Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 23, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 23, 1848 Page 1
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r TH I < 4 ? NO.- 5255. IMPORTANT VENEZUELAN DOCUMENT. 1 Manifesto of the General in Chief, Jose Antonio Paezi My couatry groans under the sword of the assassin of her national representatives. Venezuelan blood has ran upon fields of battle ; some of the leaders In the war of independence are wandering about in exile, and hundreds of families are seeking an asylum in foreign lands. Upon my feeble shoulders weighs the difficult charge of saving the people among whom I was born ; and I must render to them an account of my conduct, and submit it, likewise, to the judgment of the truly liberal and just throughout the world. These are the reasons for publishing the present manifesto, in which I am compelled to speak of myself, not for the purpose of self praise, but to relate laots of my public life -facts recorded in my country's history. In the year 1810 I enrolled myself under the banners of the armv which was to aohieve the emanciD&tion of my country from it8 ancient rulers. Although" then quit* a youth, I at once perceived that thu liberating army ought, in all its actions, to show itself worthy of its glorious title. Onr mission was to free the oountry, and to us? every exertion to establish and consolidate a civil government. This principle has guided me when obeying and when commanding, and it will be hereinafter seenth*t I have been always faithful to it. Colombia was dissolved in 1830, by the will of the several peoples who oomposed it. An act of the government ef that time hastened the execution of a project which had manifested itself from the time of the publication of the Constitution of 1821. The convention of Oeafiahaving been dissolved, and the hopes of the republic having been thus disappointed, the Liberator expressed a desire that the nation should freely declare their wishes; and Venezuela. the first, declared for the "separation of Colombia" The people invested me with the honorable title of Provisional Chief of the State ; and 1 endeavored to conduct my*olf in a manner worthy of so great a trust. I summoned a constituent Congress, which met at Valencia ; its respectable and enlightened members, 'carefully selected by the provinces, adopted the Constitution of the republic; and on me devolved the honor of ordering it lo be published and obeyed. The work of that convention has obtai oed the approbation of the liberal world; it has also met with a warm opposition, ft was natural to expeot this opposition to a law which nuts an end to unjust pretensions and to intere'-ts which are opposed to those of the majority of tb? nation. For the first time, I am compelled to publish what Venezuela well knows, viz.: that it was owing to the decided support of my authority, and to the discreet exercise of the influence with which my fellowcitiaens favored me. that the constituent Congress was not interrupted in the performance of its solemn duties. A portion of the armv. not wall informed of the nature of their rights and duties, could not patiently brook the discussion respecting the abolition of military privileges, and I was obliged to appeal to the patriotiiin of these brave men, and to the regard with which they had constantly distinguished me, to prevent a scandal and allow the representatives of the people freely to pursue the course they bad traoed out. I succeeded in dispelling the storm; but the spirit of rebellion continued to produce bad effects. In 1831 I was called to the Presidenoy, and shortly after having taken possession of it, I was compelled to take the field to pnt down a military rebellion. Without bloodahed I succeeded in re-establishing order, and the head of the conspiracy, General Jose Tadeo Monagaa, returned to Lis home, protected by a pardon wbieb I granted him in the Valle de la Pascua. There were subsequent attempts at military conspiracies during the first constitutional period, but without serious conseqnencea to the republic. The nation selected for their first magistrate, in 1835, the emineut citiien Doctor Je?? Vargas. As a civilian, whoee past life had been most honorable, he afforded an ampW guaranty to the nation that the government would be administered honestly and Impartially; but another military conspiracy came again, to destroy these flattering hopes. The government appointed me General-in-Chief cf the Constitutional Army, at the head of which 1 was obliged to go into the interior of the eastern part of Vene/.uela; and on the savannas of the Plritai, 1 pardoned for a second time G?n. J?s<* Tadeo Monagaa. the leader of the rebellion and 1 secured him the possession of his military rank, and of hi* fortune. Shortly after this, Puerto CabeUo surrendered -the last entrenohm^nt of the disturbers of the public peace; and with this event ended the misfortunes of that year. My position, during the periods I have mentioned, was a difficult one, anl most delicate. On the one band. I was obliged to restrain the military, who. forgetful of their duty, turned against their ceuntry the arms whiift she had confided to them for her defence ; and on the other band, I endeavored to temper tinardent leal of the friends of the constitution Placed in the midst of these contending passions, I' aspired only to perform the office of conciliator. If I condemned the exactions of some military rae.n. 1 still endeavored, on all occasions, to lighten their suffering and to attraot to them the public regard, calling to wind their former fervicea in the cause of indepen- j Uence. I iwfer, a*proof, ?.o my me.t?a?ej to Congress, in 1 which 1 reoommeuded thet those who exiled ] khould be restored to their country should be in-or- . poratedin the army and continued in their offices, j As President, I conferred on them posts of honor and iA trust: andas chief of the armv. I cnlleil tliem armm.i IDe in tke trials of tbe country Some of them j tbfnj?Jyf? gr?tefui for thi.: iuy o6ll(fuci. 1)U. other*, who have never been reconciled to our institution!, hare always exoited and fomented seditions, though threatening destruction to the laud of their I birth. fly TOttfl of my fellow citizens. I again assumed i tb? administrate n of the State in 1830. During this third p?riod, the passion*. somewhat abashed, subsided, and my administration was a peaceful one. It was assiduously and laboriously devoted to tbe intellectual and material progress of the country. A sound public opinion ha* judged of the result, i may l>e allowed only to add, that I omitted nothing to improve the situation of the country Great reforms were underliken and carried into effect Without requiring an army I preserved internal peace, and carefully cultl vat d and enlarged our foreign relations, being persuaded that this friendly intercourse would procure us a suitable rank in the great family of nittlon*. On this point I wns persevering. A new people, and of scant population, necessarily requires the support of more adTuneed nation*; and it was with satisfaction I saw \ enez.uela recommending herself for her hal>',ts of modtration and fraternity in the estimation of those foreigners who acquired a residence within her territory How advantageous this conduct was to the republic, is proved by the progress of its commerce and agriculture vp to 184ft?a progress which our faithful statistical data do not permit us to doubt. In order to complete our relations with friendly powers, I devoted in part my roost earnest attention ti> 1 the settlement <-f our foreign debt, and I ha l the satisfaction to accomplish it. This was an act of justie-. 1 deferred by reason of the circumstances which surrounded Colombia, and subsequently. Venezuela. Those individuals who had opportunely aided us in gaining our independence had a perfect" right to demand that their claims should be attended to and considered. Tbe acknowledgment of our foreign debt, its liquidation, and tbe punctual payment of the interest. I gained credit and character for Venezuela. and obtained for ber many honorable marks of distinction. Thanks to tbe peace with which Providence favored the country during the second period of my a.lulnlstration, our credit was maintained and advnnccd at home, and establt.'hed and strengthened abroad: n ! portion, no inconsidnahh mnr forrign nnd dom*\- I tic it tit iMt jiaid; n od on my re'.lring from office, on the i 20th of January. 