Newspaper of The New York Herald, 28 Ekim 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 28 Ekim 1848 Page 1
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TH NO. 5260. The Grand Water Celebration In Boltaji? Th? tlUtory of the W ork*, Ac. [From the Kvening Tr?n?crtpt, Got. 20 ] l.ivf thn waters of whtoh now thread our city, la part of a body of w?t? known as Long Pond, lying in the towns of Nattok, Waylaod and Trwninghain. about twenty miles from this city. The lake cover* an area of 669 acres, and drains a trarfaoe Of 11,410 acres. In some places It Is 70 to 80 feet in depth. From an analysis of its water by Prof Silliman It is found to be remarkably pure, possessing an advantage, in this respect, over both the Croton and Schuylkill water. Of the waters of six different sources, examined and anaylred by him. he remarks. " that* this (Long Pond water) stands by itself in oontalning lew solid matter to the gallon than any other, and, in the feebleness of Its reactions, with nearly all the chemical tests " He further states, " that the Lake Cochituate waters arc entirely inodoreus, perfectly soft and {Wasant to the taste ; and, when tested by soap, it is ardly rendered in any degree turbid; not more so than is usual with the purest rain water." The project of supplying Boston with pure water has been repeatedly agitated, and to no one citizen can ths merit of awakening public attention to its importance be exclusively assigned, so obviously did It commend itself to all The great work was finally consummated by the action of the oltlzens In forming themselves into" Water Unions" in the various wards of the city. Water was Introduced into the olty from Jamaica Fond, a distance of four miles to the southwestward, by the Boston Aqueduct Company, as early as 1795. But the maximum rate of supply from this souroe was only 60.000 gallons a day, and the greatest height to which it could be raised in the city above tide-water was 49 feet, so that but a small proportion of the inhabitants could be supplied from this source Between 181(1 and 1822. a plan was entertained to introduce water from Spot Pond. But it resulted in no definite action. In 1826, the city government passed an order on the subject of supplying the city with water. A report was made, setting lorth the necessity existing for water, but no mode was agreed upon to furnish a supply. In 1826 and 1832. the attention of th? city government was called to the subject, and. In the last named year, a committee reported in favor of obtaining a supply of water to meet the wants of the inhabitants. In 1(33, the mayor was directed to apply to the Legislature for leave to bring water into the city. And the same year the inhabitants petitioned the city government, setting forth the insufficiency and impurity of the water. In the year 1834, the city authorized a survey under Loammi Baldwin, Ksq., who reported in favor of bringing in a supply of water from Karm and Shakum Ponds in Framingham, together with Incidental ones dependent on them, and from Long Pond In Natick. He proposed to bring the water in a close stone aqueduct to a rem voir in Roxbury, the distance being 22 miles, the cost calculated at $7f>0,000, and the daily quantity to be delivered by the &queduot estimated at five millions of gallons. Thin plan, while it struck many citlxens as feasible, failed to command the necessary degree of support. It was ret aside, and the subject was not actively agitated for some years. At length, the wants of the oiti/.ens became urgent, and it was determined to introduce water from some quarter. There was a dispute as to whence it should he brought. Some said from Spot Tond in Stoneham, Charles lliver, and others from Long Pond ; and, after various inolii ations both ways, public opinion settled down, in 1845. in favor of the latter. The purity of the water, and the great reliability on its sufficiency to meet the growing wants of the inhabitants, were Irresistible arguments. An act empowering the city to procure water from this source was passed by the LertfllntlirA of VIAKM&r.hliflffctn Hnrintr thn snaftinn 1R1A? '46. Under the provisions of the aot. an energetic organisation was immediately made by the city government. Nathan Hale, James F. Baldwin, and Thomas B. Curtis, were appointed commissioners; John B. Jervis, of New York, Consulting Engineer ; E. S. Chesbrough, Chief Engineer of the Western DivUion ; and 'William S. Whitweii, Chief Engineer of the Eastern Division. _ On the 20th August, 184G, the ceremony of breaking ground was performed near the pord. In Wayland, with appropriate ceremonies, and in the presence of a large concourse. The Mayor, Josiah (iuinoy, Jr.; the Aldermen and Common Council, with a large nunber of invited guests and citizens of adjoining towns, were present. Mr Parker, in behalf of the water committee, presented a spade, whieh was beautifully polished, and contained, engraved on a silver plate, the following inscription :? With this spade the first oarth was removed in oonftructinc the Long Pond Auueanot, by Bon. Josiah yuincy, Jr.. Mayor of Boston. August 2D, A.D. 1K4<>, in |>re?eri<e of the City Council and other invited guc*<s. Presented, as u memorial of the event, by the Wafer Committee. On another plate was engraved the city seal, with the names of the Water Commissioners and Water Committee of the city government. Tht Water Cummuiioneri.?Messrs. Nathan Dole, James F. Baldwin, and Thonts B. Curtis. Water Commil/i*.?Ileffflrh. Ji siah Quincy, Jr, Win. Parker, Wm. Pope, of the Aldermen; Loring Norcrosn, James Whitio*, James B?> wood, Henry W. Button, and Samuel W. Hall, of the Council. This spade was borne on tho occasion by Master Wm. Henry Dutton. Mr. Quincv remarked that the long desired and long to be renumbered time had now arrived fercommeno log the great aork of furnishing the city of Boston with a tail supply of pure water; an object of the deep at s?nciiuue 10 en cihsbi-s 01 uvi oiuions. i no ODjecc would be accomplished, as he believed, within the time and within the estimates; and Shawmut, the Indian name for sweet springs, was not mnch longer to suffer for what originally gave her the name. Hundreds of poor women were not much longer te wait with sleepleas anxiety for the unlocking of the pump. Mr. Quiney then tbrowlDg off his coat, put the spade into the ground with right good will. He called upon the venerable ex-president Adams to raise the next pile of dirt, who folio wed suit as if the task were not an unaccustomed one to him. Other distinguished citiiens also plied the spade to good purpose. The work beiDg now lairly started, it was prosecuted with unexampled energy to a speedy conclusion; 3,600 men, laborers, bricklayers, stone ma'ons. carpenters, blackimiths. teamsters, engineers, and firemen, and pipe-layers, being almost constiLiiy employed. Of the objt cts mot.t worthy of note on the line of the Works, we may mention the gate-house, on the border of the lake, a durable granite structure, about 80 feet square, but which cost great labor In the construction, owing to the eozing of the water through the granite substratum, rendering it almost impossible to get a foundation. Ten millions gallons, in four hours, were pumped out by three engines, before a chanoe ooourred to lay it. From the culvert the water flows through the gates into a small stone chamber in the gate house; and before entering the eulvert, a large screen excludes all floating matter, fish, tic., that might come Into the chamber through the gate ways. This oulvert is six feet four inches in diameter, and the eeotionfrom the Lake to Brookline being ready to admit the water from the Lake, Mr. Sickles and two othar gentlemen of the engineer corps, procured a small skiff, and, with two latithorns, proceeded down the current of their narrow stream tome six miles, where they came to an air bole or aperture, through which they otawled up into the world again. In about two years and two months from the period of its commencent, the great work of bringing the water from Lake Cochltuate to this city has been completed. The expense was originally calculated at $1,600,000. Drafts tor the work have thus far exceeded