Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 18, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 18, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5250. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THK STEAMSHIP BRITANNIA. Oil WBBS 1111 R. The steamship Britannia, Captain Lamg, reached this port about eleven o'clock yesterday morning_ She sailed from Liverpool on Saturday, the 30th ult., and has had rather a tedious passage. Our advices are seven days later than those received by the Cambria at Boston. Some extraordinary arrangement of the steamship company prevented the press from getting their despatches till the steamer's mail reached the post office. The steamship Niagara, arrived out at 7 36 A.M., on Monday, September 25. The Sarah Sands on tlie 28th. Our London Correspondence* London, Friday, Sept. 29?7 P. M. Lord George Bentinck ?Position of the Protectionis' Party?Contemplated Changes in llailway Manage ment? Theatrical and Sporting Newt?Shipping In' Itlligtncc?Murc Chartist Trials?Hank 0/England Dividend?Monty Market, 4'cThe sudden death of Lord UeorgelBentinck, (intelligence of which I forwarded in my last letter,) is the main topie of remark. The rather prominent position his lordship occupied latterly in the political hemisphere, has occasioned a loss to the^protcctionists which they will with difficulty replace. 1 would not have you infer from these remarks that Lord George was an able leader of bis party, or that he was a good statesman. He was neither. He had been too short a time engaged as an aotive politician,.to ac<iulrejthat expert' nee and tact which the generalship of debating forces peremptorily demands. Much, however, may be said for bim as a politician. lie gathered together the scattered remnants of a protectionist army which every one else shunned, and by the most intense assiduity kept them frcm separation. He devoted much time to getting acquainted with matters of which a little time before he wai almost ignorant. He had parseverance, aye, indomitable perseverance, too, but he had no genius. He could hurl a shaft most effectively at a political opponent; but he could ill bear its wound when it rebounded In debate he was lively, f ensible and acute, But never olimbed the loftier steps or eloquence. He kept his hearers tolerably satisfied, but never startled them. For the two or three years that he rushed to the rescue of the '-country party," and led them on, he achieved greater triumphs than any statesman has, and any public man ever will achieve. ?T Jicu uc ucunuin ? ii'uuiT, UB WttB BO LULUliy UQftCquainted with it* duties, that it is a lasting monument to his industry and perseverance, to find that he continued to kerp his pest. This is merely a summary of his parliamentary and public doings. As I a private individual, I think he was really liked by all parties who knew him. In his Bporting engagements he is stated to have been most upright and honest, never flinching from condemning mean practices, however disagreeble the the operation He was buried this morning at Marylebona old ohurch, in London, where I believe many of his relations are interred. The protectionists are in a aad plight. They have already had a meeting in one of the agricultural towns, when it was requested by thoie assembled, that the Marquis of (iranby should be Lord George's successor. Of Lord Granby's utter unfitness for the post. I am sure you scarcely require informing In the first plaoe, he is very young, and much more deficient ia experience than his predecessor; secondly, he is but an indifferent speaker, and has no weight in the House of Commons. One commodity he possesses, thought sufficient, I imagine, by his party to atone for other deficiencies?ho is a "Marquis," and the protectionists like to be led by a titled man It smells of aristocratic greatness, and satisfies them The body of protectionists are remarkably scanty to select a leader from, but should they persist in nominating Ibo Marquis'of Granby, they will be placing a firm extinguisher on their future performances. There but one man qualified for the task?Mr. D'Israell. He, as your readers are ware, possesses unquestionable genius, moderate statesmanship capabilities, and unequalled debating tact. He does not, I think, stand muoh chance by the side of his noble competitor, for he is but a ' commoner," and supports himself by his literary labors. Let the choice fall on whoever it may, they will have no easy task to get through. The country party have a few sticks to lose, consequently they are often rebel Hour, and will dow they like in spite of the entrea- . ties of any leader. If Mr D' Israeli takes them In band, he has capacity to general th -ra. Whether they will attend to him is a question that can alone be decided a year or two hence. They are on the brink of a dangerous precipice; dangerous to themselves; but profitable to others; fur, should they makebutone falsa step, protection will be a thing of the past; and I am inolined to think the property they have, will also be of the ideal in place of the real. I think there is a probability of our railway managment undergoing a material change. Your readers are, I have no doubt, aware that property in railways is at a fearful discount. It is, in fact, as much below its real value aa it was above, some months ago. The directors are now becoming sensible of a diminution in the profits, and, consequently, the proprietors receive a reduced dividend. A day or two : hack, a meeting was bro ght about, of the ohairmen of the London and North Western, the London and South WeBtern, and the Great Western lines. The object intended to be attained, was, if possible, to devise such measures as thould nise the value of railway property generally. The plans these gentlemen ! Intend] putting into practice, have not yet been made ' pub'ic; but it is satiifaotory to learn, they were unaaU j mous in their decisions. The main points which directors should look to, if they wish to decrease their ! expenditures, are, to have fewer trains, to reduce the speed of travelling, to have a less number of direotors, but better paid, and prevent a waste of money about trifling matters. These are items which have a great j influence on the ezpences of a railway. We shall ' shortly see, 1 suppose, whether the meeting of the three \ directors just named, will have a beneficial efTuct on j the value of their stock. Newmarket it now the point of attraction, in racing matters, although we have had twe or three days of an- | mistakeable rain. Tbe Cesarewicth will come off speedily. It is currently reported that Lord Oeorge 1 Bentinck won eighty thousand pounds, at the late Derby, by Surplice. Mr William Scott, the celebrated 'jockey, has just died. He has been, for many years, a noted rider. He has. in tbe course of his sporting career, rode the winners of sine St. Leger's, four Derby's, and three Oak's. Mr. Bagby, the American MinUter at St. Petersburg, left Paris no the 27th ult., (where he bad been staying a week,) for Russli. The theatrical world is now beginning to assums a lively appearance. The managers are all getting ready for the coming season. Some hare already opened. Phelps has got Sadler's Wells, and began on Wednesday with "Coriolanus" In addition to his former company,ne nas mteurru me services 01 a iviiss fijnn, a pupil of Obarli'B Kemble. In time, this lady may rip?n into a* attraction actress. Webster has closed the Haymftrket. which he ha* kept open for the la*t month or two, with hie Adelphi company, which he has now transferred to their original places, and commenced his season. Ha has no new arrivals. Charles Matthews and Madame Vtstris will open the Lyceum almost immediately, and Mr Maddox the Trincess Theatre. Charles Kean and his wife are at Brighton, playing to very satisfactory audiences. Some private performances will shortly be given by the Queen in Buckingham 1'alace. which are placed under the exclusive management of Mr. Kean. The Distln family, the professors of the 8axhorn, have announced a farewell concert, under the patronage of the Queen, at Drary Lane, after which they will leave for a tonr tbrongh the United States. Bunn has just issued his programme for Covent Garden. *Tbe Braiillan frigate Alfonso, that rendered such excellent assistance to the Ocean Monarch left Liverpool ? few days sln'ie, for Lisbon and Klo