Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 26, 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5258. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. A&a Z V A L OF THE STEAMSHIP EUROPA. Astonishing Passage over the Atlantic. ONE WEEK'S LATER NEWS. HIGHLY IMPORTANT. VSRDICT OF OVZLT7 AGAINST O'BRIEN ANI) McMANUS, And Sentence of X>eath Passed on Smith O'Brien. REVOLUTION IN AUSTRIA. MARKETS. &e. &c. Sc. , The marine telegraph announced, at one o'clock yesterday afternoon, the steamship Europa, Capt. Lott, oil this port. She sailed l'rom Liverpool on Saturday, the Utii instant, and was, therefore, only eleven days in crossing the Atlantic from Liverpool to New York . The America was once ten drtys and eight hours in crossing to Boston. The distance to New York is equal to twenty-four hours more. The swift express steamer Ajux reached the city about three o'clock with the news. We are indebted to the officers of the steamer for some papers. They are public spirited gentlemen. Our regular files came through the Post Office. The news is of the greatest importance. Our accounts from Ireland are very exciting. O'Brien was convicted, and sentenced to be exe. cuted. McManus was also convicted. See the details of this intelligence in another column. The news from Austria?from France?indeed from nil liarfs of lhf> fnntinpnf initi/>nto a ironom I war in Europe. It is almosjf impossible to see a gleam of hope for any other result. Out of such confusion and anarchy, and so much bloodshed, nothing else can be expected. < 'fficers have been ordered from Paris to immediately join the army of the Al|'S, with the vi^w of striking, if necessary, into Italy. It is to be expected that the in urrection in Vienna will prostrate the claim of Austria in Lombarcy. and set the Italian kingdom again in a blaze. f The long, dreaded cholera, the approach of which has been so long heralded, has now, if we may believe the reports of the London and some of the provincial newspapers, attained a footing in Tingland, many decided cases and some deaths having occurred in the metropolis as well as m the outsorts. A good deal of interest has been excited by a report from Peel's river that the Esquimaux have seen some vessels to the east of the Mackenzia river, which furnish the hope that the long lost party ot Sir John Franklin, in the Arctic seas, i have conquered the elements, and may, at tins ] moment, be in perfect safety. The steamship United States, Captain Hackstafl, ' sailed from Southampton on the 12th inst., at 11 o'clock, for New York. She took out about eighty passengers, and a large cargo of near 300 tons measurement goods, principally from France. The weather during the week has undergone a j very favorable change. With some unsettled states of the a'.mosphere in different places, upon the whoie tolerably fine weather lias prevailed, . and in Scotland it has been so genial that the harvest has been got in with greater succ?ss than has been experienced for many years. The several reports wluch reached us from the manufacturing districts since our last report, are again of a discouraging character. Our continental news is still a. record of sanguinary conflicts between princedoms and their i eople, of wars and rumors of wars, and of the still disorganised state of ulmortt the whole of Europe. The SchletiWlg-Holstein affair seems to be now subordinate to the great contest going on in the centra! mid southern part ot Germany, and the efforts cf Lord Palmerston to compel the belligerents to keep quiet, is at present successful. Every thing is quiet in the Duchies, and their eventual jwcification depends, as we have always said, upon a totally different concatenation of events. In Austria, the ter rible tragedy of war is being ,...i ?;.u ,i??ji? ur? i.u.i na postcript lest we ek, to announce the assassination, or rather butchery, of Count Lamberg, the Commander-in-Chief of Hungary. The war seeins now to have assumed a determinate character. The Lmperor of Austria lias thrown ofl the mask; and. maddened with the murder of his brave lieutenant, Count Lamberg, who had been sent to compose the differences between his own subjects, lie has dissolved the Hungarian 1 ?iet; has appointed anew Biron Jellacliich, ton> mender-tn-Chief ol all the firmed troops in Hungary and the Allied Kingdoms, with despotic powers, and has placed Hungary under martial law. I It is now clear that Jellachich has been, throughout secretly supported by the lvnipcror, and the contest between the Croatian* and the Hungarians will be severe. The former had advanced near 1'esth, and last week it was thought the ("roatians had conquered the Hungarians n a c< niplete victory. Better accounts intorin m 1 hat the ('roatians had hern partially defeated, and compelled momentarily to retire. But it is plain that they would again advance, and a bloody battle, under the walls of Pcsth, w ould probably occur. Whils' we write, intelligence from Vienna has reached us, that the appointment of the Ban to the post of Boyal Commissary of Hungary, and the proposed departure of troops from Vienna to join hit army, has led to the most deplorable :cffses. An insurrection has taken place at Vienna?the Kmperor has (led?the Minister of War, Count Lntour, has shared the fate of Count Lumbers and the two Xichys; and Vienna was in the possession of the insurgents on the 7th. It seems that hostilities in Italy are not renewed, and. indeed, whilst the French government lias so many domestic iiflairs to settle, it would he much to he deplored thiit she should Waste her strength about foreign affairs. An amnesty has been pub lished at Milan by the Austrians. We are still in ih? dark about the progress of the mediation ques- f 'ion; it is. however, beyond nil doubt, that Ausirui will never yield nn inch of Lonibardy. < Jcnoa and Tuscany appear to be again tranquil, and the threats of Charles Albert, of renewing hostilities, are wisely forgotten amidst calmer counsels. The intelligence from Naples and Sftily is more trrfmpiilising, but the belligerents having been .-fayed in their career of destruction hy France and England, heap upon both the most vindictive re- | proaches. The English ships of war seem espe- | cially obnoxious. The Sicilians are organising a 1 defence at every point rhould the Neapolitan forces march on Palermo. The new* from Spain and Portugal is of the | uusfetitfactory ckaretter. E NE MORN IMPORTANT FROM WELA.MD. vkhdict and sentence on tiii: patriots, o bkii:n AMI) M'MAMI.'t). [Correspondence of the Freeman's Journal.] At a quarter pant five o'oiOBkjthejudges entered, and took tbeir seats on the benoh. and Mr. O'Brien wax again placed at the bar. For a few minutes a profound silence prevailed through every part of the buiding. and presently a rustle wan heard at the door of the j ury-room, and the foreman, holding an issue paper in bin band, entered the box. followed by the other jurors. The foreman, when all bad taken their seats, handed tbo verdict to Mr. Pedder. Clerk of the Crown, who oommence-t calling over the names of the juror*. While this formality was proceeding, a solemu hushjof breathlets, intense, almost agonizing expectation, prevadod the entira audience, while all eyes were intently fixed on the dauntless and high- souled man whose life and liberty, whore hopes and prospects, whose noblest aspirations and dearest alfeotions. were dependent on tb? awful flat which was about to be pronounoed. The Clkhk ok tiik Crown, having finished calling the names, asked, in a rather nervous and indistinct tf<ne, maniMtly sensible of the painful effect about to follow. Gentlemen, have you agreed to your verdict' The Foreman.?Yn# Ci.krk ok thk Crown.?How say you Is William Smith O'Brien guilty, or not guilty .' There was no response, and that slokness of the heart which follows nope deferred instantly oaiue over all present. The answer was sot needed to tell the sad acd distressing tale; but. alter a pause of some duration, alow, half Mispressed murmur of-'guilty" from the foremaD. fell upon the ear, tringlngtu every heart a throb, and a tear to every eye There waj one?and but one?iu that sorrow-stricken assembly who blanched not. His form and bearing bore the dignified impress of his manly nature; he stood Tfct. uuuioved, undiuntod; his eye beaming with its wonted tire, and his arms folded aorois his baeast in the full repose of an upright conscience ? Healthily inclined bis heud to tho jury, and attain resumed his erect and firm benring. A convulsive sob was beard for a moment throughout the court, and again all was still. The Foreman of the jury essayed to say something, but bis Belt-possession seemed to fiil him, and h^ said, in a barsh under tone, to the Clerk of the Crawa ? Mr. Pedder, can't you read the rest Tbo Clerk then read from the paper wha* follow! : ? We earnestly rccummcml the irUoncr to the moreilnl u insMe. ration of tlio iji vm ment, the jury luiug unanimously ot' opinion that, lor many rtmons, l is life should be spare11. for ulf and fellows, RICtlAKD M.S. MAN'SEltAGtl, Chairman. The Clerk of the Crowu then resumed hi* seat, and for about five minutes an unbrnksn silence prevailed, the eyes of all bcicg fixed on the calm, self-possessed countenance of the prisoner ; at length Chief Justice Blackburne said in a low voioe, " Adjourn the court to ten o'clock on Monday morning. ' Proclamation to this eflVct was made [Mr. O'Brien wan then removed from the dock, and the building was soon empty ] jfcflnthe course of the afternoon Mr. I'alton was served with a orou n Fubp.'