three millions of dollars, and further expense will doubtless be Incurred Besides the aqueduct itself, and the gate house at the lake, the great features of this enterprise are the Beacon Hill Reservoir, in Boston; the Reservoir on Dorchester Heights, South Boston; the great Reservoir and Uate House in the valley, in Brookline, from which the water of the Lake is brought to the street mains and reservoir in Boston In two iron pipea, thirty-four inches in diameter, and extending nearly four milts, and which are capable of delivering daily three millions of gallons of water ; the Charles River Bridge, at Newton Lower Kails, which is built on three areheR ; the Pipe Chamber in the vicinity, and the Road Bridge, which is built on a single arch, and said by all to be a most splendid piece of masonry ; tne the Waste Wier, four miles beyond the Lower Kails, w here the acijueduct passes over a considerable stream The Celebration, &c> I From the Daily Kvening Traveller, Oct. 28 ] At ku earl; hour, tlie common and the principal streets Here thronged with masses of people. They came In from every quarter; and they came, too, with clean faces, pleasunt countenances, and apparently light hearts. The marshalling of the military and engine companies, the enlivening airs lroni the various banfa ol music, and the life and animation which pervaded every part ot the vast concourse, altogether presented lO new a IIIIIJK |)?uuiaiua nuiuuin nut uinu niiuEmi Id this short lite of ours. On Tremont street, near the point where the procession started, a magniHcent archwa; wus erected, extending lrom the Museum across (he street, decked with evergreens, and lurmounted with a pyramid of evergreen* and (lower*, and inscribed with tbe following iiottoes ? I Onr hi nt water, brought in cnnduiti hitler."? SHnksitrtirt. water, look yon." " How will 1 rain the wat?r." " l'ttrc will lit a worlil of water ahei."? S/ntlitfita re. The gateways to the Common were surmounted with rchex, on w Inc., we noticed the following appropriate mottoes and device* ? Corner of i'ark ami Tremont streetl? " H atar Intiodiic cd ino tlie city Oct. i!">, IN- Jm>ia!i ijnlncy, Jr, Mayor." with a fountain in the centie, surmounted by a pyraBiid of evergreene and flowers. lteve?*?? "fraiie and aderatien b? glvon unto LI in) who viaitoth the earthand wattreth it." I.*rg* <ye in the centre. Corner of U*acen and Charles street* ' StieinriB ahall ruu m our utrcjt* and play about ourdwellinga'' Wiratli in the centre. Heverse ? Sweet watera aliall llow m upon us, and hitter water* be dinen cut." Corner of Boylaton and Charles? " The water te si > a Iminutu to fertilise the valley." Reverse? " lli? spring* of the hllU hava come wnU ns to rtflrwli us." Corner oi BoylMon and Tremont " Rejoice, fur thoreckha* Wen Muitton ind the wat*r< liavo ttifhci onu" KeverMi Water ?hall run in :ry places and the thiraly shall drink ttervo and Iw glad. In the l-'rog Pond, a commodious stand wa* erected, decked about with evergreens and flower*, on which wtre mottoea a* follows : ? Th* l^'id trili'-. Uather th* p*opl* together aud 1 *111 *iv? U.<in water."? .N innb. a at. irt. rt'e have fitiind water"?Orw. n?t 32, ' jli* water I*cuta."?(iin uvi. M, E N E / MORI " V# all icrv? the Lord jrour Qod, und He shall Men thy bread ai d th> water."?trod, ixlil. 2S. " Jeiui tsiih. Fill the w?t?r |K>U with water."? .toA/i 11.7. AloDg the line of the procession, ropes hail been stretched across t he streets, from each ef whioh was suspended a white tablet, fringed and festooned with eTerereeni. and flanked on either side b? an American flag. Kach tablet bore an inscription, and these inRciiption-H. taken in connection. gave a brief history of the event* connected with the introduction of the water from Cocbituate Lake into the city. The first was suspended across Tremont street, from the Treuiont House, and bore the following words :? " A loud call from the people for pure water ! Cry heard by Hon. Josiah Qnincy, Mayor, 1826 " The second, acroso Court atreet, near Sudbury:? 11 Correspondence commences with Daniel Treadweli, Civil Engineer, 1625." The third, across Bowdoin square, from the Revere Home to the Itowdoin square churchHon. Theodore Lyman, Jr., recommended the introduction of pure water into the city Januaiy, 1834 " The fcurth, across Chambers street, at the corner of (irten:?"Loammi Baldwin, Esq., reports to the City Council on the rubject of supplying the oity with water, October, 1834 " The fifth across Merrimac street:?*' Report made to the Hon. S. S. Armstrong, Mayor, by R. H. Kddy, Civil Engineer, on the subjectof introducing water into the city. June. 1830 " The fixth:?' Daniel Treadweli, James T Baldwin, and Nathan Hala, Esqs., appointed commissioners to examine the sources from which water could be obtained. Report made Nov., 1837." The seventh:?"Hon. Samuel A. Eliot. Mayor, in behalf of the committee of the City Council, reoommends the Introduction of water into the eity, January. 1838 The eighth, across Commercial street from Quincy Market:?" Tne inhabitants petition the city government for a supply of pure water Feb , 1838 " From Kaneuil Hall to the buildings around, were ropes from which were suspended the flags of different nations. Suspended across State streat, from the Merchants' Exchange, was an entablature with:?* The Mayer authorised by the city government to apply to the Legislature for powers to bring water into the city, April, 1838. The tenth, across Washington street, from Marlboro1 Hotel:?''Petition presented to the city government to the Legislature, for an act to Introduce water Into the city, January. 1840." The eleventh, across Washington street from the Adams Home:?"Citv of Boston authori.-.ed, by an aot of the Legislature, to bring water from Long Pond, March 3(kh. 18415.'' The twelfth, across Washington street, feom Boylston Market: ? "Act of the Legislature adapted by the citi/.ens April 13th, 1840. Vote, 4 637 yeas, te348 nays." The thirteenth, across Washington street, near Warren:?"Nathan Hale, James F. Baldwin and Thomas B Curtis, Esqs., choeen Water Commissioners, April ,1846." liic iviii trcuviii nuu iupv, iicross lTPmoni Riroot, bPlow the Commoi:-"Ground broken at Coebituate l.ake by tbe lion. Jovl&h Quiiicy, Jr., August 20th, 1846." THE i'ROCKSSION. The procession started from tbe Common at fifteen minutes past 12 M. It was ol great length, and occupied about two hours in passing a given point. First came the lancers, with full ranks, and a powerful band; then followed about thirty military companies, in unKorm, with several other bands of music. Among tbe military, besides the Boston brigade, we noticed a fine regiment from Salem and vicinity, under Col Andrews, and the Providence light infantry. Following the military, as a part of the escort, were tbe fire companies of tbe city, with their engines beautifully ornamented with wreaths and dowers, and numerous companies oi firemen from other towns In the State, preceded by the Veterans of this city. There were companies precent from Iirookllne. South Boston, Charlestown. Chelsea, Lowell, Newton, Natick. Watertown, Quincv. Rantiolp^i, be. These companies were composed of hardy young men, dressed in a great variety of showy costume, who made a very brilliant and imposing appearance. Tbe Lafayette Co.jpany, No. 18, were attended by their faithful old dog, Tiger, dresred in gala colors and appearing as much in his element as any of his associates, with whom be has attended most fires that have occurred in the city for a number of years. Following the tire companies.'