Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 25, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 25, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. onth-Wnl Cornrrof Kulton andNuun id. JAMKH cordon bf.nnrtt, rnorRiETOR. TIUC Oil V HKHAl.D?Threrrdtlfiu mrt fw cent! rrr copy-fl ? fT annum. The MORNJNii EDITION u at I o'clock A. M. and distributed before breakfast; ike)lr?t AFTERNOON EDITION can he hid of the neweboy*, at 1 o clock. P. M? and the *econd AFTERNOON EDITION a o'clock. THE WEEK J. V HRRAI.l}?Rnery Saturday, for etrculatM? M the American Lkmtuifnt?6 V* cm}a per copy, 12^ for annum. Every tteam p icket day for Eurovenn circulation, t(ptr aitnwin, to include the yo*t,i</c. The hur.ypenn edition wM be printed in tltr French and English language*. AU.J.ETTERS b j mail, for .ubicriptwn*. or with adverUeemetU*. to be wo I paU, or ttu pottage mil be deducted from ART CORRESPONDENCE, contacting nmportant mrws, laltntcd from any quarter of the world; if u ed, will bo Xbnts (renewed every morning, and to be published m (V morning and afternoon edition*,) at reaimablo price*, to be written in a plain, legible manner; the proprietor mil responsible for error* in manmcript. AMl'SEMKNTS THIS IVEN1NQ. PARK THEATRE?Ladtei. Utwiia?Soenasrt Madame Runor rnou Lim a ok Cmamovki?Th< UABRiCAnrt. fee ? Ham iti or l.i Avbo*A?Lovr, Dr.fair and Cmampagnb ?I tiiiiB or Lovr. BOWERY THEATRE. Bnwerjr-SwAMF Fox-Sign or a Ciocca and8i6nor Nebi?Ea?t Riveb Craftsman. BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadway?Thb Boi.ii Da ?1 hi i.Afi MAr> ? Kobeb-j Macaibe. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chtthim Square?Oi_anoe at New Tofk? EdvrRAida? fBEriv Gihij or Stii.i.bebo. MIBVO'S.&irOR P1.ACK - HiKciUKt o?' Vwici-MR. W. ukk> conctbt?l'ebksction. BURTON'S THEATRE. Chambers street?Dombev and S?Jn ? Daw krvttii nc liaiaoun. BROADWAY CIRCUS, near Spring St.?Eni EJTBiANUM.Iko. MECHANICS- HALL. Broadway. near Broome - Chb itrv'i ft trrBEiit?Ethiopian Binding. 9HNERVA ROOkS-Tavu>ii'? Campaigns. liri.OOZON?Vibgima Scbenaders. SOCIETY LIBRARY?Ampuu'a Hinstbeia New York, Wrdnendar, October 1848. Actual Circulation of ttic Herald* Ott'T. 24. Tv.e*day 10,688 oopies. The publication or the Homing Edition of the HeraU oocafeonoed yesterday at at 20 minutes before 4 o'clock, and finished ? at 15 minute* before 7 o'clock ; the first Afternoon Edition oomnened it 15 minutes past 1 o'clock, and finished at 10 minntes before 2 o'clock; the second at S o'clock, and finished at 20 ninute* past S. NfW* from Europe. The steamBhip United States, Captain Hackstafl, is now in her thirteenth day, and iB, therefore, nearly due at this port. Her news will be five days later. The Negotiations for Cuba?Further Intelligence from Spain. We have received further private corresi>en<jence from Spain, by the last steamer, relative to the negetiations which were recently opened on the part of our government for the purpose of purchasing or acquiring the island of Cuba trom the Spanish government. This correspondence will be found in our columns. We are perfectly satisfied, from these and further private accounts, that the intimations we have formerly given on this important subject, are loundea on truth ana I act, and cannot be denied in aiiy responsible quarter. The letter which we publish from Madrid to-day, is dated on the 30th nit . and gives the particulars ol the fracas between the American Minister and the Spanish authorities. It is not to be supposed, however, that these P' TfOiiai matters can interfere at all with the negotiations between the two governments, it there be a common purpose in both to carry them into ?flect, practically and discreetly. Whether Geneial Saunders lias the best talents and linest accomplishir?nts for conducting with success bo delicate a negot.ation as die annexation of Cuba, seems at least problematical. We are very much afraid that his ignorance of French and Spanish, added to his war.t of diplomatic habits, may impede the progress ol this negotiation Jorsome time to come. Ot the disposition of our government to avail themselves of the apparent rupture between Spain and I ngland. in order to prosecute this purj>ose in Madrid, there can be no doubt; and the policy show n in seizing upon such a conjuncture, indica'es : lie closest attention on the part of our able Secretary of State at Washington. 1'or many months past there has been a vague wish in a large portion of the American mind, to b gin the movement in favor ol the acquisition of Cuba. This is no new idea, and probably we wei f the first mnraalitt who pave litteranre to this xiat:i:a! w ish, many years ago, although the policy ?t the government never assumed courage enough to come up to the point, until the recent successful termination of the war in Mexico. The glory of that war has made our diplomacy bold as a lion. The acquisition of Cuba would, without doubt, be a source of wealth and power to this counuy. England might storm and rave, to some extent, in a diplomatic way; but we doubt very much whether, in the present revolutionary and volcanic state of Europe, she would venture to move a step beyond diplomatic talk and highly respectable bluster. There is, however, an opposition within our own limits; but that element might be overcome by the great interests obtained in it? Requisition. The public, however, may rest assured of the accuracy of the views wc have given, and the statements we have made, disclosing the commencement of t!ie negotiation by our government, fit Madrid There is, besides, as our correspondent fit Madrid intimates, abundant evidence of its accuracy, in the hands of a.distinguished member of Congress, from Virginia Whether that gentleman is favorable or hostile to the movement, we know not; but there is every probability lhat the acquisition of Cuba will be one of the most important and exciting topics of discussion in the approaching session of Congress. We do not make these statements lightly. We have never done so in this paper; and we should be extremely sorry to ser.d forth to the world, among our numerous readers throughout this continent and Europe, on) piece of unauthenticated or fictitious intelli geiice If our statements with regard to this ques. t.on be not substantially correct, we challenge the government at Washington, or any of its newspa* tier ore: ns. to say bo at once ; and then we shall hr re forth our evidence. I'j >'nfifld an:> Plain Talk.?The other duy, oti: cot?-mi>orar>' of the Sun, endeavored to throw <ji>crfdit U(>on a letfer published by us from ou,Mailt d correspondent, in relation to the |>cndiog reu??tiation^ ol this government with that of >pa 11. tor the purc hase of Cuba, and plainly inti mated that it was manufactured in this country. Now. on the subject of paper manufacture?of ??a. * r 01 all kinds, and especially of hank paper? omt rotemporary should be careiul how he express opinion. What has become of the P.ain. fi-Id' That gross and outrageous fraud, by v Inch the labor* r and the artisan were cheated < < ol tlie;r hard earnings, has yet been unatoned tor itu the criminal indicted by the Grand Jury it Nev Jersey, dare not show Ins face in that i* .. e. i or enter its borders, even to make tracks tor Mexico it k j.-ioniPuirig to see how impudence and ras? 'v, i/nortnce ?.nd roguery, to go together, like J-NBii i tv* ins Y i ur v>nest knave is always the most ..letac.