Janeiro; but managed to burst her cylinder when ft few miles out. 8he Is now at Holyhead, where the captain has been receiving the congratulations of the principal personages. fur his gallant eonduot towards the survivors belonging to the ill-fated vessel that was burned. The Custom House authorities here have just oalled for a return, showing the number of distinct sailing ships, of British and foreign register, together with fllttlr .ml avuputru tnnnuira Antornrt invirda and curried oitwarA* between the United State* and the United Kingdom, in the year 1847. Al*o, a similar return, ahowing the aggregate number and tonnage of eur.h *hlpa, including their repeated voyage*, together with the average number of voyage* of ?uoh veaael*. The precipe purport of the return in not yet made public; but I do not apprehend it will Wad to any Important alteration in shipping matter* The whole of the week ha* been ocaupied In trying four chartint* at the Old Bailey. The name* of the prisoner* are Dowling. Kay, l.acey, and CutTey. The trial of the flret is concluded, but not no the other*.? Th? aunuiry ha* been a mi*i tediou* and prolonged om. The** are the first persons who have boen tri?d eince the law wan amended, by which pi>rion* found conspiring to alter the constitution or the country, are arraigned for felony. I think It will go very hard with TnlTey, who, If your reader* recollect, male hlmrelf esenedlnglj notorious at the Iniane proceeding* of the 10th of April. Sentence will not be pasaed (for they will moiit assuredly be convicted) until the remainder of the prisoner* are triad. Many of the chartitta bar* applied for their trial* to be pnxtponed nntil next ?ea*ion, which haa been granted. The people here are itill dreadfully frightened about tb? cholera, and an IniUnoe of & person haying ,?uuk E NE MORI under the disease at Hull, in Yorkshire, haa increased their fears. The Niagara anchored in the Mersey at 7 o'clock on the morning of the 25th, having performed the distance from New York in lesB time than any other steamer. Including the usual detention at Halifax, she was only out eleven days aDd a half. The meeting of the proprietor of the Bank of England to decide upon a rate of dividend, was held on I Wednesday last I informed veu the auestion would be decided'by the ballot, as an amendment had been proposed to the original resolution. It was ultimately settled by a majority of 15 out of 261, that a dividend of 3* per cent, without income tax, should be at once declared. The amendment, which was lost, proposed that in addition to the above dividend, there should also be a bonus of one per cent. At the meeting, the shareholders gave a vote of thanks to the directors for the precautionary measures they had taken when threatened with assaults from the chartists in April last. The prices in consequence of the above declaration, stand thus : Consols 85,'a te 80>tf. Our Parla Correspondence. Paris, Sept. 27,1B48. Ltdru Rollin'i Speech?Taxation?Prince Louis Napoleon?Raspail?The One Chamber Question?Universal Suffrage?Liberation of Insurgents. The great event whieh has signalized the week commencing after the date of my last letter, has been a great democrat banquet held in a new publio garden which haB been opened in the Champs Elyiees, called the " C billet.-' This plaoe occupies ground, which, you will remember lies between the Cirous and the Hue Faubourg St. Ilonore. On this occasion M. Ledru Kollin delivered a speech which is variously appreciated here, according to the spirit and tendencies of parties. The ultra-democratio press lauds it to the skies, the moderate abuses it to the dust. The truth is. it was characterised bv all that earnextnena of mir. pose which marks the orations of this celebrated tri. bane. He is for the restoration of the democracy of 1793 ; he is for the reign of terror, minus tfee guillotine, if you can understand this. Hia specijh contained an unmeasured attack on the republic fcs established since the revolution of February, whiph he oharged with being utterly insufficient and below the level of its miaslon?with doing nothing for the people, and deceiving tbe hopes of the operative classes. This banquet was attended by about 400 persons, among whom were 80 or 90 member* of the Assi-mbly, chiefly taken from that party known by tbe name of the Mountain. In the Assembly, one measure of great importance has been carried by an immense majority, indeed by the whole Assembly, the Mountain excepted. This measure consists in un amendment of one of the clauses of the constitution, as recommendod by the committee. There are two systems of taxation debated at present in France?one in which it is declared that emj citizemis bound to contribute to the public cxpencea, in the (hrect ratio of his means; the other, in which it la affirmed that he is bound to contribute in an increasing ratio to hia means. The one assumes that a certain fixed per centage, aa it were, of the income of eaoh citizen may be taken by the State for the common purposes of revenue; the other assumes that a small per centage only shall be demandable froui those who have small incomes, and a greater per cent ago uutu tuu.ir nuu uara lUUUllll'Pj HQU lO&t IQO f?r centage shall augment with the magnitude of the ncome The former is called proportional taxationthe latter, progressive taxation; the former is admitted and supported by the moderate party; the latter is one of the great dogmas ol the ultra democrats, socialists, and communists. It is easy to see that it would naturally lead to the confiscation of all property, and consequently to the expulsion of all moveable property from the country In the project of the constitution, as emanating from the committee, the phrase used in the article on taxation was intentionally equivocal, being equally applicable to the two systems. The object of the committee wan to leave the question still open to debate, and to aveid adopting in the constitution either the one system or the ether. The Assembly, however, have, by an Immense majority, adopted the amendment, whioh, in the most explicit terms, excludes the progressive system. and declares that every citizen is to be ta*ed only in the direct proportion to his means. The second great event of the week has been the arrival of Prince Louis Napoleon, which took place a few days ago, since which he has kept himself so wholly secluded that his arrival was unknown. The first intimation of his arrival was his appearance in the assembly. He had been a quarter of an hour there before anything indicated his presence; but then a certain agitation arose, showing that some more than ordinary event had occurred Prince Louis entered by one of, the doors leading to tbe ooridors, and seated himself on the tame seat as M. M. Veillard and Havln. The resul( of the elections of Youne was t'ten deolsred. The proclamation was read amon; much confusion. and the Prince then ascended the tribune, and read from a M.S.. in a firm voice, and with perfect calmness of demeanour, the following address : "Citizen Representatives?It is not permitted to me to guard silence after the oalumnies of which I have been the object. I require to express here, frankly, and on the first day when 1 am permitted to sit amongst you, the true sentiments which animate me which have always animated me. After thirty-three years of proscription and exils, I at last recover my KVUUV1J ?uu mi UIJ UKU? VI Ulbl?VU. 1 UB rupUUIIO has given me this happiness ; let the republic receive my oath of gratitude?my oath of gratitude: and may my generous countrymen who have brought mo into this assembly be certain that I shall endeavor to justify their votes, in laboring with you for the maintenance of tranquility?that first necessity of the country, and for that developement of the democratic institutions which the people has the right to dnmand. Long have I been prevented from devoting to Franoe only the mediations of exile and captivity ; at present, the career in which you are all advancing is open to me. Receive me, my dear colleagues, into your ranks with the same sentiment of affectionate confidence that I bring with me here. My conduct, always inspired by duty, always animated by respoot for the law, my conduct will prove, with respect to the persons who have endeavored to blacken my character in order again to proscribe me, that no one here more than