1843, ? mir/ilm trat Irfi In I hi notional ' t rm \ ii 11/ of t try ft ear tlin'* tnillioni of dollars. If, in tae administration of the government 1 constantly exerted myself faithfully to fulfil my duties. I endeavored In private life to conduct myself as a ' sinrere republican. The public saw me always d?vot?d with ardor,and even with enthusiasm, to the cultlva- ! lion of my lands an<l in promoting the r*'*lnj o'' rattle, an occupation 1 >r which I have felt a special prtference. But as we met with (he seri. us Ineinveni- I ence of a scarcity of hand*. I enfourarjed. Ilr?t in the caliiaet. and afterwards bv means of printe aMOtfistions, tbe immigration of fori Igners. Happy efTirt were made in this respect, and thit great eMu-nt <> prosperity would h*>e tl >wed abitn'i.ia!lj lot-J our country, had public crJer remi.ltieil unaltrr J ! htvs j promoted \y all possible tmans wi hin my reach the progress of the country, being fully convinced that tli? love of industry, and the results |?Hiiri: therefrom, would consolidate our institutions. Hut etilpasflons interposed to check the |irogres?lre march of Venezuela \ fystriaatlo opposition undertook the unpatriotic Ask of throwing discredit on the laws and the maalstrate? of impraching the c haracter >f those men who had t'althfullv n>rtr?il th. ?< indpppndenep ami of libetty " Doctrine the mov MibvertiT* nf social order. wre Instilled Into the it HMfn : dltorce vai sought to be established between rich and poor -between creditors and debtor* between masters und Kervanvs <;ood citizens were over confident ; thf y wer? not ful'y ?war? of the r<*k which the institutions ran, end hail eltl/.cns cu ncd ground \ portion of the ptople allow-d themselves to !>. sedu -e<| l.y t*ageratvd notions of liberty, and ?o in very marked symptoms ?>f anarchy showed tbew?elve?. Suoh wee our eoolal stalp in lMii. *lien an election of (resident. was to take p'fte* fi r the n?*t succeeding period. Some individuals brought niy flame forward ; for that elevated post, ; hut I hastened to proclaim through the public press. my r"fn'utli>n of not accepting that oITIcp a third time llavin* been invited by peroral cltlyens of Barcelona to give mv support to Monagas a* a c^nWidate I signified by letter th ssiMs faction with winch I would see that olliet at the h*ad of thp administration. This wm not a mi-re complltnentary aot ; the lore of iny country, which wi? feriously threatened lead me to take this st?p If I ( nrd, I pm guilty only for this error ; but eot at all nf having wlsh'd to Injurp the liepubiir I though* that General Monagas would co*>e to tha first post In the nation without prejudices and that. In conftP<|Uenca of Mp twine an old leader, thp fathpr of a tsmljy, and an pitenelse proprietor. hp would ijiwr his d-nlde.t support to th? cau-e of <rdrr Thp llepilhllo feiieed that the <*o?trar? might he thp case: patriotic flltl '.ens wer? alwaje dlatrustfnt of thp Intentions of Ueneral Mona gas. and. up to the very ere of the election, *. Ur^e rrsjorltj declared Itselfttrongly opposed to hi* election, t here ?p?pr had morp reason to be grateful to my I fellow r.iti?e?e than when In deferpnep to my Mi<({e*. f?w*e, tbey 4eci4ed In favor of a eand'dat', who in ttrlr f-pln on, aff? d?<t ?c eepwlty for the prlt-<ptps ' E NE MOB proclaimed in 1830. My fellow cltirens were right, and 1 mi preposceued. i Judged General Monagmi not an .he was, but such as ho ought to be. I thought him reconciled to bia country's institutions, and to the men who hare supported them. Never did ha receive offence from these men. In his repeated rebellions, he was always an object of public commiseration. It fell to my lot to command the army sent against him, and i I disarmed him without employing other arras than | those of reason, of juntioe, and argument* founded on public convenience. Since 1835 General Monagas bad been reposing at his borne in peace, under the f rotectionof the constitution, promoting his interests, n the possession of his military rank, and receiving the pay appointed by law. The same national party who opposed General Monagas in 1831 and in 1885, elevated him to the Presidency in 1847. Might it not have been expected that he would prove faithful to the principles that had controlled his eleotion ; that he would show himself grateful for i he generosity of those who at one time, were his politioal opponents ? The country bad a right t? expect such a result; but the return has heen a barbarous assassination of the people's representatives! I was at Caracas when General Monagas swore before Congress to support the Constitution, and 1 was a witness of tbe first acts of his administration; they disarmed party spirit, and promised future tranquillity. Such was the position of affairs when my duties as chief of tb? army, compelled me, in the latter part of March, to quit the capital. I was at a very great distance, when I reeeivedthe news of the first aberration." ol'General Monagas. 1 sincerely deplored them ; jet I harbored the hope that t^e responsibility he incurred and the immense danger to whieh he expoaad the republic, would cause him to retraoe his steps. 1 was also mistaken this time. In the midft of the excitement manifested in consequence'of notorious abuse of power, I labored strenuously, advising calmnese and forbearance; and 1 was always fonndreadv to make every sacrifice to eave tbe oountry. Thus, when in the latter part of December of last year. General Monagas wrote to me. aignifying hix desire to have an Interview with me in the place of Las Coouisas, I answered him satisfactorily, and I immediately commenced my journey to meet him. General Monagas did notfulHl his word, given to me of his own nee will, and under the pretence of illness, he avoided a meeting sought by himself; and i returiieu to my nome, wnn very saa presentiments. I hastened forthwith to quit the country, and to go into New (iranada, having previously obtained permission for that purpose from the government. O n the 3d of January I left Maraeay, and on the night of the 20th 1 receivedJ*t Calaboto. the astounding news of the horrid crime perpetrated in Caracas, against the repre tentative! of the people, on the 24th of the same month. Deeply moved at this first Intelligence, the subsequent news, and the public declarations of some towns, made me take the resolution expressed in my Utter of the 31st of January to General Monagas. and i n my address of the 4th of February. Both these .documents will be found in an appendix to this manifesto. When J published them I was not 'n prs eision of details, of which I have been subsequently well informed. I did not know, for instance, that the Se-I nate of the republic, having been escorted to the government house by 200 armed men, entreated Oeneral Monagas to show himself in the plaoe where Congress was assembled, and to order the firing against the repiesentatives to cease, andjtbat the General answered coldly, " 1 am told that I ought not to go''?and continued for two hours amusing himself hearing the noise of a lively firing. I did not know that the resi pectable Colonel Smith, bathed in his own j blood, carried on men's shoulders to the Government I House, and reclining upon a sofa, did not receive the I slightest mark of attention, not even a solitary ex! prtrsion of kindness, from (ieneial Monagas. 1 did not | know that the resDresentatives of the people, made : prisoners, of by the'militia, were instantly presented ! to General Mo cagas, who cast looks of contempt on | some at them, and tormented others with cruel sarcasm, and abandoned all to the ferocity of his agents. I did not know that General Santiago Mariuo. shut up in the Convent of San Jacinto with 600 men, was | urged by a chief And several officers to hasten to the I spot where Uongrers was sitting in order to prevent the butchery of the representatives; and that this < Jeneral contemptuously disregarded the request, saying, | (these were his own words.) ' that what was parsing was no great matter " I did not know that, before the ! butchery commenced, all the outlets of th>; city were 1 obstructed by the public force. Finally, I did not know other details, which I shall mention in the course ( ot'this instiument, should I deem it absolutely neces! ?ary. It was my duty not to hesitate, from the moment ' 1 became convinced that fieneral Monagas had changed ] the honorable title of President of the Republic for ; the abominable office of the assassin of the people's representatives. The crime filled me with horror; I saw my country annihilated, her name tarnished, her glories belied, and the sword of a blood-thirsty tyrant hanging over the beads of good citizens. Followed by a few men, I moved to K1 Ilastre on the 27th of Jan , in the morning. I there received the letter of General Monagas, the answer to which I ha?? null there, m the fruit ot' niy meditations and the re. ult of my profound conviction*, and accepting llie new honor conferred en me by my fellow citizens. I determined to direct to them my address of the 4th of February. I wan aware then of the difficulty of the position which I assumed Without an army, without Ming of anr klrd, becauae U?ncr^l Moangr.s Had ccu?!fv.t'j t ?