-d in Ins wickedness. The rogue who j itkii j ocket will cry "stop thief" the most \el emen'l). and with the view of brazening out li.? nfi; villanv, will point to the mnocunt man in e cloud, a- the author of the crime e ,d < f imputing oiscreditalile practices to ? ers, itui nld be l etter for the ex financier of ih< 'liintie d Hank, of th? Jacksonville Hank, of the I iiigi I'si.k, to ator.e for ih se past tnn^gresi ?. iid 10 te,>ire fur Ins tinal journey to that < on s vi !.?-ie Mil re will l e no Slate limits to fiffX'-ii! the opemtion of the finding >< that (irand i . . i>! i h must \ et sit ii| on Ins fnanc'.ering a ,j n 'nihikI w i i< h will undo ibt'dly laketitear to i fig him within it# jun-iiction, -v. ii a p rn'itui supply, not ol sank currency to 41. el "ihe fire that never dies," to pu iith tintub? hue swindled the jioor The Presidential (election?Prospect* and I Probable Policy of ttoe Candidates. The time for solving the ijreat question of who j i will I* the next President of the United States, is rupidly approaching, and ere many more revolu j tionsofthe earth on its own axis are made, the great result will be known throughout the country. With the view of atlording to politicians, and the public general'*-, the best means for enabling them to form speculations and opinions on the probable ! result of the congest of next month, we carefully compiled and published a table of th? results ot the preliminary elections of twelve different States, | and a comparison between them and the returns I from the same States in the Presidential election of 18+4. The following is the table STATE ELECTIONS. THE RKSn.T OF THE ELECTIONS ALREADY HELD IN j 1848, COMPARED WITH THE RETURNS OK 1S4-1. t J S4S. \ l.^ll. I Stntrt. /Vm. II hia. Fret Soil. Item. H'Aia. Abo. Maine 40,007 .mail 12,09.1 45,719 S4S78 4.S36 VermoDl 13,4'JO 22,007 ll.Wl lti.Wl 25,770 3,964 Connecticut.. . 28,65* .?,85l 1,773 29,#41 S2.K32 1,943 i Delaware ? 66 ? ? 287 ? Pennsylvania 166,896 157.U13 ? 187JSU 161,20:! ? i N. Caiol na . 41,486 42.360 ? 39,2*7 iXlTS ? , CMIRU 36>M0 36,697 ? 44,1*7 4*IM) ? 1 Oho_ - 296 - _ 6,1HO _ Arkannaf ... 14.456 9,521 ? 9,5 W 8.504 ? 1 Kentucky.... ? 8,121 ? ? 9,267 ? Illinois 13,681 ? ? 12,392 ? ? Miaaour 48,921 33,963 ? 41,309 31.251 ? Total 894,446 371,1M 28,797 407.877 092.7W 10,73.1 371.19.". 392,76* Dem. m?j... ?>,296 16,113 23.266 Democratic gain aince 1844 3,143 Tree aoil. or abolition, vole in 1*43 28,797 Abolition Tote in 1811 10,733 Increuc 18,064 This table, as our readers have, already, no doubt observed, shows that the democratic party have , gained sines 1844, on the popular vote, in the twelve States referred to, including Northern and Southern, over eight thousand votes; and that, in the same period, the abolitionists, who polled sixty thousand votes in that election, have,in three States alone, increased their votes more than eighteen thousand. These returns, however, are not to be implicitly relied upon as an indication of the way ' in which the ensuing Presidential election will be decided, because local interests, loc il measures, and the personal popularity of candidates, have great weight in these preliminary, or local, State elections. According to all appearances, there is I every probability that the coming election will be one of the closest and most hotly contested, it not ! the most so, oi any that has ever taken place in this country. The most important of the preliminary ! elections that have taken place, are^hose of Pennsyl- | vania and Ohio, the returns of which, next month, ; will, no doubt, settle the question of the Presi- | dency. Throwing aside the influence which local i issues, personal popularity, and other matters, have ' exercised, the contest has been so close, and so fiercely contested, in those States, that the sharpest , or most experienced calculator cannot determine j Upon the way in which they will vote next month. ? We are, therefore, in the dark as yet, and we shall l remain so until the second week in November, t when we shall be able to publish to the world the 1 great result, to which so many people, in both this ' 1 country and in Europe, are so anxiously looking- 1 The free soil movement is counted upon, to a great \ extent, by the supporters and friends of Gen. Tay. ' lor, to secure his election: and if the election be as ' j close as it promises to be at present, that influence i ! will carry him into the executive chair. ( | It is quite proper for foreign countries, and es- j I pecially England, to take an interest in this elec- ' i Hon; for upon its result depends, in a great de- ' gree, the course of policy, as well foreign as doj mestic, which will be pursued for the four years ' succeeding. If Genera! Taylor be elected, the ! party of which he is the representative, will, in all j probability, make an effort to revive the princi! nles which have, in times nast. been at issue he- ; . tween them and the democrats. The moat prominent of these are the establishment of a nation- i al bank, the modification of the tariff so as to make it more protective to American inanufac- ; tures, the question of appropriating the public I funds to internal improvements, the distribution of the proceeds of the public lands among the seve- I ral States, and the repeal of the sub-treasury law, ] which compels the payments of duties to the government to be made in specie. These measures will, doubtless, be re-opened in the event of General Taylor's election. On the other hand, it his opponent, General Cass, be elected, the policy which has keen pursued for the last tour years, both foreign and domestic, will be adhered to.? Thetarifl would, probably, remain as it is: there would be no national bank: the distribution of the proceeds of the public lands would be indefinitely postponed, and the question of the government undertaking internal improvements, would be diecountenanced. These are the measures that would not receive the sanction of General Ca?s, should lie be elected : but, on the other hand, what is called \ the spirit of progress, or the carrying out our "manifest destiny,as it is termed, would receive in General Cass a warm supporter. Under this head may be included the further extension of our national territory by the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, and a policy generally known here as one of war. General Cass would be expected, likewise, to favor the revolutionary spirit now at work in Europe, and to take part with the people of that quarter of the world, in their opposition to, and exertions to overthrow, the monarchical and aristocratical systems of government at present existing there; to helpforward and encourage the movement now being made in France to establish a permanent and j powerful republic in the centre of t'lat continentHow far, however, he would take part in these J movements, is not known; or whether he would use the j>ower and resources of the country in taking sides with the oppressed, and against the opprester, is a matter which cannot even be conjectured. General Taylor is a man of peace?as such, he has always avowed himself; and although he might, and probably would, favor the progress of republicanism in Europe, he would not, we think, involve [this country to any great extent, on thai account, with my European power. This is the policy, we think, that will be pursuetf by Cass, in the event of his election: and the other is that which, in all probability, will be attempted I by the party to which General Taylor belongs, in I case he should b?