myself is resolved to devote himself to the defence and freedom of the republic." Murmurs of warm approbation grseted this profession of faith and good taste, and he was very warmly received by many of the representatives. The election ofM. Kaspail for the department of the Seine was then declared, when the Procureur General protested against his admission. The oommitteo had proposed to declare the election valid, bnt postpone his admission until after his trial for the affair of the 16th May, for which he is now a prisoner at Vinoennes. M. ltaspail, his nephew, wished to question the government as to the immediate liberation of his uncle, but overwhelming tumult expressed the sense of the assembly on this proposition. M. Kaspail, however, proceeded, and concluded by a motion, that M. Kaspail be admitted to explain himself at the tribune, and to point out the real culprits, who are not (he said) at Viucennes. The Prooureur General opposed this, explaining the oonduet of the magistrates, and the necessities of the judicial situation. M Deville then propoted that the admission of M. Kaspail, and his being heard at the tribune, should be put to the vote ; but this proposition wan as ill received as that of M. Kaspail, jun. In the midst of this oonfusion, the Pre riMru. itiuuiMUICU ?UO HUII1 IftBIUQ OI M. KUpill. 110 then read a letter from the Procurear General, demanding authorixatlon to prosecute llaxpail and M. Tie .Minister of Justioc demanded that the queition should be taken immediately, " d'Hrgence." One or two members attempted to address the Chamber, but the votes of " urgence" and authorization to prosecute were put, and suoeeasively adopt-; j both unanimously, with the exoeption of t*;0 Mountain If we are a judge by the e*^ now manifested, the government ha? entertained very disproportional and exaggerated opinions of the possible or probable consequences of the arrival of Prince Louis. Several regiments are said to have been ready to declare him emperor, a night or two since. " An unusual commotion took plaoc in that part of the Rue 4# Hivoli which finest the Rue de Rohan. It was occasioned by the sudden and nn*X|<ected departure of the 6th battalion of the Guard Motile, whto'i cam* in from Rouen "scansiy throe -vccks ago. The commandant cf thJi Ibattallon, M A ladoveie, between 11 and 12 o'clock at night, received an order to march *?th il to Rnsl, with an Injunction to leave the small barracks at the extremity oftbn wing of the Louvre completely clear tor a battalion of t\e line, which at break of day would come to replace the Uuaril Mobile. Notwithstanding all the MSi will with which endeavors were made ts carry this order into execution, It covld not be completed till a rather advanocd hour in the day, and the battalion ef the line was obliged ts wait in the I'lace du Carrousel, with its arms piled, until the barracks were ready to receive them. The appearance of the battalion and its remaining gnve rite toan unfounded apprehension that it was brought therein precaution lutainstsomeeipected disturbance though there were no Indications of anything of the kind. The Onard Mobile were upon the best terms with the Inhabitants of the neighborhood, who regretted their departure M. Aladevoxe; the oommandcr of the 6th battalion of tho Guard Mobile, issneld inlsntry officer, eon promised in the alfairof ll>ulogne, and was condemned with IMnre i.ouis by the Court of lVers He was still confined at Ste. r<Magl* when the revolution of Fcbiuarj was made." It was feared that the National (lnanl nf the Ran. lieu would march into Paris to the cry of-'Vive l'Kranereur !" ind would he joined bv the populace of the Kauhurgs, the Socialist*, the Communists, and all other malcontents. No manifestations of this iort hare at least an yet been made Prince Lewis ami his cousin walked quietly out of the Assembly yesterday afternoon and went to their home without any outr*go, movement, or eicltement. The Assembly la at present occupied in debating the question whether the republic shall be organised with one chamber or two, and thin, as you may suppose, ha* brought Into play much argumentative speech upon the great transatlantic experiment. Theanalogy, however, falls In some Important particulars, especially in thi*, that the American republic Is a confederation. whereas, that of Krance, is one anil indivisible The decision of the question, here, however, 1* not doubtful. The principle of a single chamber will be adopted by a considerable msjorlty. It is not expeoted that the minority In favor of two chambers will exceed SAO. Althongh there are 132 member* Inscribed to speak on this question, the patience of the Aaaembly will not stand such an enormoui array of tfclk, and ft ie expected that after the speeches of M. de Lamar tine and M. Thlera, the matter will be cut very short. The most Important question of all, at prosent, will com* under discussion, in the course of next w*ek, when th* article* 40, 41, fcc , of the project of the oon W YC UNG EDITION?WED] stitutlon shall be discussed. These articles declare I that the President of the republic shall be elected by j univeral suffrage. It is, however, the intention of the , government at present, to propose to the Chamber that for the first time the election of President shall take place, not by universal suffrage, but by the Assembly. The proposed objeot of this is to expedite the organisation of toe republic, and put an end to the present provisional state of things; but the real object to endeavor to seoure the election of Oen. Cavaignae. This will be opposed by the moderate party, or at least that portion of it which forms the Assembly, of the Hue de Poitiers. The party of the PalaiB Royal. Including the more ultra-democratic,will vote with the amornmanf Tho Mnnnfoin iu rimiht.ful u n. 1 will probably be decided by secret Intrigue. Underhand proposition* will be made to General Cavaignao. to induce him to pledge himself to certain measures acceptable to the Mountain; if he does not consent to these, then the Mountain will join the Rue de Poitiern in opposing the election of the first president by the Assembly, and they will form a majority Bat even if it should be decided, which is not probable at present, that the election of the first President shall be made by the Assembly, it is by no means certain that Gen. Cavaignao will be elected The exeroise of his dictatorial power, however moderate, has raised against hit; a host of enemies; and my own impression is, that in a contest for the Presidency, in the Assembly, he would be defeated The candidates in the /Vsseinblv, for the Presidency, would probably be Princo Louis Napoleon, Cavaignao, and M. de Lamartine; and the belief, at present, is, that of all these Prince Louis Napoleon would have the best chance. But if the election do not take place in the Assembly, but is made by universal suffrage, then the succers of Prince Louis Napoleon is <juite certain. You will see, therefore, that, under all cirsumstancus, his chances of being raised to the head of the government ef the republic, are by no means inconsiderable. ANOTHER SPEECH BY LAMARTINE. M. de Lamartine has addressed the following letter to the members of the Democratic Club of Nisoies, who had addressed some observations to him on the last speech which he delivered in the National Assembly :? " Citizens?1 thank you for the republican bluntness of your letter. 1 thank yon for the confidence and th? kindness which it leads me to suppoee you entertain for me. I will reply to it with entire frankness also. It is the politeness of men who speak frem the heart. 