-."<> n pf.srfsaiOTJ of them all: wit.hont mo- i r.ey, in fine, without the elements necei-s^ry to icslat i a tyrant, who. abusing fherespeolubl* uamtsofgovernment, constitution, and laws, had been preparing 1)'JUS?If for A wliole yenr, to indist a'raortal blow upon | *ociety. f determined. notwithstanding, to run all , imaginable risks, to save my name at least from in- . famy. Ceuld I have acted otherwise? Could I con- | tinue In the country, a silent spectator of what had , paseed and of what wa? feared for tbe Iutur?, or Cf>n- ' tinue my journey to N?w Granada to remain indlf- i ferent to the afflicting situation of Venezuela ? I | could have saved myself from the general conflagration; , but what would I save The days which remain tojme of life, and my individual fortune ' I would be unworthy even of the name of a natriot, if. having obtained from Venezuela the title of Illustrious, I abandoned her j in her most terrible tribulation, in order to preserve in exchango a mere physical existence. A so'dier of ! honor?cf honor accorded to him for more than a hundred battles, all glorious for the State?cannot bar- j bor in his breast the calculations of cold selfishness. My honor and political conscience adviaed me to the act of the 4th of February, and 1 think I have given another proof of fidelity to my high duties. Kor fifteen days I remained at K1 Rastro. accompanied only by fifty men. The constant solicitation* wblch I received from the patriot* of Apure urging me j to come and head the movement which they wished to make in favor of the cauae of order, and the , convl tious I entertained that our forces ought to j take poptession of that place, determined me to march , upon it on the 16th of February, followed bv 200 men, I who. by that time, had joined me On the 20th of the same month I entered San Fernando, where I was , received with publio and solemn proofs of the patriot- | Inn which ban always distinguished Its inhabitants ? They had strongly declared against the crime of the ; 24th of January, and for the punishment of its execrsble author. Tue inhabitants of Apure Booked from all quarter* to offer their co-operation in defence of the national cause, and I earnestly devoted myaelf to or- j ganize the basis of an army. I was compelled to interrupt this labor in consequence of the inforuiution I was constantly receiving of the violent means used by ; General Munoz, to collect men to defend the assassinations of the 24th of January The same language was used everywhere; the ron>titutlon was on their lips, but their acts proved the existence of a despotic power <?en Mniloz compelled all to follow him, threatening them with death, and he aei/.od their property in a barbarous manner one act reveal the morality which prevailed in the councils of (ren. Mufioz. Manuel Segovia left Mufioz'a encampment, in the early part of last February, with orders to bflng aliv? < r dead, before that chief. N\ Hernandez, son-in law of said Segovia, who faithfully executed the order. Segovia. esc< rted by six assassins, surprised Hernandez, at bl? hoii?e. and assassinated him. The father murders the sen I A worthy oflering from the defenders of i the Cl:h of January to the constitution of 1830 ! Oau. MvilAl rewarded Segovia by mak'ng him captain: but , Divine Providf nee. always just, decreed that Segovia beul<1 be am< n? the first to perish, at the point' of the 1st ces o! the friends of order, on tie 10th of March '1 he n*ti< n would have speedily recovered its frc- | dem, tvranny would have perished the moment It showed Itself, aud the tyrant would have been uow suffering tbe te>nfr>|Uences of hi* a'.rocious wi.;kedhii set tha'. tinls no parallel in the hWtory ( of siiui'ar events ha-l not lnt?rvened to complicate the oils (f my cf.untrv. I refer to the reassembling of the lloures on the 2(;;h ef lanuarv I have not ceased tea ;r.l-_ ? - ? ? Kjiwjt ut nr|>ri:i nuu ajujurt won ivi luue uiatiiitruUln J senator* ami repr- 'entHUrp* who. on th* -4th of lar u*ry. rt 'olti d to dtp in their seat* to cement with their blooiHbe Institution* of the republic. I ere them ?uhse,iueit|y, meet In t <>ngre*a on the ;Mth. in bill <1 ol.edlei>ee to the despot. ami approve, without discussion. net* which vililfy th* country and which suddenly, but sfTeotnally. change the Venezuelan i Jim*? ur from Intell'ifut- braTe and noble. Into rttitiiil. cowardly and mean My pen here runs with difficulty I am transported hy the heroic conduct of the representatives of Venezuela rn the 24th of January: but ?hm attempting to describe the proceeding* i hKginnirg on the 2?>th. I feel my hand tremble- my heait poults tes and my head Is disturbed. I read the I protect* of the Arellano, the Matael l.o/ada*. the Carrera* and the Soteldos. and I applaud the manly effort in?itr by these worthy repte?ent?Mve? to aid the cause ?.ftbe restoration; but I lament that no noble and resolute an act ha* not been Imitated by other chosen om? of the people. I can draw but a very faint (ketch ?fthi* feene. The act I* before my country; public i pinion there will judge of It. On the day of 'ho trial and *eutence of th* celebrated ratine to be proeeouted against the Ureat A*?a**in It will he a difficult matter to decide that the orimi- of Ihe 24th I* greater than that of the -''Uh of January, i On the former day Meneral Monaga* acted like an II r?K"l tyrant, commanding the murder of the Congreat that wa< about to try him. On the latter. Oen. Mon*g?* made use of that very ( on^rea* to legall/0 liiasanguinary conduct and to atrengthen hi* power. On the 24th. Ueneral Monaga*, like a *elf aatiatled conqueror upon a gloriou* battle-field, graciously granted the l>oon of life to the representative* who w< re prevented before him aa prisoner* of war; and ?n the 24th. t'ongres* grant* a pardon to <?en?*al Monaga* and to hi* accomplice* in the atrocities of ' the 24th With the annihilation of Congreaa, (General Monaga* crowned hie work of revenge against a country that had never offended him Mover wa* there j seen a people more humbled than Venezuela sine* the V4:b of Jaaoarj. SL? |ou?t k-cp J:?? to th* wor]\) a 1 W YO NING EDITION?MOK great. a powerful proof, in order to efface the ignominious stamp which Uent<ral Monagas endeavored to put upon her proud front?upon the front of a people up to that tine justly proud. History records the existence of tyrants who attained power through a ...l? .Ul.... _W? I .L doiico vi uvmuvo?nviiuviug vuurc ??uv up^unou bUClU, | but it was reserved for General Monagas to stain bis bands in the innocent blood of tone representatives, and to transform afterward! the survivors of the oatastropbe into his councillors and sealous panegyrists Only by this extraordinary, scandalous means has General Monagas been enabled to prolong bis immoral power, and to delay the nation's triumph. This criminal deception is tb<> oaiitc of ih" prejudice ol the j ignorant portion of the people, wbloh assents to what is told to them in the name of Congre as and of Govern- j moot, not knowing that both oeased to exist on the 24th of January. Tbsacts of General Monagas in the name of the Constitution, after that ill-fated day, are a mockery. The Constitution of 1830 fell prostrate nndf r the daggers of the assassins of Congress. Notwithstanding the severe means of ooercion emp'oyed by General Monagas to keep Cangress together, j tome facts revealed to him the insufficiency of his power to accomplish that object. From the 18th of , Rebiuary to the 12th of March it was not possible to a"eemble the House of Representatives. When did ' Venezuela witness ro great an interruption in the labors of ber legislature ' Does not this occurrence j confirm all that Das been written respecting the vio- 1 lent means employed to assemble Congreas after the 24tli of January t These facts speak for themselves? tbey need no comment. " The sword," rays Segur, " is a bad sceptre; sooner or later it wounds the prince who rests upon it." Gen Monagas is involved in the horrors of a crime to which be was drawn by his perfidy, by his ancient hatred against the institutions of Venezuela. In the moments of surprise, he has succeeded in deceiving the people with false promises respecting liberty. Whenevtr the fulfilment of these promises shall bo demanded, then will he border on despair. The people desire libtral institutions ; General Monagaa has an idol, to which he sacrifices every thing?military power; but military power and a republican government are incompatible. " Every military government," says Segur likewise, ' unites in itself all the vices of despotism, and all the dangers of anarohy''?a principle of eternal truth, but one unknown to Gen. Monagas. In 1846. fce was, for a few days, at the head of a division; he did not fight a single battle; yet he pretended, without the knowledge of the General-in-Chief, that government should obtain from Congress tbe pro Uivvtvu VI <c UiUlUVUUC U4 uuicorB. How will General Monagas satisfy the people ami the tumultuous army !)