Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 26, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 26, 1848 Page 2
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< rt it*<H of diKi:w<* Th? taaraiMj- mk! ? r r?*T?t it? bit n?l la nuMwn on ? i)-!** of rrr4if fmeitt rtliuiMcd to iif* To Mnrultuie the nrtri frf drvrlofifM *nd l?pro%tBf lUrtf. It 1U1 ic?|?v< nnr o?.r">n i?kn'?n. W ? h?*? niv.nuinr.l and w? Mill maintain. tr ?t IC IP *? -.v. ^ v^?? <uir..?v Wii< h of indaatvy* not by orwaiii n paper n* >nev. l>?t by toiiftcinff to ik ututi. n ? f cr dit. V* < art* oppoaed to Mortgag** not' ? i.a< Vf wart i* olhyatuma tvrwwrca ar bonds ba?ed on ifftl pr pertj The following i* cur plmn ?The Minister of Finance si *11 pen % bock of mortfnm credit; the receieera ineril fcc., ri ail he In* agents in th?* rieraruntut*; on demands beinfi made to him. he tkall i? nn bonds Wanni 4 |?rr rent interest to tfee ?f| hrj.nt* i%ft? r nil necemry prMintiPB* shall have beau taken to verify the perfect reali'y of tb* titles of the d?* nandants Die lsnd<w tier wl o to churn uch bond* mont subscribe ? t?? l?r? fct cl ilr S'n c n boiul bf which be shrill en|{lir-tlM ??jfi.u d \)+ rr? |*Tty which fc holds having been made?tc r?y m interest of 4 j er * * nt. an annuity cl I per cent for a sink irg ti?nd to pa) off the loan, and a contribution of percent toi ei|?i?s*a lb# l.nn, ?liv?.-*e4 into co?p;>naof NMfr. 2U0fr., 3f*>fr. and ! < fr .cannot exceed for rural pr- f*rry. other than buildings ?ne 1 a!f of it * valve, a? d i<?r bu Idiiss "oe tjuaner T1 e minimum of iin* I. an* St all Ik* : u tl ' minimum of the proi?rty servinj gn.%ianty for the loar. The Salle des r?-rJtif of th.> National Assembly wai yesterday the tht atre cf ? most violent scene M Thou*:-*, a rative of Mar-eMe*. and fo'inerly a ?hl[ broker at Airier*, we*, aft*/ the revolution of Kebrury named eoncul pent ral at Naples. Whether M. Thouars after liii arrival did Dot justify the confidence of th? Minister. or whether another consul-general mor? jualitied for this imptrtant post was found, the ap. poin'merit of M Thenars was revoked, and he vit , obliged to return to Kranoe On arriving at Paris, M, Thouars conceived hiauelf entitled to. and demanded a compensation for ir.tdiplotuatie diHllUMons. and was c(Ter? d the consulate at Guayaquil, which he declined to accept, and for three months r>?rad"d hlsdlicontent in the Salle des t'as l'erdus. Threats ol violenc? nirairn M Hcttell and M. Bastide are aid to havf t>een uttered by M Thouars in preaenoe of several witnesses M. wrote 011 u>e subject tothn Pre feet of Police. informing him that both he and M, lla?tide would go aiKt d. anJ of this M. Thouar* wai warned Yesterday at one o'clock. M Bastide Minister of Foreign AlTa'rs. and M HetreU. the chief ol bis cabinet. *nf paf sing through the Salle de la Pnix. when V Thouars m< t there. and made a nestur* as if he would spit In the face of M Hetsell. On receiving an insult bo gtoF*. M. Hetr.?u seist?"l v Thouars with one hand by the collar, and drew with the other hand a pistol from bio pooket. when a police officer and feveral represent at ive*. who were witnesses of the tfite arrested M. Thouars and conducted him to the offlct* of M. Vou.'lhe commissary of police for the Assembly. by whom after an examination he was sent to the Prefecture of Police r*m?, October 12. 1849. Tht Rniirse ami Monry Market. The state of political and financial affairs. must necesearily. paralyze the operations in public securitiesThe excitement to whiib the election of a I'resi lent of the Republic has (riven and will give rise, whatever may he the mode of election adopted, creates much anxiety. The Koune has been asiailed with all kind* of contradictory rumore, a* to the Austro Italia") queition. The rumor of the refu?al of Austria to the Anglc-1 rench mediation, bus. it is true, in gome sort, been denied: but it is still impossible to farcree. with anytnini; like an approach to that certainty which would authorise any extensive speculation, what ma) be the issue of events. It is more particularly at this moment. b?wev?r. the state of our finances which disquiets the market, and maintainsall securities at theli present depressed quotations The project of the creation of mortgage bills or notes for two millions, .still occupies the Bourse. and although this project, admitted by the Committee of Credit of Ileal Property, has been rejected, at least so far as gives them a forced circulation, by the Committees of Finance and I.egistion; still, fears are entertained that the Assembly wit' be lid to adopt some measure ef the kind, either threvfh the Eank of France, or independently of this establishment it was hoped that this question would have been at once set at rest, but the Assembly would net interrupt the more important debates on the constitution. and the discussion of this measure will probably not take place before the end of this week 1 he Committee oi ricances. in making 'ts report on the budget of l<-48 has contributed tn thpnw M,i-itf ;^?... i embai rassment on the holders of stock. Thin report "tated for 1S48 a deficit 01 314 millions, which will be baItnred by tb eseveral loans which have been authorised, but net a word i said as to bow the deficit ot 1849 is to lw met It is ImprsMbie to repeat the unfortunate add tioral tax of forty five centimes. which has already ..* ten :i.<e to roniauy troubles, and if the idea i?f the tacrine tax be rtriitd out. it wi 1 hardly supply a sum njUiia nt to the t?x of forty-five centime*. Thus. tLere is but one opinion on the Bourse, that a new kiaii must he negotiated, spite of the denial of M. <loudcliau:. aud bis repudiatoin. of the step taken by 1'evaux Co , i f London, to sound the feeling of the Kiiglith caiitalics. The uncertainty of tha conditions on which such a loan can be contracted ?r<- already felt on the market. 'J'he Kale of the Tr< s-rry account, too a* shewn by the last weekly b.-lanre sheet of the Bank of Kranr.e. is auj thing but ?a:i -factory The Treasury, whic*!. befoie the cf u.mei ci meat of the payment of the halfyearly dividends, had 56 millions to its credit at the Bank, has already drawn out 35 millions The balance in its T?vor is now only 21 millions, and judging from the crrwd that ii coileeted every day about the Treasury, the payment of the dividends is far from being lin shed, whence it is assumed that to complete its payment*. it will be cblif d to again apply to the Bank fur an advance of -5 million* on the loan of 150 millions. It is thus not surprising that prices were not maintain d at a higher figure, after the last settlement, but the 1 ives seem to have settled down to about 68, and at this price considersble orders to buy arrive from the provinces, which keeps thtm perpetually oscillating about that amount. It does not thus appear probable that the Hv< s will fall much below the actual quotation . although circumstances will not allow much hope of at y considerable rise: hence, in soir>e measure, that st?gnstion and heaviness which is continually remarked in the funds, which for toinu time have only flue- j tutted inconsiderably. 1 he holders of Bsnk Shares, who were very much alaiuit d wiih the project of the the mortgage bills or notes, sre now a litt'e reassured, and the Shires are betUr held, as th? y imagine that the proposition will be. if not altogether rejected, nt least so modified as not to interfere with the bank. .Vany speculations have been made in there securities, under the impression ibst no soon m the National Assembly shall hive dtciari d itself on the question..a considerable rise /rill tskc p'.sre Kroui the weekly balance sh?et of the Bank of 1- ranee UiaCc vp to the fith instant, it appears that the metallic reft've nmaics nesrlv asit was, the returns ot the present week showing an advance of scarcely half a inillxn in both the rune establishment and the branch backs The amount of bills becoming due i u Paris has again fallen off about three and a half millions; whiltt in the branch banks the amount has remained ahnut the same as it wax previously. The bill* protested during the week, at Pali", ammnteu to fifteen nod a half millions, or about hall' a million lets than the week befo:e On the ride of the liabilities, the amount of notes in circulation has inoreased eleven and a half millions in Pans, whilst in the branch banks it remains about iLetbme. The accuunt current of the Treasury has faVtn ofi nearly twenty millions, being at present twenty-one and a hall millions in all The total amount ol the metallic reierve is now 230.500 000. to 5t*> 500.COO of notes In circulation. Little or no business has been doing in railways and the quotations are much influenced by an account, made up for most of tte lines, of the receipts realised fince the beginning of the year, whioh, it appears, .hews a eenrldt ruble deficiency, as compared with the <sme period .ist ytar. Several companies, too. hare made rails, which have compelled som-? of the shareholders to sell at any rate, being unable to make good 'he au oi:nte esllt d for ? It is impcssible that commerce, manufactures, or ven agriculture, can resume their wonted activity, so long ss the National Assembly permit us to live under i picrit!ona" government- so n.uch do? s the absence of n regular government nlfnrd opportunity of all kinds f vjid m hemes and adventurous projects. The market b;^s therefore bailed the result ol the debate oil the e,iction of the President, on Saturday, as the first *t< p in the impcrtunt businets of consolidating a gov?tt.n i ct. List a' '.'i t *Tics rr n 3 Per CT?. 51'rrUt. 8 Hrr Cti. Treatury H i nk olt*. loan. Bondi. Hh'tret, Oc.. 1J Cn 2.'