?abiiud'iui'd the iut'aut League. aud *o the confederated ?eie left aloue. face to fai.e, and f >?t to t >ot, with tti*- Rovt-ruuifut Any one who kuowi Ireland, socially, will know how indispensable the priesthood ant to discipline ami inovt ment In the rural puru. In many ptri?tie* tU* prie*t )h th" only educated maa, in uk*<1) all he ii ir?-? only ou>* who feel* and tolls fur the people freian<l hu? no middle claxn, and it would b t ?r<-ll tor h-r if nh? bad no geuiry But the prie-tboud in everywhere ami revered e.??-rjwhere. And thin reverence tut been the reward of unchauglnic devotlou lHrou<ii tbetutir* geveiiih ceutury the priest* aud pm>pln t>?ught fide by fide, bishops commanded ?runec an i t'cur. conducted slt'gri. In the (K'ual eighteenth cen'ury th < flock. upuu wur ui'fUH'.min nuHJU Tor IfiH I, and many a bloody corps bound the path* by *hich they tucaped I am nannflod ibut it the church h.ii b*en involved, even ever t-o little, iu LslH, we wmld bave beat.'11 tin- Knglifch Hut the hiNtiop* an 1 d nitariei* oppoi-ed the moveruent. or wtiai b?lju-t ttm j use efftct, proubecled U? failure ?n-4 a' g'i;d its rain. | The peeoudary clergy and the curate* wao were ttior* j favorable to it, la aubmuiMua to their order, wens 1 silent | Iu taking that cnurso, Iho Trish cle-gy did not lcan> tbi-BifselT?H without argument*. The bloody days of June iu Pari*?the lamentable t?ntrchy iu the city of Heme? tbe comparative uuprepHredueN* of i he pe-pln ? the slaughter that would he madu the partial It luie of the hui vect? aie all reaioo? for their cou *?. Mat, assuredly, they made the revolution fa'l by preachlni* that it would fail. At ( arriuh ut < aatlereagti iu l'ipperary, Limerick, and Clare, they preached u^aiustuu bpptal to arm*. and made convert*. Now, the coucentratiou of tbe troops in tbe towns and cities compelled the contedera.es to choose a guerrilla war or none. The muia'iou ofau lr|ih town, iu August lai-t, may be understood froui this lastano*: Iu Dublin, iih in mo?t Irinh towns. there In au old an<i a new town. Tbe liovernuieut people live la the a?* town, and command its open'aud angular stree s troa* strong public building*, tilling every vista. ami r.wellit.g bouse, nearly aR strong la the old tow a live thn lnrtUllury reDels wtio oouhl be destroyed by a shower of shells which might be no directed as not to tujur** the other ijuarter in Dublin, the garrison was. on th? ?7th of July, lft.IKK) mrD and it averaged, throughout, 10 (jOO. Th? object of making the wurinr-a ^n-rrill.i, one,was to drag these concentration* to piece*. an the Spanish patriots did Napoleon's armies of one ipiion, and by bringing th<*in into district*, wuerj only infantry could act with case, to put them more ou a level with the raw levies of ihe people The rem ilndercf th? course that might betaken would be to barn the tmviM and cilies, an the AlheDians did Athens, and the ILtitipiund Moscow. This, I be live, would have been the result, on the newsot the flrxt royalist blood brinif drawn in the lural districts, whither these oousiderationi, andtho habeas corpui suspension act bad driven our leaders. But the rural dl-tricts would not move without their clergy, and the clergy weru openly adverse or inactive. It is net fair to assume that there wat no system of operations agreed on among the confederates. 1'heri* was u feasible ana well understood plan. what it was, it is not advisable for ine pub.lcly to explain Besides, 1 hart rather a future sujcss* should publish it than I. 1 have no objection? qui'.e thi contrary? to explain it to any committee or circle of the friends of Ireland, but printing it would servo no purpose except to arm the on* my. Tbe conclusion I draw, frnrn all I know of this attempt, is this?that tho clergy of the people made ? grave political mistake, and that thai mistake w.is fa'al to 'be insurrection in its Incipient stagm U would be UDfalr and false to say that they cann it allege si.ro u? grounds fortheir course; but I am f .r ouh, fully convinced, that, if they hart headed the peasantry, w* would have renewed the miracle of St Patrick 1 kn >w there would be slaughter, hut fever and farain-*, n i? i under the protection of the British tla< in Ireland, will destroy more liven, and with worse weapons, thai* the sixty thousand armed men could have Killed. Anil, then, to compare the two results ! 1 left Ireland at tbe beginning of September, despairing of any immediate national movement Jtut I do not. and never shall, despair of the ooun ry The people are not to blame that there has not been a revolution Next time they must trust in local leaders, liks tbe I>appsr>es anrt the Cataloniau chiefs, tierce m -n and blunt without too many ties binding them to tho peace. They must choose, too the favorable concurrence of a foreign war. an erent which Is likely to precede tbe settlement of the newly awakened race* of tin ' continent. The extermination of the Irish people i? I cot to be apprehended, they oliag to the soil like gras-i, ' and while they fling, they hate Koglaod The numnj riius emigrations of them make scarcely any sensible uiuiiuuutm in vim 1 imrrut iw'cs. iumr <>wo KirougH.4b political feellrgx, are hatred to Kaplan J, and a sanguine hope in Ireland. Until the good day of victory come*, all indivldaa I of the IrUh nation must only <<tri?e the more to tnakn their names respeotablo by dnin? noble deed-i-by j honetty. by courage, by