< has formed f How will be maintain that army witb the scanty resources of i tb? nation 1 How will he gratify so (many pretentions opposed {to the interests of the country? General j Monagas might'solve all these doubts by firmly estab- : lisbing a despotic government. This is his aim: and i he bas begun by arousing a martial spirit, by divert- ' log nn n from their former habits, and giving thom | new ones. He reckons upon the fatigue which the people must, at last, experience from the agitation in , which they are kept, and be thinks of improving that I moment to spring at once from a noiry liberty into a systematized tyranny. Will Gen. Monagas have the : courage and the means necessary to accomplish this undertaking ? The day is test approaching when tho delusion will vanish. My countrymen will soon hear Colombia spoken of ; they will hear of her past glories, and the necessity of j reviving them. This is the day-dream of General I Monagas. and of the other leaders who rushed into j the rebellion of 1S36. Let the history of that period > b? consulted. and it will disclose the opinions of Gen. ! Monagas, and the steps he took in favor of the reorganization of Colombia. A peaceful and laborious > people, who hare relished so muoh the fruits of peace, are sought to be transformed into a nation of soldiers, I the more easily to accomplish the change. Kvery- : thing is directed towards that object; the nation feels and sees it; and the masses are allowed no time to re- . tlect upon it. The state of prostration into which > tbe republic has fallen greatly assists the plan. The national credit has disappeared, both at home and abrrad, aedthe failure to fulfil our sacred engagements in this respect, will oocasion days of sorrow to | Venezuela. The forced loans, which have been 1 exacted. have considerably reduced the means of capttalifts; agriculture is depressed; commerce has tied terrifled from our cities; the mechanic finds no occupation. and the laborer must become a soldier?a lament- 1 able and unnatural situation, aggravated by that species of paper money contained in the so called Law of Bonds. Society must struggle to rescue herself i frcm this extraordinary position. In the midst of this chaos, the reformers of 18-16. and of the 24t.h of January latt, will cry out, "Colombia!"?but I cherish tbe hope that Venezuela will defend her nationality and the principles of just and rational liberty; that the ' 1 rophecii's of those wh j aspire to establish the dominion 1 i f the sword over intelligence and disinterested patri- ! otlrm. shall not be fulfilled; that Heaven will not permit triumph who. since 1M0. have doomol t* death the advocates of tbe separation of Venezuela. 11 I bad not a great respect for public opinion. I would be totally Indifferent to the charge preferred by crttain papeis of New Granada, and one of Venezuela, whin they wi?li to ascribe to me a part in the project | or teviviiig Colombia under it monarchical form." I con ; cfiu< d in tucb a plan 1. the most known annng Ui<* < friends of the separation of Vrnezueia, Ions before that met Mire was sanctioned: Thig is an opinion adopted by ire from the time of the orjani/.ation of Ct iomhia. and every day confirms inn In that opinion. If a dhp'ay of tlie united forces of an iuitn;-nfe territory did contribute to the triumph of independence, experience i-howed soon after that the union was opyosed to H'/c ueTelfipement, the social progress and peril ctlon of the thrfe States. New Granada act KtjUador have only in common with Venezuela the (flirt* made by the three sections to gain their Indendence trom Spain. In other respects, each State Iim a character, occupation and habits, very peculiar to itie'f The plan propored might satisfy the ambition of tome persons, ana gratify an insane pride; but it never can contribute to the happiness of those nations wl.ore consolidation is #^ight. I here enter my most soiemflt protest against this mad plan: if ever my country hhall adopt it known from this moment, that ntyw L?es have had no part in it. Th? f nemien of liberty in Colombia, and in V?n?/uela. have latterly Imputed to me their own political aberrations. 1 have kept silence, througb'moderation and love of my country; but the interest of that country. and my own personal reputation, require that I rhould no longer remain silent. Il is a fact which "limits of no contradiction, /hat in 1S29, a change of the form of government in Colombia, from republican into monarchical, irat se Hourly entertained Thepirhlii press then revealed that plan in which many mhuhers of the. got eminent an J ol her distin guislied personages oft hot day were concerned. I was invited, formally urged, to concur in the /nojecl; hut T rejected it with all "in strength I have sufficient motives for believing th't my op-posit, on tent decisive in causing the project to In tcil lidi iiwii. because I he persons w ho wrote to me in favor ft il. m ide its success depi ud upon the disposition which Venezuela might manifest. Before this, the Bolivian constitution hnd been recommended to me. and I likewise declared my opinions in tu rns of strong opposition to it. I hare imvortant documents relative to my conduct in those haznrdnis times, hut [ have them not at present at viy disposal; I shall soon have them in my possesiion, ai il shall publish them In tin meantime, il behooves those who u >seil mu reputation to )iuhtis h the documentin 1/ proofs of the facts on which I he if rehj. I boldly contradict my enemies, nilh that perfect confidence wbic'.is inspired by a sound conscience; by a conduct which was never ecjuivrcal. Without further e*planation< on this subject, I might give It up. and continue, a' I am. tranquil in my position It is proper, notwithstanding for the honor of Venesueia. and of tbo?e * ho have faithfully served her. that I should add a few reBarks. In 1S20. I was Superior Chief in Vene/.iiela, with'ttraordicary powers, and I had under my orders an army of brave soldiers If I bad had any sympathy for. or tsken any part in. ihe project of a monarchy, would I have assisted, as I did decidedly a?si-t. in tbe separation of Venezuela ' Would I have shortly atier wards summoned a convention which was tocnuflrm the publ'c declarations of the people ? Would 1 have thrown nljfo f it,to the midst of the military.'n "rler to obtain a docile submission tri Ui? sovereign vlll of (he nation frcm there my comp&nions in arm*. w'i> w< re indignant at the decree of Cnngre.** abolishing Heir privileges .' Would. J. |n fine, have glv-n the trd^r for carrying In^o execution a Constitution acV nowledged as thtt most liberal one in the Ame i an ret utiles ; There acts, quite prominent in mv poMiCM liie- shield me agiiinst defamation Public n>m blYtst endure calumnv with cnmnniiiw I ihlnV I !.?>. been well tried in thin re?|iect. 1 have always ob?er? nl n moderate and prulent conduct when I wa? pert'liaciousiy ilitdNfil by the pres.*; by this mean* I sitcf etded. nl one period, in confounding my calumniator* II in time* when rolomhia w\? governed by * dictate rial power. ami when * leader of great name ko I in tlu? nee presided. I conbi'tfil the project of monarchy, how own I entertain it at jr. vent. when ? oloiutiia I* dissolved. and after Venezuela ha* enjoyed. through my* and my fidelity, the advantage* of a literal system of government ' Would I. In the la?t peiicd cir my life, give the lie to the character which I hare maintained during more than two-third* of that life ' Do net all my act*, up to the pre*ent time, show that I have labored fojr the welfare of the people, and that I am incapable of being a traitor to them ? What is shewn by the extensive private correspm fence which I have maintained in the provinre* <?t Venezuela I authorize all per?on* to publinh the letter* which they may have received from me on political matters. I include in this authority General Monag**. whose correspondence with me mint be known by the public A eitl/en who act* with *nch frankness hi* a right to be heard, even by hi* opponent*. But I strive. In vain The verv per*on* who endeavcr to wound my feeling* are r|uite sensible of their own Injustice The band of Providence ha* guided me In aurh a manner that my act* constitute an Impenetrable barrier againit malevolence. What can ba .addnced gainst these constant acta of my life .' I* It the trick, mere atupld than wicked, contained in the official note signed by General MiAoa. relative to the encounter of the 10th of March ' I permit four hundred men to proclaim me king In a deaert' And thi* foolish trick I* adopted by an anoient magletrate. who *eal* hi* public career bv taking the place of General Monagaa In the bloody chair ef State : Gen. MuAoz. should never have yielded to an impulse which sink* him to the level of degraded soul* Me had no neceeaity to employ *o base an artifloe In order to maintain himself in ihe poet whleh he selected. Beaidea. <>eueral M?iiM knowa se well Kor many year*, and in different aituiticns i f my lift, bf has tr?ed wj ba/acter and pene^-e-?'"V** RKJ [DAY, OCTOBER 23, 1 trated my moat inward sentiments. Fortune has placed ui now In opposit* ranks , but it ia in war that a gentleman can best display bis chivalry. Tbere aru attentions which confer more honor on him who bestows than on him who reoeives them. If my letter to General Monagas, and my address of th? 4th of February, be not suffloient to protect me from the snares laid for me by the enemies of my country, they have in their possession other documents of which they can make use. On the 10th of March, my papers fell into the hands of General Murtoz. It he would publish them, without alteration, they would make out the most complete defence of mv conduct. 