Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 17, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 17, 1848 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

TH NO. 5249. Tike New Ameiican Territory. [From the London Tlmm, Sept. 10 J There is really a great deal of interest to be acSuired in the seizing of California, jnst taKen by tie United StateB. We mean that there is something very amusing in the spectacle of the most inquisitive and tenacious people iu the world turned loose into a huge, mysterious, unexplored region. Tt ia unmclhini' hpvnnH IVnnn miiH hm hrnthtr ?<? vanti in Egypt, and is almost equivalent to a meeting of tbe British Association in Japan with the ir?e run of the islands. It is certain that, at this moment, no human being of Caucasian extraction has any conception of what may be discoverable on the ten degrees of the globe's surface between the llio del Norte and the North Pacific Ocean; and it is almost as certain that in two years' time there will be a railroad right across the province, and boarding houses at every station. It is something in these dull times to have a real true terra incognita in store, with Americana for adventurers. The truth is, that tbe Colorado beats the Oxufi hollow; for there was a time when Baetriana was a civilized and accessible region enough. whereaB theie is no certainty that the spot of ground indicated by lat. 36, long. 112, was ever ioddeu by hny foot but that of an Indian horoe-stealer. We say no certainty, because there id imvat^ru in fho li i nhtiot f\ rr atfaoliurl tn flua country- A blue book, stamped with all the authority of it I'aihamentary warrant, positively states that " Independent nations, living in large townB, and known only by report," are presumed to exist within the old domains of Mexico, and, as RfM sucli turned tw the other day, during the forays between Santa Fe and Vera Cruz, we must conclude they lie somewhere hereabouts, if anywhere. The mystery of the reports is quite charming. The existence ot the cities in question is not exactly so well ascertained as was that ot paradise by Sir John Mandeville, who "had not.indeed, reached the spot,but had seen the walls thereof;" it bears rather a stronger analogy to that ?i El Dorado, of which some Indians told Raleigh's sailors that they had once seen the reflection in a lake. Seriously, though, there is actually an enormous indefinite area to be explored and IHty thousand adventurers leady to rout and ransack eveiy corner ol it, like the u idertakers at the drawers and cupboards in Hogarth's picture of the Dead Mieer. Perhaps our readers would like to learn something of the known state of California, as a point de depart from which to venture into those interesting details which will, no doubt, reach us by every American mail. Under the old Spanish monarchy, Upper or New California, was one ot the three provinces comrummer fho Vippravnltv fit Mpw Sirmin Its settlement, however, was limited to the establishment oi some eighieen or twenty " missions" located along the coast, which were dedicated to the various saints whose titles still survive between Fruncieco and Diego, and which were calculated, with a precision and a certainty attainable by none but Spaniards, to render the colonization of the country altogether an impossibility. San Diego, the southernmost of these, and the point where the new American frontier will debouch upon the Pacific, was founded in 1769, before which year there was no European settlement upon the coast. Between this period and 1800 were founded the others, all on the same model, and all running the same course. The aspect of the presidios was not materially varied underthe rule ot the emancipated republic. When Captain Wilkes landed at San Francisco, he found, at the chief anchorage of this noble port, a "town," of which the constituent elements are thus enumerated:?"A large frame house, occupied by an agent of the Hudson's Bay Company ; a store kept by an American; a billiardmo ni und bar: n noon-cabin of a shin. oprumeH as a dwelling by an Anglo-American captain; a blacksmith's shop, and some outbuildiags." As this is decidedly the most famous colony on the coast, it would be rather |>ervertiug the proverb to say " tlx pcde Hercnlcm," but we may probably Bave ourselves the trouble of describing San Car? Ios, or Santa Barbara, or La Ptirissima Concepcion. In these delightful settlements resides the present white population of the province, numbering, oerhaps, about 3,000 souls; and some 9,000 or i 10,000 Indians, it is calculated, roam abroad in the mysterious wilds of tli<; interior. The whites ar? true sons of Old Spain, with every thing of a Castilian but his bravery. But for the presence of certain English and Americans, the Indians would infallibly drive them into the sea. Alter calm observation and mature reflection, Captain Wilkes is compelled to pronounce that " they may be termed cruel to their wives, in a greater degree still to their slaves and cattle, and ' xceedingly ignorant of every thing but extortion, riding horses, and catching bullocks." A true Yankee graft upon this valuable stock must yield a wonderful result, and we shall not be long before we see it. We described, lately, the precautions which have been so promptly taken to bring the newteriitory safely under hana, and it appears that the work of discovery has already commenced. At present, the great attrac tion seems rather in the bowels of the earth than on its surface, and hundreds of independent citizens are at work with their pickaxes, like treasure seekers in the Hart/, mountains. Quicksilver is the main object of search, and we are told, in a semi-official and perfectly serious report, of one mine, about 13 miles from San Francisco, " so rich, that the gentleman who surveyed it under the directions of the government was so much affected by salivation,<| that his mouth was sore for a period of ten days after he had concluded the survey." It is anticipated that quicksilver will thus be an article of as regular exportation from the western, as breadstuffs from the eastern coasts of the States; several mining companies are already established, and California is even now spoken ot by Transatlantic journalists in that phrase which so attracted Mr. Martin Chuzzlewit, as " one oi the most remarkable provinces of our country, sir." We should rather conceive doubts, from the . configuration of this part oi the continent, whether the mineral wealth, so characteristic of the great spinal plateau of Anahuac did, in reality, extend so far beyond its termination as to be met with in North California. Hut, like the young farmers in the fable, who dug for a treasure and discovered it in the enrichment of their farm, which had followed upon the labor bestowed, the Americans will, no doubt, find their account in the improvement and civilization of this hitherto unproductive country, with a territory, at least in places, highly fruitful, a climate free from the noxiousness of he opposite coast, and a temperature not otherwise than equable, they can hardly (ail of a return for their labor, and. if they do not discover any New Peru, or any fresh variety of the human race, they will, at least, make a vast tract of the earth's surface subservient to the increasing wants of man. Organization of the Urrmnnlc Jfimplre. 