1 am not a socialist, and never have been. Head my writings and speeches on thin question from 1835 to 1848. Property, under all its forma, is sacred in my eyes. I have always said that I only knew one communism?the communism of sentiment; that is to say, tbe religious love of the people, the progressive series of institutions of labor, assistance, and practical fraternity, calculated to ennoble, dignify, and improve the condition of all our brethren. In proclaiming tbe republic we restored their sovereignty to the people. To be sovereign they must be reasonable, otherwise they will soon lost; the title and exercise of sovereignty. It is, therefore, for them now to govern themselves by their legitimate representation. If they do not respect themselves by honoring the men of their choice, in what will they do so ? and if they do not respeot themselves who will rerpeot them in the world ? Recommend to them moderation and wlsdem, which are what I never cease to recommend myself. You think that I betray and abandon them. You are mistaken I serve them in the only manner in which they require to be served at tfali moment. The impatience which is cauted among them will be the oertain loss of all the rights they have conquered, and all the social advantages ofwhich those rights, wisely exercised, give them the pledge. If this misfortune occurs, history will not accuse me-it will accuse those who mislead them. The republic, such as they desired it in February, March, and April, was the sovereignty of public reason, not the wilderness of impracticable sects and suicidal passions; and such is the republic which will instruot, moralize, and enrich the people. If, following the violent principles of sectarians, the republic would give the victory to the onemies of human reason and progressive institutions. I could desire to make this conviction pass into your hearts with the same strength that it exists in mine. That is henceforth the only service that I can endeavour to render to our oountry. Set aside after the rtotm, by the impatience of some. the resentment ef others, I have no other ambition than that of seeing the republicans of all dates and all theories unite in the idea common to all -of causing the republican form to be accepted as the regular instrument of perfect civilization. Inthis point at least, citizens, we are agreed; for whatever be the difference of our ideas on the constitution of property, of labour, of branches of industry, we are Frenchmen?we are brethren?we are republicans!" The idea of sending representatives into the provinces, as emissaries, is not yet renounced. According to report in the lobbies of the Assembly, this measure :s to be carried into execution, but instead of twentyfix, only fourteen representatives are to be sent These, it is raid, will take their departure towards the end of this week. In the evening of the 22d, there were only 100 wounded of the affair of June, remaining in the hospitals of Paris, viz.: 05 military and 05 civilians. A letter from Berchtesgadem, in liavaria. of the 20tb, says:? Yesictday morning the Countess <ie Landal'eld (Lola Monte-) arrived here, where the King Louis I has boon residing fur six wceka lime, de Landpleld wis in a magnificent travelling carriage, accompanied by twofeinalea A great many persons of both sexes assembled on her rastoge, and, uttering insulting cries, pelted her carriages Willi atones and mud. Lola wont to a modest hotel, which was immediately surrounded by a detachment of troopa. (Several persons were arrested in the evening fur having insulted her. The Journal du Havre of yesterday, has the following:? II. Cahet arrived here this morning by the railroad, at the h;?d of a column of forty or tlfty communists, who arc to emliark si ortly for New Orleans, In the Bremen ship Viot?.ria, Captain Harlem. M. Cahet himself, whatever the Paris Journals may any, is not yet diapoaed to tako hia departure for the land of promise, and is ootue to Havre only to superintend the arrangements for the pasaage of his disciples. Sr.PTKSinEB 29. Prince Louis Napoleon has been returned for five departments. A telegraphic despatch was rooeived here yesterday, announcing the aocouchment of the Duchess of | Montpensier of a daughter, at Seville. A meeting waa Held last evening at the Rae de | Poitiers, by the Parliamentary club known by that name, at which a very full attendance wan given, lien. | Baraguay d'Hllliers was eleoted President, and M. M. , Leon Faucherand De Falloux. Vioe President*. The ?uestion debated waa what course the party could ake upon the project for electing the first President of the republic by the Assembly, instead of by universal suffrage, as 1 have indicated already. Ttie meeting resolved unanimously to oppose this, and to innist by every practicable means on the right of the people at large to eleot the first President, as every other. It was resolved also, that if the amendment was insisted upon, and brought to a division, that the party wonld decline voting upon the question altogether, and that they would rise in a body and leave the house. This maybe considered as a settled point. ! You will see by the journals that the debate on the question of one or two chambers, was brought to an unexpected close, yesterday. The debate was signalized by two speeches of extraordinary ability, by MM. de Lamartine and Odillon Barrot, the one in favor of, and the othsr against, the system of a single chamber. The chamber deoided by a majority of 630 against 289, in favor of a single chamber. The artioles of the 1 constitution win De now nurriea over, without maoh debute, until the articles for the election of President, which will be next week, and then will come the orlsis. I give you some details of the arrival of Prince Louis Napoleon in Paris. The Prince quitted London in the evening of the 24th, passed through Holland, and arrived at Paris on the 26th, at seven o'clock in the evening. He passed the night at a furnished hotel, which he quitted on the 26th. The followiog r>'.-'Qt he 1 spent in another furnished hotel. I jin told that he : will[ iot adopt any fixed residence until he is assured that he may remain unmolested. He came to Paris, and the first intimation the government had of his arrival was his appearance in the Assembly. Some f?w of the many idlers of Paris have since surrpunded the Assembly: but they are kept at a respectable distance by the police. The address pronounced by him at the tribune has been favorably received by the lower clastes. They, who have not seen Louis Napoleon, may, perhaps, draw a somewhat Imaginary portrait of him. He is about five feet four inches in height, emull eyes, a rather large nose, and wears a thiok moustache on his npper Hp. His dress is simple and gentlemanly. He speaks with a foreign accent, neither German nor Italian, which is explained by his exile of thirty-three years. One hundred and fifty of the insurgent prisoners have, this morning, been set at liberty. All the forts are new cleared, except that of Irry, where there are still 110 remaining. Paris. September 28, 1848. The Jiourte and Money Market. The Source has suffered, this week, several alternations of uneasy stagnation and rapid fluetuations. Kvery one has been occupied with the elections, and the effects they are likely to preduce on the market. It Is probable that If the moderate party, whose numerical majority Is certain, had united so as to name their candidates, they would buT* succeeded, and a con" siderable rise would have been the result. Trices hare. howev?r, b?en otherwise affected by the eleotlons. It ha* bjen ?ai<l that government tu about to attach itrelf more closely thnn ever with the advanoed republican*; and the very report that M. Ledru Rollin was about to be appointed to a ministry, caused a fall of If'26; though this wag noon checked, by ita being ascertained that no such arrangement was In contemplation. Although It is said that commerrial matter* are somewhat reviving, very little oapital Is as yet drawn from the market for them; en the contrary, every day remittances are made from the departments to Paris, to be bought Into the funda, which afford a desirable investment In point of interest; the Kivei, at 68, giving about 7and the Threes, at 44, about 7 per cent. These remittances still keep up the market against the fall that would otherwise more deoidedly declare itsalf. Speculators are decidedly alarmed at the tendency of government to demand every day new oredlts, beJond the sums Indicated in the budget; seeing that lie Assembly does not carry out, infHolently rigorously in practiM, the principle itself proclaimed, of not mi >RK I NESDAY, OCTOBER 18 thorising any new credits, whatever their utility, until tbey had equalised the income and expenditure. IthftH been remarked for several days, operation* have begun to be made in tbe Five per eents for the end of the month, with a margin of three francs on the closing. This oiroumstanee would indicate that a considerable rise, or, at all events, great variations in tbe quotations are expected. Much attention and interest are now excited by the new plan of tbe Minister of Finances, to organize credit. We have but very Imperfect hints of the bases of tbe system of M Ooudebaux, but they are sufficient to influence transactions in the funds, and to occasion nalea of bank shares whioh have reached 1000 francs. It has been said, also, that th? directors of the bank bad deoided that they oouldnot yet resume cash payments,