'i he contents of the ofttolal note signed by General Mufloz is in open contradiction with the otyeot which that chief proposes to himself. In erder to exaggerate his victory, be states the nnmber of his forces as five hundred, and raises mine to eight hundred ; when he knows, from my correspondence, from the statements made out by the commanders of the corps, and when the fact is well established in Apuro, that what is called my army, did not, on the 10th of March, exceed the number of foor hundred and twenty men. General Muiloz says, -that the engagement was aB horrible as any he ever witnersed in the war of independence ? ? that he had been left alone on the field of battle * * * that his foot forces were surrounded by mine; and that this was a most trying moment * ' * '* that, accompanied only by bis ?ld-de-camp, Marque/, he advanced against my foroes, and succeeded in outting his way through ihem ? ? that by two o'clock in the afternoon he had only been able to collect together two hundred men. * ' ?" Do not these admissions of General MuAoz prove that he was beaten on the 10th of March, and that, through one of those accidents not unflreijuent in war. he remained in Apure, and I was obliged to leave it' In truth, General Mufioz was completely defeated, but we could not gather the fruits of the victory We were prevented from obtaining them, through the weakness of one of the commanders of my cavalry, who occupied my left wing He faced about at the first firing; h(s men entangled those of the next corps, who In turn threw into disorder the corps stationed immediately after them, and the clouds of dust raised by the running of the horses completed the confusion. 1 made every effort to prevent ft, but to no purpose; I wanted officers to assist me: I had noteTen an officer of Staff on that day. IWhilst I was struggling to collect my men, the brave Colonel Castejon, who had pene iraieu on my ngnc, witn sixty men of my guard, into the heart or the enemy's forces, routed them ! completely, vilting them up in n frightful manner. It is true that upwards of two hundred were killtd; but they belonged to the forces of General Mufio*. Let him prove what he has falsely asserted. Nearly all tbe men whom I had under my command on that day, are now in Apure and Calaboao: 1 am sure that I did not lose more than twenty men. Let General MnfiM state and prove.where the three hundred soldiers arc, who be says were dispersed from bis army; the widows and orphans, and tbe twenty prisoners I took ftom him will answer him. General Munoz himself admitted hi* defeat in an official communication addressed by him to l arfan, whero he says, " that although he bad gained a vletory, he had lost nearly all bis men, and he wanted assistance from him '' Col. Castejon occupied tbe battle ground for upwards of three hours, and the enemy who had escaped from our bands did not even think of molesting him. He then determined to join me; but unfortunately we took different directions, and we did not meet. Such is the truth of what occurred on the 10th of March. The exaggerations of General Murtoz, the falsehoods he has asserted under his signature, and tbe injurious language be uses in all his despatches, have no power to change'facts. I leave him for tbe prefent, vain with his triumph I shall pursue my course, fully persuaded that tke people of Venezuela will not allow themselves tj be ruled by crime and depravity. A pamphlet entitled " Kgsjty upon tbe Social condition of tne States of Colombia," has been very lately published at Dcgota. It is written by the learned Doctor Florentino Gon/.ales. who was very recently Secretary ot the Treasury. Tbe distinguished author fully approves the declaration of Venezuela against the abominable acts of General Monagas, and expresses his detestation of tbe bloody scene in the following tcrmr:? From the moment that the leaders of thai majority slew the riprtscntaUvea of the people, l?caufe they exercised a power conferred mi them the constitution whioli those leaders pretend to defend, they have put themselves in the wrong, and they can only rely on physical ton e. The crime of the 'JTth or February deMrojed the claims of those who style thumselves domocrats, and confirrrd on the minority the right to defend themselves, and to establish institutions thai may secure to all the eitUens of the nation the right t<> the enjoyment of the sooial privileges Rig'it i.< on tlie side of tlioso w ho t a.e relumed to acknowledge the acts if a congress decimated by assassination, and who deliberate under the daggers <d" the tnimr.ns of power. Sound prin dples do not ri eonniifl this species of legislation?they do not aimit tyranny, veiled m itii the outer form of liberty. Such a iejialiture, then, cannot command oVedtcBec through the taction headed hv the government, and tlie iu?mrrclioif ?f ihina who hve rif'tsed t? a- to>e?v ledge nu h u mptloiaM. l.?t'h" champion who lia> utuh'ttalirii to rcdr'sa the owtrn.' I' rKtrat' ci s/Mii-t the. national representation, by tho crime of the ?4th of Janukryi remain faithful to tic principles ot right, >kd the triumph, tin ugh it may some late, I' sure.' I fbnil remain faithful -yes. ever faithfu', to the iniiiriplef which constitute the glorious device of S juth A merieji. Let the a: sarsins of Congress delight to (ear my reputation; it is not a fragile reed which yields to every ' passing ain<i; it is tlie result of a whole life nnn?? crated to n>y country. Una sbo not a hundred limps proclaimed ins her saviour Hare I not defended her with inj sw ord. in all her conflicts ? Can Oeni ral lorr T. Moucga*. and the other chiefs who have} rebuild' agaiust tociety. Fay as much ! Coneri! Monagas, the ! bitter enemy of tbq in?titution* of Venezuela, leader , of th# Mtt'piratora of 1831 and lS3.r>. ia the fame person who, as President of the republic directed the anamination of the rcpra^entatitrs of the people; and the i chiefs who surround hint, hia famous captains, are the ' authors of the scandals of Colombia?blind partisans ' of the Bolivian constitution?monarchists of yesterday. and to-day?li berals. The present situation of Venezuela is truly anarchi- I cal. How can the assassins of Congress extenuate the outbreak of the ISth of April?an imitation of the 24th of January, though not attended with all its horrors ' What is improperly called the people in Caracas, instigated by two or three seditious individuals by profession, placed ? second time in imminent peril the lives of the members of Congress, who. to aave themselves, were compelled to abandon a project of amnesty, which tcey l.nd under consideration, and immediately to adjourn. Is there a government where a tumultuous assemblage of people commands obedience from the very Sovereignty of the nation ' From the moment that the rulers of a nation, for the purpose of mainlining their places, in order to consummate the ruin rt their country, permit a fraction of the people to decide upon the greatest interests of the nation?the moment such rulers declare themselves incapable of i restraining the excesses of an unl>ridled faction - -the eonelukion i? a mmmi one. that ruch a body politic is ruled by chance- by the caprice of a few madmen, who have usurped the place of the public power; | ?nd such an anomalous state (f things cannot, from its very violence, e^ist. \ reaction is fast approaching with irresistible force. Whatever efforts the i;r>*at Assassin and his accomplices may make to arrest it. will ?vail nothing against the firm resolves of p%triotism. which this time will siiecesMully employ the arms of national good feme and justice, outraged on the illfated ?4th of January. Venezuela, and particularly Caracas, will show their gratitude aa soon a? they are allowed, for the noble conduct observed on the Uith of January, by the rrspeotable majority of the represen'alivea of friendly I'owsra near the republic. Ono of these h. norab'e gentlemen was compelled to contcnd. in hia own house, with the Uad?rs of the nsaassina. and many persecuted psrsons owed their safety to the firmness of hi* conduct. May those public benefactors and faithful friends of 'my country aciiepf the acknowledgment, which I feel myself compelled to tendar them her*, af respect, of regard, of sincere and profound gratitude. Mt r,resent nostiio?i In. Ii?n??4 I have endeavored to d> charge in thin document May ]. by thiamean*, faMify my fallow citi/.en*. and cilcr to all the friends ol rational liberty ?g undoubted iir.of n( the religion* re?p*ct wh'cb I li?v?