-na (on behalf of Ull ptilOHW) to attend and give evidence on the trial of Mr. Meagher. ] SENTENCE ON \V. S. O'BUiEN, ESu. Ciodmil, Oot. 9,1848. It being understood that the sentence of the law was to be passed upon Mr. O'Brien at the sitting of the court this morning, the doors were surrounded from an early hour by crowds of ladies and gentlemsn, of the highest respectability, anxious to obtain admission to witness that solemn and painful scene. As soon as the doors were opened every available place in court was immediately tilled, and it was easily seen from the countenances and manner of all how much sympathy und interest were felt in the fate of him who was about to be called up to bear the dreadful doom which the law prescribed for the offence of trtason. -ciintil the sitting of the court, a low. Lushed conversation was carried on, one question being anxiously afked by all, namely, whether it was possible that the govemrcen^wouldsufferthe scntenca of the law to be carried into effect, if the points reserved in favor of Mr. O'Brien were ruled against him ? The judges took their seats on the b-neh. at a quarter past ten o'clock, when the most solemn silence at once prevailed in court. The crown counsel were not in attendance for some time after their lordship* ascended the bench, and daring the interval the most intense anxiety prevailed. The most painful interest was felt to ascertain if there could be collected from the words of the judge who was about to pass sentence, any assurance that the recommendation of the jury would be attended witli the effect whieh all so arlent'.y desired. So deathlike was the stillnrs in conrt that you could hear a pin fall. At 25 minutes after 10 o'clock, the Attorney General entered the court, and. addressing their lordship1, said: ,:My lords, it now becomes my duty, in the c*?rt cf the Against Willium Smitli O'Brien, to humbly moie ior the judgment ol' the court upon the prisoner." Chikf Jtstii c Blaikih rnk.?li Mr. O'Brien in court? The Governor of the gaol replied in the afilrmative. All eyes were now turned towards the dock, and in p. few moments O'Brien was placed at the bii?. Though atttr conviotion for high treason, and though about to he sentenced to die the "death of a traitor," his appearance or manner was not in the slightest dt'gre.t < KHDred. He still maintained the saw flr/n. inmly hi ftl irff? ritill rllKr*ln tnmu I n -?4?a nf nir> n. tier. His astonishing fortitude of mind, and the testimony of a good conscience which supported biin dar ing tbo former part of this trying ordeal, did not desert bim at this awful moment. He advanced to the b*r with hi* usual firm step, and cool, collects, ani digBiSfs demeanor. Having politely and cheerfully bowed to the friends wbflip. he recognlicd in court, and shaken band? with 8uch of them as wers within reach of him, he cast a proud and dignified glance about the oourt. and with the most perfect composure and fearlessness awaited the sentence of the law. The profound silence that prevailed for several minutes, was broken by the clerk of the crown, saying: "William Smith O'Brien, you having heretofore stood indicted for that you with ctliera"'? Mr. Whitkiidk hern interrupted the officer. and siid he thought that was the fitting time to make an application In arrest of judgment, as he found by the act that the proper lime to apply to the court as to the reservation of matters that occurred was after tli<* conviction. lie, {therefore, asked the court to reserve ' these questions?first, whetbrr the three speeches delivered by'Mr. O'Brien,'in the months of March and .April, ought to be admitted in evidence azaiust him ; ! secondly, whether the circumstances detailed relative to the meeting of th* 21st, should be admitted against him?on two grounds, counsel contended that they ; ought not. because Dobbin, the informer, was not con! firmed, and as Mr. O'Brien was absent from the meeting ; and thirdly, whether the contents of the portmanteau should b? received in evidence against nim. There was a fourth question also, which be would state to the court. He moved an arrest of judgment, or the part of Mr. O'Brien, on the grounds stated. Mr. Whiteside then proceeded to enforce his motion in an argument of ^reat ability and considerable length He was replied to by the Solicitor General The motion was ultimately refuted by the court. THE SENTENCE. The ( lrrk of the Crown, having read over the indictment, addressed Mr. O'Brien, and said?To thin indictment you have pleaded '-not guilty." and put yourself upon your country. That country has pronounced you guilty. What have you now to say why the sentence of the law should not bo pa?sed upon yen ' Mr. O'Baii rc in a calm and firm voice, addressing the judges, said My lord*, it is not my intention to enter into any vindication fny conduct, however much I might have dc'ircd to avrvil my" relf of opportunity of doing to. I am perfectly satistiod with the eonsotoiunew that I have performed my dntj to my courtrv ?that I have done only that which. in my opinion, it was the dntyofeYevy Irishman to have done; ami I am pr?|??J n?v t" abide tlif c<in!*i|Ucnce? of having j< iT- nrcil my duty toiny nativ* land- I'rootcd with your rentetce. On the utterance of these words. a d?ep murmur followed by a burnt of appleuce, filled the court. but it was at once suppressed. Mr. O'llrlrn then stepped back a pace from the front of the Jock, and,' folding his hviiis across hi* breast, looked steadily at t)ir> judge*, and made a light inoilnati m of hi* head, pre serving. In this trying moment the sacie calm composure which has characterised bis b*atin? throughout the tventful progrt ** of this memorable trial. Alter the lapse of a few moment*, ( hief Justice III irkiii r.\c. proceed, with slow m I imptefSlT* accent*, anil amldi-t the m??t profiund silence, to pronounce the anful sentence of the court He ?ald : ? William Smith O'Brien, vf-?r * lot'?, t "' ent, anl l!?*mri?u< trial,* jtirT of prarcountrv lits f?u>id yvu guilty t hl<h tr *'>n. Tiair verdict ??* in ii,pa- k l by a riw>i inundation t" t'.a ir.rri'ji if ti e rrnwr' :ir.