1 Ftom the Washington Union, Oot. 16.1 We have been favored with the following documents, Just received by the Department of State, at Washington; and we take great pleasure in laying them before oar readers, ft is delightful to tee the manner in wbieh our oountry is appreciated abroad. What a noble compliment does the Archduke pay te our political institution*, and to the character of our Washington! We are sure that every Amerloan will read it with pride and with pleasure The letter of Mr. Donelson is worthy of bis oountry. His Allusion to the Tri?!*! "Item C? government oT,ne' with great grace from the representative of our own federal government, appearing brfore the h?ad of a new federal government. recently rising in Oermnny. The Archduke's allusion to the Uermans who have emigrated to our shore*, and united their destinies with our own, is singularly happy. Afr. Z)o?icl?on'? epeech to hit Imperial IIighnes$,the Grand Viiairt of the Germanic Empire, en preienting hit credentials. No higher honor could be conferred upon me than that of presenting the letter which I now do, accrediting me as the Minister of the United States to your Imperial Highness. On a former occasion, anticipating the decision of the President when he should fee Informed of the existence of the eentral power established by the Oerman States, I ventured to oxprers. In advance, the friendship and sympathy he would feel for it? nuccess. The letter which I now deliver will show that it wm not possible for me to overstate the 'warmth and sincerity of his sentiments. 1'ermit tan, in addition, to annum your Imperial Itighnfir, that no effort shall be spared on my part, to render the performance of my duties acceptable. The United 8tatus, having no interest which can be opposed to tnat of Oermany, will look with a steady friendship to the great work whioh has bsen intrusted to the guardianship of the provisory government and the national assembly. That this work may be suco?s?ful, that it may unit* the German States in a just federal gt.vcrnm?r t, which will make them as a Union, stronger and greater, and as a people more free, prosperous. and happy, will be the anxlons wish of every true American Allow me also to express, on tnl* occasion, the confidence reposed by my countrymen in the personal character of your Highness. They respect it as a guarantee that the objects proposed by this Union of the Oeinian States, may be attained without war or elvil eonvnUlon*. Having been aided themselves by a kind Providence, which gave them a Washington, to show how much stronger is a political fabric whioh rests upon the spirit of fraternal eoncord and forbesrance. thsn upon the rivalries of separate interests and conflicting nstic nslitles they indulge the hope that similar blessing awaits Oermany They rejoice in tfee wlih that the generations tvfcich arc to const) mi?y E NE M( place the name of your Highness by the aide of Washington. not for story gained In fields of battle, but for services as a sfeteiman, who persuades hi* aouutrymen to aoDtlnue together in brotherly oouasel, to bury their local differences and sectional prejudices, and to establish, by patriotio compromises, agovernment uniting public order and private right with individual liberty and national independence. My government and countrymen are aware that it is I tbeir example and not their advice, wbioh may engage tbe attention ot foreign States when seeking to amend tbeir political systems Henoe. they studiously abstain from becoming partisans to the internal differences of other nations respecting their forms of government. They know that whatever is good in itself will be useful only as a political example, as it becomes known by its peaceful and unpretending presence in the exchanges of oommeroe. and in those friendly offices which belong to the spirit of an age that makes knowledge and virtue the condition of national greatness and private happiness. It is not, therefore, in ths spirit of propagandism that the sentiments cf which I am the organ are offered It is in that of a sincere respect for the German States and people, whose origin, numbers, intelligence, position, and productions, entitle them 10 be rank?4 amongst tbe first nations of the earth. ,'lddren of the <lrchduke John, Vicaire of the German Empire, to Mr. Oonelson, Envoy Extraordinary of the United States. It gives me sincere joy to see an envoy from the United States of America accredited to the German central power; and my thankful acknowledgments are due for the friendly advances your government has made in this respect. These advances will sxrve to IllHHC iuc uuiiii ui leuowruip auu gwiu uuuersuiuumg between the United States and Germany more dura ble. The high value 1 net upon thin bond needs no assurance from me. My belief in its strength is increased by the oonviction that the interests of the two countries?political spiritual, and material?are of a hind to guaranty the accomplishment of my hopes. Many people of German origin have found a social home in hospitable America, and have been received therewith benevolence. This is a tie to make still more certain the frien dship of the two nations. M?y the remembrance of your great Washington, and the blessed legacy his wisdom his raro virtues, and his disinterested patriotism have bequeathed to America, never oease to live among your people, I carry in my heart a sincere veneration for him, and regard him as an exalted model of all the virtues Like him, would I seek my highest fame in this, that the trust which Germany has reposed in me may be justified by my cordial and consistent endeavors to found legal order, and to secure to my beloved fatherland undisturbed pence from within and without But these, my efforts, must be assisted by the friendship of foreign powers, and particularly by your noble Ameriean nation. I rely upon this friendsh'p and will do all I can to merit it In this respect it is a good omen, Mr Minister, that you are chosen to represent your government near me. Vour trustworthy character, your matured judgment, your affection lor the German people, are already known anil crivh von universal esfreitm in mv fjthur land. I derive from this aourue a satisfactory asf urance tliat all will be done to give effect to the mutual wishes of our governments. I bid you welcome from my heart?weloome ! Arrival of the Cochitijate Water in Boston?On Saturday, about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, "the first water from Lake Coohituate reached Boston through tbe aqueduct. The pipe on the Common, near the pond, was opened for the passage ?f the water, but the first issue was tbat of a current of air nearly stroDg enough to knock a man down. The water soon made its appeaaance, rising in a jet several feet high. By its color, some of the spectators mistook it, or pretended to mistake it, f?r Cognac or old Tort : it was of a deep red hue. probably from the rust of the iron pipes. It is now running through the main pipe through tbe northern ptirt of the citv into the parbor at the lower end ef Hanover street. A few days will suffice to clear the pipes, and render the water fit for use The operation on the aqueduct, previous to the arrival of the water in the city, was thus described in the DtUff ?Mwrrilil of Saturday:? ' We announced yesterday tbe introduction of the water of Cochituate Lake into the aqueduct on the preceding day, and stated that it would reach the reiervolrin Brookline at about 10 o'clook intheevening. We learn that the current arrived at the gate bouse at the entrance ot the Brookline reservoir at a quarter past nine in the evening. The first current consequently flowed through the aqueduct, a distance of