(tame the cavalcade, of between four hundred and five hundred gentlemen, and a few ladies. A boys' fire engine, drawn by two very small ponies, attreoled a good deal of attention. Two of ILe largest sized water pipes, mounted on a platform, and drawn by seven superb black horses, next graced the procession. On one of these was inscribed. " First pipe laid April 19th. 1847." On the other: " "Water Introduced into the city, Oct. 25th, 1848." Following this, was a bricklayer's platform, with the appropriate implements of their trade; followed by a host of the Cochituate workmen. Following this were the Boston boat clubi, with one of their graoeful bo?t?; and the Boston Humane Society with a beautiful life boat, manned. Then came a full-rigged and manned ship, from the Navy Yard. Cbarlestown, commanded by K. C. Hine, master's mate of the receiving ship Franklin. The Salem East India Marine and the Old Marina Societies followed, bearing in their ranks the old palanquin, which has not been seen in public for about forty years. This was borne by six stout negro bearere, dressed in white Oriental costuA, with white turbans. Inside, was a fair young boy, reolining In Oriental style. In a carriage, drawn by four fine horses, was a large, full-rigged model of the famous and fortunate privatier, the Grand Turk, which made the fortunes of so many gentlemen of Salem during the last war with England, by her many successful cruises. Faneuil Hall Market, in miniature, came next; and the tempting display of beef, mutton, pork, and the other good things ot this life, was enough to make a hungry man's mouth water. Over the top were inscribed the names of Teter Faneuil and Josiah liulncy. The market men were out In ??eat force, with badges on their hats, and made a fine show. ?The Franklin Typographical Society was followed by a printing office in full operation, printing and circulating the documents, as they went. It was under the charge of Mr. Devereaux; and Mr. Samuel Hayward, a veteran printer, was employed in setting the types. There weie three presses on the stand ; one a Eower press, of Adams & Co.'a manufacture, and two and presses? the whole mounted on a carriage, drawn by four horses. Among the objects of Interest was a stuffed elephant from the Boston Museum, drawn upon a carriage, with three youthful personages mounted in the saddle, upon hi* back The route of the procession was so long, and the interruptions and breakages fo numerous, that the head of the column did not reach tne Fountain on the Common until about twenty minutes before fire o'clock, or four and a-half hours after it started from Tark street gate. PROCEEDINGS ON THE COMMON. It would be impossible to estimate the number of people who, during this eventful day, thronged the Common, which was to be the scene of the last act in the ceremony. For hours previous to the arrival of the procession a large crowd waited with exemplary patience, though pressed into very inconvenient positions. At about half-past four o'clock, the City Government, headed by the Chief Marshal, reached the Common. They took their seata upon the beautifully decoiated staging in the centre of the pond, and soon after, as the procession filed in, the ceremonies commenced. The following original hymn by George Hussell, F.s<j.. was then sung with fine effect by the Handel ami Haydn Society, and the audience. HYMN. Etersal,uncreated God! Sc uric of our being ! Fount of Love! Our songs ascend to thin* aliode ; Tbou art the joy of worlds above ! The sea la thine; at thy command, From darkness deep,it* waieta came: The "sons of Ood" belie! d thy hand, And in load cboius praised thy name, Rivers, and lake*, and springs declare, That thou art wise, aud kind, and good; lloth man and beaut thy bounties share; Thou giveet drink?thou girest food. Behold! from yorder distant lake, A stream oureity now supplies: We hid it welcome:?oome, partake : To-day ita waters greet cur eyei' Let old and young, and rioh and poor, Join in n|.e full lianaoLioua aong! I/ot every tongue iu pruiaes pour, And a* ell the anthem luud and long! The Rev. Dr. Sharp offered up a ihort but appropriate prayer. Following this, the Mayor arose and said?Kellow citizens, it is proposed to admit the water* of Lake Cochituate into the city. All those in favor will say A ye. The response was in a voice of thunder. The signal was then given, and upwards gushed the pure water to the height of at least seventy teet. The cheering of the people at this moment was perfeotly overwhelming. The school children who were assembled in great numbers on the north side of the Pond, raited their voices, and to th? music of the falling water, sang an ode. All this time the procession was marching upon the ( amnion, and the mu-ie of Oh- distant bauds, the tramp of men, the chaunt?I the children, nnd the interested and Hlmont hushed loo' of the vast audience, as they looked with Interest upon th< falling waters, formed a scene Of unparalleled sublimity. 1-lltK WORKS A!?l> lUXMINATIONS. The < ity Hall, Treunnt House, United States Motel, the Aduius House, aud the itevere House, were all gorgeously illuminated, besides many other public Und ?rivate buildings The Illumination aud lire works in owdoiu Square aud vicinity attracted special atten tlon. and crowds tilled the square for several Hours. At tho 'iii mont House, Air Webster made his appearance on the t.teps. and joined with hi* followcitizens in t .eir niunitestations of rejoicing. At tho Adams House, liov. Urigg- addres.ed the assembled multitude on the joyous occasion. The lloston lias l.ight < oropany produced a beautiful display In front of their offloe, lt>2 Washington (treet, consisting ol four thousand gas lights, akllfulty combined, and forming four oolumns of vine work, sustaining a facade ot scroll work, and forming throe separate arches. K.onting this was the word " hoohitunte" neatly enclosed and surmounted. Above was an lllumlnati d fountaiu. This was Indeed a magnificent sight? word* and tracery literally ' burnlog." The lire work* on the Common, under the direction ff TO ?NG EDITION?SATU of Mr Hovey, oonsisi d of mines of serpents. rocket*. Btngola lights, ko. aid)d; the prlnoipal pieces was one ol lnttic? and lace work. resting at each euil upon column* supporting arches and bearing the following inscription* Joxiah Qiilncy. Jr.," aDd ' Coohitu ate." with the date of the introduction of the water I The appearance, taken in connection with the playing of the fountain, was in a high degree animating and beautiful. A large crowd of citizens were in attendance. 1) tiring the entire day and evening the streets were thr n geo with an lnnumerab e boat of men, women, an children; jet the utmost ordet, so far as we notioi I prevailed, and but a few instances of intoxication tame under our notice. The sympathy of the neighboring cities and towns on this occaskn. so Interesting to Boston, was universal The people, apparently, were all with us, to join personally in the general gratulation. In some, if not all, of the adjoining oities and towns, the stores were clored. and business was entirely suspended throughout the day. The day was delightful; and everything passed off without accident so flip as we hear, and by ten o'olock, cr soon after, the crowds had entirely disappeared from the streets; and soon the city became an quiet as on any ordinary ocrasion. Law Intelligence. Circuit Court, adjourned term, Dot. 27.?Before adge Muynard ? Gilbtrt et al. vs. Conkltn.?Sealed (relict this morning. Superior Court, Oct. 27.--Before Judge Vander- | p el. ? Violin 4' Co. vs. Smith 4' Henderson.?This cauie is adjourned to to morrow morning, when it will ' be given to the jury. before Judge Sandford.? Childs et al. vs. The Sun Mutual Insurance Company ?This cause was given to the jury this morning, who soon after gave a verdict for plaintiff for 9,DUO dollars, the sum claimed by the plaintiff*. I'nited States Circuit Court.?Before Judge BettB, Oct. 27.?Kit kman us \Buckham.?Sealed verdict in thislcauae to morrow morning. u0urt l/ALFJtriAR FOR m"hi? 1jav.?t.'lrCUtt (JOUrt, Septeinbei adjourned terra?the name Calendar as jesterday. Court ofSpkcial Sessions.?Friday, Oot. 27. ? Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Libby and Crollus.? 