<l 'hat t" < mmtnd.ilion, s ' is o"r dn' y. w hall send lotwsrd t? the I <>r<l Lieutenant. to whoo\ in jun niuu know, tsclt-ively helotR*'he povicr to comply with It. It now rrmsliK for in to prom once thai sentence I y which the In w marks lie i in unity < t j?nr jrnilf. and aim" at the prcven ion of similar crimen hy theeismp'" ?i d the infliction . I a terrible l UBllhrncDt. (Marked yns#?ion in the court ] Oh' that yen would refl ect upon tint crime, and dwell upon it in sinccr rspen'aBC" and nnioi're, Olil that yon w ould retard It aa It Is regarded lycv, 17 1 rational being?that jou would foel aad know thai it i? nally and substantially as repugnant to the interests oi humanity, tin prccepti and spirit of the divine religion yon ptofes*. a*H U t<> ihe potitive la*', jour violation of which is now at.sndcl by the forf< Ituie i f y iir life. (Great sensation.) The words which you have sddmred to the court forbid me?I say It with pain and sorrow?from pfoettdirg any further nn this suojocf. It now only remains for the court to pronoun 0 tbeicatcnee of tliclaw. f Hare their l> rdships. without the slightest apinrent emotion, put *u their black cap*, which canted a thrill of horror to pervade tho crowded court] That sentence it, that you, William Smith O'llrlen, be taken from heme to tho place from whence yon came, i.d be tteiice drawn en a hurdle to the place of execution, and 11 there lianged by the n(?k miHt yon are dead and that afterwards vour head shall I.severed from your body, and your body divided Into fonr quarters, to be dirjoeed ,if ai ficr Majesty shall think lit. And may (iod hare merty on yeiir S"ul. The judge* then hastily retired flrom tho bench. Daring the dellyery of Ihe preceding sentence. the derpeft and most profound senvatlen pervaded the court; * It drew toward* a clone, the ezeltament became more marked and Intense; but when the last barbarous provision* of the sentence were pronounced, the public fueling could only manifest Itself by stifled sol* and broken murmur* of sympathy far the herolo man, who alone was unmoved daring this awful ?cana whose lip alone did not quiver?whose hand alone did not tremble?but whose heart beat with the calm pulsation of consclou* guiltlessness and unsullied honor He bowed cordially to hi* counsel, who were eeparated from him by a bench, and warmly shook hand* with Mr. Tetter, Dr. Gray, and Mr. O'Hara, who stood beside the dock Mr. O'Brien then retired with a demeanor at (< mjiosf d and a step at firm, M If he walked W YO ING EDITION?THURS: a free man upon bia native noil, lnfltead of being a pri- " soner, whoee life and inheritance are at tbe mercy of 1 an l^nglith minister An eminent Queen's counsel, * who was present during tbe awful ordeal. w?i heard to a give utterance to a sentiment. so truthfully graphic, v that we record it in full: "Well." salJ he, b!s eye? full, h and bis countenance flushed with emotion, 'never was ' there such a scene -never such true heroism displayed ; ij before. F.mmet and Fitigemld, and all combined. did : r not come up to that? so dignified, so calm. ho heroic. I ? He Is a hero.'' Such, too. wax the piniun of a'.l who | t beard the words and witnessed the manner of Mr. 1 J O'Brien previously to the passing of the sentence-such ^ was the opinion of all who fallowed hU retiring figure i 0 from the dock. nith tearful eyes and sorrowing heart*, j |, On leaving the court. Mr. O'Brien was conducted In j u the van to the gaol, strongly guarded by a body of no- it lico with bayonets fixed. The cortege was accompanied ' by a large concourse of persons, many of whom testi- JJ fit d. by tears and lamentations, their deep and heart- v felt anguish at the fate of their distinguished country- t man Wo ui.derstand that Mr. O'Brien will be per- u mltted. for the present, to occupy the apartments ? hitherto appropriated to him, and that none but the members of his own family, or bin immediate relatives, will be allowed to see him. The Liverpool correspondent of the New York Htrald i in speaking on this subject, says : ? No one believes, or believed, that the sentence would ? be carried into effect. Think, then, how startling was 1 the following extract frcn a letter posted at our Kx- " change news-room, on Thursday :? p Dviiuk, Oct 11. Smith O'Brien is to lie lung- d, drawn, and <|Uartcred, on Sntur- ' day i.ex I. at rloume). The I*rd Lieutenant will not listen to t niH' V. I ?it is dettimlned toi urrv tlie sentence into effort to 111) o letter. I.mty O'Brien (Smith O'Hrien's mother.) Ua< flown to tlio | ijvecn, l ot tl e will Kiin ely have time to do any oud, a" the only left JJullin this Booming. [From the Kreemnn s Journal. October 14 ] The public will hear with feelings of astonishment and grief that, notwithstanding the many grounds I which existed for anticipating a different result, the 8 jury have returned against Smith O'Brien a verdict j 'ot guilty. i t I '1 hi' jury have accompanied their verdict with an ; earnest recommendation to mercy '1 hroughout the course of the trial, there was much reason for hoping that the jury would have arrived at ' u different conclusion. Thin hopy was raised to a high < pitch, when, at tho close of the proceedings, by a neem- 1 ingly providential interposition, the prisoner wan en- i ubltd utterly to demolish tile evidence of the govern- < ineut witness?the informer Dobbin But the event. i has disappointed expectation. The jury have pro- 1 | nounced Smith O'Brien guilty. Of the demolition of the informer's evidence, our I | rcadeiM will tind more elsewhere. It was utter and 1 complete. A respectable witness, a student of Trinity I College. Mr. DaHod. a 1'iotestunt and au auti repealer, j 1 i thoroughly trustworthy, though in unpretending uir 1 cuniftanees, accidentally reading in a newspaper, some 1 | da) b old. the i vidence ot Dobbin, was struck with a re- ' collection of a singular conversation which he had had 1 with that individual, in which he, Dobbin, bad actually revealed to him his intention of counterplotting, on the avowid basis ol perjury. Mr. Dalton having called at this office late on Friday night, to publish a letter revealing the infamy, but Without the least idea that any evidence of his could be made available for the trial, which indeed he believed to be over, we iramej dintely ordered a special engine, and though unable to ( have it ready for departure until half-past four on Saturday morning, wo were still enabled to reach Clonmel ' with the witness and an eminent counsel,te whom the 1 I country is indebted. Mr. O'llea. at the hour of ten i j o'clock. The court had sat an hour before. The Chief Justice was completing his charge, which he bad part- 1 ly gone through the evening previous; but such was f the importance of the new evidence announced, that i afttr hearing coumel in chamber, and by consent of the crown, the witness was examined. Dobbin wai utterly demolished; but the jury, it appears, thought. ' that enough remained to enable them to find the prisoner guilty: , | EVIDENCE ON WIlIi'Il SMITH o'llRIEN WAS CON" ] V1CTEI). We copy the tollowing from the Freeman's Journal. J I When it is known that it wa* uialnly on the testi- , menv of the villain Dobbin that the patriot O'Brien '< I has been convicted, our readerB can appreciate the ] baseness which the government is guilty of. | NAUR ATI VIE. j j How the Evidence ogaimt the Approver turned u/i, and < how it was made available. \ ' * About i-ix o'clock on Friday evening. Henry Dalton, j a classical teacher, and a student of Trinity College, ! apparently one of that meritorious clasn of pernor?* i who. ngainst straitened nlfnamrt?l? . *nd unreruit> .ting toll, bolh of study and of ill-requited teaching, i maintain an unflinching ?truggt? to acquire for tb^m: reives a high education, a collegiate position. and a : proftfsioD. called at the office of tne Freeman's Jour- i I Italy In order to for publication a letter ryxpeot ' ing the evidence which had been given by an ap- i 1 prover iiaiiu d Dobbin, on Smith O'Brien's trial. at i [ Cionmel. lie was on that occasion, informed that < none of the gentlemen who were responsible for the i 1 conduct of the paper were then in the office, but (Iit 1 some of them would be in the office between 10 and 1- < o'clock that night, lietwern which bourn h>>. was invited 1 to call xgain. lie did. accordingly, rail bet,w??n ten ( nnd eleven o'clock, when he found Mr. M'Devitt in | the office. Mr Wilson tiray, the brother of Dr. (Jraf 1 | (Dr. Gray was absent in Cionmel,) and other gentle- I 1 men, happened ftlso to be iu the ofiiae. Mr. balton I ; stated that in perusing at a tavern, on Thursday, (the t previous day.) a copy of the PVeeman'11 Joiuntl. of the ' . Monday before, he had, for the first tiij>, swn the evidence of the approver. Dobbin, a.:, given against Smith O'Brien at Cionmel; that t'uig evidence brought to his r? collection that he Lad had two remarkab'e interviews with this man.; that although it was too late to be of ' i any ?N to Smith O'Brien, justice compelled him to ' give to the public an account of these interviews, ) which would bhowthat the testimony ot this man was utterly unworthy of reliance. He ndd?d, that he 1 did this with much reluctance, inasmuch as it would scarcely be creditable to him, who aspired . to n protection, to publish himself as one who was in the habit of entering public houses, al; tbcugh it might readily suggest itself to tbe coupiiJerate. that his nresent hiimlile mail* it fultnble to him to go into a public house, when por- ' sons in more afllueut circumstances would go to a . iroie coolly tavern. Still, he said he yielded to a xense of duty, and felt compelled to o(Tcr to the public the ) letter which he then asked to have inserted in the ( Freiinon. He at the fame time stated, in order to ' wiirrHnt his triiKtwortliincsH that he could, if tie.