nearly 15 miles, in about 10J? hours. The,gate house on the side towards the reservoir being oiosed, the water yesterday morning had risen at that place to a depth of 4 feet and 7 inches, and was flowing at the same time 7 inches in depth over the over-fall, at tho vaata. valr In (Ka waatnrlo vtavf. P wr\r\ blln? Thin over-fall being 3 feet 10 inches from the bottom of the aqneduct, the depth of water was at this place 4 feet 6 inches. The depth at the head of the aqueduct was at the same time 3 feet 9)? inches. Those facts maj remove the apprehensions of those persons who were of opinion that the water would not run through the aqueduct. The present level of the water in the aqueduet at Brookline, and the level to which the reservoir, if opened to the water, would be filled by the present rate of discharge from the lake is about 120 feet above the marnb level. Before the opening of the water works, it is intended to draw off the water from the aqueduct, for the purpose of a careful examination of the inteiior, after a thorough cleansing. It will be again admitted before the date fixed for the introduction of water into the oity. and by the time of the completion of the Brookline reservoir. German Music Girls.?On Saturday last a rather sharp looking girl, about 1<> years of age, who gave her name as Clara Muller, and whose vocation is that of a street accordion player, came to the police cffloe accompapied by an Interpreter, to ask advice and assistance under tba following circumstances :? She says, that before leaving her native place, which is Holsheim, In Hesie Darmstadt,her friends on her part, entered into an agreement with a man named Jacob Reiter, that she should travel with him in England for 18 months as one of a party of street'musicians? that she was to pay him all her earnings, and reoeive in return fond and lodirinir. ?1 10s in cash, and a free nassaire to ber native country. The original agreement Is retained, by tbe girl* friends, and the speculator carries the other along with him. Now, the girl ?ays that the engagement terminated In July last, but that Reiter will not pay her tbe salary nor permit her to depart This man was found out, and in defence states that the engagement is not out till October; but that he has)lost the copy of agreement necessary to prove this fact. From tne interference of the authorities, however, the man found it expedient to leave ?9 10s. in the hands of the chief superintendent of police (?7 10s as salary, and ?2 for travelling expenses), until the real state of tbe case can be obtained from Germany; and as the girl positively refuses to go back to Re'.ter's house, ihe has meantime been decently lodged under the charge of the pelice. The burgomaster at Holsheim has beeu written to; and tbe concluding clause of the letter very properly says " As the class to which this girl belongs ia very numerous in Gltsgow, the authorities are very desirous to know the terms aid oircum'tances under which they are induced to leave their country for Great Britain." Clara Muller Is an intelligent girl, and writes a good letter. She says that her earnings runtrom 4a. to 10s. per day, eolleoted in the streets in small doles as a reward for her performance on the accordion. Now, we have every feeling of kindness for these poor girls; but it is questionable how far they should be encouraged, when their exertions are devoted, night and day, to making a dealer in musical slaves ricn. This man, we are Informed, sends upon the streets daily some five or six begging minstrels. Including his own wife, but principally boys and girls.? Olatgow Herald. General Officers in 1813 ?The following is an accurate list of the general officers of the army of the United States in 1813. Death has laid a powerful hand upon these leaders ot the last war with England, for out of twenty-two general officers then in service,but one is now living;? MAJOR OICIVERAU. Henry Dearborn. Wad* Hampton. Morgan Lewi*. Win H. Harrison. Thomas rinckney. Jam?* WUkenson. liaiUADIER niiiiuu. James Winchester. Lewis Cio. John f Boyd. CJeorge Izard. Joseph Bloomfleld. Duncan McArtb*^r David R Williams. Benjamin * Wm H. Winder. Thomas H ( ushlns William Hull; John Thomas Parker. 7^'jmas Klournoy. Leonard Covington. ??Cob Brown. The correctness of th>i8 hst be tested by rc. ference to the armv register of the period. ^VUcs Intelligence. Offleers MoManns and Morgan, of the 4t n war(j arrested yesterday, a man by the name of ^ Bn j h,s w|f? Mary, on suspicion of "te#_llIIK ji9o from Catharine Walsh. Committed by J'jstlee Tlmpaon for a farther hearing. jH Diikonrit Porter ? Offloers Kearnan and Johnson. of the 3d district nollce. arrested. Testerdav. a man by the name of Oeorge Low, a porter In the dry goods store of Ketcham it Towle, No. 2(13 Grand street, on a charge of embezaling a lot of dry good*, valued at $23. The property was found In bin possession, and the magistrate locked him up for trial. Sutpicioti of Burgtiry.?Officer Shadbolt, of the lewer police, arretted, yesterday, an old thief, called Wb Jones, alias " Monkey Joe," on a charge of burglary. Justiee Tlmpson locked him up for a further hearing. Cbarer ?f Rapr.? Officer.Burley, of the lower polioe, arretted, yesterday, a young Frenchman by the name of Tierre Pet tens, on a warrant Issued by Justice l,othrop, wherein he stands oharged with violating the person (fa young girl by the name of Kmellne Youngs, of only 12 year* of age. The disgraceful outrage occurred about 4 week* ago, at the residence of her aunt, in Spring street, since which time the accused ha* (teen absent In Philadelphia; and on hi* return to the city yesterday, the above officer took him into custody and conveyed him before the magistrate, who committed him to prison for a further examination. Catch a Bool rAie/. ?Officer Pease. of the 2d ward police, last evening arrested an old thief. called John Brady, after long chase up Nassau itreet, and succeeded in catching the rascal in Reekman street He wan charged with ntealing a pair of boota from Young's boot and shoe store. corner of Kulton and Nassau streets It seems that the accused snatched the boots from the store door, and was making bis escape when pursued by the officer. The boots were recovered, and the thief taken to the station house. mmmmmmmmmmm mm i? \ mmmammm n mmammmmmum\. . W ?0 )RNING EDITION?TU JII8CELLANE0I S POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE. PENNSYLVANIA ELECTION. MAJORITIES FO? HOVKRMOK. We have endeavored to make the following table triolv rnrrvrt anrnrdiBir to thrt moftt authantln r?. turns! Kvery county, exoept four. have been heard from, and those counties we put down the same as In 1844 :? Majorities for J hnslon (JVhig.) Adams 625 Indiana 703 Alleghany 2,883 Lancaster.... ; 4,312 Beaver 360 Lebanon 840 Blair 868 Mercer 540 Butler |140 Pnlladelphia oity.... 3.991 Chester 755 Philadelphia county. 970 Daupbin 980 Schuylkill 726 Delaware 475 Somerset 1.652 Krle 1.400 Union 1,208 Franklin 748 Washington 150 Huntingdon 453 Totul 24,43? Majoritiei for Lon^itrelK, (Democrat) Armstrong . IT Lyooming 450 Berks 4.204 MiHlin 226 Bedford... 120 WlcKean 109 Bucks 105 Monroe 1,213 Bradford 480 Montgomery 573 Cambria 225 Northampton .. . , 925 Carbon 228 Northumberland .. 557 Clarion 550 Perry 730 Clearfield 502 Pike 480 Centre 890 "Potter 325 Cumberland 63 Sullivan 180 Columbia 170 Susquehanna .... 850 Clinton 150 Ti<>xa 820 Crawford 200 Veuango 525 *hlk and Forest. . 20 Warren ........ 260 Fayette 537 Wayne 500 Greene 1,000 Weistmoreland. . .. 