|or it. Public men do not lelon# to the iuf'lv??~ ih*y belong to 'be nation tbut Tin* firmed and honored theui Tbi* conviction lit< led nie nl?*y* to forjret inyadl' to follow | the fortune* i.f my country She i? now plunged in tb? mon bittir Bili-ft rtune The order of law which has prevailed in Veneznela ha* been Mircedod hy vio. j lence h nd oppre?fion ; a dunce attended wi'h *uch Intel i iroin.ftanci a that the imminent d*ng?r may he pr< dieted of a portion of *01 luty. who. in the career of independence and Of liberly. rpared ni? aerifloe< In telllgence. propcrU. (erional influence. all eantrihut- , nl to the cau?c of emanrlpa'ion The magistrate to . ?hom my unhappy country entrusted her deetluie* l*ft year, ha* bcnooie her cruel enemy, (ten. Joac Tadeo > onaga* ha* ufurped tiia e*?rdi*e ol an arbitI'mi v poaer. and to maintain it ha? excited the wor*t : pa'tiena cf one portion of >oc,)etT a/ainut the other, and h<- h?? called arcund him individual* the mr^t no ti ritu* for tbelr crime* and f<<r tnelr participation in the dilTelent conspiracies which have agitated Venezuela The halla of t'oi gre?? aid tlie field* of battle are Mill >m< kin* with the blood of i?o*t worthy repre*> t tativi *. of other dialing Ubbed patiii tf. and of brave n 1.11*ra V traitor * dagger pierced the heart of tha iJi?.tingui?h?d cit'irn. the lion Santo* Mlcheiena. In h:ni Venezuela ba*ln*t the ornament of ber civilian*; 1 and inv companion* in ar'u*. lb* defondera of Uw cught i'?r*ver fo bear a Imli* of mourn!ng for the lo?a of t lie m(dei-t tien. Tii'iango. Ha fought bravely, and having been wounded by a bullet fell from hi* Inr*" : the blcod-thirsty enemy *eiaed upon tha illu*triou* vict'm. rind hastened hi* deeh by abandoning him to the mnft cruel fuffi ring* They would not allow com- j j a**ionate ?trargi rs to dTscb.-ire a duty respected even iniimi! pavaTc* The dead body of (teaaral Piiitngo. clothed in the habiliments ol a heg/ar served in Coro to proclaim tha barbarities of the *aty;uin*ry l*gi?n* j nf <>en. Mnnagaa. What feelings do the*e feroclou* acta produce on true patriots' What are the datle* iirpoted upon the tnivd part of the eftizen* of Venezuela, who have ereaped the catastrophe' What do the widows and the orphana demand of us' What it due to those honeft families who are living crowded togetber in foreign ialaada? What la demanded of u* by ' that imposing spectacle of father* of ffcmilici, the Tictlma of tbe inert infamoua spoliation. whoa* property, raized upon by tha army of (Jeneral Monaga*. ha* lately been carried aWay to tha eastern part of Venn* Kuela ' All require us to aaerifloe ourselves to obtain an **plation of tbe crime which has covered tba republic with mourning. l et an effort be made, and a thunder-boH wil' Ml npen tbe heada ef tba aaaM*ina Let us encounter tbe datofer, and tbe republic will tVfr IE R A 848. th? ignominious etain imprinted upon her by the impious hau l of <ien. Monagas. Through our efforts, the uame of Venezuela will be i again Inscribed on the great book of nation*. Let us Firove that we leve our country, and that we are repubicans at heart. the enormity of the crime which i his disgraced the republic?the greatness of her loss ? inspire ua. Fellow countrymen!?I am very near t? you Frovidence prefervea my life to aerve you?to aid tou in ' ' the glorious atruggle which is to reatore to us the dig- | nity of freemen. In the war of Independence, as you I well know, my life was exposed to a thousand duuger), in order to secure a country. You ahall now aee me contend against the domestic tyrant with the same i ! ant? with greater onthuaiaam. My reaolution la taken; it la Irrevocable. 1 must combat, if neceasary. ' for the remainder of my life, in defence of the llbertiea : of the republic. Should it not be my fortune to ?ujceed? should it be deoreed that in this conteat I must pay the debt I owe to nature?others will continue the woik with ardor, and, perhaps, with greater risk to { the asaasslns of our country. I shall hare fulfilled the moit sacred of my duties. JOSK A. TAK/.. St. Thomas, August 1st, 1848. The Irleh KcIm'UIoii oh lionr<l the Strim Ship Niagara. ONE SIDE OK T1IE AFFAIR. A*toh House, Oct. 21,1849. To th?: Editor or tiik Hfrai.d :? Sik?Your paper having contained a statement of my arrest, on board of the ateamer Niagara, in Halifax, on suspicion of being an Irish sympathiaer, I ask permission, through the aarne medium, to make public a statement of the circumstances connected with that tram-action. In my passage out in the Britannia, in September, I ! found myself exposed to so much annoyance, by illmannered remarks and allusions to America and its : institutions, as well as to the feelings and sympathies j of its aiti/ena bv offlenra on hoari! that I on my return, to escape rueh annoyance, at the Inconvenience of a second cabin passage. I accordingly i took package in the Niagara, and paid i.'30 sterling tor a certificate, entitling me to a second cabin berth for I Boiiton About four hours after leaving the dock, at Liverpool. I was adTised by a gentleman to go down to ; the cabin, aa thi're was trouble there, and it oonrerned , me. I went down, and found Captain Ryrle ou the lowest step of the companion-way, storming, apparent- | iy, both at the pastengersand the under steward, upon the subject of quartering in the second cabin the negro servant of one of the passengers. Among other choice expressions, I remember hearing 1 him state, that * If he was as black as the hinges of : bell, or as white aa a swan, it made no difference?that he waa as good as any there, and should be quartered | there.'' The other passengers appeared to be over- j awed by r'aptain llyrie's violence, and, observing this, and thinking that if the negro's companionship ; was so agreeable, he bad better take him to hi* own bed ! und board, I. protected against it, and insisted that the passengers rhould not be called upon to submit to | an association personally disagreeable, and from whiob, I by their contract with the rhip.and by the established I ujsges of civllired'life, they had a right to expect ex- | | emption. I then learned from apt. Ilyrie a piece of , in formation, conveyed in no very gentle terms, that j no such thing as seoond cabin passengers were recognised on board that ship; that we were all nothing but | steerage pis tenders; and that, for my par. icular comfort. toe negro should lodge in my state room I told ilyrie that he should not, ane that if such a course i wen: adopted, I would pay the additional ?15 and go , into the tint cabin, where I trusted to And the mean* ot annoying him during the rest of the passage, but 1 thkt I should pay the money under protest, lie did : I not seem to understand what paying money under pro- j i test meant, and, omne ignotum pro mirnhite, he appear- ' edfrightened by it. His ignorance saved me from the bedfellow bis malignity would have forced on me.? Tfce negro, however, did sleep In the sceond cabin, ' though not in my room. during the passage. I experienced continual petty annoyance* from the underline of (.'apt. If., the officers of the mess room?taking f articular pains to show their good breeding by thro trng their crusts, prune stones, fcc , out of their window so as just to escape hitting me, as I stood on deck?the boatswain swearing that, If he had his way, I should swing at the yard arm as a d?d Yankee, ce. These things, in common with some others, ( bore as patiently i ax 1 could. On arriving off Halifax, we were called on j for our passage certificates. Keeling conttdeut that the ' conduct of the "dog in office," on board the .Niagara, I would not meet the approval of the proprietors of tbe : line, if made known to them, I wrote on the back of \ my certificate, before deltreriog it up, a statement of i i tbe treatment I experienced on board the ship, and