as had been demanded by several bankers. The bullion in the bank may, it is true, be considered as high, in proportion to its notes in circulation, (228 millions of bullion againat372 millions of notes.) but there are 149 millions of aocounts current, and several other amounts, which do not form parts of the notes which might be Immediately called for, which would lender the situation of the bank critical if it should resume its payments, and any unforeseen circumstances were to ensue. The principal cause of the uneasiness whioh now prevails at the Bourse is the presumed situation of the market at the end of the month, many speculators ; fearing heavy deliveries at the settling. But as there i is nothing to lead to the supposition that the orders from the departments will not continue to arrive, it is | probable that many sales may be effected in this way, I so ns not to load the market too heavily at the settling. We have no particular news from Italy ; but much surprise has been expressed that an official notifica[ tion of the prolongation of the armistice has not been i made, and doubts are beginning to be entertained as to its truth. However, the general opinion is deci! dedly against the probability of the resumption of On Tuesday, the. arrival of Prince Louis In Paris, announeed at the Bourse, accompanied by a statement that he had had an interview with Oeneral Cavaignac, as his appearance had been for some time considered as to be likely to be productive of disorders, this news caused a partial fall; but prices soon rallied, when it wils ascertained that he had taken his seat at the Assembly, and that pnblio tranquillity had not been disturbed. Some idsa is entertained at the Bourse that a project for issuing notes, in the nature of bank notes transferable to bterer, to bo secured by the guaranty of real property or mortgage, will be proposed to the Assembly: but it is not believed it will be adopted. It is not well received at the Bourse. The mere mention of its being likely to be proposed, has, however, caused a fall in bank phares. Railways have now alraost ceased to be thought of. There is little or nothing doing in any of the lines Some statements in the Standard and Morning llerahl, English journals, speak of the returning activity and improvement in commercial afTairs. Unhappily the writers are either very ill-informed or have some view in what they write, since we can find little or no confirmation of this improvement. Matters are decidedly somewhat better, but far from being in either a satisfactory or healthy state. A commercial letter from Havre states that business is resuming Uh activity. Most of the manufactories are at work, and nearly all their men have returned to their employments; but the manufacturers are rather preparing for expected purchases for the winter, than for any orders they have actually received. J subjoin the prices for the week : ? SPerCtt. 5 Per Ct>. 6 Per Cti, Trent urn Hunk old. loan. Uondt. Hhtnret, Eert. 22.. .44 ?) 68 60 <!9 25 ? Ki'13 23. .<4 25 68 60 69 25 ? 1620 " 28. .44 50 68 80 6S 75 ? 1605 " "26. .44 10 68 75 69 ? 23 22 disc. 1618 " 127. .44 60 69 80 69 75 2iU " 1620 " 28, ,45 ? 69 45 69 48 ? 1610 American Post Office Restrictions on the I'ri'H. " British and North American Royal Mail J St*?m Packot Company. ? Oflioe, 14 Water Htroet, Liverpool. ) "Genti.emen?From the piobablo dilhculties that may arise, in America, to the ships, by taking any addressed newspaper* otherwise than through the mails, we are constrained to refuia to receive, or to allow, addressed newspapers, <>r newspapers in addressed bags, to go on board in any otliormanDOr than through th? Post Ollice. " Yours, he, ":?th Sept, 1H48. " D. Si C. MACIVER. " To Messrs, Willmer & Smith." In publishing the above tetter, addressed to ourselves and the press and public generally, we deem it proper to observe, which we do on authority, that this step has been adopted by the agents of the British aud North American Mail Steamships, in conse<|uenoe of the company's agent, at Boston, intimating to them that the doings of the post offlco authorities, at Boston, warranted bis pointing out tbat an infringement of the American post office law, on their part, might be visited with heavy penalties. The agents of the British steamships have, from tbe first hour of their operations, afforded to the American press the greatest facilities in the free conveyance and instant delivery of their papers, and we deeply regret tbat there should be any interruption to a facility which has always been of such vasi assistance and accommodation to the proprietors of tbe public journals. We are assured that the owners of these steamers are quite wining to resuno any accommodation which tbey have heretofore given to the press of Amerioa ; but they must first be put in a position to do so by the post office authorities at Washington, as it is with them alone the difficulty has originated, and they alone can remove it. Doubtless, the carrying out of this order will entail great inconvenience and annoyance to the whole press of the United States, and which will, of course, extend to the American publio. All partie*, however, connected with the press, know, from long experience, that on all occasions the agents have afforded them every assistance We must, therefore, in ju?tice, state that, in their present movrHii-nt.no choice was left them, and that tbey are not acting from caprice, or intention to disoblige. Negotiations between the United States and Ciermaity. The Paris Preste of the 21st ult. says " Mr. A. O. Doneison, American minister ut Frankfort, is at this uiutuoub uvuu^ieu in uvgvi.iBkiu|$ (? treaty ui cuimuorou on the most liberal basin with the Central Government which had substituted itself for tho Zoiiverien. England, hy her agents, it making a thousand efforts to embarrass this negotiation.'' Ireland. TRIAL OF SMITH o'BRTEN?Al'PEAI. TO THE HOUSE OF LORDS. [From the Dublin Freemen's Journal, Sept. 30 ] We this day place before our readers a report ef the proceedings had at the Special Commission up to the rising of the court on Thursday night. It will be seen that the entii4 day was occupied with preliminary motions and arguments, and that the trial, properly speaking, has not yet commenced. These argument* and motions, however, though of a preliminary, and, apparently, purely technical character, will have a most important Influence on the trial now pending, laying grounds as they do for an appeal to the House of Lords, by a writ of error. The late hour at which our exprvss necessarily arrived, owing to the great distance it had to traverse, precludes our doing more than very briefly alluding to one of the more Important points raised by the able oounsel for the prisoner?a point which, being now on the record, entitles the prisoner to a writ of error, and which, if eventually decided In his favor, will lemodel the treason law in Ireland in one of its most important features?the facilities for defence to be afforded to the accused. The case will be found Oleariv out In the argument of Mr. White side. We may here, however, state that a person tried for high treason In England In entitled to receive a copy of the panel ten days before he can be called upon to plead, and also to a list of the witnesses who are to be produced against him. These privileges are obvioucly eesenttal In order to enable him to make his challenges, and to expose the untrustworthiness of the witnesses so often relied upon by the crown. Mr. W ably, and aa we think, conclusively, argued that the law which guarantied those rights to Englishmen was applicable also to Irishmen. The court, nevertheless, decided otherwise, and Mr. O'Brien got neither a copy of the panel, nor a list of the witnesses. The point raised, however, waa too important, as well to Mr. O'Brien as to the general public, to be allowed to drcp there, and the able counsel for Mr O'Brien placed the question on the record, with a view to make it the ground for an appeal to the House of Lordsln