* elevated to the Presidential j chair. Looking at the above results from twelve | States, it would be thought that General Cass 1 will be elected: but the friends of General Taylor i think that his j>ersonal popularity, together with ! the strength which he will acquire from the defecj tion in the democratic ranks, will elect him* At all events, the election will be an extremely close <>ne, and no one can tell, or predict, with any degree of reasonable certainty, which candidate umII V.. H Tiie .Sot tukrnkr, Capt. Berry, arrived yesterday morning, lrom Charleston, with papers from that city o| Saturday, and the mails from New Orleans two days in advance of tne land route. Intfxlioknck krom IIaytj.?The schooner Barb.'idoe?, from Cape llaytien, 7th inst, arrived at thin port yesterday Captain Mayo report* that all was ijulrt there when he left. News bad been reel! red from Port au Prince that Preitdent Soloque ?w dangerously sick, and had lost his voice. II* 1* "aid to have l?< en poisoned. Letters from Cape Haytlen receired by Mr. Wilson, I'nlted States Consul, now here, utate that there had i been some outbreaks at Jacmel and Wrand Revelre 1 1 In confluence of the debased state of the currency, I and the consequent high price of good*. I The rchooner Telius, from Oonatvea, 4th last, < also arrived at thia port yesterday ( apt lladley re- i pot te that commercial matter* were gradually assuming a better shape in the island. A letter from Oonalres, ! '?*>:? . , I.ett?rs from the capital are r?ry encouraging <ifl. e was faet falling in price, and confidence fast 1 ' f ininif g rnied Merchants %gain begin to give ore<ilt to merchants uhli h of iste, has been refused '1 b> mi < k < t Auk ncan pio visions was getting reduced, no Iktvr prices wire i.bttiued for most articles "? I I />?>/? 7 m. 7.. O.i 'Z3 1 I s tith < Sfilir,* l 44 pre>"Otcj t 4fileo Jil sw >el to , [ < * V- I , Cltjr Politics. In the third Congressional district, (are lowar rard? ) tbe proepecta are that Gen Walbrldge will re' strive the old hunker nomination If U thought lie'chance of an eleotlon will be better than Mr S'lcoll, tbe preaent member. Tbe nomination bj the 'ree soil men, of Mr. Renel Smith, a respectable mer>bant. (formeily of tbe firm of Smith and Mills, Kron'. itreet.) will, it is believed, take about aa many whig rotes, dissatisfied with Mr. rboenix.aa those of demo rats ; leaving a good chance for the democratic Cans ind Butler candidate, If he I* a popular man. In the fourth district, comprising the flth, 7th, 10th ind 13th wards, which can give 3,000 majority for the lemocracy when united, the nomination of Mr. Maria y 1b generally acquiesced in by rlTal candidate! untng the hunkers, so that Mr. Maclay, who ha* been alwaya lucky in running In that district,bids fair to be re elected in 1844, the opposition to him among a portion of the democrats and the native Americans, was so Btrong, that bis majority was only 365, while, for Governor. Silas Wright hail 1,ML and in 1810, there was on actual majority against Maclay, bat the opposition was divided among three candidates, and he wat elected by a plurality. Some persons thick that Mr. Itobinson, of the Tribune. ( ' I'icht-livu.") would have carried the district, by taking off 1 ;>o0 or 2 000 Irish votes from Maolay, while he weuld only have lost a few whig votes of those prejudiced against Irishmen But Mr Walter Underbill. a quaker merchant, through the influence of Mr. Jo. Hoxie. and others, was nomiuated, and Mr Robinson's friends are indignant. An attempt will be made at the general meeting of the whig* of the district, to strike off I'uderhlU's name, and insert Robinson'*; and as Mr. U. and many of bis friends are of the peaceful sect of (|u*kera, and not fighting men, itn>ay be expected that the shillelah party will succeed. In the fifth dlatrKt, (8th. 9th and 14th ward*,) the friend* of Mr. Latson still hold out, and declare that no other whig shall be nominated. On the recent , ballots, he received thirteen votes, and William A. K. ifnvt, m rrouvBvrrvv lUKrcuuub, auu jiupuiar wivu iu? Fire Department, twelve. The chances are In favor of Pentz's nomination. The democrats are likely to have three candidates, viz: Daniel F.. Sickles and Mike Walsh, old bunkers; and Mark Spencer, free soil. In the sixth district (the six upper **rd? of the city) the dimocrats have made strong nominations, rit: Cieorge Law for the long term, and John M. Bradhurst for tWe short term, both bard to beat The former,it will be recollected, is opposed by James Brooks, of the E-i-prtss I and the latter by Horace Greeley, of the TYifcune?the chance for the latter being much the best, as it is supposed Brooks will run from 3,000 to 6.C00 behind Gen. Taylor, from the defection of the Irish whigs and the native Americans. 7 he free soil candidates are David Dudley Field, and John Townsend, but that party will not probably poll over 2,000 votes in the cMetriet. ! Free Soil.?The Free Soil Congressional Convention. of the 4th district, assembled last night at the Tenth Ward Hotel, corner of Broome and Forsyth streets, and unanimously nominated John Hecker, Esq., as their candidate. Independent Democratic.?An Independent Democratic Convention assembled last night at Monroe Hall, corner of Pearl and Centre streets, and noml- , nated John Foote, Esq., as a candidate to represent them in the next Congress. Ht'Mr.t Assembly Nomination.?The Hunker Assembly Convention, of the 8th district, last night nominated Joseph M. Bell, Esq., as their candidate. Democratic Assembly Nomination?The hunkers of the 14th ward have nominated Daniel U.Taylor, Ksq s their candidate for the Assembly. Theatrical and Musical. Park Theatre.?Music and the ballet are yet the attractions at old Drui y? Madame Bishop and the Mon>laisirs. Last evening Madame B. appeared in the savatina ' Ombra Adorata,"' from Zingarelli's cele- j >rated opera of "Romeo." The piece U replete in pa- ; hos, and is so well performed by the celebrated vocal, j st that it ought to be heard by all who admire this : lied of music. It reaches the heart, while it pleases the j ancy. and is of that style that all?even those unedu- j Bated in the vocal art?cannot but admire and approbate it for its touching softness and pathetic sweetness. The good old song, "John Anderson my Jo," was lis* given last evening by Madame B, and won an ncore and a beautiful bouquet. The sweet warbler 'ails in nothing. She gives the familiar songs ol our )wn language with all the spirit and effect whioh mark her execution in the more delicate and difficult passages oi the Italian masters. Her's are indeed talents of remarkable versatility. The farce of" Forty and Fifty." and the comedietta of ' Doctor Dilworth," were presented last evening, and. were well received, as they deserved to be. The Monplaisirs appeared in their new ballet of' Le Dlable a Quatre," which it many very pretty dances, introducing Monsieur and Mine Mcnplaisir and their excellent troupe. It is getting to be a popular piece, and each nights seems | to give new effect to the figures which it introduces. 