< CH 40 ? IMS ? 7 .. ? IS fK3S 68(3 22 22), 15?? - : 4.t :d t-7 .ss r* ? imo 'II 41 .<> cs so i* 7". 22)4 ? IS*' " 11. .. .41 ?> 6110.1 CO 20 ? ? UVS tin gjmnlftli Correspondent-** Mao?ip, Oct. 5,1S4S Tkt lm l to thtJlmrrkan Miniitrr?Tli? .lnob'iiy of the Spams'. Horn nmtnl?Mm fmrnltt, 4 < 4' At the moment I despatched my last letter, General isauuders bud us 1 told you. sent an energetic not# to the Yiom?r of l-onign Allaiis demanding in immediate spoiogy :.nd reparation for the outrage committed again.-t bis family and a complete exemption for his servant from the annojitce of the i.olice. and from di mantis for military eervicn. in default of which the General declared be would ftuku hi* fit and <|uit the capita! The reply w.m h* pr<mpt ?n.l p?ti*f:.ctorjr a* coulu > le?ired An immediate apology wa> mad*, and the r?'ji'ired exemption* granted; in iddition to which, i he < Tending tfMcial* were ilifajieeni II hi* been reported for rome day* pn?t. th it the < ouiit d? Montemolino had arrived at I'tTpl^nan and i ha' i > * lo fc : ve an id i bit lew with Cabrem. I.Hi.i Oetieral F'-uera*. bavin# r. turned to th* i'1 had re?oun d the duties of Minister of War ?iee?i <. N?r? .n ronve (Uently. cea*< ? to be charged wi b in; immaterial <!> part men t. hut retain* the I i-pj . 1 the < <> ]dcM. On the 4th he completed aytatiti < flice a> ; . H'i of the ( nb net. 7 he Barcelona jcutii? mi xtion It at < sletin*, the Montemollniit obl?? v ho ?t- v mi> rait ted to the government, is to ?rg.. i. i to pursue hi* former comrade* and jndi? ' tl irpiar.f <.? r< tr- ?t to tb? ?it?e*n'*J traopd. Boi t Oct 1 1 bree*, 10 3-16 pnper; Hive* 10; Ca*h P**- * 't I p? J ' upon* ti piper Bank of San I erdiBand not'^Ddti 1 to-day. Oiii U<illn * orrra|>on<leiice. Bit*lin, Oct. 8,1H49. Thc t Itolera? Panfiortt%tu. d the tint a *?agninary ? flair occurred at I'oti. laiu Th* gt ard- attacked *ome citizen* without meant of <i?l?nc? wbo doairad to be preaent at a popular meeting A *tranger who had left the town ton* the **inbly. received five wound* in the head. The bod.) guard* ?urroui:<J*d the tribune The aristocracy .* delighted congratulation* are given to the body (uaid* it I* hoped that civil war will at length break out '1 herou>u>andatit of the National Ouard having demanded of the Rtatf if It could restrain the soldier) , received a nattefact'ry reply, and th* comuiao last Ihrea'en* to put the town ;n a ftate of "(eg* Oar Switzerland Correspondent*. Bernb. Oct 7. 184"* Coniiritn mf Jlffain hf'v 'en GerntP} anil fhritzrrhtnj?Ihtpon'h'on of the Rrfuftt Reiutrtrru'ntslt f. The following note h?* been handed into tbo f?d# rai directory hy M. IUtckui. charge d'affatm of th< tit rrnin Central Government :? Bum, Oct. 4, ISM. 1 Attil thciinfrtunt'e remit (t the rerolutu u a:'i-npted hi ltd Vtr and n*t<? fo ti e tir?o I Duchy f Baden, the t\i nitiry , f..r tlie trout part withdrew t-> the 8* !?? '.orriturr. Ne \er l id tin titiniko ttcrtrcmcntf, though unt*d in cuntedera ' tion. am idea of di-mni din* their extradition. or i>l reauHni ; i that the rulit olaaylam ali?u J 1* refusal to tlie?, an Ion.- ? , tte rtfnpec* could l? considered as peaceful Inhabitant* o h'wiUerland. But that it what they have never heen, cr at leu ; ?hat Uiey have 1**^ during hut a ahort time. The refnj.-* up nlatiunr u ith lite inhahitAnta < I Southern Gcrmniy ; thcj ("ibtubu'.i 'l a r.t nil*r of scditiuu-writings: they endeavored t' ?is>en the discipline of the G. in an troops, ami producedsuch I ?t> B?lt?tion in (lie said 8'ates that to ploce on font a ennside. rablebodyof troops becase neceuaiy. Cirt'umnUiuces olliged 1 tfce Germanic Diet, which, up to the establishment jf tie Con I fral Frovis'oral Govervn ent, had the care of the common inte I rest* if Cerniany. to take such measures m were p-o|*i ' to prevent the |<rturtetion of tranquillity in the German , Statu. To that tfTcct it addre^nl, on July 3". 1."1S, to the directory, a note in which, w hilet exposing 1 it* causes of ecmplaint. it demanded atronjly that the arm id referee* should l>? removedfr^m the frontier cantons, where l liiev wtie tcninnir,: to exercue themeelvee in arm*. M^jor Jc l.iel, in the Bavarian atrvica, was charged t# hud in this note personally and to add such explanations as might he n iuired. That i_-eutl?-ttisn addreiecd, about the 3d of Aivust, 1^8, to t!w 1 Arrhdvke Vicar ol the empire, who had in the meantime leen I (harmed *itk the central power of Ccrmany. a reimrt on hii mission. appending to it a verbal note addressed to him by the I'resi. | dent of the Directory. Tlii* verbal note do. lared the complaint* I of tl.t Germanic Diet to be not well foutdeil, inasmuch as it appeared that, oi cording to the communications made by the cantonal KOTerrimrnts, trere ? as no question of the or^aniiMion ol any b< dy of refugtw for military exercise, or of their uniting for 1 ti* purpose of a agression: that,: on the contrary, the refugeos re* it aim d quiet, sni.ieet to a .-|?eeial control on the part of the can ' tonal autnorifScs, Who were lirmly determined not to tolera'.e that a* use of the riyht of asylum,' contrary to the interests of >' well as to the policy which she had tip to that iin e followed. After such aeclaration* and assurances the i poTtrnmcnt of the vicar of the empire could submit i to the vicar of the enrpiie tlie quest on to ascertain, if the mea.ures taken by the Gcruian Diet for the safety ol the German territory wore justified, ai d if the indications given by the csn'onil governments were tnie.Ptnive :ind his accompli ees whose | rt fence aril a itations along the German fl intier had called forth the eomp'aiMs of the Germanic Diet, a few days hac k made an invasion into the Grand flu hy of Baden. Rapine and forced fontr.luiionn cark d their pa; sap*. ai d their proclama' tioot only too well proved that the object of their criminal enterprise was tl e vio'ent ovfrthn w ol existit g order, fur the purpose of fuhst tuiing ("rit, urder the maj-k of libei ty, uie most terrible teir< risir. slid the most frightful deftpotlim. Although the valor of the troops of tl e empire, and the ntta*huient of the citi7ii>s to their constitution aud to leual order, hattied the infamous designs of then free coriw, however that event impose* on the government of the vicar of the impirc the duty to adopt such measures as the honor aiid lafety of Gtrmany demand. The preparations for this invasion could net I k\e etcaneu the notice of the cantonal geverrment. Nevertheless, this vio'atiou so flagrant of the duties imposed by the right of naliors 1ms taken place, a vio'ation tor which the govert.irttt of the vioar of the em Sire dtwauds a complete satisfaction, ami in tbe nhortcll olny. The central provisional government has been anxious tocxpros the high value which it attaches to re asterta; on the raoit amicable relations with the ConfeJi ration, l>ut i* a'so the gravityef the duties which are imposed on it relative to Germany. and it will know how to fulfil them. It is in oonf rmltj with thuc duties that it demands that the government:) of the CKtlM in which the organization of the treo corps took p'ao? 1 should at on> e procted to a searching investigation, and to the 1 nnishtrent of the functionaries and authorities who arc in fanlr, that all the refugees he iu.mudiatcl.v disarmed, and, as their oom i ] Ml removal frcm the cantons would be an ur.comti ntional act; ' tl at they 1* dispened to a suitable distance from the Germu frontier, and placed under the inspection of the police; in ttae that it be declared in a positive manner what guarantees can bo j given that sin.ilarevents, capable of suiting the germs of liberty in Germany, shall not again take place. Should these demands nnl le ccmplud with in the shortejt possible delay, tlie vicar of tht empire, convinced that it will enter the lists for lil>erty, and uol aru'imt it, and that it will have for adversaries?not t!.a Swiai I e< pie. lut those who despise laws and civilisation, will exhatisl nil the means, the application of which can be justified by the v io. latiori Ben ioncd above, of performing the duties Imposed by the rifl.t of nations, and demanded by the honor of Germany.? iiirne,Oc\4." The Federal Directory. immediate.'y on receipt of the above, replied to it. In its reply It complains of the terms em ploy t d by the central power. '-The note of , M. Kaveaux." it says. " is such a document ax is without a parallel in the federal archives, and inau urate.', in a fatal manner, tbe connexions between Switzerland and regenerated Germany. The Directory then defends the cantonal governi mints against the reproaches vbich were addressed to I tbcm M by Reveaux. ' It i? not in is in tbe Grand Duchy cf Bsden itself that the late iosur. rection *a? prepared, and very few insurgents took any part in it. Tbe Directory will take no steps rgainst tbe functionaries of whom M Raveaux speaks, until a special cafe shall have been made out. and autboiizes an enquiry. The few refugees who took part in tbe imurrectien have already been deprived t>f the I right of asylum, and all tbe others have been placed j under tbe turvfillance of tbe police, but tfle Directory must observe that the greatest reproaches should b? ouuimtu in iuc ^viiTuuirui Ul D&ueu llfeil Our Dnnublan Corre?