2 U9K J< fffrson 160 Wyoming 100 Juniata 08 York 183 Lebigh 428 Luzerne 076 Total 23,000 ? Not heard from, and the vote of 1814 given. Recapitulation. Johnston's aggregate majorities throughout the State, 24,430; Lonestretb's majorities. 23.000?whig majorities. 1.433. The majorities in the above table we have taken, with few exceptions, from the Peunsi/U<ant'en, (democratic paper.) Tbe aggregate majorities for Johnston *ill, we think, be increased by corrections in the official returns, to over 2,000. Of Johnfton's eleetion (notwithstanding the reports afloat from hour to hour, many of them set on foot by gamblers to get bets) we entertain not the shadow of a doubt. OHIO ELECTION. We give the returns (from demooratlo sources) from 46 counties, and oontrast them with the vote of 1840, when tbe whigs corried the State by less than 2,000. 1848 , , 1840 , Counties. IVtllrr, D. Ford, IK Den. Whig. Adams 230 ? 340 ? Alien, 278 ? 334 ? Ashtabula, ? 2,460 ? 1,771 Butler, 1,436 ? 1,255 ? Belmont, ? 453 ? '' 018 Carrol), ? 260 ? 96 Crawford, 1,140 ? 337 ? Coshocton, 600 ? 370 ? Champaign - 620 ? 218 Clinton, ? 889 ? 307 Columbiana 484 ? 181 * ? Darke, ? 43 ? 82 Kranklin, 53 ? ? 105 I Guernsey 45 ? 7 ? Geauga, ? 1,138 ? 744 Holmvs, 1,187 ? 1,032 ? Hamilton, 1.200 ? 1,895 ? Harrison, ? 300 ? 261 Highland, ? 01 ? 77 K&ox 800 ? 654 ? Lucas. ? 139 ? 278 Lorain ? 600 - ? 487 Lake,. ? 847 - 719 Miami, ? 750 ? 670 Morgan, 76 ? ? 89 Montgomery,.... ? 100 ? 101 Morrow, 650 ? 000 ? Marion, 161 ? 129 ? Muskingum ? 060 ? 760 Treble ? 723 ? 863 Perry, 800 ? 610 ? Pike, 46 ? 68 ? Pickaway, 30 ? ? 183 Ross........... ? 600 ? 634 Summit, ....... ? 600 ? 708 Stark 854 ? 69 ? Sandusky, 290 ? 207 ? Seneca, 671 ? 699 ? Shelby 126 ? id ? Tnecarawas, ? 120 ? 417 Union, ? 268 ? 230 Warren ? 936 ? 1,009 Wyandotte, 200 ? 76 ? Wayne, 1,144 ? 248 -iWasliington ? 440 ? 826 12,389 18,243 8,406 11,707 12,389 8,406 Whig majority 854 8,301 854 Democratic gain, 2,*47 | NORTH CAROI.INA ELECTION. Governor, 1848. Premdint, 1841. Whig Dem. Whig Dem. Counties. Manley. Reid. Clay. Anpon 1,049 400 1,012 481 Ashe 561 782 6t2 477 Alexander ... 834 201 (No returnii) Burke 1,299 890 1,334 228 Buncombe .. . 921 644 Ml 412 Bladen 281 616 880 480 Bertie 624 370 475 439 Beaufort 867 512 932 527 Brunswick... 301 194 851 283 Cabarras .... 748 877 718 374 Craven 742 730. 664 628 Cumberland.. 678 1,023 703 1,101 Chowan 293 228 305 166 Columbus . . . 174 440 185 363 Caldwell 689 138 598 219 Camden ..... 480 80 666 101 Carteret .... . 407 866 434 815 Caswell..... . 263 1,081 283 1,182 Chatham .... 985 781 1,136 729 Cheroke 682 217 890 226 Cleveland.... 421 727 366 624 Currituck .. . 177 583 167 651 Davidton .... 1,096 669 1,091 610 Davie 642 391 629 272 Duplin 218 921 223 936 Kdgecomb.. . . 104 1,406 126 1,503 Franklin 319 673 336 760 Gates 371 390 355 355 Greene 207 316 802 270 Granvill 1,016 046 986 942 Guilford 1,667 442 2,130 616 Haywood 412 430 342 267 i. r.r KA* RAO AfM wt wi vv* Hartford 330 173 30ft 253 Hyde 469 298 318 164 Henderaon.... 056 227 666 141 Iredell 1,042 267 1,682 330 John*ton .. . . 720 814 695 G50 Jones 216 181 203 142 Lenoir ? m. 269 226 350 Lincoln 882 1,877 790 1,730 Martin 839 657 310 580 Moore 644 550 640 600 Montgomery.. 609 80 068 139 Mecklenburg.. .608 1,068 909 1,201 McDowell Probably with Barke. Macon 451 362 374 224 Naab 100 887 74 894 kt.__ ii ... one ? Ai r OOO 1 lOO iiauvrw i,vm uo* Northampton . 612 600 619 364 On slow 178 063 194 717 orftBg* 1.714 yaa i,?m i,??o Paaqnotank .. 471 17# 232 P?rqnlmons .. 366 266 441 228 Pitt 589 671 634 476 I'ereon 360 678 275 049 Tolk 22ft 128 ? ? Randolph . . . 1199 313 1,171 312 Robeson 681 023 669 169 Richmond . 546 68 802 117 Roeklngbam.. 340 968 430 1,022 Rowan. 827 696 883 680 Rutherford... 11,037 311 1,310 296 8ampcon .. 630 692 633 878 Sorry 11,090 1,220 996 880 Stokef 11,003 1,223 1,084 1,153 Stanly 746 20 630 48 Tyrrell 330 100 283 92 Wake 991 1,298 1,044 1,374 Warren 172 030 128 810 Wanhlneton .. 368 182 329 124 Wayne 7 264 1,097 264 911 Wllkee |1,29!> 309 1,208 181 Yancy 367 634 338 427 Total.. 42.300 41,480 43,282 39.287 41,480 39,287 Whig majority 874 3,945 874 3,071 WISCONSIN. The Presidential content in the extern part of thin young State will be almost exclusively between Tayior and Van Buren. In western parlance. Cass ia ' no where." In Racine, whioh has been strongly detnooratle, a recent election for Mayor resulted m follow* : Norton, Free Soil 231 Meade, Taylor 171 Bryaa,Caca 84 The free soil party in Wisconsin, It is confidently believed by the bent Informed politicians, will ornate such a division in the democratic ranks as to give the electoral rote of the St^t* to Taylor and Fillmore. K*-Oovernor Tallmadge has recently made the tour of Wisconsin, and ho gives it as his opinion that an effort is only wanted to seourethat State for old /ach. It Is supposed that the Cass and Van Buren parties are about equal In numbers in Wisconsin. ILLINOIS. The Sftin/field Journal, of Tuesday evening laat, ssys Tne barnburners'meeting, last night, at the courtbovse, was unusually interesting. Mr (.George K Weber, recently State printer and editor of the Stall ititr, offered two realoutloai?the 1st, that Presi >RK I E3DAY, OCTOBER 17, I dent Polk, In approving of the Oregon bill, whioh contained the Wilmot p*oyi?o. did not violate the oon|

Mitution ; and 2d, declaring agalnn the extnn'ion of ' slavery Into California and New Mexico. llHMu-tain"<i | the resolutiona in a speech, which were adopted Mr. Weber Anally declared himself la favorer Mr. Van Buren for President; and that, in supporting him. he regarded it as> conscientious duty. Thin declaration, by Mr Weber, ha* produoed a good deal of consternation in the democratic ranks. VERMONT. The Legislature of Vermont met on Thursday, the 12th inst. John Kimball was chosen President or the Senate, and D W. C. Clark, Clerk. In the House .here were four ballots for Speaker, without choice. Th? last ballot was as follows : ?William C. Kittredge, (whig ) 100; Horatio Needham, (V. I) ,) 76; Homer W. Ileaton, (d ) 3ft; Wm. Needbam, 1. IMPORTANT CORRKSl'ON 3KNCE?MR. VAfc UtJUEN AND SLAVERY. The Hon Isaa: Hill, late Governor of New Hampshire, and well known to the democracy of tUe Union, recently visited Towanda, Pennsylvania, the peat of Van Btiren abolitionism in that State under the lead of the Hon David Wilmot. During his stay there, the following correspondence took place, and will ppeak for itself The resolution to which it refers, (itnd which we subjoin to the letter of Mr. Hill.) as htivinir hi>?n drawn iln hv Hiiui Wriulif uml Irannwl under the eye, and at the instigation of Martin Van Buren in 1840, is the fame-- word for word aud o?muia for comma- and the only resolution upon the subject of slavery adopted by the late National Convention which nominated (Jen. Cans. Martin Van Buren was defeated in 1840, and quietly dropped in 1844 ; and be now repudiates his party, and the principles adoptel by it at his own instigation, and becomes the abolition ! candidate for President, with a rank Massachusetts | fedtralist for hi* associate upon the ticket He had hopes of receiving the nomination of the democracy i in May last; and as soon as that hope was dissipated by the result offCthe Baltimore convention, he becomes all of a sudden a oonvert to abolitionism. Letter to Oovtrnor Hill. Toward*, Sept. 11, 1848. His Excellency Isaac Hill: The undersigned, democratic citizens of Bradford county, availing ourselves of your temporary sojourn among