-*"- ! inry, satitly the editor by showing him evidence that ! he was a atudrtit of Trinity College and a person of Inttgiity. lie Jeit that the letter should be published immediately, If at all. and he would, if required, at ! once, go for and fehow to the editor, his ecrtiflcateg of 1 clntiiral honors obtained in the prevlou* yeAr. and several testimonials from private gentlemen, clergy- ' men. and fellows of col'ege. as to his moral character and bis ability ae a teacher. The following was the letter which he offered for 1 publication. The original ?f It is still in the offlce of the hYetwau't Journal: ? ! ' To tiii: Iiiitod cr Tiif Fi , Fik?In justice to the Important a-.c no-* liefore'hejury, f r I high treason. 1 leg to *tate a few facts. Thou;)) dlfleriiig ?iucly I from the polliiral princip'cs of th; stale prliuiet \ and, more"ver, 1 havirp suffered mjielf. I consider viry ujrerely, from the agtla- ( ] t on punned l.y them ticiiir a Protestant ami an under jrr?<lua'e ] | ot Tiinity Colliao. Dnhlin, I am. solely from a sense ofjustioe and | I fairplty, cimpelicd lo ( htrudc myself a little upon yutir aecom1 Nlal|lfMt IlltlMattnHtl tf at ntnlwoM an.l h.iceet inM.c. I am not urkuown to soma cf the hlilc minded and ! honorablejnry who are dealing with the case of M'llla'n Smith i O'Brien. In the year I8.'52 and 18.13, I hail the honor of re i.tin* t in the house and family of Kdward I'cnm father, Es<i., of Marl >?, I as piivate tutor, and, on my retlgration of that situation, reeoiv- , I ed from him?which Is still in my possession?a testimonial, thin which none eonld potaibly he cn< lied in mrnnger ter-na, for hi ul 1 character, fidelity, and in tfgrlty in the disohar.' of the dutksof 1 my situation for'he period of thoee two years. I w a-the tutor < f the ton of the !. idL'hief Justice?Muster Rlackhnri"\ it l>in- 1 .atmon Royal School?where I h*d Iven re'Ment da< ical a*-Vt? i ant tutor, ttoiifh not pemnilly fcrown to hltr>. Though the ndinlsiton Justice no* compels me to make may. ' perhai*, J* pr?judictal to my temporal prospects >< esp'rlnT to an honi'ral le profession?that I had fallen into the company oi e Dold ln, a law f l?rk, vh<\ I lfliev , i? identical with tiif p""- I r<n ot that r.sme, n< holding the portion of a inform r I Mr. O'Bllen. al a tavern i ear Oe'.rge't 'tre.-i, nherj e>n\. r-?'i>i? ? |*-st>l he ?e< n I", ai d en- e snhse ,i:rntly to ti.S', l.y tf.eeting h:m . in the itiert. 11 untiorr mv*?lf called rpenatall Iir.I:< to stite . II.evirctimstatxetrif, tail only rejnt I cannotil' ii to the jut \ i1 v 'i-.m. c Iheie were thrte i?--ons in s s a* a .ir Iron me. diinl 'P - t i ~tnokii-{. and dlicnwlrg- iiam?'y, 'he political gtlevanPM o' y Ireland. I tin " tl? tin r*adlng the newspaper* oi the r j <liy. M\ stlen'i ti wi.s :ur t<il Ij ere of them pirMcnlnrlf, . I who affWmt ! I, mk tPert MrMIt and talen: .1 tit ' the other two. TI ?crw u!| a the free,!,, ,\ n- ?< I>D?mi!?<4 ?f twlui,.! I .. . .1 . -- ip e.he moile? of i i mi. t\ 1 wli I arMT*arJ? 1 , wtte Kni?n Catholics, tlioiul.t thia ocnntry coul I duly U- ,] ?trai <ipatcd l y moral force, and were. In mv opinion, rTntglv , li llue-oid t>y il c <tf"rinM ? f the hie H.n icl O'i cuim II. ti e nil r, who said he was a I*r' tc-ra,,t ?r,<i ,n Orar?c' ian "I tl.c North, contended list tl?r<? uss tint < no wny U> rid i'ii? " c. unlrj if Brltl.-h <fi mlnloti, and that wa? by for e of arm . he I. nt this:tre Hire pointing attention t'. the -urces* attendant p lit I'D the rc.-ult of the recent r vo'utlon in France, ami l. i .llw ,i claimed bo * a? lor a republic, and a dba-ipl* of Johu Mitc!i?'i. I I>ni the man'* varhneas and inf mixtion, I just snrm>- d'>? n Ight nave teen a dctective ; but from the character and raanm r * <f lift con>|*ny, I aft< rwardt altered thli otrfniun I waa cilled c 1 upon to decide the difference of political opinions lietween them; 1] tnd Icing rot-? lf altogether opposed to the aeverat ce of the two rointrivs and hostile to all iptatlm, 1 endeavored tooonvinet ( tl cm tl at Ireland would loae mow than ahe w ould gain byre ' grating the I'nlot*. and if separated from Rutland, would er faiuly fall hy it. 1 pf n thia, my attention was arretted hy a wink tl from Dobbin. It being eleien o'clock. we left the honae, and I w protoed<d hoine. Dobbin ran after me, and toon nvertoikme. lie told me thev ttMltd me to have supper with thcni. I replied it was toe late; hnt ultimately acceded in thia re>|ectt. Be then mid?"You are aright fellow: hut they two ate damned " I'.ipiata. 1 am mrry yon did not humor them n I did whence i P my suspicions were conflrmod me that I had fallen into dan- ft geronn company. I now reiohed to watch him; both hi* manner and cotiv?r?etl<n w ere very dltlcrent to me privately :?nd in com f( rnny. lie hallooed a picket of aoldiert. and threw a few stones at them, m hereupon I made the beat of my way home, when he again overtook me?told me ho was a law olerk, and took down mv residence adding he would call on mc again, and net tee to (J : Join a eltib. I said "1 would Join no chih, as In that caao I should t' le *i- lie I frem collate." lie then aaid, "I onght to know w hat he meant, and would I not prefer a government situation to college that I would easily obtain one by Joining him In a vstcm of infero-ation, aid making a caae similar to Titna " Oatcs, of high treason and conspiracy. He added, it would be a *' charity to come at the rognct of prieeta. a Thia < loeed our ac.|uaiatanoe, and I had been thinking of giving P him up to the law; but knew not where he lived, and <la notwiah to come into conUot with him again. , In some thiee wtcke after, the tame maa aecotted ma abruptly 11 in the stiv t. I did not remember him thea. ItwMiafmlty r tlreet, rear the office of the FW?n newspaper. Be I had tl j?saed him without speaking to him: when I replied I bad no o knowledge of him. lie asked me did I not remember Dobbin, . and the argument we had in the tavern. I said. " Yea." Be told I me' he waa arranging matters with the detaetiras and Colonel : ' Hr?"M-thM lit, ku** I F?! ft tltrw WJ?w fr?w ibt aftitcriy 1 RE I DAY, OCTOBER 26, ifcnner in which I confounded the r?pc*ler?? that nil this unau rom Ihe conduct of the nnTcniment in giving |il?oeii to l'?|ii-tu -nd that until the P?|n?t? were extermin ted, .nut Popery nut lown, tMnga would not come to ri|(ht8 in Iruln-d. If tneu lludfd to the ProtMtanU who joined them, who, he uricu'id, tere mcrli more criminal th?n even the I'aiiints. lie ?td he oned all the I riests would lie hooked iutu the .mire. iiml hen o#ly they could be put down. He asked me to tak? a Una of punch with liim, but he had n>>t money to pay for it paid for it myself. He said that according to the tenets of Popey. a Papist was allowed to |wrjure hitnself against Protestants, Ld rcceive absolution for it from tlic prieat, and that he would, herefcrc, consider himself at liberty to perjure himself against hem ; t iit ore man would not be beliered unles* lie wire baokod y several. He th< tight I would be a proper p?r?on, m the goeiMDi'iit w< rc looking out for such. I replied.'1 would not acept the Lord Lieutenant's income, and I*) guilty of such *11uiy," He replied, ' a man in distress will do anything to ^et lonoy." We hid a <|itarrcl. I called him a rascal and a blaekuard, and told him to .[uit my company. He said he was only lying me, and oould it lie |K>*sfbl<) a man of my learning did not now that he was humbiiggirg? that the landlords ol Ireland ere tyrants and villain, and if every mau was like him, there roulil be an tnd to the British yoke in Ireland. He Iiad adopted hut plan to sound men. and report on it to the club. I bid liim dieu. stating that I would sever join any political body?at the sme time convinced he was u moat unprincipled character. I now conclude, beech)p pardon for having trespassed so tar ipon your apace by this narrative. HENRY D'ALTON. Friday Night, October ti, THK VERDICT IN Ml M ANUs's CASK.