|>oiidci>ce. BrraH*eit. Sept. IS. 1S43 | Compliiatiuii of .Affairs?JlvticipateA ure with Turkey, ijc. F.vents are becoming complicated una we are on the eve of a rupture with Turkey herself. So long as th" Tort* could hope to find a decided support for it* policy in that of France and England. it did not conceal its sympathies for a revolution, and its earaest desire to see Moldavia evacuated by the Russian troop? and ita destinies united to those of Wallachia. But now that Turkey feels herself completely abandoned by Europe, (he is much embarrassed to terminate an affair so well begun by her first statesmen. Kuat Effendi, who has arrived at Giurgevo. appears to be a man of half measures. He was received but coldly by the numerous deputation which went to escort him, and declared to it that he would only hear an expression of the wishes of the people in the capital, where he intended to go, accompanied by the Turkish army encamped at Giurgevo. 1 he Wallnchian people seeing themselves thus abandoned and betrayed on all sides. took one of thot>e decided resolutions which alone succeed tn saving the lib< rties of a weak nation The levy en matse was proclaimed. and volunteers pressed from all quarter, sixteen thousand men. well armed,are already concentrated ito the towns at the foot of the mountains. If the ' Itutsian timy should penetrate into the country, the government has resolved to transport itself to the i mountains, and to burn every thing in the plains, be! sides formirg a patriotic corps composed of the most approved volunteers. AH the soldiers who compote this legion swear to fijtht to the last for the liberties of the country; not one of them will survive ODe d< feat or submit to be taken alive. With tueh a spirit it is impossible tn be overcome, even ' should the country be itumlated with Cossacks and ('almucs. It Is a misfortune for us that we are so fur from Kurope as to render It difficult to procure arm* in the rural distiicts they are all busily employed in manufacturing pike* It is impossible to describe the agitation of the country. The Kussian name in devoted to execration. and all are declared traitor* to their country who will not destroy every Russian who shall come in his way 'J be people of Bucharest, not content w'.th exhibiting their hatred in hostile demonstrations, add sarcasm to their wrath. I was present to-day at a manifestation too curicus to be parted over in silence, it will demonstrate the real character of our people \ ou know that a Metropolitan has. from the beginning, been the soul of the re-acttonary party in favor of Russia. Now. this party is too contemptible to excite the anger of the people. Some old men who reglet their ancient tltli and privileges, and some young ambitious men. Jltrontented. and paid by Russia, are all that compose it In truth. It is to give it ftio mc< h importance to tall it a party Three times lja? it attempted to upset the revolution, and three times Lave its attempts ended in ridicule. Thus, the people hold it innoaccount and not one of its partisans have been made a victim of the anjer of the ; ? e At the first news of the grave complication of our affairs, and when all the country was agitated in the preparations for war. the people allowed them to live in peace and only compelled them, when they became the Id truinents ot Rursia. to co-operate in all the manifestations which were made against the potentate The people then true to their pnrpos". oti the oc-a?ion to which I alluue. went to the house of thn Metropolitan and obliged him to attend with .ill the pomp of religious remony, and to burn the llussian regulations and to anathematize all those who should endi avor hereafter to re-establi?h these regulations anil to govei n the country according to the spirit of tbii constitution. Onr ltM*kian < onoitoinleiK r. fir n.. <?:t OU In Id ? ? __?v ? ?Jn Enieule. The cholera has nearly ceased. On the 27th, thera wt:ie only three new rape*, and seven death* The number of cases under treatment on the i'.ith uit . wa? only 1C8. The Russian goTernment is every day becoming Bore rigid with regard to foreigner* entering this country I have to state that no passport will be recognised unless granted by the Minister of Foreign Aliairp. ^nj' foreigner desiring to obtain a paasport, is to a; ply to the Itu-stan ambassador at the court of the country to which he belongs, accompanying big applicatlcn with a certificate, stating that lie has never taken (art in any revolutionary movements, and pointing out the object of bis journey, the places he intc nds to visit, and the persons whore company he will frequent. Cur London O'orrrwpondenct-a Lonnoi*. Oct. 13, 1818 -7 T M. Tlr CIn.era and ill H'suhi f'ttil of the Rational Guard of Parii to J.ondon?Jilui tnivu, Condition of llaJv oil Stock - Tlitalrii alNeu k-- Tilhel'anaticict.Qc. We Lave had no orcutrc nee of gnat moment sine* tLe d*i arl uie of the United States. The cholera, with its ruppoied Lstcc, new foiras the centre piece of attraction Kviry one seercs to think he has got, or in about havlrg th? attack. The medical men are Ft ill vicing aith each other in communicating to the newtpsfors their stvoal teiredler-each, of course, maintaining that he is in pos?e?si< n of the true antidote. 1 he raise precautionary measures are being adopted as alien I last wrote, and. as a matter cf course, I the same exclWment is kept up Having inspeet?d the latest mortality returns, there does not appear to be a greater number of deaths than last y? ar, (taking into account the inrreartd population;) so that at t least f? r the present, the cboli ra nay be 'aid *o have cone little harm Mould it vitit us strlousiy, as I Utt<> e riuieik>d lo a fo iuer Ittler we b?v? <a^,tal aeatbei to support us ai d a med:cal stn;f no oooeUntatri f i t?<), uiembei of the prr,fe M >n travels ahovt ait b a t" i l<< t full jt r< medit ? in tuft ;it of t. ?i.u t ; . >t'.-.i : ? -nu w fear that is felt by the F.ngliab, really before there U any solid cause, remind* one strongly of the Kaltera Table ?A traveller vai proceeding through the desert, when be met the plague, who was going towards <"alro, to kill three thousand people A twelve month after, the traveller, in returning, encountered the same p'Hgue, and raid ?'(thought you told me you were going to Cairo to kill three thousand persona; there * were thirty thousand died." " Quite true," answered the plague. " I only killed three thousand, fear defrayed the rest." The moral in thU short dialogue is vt-ry applicable to us at present, and I think 1 may hlate with certainty that, throughout Kngland. Scotland, and Walt*, not fifty people have died from its < tffecta lately. ' London is just now quite inundated with detachmi Dts of the National Guard, who have come from , I I'at i? to fee the sight a of our metropolis. They travel t I frrni oLe mdcf the town to another, in groups of r . about twenty, or thereabout*, apparently enjoying i he > I rouble. About four hundred came uorosa the channel 1 yesterday. and as many more are expected in the j courte of a few days. Thus, you see, we manage to . I }>r?nive the evlttite cordinle, In n far more effective Htd satisfactory manner tban the late King ?f the 1 in t h nation ?a? able to do with all his intriguing niri hiuatiore. V cur readers will have seen. from time to time, the giadual decline tbat has taken plaoe, especially in the prices of railway stock About this time last i j?ar or pel baps a little farther back, schemes of all kinds were fetmed f?r carrying railroads from one town to another. The projectors of these schemes contrived to get in their hands, in many cases, a tolerably large capital, which induced them to carry out the scheme to a much more responsible extent than had tvrr been intended. The consequence was, they then laid their plans before the Board of Trade, and went before the Tarllament to compete with an opposition lice or. what Is technically here termed, on their merits. Ot course a large quantity of lines passed, placirg diieotors, shareholders, and every one else conixcted with the speculation, in a terrible fix. They tben n.ade call after call with insane rapidity; and if it was found these calls were but partially attended to, a bait was thrown out declaring tbat preference shares, to the number of one-fifth the original shares, would f be allotted, to receive eight per cent lnterett. The shareholders finding old stock pressed down in the markit, are compelled to take up these new allotments for their own security. The eight per c-*nt rate of interest is duly paid, as also a dividend upon the old shares. Teople wonder at the prosperity of the line, and begin investigating the accounts, when it is found, beyond a doubt, tbat the dividend, interest, eto. have l>< en paid cut of the capital, thus rendering the companies almost bankrupt This is the precise poal, tion of many of the lines, which naturally drives them down in the market, it is a very difficult task to wade through the accumulated mass of figures tbat comprise 1 a railway balance sheet, and. therefore, no easy matter to discover errors; but, if tfce companies bad agreed abont a year ago to the appointment of a public auditor, to examine the correctness of their accounts, all would have been r~ell; the ephemeral schemes would i have bten tummarily burked, and the hona fide lines have gone on under improved circumstances At pre| m nt. railway stock is at a fearful discount, as you will 1 ne by the list I have annexed; and until there exists , more confidence between directors and shareholders, i ' lf<arthata better state of things is net. likely to take ' | ]l?ce. You may judge oftbe panic t^at this has caused, and will Again came, when I tell you that from the 11'rtkly Shore Hit. I find that railway hills have been ! fanctionrdby the legislature, authorising an expenditure ot X'326,64;! 