1 he buhint of the Court wast despatched with expedition. this morning. The Judges, after hearing somu il5 complaints, put off the long trials until next, Tuesday morning; tent gome half dozen dlsorderlUm and petty thieves to the penitentiary and city prison, and then adjourned, lor the purpose of attending tho funeral of Hon Dixon H. Lewis. James Austen was convicted of assault and battery : but was reminded to prison till Tuesday, when he will appear as tho witness for the people, against James Decker and Wm. Wilson, on a cross complaint. Patent Cask?Circuit Court of thb Cwitfo States. for tiif. Nortiikrn District of New York ? William V. Many vs. Ira Jagger, William li. Treadwell', anil John &. Perry.?This was an aotion in the case, brought, against the defendants, who are iron founders, in partnership in this city, by the plaintiff, as the assignee of two (evernl patent rights, for an Infringement thereof The first of these patents was issued March 17,1638, to Trusoott, Wolf Dougherty, for an improvement in the mode of making cast iron wheels lor railroad cars, with a chilled riui, and solid hub, connected by two curved plates, one convex outwards ?nd the other inwards, the wheel all cast in one piece, the curvatues of the plates providing for the contraction ol the iron in cooling without fracture of the plates ; the other fl&tent was issued to William W. Pennel), on the 8th day of February, 1830. for the construction and combination of a like wheel, also cast i n ene piece, with two curved plates from the rim for a part ol the distance towards the hub, then uniting and extending in a single plate to the bub, which was supported, in addition to the plate, by brackets formed in the catting. The plaintiff, Many, having purchased both these patents, commenced this suit against the defendants for an infringement of them, by making and vending cart Iron wheels for railroad cars, comprising a ch.lied rim and solid hub ; the space between the hub and the rim being occupied, instead of plates, by two concentric solid rings, between which intervenes a hollow ring, and having around the hub an an nuiar teinicy unuricai nonow space ; me metal IDclosing which space extends tjoin the Inner solid ring, and re&ts upon each end of the hub, like the abutments of au acute or lancet-shaped arch, and which wheel is aUo all cast in one pleoe. Of this last mentioned wheel the defendant, Treadwell, claims to be the inventor. The trial commenced on the 17th, and terminated on the 24th of October, Inst. I'reviously to the trial, the plaintiff abandoned any claim founded on the Pennell patent. The court being cailed on to put a construction upon the remaining patent, being that granted to Trusoott, Wolf and Dcugheitj, and generally known as the Wolf patent, decided that the patentees did not therein claim to be tho inventors of the rim, the hub, or the curved i.lates of their wheel, or of any other part or parts tbeieof separately, nor was the patent for a new com binuliou of those parts but for the entire wheel, as an individual thing ; to which decision the counsel for the defendants excepted. Numerous other legal points were taken on the part of the defendants, relating to the fufliciency of the specifications in the Woll patent, the patent being only an " improvement," and their failure to point out in what the improvement consisted, or to distinguish tbe Wolf wheel from those of a similar character previously in public use, and relating to this patent being broader than the invention, and therefore void. Upon these latter points the court made no decision except as embraced in their general charge to tbe jury, which wan too long to admit of a tair abstract thereof bvlnx inserted in this brief notice. The trial resulted in a disagreement of the jury, who, alter having been kept out about eight hours, were discharge d, three of the m bei ng 1 n favor of a verdict for the plaintiff, and nine of them for the defendants. The nine jurors who were for the defendants all agreed on the two following points f First, that the wheel of the p.aintiff, called the Wolf wheel, was not essentially different in principle from cast Iron railroad car wheels which had been made and were in pubilo use prior to the alleged invention ef the said Wolf wheel, and that tbe latter was not patentable as a new invention. Second, that if it were, the defendants' wheel wai subetantiallj different from the plaintiff's, and was no infringement. intkhestinf; Law Cask.?Circuit Court, U. S.? of ftltr Mtlltr vi. Philip l^rch.?This is an ejectment fcr a farm of about 146 acres of land in j Bethlehem township, Northampton county, valued at about $12,000. The plaintiff, who Is the only heir of Teter Miller, late of Kaston, Pa., deceased, alleges that the residuary devise and bequest in the will of the deceastd, are invalid, being an attempt to create a perpetuity, and not having, for its primary leading object, any cbarlty. The testator, after some minor bequests, bequeaths all the residue of his real and personal estate in trnst. but exactly to whom it is given in trust is by n? means certain, and forms one of the questions in this cause. He deolares that none of his rtal estate shall ever be sold, but the rents thereof, after deducting repairs, and the whole of his personal property, shall be loaned to farmers and mechanics purchasing property, who may find it Inconvenient to borrow lrcm banks?the loans to be secured by bond and mortgage on productive farms, or houses and lets made safe by insurance, and the interest and dividends again loaned out In like manner ; and In case it should happen In the lapse of time, that there should be no applications to borrow tbe said fund?and the same be likely to remain so?if the amount unemployed would safely justify the undertaking, and mechanics and others should be in want of employment, then the income of the paid fund shall be applied to tbe erection and maintenance of an asylum in Kaston, for poor and Indigent widows and single women. The testator ! I estate is estimated at from $200,000 to $300,000 Sup- i pesing it to be worth $250,000. and te be faithfully ap- | plied to the purposes of the will, if the law would per- I uilt it, in one nundrod years it would amount to above $84.0t0,icu? this, at 6 per cent, would produce an in- | ccme ot about Ave millions of dollars, and the capital \ would absorb all the moneys and property, directly or indirectly, of the county of Northampton, and half a dozen adjoining counties. The nrlnoioles involved in I thia care. are as important to the public, as the amount in controversy is to the parties concerned. The whole doctrine of perpetuities, charities, mortmain, kc., will, no doubt, receive a full and elaborate discussion from the able countel concerned, and a calm and deliberate I consideration from the learned jurist before whom the case is tried.?Phil North American, Oct. 26. Nlll'ary Intelligence. Fourth Rioimist United Static* Iniaitrt ?This gallant regiment, which has been so much distinguished in the late Mexican campaign, is now embarked on board the Crescent City, from New Orleans for this city, and shortly expected to arrive. We are pleased to learn that one of the gallant officers attached to this regiment, Lieut Henry M. Judah, of this city, is to receive an elegant sword, and other testimonials of the admiiation ol his personal friends and fellow oltin ns, for his meritorious services throughout the war. Arrmai. oi Troops.?The ship Birmingham, from Ntw York, lying et Kour Mile I'oint, has on board two companies ot the 2d regiment U. S. Artillery?one to be stationed at Oglethorpe barracks, in this city ; the other at the Augusta arsenal. The latter company, commanded by ( apt. Anderson, numbers forty-three BiiD. 1 he foimer, (Cspt. Rowland's company) now in charge of Lieut. Totten, has also forty-three men I.ieut. V an Buren is attach* d to the latter command. ( apt Rowland and Brevet Capt < lark are expected to strive here soon. The order stationing Duncan's company at this post has been countermanded on account if the want of stables, aud that company has taken post at Kort Mclleury. near Baltimore. We learn from a passenger who arrived hero yesterday in the steamer St. Matthews, from h'lorida. that tho pchooner I a Lama arrived at St Augustine on Monday Isft. from New V ork with oompany K, 2d regiment U. S artillery. I.ieut. Oeoige Kdwardx commands the ccu.pany; W. Adunii, 2d Lieutenant The company Is to be Ktationcd at St. Augustine.? Satunnah Rtpuhiron, Oct. 20. The fiiip Monument, Capt. Trott, arrived yesterday fr< m New * otk, with Companies ! , L and H. of the 2d Artillery. The tollowiug officers accompany the deUclinientCapt. F. Woodbridge, (Commanding detachment; Liet. J. M. Hoblnson, Co F; Lieut. J. A. D'l.agnel, Co. L j two companies of 2d Artillery for hoit Moultrie; Lieut. H. 1. Sears. Co. II ; Lieut. C. i K. I', liutler. t o. II.; one company ot 2d Artillery to be 1 rtntioLi d at Beaufort. (N. ( i The command is about 110 tticng ? Chai lr lew Mtrcttry, 0(1. Ui. j j IRK I RDAY, OCTOBER 28, Political Indulgence. OHIO. The following U the Tote at the recent Ohio election, in the AfhtabuU Congressional Diatriot, Olddings's own :? Otddings 8,709 White 6,428 Majority for OU Mng? 3,871 The tote tor Governor was as follows L\ . - .1 "V Mi W?HerV.'