of ; the nature of tbe accommodations afforded in the-se- j j cond cabin"?afi' tid bole, tilthy and noisome, through > ! which Is forced, by a vest hole, all the foul air <>f the : rhip, impregnated with tbe odor of bilge water, the ; bold snd the engine room. Dy this step, I. of course, i inclined the renewed displeasure of the amiable Caw'. Itjrie. who duly admonished me of mr indolence "iu j , p? rpetratirp such an outrage as to write a receipt ou j I i be back ot the company's contract, showing how faith- ! fully and fairly it had been fulfilled. We arrived at : 11 m lit'a i nt blimit A ? *i - I | cold and drfnchirg storm of wind andrsln. I wan soon waited on in my b.rthrcom by a sergeant of the ' , Fusilier Guard, who enquired if 1 w*q an "Irish Sym- t , pathiser I denied bis right to question me, and re- i , fured to answer. |Wbereupon, be informed me that he , had authority to arrest me, and ordered me to come long with him. I accompanied him to the after part j . of the tUck, where, in thu midst of the rain, J found J Cipt. Ryi'e, surrounded by several perions lie im- , mediately demanded, in a peremptory and insulting ? n anner. whether I was an "Irieh Sympathiser," to ( which I replied, as before, to the sergeant, that I ! t would answer no questions on the subject. -'Well, no . t iratter.'" said he,' I can prove it? call up the first of- , fleer," The first officer came, and on being interrogated t whether be hail not heard me declare that I was an ' Irish sympathiser ?" replied "that he had B?t, but that : ) 1 e knew a man on board wlio had." Tills man, a pas- t seiiger named Mason, was called and Interrogated on , tbe subject, but stated that he knew nothing about it. 1 be captain tben ordered up the second engineer. : and made a similar enquiry of him, but he too de?)ared he knew nothing about it. whereupon Captain Ryrie ; ; turned lo the sergeant and said. "There, sir. you bare , beard the evidence, now arrest him.'' The sergeant, ! j however, seeing what was apparent to every body but i tbe captain, tnat this was no evidence at all. and t not seeing the propriety of putting me under arrest to j gratify either thu ,malice or tbe overflowing loyalty | (<f the captain, declined to do so. notwithstanding his t earnest solicitations, lie stated, however, that he , would represent- the matter to the (iovernor. and then. < if directed, would make the arrest The captain de- | tiintd tbe ship about half an hour beyond the ap- , po'nted time, and then set sail. | j In Boston I learned that he admitted that the Oovernor positively refused to arrest me. and that he did not 1 t sail until be received his refusal. After the sergeant ] had refused to arrtst me, a well known citizen of ISos- ; , ton. a passenger on board, enquired of hi:n what : , authority he had to arrest me. and he confessed that j he had none whatever. The insult* and annoyances , which I experienced throughout, were directed against , me, manlfrstly as much because I had the misfi-rtune ; to be a "d?il jankee,"' (in the classical Unguage of , one of tbe steamer's officers ) or because I shared those , sympathies and convictions in regard to;themiseries of lie'and. snd their cause, whicii. however, differing on , other points of ltish politics, the whole )i?ople of tlM i t nited States entertain. i On tlits statement of facts. I submit it to the readers | ot your paper and the community at larpe. how far the . Amtrican people are prepared to countenance a line , of skips, in which passengers of American birth are , exposed to constant titer'iticatlon and Insult, because ] t h< y|are Americans .' They should, at least, knew r vtbni tbey have to expect on board of the?e vessels; r and tbey sfcculd understand, in addition, that to re- 0 nunstratc agaiLSt such treatment, or to express that , (yuifatfy with an oppresnd people, which i< natural to ; f eveiy American. authorizes tbe captain of the ship to constitute himrelf their jailer, and inflict upon them t ti??ligiiities which, in this country, are hardly put up .n k cfctrmoti ft Ion. I am. sir. very respectful!v, >?e . . ) JOHN F. nOVI.K. , 11 rom the Bcston Tiuies, Oct 21.1 ' hi in* MtifLi m *int*ii we pre*enini je<;er- * <1 y ol th'p Mlair we were misinformed ia mi* or l l*n pittlculxr*. ahich ar? not. how??cr. material. ' iba timt wik nudr on board the Niagara. Ii?twecn 4 cDd o o'clock In the rooming of the day that the | < / turner arrived at llallfax, and by n mbaltern of the ; > Sa\*nth kmillera under Ih?- direction of t apt. Ityria .Vr. d< maixled by what nulhority he wh* aireet- ? td. 'I he r then made no reply, but forced h'm i I'rrm hip ro< n> or berth to the gangway where he w*? in^ult> d by llyrlc The lat ter raid to hi* tlr*t officer, ? ' thie i* the man ; he i? an irl?h pympathixer After i|U?Mi<<nlng hi* own pacple, and on* or two of the pi?- | li Merger*. *i> t? Mr. Doyle * fentimanti and r?m*rt.i hi h turi'fd to Mr Doyle and *.?k<*d are you not an lii?h * ?3 ir.palLi/* r ,Vr DojIb declined answering Ml | I thin time Mr Doyle ?a* expoted to tha cold ?torin. r belfi; thinly clad, while (apt II trie wax comfortably h en?e?t>4?d in hln water proof coat After Mr. Doyla u hid l* en ?ubj? cted to th* gaze and remark* of a crowd r i f by?t?iidet* be again addre?*e<l the soldier. demand- t ed r.f the Brilioh mrrcentry by what authority he dared to hold in arieM mi American citizen, and added i that ifi< h an outraga would be aignally aveuged The ' n bib | -aid be had no authority, and then beg%n to ' t think be had gone ton tar. and lurnlng to ( apt llyrie t i. u ?t k? d that it t?- dangeruui bu'lneg*. Hyri? re- > pin d. ' I have done my duty ?there ha If, and you nan i taVe him he ie au ItUh } mpathwar.'' Mr. Doyle I m Ken d mm y other outr*r?* and indignities, and wa* : | litully relea'i d, the p;oreed'ng not meeting probably, I I any favor fn m the governuirnt and authorities at ' Halifax > We annex a c< ii Miunication addreaped to u? by Mr * Doyle ' i Bo*rot, Oct. 20. 184* ' 7'e tht t'.ililflr pf fht Jto\fun Timet: J " Ria ? I was a p?rp*ngwr in the Kteanmbip Niagara, on e h< r lata toyage. When tha varaal towohad at Halifax n I w?p aliened ro hoard by a peraon In the uniform of b a IIi itleh 'ubxltern, on the alleged charge of b'-ing an Irbb jympalhizer. I demanded hi* warrant or authority for anaiting m?. Ila raid ha had none, and . then turned to Captain Kyria, and eald it waa a crltl- ! ral buainep*. and ha ihoold proceed no further. ' apt. r| Ab under Hyrla then anmmoned forth aeveral of tn# i , Ulcere ami crew, and tried t? ex*ort evidence from (j them toimpUcata me. Though he aiuimed on thaoccaoion llta duli??a of informer,judge, and hor majestt'a ; w attorney general, ha did not #ucc*ad : but I wa* ?ub. ' t jceteil to the indlpnlfyof a? an?p?and moek tral.and { f. I# ft a pitixrlir a cpndderiib'e tsnacaa part of ; LD. TWO CENTS. the ahfp where I was expound to & heavy rain A gentleman on board, who was taking note* at my request. of Captain Ityrie'a extrajudicial proceed!ngs,waa ordered of] in a most insolent tone by the loyal Captain; and on the gentleman's refusal to go, the eaptain ordered bis minion* to drag him away which they did. breaking hid watch guard, and tearing hia clothes into shreds. The Ihnltud space whioh it is possible for you to allow me. as well as the briefness of my atay in yonr city, prevents me from making a more circumstantial statement to-day. Bat I shall make a statement, attested by come of the most respect ib4? ja?s? tigers on board, which may gnard the public against the insolent espionage of Captain Alexander Hjrie. Aa aoon aa I catch him in my native city. New York, laball institute legal proceedings against him for dnress and false Imprisonment?or I may chance to find redress at rome other tribunal. J. F. DOVLK. We, the underaigneC. fellow passengers of John F. Doyle, Esq., are ready to testify on oath, to the accuracy of the above statement by him mad*. In faot, many aggravating and insulting circumstances occurred on the part of Captain Ryrie and hia agents In the above outrage, in our preaenee, which VJr. Doyle has omitted. MICHAKL J. DUFFY, New York. I.. C. HALL, Boaton. T1IK OTHER SIDK. | From the Boston Courier, Oct. 21.) We arc informed that Captaiu Ilyrie, of the Niagara, had nothing to do with the meditated arrest of Vtr. Doyle nt Halifax. That gentleman, inconsiderately or boastfully stated on the passage, that he had a reward offered for bis head by the British government, and some person on board informed a serpeent at Halifax that Doyle was in the "Hue and Cry." Th? sergeant was naturally desirous of securing the reward, but Capt. Uyrle refuted to allow him to take any p trron from on board without a warrant, and the (te.imor put off Tor Boaton before one was obtained. [From the BnFton Traveller | Ai.hion Hotkl, Boston, Oot. 21,184-S. To t 11 k F.ditors ; Gkntlkmb!