217. Of this, X'lUfi .'517,108 has been tirminally raised up to the close cf September, thus > leaving the fhnretolders in the- various lines still liable : for a'131,326.111. \ Nothing new has taken place iu the theatrical world | since my last, with the exception of the sale of the i Surrey Iheatre; the entire decorations, wardrobes. Sic , of which have been mercilf ssly sold by auction at ruin' . ous prices Mr Bunn is running his old stock operas | at C'ovcEt Garden, and Mrs Mowatt, with Mr. Daren- i ; pot. are drawing full houses at the Marvlebone. | A frtrfet row between lorne irishmen and some po. ! , licemen. at Great Crosby, near Liverpool, is reported to ba^ e taken place on Wedntsdny. It was merely a ! drunken frolic, and I mention the circumstance in order tbat you may not be misled by reports of a political oomliftt. or I thnnlil -v I : baring occurred at Liverpool. Although this is the age of re.*crm, there ara always , Feme people always ready to check its progress. I "\V< uld you believe that an attempt is b*ing made to ! restore the ''Right of the Church to Tithes Society," which has lately been going a little into decline' A Dieting of the member* was held yesterday; and. among a hoct of resolution!), pasted unanimously, (of course), it was decided to give to owners of alienated tithes au oprortunity oj' restoring them to the spiritual purposes for which they were originally ordained. Now this, perhaps, might be conceded as proper, if we could nirke suie that the D.oney would be appropriated . to relieve spiritual destitution, and alco moral degraI dation; but the reverse has been the case wherever > the church has accumulated large revenues. Judging i from the spirit of the age lam not inclined to think 1 the society will meet with much sympathy. ; Important Position of Aflalrs In Hungary. I JKrom the London Times. Oct. 13.1 I The struggle which has been going on for some months in Hungary, between the Magyars and the t : < roatians, has now arrived at th? extreme point of an ; open rupture and a civil war, involving not only the most serious interests of that kingdom, bat the , i peace and stability of the empire with which it is , ronnecWd On both sides the mask has b<*?a thrown a.-ide. and all pretence of moderation is at an well as the hope of a pacific adjustment. It wilt be rem?mb?red that when the National Ministry of ' Hungaiv wasioimedat I'esth, it wa?composed of man wtose rank, character, and connexions wi-re pledges ! of their alleciscce to the crown and of their resistance to anarchy I nder Count* Bathyanyi. it was 1 hoped that the Hungarian Oovernment would be en- { titled to assert the constitutional rights of the nation, j 1 and to conduct the work of reform, without pluming i into rebellious independence or seeial revolution. But the radical faction, headed by Kosonth and I)eak, j ; which also foimed part of the same cabinet, unhappily prevailed over the more moderate policy of its | eminent chiefs. The revolution carried all before It | Count Ssecbenyi, whose life had been devoted to the notional Improvement of his country, became, we regret to learn, the inmate of a madhouse , and Kog. su'h, at the h< ad of the radical party In the Diet, proceeded to dictate the most arrogant conditions | to the Sovereign The deputation which presumed I to convey those propofals to the foot of the throne was repulsed at Vienna, and their demands i per< uiptorily rejected, though they met with the sympathies of the democratic pnrty in that capital, who tee plainly enough that the downfall of the dcrnagoguts at Testh would be the prelude to their own ruin. i No sooner bad they crossed the Hungarian frontie* | on their ret urn thnn they appeared with red feathers in their caps, as the symbol of a Hungarian republic j j and of complete independence. These emissaries were I ill received, and even fired upon by the country peoI pie. but when they reached Pesth their return gate the sfgeal of open rebellion and complete anarchy. The Archduke Stephen. I'alatlne of the kingdom, whose conduct appears to have been extremely deficient in i energy and resolution, resigned his high office; and, in fact, from that moment the royal authority ceased ! altog* tber in the capital, although the fortress of Buda. | on the opposite aide of the Danube, was still held by the imperial commanders. It was in making the at- j ?<.??,* in nrnea < Vi. 1..1.I.... -f 1?.?- -1.1-1. ?- I . ? wiUCIl tuUUtOH | j Buda with IVsth, In order to produce in the Diet the . credentials with which he had been furuished by bin ! HMIltaBte tie pacification and a.'.minif tration of | I this distracted kingdom, that Count 1.amber);, the j royal commissary. fell the victim of one of the most | atrocious assassinations which stain the paces of re. ! volutionary history. As an officer and a* a statesman, this unfortunate nobleman was respected and beloved wherever he was known. No choice could hare b?en 1 made by the Imperial Couit better calculatedto allay j the h:firm which was raging in the heart of the kins{j dtm. liut tn the very morrow of his arrival, before the seal* on the packet which con- i i taited his commission of office had been broken, | i be was dragged out of a hackney coach, and i hewn down by the sabre of one of those aimed ruffians who now proceed from what were once ! j the schools of learning and piety Startled by the < ; enormity of the crime, even the niobof I'esth seeing to 1 j have paused a mrment. and to havf acceded to the I : entreaty of their wounded and gallant victim that he I might be ct nveytd to the Hall of the Diet But the ! sight t f his blood on th< gnt>gway of the bridge warty. , ed th?pOfBlll frry. and twR( th>* throDg of mis- ( en ants bad proceeded many paces, tin y turned agiin on the d< lencelef s representative of their Sovereign, j flew him with a thousand blows, and even mutilated i his hone rob'e r< tv.ains. The wretch, named Kolossy, who l ad struck the first blow, rushed with his drawn : dripping with blcrd. into the Diet, and was sa'uUd w.ih triumpbunt sljiuts from the galleries I No voider that a crime so abominable, and we should I mj "o mi| nraileh d If it w< re tot too nearly allied to | i tben urdirof General <;?x;ru and the more recent 1 1 KliUJi/b'sr (,j />uerswHi<l and l'rinc4 I.ichnoweky, lias 1 i roused the utmost horror and indignation. Whatever j may be the political meiits of the Hungarian cause, a j city in wtiich so horrible an attack on the personal re, presentative of the Sover? ign can he perpetrated with impunity calls for the severest chastisement and re. pr-sMoti. ar.d from that hour several of the most eml- J n,*nt even rt the Hungarian patriots bMteeed by their return to Vienna to disavow all participation in a cause siain< d by so mopsttous a crime. Meanwhile the relations which have all along (tubsistt d between the court nnd Jellachlch, us the head of the Sclavoman party, had become more patent by , tLe publlcstb n of m iii? >ery curious correspondence fr'm the campof the ( roatian fr?rc?s on the shores of I nhe italaton It was proved that the Itan had re- , celved promises (I inilitarv assistance. e?oeoiallv in I ti p materiel cf war. winch win ro greatly needed by | hlf f*t' mporanroua and motley army, from l.atour. ! tho VlnlMtrof War ?t Vienna; though at the Kama j time it had been the pr Hoy of the court to endeavor to "flri'n the ( rcatinn chief from a direct attach on the Hungarian province*. .lellachlch. however, wan animated by an ardent resolution to aavo the kmperor la ppite ot the dirktTectlcn of a part of hiaaubject* and the ti aiporizatlc n of hid minister*, who are held in check I y the wildly democratic a.?pembly now congregated Id Vicuna. He haa accordingly advanced, and though tcrariF have been iDduatrlotiMy apread of hla defeat, we i iifp< < t that the movement. which ha ha* effected li to mote tbnn the execution of a very ably conceived plan 'I he poaitlon of the Croatian camp, or, M it n ay more piipeily be termed, of the impeiial army, U one not only of great military strength (if the amount tf trt fp?bi nifflcient to cover ao large aa extent of country.) but Of flrct rate political importance Tha Kan baa extended hia left wing to llaab on th? Dannie, wbei ca ha haa an ea?y communication by w^ter with Vienna, and he may alao place himaelf in eonm ction with Comers, a little In advance on the ( pprtl'.e bank cf the river, if that fortreae, which In the greatest in Hungary, hold* out for the crown. Kight tin maud uienba^e a'ready proceeded to hla aaalitanoe Ik m N;oiu* ia Hla right wing reata on I.ake Balaton i.i.d th< l'ak< iij< r foref t, and cannot b? turned. The ccuntry to which hi* optrntiona are at prweeat conIndia one Immediately coofguoun to the lieriran futi tir and in which the Niagjar population doaa j iii t t r> dominate .At a mod-rate dtatan^e in hla rear I e ! i. a tin Stjrlat' ja'fe-. and the line of railway comn.i nirat1' n with Trieste nn 1 northern Italy; aa<1 to j '1 . r. 'ill ?.'?&It wi'.tu about two lay? maroh both from Teeth and from Vienna. An enterpridaf and resolute general in such a position, and with adequate force*, is, 01 ought to be. master of the destinies of tbe fmpiie