.V.Y7.7.7.7!! 4 833 Ford's majority 6,617 ? or nearly 1,200 mora thanthe majority for tiiddiugs. Thin remit, in view of the faat that many, both fr?e toiler* and Taylor men, were not satisfied with Ford's p >;tion. is a fcroible commentary on the oft-repeated stories we have beard of late, that the Western Reserve In going "tntte lor Van Buren. When the majority for (lidding* who has claimed to be almost king in hi* district- shows a falling oil eoiupared with former years, and is fur less than h'ord'0, there is pret ty good reason to belie re that there are soma whigs jet on the Reserve. I'KNNSYLVAMA. We stated yesterday that there was an apparent democratic majority on the Congress tickets over whigs and natives, on the regular tickets, of over 1400 in the State, llut this majority was obtained by allowing the democrats the beneilt of the vote for Wilmot iu the 12th district, for whom the returns show that over 1200 whigs voted Other facts are to be noted. In Allegheny, a strong whig oounty, we observe that Mr. Hampton (whig) runs IMiU below the Governor Johnston. in consequence of free soil votes abstracted Irorn him. and local caure. Thus, if we mal.e these allowances In favor of the whigs, and crtdit the democrats with 1102 majority in the irregular ticket '.tho account will stand a? follows : .Aggregate democrat'c majority on the regular Congress tickets.. .. 1,431 Do. on irregular ticket* 1,102 Total democratic: majority 3,63a Difference in Wilmot's district in favor of whigs 1.602 Do. in Allegheny district 1,030 Whig gain" by these allowances 3,301 showing a difference in favor of the whigs in the State of 7U8 more than the aggregate democratic majority on the Congress tickets, regular and irregular, in the whole State. i ijin ruticiiinut, no arc aware, umy tonus 10 tnrow more doubt and uncertainty than before existed on the actual state of parties in Pennsylvania; and the results of the eleotion are remarkable. Thus, we have a whig Governor elected by 300 majority, in a total vote of 337.000, or lesa than one rote in a thousand; a democratic Canal Commissioner elected by 2,020 majority only, over an anti-masonic whig, who lest many votes from mason* and native Americans ; an equal number of each party (60 to 50) elected to the lower branch of the Legiilature; and, lastly, a nearly balanced vote on members of Congress And now we must wait the trial on " Old back's" popularity. HON. .MR. WILMOT. This gentleman, we observe, is suspected by some of the tree soil party, of want of fidelity to their.cause. 1 he Philadelphia Republic, a free soil paper, of Friday, s?}(: We aie constantly hearing rumors about Mr. AVilmot. Vague, ill defined, uncertain, improbable enough, and probably at ono* erroneous and wilfully false. But we have heard nothing of him or from him since the State election, and the rumors about him are exactly of that kind that gather plausibility from bis silence. It is said that he has engaged to support or favor the election of General Caes, either by bit vote and active inlluence, or by his inactivity during the canvass, and the exertion of a concealed but efllcient favoritism for tb<- old hunker electoral ticket ; and, that he secured his own very large majority by this, or some other arrangement, to the same effect with that party. We give no credit to uncertain reports injurious to the honor or faithfulness of either friend or foe ; we would screen neither from the just indignation of a deceived public; but we think that It has become Mr. Wilmot's duty to put these suspicions to rest. If he has in any way or to any extent compromised himself, it is time for us, and it is our right, to know it, that we may adjust ourselves to the fact If he has any explanations to make, or hat ohcuen bis course for reasons which leave his fidelity unimpeached, we ask him to give us the use and advantages of them. 13y this we mean only to evince our earnestness, and wu do net intend to intimate any suspicion of treachtry. Wo cannot and do not believe that our cause is to find its Judas in the person of David Wilmot! But we want him to understand our position and the urgent necessity which compels us to call upon him as we do. The time is thort, and mischief is swift-footed. LOUISIANA. Acoording to the bgurea of the N>w Orleans Iter, Louisiana will give Taylor 1,225 majority. SOUTH CAROLINA. Complete returns from the fourth Congressional district of South Carolina Indicate that Alexander I). Sims is re-elected to Congress, by a majority of thirtynine votes, instead of John McQueen. as heretofore reported On the strength of parties in South Carolina, the Cbarlestbn Mircury says :? In the proceedings at the democratic rally, it was assumed and stated that the success of the anti-democratic nominations was to be attributed entirely to the alliance of the whlgs. No details, however, were given, to ifhow how thin was the case, and we were induced, for our own satisfaction, to examine the matter. The remit in as follows:? "Whole number of rotes 3,078 For Congress, 2,791 Holmes' (antidem ) majority,. . . 407 For Senator 2,933 Toiter's (antl-dem ) 209 Aggregate majority for representatlres, anti dem 1,944 Total anti-dem. major ty 2,610 This, divided by 19, gives an average majority for the antl- democratic nomination, of 137. But it is known that Mr. Holmes, in consequence of personal considerations and popularity, received more than the party vote. But the (congressional vote fell short of the number of votes taken, 287; and it is fair to assume that this number of Vetera were unfavorable to the return of Mr. Holmes, the incumbent, though not favorable to his opponent. It is fair to assume that the refusal to vote for an incumbent is proof of objection to him. On the other band, it may be raid, and we think with great justice, that the antidemocratic vote waa weakened by the votes given to Capt. Blanding, an independent candidate, but belonging to the same party. Capt. Blanding received 770 votes, and if all these are restored to the anti-democratic nomination for representatives, (which is liberal beyond the facts,) then the aggregate majority for the united anti-democratic nomination for representatives will be swelled to 2714. This, divided by seventeen, gives (with the advantage of the fraction.) ICO majority against the democracy. As this is the highest possible number by any fair or liberal calculation, we will set It down to the credit of the united strength of whigs and Taylor democrats. Now it is known that the whig vote was cast with the greatest unanimity and good faith to their allies, against the democracy; and when ic is ascertained what is the whig vote, and that deducted, the real strength of the demeoratlo seceders, who claim to be the mnjority, will be oorreetly shown. In 1044 the whigs run a separate ticket, regularly nominated by the Clay Club. By reference, it appears that the average vote for their whig candidates waa No doubt their vote is now larger by at least 100; but as we mean to be on the safe side, we will assume it to be the name now, and the result will he as follows Aggregate united vote against the democracy for representatives 25,321 Deduct aggregate whig vote, say 529 multiplied by 17, is 8.893 Aggregate vote of Taylor democrats 10 328 " ueniocrais proper ........ our Difference in favor of democrats 6,280 ThlhlllMld by 17, shows the average majority of ths old democracy OTer the secedcrs, (the whlgs being excluded.) to be SCO FLORIDA. [Conrerpondenca of the Savannah Republican.) J i. KiOMii.i t, Oat, 20, 1848. We have to-day the first mail from Tallahassee for ten day*, l'artial additional returns are received from a number of counties, whioh will enable us to claim 23 or 24 out of the House members, and 12 oat of the lOSenators?being 13msjority on joint ballot Brown's ultimate majority will be about 600, and Cabell's about 700. Bf.xak.?We learn, says the Houston Ttlt graph. of tlie 1 -tli inst., l'rom a gentleman who arrived lately from San Antonio, that the business of that place is ijuite brisk. Several traders from Mexico have lately < i>lted the city, and purchased a considerable <|Uantity ot goods The expedition under Col. llays. when last heard from, was near the Nueces, and the men were all in fine health and spirits The account published a week or two since in the Corjnu ; Chtitli Star, that a large number of Mexican families from the other side of the lllo Orande had recently removal to Dexsr. is incorrect. Very few .Mexican famtllos have emigrated to that town dutin^ the past four or five months. The American population, however. Is rapidly increasing, snd several new houses am in pro. cess of erection. The raoging companies of Captains i rump, Sutton and (illleti sre about to be disbanded, and the paymasters were engaged paying the soldiers when our Informant left the city. The payment of the troops will throw about $76,COO in circulation in that ttrtion. A votng man named Roberts, formerly of this city, was shot at a fandango by an Amerisnn : lately in Bexar Traxf at J^t. Lons.?There hud brrn thirty- I two steHinboHl arrivnln at this port from 10o'clock i Saturday morning up to datk la?t evening? a space of sixty hours. Kroin daylight, yesterday, to the hour of noon. th?re were thirteen?nearly three per hour. A slight rise In the Ohio Is tending a great many from that <|Uarter; yesterday and the evening previous, there were eight or ten, some of them out three and lour weeks trom Cincinnati. The steamer Illinois, which arrived last evening, reports having met twentytwo steamers between New Orleans and Cairo, all bound down?some fifteen or eighteen from th'n city. At dark, last evening, there were thirty-eight tte.imcrs n poit.? St, X?eiHrfulli' tn, Oil. 17. IER A 1848. L?tr and Important from Tamplro. [Krom th? N. O. Picayune, Oot. 1U | The (chooner K?nillranc? irritud fmm Tamplco. having sailed the Oth Inst. She brings us the important new* of an outbreak inTauipico, directed against the military force stationed there liy he fovernment. The details will b* found in the followng letter:? Tampico, Oct. 6.?A movement wa? made on the Bight of the 2t?th ult., by the National Guards of Tampleo, for the purpose of banishing the military from the town; the foroe of the latter was about 108 men Their reasons for taking tbi.t step was, that the mill tary Intended to disarm the National Guard, and pronounce for Santa Anna at soon as their force should be stronger; anil a reinforcement of (10 men was already m route to jo n them, from Tula, and auother large one from Huasteca. The National Guard oon slsted of about 160 men. armed with muskets: and they congregated In front of the court house and demanded that the ayuntamitnlo should be convoked, which having been effected, they demanded that (he military should be ordered to leave. A mestape was then sent to Col Tenorio, in command of the military, to that effect, to a hieh he replied that he was ready to do so, provided they waited an answer from the aupreme government at Mexico, and that meanwhile he would retain his position in the military hospital, and not have anything to do with the town. This wai refused by the commissioners named by the National (iuard, Meisra. Pablo Castillaand Joer H Gonzales. Things remained in this state until next morning, the 30th when two commissions! s were sent by the military to see if they oould come to some other more advantageous terms, but the National Guard continued (lrm, saying they must leave Immediately. The commander-in-chief of the National Guard, Manual Solor-wuo, being frightened, now relueed to be, as ue laid, at the head of a sedition, and insulted Pablo Castillu with soruo expressions, when the people of the town and the National Guara cried "death to Solort-ano," and Castilla put himself at their head, und at 10 o'olock, P. M., the Xacionatri being eager to fight, were formed at the court house. The shops of the town were oiosed, and everything wore the semblance of a row. Amongst the National Guard were many men who had figured in the federal causa in 1888. All, however, was stopped by the military offering to evacuate on tfio following morning, (the 1st of October ) This, however, Colonel Tenorio did not do. alleging that he was not ready. His object obviourly was to fiain time, and get in the reinforcement from Altuinira. The National Guard waB now much excited. and Tenorio wrote in a promise to leave on the iid, at 3 o'clock, P. M., which was granted. During the intervening nigh*., a party, consisting of about 30 men, under Adjutant Jon 11 Gonzales. succeeded Iu effecting an entianco into the house or the Amerioan Consul, Captain Chase, und obtained possession of a hn.all howitzer that had been left by Col. Gates for the protection of the town against the Indians Mr. ( hate had relied to deliver it up during tho previous day, as he had no wi^h to favor either party, and the entrance wan effected by the cuplain of the party having his force ooncealed in an outhouse, aud advancing to the door with a letter from the alcalde. Mr. Chase wan in bed, but he got up to admit the bearer, when the party rushed forward, behaving, however, with great respect to the Consul, and not molesting him further than to gain possession of tho piece, when they lelt the bouse with it. Next day, the 2d. Castilla made the necessary preparations for the attack. The military were now in the fort known as the Powder Magazine, which is a solid stone building, with a fosse round It, on a hill outside the town, and near the cemetery; but all bloodshed was saved by Tenorio evacuating with his force to I'ueblo Vlejo at about 1 o'clock, I\ M., when the National Guard advanced and took possession of the fort. Had the National Guard not shown the firmness they did, Col. Tenorio would have waited until he was joiued by the 50men that wero expected in the same night from Altainira. when there would have been some lighting. The National Uuard of Tampico consist* of COO men, hut thtre are only ISO muskets. I'.tblo Castilla is now tt.elr chief. He has issued two or three proclamations, tie copies of which are enclosed. Thero ii a rumor In town thut the ministry in Mexico have made a pronuiiciamtnlo in favor of Santa Anna. 1 he document alluded to by our correspondent would not command much attention here, but that this movt ment in Tampico may, or may not, be connected ultimately with the Sierra Madre project. The first pnper we find we proceed to translate lreely. It is the formal ' acta'' of the National Guard of Tampico : ? "ACTA. '? The subscribers hereto, and the people generally, being convinced that the position of the Stat? of Tamaulipas is at tbl6 moment extremely compromised and perilous?moving rapidly and violently towards its total ruin?have examined into the causes which have reduced it to this extremity. They find that the most Immediate, if not the fiist cause, is the Inveterate system of governing tho bitute by the sabre, and under the pretext of preserving order?disturbed only by abuses, nets of arbitrarj power and despotism?of subjugating us by bayonets. " A costly experience has disabused our minds. an J I has proved to us beyond all cavil that in republican j gvfcmuicuin ? Diauuiu^ ??uij, ttt?e nuuk IB UCOHrwrjf to protect the frontier, is always the disturber of public order, the greatest impediment to peace, and insuperably hostilo to the flourishing ot the arts and of commerce, to tho maintenance of the supremacy of the laws and the sanctions of morality; in tine, that it Is totally useless, as has just been proved to uh by the recent events of the war ii which it pleased this liberty-destroying faction to compromise us, to leave us afterwards abandoned to the mercy of the enemy. " As an incontrovertible proof of the truth of our ! position, we point