us, are desirous of kuowing whether Martin Van Buren, previous to his nomination as a candidate for President, in 1840, subscribed to, or approved of, the resolutions adopted by the Baltimore Convention, which plaoeo him at that time in nomination; and from your being a conspicuous member of that convention, we havo reason to believe you may possess information upon the subject, which maybe important for the people to know, particularly in relation to the resolution adopted by that convention in relation to slavery. Very respectfully, your obedient servants, David Cash, Wh. Elwell, L). Onmtnv, E W. Baiiid, I. H. Stephens, Guy Tozer, D. E Martin, O. H. Buntino, J. F. Means, D.K. Barstow, S. Huston, V. E. Piolett S. IIaydew, H. C. Baiiid, P. C Ward, H M#r<jan. Governor Hill's Reply. Towanda, September 11, 1848. Gentlemen In answer to your note of this date, I am able to sav. that I was a member of the Baltimore Convention which nominated Martin Van Buren for re-election in the year 1840; that at the instance of Mr. Van Buren, Mr. Silas Wright, the late Judge Grundy, and others at that time, 1 spent several days, previous to the convention, at the house of Mr. F P. Blair, at Washington, In preparation for that convention; that the arrangement then made was, that Mr. Kansom II. Gillet should prepare and report the resolutions and that 1 should report the address; thai the resolutions, drawn up as 1 then believed by Mr Wright, were submitted to und approved by Mr. Van Buren; that I consented, after the address was roported, to have it returned to Washington, by the hand of Judge Anderson, of Tennessee, with liberty for Mr. Wright to change and alter it in any manner that he?who was known to be the confidential friend and adviser of the President?should think expedient; that the address was bo altered materially on some points after it was thus returned, and before it wai printed ; that the resolutions, peculiarly embodying all the points of political faith which I had embraced for the previous twenty years, were then the opinions professed by Mr. Van Buren, as repeated in several conversations; and that I have good reason not only to believe that the reFolution in relation to slavery hid his full aanction, but that the latter clause of that resolution was inserted at his suggestion, and in the strong and unequivocal language he was in the habit of using upon that topic. I am, respectfully, gentlemen, Your obedient servant, ISAAC HILL. Meters. David Cash and others. The resolution referred to, is as follows: ? ' That Congress has no power, under the constitution, to interfere with or control, the domestic institutions of the several States, and that such States are the sole and proper judges of every thing appertaining to their own affairs, not prohibited by the constitution: that all < (Torts of the abolitionixts or others, made to induce Congress to interfere with question* of slavery, or to take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to lead to the most alarming consequences, and that all such efforts have an inevitable tendency to diminish the happiness of the people, and endaoger the stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not to be countenanced by any friend to our polltioal institutions." Naval Intelligence* TVia IT fi nlAnn nf war Pvunu Pnmma n/1a* HnnAnt just arrived from the Pacitic, at Norfolk, in u very short pas page of sixty-two days from Valparaiso, has had a most active and brilliant oruise. She sailed from the United States in Aagust, 1845, and her crew have been particularly distinguished throughout the war ; no crew have ever had the good fortune to perform so much service in a single cruise. The Cyane wan on the west ooast of Mexioo when the war broke out, and only left there after the receipt of the news of peace. This ship's cempany participated in the taking of Monterey, and garrisoning that town?the first offensive operation on that ooast. They were in the fights of Com. Stockton at the Meia and the Klo Gabriel: they destroyed the gunboats of tnc enemy at tiuayamas, cut up their shipping in the Gulf of California, blookaded the ports of San Bias and Mazatlai, and were apart of the force of Com Shubrick when he took that place ; and two of her officers. Lieutenants Kowan and Selden, had the command, one of the shore party and the other of the water party th^t surprised and routed a large body of th? enemy at Urias. The ship's company also garrisoned in part La Tax and San Jose, Lower Call ornia. It was Capt. Du Pont, with 100 of his crew, who so gallantly landed at San Joso, in the faoe of an overwhelming force ofthe enemy, and foroed his way two miles through a perfect ambuscade, and under aconftant and heavy flre, to the town of San Jose, to relieve our garrison under the command of Lieut. Heywood, who had been 20 days surrounded by the enemy, and in great distress. Captain Du font afterwards mounted seventy of his men, under oommand of Lieut. Selden, and pursued the enemy in the interior of the country Lieut. Selden was sue cessrui in entirety creaking up tne insurgents. bringing back and depositing on board ship their commander-in-chief and twenty of his people as prisoners. It will also b" recollected that It was the boat* of the Cyane, under Lieut Harriott, that cut out the enemy's brig Condor, in the p?at ot Ouaymas, under the fire of their musketry: and also whilst the ship was blockading MaiaMan, her boats signally defeated the enemy's boats sent off to defend a vessel attempting to run the blockade, and landed and spiked all the enemy's cannon at 8an Bias. Her crew have been remarkable for their discipline and good conduct, acting as soldiers, both Infantry and mounted men: and they have been In seven fights on shore, and their loss has been one officer and one man killed in battle, with a large number wounded. Some of the crew have been wounded in several engagements. After this long, successful, and meritorious conduct of Capt. Uu Pont, and the offieers and men of this ship, they have arrived home?their service performed so far away, that very little is recorded; so that the relatives of these brave and devoted patriots scarcely know of their deeds of patriotlo daring. No promotion, no brevets await them, as it U unknown in the navv. It is to b? hoped that some distinguished mark of esteem may be shoffn Capt. Da Pont and bis officers and crew, so worthy and deserving, and that their servioes will not be unappreciated by their fellow citizens. These noble tars, having served ai foot and dragoons, cannot be tamely received by their countrymen. TV. lloltaJ aliuin nf.MH i lurmatitnwn (l.H from I'enracolaon the 80tfi nit. for8t. Thomas and th? Windward Island* Th? following In a lint of her offleers: Chan Lowndes, commander; John P. MoKinstry, Richard Korrest, 8. J. Shipley, Lieutenants; 8. C. Lawrason. Surgeon; A. Pearson, Assistant Surgeon; Kdward Storer, Purser; John Mathews, Acting Master; John M. I.ooker, W. T. Ulassell, Uao K. Lagon, W. H. Toon, Midshipmen; A. l)or.