It is improbable that the army actually nnder the orders of the Ban, collected in hast* from the military frontier, and imperfectly equipped, is adequate at this momtnt to make the most or these advantage*. But neither is it probable that the Hungarian levies under tbe revolutionary government will be able to drive the imperlahf-to fr< m the ground In which they command all tbe resource* of the empire. This contest is no longtr one of provincial races, or local independence. Even the ancient liberties of the country, which will, we hope, be more respected by idi> court than they nave b?en by the tanaticai leaders ofthe people, are no longer the main question. Tbe central and northern provinces of Hungary, and. above all, tbe capital are in a state of violent revolution and open revolt, which admit of no government and no'authority whatever. To this desperate movenit nt, which ia the natural termination of tbe agitation of the radical leaders the southern provinces, and perhaps the majority of tbe population, are decidedly opposed. For the welfare of the kingdom, for the salvation of tbe empire, it is inditpensible that thin conflagration should be extinguished; and if the weakneM of the Austrian government at this time rendered it unequal to tbe taek, we should see Russian troops on the Danube, and the Magyars would draw down even the horrors of foreign occupation on their unhuppy country. We earnestly hope tbat tbe authority of the government will be restored without the necessity of having recourse to such formidable and embarrassing measuri s. Tbe extent of the evil Is now known. Jtllacbich is invested with full civil and military authority. Tbe Diet is declared to be dissolved, and the kingdom placed under martial law. Fresh reinforcements will at once join tbe forces under Jellachlch, and tbe insurrection can have no definite chances of suet bfs; although tbe violence of the revolutionary enthusiasm prevailing at Pesth is such that it will not be practicablo to reduce that city to its allegiance without tome decisive preliminary operations of war. Affairs In Italy. AVe have received lettefs < f the 4th from our correspondent at Naples. The much wi>bed for ultimatum of Kngland and France bail not arrived aud the stutut tjtio was maintained in S'cily and Nsples. Tranquillity prevailed in both places, and a suspension of ho?tilitifB was observed by the belligerents; but impatience was exhibited in the island at the long delay, and by the Neapolitan government nt the progress of their successful arms being intercepted. Tbe British vesselscomiog from Malta, in quarantine at Naples.have had free pratique in consequence of the personal interference of the King, and 1*1 being shewn that no cat es of cboleia did exist at Malta. Letters from Messina of the 3d inst , state that the Anglo-trench mediation had not advanced a step. The respective positiocs of tbe belligerent parties had not cbatged. The Neapolitians occupied Messina and Mela?zo. The government of Palermo continued to make prrj-arations to defend the city, although they were willing to listen to proposals to put an end to tbe war by negotiations. LettersVrtm Venice, to the 29th ult , state that M. i cnuLBno wns tne only enrcy of the government of Venice accredited to that of the French republic? Great ?t? the disappointment felt in thatoity at the non nirival c.f tfce 4.010 French troops promised by M. Baetide to M. the beginning of September. On the 11th, Admiral Iticandy. commander of the French station, had been informed that four steam frigates, carrying 1.0C0 men each, were on their way to Venice. The ndmiial had itnmedlutely sent a steamer to Trieste, with orders to the consul to despatch to Venice the Jupiter ship of the lino and the Psych* frigate, kit any opposition should be offered by the Austrian fquadron'to the landing of the troopi. In the mtantiine, Admiral lMcaudy recelrej a despatch from the French charge d'ullairea at Vienna, announcing the acceptance by the Austrian cabinet of the med<ation of 1.upland and France. This notice, however. was soon followed by another from the same quarter, informing him that Austria refused to extend ti e mediation to Venice, and that hostilities should continue there by sea and land. In this predicament. the admiral left without instruction* by hla government, acted on his own judgment: and when the Anstiian squadron, composed of three frigates, four brigs, and two steamers, presented it?elf before Venice, he intimated to the Austrian commander that bo would attack him if he committed any act of hostility against the city. Tte French fore# then consisted" of the Jupiter. Psyche, and the steam<is Asmodee. Solon, and Brasier. It would appear that the departure of the expedition from Marseilles iiuu hi ? 11 ccuDieimanoea. on leceipt of tlie intelligence of the acceptance of tho medial ion by Austria, for official notice of its arrival had been given by M. Bastide both to the consul of France and the j;o.ernn.ent of Venice, and the necessary preparations had been actually made for accommodation of the troops. Letters from Turin, of the 7th inst .announce that the Polish General f^hrznnowiski had been appointed chief of the staff of the I'iedmnntese army by King Charles Albert. He had proceeded to make a general inspection of the army Letters frcm Leghorn, of the 4 th inst . state that the tranquillity r.f that city had been disturbed in consequence of M. Guerazzi not having been appointed governor of Leghorn by the Grand Dutie. M. Guerazzi Lad. however, quitted Leghorn for Florence. after having published the following farewell address to the people :? "friend* oiid Bii tl.ert' Tour demands Lave l-r?a gcPorded. The complete amnesty you required has been prantea. The ?xcepifnral li?i, cast lifcoavail ever the fare or liberty, thill l? iaiMj min sjrain to bo i-pead oi"r it. 1 fnmt that) on have thus well utRittd of 1'nrcany. ?liioh will te uratelui to you I will draw from this well Ifloved land, knt my huart remains with jou. Y< nnro to have Joseph Montaiielli to govern you?a name dear to the \ rtuous, and an ornament to the country, ss much br his v?rds n? by his ceierous nets. Love him and revets him. ft jou have faith in him as he .V". confidence in yon. the work of the cat Ire*, full of dim ity and of security, will t>e confirmed?a work to which not I, but your fo'endid character hn so powerfully contributed." Letters from i'U.renoe. of the 8th inst.. mention some attempt* made by certain agitators to disturb the peace t f that city on the evenings of the 6th and 7th inst. Two hussars and an officer of the National Guard had been wounded by stones cast at them. The firmness and patience of the troops however, prevented a collision, which might have led to disastrous results. The Engllih Revenue. An abstract of tbe net produce of the revenue of Great Britain, in the years and quarters ended the 10th of Oct . 1847 and 1848, showing the increase or decrease thereot Years Bndi:i> Opt. 10. 1-447 1848. I u reair. Dcrreate. Customs ?18 418,157 1S.34X.82: ? 09,330 Excise 12,092.018 12,825,861 733.843 ? Stamjl 7,135,878 6,2(13.105 ? !'32 273 Taxes 4 529,677 4.308.474 ? 21.2113 Frt pern tax 5 438,453 5,385.498 ? 52,U65 Post Office 8591*0 78i;o<K> ? 73,00J Crown lands (77 0UI 91,000 "4 000 ? Miscellaneous 202,.*37 170.998 ? 31339 Total ord'ry revctiue?4H,542,6Ji> 48,129 763 757.HI3 1,17(1,000 China money ? 455,021 455,021 ? Imprest sua other moneys 217,912 312,.X!i 94,390 ? Repsjmenu ot advances 792,447 347,004 ? ?44.8I3 Total inc< me ... .JE49 542,879 49.J41.R,ii 1,307,201 1,615,4-13 Deduct increaf: 1,307,2*10 Decrease on the vcar On the quarter ending Oct. 10, the increase was ?772.298 Tlir Cliolern In K<lliilturt(li. On Monday the number of cn?ea of Asiutlo cholera reported amounted to 25. of which 20 proved fatal. All tlieae hare occurred within the last seven d:tys. and the following statistics indicate the various localities in wliich the epidemic has discovered itself:?Tobago street. 