1 " Le Diable a Quatre'' presents several very fine tableaux, and many pretty little scenes. To-night Madame Bishop takes ner farewell benefit, and will, of courFe. give entertainments worthy of the occasion. She will appear in seversl popular pieces. The Monplaisirs will also appear. Bowery Theatre.?The wet and unpleasant weather. last evening, was somewhat against the theatres; the Bowery, however, was tolerably well filled, and the ;wo new pieces of the "Swamp Fex,'' and the "East [liver Craftsman,'' were well played; and-the dancing >f Signora Ciocca and Signor Neri also went off with t nuch applause. The "Swamp Fox" is a very inter eat- | ng piece, and the Tar to us feata wbiob the steed Ga- 1 telle goes through are very surprising; It is, indeed, remarkable how this animal has been trained to go j through tuoh clever performances. Mr. Browne, as j STjeant Jasper, obtained much applause last evening. He la a most natty littlfe equestrian?just the right 1 Bize and figure for it?and ax an actor be is also ex- I cellent. The various paits in the '-Swamp Kox" are well played; and the management will Had it a card, t we think. The "Kast River Craftsman,'' also, is a i most interesting drama, and well played, too. The 1 manager of the Bowery is well able to supply the tastes of his audiences; and. besides these elegant dramas. Signora Ciocca and Signor Neri nightly appear in most elegant dances and divertisements. To- < 1 aigbt. tbe same elegant bill will be again played; and ire look far a very full bouse. I BaciDWii Tin ?t*e.? Last evening the perform' inces (commenced with the first act of " Cinderella," which was very well sustained by the Seguina, lleev?s. and the other members of the opera company. This piece was followed by the comic opera of ' The Daughter of the Regiment," and the performances closed with the second act of Auber's opeia of " Masa niello.'' The night being unpleasant, the attendance I was not as large as might be expected, considering that it was for the benefit of Mrs. Seguin Again we would call the attention of our citizens to the benefit of Col. Mann, which comes off on Thursday evening. We are pleased to bear that tbe tickets are being rapidly disposed of, and are persuaded, from the great number i of volunteers who haTe tendered their gratuitous services on the occasion, that the entertainments will i be of tbe most pleasing character. Among those, we perceive the names of J. 11. Scott, the tragedian. T. I'lacide, W. Korkes, and B. Williams. With i , these, and the excellent stock company attached to ' the theatre, there can be no doubt but that the Broadway Theatre will be crammed on Thursday evening from pit to dome We hope the Colonel will receive a bumper. ; National Tiir.ATRr.? 'A Glance at New York"' j was tbe first piece played last evening, and never did this lively picture of city life, with the New Vork b'koy as tbe prominent figur?, go off better. Poor George Tarsells. Esq , from the country, gets into " niuf ees," receive? beatings and black eyes, gets taken in by mock auctioneers, pocket-book droppers, and fall)- most gracefully into all tbe various trnns which , those lean and hungry fellows who live on their wits and the creduiousnesA of strangers, love so to play upon their unsuspecting dupes. Mose, Sykesey, Liie, Jenny, and the other dramatis ptrionir, made a " gallus ciowd," as Mose would call It .Miss Mestayer and Miss Miles sing some of tbe popular negro songs of tbe day mast excellently, and are always encored. Miss Mestaji r is a great favorite at the National, and Miss Miles we have remarked to l>e a most painstaking and useful member of tbe comptny. She always does her part well, and, withal. c,in sing with muoh sweetness. " Ksmeraliia." and tbe ' Pretty Girls of Stllberg," concludtd the performances. Thiv both went off well. To-niirht. the same amusinz bill will be Dresent ed. and a large audience will, doubtless, be present on I the occasion. Bi'HTo*'? Thcatrc.?The performances last evening' at this theatre, commenced with the favorite comedy Of the "Woman Hater," which was well reeelred. follow d by a new confusical burlesque, called "Dan keyser de Bassoon." This piece is a burlesque on "Don Cesar de Bazan." Don Keyser Is a kind of a butcherboy rowdy, intended for a burlesque on the Don Cesar. Don Josey, an ambitious bar-keeper, by Mr. | Meyer, is well played, and his singing, which is frequently introduced, would do c.edit to many opera*. Mary Tanner, a peiambulating organist, taken by Miss Chapman, is, like all the pieees she undertakes, i very cleverly played; her singing Is very good, and | her bold ana spirited manner of treading the 1 stage proves her to be an actress of no ordinary abilities She Is becoming a favorite, and most deserredly so. The "Counterfeit Presentments,'' was a eomical affair. Mr Brougham, as Bob I'lastlc, was very good; afltr which, the local drama, called "New lorkin slices, ' in which Mr Meyer, as Count Holeinhiscoatoff, Is most excellent. Miss Sinclair is an exoellent actress, and took her various slices with great effect The whole af the entertainments went off as usual Btmon, the enterprising and indefatigable manager of the Chambers street Theatre, has entered into an en?ag?nient with Macready, who open* at the Athe nirum, Boston, on Mondaylevening next After hlsen ^agement in Boston has closed, he proceeds to Philadelphia, to fulfil another engagement with Burton, and toes from theace to Baltimore. He will be supported by a very strong and well selected company Nihlo'i, A?to* Placi: Th**t*?.?Last night witness* d an extraordinary and unprecedented combina lion of comic talent, from nearly all the beards of New Yoik, at the Astor Place theatre. It was the joint | b< nefit of those two uurivallrd artivts favorites of lbe public. Me>sr* Sefton and Chippendale ' The Pof'i ( > nt leinan," one oMh" (anions Omo> ife Colman'? ' best coniedies, was the pisy sh tcted for the evening, mil the effect produced by the great and talented stuiwiis ?t the ?e?tfa; at? u {Krforiusr* am admirable [ J?- } # At. H. Plaoide, m old favorite of New York, and* naater of hia art?for what we know I matter of arts? ilayed Dr. Ollapod, with unrivalled ability and ?uc:efn. He waa applauded to the skle*. and his playing veil deterred It. But the bright gem of the piece was Burton, with Chippendale for hia follower. Burton, n a ('rod character, la euretoflll a house, and the Aator theatre waa completely filled last night Not .bat thia waa owing, laat night, entirely to Burton, hippendale'a actiDg waa equal to hia, though an inferior part and le?a cf it; but that la to >ay all that U neceaeary for him. He* idea, the afterpiece, with Dhanfiau, drew crowd* here who perhaps would not go elaewhere to aee Mode. Mr. Criap, aa Frederick, displayed hia uaual talent, and acted with .hat fine eaae, boldneas and at-hJineneaa. which live alwayu auch a /eat to his performances. Mr. lohn Sefton^as Stephen Harrowby, waa amuaing enough. Mr. Cooper made hia lirnt appearanoe in thia :ountry on the occasion, in the character of Sir Jharlea Cropland, and waa favorably received. It is bard to judge by a firat appearance. He may have talent; but in the high character he played, he ought :o have had glovea on, aa his handa were nana of the irhittat The Poor Gentltiiian and hia corporal went i(I rather stiffly. Aa to Mra. Vernon, no pen could lojuftlce to bt>r performance of Mrs. McTabb. She in a woman of unusual genius in comedy, and well deserves tbe fame and favor with which ahe is always greeted. Miaa Wemyss, as Emily Worthington, played very sweetly and naturally. Sucb a galaxy of talent we have seldom seen assembled together before, >11 one night, and in one piece. Time will not allow i? to do justice to each actor, individually, as they de<erve Mr Mucrendy appears this evening, his benefit night, for tbe last time, as Shyloek. As the seaion here now draws to a olose, justice requires that Ibe warmest meed of grateful appiause should be given :o thin talented and great manager (Mr. Niblo), for the wonderful effort* and extraordinary success which ae has exhibited in procuring for the public, on a -cale of unparalleled splendor and magnificence, inurements characterised by chastened. elegnnce, unequalled