| From the Freeman's Journal. October 14 ] At Bve minutes to tiro o'clock, a rap wit" heard at he door of the jury-room. and the jury took their seats n the box The foreman handed down the issue-paper, md the most anxious Miupense and excitement at once NMd to pervade the court. Mr. Mc.Manus wan placed at the bar, where he stood tith the Fame firm and composed demeanor which so emarkably characterised him during the whole prorets of hin trial. The CleTk of the Crown having read out the names if the jury, to which they respectively answered, lilted?"How say you. Is Terence B?ilew Mc.Manu* ullty or not ?" The foreman, in a low voice, replied at once - Guilty. The Clerk of the < rown said--'That the jury idded the following recommendation *Ve earnestly recommend the prisoner to the merciful conidcratiou of the Crown. For aelf and fellows, samuei. W. BARTON, Foreman, \nd then added?"Look to liim. gaoler.'' The undaunted man whose life wa* by thia awful fcrdict forfeited to the law, an.I p!a>:etl at the disposal if the government, did not for an instant <|uail, or sven cLange color, upon iti-' announcement, lie heard t with extraordinary nerve and resolutior, yvt with a 3u 1 m and resigned air that Ptruck with aitouiihm ent ill who witnessed his manner and bearing at so disLreisix g a uicment. Chirk Jcsth'e Blvi kuurnk?Let the prisoner be removed. Mr. M'Manus extended his hand over the bars of tliu dock,rand having shaken hands with his junior i \intel. Mr. O'Callughan (Mr. Butt was not in court) he n.ade a slight inclination of his head to the court, ud was taken into custody by the turnkeys and removed to the apaitment beneath, preparatory to bw :r?semiisl0n back to prison. Our LnUnt Liverpool Correspondence# LnKRroOL, Oct. 14, 1848?8 1'. M. The Stale of Kid opr.?Tht Cholera in England?The Sentence of McMunus. We have not Tery flourishing accounts to send you >1'the state of commerce in this country, nor yet of the political condition of I'.urope in general The European revolution (as the Mtrt ury observes,) as yet, gives ao token of subsidence. The latent foreign news jublit-bed in the journals of this country, constats generally, of an account ol the movement* of armies; ind our own news fills column after column with the tpeechcs for and against the high treason prisoner at he bar. Twenty-three cases of the cholera had occurred at Edinburgh. up to Tuesday last, and seven at Newliaven, and four fresh cares are reported to have ap>ea ed in London. In Hamburg, it appears the notion if the dlstase being contagious has been universally iDd entirely abandoned. The London Timet, of yesiersay. fays The highly favorallc charge in the weather, it is to be hoped, iaa checked the |irop(fi of tatal chi'lura cases in the metropolis, inly ere fatal case wa a repot ted on Thursday?that ot a peraon n the Tower, 'flit! attacks of diarrbna were reported to be imMHUIMime, Willi, hottevir, very satisfactory rutementa if the suecess ot the treatment rf commended lor chocking the list ate at once in the tirst stage, or in ila premonitory ayiuptoina. llere, in Kngland, the early winter seems to have set in?the mornings and evenings ar? it?t?nr,ely cold: what beet>r.-e of 'he outstanding harvest in Ireland I clfcii t know, .Aye, you may stare when I say outstanding barvtst, and this the 14tli of October; but I waf afMired by a gentleman, who ten days ag? travelled in na east, to \mt in Ireland, that it was quite a mistake to mppofe that the harvest in that country i< as got in; to this nu ment I support thtt not more Ibac cue-half cf the grain crops is Fecured ; and accounts again state that the potatoes are as liad as they ;an be. and that fhnrtly there will be nooe. Our stick* of grain are. however, enormous. Duiirg the'last. five days we have had the wind from he nortliearr. almort without variation ; und as the Miromettr is high, and inclined to rise, it will probably ( Mil vie irem inni ijuarier. 9 50, A. M. The Irish mail bag just airlved. McManus has ie? u renteneed to be bung and quartered! Tills js a]j have time to communicate. I hope yott Will be able lo (leclphtr this Highly Important t'ruui A list rl??In murecllon at Vlciiiin. [l*'rom the London Times. Oct. 13.J \Vc hive received information of the outbreak of a new and terrible insurrection at VienBnnnthe Oth mat. It appears from the accounts in the (ierraan paper*, which are confirm?d by private advic?a, a? well is by travellers who have arrived in London direct from Vienna, that the military having refused to march against the Hungarian*, part of the National [iuards joined in the mutiny; barricades were erected. :he tocsin was sounded, the arsenal bombarded and acfcfd, the Minister of War, Count Latour, was killed, ind bis naked body expored on a gibbet. The Sile<!an and llerlln papers are filled with the following iletails of these a rocious proceeding*: ? Ureot excitement prevailed in Vienna on the 5th nst., in consequence of th>: publication ?f the Kmjetor's proclamation sgainit the Hungarians. Public pinion bad already been put on the alert by the concentration of large masses of troops in the vicinity of [he capital, and the ferment was (till increased, when t was said that the dissolution of the Hungarian parlament, the appointment of Baron Jellachicb to the Lord Lieutenancy of Hungary, and all the other mea ures contained in the late proclamation, were but the Inks of chain which was to bind Austria down to what be *as previous to the days of March. It was whispered ?t fir 't by the demagogues. and afterwards loudly proisted.tbat the,military, and especially the German gr? nadiars. were in favor ot the popular cause. F.arly n the morning otthe Cth the grenadiers were ordered lo march and join the expedition against the linn;nrfaDS They did not, Indeed, refuse to quit tbelr l>airail.s. but they wire forewarned of their match ir.d Its(bject. and had communicated with the rori ? if National (iuards of tho suburb of Oumpendorf. in ?bich their barracks were situate, and with the Acaitmictl I.<(lion, from both of which they received a iiruuiiiM* iiiiil uiewuren wouiu ue linen to prevent heir dtpirtnre. Stich lEt-anuns *vere, indeed. taken The National Guards from the lluiidsthurm ?esemblt d ut G o'clock n IL? morning of the Clh. at the terminu* of the norl.ern railroad, ftnm which they removed the rail*, or the purpose of preventing the depertur* of th* rren*dim. The latter arrived noon after, and the outmnuding tfficer, Keelng that the removal of his roop* by rail was impossible, gave order* for their pro'ceding on foot to (iamerndorf, a station on the ine irrm whence he hoped It would he possible to licet thilr conveyance by the railroad Cut thi? .Inn too. was re.-i.<ted by the National (i nurds. the lumber* <f which increased with overy minute. A mriiende ?(Tectnally stopped the mnrch of the reginejits near the Tabor bridye Orders were given or the storming of this barricade, and the war lice being aware of the mntinou* disposition of he art nadier*, tevi-ral battailous of cavalry were n-tructed to escort them But the grenadier* rc**ed tie bmlge. *caled the barricade, and fra iriii.-ed with the National <>unrd*. The latter detrojtd part ?f the bridge, thus preventing the ava'rv freni intetleritig. I'.egiments of infantry were l.en dr?? u up to reduce the Insurgent', nndto entree obedience to the commands of th* government. r.d the artillery arrived at 10 o'clock, when the riotr* wtte summoned to surrender; thi* they refused to for t l ey had meanwhile been reinforced by the cadrniieal Legion. 1 h? partie* it* d ttw opposed r> one another, until a body of workmen proceeded to i'i*e a powder wagon and four guns which they efctrd without any oppoiitirn from the artillerymen, ut thi* act of the In-urgent* gave nevertheless the (rral for a 1'loody conlliet. The NaSrau Infantry tired three *ucces*lv* volley*, hich were answered by loud cheer* and i;u!ck dUburg?