*ey. Captain's Clerk Commander V. M. Handolph is detached from the Navy Yard, at Pensaeola. and it is presumed Commander O. W Hullins will be ordered in his place The term at the Naval School commenced on Wednesday last. About fifty midshipmen have arrived in Annapolis daring the past week, for the studies at the Institution. The class for the term will probably number about eighty, quite a number of youths have arrived from the West to undergo examination previous to entering the navy. Some of them are prosecuting their stndies at the primary department of St John's College, preparatory to their examination at the Naval School. Fanny Kkmulk Butler.?In the Court of Common Pleas, on Saturday, before Judges King and Campbell, Frances Kemble Butler made application ;o the < ourt, through her counsel, Meaars William M. Meredith and Benj. Gerhard, Ktqrs.. for an allowanoe from her husband's estate, to conduot the auit now pending between herself and hunbaud (Pierce Butler), on a bill of divorce. She also prayed that the arrearages of the allowance for her support made by her hurband, In a written contract, and aecepted by her, should be paid. Oeorge M.Dallas and John Cadwallader appeared for Mr. Butler, and, after some time spent In discussion, the farther discussion was postponed until Saturday next, to give the parties an oppprtunity to make some private arrangements by which the amount required may be delloltely fixed. The eounael for Mr Butler agreed to advance $.">00. without raying for what purpose it was given, with the approbation of Mr Butler.?PKiladel. t-uiuirer, Oct. lfl. The Trappifttn of Mount Melleray are fending out a deputation to establish a branch of thslr order |at Kingrtin, Upper Canada. IER A 1848. Kportt>ik IntrlllKencr. Trotting.?The trotting match between Lady Sutton and Orey Kagle, ef Boaton, mile heate best thr?? In five, for $860, will take place thii afternoon, at the Union Courts. On Monday, of laftt week, theee two oelebrated trotters oontended In a match for tannn the owner* of La4y Sutton betting $1,250 against $660> that their nag would defeat Grey Kagle. The result, however proved that they counted without their host as they grey home won the match with the greatest ease In three straight heat*. The Ilestonlans then became the bantering party, and challenged Lady Sutton to another engagement, offering $600 to $360, that they could beat her again; whioh w*s accepted, and will be deoided thin afternoon In the I ant match Lady Sutton was not lo good order, It being her first trial since last spring, and she fell behind her usual time rorne six or seven (seconds. She could in each mile lead the grey horse the llrst half, but in the remainder of the heat she would fall off, and was defeated by bad condition alone It Is understood that she is now A No. 1, and will to-day, If beaten, force the grey through In two and a half, or less. The contest will be well worth witneising. Anatiikr Match.?It is understood that a match between Grey Kagle and Zachary Taylor, a Philadelphia horse, is in contemplation, for a stake of $2 000. If concluded, it will oorae off on the Hth of November, at the Hunting Park Course, Philadelphia. The distance to be one mile?belt three in (lve. common Council. Board or Ai.dkrme.i, Oct 16?Morris Kraaklln, ES'|., President, in the chair. The minutes of the previous meeting weie read and approved. Petitions Referred ?Messrs. Steven, and Hyde, and others for a newer in Beekman street, to connect with William street sewer; Klisha A baker and others, for gas in the lower fish market, at the Kulton market; E. T. Backhouse, for use of slip for ferry to Brooklyn; Ludolpb lienman, for remission of fiae; it. K. Carin in, for relief from an assessment on Old slip; A. J. Bleeuker and others, for a slip and ferry privilege; of Firemen of Harlem for a larger alarm bell at Harlem; Murray llotTman and others, for releases of old post roads Increase of Salary.?Petition of messenger and porter to the Hall of heoords for an increase of salary. Referred Kj trmioii of Tenth Jlvenue.?Petltlon_of R. X. Car man unu ouiers. ior ine extension or Tenth avonue, front 174th to lU4th street, Referred. Increase of Salary.? Petition of Wm. B. Moore, check clerk in the Alms House, for additional salary. Referred. Thirty-itventh Street ?A putitionof owners and residents of Thirty-seventh street, between Broadway and Seventh avenue, to have the street regulated, graded, and curb and gutter stones set therein. Petition of Samuel Bowne, to have the westerly pier of Catharine and Main street ferry extended. Referred to Committee on Wharves. Resolved, That the Comptroller be, and he is hereby instructed, to deliver the counterpart of Williamsburg ferry lease to Austin D. Moore, Ksq., the treasurer of the said ferry oompany. Laid on the table. Extra Ferry linat. ? A resolution was offered by the alderman of the Third ward, from the lessees of the Union Kerry Company, for permission to run an extra boat to the ferry at Hamilton avenue. Adopted. Stution House. ? Resolved, That the Finance Committee be empowered to purchase a lot for a Station House, suitable for the police in the Fourth ward. Referred to committee on police, watoh and prisons. Report of Finance Committee, on petition of Win. Livingston to have money refunded him, paid Into the treasury for manure, as he alleges, by mistake Report from the Comptroller, showing an account of appropriation, as they are nearly exhausted, as will be ! ft eu by the following statements: ? Appropriated $8,100 Sumr paid, as follows: ? City Dispensary. , $500 | Northern dispensary. . 600 [ Kastern Dispensary 600 Kire Department 1,000 House of Refuge 4,000 Susannah Dyckman 75 W. R. Kirkpatrick 100 For education of the children of George Kerr... 1,000 Total $7,675 Balance unexpended $425 In order to meet the same annual allowance to the City Northern and Kastern Dispensaries, it will require an additional appropriation of $1,076. Adopted. Veto of the Mayor.? A message from his Honor, the Mayor, with a communication from the Comptroller in relation to a bill of disbursing fees, amounting to $67 07, of Willis Hull, Ksq , oounsel to the corporation. The payment of this bill the .Mayor vetoed. Entered on the minutes of the Board. Hailroad Invitation.?An Invitation from the Director* of the Paterson and Ramapo Railroad Company, to visit the opening of the road on Thursday next. Accepted. Kejiort of Police Watcli and Prison Committee, mil in favor of discharging from Kldridge street jail Geo. P. Geeton, who has been detained there 60 days, for a violation of a corporation ordinance. He was unable to pay the One, and baa thus been kept locked up in jail. Laid on tfe table. WiUiamthur^k Ferry.?A remonstrance, signed by over 1,000 inhabitants of Williamaburgh, against renewing the lease to the old lessees of the Williamsburg!) Kerry Company. Referred to the Finance Committee. Election Diitrict Polls ? Resolved, That the poll of the first election district in the 16th ward be held at No !i37 Sullivan street; second election district of the 14th ward, at No. 42 Prince street; third district of the 4th ward, No. 0 James' slip; sixth district of the 11th ward be held at tbe house of John Maaon, corner of avenue 1) and 10lb Btreet. Resolved, That two gas lights be placed in front of tbe ward school house, in 13th street, in the 10th ward. Adopted. Policeman Bloom.?This was a resolution from the other Board, for the stoppage of the salary of policeman Charles Bloom, who, it is alleged, has been illegally appointed by his Honor, tbe Mayor. Referred to the Committee en Polioe, Watoh and Prison. Kesolved, That Kdward Wit heal I be appointed Inspector of Eleotions of the first dlstriot ot the 13tb ward, in the place of James M. Oakley, resigned. Adopted. Resolved, That John J. Cram be appointed Visiting Physician at the Penitentiary Hospital. Adopted Election Poll ? The electien for the fourth district of the 13th ward be held at the house of Wm. Churchhill, No. 16 Broome street. Adopted. Petition