to the tact that after the evacuation ot the city by the American army until within a few days, order was preserved, peace and tranquillity maintained, and nothing was thought of but that re-organization which this ominous military power knew only how to destroy?leaving everything but Itself without any other protection or shield in the hour of danger, but that ol Heaven. " It is but a few days since, that, while outwardly tranquil, an excitement has been aroused by rumors of an approaching insurrection in favor of a dictatorchip. There is no longer order, and the utmost distrust everywhere prevails?attributable to that faction which has done nothing but oppress and impoverish i the people at home, and humiliate and degrade It abroad; which is ever plotting, at all hazards and without scruples, to reinstnte its authority, again to oppress us. and finally to undermine the social edifice. Such are the pretensions and such the designs of thia factious oligarchy, which is unwilling to reoognixe the limits which Providence has decreed for these abuses and their duty to regard them ; and therefore we have resolved? ' First?To prevent a pronunclamento in favor of a dictatonbip, which is now plotted, and with this view not to concent to the concentration of an armed mill- j tur.v force of any kind. " Second? That the oflieers of the troops now occu- 1 pylng the plaza shall be diiroted to proceed at once? I Font to occupy the points for which the government | designed them and the others to rejoin their respective regiments. " Third?That notice be immediately given to the 10th battalion, now on their way hither, to suspend their march and return to Tula, and like notice to the force proceeding from Huejutla. ' Fourth?That a copy of thia act be committed to his Kxcellency the Governor, and that the a\/untamt> >i/ti be invited to co-operatu with their power and I in II vie nee In support of our firm resolve to preserve ] order, consolidate the National Guard, and prevent a military despotism from trampling on our necks, slnoe fu these ends we are firmly resolved to oppose force by 1 force, if necessary, and at overy coat to sustain the j constitutional government. "PABLO CASTILLA. "JOSK O. UONZ.VLKS, " Tsmplco, Sept 29,1848.'' " and others.' An address to the Governor of the State, enclosing the above " acta," is before us, signed by Castilla. The whole burden of it Is an outcry against military despotism, and denunciations of the Mexican army in . particular. It announces in concluding that the re-- ' gular troops in Tampico were at first inclined to oppose the acta, but at last consented to march out to ! I uruiu ? irju, >uu uiot ?w .11 vuc uruun ui hua B?verument. lie urge* the governor to use his intluenc. with the central government to have no more troops pent to Tainplco, warning him that they will be ??se1<-m. And that the ronaequencea will be sad and deplorable, aa the people do not r?iutre them, and are determined net to oonsent to their admlaaion, The next document we have ia from Senor TVnorio, the ceinmandant of the troopa who were forced to evacuate ibe city. It ia dated the lat Inst., and la addressed to the Tamjiii/un\oi. lie tells them that the j troopa thua expelled were the battalion '' Ouarda | Corta'' of Tampioo, and gives a recital of their deeda at llesaca, Angostura, Tadierna and the Molino. He wondera at the ingratitude of the Tampi<i?enoa. in re- > quiring the removal of troopa who have served ao long [ nod faithfully, shed ao much blood for their fellow 1 citizens, and conferred ao much luatre on the city, lie vaunts his own deeda In a longer paragraph than he devotes to the armj. and protest* that his only aim has been to save the beautiful city from the horrors of disorder. lie tells the m that the troopa, on their way to reinfc rre thr garrison of Tampico, were d?*l<*nod to protect It from a roi/;i tie main from New Orleans, and that the itory ot their wish to pronounce for Santa Anna Is totally fal?e. Me Fays the garrison of Tarnjlco bJV! reason rather to detest than admire Santa Anna, and tbat all Hie agreed a revolution at the preh lit moment would destroy the political existence of the ration. On the 2d of October the following address was made public:? li l'atlo Costilla, 1 Conmnndnntr ?Iccidrntnl' of Iht tial.nhal Guard of this City, to it* Inhabitants: " Ccuntrj men -Plots were astutely formed against the sovereignty of the people. To thwart them, It was only necessary to unite you, and to demand the di psrtuie of the garrison, whose officers command no cm^detice or credit, so often have they perjured thrtnselves Your sovereign voice hna been hearkened to; yon have maintained order and tranquility, ar.d by jour firmness rendered nugatory the machinations so far advanced against the supreme national government, which it is your duty 10 sustain at every cost National Gnarda, citizen.', and inhabitants of thla neighbourhood ! ^ ou have not a single accident to regret. I am satisfied with your prudence, your gene rcsity, your gcod feeling. I'uriue your occupations. I wllianiwer for it tbat unalterable order shall b? , ? L I).' TWO CENTS. I maintained while I r?main at thn head of the (iaard* and am honored with their oonttdeoce. That peace and uulon may prevail that .Uncord, ' hatred and revenue may disappear from union jut yon i - theie are prayera of your Miow oltl/?n ?n l friend. PABLO Df. ''ASTILL A. Tampion de Taroaulipa*, Oct '? 1H48." W? have El Naticio$o of the 4th iuit.,but It throw* no additionul light on these proceedings, which we have dwelt upon the longer as, however cont?mptit..? they may appear by themselves. they may be In some way connected with the view* of the "ou'll owln." I,aticrThe Charleston Couritr hw telegraphic Information from New Grieans, under date of 'Jl*t init;, which says that by an arrival at that port advice* had been received of the retura of Santa Anna to Veracruz. Much excitement prevailed in Tainplco in con*e(|uence of the appearance of ulpronuuclamento, giving the preliminary detail* of the sierra Madre movement. flattery K\tension. Mr . Km to ?? 1 have seen several artiole* In the public prints on the subject of the enlargement of the Battery, and although there uiiiy be force in the various reasons urged against the adoption of the projxat, nttll It appears to me that the meat weighty consideration that should operate to It* defeat, 1* the in jurious consequence* that would result to the Interest* of navigation. The proposition may look all very well on paper, and the picture very prettily drawn, In which, to all appearance, the stream (town an placidly and unobstructedly as ever; but I beg leavn u> call the attention of the unthinking advooatea of the measure to the practical working of the scheme, as it affects a very Important interest, and which seems to have been entirely overlooked. I need not speak in particular of the vast shipping Interest that finds accommodation and shelter at our Kast Hiver wharves, for It Is presumed that all New Vorkers have soma Idea of its extent; bat few know of the difficulties attending its ingress and egress thither, in sailing hence to sea, the difficulty of getting an ' ofllng In the Hudson River, with unfavorable wind and tide, will be aggravated, and the hazards will be very I much greater, by narrowing the river bed between the , llattery and Governor's Island, because the space for 1 the working of the vessel will bo essentially curtailed, and the force of the tide and irregularity of the current, will be greatly increased, particularly the latter, owing to its peculiar position relative to the llndsoa and Kast ltlver currents The haxards attending this navigation are already sufficiently great, as is proven bf the frequency with which vessels get on the chore of Governor's Island, and the many collisions that have occurred at thin point between Failing vessels and steamboat*. These risks are particularly great during a northeaster, when i that part of the bay between rustle Garden anil GoI verBor's Inland affords a shelter to numerous vessel*, ' which It is inconvenient to obtain elsewhere. Any 1 one who has observed the appearance of the boy I during these occasions, will