* ftf m the National Guard*. the students, and be OlMilen Tkt \??sau Infantry was aoon foroed [> retire, and cn being charged with the bayonet, their 'trograde movement became a downright flight. (Jen. ready. th? ir commander, was shot. The government vop* had twenty killed: the insurgent* flve There ere many wounird, but their number had not a* yet een **certtined. After routing the government troop*, the insurgent* tarehed from the suburb* into the town, where they lioed their gun* in the middle of the Cniveriity luare: the gatea of the town were guarded by detachment* cf student* and National Guard*, th* toc*ln wa* Dund* d. and a central committee formed for carrying n the war. At 1 o'clock, a party of the insurgent National luaid* were attacked on th* Stephan* Plata by a pat f of loyal National Ouard*. who stood by th* gorernlent: bnt after a ahort fight, the latter were foroed to stire into the Cathedral of 8t. Stephen'*, the door* of hich they then barrieaded from within, Bat the lnjrgents battered down the doer*, entered the chnroh, nd <!i*lodg*d their antagonize, who** leader wa* kill1 on the very itep* of tne altar. One of the city gate*, the Burgthor, still remained i po**e**ion of the government troopa. Three coninle* of aapper* and miner*, with ft>nr gun*, entered ii* gate at 3 o'aloek In the afternoon. They were at nee attacked and totally ronted, in spite af the grape nd canlrtar which they flrad from their place* Many rtham ware captured, disarmed, and confined In the ircr*ity building* Formidable barricades were IE R A 1848. I ........ " . v.m......v. ..... ?". > I'KIIV .> ?n going "U J He ">'? I fortifications of the city were occupied by th? artillery I of the national guards After this, the tide of iniurreotion rose to an unconI ({titrable height The rioter* entered the War oflioe, ' between the hours of 6 and fl. m-lied the cannon and I arms deposited in that building, and captured the Minister of War, Count Latour. The wretched man I was oondueted into the street, and then he was muri dered with Mows from axes and sledge hammer*. The j people tore the clothes and orders from the bleeding body, and hanged the naked corpse on a gibbet, where 1 it rmiaint d suspended for a whole day, during which the national guirds riddled It with musket balls. Count Latour's papers were seUed, and brought to the L'nlTersity. At half-past 0 o'clock, there wax but one place of refuge left for the troeps and national guards who sided with the Government?that place was the Arsenal, famous for Its glorious trophies from the Turkish nars The people surrounded the Arsenal. and demanded from the garrison they should give up the srms which it contained. They refused. A combat commenced, in the course of which the garrison swept th? Ilenngasse with grape and canister, and killed and I disabled a great number of the insurgents, whose fury Increased after each unsuccessful attempt to gain possession of the building. The committee of students rent several Hags of truce, summoning the garrison to 1 surrender, but the bearers were shot dead on the spot. ; The peoplo then commenced bouliardlng the Arsenal, ; and the tiring continued all the night through, till 0 o'clock on the morning of the 7th, wh?n the garrison furrendered. Those among the popular party who were not piovided Willi weapons were then armed. The number of killed and wounded is said to be very great In the midst of these scenes, the Kmperor ami the ' other members of the Imperial family left Vienna at I i bout 4 P.M. on Saturday* They were eeoorted by 6,000cavalry, and took the road towards Lint/. The transactions of the Austrian Diet, while the ! nbOTe bloody deeds were enacting around thern, are ! equally striking and significant. We give a short I . ummary of the heads of their resolutions :? j ?(?tcii VWcefc, A..If.?Several mtmtar* of the l^ft hh miMc, Mid lend an addreib to the I'residcut, M. Strohuh, aakinu t im to summon the n vmbtrs'of the House, in urd-r that t'ie effiiainn i I blood niifcht he stopped. Tim President refund to eniuply with thalr nqsMtt Hi doea not think that the natter ia auffl> cicntly important. Upon thi*, the Diet iwm without him. tiwUs ii self en ptrmanttut, ut alaot*another Piwidn| m the |. tst n of M Hmollva. | .v nn oiIkck, i"..11,? An r. vwciitive Committee, consisting <>l numbers of the't, is appointed. M. Lohner moves un address I tn tlie Emrcror, demanding the formation of a new and popular cal.iiict, vfth Messrs. DoMhnll'and Hcmhovstel In it; the removal ofBaron Jcllacich from his governorship of Hungary ; the revocation of tlie last proclamation a^iinsi th' Hungarians, and nn amnesty for those implicated in tlio riots of that day. The ; Bouse accepts the motion, anil sends a deputation to the Ernpe! ror. Ilall [f t Sum, /'.1/?Resolved, to appoint Mt. feheriot Provisional C'OD.niander in-Chief of the National Guards of Vi! ennaand the lulurbs. Resolved, to put a stop to tho combat iigaintt the garrison of the arcenal. Unsolved, to IsltlDflt the ! i>,ilitary commaider, Ccwut Auersperg, to prevent the inter fertrc* (1 tie military. I I'iiilit o'clock? Resolved, with acclamation, to serve out fresh I tirmorith'U to the Aetdemical Legion. .Vine o'clock.?Hf solved to instruct the directora of the Southern Railway that they will not lie alluwcd tu convey troops to Vienna. lliill-yo?t Eleven n'Clock.?The deputation returns. The Emicior v ill ooniider about the address, ami > rontiscs to appoint a popular Ministry, with Messrs. Dohlhoffai d Hornborstel in it. Tvclrc o'Cloclt ut Night.? Tho arsenal is reported to bo on tire. Resolved to i ntres t tho people to desist from the combat. Three o'clock A. M.?Keioh cd to inf< nn Count Auerspcr; that it is his duty not to obey any command shut those of the Diet. Sitting ov th k Diet ok t)l"rob>:ll 7.?Resolved, That the r.ew Proviait nal Committee shall at once enter upon its functions. Ten o'clock A. M.?Information received of tho Emperor's (light from his Castle of Schonbru-.n. The house appoints a commit tee to inMiiirc into the truth of this statement. Ilnli yiitl Eleven o'<'lock. A. U.?The Minister. M. Kraus,intVnna the house of'he Iinperor'it departure. liii Majesty lias left a proclamation tchind him, in whioh it ii said that he le?ves j Vicuna on account of its riotous dis|K>sitiun, and that at another plate he will take such measmcs t>s it shall iccin to him tit to adopt. M. Krausadds, that ho (M. Kraui)refused to countersign this unconstitutional and tlirentenirg proelnmation. Rrjolved, tint t tlie house invest itself with I nth the delilieratlve and exocnt ite powers, and that this tesoliitiuu be communicated to the provinces by special commissioucrs. The proclamation of tb<> Kmperoris as follows ? ' I have dore all that a fovereign can <lo for the nv.blic good. 1 have lenounctd the absolute miner I inherited frftm mv ?n?ou. i tor*. In May I was oblifrcO to leave l!,o pulaeeof my fathers, iud I k^'ain retimed villi 1J.>r guaranty than my eonftj dmco in my jiscpie. a una'i faction but stronit in iu audacity, j has pushed matters to the lint extremity. Pillaao and murder 1 itnn at Vienut, ami th? Minister of Witr has owin killed I j tave continence in Uo<l aid in my just right, and I Imvo tlie ncijM'fmrlif od of my OApital to ttud lueaiiB to oeme to th" ubu ( (Wee of my oppresied people. L> t tliocc tfltO love Austria :iud . lilerty hasten 11 round their Emperor." When tbe post left, on the 7th, the city of Vienna whs all in arms, und great excitement prevailed; bat there memed to be no disposition to perpetrate further | (utrage. The Prtuiaitrl. - Slant zanzeiger publishes the folio w1 ir.p prcclamation cf tbo Diet:? 