beauty, and classic worth. New Broadway Circi a. (near Spring street) ? rhe attractions of the arena, from the earliest period? if chivalric history to the present time, seem not to kave lost their influence over the minds of the old, as well aa the juvenile portion of every community. The tilt and tbe tournament have, however, been superce. led by the graceful and classical exhibitions of equestrian science and athletic exertions, developing extraordinary physical power, with the graces of Grecian art, chastely chiselled in the living statuary in which they are personified. It is this that has given to a talented and well regulated circus the fascination it Inspires wherever its exercises are displayed. At the Breadway Circus may be ionnd a combination of talent very rarely concentrated in one oompany?an admirable selection from the well known troupe of Welch, Delavan &. Nathans, including the celebrated Hernandex. unequalled by any rider living. The singularly ragaclous performances of th? trick ponies; Mr. Devere, the rope dancer; the various personations of Darius, the dancing mare, Haidee, and a variety of other most amusing performanooa, are nightly exhibited to the delight of the most fashionable company. A most attractive accession was added la6t night, by tbe first appearance of John Uoasln to tbe ring, a name that, in ibelf, ia a passport to the enjoyment of tbe richest fun and humor. The whole of tbe diversified acts were performed with exquisite skill and judgment, and, although a roost forbidding evening, the beautiful arena waa encircle! with a crowd of delighted spectators, which wa< complimentary, and highly too. to the praiseworthy enterprise of Messrs. Tryon a Thompson. Chkistv'i Minstrels.?The politicians are waxing bot as the day of election approached?the pasaUns of ill parties are aroused, and many are the scene# of excitement and confusion which are taking place ibout these times. The most sovereign balm for cooling down all these differences, for making the troubled mind forget, for a few hours, its doubts and difficulties, is to go and hear the inimitable Christy Minstrels. An evening passed with them is a most agreeable reaction. and well calculated to please all. Melodeon.?The White Company of F.thtoplan Sereoaders are doing a large business at this house. They tie a mofct talented set of singers. The Germania Ba.xd.?We are somewkrapferf$?ed hat the conoerts given by this excellent band are not >ettpr attended, for a more finished and truly harnonious association of musicians we have not for a ong time listened to. Every overture, waltz and narch they execute is marked by the finest concepion of musical science. They play with the strictest attention to time, and there is suoh unity and harnonv throughout every bar, that the sounds iof their espective instruments vibrate upon the ear in the wee test melody. They perform this evening at the ''emale Academy, Brooklyn; and on Thursday evening gain at the Tabernacle. This being the second last tight of their appearance in this city, we would ad'ife all thore who love to hear music breathed forth in he most pure and melodious strains to attend at their wo last concerts, as tuch a rich treat may not, for a ong period, be presented for the amusement and deight the musical dilettanti of this city. Camthell's Minstrels are now in their twelfth week, and their andiences are more numerous at present than they have been at any time before, during this engagement. This is proof enough of the high estimation they are held in Their new songs, beautiful dancing (particularly Luke West's), and all their rarious addenda to the regular concert, are of the most amusing kind. M. a.nd Mme. Leati'< Cosi ht.?The musical loiree of these talented artists, came off last evening, md. though it was not attended by a very numerous tudience, on account of the extremely bad weather, irhich injured also all the places of amusement of >ur city, it allowed M and Mmo. Leatl to display the bright genius and pure method with which they are gifted. Mme. Leatl, whose pretty little figure, and iiitingvee appeaianceare quiteof an aristooratic style; irhote pctillanti eves are as lovely as the white pearls under her rosy lips?possesses undoubtedly a very sweet stijirarm, of great compass and has been taught in an excellent school, which brought to our mind Mines. Damoreau and Laborde. She manages her voice with ea?e and ability, and often displays an barmonlcus harvest Of roulada, cadenctt, trilles, tnd fiorituret, which attracted last night, and will, iii all future occasions, secure for her, the approbation of all the roir>io$crni. publicly expressed by bouquets and plaudits. Madame Leatl deserved great credit for the arias which she sang, among which we remarked that of fialfe's, " I'm a Merry Zingarn,"and Knight's ballad. *' Pretty Dove." The fair cantatrict give to these fine pltccs a peculiar loveliness, which was much admired. M. Leati, whose voice is that of a baritone, and a splendid one, we assure our readers, made also a great impression upon his hearers, and was rewarded with much applause in the aria of Verdi, from " I Due Foseari," and, with hli better half. In the F.uglishduetof Kmanuel," The Syren and the Friar.'' This gentleman will also become a great favorite in our country wherever he goes. We mu?t not forget, In thin notice, to give due praise to Mr. Burke, who drew forth from hid violin the most enohanting sounds; ami to Mr HofTman, the young planiHt, whose playing is. indeed, extremely remarkable. As for Mr. Titnm, he accomplished wonders, as usual, being obliged, on account of the pianoforte, which wm half a tone too low to the diapason, to transpose nearly all the music which he accompanied. In short, the conccrt of M und Madame Leati was a great affair, and we hope we shall soon have another chance to heir these artists in our olty. We understand that they are both engaged in Philadelphia for the oencert of the Musical Fund, which will take place on Tuesday night. Mexico ili.ustsatt d.?This exhibition is a picturesque representation of the different movements of the American army, under the direction of Generals Taylor and Scott, through the principal seotions and romantic scenery ot a country whioh cembines every thing of grandeur and sublimity, which can be seen in any other portion of the world. We advise every American who feels a glory and pride in the result of the respective battles whioh were fought by bis heroic counirymen on the plains of Mexico, to visit thin exhibition.which Is to lie seen at Stoppanl Hall, corner of Walker street and Broadway, every evening daring the week. Drsmr Ikklheimer's Concert.?The musical entertainment which is to take place on Friday next, at the Tabernacle, is now the great excitement of the we*k. We are anxious to hear in public thr young violinist, and to see that the sanction we gave already to his talent, is accepted by the numerous public who undoubtedly will attend the concert of M. Desire Ikelheimer. The French violinist will be surrounded, on this ocoaslon. by a host of talented professional persons, among whom we remark Miss Valesca Klleti, of the Hoyal Academy of Berlin, who is proqpunced, by competent judges, as a musical genius. Miss Julia iNortball. and Siunorl Rossi C'orsi, and Novelll. will also appear on that occasion. Joiipii Ot moki..?We derive the following intercKtinir nrrminl of f*iinrr??I mi .1 hia mnainnl rtrMr from iTe l.eipslo llluitrirlt y.rilunf, of October 2d? " It may. perhaps. b* the fact tbat music was invented by Tubal ('kin, but