2 cases; Calton street, West Port (two farnili? ?,) 0; Urassmarket. 1; rira'nnce, 2, Clyde stree., 1; Venml (West I'ort,) 1; Newhaven, 6: Cunongat", 3; James street. 1 In most cases. we believe, the pulient wer removed to the infirmary The attack generally dees not endure longer than 10 or 12 hours, though, in is prolonged beyond that time It will be observed that the localities are the very same as those in which the tj pus fever raged so f nrfully of late. The victims of ihe epidemic which now brood* rverthe city have hitLerto been peoiile who were preriously much debilitated, either by dissipation or destitution? Kdivburgh lifgitter. Itniili of Kiifflnntl. An account, pursuant to the Act 7th and 8th Vic., I ap.-12. for the week ending Suturday the 7th of Goober. 1848. ISSUK BKPARTMKSI. Votes issued ?26,-.3,635 G'lvommciit Debt.. .?11,01R.ltV Otlier Securi ties.... 2,!?1,S? 0 Gold Coin and Bill Hon. 12,11.1,736 Ptlnr Bullion <SUM,yu9 ?16,H2S,6.1.1 ?2ti,<423,635 RASKIN)) livrtlll HKXT. Proprietors'Capital.?MJU>3.(KU 0<.venimenl Se<inSeet. 3,146^5 ritics (including iSiblic Deposits (in- Dead Weight AnotadisK Kxche- nuity). ?12 362,206 qucr. Bavin** OUierseearitle*... . 11,69164 Barks, Cianmia- Note* ... 11,34,1,160 ioiicrs of NationaJ OoM aad Silver Dett, ai,d Divi- Coin flB'VXX di'nd Aooonnts)... f,96f,40f> )UierD<1>"?iU 8,063,104 Sev? n Day aod ottias Bills. 1,018,171 ?34,44.123i ?t4,44?,226 Tltr Corn Tmtle of Kuinpc, [ Kroin the London Mercantile (iaaette, Oct. 13 J 1 hough price* of wheat keep up at moat of the continental porta, and scarcely It Ave any margin for profit nn shipment* to the llritish market*, ntltl ahlpment* c( ntinue to be made to thin country, and for H>mr tiroi p**t the rupplica from abroad have bean on no liberal a scale as greatly to interfere with the sale of ( ur hooie j rodure A large proportion of the wheat and flcur ?Inch haa lately |>r?n reoelved. baa been from the north of brace* ; the export from that country haa. no donbt. been in a great meaaure Induced by the diflii ulty experienced by farmer* and merchant* in obtaining ca-h In any other way, and thli will probably continue to be the cape ho long aa the political ptata ol Krance remain* unsettled Itls,however, by no mean* ui.likely that It may hereafter be discovered by our French neighbor*, that tbey hare exported thnt which they maj thcmselvf* require, and wh should not be suiprhed if Krance i-hould next spring find It necessary to import. Krom the Baltic there la not mn<ih being > bippi d at present ; old atocka are all but exhaunted in that quarter, and supplies of the new have hardly con menced to r<me forward; we are, there fore, Inclined to think that the arrival* from the con tlcent of Kurope will, during the remainder of th year, he n.ore moderate than they have been of lata ; i-ttll, we do not anticipate any advance In prlcea.? Th? re la fair atock of foreign In this country, and wa belitve that there la a large quantity of flour, Indian crrn. tec . on passage from America; there la ctnaonuently no chance of any Immedtata aoarclty being felt and aa th* time approachef (Keb 1,1840) for tha cert nt Ion of the present corn law*, further enoouragerrent will be given to the foreign producer to aend hla gialn to thl* country. The trade at Mark laue haaren ainid very quiet throughout the week, the arrival* of wl.i at craatwlne have been amall, nor haa the quantity brought forward by land carriageaampleafrom the home c< i ui lea been by ahv mean* large The quality of th* greal<ri*tt of the wheat exhibited on th* k.***x and Kent stand/! on Mandty vaa vary inferior, whloh ctr* I cumatance. do doubt, added to the general duilneaa.? ! Really tine dry parovls were hardly cheaper than on ! that day w? ek, and though prices of the common aorta , were lower, the falling off in quality was quite at great { as the difference in prion. A good many of the worse rumples remained unfold, and these were again offer, ed in vain on Wednesday and this morning, the mil- j | lern being unwilling to purcharn such ill-oonditfoned i coarse qualities. In foreign wheat a moderatetetail businets b*s been done, without much change in quotations. Importeis appear perfectly satis fled that it would be impossible to Induce purchasers to buy largeI ly atalmoKt any tetms. and they consequently prefer I to sell in rmall quantities, where they are enabled to 1 j piocure former rate* Uocd heavy qualities of red are ' ?tiU worth I'Js. to f>4s.. and tl.era is a parcel of very su- i perior Rostock on the market which ia held at 63a. per qr. duty paid. The averages have not given way ai- jn ana me auiy in imeiy 10 remain ai ?i. per qr. j till the'ioth in*t. Klour has sold slowly, but the no] uiioa'. tcj> yrU-a has not varied. The arrival* of barley I (fcreign iM.udrd) have l>?en only moderate, still this grain has been difficult of disposal. aud only the very j best sorts have maintained previous prices, a decline of | Is. [ ? r qV. having been very generally consededon the ; otdinaty descriptions. Oats of home growth have j ccme sparingly to hand, and the reoeipte from abroad have not. been large The dealers have acted with gri st caution, and beyond a lire of Gd. perqr. obtaini < d in partial instances on fine fresh corn, no improvement has occirred. Beans and heg peas have sold on much the same terms as last week, and white peas receded Is. to 2s. per qr. on Monday. In Indian corn ni thing of interest has transpired. The duty on oats rest) to'is. on Thursday. NarbctD. I.o!*co> Money Maiiikt, Thursday evening. October 12? Kiorn the ttfect of numerous purchases the Knglihh funds have today improved a quarter percent. I'til. flr.t. MlL.tatinn nt I'nninli m > ? . u 1H1/ t. nnil they left off at 86,l, to Bank stock closed I 1*7 to 1W ; Reduced Three per Cents, Wl4 to ; j Tbree-i.nd-a-yuarter per Ceats 84*, to ',t\ Long An- | nuitlef, K'4 to 5,; India Stock. 234 to "237; India Uonds. 33s to 3Bs. premium; and Kxchequer bills. March,33s. , to litis.; June, 30s to 33s. premium. There has not been much done in the foreign market this afternoon. the bargains being confined to llra/.iliao. at 72, and 73 ex. dir.: Chilian, at 83?^'; Mexican, for the account, at lf?X and Jfj Peruvian, at : 32; Spanish Five per Cent*, at Hi1,; the Passive, at 27?; the Three per Cents, at 23'4 and 22.7,; and Belgian Kour-and-a-Half per Cents . at 72>i. Kridav, Two o'Ccoca, Oot. 13.?The accounts re- I celved this morning from Vienna bave produced a very strong, and very unpleasant impression. The events are, however, not calculated to have much immediate ?ii< ct upon monetary interests; but they completely unhinge all confidence in the future, as nobrdy ran foresee where the convulsion is to and. ' The disappointment is more poignantly felt, in oon- j sequence of the view previously taken of the German cberacter, acd the hope generally entertained that | when the first ebullition Bad subsided- there was a I ! better chance of their institutions settling down on ! i rational principles, without further violeace than in ' the c-ase of France. Although, therefore, the direot Influence on monetary affairs has not been felt to the i extent that might bave been expected, the events bave greatly damped the hopes entertained in the commercial circles, and are certain to postpone improvement in the continental markets. The half yearly meeting of the shareholders of the ltojal Mail Kteampacket Company was held yesterday. It is very gratifying to state that this concern, whioh, in the first instance, bad many difficulties to overcome, 1 has surmounted them all. and is not only giving a high dt i<rt 0 < f satisfaction to the public, but produoing a fiiir inte of n numeration ftr the capital invested by the j-horeholders. This result is the more gratifying, ! (bat notwithstanding the unparalleled depression of the whole of our West Indian dtpendenclea. which muHt have materially infringed both upon their freight and passengers, they have been able to make a dividend ft Jt?2 per share lor tho half-year ending the 80th of June, We observe that the directors in their report, ccount for this in some measure by the extension of their operations to New Orleans, and the traffic which is arisibg over the Isthmus ot Panama. They consider that thcie extensions have sustained their revenue sguinst the losses arisinir from the great depression of the West India colonies. i j ne uccounis received m m Vienna, have tended to counteract the advance in public securities apparent toward* tlie close of t>usiliefp yetttrday. Consols opened for account at 85*4 and for sorae time alternated at from sellers to buyers at 'i but have now fallen back to 8f>}? V The extreme price* bave therefire been 85>f and)4. and for money SS'iand^; the three per cents reduced have been so!d at 84',, the ibiee and-a quarter per cents at 84K \and last at ??', bank fctock 180 and India 237; the .lune exchequerbills me 30s. 38*.. the March 2C?s. utta , and India bonds ?.o> o6s 'J hue lias been but little dene in foreign securities, except in Mexican bonds. These securities are removed from the influence of Kuropean convulsions, and are consequently daily becoming more In demand for investment. TLey bave not been affected to day by the Teaction in Consoln. ihe bu- mess transacted being from IK1., to?,. Spanish Five per Cents bave lioen done nt II, Dutch Two and a-Half per Cents 44lj and the Four per Cent I'ertldcaUsat 68. No other prices are ir.nrked in the official lift. There it. kit much change In the po'ltionof railway j shares. * i i{i mi n in i oik Thrcr.?Consols fjr Account, 86,'? if. Lo.iues Con* Ext him . (Friday) Oct. 14.?The arrivals of IngUsh for our market having been on tl.e iucttute a nee our last report, the show of samples t<.