of K. T.JPurdy and others, to hare Ludlow street, from Grand to Houston, lighted with gas. Concurred in. The Board then adjourned until next Monday evening. Board of Asiistanti.?Monday evening.?The Pre sldent in the chair. Ptiitiom Pre$enttd.?The petition of J. E. Livingston, and others, was presented, asking for a slip and ferry privileges, betweenCourtland and Spring streets, and Jersey city. Httoluiioni.?The following resolutions were presented To pave Chatham row from Deekman to Ann street*, according to the plan proposed by James Plnkerton, at an eipense of not more than $3 75 per square ) ard The whole matter was referred to an appropriate committee. hejtortt Jidopttd ?Reports were adopted in favor of allowing to the assistant physicians, employed at the Lunatic Asylum, a salary of $600 per year. In favor of allowing the owners of property in Tine street, to build a sewer from Pearl to Naaaau street In favor of building a sewer in 32d street, the 3d avtinae, 33d street, !id avenue, and 84th street to the ?ast River Rtconnderation.? Thv board reconsidered the subject of granting the assistant physician of the Lunatio Asylum. $600 per year, and on the question being again taken, the board refused to give the salary asked, by a vote of 8 to 7. Ktfiorli Jidopted.? In favor of increasing tho depth of the slip in front of the Clinton country market. In Uvor of regulating and grading 4Mb street. from the Bloomingdale road to 6th avenue. Ia favor of fenoing vseani|lots between 4th and Madison avxnues, and 23d and 24th streets la favor of regulating and grading 44th street from 3d to 6th avenae. In favor of regulat, log and paving 33d street, between 9th and Uth arenuti. In favor of fencing lots on 22d and 23d street*, and on 2d avenue and 22d and 24th streets. In favor of concurring with the Hoard of Aldermen in resolution recommending the flagginf of sidewalks on 16th street, between 3d avenue and Irving plaoe, and for fencing vacant lots with an ordlnanoe to that effect. Report of Committee on Streets in Board of Aldermen, in favor of granting permission to the New York and Harlem Railroad Company to alter the grade of 4th avenue, between 32d and 33d streets Keport of Committee on Streets in favor of concurring with board of Aldermen, In resolution and ordinance, to regulate and set curb and gutter stones in 36th street, between 6th and 6th avenues. Same, In favor of setting curb and gutter stones, and flagging sidewalks of 3d street, between 7th and 8th avenues. Report of Committee on Streets in Uvor of granting permission to the New York and llarlem Railroad Company to lay down rails in Canal street. Tetition of Thomas Gumming* to extend tho time for completing his contract for grading 10th avenue, from Bloomingaaia roau lo MJtn mreet, tin in or augUftt M'lt. devolution In favor of fixing the Mlary of the Superintendent of Lamp* and <>a* at $1,600 per annum, to take elTect from the flmt day of May, 1843. Krom Board of Aldermen; concurred in. Several other paperx were received from the Board of Aldermen and concurred In The Hoard then adjourned. Excitimkot ?Considerable excitement ha? prevailed unions the colored imputation, in the lower part of the city, flnce Saturday, growing out of an unfortunate controversy, between the trustees and coogiegatlon of the African M. K Church. better known a* the Bethel Churoh, In Sixth street, above Lombard, and their Blehop Hear* being entertained that a riot might ensue. In eonnequenoe of the difficulty, the key* of the church were given up to the Mayor, and the building ha* since been under the protection of the police, who have ?uooeeded In preventing any outbreak The matter, we learn, will bs th? tubject of legal investigation.?Jfjrt\ .lmtrican. LD. TWO CENTS. I I.iw Intelligence. Cocnt or Ovm ibd TiiHiir.i, Oct lft? Before Juxtloe Strong. Aldrrmen Cmltuii and Dodge ?The ; court wm formally opened to day. The District attorney announced that he would not proceed with any criminal bu?inea? tbiaterm. The court then adjourned without delay. SuriKMi: Covat, Special Tern Oct. 1ft- Before Judge Strong? Decitioni?Samuel Partridge vt. John McCarthu el al ? fhifl waa a motion to ??t aaliiu a d? murrer to a complaint m frivolouj, and to enter up j 11 dumpnt for the plaintiff for want of an anxwer. The judge said that the practice ?f the court before the adoption of the new code of procedure, where it waa Huppocfd that the demurrer wan frivolous, wan to place the cauee on the calendar, and to call it on for argument out of Ite order at an early day The rule of the Supreme Court nn the subject win expreaa. and the code r.f procedure did not abate the rule dfrectly or by implication, by requiring a contrary practice. The motion muftt. therefore, be denlrd without coRtM. Orinntll and Minium vs. (foodhue .( Co., et al.? Thin wan a motion to dirnolve an injunction. The defendant Mann purchantd a cargo of corn from Suydam, Sage u Co , for $20,000. which he paid to them, and also recelvtd from them the other half of the cargo, which bo li parties agreed ahould be ithipped on their joint account, anil nu whloh he paid to the Arm $17,000. the whole to be forwarded to it port in Oreat iiritaln Maun obtained the money from the plaintiff*. ($42 000,) and in order to secure them, the bill* of lading wi re tranrterrt-d to them, and they drew htlla on the consignee againnt the cargo By the ' time the rhlp had arrived at tlie port of dextlnatlon, the price of corn had declined, uud all that waft realized from it wae $.'>?',COO Mann failed in the meanj time, and plaintiff* were unable to recover anything I from him; he waR, however, untitled to a certain por> tion of the $17 000 paid by him to Suydam, Sage ? Co., on the joint adventure on half the cargo, which ho assigned to a third party, who transferred it to Ooodhue si Co., to secure thein against certain liabilities which they incurred for Mann. After such transfer, aud before any money had been paid, the plaintiff* filed their bill, claiming that they had an equitable lllB on the money in the handfl of S>iyd*in Sage & Co , and a*icing that it should be paid over to them. An injunction wan granted by a muster. restraining Suydam, Sage & Co. from paying it over to Uoodhue .V Co. The Court held that, although the pi kintlff* might have a claim In equity as to the money they li>ul advanced. yet that equitable claim did not al*r.iys mm stitute a lien which eould be enforaid in any court ; nor wan it auch a lien as win recognized by any rule ot* law; nor wan it sustained by any usage that now exluted; and, moreover, It was not alleged that Ooodhue tiCs were not perfectly responsible. The injunction, therefore, muat be dissolved. Unitkp States Circuit Court, Oct. 10 ? B?fore Mr Justice Butts.?The October term of the Court wan opened to-day, by Judge Betts llob-rt (ireeowood and Captain Bertrand, indicted for murder, will b-? arraigned to-morrow (this Horning). Circuit Court, Oct. It).?Before Ju*tl<!? Strong. John // Snath vi Isaac Willctt, Sheriff. (Jf-e?Thin w?a an aotion of replevin to try the title to certain property seized under exeoution by the delendaut a<< sheriff of Queen's county, and afterwards replevined by plaintiff. It appeared that a person named Scott carried on a soap factory at Ilushwick. Long Irland? that he became embarrassed, nd conveyed the whole of hia assets to the plaintiff, for the benetlt. as he alleged, of hia creditors The plaintiff, it appeared took, possession of the property, but believing It would be tor the benefit