it If certain he never found oat the ' three-quarter tact,' (a new Kind and fonn of waltz,) for none but an Austrian could e ver hare inTented that. Most of the Austrian popular ballad* and song*, especially those ofthe Tyrolese and Steyermark peasantry, were Ret to the 1 three-quarter tact' measure This measure, brought to perfection by Straus* and Lanner, has given them a fan# ?nd irami rtality e<(ual even to that of Mo/art It Is a practical and original discovery Among those who have become renowned and distinguished as musical computers. especially of that kind of music applied to dancing, lotoph (iungel occupies a pre-eminent rank, lie is by birth an Hungarian, and hence the ioft and effeminate waltr. does nnt run so naturally in hl? veins as tha more stirring and more elevated measure of the ' three quarter tact,' a kind of music and speciea of harmony, in which M. (iungel not only shines with brilliant eclat, but in which he even surpasses all who have pre reded him in this kind of music and composition. JoMph (iungel wns born at /sambek, In Hungary. His father was a stocking weaver. Benedict Tacliaucer, tbe village schoolmaster, was the first instructor of joung (iungel if any one had prophesied to him the event he would hardly bare believed that a time would arrive when hia little pupil would (ill the palacea of Berlin with ravishment an I delight, by his music and musical compoi itU'iis ? p'.ally as the parents of. (iungel int> nded him for * ??master and not for amusiclan At the age of ikftean. young (iungel was already engaged as a teacher In the village schools of his native country, or rather he was the plain usher or aasiatant of more matura teachers This profession, however did not please the young (iungel, and in April, 1828, he enlisted aa a cannonier, in an artillery regiment, at Pesth He served seven year* In this ca parity, and during all this period, had neither time nor opportunity to exercise hi* vet undeveloped talent* In music nnt, in I9$T>, the dormant faculty waked up to fi*sh life and to stronger energy than It ever had eihlb ted before, and li? became tha chief per|n-n:rr nt the baulbny, In tha hand of the artillery ruimeni In garrison at (Hair. Very soon, as haulIn yM be obtained a great reputation, and. at la?t, iku ? to fie railed the 8trausa of (iritt/. I rom this [ill < t>e went on augmenting ill fame suil tiicfea*ing i, (a i fit iit'l ICqulr?n nis In lUJi, fhiug-l'* flr-r. WOvpoitioii appeared tu? world. Iuinj pub ubt-tf b/ i??t? k B&rk, iuu*io pubU?h#r?, of HtHo I 1^* ' The title of the piece *u " The Kirnt Hungarian March " After be had left tha regiment, in which ha ; had attained the highest eminence and reputation as leader of the band and choir maater, ha travelled for some time in rloua parts of Germany, with a com panvof municians, of whlrh he waa the aoul and the I bead. hrery where hii compositions, and the aklll and performance* of the band, conducted by him. met with the greatest applause At Berlin he gave his first conpurt nn fhu klnn'a K i T*t K H w In V nm r*. ontAnH I The modest artist himself had not, at this time, ' the least idea of the great fame which would follow this concert, and with what applaure and rapture his musical performances would henceforth be received by the connoisseurs and the public. ( The interest which his murioal talent and execution | excited, continued, henceforward, to increase iu Ber; lin which is to say much for a city where they can only endure what is excellent, great and new Since his flrt-t publ'cstion. above referred to a great number of marches pi.lkas, quadrilles. ike., of his composition, have appeartu before tLe public, and bare uniformly brought the author increased and deserved fame ? Some of hi? marches were taken up by the army, and Immediately became favorites with the soldiers. Gungel . has dODe much to improve orchestral music, e.ipeclully by introdMoing the violin in those orchestras of public music in which it was before never known He has in thi.?. and other retpects. renderei a great service to I the musical world. TELEGttAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. SPEECH OF DANIEL WEBSTER, IN FANEUIL HALL. Bono*, Oet. *24,1848. There was a tremendous gathering in Kaneuil Hall, this evening, collected to bear the Hon. Daniel Web" ster again discuss the political topics of the dayGreat enthusiasm prevailed. After an introductory address by Mr. < hoate. Mr. Webster proceeded to speak, aa follows Onoe again, fellow citUens, quite unexpectedly. j find myself before you In Kaneull Hall. Kecolleetiont of the past gather upon me, and a thousand voices admonish me to proceed and perform my whole duty ; I am here to express my opinien of the present state of the public affairs of the country. The elections at hand, or President and a new Congress, it were vain to deny must produce a decided cffeot. for good or evil, upon the prorpeots ot business men. There are, In fact, bu* two candidates?Taylor and Cass. As to the support of another gentli man, whom some of our friends still favor. I regard it a mere device, and much of a theatrical cne. The election of one or the other of the two candidates will produce one or the other of two results. as regards the business ofthe country, as affected b.v acts of legislation. If General Taylor and a whig I Congress are elected, the sub-treasury will be repealed, and the tariff amended to something like that of 1842. If Cass and a demooratio Congress, both will be sustained as at present. I raw, this morning, Mr. Buchanan's speech, made at Washington ; he Is one of the first men of his party. It is a manly speech, in which he (Buchanan) pays tribute to the good military character, pure motives, and strong understanding of Gen. Taylor. He says, General Taylor is a whig, and. if elected, will be surrounded by whigs, and carry out whig principles. I agree with him in that, (said Mr. W.?) and also that General Taylor is a whig, from his deep conviction of the justice and soundness of whig principles. If General Cass and a democratic Congms are electtd. they will follow in Polk's course?doing what he left undone. As practical men. not carried away by theory- - not men of a single idea we are brought to the point to give our support heartily to General Taylor, or to withhold it altogether. Uught these measures to be repudiated for other measures 7 Ought the sub-treasury to be oontinued' Is it useful to the people or government? What is the present state of affairs? Unusual scarcity of money, great depression in industry, stagnation of business, reduced demand for labor, and uncertainty : of its reward, la my judgment, for a whole year the rlo), Vi.ti. haan orrnwinc richer and the noornnornr anil will continue to do so, m long as the sub-treasury and present tariff exist. I look upon the sub treasury as one of the fantasies, one of the greatest deceptions, and, at the same time, least plausible measures, erer produced. No commercial country in the world does such a thing as to lock up its money. This measure originated with the removal of the deposits, and after the explosion of the pet banks, was a recommendation of Van Duren. The country tried It, and it overthrew Van Buren ; and, by the way, wbigs are now called upon to take back Van Buren, sub-treasury and all. 1 see with grief come former friends?not many, thank God?who with us opposed the sub-treasury, willing to embrace Van Buren, sub treasury and all, and lock him up in their own grasp, as he locked up the government money. I see with regret that some, who have been with us here in the presence of these images of great men hanging around us, and who denounced the policy of Van Buren. and upheld, as we uphold, a proper currency, and a fair tariff, now say that these are "bye gooes," not fit to be renewed. Such judgment is unworthy the men who utter it. The substantial issues are the same. The sub treasury and the present tariff are millstones round our necks,and those who say they are forgotten, mistake the sentiments of the peo. pie of Massachusetts. Mr. Buchanan says that the j Issue is between the sub-treasury and the present tariff, and those who would destroy taese measures. 