-day vai toltrnb'y gcod. but of very middling quality. Selected parcels of both red and white comri sndcd a steady tale, at prices fully equal to those obtnii?d on Monday. The middling and inferWr kind! ccnimatided very little attention, and, in some instances, the quotations had a downward tendency ? | I pwaids of So,WO quarters of foreign wheat have come fresh to hand this week. This morning really fine , qualities mc stly sold at extreme rates The middling and out of-condition sort- were somewhat easier to purchase Oct 13. T M.?The import duty on foreign oats has advanced to 1's per quarter, which forms the only alteretion since our last report At this day's market the new Knfflish wheat w?? itlfllouie nf - -* - | rednctlon of Is. to 2s per quarter. The arrivals of I foreign arc again large ; (till great. firmness was dis! placed on the part of holders, a ad a fair demand existed. at rather under onr previous currency Indian I cc rn cargcea are more freely offered lrat at a reduction of Ik per quarter, there are buyers to home extent.? t ertian barley doll, and rather cheapar. Beana and pen* la. lower. Oood old season made malt aearreand in fair request. The oat trade lost the improved tote of Wednesday. Factors offered at Monday's prices, but only a limited business resulted. Livs ai'ooi. Cottow Mam>? t Oct 13?With the exception of fair Orleans. which are to-day quoted at 4V,d.. our scale of prices remains as on Friday last; fair l'| lar.<'a and Mobile ^ til I supporting 4d. Hut we bure to report the continuance of un exceedingly flat and dull market, and every description and quality have bad a tendency downwards. The state of tte thaie market, and the general depression of : all public fieuiities. has had its influence upon us a:.d is atill spreading gloom and depresfinn (n all mercantile affairs, both hern and in Manchester. How long tbia sad state of thing') will rrntir.ue a.iut deper.u upon matters and events external tt> tl.e cctton market itarlf So far as regards curstock and probable supply, aa well as the consuinptic n, pi Ices must ne regard) d as at a very low pitch.? t'pon tl.e fUbj? ct of tie American orop, we must rep? at that very little Is known beyond mere gueas. The j r< sumption is that tie crop will prove a fair one. pro- t baMy t i|Unl or 1t mewhat exceeding that of last year.? | In Lruislann it will be lesa [>00 American have been ] taV? n on aj< dilation ; ard 5,1.10 Amerionn, 790 Surat, j I and 3!'0 Bengal for export. Sales for the week 27 3i>0 J balep. Lm n rnoi. Con.v Mat.kkt. Oct. 10.?At Tuesday's ! market all good qualities of I'.ngllsh, Irish and foreign . wheals were I n moderate request, with some demmd for Ireland and country account, each of theae de- ( scriptions averaging about "d b?low our last currency, and ir.leiior kinds of both old and new receding , 2d. toSd per 70lba I- lour being generally diflloMt of sale, we have to nrte a decline of Is per sackand 1?. per barrel severally. Prime new malting barley was sale- ! able tc-day at 40a. to 42a. per quarter, and grinding , samples, as well as malt, supported former prices. Beana rul) d nearly the same as on Krlday. Peas dull, and 2a. 1 to 3a. per quarter lower. The Oat trade, which had been g< m rally forced down ratber prematurely last week, has partly recovered the decline then stated, and 1 upon a fair demand this morning prices of the beat prepared new have attaiued 3s. 2d to3s. 3d. per 461b* Oat meal Is. per lead cheaper. Tbe large reported arrival earned Indian corn to revert to the rates of this day I week, but many of the parcels having been sold before ; band, there was comparatively little on offer, and no pressure on the market a fair business was done. The market } estcrday wan well attended by buyer*, and a , ateaily business was transacted In old and dry samples <f r>ew ?h* at :it tklNM pr'ces as on Tuesday 'R?t Hour was dull sale, but there was no change in , the value. Ihest'pplyof oats being small, very full pi let a were obtained - the best Irish new mealing sold at .'Is 3d per 45 lbs. Barley, beana, and peas, wore unvarc d Indirn corn declined 6d. to Is. per quarter on the 12th, but this reduction is now nearly recovered, i ?itb ?n nntlv. .lam.nil ?hit. ?>I- >? (' <] nnd jellow 36*. Cd. to*30s per 480 lb*. I,ivt:Bi'OOi Markkti, Oct. 13 ? Jhhn.?The sale* of pot and pearl hart- been trifling, except that 200 bbi*. of pot* hare been fold tonrrlve the price of which i* not reported. Cm/.?We hare a steady demand for export, without any alteration in price*. Iron ? A* was expected, no alteration in prices took filace at the quarterly meeting onronnia*ter* at MrmiiKhair. on the 12th inet Pricea remain stationary, but certainly Inot improved Present quotations delivered in I.iTerpool:?Merchant bar. .1.6 2*. 6<1.; beat I rolled. jL'7 10*.; hoope, ?8 ; aheet, A'8 10* ; Scotch pl?, I (tnt-h.; 4.'213a. I.anl.?American la dull, and rather lower prlcea have been accepted. I.intrtd.?Abont 3.000 ban* and 1.1(10 pocket* good to Are Kant India aold readily, chiefly at 41a. to 43a., n nil 260 i|ra. of Kiga, . per qr. An i a I Slom.? rin aalei reported in turpentine.? Of American tar HOObbl*. aold at 14*., Cd.. pirt to arrive. and remainder on the apot. American ronin In regular demand , 400 to 6C0 bbl* of common qu%lity eold at 3a Cd. with a few at 3a. ltd. (Nh - About 50 tuna olive have been taken, chiefly in tmail lota, at prlrea rather in favor of the buyer*. ; A fair burinep* ban been done lo seal, 80 tuus having r? allfed i.'26 for pale. ?38 10* for atraw. ?22 to ?22 10* fcr brown, and ?21 10a. to ?22 for bailed. A few tun* if crdhave been fold at ?24 per tun I.inaeed ami rape continue quiet. Palm : A r??lval in the dem.ind, together with the continued absence of expected aupfllea. have caufed a fodden and considerable advance n the price , the ralea are 270 ton*, at from C32 to A'34 per tun. .n.mrrirnn Protiiiotii .? W? cannot report any im pri viiuent In the demand for any de*nrlptlon The market f?,r lard baa been unuaually doll, the *\>?? of thew?ik auinntitlng to only a few hundred barrel*, at a further redur.tli n of Cd to la, porcwt No hi con hama, rr ahouid? r* have l een brtiiijM to public ?a'e during the we, k and theaale* by private have been trifling in the extreme. The cbaere market haa been quirt since our iMt buyer* awaiting the a?lu adverted for TuMdajr nemt. Be?f, ?f fin* quiUtlM, >? rttlt kbit#, and wanted. Knr porkot *uparlor brand*, in primv m<-?A and rtrlp*, there i? ntill a fair demtnd, hot inferior l< leM inquired for IrUh Tha markH la* been tery tame during the wwk, and hardly an/ f ale* hare been effected. Vice i? rather lower, paiticularlv for nood quality . 0,000 b?K* have been taken at 9?. for jreiiow cargo, ant 9?. 3d. to 1C* for broken, 10* Cd to lis. Ud for ordinurt tr\ of\t\A arHita lluniral anil a ???*H ?r n- ? Una at 2 Is 6d. p?r o*t Salt ?There is u probability of tie navigation of the canal bein* again open, when we inay expect supplies towards the middle of next week, but at present there is nothing of moment doing in tha artiole Spiritt of Tv>vtntine are dull of sale at the qustat.ona Tallow.? The nrnrket is steady but thj sales are limited to about 200 casks at 47s. oil to 47s. 6d. I' >r T. Y. C..4Cs to 4fts ;:d for North Amerioan. and 47s. Od fir a small parcel of China Tartar.?No salt's,holders demanding higher prions Tea At a public sale held on th* llth iust . consisting of 3.600 packages. 2 300 found huy?r?, (chief!/ teas with all faults ) at fair prices; l>y (jrivat* coutract the demand for both blaoks md grteas hit bten very trifling. Tobacco ?The rales since the 1st instant, are absut COO hhds . vie , 2C0 for exportation. 