the event of a verdict lelng recorded ag?inst his client. We cannot close this hasty notice without directing attention to the fact* elicited with regard to the formation of jury panels in Ireland. In * th*?Cathollc county of Tipperary, where we understand that Catholic* are on the jury-book in the proportion of three Catholics to one Protectant, the panel for the present commission gives eighteen Catholics in a lint of two hundred and eighty-eight. This panel was, of course, challenged, but of course the triers appointed disallowed the challenge. A private note received from our reporter! assures us that Mr. O'Brien's counsel are resolved to Issue a writ of error in cace of an adverse verdict. OKNKRAL NEWS. Mr. Smith O'Brien Is jrisited dally by his wife and moth<T ill* agent, Mr. rotter. la actively ?ng%g?d la preparing for the defence of hla client. A notice has been served by him on Mr. Hodden, the government reporter, calling on htm to produce on Mr. O'Brien'a trial the aotea of all hi* speeches, which Mr. Hodges ha* reported, or the tranacrlpta of them, aa It la Mr. O'Brien'* intention to examine him with reapect to them. The agent haa alao informed Mr. Hodge*, tbat it la hia Intention to aerve him with a ?uhpnna Hurts tecum to produce the documenta, and that the notice waa served to enable Mr. Hodgea to have the apeechea ready for production. The fVteman't Journal, of Thursday, oontalna tho fuliowing from Clonmtl " Srvf m' ronton* of rank and twuition will, it tfl nn Jon too* 1. At tond flr? ra England to girt evidence on behalf of M r. Smi 1)1 O' Brian, in r*ie??noe to the matter! on whioh It wxi originally canUimidate<i that iMti John Hnmll ahonld ba examined, bat when taatl' rnony will e<|na'ly apply to tli? mat ier* referred to, and thai obviate the ceceiaity lor repiirtng the peraonal attendance of tho Premier. " The prlaonan from Ball in nnrry and the colllerieawill he .lafended by Mr. Rtonar O'Callaghan, barrister, who haa f|>jeially arlived on t>eir behalf. " Mai. Gen. M'Donald, with hia Aide-de-camp. ('apt M'Keaiie, arrii'xi from Kilkenny at three o'clock, and will remain in town during the sittings of tii* eommiaaton. A Cork paper In ftUnding to the charge of Mr. Smith O'Brien, remarks " PiTMt iha ladiouncat *?ai m. Smith O Bcte* and X'Xknuj 9< IERA I, 1848. it* legal jargon :m<l ??r> >al haldi rdaah. and you will And th? charge of riifh treaaon ta reated upon three orett aeta?the erec. tl<>D ul barricades at Killenanle. Uie demand made upon the polica at Mullanaliiiim, ami thu attack on lnap?ct?r Trani'i party la the hoaM of widow Cormack. To eonr. rt the rrlaonera with thene alleged oyer' acta a long Hat of wiUiiueii will be examined. Little hope la entertained by thoat who Indulge in conjectural about the trials, that 'ho louden, eapociallv Smith O'Brien and M'llaaiu, will be acquitted. Ttie contrary is the utlief." The charge against Mr. (>mn Duffy, of the Xatioii, ior high treason, is grounded mainly upon a letter, Baid to have been addressed by him to Mr. Smith O'Brien, and which was discoved by the police in the travelling bag of the latter gentleman, subsequent to his arrest. Yesterday it transpired that the individual, a person formerly employed in the \ation office, who was to have proved Mr. Duffy's handwriting in this letter, had suddenly decamped, and the crown will now And it necessary to establish the proof by other means. It is stated that a gentleman who bad been connected with the Nation, and who now holds an office in a public department, has been served with a subjitrna by the crown, t? prove the handwriting cf Mr. Duffy. If we are to credit reports, it is evident that Mr. C. O. Duffy has at last shown symptoms of cowardice. A Dublin correspondent, in his letter of the 28th, makes the following announcement:? "My information is this. Formal notion haabeen this forenoon I'ivon t.n tli? unrnrniiiont. tbut. t.hn irri-nf. lit<>r&pv nf the* confederate inovtment?the great conoootor of its plana?t'm glint architect uf iti organization? he wh<> was the life and soul of the party? the organucr or the aluba?the suggeiter of ain'iaiisudcrHtiipd and of uollcitations of foreign aid?in fact, the head and front of the Nation, lias this duv caused it to bo announced to the government, through hii solicitor, that he doea no' intend to put the governmant to tho labor of a prosecution in hiaoaio, but that he is prepared to plead guilty tu ?luituver indictment the crown may prefer against him, throwing himself upon the ni> rcy of the Executive, to dispose < f him a < may seem ttttiug in the ease of one who does not even quetllon its authority, much lew ofltr any opposition to it* paramount operation." Wo announced lust week that the Nation was to bo revived Since that, we are informed that Lord Clarendon has determined upon a nummary and vigorous course to prevent the revival of the jv:obln journal*. In the prOKpeotuR of the National, intended ax the successor of the Nation, Mr Kullam, who had been connected with the latter journal, appears as the responsible party. On Wednesday, a warrant under the Sui pension of the Habeas Corpua Act wan issued for the apprehension of Mr. Kullam, who, however, was out of the way when the polioe went to execute It. The warrant hail been prepared some weeks since, but wart not acted upon It is stated that the Intention of establishing the National has been abandoned. Some warrants against other parties were issued on Wednesday. Mr. Killilea, the editor of the IVaterford Chronicle, was this day lodged in Clonmel jail, on a charge of high treason. Two youcg ladies, Miss Kliza Power and Miss Ryan, were arrested near Carrick-on-Suir. and committed to Clonmel jail, on the charge of being engaged in treasonable practices The latter is charged with harborirg her brother and Mr O'.Vlahony, for whose apprehension a reward of ?100 has been offered. The ladies were travelling on a car when taken into custody. Miss Power had tire-arms and a parcel of letters belonging to Mr. O'Mabony in her pos-ession. The letter* with a very novel headdress, namely, a parcel ?f percussion caps, were found in her bonnet. Kurtherarrests have taken place?one, a man named Cunningham, allowed himself to be discovered by a pretended sympathiser, a detective, on a public conveyance On the 21st instant, Mr. Howley, resident magistrate of Dungarvan. accompanied by a detachment ot the 7th fusileers and a strong party of police, paid a midnight visit to the mountains near Comragh, aBd si oceeded in capturing fourteen persons, known to have been in armsuuder "General" Mahoney, who had returned home, imagining themselves free from suspicion. They were safely lodged in Waterford county jail. Amongst them is a publioan from Rathcormack, named Maner. At Limerick, a young man, named Thady O'Keefe, a smith, has been arrested, on a charge of treason. A person, named M'Cartney, who was private tutor to the children of Mr Martin Fitzgerald, of Jessfield. but who, on the appearance of O'Brien, joined the insurgent force, took the com mend of several marauding parties, and afterwards ?tt< mpted to seduce some soldier? of tho 83d regiment, ! has been arrested, and lodged in Kilkenny jail. Mr. Fogarty, and Mr. Hurke, of Pallas, near Borrisoleigh, hare been arrested. Tbe Lord-Lieutenant bas issued a proclamation, offering a reward of .?100 for the apprehension of John Mabony, leader of the last insurgent movements at l'ortlaw and (Jlenbower. Tho Water/ord Chronicle of th? 27th, says:?