1 ' '"The Diet l as teen Informed of tho fatal event# which h ire occurred in thin capital. It lias met, and a|ipealt to the population of Vltnna lor assistance in the execution of its arduous duties. The Diet is deeply sIHioted at an act of unwarrantable vio luntu, ly ?l ich the death of the Minifterof War has been caused; but it twsts, and, in so treating, It proclaims its Arm resolution, that fioin tl is moment the law. and the tear of the sains, will and ihail be paramount. The Diet has declared iteelf permanent; it is taking ireasnr- s lor the protection ol public order, safety, a id liberty, and it will proTide tor the unconditional equation of in molutiors. It is i ow makirg an appeal to the sotrmhn fotlbs riuoialof those of h's c.mnscllois who do not |K>ssess the > 'iitidtnre of theocunVrr, The Diet places the safety ol tho city of v'rDE.C, tne inviolability of the Diet and the iurone, and the Welfare of the cootitry, under tho protection of the National Guutd of Vienna, For the Diet, "The President, FRANZ SMOLK "Vienna, Oct.G." The Otit*rrtichi*che Ztilung mentions tho cf the Ban of Croatia at Raab. with an army of vlO 000 men, and 33 pieces of artillery. The approach of this army to the confines of Austria. and the direction of their march beiag from Haab to Wleselburg, and. consequently, on the high road to Vienna, appears of great ' importance to the OeMltrrtithitckt Xtilung. The French Hepubllr. Pari*-, Thursday. Oct. 12.?I\M. The greatest agitation has prevailed to-day rcI spectintf the minitteiial crisis, and Teiynmou 1 reports liave prevailed: one ot tlie most generally received is, that the executive have asked M. Arinund Marrast to take the leadership. Wc believe that these are only rumors, and are in hope that the Iwst couise that can happen will happen, and that the present ministry will struggle on till the appointment ol a President. I I IU I I,.,,,,,1,1 I I,. I I, I 'l,U,l?0 A II.A1 t <.,,11 OV.,1 himself of ilie catastrophe at Vienna to reconimfacetfae war m Italy. Sevenl <>i the generals in garrison at Paris have been ordered to-ilay to join the army of the Alps. A HftrtpRTiibhit . ill is afternoon that a great number of the German eities are in insurrection. These ar.d similar Turners have, however, little foundation belter than conjectuie. In ti e National Assembly, after the President had rectified an error in the numbers on the division yesterday, the discussion 011 the constitution was resumed. The Assembly adopted all the articles fiom the Kith to the 5!>th, without any discussion of interest. l'pon the article which fixes the salaiy of the President, M. A. Thouretproposed to reduce it to 100,000 francs. The left dei nianded an open vote by division, the majority a vote, by ballot. The amendment, however, was in gatived by a majority of u 19 against l.Ki. There hts been u slight disturbance at, Florence, which, however, iiad been suppressed without disorder, by the fir.nness of the military and police. We learn that in the insurrection at Vienna f-Vi were killed, whilst the wounded were ">00 or <>00 in numb* r The debate on the liberty of the press in the National Assembly .on Wednesday, ended in the (ejection of the proposion of JVI. \avier Durrieu, by only 34ii votes against XU>. A mollification in the ministiy was consideied inevitable after that vote. Our Krencli (om?|toiiilrnrf, h.ij i-rlanl Mot rinfills in l-'riinct?Thr Minittrrinl C> w?, Thr Prtiidenliml Candidtln?St fnrt in Pm t. 4 rr*Ri>, October 10. 1S4H. The event* of the )a?t week have been pregnant with > importance Scarcely was my laxt letter clojed. when the \*>emb!y, eoDPcious of the va?t in portanee Of blinking to n cloie the debate on the question of the election of tbe President of tho liepublic. brought the j n >bc\ihpi< n tc a termination at a late hour on Saturday last. Much, however of the calerity of this discussion luiitt, In common .'initio# be attributed to M de I.a| martini- 'Ihis illustrious orator and poet delivered i on I wdr.y afternoon. a *p??rh in thn Assembly whioh I will be ?v?r memorable in parliamentary annals I1 I war. la Jred, a bent of eloquence such as has been >a:< ly heurd, and may not inaptly be compared with the celeb rated fpfcch cf Sheridan. In the cane of War -rcn llhPtirg? The Afn mbly felt and acknowledged the magic of it* pow?r A number of members, more , or lets eminent, bad been inscribed on the President"* list, as demanding to deliver their sentiments on this important question With a few presumptuous and oontemptlMe exceptions. all these renounced their claim, and the debate was considered as practically , fettled when M. de I.amartine descended from the tribune, at 0 o'clock, on Friday evening. M de I.amartine 'poke in faror of the election of the President by universal suffrage, and not by the Assembly The ground* on which the latter mode of election were recommended were chiefly a distrust of the people, on the ground that the nation ?a* not essentially republican' and that, in trusting to it the duty of electing a President, It might perchance elect a king M. de Lauiartine replied to this In noble lar.,;iis<r?. and in 1 a truly democratic spirit. He denied and r?I enounced (uch distrust of the people at large; but, he (aid, if the people at large, speaking through universal j suffrage delare that they jrefei even * kinp. wfci w!|I ' 4 LD. TWO CENTS. dare to i?y that they hav? not a right to do no ' The frar. In plain language, Ik, that tSny will ?lect Prince l.ould Naoolfon as President Prince l ?..u v. i?, a* jou know, the heir anil legitimate successor of the Kmperor, under the laws which govern the succea slon of the empire. It I*, therefore, feared that if he be elected, thnt It will be an easy transition from the presidential chair to the Imperial throne. Whether that be probable or not, one thing Ift considered a* I quite certain, which In, that if the election take plan* seen, Prlrre l.oul* will be returned by an Immense majority We shall, therefor*, see the tmth of th? above opinion tested On Saturday various attempt* ware made by amendment', to intirilure into the constitution conditions which, without damaging universal suffrage for the Presidency, would, nevertheless. no aritrlctlt as to exclude the object of distrust All tnese amendment* were successively rejected, either without a division | and unanimously. < r by Immense majorities; and in fine, the Asitmbly has decided that the Presidential I chair shall be opened to the ambition of Prince Louis | Napoleon, amLthat the popular voice in the selection of the < hief of the State shall have no other restriction j than that of being thirty years of age and a Krencb 1 cilinn One of the most remarkable circumstances attending this voi?i was that It was opposed, might and main, | by (leneial f.'avaignai and his government NoefTort , was left untried to defeat It. i ieneral i avaignan and ! all his ministers voted in a minority of ill against (102 j Immediately aftrr the debate, the ministry all piarad in the hands of General Cavaignao their resignations as Is oustrniary under constitutional governments when ministers are left In a minority General < a valgnac, however, under the actual circumstances refused to accept their resignation*, and decide<l. ruor" ever, not to retire hlu self. Thin decision was wise an I patriotic, and hns received general approbation The Assembly [you will ob.erve, is In the >midt t the disous*i< n of tiie constitution They ar> no* at. the fifth chapter on the executive power There are Mill tmn rlisptri*; but a' tliey do not include so much debatable mutter us the former, they will t>" more speedily adopt* d, and It 1* expected that bef>r* the i ud of the prrsent week the constitution will b declared Ily the hundred and nineteenth ?rtio!?? it ill required that immediately after the passing of the constitution,and before the Assembly discusses the organic In we. the nation shall be called on to elect its President (ieneral Cavalgnan. therefore, thought it hi* duty not to embarrass the country by a ministerial crisis, enfthe eve of an epoch so important, and h" him accordingly remained in office himself, and prevailed ( on his subordinates to do so The candidates for the Presidency, so far as appe.irs likely, will be. besides Prince I.on Is. (ieneral Cava! ?n?e, M. de l.amartlne, and Marshal llugeaud. It is prob* hie that a scattering of votes may be given for ,M. Thiers, and one or two others. Marshal llugeaud will receivo, by faclt agreement, fhe votss of the Orleanist party. It is now said that the legitimists will give their votes to Prince I.ouis. The professed object of this manoeuvre Is to push forward the Prince into a position which may excite his ambition to grasp the imperial diadem, which thu legiti mists feel quite sure that', he cannot retain, and lo*|n;: ^ hlch hn will open the door finally to llenrv V Whatever may he the grounds of this ation, it is now certain, a* I have already stat" nl m aom? unforeseen elreuinstances should i rv< !) that PriSM Lnll Will I* returned t<i t' -li-'icy by (10m four to st ven millions of votes. Tho following noted of the etnba which beret the Prince, appeared, within th< t*< in the Journals : ; j. Prince Louis Isrcduced to having no iU>mi< .1 wondering life in r?ri.