160 Ireland, anl the rtnieinder, including a few western light leaf, ?t 4Jfd. and td ta the trade. Prloes firm Wool -There is no change to notice. THE VERT LATEST. The Latest News from Ireland. hY SPECIAL EXPRESS FROM DUBLIN. Liverpool, Oot. 14?9 A. M Our advices, dated Dublin, Friday evening, have come to hand, and oontaln some important newt. Another of the State prisoners has been found guilty. Mr. T. B. M'Manus has been convioted of levying war upon the Uaeen. He, too, ha? received the same barbarous and revolting sentence as wai passed upon Mr. O'Brien, to be hanged, drawn, anl quartered ! Another of the rebel leaders has been placed in the dock, and again is the attorney general, with his legal colleagues, calling for a verdict of guilty against the third of the prisoners. Mr. O'Donoghue. Two days of the trial have pasted, and it will, in all Erobability. terminate to-day. when the fate of another uman being will be flated by the single word, guilty or innocent. Mr O'Donoghue is defended by Mr. Mahcr and Mr. Butt, Q C. Ills jury, although, we .believe, he is a Roman Catholio, is composed exclusively of l'rotestants. A conviction, under such circumstances. will, in all probability, leal to no good results. Connected with the trial of Mr. McManus.we should mention, that although his counsel objected to a point 'a the charge of Chief Justice Dogherty. and firmly but respectfully asked bis lordship to tell the jury that they must bo satisfied that the prisoner at the bar had fcnown of and concurred in the general object of the otheis, before they could And him guilty; the intention being a3 estu-ntiKl ingredient In the crlmr, end existing iu the prisoner's own bremt. Their lordbhlj s would not recall the jurj 'J explain the point as fuggested by Mr. Butt. ? Considerable anxiety prevailed in the early part of ; the wtek forth* ultimate fate of Mr. O'Brien. It wa< ftared. and justly too, considering the present ftate aud future prospect* of the country, that the Uovcrnmeat might be forced to shed the blood of the unfortunate and mifguided gentleman. The day has passed when the people of these kingdoms woull 1 silently p?rm!t rspital punishment for merely political offences. There lias been a meeting hold in Dublin r to urge upon tne Government to carry out the reoom- ( mendation of the jury in Mr. S. O'Brien's oase, and to tpsru bis life. The attendance was not only respectable but large. A memorial, embodying the feelings of the meeting, to his Kxcellenoy. the Lord Lieutenant, was adopted, and afterwards a deputation, htaded by the chairman, Mr. Sharman Crawford, M 1'.. proceeded to Dublin Castle, and Ininired rf His Kxceilency, first, whether it was tru? that a warrant had been irsued for the execution oi Mr. O'Brien; and, secondly, whether his Excellency would be pleased to receive a deputation at a future day. to prerent the memorial alluded to, after it had received more extensive signature*. The Lord I irlitnnnnt ronlUft tV?of V?? ? uv nan bU ray no warrant for tbe execution had been sent down to Clonin. 1. and that he would be ready to receive the deputation whenever they conMidered it was signed to the extent which the promoters desired. There is an uncertainty that Mr. Meagher will be brought to trial at the present commission. The crown are very unfortunate in procuring full and com- I plete evidence against him. and rather than risk a failure, the crown, it Ik said. will postpone his trial. Mr Duffy's trial will he the next in importance. The government are determined to convict, and our ; I special reporter hos been told, are fully resolved to exe- i cute him should they obtain a verdict according to their wishep. A" this is tbe season of the year at which the Unman < atholic ilitrarchy usually meet, to deliberate upon the affalis of their church much curiosity has been felt to know tbe rebult of their deliberations, as they hav* been pitting during the past week in Dublin. An express mefvenger who has this morniug returned from Dublin, mentions that their Lordships here, had the state of the poor under their charge, and the results <f the failure of the potato crop. They implore, as a remedy, that government shall, without loss of time, proceed to the execution of its sac re land paramount duty the preservation of human life; recommending It to use all Us iuflnence to effect such an equitable ad- i jut in.'nt of the relations between landlords and te- m rants, as shall stimulate an outlay of capital, insure the employment of the able bodied and increase the , agricultural products of the soil A resolution respecting the proposition to pensisn the Irish priesthood has also been nropsed and carried This latter will no doubt gnatly embarrass tbe government, who, It Is note rioup, had laid their plans for carrying a measure to endow the Catholic clergy *f Ireland; hoping thereby to ell'ectually secure cordial good wishes, and a better allegiance to the throne. The reports which have c*me to hand this morning, from several parts of tbe island, show that outraged oontinue to be perpetrated in every quarter, and that I a combined and determined effort to resist the payin* nt of rents will be made during the course of the ensuing winter. Already several murders, trao?%b',e to this feeling, have taken place. , 1 lie news from Vienna has produced a most profound sensation in Paris. The occurrence will certainly give Cbailes Albert another favorabl* opportunity to strike a blow for the liberation of Italy, which probably lie will not be slow to perceive; and tin lavghtyand unconcedin* spirit in which th>> Kmperor < f Austria has treated the attempts of Great Britain and France, to mediate between the belligerent parties, lias enlisted much sympathy and some stout arms in the Italian cause, especially amongst our chivalrous neighbors, the Fteneh. i;?fore quitting the capital for Linz. the Kinperor rent an amograph letter to H?rr Krans, tbe Minister ct' Finance, in which, after describing the revolutionary changes which he had been forced to submit to t>j u imull but audacious party of his subjects, be had b< en ccmpellrd to <)Uit his capital by the murder and inline that surrcuuded him ; nevertheless, ha trusted in (tod and hip own good riijht, and only quitted the capital in order to find mi .'ins to bring aid to his oppressed people The inference to he dra(?n from thes? wcrds h&F called a rumor that it is the Kmperor's Intention to rail in foreign aid?perhaps that of Russia ?on event that would, without doubt, np?edily plunge Kurope into war The Minister of Financt, although l.e allowed the document tob? made p'iblic, 1 refused to countersign it, and a committee ?ih appointed to take crgnizance of it. 1 Our accounts from (ilasgow. up to the close cf tha mail on Friday n'ght. inf rm us that the weather generally, throughout Scotland, was extremely fine far harveft operations. Our (Jlargow correspondent, at alnte hour on Friday night reprrts the city ht althy, and no a^>p?arance of chohra; but the d;8oa?e having visit d its sister oity, K.dinburgh. had createdfome alarm. Liierpool, Oct. 10, A. M. Our own l.ondon reporter just st-\t??. by el?ctric lelegraph. that up to half pant niue o'clock. A. M thern la i . t iwkktr Mri vottk fending kTilwltidte, A?i?i? a dam ?The advices from thin city, in Lindon th a morning, report an unfavorable state of the money marl et on the Bourse. National iitock lud declined, | and the money market there had a.i unfavorable aspect. Maf?tli 1st en, Saturday nijht. Our goods and yarn market is still further deprenseJ The Continental news has added to our previoui gloom, and to elTect sales in any article htl ler.f w m. 1 Willingly make a slight concession. Olaioow. Friday night, Oct 11 There is not any political news to communica'e In commercial atlairs, we cannot report improvement, the failure of an extensive and respectable jnwer Innu manufacturing houre, has added to the gloom alr^aiy existing In both the goods and yarn market A failnr of a mi mber on the stock exchange has ilso b-en n i toniietd to-day HaMBCKo The rewn from Hamburg this mo-n. u 1 Ik not 01 an important character The Imports of c >tton with small, antf the market heavy. The amount of imports are ijaotidiit 8.500 bales. In otkcr comn-erclal matters we have nothing of importance to note !> yoiiii that publiFhcd in yesteidsy's paper Lfttrr*Mali1 that tho cotton inarket thare w?f brl'k on the 10th. hut that, on the 11th, thedeinand b< came It fh brisk, prion, however. remaining lirm. IJondkat *.?Our accounts received this morning, Mate that the ir.arket was inactive, owing to the mUnFive limine* done during the pa?t- month. Pi hi im ? General event* in Vienna have created great consternation on the Bourne, and caused a fall in prices. The failure of T. M. lloefTmsn, of Munich, for 760.010 dollars, hax been announced. Sim in.?The operatious hero In wheat are Importarit, and hca?y grsin Is iiot advancing. 1)ani7.k ? Fotty vessels, principally native, have entered for the winter. Foreign vessels will not tak't ,.argues at the ptc.ffered rates. Business wa? brl?k KraM'r.ltIli'l?ti rl?l < a< rtlM, Kfiday evening, Oct. 0. ? P. M It is announced that several Ministerial cbar.?<?* have taken place, which will be lmm? dlate'y made public. M. M Defnur Is to be Minister of Public Work*, M. Beaumont of the Interior, whilst MM S??ard and He< urt retire (cunt Mole Is spoken of as likely to accede to c flire. lis-tide will atill retain thu ministration of Foreign Allalrs There appointments are, we lx lleve, certain, though not announced in the MontItur. Anotherconvoj'f forced folonir'i fir Algerii are to Imve Palis on Sun lay Veiy a'.slinirg rep< rlF j.r> vailed in Paris to-day from Au.-trla. A f < uilerfn r.i Vlent-a i? sai l to have arrivill Willi I lie l||lelllge?ic>i tint. Mi* city <m irlng bombarded by tl e iii peritl tm< pa ind th*t the nalaee of Bet< nbmun **? hurii' d 'I he government hnwerar, had ii' t tiii vrd > y iin li a nuni* an 1 ? ils*< was not ni-Uited Msdtld papers to the Ttb had roach* ! Paris, I'd', they do nil contain any new* jf '.mpor tano. I,