* It is almost certain that Messrs. Meagher, Leyne, and O'Donoetie put themselves in the n) of being nrreated by i tie police, owing to the base conduct of Boino tcouudrel farmers who u?il t" ' rat their dogs' at thcie patriots whenever they sought shelter from them." Tbe winter campaign against the payment of rents stems to have set in early?the King's County, as before. leading tbe Tan of the movement. On Sunday night a large party succeeded in carrying off the lands ofoneKenna the produce of several acres of wheat, oati, barley, (to., together with a quantity of hay, which was distrained for non-payment ot rent, by Mr. Andrews, J. P. The first step taken was to secure the keepers in a bouse adjacent by a strong guard. Not tbe slightest clue bas since been found as to whereabouts tbe booty has been deposited, although the most diligent search is being made. Mr. M'Manus had decided upon defending himself, and attempting to justify the part he bad taken in the late movement, but yielding to the advice of his friends, at a late hour in tbe night of the 21 tb, he sent for Mr. Dwyer, of Tipperary, a solicitor of great experience, and begged of him to take his oase. Mr. Smith O'Brien has undertaken to pay for competent legal assistance for all the poor men who are to be tried leaving the choice of individuals to themselves. It Is said that his own counsel have great hope of gaining a favorable verdict on the strength of some technicalities, if not on the merits of the case. Sir Lucius O'Brien, M. P., has arrived at Clonmel. where be will remain,it is e xpected, until after the trial ef his brother. Mr. Meagher, M. P , bas also reached Clonmel, and is frequently admitted to vlait hissqn. Thomas F. Meagher, who seems to be in as good health and spirits as ever. It is stated on good authority that the whole stook of money on the persons of the leaders at Uallingarry amounted to j?i!0 only Proclamations from Dublin Castln have been posted nil thrmnh Ihu innth niru>ln> 4'IAA 1 ?? ...? who will give information that will enable the authorities to arrest John O'Mahony. Reports are currant that Mr. T. D. M'Qi'e is in the county of Donegal, where the officers of justice are in search of him Mr. Tennington. of Cork, who, it will be recollected, had booked Mr. M'Manus at that port for a passage to America, nnder the name of Corcoran, has made application to the government to be admitted to bail, aud has had a reply informing him he will be pat on trial for high treason at the next Cork afl*izes. A mot of M'Manus, the "rebel leader," ia recorded, : which indicates gome coolness on his part. O'Brien i and Meagher being accommodated in the hospital por- j tion of the prison, Leyne and O'Donobue expressed | themselves hurt at the distinction, when M'Manus ob- | served, " You are anxious for your oomfort, my lads, bat you seem to forget that, before ten days pass over, tr? I will be all either hanged or transported." It is said that an insurance company, in which Mr. S O'Brien had effectod an insurance on his life sixteen years ago, refused, last week, to receive the accruing pr?mium This may have been a very cautious step, but its strict legality ia rather questionable. [From tho Freeman's Journal, Sept. 30.] We have just received a letter from Rome, from which we take the following important extract relative to the final condemnation of tne government colleges, 1 and tbe frustration of the bribery scheme. The writer , k iiminuntl v niialiflufl fn ana ftlr n n flu. unhittr f tn vhiph lie alludes <* A few days more and the infidel colleges will stand condemned for ever. The bribery scheme. aa effecting the clergy, mnnt fall also. They are all no many springs of the came machine, to achieve the utter prostration of Ireland." The army In Ireland for September, 1848, consists of the following troops, vis :? Ten Rfuimfnti ok Cavalry.?viz : 1st, or King's Dragoon Guard*, 2d Royal North British Dragoon* (Soots Ureys), 4th Queer's Own Light Dragoons 6th (Carabineers) Dragoon Guards, 6th (lnninkiHen) Dragoons, 7th Queen's Own Ilufttars, 8th Royal Irish II u tsars, 13th Light Dragoom, and 17th Laneers, Two troops of royal horse artillery; 12 companies of infantry artillery, with field and rocket batteries; officers of the Royal Engineers; one oompany of royal sappers and miners. TwrNTV-Ni!?r Rier.iMr.nTi or Ii?rA!?Tnir?vii : 1st Royals, 2d Battalion; 2d or Queen's Royals; .'id Buffs, #th Royals. (Recruiting Battalion,) Oth. 1.1th Light Infantry, 26th (Cameronians,) 31st, 35th, 40th, 41st, (Welsh.) 43d Light Infantry, 47th, 48th, 49th, ,15th, 57th. 6?th. 60th Rifles, (2d BatUlion.) 64th. 68th Light Infantry, 70th, 71?t Highland Light Infantry, 74th Highlanders, 75th, 83d, 85th, S'.ith Regiments, and 92d Highlanders, nine depots of Infantry, 7th Royal Fusiliers, 19th, 34th, 38th, 66th, 73d, 7Uth, (Cameron Highlanders ) HHtb, (Connaught Rangers,) and 95th. Royal Marin* Artillery, Royal Marines, and Staff of Militia Regiment*. being an effective force of 30,000 rank and file, of all arms and recruiting parties. The French Repmblle. Pasis, Thursday, Sept. 28?0 30 P. M. The debate on the great question of the Presidency of the republio will be commenced Immediately. It may possibly come on to-morrow, but certainly not later than Monday. The several great parliamentary parties held meetInge last evening at their respective places of rendesvons. The meeting at th? Roe de Poitiers was very numerously attended, upwards of three hundred members being present. Oeneral Baraguay d'lillliers was reelected President, and MM Leon Kaucher and de Kallouse were elected Vice Presidents The meeting discussed the q uestion of the amendme nt to be proposed by the government party on the clause of the constitution which declares that the President of the republic shall be elected by universal suffrage one of these projects Is to the effect that the election of the President for the first time shall, pro hac vice, be made by the Assembly, and not by the people. The object ?f this, as I have already explained, is to give some chance to the eleeUon of Oeneral Cavalgnao. which wonld certainly fail If submitted to the test of the popular vote. Tha meeting resolved unanimously to repulse this measure, and to express by every available mears, their dissent from It. If the amendment be pressed, and It shall appear that, by the aid of the ultra-demoarats, the government party can carry it, the party ol the Rue de I, D. TWO CENTS. I Toitiera will withdraw from th? houn? In* boljr. do. I olloing to ?ote Suoh win thn rnrolutiun t?k?n U.-t. evening. Thejr ?li>? Mtolmd nnt toenn^ntto ?nyr?MtrlotioDR upon the popular choice of a President, ?*il? as tho?e intended to be put forward in some ?f thi amendment*. The object of these in personal, and in to disqualify Prino* Louis Nap I eon and the Prince de Jclnvllle. The party of i bo Huh da Poitiers, in tine, desire that the right of the people to choose thn President ball be not only immediate, but unrestricted That they Hhali not only choose thn first President, as w-ll an nil succeeding one! i>ut also shall choose whom they please At the meeting of the party of the Calais Royal, which consist* of ultra democrats; not-however, ineluding the extreme party, which, from the want of any other name we must call the Mountain?itwasre>olv?d to support the amendment giving to the A ssembly the privilege of electing the first president. The party oi the Institute less democratic than that of the PalaiH Royal, and lee* moderate than that of th?* Hue de Poitiers, were very much divided, and came to no resolution. A party of these would vote with th? party of th* Hue de Poitiers, and the other with th? party of the Palais Royal. The Montagnard party, which had ul*o a meeting last night. resolved to support an umHndment., to be>propost d by M. ?'Jrevy. for maintaing the dictatorship of the Assembly. thu chief of the executive to be na.mt& by It. Nothing of interest took place to day in the Assembly. The ftat.- of prostration to which commerce in Paris ban been reduced, continues without any mitigation. Visible evidence of this is presented to all wiio rriort to this capital. The number of shop* closed in all the principal thoroughfares cannot fail to strike the most cursory ob?erver. Much astonishment was produced on thn Bourse to-day, at the official note whioh appeared in the j'lvjuitur uiaiivuwiiik iim iu?u announce*! 