<, seeking refuge aoroetli aonictimox in another; uot sleeping two night same house. lie baa thus alternately nought shelter iu Fished hotel.", Ku3 uo la 1'uix. Hue ile Kivoli, and Rin de lli iholisu, at other tin es In the bon o ofbla nnolc, the ex-king Jerome, or in that ol his con tin the PrincosMO Mathildc Demi doff, Ruede Cnureolles. If disai po'nted sportsmen place theniwlvcs in amlush al the di or of the house in which the Prince lodged on the preceding evening, tlicy will await him in vain, and they must npiln place thciivch e i en the track, wl ieh will l>e again lirokon liy these luo ssant evolutions. Sometimes, informed hy their spiea of the pise in w hich the Prince has passed th' night. tlicy arrive at no early hour in the morning, like hailifl* armed with a warrant to arrest; but the prince, dillfent a.< an insolvent debtor, has alrendy lelt. outstripping his pcrpeoutors. The necessity ol providing for bin safety compel* him to to out at sunns', "hut up in n catriage, with the blinds down. A promenade on foot is almost interd cted to him. He rai ly makes one 'and when be d"ea, in almost alws>!< alone, escorted, however, by bis faithful dim, the mcst intelligent ond ugliest of nil ktiftwn dogs, l,ik> many tfisoripgc* ol' our dnjs, Hum has taken the name of tbs ida<"e ol | his birth. He ? as born in the fortress In whleb the prince was detained and he attached l.imiell' to the prisoner, w ho received him In t| ite of his ugliness, ondwhoie rmiuihe oh armed by his ; tricks and ingenious actions. Ycu must, however, observe that there la here 10ms exaggeration. It in true, that lor the first week or so i after hi' arrival, in order to avoid a popular movement i which his friends advised him would damage hi* cause, ! the pi luce concialed hi* whereabouts, shifted frerjuent| ly Lis abode, and avoidrd even the reception of hie i filetid* Latterly, however, this Is not the case. Me ia j now staying at the Hotel dn Hhln, in the Plaae Veni dome, where he occupies the Premier. He receives hi* | friends whom he chooses to communicate with, with all the frankness and olf-handednes* which ho acquired during his long renidence in F.nglasd. Hla manners are entirely exempt from the pretension and assumption which might be expected from his descent and his particular position. and which persons connected with 1 ro\hity so lr. quenlly assume. He takes bis old friends by the band in the most warm and cordial manntr and converses freely with theui, not only on general topics, but on French politics, and on his own pro<; j.ects In t>erron, without possessing any particular | clr.ims on tne score of appearance, he is well looking, with regular features, gray and expressive eyes ami thick muatauheo*. The common lithograph prints in l'arls are an excellent resemblance of him The Committee of Finance was yesterday occupied with the bill relating to the property of the royal family. The bill maintains tho sequestration laid on the property, hut authorises the State to mortgage ami borrow, in order to pay the creditors; the Minister ol" F inance is also authori/.edby it to pay a certain income to the memters of the royal family. It appear* that the king's debts amount to UO millions, whereas the sum* paid into tho estate, to this day, are only 000.000 fr ; in consequence, in order to pay the creditors, it is necessary to have recourse to a loau, until th< property can he alienated. Tho revenue of the do m ait it ' jiriri, amounting to about f?ur millions, now onlj gives a net reveuue of 12..100.060 fr. The conimitt) e charged to examine the bill for establishing an income tax. has reported that it admit* tho pi iocipie of ii tax in the uniform proportion of threo per r< nt. but without comprising in the income the profit* derived from agriculture, and without taxing the wages of woikinrn, and incomes inferior to 400fr . tiOOfr . and XCCfr . according to the localities The cemmittex substitutes the iwjiOt i/s ijuolifi to the impot <l? r<partition, and ghesto a cantonal commission the initiative of fixing the taxable income of each citizen >1. Preudhon ha-just published a pamphlet. entitled J.r Droit ell Traniil, rt It Droit dr Pt npi iett, in which he speaks as follow" of the party in the National As. terobly called the Montagne: ? The Moi lai'.re fancies itself to be revolutionary, Vitalise, a't?r its own ashler, it chatters ahout p jHtics and rovernin'ir : but It iii not Mmt all I lunni.t eomehe ilio terror. hatred tliiiiiina!! fii i'iifn of the Ration*! Ai?**ibly iii'pirei. Whit rott ot )utirdiatn ore the lonorablecit'iena Gambcn, I'el!et?r. Deviile. Priiea, Bitjk, Uuvinnler, Omm. J>n;"f d? Montry, Mjr tin Bernard with !?? a lit*fo hot, perhup*. but at tli? bottom, the beit creature* Ir t>e world: Ajr*col Pcrdhm'r, called Aviir l onrftin In Verto, ?o worthy of h's (onM'pict; Ct ntj.jrrtnt, v'ir |*? Mtc j Floi'i n. therniinliii politician; thu venerable . amoanlt^ ?r || n.y piind friend P i rre nx, tlie ni"?t inofTenaioe of gin * I.edin Rnllin alct c th- tef, at time*. ^cnic r. vohitionary aatrir:ti< n?. tind I find him, m(*r<? tl art any one, havin? aornn likenea* "> I'artor, r.i>d, thtrtfere, I hone hif |>art is not tinisbed. I'nfortn ra'cly, n<>*< vfr, L?.<i?ti Kolhr. it t>? Hie an Dan ton. October 12 for the lute tLree day*, we have been in a full mini?tt-rial cri?i?. The (?oy^rnmont, left iu a amall nicority, on Saturday, ( n the <|ue*tion of the mode of fit ctirm of the Tmident. lias hud ajrain another escape j? ?lt-rday. or. to fpeak inor* properly. a virtual defeat, en the i|iieFtlon of the liberty of the pre**. \ ou will, Jotbtles* remember that e\er (tinea the insurrection of June, tb* liberty of thepr<*? in Pari* ha* been ?u?pendi'd. and (>en. CuvaiKnac ha* been invented with ?u arbitrary, and <[uite nnlitnited, pow?r oyer thejojri a'* and the journalist* Tbif, he may fu?|?nd any ten'ptpiT at any moment, without reaaon aaainnel, ai d may ImprlMn it* editor* and It* writer*; and nob only nay he do this. but he ha* actually done ?o and tl ire are teveral journal* now under iu*p?n*ion There was accordingly ti motion, yesterday. ir> AfrtrnMy. that thi*| raonatrou* power nhoulri cease, *rd that the journal* ahould be plaeed under th? op? ration of the regular law*. "Let the laws be a* atiirpent a? you will (It wa? *aid,) Impose any r???trl<-tion. hewtver narrow, but let them he regular and welt undintcod. and. abOTe all, let the observance of ttaern te enforced by the regular tribunal* " Thin ti* opposed by the Igovernment. who. through tbe Minister of Justice. M Marl*, one of the moat democratic memtiers of the ex-Chamber. insisted thai the liberty of lb# press was at present incompatible with publie order, and that the government must maintain it* present arbitrary power over It By every effort which the government could make, it waa not able to obtain In a house of Mil members, a greater majority than nine. If. therefore, the Tot of tbe ministers and their secti-farles b? suppress.-j, the majority would hare been actually against them All this has made the cabinet feel that it* stability could not be relied on for a single hour; and t?-<*.?y, accordingly. there are. it Is said, negotiations to plaater up the frail edifice of ministerial power by the addition of one or two of the moderate party, so as to enable It to stand until the election or tbe President. Nothing, however, Is yet actually decided, although it ia not Improbable that you may bear the result by tbe mail which brings you this letter The National Asm mbly yest? rday. after a long series of r? rosrks from M Klandin, the reporter of the committee which had examined the proposition on Credit f'nttcttt . derided, by the large majority of S<W?the numbers being 17* to 340?not to pas# to the conside ration rf the articlea of the bill relating to mortgage notes This Credit Fon<ier Involves tbe oraation of a certain amount of mortgage bills or note*, or, in other worda. bills or notes having a forced curreney. and secured on landed property. It la a subject that has engrossed much attention here, particularly among tbe moneyed classes. As It may ba read by jour subscribers with some Interest, I subjoin a plan proposed by the Nitiotial journal on this subject It I* a subject which has excited so muah influence that there Is little doubt some meaanrea will be adopted with resrent to It. In favor of the landowner, who now Is almost deprived of tbe means of obtaining money except at a rulnons rate of Interest The says eleven' f?T? %n ?o ti i ^