1 am glad to see that the question is put fairly between the sub treasury and seme other mode ; between the tariff of'46, and something like the tariff of '42. The democratic candidate { is not new claimed as the best tariff man In TennI sylvania the sub-treasury is still the favorite of Van i Buren. 1 learn of no rebuke of it by the Buffalo plat| form. This platform Is not constructed of very heavy materials; but it sustained the fox-like form of Van i Buren. Have the sub-treasury and present tariff answered their promise^ The truth is, when money Is ! plenty, the sub-treasury is bungling, but harmless; , but when specie leaves the country and money is scarce, it becomes a means of torture and destruction ; 'o many. In one month, lately, in New Vork, the ; sub-treasury took a million and a quarter from the banks, in specie, and locked It up. This occasioned a great scarcity of money, and not only led banks to i contract, but to be always fearful of the future. This is one turn of the sub-treasury screw; how many turns j will It take to make it a perfeet torture ? Government is so embarrassed by the working if Its own machinery, that Mr. Walker set free about one million of specie, and locked up so many treasury netei in Its plaoe. I The sub-treasury keeps moneyed men in a constant ; state of apprehension, and there is a fluctuation in the mcney market from bad to worse, to a degree unexam! pled. Buchanan says there is no oountry like America; to her prosperity no end. except in expansions and I contractions of the currency; and even for that the democracy finds a preventive In the sub-treasury. Does the sub treasury protect domestic manufactures? 1 Does it make the iron works flourish, ajid keep woollen mills running? He says the sub-treasury prevents fluctuations; but they never had been greater. With 1 respect to the tariff of 1846. it was a new measure in the history of legislation. It was strictly and entirely a party measure: and, aftej the expiration of two years, who had been helped by it? Had South Carolina ' Her statesmen had predicted that under its influence, she would rise like a constellation. Herootton would enrich her. The result has been, that her cot ton. wtaieh ?m then worth ten cent*. is now worth only five Had Pennsylvania been helped? Her judgment in IH44 had lx>en obtained upon false evidence. The people are inclined to have a new trial thin year, with ' a whig Congress and Treiiident. These lawn will bo | essentially modified. (' ? in pledged to sustain them. ; end Van Buren, unless he repudiates himself, mint ' hold on to thetarilT of 1840. lie haa already given hi* decided approval of that tariff ; and the inan who drew up the resolution. in the Buffalo Convention, declaring that a tariff should be maintained for revenue, and for the payment of the public debt, win evidently afraid ol treading on Van Unren's toe*. We stand where we have atood for year*; we have to combat with thorn men who have always been oppoaed to us. The .Shibboleth of that party in the sub*trea?ury which la a panacea for all the ilia of the country, and kreps it from fluctuations. The war Influence of the prefent tariff and sab treasury were neon in theireffecta upon wool and the woollen intereet, which attended throughout New hngland, and portlona of the middle Statea In a mill I Lowell, known aathe Middlesex Mill, 800 handa bad recently been discharged. The price of labor wai reduced, andtha price of wool reduced one-third. A gentleman haa reoently put In my handa a statement that 40 woollen mlllahad stoppi d and discharged 3 000 handa. Other mills had reduoed their wage*. It wa* a fact not generally known, that France pay* a bounty for the export of wnollen fabrics, and by mean* of it bar manufactories save half the dutWa here l.aboriaone of the gr-itt eletnntaof the prosperity of our country ant menial, aervile or f?oJal l?b<>r nor ?Uv* labor, but in?. >Iy in dependent, and intelligent labor that obiou ircumu fustain the great fabric of government. With thu are all my sympathies , and my voice, till I am iamb .'hull be tor it. There wan another important i oter*?t at the North which suffered from the preaent tariff? the fifherim. If we go South, Pennsylvania suffer* in her iron and coal interest*, on wbloh the bread of fo meny waa dependent . and the noiae of har Lanmtr-., recently, tella of this. Buchanan nay* that it may be in her power to turn the electtoa. 1 inin in th*? iaaiim I.?*t Pfiin^vlvAnU her casting vote ; and, thank Ood, nobody bold* that casting vote hut herself, if I could be beard by her, I would tt-U her how people were looking to sea how she would throw that casting vote. 1'roductlve labor to the amount of $ 1,S00,600, bad b?en recently thrown out of employ in rolling mills in that State, and there srt-ned to be in this policy a bloodhound soent to seek cut and run down labor. If we mean to keep up tbiu labor, we must have a protective tariff to insure labor its requisite reward. Tbe present tariff U destructive to all the intere?t.? of the country. We cannot stand, for a long time, this great importation of foreign fabrics. Under the tariff of '42, there wer*:? i allied 5 and 7 per cent on imported goods-under t'^at of 46, while the importations were greater, the revenue was leas. The sub-treasury and tariff, like Castor and Pollux, are always found to join together. The ' question now is. whether the hands into whioh we i commit the destinies of the country, shall be for war ! or peace. I think the candidate proposed by our op1 ponents is a man of dangerous tendency, as tbe Oregon boundary and war question sufficiently indlca i ted?while these men talk so much about resisting I Kngland, they act exactly the part that a British Ml; nister would desire. Confidence must be plaeed in ' some man. 1 have made up my mind for the whig nominee, Taylor. I think, with Buchanan, he I* a | whig, bound up, and wound up. In his declarations,. ' and will aurround himself with a whig cabinet. An influence will doubtless be exerted on the sooiety of Friends, to induce them to go for the free soil candi date 1 wish they eould see that every vote they givo for Van Buren will be for Cass. I was in New York' last week A gentleman remarked to me, ' We shall' elect Cass?the liberty party helped ns four years ago? and the free soil party will do it now." I believe, under the present cirsumstances, that the country!/ more safe from the extension ot' slavery. an<f the Slav* isi-.*.. *1... P ? |?vnrij uuvct a ajiwi <u?u u?no, Later and Important from Mexico. ' Nr.w Orleans, Oct. 23, 1848 The British steamer Forth hu arrived at Ship Island from Vera Cruz, with advices to the 14th inst. The revolutionary schemes at the capital, whioh. have recently exoited much apprehension, seem to have been frustrated by the energetic action o' Herrera's government. Troops had been called out, j cannon planted, and other precautionary measures taken, at all exposed points. 