*? I notice in several of the papers an attack upon me by one of my recond cabin paaiengerao > this, my last passage, from Liverpool to Boston. I b?x n> rry. inai. me nmienjt) ni IIiaUB bj loki pwiwngKr in thin day's Mall, Ik entlr?ly false; and I mill upon my other pasfengers. (who have been cognizant ot' my eonduct during the whole passage.) to make a plain statement of the facts. So far from causing the arreat of the man at Halifax, my action was the meant of preventing it. I am. gentlemen, jour mont obedient servant, A. RV111K, Commander of the steamship Niagara T. 8 ?I take the liberty to enclose you a lutter received from my passengers on leaving the nbip. OcToar.a 19th, 1H4M. T<> Cat mis Rvkie, Commander of the Hteanifbip Niagara, from to Beaton : Dka* Sin Wa, the undersigned, passengers In tb* steamship Niagara, from Liverpool to Boston, now drawing near to tho termination of our voyage, cannot nay adieu without flrat expressing the deep aense of gratitude which we* feel toward the commander and officer* of this noble ship. Your unwearied watchfulneat?your kind and obliging demeanor?your readiness to do all in yaur power that could oontribnte to the comfort of your paaaengcra?together with the order and regularity that baa pervaded every department on board, merits, and receives our warm and thankful acknowledgments. And we beg, in taking leave, to tender to you?and through you to the officers under yonr command?this expression of our regard and perfect satisfaction with the whole management of the vesael, which baa aafely borne us across the " deep blue sea." Wishing you the enjoyment of every blessing, and tha realisation of every good, we remala, your obliged servants and friends, W. V. Hooker. New York; Judge Des Barres, Newfoundland; John II Sberbune. United States: William Lyall. Toronto: Jas Barbee. New York; Thilip Trltibard. do.; Rev Sir. King. Halifax; Rev. Mr. Forrester, do.; Rev. Mr. McKemia. do ; Otorge Barlow. NewYork; 1) B. Tennant, Virginia; A. MoKe>in<i. Jr., (ilssgow; Samuel K Ibbotson, New York; ".Villlam I.nird. Mobile: Josenh T Ktnmr. York Inhn C Jacobson, IVnn.; M C. Jones. do; W. T. Wunderling. do.; John Toole, J. Guedln, New York; Andrew 8. Blackwood, William Kumiss. New York; 0. H. Ilaigbt. do.; Marcus II. Talbot, Masatlan, Went Coast of Mexico; William Holme*, H W. Tilton, New Orleans; John Watson, London; William C. Murray, South Carolina; Uuorge A. Hopley, do,; Allen S. liar J, do ; 1). D Stlliman. New York. EiiUrgtnitnt of the Battery. M?. Kdito* :? Who are the gettera-up of this project ' I have been at lome little pains to find out who are advocating this stupendous affair, the cost of which is to be borne by the people, and have come to the conclusion that tho'e who are most loudly advocating its adoption, are, probably to be the smallest sufferers, so far an tax p%yiog is concerned. Tinly, they are not slow to heap burdens on other men's sbou'ders, which they will not touch with tb? tip of their lingers. l ook at tbeir report, by which tbey estimate the c<*t fo tbe eily at some $38 000. With all due respect to tbe gentlemen's accuracy of estimates, and judgmental) to what constitutes a responsible party. 1 rent ure to slate that there in not a rcspeotahle man >r fct of men in this city, who will ooatra<'t to bttlld It as proposed, within a reasonable time, say thru* fears, for 0 0C0 Our tax-paying citl/ens complain of tbe enoraoav nd ir<re*?irg rate of assessment, but, If tbey wi'.l 'ntrust the finances of the city to the keeping of suob ifl'.ceisas thO'e recommending sueh wild schemes as b*?e. without taking any note of their proeeedlng*, hey cannot complttin if tbe administration of its ital sflairs betoken recklesmmi and prodigality, and hat tb?ir taxes are increasing. those interested in this question speak out. and f necessary, let there be some public expression of r heir wishes?that oorruptlon be unmasked, and He igrnts justly rebuked. A TAX-PAVBR. Account ok the Mahki.\qk oi John N'kwuxu Makfix ? Ihe JV. Y. Chi intian Advocnle, h Metltoliftpspir, Says ?During tbe winter of 1847, while Ms flit was carrying on bis meetings in the Centenary Uhurch. ' Kanny Tierce,''or Frances Smith, was attracted to tbe rburcb. in company with sereralyonng riend*. by a report that an aoqnalntnnoe had asp?-ienced reiigien there. The result was, that she condoned to attend until she became impressed. and finilly professed conversion, and joined tbe church as a .rebelloner. ?Soon after this, Frances was asksd by a i lend of Msftit, whom we shall not now name, bow she tould like to become the wife of Mr. Mailt. The girl, n utter astonishment, answered, "Why, bs is old Lough to be my grandfather!" The motives were hen laid belore the mind of tbe unsuspecting girl. Jrotber Msttlt was a very pious man, and tbe union .ould help her in her religious eourse?she would trarel with him and see tbe world- lie was a very popu< ar preacher, and mingled in the best society? sbo ivould be a perteet lady, and aseoaiate with the" mo?l ivcnmplisbed ladle* In the nation ? besides, brother *i? ?rj tieh. and he would make her large I'lfffBti to begin with, and then she would never want tnything abieb *as really dcslrab a. When tbe girl'ft ear jras gained, matter* proceeded rapidly, but eecretely :>be wm conducted at night h lough the basement window of tba '.aottnary luirch and taken through at tba baak door of th? 'arson sge, to bold interview* with MaflU. Sb? wan resented with much costly jewelry, a coetly roserood piano, ke.. kc. ; all through MaMt'a agent in the flair. Tba result waft, tb? plan succeeded. and tbe irej km Mr led. The firat communication whicb the amber of Franca* rsceivtd touching the mstver, wu tad* by the same agent, and then the was told that lpoMtn n waft useless ? II rot her Mafflt and Kranos* n-te engaged and would b? married at all events, and he mlpht (ft well consent and make tba beat of it. The msrrisga was cob ?ummat?>d,?there being cat/ hirty-seven yaara dlftorence in tba age* of tha parties - bat it baft brought with it none of the biiaa which ad been premised Kranee*. A* to religions Inluences, they had all evaporated Not a word did he haar upon tbe subject from Mafflt, or theae In hi* miie in (he matter of the marriage, ft*m the morent ol Hie commencement of the tragedy. She hvl een ranird away wiib golden dreams of elevation Iter brain bewildered with phantoms; bat tbe period I her intellectual balluciuation waa of short duration ibe ba<l >oen tourappie with realities. Bnt we fotbaar. v portion 11 tbe biatory has been given ; but tbe reel, nd by far tha mo?t myaterloni and illustrative ofchaac'er, remain* behind. That tka poor girl waa unhappy in bar new and unatiual position, was an event that might ha?e b<ne? xpect# d; hut that she wuuld so sojn fall a victim to ivr misfortune* ha* taken all by surprise. She aver * 1 perfect health until her marriage, but for the la*t i* months ?he had b<en rapidly sinking under the r,ftue nee of grief and mortification She wm dafauid?tba worn attributes of character atlri bitted ft t? i* r- and many ot tba tales of her traduoer* were, by nitlaken titends, whispered in her ear?. Her heart unk. and III'h became a burden. The function* of the irain l.erntne deranged. and she died in convulsion*. At the present, we frrbear reflection*. lhi< much, 'e thiiik the public entitled te. at present; but we are nistaken if more Is not forthcoming from other >[U ar r? He knew nothlnu'ot Mr*. Mafflt unt'l circamt: per* threw the information in aurway; aad we enfes*. little as we thought cf Mrs. many itr*nge account* had been given us. that we thought Her none foo good for the de*tiny upon which we supwed she hsd recklessly rushed But authentic inm met ion, trout various quarters, changed our view* f the lady entirely Now. wa can say, that we hawa . srd ot nothing prejudicial tu her moral character ibich cannot he traced to one source ? and that outre, with u*. I* entitled to no respect whatever, fe fact that she died through grief Is **J"0ng preub ptlve evidence of ber Innocence of certain tbiage listing In rumor l-'emalts, such as Mr*. M. hae beea 'presented by some, and suspected by many, tobaae en, never die heart broken. '>-\*kf.o Mil.t.*.? Wr learn from the I iswsttr, M. ? .) Timthat there *m now in operation In tnaC >wn Allien flouring mills, having in tha aggregau* ighty runs of stone, capable ef turning out H.QOO artels of flour, or grinding J'J OOO bushels of wheat par . I Oswego not only can. but aetualty lioee ai? A.i'sc'ore more flrur than any o'her place ia the rid. ind- p> mlent cf tbe n Ills at C<weg* ?-"a''a. tr> bi> k " ii - adaiticn fcss been tn?i? during tba present. ? c li

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