of the creditors to continue the business until the stock on haud was manufactured and (old, hu entered into nn agreement with Scott to superintend the business, and to allow him $16 a woek for bia services. Pessession wan than given bank to Scott, and the business wan carried on by him for some time until an execution wan issued by Bytes U Co., one of bin creditors, and put into the hand-) or the defendant, who levied 'on the property. The plr.intifT then replevined, and the question now cornea up for trial. The defence was fraud. It was contended, on the part of the defendants, that the deed to plaintiff was a fraudulent contrivance by Scott to defeat bis creditors. The jury rendered a verdict for the defendant. Superior Coi rt, Oct.16?Before Judge Vanderpoel* James O. H'ard vi. Jonathan S. Whitney and Thoma* "S Sturgee ?This wan an action en a bond entered into to remove an attachment. The plaintiff is owner of the ship James Kdward, and at some port in Kngland the master entered into a charter party to proceed to a port in British America, and bring a cargo of . Pictou coals to New York, at $4 the chaldron, for acI ceunt of Thomas Tremlett of Boiton, and consigned to the defendants. The ship proceeded, accordingly, to Halifax, and took In 400 chaldrons of ooals from the Albion Company's mines, ft appeared, from the testimony of the captain, that the coat was nekher weighed tior'measured before it was delivered to him, and the fact was noted in the bills of lading. After the vessel arrived here, and a berth procured for her, she war. taken, by order of the consignees to Brooklyn, where the cargo was discharged. A difficulty afterwards, in regard to the measurement or weight of the cargo and demurrage, took place between the owner and the consigners ; tne latter procured the cargo to be weighed, and, according to their estimate, it weighed 417 chaldrons; it was also weighed by plaintiff, ami, according to his measurement, it weighed 4">fl\ chaldrous Th*? plaintiff, also, insisted on $'.150 for demurrage, that is, Bb lun IBVC U1 J?UVI IX blltt UtHH aUOW but $10 a (lay riatntiff, also, insisted upon $20, for towing the vessel to and from Brooklyn to New York?the defendants refused to comply with the plaintiff's demand, upon which, the plainMff : ->i- . an attachment agaimt the cargo. The defendant-* then executed a bond, and had th<> attachment removed. The quettioot of fact to be decided by the jury, were, aa to the measurement of the coal, which depended on the degree of credit due to the teHtimony of the witnesses who made the respective measurem -ut-<, the game with regard to the demurrage?one witness swearing that the sum claimed by plaintiff was reasonable, while another witness, for the defence, swore that $40 a day was what, he thought, sboull be allowed. There were two other questions of law which were reserved for the < pinion of the Court, in banco, namelv : that the captain should be a party in the cause, he being apart owner of the vessel, and that no legal demand was made for the freight on the consignee.!. Sealed verdiot to-morrow, (this morning ) ( onmom Pleas?Before Judge Daly. ? Qtorge Smith and Deborah Mi wife, ? ?. *1mot ttelden ?This was an action for slander. The parties resided in Suffolk street; the plaintiffs |were tenants to the defendant. It appeared the defendant wished to get rid of them, charged them with keeping a disorderly house, and said that Mrs. Smith was as bad as her daughters.? This was the slander complained of. The defendant filed a plea of justification, and called several witnesses tonustain it : but none of them swore to any direct or Dosltive ariininalitv on the nn.rt of the nl?i?t ifTj n, thuir daughter* ; they testified however, that Mr and Mrx. Smith were noiay and troublesome, and that their daughter* were in the habit of coming into the yard and alley-way, at night or in the evening, and would, continue tiirtlog and giggling with young men, up to nine, ten, and eleven o'clock at night; and that, upon one oocason, their mother came down to the yard to reprove them, and said their oonduet wan no bad, ahe did not wonder the people should talk of them. The cause ia adjourned to this morning. Coitrt or Genkral Sessions, Oet 16.?Indiclmmts f\re tented by the Grand Jury.?The Uitnd Jury ease nto court at an early hoar, and presented a number of indictments found by tbem during their present se?sion; after which, they retired to their own chamber Recognizance/ Forfeited?1Thomas Barter was called upon to answer an Indictments for obtaining, by fals? pretences, the signature of Thomas McCart7 to a mortgage. The accused was balled by Cornelius Noonan. In the snm of $3,000. and not appearing when called, the recognizances ware declared forfeited. C??? I'ottponedA motion was made In the case of Charles Duane, aliai Dutch Charley, to have his trial postponed, and a commission asked for. to take tha testimony of K. V R Wright, of New Jersey. The moI tion and aoamlaslon were granted. The accused in this case is indicted for shooting, with intent to kill, ' officer Throckmorton. Trialftr Kmbti :lr mtnt and Ofind Larceny.?O?org(t I .YIBDD1DK wile un guw|UV Wlbu having. id the early part of March last embeisled five I chests, containing tea and other property, consisting ' of scales and weights, sugar bin, meat choppers, knives, meat block, sawa, oil cans, and otber property used in a grocery store, together with a stock of groceries, amounting in value to $200. from hi* employer, Jamea Gibson, who, at that time, kept a grocery store at the corner of Orchard and Stanton streets It was nlleged tbat Mr. Gibson, having occasion to go oat of town, left the grocery In charge of Manning; on his return, after an abaenoe of two weeks, he found the store closed and the goods all removed. Part of the goods, alleged to have been stolen, were afterwards found in a home In Scammell street, where Manning waa arrested. The defence undertook to prove that the property did not belong to James Gibson, but that It were purchased In part by the prisoner himaelf, who bought them for himself, and consequently had a right to dl<pose of them as be chose. The case waa submitted, under a charge fr< m the Recorder, and the Jury returned a verdict of guilty, and the priaoner waa remanded BtncK Warrant .Irrctti ? William M. Carter, indicted for telling lottery poliolea; Alice tlUlia for committing an assault and batterv, and Phillip Drew, also for assault and battery, were this morning brought In on bench warranty and were held to ball, to answer these several chargea. CovaT Cm.njiH?For this day? Circuit Court?3V, 48, 67, 87, 7^. 90, 96, 98, 100, 235, 310, 7, 3?, <W, ?7, oi?, IV vu OCT lui'iuniTn. z\uprrH>r l,niirr ? oi, o<>. to, wo, 30, 142, 154, to 160 include, 4, 140. 80 129, 52, 4:W, 93, 113, 134, 50, 106. 160, 183, 164, 166 167 169 to 174. 176, 177, 70, 67, 175, 136. 117, 48, ?2, 146, 19. 161, 162, 149, 12, 27, 11, 6, 15, 105, 79, *3, 16. 89, 118, 1, 168, 30, 33. 34 , 36, 86, 3, 17 , 26, 6D, 60. 71, 119. 138, H2. 84, 148, 160, 65 Common fUat, Part 1 ? 33, 1, 9, *1. 261. Part 2 ?262, 260, 262. 2?4. 206. 268. 270, 272. 274. 276, 278, 260, 282, 286, 290, 304, 314, 316, 318 , 312, 321. 6, 70, 82, 186, 116, 306 Movement* of Individual*. The Hon John V Mmoq. Secretary of th* Nary, nil daughter, and Com Warrington, U. 8 N . arrlrid at Albany, on Saturday eTrnitig from B<?ton,a? 1 tnok SunJ*j evening'* boat for Wert Point, and thence to New Vork. Admiral Keppletnan, from London, *t" nlo at \.t?.v oy.at the tame time.