come to the Irresistible . conclusion, that any encronchmunt upon it at thi* point, would be the height of folly, and he would be at I n joss 10 discover now mo passage between tbe river* | could be made with any degree of safety. If thin be the care now, what will it be when our uoinmerclai interests shall have extended as far up as 16th or 20th street ? These facts may not be commonly understood, except by those who have experienced their practical etlect; and it ia to call the attention of the public to the very serious damage that would result to the i uterestB of navigation, an well as to every property holder on the borders of the Kant River, tl.ut I havo addressed you, Mr. Kditor, presuming that so important an element of the prosperity of our city will not be needlessly disturbed by those who are bound to protect all Its avenues. EAST RIVER PILOT. Uioidltus Ontrngr. On Thursday alternoon, (2titb iu?i) at four o'clock precisely, a four-wheeled open vehicle with a spirited, well-trained borse in the shafts, was standing before a houre at the corner of Broadway and Ninth street, when an omnibus coming up Broadway, tbe whole width of tbe street being clear at the moment, ran Into tbe light vehicle in tbe most malevolent and careless manner, carrying ?IT completely one of its wheels, and breaking tbe axle, which was of east iron. The ularmed horse started, carrjIngofT the tnained vehicle and disappearing among the equestrian erowd of Broadway, while the omnibus, without stopping lor a moment, turned Into Ninth street, the driver scarcely turning his head to see tbe mischief he had done. As tbe omnibus was of the Ninth street and Sixth avenue line, its driver could be easily identified; and it is to be hoped that the proprietor of the wantonly damaged vehicle will teach tbe driver of the omnibus a lesson, and have him trained in future into habits of something like ordinary caution PER1PATET1CUS. Folic* Intelligence, Prompt Arrest, a\d Hear try af the Stolrn hlcnty ? We noticed in yesterday's Herald the loss of $890 in gold, from the brig Condra, lying at the foot of old slip, tbe property of Captain P. 11. Nlokerson, which was supposed to be stolen bj the black sook who oalled himself William Wallace. It appears that tbe captain brought the money, tied up in an oM silk handkerchief, on Thursday morning, into the cabin, and handed It tothe first mate, and told him to lock it np in his own chest for safe keeping ; this tbe mate did according to tbe captains request ; the black cook was in tbe cabin at the time and heurd and saw all that - * * * , u?|>v>iu sun uuw ixienittia on deck, than the black rascal opened the chest with a false key. and exlraoted the money ; the regie! wad to have railed that afternoon for I'rovidenoe. In about an hour afterwards thn captain went on shore, and on having the deck he said to the mate,"yon bad bettor look to the and see that the money is all safe i" the mate then in a few minutes after went down to the chcst, unlocked it. and then discovered that the money wax goue. lie immediately ran upon deck in Feareb of the black cook, but without suoccss, a? the ruell had made good his escape, information was immediately given to ilie police, and a number of offlceii were In active search for the thief, an tho captain offered $'200 reward for the recovery of the money. Yetterday, A. M. C. Smith, assisted by Mr. Stewart, the clerk of the lower police, succeeded in arresting the negro and recovering the whole of the stolen money. The thief wh eaught by the officer at So. 3 Leonard street, where he bad hired a room for himself and wife, and purobased, with a portion of the stolen money, a lot of new and elegant furniture, consisting of a sofa, bureaus, mahogany chain, looking-glasses, cooking stove. &c.,furnishing his room with the necessary article! of household furniture. valued at over $110. Besides this, he had purchased a gold watch and chain, at Benedict's, In the Bowery, for which be paid $43. This, together with the balance In gold, found in his trunk tied up, still In the very same old silk handkerchief belonging to the captain,* was all recovered. The furniture and other traps bought with the stolen money, which loaded up two carts, was brought to the police office and placed with the property clerk, and to-day the sellers or sueh goods will t>e compelled to take them back again, and return the money thus paid, they having been bought with stolen money. The negro, it seems, has only been married three weeks, and on last Monday he told his wife he was going down to Wall street to get some money, and that was the last she saw of him antil ? Thursday afternoon, when he came back, and said tbat, on going to Wall street, he found that the man who owed him considerable money had gone to Washington ; so he started after him, and caught him in Washington, when tho gentleman paid him eveTy sent he owedbim: "and here it is," said he showing the gold to his wife which he had just stolen from the brig, who believed the story be had told her. Yesterday they were both busily engaged in buying the furniture above alluded to. Take K altogether, It was a very lucky arrest for the captain, as by this time to-day the brig would have been lar away at sea. ?'/? allrgrd Chnig* of 1't.rjury.?Assistant Captain Klandreau of the 18th ward, arrested y Mterday ayoung man by the name of Theodore B Hatfield, on a warrant issued by Justice Mountfort, of the Harlem police court, wherein he stands charged oa the oomplatnt of Theodore Lent, of having committed perjury, in swenring falsely in a oertain suit against the Hartford Insurance Co., brought in the Court of Common Pleas: and on another occasion, in swearing that ha *u of the age of 21 year*, when, ia faot. he iu a minor. Tha caff ia now under investigation before the magistrate. On the Ihtm ugam.?Joseph Morris, or mora commonly known as " Butcher Joe." the notorious black fellow who a**ociates himself with two white men, for the purpose of defrauding countrymen by tha pockettrek dropping nod betting on card* up alley-waya, wan yesterday, detected up an alley-way with hi* two accomplice*, with a countryman by the lama ot Ama?a Spencer, from wbom they got (16, by pretending to make a bet on tome carda. After tha money waa got, the two white men ran olT, and Joe waa juat about fol lowing after them, when the police came up and took him into custody. The money was reoorered, and Joe committed to the Tombs for trial. Si fling a Fnlilte ? A fellow called Teter Denoyle. waa arretted yesterday, by officers Shadboit a?d Walling, of the lower police, on a charge of steeling a fiddle and two bow*, together with the fiddle ca?e, talued in all at $25, the property of one of the Oorernor'a island soldier*, by the n;im* of Murdock. The fiddle was traced to the possession of the accuscd, and Justice Tlmpson committed him to prison for trial. HvUrJ en the Fire Pointt.?Officer* Oaughan and CuiiDlon, of the Sixth ward arrested, ia?t night, a woman by the name of Muria Murty, on a charge of stealing f34 from a countryman of the name of Michael Lang, while together iu a thie\lng den. situated on the Flic Point* On the officer* searching the woman, they found till on her person, part secreted in her fleere, nnil.the balance iu her stocking .'ustiee Tin-.pson committed her in full for trial lit and l.aireny ?Captain Voorhiea, of the Fifteenth werd. arrested yesterday. a young man by the name of Thciiia* Dunket, on a charge of stealing a poeket boc k, containing $'J3. the property of a youag man who w?* in hi* company, on hi* arrest, he denied the charge; but on the officer aearching tho houa#? where he refided, the money was found tecreted in the garret. The mugistrate committed the accused for trial Cho ig* of Big" my.? Catharine i amp bell wan arretted yesterday, by officer llearilly. of the Seventeenth ward, on a charge of bigamy, in possessing one husband more than allowed bylaw. She waa taken before Justice Osborne, and committed. The Governor of New Ilxropthlre has appointed Thursday, the lfiih of November. to be observed a* a day of thanksgiving and praise tUioughcui that -'tale.

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