10 oh unnertak?u In Loudon. and declaring that no intention waul entertained of calling for any new credit It is re ported tbat tbe flrnt steps taken by the Kngiish hou>??, (l)evaux Ik Co, who are connected with M. Ooudchtnx.) were not attended with ouch satisfactory rnkults an were hoped for, and that, anticipating th? failure of the negotiation. >1. Goudchanx thought it Vert to disavow all participation in the proceeding. The news had a bad i fleet at the Bourse; many purehllMVUtl were ordered yesterday have beeu countermanded to-day. Various reports, of a political and financial nature, have had an unfavorable effect on the market. Among others, the resolution adopted at the Roe da Poitiers, which 1 have mentioned above. Nearly when the post was closing it wm reported that unfavorable new* has just been received by the government from Turin. A cabinet oouncll has *en suddenly convoked at the hotel of General (Javalgnac. Notwithstanding the external appearance of tranquility in the capital, the government Is far from being at ewe. A meeting of the commanders of t^le several legions of the National Guard was convoked a fnw days Rlnce, by General Cavaignac, to obtain information as to the spirit which prevailed in the several legions. A seoond meeting has taken place, at which tbe colonels accidentally absent from the first were present. The commauders in general expressed their opinion, tbat if tbe ra/i/iel should be beatou, the National Guard would come out in considerable numbers; but some of tbem expressed much apprehension In tho event of any Donapartlst movement, and felt but little reliance on any cordial co-opuration with the gov eminent id kudu an event. The debate is the National Assembly on the article of the Conciliation, which enacts that a dingle legislative body only shall exist in France, wan terminated, aH etery body believed, yesterday evening by the rejection of the amendment of M. Duvergier de ilauranne. which pi opened that there should be two Ou a division the numbers were? For the amendment 2H1> Against it 630 Majority for a single chamber 2H Notwithstanding this decisive vote the debate wart resumed ty an amendment proposed by M. Bartbeleniy St Hilaire, to introduce the word " provisionally." in. order to leave the question open for the new Assembly. A disorderly discussion thereupon arose, which w*s terminated by the advent of night. The motion is to be further debated to-dny. Notwithstanding all that has been said, and truly said, of the paucity of republicans existing in Kranr<> at the period of the revolution, ''the republic" wo Id. appear to be making progress in the provinces. M Lalstao, the republican candidate, has been elected represrnsative for the department of the ilerault. in opposition to the Abbe Oenoude, editor and proprietor of the Gazelle de France. Thll peaceful victory of ' the republic " Is, however, sadly qualified by the progreis of socialism and communism elsewhere. uenerai i avaignar inu i.ouih rsapnieon appear to be on the moat friendly terms, for they were observe J to enter the Assembly arm in arm There wu a public dinner held at tho Chalet to eelebratt tho anniversary of the proclamation of the (Ira French republic. M. Audry de I'uyrnveau pre-ided, and in the course of hia speech expreai-ed the d light which he, au old republican of 1790, felt at presiding on such an occaaion. The meeting wan addressed by M. Lcdru llollln in a remarkably violent speech. After declaring that he admits tb? right of labor in ita fullest extent, and contending that, there ia enough of capital in France to carry out the principle, M. I.edru llollln thus proceeds:?" What, citizens ! France has not the resources which were found by Kngland to combat the continental block ade and support her commerce. Kngland was abltt to aubaidise against us six coalitions; ahu was able to overcome the genius of Napoleon in 1815: and yet France, more rieh in real property, is not able 11 fin ! money fir her laboring classes. No. it Is not possible, and those who make use of auch language are tht? calumniators of the country." (Loud applause) F.nergetlo measures were taken at the close of laat week to maintain the tranquillity of Tariff It appear* tlmt some persons h d orgauised a species of ovattou in favor of Trince Louis Napoleon, which was to consist of a numerous procession along the Boulevards to me ntiifi or uie prcMilt-nl ortne executive government, demanding th? repeal of the law of banishment, brought temporarily into execution after the late ?lectiooH Thanks to the firm attitude assumed by th? government, and the active measures which it took, tLe parties who had denned, thin manifestation wer? induced to renounce it There were no indication* within or around the As srmbly to-day of any of that extraordinary excitement which many expected would follow the appearance of Frince Louis Napoleon. He Attended in the name place, ?n the left of the Chamber, in the midst of a. number of members of the moderate party, but also in the neighborhood of many of the ultra-democrats. Ho showed a marked attention to the speech delivered by M. I.amartln?. on the question of one or twoohatnbera. There was no demonstration whatever in the street* at rrtnce Louie Napoleon went to the Assembly. Government baa received a telegraphic despatch today. from Bayonne, announcing the accouchement of the Duchess of Montpensier, at Seville, of a daughter. The Echo drt Jllprt Maritime? of the 16th instant, states that instructions have been forwarded to the Army of the Alps, to countermand the preparations for war which had been ordered ; but it In believed that the Army of Observation will remain united on the front'er until the A on tro-Italian question is settled. The Armj of the Alps, which was about to be raised to 70,000 is to be maintained at 40 000. The Idea of forming divisions at Dijon and Strasbarg appears to be abandoned. An Incident occurred the other night at the Opera. Comique, I'nris. which though trifling In Itself, Is not without grave significance as to the direction now taking by popular feeling. The piece performed waf Auber's opera of " llajilee." Gnu of the oharaotera (Uctnenieo) exclaim*, in the third aot, " 11 nniu faut tin tnuvtrain (We must have a sovereign.) These words excited an elactrical effect. The audience, with one consent, burst into shonts of applause, which wer<> renewed three several times. The death of M. Oent, wotin<lf<l in a duel by M d? I.aborde. i? now announoed to have taken place on th > 25th Instant Insurrection In llatlen. Baden ban declared itself a republic, and held out th? right hand of fellowship to the Frankfort insurgents, with the view of converting all Germany into one republic It seems that Strove had returned to th? Grand Duchy to take his trial for certain articles which he bad published in hi* paper, the Svtctateur jllUmanJ. With all the promptnesa and facility of a. harlequinade, he waa, however, transferred from the position of a prisoner to that of a ruler. He was re- t celvi d with enthusiasm at Lorrach, and conveyed to the Hotel de VUle, where he harangued the people. The result waa, the arrest and Imprisonment of the magistrates and other government offloiala by the sovereign people. The tocsin sounded, the whole of th? neighboring communes rose, the refugees returned to their hornet, the Landstrum waa called nut. the repub lie proclaimed, and the republican army divided into three columns, was marching upon rarlxrube, having previously broken up the r:illw?y to prevent tho advance of the troops. When the accounts left, the republicans were completely masters or Lorrach. The revenue collectors had taken the oaths to the republio, and martial |iaw had been proclaimed. against traitors and reactionaries Orders had been given to the authorities to keep the tocsin ringing all day in the different communes, ami signal Ores burning on the mountains all night, to ur rest all monarcmais ana sequestrate meir prop?rty, and to call out all the young men capable of bearing arm*, and direct them to present theniaelvea at th?> chtf li'f of the dlatrlct All thane order* were issued in the name of the republlean government, and *i?.i?J <? Struve." It la faid that the Baden inaurgenta hire taken Krl~ borg. In the Black Forest, and the French I'atri* of Sunday publishes a letter from >1ulhau*?n, unnouneIng that they had taken Carlnruhe. deposed the Grand Duke, and marched upon Frankfort The following letter, dated (Stauffen, the 24th lost , announce* the complete defeat of the republieaai la the tirand Dushy of Baden ? "This morning, at 6 o'clock, Oen. HolTraan aet out with two battalion*, a aijuadron of cavalry, and four piece* of artillery. Several banda of rebuilt wer? observed In the mountain* between StaulTen and Heitenhelm. General Hoffman gave order* toatta?k tbein, but they fled to StaulTen, where they rai*?d barrioade*. and cut down the bridge ovarthaNeumagen. The troops attacked in two column*, one commanded by <ieu?r?l Hoffman, the other by General Helling Tfte r*b?lft made an obatlnata resistance, but were finally routed. The troopa loat two killed and ten wounded The Iom of the rebels wu coniiderable Struve effected hi*

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