gentleness by genitH. to ?a?o I the national spirit from barrenness uud the national ! character from di?paragenient. If thii late movement hanproducednothingelrte.it baa produced martyr*. | it haa wedded the Irish csupe once more to dlsintereetednofR and pelf sacrifice, and next to sm;h sages ai* Washington, the life moat valuable to freedom is a lifn 1 like tmmet'i. offered up upon her holy altar, the scaffold ; such offerings have been freely made of late, in Ireland, by tbe self lmoM lation of John Mltchel, and hid faithful friend John Martin; by Mr. Meagher and Mr O'Gorman, the sons of tiro of our richest merchants; by Mr. Duffy our greatest journalist; by John Lillion and Smith O'Brien, men whom mucti fsrtuno and many friends wooed in vaio from ''the thorny path of dutr." In other revolutionary atfemot*, leaders am usually less exposed to danger than the pe<>pl?; in thin, they have openly adventured fortune, home, friend.* 1 and life The country tbat ran bear even a few *uc!? j men will net readily degenerate into * nursing mother I of stares. For Freedom's battle, one* began, Bequeathed from bli-edlog aire to son, Tmiugh bullied utt, is ever wen. Tbat it will be woo in Ireland, and sooner than many, even among her friends, dare hope, I believe. The viee of loyalty la gone at the root, and it but needa bat a little more of Time'a teaching to make a Democratic Revolution, which will wait for no leaderahip to atrike, to make Ireland as free as the freest? even aa free as thia parent land of liberty itaelf. Requesting your indulgence for thia too long letter, I remain, my dear air. youra very truly. THOMAS D'ARCY McUEE, (A Traitor to the Britiah Government.) ArrRBHEFtsioN or Ma. Cuaris, the Tax Collector or SiLroED ?The defalcations of Mr. Tbomaa Curtis, the oolleotor of poor ratea and assessed taxes In Salford, bis abarondinc to America, and his subsequent robbery in the States, must be still freah in the reootlection of oar readers. It appear* that, after having been robbed by a fellow pasaenger in New York, a sab(r.n mm mm nr. Kw ?ke M XT I # ov?i|mivm "w |w? ?y *jj ?u*? ww|/???au vi vuo 41 tug tbe purpose of affording not temporary relief to hfa wife and family. Shortly afterward?, Mr. Cor tic pro ceeded to Boiiton, when, finding his fund* somewhat low, and despairing of getting properly settled in the State*, be resolved to return to K eg land Ac cord! ugly, he tecurrd a passage for blmeelf and family ia a rtmei which was bound for Hall, where they arrived yesterday weak Ob leaving Boston. half of the pa*sag* iiioney was paid, and the remainder waa promised immediately upon the arrival of the vessel at Hall. As soon as they landed, t demand wa? mad* upon Mr. Curtis for the balance of bia fare; bat he put off th? payment for a day or two, and in the meantime procured lodging* In Mytton street 8ome time beforv leaving Kngland, Mr*, Curtis bad deposited ?25 In tba bank of Means. Cunliffe*, Brook* &. Co , and tbey had ctIJi ntly relied upon the receipt of that money as aooit aatkey landed. Mr* Cart Is wrote to the bank, and received by return of poet, the halves of five ?5 note*, with an assurance that upon the receipt of those being acknowledged, the otbar halve* would be forwarded. Thecircumstancehowever, beeame known; Mr Adamfon. tbe clerk to tbe Sa'ford board of guardians, was communicated with upon tbe Robjeot, and eventually It ws* decided to call a joint meeting of the guardian* and the overseer*, to contlder what course should b? y adopted with ret>pect to Mr. Curtis. I'hat wee in(j to?k place at two o'clock on Saturday, when It was resolved to apply for a warrant for hi* apprehension. The nereMHarv eviilnncA ?&s nrocured In the course Ot the afternoon, aad at half-pa-t fix o'clock an application wan made to the mayor 'or a warrant against Mr. | Curtli, for obtaining mnney u?J?r f*lee pretence*? hvidence of his having r?oeived money after ha had ceased to be the collector was tendered, and the application wan granted. The warrant was placed in the hand* of Mr. Stephen >eal, the superintendent of th? Sa'ford police, who proceeded by the lir*t train to Hull, and eurfirised Mr. Curtis in bed aboat ten o'clock on Sunday morning. On seeing the superintendent, ha aa>d. ' Oh, I! know what you have come for; I will get up and go with you." His at rest was immediately telegraphed to I he authr rities of Salford He arrived In Manchester about eleven o'clock yesterday morniog, and was fatten to the Town Hall, but th*re Iwdn* no n.agistrate present, bis examination w m adjourned to this morning The overseers of the borough will bw th? prosecuting parties, but how they will shape fielr charge seems at present uncertain - Mane\rtter Kiamtrir), Sept. 19 Camp Mkktinq ? Si.noct.ar.?A camp-meeting - L-U -- .1? - ?? V.? r .Kan..n ,h.? wna nriu ill uir yiciiniy ? .. ... Stat*, on tb? l?t in*t Paring th?t matting nrtm -mbfm werp added to th? church, and 90 protonr! religion On Tu?pday owning a phtinomnnon occurred which crtated no little pxcl'fnif nt During an int.-rminaion of aervire*, a young lady 21 y*ara of ag? who bail been (lent and dumb fr?m infancy wa* sitting la a t?nt where eomc person* wem winging when ?h? wan observed to bti pnmewhat exnitvd In ab.>ut two mln* uten aftrr thi* waa ubaer??d, *h? rprtng fr>ra h.T ibouting ' glory Sh? haa ppokeu tioan* glnce.? Conntrfvillt {la ) TtlefrvpS,

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