1 turbid*, and some other oflloers, had beau imprisoned for conspiring, as was alleged, to procure the return and restoration of Santa Anna to power. General Bustamente was endeavoring to raise sons four thousand troops, for the purpose of quelling the spirit of Independence in Tampico and the State ot Tamaulipas. (>rtat Fire at Alexandria, Louisiana. New Orleans, Oot. 23.1848. A great fire ocourre-1 at Alexandria, on the Red River, on the 18th instant, which destroyed six square** of stores and dwellings. The loss is estimated at half* a million dollars. The office of ths Uepuh'.ican wai among the buildings destroyed. I Pennsylvania Election? Official Kctnrns. Philadelphia, Oct. 24, 1848. I send you tbe official vote of the State of Pennsylvania, for Oovernor, which is ai follows : J ohnston 168,5231 Longstreth ^ 168,Ml Johnston's majority 302 The Steanuhlp Rorthener. Charleston, Oot. 24, 1844. The steamship Northerner, from Now York, arrived here at seven o*c!ock this (Tuesday) morning Marketa. PiTTsauao, Oct. 23, 1848 Moderate sales of flour have been made at previous prices. The supply of grain is small, and the market Is at a stand. Sales of hogs at $3 25 per 100 lbs. Western butter sells at 9 cts. per lb. Sales of cheese at & cts. per lb. It is now raining. There are 3 feet water la the channel, and rising. Baltimore, October 24, 1844. There was but little done in the way of markets today; wheat and corn fell off 2c. per bushel; flour, grooeries,and provisions, exhibited no material change, whiskey remained about tbe sane. Bi h alo, October24,1848. ; Da^inta within fha nut OA tinnr. _l'ln?. UAIAt bbls ; wheat, 44,000 bushels ; corn, 28 000 do. In Hour the operations reaohed 2,000 bbls., at $4 60 a $4 62>f; wheal was dull and nominal, at OOo. For corn SOo.f was demanded, and 48o. offered. Freights to Albany' have advanced. We quote flour 70c. a 72c.; wheat,* 19c.. and corn, ITc. Albaxv, October 24, 1843. 'Receipts by canal within the past 24 hours Flour, 12,600 bbls.: wheat, 11,600 bushels; corn, 2 100 do., barley, 12.200 do. The flour market exhibited no change, while a moderate amount of sales were taking Slace of wheat, there were sales 5,000 bushels at private argain ; barley was in demand, at lower prices; sales 27.000 bushels at 68o. a 70c. City Intelligence. The Weather.?Yesterday was one of the most disagreeable days of the mason. Not onoe was that sun visible, and the rain fell at Intervals during the whole day. The streets were filled with mud. and the' air with smoke and fog. The evening was dark, and a1 minting rain, tcarcely perceptible, continued up to a late hour. A Youthful Defaulter.?The Bank of Hartford bae suffered some within the past ten days A youtb, named Beach, who had for some time been engaged in the bank as counting teller, suddenly disappeared one day last week, leaving the bank minus some $18,000.? lie was supposed to have gone in the country to see hi* father, who is a respectable farmer, but not returning at the appointed time, a messenger was despatohed to see what was the matter, when it was discovered he had not been at hi* father'* house. He had come on to this city, and, two days before the departure of the Hermann, engaged his passage, at the same time leaving at the office of the Steam Navigation Company a valise, whirh, from its great weight, was supposed by Mr. Mills, the gentleman in the office, to contain a large amount of money, In coin He then gave the name of Thompson. On the day of the departure of the steamer he called for his valise ' and went on board, not until which time did he offer to pay his passage money. He then fell short $10, from his pocket book ; went to his valise and took out the remainder ia sovereigns. In consequenoe of his genteel appearance, the agent did not suppose for a - moment that all was not right, and offered no bar to his departure. About two hours after the departure ef the steamer a telegraphic despatch was received from Hartford, by a gentleman of this city, disclosing the facts of bis defalcation and disappearance, but no olue cculd then be had as to his whereabouts. The following mcmirg, two of the gentlemen connected with the bank arrived in the city, and upoq enquiry discovered that a young man of the same description had taken pasrage in the Hermann. The family of the young man are said to be In a most distressed state of mind, in consequence of his conduct having always before bcrne a character unstained. He was only 17 years of age. and had gained the entire confidence of all the officers of the bank. Fife ip. Broadway ?Serious, if isot Fatal, Ar.'i Tjekt.?A fire broke out, about half put 10 o'clock, yesterday morning, in the varnish shop attached BeebefeCo, No 150 Broadway, which was not extinguished until properly to the amount of $1600 or $2000 wan destroyed Mr. Beebe was engaged in making varnish at the time, and the kettle boiled over, which instantly enveloped tin- room in llama. Hi* clothing took fire, and ha rushed into the store-room, whan som? one present threw a cloth over his person, which smothered the flame in whiah he was enshrouded. His face and hand* were most awfully burned, and his recovery is considered exceedingly doubtful. The property was insured. A fire broke out about 1 o'clock the same morning, in a wooden building on 7th avenue, between 17th and 18th streets, occupied as a soap factory, which was entirely destroyed Matamora Guards.? A target corps of the ab?va name, commanded b) < aptain I,ee, passed the Herald office yesterday afternoon Tbay number about fifty muskets, and are a well drilled and handsema company Hoi*. Diion M. Lewis.?'This distinguished Senator from Alabama, is now at the National Hotel, In Courtlandt i-treet. with his family. He has been ill for sev? ral days, but in now convalescent. The Raii-boip.?A resolution was pre Rented in tbe Board of Awlstants, on Monday,nlght, by Assistant Alderman Webb, of the 18th ward, to the effect of the consideration of the propriety of taking up the rails of the Harlem Railroad, In Centre street, frora the depot to the head of Canal street It really aeems strange that such a movement should be made by the Assistant from the 10th ward, whoae constituents cannot possibly b? Injured by the rails In the 0th ward. If the road is a nuisance between the City Hall and Canal street, It must be a nuisance wherever it passes through the city, Takn into consideration tha number of persom accommodated by this road, and the immense Increase of the value of the property on the line, an I it will be at once apparent that, if it is a nuisance, It I* an indispensable one. In 1040. the only jear in which an account of the passengers was kept, the number of perrons accommodated by this road was between l.f.OO 000 and 1X00,000 ; and that number has now certainly Increased Besides the Individual accommodation, there Is real estate, to the amount of $20,000,000, which, without the road, would be comparatively woithleH* It Is quite certain that, should the rails fee taken up, as Ald< rman Webb's resolution would have the?. it would almost entirely destroy the usefulnesa. and convetjlenee of the rosd. If it Is intended to' subitltute rtsgea, the idea is ridiculous Thsre ara fonu thing like six thonsai d persons pssslng on this rosd ilmly, whieh would require sixty-two additHnti Msm . to make each eight trips par day Then all ot >-tsKiH would have to pass throu,(*i < ti?than Mmet soil Itroadway, and they are already ml* jieottjr crowded. But, apart from there considerations, there

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